CN1810887A - Bofanic dye and its production process and use - Google Patents

Bofanic dye and its production process and use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1810887A
CN1810887A CN 200510038259 CN200510038259A CN1810887A CN 1810887 A CN1810887 A CN 1810887A CN 200510038259 CN200510038259 CN 200510038259 CN 200510038259 A CN200510038259 A CN 200510038259A CN 1810887 A CN1810887 A CN 1810887A
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dye
plant
lime
liquid
method
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CN 200510038259
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Chinese (zh)
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顾振新
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顾振新
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Abstract

The present invention is one kind of botanic dye and its production process and use. The botanic dye is prepared with plant material containing pigment, and through steaming, filtering the steamed liquid to obtain filtrate, adding lime water into the filtrate, stilling to make the liquid laminate into different layers of different colors, and taking the liquid of different layers as different dyes. The present invention utilizes plant material and has no pollution, simple technological process and low cost. The present invention obtains dyes of different shades with the same plant material to enrich color spectrum, and the botanic dye may be used widely in dyeing textile.

Description

植物染料及生产方法和用途 Vegetable dyes and methods of producing and

技术领域 FIELD

:本发明涉及一种染料,是一种环保型染料。 : The present invention relates to a dye, a green dye.

背景技术 Background technique

:现有的纺织品染料,一般为化学品染料,污染大,对生产、使用者存在一定的损害。 : Conventional textile dyes, typically a dye chemicals, pollution, production, damage to certain users.

发明内容 SUMMARY

:本发明的目的在于提供一种无污染,生产方法简单,成本低的植物染料及生产方法和用途。 : Object of the present invention is to provide a clean, simple production method, the low cost of plant dyes and production process and use.

本发明的技术解决方案是:一种植物染料,其特征是:由含色素的植物原料下列步骤制成:①将含色素的植物放在水中蒸煮;②将蒸煮后的液体过滤去渣,得滤液;③在滤液中加入石灰水,静置,使液体呈分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液。 Technical solution of the invention is: A plant dye, wherein: made of plant material containing the dye of the following: ① From the plants were placed in water containing dye cooking; ② liquid after cooking to the residue was filtered to give the filtrate; ③ lime added to the filtrate and allowed to stand, the liquid state was dichroic layer, colored layer were taken, dye layers of various colors.

一种植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:依次包括下列步骤:①将含色素的植物放在水中蒸煮;②将蒸煮后的液体过滤去渣,得色素液;③在色素液中加入石灰水,静置,使液体呈分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液。 A method of producing a plant dye, characterized in that: includes the following: ① From the plants were placed in water containing dye cooking; ② the liquid after digestion filtered to the residue, to obtain the dye solution; ③ lime added in the dye solution, allowed to stand, the liquid state was dichroic layer, colored layer were taken, dye layers of various colors.

步骤③得到的不同颜色层次的染液,还分别加入石灰水,静置,使液体呈进一步分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液。 Obtained in step ③ dye layers of different colors, but also lime were added, allowed to stand, the liquid state was further dichroic layer, colored layer were taken, dye layers of various colors.

所述含色素的植物是经干燥处理的植物,是木材屑、栗子壳、红花、茜草、紫草、黄栀子、花生壳、核桃壳、栎果壳或米糠。 The pigment-containing dried plant is a plant treated, is wood chips, chestnut shell, safflower, madder, comfrey, gardenia, peanut shells, walnut shells, oak husk or bran.

步骤①中蒸煮的时间为0.5~3小时,温度为100~150℃,植物与水的用量比按重量计为植物∶水=1∶5~15。 In step ① cooking time is 0.5 to 3 hours at a temperature of 100 ~ 150 ℃, plants and water use ratio by weight of plant: water = 1/5 to 15.

步骤③中的石灰水是由石灰和水按1∶1.5~3的重量比配成,石灰水的用量为色素液量的1~6%。 ③ Step of lime is 1.5 to 3 by weight ratio of water and formulated lime, lime in an amount of 1 to 6% of the amount of the dye solution.

得到的染液中还加入明矾,且每50毫升染液中加入明矾0.02~0.2克。 The resulting dye was also added alum, and each dye was added 50 ml of alum 0.02 to 0.2 grams.

植物染料在纺织品染色中的应用。 Application of plant dyes in textile dyeing.

本发明充分利用植物材料为原材料,废物利用,且无污染,工艺简单,生产成本低;同一种植物中可以提取不同深浅的颜色,使色谱更广。 The present invention fully utilizes the plant raw material, the use of waste and pollution, simple process, low production cost; different shades of color may be extracted with a plant, chromatographic wider.

下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 Below in connection with embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

具体实施方式 detailed description

:一种植物染料的生产方法,依次包括下列步骤:①将含色素的植物(例木材屑、栗子壳、红花、茜草、紫草、黄栀子、花生壳、核桃壳、栎果壳或米糠)放在水中蒸煮,蒸煮的时间为0.5~3小时(例0.5、1、2、3小时),温度为100~150℃(例100、132、150℃),植物与水的用量比按重量计为植物∶水=1∶5~15(例1∶5、1∶10、1∶15)。 : A method for the production of vegetable dyes, includes the following: ① From plants containing the dye (for example wood chips, chestnut shell, safflower, madder, comfrey, gardenia, peanut shells, walnut shells, or oak husk rice bran) is placed in water cooking, cooking time is 0.5 to 3 hours (Example 0.5,1,2,3 hours) at a temperature of 100 ~ 150 ℃ (Example 100,132,150 ℃), with a ratio of plants and water by plant weight: water = 1/5 to 15 (Example 1:5,1:10,1:15). ;②将蒸煮后的液体过滤去渣,得色素液;③在色素液中加入石灰水,静置12~48小时(例12、24、36、48小时),使液体呈分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液,石灰水是由石灰和水按1∶1.5~3(1∶1.5、1∶2、1∶3)的重量比配成,石灰水的用量为色素液量的1~6%(例1%、3%、6%)。 ; ② the liquid after digestion filtered to the residue, to obtain the dye solution; ③ lime added to the dye solution and allowed to stand 12 to 48 hours (Example 12,24,36,48 hours), the liquid state was dichroic layer, were taken each color layer, the color of various levels of dye, lime is lime and water at a weight of 1.5 to 3 (1:1.5,1:2,1:3) than dubbed, an amount of lime 1 to 6% of the amount of the dye solution (for example 1%, 3%, 6%).

④将上述得到的不同颜色层次的染液,再分别加入石灰水,静置12~48小时(例12、24、36、48小时),使液体呈进一步分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液,石灰水是由石灰和水按1∶1.5~3(1∶1.5、1∶2、1∶3)的重量比配成,石灰水的用量为色素液量的1~6%(例1%、3%、6%)。 ④ The above obtained dye layers of different colors, then lime were added, stand for 12 to 48 hours (Example 12,24,36,48 hours), the liquid layer was further dichroic state were taken colored layer, levels of various color dye, lime is lime and water at a weight of 1.5 to 3 (1:1.5,1:2,1:3) than dubbed, lime in an amount of amount of pigment solution 1 ~ 6% (for example 1%, 3%, 6%). 得到的染液可通过常规的浸染、脱水、皂煮方法对纱、布、毛巾等纺织品进行染色。 The dye can be obtained, dewatering, soap making method of yarn, cloth, towels and other textile products by conventional dip dyeing.

实施例2:在实施例1得到的染液中还加入明矾,且每50毫升染液中加入明矾0.02~0.2克(例0.02、0.1、0.2克)。 Example 2: In the dye obtained in Example 1 was added further alum, and each dye was added 50 ml of alum 0.02 to 0.2 g (Example 0.02,0.1,0.2 g). 得到的产品可通过常规的浸染、脱水、皂煮方法对纱、布、毛巾等纺织品进行染色。 The resulting product can be dehydrated, soap making method of yarn, cloth, towels and other textile dyeing by conventional dip.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种植物染料,其特征是:由含色素的植物原料下列步骤制成:①将含色素的植物放在水中蒸煮;②将蒸煮后的液体过滤去渣,得滤液;③在滤液中加入石灰水,静置,使液体呈分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液。 A plant dye, wherein: made of plant material containing the dye of the following: ① From the plants were placed in water containing dye cooking; ② liquid after cooking to the residue was filtered to obtain the filtrate; ③ the filtrate lime is added, allowed to stand, the liquid state was dichroic layer, colored layer were taken, dye layers of various colors.
  2. 2.一种植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:依次包括下列步骤:①将含色素的植物放在水中蒸煮;②将蒸煮后的液体过滤去渣,得色素液;③在色素液中加入石灰水,静置,使液体呈分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液。 2. A method for producing a plant dye, characterized in that: includes the following: ① From the plants were placed in water containing dye cooking; ② the liquid after digestion filtered to the residue, to obtain the dye solution; ③ in the dye solution was added lime, allowed to stand, the liquid state was dichroic layer, colored layer were taken, dye layers of various colors.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:步骤③得到的不同颜色层次的染液,还分别加入石灰水,静置,使液体呈进一步分色层状态,分别取各色层,得不同颜色层次的染液。 The method of producing the vegetable dyes as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the step ③ obtained dye layers of different colors, but also lime were added, allowed to stand, the liquid was further dichroic layer state, were taken colored layer, have different levels of color dye.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2或3所述的植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:所述含色素的植物是经干燥处理的植物,是木材屑、栗子壳、红花、茜草、紫草、黄栀子、花生壳、核桃壳、栎果壳或米糠。 The method for producing a plant dye 2 or claim 3, characterized in that: said plant is a plant pigment containing the dried treated, is wood chips, chestnut shell, safflower, madder, comfrey, yellow gardenia, peanut shells, walnut shells, oak husk or bran.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2或3所述的植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:步骤①中蒸煮的时间为0.5~3小时,温度为100~150℃,植物与水的用量比按重量计为植物∶水=1∶5~15。 The method of producing a plant dye 2 or claim 3, wherein: in the step ① cooking time is 0.5 to 3 hours at a temperature of 100 ~ 150 ℃, plants and water use ratio by weight plant: water = 1/5 to 15.
  6. 6.根据权利要求2或3所述的植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:步骤③中的石灰水是由石灰和水按1∶1.5~3的重量比配成,石灰水的用量为色素液量的1~6%。 The method for producing a plant dye 2 or claim 3, wherein: in the step ③ lime is lime and water at a weight ratio of 1.5 to 3 dubbed, lime in an amount of dye the liquid amount of 1 to 6%.
  7. 7.根据权利要求2或3所述的植物染料的生产方法,其特征是:得到的染液中还加入明矾,且每50毫升染液中加入明矾0.02~0.2克。 The production method of claim 2 or claim 3 vegetable dye, wherein: dye obtained also by adding alum, and each dye was added 50 ml of alum 0.02 to 0.2 grams.
  8. 8.一种权利要求1所述的植物染料在纺织品染色中的应用。 Application of a plant according to the textile dyeing dye as claimed in claim 8. A.
CN 200510038259 2005-01-24 2005-01-24 Bofanic dye and its production process and use CN1810887A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100554571C (en) 2007-09-20 2009-10-28 上海交通大学 Method for dyeing wool and cotton fabric by garland chrysanthemum plant dyestuff
CN102433017A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-05-02 王金民 Preparation process of natural substitute of caramel pigment
CN103073911A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-05-01 宁波广源纺织品有限公司 Extraction method of walnut shell dye
CN103131209A (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-06-05 常州云卿纺织品有限公司 Dyeing liquor prepared from oak barks, preparation method thereof and dyeing method thereof
CN103340770A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-09 吕梁学院 Preparation method for hair dye based on walnut green husk pigment
CN103451964A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-18 荣昌县易合纺织有限公司 Pure natural plant dyeing process of full-manual natural grass cloth
CN103554966A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-05 哈尔滨市工艺美术有限责任公司 Formula and production method for preparing taupe wheat straw dye
CN104861738A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-08-26 青岛博之源生物技术有限公司 Method for extracting peanut shell yellow pigment
CN105086500A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-11-25 常州市长宇实用气体有限公司 Method for fixing natural arnebia dye with garlic polysaccharides
CN105153743A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-16 张家港天隆针织服饰织造有限公司 Preparation technology of plant dye small in additive amount and short in preparation period
CN105153745A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-16 张家港天隆针织服饰织造有限公司 Technology for rapidly extracting pigment from plants for preparing dyes
CN106351033A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 浙江惠侬丝针织内衣有限公司 Dyeing process of red vegetable dyes

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100554571C (en) 2007-09-20 2009-10-28 上海交通大学 Method for dyeing wool and cotton fabric by garland chrysanthemum plant dyestuff
CN102433017A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-05-02 王金民 Preparation process of natural substitute of caramel pigment
CN103073911A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-05-01 宁波广源纺织品有限公司 Extraction method of walnut shell dye
CN103131209A (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-06-05 常州云卿纺织品有限公司 Dyeing liquor prepared from oak barks, preparation method thereof and dyeing method thereof
CN103131209B (en) * 2013-03-20 2014-11-05 常州云卿纺织品有限公司 Dyeing liquor prepared from oak barks, preparation method thereof and dyeing method thereof
CN103340770A (en) * 2013-06-09 2013-10-09 吕梁学院 Preparation method for hair dye based on walnut green husk pigment
CN103340770B (en) * 2013-06-09 2015-04-08 吕梁学院 Preparation method for hair dye based on walnut green husk pigment
CN103451964A (en) * 2013-08-27 2013-12-18 荣昌县易合纺织有限公司 Pure natural plant dyeing process of full-manual natural grass cloth
CN103554966A (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-02-05 哈尔滨市工艺美术有限责任公司 Formula and production method for preparing taupe wheat straw dye
CN104861738A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-08-26 青岛博之源生物技术有限公司 Method for extracting peanut shell yellow pigment
CN105086500A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-11-25 常州市长宇实用气体有限公司 Method for fixing natural arnebia dye with garlic polysaccharides
CN105153743A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-16 张家港天隆针织服饰织造有限公司 Preparation technology of plant dye small in additive amount and short in preparation period
CN105153745A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-16 张家港天隆针织服饰织造有限公司 Technology for rapidly extracting pigment from plants for preparing dyes
CN106351033A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-25 浙江惠侬丝针织内衣有限公司 Dyeing process of red vegetable dyes

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