CN1818323A - Shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre - Google Patents

Shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1818323A
CN1818323A CN 200610020518 CN200610020518A CN1818323A CN 1818323 A CN1818323 A CN 1818323A CN 200610020518 CN200610020518 CN 200610020518 CN 200610020518 A CN200610020518 A CN 200610020518A CN 1818323 A CN1818323 A CN 1818323A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
corer
heat
pressure keeping
insulation pressure
insulation
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CN 200610020518
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100507204C (en
Inventor
张德玉
姜正陆
余平
俞祖英
陶军
王东浩
邓卫平
刘方兰
徐著华
段向前
Original Assignee
国家海洋局第一海洋研究所
四川海洋特种技术研究所
广州海洋地质调查局
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Priority to CNB2006100205187A priority Critical patent/CN100507204C/en
Publication of CN1818323A publication Critical patent/CN1818323A/en
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Publication of CN100507204C publication Critical patent/CN100507204C/en

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Abstract

A core driller, for use in thermal insulation and dwelling in drilling shallow hole in deep sea of natural gas hydrates, which can use underwater over 3000 meters and belongs to the manufacturing technology field of investigate technical equipment of deep-sea resources, this invention designs a core drilling downward alternately drive by a alternating hydraulic cylinder reciprocal equipment and double-decker vacuum for and dwelling, comprising: tripod, equipment of thermal insulation and dwelling, alternating hydraulic drive equipment, sediment corer. This invention replenish the blank in the field in China, and solve the problem that cannot thermal insulation and dwelling in other countries; hydraulic drive of the core driller can get longer core of sediment, double-decks vacuum construction for thermal insulation, the aim of dwelling raising from deep-sea can achieve automatically by the pressure compensator.

Description

Shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre
Technical field: a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre, be used for carrying out drilling through of gas hydrates at 3000m or following deep-sea, belong to the ocean, particularly the manufacturing technology field of deep-sea resources technique for investigation equipment.
Prior art: in the prior art, at present in order to carry out the ocean gas hydrate resource investigation, need to obtain in 3000m or the following depth of water mechanized equipment of bottom sediment core, but, domestic also do not have this kind equipment at present, therefore can only use external relevant technical equipment and carry out this work, existing in the world this class equipment is the pressurize device, what adopt is that the gravity mode is got core to the gas hydrates in seabed, present international this pressurize device, be in coring tool, to adorn a cover pressurize tube, the deposit core that to obtain from the seabed is contained in the pressurize tube and proposes the sea, and existing international pressurize device can only obtain the long gas hydrates of 2-6 rice from the seabed; The shortcoming of prior art is: owing to the mode that is gravity is got core, the length of the deposit core that obtains is relevant with the weight of equipment, so, it is shorter to get core length, the longest 6 meters, can not satisfy needs to the benthos The Study on Resources, and this pressurize device can only pressurize, can not be incubated, rise to the process on sea from the seabed, the original position core temperature that obtains has just lost, because variation of temperature, can cause the great change of core, research work can not be carried out under the state of original core, and therefore cause the erroneous judgement of seabed resources disconnected.
Summary of the invention: the objective of the invention is shortcoming at prior art, utilize the principle of hydraulic pressure to adopt hydraulic-driven to obtain downward power, and utilize the principle of vacuum heat-preserving, design and a kind ofly under the driving of alternation hydraulic jack reciprocating apparatus, make corer alternately and the shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre that is incubated of double-layer vacuum downwards.
The present invention includes triangle frame, heat-insulation pressure keeping device, alternation fluid pressure drive device and deposit coring device; The triangle upper rack is connected with the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, its underpart is provided with supporting cylinder, feet and gripper shoe, be provided with alternation fluid pressure drive device, control storehouse and energy storehouse in the centre of triangle frame, there is signal to receive, handle and send the processor of instruction in the control storehouse, dress lithium battery group in the energy storehouse provides power supply for controlling storehouse and electromagnetic valve; The heat-insulation pressure keeping device comprises the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, the flat gate valve of corer and band pod apertures, heat-insulation pressure keeping tube and corer form double-decker, vacuumize in the interlayer, inner surface spraying thermal insulating coating, external surface is coated with the antiultraviolet coating so that reach the purpose of insulation, the top of heat-insulation pressure keeping device connects the lifting hoisting mechanism, the end face of lifting hoisting mechanism is provided with limit sensors, lock bolt, pulley, wirerope, hoisting rope and wire clips, be provided with a piston in the inside, upper end of corer, piston passes through wire clips, lock bolt is connected with hoisting rope, in order to seal, at piston and corer, the contact surface of corer and heat-insulation pressure keeping tube is provided with a plurality of sealing rings, and the outer wall of each root corer is provided with force-bearing piece; The bottom of heat-insulation pressure keeping device is provided with the flat gate valve of a band pod apertures, and the top of flat gate valve is connected by the lower seal of Connection Card with the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube; The alternation fluid pressure drive device is arranged on the middle part of triangle frame, comprise a hydraulic workstation, hydraulic workstation is respectively by fluid pressure line and supporting leg hydraulic cylinder, advance oil cylinder, advance casing, enclasp device is connected with liter rope winch, advance oil cylinder by fixing card connection in the lower end of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube is made of more piece, the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube is connected by Connection Card, all there is outwards laterally projecting connection inclined-plane joint at each joint heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, on the baseplane of heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head, also be provided with seal groove, so that reach the sealing after the connection, Connection Card is made of two semicircles and the clamp that has a V-type groove, inclined-plane after its V-type groove and two heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint heads close up matches, after the V-type groove clamp of two semicircles is tightened by bolt, fix at the compressing lower seal of respective ramp; The deposit coring device comprises the pipe of coring, advances casing and enclasp device, in advancing casing, be provided with scraper, linear transducer and little lock, advance casing to be connected by latch with advancing oil cylinder, enclasp device is connected the triangle frame bottom, in enclasp device, be provided with stay, locking cylinder and locking electromagnetic valve, the locking electromagnetic valve provides electric power by energy storehouse, works under the commander in control storehouse; Install earlier this device during operation aboard ship in order, coring bit is connected the lower end of corer, hoisting rope is passed pulley, lock bolt, hoisting rope is fixed on the lower end of lock bolt by wire clips, then lock bolt is tightened in the endoporus that the top of piston protrudes, the other end of hoisting rope is connected on the hoisting gear, after having connected corer is passed down through the flat gate valve of opening from the upper end of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, advance casing and be arranged on triangle frame enclasp device bottom, before drilling tool is transferred from the deck, to advance little pintle hook lock in the casing in the one load groove in the bottom of the pipe of coring that installs drill bit, crane aboard ship helps to play with the drilling tool draw off gear down to be put in the sea then, for the convenience of putting down and regaining from ship, three supporting legs of the present invention draw in when transferring, when under the triangle frame during to the degree of depth set, processor in the control storehouse obtains the signal of pressure sensor, start-up routine opens three supporting legs of triangle frame, until the seabed; Because the seabed is not smooth, so, arrive the seabed after, stable for ease of drilling tool, to long enough, in 20 ℃ of scopes of the gradient, drilling tool can stably anchor on the seabed with the Design of length of three supporting legs of triangle frame; Drilling tool is stable anchor at the seabed after, under the monitoring of each sensor, the control storehouse commands predefined program to carry out the work of coring of bottom sediment rock core, order is as follows: start hydraulic workstation 1., make and advance oil cylinder to move downward, and coring bit is advanced in the deposit core in seabed, 2. the spring petal of coring bit is open, make the core that obtains enter coring tube, 3. when advancing oil cylinder to arrive bottom dead centre, enclasp device bottom control storehouse order is arranged on blocks corer and can not bounce back, 4. order is arranged on and advances the little lock of casing to open, advance oil cylinder to regain to arrive top dead-centre, 5. the little pintle hook lock of order is on core barrel in one load groove, open the enclasp device of bottom simultaneously, 6. to advancing oil cylinder to annotate hydraulic oil, promote again in the deposit in the darker insertion seabed of drill bit, the core that enters drill bit is pushed in the core barrel once more, with this repeatedly repeatedly, and up to corer is filled; 7. after corer is filled, little pintle hook lock is gone up in one load groove corer most, the propelling oil cylinder moves upward, the spring petal of coring bit closes up, 8. when advancing oil cylinder to arrive top dead-centre, enclasp device bottom control storehouse order is arranged on blocks corer and can not fall, 9. order is arranged on and advances the little lock of casing to open, advance the descending arrival bottom dead centre of oil cylinder, 10. order little pintle hook lock in following one load groove of core barrel, open the enclasp device of bottom simultaneously, with this repeatedly repeatedly, in the most following one load groove of little pintle hook lock at core barrel; On corer, carry in the process, program will start hoisting gear piston will upwards be promoted synchronously, the most following one load groove that drives coring tube at last is to carry on the lower part, after the lower end of corer all enters the flat gate valve of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube bottom, its upper end has also arrived top dead-centre, the lock bolt that is arranged on the corer upper end will back down limit sensors, after the processor in control storehouse obtains signal, stop the work of hoisting gear, close the flat gate valve that is arranged on the bottom simultaneously, the corer that obtains core is sealed in the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube fully, at this moment the sea will obtain signal, and the crane that starts on the ship rises to the sea by the drilling tool draw off gear with this drilling tool integral body; In the process that promotes to the sea, in the corer temperature of core can be when rising water temperature rising and raise, at this moment the temperature pick up of She Zhiing can be passed to signal the control storehouse, because heat-insulation pressure keeping tube double-layer vacuum structure, internal and external walls all has been coated with thermal insulating coating in addition, the processing mode that this multiple tracks is heat insulation reduces original position core variations in temperature to greatest extent, and its temperature rise is no more than 5 ℃; In order to keep the pressure state in seabed in the process that rises at core, the present invention also is provided with the pressure holding bottle, when the pressure in the corer drops to setting pressure, control device can pass through the sensor picked up signal, and open electromagnetic valve, the pressure in the pressure holding bottle is passed to corer so that keep the pressure in seabed.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect are: utilize the principle of hydraulic pressure to adopt hydraulic-driven can obtain downward motive force, therefore can obtain longer bottom sediment core, the corer of design is double-decker and vacuumizes the purpose that can reach insulation, finish to get at corer at the flat gate valve of the piston of the upper end of corer design and heat-insulation pressure keeping tube bottom and seal fully in the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube after the core task is taken in the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, reached the purpose of pressurize, in the present invention, also be provided with pressure compensation mechanism, when pressure is lower than setting value, pressure compensation mechanism can be opened the inside supplementary pressure of gas cylinder automatically, so that reach the purpose of pressurize.
Marginal data:
Fig. 1 is a broken section general assembly structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram that the present invention advances casing 11, flat gate valve 10.
Fig. 3 is the amplification profile structural representation of hoisting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube Connection Card 4 of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is that sectional structure chart is amplified in the part of coring bit 12 of the present invention.
The specific embodiment: provide embodiments of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is made of triangle frame 6, heat-insulation pressure keeping device, alternation fluid pressure drive device 9, energy storehouse 8, control storehouse 7 and hoisting gear 45:
The top of triangle frame 6 is connected with the heat-insulation pressure keeping device, and the bottom of triangle frame 6 is made of hydraulic cylinder 13, supporting leg 15, contact to earth plate 16 and enclasp device 21;
The heat-insulation pressure keeping device passes in the middle of triangle frame 6, the heat-insulation pressure keeping device is made of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 and corer 3, corer 3 is arranged on the centre of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2, heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 and corer 3 form double-decker, interlayer vacuumizes, so that reach the purpose of insulation, heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 is connected by Connection Card 4, joint at each joint heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 all is provided with outwards laterally projecting connection inclined-plane 33, on the baseplane of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 joints, also be provided with sealing ring 43, so that reach the sealing after the connection, Connection Card 4 is two semicircles and the clamp that has V-type groove 44, inclined-plane 33 after its V-type groove 44 and two heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint heads close up matches, and the clamp of the band V-type groove of two semicircles is fixed at the compressing lower seal of respective ramp after being tightened by bolt 34; The inside, upper end of corer 3 is provided with piston 32, the upper end of piston 32 is the convex structure, the shoulder of piston 32 the right and lefts and corer joint 25 downward half the circumference of the sleeve where it joins the shoulders match, therefore can not skid off from the top of corer 3, piston 32 parts protruding upward are passed the opening on corer joint 25 tops, be connected with cable wire 31 by lock bolt 27, wire clips 29, form the corer retracting device;
The alternation fluid pressure drive device is arranged on the middle part of triangle frame 6, comprises a hydraulic workstation, and hydraulic workstation is connected with hoisting gear 45 with supporting leg oil cylinder 13, propelling oil cylinder 14, propelling casing 11, enclasp device 21 by fluid pressure line respectively,
Top at corer 3 and heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 is provided with the lifting hoisting mechanism, end face at the lifting hoisting mechanism is provided with limit sensors 26, the lifting hoisting mechanism comprises a corer joint 25, heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head 42, lifting covers 1, lifting cable wire 28, spring 41, set bolt 38 and heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head set bolt 39 are covered in lifting, corer joint 25 is connected by the upper end of screw thread with corer 3, be with a heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head 42 in the outside of corer joint 25, heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head 42 is by the upper end of screwed connection at heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2, and it is fixing by set bolt 39, on vertical contact surface of heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head 42 and corer joint 25 and with the contact surface of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2 upper end on all be provided with sealing ring, play sealing function to temperature and pressure, 1 outside that directly is enclosed within heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head 42 is covered in lifting, fixing by set bolt 38, in order to lift by crane process safe and damping, lifting cover four limits of 1 and is provided with four and lifts wireropes 28 and four damping springs 41, the corer retracting device is connected with hoisting gear 45 by cable wire 31, pulley 30 is passed in the upper end of cable wire 31, lock bolt 27, be fixed on the bottom of lock bolt 27 by wire clips 29, lock bolt 27 is connected by the protuberance of screw thread with corer 3 upper piston 32;
Corer 3 is arranged in the overcoat 2, on the outer wall of corer 3, load groove 40 is set one every 0.5~1.0 meter, the lower end of overcoat 2 connects a flat gate valve 10 by flute profile card 18, top at flute profile card 18, connect propelling oil cylinder 14 by fixing card 17, the two ends of fixing card 17 are fixed on the triangle frame, advance the lower end of oil cylinder 14 to be connected with advancing casing 11, advance the little lock 20 and the scraper 19 that are provided with in the casing 11 by hydraulic oil cylinder driving;
The least significant end of corer 3 is connected with coring bit 12, be provided with spring petal 24 and pressure compensation opening 37 in the coring bit 12, spring petal 24 can close up the core that obtains of cutting and prevent that the core sample that obtains from falling back in the sea, and the joint 36 on its top is connected with the bottom of corer 3;
Workflow of the present invention is as follows: aboard ship coring device of the present invention is installed, coring bit 12 is connected the lower end of corer 3, and be passed down through the flat gate valve of opening 10 from the upper end of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube 2, and pass propelling casing 11 and be arranged on triangle frame enclasp device 21 bottom, enclasp device 21 is arranged on the gantry base 22, be put in the sea by the drilling tool draw off gear hoisting mechanism that plays by the crane on the ship then, for the convenience of putting down and regaining from ship, being provided with supporting leg 15 in control storehouse 7 draws in and open program, when triangle frame 6 times during to the degree of depth set, control program obtains the signal of pressure sensor, the program start hydraulic workstation is to the lower end of hydraulic cylinder 13 fuel feeding, three supporting legs 15 of pulling triangle frame 6 open, until the seabed; Triangle frame 6 is stable anchor at the seabed after, the work of coring of bottom sediment rock core is just carried out in core work according to predefined program under the commander in control storehouse 7: the control storehouse starts the hydraulic workstation in the alternation fluid pressure drive device 9, and to the solenoid valve of little lock 20, the little lock 20 that is arranged in the propelling casing 11 is stuck in the load groove 40 that is provided with on the corer 3, advance oil cylinder 14 to obtain moving downward after the thrust, because little lock is to be stuck in the load groove 40 of corer 3, so when advancing oil cylinder 14 promotions downward, coring bit 12 also just is pushed in the deposit core in seabed, the spring petal 24 of coring bit 12 is open, make the core that obtains enter core barrel, when advancing oil cylinder 14 to arrive bottom dead centre, the control storehouse can obtain a signal by sensor, after treatment, to the locking solenoid valve, open hydraulic circuit, the corer 3 that makes the stay 46 of enclasp device 21 will insert the seabed blocks and can not bounce back, the power supply of the electromagnetic valve of disconnected simultaneously small lock 20, making to be arranged on advances the little lock 20 of casing 11 to open, commander advances oil cylinder 14 to regain then, arrive after top dead center, control storehouse 7 can obtain signal again, connect energy storehouse in order and give little latching solenoid valve power supply, little lock 20 is stretched out be stuck in last one load groove 40 of corer 3, disconnect the power supply of bottom locking electromagnetic valve, cut off fluid pressure line, stay 46 is unclamped, annotate hydraulic oil to advancing oil cylinder 14, promote again in the deposit in the darker insertion seabed of coring bit 12, the core that enters coring bit 12 is pushed in the corer 3 once more; With this repeatedly repeatedly, up to corer 3 is filled; The effect that also can play cutting core and sealing can only upwards be pushed and can not be opened automatically to the spring petal 24 that is arranged in the coring bit 12 open downwards, so the rock core that enters can not drop into the sea under the stopping of spring petal 24;
After corer 3 is filled, be arranged on the metering sensor 23 that advances on the casing 11 and can send signal to control storehouse 7, behind the signal that control storehouse 7 obtains filling, little pintle hook lock is gone up in one load groove 40 the pipe 3 of coring most, promoting oil cylinder 14 moves upward, the spring petal 24 of coring bit 12 closes up, when advancing oil cylinder 14 to arrive top dead-centre, the stay 46 of the enclasp device 21 bottom 7 orders of control storehouse are arranged on blocks corer 3 and can not bounce back, order is arranged on and advances the little lock of casing 11 to open, advance oil cylinder 14 descending arrival bottom dead centres, order little pintle hook lock in following one load groove 40 of corer 3, unclamp the stay 46 in the bottom enclasp device 21 simultaneously, with this repeatedly repeatedly, in the most following one load groove 40 of little pintle hook lock at corer 3; On corer 3, carry in the process, program will start hoisting gear 45 piston will upwards be promoted synchronously, because the upper end of winch is linked together corer 3 by piston 32 by cable wire 31, so, when little lock 20 is stuck in the most following one load groove 40 of corer 3, be arranged on the little latching solenoid valve and the outage of the electromagnetic valve in the locking device of bottom that advance in the casing 11, the stay 46 of little lock 20 and enclasp device 21 unclamps, like this, corer 3 just is free to move upward, and reclaims the most following one load groove of coring tube with the lower part; When corer 3 is raised by flat gate valve 10, being arranged on lifting cover being risen and passing to level sensor 26 on 1 and lifts the protuberance cover 1 piston 32 and back down, make control storehouse 7 obtain corer 3 and promote the signal that puts in place, order stops the work of hoisting gear 45, and closes flat gate valve 10; Because when coring tube top arrives top dead-centre, seal fully with the sealing ring that is arranged on the hoisting mechanism inner face, so when the flat gate valve 10 of bottom is closed, after top outreaches, the core that obtains just is sealed in the corer 3, therefore can reach the purpose of pressurize, the double-layer vacuum structure of corer 3 has the effect of insulation to the core that obtains, so has just reached the purpose of insulation and pressurize; Finish after the operation in seabed, the sensor that is provided with can pass to the signal of finishing the work on the marine workboat by the underwater sound communication device, at this moment, just can start the heat-insulation pressure keeping core drilling rig that the hoist on the ship will fill core by the drilling tool draw off gear rises on the workboat on sea together;
In the process that promotes to the sea, the temperature of core is owing to the rising of water temperature raises in the corer, for the temperature of keeping intact, temperature pick up is passed to the control storehouse with signal, because the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube is a double-decker, vacuumize in the interlayer, inner surface spray coating heat preservation layer, external surface be coated with the heat insulation processing mode of this multiple tracks of antiultraviolet coating, reduces original position core variations in temperature to greatest extent, its temperature rise is no more than 5 ℃; In order to keep the pressure state of seabed rock sample, can obtain the interior pressure changing of tube by the pressure sensor joint 35 that is arranged on the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, when the pressure in the corer 3 is lower than setting value, control device can pass through the sensor picked up signal, and open electromagnetic valve, the pressure in the pressure holding bottle 5 is passed to corer 3 so that keep the pressure in seabed.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre comprises frame, drive unit and coring device, it is characterized in that: the present invention is made of triangle frame, heat-insulation pressure keeping device, alternation fluid pressure drive device, energy storehouse, control storehouse:
Hydraulic cylinder, supporting leg are arranged at the bottom of a. described triangle frame, plate and enclasp device contact to earth, the top of triangle frame is connected with the heat-insulation pressure keeping device, the heat-insulation pressure keeping device is made of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube and corer, corer is arranged on the centre of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, the heat-insulation pressure keeping tube is connected by Connection Card, inside, upper end at corer is provided with piston, and the downward half the circumference of the sleeve where it joins the shoulder of the shoulder of piston the right and left and corer joint matches;
B. be provided with the lifting hoisting mechanism on the top of corer and heat-insulation pressure keeping tube, end face at the lifting hoisting mechanism is provided with limit sensors, the lifting hoisting mechanism comprises a corer joint, heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head, the lifting lid, the lifting cable wire, spring, the corer joint is connected with the upper end of corer by screw thread, heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint headgear is in the outside of corer joint, the lifting lid is enclosed within the outside of heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head, four limits of lifting lid are provided with spring, the least significant end of corer is connected with coring bit, is provided with spring petal and pressure compensation opening in the coring bit;
The lower end of c. described heat-insulation pressure keeping tube is by flute profile card connection flat gate valve, the top of flute profile card advances oil cylinder by fixing card connection, the two ends of fixing card are fixed on the triangle frame, advance the lower end of oil cylinder to be connected with advancing casing, advance in the casing and are provided with little lock and scraper;
D. described alternation fluid pressure drive device is arranged on the middle part of triangle frame, comprises a hydraulic workstation, and hydraulic workstation is connected with hoisting gear with supporting leg oil cylinder, propelling oil cylinder, propelling casing, enclasp device respectively by fluid pressure line.
2, a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on vertical contact surface of heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head and corer joint and with the contact surface of heat-insulation pressure keeping tube upper end on all be provided with sealing ring.
3, a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre according to claim 1 is characterized in that: on the outer wall of corer every one load groove of 0.5-1.0 rice setting.
4, a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the joint at each joint heat-insulation pressure keeping tube all is provided with outwards laterally projecting connection inclined-plane, also be provided with sealing ring on the baseplane of heat-insulation pressure keeping socket joint head, the interlayer between heat-insulation pressure keeping tube and the corer vacuumizes.
5. a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre according to claim 1 is characterized in that: Connection Card is two semicircles and the clamp that has the V-type groove.
6. a kind of shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the upper end of piston is the convex structure, is connected with cable wire by lock bolt, wire clips.
CNB2006100205187A 2006-03-20 2006-03-20 Shallow-hole thermal-insulating and pressure-retaining driller in deep water with natural gas hydrate for taking out ocre CN100507204C (en)

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CN102322245A (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-01-18 上海交通大学 Gas hydrate exploitation device
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CN102913162A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-02-06 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Deep-sea sediment continuous pressure maintaining coring submarine drilling machine and operation method
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CN101798924A (en) * 2010-03-25 2010-08-11 吉林大学 Icebound type pressure-maintaining and temperature-preserving sampler
CN101798924B (en) * 2010-03-25 2013-08-21 吉林大学 Icebound type pressure-maintaining and temperature-preserving sampler
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