CN1806487A - Counter-season yacon planting method - Google Patents

Counter-season yacon planting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1806487A
CN1806487A CN 200610010662 CN200610010662A CN1806487A CN 1806487 A CN1806487 A CN 1806487A CN 200610010662 CN200610010662 CN 200610010662 CN 200610010662 A CN200610010662 A CN 200610010662A CN 1806487 A CN1806487 A CN 1806487A
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Prior art keywords
soil
planting
season
smallantus sonchifolium
quicklime
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CN 200610010662
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CN100372452C (en
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张学明
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KUNMING RUIPENG ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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KUNMING RUIPENG ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

A method for planting saussurea involucrate in reverse season, comprising: field choosing, choosing stem, cutting the stem with eye into blocks, sterilizing, treating in root-growing agent, loading soil in nutrition pot, planting the treated stem into nutritional soil in December to January every year, breeding in breeding bed, watering, controlling temperature, spraying calcium lime in field, deep plowing, managing furrow, digging pond, spraying calcium lime in pond, planting sprout, thinning, dressing farm manure, killing insects manually, collecting in July or August. The invention is characterized by the scientific and rational method, practical and easy to operate. The saussurea involucrate fruit got in this invention can mature and be sold in market in July or August, which is characterized by big size, smooth appearance, and delicious taste and so on.

Description

Anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of anti-season kind method for planting of kind method for planting, particularly a kind of Smallantus sonchifolium of Smallantus sonchifolium.
Background technology
Smallantus sonchifolium (Yacon) claim the saussurea involucrata potato again, and formal name used at school is Smal lanthus sonchifolius, and composite family belonged to day, plateau, Andean in South America, original producton location, and the root piece is similar to sweet potato outward, and pulp is rich in moisture, and is glittering and translucent, and mouthfeel is the spitting image of the water pears, and juice is how sweet crisp.Smallantus sonchifolium contains more than 20 kind of human body essential amino acid, mineral matter and trace element, and contains a large amount of water-soluble fibres, belongs to low-heat food.The maximum characteristics of Smallantus sonchifolium are to be rich in FOS, claim fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) again.The fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) content of Smallantus sonchifolium is the king who is called as fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) the highest in all plants.Smallantus sonchifolium is particularly suitable for the diabetic and the slimmer is edible, and it has the clearing liver detoxifcation, and is hypotensive, defaecation, and the effect of skin maintenance has obvious effect to control cholesterol and blood sugar.The Smallantus sonchifolium growth all has specific (special) requirements to weather, temperature, soil.Smallantus sonchifolium is about eight months vegetative period, and plant annual spring, and the 11-12 month in winter gathers in the crops.
Goal of the invention
The objective of the invention is to propose a kind of anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium for making Smallantus sonchifolium put forward previous season results, can not only premature ripening with the Smallantus sonchifolium of this technical scheme plantation, results, and lotus really output is high-quality good.
Technical scheme of the present invention is, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium is:
(1) 15-25 ℃ of area of temperature selected on choosing ground, the sandy loam subacidity, and the soil is porous, deep, fertile, area without shade;
(2) production of hybrid seeds, selection is individual big, full, smooth-shaped, no damage by disease and insect, the rotten Smallantus sonchifolium that do not have to go rotten are kind of a stem, remove earth on the Smallantus sonchifolium kind stem, and the old root of no eye, will have the kind stem of eye to cut into piece, carry out sterilization treatment, put into root-growing agent again and handle;
(3) grow seedlings, bed sodalime sterilization of growing seedlings is equipped with the nutrition soil of potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the nutritive cube, and the kind stem kind that will handle well in annual 12-1 month is gone into nutrition soil, puts into the bed of growing seedlings, and waters permeablely, and the control temperature is at 5-25 ℃;
(4) wholely, every mu of ground spreads quicklime 15-25kg, ploughs, the dark 30-50cm of the soil of turning over, and the reason moisture in the soil is beaten the pool;
(5) one deck quicklime is spread in plantation in the pool, uses sufficient base manure on quicklime, and base manure upper berth 2-3 cm layer of soil is put into seedling, and ash is spread on the top layer;
(6) water, water permeablely after the plantation, watered once in every 2-3 days before emerging, the back of emerging keeps adequate water, but can not ponding;
(7) thinning is pruned, and thinning is pruned when seedling is grown to 40-50 centimetre, and 2-4 seedling stayed on every pool, and every seedling stays the 2-3 wooden fork;
(8) fertilising imposes on by the root with farmyard manure behind the intertill and clean tillage, spreads quicklime and ridging;
(9) deinsectization, the manual catching and killing insect;
(10) gather 7, can excavate and gather August when bloom in the plant top.
Wherein detoxification sterilization treatment is, soaks 10-15 second with 70% alcohol earlier, uses aseptic water washing, uses 2/1000ths liquor potassic permanganate immersion again 20-30 minute.Being formulated as of root-growing agent adds light-coloured vinegar 8-12ML, honey 3-8ML, Cobastab solution 3-4ML in 1 kilogram in clear water, stir.Specifically being formulated as of nutrition soil of being furnished with potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the pig cow dung of becoming thoroughly decomposed, humus soil, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, carbendazim is by 70%: 28%: 1.9%: 0.1%.The requirement of reason moisture in the soil is, moisture in the soil is apart from 100-120cm, the high 15-20cm of moisture in the soil face, and moisture in the soil face width 40-50cm beats the pool with spacing in the rows 60-90cm on the moisture in the soil face, the dark 15-20cm in the pool, pool mouth diameter 15-20cm.Fertilizer is the farmyard manure through fermentation, adds 60-80kg quicklime by per 1 ton during fermentation, and the amount of spreading quicklime when whole ground, plantation and fertilising is that quicklime can be white with earth mulch.The bed of growing seedlings is located in the plastic tunnel or is to take the little shed of plastic foil in the land for growing field crops.
Its rule that forms is naturally all followed in plant growing, as planting in advance, gathers in the crops in advance, and this solves because of planting the variety of issue that brings in advance with regard to needs.At first be plantation in the winter time in advance, temperature is lower, plant germination and poor growth, and it is on the sunny side that the present invention requires on the ground in choosing, grows seedlings in booth or little shed.For preventing insect pest, improve self resistance against diseases, be to carry out sterilization treatment with the high-quality kind stem of selecting for use, put into root-growing agent again and handle.In plastic greenhouse or little shed, grow seedlings, can guarantee the growth temperature of kind of stem.When whole ground and plantation, spread quicklime, but disinfection, the damage by disease and insect that goes out can also effectively improve the calcium content of Smallantus sonchifolium.For the Smallantus sonchifolium that guarantees plantation for not containing the pollution-free food of agriculture chemical, the present invention adopts farmyard manure fully in plantation and growth overall process, and kills damage by disease and insect with quicklime and combine with the manual catching and killing insect.The present invention has that methodological science is reasonable, and exploitativeness is strong, the characteristics that operation is simple.The Smallantus sonchifolium that adopts method of the present invention to plant out can shift to an earlier date 7, ripe listing between August, and fruit removes and kept original function of Smallantus sonchifolium and local flavor, and fruit is big, smooth-shaped, and mouthfeel is more sweet and tasty, and local flavor is unique more, and output also can improve.
Specific implementation method
Anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium,
(1) 15-25 ℃ of area of temperature selected on choosing ground, the sandy loam subacidity, and the soil is porous, deep, fertile, area without shade;
(2) seed selection, select individual big, full, smooth-shaped, no damage by disease and insect, the rotten Smallantus sonchifolium that do not have to go rotten are kind of a stem, remove earth on the Smallantus sonchifolium kind stem, and the old root of no eye, to there be the kind stem of eye to cut into piece, every 20-50g carries out sterilization treatment to kind of stem: earlier soak 10-15 second with 70% alcohol, use aseptic water washing, used 2/1000ths liquor potassic permanganate immersion again 20-30 minute, pull out, drain.The preparation root-growing agent, concrete grammar is: add light-coloured vinegar 8-12ML, honey 3-8ML, Cobastab solution 3-4ML in 1 kilogram in clear water, stir, the kind stem of sterilization treatment is put into root-growing agent soaked 2-5 minute, pull out and drain, also can adopt commercially available plant growth regulator.
(3) grow seedlings, in plastic tunnel, establish the bed of growing seedlings, a sodalime sterilization of growing seedlings, the pig cow dung of becoming thoroughly decomposed, humus soil, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, carbendazim, by 70%: 28%: 1.9%: 0.1% joined nutrition soil, pack in the nutritive cube, the kind stem kind that will handle well in annual 12-1 month is gone into nutrition soil, the neat bed of growing seedlings of putting into, water permeable, control temperature at 5-25 ℃.Also can excavate wide 100cm in big field, the bed of growing seedlings of dark 20-30cm, smooth at the bottom of the case, the low bank of earth between fields around the compacting spreads whitely with lime in the bed of growing seedlings, and the little shed of plastic foil is taken at the top.Noting growing seedlings an interior temperature can not be too high, and with unburned seedling, it is ventilated suitably to take off film, but as temperature when too low mulching straw, mat etc. be incubated.
(4) wholely, every mu of ground spreads quicklime 15-25kg, ploughs, the dark 30-50cm of the soil of turning over.Press moisture in the soil apart from 100-120cm, the high 15-20cm of moisture in the soil face, moisture in the soil face width 40-50cm manages moisture in the soil.On the moisture in the soil face, beat the pool, the dark 15-20cm in the pool, pool mouth diameter 15-20cm with spacing in the rows 60-90cm.
(5) one deck quicklime is spread in plantation in the pool, and earth mulch is white, uses sufficient base manure on quicklime, base manure upper berth 2-3 cm layer of soil is put into seedling, and ash is spread on the top layer, also can water loose stool, base manure adds 60-80kg quicklime by per 1 ton for being the farmyard manure through fermentation during fermentation.
(6) water, water permeablely after the plantation, watered once in every 2-3 days before emerging, the back of emerging keeps adequate water, but can not ponding;
(7) thinning is pruned, and thinning is pruned when seedling is grown to 40-50 centimetre, and 2-4 seedling stayed on every pool, and every seedling stays the 2-3 wooden fork;
(8) fertilising imposes on by the root with farmyard manure behind the intertill and clean tillage, spreads quicklime and ridging;
(9) deinsectization, the manual catching and killing insect;
(10) gather 7, can excavate and gather August when bloom in the plant top.

Claims (7)

1, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium, comprise electedly, the production of hybrid seeds, grow seedlings, whole ground, plant, water, power is beaten in thinning, fertilising, deinsectization, gather, and it is characterized in that, specifically plants method for planting
(1) 15-25 ℃ of area of temperature selected on choosing ground, the sandy loam subacidity, and the soil is porous, deep, fertile, area without shade;
(2) production of hybrid seeds, selection is individual big, full, smooth-shaped, no damage by disease and insect, the rotten Smallantus sonchifolium that do not have to go rotten are kind of a stem, remove earth on the Smallantus sonchifolium kind stem, and the old root of no eye, will have the kind stem of eye to cut into piece, carry out sterilization treatment, put into root-growing agent again and handle;
(3) grow seedlings, bed sodalime sterilization of growing seedlings is equipped with the nutrition soil of potassium dihydrogen phosphate in the nutritive cube, and the kind stem kind that will handle well in annual 12-1 month is gone into nutrition soil, puts into the bed of growing seedlings, and waters permeablely, and the control temperature is at 5-25 ℃;
(4) wholely, every mu of ground spreads quicklime 15-25kg, ploughs, the dark 30-50cm of the soil of turning over, and the reason moisture in the soil is beaten the pool;
(5) one deck quicklime is spread in plantation in the pool, uses sufficient base manure on quicklime, and base manure upper berth 2-3 cm layer of soil is put into seedling, and ash is spread on the top layer;
(6) water, water permeablely after the plantation, watered once in every 2-3 days before emerging, the back of emerging keeps adequate water, but can not ponding;
(7) power is beaten in thinning, and power is beaten in thinning when seedling is grown to 40-50 centimetre, and 2-4 seedling stayed on every pool, and every seedling stays 2-3 power;
(8) fertilising imposes on by the root with farmyard manure behind the intertill and clean tillage, spreads quicklime and ridging;
(9) deinsectization, the manual catching and killing insect;
(10) gather 7, can excavate and gather August when bloom in the plant top.
2, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the detoxification sterilization treatment is, soaks 10-15 second with 70% alcohol earlier, uses aseptic water washing, uses 2/1000ths liquor potassic permanganate immersion again 20-30 minute.
3, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, being formulated as of root-growing agent adds light-coloured vinegar 8-12ML, honey 3-8ML, Cobastab solution 3-4ML in 1 kilogram in clear water, stir.
4, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, is furnished with specifically being formulated as of nutrition soil of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, the pig cow dung of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and humus soil, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, carbendazim is by 70%: 28%: 1.9%: 0.1%.
5, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the requirement of reason moisture in the soil is, moisture in the soil is apart from 100-120cm, the high 15-20cm of moisture in the soil face, moisture in the soil face width 40-50cm, on the moisture in the soil face, beat the pool, the dark 15-20cm in the pool, pool mouth diameter 15-20cm with spacing in the rows 60-90cm.
6, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, fertilizer is the farmyard manure through fermentation, adds 60-80kg quicklime by per 1 ton during fermentation, and the amount of spreading quicklime when whole ground, plantation and fertilising is that quicklime can be white with earth mulch.
7, anti-season kind method for planting of Smallantus sonchifolium as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the bed of growing seedlings is located in the plastic tunnel or is to take the little shed of plastic foil in the land for growing field crops.
CNB2006100106622A 2006-01-27 2006-01-27 Counter-season yacon planting method Expired - Fee Related CN100372452C (en)

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CNB2006100106622A CN100372452C (en) 2006-01-27 2006-01-27 Counter-season yacon planting method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102282953A (en) * 2011-07-06 2011-12-21 河北农业大学 Fertilizing method for smallanthus sonchifolius
CN103651034A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Organic high-yield yacon cultivation method
CN104396531A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-03-11 湘西自治洲山源农业开发有限公司 Planting method of smallanthus sonchifolius
CN104541927A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-29 金思思 High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon
CN105123246A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-09 安徽格瑞农业开发有限公司 Organic cultivation method for yacon trees
CN105557261A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-11 陈�基 Method for cultivating smallanthus sonchifolius
CN108633666A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-12 六枝特区舰航种养殖场 A kind of implantation methods improving yacon yield

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102282953A (en) * 2011-07-06 2011-12-21 河北农业大学 Fertilizing method for smallanthus sonchifolius
CN103651034A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-26 张家港市塘桥果艺园 Organic high-yield yacon cultivation method
CN104396531A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-03-11 湘西自治洲山源农业开发有限公司 Planting method of smallanthus sonchifolius
CN104541927A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-04-29 金思思 High-yield cultivation method of organic yacon
CN105123246A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-09 安徽格瑞农业开发有限公司 Organic cultivation method for yacon trees
CN105557261A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-05-11 陈�基 Method for cultivating smallanthus sonchifolius
CN105557261B (en) * 2015-12-19 2018-11-27 宁波远志立方能源科技有限公司 A kind of yacon cultural method
CN108633666A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-10-12 六枝特区舰航种养殖场 A kind of implantation methods improving yacon yield

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