CN1810145A - Production process of natural mineral feed additive - Google Patents

Production process of natural mineral feed additive Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1810145A
CN1810145A CNA2006100378631A CN200610037863A CN1810145A CN 1810145 A CN1810145 A CN 1810145A CN A2006100378631 A CNA2006100378631 A CN A2006100378631A CN 200610037863 A CN200610037863 A CN 200610037863A CN 1810145 A CN1810145 A CN 1810145A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed additive
production
mineral
natural mineral
sulfuric acid
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CNA2006100378631A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许庆华
王傲乾
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王傲乾
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Priority to CNA2006100378631A priority Critical patent/CN1810145A/en
Publication of CN1810145A publication Critical patent/CN1810145A/en

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Abstract

The natural mineral feed additive contains rich P, Ca, Mg, K, Na, S and other macro elements and trace elements. Its production process includes compounding materials, including attapulgite clay, bentonite, elite, diatomite, Chinese medicinal stone and shell; crushing; acidifying; activating; milling and packing. The natural mineral feed additive has high utilization rate of the effective components, and has the functions of preventing and treating diseases, killing parasite, killing bacteria and detoxicating to promote the growth of animal. It is suitable for being added to various kinds of feed.

Description

The production method of natural mineral feed additive
Technical field:
The present invention relates to feed, be specifically related to a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive.
Background technology:
Mineral feed is an indispensable class nutriment in animal life activity and the production process, contain macroelement such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium and chlorine and iron, copper, manganese, zinc, selenium and other trace elements, mineral additive for feed has synthetic chemical products of the natural mineral feed of the mineral feed of single variety, multiple mixing and industry and the trace element that cooperates carrier.
At present, the mineral feed of selling on the market is the synthetic chemical products of industry mostly at home, sodium sulphate, calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate, ferrous sulfate, copper sulphate, zinc sulfate and zinc oxide etc. are for example arranged, chemical reaction can take place in these chemical products in the process of feed, and also has in various degree peculiar smell, cause the palatability of mineral feed bad easily, the purchase cost of feed is than higher; Single mineral feed has bentonite, zeolite etc., this quasi-mineral raw material is to be deposited in open-air place in recovery process, is easy to by the environmental pollution around the place, contain a large amount of moulds and virus in raw material, the manufacturer of feed does not carry out high temperature sterilization in process of production; The mineral matter element that is contained in the mineral raw material such as bentonite and zeolite is not carrying out not having activity before modification is handled, and animal can not well absorb these mineral matter elements in digestion process.
Chinese patent publication number CN1034314, open day is on August 2nd, 1989, name is called " a kind of mineral additive for feed ", disclose: " a kind of mineral additive for feed; can strengthen functions of immune system and the physiological vigor of fowl poultry and have the drainage of inducing the unnecessary residual amount of each trace element, promote the growth that increases egg and poultry of fowl.It is characterized in that in carrier (sodium acid carbonate, powdered whiting and fish meal), mixing micro-sodium sulphate, copper sulphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, iodine spare potassium and vitamin C.It does not rely on amino acid and nutriment (fat, lipoid, sugar etc.) and hormone substance, and the raw material cost that is easy to get is low; Only need cooperate and to produce remarkable result " with chaff, bran, green vegetables etc.
The foregoing invention weak point is, selected carrier powdered whiting is the powder lime carbonate that makes with the precipitation method, mix industrial chemicals such as micro-sodium sulphate, copper sulphate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, chemical reaction can take place in these chemical products in the process of feed, and also has in various degree peculiar smell, cause the palatability of mineral feed bad easily, the purchase cost of feed is than higher.
Chinese patent Granted publication CN1218658, Granted publication day is on September 14th, 2005, name is called " mineral matter iodine selenium multi-element feed supplement ", discloses: " a kind ofly contain the iodine selenium multi-element feed supplement that the multiple mineral matter that contains multielement such as iodine selenium is made.It does not contain hormone, pigment and harmful components, can strengthen the resistance against diseases of fowl poultry, improves the quality of birds, beasts and eggs output and livestock and poultry meat.It is achieved in that it by following raw material by weight forming: attapulgite: Gao Cen: calcite: zeolite: feldspar=(20~90): (5~20): (5~15): (5~15): (1~5); Its preparation method is: choose attapulgite, Gao Cen, calcite, zeolite and feldspar by the above-mentioned raw materials weight ratio, be crushed to 30 orders-60 order then, fully stir, mix, promptly.Advantage is: draw materials easily, using method is easy, safe and reliable, and production technology is simple, invests for a short time, and instant effect, the output height, cost is low, and is applied widely, has vast market prospect and considerable social benefit and economic benefit ".
The preparation method of foregoing invention is: " choose attapulgite, Gao Cen, calcite, zeolite and feldspar; be crushed to 30 orders-60 order then; fully stir, mix, promptly ", its weak point is, mineral raw materials such as attapulgite, calcite and zeolite are to be deposited in open-air place in recovery process, are easy to by the environmental pollution around the place, contain a large amount of moulds and virus in raw material, the manufacturer of feed does not carry out high temperature sterilization in process of production; The mineral matter element that is contained in the mineral raw material such as bentonite and zeolite before not carrying out the modification processing, does not have activity, and animal can not well absorb these mineral matter elements in digestion process.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome weak point in the prior art, a kind of production method that contains the natural mineral feed additive of various active mineral matter element is provided.
Natural mineral feed additive by: Concave-convex clay rod, bentonite, zeolite, diatomite, medical stone and shell are formed.The production method of natural mineral feed additive is: batching, pulverizing, sulfuric acid acidation processing, high-temperature activation processing, abrasive dust, be packaged as finished product.
Mineral raw material is an indispensable class nutriment in animal life activity and the production process, contains macroelements such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium and chlorine and iron, copper, manganese, zinc, selenium and other trace elements.
Concave-convex clay rod contains the required mineral matter element of growth of animal, Concave-convex clay rod after acidifying and the activation processing has unique absorption property, in the alimentary canal of animal, it is long-pending to have increased the nutriment reacted surface, acidifying digestive ferment, and the surface area that contacts with gastrointestinal mucosal of increase delay feed link and spend the gastral time, make that nutriment is easier to be absorbed, can also promote the synthetic of enzyme.Wherein the metallic element compound is soluble in diluted acid, when it passes through animal alimentary canal, can discharge contained element, and short its absorption can improve the animal alimentary canal function simultaneously.Build up one's resistance to disease, improve growth performance.Concave-convex clay rod can and excrete the harmful substance in the intrusion animal digestive system, germ, virus absorption, thereby improves efficiency of feed utilization.Concave-convex clay rod has tangible anti-diarrhea effect, and piglet white scour, transmissible gastroenteritis etc. is had good preventive and therapeutic effect; Concave-convex clay rod also has the higher characteristics of ratio of viscosities, and its viscosity can reach more than the 3000mPas, is a kind of good feed adhesive, can have mildew-resistant, moisture-proof role simultaneously, and feed is not lumpd; Concave-convex clay rod is a kind of cheap and good-quality good mineral additive for feed, can be widely used in the animal feed, and this is that many chemical products or additive can not substitute with incomparable.
Bentonite has higher molecule porosity, good water imbibition is arranged, dilatancy, mobile, ion exchangeable and lubricity, bentonite can adsorb 8~15 times of water yields to its volume, in aqueous medium, can be engaged in loosing and be soliquid, this suspension has certain viscosity, thixotropy and lubricity, stronger cation exchange capacity (CEC) is arranged, bentonite good palatability after the acidifying, can increase the feed intake of animal, also can reduce the content of free ammonia in the animal alimentary canal simultaneously, and delay feed link and spend the alimentary canal time, so the effect of certain control disease of digestive tract is arranged, thereby can more effectively utilize the nutrient in the feed, improve efficiency of feed utilization, can also reduce the moisture in the ight soil, therefore reduced the air pollution that causes because of manure fermentation.
Zeolite is that a kind of aluminium silicate mineral contains calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, copper, more than 20 kind of constant such as manganese and trace element, ion exchangeable is one of critical nature of zeolite rock, zeolite can be selected some heavy metal of exchange, order to Na is followed successively by Ba>Pb>Cd>Zn>Cu, thereby can be used for removing heavy metal ion, zeolite has very big specific area, can produce bigger extension, so can be used as outstanding adsorbent, zeolite not only has the performance of adsorbed water, but also has adsorption and oxidation calcium, SO2, F2, nitrogen, ammonium, the performance of methyl alcohol and absorption radioactive substance.It as feed addictive, can be promoted the metabolism of animal, improve the resistance against diseases of body, promote to grow and increase economic efficiency.
The diatomite mineral deposit belongs to the siliceous rock biochemical deposit origin cause of formation, be by the accumulation of Diatomeae animal and other biological siliceous skeleton part and thereupon transformation form, contain necessary constant of multiple animal growth and trace element, because diatomite has exquisiteness, loose, light weight, porous, characteristics such as suction and permeability are strong, and there is special structure structure to make it have many special technique and physical property, as big porosity, stronger adsorptivity, light weight, and certain intensity arranged, can make the sterilization adsorbent, also have the effect of sterilization, do the feed addictive preventable disease, prevent or cure a disease, promote the growth of animal.
Medical stone has strong absorption property, heavy metal and radioactive element etc. there is suction-operated, especially to the cyanide in the water, phthalic acid ester and the assorted bacterium of causing a disease, strong adsorptivity is arranged, medical stone has dissolubility, can leach multiple micro-beneficial element, medical stone can also be regulated the pH value of water, and is very favourable to growing up healthy and sound of animal.
Shell is the shell of seawater and fresh water mollusk, shell main component be calcium carbonate, other composition has inorganic matters such as magnesium, iron, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate and silicate, and is rich in essential trace element of animal and several amino acids, is easily absorbed by animal.
The mineral raw material modification adopts acidification and high-temperature activation to handle two kinds of methods, the purpose that modification is handled is specific area and the absorption property in order to strengthen mineral raw material, increase the activity of mineral raw material, in acidization, the sulfate such as magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate and calcium sulfate of all right generating portion, help the absorption of animal, improve the conversion ratio of feed, can also play the effect of deinsectization, sterilization and virus killing element in the mineral raw material.
The present invention is achieved by following technical proposals:
1, batching comprises following component by weight percentage: Concave-convex clay rod 15~55%, bentonite 15~35%, zeolite 10~35%, diatomite 5~15%, medical stone 5~15% and shell 5~15%, and after mixing, mineral composition matter mixture.
2, pulverize: the mineral mixture after will preparing burden is pulverized, grain fineness≤2 millimeter.
3, sulfuric acid acidation is handled:
1. the preparation of dilute sulfuric acid comprises following component by weight percentage: the sulfuric acid 3~5% of concentration 98%, water 95~97%; 2. the batching of acidification comprises following component by weight percentage: mineral mixture 45~65%, dilute sulfuric acid 35~55%; 3. the mineral mixture after will pulverizing is transported in the acidification pool, slowly adds dilute sulfuric acid, and normal temperature carried out acidification 24~48 hours.
4, high-temperature activation is handled: the mineral mixture after acidification, and be transported to and carry out the high-temperature activation processing in the roaster, soak time was controlled at 1.5~3 hours, and temperature is controlled at 250~350C.
5, abrasive dust: the mineral mixture after high-temperature activation is handled, be transported to and carry out abrasive dust in the grinding machine, fineness is controlled at 0.15~0.074 millimeter, is packaged as finished product.
Natural mineral feed additive is a kind of nontoxic mineral additive, contains multiple constant and trace elements such as abundant phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, sulphur, also contains amino acid, protein, crude fat, vitamins and other nutritious components.The natural mineral feed additive that processes by these mineral raw materials, after the modification processing, can complementary pluses and minuses separately, improve the utilization rate of its active ingredient, can promote growing of letting animals feed, kipeming high yield, have again prevent and cure diseases, the function of deinsectization, sterilization and virus killing; Natural mineral feed additive has the saving feed grain, reduces production costs, the characteristics of improving food conversion ratio.
Contain a large amount of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide in the animal wastes, the harm animal health, contaminated environment, and use the natural minerals feed addictive, and its stink is reduced greatly, improved feeding environment, reduced pollution to environment.
Through chemical examination, the content of heavy metals such as the fluorine in the natural mineral feed additive, mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium is all in the scope of relative national standards regulation.
Natural mineral feed additive is applicable to the feed of the various animals of processing.
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described:
1, batching comprises following component by weight percentage:
Concave-convex clay rod 30%, bentonite 25%, zeolite 20%, diatomite 10%, medical stone 8% and shell 7%, after mixing, mineral composition matter mixture.
2, pulverize: the mineral mixture after will preparing burden is pulverized, grain fineness≤2 millimeter.
3, sulfuric acid acidation is handled:
1. the preparation of dilute sulfuric acid comprises following component by weight percentage: the sulfuric acid 4% of concentration 98%, water 96%; 2. the batching of acidification comprises following component by weight percentage: mineral mixture 55%, dilute sulfuric acid 45%; 3. the mineral mixture after will pulverizing is transported in the acidification pool, slowly adds dilute sulfuric acid, and normal temperature carried out acidification 24 hours.
4, high-temperature activation is handled: the mineral mixture after acidification, and be transported to and carry out the high-temperature activation processing in the roaster, soak time 2 hours, temperature is controlled at 300~350 ℃.
5, abrasive dust: the mineral mixture after high-temperature activation is handled, be transported to and carry out abrasive dust in the grinding machine, fineness is 0.106 millimeter, is packaged as finished product.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive is characterized in that, the production method of natural mineral feed additive is: batching, pulverizing, sulfuric acid acidation processing, high-temperature activation processing, abrasive dust, be packaged as finished product.
2, a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive, it is characterized in that, the natural mineral feed additive batching, comprise following component by weight percentage: Concave-convex clay rod 15~55%, bentonite 15~35%, zeolite 10~35%, diatomite 5~15%, medical stone 5~15% and shell 5~15% mix mineral composition matter mixture.
3, a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive is characterized in that, pulverizes: be the mineral mixture after the batching is pulverized, and grain fineness≤2 millimeter.
4, a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive is characterized in that, sulfuric acid acidation is handled:
1. the preparation of dilute sulfuric acid comprises following component by weight percentage: the sulfuric acid 3~5% of concentration 98%, water 95~97%; 2. the batching of acidification comprises following component by weight percentage: mineral mixture 45~65%, dilute sulfuric acid 35~55%; 3. the mineral mixture after will pulverizing is transported in the acidification pool, slowly adds dilute sulfuric acid, and normal temperature carried out acidification 24~48 hours.
5, a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive, it is characterized in that high-temperature activation is handled: the mineral mixture after acidification is transported to and carries out the high-temperature activation processing in the roaster, soak time was controlled at 1.5~3 hours, and temperature is controlled at 250~350 ℃.
6, a kind of production method of natural mineral feed additive is characterized in that, abrasive dust: the mineral mixture after high-temperature activation is handled, and be transported to and carry out abrasive dust in the grinding machine, fineness is controlled at 0.15~0.074 millimeter, is packaged as finished product.
CNA2006100378631A 2006-01-19 2006-01-19 Production process of natural mineral feed additive CN1810145A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101129168B (en) * 2007-09-27 2011-04-06 淮安市康达饲料有限公司 Granulated feed of kirschner crawfish
CN102113626A (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-07-06 重庆森富生物科技发展有限公司 Mineral feed additive and preparation method thereof
CN103229901A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-07 蚌埠大成食品有限公司 Mutton sheep forage and preparation method thereof
CN103416607A (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-12-04 程会 Chicken feed additive
CN103518777A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-01-22 美泰克(天津)矿物有限公司 Environment cleaner and preparation method thereof
CN105028953A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-11 宁波大唐洋帆生物科技有限公司 Peptide calcium fertilizer nutrient and preparation method thereof
CN106278513A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 纯土农业科技有限公司 Biological media
CN106316561A (en) * 2015-07-06 2017-01-11 陈温乐 Method for rapidly manufacturing organic fertilizer and feed mineral element additive
CN106578650A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-04-26 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Feed for controlling gosling diseases
CN106666202A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-17 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutrition-balanced meat goose fodder
CN106721945A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 河北工业大学 A kind of mineral substance feed takes off mould dose and preparation method thereof
CN106900994A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-30 青岛川硅藻土有限公司 Full nutritive element non-protein animal feed mineral additive and its application
CN108125025A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-06-08 天津市泰康饲料厂 A kind of functional mineral substance feed addictive with Immune-enhancing effect health-care effect
CN110200172A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-06 江苏神力特生物科技股份有限公司 One seed shrimp crab feed quality improver and preparation method thereof
CN110200148A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-06 江苏神力特生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of livestock and poultry feed quality improver and preparation method thereof

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101129168B (en) * 2007-09-27 2011-04-06 淮安市康达饲料有限公司 Granulated feed of kirschner crawfish
CN102113626A (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-07-06 重庆森富生物科技发展有限公司 Mineral feed additive and preparation method thereof
CN103416607A (en) * 2012-05-24 2013-12-04 程会 Chicken feed additive
CN103416607B (en) * 2012-05-24 2015-08-12 程会 Chicken feed addictive
CN103229901A (en) * 2013-03-29 2013-08-07 蚌埠大成食品有限公司 Mutton sheep forage and preparation method thereof
CN103518777A (en) * 2013-10-19 2014-01-22 美泰克(天津)矿物有限公司 Environment cleaner and preparation method thereof
CN103518777B (en) * 2013-10-19 2016-02-17 美泰克(天津)矿物有限公司 A kind of environment cleaner and preparation method thereof
CN106278513A (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-01-04 纯土农业科技有限公司 Biological media
CN106316561A (en) * 2015-07-06 2017-01-11 陈温乐 Method for rapidly manufacturing organic fertilizer and feed mineral element additive
CN105028953A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-11 宁波大唐洋帆生物科技有限公司 Peptide calcium fertilizer nutrient and preparation method thereof
CN106721945A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-31 河北工业大学 A kind of mineral substance feed takes off mould dose and preparation method thereof
CN106578650A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-04-26 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Feed for controlling gosling diseases
CN106666202A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-17 定远县佩璋生态园有限公司 Nutrition-balanced meat goose fodder
CN106900994A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-30 青岛川硅藻土有限公司 Full nutritive element non-protein animal feed mineral additive and its application
CN108125025A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-06-08 天津市泰康饲料厂 A kind of functional mineral substance feed addictive with Immune-enhancing effect health-care effect
CN110200172A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-06 江苏神力特生物科技股份有限公司 One seed shrimp crab feed quality improver and preparation method thereof
CN110200148A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-06 江苏神力特生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of livestock and poultry feed quality improver and preparation method thereof

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