CN1799208B - Aggregate radiated power control for multi-band/multi-mode satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods - Google Patents

Aggregate radiated power control for multi-band/multi-mode satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1799208B
CN1799208B CN 200480004172 CN200480004172A CN1799208B CN 1799208 B CN1799208 B CN 1799208B CN 200480004172 CN200480004172 CN 200480004172 CN 200480004172 A CN200480004172 A CN 200480004172A CN 1799208 B CN1799208 B CN 1799208B
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air interface
frequency
set
power
wireless telephone
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CN 200480004172
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1799208A (en )
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P·D·卡拉比尼斯
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Atc科技有限责任公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W52/00Power management, e.g. TPC [Transmission Power Control], power saving or power classes
    • H04W52/04TPC [Transmission power control]
    • H04W52/30TPC [Transmission power control] using constraints in the total amount of available transmission power
    • H04W52/34TPC management, i.e. sharing limited amount of power among users or channels or data types, e.g. cell loading
    • H04W52/343TPC management, i.e. sharing limited amount of power among users or channels or data types, e.g. cell loading taking into account loading or congestion level
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/185Space-based or airborne stations; Stations for satellite systems
    • H04B7/1853Satellite systems for providing telephony service to a mobile station, i.e. mobile satellite service
    • H04B7/18563Arrangements for interconnecting multiple systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/185Space-based or airborne stations; Stations for satellite systems
    • H04B7/1853Satellite systems for providing telephony service to a mobile station, i.e. mobile satellite service
    • H04B7/18539Arrangements for managing radio, resources, i.e. for establishing or releasing a connection
    • H04B7/18543Arrangements for managing radio, resources, i.e. for establishing or releasing a connection for adaptation of transmission parameters, e.g. power control

Abstract

A satellite radiotelephone system includes a space-based component that is configured to communicate with multiple radiotelephones over multiple frequency bands and/or multiple air interfaces. An ancillary terrestrial network is configured to communicate terrestrially with the multiple radiotelephones over substantially the multiple frequency bands and/or substantially the multiple air interfaces. An aggregate radiated power controller is configured to limit an aggregate radiated power by the multiple radiotelephones to a maximum aggregate radiated power.

Description

用于多频带/多模式卫星无线电话通信系统及方法的集合 A set of multi-band / multi-mode satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods

辐射功率控制 Radiated Power Control

[0001] 相关申请的交叉引用 CROSS [0001] REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请要求2003年5月1日提交的题为“用于多频带/多模式卫星无线电话通信系统及方法的集合辐射功率控制”的临时申请60/467,100的权益,该临时申请转让给了本申请的受让人,通过引用将其公开内容完整地结合在此,如同在此充分地阐述一样。 Interest [0002] This application claims entitled, filed May 1, 2003 "is used to set control radiated power multi-band / multi-mode satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods of" provisional application 60 / 467,100, which is temporary application assigned to the assignee of this application, the disclosure of which is incorporated by reference fully incorporated herein as if fully set forth herein.

技术领域 FIELD

[0003] 本发明涉及无线电话通信系统及方法,并且更具体地,涉及地面蜂窝和卫星蜂窝无线电话通信系统及方法。 [0003] The present invention relates to radiotelephone communications systems and methods, and more particularly, to terrestrial cellular and satellite cellular radiotelephone communications systems and methods.

背景技术 Background technique

[0004] 卫星无线电话通信系统及方法广泛地用于无线电话通信。 [0004] Satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods are widely used for radiotelephone communications. 卫星无线电话通信系统及方法一般采用至少一个基于空间的部件,例如一个或多个卫星,它们配置成与多部卫星无线电话无线通信。 Satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods generally employ at least one space-based component, such as one or more satellites, are configured to communicate with multiple radio communication satellite radiotelephone.

[0005] 卫星无线电话通信系统或方法可以利用覆盖系统所服务的整个区域的单天线射束。 [0005] Satellite radiotelephone communications system or method may utilize the entire system coverage area served by a single antenna beam. 可选地,在蜂窝卫星无线电话通信系统及方法中,提供了多射束,各自可以为整个服务区中的不同地理区域服务以共同为整个卫星覆盖区服务。 Alternatively, in cellular satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods, there is provided a multi-beam, common to each service may be services for the entire satellite coverage area for different geographic areas throughout the service area. 因此,类似那种用于常规地面蜂窝无线电话系统及方法中的蜂窝体系结构可以在基于卫星的蜂窝系统及方法中实施。 Thus, for a cellular architecture similar to that of conventional terrestrial cellular radiotelephone systems and methods can be implemented in cellular satellite-based systems and methods of. 卫星通常在双向通信路径上与无线电话通信,同时,无线电话通信信号在下行链路或前向链路上从卫星传送给无线电话,并且在上行链路或返回链路上从无线电话传送给卫星。 Satellite radiotelephone communications usually in a bidirectional communication path, while radiotelephone communications signals in the downlink or forward link from the satellite to the wireless telephone, and from the radiotelephone to transmit on the uplink or return link satellite.

[0006] 对于本领域的技术人员而言,卫星无线电话通信系统及方法的总体设计和操作是众所周知的而不必在此另外描述。 [0006] For those skilled in the art, the overall design and operation of a satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods are well known and need not be described further herein. 此外,如在此所使用的,术语“无线电话”包括:带有或没有复式线路显示(multi-line display)的蜂窝和/或卫星无线电话;可以将无线电话与数据处理、传真和/或数据通信能力相结合的个人通信系统(PCQ终端;可以包括射频收发信机和寻呼机、因特网/内部网接入、Web浏览器、组织器、日历和/或全球定位系统(GPS)接收机的个人数字助理(PDA);和/或常规膝上型和/或掌上型计算机或其它装置,它们包括射频收发信机。无线电话在此还可以指无线终端。 Further, as used herein, the term "radiotelephone" includes: a cellular and / or satellite with or without double-line display (multi-line display) radiotelephone; may be a radiotelephone with data processing, facsimile and / or personal communication system data communication capabilities combined (PCQ terminal; may include a radio frequency transceiver and a pager, Internet / intranet access, web browser, organizer, calendar and / or a global positioning system (GPS) receiver, personal digital Assistant (a PDA); and / or conventional laptop and / or palmtop computers or other devices, which include a radio frequency transceiver radiotelephone herein may also refer to a wireless terminal.

[0007] 通过在地面重用至少一部分分配给蜂窝卫星无线电话系统的频带,地面网络可以提高蜂窝卫星无线电话系统的实用性、有效性和/或经济可行性。 [0007] APPLICABILITY be improved cellular satellite radiotelephone systems, the effectiveness and / or economic viability by reusing at least a portion allocated to cellular satellite radiotelephone system band terrestrial network in the ground. 特别地,已知的是,蜂窝卫星无线电话系统可靠地为人口稠密的区域服务可能是困难的,因为卫星信号可能被高层建筑阻挡和/或可能不能透入建筑物。 In particular, it is known that the cellular satellite radiotelephone systems to reliably serve densely populated areas may be difficult, because the satellite signal may be blocked and / or may not penetrate into buildings rise building. 结果,在这种区域中,卫星频谱可能未被充分利用或这可能未被利用。 As a result, in this area, the satellite spectrum may be underutilized or it may not be used. 地面对至少一部分卫星频带的频率的重用可以减少或消除该潜在的问题。 Face reuse frequency of at least a portion of the satellite frequency band may reduce or eliminate this potential problem.

[0008] 此外,通过引入地面对卫星频带的频率的重用,可以显著增加整个系统的容量,因为地面对频率的重用可以比只有卫星的系统的要稠密的多。 [0008] Further, by introducing the face of the satellite frequency band reuse frequency, can significantly increase the overall system capacity, since the face may be larger than the frequency reuse only the satellite system to be dense. 事实上,可以在可能主要需要容量的地方提供容量,即,人口稠密的城市/工业/商业区域。 In fact, capacity can be provided in place may need major capacity, ie, densely populated urban / industrial / commercial areas. 结果,整个系统可以变得经济上可行的多,因为它可能能够为大得多的客户群服务。 As a result, the whole system may become more economically viable, as it may be able to service a much larger customer base.

[0009] 地面对卫星频率的重用的一个示例在本发明人Karabinis题为“卫星电信中继器和转发方法”的US专利5,937,332中描述,通过引用将其公开内容全部结合在此,如同在此充分地阐述一样。 US Patent No. 5,937,332 [0009] to an exemplary satellite frequency reuse face of the present invention in a human Karabinis, entitled "Satellite Telecommunications Repeaters and forwarding method" described by reference the entire disclosure of which is incorporated here, as in this fully set forth herein. 如在其中所述,提供了卫星电信中继器,它接收、放大并本地转发从卫星接收的下行链路信号,因此增加在卫星电信中继器附近的有效下行链路容限并且允许增加上行链路信号和下行链路信号对建筑物、植物、运输车辆及其它物体的透入,这些物体可以减少链路容限。 As described therein, satellite telecommunications repeater is provided which receives, amplifies and local forwarding downlink signals received from a satellite thereby increasing the effective downlink margin in the vicinity of the satellite telecommunications repeater and allowing an increased uplink link signal and the downlink signal for buildings, plants, transport vehicles and other objects penetrating into such objects can reduce link margin. 提供了便携中继器和非便携中继器。 Providing a portable and non-portable repeaters repeaters. 参见US专利5,937,332的摘要。 See US patent 5,937,332 of summary.

[0010] 最后,在相同的卫星频带内具有地面部件并使用基本上相同的用于地面通信和卫星通信的空中接口的卫星无线电话通信系统或方法可以是价格合算的和/或美学上吸引人的。 [0010] Finally, the ground member has the same satellite frequency band and using substantially the same satellite radiotelephone communications system or method for terrestrial air interface communications and satellite communications may be advantageous for an attractive price and / or aesthetical of. 常规的双频/双模备选方案,例如众所周知的Ilmraya、铱星(Iridium)和/或全球星(Globalstar)双模式卫星/地面无线电话系统,可能使一部分部件加倍,这可能导致无线电话的成本、尺寸和/或重量的增加。 Conventional dual band / dual mode alternatives, such as the well-known Ilmraya, Iridium (Iridium) and / or Globalstar (the Globalstar) dual mode satellite / terrestrial radiotelephone systems, may leave some parts doubled, which may result in the radiotelephone cost, size and / or increased weight. 参见本发明人Karabinis题为“利用多个空间接口标准的卫星系统及采用相同空间标准的方法”的US专利6,052,560。 See people present invention Karabinis entitled "Use of multiple satellite system air interface standard and the same space standard methods", US Patent No. 6,052,560.

[0011] 考虑到上述讨论,继续需要用于地面对蜂窝卫星频率重用的系统及方法,这些可以允许增加蜂窝卫星无线电话系统、方法和/或卫星无线电话的可靠性、容量、成本效益和/或美学吸引力。 [0011] In view of the above discussion, a continuing need for systems and methods to face reuse of cellular satellite frequencies that can allow for increased cellular satellite radiotelephone systems, methods and / or satellite radiotelephone reliability, capacity, cost effectiveness, and / or aesthetic appeal.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0012] 本发明的一些实施例提供了卫星无线电话系统及通信方法,其中,基于空间的部件配置成与在分为多个卫星小区的卫星覆盖区的无线电话通信。 Some embodiments [0012] The present invention provides a satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods, wherein the space-based component configured to communicate with a radiotelephone in the satellite cells into a plurality of satellite coverage area. 基于空间的部件配置成与第一卫星小区中的第一无线电话在第一频带和/或第一空中接口上通信,并且与第二卫星小区中的第二无线电话在第二频带和/或第二空中接口上通信。 Space-based component configured to communicate with a first radiotelephone in a first satellite cell over a first frequency band or and / or a first air interface, and a second radio telephone and a second cell in the second satellite frequency band and / or a second air interface communication. 在一些实施例中,还提供辅助地面网络,它配置成地面上与第一无线电话在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口上通信,并且地面上与第二无线电话在基本上第二频带和/或基本上第二空中接口上 In some embodiments, also provide ancillary terrestrial network that is configured to ground the first wireless telephone communication in the first frequency band is substantially or essentially and / or a first air interface, and the second wireless telephone on the ground in a substantially or substantially the second frequency band and / or a second air interface

ififn。 ififn.

[0013] 在其它实施例中,卫星无线电话系统及方法包括基于空间的部件,该部件配置成与第一无线电话在第一频带和/或第一空中接口上通信,并且与第二无线电话在第二频带和/或第二空中接口上通信。 [0013] In other embodiments, the satellite radiotelephone systems and methods include a space-based component, which component is configured in a first wireless telephone or a first frequency band and / or a first air interface communications, and with the second wireless telephone and in the second frequency band and / or a second air interface communication. 辅助地面网络配置成地面上与第一无线电话在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口上通信,并且地面上与第二无线电话在基本上第二频带和/ 或基本上第二空中接口上通信。 An ancillary terrestrial network is configured on the floor in communication with the first wireless telephone or substantially substantially on a first frequency band and / first air interface, and the ground and a second radio telephone in substantially the second frequency band and / or substantially of two air interface communication. 第一和第二无线电话可以在相同的卫星小区或不同的卫星小区中。 The first and second wireless telephone may be the same or different satellite cell in the satellite cell.

[0014] 在上述的任一实施例中,辅助地面网络可以包括第一辅助地面部件和第二辅助地面部件,其中,第一辅助地面部件配置成地面上与第一无线电话在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口上通信,而第二辅助地面部件配置成地面上与第二和/或第一无线电话在基本上第二频带和/或基本上第二空中接口上通信。 [0014] In one embodiment of any of the above-described embodiment, the ancillary terrestrial network may include a first ancillary terrestrial component and a second ancillary terrestrial component, wherein a first auxiliary member arranged on the ground floor and the first radio telephone in a first substantially frequency band and / or substantially the first air interface communications, and a second ancillary terrestrial component is configured on the second floor and / or the first radiotelephone communications in a second frequency band is substantially or essentially and / or a second air interface . 在一些实施例中,第一辅助地面部件在第一卫星小区中,而第二辅助地面部件在第二卫星小区中。 In some embodiments, a first ancillary terrestrial components in a first satellite cell, while the second ancillary terrestrial components in a second satellite cell. 在一些实施例中,它们是在相同的卫星小区中。 In some embodiments, the satellite are in the same cell. 在仍是其它的实施例中,第一辅助地面部件由第一无线网络运营商操作而第二辅助地面部件由第二无线网络运营商操作。 In still other embodiments, a first ancillary terrestrial component by a first operation of the wireless network operator and the second operator's ancillary terrestrial component by the second wireless network.

[0015] 此外,在上述任一实施例中,辅助地面网络可以包括第一部分和第二部分,其中,第一部分配置成地面上与第一无线电话在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口上通信,而第二部分配置成地面上与第二和/或第一无线电话在基本上第二频带和/或基本上第二空中接口上通信。 [0015] Further, in any of the above embodiments, the ancillary terrestrial network may include a first portion and a second portion, wherein a first portion arranged on the floor with the first radio telephone in substantially a first frequency band and / or substantially of a communication air interface, and a second portion arranged on the floor of the second and / or first radiotelephone communications in a second frequency band is substantially or essentially and / or a second air interface. 在一些实施例中,第一辅助地面部件由第一无线网络运营商操作而第二辅助地面部件由第二无线网络运营商操作。 In some embodiments, a first ancillary terrestrial component operated by a first and a second radio network operator by the ancillary terrestrial components operate the second wireless network operator.

[0016] 在上述任一实施例中,还可以提供网关,配置成与基于空间的部件在馈线链路上通信。 [0016] In any of the above embodiments, the gateway may also be provided, configured to communicate with the space-based component in the feeder link. 馈线链路配置成在基于空间的部件与第一和第二无线电话之间传输通信。 Feeder link member configured to transmit space-based communications between a first and a second wireless telephone with. 在一些实施例中,馈线链路包括第一空中接口和第二空中接口。 In some embodiments, the feeder link comprising a first air interface and the second air interface.

[0017] 仍是本发明的其它实施例控制在多频带/多模式卫星无线电话通信系统及方法中的无线电话的集合辐射功率。 [0017] still other embodiments of the present invention controls the multi-band / multi-mode satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods in a wireless telephone set of radiation power. 具体地,本发明的一些实施例提供了卫星无线电话系统,其中,基于空间的部件配置成与多部无线电话在多个频带和/或多个空间接口上通信。 In particular, some embodiments of the present invention provides a satellite radiotelephone system, wherein the space-based component configured to communicate with multiple radiotelephone communications interface a plurality of frequency bands and / or a plurality of spaces. 辅助地面网络配置成地面上与多部无线电话在基本上多个第一频带和/或基本上多个空中接口上通信。 An ancillary terrestrial network is configured to communicate with the terrestrial wireless telephone in multiple or a plurality of substantially a first frequency band and / or substantially a plurality of air interfaces. 集合辐射功率控制器配置成将多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 A set of radiation power controller is configured to limit multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power. 还可以提供相似的集合辐射功率控制方法。 We can also provide similar radiation power control method set.

[0018] 因此,本发明的一些实施例允许基于空间的通信加到配置成与第一无线电话在第一频带和/或第一空中接口上通信的第一地面网络,并且加到配置成与第二无线电话在第二频带和/或第二空中接口上通信的第二地面网络。 [0018] Accordingly, some embodiments of the present invention is added to allow space-based communications with the first radio telephone arranged in a first frequency band and / or a first air interface to a first ground communication network and configured to applied a second wireless telephone or in a second frequency band and / or the second terrestrial air interface of the second communication network. 这些实施例提供了在基于空间的部件与第一无线电话之间的在基本上第一频带和/或第一空中接口上的通信以及在基于空间的部件与第二无线电话之间的在基本上第二频带和/或第二空中接口上的通信。 These embodiments provide the communication based on the first frequency band or in a substantially and / or a first air interface between the member and the first space-based wireless telephone and a space between the member and the second wireless telephone base and the second communications band or / second air interface. 将理解的是,本发明的实施例可以作为系统和/或方法来提供。 It will be understood that the embodiments of the present invention may be used as a system and / or method is provided.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 图1是根据本发明实施例的蜂窝无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0019] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of cellular radiotelephone systems and methods of embodiments of the present invention.

[0020] 图2是根据本发明实施例的自适应干扰抑制器的框图。 [0020] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of adaptive interference suppressor according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0021] 图3是示出卫星L频带的频率分配的频谱图。 [0021] FIG. 3 is a spectrum diagram showing the frequency allocation of the satellite L-band.

[0022] 图4是根据本发明其它实施例的蜂窝卫星系统及方法的示意图。 [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of cellular satellite systems and methods to other embodiments of the present invention.

[0023] 图5示出根据本发明实施例的时分双工的帧结构。 [0023] FIG. 5 illustrates time division duplex frame structure of an embodiment of the present invention.

[0024] 图6是根据本发明实施例的辅助地面部件的体系结构的框图。 [0024] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the architecture of ancillary terrestrial components according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0025] 图7是根据本发明实施例的可重新配置无线电话的体系结构的框图。 [0025] FIG. 7 is a block diagram of the architecture of a reconfigurable radiotelephone according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0026] 图8以图示出根据本发明的实施例的单调减小的功率电平与频率的映射。 [0026] FIG 8 illustrates mapping according to the power level and frequency decreases monotonically embodiment of the present invention.

[0027] 图9示出根据本发明实施例的映射到三个功率区和三个关联载频的理想小区。 [0027] FIG 9 illustrates mapping according to a cell over the embodiment of the present invention to the embodiment of the three power regions and three associated carrier frequencies.

[0028] 图10示出根据本发明实施例的映射到三个功率区和三个关联载频的实际小区。 [0028] FIG. 10 shows a practical embodiment of the cell according to the present invention is mapped to three power regions and three associated carrier frequencies.

[0029] 图11示出根据本发明实施例的帧中未被占用的两个或多个连续时隙。 [0029] FIG. 11 shows two or more consecutive time slots in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, the frame unoccupied.

[0030] 图12示出根据本发明实施例以较低的功率传输加载两个或多个连续时隙。 [0030] FIG. 12 shows an embodiment of the present invention, loading two or more consecutive slots at transmission power lower.

[0031] 图13是根据本发明一些实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法的框图。 [0031] FIG. 13 is a block diagram of a satellite radiotelephone systems and methods according to the present embodiment of the invention some embodiments.

[0032] 图14是根据本发明一些实施例的地面对卫星频率的频率重用的示意图。 [0032] FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram of a frequency reuse of satellite frequencies to face some of the embodiments according to the present embodiment of the invention.

[0033] 图15是根据本发明一些实施例的无线电话的框图。 [0033] FIG. 15 is a block diagram of a radio telephone in accordance with some embodiments of the present invention.

[0034] 图16是根据本发明一些实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0034] FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of a satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of some embodiments of the present invention.

[0035] 图17是根据本发明一些实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0035] FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of a satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of some embodiments of the present invention.

[0036] 图18是根据本发明一些实施例的包括集合辐射功率控制的卫星无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0036] FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of a satellite radiotelephone systems and methods according to the present invention comprises a set of some embodiments of the radiated power control.

[0037] 图19是根据本发明一些实施例的包括可以增加链路容限的系统及方法的辅助地面网络的示意图。 [0037] FIG. 19 is a schematic view of some of the increase may be the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a link margin of the systems and methods of an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0038] 下面马上将参考附图更加充分地描述本发明,在附图中示出本发明的实施例。 [0038] below with reference to more fully describe the present invention now to the drawings, embodiments of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings. 然而,本发明不应该被认为是限制于在此阐述的实施例。 However, the present invention should not be considered as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. 更确切地,提供了这些实施例,这样该公开内容将是详尽和完整的并且将向本领域的技术人员充分传达本发明的范围。 Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete and will skilled in the art will fully convey the scope of the present invention. 附图中相似的数字指相似的元件。 In the drawings like numerals refer to like elements.

[0039] 图1是根据本发明实施例的蜂窝卫星无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0039] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of cellular satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of embodiments of the present invention. 如图1所示, 这些蜂窝卫星无线电话系统及方法100包括至少一个基于空间的部件(SBC) 110,例如卫星。 As shown in FIG. 1, these cellular satellite radiotelephone systems and methods 100 include at least one space-based component (SBC) 110, such as the satellite. 基于空间的部件110配置成在一个或多个卫星无线电话前向链路(下行链路)频率fD 上向包括一个或多个卫星无线电话小区130-130〃 ''卫星覆盖区中的多部无线电话120a、 120b发送无线通信。 Space-based component 110 is arranged in front of one or more satellite radiotelephone forward link multiple (downlink) frequencies fD radiotelephone to include one or more satellite cells 130-130〃 '' satellite coverage area radiotelephone 120a, 120b transmit wireless communications. 基于空间的部件110配置成在卫星无线电话返回链路(上行链路)频率&上从例如卫星无线电话小区130中的第一无线电话120a接收无线通信。 Space-based component 110 is configured in a satellite radiotelephone return link (uplink) frequency of the first wireless telephone & e.g. satellite radiotelephone cell 130 is received from the wireless communication 120a. 辅助地面网络配置成在卫星无线电话上行链路频率(记为f' u(可以和&相同))上从例如无线电话小区130中的第二无线电话120接收无线通信,其中辅助地面网络包括至少一个辅助地面部件140,该部件140可以包括天线140a和电子系统140b (例如,至少一个天线140a和至少一个电子系统140b)。 An ancillary terrestrial network is configured (referred to as f 'u (and may be the same &)) in the satellite radiotelephone uplink frequency, for example, the receiving wireless communications from a radiotelephone cell 130 in the second wireless telephone 120, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises at least an ancillary terrestrial component 140, the component 140 may include an antenna 140a and 140b electronic system (e.g., the at least one antenna 140a and at least one electronics system 140b). 因此,如图1所示,无线电话120a可以与基于空间的部件110通信而无线电话120b可以与辅助地面部件140通信。 Thus, as shown in FIG. 1, radiotelephone 120a may be communicating with the space-based component 110 while radiotelephone 120b may be communicating with the ancillary terrestrial component 140. 如图1所示,基于空间的部件110还在卫星无线电话频率f' „上从卫星无线电话小区130中的第二无线电话120b接收无线通信作为干扰,这是不希望的。更具体地说,以150示出可能的干扰路径。在该可能的干扰路径150,载频f' υ的第二无线电话120b的返回链路信号干扰卫星通信。当f' „ = 4时,该干扰一般会是最强的,因为,在那种情况下,相同的返回链路频率会用于在相同的卫星无线电话小区上的基于空间的部件和辅助地面部件通信,并且不会存在卫星无线电话小区之间的空间分辨。 1, the space-based component 110 also satellite radiotelephone frequency f ' "the second radiotelephone in a radiotelephone cell 130 120b receive wireless communications from the satellite as an interference, which is not desirable. More specifically to possible interference path 150 is shown. in this potential interference path 150, the carrier frequency f 'υ return link signal of the second interference communication satellite radiotelephone 120b. when f' "= 4 when the interference generally It is the strongest, since, in that case, the same return link frequency would be used for the auxiliary member and the ground-based components of the communication space, and does not exist on the satellite radiotelephone cell of the same satellite radiotelephone cell the space between the resolution.

[0040] 仍然参考图1,卫星无线电话系统/方法100的实施例可以包括至少一个网关160,它可以包括可以连接到包括地面和/或其它无线电话网络的其它网络162的天线160a 和电子系统160b。 [0040] Still referring to FIG 1, a satellite radiotelephone system / method of Example 100 may include at least one gateway 160, which may include may be connected to include other networks terrestrial and / or other wireless phone network antennas 160a and electronic systems 162 160b. 网关160还与基于空间的部件110在卫星馈线链路112上通信。 Gateway 160 also communicates with the space-based component 110 over a satellite feeder link 112. 网关160还与辅助地面部件140 —般在地面链路142上通信。 On the ground like a communication link 142-- gateway 160 and further ancillary terrestrial component 140.

[0041] 还参考图1,干扰抑制器(IR) 170a还可以至少部分设在辅助地面部件电子系统140b中。 [0041] Referring also to FIG. 1, Suppressor (IR) 170a also may be provided at least partially in the ancillary terrestrial component electronics system 140b in. 可选地或另外地,干扰抑制器(IR) 170b还可以至少部分设在网关电子系统160b 中。 Alternatively or additionally, an interference suppressor (IR) 170b may also be provided at least partially in the gateway electronics system 160b. 在仍是其它的备选方案中,干扰抑制器可以至少部分设在蜂窝卫星系统/方法100中的其它部件中来代替干扰抑制器170a和/或170b,或除干扰抑制器170a和/或170b之外又提供干扰抑制器。 In still other alternatives, the interference suppressor may be provided at least partially in other components of the cellular satellite system 100 / process instead suppressors 170a and / or 170b, or in addition to interference suppressors 170a and / or 170b and provide outside interference suppressors. 干扰抑制器对基于空间的部件110和辅助地面部件140响应,并且配置成减少来自由基于空间的部件110接收的无线通信的干扰,并且至少部分由卫星无线电话小区130中的第二无线电话120在卫星无线电话频率f' „上生成。干扰抑制器170a 和/或170b利用来自卫星无线电话小区130中第二无线电话120b的计划给辅助地面部件140的无线通信f' u,第二无线电话是使用卫星无线电话频率f' υ来与辅助地面部件140通信。 Interference suppressor space-based component and ancillary terrestrial component 110 in response 140, and is configured to be free of interference-based wireless communication component 110 receives the space is reduced, at least in part in the satellite radiotelephone cell 130 of the second wireless telephone 120 'generates "on. suppressors 170a and / or 170b using a satellite radiotelephone cell 130 from the second radiotelephone 120b in the ancillary terrestrial component to program the wireless communication f 140' of the satellite radiotelephone frequency f u, a second wireless telephone using satellite radiotelephone frequency f 'υ communicate with the ancillary terrestrial component 140.

[0042] 在本发明的实施例中,如图1所示,辅助地面部件140 —般比基于空间的部件110 分别更接近于第一和第二无线电话120a和120b,这样来自第二无线电话120b的无线通信在基于空间的部件110接收之前由辅助地面部件140接收。 [0042] In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG ancillary terrestrial component 1401-- are generally closer to the first and second radio telephone 120a and 120b than the space-based component 110, so from a second wireless telephone 120b prior to receiving a wireless communication means 110 receives the space-based component by the ancillary terrestrial 140. 干扰抑制器170a和/或170b 配置成生成干扰消除信号,它包括例如至少一个来自第二无线电话120b的无线通信(由辅助地面部件140接收)的延迟副本,并且配置成从基于空间的部件110接收的无线通信中减去辅助地面部件140接收的来自第二无线电话120b的无线通信的延迟副本。 Suppressors 170a and / or 170b configured to generate an interference cancellation signal comprising, for example, at least one copy of a wireless communication delay (received by the ancillary terrestrial component 140) from the second radiotelephone 120b, and is configured from a space-based component 110 subtracting the received wireless communication delayed copies of the wireless communication from the second radiotelephone 120b are received by the ancillary terrestrial component 140. 可以在链路142上或者使用其它常规技术将干扰抑制信号从辅助地面部件140发送到网关160。 Or other conventional techniques may be used in the uplink interference suppression signal 142 transmitted from the ancillary terrestrial component 140 to the gateway 160.

[0043] 因此,自适应干扰抑制技术可以至少用于部分消除干扰信号,这样相同的或其它附近的卫星无线电话上行链路频率可以用在给定的小区中,用于无线电话120与卫星110 和与辅助地面部件140通信。 [0043] Thus, adaptive interference suppression techniques may be used to at least partially eliminate the interference signal, so that the same or near the other satellite radiotelephone uplink frequency can be used in a given cell, the wireless telephone 120 to the satellite 110 and 140 communicate with the ancillary terrestrial component. 因此,指定给给定小区130的所有频率可以用于无线电话120 与基于空间的部件110和与辅助地面部件140的通信。 Thus, assigned to a given cell 130 may be used for all frequencies radiotelephone communications 140 and 120 of the space-based component 110 and with the ancillary terrestrial component. 常规系统可以避免地面对给定的卫星小区内部频率的重用,这些频率在该卫星小区内部使用用于卫星通信。 Conventional systems can avoid to face a given satellite cell internal frequency reuse of the frequencies used within the satellite cell for satellite communications. 换句话说,常规上,只有其它卫星小区使用的频率可能成为在给定卫星小区内部的地面重用的候选。 In other words, conventionally, only frequencies used by other satellite cells may be ground inside a given satellite cell reuse candidate. 依靠由卫星系统提供的射束与射束的空间隔离来减少或最小化从地面操作进入卫星操作的干扰级。 Depend on spatial beam the beam is provided by a satellite system isolation to reduce or minimize interference into the operation of the satellite from the ground level operations. 大不相同的是,本发明的实施例可以使用干扰抑制器来允许指定给卫星小区的所有频率用于地面和卫星无线电话通信。 It is very different embodiments of the present invention may use interference suppressors allow all frequencies assigned to a satellite cell for satellite and terrestrial radiotelephone communications.

[0044] 根据图1的本发明的实施例可以产生于以下认识:在f' υ的来自第二无线电话120b的返回链路信号一般会由辅助地面部件140接收和处理,这相对于它经由干扰路径150从基于空间的部件110到达卫星网关160的时间早得多。 [0044] can be produced according to embodiments of the present invention of FIG. 1 in the following understanding: in f 'υ from the second radiotelephone return link signal typically received and processed by the ancillary terrestrial component 140 120b, with respect to which it via interference path 150 much earlier time from the space-based component 110 reaches the satellite gateway 160. 因此,在卫星网关160b的干扰信号可以至少部分消除。 Thus, at least in part to eliminate the interference signal in the satellite gateway 160b. 因此,如图1所示,干扰消除信号,例如解调的辅助地面部件信号,可以由辅助地面部件140中的干扰抑制器170a发送到卫星网关160b,例如,使用链路142。 Thus, as shown in FIG. 1, an interference cancellation signal, such as the demodulated ancillary terrestrial component signal, can be transmitted by the interference suppressor ancillary terrestrial component to the satellite gateway 140 170a 160b, for example, using the link 142. 在网关160b的干扰抑制器170b中,信号加权的(在振幅和/或相位上)副本可以使用例如,本领域技术人员众所周知的自适应横向滤波器技术来形成。 Suppressors 170b 160b at the gateway, a signal weighted (in amplitude and or / phase) may be used, for example, a copy of, well known to those skilled in the adaptive transversal filter techniques. 然后,从频率f' „的集合接收的卫星信号(包含希望的以及干扰的信号)中减去横向滤波器的输出信号。这样, 干扰消除不需要降低在网关160所希望的信号的信噪比,因为,再生的(无噪声的)地面信号(例如由辅助地面部件140再生)可以用于执行干扰抑制。 Then the output signal, the satellite signal frequency f ' "received from the set (comprising a desired signal and interference) subtracting the transversal filter. Thus, the interference cancellation signal to noise ratio gateway 160 need not reduce the desired signal because regenerated (noise-free) terrestrial signal (e.g., by the ancillary terrestrial component 140 regeneration) may be used to perform interference suppression.

[0045] 图2是自适应干扰消除器实施例的框图,它可以位于辅助地面部件140中、网关160中和/或蜂窝无线电话系统100的另一部件中。 [0045] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of adaptive interference canceller of the embodiment, it can be located in the ancillary terrestrial component 140, another component, and / or cellular radiotelephone system 160 of the gateway 100. 如图2所示,本领域技术人员已知的一种或多种控制算法204可以用于自适应地调整多个横向滤波器20加-20211的系数。 As shown, known to those skilled in the one or more control algorithms 2042 may be used to adaptively adjust the coefficients of the plurality of transversal filter 20 plus the -20211. 可以使用例如最小均方差(LMSE)、卡尔曼、快速卡尔曼、迫零和/或它们的各种组合的自适应算法或其它技术。 May be used, for example, minimum mean square error (LMSE), Kalman, Fast Kalman, Zero Forcing and / or various combinations thereof adaptive algorithm or other technique. 本领域的技术人员将理解的是,图2的体系结构可以和LMSE算法使用。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the architecture of FIG. 2 can be LMSE algorithm. 然而,本领域的技术人员还将理解的是,可以进行常规的体系结构的修改以便于其它的控制算法。 However, those skilled in the art will also appreciate that modifications may be made to the conventional architecture to other control algorithms.

[0046] 马上将参考图3描述本发明另外的实施例,这示出包括蜂窝无线电话系统前向链路和返回链路的L频带的频率分配。 [0046] will now be described with reference to FIG 3 a further embodiment of the invention, which is illustrated comprising a cellular radio telephone system before the frequency allocation of forward link and return link L band. 如图3所示,空间对地的L频带前向链路(下行链路) 频率指定为从1525MHz到1559MHz。 3, the space specified from 1525MHz to 1559MHz on the first L-band forward link (downlink) frequencies. 地对空的L频带返回链路(上行链路)频率占用从1626. 5MHz到1660. 5MHz的频带。 The ground-L-band return link (uplink) frequencies occupy the band from the 1626. 5MHz to 1660. 5MHz. 在前向和返回L频带链路之间的是GPS/GL0NASS无线电导航频带(从1559MHz到1605MHz)。 The forward and return L band link between the GPS / GL0NASS radionavigation band (from 1559MHz to 1605MHz). [0047] 在随后的详细说明中,为简洁起见,GPS/GL0NASS将简单称作GPS。 [0047] In the following detailed description, for brevity, GPS / GL0NASS will be simply referred to as GPS. 此外,为简洁起见,首字母缩略词ATC和SBC将分别用于辅助地面部件和基于空间的部件。 Further, for brevity, acronyms ATC and SBC will be used for each ancillary terrestrial component and the space-based component.

[0048] 如本领域的技术人员已知的,GPS接收机可能是极其灵敏的,因为它们设计为对非常弱的扩频无线电导航信号操作,这些信号从GPS卫星星座到达地球。 [0048] As is known to those skilled in the art, GPS receivers may be extremely sensitive since they are designed for the very weak spread-spectrum radionavigation signals operations, these signals reach the earth from a GPS satellite constellation. 结果,GPS接收机可能非常容易感受到带内干扰。 The results, GPS receiver can be very easy to feel the in-band interference. 配置成辐射前向卫星频带(1525MHz到1559MHz)中的L频带的频率的ATC可以用非常尖锐的带外发射滤波器来设计以满足GPS严格的带外寄生发射的要求。 Arranged before the L-band frequency radiation to satellite band (1525 to 1559 MHz) may be transmitted in the ATC outer filter with a very sharp outer designed to meet strict GPS band spurious emission.

[0049] 又参考图1,本发明的一些实施例可以提供系统及方法,它们可以允许ATC 140 本身以至少两种模式之一配置。 [0049] Referring further to Figure 1, some embodiments of the present invention may provide systems and methods that may allow ATC 140 itself arranged in one of the at least two modes. 根据第一模式,它可能是标准模式并可能提供最高容量, ATC 140在1525MHz到1559MHz的频率范围上向无线电话120发送并从无线电话120接收1626. 5MHz到1660. 5MHz的频率范围中的发射,如图3所示。 According to a first mode, which may be a standard mode and may provide highest capacity, the ATC transmits over the frequency range 140 to 1559MHz to 1525MHz radiotelephone transmitter 120 and receiver in the frequency range of 1626. 5MHz to 1660. 5MHz from a wireless telephone 120 ,As shown in Figure 3. 相反,在第二操作模式中,ATC 140在修改的卫星频带前向链路(下行链路)频率范围上向无线电话120发送无线通信。 In contrast, in the second mode of operation, ATC 140 before modifying the frequency range to the satellite band (downlink) transmit wireless communications to the radiotelephone 120. 与未修改的卫星频带前向链路频率范围相比,可以选择修改的卫星频带前向链路频率范围以减少对无线接收机(例如在卫星频带前向链路频率范围之外操作的GPS接收机)的干扰。 Compared with the previous unmodified range of satellite band forward link frequencies, can be selected to modify the former satellite band forward link frequencies to reduce the range of a wireless receiver such as a GPS link to the outside of the operating frequency range of the satellite frequency band receiver front ( machine) interference.

[0050] 根据本发明的实施例,可以提供许多修改的卫星频带前向链路频率范围。 [0050] According to an embodiment of the present invention, many modifications can be provided to link the frequency range of satellite band before. 在一些实施例中,修改的卫星频带前向链路频率范围可以限制到原始的卫星频带前向链路频率范围的子集,以提供未使用的卫星频带前向链路频率的保护带。 In some embodiments, the modified front satellite band forward link frequencies can be limited to a subset of the range of the frequency range of the forward link before the original satellite frequency band, to provide a guard band of unused satellite band before the link frequency. 在其它实施例中,使用所有的卫星频带前向链路频率,但是以减少对无线接收机的干扰的方式修改到无线电话的无线通信,这些无线接收机在卫星频带前向链路频率的范围外操作。 In other embodiments, the link frequency before using all the satellite frequency band, but to reduce interference to the radio receiver to modify the wireless communication a wireless telephone, the wireless link to the receiver frequency range before the satellite frequency band foreign operations. 还可以使用这些的组合和子组合和/或其它技术,这将如下所述。 You may also be used in combination and sub-combinations and / or other such techniques, which will be described below.

[0051] 还将理解的是,马上将结合图4-12描述的本发明的实施例将关于多模式ATC 140 来描述,ATC 140可以使用图3的标准前向链路和返回链路以第一标准模式操作,而使用修改的卫星频带前向链路频率范围和/或修改的卫星频带返回链路频率范围以第二模式或交替模式工作。 [0051] will also be appreciated that once the present invention in conjunction with the embodiment described with respect to FIGS. 4-12 described multimode ATC 140, ATC 140 of FIG. 3 may be used prior to the standard link and the return link to the first a normal mode operation, while the front using a modified satellite band return link frequency band range to the frequency range of the link and / or modified mode or a second satellite operating in alternating mode. 只要是希望的,这些多模式ATC可以以第二、非标准模式工作,并且另外可以切换到标准模式。 As long as desirable, these multi-mode ATC may operate at a second, non-standard mode, and further can be switched to standard mode. 然而,本发明的其它实施例不必提供多模式ATC,而是可以提供使用修改的卫星频带前向链路和/或返回链路频率的范围来操作的ATC。 However, other embodiments of the present invention need not provide multiple mode ATC, but may be modified prior to use to provide ATC forward link satellite band return link frequencies and the range / or operated.

[0052] 马上将描述本发明的实施例,其中,ATC与SBC —起操作,SBC配置成在卫星频带返回链路频率的第一范围上从无线电话接收无线通信并且在卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围(与第一范围是隔开的)上发送无线通信给无线电话。 [0052] Embodiments of the invention will now be described, wherein, the ATC and SBC - starting operation, the SBC is configured to receive wireless communications from the radiotelephone over a first range of satellite band return link frequencies and satellite band forward link prior to a second frequency range (first range are spaced apart) for transmitting wireless communications to the wireless telephone. 根据这些实施例,ATC配置成使用至少一个时分双工频率来发送无线通信给无线电话并在不同的时刻从无线电话接收无线通信。 According to these embodiments, ATC is configured to transmit wireless communications to the radiotelephone and to receive wireless communications from a radiotelephone at a different time using at least one time division duplex frequency. 具体地,在一些实施例中,至少一个时分双工频率包括含多个时隙的帧,使用该时分双工频率来发送无线通信给无线电话并在不同时刻从无线电话接收无线通信。 In particular, in some embodiments, at least one time division duplex frequency comprises a frame including a plurality of slots, to transmit wireless communications to the radiotelephone and to receive wireless communications from the radiotelephones at different times using the time division duplex frequency. 至少时隙中的第一个用于发送无线通信给无线电话而至少时隙中的第二个用于从无线电话接收无线通信。 At least a first slot is used to transmit wireless communications to the radiotelephone at least a second slot for receiving wireless communications from the radiotelephone. 因此,在一些实施例中,ATC在时分双工(TDD)模式下使用从1626. 5MHz到1660. 5MHz的频率发送和接收。 Thus, in some embodiments, the ATC transmits and receives the frequency from 1626. 5MHz to 1660. 5MHz in time division duplex (TDD) mode. 在一些实施例中,整个网络上的所有ATC可能具有所述的配置/重新配置的灵活性。 In some embodiments, all ATC across the entire network may have the configuration / reconfiguration flexibility. 在其它实施例中,只有一些ATC是可重新配置的。 In other embodiments, only some are reconfigurable ATC.

[0053] 图4示出根据本发明一些实施例的卫星系统及方法400,包括ATC 140,它在TDD 模式使用载频f" U与无线电话120b通信。图5示出TDD帧结构的实施例。假定满速率GSM(每帧八个时隙),一个TDD载波可以支持多至四个全双工话路。如图5所示,ATC 140在例如0号的时隙上发送给无线电话120b。无线电话120b在例如4号的时隙上接收和回复ATC 140。1号和5号的时隙可用于建立与另一无线电话的通信等等。 [0053] FIG 4 illustrates satellite systems and methods of some embodiments of the present invention 400, including ATC 140, which uses the carrier frequency f "in the TDD mode U 120b communicates with the wireless telephone. FIG. 5 shows an embodiment of a TDD frame structure assuming full-rate GSM (eight time slots per frame), a TDD carrier can support up to four full-duplex session. shown, ATC 140 transmits, for example, the slot number 0 to 5 radiotelephone 120b in FIG. . radiotelephone 120b receives and replies ATC slot number 140.1 and No. 5 may be used to establish communication with another wireless telephone and so on, for example, slot number 4.

[0054] 最好在标准模式下使用从低于任何保护频带排除区域中的载频从ATC 140发送广播控制信道(BCCH)。 [0054] preferably used in standard mode transmission carrier area broadcast control channel (BCCH) from ATC 140 from below any guard band exclusion. 在其它实施例中,BCCH还可以定义为使用TDD载波。 In other embodiments, BCCH may also be defined using a TDD carrier. 在这些实施例中的任一实施例中,根据建立的GSM方法,空闲模式下的无线电话可以监测BCCH并接收系统级的信息和寻呼信息。 In any of these embodiments, an embodiment in accordance with the established GSM method, the wireless telephone in idle mode may monitor BCCH and receive system-level information and paging information. 当寻呼无线电话时,系统决定为建立通信链路分配给无线电话什么类型的资源。 When the wireless telephone paging system decided to establish a communication link allocation of resources to what type of wireless phones. 无论分配什么类型的资源用于无线电话通信信道(TDD模式或标准模式), 信息传送给无线电话,例如,作为呼叫初始化例程的一部分,并且无线电话对自己进行适当地配置。 Whatever type of resource allocated for the radiotelephone communications channel (TDD mode or standard mode), the information transmitted to the radiotelephone, e.g., as part of the call initialization routine, and the radiotelephone own appropriately configured.

[0055] 由于例如ATC接收机的LNA级,在相同的ATC上TDD模式与标准模式共存可能是困难的。 [0055] Since the ATC receiver LNA stage e.g., in the TDD mode on the same ATC to coexist in the standard mode it may be difficult. 具体地,假定在相同的ATC上混合标准模式的载波和TDD模式的载波,在帧的这部分(当TDD载波用于为前向链路服务(当ATC发送TDD))期间,足够的能量可能漏入相同ATC的接收机前端使其LNA阶段的灵敏度降低。 In particular, it assumes that the carrier and the carrier TDD mode on the same ATC mixed standard mode, this portion of the frame (when TDD carrier for the forward link service (ATC when transmitting TDD)) period, enough energy may leak into the receiver front end of the same ATC LNA stage is reduced so that the sensitivity.

[0056] 可以使用技术来抑制频带中1600MHz部分上发送的ATC能量以免使ATC接收机的LNA的灵敏度降低,因此允许混合的标准模式和TDD帧。 [0056] The techniques may be used to suppress the transmitted ATC energy 1600MHz band portion so as not to ATC receiver LNA sensitivity is reduced, thus allowing the mixed standard mode and TDD frames. 例如,出站ATC前端和入站ATC 前端之间的隔离和/或天线系统回损可能增加或到达最大。 For example, between the front end of the outbound and inbound ATC ATC distal isolation and / or antenna system return loss may be increased or the maximum reach. 可切换的带阻滤波器可以放在LNA级之前。 A switchable band stop filter may be placed prior to the LNA stage. 该滤波器会在帧的这部分(当ATC发送TDD时)期间切入接收机链路之中(在LNA之前)而在其余时间期间断开。 This filter will in this portion of the frame (when the ATC transmitting TDD) and cut off during the remaining time in the receiver chain (prior to the LNA) during the. 自适应干扰消除器可以在RF(在LNA级之前)配置。 Adaptive interference canceller can (prior to the LNA stage) disposed at RF. 如果使用了这种技术,可以获得大约70dB的抑制,这可以允许混合的标准模式和TDD 帧。 If such a technique, suppression of approximately 70dB is obtained, which may allow mixed standard mode and TDD frames. 然而,可能增加ATC的复杂性和/或成本。 However, it may increase the complexity and / or cost of ATC.

[0057] 因此,即使可降低或消除ATC的LNA的灵敏度降低,它可能使用相当多专门的工程和注意并且可能经济上不划算。 [0057] Thus, even a reduction in sensitivity can reduce or eliminate the ATC LNA, it may use a lot of specialized engineering and attention and may be bad economics. 因此,其它实施例可保持TDD ATC可能除BCCH载波以外是纯TDD,BCCH载波可能不用于话务而只是用于在帧的第一部分上广播,与TDD协议一致。 Accordingly, other embodiments may be maintained in addition to the ATC TDD BCCH carriers pure TDD, the BCCH carrier may not be used for traffic but only for broadcasting over the first portion of the frame, consistent with TDD protocol. 此外,随机访问信道(RACH)突发可以是定时的,这样在第二半TDD帧期间它们到达ATC。 In addition, a random access channel (RACH) bursts may be timed so that during the second half of the TDD frame they reach the ATC. 在一些实施例中,可以配备所有的TDD ATC以能够响应命令而重新配置。 In some embodiments, all TDD ATC may be provided in response to the reconfiguration command.

[0058] 充分意识到在数据通信或其它应用期间前向链路可能使用比返回链路高的速率。 [0058] Use may be fully aware of the return to the high link rate than before during a data communication link or other applications. 例如,在用无线电话进行Web浏览时,鼠标点击和/或其它用户选择通常是从无线电话发送给系统。 For example, when a Web browser with a radiotelephone, mouse clicks and / or other user selections are usually sent to the system from a radiotelephone. 然而,为响应用户选择,该系统,可能要发送大的数据文件给无线电话。 However, in response to user selection, the system may have to send large data files to the radiotelephone. 因此,本发明的其它实施例可配置成使能够使用每个前向GSM载波帧增加的或最大数量的时隙来提供较高的下行链路数据速率给无线电话。 Thus, other embodiments of the present invention may be configured to enable use of each GSM carrier before adding to the maximum number of time slots or frames to provide a higher downlink data rate to the radiotelephones.

[0059] 因此,当载频配置成在TDD模式提供服务,可能要做出决定:将分配多少时隙用于为前向链路服务以及贡献多少用于返回链路。 [0059] Thus, when the carrier frequency is configured to provide services in the TDD mode, you may want to make a decision: how many slots will be allocated to the former service return link to link and how much to contribute. 无论决定是什么,可能希望所有ATC使用的TDD载波遵守,以减少或避免前述的LNA的灵敏度减小问题。 No matter what is decided, you may want to use all TDD carriers to comply with ATC to reduce or avoid the aforementioned reduced sensitivity LNA problem. 在话音通信中,可以在帧的中间划分前向链路时隙和返回链路时隙,因为通常话音活动统计上是双向对称的。 In voice communications, may return link time slot to the time slot and link intermediate frame before division, as the voice activity typically is statistically bilaterally symmetrical. 因此,由话音驱动,帧的中心可以是划分TDD的地方。 Hence, driven by voice, the center frame may be where the TDD partitioning.

[0060] 为了增加或最大化前向链路在数据模式下的吞吐量,根据本发明实施例的数据模式TDD载波可以在前向链路时隙上使用更加谱有效的调制和/或协议,例如EDGE调制和/ 或协议。 [0060] To increase or maximize forward link throughput before the data pattern, the data pattern according to the embodiment of the present invention, the TDD carrier can first embodiment using more spectrum efficient modulation and / or protocol on the forward link time slots, For example EDGE modulation and / or protocol. 返回链路时隙可以基于不太谱有效的调制和/或协议,例如GPRS(GiKK)调制和/ 或协议。 The return link slots may be based not spectrum efficient modulation and / or protocol, such as GPRS (GiKK) modulation and / or protocol. EDGE调制/协议和GPRS调制/协议对本领域的技术人员是众所周知的,因此不需要在此另外描述。 EDGE modulation / protocol and the GPRS modulation / protocol to those skilled in the art are well known, and therefore need not be described further herein. 假定EDGE前向/GPRS返回的TDD载波策略,在前向链路上可以支持多至(384/2) = 1921ibps而在返回链路上无线电话可以在多至(115/2)〜64kbps的速率上发送。 EDGE is assumed that the front return TDD carrier strategy to / GPRS, on the forward link can support up to (384/2) = 1921ibps while on the return link the radiotelephone may speed up to (115/2) ~64kbps of on send.

[0061] 在其它实施例中,还可能的是,分配八时隙帧的六个时隙用于前向链路而只有两个用于返回链路。 [0061] In other embodiments, it is also possible to allocate six time slots of the eight slot frame for the forward link and only two for the return link. 在这些实施例中,对于话音业务,考虑话音的统计对称的性质,返回链路声码器可能需要与四分之一速率的GSM可比,而前向链路声码器可以以全速率的GSM操作, 每个GSM TDD模式载波产生六个全双工话路(25%的话音容量罚(capacity penalty))。 In these embodiments, for voice services, given the statistical nature of speech symmetrical, the return link vocoder may need comparable with quarter-rate GSM, while the forward link vocoder can GSM full rate operation, each mode of GSM TDD carrier generation six full-duplex voice path (a voice capacity penalty of 25% (capacity penalty)). 受该非对称的划分策略的控制,在前向链路上可以获得多至(384) (6/8) = 288kbps的数据速率,而在返回链路上多至(115) (2/8)〜32kbps0 Controlled by the asymmetrical division strategy, the forward link may be obtained up to (384) data rate (6/8) = 288kbps, while on the return link to multiple (115) (2/8) ~32kbps0

[0062] 图6示出根据本发明实施例的ATC体系结构,根据例如经由基站控制器(BSC)来自网络操作中心(NOC)的命令,它可以适合于在标准GSM和TDD GSM这两种模式之间自动配置。 [0062] FIG. 6 shows the ATC architecture according to embodiments of the present invention, for example, in accordance with a command from the network operations center (NOC) via a Base Station Controller (the BSC), which can be adapted to the TDD and GSM standard GSM both modes between automatic configuration. 将理解的是,在这些实施例中,天线620可以对应于图1和图4中的天线140a,而图6的剩余部分可以对应于图1和图4中的电子系统140b。 It will be appreciated that, in these embodiments, antenna 620 may correspond to FIGS. 1 and 4 in FIG antenna 140a, while the remainder of Figure 6 may correspond to an electronic system 140b in FIG. 4 and FIG. 如果当载波是活动的并且正在支持话务时出现对于特定载波或载波集的重新配置命令,那么经由带内信令快速随路控制信道(FACCH),可以通知所有受影响的无线电话也在新的资源上重新配置自己和/或切换。 If and when the carrier is reconfigured for a particular carrier or carriers command set is supported when traffic activity, then the Fast Associated Control Channel (FACCH), can inform all affected wireless phone is also new via in-band signaling reconfigure themselves and / or switch on resources. 如果载波从TDD模式重新配置成标准模式,可以由NOC启动基于例如容量要求自动将载波重新指定给适当的标准模式的ATC和/或重用模式。 If the carrier reconfigured from TDD mode to standard mode may be activated ATC and / or reuse pattern carrier automatically reassigned to the appropriate standard mode, for example, based on capacity requirements by the NOC. 如果,在另一方面,载波从标准模式重新配置成TDD模式,根据来自NOC的命令可以自动指定给适当的TDD模式的ATC。 If, on the other hand, a carrier from standard mode to TDD mode reconfiguration may be automatically designated according to a command from the NOC to the appropriate TDD mode ATC.

[0063] 仍参考图6,当在标准模式下解调载波时,开关610可以保持闭合。 [0063] Still referring to FIG. 6, when the carriers are demodulated in the standard mode, the switch 610 may remain closed. 在TDD模式下, 当ATC发送时,在前半帧期间,该开关610可以是打开的,而当ATC接收时,在后半帧期间, 该开关610可以是闭合的。 In the TDD mode, when transmitted ATC, during the first half frame, the switch 610 may be open, and when receiving ATC, during the second half-frame, the switch 610 may be closed. 还可以提供其它实施例。 Other embodiments may also be provided.

[0064] 图6假定每个ATC扇区有N个收发信机,其中,N可以小到是1,因为一般希望每个扇区一个载波的最小值。 [0064] Figure 6 assumes that each sector has N ATC transceiver, where, N may be as small as one, because it is generally desirable minimum of one carrier per sector. 假定每个收发信机在一个GSM载波对(当在标准模式下)上操作并因此支持多至八个全双工话路,忽略BCCH信道的开销。 Overhead for a GSM carrier is assumed that each transceiver in (when in standard mode) and thus support up to eight full-duplex voice channel, the BCCH channel is ignored. 此外,当在半速率的GSM模式下, 标准的GSM载波对可以支持16个全双工话路,而在四分之一速率的GSM模式下,可以支持多至32个全双工话路。 In addition, when the half-rate GSM mode, a standard GSM carrier pair can support sixteen full-duplex session, in quarter-rate GSM mode, can support up to 32 full-duplex session.

[0065] 当处于TDD模式时,全双工话路的数量可能减少一半,假定声码器相同。 [0065] When in TDD mode, the number of full duplex voice channel may be reduced by half, assuming the same vocoder. 然而,在TDD模式下,为维持话音容量不变,话音业务可以经由半速率的GSM声码器提供,而几乎察觉不到质量下降。 However, in the TDD mode, voice capacity is maintained constant, voice services may be provided via the half-rate GSM vocoder with almost not decrease perceived quality. 图7是可重新配置的无线电话体系结构的框图,它可与图6的可重新配置的ATC体系结构通信。 FIG 7 is a block diagram of a radiotelephone architecture reconfigurable, it can be reconfigured with the configuration of FIG. 6 ATC communication system. 在图7中,提供了天线720,并且图7的其余部分可以提供用于无线电话的电子系统的实施例。 In FIG. 7, there is provided an antenna 720, and the remainder of Figure 7 can provide embodiments of an electronic system for a radio telephone.

[0066] 将理解的是,获得根据本发明实施例重新配置ATC和无线电话的能力可能在成本上有比较小地增加。 [0066] It will be understood that the embodiments of the present invention is obtained to reconfigure the radiotelephone and ATC may have a relatively small capacity increases in cost. 成本主要是开发软件的一次性工程成本(NRE)。 Software development costs are mainly one-time engineering costs (NRE). 然而,还可能产生某种续生成本,因为每个ATC和无线电话可能至少使用附加的RF滤波器和若干电子控制的开关。 However, it is also possible to produce some recurring costs, because each radiotelephone and ATC may use at least an additional RF filter and switch a plurality of electronically controlled. 所有其它的硬件/软件对标准模式和TDD模式的GSM可以是共用的。 All other hardware / software for standard mode and GSM TDD mode may be common.

[0067] 现在参考图8,将马上描述根据本发明实施例的其它无线电话系统及方法。 [0067] Referring now to FIG. 8, will now be described further radiotelephone systems and methods according to embodiments of the present invention. 在这些实施例中,修改的卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围包括多个在卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围中的频率,由ATC以功率电平(例如最大功率电平)发送给无线电话,该功率电平作为(增加的)频率的函数单调减小。 In these embodiments, the modified second range of satellite band before forward link frequencies includes a plurality of links to a second frequency range of frequency, by the ATC to the power level (e.g. maximum power level before the satellite frequency band ) sent to the wireless telephone, as the power level (increasing) function of the frequency decreases monotonically. 更具体地,如将在下面所述,在一些实施例中,修改的卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围包括接近卫星频带前向链路频率范围的第一或第二末端的频率的子集,由ATC以功率电平(例如最大功率电平)发送给无线电话,该功率电平朝着卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围的第一或第二端单调减小。 More specifically, as will be described below, in some embodiments, the modified second range of satellite band before forward link frequency comprises a frequency close to the first satellite frequency band front end or the second frequency range of the link subset, transmitted by the ATC to the power level (e.g. maximum power level) to the wireless telephone, the first or second end of the second range of power level toward the front of satellite band forward link frequency decreases monotonically. 仍在其它实施例中,卫星频带返回链路的第一范围包含在大于GPS频率的卫星频率的L频带中,而卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围包含在小于GPS频率的卫星频率的L频带中。 In still other embodiments, the first range of satellite band return link contained in the L-band frequency greater than the GPS satellite frequency, the second range of satellite band forward link frequencies before included in the GPS frequency less than the frequency of the satellite L band. 修改的卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围包括接近卫星频带前向链路频率第二范围临近GPS频率的端的频率的子集,由ATC以功率电平(例如最大功率电平)发送给无线电话,该功率电平朝着卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围临近GPS频率的端单调减小。 The second range of satellite band forward link frequencies before modification comprises a subset of a frequency close to the front near the GPS satellite band frequency to a second frequency range of the link end, sent by the ATC to the power level (e.g. maximum power level) wireless telephone, the power level of the satellite band toward the front of the second GPS frequency range near the link frequency decreases monotonically end.

[0068] 不受任何操作理论的约束,马上将描述根据本发明实施例将ATC最大功率电平映射到载频的理论上的讨论。 [0068] Without being bound to any theory of operation, immediately embodiments of the present invention will ATC maximum power levels to carrier frequencies mapping discussion describes theoretical. 参考图8,假设V = F(P)表示从功率(ρ)域到频率(ν)范围的映射。 Referring to FIG 8, assuming V = F (P) represents the power ([rho]) to the frequency domain (v) mapping of the range. 功率(P)是ATC为与给定的无线电话可靠通信而使用的或应该发送的功率。 Power (P) with the ATC is given a reliable radio telephone communication or power use is to be transmitted. 该功率可以取决于许多因素,例如无线电话到ATC的距离、无线电话与ATC 二之间的阻塞、信道多径衰落的级别等,并且因此,一般将作为时间的函数而改变。 This power may depend on many factors, for example, from a wireless telephone to the ATC, the blockage between the radiotelephone and ATC Second, channel multipath fading level and the like, and thus, will generally vary as a function of time. 因此,在无线电话与ATC之间经由闭环功率控制自适应地(迭代地)确定一般使用的功率。 Thus, generally used in determining the power between the radiotelephone and the ATC control adaptively (iteratively) via closed-loop power.

[0069] 频率(ν)是卫星载频,ATC使用它与无线电话通信。 [0069] The frequency (v) is the satellite carrier frequency, ATC and radiotelephone communication using it. 根据本发明的实施例,映射矿. 是独立变量P的单调减小函数。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the mapping ore. P is the independent variable monotonically decreasing function. 因此,在一些实施例中,随着最大ATC功率的增加,ATC用来建立和/或维持通信链路的载频减小。 Thus, in some embodiments, as the maximum ATC power increases, ATC for establishing and / or maintaining a communication link carrier frequency is reduced. 图8示出分段连续单调减小(阶梯)函数的实施例。 8 illustrates Example piecewise continuous monotonically decreasing (step) function. 可以使用其它单调函数,包括线性和/或非线性、恒定的和/或可变的减小量。 Other monotonic functions may be used, including linear and / or nonlinear, constant and / or variable reduction amount. FACCH 或慢速随路控制信道(SACCH)消息传送可以用于本发明的实施例以利于自适应且基本实时的映射。 FACCH or Slow Adaptation Control Channel (the SACCH) messaging may be used in embodiments of the present invention to facilitate real-time mapping and substantially.

[0070] 图9示出根据本发明实施例的理想小区,其中,出于说明的目的,使用了三个功率区和三个关联的载频(或载频集)来划分小区。 [0070] FIG. 9 shows an embodiment over the cell of the present invention, wherein, for illustrative purposes, three power regions and three associated carrier frequencies (or carrier frequency sets) used to divide the cell. 为简单,一个在理想化小区中央的ATC发射机假定没有扇区化。 For simplicity, one ATC transmitter idealized cell is assumed that the center is not sectorized. 在图9的实施例中,频率(频率集)&是取自于基本上是L频带前向链路频率集的最上部分,例如,取自基本上接近1559MHz的部分(参见图幻。相应地,频率(频率集)fM取自基本上L频带前向链路频率集的中心部分(参见图幻。和上述内容相对应,频率(频率集)&是取自于基本上是L频带前向链路频率集的最低部分,例如,取自接近1525MHz的部分(参见图3)。 In the embodiment of FIG. 9, the frequency (set frequency) is taken from substantially & uppermost portion of a forward link frequency set before the L-band, e.g., from a portion substantially near 1559MHz (see FIG phantom Correspondingly , frequency (set frequency) before the fM is taken from substantially L-band forward link frequency set in the central portion (see FIG phantom., and corresponds to the above, the frequency (set frequency) is taken from substantially & L band prior to lowest portion link frequency set, for example, from a portion close 1525MHz (see FIG. 3).

[0071] 因此,根据图9的实施例,如果在小区的最外环之内为无线电话服务,那么经由频率fQ为那部无线电话服务。 [0071] Thus, according to the embodiment of FIG. 9, if the wireless telephone service in the outermost ring of the cell, the frequency fQ for that portion via a wireless telephone service. 该无线电话,在离ATC最远的区域内部,已经(可能)向ATC请求最大(或接近最大)的功率输出。 The radio telephone, in the inner region furthest from the ATC, has (probably) requested maximum (or near maximum) power output to ATC. 响应最大(或接近最大)的输出功率请求,ATC使用其功率对频率映射的先验知识,例如,图9的三步阶梯函数。 Response maximum (or near maximum) output power request, the ATC uses its a priori knowledge of the power frequency mapping, e.g., FIG. 9 is a three-step staircase function. 因此,ATC用取自移动L频带前向链路频率集最低部分的低值频率为无线电话服务,例如,取自尽可能接近1525MHz的部分。 Thus, the ATC with an L-band from the former mobile radiotelephone service to the lowest low frequency portion of the link frequency set, for example, from as close as possible 1525MHz portion. 这样,然后,可以向任何GPS接收机单元(可能在ATC的附近)提供附加的保护。 Thus, then, can provide additional protection to any GPS receiver unit (which may be in the vicinity of the ATC).

[0072] 图9的实施例可以被看作是理想化的,因为它们将同心环区域与ATC用于为其区域服务的载频(或载频集)相关联。 Example [0072] FIG. 9 may be regarded as idealized because they will concentric ring region for its area ATC service carrier frequencies (or carrier frequency sets) are associated. 实际上,同心环区域一般不会是事实。 In fact, concentric ring region is generally not true. 例如,无线电话可以接近为其服务的ATC,但是由于建筑物在无线电话与ATC之间有明显阻塞。 For example, a wireless phone can be close to ATC for their services, but because the building has obvious obstruction between a wireless phone and ATC. 该无线电话,即使相对接近ATC,也可能向ATC请求最大(或接近最大)的输出功率。 This radiotelephone, even though relatively close to the ATC, may also request maximum (or near maximum) output power to the ATC. 考虑到这一点, 根据本发明的实施例,图10可能示出的是更实际的区域轮廓集,可与ATC用于为其范围服务的频率相关联。 With this in mind, according to an embodiment of the present invention, shown in FIG. 10 may be a more realistic set of area contours, it may be associated with a frequency range of its services and for ATC. 可以在紧邻的ATC小区中重用频率(或频率集)fI;因为有限的地理跨度相对于小区中心之间的距离与&相关联。 Can reuse frequency (or frequency set) fI in the immediately adjacent ATC cells; because of the limited geographical span relative to the distance between the center of the cell associated with &. 这也可以适用于fM。 This also applies to fM.

[0073] 现在参考图11,将马上描述根据本发明实施例可以由ATC使用的其它修改的卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围。 [0073] Referring now to FIG. 11, described now will be a second range of frequencies according to the preceding link to other modified embodiments of the present invention, a satellite may be used by the ATC band. 在这些实施例中,修改的卫星频带前向链路频率的第二范围中的至少一个频率(由ATC发送给无线电话)包括含多个时隙的帧。 In these embodiments, the at least one frequency (transmitted by the ATC to the radio telephone) before the modified second range of satellite band forward link frequencies includes a frame having a plurality of slots. 在这些实施例中, 由ATC发送给无线电话的帧中至少两个连续时隙未被占用。 In these embodiments, the frame transmitted by the ATC to the radio telephone at least two consecutive time slots in the unoccupied. 在其它实施例中,由ATC发送给无线电话的帧中三个连续时隙未被占用。 In other embodiments, the frame transmitted by the ATC to three consecutive time slots radiotelephone unoccupied. 在仍是其它的实施例中,由ATC发送给无线电话的帧中至少两个连续时隙是以比帧中剩余时隙低的功率发送的。 In still other embodiments, the frame transmitted by the ATC to the radio telephone at least two consecutive time slots in a frame is lower than the transmission power of the remaining slots. 在仍是其它的实施例中, 由ATC发送给无线电话的帧中三个连续时隙是以比帧中剩余时隙低的功率发送的。 In still other embodiments, the frame transmitted by the ATC to the radiotelephone in three consecutive time slots in a frame is lower than the transmission power of the remaining slots. 在仍是其它的实施例中,较低的功率时隙与离ATC比较近和/或经历比较小信号阻塞的第一选择的无线电话一起使用,而以较高的功率发送剩余的时隙给离ATC比较远和/或经历比较大信号阻塞的第二选择的无线电话。 In still other embodiments, lower power is near the slots and the ATC and / or used with the first selected wireless telephone subjected to a relatively small signal blockage, and transmit the remaining time slots to a higher power from ATC comparison and / or subjected to a relatively large signal blocking radiotelephone second selected far.

[0074] 不同的是,根据本发明的一些实施例,只利用了TDMA帧的一部分。 [0074] The difference is that, in accordance with some embodiments of the present invention, using only a portion of the TDMA frame. 例如,全速率的GSM帧中只有开始4个(或最后4个或任何连续四个)时隙用于支持话务。 For example, GSM full rate frame only the first four (or last four, or any contiguous four) time slots to support the traffic. 剩余时隙未被占用(空的)。 Remaining slots unoccupied (empty). 在这些实施例中,可能损失容量。 In these embodiments, capacity may be lost. 然而,如前所述,对于话音业务,可以调用半速率以及甚至四分之一速率的GSM来恢复容量,话音质量可能会有一些下降。 However, as mentioned above, for voice service, can call the GSM half rate and quarter-rate or even to restore capacity, voice quality may be some decline. 未被利用的时隙最好是连续的,例如第0时隙到第3时隙或第4时隙到第7时隙(或第2时隙到第5时隙等)。 Unused slots preferably continuous, for example, slot 0 to slot 3 or the fourth time slot to time slot 7 (or the second time slot to time slot 5 and the like). 例如,可能不太希望使用非连续的时隙,例如,第0、2、4和6时隙。 For example, it may be less desirable to use non-consecutive time slots, e.g., 0,2,4, and 6 of slots. 图11示出GSM帧中四个使用的时隙(4-7)和四个连续的空时隙(0-3)。 Figure 11 shows the time slot (4-7) and four consecutive empty slots (0-3) GSM frames used in four.

[0075] 实验发现,根据本发明的这些实施例,当干扰突发之间的间隔增大或最大化时, GPS接收机可以工作得好的多。 [0075] It was found, according to the embodiments of the present invention, when the interval between interference bursts is increased or maximized, GPS receivers can operate in a multi-well. 不受任何操作理论的约束,该结果可能是由于GPS的C/A码的码重复周期(1毫秒)与GSM突发持续时间(大约0. 577毫秒)之间的关系。 Without being bound to any theory of operation, this result may be due to the relationship between the GPS C / A code of the code repetition period (1 millisecond) and the GSM burst duration (about 0.577 msec). 对于包括交替时隙的GSM帧占用,每个GPS信号码周期可以经历至少一个“碰撞”,而包括四到五个连续时隙的GSM帧占用允许GPS接收机导出足够的没有错误的信息以“渡过(flywheel) ”错误事件。 For GSM frame comprising alternating occupy slots, each GPS signal code period can experience at least one "collision", the GSM frame comprising four to five contiguous time slots occupied by the GPS receiver to allow sufficient error-derived information " spend (flywheel) "error event.

[0076] 根据本发明的其它实施例,图8-10的实施例可以与图11的实施例结合。 [0076] According to other embodiments of the invention, the embodiment of Figures 8-10 may be combined with embodiment 11 of the embodiment of FIG. 此外,根据本发明的其它实施例,如果因为小区的最内区域比较小的覆盖区,图9或10的&载波未被充分利用,那么它可以用于支持小区中大得多的最外区域上的附加话务。 Further, according to other embodiments of the present invention, because if the innermost area of ​​the cell is relatively small footprint, FIG carrier & underutilized 9 or 10, it may be much larger outermost region of the cell for supporting additional traffic on.

[0077] 因此,例如,假定&的每帧中只有开始四个时隙用于内部区域话务。 [0077] Thus, for example, each frame is assumed that only the first four of & slot for the inner region traffic. 在图8-10的实施例中,这四个&时隙携带比较低功率的突发,例如大约IOOmW或更低,并且可能因此, 从干扰的观点来看表现为(几乎)未被占用。 In the embodiment of FIGS. 8-10, four slots & carrying relatively low power bursts, for example about IOOmW or less, and may therefore interfere with the performance from the viewpoint of view is (almost) unoccupied. 用比较高功率的突发加载&剩余的四个(连续)时隙在GPS接收机上的影响是可忽略的,因为,GPS接收机会基于由四个低功率的GSM 突发占用的良性的连续时间间隔来可靠地操作。 Loading with relatively high-power burst & remaining four (consecutive) time slots on the influence of the GPS receiver is negligible, because, based on the GPS receiver will four GSM bursts of low power continuous time occupied benign intervals to operate reliably. 图12示出在载波&支持四个低功率(内部区间)用户和四个高功率(外部区间)用户的帧的实施例。 FIG 12 shows an embodiment in supporting four low-power & carriers (inner interval) users and four high-power (outer interval) users frame. 实际上,图12所示的实施例对于可用的最接近GPS频带的载频可能是优选的策略。 In fact, the embodiment shown in FIG. 12 for the available GPS bands closest carrier frequencies may be preferred strategy. 通过更满地加载载频,这些实施例可以避免不当的容量损失。 More loading floor by a carrier frequency, these embodiments avoid undue capacity loss.

[0078] 实验发现来自GSM载波的干扰对GPS接收机可以是相对良性的,如果例如每8个时隙的GSM帧中不超过5个时隙是以连续方式使用,可以是非常有用的。 [0078] It was found that interference from GSM carriers of the GPS receiver may be relatively benign, if, for example not more than 5 per 8 slot GSM frame slot in a continuous fashion, may be very useful. 因为即使当GSM载频非常接近GPS频带(近到1558. 5MHz)并且功率电平被设定得相当高时,该实验发现也是适用的,所以它尤其有用。 Because even when the GSM carrier frequency is very close to the GPS band (near to 1558. 5MHz) and when the power level is set to be relatively high, which was found also suitable, it is especially useful. 例如,对于每帧填充五个连续时隙,即使当ATC以1558. 5MHz辐射时,在整个ATC服务区上最坏情况测量的GPS接收机可以得到至少30dB的灵敏度降低容限。 For example, for five consecutive time slots per frame is filled, even when the ATC 1558. 5MHz to radiation when, over the entire ATC service area worst-case measured GPS receiver may obtain at least 30dB sensitivity margin is reduced. 对于每帧填充四个连续时隙,即使当ATC以1558. 5MHz辐射时,最坏情况下测量的GPS 接收机可以获得增加了IOdB总计为40dB的灵敏度降低容限。 For each frame filled with four consecutive time slots, even when the ATC 1558. 5MHz to radiation, the worst-case measured GPS receiver may obtain increased total IOdB 40dB sensitivity margin decrease.

[0079] 可能仍要关心网络容量的潜在损失(尤其在数据模式下),这可在频率区间(其中图11的实施例用于不完全填充帧)上产生。 [0079] may still (especially in data mode), which may be (for the embodiment of FIG. 11 in which the incomplete filling of a frame) in the frequency range of interest generating potential loss of network capacity. 此外,即使图12的实施例可以通过装满载波来避免容量损失,受到用低功率用户和高功率用户填满帧的约束,它们也会产生网络容量的潜在损失。 Further, even if the embodiment of Figure 12 can avoid capacity loss by filling the carrier, by a user with a low power and high power users fill constraint frame, they also have the potential loss of network capacity. 此外,如果前向链路载波限于每帧5个连续高功率时隙,那么目标可以是特定用户的每个载波的最大前向链路数据速率可能成比例地变少。 Further, if the front of each frame is limited to 5 contiguous high power slots link carrier, the target may be a maximum of a particular user prior to each carrier's forward link data rate may be proportionally reduced.

[0080] 因此,在其它实施例中,受连续的空/低功率时隙控制的载波不用于前向链路。 [0080] Thus, in other embodiments, by consecutive empty / low power slots are not used for controlling the forward link carriers. 替代地,它们用于返回链路。 Alternatively, they are used for the return link. 因此,在一些实施例中,为允许遍布整个网络的前向链路上的数据速率最大,ATC的至少一部分配置成与SBC相比而言相反频率模式。 Thus, in some embodiments, throughout the network to allow the former to the maximum data rate on the forward link, compared with the ATC is configured to SBC in terms of at least a portion opposite to the frequency mode. 在相反频率返回链路上,无线电话可限制为最大是每帧5个时隙,这对于返回链路可以是足够的。 In the opposite frequency return link, a radiotelephone may be limited to maximum five slots per frame, which may be sufficient for the return link. 在相反频率返回链路载波上,每帧5个可用的时隙是指定给一部无线电话还是给五部不同的电话,在这些实施例中,它们都可以被连续指定。 In the return link carrier frequency on the contrary, each frame is five available slots assigned to one radiotelephone or to five different phones, in these embodiments, they may be continuously specified. 如结合图12所述,这五个连续的时隙可以指定给高功率用户而剩余的三个时隙可以用于为低功率用户服务。 As said in connection with Figure 12, these five contiguous slots can be assigned to high power users while the remaining three slots may be used to serve low-power users.

[0081] 其它的实施例可以基于完全在与SBC相比相反频率模式下操作ATC。 [0081] Other embodiments may be based entirely on a reverse operation as compared with SBC ATC frequency mode. 在这些实施例中,ATC在卫星返回链路频率上发送而无线电话在卫星前向链路频率上应答。 In these embodiments, ATC return link frequencies in the satellite radiotelephone transmits an acknowledgment to the frequency before the satellite link. 如果存在足够的连续频谱来支持CDMA技术,以及尤其支持新兴的宽带CDMA的3G标准,那么ATC前向链路可以基于宽带CDMA来增加或最大化数据吞吐量能力。 If sufficient contiguous spectrum exists to support CDMA technology, and in particular to support the emerging wideband CDMA 3G standard, then the first ATC based on wideband CDMA forward link to increase or maximize data throughput capability. GPS干扰可能不是问题了,因为在这些实施例中,ATC在卫星返回链路上发送。 GPS interference may not be a problem, since in these embodiments, the ATC transmits over the satellite return link. 替代地,干扰可能成为无线电话关心的问题了。 Alternatively, a wireless phone interference may become an issue of concern. 然而,基于图11-12的实施例,无线电话可配置成发送GSM,因为在任何情况下都希望ATC返回链路速率低于前向链路速率。 However, based on the embodiment of Figure 11-12, a wireless phone may be configured to transmit GSM, because in any case desirable ATC return link rate is lower than the forward link rate. 因此,ATC返回链路可以采用基于GPRS的数据模式, 可能甚至是EDGE。 Accordingly, the ATC return link may employ GPRS-based data modes, possibly even EDGE. 因此,根据图11或12的实施例,可以不对在离GPS频带边缘1559MHz的预定频率区间范围内的返回链路载波满载以解决GPS干扰问题。 Thus, according to the embodiment of FIG. 11 or 12, it may not be away from the return link carrier frequency interval within a predetermined range of the 1559MHz GPS frequency band edge of the full GPS interference problems to solve.

[0082] 最后,其它实施例可以使用局部或完全相反频率模式并且可以在前向和返回链路上使用CDMA。 [0082] Finally, other embodiments may use a partial or complete opposite frequency mode and may use CDMA on the return link and forward. 在这些实施例中,到无线电话的ATC前向链路利用卫星返回链路的频率(1626. 5MHz到1660. 5MHz)而来自无线电话的ATC返回链路使用卫星前向链路的频率(1525MHz到1559MHz)。 In these embodiments, before a wireless telephone ATC return link frequencies of the satellite forward link (1626. 5MHz to 1660. 5MHz) from the ATC return link the radiotelephone prior to use satellite forward link frequencies (1525 to 1559MHz). ATC前向链路可以基于现有的或开发中的⑶MA技术(例如IS-95、 宽带CDMA等)。 Before ATC forward link can be based on existing or in development ⑶MA techniques (e.g., IS-95, Wideband-CDMA, etc.). ATC网络返回链路也可基于现有的或开发中的CDMA技术,假定无线电话的输出被选通以停止传输,每T毫秒一次,持续大约3毫秒。 ATC network return link can also be based on an existing or developing CDMA technology is assumed that the radio telephone output is gated to cease transmission, every T milliseconds for approximately 3 msec. 在一些实施例中,T将大于或等于6毫秒。 In some embodiments, T will be greater than or equal to 6 msec.

[0083] 对于大约1550MHz或以下的ATC返回链路载波可能不需要该选通。 [0083] The gating may not be needed for about 1550MHz or less ATC return link carriers. 对于ATC附近的GPS接收机,该选通可以减少或最小化带外干扰(灵敏度降低)效应。 For GPS receivers near the ATC, the gating can reduce or minimize band interference (desensitization) effects. 为了给GPS增加好处,在整个ATC服务区上的所有的无线电话之间的选通可以基本上同步。 In order to increase the benefits of GPS, can be substantially strobe synchronization between all wireless phones in the entire ATC service area. 可以从系统范围的选通同步获得给GPS的附加的好处。 Obtain additional benefits can be synchronized to the GPS system from a range of strobe. ATC可以指示所有活动的无线电话有关选通信号的出现时间。 ATC may indicate the emergence of wireless telephone about the time strobe all activities. 所有的ATC可以经由GPS手动同步。 All ATC can be synchronized via GPS manually.

[0084] 多频带/多模式卫星无线电话通信系统及方法 [0084] The multi-band / multi-mode satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods

[0085] 上述的本发明的一些实施例可使用相同的卫星无线电话链路频带和卫星馈线链路频带用于与卫星覆盖区或服务区的所有卫星小区中的无线电话进行的基于空间的通信。 [0085] Some embodiments of the present invention, the above-described embodiments may use the same satellite radiotelephone uplink frequency band and the satellite feeder link band for communication with all satellite cell coverage area or service region of the satellite in space-based radio telephone .

24此外,上述的本发明的一些实施例可以使用相同的卫星射频频带和基本上相同的空中接口用于使用辅助地面网络与无线电话地面通信。 24 Furthermore, some embodiments of the present invention, the above-described embodiments may use the same radio frequency band and the satellite are substantially the same air interface for use in communication with the ancillary terrestrial network terrestrial wireless telephone. 马上将描述的本发明的其它实施例在卫星覆盖区或服务区的各个卫星小区中可以使用多于一个的频带和/或多于一个的空中接口。 Other embodiments of the invention now will be described may use more than one band and / or more than one air interface in each satellite cell coverage area or service region of the satellite's. 仍在其它的实施例中,尽管不同的频带和/或不同的空中接口可以用于不同的卫星小区或用在卫星小区内部,但是用于给定卫星小区内部的辅助地面网络与无线电话之间的地面通信的卫星无线电话频带和空中接口与用于给定卫星小区内部或不同的卫星小区中的无线电话的基于空间的通信的卫星无线电话频带和空中接口基本上相同。 In still other embodiments, although different frequency bands and / or different air interfaces may be used for different satellite cells or in the cell interior satellites, but for the ancillary terrestrial network to the radiotelephone between the interior of the given satellite cell satellite radiotelephone frequency band and an air interface with a space satellite based wireless telephone communication a radio telephone band and a given satellite air interface is substantially the same as or different from the internal cells in the cell for satellite communications to the ground.

[0086] 如在这里所用的,“基本上相同”的频带意味着频带基本上重叠,但可能有一些不重叠的区域,例如,在频带端点处。 [0086] As used herein, "substantially the same" band means that the bands substantially overlap, but may have some overlap, e.g., frequency band at the endpoints. 此外,“基本上相同”的空中接口意味着空中接口是类似的但不必是完全相同的。 In addition, "substantially the same" air interface means that the air interface is similar but not necessarily identical. 可以对空中接口进行一些变化以适应不同的地面环境和卫星环境特性。 We can make some changes to the air interface to adapt to different environments terrestrial and satellite environmental characteristics. 例如,可以使用不同的声码器速率(例如,131ibps用于GSM而41ibps用于卫星),可以使用不同的前向纠正编码和/或不同的交错深度。 For example, a different vocoder rate (e.g., 131ibps 41ibps used for GSM and satellite), may be used to different depths before correction encoding and / or interleaving different.

[0087] 当卫星覆盖区或服务区跨度存在两个或更多的地面无线电话系统(无线网络运营商)的地理区域时,可以使用根据本发明一些实施例的多频带/多模式卫星无线电话通信系统及方法,以增加到两个或更多的地面网络的基于空间的通信能力。 [0087] When there are two or more spans terrestrial wireless telephone system (radio network operator) of the satellite footprint or service area geographic area, the wireless telephone may be used in accordance with some multi-band / multi-mode satellite embodiment of the present invention communication system and method, in order to increase the space-based communications capability to two or more terrestrial networks. 在由给定的地面无线电话系统覆盖的地理区域中,使用基本上与地面无线电话系统相同的频带和/或空中接口,利用基于空间的部件和/或地面辅助网络,本发明的实施例可以提供附加容量和/或扩展业务。 The geographical area covered by a given terrestrial wireless telephone system using a wireless terrestrial telephone system with substantially the same frequency band and / or air interface, based on the use of components and / or ground support cyberspace, embodiments of the present invention may be providing additional capacity and / or expansion. 因此,根据本发明的实施例的对应于不同的地面无线电话通信系统及方法的不同的地理区域可以使用不同的频带和/或空中接口用于与位于不同地理区域内部的地面无线电话系统兼容。 Thus, according to the embodiment corresponds to the embodiment of the present invention is different in different geographical areas radiotelephone communications systems and methods may be ground using different frequency bands and / or air interfaces for compatibility with the terrestrial wireless telephone system located within different geographical areas. 也可以有其它的方案,其中,可以希望单个卫星无线电话通信系统/方法在其相同的和/或不同的地理区域上采用不同的频带和/或空中接口。 There may be other solutions, which may be desirable for a single satellite radiotelephone communications system / method of different frequency bands and / or air interface thereof in the same and / or different geographic regions.

[0088] 图16是根据本发明的一些实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0088] FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of a satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of some embodiments of the present invention. 如图16 所示,卫星无线电话系统及方法的这些实施例包括基于空间的部件1610,它配置成与划分成多个卫星小区1640a-1640c的卫星覆盖区1630中的无线电话1620a_1620c通信。 Shown in Figure 16, satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of these embodiments include a space-based component 1610 that is configured to radiotelephone communications 1620a_1620c 1630 and divided into a plurality of satellite cells in a satellite footprint of 1640a-1640c. 本领域的技术人员将理解的是,尽管图16中示出三个卫星小区1640a-1640c和三个无线电话1620a-1620c,但是根据本发明实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法可以采用多于三个的卫星小区1640a-1640c并可以采用多于三个的无线电话1620a_1620c。 Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that although FIG. 16 shows three satellite cells 1640a-1640c and three wireless telephones 1620a-1620c, but according to a satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of embodiments of the present invention may employ more than three a satellite cells 1640a-1640c and radiotelephone 1620a_1620c more than three may be employed.

[0089] 仍参考图16,基于空间的部件1610配置成与第一卫星小区1640a中的第一无线电话1620a在第一频带和/或第一空中接口上通信,并且与第二卫星小区1640b中的第二无线电话1620b在第二频带和/或第二空中接口上通信。 [0089] Still referring to FIG. 16, 1610, the space-based component configured to communicate with a first radiotelephone in a first satellite cell 1640a or 1620a in a first frequency band and / or a first air interface, and in the second satellite cell 1640b a second wireless telephone 1620b in the second frequency band and / or a second air interface communication. 在其它实施例中,第一无线电话1620a和第二无线电话1620b可以在相同的卫星小区中。 In other embodiments, the first wireless telephone and a second wireless telephone 1620a 1620b may be the same satellite cell.

[0090] 还参考图16,在本发明的一些实施例中,辅助地面网络1650配置成地面上与第一无线电话1620a在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口上通信,并且地面上与第二无线电话1620b在基本上第二频带和/或基本上第二空中接口上通信。 [0090] Referring also to FIG. 16, in some embodiments of the present invention, the ancillary terrestrial network 1650 is configured to communicate with the first ground 1620a radiotelephone substantially or essentially in a first frequency band and / or a first air interface, and ground 1620b communicate with a second wireless telephone or substantially the second frequency band substantially and / or a second air interface. 在第一卫星小区1640a和在其中的辅助地面网络1650的部分中,这些基本上相同的第一频带和/或第一接口是由覆盖第一卫星小区1640a和在其中的辅助地面网络1650部分的垂直虚线示出。 And wherein a portion of the ancillary terrestrial network 1650, these are substantially the same first frequency band and / or the first interface portion is covered by a first satellite and cell 1640a in which the ancillary terrestrial network 1650 of the first satellite cell 1640a vertical dashed lines. 在卫星小区1640b和在其中的辅助地面网络1650的部分中,基本上相同的第二频带和/或第二接口是由覆盖第二卫星小区1640b和在其中的辅助地面网络1650部分的水平虚线示出。 In satellite cell 1640b and a portion in which the ancillary terrestrial network 1650, the second frequency band is substantially the same and / or the second interface is covered by a dashed line and a second satellite cell 1640b in the horizontal portion of the ancillary terrestrial network 1650 in which out.

[0091] 将理解的是,在图16中,为简单起见,辅助地面网络1650示为包括小数量的辅助地面网络小区。 [0091] It will be appreciated that, in FIG. 16, for simplicity, the ancillary terrestrial network 1650 is shown comprising a small number of ancillary terrestrial network cells. 然而,在本发明的一些实施例中可以存在更多的辅助地面网络小区。 However, there may be more ancillary terrestrial network cells In some embodiments of the present invention. 此外, 还将理解的是,在一些实施例中,卫星小区1640a内部的辅助地面网络1650的第一部分可以由第一无线网络运营商操作,而第一卫星小区1640a内部的辅助地面网络1650的第二部分可以由第二无线网络运营商操作。 It will also be appreciated that in some embodiments, the interior of the satellite cell 1640a ancillary terrestrial network 1650 may be a first portion of a first wireless network operated by the operator, while the first satellite cell 1640a inside the first ancillary terrestrial network 1650 two parts may be operated by a second radio network operator. 因此,本发明的一些实施例提供用于增加基于空间的通信到第一和第二地面网络的系统及方法。 Accordingly, some embodiments of the present invention provide space-based communications systems and methods to the first and second terrestrial networks for increasing.

[0092] 再参考图16,根据本发明的一些实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法还包括网关1660,它配置成在馈线链路1670上与基于空间的部件1610通信。 [0092] Referring again to FIG. 16, the satellite radiotelephone systems and methods of some embodiments of the present invention further includes a gateway 1660 that is configured to communicate with the space-based component 1610 on the feeder link 1670. 馈线链路1670配置成在基于空间的部件1610与第一和第二无线电话1620a、1620b之间传输通信。 Feeder link 1670 is configured to transmit communications between the space-based component 1610 1620b of the first and second wireless telephone 1620a,. 在一些实施例中,馈线链路1670包括第一空中接口和第二空中接口。 In some embodiments, the feeder link comprising a first air interface 1670 and the second air interface. 最后,还将理解的是,第三卫星小区1640c、第三卫星电话1620c以及基本上相同的第三频带和/或空中接口由卫星小区1640c 中倾斜的虚线示出。 Finally, will also be understood that the third satellite cell 1640c, 1620c, and the third satellite telephone frequency band substantially the same as the third and / or air interface is inclined by satellite cell 1640c shown in dashed lines. 在其它实施例中,第三无线电话1620c在与第一无线电话1620a和/ 或第二无线电话1620b相同的小区中。 In other embodiments, the third wireless telephone with the first radio telephone 1620c and 1620a / 1620b or the second wireless telephone in the same cell.

[0093] 图17是根据本发明其它实施例的卫星无线电话系统及方法的示意图。 [0093] FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of a satellite radiotelephone system according to another embodiment of the present invention and methods. 如图17所示,基于空间的部件1710配置成与第一无线电话1720a在第一频带和/或第一空中接口1780a(图17中还用F1/I1标明)上通信。 17, the space-based component 1710 arranged on a first wireless telephone 1720a in the first frequency band and / or a first air interface 1780a (FIG. 17 but also with F1 / I1 mark) communication. 还如图17所示,基于空间的部件1710还配置成与第二无线电话1720b在第二频带和/或第二空中接口1780b (图17中还用F2/I2标明)上通信。 Also shown in FIG. 17, the space-based component 1710 is further configured to communicate with a second wireless telephone 1720b in the second frequency band and / or a second air interface 1780b (FIG. 17 but also with F2 / I2 indicated) communicatively. 辅助地面网络1750配置成地面上与第一无线电话1720a在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口1790a(图17中还标明为Fl' /11')上通信,并且地面上与第二无线电话1720b在基本上第二频带和/或基本上第二空中接口1790b (图17中还标明为F2' /12')上通信。 Ancillary terrestrial network 1750 arranged on the floor with the first radio telephone 1720a substantially a first frequency band and / or substantially the first air interface 1790a (also indicated as 17 in FIG Fl '/ 11') on the communication and on the ground and 1720b the second wireless telephone communication in substantially the second frequency band and / or substantially the second air interface 1790b (FIG. 17 are also indicated as F2 '/ 12') on. 辅助地面网络1750可以包括在单个卫星小区中或可以遍布多个卫星小区。 The ancillary terrestrial network 1750 may be included in a single cell or a satellite may be distributed throughout a plurality of satellite cells.

[0094] 还如图17所示,辅助地面网络可以包括第一辅助地面部件1752a,它配置成地面上与第一无线电话1720a在基本上第一频带和/或基本上第一空中接口1790a上通信。 [0094] As also shown, the ancillary terrestrial network may include a first ancillary terrestrial component 1752a 17, it is configured to communicate with the first wireless telephone 1720a substantially on a first frequency band and / or substantially the first air interface 1790a on the ground communication. 第二辅助地面部件1752b配置成地面上与第二无线电话1720b在基本上第二频带和/或基本上第二空中接口1790b上通信。 1752b the second ancillary terrestrial component configured to communicate with a second ground 1720b radiotelephone substantially or essentially in a second frequency band and / or a second air interface 1790b. 如在图16的情况一样,在一些实施例中可以提供大量的无线电话1720和/或辅助地面部件1752。 As in the case of FIG. 16, as in some embodiments can provide a large number of radiotelephone 1720 and / or ancillary terrestrial component 1752. 在一些实施例中,第一和第二辅助地面部件1752a、 1752b分别可以是相同和/或不同的卫星小区中两个单独的无线网络的部分。 In some embodiments, the first and second ancillary terrestrial components 1752a, 1752b, respectively, may be the same and / or different satellite cells in two separate portions of the wireless network. 因此,图17 的一些实施例提供了用于增加基于空间的通信到第一和第二地面网络的系统及方法。 Accordingly, some embodiments of FIG. 17 is provided for increasing the space-based communications systems and methods to the first and second terrestrial network. 可以如结合图16所述提供网关1760和馈线链路1770。 In conjunction with FIG. 16 can be provided as a gateway 1760 and feeder link 1770.

[0095] 本发明的一些实施例提供卫星无线电话系统和/或方法,它们包括在多个频带上操作的无线电话链路。 [0095] Some embodiments of the present invention to provide a satellite radiotelephone system and / or method, which includes a radio telephone link operating over multiple frequency bands. 在一些实施例中,基于空间的部件1610、1710中的频带灵敏(即,频率灵敏)部件(例如天线馈电网络、功率放大器、低噪声放大器等)可以设计成宽带,这样基于空间的部件的操作范围可以在多个业务链路频带上延伸,例如L频带、S频带等。 In some embodiments, the space-based component 1610, 1710 of the band sensitive (i.e., frequency sensitive) components (e.g., an antenna feed network, power amplifiers, low noise amplifiers, etc.) may be designed to be broadband, so that the space-based component operating range may extend over a plurality of service link frequency bands, such as L-band, S-band and the like. 在其它实施例中,可以提供用于每个频带的单独部件。 In other embodiments, separate components may be provided for each band. 在仍是其它的实施例中,可以提供一些共用的宽带部件和一些单独的窄带部件。 In still other embodiments, it can provide some common broadband components and some of the individual narrowband member.

[0096] 此外,通过提供多个空中接口,本发明的其它实施例可以提供多模式的有效负载容量,空中接口可用于提供与基于空间的部件1610、1710和卫星覆盖区中的多个无线电话1620、1720在相同和/或多个卫星小区上的无线电话通信。 [0096] Further, by providing a plurality of air interfaces, other embodiments of the present invention can provide a multi-mode payload capacity of the air interface may be used to provide radio telephone based on a plurality of spatial components 1610, 1710 and the satellite coverage area 1620,1720 radiotelephone communications on the same and / or a plurality of satellite cells. 例如,通过具有可编程的信道增量,基于空间的部件1610、1710可配置成支持多个空中接口标准,可编程的信道增量可以响应地面指令。 For example, through a channel having a programmable increment, the space-based component 1610, 1710 may be configured to support multiple air interface standards, programmable channel increments ground command response. 例如,基于空间的部件1620、1720可以将不同的信道增量应用到来自网关1660,1760的接收馈线链路信号1670、1770的不同频带。 For example, the space-based component 1620,1720 may be different channels in different frequency bands applied to the increment receiving feeder link signals from the gateway 1670,1770 to 1660,1760. 馈线链路频谱中的这些频带可以保持恒定或可以随时间变化,取决于卫星无线电话系统可以支持的每个空中接口标准携带的话务量。 These feeder link spectrum bands may remain constant or may vary over time, depending on each satellite air interface standard can support radiotelephone system carrying traffic.

[0097] 因此,在一些实施例中,馈线链路1670、1770可以分割成频带,例如频带Bi、B2和B3。 [0097] Thus, in some embodiments, 1670,1770 feeder link frequency band may be divided into, e.g. band Bi, B2 and B3. 在一个示例中,频带Bl可以在网关和基于空间的部件之间传输GSM载波,频带B2可以传输窄带CDMA载波而频带B3可以传输宽带CDMA载波。 In one example, the frequency band Bl can be transmitted in a wideband CDMA carriers and a transmission gateway between the GSM carrier member space, band B2 may be transmitted based on the narrowband CDMA carrier frequency band B3. 本领域的技术人员将理解的是,还可提供相应的返回馈线链路频带用于从基于空间的部件1610、1710到网关1660、1760的载波。 Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that also provide for a return feeder link band carriers from the space-based component 1610, 1710 to the gateway 1660,1760. 在本发明的其它实施例中,还可提供辅助地面网络1650、1750以地面上与卫星覆盖区中的无线电话1620、1720通信。 In other embodiments of the present invention, it may also provide ancillary terrestrial network 1650,1750 1620,1720 communicate with the satellite coverage area of ​​a radiotelephone to the ground. 因此,在一些实施例中,辅助地面网络1650、1750可以在城市地区提供较大部分的无线电话通信,而基于空间的部件1610、1710可以在乡村地区提供较大部分的无线通信。 Thus, in some embodiments, the ancillary terrestrial network 1650,1750 may provide a larger portion of radiotelephone communications in urban areas, and can provide wireless communication larger portion of the space-based component 1610, 1710 in rural areas.

[0098] 图13是根据本发明的一些实施例可以使用多个频带和/或多个模式的卫星无线电话系统和/或方法的框图。 [0098] FIG. 13 is a block diagram of a plurality of frequency bands and / or satellite radiotelephone system having a plurality of modes and / or methods may be used in accordance with some embodiments of the present invention. 本领域的技术人员将理解的是,图13涉及GSM,并且示出提供GSM空中接口的系统元件。 Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that FIG. 13 relates to GSM, and shows the system elements providing GSM air interface. 然而,根据本发明的实施例,还可以提供其它卫星无线电话系统和/或方法。 However, according to embodiments of the present invention, it can also provide other satellite radiotelephone systems and / or methods.

[0099] 具体地,如图13所示,卫星无线电话通信系统及方法的这些实施例包括基于空间的部件1310(例如对地静止卫星)和至少一个网关站系统(GSS) 1360、网络操作中心(NOC) 1362、移动交换中心(MSC) 1364、基站控制器(BSC) 1366以及基站收发信机(BTS) 1368。 [0099] Specifically, as shown, these embodiments of satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods include a space-based component 1310 (e.g. geostationary satellite) system and at least one gateway station (GSS) 1360, network operations center 13 in FIG. (NOC) 1362, a mobile switching center (MSC) 1364, a base station controller (BSC) 1366 and a base transceiver station (BTS) 1368. 卫星无线电话系统可以连接到公共交换电话网(PSTN) 1772和/或一个或多个公共数据网(PDN) 1774。 Satellite radiotelephone systems can be connected to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) 1772 and / or one or more Public Data Network (PDN) 1774. 此外,为提供通用分组无线业务(GPRS),可以通过适当的分组交换设备扩充一些MSC1364,一般称作支持GRPS业务节点(SGSN)和GPRS网关支持节点(GGSN)。 In addition, to provide general packet radio service (GPRS), can be expanded by an appropriate number of MSC1364 packet switching device, generally referred to as service GRPS support node (SGSN) and Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN). GSS还可以连接到跟踪、遥测&命令(TT&C)系统1776。 GSS can also be connected to a tracking, telemetry & command (TT & C) 1776 system. 还可以提供多个无线电话1320。 It can also provide multiple wireless telephone 1320.

[0100] 图14示出根据本发明的一些实施例在基于空间的部件和辅助地面网络之间的频率重用。 [0100] FIG. 14 shows a frequency based on the member between the space and the ancillary terrestrial network reuse according to some embodiments of the present invention. 如图14所示,比较小的辅助地面网络小区1450嵌套在比较大的卫星小区1440内部。 14, a relatively small ancillary terrestrial network cells 1450 is nested inside the larger satellite cell 1440. 这种情况可能出现,因为,即使具有可用于基于空间的部件1410中的大的反射器,卫星小区1440的直径可仍旧是大约几百公里,而辅助地面网络小区1450的广度可以比卫星小区的小两阶、三阶或更多阶。 This may occur because even with 1410 can be used for space-based component of a large reflector, the diameter of the satellite cell 1440 may still be about several hundred kilometers, and the ancillary terrestrial network cells 1450 can be compared to the breadth of the satellite cell small two-stage, three or more stages. 在图14中,地面对相同载频的重用由相同的符号(口或*)指 In Figure 14, the face of the same carrier frequency is reused by the same reference numerals refer to (or port *)

7J\ ο 7J \ ο

[0101] 如图13和14所示的本发明的实施例可以允许单个卫星无线电话系统支持辅助地面网络1450中的多个辅助地面部件1452,至少辅助地面部件1452中的一些经由不同的空中接口提供地面连接。 Embodiments of the present invention shown in [0101] 13 and 14 may allow a single satellite radiotelephone system supports a plurality of ancillary terrestrial components in the ancillary terrestrial network 1450 1452, 1452 ancillary terrestrial component at least some of the different air interface via provide ground connection. 这可以允许比较大的卫星覆盖区1430用于分割的地面市场。 This may allow the market ground relatively large satellite footprint 1430 for segmentation. 因此, 在一些实施例中,卫星无线电话系统可配置成在相同的时间并且在相同或不同的卫星小区上支持基于GSM的辅助地面部件、窄带基于CDMA的辅助地面部件和宽带基于CDMA的辅助地面部件。 Thus, in some embodiments, the satellite radiotelephone system may be configured at the same time and supported on the same or a different satellite cells based on GSM ancillary terrestrial component, narrowband based ancillary terrestrial component and wideband CDMA-based ancillary terrestrial CDMA- part. 在其它实施例中,例如,辅助地面部件的某子集可以在L频带操作而辅助地面部件的另一子集可以在S频带操作。 In other embodiments, e.g., some subset of the ancillary terrestrial components may be ancillary terrestrial components operate at L-band further subset may operate in S-band.

[0102] 如已经描述的,在一些实施例中,卫星无线电话通信系统及方法可以提供基本上相同的频带/相同的空间接口服务用于与基于空间的部件的基于空间的通信和与至少其辅助地面部件之一的地面通信。 [0102] As has been described, in some embodiments, the satellite radiotelephone communications systems and methods may provide substantially the same frequency band / service for the same air interface based on the communication with the space and at least a part of the space one of the ground communication ancillary terrestrial component. 这可以使得无线电话简化。 This may cause the radiotelephone simplified. [0103] 具体地,图15是根据本发明一些实施例的可用于与卫星无线电话系统或方法中的基于空间的部件和辅助地面部件通信的无线电话1520的框图。 [0103] In particular, FIG. 15 is a block diagram of some embodiments of the invention may be used with a satellite radiotelephone system or method of space-based component and ancillary terrestrial component communications radiotelephone 1520. 在一些实施例中,这些无线电话1520可以与根据本发明一些实施例的卫星无线电话系统一起使用,系统包括使用基本上相同频带和基本上相同空中接口的辅助地面部件和基于空间的部件。 In some embodiments, these wireless telephones 1520 may be used with a satellite radiotelephone system according to some embodiments of the present invention, the system comprises a frequency band and using substantially the same substantially the same air interface ancillary terrestrial component and the space-based component. 根据本发明的一些实施例,重用相同的频谱用于基于空间的通信和地面通信的能力可以有助于低成本、 小型和/或轻型无线电话的实现。 According to some embodiments of the present invention, the ability to reuse the same frequency spectrum for space communications and terrestrial-based communication can contribute to low cost, small size, and / or reduce the weight of the radiotelephone.

[0104] 此外,与现有的卫星无线电话系统(例如铱星(Iridium)或全球星(Globalstar)) 相比,本发明的一些实施例可以将更多的链路性能责任给予基于空间的部件而不是无线电话。 [0104] In addition, compared with the conventional satellite radiotelephone system (e.g., Iridium (Iridium) or the Global Star (the Globalstar)), some embodiments of the present invention may be given more responsibility link performance of the space-based component rather than a wireless phone. 因此,可以不必将大天线用在无线电话。 Therefore, it is not necessary to use large antennas in a wireless telephone. 更确切地,可以使用类似于常规蜂窝无线电话天线的天线。 More specifically, the antenna may be used similar to a conventional cellular radiotelephone antenna.

[0105] 因此,参考图15,可以使用单个射频(RF)链,它包括低通滤波器1522、上变频器152½和下变频器15Mb、本地振荡器(LO) 1526、低噪声放大器(LNA) 1528、功率放大器(PA) 1532、带通滤波器1534和天线1536。 [0105] Thus, with reference to FIG. 15, a single radio frequency (RF) chain, which comprises a low-pass filter 1522, an up-converter and down converter 15Mb 152½, a local oscillator (LO) 1526, a low noise amplifier (LNA) 1528, a power amplifier (PA) 1532, a band-pass filter 1534 and the antenna 1536. 可以使用单个基带处理器1542,包括模数转换器(A/D)1M4、数模转换器(D/A) 1546和人机接口(MMI)巧48。 You may use a single baseband processor 1542, including analog to digital converter (A / D) 1M4, digital to analog converter (D / A) 1546, and a human machine interface (MMI) 48 clever. 可以提供可选的蓝牙接口。 It can provide an optional Bluetooth interface. 专用集成电路(ASIC) 15M可以在其上包括随机存取存储器(RAM) 1556、只读存储器(ROM) 1558、 微处理器(μ P) 1562、用于辅助地面通信的逻辑(ATC逻辑)1564和用于基于空间的通信的逻辑(空间部分逻辑或SS逻辑)1566。 Application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) 15M may include random access memory (RAM) 1556, read only memory (ROM) 1558, a microprocessor (μ P) 1562 thereon, ancillary terrestrial communication logic (ATC logic) 1564 and communication based on the logical space (or a part of the logical space SS logic) 1566. SS逻辑1566可以用于适应在和高于蜂窝或PCS的只有卫星才有的要求,例如只有卫星才有的声码器、卫星前向纠错编码方案、只有卫星才有的交错器等。 SS logic 1566 may be used to accommodate the requirements and have only satellites than cellular or PCS, such error correction coding scheme, the only satellites have only satellites have interleaver before vocoder, satellites. 然而,该增加的门数可以不增加ASIC 15M的成本。 However, this may increase the number of gates without increasing the cost of ASIC 15M.

[0106] 根据本发明的其它实施例,可以适当地使基于空间的部件形成所需的尺寸,这样无线电话没有必要使用大的天线1536或当处于卫星模式时没有必要辐射比处于地面模式时的任何更多的功率。 [0106] According to other embodiments of the present invention, it may be suitably formed to a desired size of the space-based component, so that there is no need to use the radio telephone antenna 1536 or not when in the satellite mode when necessary in ground mode radiation than any more power. 适当级别的链路健壮性可以经由点射束增益获得,点射束增益可以由比较大的卫星天线和/或其它技术来提供。 Appropriate level of robustness can be obtained via links point beam gain, gain spot beams may be provided by a relatively large satellite antennas and / or other techniques. 这可以不止补偿卫星链路健壮性的若干dB的下降(当从无线电话除去大的卫星天线和/或使用单个天线用于地面通信和卫星通信时, 这种情况可能出现)。 This can more than compensate for the decline of several dB satellite link robustness (when large satellite radiotelephone antenna is removed and / or for terrestrial and satellite communications, this situation may arise from the use of a single antenna). 因此,可以提供单个模式和单个频带的无线电话,它们可以在单个频带和单个空间接口上与基于空间的部件和辅助地面网络通信。 Thus, it is possible to provide a single mode and a single band radio telephone, which may be on a single frequency band and a single air interface member and the ancillary terrestrial network and space-based communications.

[0107] f^^^rn /多It式卫星.于ϋ申言系统及方法的集合辐射Iii率控泡丨 [0107] f ^^^ rn / Multi It satellite. Iii radiation rate set in the system and method of controlling foam Shu ϋ Prophesying

[0108] 马上将描述根据本发明其它实施例的多频带/多模式卫星无线电话通信系统及方法。 [0108] Immediately other multi-band / multi-mode satellite embodiment of the present invention, a wireless telephone communication system and method described.

[0109] 具体地,参考图18,卫星无线电话系统包括基于空间的部件1610,它配置成与多部无线电话在多个频带和/或多个空中接口上通信。 [0109] In particular, with reference to FIG. 18, the satellite radiotelephone system comprising a space-based component 1610 that is configured to communicate with a wireless telephone in multiple or a plurality of frequency bands and / or multiple air interfaces. 使用多个频带和/或空中接口的链路在图18中标记为1880a-1880f,尽管将理解可以使用更少的或更多的频带/空中接口。 Using a plurality of frequency bands and / or air interface link labeled 1880a-1880f in FIG. 18, although it will be appreciated that the use of fewer or more frequency bands / air interface. 辅助地面网络(ATN) 1850配置成地面上与多部无线电话在基本上多个频带和/或基本上多个空中接口通信。 Ancillary Terrestrial Network (ATN) 1850 configured to substantially a plurality of frequency bands and / or substantially more air interface communicating with multiple ground radiotelephone. 将理解的是,在图18中,示出5个辅助地面部件(ATC) 185h-1852f,尽管在辅助地面网络1850中可以采用更少的或更多的辅助地面部件。 It will be appreciated that, in FIG. 18, five are shown ancillary terrestrial component (ATC) 185h-1852f, ​​although fewer or more may be employed in the ancillary terrestrial components in the ancillary terrestrial network 1850. 如已经描述的,还可以提供卫星网关1660 和PDN/PSTN 1810。 As already described, it can also provide satellite gateways 1660 and PDN / PSTN 1810.

[0110] 仍参考图18,提供了集合辐射功率控制器1820,它配置成将多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 [0110] Still referring to Figure 18, a set of radiation power controller 1820, which is configured to limit multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power. 在一些实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制多个同频无线电话,以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 In some embodiments, the set of the radiation power controller configured to control a plurality of same frequency wireless telephone, so as to limit the frequency with a plurality of radio telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power. 如在此所用的,“同频”意味着无线电话使用的是相同的载频,即使它们使用的是不同的TDMA时隙(不同的TDMA信道)或使用的是不同的CDMA扩频码(不同的CDMA信道)。 As used herein, a "same frequency" means a radio telephone using the same carrier frequency, even though they use different TDMA slots (TDMA channel different), or using a different CDMA spreading code (different CDMA channel). 因此,可以继续遵守辅助地面网络1850的辐射要求,即使辅助地面网络1850采用了多个频带和/或空中接口。 Accordingly, the ancillary terrestrial network may continue to comply with emission requirements in 1850, even if the ancillary terrestrial network 1850 uses a plurality of frequency bands and / or air interface. 将理解的是,集合辐射功率控制器1820可以作为独立部件、作为网关1660的一部分和/或作为卫星无线电话系统和/或ATN的另一部件的一部分来提供。 It will be understood that the radiated power controller 1820 may be set as a separate component, as part of the gateway 1660 and / or as a satellite radiotelephone system and / or another component part provided ATN.

[0111] 在本发明的一些实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器1820配置成允许对与其通信的基本上所有的ATN和/或基本上所有的无线电话控制。 [0111] In some embodiments of the present invention, the set radiation power controller 1820 is configured to substantially all of the ATN and / or substantially all of the control allows wireless telephone communication therewith. 然而,在本发明的其它实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器1820配置成将多部无线电话的子集的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 However, in other embodiments of the present invention, the set radiation power controller 1820 is configured to limit the radiated power set multiple wireless telephone subset to the maximum aggregate radiated power. 例如,在一些实施例中,多个频带包括第一频带和第二频带,而多部无线电话的子集包括地面上与辅助地面网络在基本上第一频带上通信的无线电话。 For example, in some embodiments, the plurality of frequency bands comprising a first and second frequency bands, and multiple radio telephone subset of the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a wireless telephone communication on the ground substantially in the first frequency band. 在一些实施例中,第一频带包括L频带的频率,在一些实施例中,第二频带包括S频带的频率。 In some embodiments, a first frequency band comprising L-band, in some embodiments, the second frequency band comprises the S band. 在其它实施例中, 第一频带包括L频带的频率,它们基本上在无线电地平线间(inter-radio-horizon)被另一系统充分使用,而第二频带包括L频带的频率,它们基本上在无线电地平线间没有被另一系统充分使用。 In other embodiments, the first band comprising L-band frequencies, they are substantially (inter-radio-horizon) is used between the radio horizon sufficiently another system, and the second band includes an L-band frequencies, which are substantially another system is not sufficiently used between the radio horizon. 在这些实施例中,第二频带还可包括S频带的频率。 In these embodiments, the second frequency band may further comprise S-band.

[0112] 因此,在一些实施例中,只有ATN的第一子集和/或与其通信的无线电话可以受集合辐射功率控制,而ATN的第二子集和/或与其通信的无线电话不必受集合辐射功率控制。 [0112] Thus, in some embodiments, only the first radio telephone subset ATN and / or may be in communication with a collection of radiation by the power control, the wireless telephone ATN second subset and / or by communicating therewith need not set control radiated power. 例如,地面上辐射的L频带的频率可能潜在引起对另一系统的干扰,并且可以受集合辐射功率功率。 For example, L-band frequency radiation on the ground may potentially cause interference to the other system, and may be set by the power radiated power. 相反,根据本发明的实施例,没有基本上在无线电地平线间被另一系统充分使用的S频带的频率和L频带的频率可能不会潜在引起对另一系统的干扰,并因此可以不受集合辐射功率控制。 In contrast, according to embodiments of the present invention, the L-band frequency and a frequency band are not substantially S between the radio horizon is sufficiently used another potential might not cause interference to another system, and thus can not set radiated power control.

[0113] 更具体地,包括ATN 1850的移动卫星系统(MSS)可以在其覆盖区使用多于一个的空中接口协议向端用户提供话音和/或数据业务。 [0113] More specifically, ATN 1850 including a mobile satellite system (MSS) in its coverage area may be used more than one air interface protocol providing voice and / or data services to end users. 已知US无线电话通信市场目前的分裂及潜在的未来不确定性,可能希望系统能够经由若干空中接口协议向端用户提供业务。 Known US wireless telephone communication market is currently split and potential future uncertainties that may want the system to be able to provide services to end users via a number of air interface protocol. 目前,可以通过iDEN、GSM和Cdma2000向US市场提供服务,但是其它新兴标准,例如W-CDMA 和/或0FDM/0FDMA,可以用在将来。 Currently, it can iDEN, GSM and Cdma2000 provide services to the US market, but other emerging standards such as W-CDMA and / or 0FDM / 0FDMA, can be used in the future. 适合于多个目前标准(空中接口协议)并且还可以适应未来(目前预期的或目前没有的)技术的系统体系结构可以提供增加的灵活性。 More suited to the current standard (air interface protocol) and can also adapt to the future (or current expectations currently do not have) system architecture technology can provide increased flexibility.

[0114] 图18示出用于ATN的可能的展开方案。 [0114] FIG. 18 shows a possible scheme for the deployment of ATN. 如所示,可以通过ATC185h-1852f (它们使用不同的空中接口协议)为不同的和/或重叠的地理区域服务。 As shown, by ATC185h-1852f (they use different air interface protocols) different and / or overlapping geographical area. 卫星1610能够传输多个协议到卫星网关1660/传输来自卫星网关1660的多个协议,在卫星网关1660中不同的收发信机单元集可以与处理不同的空中接口波形相关联。 Satellite 1610 can be transmitted to a plurality of satellite gateways 1660 protocols / protocol transmissions from a plurality of satellite gateways 1660, 1660 at the satellite gateway machine unit sets a different channel transceiver can handle different air interfaces and associated waveforms. 无线电话可以包含集成的收发信机,它能够经由卫星1610或经由至少一个ATC 1852并可能在其它PCS/蜂窝频带上根据例如可能与其它无线运营商建立的业务关系通信。 Wireless telephone may comprise an integrated transceiver, it is possible via a satellite 1610 or via at least one ATC 1852 and possibly on other PCS / cellular band communication, for example, according to the business relationship may be established with other wireless carriers. 无线电话收发信机的卫星/ATN部分可以利用基本上相同的空中接口协议以经由卫星1610或经由至少一个ATC 1852通信。 Satellite radiotelephone transceiver / ATN portion may use substantially the same air interface protocol via the at least one ATC 1852 or 1610 via a communication satellite. 通过增加集成化水平和对用于卫星模式和ATN模式的硬件和软件的重用,该方法可以减小或最小化收发信机的尺寸、重量和/或制造成本。 By increasing the level of integration and reuse of hardware and software for the ATN mode and satellite mode, the method may be reduced or the size, weight and / or minimizing the manufacturing cost of the transceiver.

[0115] 在本发明的一些实施例中,ATN可以基于CDMA空中接口协议,而不产生任何大于联邦通信委员会关于基于GSM的ATN的规则的干扰电位。 [0115] In some embodiments of the present invention, it may be based on ATN CDMA air interface protocol, without any interference potential is greater than the Federal Communications Commission on GSM-based rules of ATN. 参见,提出规则制定的报告和规则及通知FCC03-15,即2GHz频带、L频带和1. 6/2. 4频带中的移动卫星服务提供商提供通信的灵活性,IB案号01-185(于2003年1月四日通过,于2003年2月10日公布),此后称作“FCC 03-15”。 See proposed rulemaking and reporting and notification rules FCC03-15, that is 2GHz frequency band, L-band and 1 6/2. 4 bands mobile satellite communications service provider flexibility, IB Docket No. 01-185 ( January 24, 2003 through to February 10, 2003 announcement), hereinafter referred to as "FCC 03-15". 因此,ATN或它的ATC中的任何一个使用的技术可以是不相关的,只要控制集合同频发射级,以免超出在FCC 03-15中考虑的特定GSM系统委员会提出的极限。 Therefore, ATN or any of its ATC a technique used may be irrelevant, as long as the control set contract frequency emission level, so as not to exceed the limits of a particular GSM system, the Commission considered in the proposed FCC 03-15. 照这样,ATN 1850可以开发成与多个空中接口协议同时作用,只要ATN 1850遵守由委员会提出的集合辐射功率谱密度极限(即,-53+101og(l, 725) dBW/Hz)。 As such, ATN 1850 can be developed to act simultaneously with multiple air interface protocols, as long as a set of compliance ATN 1850 proposed by the Commission radiated power spectral density limit (i.e., -53 + 101og (l, 725) dBW / Hz).

[0116] 在FCC 03-15中,委员会允许US ATN对GSM载波的1,725倍的地面重用,该GSM 载波还由MSS用于卫星通信。 [0116] In FCC 03-15, the Commission allowed US ATN 1,725 ​​times of GSM carrier ground reuse the GSM carrier is also used by a satellite communications MSS. ATC返回链路上的单个满载GSM载波可以向空间发射最大为-53dBW/Hz的功率谱密度,该载波是从若干部无线电话(多至八部)辐射到基站的。 ATC return a single GSM carrier loaded on the forward link may be transmitted a maximum / Hz of the power spectral density -53dBW the space, if the carrier is radiated from the radio telephone CADRE (up to eight parts) to the base station. 因此,可以从1,725个同信道满载的返回链路GSM载波发射到空间的最大集合功率谱密度为-53+101og(1725) ^-20. 64dBW/Hz0 这基于OdBW 的GSM 无线电话峰值EIRP,与FCC03-15 的分析一致。 Thus, a full return from 1,725 ​​GSM co-channel carrier links to the maximum aggregate transmit power spectral density space is -53 + 101og (1725) ^ -20. 64dBW / Hz0 This GSM-based wireless telephone of the peak EIRP OdBW , consistent with the analysis of FCC03-15. 就是委员会得出的该最大集合功率谱密度(由对ATN的最大允许US范围的频率重用在返回链路上产生)可能潜在地提高Inmarsat的卫星接收机的噪声层差不多0. 7%。 Is set Committee reached the maximum power spectral density (ATN by the maximum allowable frequency range US reuse generated on the return link) noise level could potentially increase the Inmarsat satellite receiver almost 0.7%.

[0117] CDMA返回链路码(用户)的最大EIRP可以是-IOdBW,并且可以在占用1.25MHz 的带宽的载波上传输,根据例如cdma2000空中接口标准。 [0117] CDMA return link code (user) may be a maximum EIRP -IOdBW, and may occupy the transmission bandwidth of 1.25MHz carrier, for example, in accordance with cdma2000 air interface standard. 因此,-IO-IOlog(1,250,000)〜 -70. 97dBff/Hz的功率谱密度可以由在ATC返回链路上操作的单个CDMA码(用户)发射到空间中。 Thus, -IO-IOlog (1,250,000) ~ -70. 97dBff / Hz power spectral density may be transmitted by the ATC return link operation in a single CDMA code (the user) into the space. 如上所述,允许的最大集合功率谱密度极限-20. 64dBff/Hz可以因此容纳大约10[(70. 97-20.64)/10] ^丨0 7,894个同信道返回链路的⑶獻码。 As described above, the maximum allowed power spectral density set limits -20. 64dBff / Hz may thus receive approximately 10 [(70. 97-20.64) / 10] 0 ^ Shu 7,894 with a return channel link ⑶ offer code . 对于ATN返回链路,该结果可用 For ATN return link, the results are available

于建立纯GSMATN与纯⑶MA ATN之间的等价关系。 To establish equivalence between the pure GSMATN pure ⑶MA ATN.

[0118] 因此,从集合返回链路干扰功率谱密度的角度来看,ATN对GSM载波的1,725倍的US范围的频率重用可以看作等价于在给定的1.25MHz的CDMA载波上发送US范围的大约107,894个码(用户)。 [0118] Thus, return link interference power spectral density from a set angle of view, the ATN 1,725 ​​times the frequency of the GSM carrier reuse may range US considered equivalent to a given CDMA carrier in the 1.25MHz transmitting the range of about 107,894 US codes (users). 用户的数量一般小于或等于码的数量,因为可分配给用户多于一个的码以提高可靠性和/或数据传输速率。 Usually the number of users equal to or less than the number of codes, since the user can be assigned to more than one code to improve reliability and / or data transmission rate. 所述的等价是基于假定为OdBW的GSM的峰值返回链路EIRP的,而CDMA码的峰值返回链路EIRP假定为-lOdBW。 The equivalents are based on the assumption of the peak EIRP of the return link of the GSM OdBW, while the peak EIRP of the return link CDMA code is assumed to -lOdBW.

[0119] 可以在单个活动的(发送)GSM时隙(用户)与多个活动的CDMA码(用户)之间建立数学等价,GSM时隙在峰值EIRP即OdBW上发送,而多个活动的CDMA码各自在峰值EIRP即-IOdBW上发送。 [0119] may be a single active (transmitting) a mathematical equivalence between the GSM time slot (user) and a plurality of active CDMA codes (users), GSM time slots sent on the peak EIRP i.e. OdBW, and a plurality of active each CDMA code that is transmitted at a peak EIRP -IOdBW. 这种关系可以允许展开包含GSM和CDMA两种技术的ATN,并且允许两者之间的容量的潜在波动,并且从集合返回链路干扰功率谱密度电位(potential)的观点来看,等价于委员会在FCC 03-15中提出的纯GSM系统。 This relationship may allow for expanded view ATN comprising GSM and CDMA technologies, and allow potential fluctuation capacity therebetween, and return link interference power spectral density of the potential (potential) from the set point of view, it is equivalent to pure Committee in the GSM system in FCC 03-15.

[0120] 具体地,根据FCC 03-15,在给定GSM载波上有1,725X8 = 13,800个GSM时隙(用户)(在ATN(US范围的)可以是活动的),同时维持到达Inmarsat卫星接收机的噪声电位增加0. Ί%。 [0120] Specifically, according to FCC 03-15, there are a GSM timeslots 1,725X8 = 13,800 (users) (the ATN (US range) may be active) on a given carrier GSM, Inmarsat reach while maintaining satellite receiver noise increases the potential 0. Ί%. 在上面示出,从集合上行链路功率谱密度干扰电位的观点来看,这等价于大约107,894个码(用户)在给定1. 25MHz的CDMA载波(US范围的)上传输。 Shown above, the potential interference from a viewpoint set the uplink power spectral density of view, this is equivalent to about 107,894 codes (user) transmitted in a given CDMA carrier 1. 25MHz (US range) on. 因此,一个活动的同频GSM时隙(用户)等于大约107,894/13800〜7. 8184个活动的同频CDMA码(用户)。 Thus, an activity of the same frequency GSM time slot (user) is equal to about 107,894 / 13800~7. 8184 active same frequency CDMA code (user). 因此,可用于控制遍布美国的同频ATN操作的等式可以是: Thus, the same equations can be used to control the frequency of the ATN operation throughout the United States may be:

[0121] Ngsm+13, 800Ncdma/107, 894 = 13, 800. (1) [0121] Ngsm + 13, 800Ncdma / 107, 894 = 13, 800. (1)

[0122] 在等式(1)中,Ncsm表示活动的同频GSM时隙(用户)的数量而Ncdma代表活动的同频CDMA码(用户)的数量。 [0122] In Equation (1), Ncsm represents the same number of GSM frequency slots (user) while the number of activities with the representative pilot Ncdma CDMA code (user) activities. 在一些实施例中,Ngsm个GSM时隙至少部分与Nqma个CDMA 码同频。 In some embodiments, Ngsm a GSM time slot at least partially Nqma a CDMA code same frequency. 因为有6个不同的GSM载波,它们可以与单个1. 25MHz带宽的CDMA载波同频,所以,13,800Ncdma/107, 894的同样量,同频CDMA载波加载将耗尽全部6个相应(与CDMA载波同频)的GSM载波的US范围的容量。 Because there are six different GSM carriers, which may be the same frequency with a single 1. 25MHz bandwidth CDMA carrier, so that the same amount 13,800Ncdma / 107, 894, and CDMA carrier frequency with load corresponding to exhaustion of all 6 (with US CDMA carrier capacity of the same frequency range) of the GSM carriers. 基于上述内容,可以看出,在并且只有在等式(1)基本满足的条件下,US范围的ATN网络(配置成同时支持GSM和cdma2000话务量)可以遵守委员会的上行链路干扰约束(对例如Inmarsa的影响不超过0. 7% Δ Τ/Τ)。 Based on the foregoing, it can be seen, and only under the conditions substantially satisfied equation (1), US range ATN network (configured to support both GSM and cdma2000 traffic) uplink interference can be constrained to comply with the Commission ( Effect Inmarsa, for example no more than 0. 7% Δ Τ / Τ). 通过基本根据等式(1)分配这类ATN中的总同频话务量,MSS/ATN运营商可以遵守。 Such dispensing ATN same frequency in the total traffic, MSS / ATN operator can observe the basic equation (1).

[0123] 如先前讨论的,满载GSM返回链路载波(所有八个时隙都被占用)可以产生-53dBW/Hz的最大EIRP密度电位。 [0123] As previously discussed, the GSM full return link carriers (all eight time slots are in use) may generate a maximum EIRP density potential -53dBW / Hz to. 该结果是基于具有例如OdBi的天线增益并且在200kHz的载波带宽(根据FCC 03-15中FCC的假定)上辐射最大值为OdBW的EIRP的GSM 无线电话/无线终端。 The results are based on, for example, having an antenna gain OdBi 200kHz and the bandwidth of the carrier (in accordance with FCC FCC assumed 03-15) radiation maximum of the EIRP OdBW GSM radio telephone / wireless terminals.

[0124] 可以将具有例如OdBi天线增益的cdma2000ATN无线终端可以限制(故意地)到最大值为例如_9dBW的EIRP,同时使用单个码通信。 [0124] can have, for example OdBi cdma2000ATN wireless terminal antenna gain may be limited (intentionally) to a maximum value, for example, the EIRP _9dBW, while using a single code communication. 已知cdma2000 (IxRTT)的载波带宽为1.25MHz,可以由单个cdma2000返回链路码产生的最大EIRP密度可以为-9-101og(l. 25X IO6) ^ -70dBW/Hz。 Cdma2000 is known (IxRTT) carrier bandwidth of 1.25MHz, the link may return code generated by a single cdma2000 maximum EIRP density may -9-101og (l. 25X IO6) ^ -70dBW / Hz. 因此随后,10[(70_53)/1CI] ^ 50 个同频cdma2000 码可以产生相同的上行链路干扰功率谱密度电位如一个满载GSM载波。 Thus Subsequently, 10 [(70_53) / 1CI] ^ 50 co-frequency code can be generated cdma2000 same uplink interference power spectral density of the GSM full potential as a carrier.

[0125] 对于W-CDMA,具有例如OdBi天线增益的ATN无线终端限制(故意地)到最大值为例如-9dBW的EIRP,同时使用单个码通信。 [0125] For W-CDMA, a wireless terminal having a restricted ATN (intentionally) to a maximum value, for example, the EIRP -9dBW, while using a single code, for example, a communication antenna gain OdBi. 已知W-CDMA的载波带宽为5MHz,这类无线终端可以产生-9-101og(5X106) ^ -76dBff/Hz 的EIRP 密度电位。 Known W-CDMA carrier bandwidth is 5MHz, such wireless terminals may generate -9-101og (5X106) ^ -76dBff / Hz EIRP density of potential. 因此,10[(76-爆0] ^ 200 个同频W-CDMA码可以生成相同的上行链路干扰功率谱密度电位如一个满载GSM载波。 Thus, 10 [(76- 0 explosion] ^ 200 with the W-CDMA pilot codes may generate the same uplink interference power spectral density of the GSM full potential as a carrier.

[0126] 对于可以是基于所有三种技术(GSM、cdma2000和W-CDMA)的ATN,下面的约束等式可用于确定与这三种标准关联的在空中的同频话务量的允许分布: [0126] For all three may be based on technology (GSM, cdma2000, and W-CDMA) of ATN, the following equations can be used to determine the constraints associated with the three criteria in the same frequency allows air traffic distribution:

[0127] N/8+M/50+L/200 = R (2)其中N表示当使用和重用给定GSM 载波时由该载波支持的、ATN范围的同频GSM时隙的数量,M表示当遍布ATN使用和重用单个cdma2000载波时由该载波支持的cdma2000同频码(信道)的数量,L表示当由ATN使用和重用单个W-CDMA载波时该载波上W-CDMA同频码(信道)的数量,以及R表示由FCC授权的纯基于GSM的ATN频率重用。 [0127] N / 8 + M / 50 + L / 200 = R (2) where N denotes the number of GSM with frequency reuse and time slot when using a given carrier supported by the GSM carriers, ATN range, M is when throughout the ATN use and reuse a single cdma2000 carrier of the carrier supports cdma2000 same number of pilot codes (channel), L represents when the ATN use and reuse a single W-CDMA carrier on the carrier W-CDMA with pilot symbol (channel ) number, and R represents a pure authorized by the FCC based ATN GSM frequency reuse. 在一些实施例中,N个GSM时隙、M个cdma2000码和L个W-CDMA码至少部分是同频的。 In some embodiments, N is a GSM time slots, M and L code a cdma2000 a W-CDMA code is at least partially the same frequency. 注意,上述等式可以提供约束,该约束可以施加在同频操作的载波上(根据上述等式分配的ATN范围的话务量的所有这三种载波类型GSM、cdma2000以及W-CDMA可以同频操作)。 Note that the above equation may provide a constraint that can be applied on the same carrier frequency operation (according to all three types of carriers GSM traffic ATN range allocated above equation, cdma2000 and W-CDMA frequencies can be the same operating). 此外,对于纯基于GSM的ATN展开,上述等式简化为N = 8R(M =L = 0),这符合ATN范围的单个GSM载波可以支持的时隙(信道)总数等于授权的频率重用的八倍。 Further, for the pure GSM-based ATN deployment, the above equation simplifies to the total number of single GSM carrier N = 8R (M = L = 0), which may be supported in line with the scope of ATN time slot (channel) equal to the authorized frequency reuse eight times.

[0128] 因为有6个GSM载波,它们可以在单个cdma2000载波占用的带宽中,所以,以M/50 的同样量,cdma2000载波的全国范围的加载(M)可耗尽所有的6个相应(与cdma2000载波同频)的GSM载波的全国范围容量。 [0128] Because there are six GSM carriers, which may be occupied by a single cdma2000 carrier bandwidth, so that the same amount of M / 50, the nationwide carriers loading cdma2000 (M) can be run out of the corresponding 6 ( nationwide capacity cdma2000 same frequency carrier) of the GSM carriers. 类似地,因为有在单个W-CDMA载波占用的带宽内可以存在的25个GSM载波,所以,以L/200的同样量,W-CDMA载波的全国范围的加载(L)可耗尽所有的25个相应(与W-CDMA载波同频)的GSM载波的全国范围容量。 Similarly, because within a single W-CDMA carrier occupied bandwidth may be 25 GSM carriers exist, therefore, in the same amount of L / 200, the W-CDMA nationwide carriers load (L) can be run out of the 25 corresponding to (W-CDMA, the same frequency carrier) capacity nationwide GSM carriers. 由于类似的原因,因为有在W-CDMA载波占用频带上可以容纳(同频)的4个cdma2000载波,所以,以L/4 的同样量,W-CDMA载波的全国范围的加载可耗尽所有的4个相应(与W-CDMA载波同频)的cdma2000载波的全国范围容量。 For similar reasons, because in the W-CDMA carriers occupied band can accommodate (same frequency) of four cdma2000 carriers, so the same amount of L / 4, W-CDMA loading nationwide carriers may run out 4 corresponding to (W-CDMA, the same frequency carrier) nationwide capacity cdma2000 carriers.

[0129] 等式(1)和(2)可以概括如下: [0129] Equation (1) and (2) may be summarized as follows:

Figure CN1799208BD00321

[0131] 其中,Ni是使用给定频带和/或空中接口i的同频活动用户的数量; [0131] where, Ni is the use of a given number of frequency bands and / or air interface with the user active frequency of i;

[0132] Fi是给定频带/空中接口i的对应的等效因数(可以小于、大于或等于1);以及 [0132] Fi is given frequency band / equivalent factor i corresponding air interface (may be less than, greater than or equal to 1); and

[0133] MARP是允许的最大集合辐射功率谱密度的量度。 [0133] MARP was allowed power spectral density maximum aggregate measure radiation.

[0134] 将理解,在FCC 03-15中,与ATN通信的无线终端可以在US范围发射的集合辐射功率谱密度(PSD)可能没有超出-53+lOlog(1725)〜-20. 6dbW/Hz。 [0134] It will be appreciated, a set of radiation power in FCC 03-15, ATN communication with the wireless terminal may transmit in US range spectral density (PSD) may not exceed -53 + lOlog (1725) ~-20. 6dbW / Hz . 为得出该结论,FCC 假定ATN将是基于GSM技术的并且GSM无线终端将能够在同频卫星系统(例如,Inmarsat) 的方向上发射每个载波OdBW的最大(上行链路)的EIRP。 To that conclusion, FCC ATN will be assumed based on GSM technology and GSM wireless terminal capable of transmitting a maximum (uplink) OdBW each carrier frequency in the same direction as satellite systems (e.g., Inmarsat) of EIRP. FCC的结论也是基于ATN中只有50%在US内部的假定。 ATN FCC's conclusion is that only 50% assumed in the interior of the US-based.

[0135] 如果允许ATN中多于50%在US内部,那么集合辐射US范围的PSD可以更高。 [0135] If the ATN allows more than 50% in the US inside, then set the radiation range US PSD may be higher. 例如,基于US内部的总ATN的80%的展开,集合允许的US范围PSD电位可以增长为-53+101og(2760) ^ -18. 6dbW/Hz。 For example, based on 80% of the total ATN deployed inside the US, set the range of allowable PSD US growth potential may be -53 + 101og (2760) ^ -18. 6dbW / Hz. 在FCC 03-15中,委员会做出结论:与上行链路干扰相关的集合平均信号衰减为M2. 7dB。 In FCC 03-15, the Commission concluded: a set of signals associated with the average uplink interference attenuation M2 7dB.. 该值考虑了由于(a)自由空间传播(188. 7dB)、(b) 在ATN方向上的同频系统卫星天线鉴别(25dB)、(c)室外阻塞(3. ldB)、(d)ATN实施的闭环功率控制(20dB)、(e)低速率声码器的使用(3.5dB)、(f)话音活动(IdB)和(g)同频卫星系统提供的极化鉴别(1.4池)引起的干扰信号的衰减/抑制。 This value is considered due to (a) free space propagation (188. 7dB), (b) co-frequency satellite antenna discrimination system (25dB) in the direction ATN, (c) blocking outdoor (3. ldB), (d) ATN closed loop power control (20dB) of the embodiment, (e) the use of low-rate vocoder (3.5dB), (f) a voice activity (IdB) and (g) the same frequency polarization discrimination satellite systems (1.4 pool) caused It attenuated interfering signal / inhibition. (参见FCC 03-15,附录C2,表2. 1. lC,206页)。 (See FCC 03-15, Appendix C2, Table 2. 1. lC, 206 pages). 由于功率控制引起的干扰信号抑制(20dB)包括由于“范围锥(rangetaper)”引起的2dB和由于结构衰减引起的18dB。 Since the power control signal suppression caused by the interference (20dB) comprises a result of "range cone (rangetaper)" 2dB and caused due to the structure caused by attenuation 18dB. 基于委员会的结论/假定,如在FCC 03-15中规定的,并且假定在US内部展开多达80%的ATN,在同频卫星天线的输入端的集合平均PSD电位可以限制到-18. 6-242. 7 = -261. 3dBW/Hz。 Based on the conclusions of the Commission / assumes, as specified in the FCC 03-15, and up to 80% is assumed to expand in US ATN inside, set the average PSD at the same electric potential input frequency of the satellite antenna may be limited to -18. 6- 242. 7 = -261. 3dBW / Hz.

[0136] 如上所述,根据本发明一些实施例的集合辐射功率控制系统及方法可配置成将多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 [0136] As described above, may be configured to limit multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiation power radiated from a set of power control systems and methods of some embodiments of the present invention. 在上述实施例中,假定ATN在其所有的辅助地面部件上具有相同数量的结构衰减容限和/或返回链路容限,这些辅助地面部件使用给定的频带和/或载频和/或空中接口。 In the above embodiment, it is assumed the same number of structures having ATN attenuation tolerance and / or return link margin, the ancillary terrestrial component using the given frequency band and / or carrier and / or on all of its ancillary terrestrial component air interface. 在该假定下,进行上述的计算。 Under this assumption, the above calculations. 然而,这可能不总是事实。 However, this may not always be true. 更确切地,根据本发明的其它实施例,ATN中的各种ATC可以提供不同的结构衰减容限和/或返回链路容限。 More precisely, according to other embodiments of the present invention, various ATC ATN may provide different structures attenuation tolerance and / or return link margin. 实际上,根据本发明的其它实施例,在各种ATC中可以增加链路容限以允许更大数量的无线终端地面上通信而不会超出最大集合辐射功率。 In fact, according to other embodiments of the present invention, in various ATC link margin may be increased to allow a larger number of wireless communication terminals without exceeding the ground maximum aggregate radiated power. 将提供两个说明性的示例。 The two illustrative examples provided. 在第一示例中,多个cdma2000无线终端与ATN基础结构通信,ATN基础结构提供18dB的结构衰减容限。 In a first example, the wireless terminal and the plurality of cdma2000 ATN communications infrastructure, the infrastructure provides structural ATN 18dB attenuation margin. 在第二示例中,不是所有的ATN基础结构都提供ISdB的结构衰减容限。 In a second example, not all ATN infrastructure provides structural ISdB attenuation margin.

[0137] 因此,在第一示例中,所有cdma2000ATC无线终端与提供ISdB的结构衰减容限的基础结构通信。 [0137] Thus, in the first example, all the wireless terminals cdma2000ATC ISdB attenuation structure provides a communication structure based tolerance. 关于卫星,cdma2000ATN无线终端可以辐射例如最大(空间平均的)EIRP: 每个通信信道(即,每个码;为简单起见,忽略了导频信道消耗的EIRP)-13dBW。 On satellite, cdma2000ATN wireless terminal may, for example, the maximum radiation (spatial average) EIRP: each communication channel (i.e., each code; for simplicity, ignore the pilot channel consumed EIRP) -13dBW. 因此,每个通信信道的无线终端的PSD电位可以为-74dBW/Hz (在无线终端的天线输出端)并且在卫星天线输入端为-74-242. 7 = -316. 7dBW/Hz。 Thus, PSD potential of the wireless terminal in each communication channel may be -74dBW / Hz (at the output of the antenna of the wireless terminal) and a satellite antenna input is -74-242. 7 = -316. 7dBW / Hz. 为在卫星天线的输入端产生允许的PSD 电位-261.3dBW/Hz而同频操作的这类无线终端(通信信道)的数量为10[(3i™3)/i°]= 346,736。 Allowed to generate a potential PSD -261.3dBW / Hz at the input of the satellite antenna with the number of such wireless terminals (communication channel) operation frequency of 10 [(3i ™ 3) / i °] = 346,736. 在一些实施例中,在ATN中可以展开多达七(7)个cdma2000载波。 In some embodiments, the ATN may be expanded up to seven (7) cdma2000 carriers. 因此,基于US的ATN的总空中容量可以为;346,736 X 7 = 2,427, 152个同时的通信信道。 Thus, based on the total capacity of the air may be ATN, US; 346,736 X 7 = 2,427, 152 communication channels simultaneously. [0138] 在第二示例中,不是所有的无线终端与提供ISdB的结构衰减容限的基础结构通信。 [0138] In a second example, not all wireless terminals and provides structural configuration of the communication ISdB attenuation tolerance basis. 例如,设X、Y和Z表示ATN cdma2000无线终端的US范围的潜在百分比(%),这些无线终端可以与分别提供A、B和CdB的结构衰减容限的ATN基础结构同频通信。 For example, let X, Y and Z represents a percentage of the potential range US CDMA2000 wireless terminal ATN (%), the wireless terminals may be provided respectively A, B and CdB structure tolerance ATN attenuation with frequency communication infrastructure. 因此: therefore:

[0139] X+Y+Z = 100. (4)设L、M 和N 分别表示可以与A类、B类和C类基础结构通信的潜在无线终端的数量,我们可以写为: [0139] X + Y + Z = 100. (4) set L, M and N represents the number of potential wireless terminals Class A, Class B and Class C based communication structure, we can write:

[0140] X = IOOL/ (L+M+N) ,Y = IOOM/(L+M+N),Z = IOON/ (L+M+N). (5)在可以为ATN 无线终端服务的这三种类型/种类的ATN基础结构(如上所述)的条件下,在卫星天线输入端的集合功率谱密度电位(瓦特/Hz)可以是: [0140] X = IOOL / (L + M + N), Y = IOOM / (L + M + N), Z = IOON / (L + M + N). (5) In may serve as ATN wireless terminal under three types / kinds of ATN infrastructure (described above), the set of potential power spectral density (w / Hz) satellite antenna input may be:

[0141] [0141]

Figure CN1799208BD00331

[0142] 在等式(6)中,101og( ο 2)的数值可以例如规定为-74dBW/Hz,而ξ、ζ和ς可以分别表示与这三类无线终端关联的平均集合(功率域)衰减因数,这三类无线终端可以由三类基础结构来服务。 [0142] In Equation (6), 101og (ο 2) may be, for example, a predetermined value is -74dBW / Hz, and ξ, ζ and ς may represent the average of these three set associated with the wireless terminal (power domain), respectively attenuation factor, these three wireless terminal may be served by three infrastructure. 因此,我们可以写为: Therefore, we can write:

[0143] IOlog(I) = -(188. 7+25+3. l+(A+2)+3. 5+1+1. 4) = -(224. 7+A) dB (7) [0143] IOlog (I) = - (. 188 7 + 25 + 3 l + (A + 2) +3 5 + 1 + 1 4...) = - (. 224 7 + A) dB (7)

[0144] 101og( ζ ) =-(188. 7+25+3-1+(B+2)+3. 5+1+1. 4) = -(224. 7+B) dB ;and (8) [0144] 101og (ζ) = - (... 188 7 + 25 + 3-1 + (B + 2) +3 5 + 1 + 1 4) = - (. 224 7 + B) dB; and (8 )

[0145] [0145]

Figure CN1799208BD00332

[0146] 使用等式(5): [0146] using equation (5):

[0147] N = L[(100-X)(ΙΟΟ—Υ—ΧΥ]/100X, and M = 100YL/[(100-Y)(100-Z)-YZ]. (10) 将等式(J)到(10)代入等式(6)并取对数,在受害卫星的平均PSD电位可表示为: [0147] N = L [(100X) (ΙΟΟ-Υ-ΧΥ] / 100X, and M = 100YL / [(100-Y) (100-Z) -YZ]. (10) Equation (J ) to (10) into equation (6) and taking the logarithm of the average potential victim satellite PSD can be expressed as:

[0148] PSD = IOlog (psd) = IOlog ( σ 2)+IOlog (L) [0148] PSD = IOlog (psd) = IOlog (σ 2) + IOlog (L)

[0149] +101Og(10-(22.47+0.1A)+10-(22.47+0 1B) X 100Υ/[(100-Y) (IOO-Z)-YZ] (11) [0149] + 101Og (10- (22.47 + 0.1A) + 10- (22.47 + 0 1B) X 100Υ / [(100-Y) (IOO-Z) -YZ] (11)

[0150] +1(Γ(22·47+0-10 X [ (100-X) (100-Y) -XY] /100X)或 [0150] +1 (Γ (22 · 47 + 0-10 X [(100X) (100-Y) -XY] / 100X) or

[0151] -261. 3 = -74+101og(L) [0151] -261. 3 = -74 + 101og (L)

[0152] +IOlog (10-(22.47+0.1A)+10-(22.47+0.1B) X IOOY/ [ (100-Y (100-Z) -YZ] (12) [0152] + IOlog (10- (22.47 + 0.1A) + 10- (22.47 + 0.1B) X IOOY / [(100-Y (100-Z) -YZ] (12)

[0153] +1(T(22·47+0-10 X [ (100-X) (100-Y) _XY] /100X). [0153] +1 (T (22 · 47 + 0-10 X [(100X) (100-Y) _XY] / 100X).

[0154]解得 L: [0154] Solutions have L:

[0155] [=10-18.73-1°80 (13) [0155] [= 10-18.73-1 ° 80 (13)

[0156] 在等式13中,第二项指数“log()”由等式(12)确定。 [0156] In Equation 13, the second index "log ()" (12) determined by the equation. which is

[0157] IogO 三log(10-(22.47+0 1A)+10-(22.47+0 1B) X 100Y/(100-Y) (IOO-Z)-YZ] (14) [0157] IogO three log (10- (22.47 + 0 1A) + 10- (22.47 + 0 1B) X 100Y / (100Y) (IOO-Z) -YZ] (14)

[0158] +1(Γ(22.47+0-10 X [ (100-X) (100-Y) _XY] /100X). [0158] +1 (Γ (22.47 + 0-10 X [(100X) (100-Y) _XY] / 100X).

[0159] 一旦通过等式(13)确定L,那么可以使用等式(5)来确定N和M得值如下: [0159] Once L is determined by equation (13), then use equation (5) to determine the N and M have the following values:

[0160] N = L [ (100-X) (100-Y)-XY]/100X,and M = Y (L + N) / (100-Y) (15) [0160] N = L [(100X) (100-Y) -XY] / 100X, and M = Y (L + N) / (100-Y) (15)

[0161] 下表给出了说明性的数值结果: [0161] The following table shows illustrative numerical results:

[0162]表χ(%)/ A(dB) Y(% )/ B(dB) Z(% )/ C(dB) L M N L+M+N (L+M+N)X7100/18 0/18 0/18 346' 736 0 0 346' 736 2,427, 15260/22 30/12 10/6 68, 859 34' 439 11, 499 114, 797 803,57930/18 60/12 10/6 24,349 48,685 8,108 81, 142 567' 994 [0162] Table χ (%) / A (dB) Y (%) / B (dB) Z (%) / C (dB) LMN L + M + N (L + M + N) X7100 / 18 0/18 0/18 346 '73600346' 736 2,427, 15260/22 30/12 68 10/6 859 34 '43 911, 499 114, 797 803,57930 / 18 60/12 10/6 24,349 48,685 8,108 81, 142 567 '994

[0163] 因此,上述的第二示例可以提供等式(3)附加的实施例,其中,Ni表示在给定频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的公共(第i个)结构衰减容限的条件下操作的同频信道的数量,Fi表示相应的等效因数,对于给定频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的公共(第i个)结构衰减容限,该因数可以小于、大于或等于1,而MARP是最大集合辐射功率即最大集合辐射功率谱密度(PSD)的量度。 [0163] Thus, the above-described second example may be provided in Equation (3) an additional embodiment, where, Ni represents the given frequency band and / or carrier and / or a common air interface (i-th) receiving damping structure the number of co-channel operating under conditions limit, Fi represents the corresponding equivalent factor for a given frequency band and / or carrier and / or air interface of the public (i-th) structural attenuation margin, the factor may be less than , greater than or equal to 1, and set the maximum radiated power MARP i.e. maximum aggregate radiated power spectral density (PSD) measure.

[0164] 在本发明的一些实施例中,ATN可配置成维护一列基础结构部件(即基站和/或基站群)并且将结构衰减容限(SAM)的量度与每个基础结构部件关联。 [0164] In some embodiments of the present invention, ATN may be configured to maintain a basic structural component (i.e., a base station and / or base groups) and the structure of the attenuation margin (SAM) is a measure associated with each infrastructure components. 基于无线终端的登记步骤和/或其它手段,ATN还可配置成知道每个活动(正在发射(on-the-air))的无线终端通信的基础结构部件。 Infrastructure components wireless terminals based on the wireless terminal registration step and / or other means, ATN may also be configured to know of each event (being transmitted (on-the-air)) is. 因此,ATN可配置成将SAM与每个活动的移动终端关联并且可因此配置成确定Σ JpscOi的值,其中,psd表示在卫星的功率谱密度并且可以在活动(空中)的无线终端的整体上进行求和,这些无线终端在ATN中同频操作(即,共用ATN频带和/或子频带的全部或部分)。 Therefore, the ATN may be configured to SAM associated with each active mobile terminal and may thus be configured to determine the value of Σ JpscOi, wherein, psd represents the entire wireless terminal in a satellite power spectral density and may be active (air) of summing, in ATN wireless terminals operating in the same frequency (i.e., all or part of the common frequency band ATN and / or sub-bands). 在本发明的一些实施例中,对于第i个同频无线终端,可确定数值(Psd)i的值为: In some embodiments of the present invention, the same frequency for the i th wireless terminal may determine a value (Psd is) is the i:

[0165] (PSd)i= !oDogiP^W^IogCaM (16) [0165] (PSd) i =! ODogiP ^ W ^ IogCaM (16)

[0166] 其中,数值IOlog(Pi)可表示在卫星方向上的最大EIRP的量度,该最大EIRP可以由第i个活动(空中)的无线终端产生(例如,对于GSM是-4dBW、对于cdma2000和/或W-CDMA是-13dBW)。 [0166] wherein the value IOlog (Pi) may represent a measure of the maximum EIRP in the direction of the satellite, the maximum EIRP may be generated by the i-th event (air) wireless terminals (e.g., for GSM is -4dBW, and for cdma2000 / or W-CDMA is -13dBW). BWi可以表示第i个活动终端辐射的载波占用的带宽的量度(例如,对于GSM 是200KHz、对于cdma2000 是1. 25MHz 和/ 或对于W-CDMA 是5MHz),并且IOlog ( α ^ 可以表示可存在于第i个无线终端与卫星之间的集合信号衰减的量度。 BWi may represent the i-th active terminals measure the radiation bandwidth occupied by the carrier (e.g., for GSM is 200KHz, for cdma2000 is 1. 25MHz, and / or is 5MHz for the W-CDMA), and IOlog (α ^ may be represented by the presence of measure signal attenuation between the set of the i th wireless terminal and the satellite.

[0167] 数值IOlog(Cii)可以另外表示为IOlog(Cii) = -(L+SAMD dB,其中,L定义为集合信号衰减电位的量度,包括,例如(a)自由空间传播(即188. 7dB)、(b)同频卫星天线鉴别(即25dB)、(c)室外阻塞(即3. IdB)、(d)由于范围锥引起的ATN功率控制(即2dB)、(e) 低速率声码器的效果(即3. 5dB)、(f)话音活动的效果(即IdB)和(g)同频卫星天线提供的极化鉴别(即1. 4dB)。(参见FCC03-15附录C2、表2. 1. 1. C ;206页)。SAMi可以表示基础结构部件(即基站和/或基站群)提供的结构衰减容限的量度,第i个活动同频终端与该基础结构部件通信。SAMi的典型值可以是,例如分别用于密集城区、城区、子城区和乡村基础结构部件的22dB、18dB、12dB和6dB。 [0167] NUMERICAL IOlog (Cii) can further be expressed as IOlog (Cii) = - (L + SAMD dB, where, L is defined as the set of potential signal attenuation measurements, including, for example, (a) the free space propagation (i.e., 188. 7dB ), (b) co-frequency satellite antenna discrimination (i.e. 25dB), (c) blocking outdoor (i.e. 3. IdB), (d) Since the taper induced ATN power control range (i.e. 2dB), (e) a low-rate vocoder effects (i.e. 3. 5dB), (f) effect of voice activity (i.e., IdB), and (g) the same frequency provided by the satellite antenna polarization discrimination (i.e., 1. 4dB). (see Appendix FCC03-15 C2, table 2. 1. 1. C; 206 this page) may represent .sami infrastructure components (i.e., base stations and / or base station group) to provide a measure of tolerance attenuation structure, activities with the i-th band terminals communicate with the base member structure. typical values ​​SAMi may be, for example, are used in dense urban, urban, sub-urban and rural infrastructure components of 22dB, 18dB, 12dB and 6dB.

[0168] 因此,在本发明的一些实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制多个同频无线终端,以根据下式将多个无线终端的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率: [0168] Thus, in some embodiments of the present invention, the set radiation power controller configured to control the plurality of wireless terminals the same frequency, the following formula will limit the radiated power set to a plurality of wireless terminals according to the maximum aggregate radiated power:

[0169] ^(psd), =MARP5 (17) [0169] ^ (psd), = MARP5 (17)

34[0170] 其中(psd) 1是在卫星的辐射功率谱密度的量度而MARP是允许的最大集合辐射功 34 [0170] wherein (psd) 1 is in the satellite radiated power spectral density is a measure of the maximum allowable set MARP radiated power

率的量度。 Measurement rate. 在一些实施例中根据,psd是按照(psdflOP—fwfMY来确定的;其中, In accordance with some embodiments, psd accordance with (psdflOP-fwfMY determined; wherein,

IOlog(Pi)表示由第i个无线终端在卫星方向上的最大辐射功率的量度,Bffi表示第i个无线终端辐射的载波占用的带宽,而101og(a》表示第i个无线终端与卫星之间的信号衰减的量度(dB)。 IOlog (Pi) is represented by a measure of the maximum radiated power of the i-th radio terminal in the direction of the satellite, Bffi denotes the i th radio terminal radiation-carriers occupied bandwidth, 101og (a "denotes the i th wireless terminal and the satellites of measure signal attenuation between (dB).

[0171] ATN可以确定数值Σ JpscOi的值和/或其另一量度(如需要的话),并且可以响应于接近、等于或超出阈值的Σ i (psd) i的值和/或其另一量度来控制辅助地面网络和/或一个或多个无线终端以将集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 [0171] ATN may determine the value of the value Σ JpscOi and / or other metrics (if desired), and in response to the proximity, equals or exceeds the threshold value Σ i (psd) i and / or other metrics to control the ancillary terrestrial network and / or one or more wireless terminals to set limits to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power.

[0172] 许多技术可以用于限制集合辐射功率。 [0172] Many techniques may be used to limit the collection of radiated power. 例如,在一些实施例中,一个或多个同频无线终端可以被命令来1)利用低速率声码器和/或2、降低信息传输速率和/或幻使用其它可用的可能不是与关于数值Σ JpscOi (即没有超过最大集合辐射功率的频率)和/或其另一量度的资源同频的ATN或非ATN资源。 For example, in some embodiments, the one or more wireless terminals may be the same frequency command 1) with a low rate vocoder and / or 2, reducing the information transmission rate and / or phantom may not use the other available values ​​with respect to Σ JpscOi (i.e., does not exceed the frequency of the maximum aggregate radiated power) and / or resources of another measure ATN or ATN same frequency resources. 因此,在一些实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过降低至少一个无线终端的声码器速率和/或通过减少至少一个无线终端的信息传输速率和/或通过控制至少一个无线终端使用未超出最大集合辐射功率的频率通信来控制多个无线终端,以将多个同频无线终端的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 Thus, in some embodiments, the controller is configured to set the power radiated by reducing the vocoder rate of at least one wireless terminal and / or at least one information transmission rate of the wireless terminal and / or by controlling the at least one wireless terminal is not used by reducing frequency communications exceeding the maximum aggregate radiated power to control the plurality of radio terminals, a plurality of the same frequency to the set of wireless terminals is limited to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power.

[0173] 根据本发明的各种实施例,许多不同的技术还可用于确定控制哪个无线终端和/ 或哪部分辅助地面网络来减小集合辐射功率。 [0173] According to various embodiments of the present invention, a number of different techniques can be used to determine which wireless terminal and / or which part of the ancillary terrestrial network to reduce the set of control radiation power. 因此,在一些实施例中,如上所述,至少一个无线终端被选择和控制,以减小集合辐射功率。 Thus, in some embodiments, as described above, the at least one wireless terminal is selected and controlled to reduce the radiation power collection. 其它实施例中在低结构衰减容限条件下的或一些实施例中在最低结构衰减容限条件下因此以较高的级别辐射的至少一个无线终端可以根据上述任一实施例来控制。 In other embodiments, the structure of the low attenuation tolerant condition or some embodiments the at least one wireless terminal embodiment therefore higher radiation level at the lowest attenuation structure tolerant condition may be controlled in any preceding embodiment.

[0174] 此外,在其它实施例中,可以基于它使用的频带和/或载频和/或空中接口来选择无线终端,这样如果给定的频带和/或载频和/或空中接口超出希望的最大集合辐射功率, 那么可以控制使用那个频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的一个或多个无线终端。 [0174] Further, in other embodiments, may be based on the band and / or carrier and / or air interface it uses to select a radio terminal, so that if a given frequency band and / or carrier and / or air interface exceeds the desired the maximum aggregate radiated power, you can control the use of the frequency band and / or carrier and / or one or more wireless terminals air interface. 因此,在一些实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过控制与ATN在超出频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的最大集合辐射功率的那个频带和/或载频和/或空中接口上通信的至少一个无线终端来控制多个无线终端,以将用于该频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的多个无线终端的集合辐射功率限制到该频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的最大集合辐射功率。 Thus, in some embodiments, the set of the radiation power controller configured to control the band beyond the ATN and / or the carrier frequency and / or air interface that maximum aggregate band radiation power and / or carrier and / or air interface the at least one wireless communication terminal to control the plurality of wireless terminals to be used for the frequency band and / or a set of a plurality of wireless terminals radiation power carrier frequency and / or air interface is limited to the frequency band and / or carrier and / the maximum radiated power or a set of air interface. 因此可以观测到用于给定频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的先验辐射功率定额。 Thus a given band can be observed and / or carrier and / or air interface for fixed prior to the radiation power.

[0175] 在仍是本发明的其它实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制辅助地面网络本身,即地面基础结构,从而减少至少一个无线终端的辐射功率。 [0175] In still other embodiments of the present invention, the set controller configured to control the radiated power ancillary terrestrial network itself, i.e., the ground infrastructure, thus reducing the radiation power of the at least one wireless terminal. 具体地,在一些实施例中,集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过至少两个辅助地面部件和/或通过辅助地面部件和至少一个辅助天线系统来分集结合从至少一个无线终端接收的信号,从而减少这至少一个无线终端的辐射功率。 In particular, in some embodiments, radiation power controller is configured to set at least two ancillary terrestrial components and / or signals received from the at least one wireless terminal through diversity combining ancillary terrestrial component and at least one auxiliary antenna system, thereby reducing the at least one radiation power of the wireless terminal. ATN基础结构部件的链路容限和/或结构衰减容限可以因此而增加。 Link margin and / or structural member ATN infrastructure attenuation tolerances can thus be increased.

[0176] 更具体地,根据委员会对由ATN的对同信道卫星系统的干扰电位的分析,在返回 [0176] More specifically, according to analysis by the interference potential of the Committee on the same channel of the satellite system ATN, in return

链路上的ATN基础结构部件提供的结构衰减容限可以增加或最大化。 ATN infrastructure attenuation structure member provided on the link margin may be increased or maximized. 增加或最大化该参数 Increase or maximize the parameter

可能对ATN允许的频率重用和/或同频通信信道的数量有直接的影响。 May have a direct impact on the frequency reuse allows ATN and / or the number of co-frequency communication channels. 根据本发明的一些 According to some embodiments of the invention

实施例,对于给定的ATN无线终端的最大EIRP,通过增加在基础结构部件的ATN塔上的接 Embodiment, the maximum EIRP for a given wireless terminal ATN, by increasing the base connected to the ATN tower structure component

收天线元件的数量和/或通过配置至少一些接收天线元件来在多个空间正交的范围上操 The number of receiving antenna elements and / or the number of operations are run by the receiving antenna elements arranged in at least a plurality of orthogonal spatial range

作,可以增加返回链路上的基础结构部件可用的容限。 As can be increased on the return link infrastructure components available margin. 该方法可产生能够在前向链路上提供Φ(1Β的结构衰减容限而在返回链路上提供Ψ(1Β的结构衰减容限的基础结构部件,其中Ψ彡Φ。在Ψ —⑴的极限中,无线终端的EIRP接近于零并且对同频卫星接收机的干扰电位也接近于零。照这样,频率重用和/或同频通信信道的数量可以增加。 The method may be generated to provide the forward link can be [Phi] (Structure 1Β attenuation margin [Psi] is provided on the return link (infrastructure structure 1Β damping component tolerances, wherein [Psi] San Φ. In the Ψ -⑴ in the limit, the wireless terminal EIRP is close to zero and the potential for interference with the satellite receiver has a frequency close to zero. in this manner, frequency reuse, and / or may increase the frequency with the number of communication channels.

[0177] 图19是根据本发明实施例的系统及方法的示意图,其中图18的集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制图19的辅助地面网络以通过至少两个辅助地面部件和/或通过辅助地面部件和至少一个辅助天线系统来分集结合从至少一个无线终端接收的信号,从而减少这至少一个无线终端的辐射功率。 [0177] FIG. 19 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a system and method of the present invention, wherein the set of radiation power controller 18 configured to control the ancillary terrestrial network 19 through at least two ancillary terrestrial components and / or by ancillary terrestrial member and at least one auxiliary antenna system diversity combining signals received from the at least one wireless terminal, thereby reducing the radiation power of the at least one wireless terminal. 此外,根据本发明的其它实施例,图19的实施例可用于独立于集合辐射功率控制器来增加包括ATN的卫星无线终端系统的链路容限。 Further, according to other embodiments of the present invention, the embodiment of FIG 19 may be set independently of the radiation power controller to increase the link margin systems include satellite wireless terminal of ATN.

[0178] 现在参考图19,辅助地面网络1850包括多个辅助地面部件,图19中示为第一辅助地面部件1900a和第二辅助地面部件1900b,它们都与定义各自小区1920a、1920b的区域上的至少一个无线终端1930通信。 The 1850 more ancillary terrestrial components, which are regions [0178] Referring now to Figure 19 the ancillary terrestrial network comprises, as shown in FIG. 19 a first ancillary terrestrial component and a second ancillary terrestrial component 1900a and 1900b defined in each cell 1920a, 1920b of at least one wireless communication terminal 1930.

[0179] 还参考图19,第一ATC 1900a塔配置有一个或多个发射天线和/或一个或多个接收天线。 [0179] Referring also to FIG. 19, a first ATC 1900a column configured with one or multiple transmit antennas and / or one or more receive antennas. 如前所述,基础结构部件中至少一些包括发射机和/或接收机天线的元件可用于多于一个的空间范围内。 As described above, at least some of the basic structural component comprises a transmitter and / or receiver antenna elements may be used within a range of more than one space. 此外,第二ATC 1900b塔可配置有一个或多个发射天线和/或一个或多个接收天线,其中至少一些天线元件用于多于一个的空间范围内。 Further, the second column ATC 1900b may be configured with one or multiple transmit antennas and / or one or more receiving antennas, wherein at least some of the antenna elements within the space for more than one. 包括图19中说明性基础结构部件的第一ATC 1900a和第二ATC 1900b可以是相邻的ATC。 19 illustratively includes a base member of FIG first configuration and the second ATC 1900a ATC 1900b may be adjacent ATC. 可以包括基础结构部件的ATC的整体中的每个ATC可以具有关联的小区1920a、1920b,该小区定义了小区边缘,在其内部,ATC配置成为至少一个无线终端1930服务。 Cell may comprise the infrastructure of each member of the entire ATC ATC may have associated 1920a, 1920b, the cell defines a cell edge, in its interior, ATC arranged into at least one wireless terminal 1930 service. 可接近至少两个相邻的ATC的小区边界/边缘的无线终端,如图19所示,可以由至少两个相邻的ATC 1900a、1900b同时服务。 The wireless terminal is accessible at least two adjacent ATC cells of boundary / edge, 19, it may be composed of at least two adjacent ATC 1900a, 1900b serve both.

[0180] 因此,包括至少两个相邻的ATC的基础结构部件,如图19所示,可配置成利用每个ATC的一个或多个天线元件来接收和处理无线终端的传输,这可以增加返回链路的健壮性和/或可用的返回链路容限。 [0180] Accordingly, comprising at least two adjacent basic structural components of the ATC, 19, may be configured to receive and process transmissions of wireless terminals with each ATC one or more antenna elements, which may increase the return link robustness and / or the available return link margin. 例如,如图19所示,第二基站1900b的基站处理器1930可配置用于前向传输,该传输从无线终端1930到第一基站1900a的分集接收机1902、经由地面有线和/或无线链路1940、在第二基站1900b接收。 For example, as shown in FIG. 19, the second base station 1900b of the base station processor 1930 may be configured to transmit to the former, the diversity transmission from the first base station to the radio terminal 1930 1900a 1902 receiver, via a terrestrial wired and / or wireless link Road 1940, received at the second base station 1900b. 分集接收机1902还可位于(至少部分位于)第一基站1900a之外。 Diversity receiver 1902 may also be located (at least partially located) outside the first base station 1900a. 分集接收机1902可用于结合在第二基站1900b接收的来自无线终端1930的信号和在基站1900a接收的来自无线终端1930的信号,从而增加返回链路的健壮性和/或可用的返回链路容限。 Diversity receiver 1902 may be used in conjunction with a signal from the wireless terminal 1930 1900b of the second base station and the signal received from the wireless terminal 1930 is received by the base station 1900a, thereby increasing the robustness of the return link return and / or link margin available limit. 照这样,可增加由基础结构部件提供的可用的返回链路容限和/或结构衰减容限,经由基础结构部件对无线终端的闭环功率控制有助于无线终端输出功率的下降,从而减小了对同频系统(例如同频卫星系统)的干扰电位。 In this manner, by providing increased infrastructure components available return link margin and / or structural tolerances attenuation, via the infrastructure wireless terminal member of closed loop power control to help decrease the output power of the wireless terminal, thereby reducing potential interference with the frequency of the system (e.g., the same frequency satellite system).

[0181] 根据本发明的其它实施例,为增加或进一步增加可用的返回链路容限和/或返回链路结构衰减容限(这可以通过基础结构部件来提供),可以将至少一个附加的辅助天线系统1910a-1910d设置在小区边缘和包括基础结构部件的至少一个ATC的基站塔之间的区域/空间内。 [0181] According to other embodiments of the present invention, to increase or further increase the available return link margin and / or return link margin attenuation structure (which may be provided by the infrastructure components), you may be at least one additional the auxiliary antenna systems 1910a-1910d is provided in the region / edge of the space between cells and at least one column comprises a base station ATC infrastructure components. 图19示出基础结构部件的每个ATC包括两个辅助天线系统的配置。 Each ATC FIG. 19 shows a basic structural member comprises two auxiliary antenna system configuration. 然而,可以使用更多或更少的辅助天线系统1910a-1910d。 However, more or fewer auxiliary antenna systems 1910a-1910d.

[0182] 仍参考图19,分集接收机1902可配置程接收和处理来自第一ATC 1900a的天线系统、辅助天线系统1910a、辅助天线系统1910b和与第二ATC 1900b关联的基站处理器1930 得到的信号。 [0182] Still referring to FIG. 19, diversity receiver 1902 may be configured to receive and process a first processing of the antenna system ATC 1900a from the auxiliary antenna systems 1910a, 1910b and the auxiliary antenna system associated with a second base station processor 1930 ATC 1900b obtained signal. 从辅助天线系统1910a和/或1910b和/或1910b和/或从ATC塔1900a的天线系统得到的信号可以经由物理连接和/或无线地发送到分集接收机1902。 1902 from the auxiliary antenna system 1910a and / or 1910b and / or 1910b and / or signal derived from the system ATC column 1900a may be transmitted to an antenna via a physical connection and / or wirelessly diversity receivers. 类似地,从辅助天线系统1910c和/或1910d和/或从ATC塔1900b的天线系统得到的信号可以经由物理连接和/或无线地发送到基站处理器1930。 Similarly, from the auxiliary antenna system and / or 1910d and / or may be transmitted via physical connections and / or wirelessly column 1900b 1910c ATC signal obtained from the antenna system to the base station processor 1930.

[0183] 基站处理器1930还可包括分集接收机。 [0183] The processor 1930 may further include a base station diversity receiver. 分集接收机1902和/或基站处理器1930 可配置成根据任何常规的优化和/或子优化性能指标(例如,举例来说,最大比率结合)来结合信号。 Diversity receiver 1902 and / or the base station processor 1930 may be configured to incorporate a signal according to any conventional optimization and / or performance-optimized (e.g., for example, the ratio of the maximum binding). 辅助天线系统1910a-1910d可配置成从无线终端1930接收和/或发射到无线终端1930。 The auxiliary antenna systems 1910a-1910d may be configured to receive from the wireless terminal 1930 and / or transmitted to the wireless terminal 1930. 辅助天线系统配置成发射到无线终端的实施例可以增加基础结构部件的可用前向链路容限和/或前向链路结构衰减容限。 The auxiliary antenna system is configured to transmit to the wireless terminal embodiment can increase the infrastructure currently available restrictor member to link margin and / or forward link structure attenuation capacity.

[0184] 因此,根据本发明的一些实施例的卫星无线终端系统的第一辅助地面部件包括子系统,例如基站塔1900a,它配置成地面上与多个无线终端1930在基本上和无线终端与基于空间的部件通信相同的频带和/或空中接口上通信。 [0184] Accordingly, a first ancillary terrestrial component according to the number of satellites the wireless terminal system according to embodiments of the present invention includes subsystems such as base station tower 1900a, arranged on the floor of which a plurality of wireless terminals and the wireless terminal 1930 and substantially the communication member of the same spatial frequency band and / or air interface communications based. 分集接收机,例如分集接收机1902, 配置成分集结合来自无线电话1930的信号,这些信号由第一辅助地面部件1900a和/或由至少第二地面辅助部件1900b和/或由辅助天线系统1910接收。 Diversity receiver, e.g. 1902, configured for diversity combined signal 1930 from the wireless telephone diversity receiver, the signals from the first ancillary terrestrial component 1900a and / or at least a second ground support member 1900b and / or received by the auxiliary antenna system 1910 . 辅助天线系统可以位于第一小区1920a,例如辅助天线系统1910a、1910b,或可以位于小区之外,例如辅助天线系统1910c、1910d。 The auxiliary antenna may be located in a first cell 1920a system, such as an auxiliary antenna systems 1910a, 1910b, or may be located outside of a cell, such as an auxiliary antenna system 1910c, 1910d. 这些实施例还可用于独立于集合辐射功率控制器的控制来增加链路容限。 These embodiments may also be set independently of the radiation power controller controls to increase the link margin.

[0185] 总之,辅助地面网络可以地面上与多个无线终端在多个频带和/或多个空中接口上通信,而在任何预定频带上的集合辐射功率和/或功率谱密度可以限制到预定最大值。 [0185] In summary, the ancillary terrestrial network can communicate with the ground or in a plurality of wireless terminals over a plurality of frequency bands and / or multiple air interfaces, and the radiated power in any set of a predetermined frequency band and / or power spectral density may be limited to a predetermined maximum.

[0186] 在附图和说明书中,公开了本发明的实施例,以及,尽管采用了特定的术语,但只是从通用和描述的意义上使用它们,而非出于限制的目的,本发明的范围是由以下权利要求阐明的。 [0186] In the drawings and specification, there is disclosed an embodiment of the present invention, and, although specific terms are employed, they are used only from a generic and descriptive sense and not for purposes of limitation, the present invention range is set forth in the following claims.

Claims (123)

  1. 1. 一种卫星无线电话系统,包括:辅助地面网络,其配置成使用多个空中接口协议地面上与多部无线电话通信;以及集合辐射功率控制器,其配置成将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 1. A satellite radiotelephone system comprising: an ancillary terrestrial network that is configured to use a plurality of air interface protocols and multiple terrestrial radiotelephone communications unit; and a set of radiation power controller is configured to use the plurality of air the wireless telephone set of multiple radiation power interface protocol is limited to the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1的系统,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话和/或所述辅助地面网络以将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 2. The system of claim 1, wherein said set of radiation power controller unit configured to control the plurality of wireless phones and / or the ancillary terrestrial network to the plurality of air interface protocols use the multiple wireless phone collection radiated power limit to the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2的系统,其中,所述多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议和CDMA空中接口协议,并且所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话以根据下式将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:Ngsm+13, 800Ncdma/107, 894 = 13,800 ;其中,Ncbm表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量而Nmm表示使用所述CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量。 3. The system of claim 2, wherein the air interface protocol comprises a plurality of GSM air interface protocol, and CDMA air interface protocol, and the set radiation power controller configured to control the use of multiple air interface protocols said multiple radiation power wireless telephone set to the plurality of air interface protocols according to the following formula using the multiple wireless telephone set is limited to a maximum radiation power: Ngsm + 13, 800Ncdma / 107, 894 = 13,800; wherein, Ncbm represents the number using the GSM air interface protocol of the same frequency and time slot number represents the same Nmm using the CDMA air interface protocol of the pilot code.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3的系统,其中,所述NesM个GSM时隙至少部分与所述Nota个CDMA码同频。 The system according to claim 3, wherein said at least partially NesM one GSM timeslot with the Nota a CDMA code same frequency.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2的系统,其中,所述多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议、 cdma2000空中接口协议和W-CDMA空中接口协议,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话以根据下式将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率: 5. The system of claim 2, wherein the air interface protocol comprises a plurality of GSM air interface protocol, cdma2000 air interface protocol, and W-CDMA air interface protocols, the set controller configured to control radiation power of the multi-use a plurality portions of the air interface protocol to the wireless telephone set to the maximum radiation power according to the formula set radiated power portion of the plurality of wireless phones using the plurality of air interface protocols:
    Figure CN1799208BC00021
    其中N表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量,M表示使用所述cdma2000 空中接口协议的同频码的数量,L表示使用所述W-CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量以及R表示授权的基于GSM的频率重用。 Where N represents the number of slots using the same frequency GSM air interface protocol, M is the number of codes using the same frequency cdma2000 air interface protocol, L represents the same frequency code using the W-CDMA air interface protocol of and R represents the number of authorized GSM-based frequency reuse.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5的系统,其中所述N个GSM时隙、所述M个cdma2000码以及所述L 个W-CDMA码至少部分是同频的。 6. The system according to claim 5, wherein said N number of GSM time slots, the M code, and the L cdma2000 W-CDMA code is at least partially the same frequency.
  7. 7.根据权利要求2的系统,其中所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话以根据下式将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率: 7. The system of claim 2, wherein said set of radiation power controller configured to control the usage of the plurality of multiple air interface protocols to the wireless telephone using the formula of the plurality of air interface protocols according to the the radiation power of said set of multiple wireless telephone set is limited to a maximum radiation power:
    Figure CN1799208BC00022
    其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示用于所述给定空中接口协议i的相应的等效因数,它可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 Wherein Ni represents the number given to use the same frequency channel of the air interface protocol i, Fi represents a corresponding equivalent of the given factor i air interface protocol, which may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is the MARP a measure of the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  8. 8.根据权利要求2的系统,其中所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话以根据下式将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示用于所述给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的相应的等效因数,&可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 8. The system of claim 2, wherein said set of radiation power controller configured to control the usage of the plurality of multiple air interface protocols to the wireless telephone using the formula of the plurality of air interface protocols according to the multi-portion of said wireless telephone set is limited to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power: wherein Ni represents the number of use to a given air interface protocol structure of a given attenuating co-channel i of tolerance, Fi denotes an air interface for the given protocol given structure corresponding attenuation margin i equivalent factor, & may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is a measure of the maximum aggregate MARP radiation power.
  9. 9.根据权利要求2的系统,其中所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话以根据下式将使用所述多个空中接口协议的多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率: 9. The system of claim 2, wherein said set of radiation power controller configured to control the air interface using said plurality of multi-protocol wireless telephone unit to the plurality of air interface protocols use according to the formula more a set of restrictions with radiated power frequency wireless phones to the maximum aggregate radiated power:
    Figure CN1799208BC00031
    其中(Psd)i表示在卫星处来自第i个无线电话的辐射功率谱密度的量度,以及MARP是所允许的最大集合辐射功率的量度。 Wherein (Psd is) i represents the i th satellite at the radiotelephone from the power spectral density is a measure of the radiation, and the MARP is a measure of the maximum allowable set of radiation power.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9的系统,其中根据下式确定(Psd)i : 10. The system of claim 9, wherein the determination according to the formula (Psd) i:
    Figure CN1799208BC00032
    其中10lt)g(pi)表示从第i个无线电话朝卫星方向的最大辐射功率的量度,Bffi表示由所述第i个无线电话辐射的载波占用的带宽,以及IO1t5giai)表示所述第i个无线电话与所述卫星之间的信号衰减的量度。 Wherein 10lt) g (pi) represents an i-th satellite radiotelephone direction toward a measure of the maximum radiated power, Bffi represented by the i-th carrier occupied bandwidth radiotelephone radiation and IO1t5giai) represents the i-th measure signal attenuation between the satellite and the wireless telephone.
  11. 11.根据权利要求2的系统,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过控制至少一部选择的无线电话和/或至少一部在低结构衰减容限条件下的无线电话来控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话,以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 11. The system of claim 2, wherein the controller is configured to set the radiation power by controlling at least one selected radio telephone and / or at least one radio telephone attenuation structure at low tolerance condition is controlled using the the wireless telephone of said plurality of multiple air interface protocols, to limit the frequency with a plurality of radio telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power.
  12. 12.根据权利要求2的系统,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过控制至少一部与所述辅助地面网络在超出频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议的最大集合辐射功率的所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议上通信的无线电话来控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话,以将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的集合辐射功率限制到所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的最大集合辐射功率。 12. The system according to claim 2, wherein the controller is configured to set the radiation power by controlling at least one of the ancillary terrestrial network outside the frequency band and / or maximum aggregate radiated power of the carrier frequency and / or air interface protocols the band and / or carrier and / radiotelephone air interface protocol, or to control the communication of the plurality of air interface protocols using multiple wireless telephone unit, to the plurality of air interface protocols use the portions of said plurality of said wireless telephone band and / or carrier and / or collection of the radiation power of the air interface is limited to the frequency band and / or the carrier frequency and / or maximum aggregate radiated power air interface.
  13. 13.根据权利要求2的系统,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的辐射功率、通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的声码器速率、通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的信息传输速率和/或通过控制至少一部使用未超出所述最大集合辐射功率的频率通信的无线电话来控制使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话,以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述最大集合辐射功率。 13. The system according to claim 2, wherein the controller is configured to set radiation power at least by reducing the radiation power of a radio telephone, at least by reducing the rate vocoder of a wireless telephone, by reducing at least one of the radio telephone transmission rate information and / or to control the use of the plurality of air interface protocols used by controlling at least one radio frequency telephone communication with the radiation power does not exceed the maximum aggregate or the multiple wireless telephone, to limit the portion of the plurality of radio telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiation power.
  14. 14.根据权利要求2的系统,其中,所述辅助地面网络包括多个辅助地面部件,并且,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述辅助地面网络以分集结合通过至少两个辅助地面部件和/或通过辅助地面部件以及辅助天线系统从至少一部无线电话接收的信号从而减小所述至少一部无线电话的辐射功率。 14. The system according to claim 2, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a plurality of ancillary terrestrial components, and the set radiation power controller is configured to control the ancillary terrestrial network to at least two diversity combining ancillary terrestrial component and / or to reduce at least one of said at least one radio telephone signal received from the radio telephone via ancillary terrestrial component and the auxiliary antenna radiation power or system.
  15. 15.根据权利要求1的系统,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成将使用所述多个空中接口协议的所述多部无线电话的子集的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 15. The system of claim 1, wherein said set of radiation power controller is configured to use the set of the plurality of the radiation power of the multi-unit air interface protocol of the wireless telephone is limited to a subset of the set of maximum radiation power.
  16. 16.根据权利要求15的系统,其中,所述辅助地面网络还被配置成通过第一频带和第二频带与所述多部无线电话通信,并且所述多部无线电话的子集包括地面上与所述辅助地面网络在所述第一频带上通信的无线电话。 16. The system of claim 15, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network is further configured to first and second frequency bands by the multi-radio telephone communication portion, and the plurality of portion comprises a subset of the wireless telephone on the ground the ancillary terrestrial network and radio telephone communication in the first frequency band.
  17. 17.根据权利要求16的系统,其中,所述第一频带包括L-频带的频率。 17. The system of claim 16, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band L-.
  18. 18.根据权利要求17的系统,其中,所述第二频带包括S-频带的频率。 18. The system of claim 17, wherein said second band comprises a frequency band S-.
  19. 19.根据权利要求16的系统,其中,所述第一频带包括在无线电地平线间被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率,而所述第二频带包括在无线电地平线间未被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率。 19. The system of claim 16, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band between a radio L- horizon used by another system, the second frequency band further comprises a system is not used between the radio horizon L- band of frequencies.
  20. 20.根据权利要求19的系统,其中,所述第二频带还包括S-频带的频率。 20. The system of claim 19, wherein said second frequency band further comprises S- band.
  21. 21.根据权利要求1的系统,还包括网关,并且其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器至少部分位于所述网关、所述辅助地面网络、和/或与所述网关和/或所述辅助地面网络接口连接的独立部件中。 21. The system of claim 1, further comprising a gateway, and wherein the radiation power controller set at least partially within the gateway, the ancillary terrestrial network and / or with the gateway and / or the ancillary terrestrial separate member connected network interface.
  22. 22.根据权利要求1的系统,其中,所述辅助地面网络包括第一部分和第二部分,所述第一部分配置成地面上与第一无线电话在第一空中接口协议上通信,而所述第二部分配置成地面上与第二和/或所述第一无线电话在第二空中接口协议上通信。 22. The system of claim 1, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a first portion and a second portion, the first portion is configured to communicate with the first upper surface on a first radiotelephone air interface protocol, and said second two parts and arranged on the floor and / or the second to the first radiotelephone communications over the second air interface protocol.
  23. 23.根据权利要求1的系统,还包括由所述集合辐射功率控制器控制的多部无线电话。 23. The system of claim 1, further comprising a multi-unit controlled by the wireless telephone set of radiation power controller.
  24. 24. 一种卫星无线电话通信方法,包括:使用多个空中接口协议地面上在辅助地面网络和多部无线电话之间通信;以及将使用多个空中接口协议所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 24. A satellite radiotelephone communications method, comprising: using a plurality of ground communication air interface protocol between the ancillary terrestrial network and multiple wireless telephone; and a plurality of air interface protocols use the radio telephone set multiple radiation power limit to the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  25. 25.根据权利要求M的方法,其中,将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括控制所述多部无线电话和/或所述辅助地面网络,以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 25. The method of claim M, wherein said multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum radiation power of radiation power collection unit comprises a plurality of said control radio telephone and / or the ancillary terrestrial network to the plurality portion of the wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power limit radiation power.
  26. 26.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,所述多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议和CDMA空中接口协议,并且控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括根据下式控制所述多部无线电话:Ngsm+13, 800Ncdma/107, 894 = 13,800 ;其中NesM表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量,而Nmm表示使用所述CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量。 26. The method according to claim 25, wherein the air interface protocol comprises a plurality of GSM air interface protocol, and CDMA air interface protocol, and the control unit of the plurality of the wireless telephone to the wireless telephone set multiple radiated power limit the maximum aggregate radiated power portion comprising a plurality of the radio telephone according to the following control: Ngsm + 13, 800Ncdma / 107, 894 = 13,800; wherein NesM represents the number of slots of the same frequency, using the GSM air interface protocol, and Nmm represents the number of CDMA air interface protocols use the same frequency code.
  27. 27.根据权利要求沈的方法,其中,所述NesMfGSM时隙至少部分与所述Nmm个CDMA 码同频。 27. The method of claim sink, wherein at least the portion of said slot NesMfGSM Nmm a CDMA code same frequency.
  28. 28.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议、 cdma2000空中接口协议和W-CDMA空中接口协议,并且控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括根据下式控制所述多部无线电话:N/8+M/50+L/200 = R ;其中N表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量,M表示使用所述cdma2000 空中接口协议的同频码的数量,L表示使用所述W-CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量,以及R表示授权的基于GSM的频率重用。 28. The method of claim 25, wherein the plurality of air interface protocol comprises a GSM air interface protocol, cdma2000 air interface protocol, and W-CDMA air interface protocol, and controls the wireless telephone unit to the plurality of the multiple wireless telephone a set of radiation power to the maximum radiation power collection portion comprising a plurality of the radio telephone according to the following control: N / 8 + M / 50 + L / 200 = R; where N represents the GSM air interface protocol using the same time-frequency the number of slots, M is the number of the cdma2000 air interface protocols use the same frequency code, L represents the number using the W-CDMA air interface protocol code same frequency, and R represents a GSM authorization based on the frequency reuse.
  29. 29.根据权利要求28的方法,其中,所述N个GSM时隙、所述M个cdma2000码和所述L 个W-CDMA码至少部分是同频的。 29. The method of claim 28, wherein the N GSM time slots, the M code cdma2000 and W-CDMA the L code is at least partly the same frequency.
  30. 30.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率是根据下式进行的:* M^iIi = MARP;w Fi其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示用于所述给定空中接口协议i的相应的等效因数,Fi可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 30. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-control unit of the wireless telephone to the wireless telephone set of multiple radiation power to the maximum radiation power is set according to the following formula: * M ^ iIi = MARP; w Fi wherein Ni represents the number of a given use the same frequency channel of the air interface protocol i, Fi represents a corresponding equivalent of the given factor i, air interface protocol, Fi may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is MARP the measure of the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  31. 31.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率是根据下式进行的:* "N£-^ = marp;i»l其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示所述给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的相应的等效因数,&可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 31. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-control unit of the wireless telephone to the wireless telephone set of multiple radiation power to the maximum radiation power is set according to the following formula: * "N £ - ^ = marp; i »l wherein Ni represents the use of the number of co-channel given air interface protocols given structural damping tolerance of i, Fi indicate corresponding like the given air interface protocol given structural damping tolerance of i efficiency factor, & may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is a measure of the maximum aggregate MARP radiation power.
  32. 32.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率是根据下式进行的:J(Psd)i =MARP;ί=1其中(PSd)i表示在卫星处来自第i个无线电话的辐射功率谱密度的量度,以及MARP是所允许的最大集合辐射功率的量度。 32. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-control to restrict the wireless telephone unit with a plurality of radio telephone set frequency radiation power to a maximum radiation power is set according to the following formula: J (Psd) i = MARP ; ί = 1 wherein (PSd) i represents the i th satellite at the radiotelephone from the power spectral density is a measure of the radiation, and the MARP is a measure of the maximum allowable set of radiation power.
  33. 33.根据权利要求32的方法,其中,根据下式确定(Psd)i :(PSd)i= 10[_严„)];其中10lt)g(pi)表示从第i个无线电话朝卫星方向的最大辐射功率的量度,Bffi表示由所述第i个无线电话辐射的载波占用的带宽,以及IO1t5giai)表示所述第i个无线电话与所述卫星之间的信号衰减的量度。 33. The method according to claim 32, wherein, determined according to (Psd) i: (PSd) i = 10 [_ strict ")]; wherein 10lt) g (pi) denotes the i th satellite radiotelephone toward the direction from a measure of the maximum radiated power, Bffi represents represents a measure of the signal between the i-th satellite radiotelephone with the attenuation by the i-th carrier occupied bandwidth radiotelephone radiation and IO1t5giai).
  34. 34.根据权利要求25的方法,其中控制所述多部无线电话包括控制至少一部选择的无线电话和/或至少一部在最低结构衰减容限条件下的无线电话,以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 34. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-control unit controlling at least one radio telephone comprising a radio telephone to select and / or at least one radio telephone at a minimum tolerance condition of the damping structure, to a plurality of the same frequency wireless phone collection radiated power limit to the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  35. 35.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话包括控制至少一部与所述辅助地面网络在超出频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议的最大集合辐射功率的所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议上通信的无线电话,以将所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的最大集合辐射功率。 35. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-control unit controlling at least one radio telephone comprises the ancillary terrestrial network outside the frequency band and / or the carrier frequency and / or maximum aggregate radiated power of the air interface protocol said band and / or carrier and / or air interface protocol for wireless telephone communication, to the frequency band and / or multi-unit set radiant power wireless telephone carrier frequency and / or air interface is limited to the frequency band and / or carrier and / or air interface of the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  36. 36.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话包括通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的声码器速率和/或通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的信息传输速率和/或控制至少一部使用未超出所述最大集合辐射功率的频率通信的无线电话来减小至少一部所述无线电话的辐射功率,以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述最大集合辐射功率。 36. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-control unit comprises a wireless telephone by reducing the vocoder rate of at least one of the radio telephone and / or reduce the transmission of at least one information by the wireless telephone rate and / or controlling at least one radiotelephone using said maximum aggregate communication frequency radiation power does not exceed at least to reduce the radiation power of a radio telephone to the wireless telephone set of multiple radiant power limit to set the maximum radiation power.
  37. 37.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,所述辅助地面网络包括多个辅助地面部件,并且, 控制所述辅助地面网络包括分集结合通过至少两个辅助地面部件和/或通过辅助地面部件以及辅助天线系统从至少一部无线电话接收的信号从而减小所述至少一部无线电话的辐射功率。 37. The method according to claim 25, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a plurality of ancillary terrestrial components, and controlling the auxiliary diversity combining at least two ancillary terrestrial components and / or by the ancillary terrestrial component and ancillary terrestrial network comprising the antenna system of at least one signal received from a wireless telephone so as to reduce the radiation power of the at least one radio telephone.
  38. 38.根据权利要求M的方法,其中,将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括将所述多部无线电话的子集的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 38. The method of claim M, wherein said multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum radiated power set comprises a set of radiation power radiated power portion of the plurality of radio telephone is limited to a subset of the set of maximum radiation power.
  39. 39.根据权利要求38的方法,其中,所述辅助地面网络还被配置成通过第一频带和第二频带与所述多部无线电话通信,并且,其中所述多部无线电话的子集包括地面上与所述辅助地面网络在所述第一频带上通信的无线电话。 39. The method according to claim 38, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network is further configured to first and second frequency bands to said plurality of wireless telephone communication unit, and wherein the plurality of wireless phones subset comprises terrestrial wireless telephone network communications in the first frequency band on the ground with the auxiliary.
  40. 40.根据权利要求39的方法,其中,所述第一频带包括L-频带的频率。 40. The method according to claim 39, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band L-.
  41. 41.根据权利要求40的方法,其中,所述第二频带包括S-频带的频率。 41. The method according to claim 40, wherein said second band comprises a frequency band S-.
  42. 42.根据权利要求39的方法,其中,所述第一频带包括在无线电地平线间被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率,而所述第二频带包括在无线电地平线间未被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率。 42. The method of claim 39, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band between a radio L- horizon used by another system, the second frequency band further comprises a system is not used between the radio horizon L- band of frequencies.
  43. 43.根据权利要求42的方法,其中,所述第二频带还包括S-频带的频率。 43. The method according to claim 42, wherein said second frequency band further comprises S- band.
  44. 44.根据权利要求25的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话和/或所述辅助地面网络以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率至少部分是在网关、所述辅助地面网络、和/或与所述网关和/或所述辅助地面网络接口连接的独立的部件中进行。 44. The method of claim 25, wherein the control unit of the multi-wireless telephone and / or the ancillary terrestrial network to the multi-part radiation power wireless telephone set to the maximum radiation power is at least partially set in the gateway, the ancillary terrestrial network, and / or with the gateway and / or the auxiliary connecting member separate terrestrial network interface.
  45. 45.根据权利要求M的方法,其中,地面上与所述多部无线电话在所述多个空中接口协议上通信是由辅助地面网络各自的第一和第二部分进行的,所述辅助地面网络各自的第一和第二部分分别配置成地面上与第一无线电话在所述第一空中接口协议上通信,和地面上与所述第二和/或第一无线电话在所述第二空中接口协议上通信。 45. The method of claim M, wherein the ground portion of the plurality of radiotelephone communications are conducted by the ancillary terrestrial network a respective first and second portions in the plurality of air interface protocol, the ancillary terrestrial respective first and second portions are respectively arranged on the ground network and the first wireless telephone on the first air interface communication protocol, and the second ground and / or the first and the second wireless telephone the communication air interface protocol.
  46. 46.根据权利要求45的方法,其中,所述第一部分是由第一无线网络运营商操作而所述第二部分是由第二无线网络运营商操作。 46. ​​The method of claim 45, wherein the first portion is a first wireless network and the operator's second portion is operated by the second wireless network operator.
  47. 47.用于控制卫星无线电话系统的装置,所述卫星无线电话系统包括配置成地面上与所述多部无线电话在所述多个空中接口协议上通信的辅助地面网络,所述装置包括:集合辐射功率控制器,其配置成将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 47. A device for controlling a satellite radiotelephone system, the satellite radiotelephone system includes a configured portion on the floor of said plurality of said plurality of wireless telephone over the air interface protocols ancillary terrestrial communications network, the apparatus comprising: a set of radiation power controller is configured to limit the portion of the plurality of radio telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power.
  48. 48.根据权利要求47的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话和/或所述辅助地面网络以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 48. The apparatus according to claim 47, wherein said set of radiation power controller unit configured to control the plurality of wireless phones and / or the ancillary terrestrial network to limit the multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum radiated power collection radiated power.
  49. 49.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议和CDMA空中接口协议,并且所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话以根据下式将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:Ngsm+13, 800Ncdma/107, 894 = 13,800 ;其中NesM表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量而Nqma表示使用所述CDMA 空中接口协议的同频码的数量。 49. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein the air interface protocol comprises a plurality of GSM air interface protocol, and CDMA air interface protocol, and the set radiation power controller is configured to control the wireless telephone in multiple according to the following formula the multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power limit radiation power: Ngsm + 13, 800Ncdma / 107, 894 = 13,800; wherein NesM represents the same frequency slots used GSM air interface protocols and the number Nqma represents the number of CDMA air interface protocols use the same frequency code.
  50. 50.根据权利要求49的装置,其中,所述Ncbm个GSM时隙至少是部分与所述Nota个CDMA 码同频。 50. The apparatus of claim 49, wherein said at least Ncbm a GSM time slot is a portion of the Nota CDMA code same frequency.
  51. 51.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议、 cdma2000空中接口协议和W-CDMA空中接口协议,并且,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话以根据下式将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:N/8+M/50+L/200 = R ;其中N表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量,M表示使用所述cdma2000 空中接口协议的同频码的数量,L表示使用所述W-CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量,以及R表示授权的基于GSM的频率重用。 51. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein the air interface protocol comprises a plurality of GSM air interface protocol, cdma2000 air interface protocol, and W-CDMA air interface protocols, and the collection of radiant power controller configured to control the multiple wireless phones to limit the following formula multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiation power according to: N / 8 + M / 50 + L / 200 = R; where N represents using the GSM air interface protocols the same number of pilot symbols with the number of frequency slots, M is the number of codes using the same frequency cdma2000 air interface protocol, L represents using the W-CDMA air interface protocol, and R represents a GSM-based authorization frequency reuse.
  52. 52.根据权利要求51的装置,其中,所述N个GSM时隙、所述M个cdma2000码和所述L 个W-CDMA码至少是部分同频的。 52. The apparatus according to claim 51, wherein the N GSM time slots, the M code cdma2000 and W-CDMA the L code is at least partly the same frequency.
  53. 53.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话以根据下式将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:JA- = MARP;ii Fi ·其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示用于所述给定空中接口协议i的相应的等效因数,Fi可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 53. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein said set of radiation power controller is configured to control the multi-wireless telephone unit to limit the following formula multiple wireless telephone set according to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power: JA - = MARP; ii Fi · Ni indication wherein a given number of co-channel air interface protocol of i, Fi represents a corresponding equivalent of the given factor i, air interface protocol, Fi may be less than, greater than or equal 1, and the MARP is a measure of the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  54. 54.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话以根据下式将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:X "NTJ-T1 = MARP;i=l其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示用于所述给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的相应的等效因数,&可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 54. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein said set of radiation power controller is configured to control the wireless telephone unit in accordance with the multi-type to limit the portion of the plurality of radio telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power: X "NTJ-T1 = MARP; i = l where Ni indication given number of air interface protocols in a given structure with the pilot channel attenuation tolerance of i, Fi represents a given air interface protocol of said given attenuation structure corresponding equivalent tolerance factor of i, & may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is a measure of the maximum aggregate MARP radiation power.
  55. 55.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述多部无线电话以根据下式将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率:J(psd); =MARP;i=l其中(psd) i表示在卫星处来自第i个无线电话的辐射功率谱密度的量度,而MARP是所允许的最大集合辐射功率的量度。 55. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein said set of radiation power controller is configured to control the multi-wireless telephone unit to limit the following formula with a plurality of radio telephone set frequency radiation power according to the maximum aggregate radiated power: J (psd); = MARP; i = l where (PSD) i represents the i-th radio telephone from a radiant power spectral density at the satellite measurement, and the MARP is a measure of the maximum allowable set of radiation power.
  56. 56.根据权利要求55的装置,其中,根据下式确定(Psd)i :(PSd)i= IOf10S(P^Wi)+ log(a)];其中10lt)g(pi)表示从第i个无线电话朝卫星方向的最大辐射功率的量度,Bffi表示由所述第i个无线电话辐射的载波占用的带宽,以及IO1t5giai)表示所述第i个无线电话与所述卫星之间的信号衰减的量度。 56. The apparatus according to claim 55, wherein, determined according to (Psd) i: (PSd) i = IOf10S (P ^ Wi) + log (a)]; wherein 10lt) g (pi) represents an i-th toward the direction of the satellite radiotelephone measure of the maximum radiated power, Bffi represented is represented by the i-th carrier occupied bandwidth radiotelephone radiation and IO1t5giai) the i-th signal between the radiotelephone and the satellite attenuated measure.
  57. 57.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过控制至少一部选择的无线电话和/或至少一部在低结构衰减容限条件下的无线电话来控制所述多部无线电话,以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 57. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein the controller is configured to set the radiation power by controlling at least one selected radio telephone and / or at least one radio telephone attenuation structure at low tolerance conditions to control the multiple wireless phones, set to the frequency of radiated power with a plurality of radio telephone set is limited to the maximum radiation power.
  58. 58.根据权利要求的48装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过控制至少一部与所述辅助地面网络在超出频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议的最大集合辐射功率的所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议上通信的无线电话来控制所述多部无线电话,以将所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的最大集合辐射功率。 58.48 apparatus according to claim, wherein the controller is configured to set the radiation power by controlling at least one of the ancillary terrestrial network outside the frequency band and / or carrier and / or air interface protocols maximum aggregate radiated power the band and / or carrier and / or on the air interface protocol or a wireless telephone communication to control the plurality of wireless telephone unit, to the frequency band and / or multi-part carrier and / or air interface of the radio telephone radiated power limit set to the frequency band and / or the carrier frequency and / or maximum aggregate radiated power air interface.
  59. 59.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的辐射功率、通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的声码器速率、通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的信息传输速率和/或通过控制至少一部使用未超出所述最大集合辐射功率的频率通信的无线电话来控制所述多部无线电话,以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述最大集合辐射功率。 59. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein the controller is configured to set radiation power at least by reducing the radiation power of a radio telephone, at least by reducing the rate vocoder of a wireless telephone, by reducing at least one of the radio telephone transmission rate information and / or controlled by the multi-unit controlling at least one radio telephone using radio telephone set does not exceed the maximum frequency of the radiation power of the communication, to the multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum radiated power limit set radiation power.
  60. 60.根据权利要求48的装置,其中,所述辅助地面网络包括多个辅助地面部件,并且, 所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成控制所述辅助地面网络以分集结合通过至少两个辅助地面部件和/或通过辅助地面部件以及辅助天线系统从至少一部无线电话接收的信号从而减小所述至少一部无线电话的辐射功率。 60. The apparatus according to claim 48, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a plurality of ancillary terrestrial components, and the set radiation power controller is configured to control the ancillary terrestrial network to at least two diversity combining ancillary terrestrial component and / or to reduce at least one of said at least one radio telephone signal received from the radio telephone via ancillary terrestrial component and the auxiliary antenna radiation power or system.
  61. 61.根据权利要求47的装置,其中,所述集合辐射功率控制器配置成将所述多部无线电话的子集的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 61. The apparatus according to claim 47, wherein said set of radiation power controller is configured to limit the radiated power of the set of multiple wireless telephone subset to the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  62. 62.根据权利要求61的装置,其中,所述辅助地面网络还被配置成通过第一频带和第二频带与所述多部无线电话通信,并且,所述多部无线电话的子集包括地面上与所述辅助地面网络在所述第一频带上通信的无线电话。 62. The apparatus according to claim 61, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network is further configured to first and second frequency bands with the multiple wireless telephone communication, and the multi-part radio telephone subset comprises ground the ancillary terrestrial network to the wireless telephone communication in the first frequency band.
  63. 63.根据权利要求62的装置,其中,所述第一频带包括L-频带的频率。 63. The apparatus according to claim 62, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band L-.
  64. 64.根据权利要求63的装置,其中,所述第二频带包括S-频带的频率。 64. The apparatus of claim 63, wherein said second band comprises a frequency band S-.
  65. 65.根据权利要求62的装置,其中,所述第一频带包括在无线电地平线间被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率,而所述第二频带包括在无线电地平线间未被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率。 65. The apparatus according to claim 62, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band between a radio L- horizon used by another system, the second frequency band further comprises a system is not used between the radio horizon L- band of frequencies.
  66. 66.根据权利要求65的装置,其中,所述第二频带还包括S-频带的频率。 66. The apparatus according to claim 65, wherein said second frequency band further comprises S- band.
  67. 67.根据权利要求47的装置,其中,所述所述卫星无线电话系统包括网关,并且,所述集合辐射功率控制器至少部分位于所述网关、所述辅助地面网络、和/或与所述网关和/或所述辅助地面网络接口连接的独立部件中。 67. The apparatus according to claim 47, wherein the satellite radiotelephone system includes a gateway, and the radiation power controller set at least partially in the gateway, the ancillary terrestrial network and / or the gateway and / or the auxiliary connecting terrestrial network interface independent member.
  68. 68.根据权利要求47的装置,其中,所述辅助地面网络包括第一部分和第二部分,所述第一部分配置成地面上与第一无线电话在第一空中接口协议上通信,而所述第二部分配置成地面上与第二和/或所述第一无线电话在第二空中接口协议上通信。 68. The apparatus according to claim 47, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a first portion and a second portion, the first portion is configured to communicate with the first upper surface on a first radiotelephone air interface protocol, and said second two parts and arranged on the floor and / or the second to the first radiotelephone communications over the second air interface protocol.
  69. 69.根据权利要求47的装置,还包括由所述集合辐射功率控制器控制的多部无线电话。 69. The apparatus of claim 47, further comprising a multi-unit controlled by the wireless telephone set of radiation power controller.
  70. 70. 一种用于控制卫星无线电话系统的方法,所述卫星无线电话系统包括配置成地面上与所述多部无线电话在所述多个频带和/或所述多个空中接口协议上通信的辅助地面网络,所述方法包括:将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 70. A method for controlling a satellite radiotelephone system, the satellite radiotelephone system comprises a wireless telephone configured to communicate with the ground portion on the plurality of the plurality of frequency bands and / or said plurality of air interface protocols the ancillary terrestrial network, the method comprising: limiting the portion of the plurality of the wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power.
  71. 71.根据权利要求70的方法,其中,将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括控制所述多部无线电话和/或所述辅助地面网络,以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 71. The method according to claim 70, wherein the restriction portion of the plurality of the wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power radiated power comprises controlling the plurality wireless telephone unit and / or the ancillary terrestrial network to the plurality portion of the wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power limit radiation power.
  72. 72.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,所述多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议和CDMA空中接口协议,并且,控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括根据下式控制所述多部无线电话: Ngsm+13, 800Ncdma/107, 894 = 13,800 ;其中NesM表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量,而Nmm表示使用所述CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量。 72. The method according to claim 71, wherein the air interface protocol comprises a plurality of GSM air interface protocol, and CDMA air interface protocol, and the control unit of the plurality of the wireless telephone to the wireless telephone set of multiple radiation power to the maximum radiation power comprising the set of the plurality of the control unit wireless telephone: Ngsm + 13, 800Ncdma / 107, 894 = 13,800; wherein NesM represents the number of slots of the same frequency, using the GSM air interface protocol, Nmm and represents the number of CDMA air interface protocols use the same frequency code.
  73. 73.根据权利要求72的方法,其中,所述NesMfGSM时隙至少部分与所述Nmm个CDMA 码同频。 73. The method according to claim 72, wherein said at least part of the time slot NesMfGSM Nmm a CDMA code same frequency.
  74. 74.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,多个空中接口协议包括GSM空中接口协议、 cdma2000空中接口协议和W-CDMA空中接口协议,并且控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括根据下式控制所述多部无线电话:N/8+M/50+L/200 = R ;其中N表示使用所述GSM空中接口协议的同频时隙的数量,M表示使用所述cdma2000 空中接口协议的同频码的数量,L表示使用所述W-CDMA空中接口协议的同频码的数量,以及R表示授权的基于GSM的频率重用。 74. The method of claim 71, wherein the plurality of air interface protocol comprises a GSM air interface protocol, cdma2000 air interface protocol, and W-CDMA air interface protocol, and controls the wireless telephone unit to the plurality of the multiple wireless telephone a set of radiation power to the maximum radiation power collection portion comprising a plurality of the radio telephone according to the following control: N / 8 + M / 50 + L / 200 = R; where N represents the GSM air interface protocol using the same time-frequency the number of slots, M is the number of the cdma2000 air interface protocols use the same frequency code, L represents the number using the W-CDMA air interface protocol code same frequency, and R represents a GSM authorization based on the frequency reuse.
  75. 75.根据权利要求74的方法,其中,所述N个GSM时隙、所述M个cdma2000码和所述L 个W-CDMA码至少部分是同频的。 75. The method according to claim 74, wherein the N GSM time slots, the M code cdma2000 and W-CDMA the L code is at least partly the same frequency.
  76. 76.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率是根据下式进行的:χ xr^lx = MARP; w Fi其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示用于所述给定空中接口协议i的相应的等效因数,Fi可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 76. The method of claim 71, wherein the multi-control unit of the wireless telephone to the wireless telephone set of multiple radiation power to the maximum radiation power is set according to the following formula: χ xr ^ lx = MARP; w Fi wherein Ni represents the number of a given use the same frequency channel of the air interface protocol i, Fi represents a corresponding equivalent of the given factor i, air interface protocol, Fi may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is MARP the measure of the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  77. 77.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率是根据下式进行的: χ N= MARP;i=i Fi其中Ni表示使用给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的同频信道的数量,Fi表示所述给定空中接口协议的给定结构衰减容限i的相应的等效因数,&可以小于、大于或等于1,以及MARP是所述最大集合辐射功率的量度。 77. The method of claim 71, wherein the multi-control unit of the wireless telephone to limit multiple wireless telephone set to the maximum radiation power radiated power is set according to the following formula: χ N = MARP; i = Ni i where Fi represents the number of co-channel use for a given air interface protocols given configuration of decay margin i, Fi represents the given air interface protocol structure given attenuation factor corresponding equivalent tolerance of i, & may be less than, greater than or equal to 1, and is a measure of the maximum aggregate MARP radiation power.
  78. 78.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率是根据下式进行的:J(Psd)i =MARP;i=l其中(PSd)i表示在卫星处来自第i个无线电话的辐射功率谱密度的量度,以及MARP是所允许的最大集合辐射功率的量度。 78. The method of claim 71, wherein the multi-control unit with a plurality of wireless telephone to the wireless telephone set frequency radiated power to the maximum radiation power is set according to the following formula: J (Psd) i = MARP ; i = l where (PSd) i represents the i th satellite at the radiotelephone from the power spectral density of the radiation in the measurement, and the MARP is a measure of the maximum allowable set of radiation power.
  79. 79.根据权利要求78的方法,其中,根据下式确定(Psd)i : (PSd)i= 10_丨,)+ _丨)]; 其中10lt)g(pi)表示从第i个无线电话朝卫星方向的最大辐射功率的量度,Bffi表示由所述第i个无线电话辐射的载波占用的带宽,以及IO1t5giai)表示所述第i个无线电话与所述卫星之间的信号衰减的量度。 79. The method of claim 78, wherein, determined according to (Psd) i: (PSd) i = 10_ Shu,) + _ Shu)]; wherein 10lt) g (pi) represents an i-th radio telephone the maximum radiation power measurement direction toward the satellite, Bffi represents represents a measure of the signal between the i-th satellite radiotelephone with the attenuation by the i-th carrier occupied bandwidth radiotelephone radiation and IO1t5giai).
  80. 80.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话包括控制至少一部选择的无线电话和/或至少一部在低结构衰减容限条件下的无线电话,以将多个同频无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率。 80. The method of claim 71, wherein the multi-control unit controlling at least one radio telephone comprising a radio telephone to select and / or at least one radio telephone attenuation structure at low tolerance conditions, to a plurality of the same band wireless telephone set of radiated power limit to the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  81. 81.根据权利要求47的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话包括控制至少一部与所述辅助地面网络在超出频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议的最大集合辐射功率的所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口协议上通信的无线电话,以将所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述频带和/或载频和/或空中接口的最大集合辐射功率。 81. The method of claim 47, wherein the multi-control unit controlling at least one radio telephone comprises the ancillary terrestrial network outside the frequency band and / or the carrier frequency and / or maximum aggregate radiated power of the air interface protocol said band and / or carrier and / or air interface protocol for wireless telephone communication, to the frequency band and / or multi-unit set radiant power wireless telephone carrier frequency and / or air interface is limited to the frequency band and / or carrier and / or air interface of the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  82. 82.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,控制所述多部无线电话包括通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的声码器速率和/或通过减小至少一部所述无线电话的信息传输速率和/或控制至少一部使用未超出所述最大集合辐射功率的频率通信的无线电话来减小至少一部所述无线电话的辐射功率,以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到所述最大集合辐射功率。 82. The method of claim 71, wherein the multi-control unit comprises a wireless telephone by reducing the vocoder rate of at least one of the radio telephone and / or by decreasing at least one of the radio telephone transmission of information rate and / or controlling at least one radiotelephone using said maximum aggregate communication frequency radiation power does not exceed at least to reduce the radiation power of a radio telephone to the wireless telephone set of multiple radiant power limit to set the maximum radiation power.
  83. 83.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,所述辅助地面网络包括多个辅助地面部件,并且, 控制所述辅助地面网络包括分集结合通过至少两个辅助地面部件和/或通过辅助地面部件以及辅助天线系统从至少一部无线电话接收的信号从而减小所述至少一部无线电话的辐射功率。 83. The method of claim 71, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a plurality of ancillary terrestrial components, and controlling the ancillary terrestrial network comprises a diversity combining at least two ancillary terrestrial components and / or by the ancillary terrestrial component and an auxiliary the antenna system of at least one signal received from a wireless telephone so as to reduce the radiation power of the at least one radio telephone.
  84. 84.根据权利要求70的方法,其中,将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率包括将所述多部无线电话的子集的集合辐射功率限制最大集合辐射功率。 84. The method according to claim 70, wherein the restriction portion of the plurality of the wireless telephone set to the maximum aggregate radiated power comprises a set of radiation power radiated power portion of said plurality of radio telephone subset limits the maximum aggregate radiated power.
  85. 85.根据权利要求84的方法,其中,所述辅助地面网络还被配置成通过第一频带和第二频带与所述多部无线电话通信,并且,所述多部无线电话的子集包括地面上与所述辅助地面网络在所述第一频带上通信的无线电话。 85. The method according to claim 84, wherein the ancillary terrestrial network is further configured to first and second frequency bands by the wireless telephone communication with the multi-portion, and the multiple radio telephone subset comprises ground the ancillary terrestrial network to the wireless telephone communication in the first frequency band.
  86. 86.根据权利要求85的方法,其中,所述第一频带包括L-频带的频率。 86. The method according to claim 85, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band L-.
  87. 87.根据权利要求86的方法,其中,所述第二频带包括S-频带的频率。 87. The method according to claim 86, wherein said second band comprises a frequency band S-.
  88. 88.根据权利要求85的方法,其中,所述第一频带包括在无线电地平线间被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率,而所述第二频带包括在无线电地平线间未被另一系统使用的L-频带的频率。 88. The method of claim 85, wherein said first band comprises a frequency band between a radio L- horizon used by another system, the second frequency band further comprises a system is not used between the radio horizon L- band of frequencies.
  89. 89.根据权利要求88的方法,其中,所述第二频带还包括S-频带的频率。 89. The method according to claim 88, wherein said second frequency band further comprises S- band.
  90. 90.根据权利要求71的方法,其中,所述卫星无线电话系统包括网关,并且,控制所述多部无线电话和/或所述辅助地面网络以将所述多部无线电话的集合辐射功率限制到最大集合辐射功率至少部分是在所述网关、所述辅助地面网络、和/或与所述网关和/或所述辅助地面网络接口连接的独立的部件中进行。 90. The method according to claim 71, wherein the satellite radiotelephone system includes a gateway, and controls the plural wireless telephone unit and / or the ancillary terrestrial network to the wireless telephone set of the multi-part radiation power limit to set the maximum radiation power is at least partially in the gateway, the ancillary terrestrial network and / or with the gateway and / or the ancillary terrestrial network interface separate component connected.
  91. 91.根据权利要求70的方法,其中,地面上与所述多部无线电话在所述多个空中接口协议上通信是由辅助地面网络各自的第一和第二部分进行的,所述辅助地面网络各自的第一和第二部分分别配置成地面上与第一无线电话在所述第一频带和/或所述第一空中接口协议上通信,和地面上与所述第二和/或第一无线电话在所述第二频带和/或所述第二空中接口协议上通信。 91. The method of claim 70, wherein the ground portion of the plurality of radiotelephone communications are conducted by the ancillary terrestrial network a respective first and second portions in the plurality of air interface protocol, the ancillary terrestrial respective first and second portions are respectively arranged on the ground network and the first wireless telephone in the first frequency band on a communication protocol interface, and the ground and / or the first air and the second and / or the a wireless telephone communication in the second frequency band and / or the second air interface protocol.
  92. 92.根据权利要求91的方法,其中,所述第一部分是由第一无线网络运营商操作而所述第二部分是由第二无线网络运营商操作。 92. The method of claim 91, wherein the first portion is a first wireless network and the operator's second portion is a second wireless network operator's.
  93. 93. 一种无线电话,包括:单射频链路和连接到该链路的单基带处理器,被配置成与使用卫星频带频率和空中接口的、基于空间的系统以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口的地面无线网络进行通 93. A radiotelephone, comprising: a single radio link and connected to a single link of the baseband processor is configured to use the satellite band frequencies and air interface, based on the system and using the satellite frequency band and frequency space the terrestrial wireless network through the air interface
  94. 94.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述单射频链路包括:配置成使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口与所述基于空间的系统进行通信以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口与所述地面无线网络进行通信的共用天线;配置成使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口经由所述共用天线将通信从所述基带处理器发送至所述基于空间的系统以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口经由所述共用天线将通信从所述基带处理器发送至所述地面无线网络的共用发射链路;配置成使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口经由所述共用天线为所述基带处理器接收来自所述基于空间的系统的通信以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口经由所述共用天线为所述基带处理器接收来自所述地面无线网络的通信的共用接收链路。 94. The radiotelephone of claim 93, wherein said single radio frequency link comprising: a system configured to communicate with the space-based communication satellite frequency band and using the frequencies and the usage of the satellite frequency band and over the air interface terrestrial air interface with the wireless communication network shared antenna; configured to use the satellite frequency band and communication over the air interface from the baseband processor to transmit the space-based system and the use of the common antenna via the satellite frequency band and the antenna air interface via the common communication transmitted from the baseband processor to transmit the common terrestrial radio link network; configured to use the satellite frequency band and the common air interface via antenna receiving communications using the satellite frequency band and frequency from the space-based system for the baseband processor and said common air interface via the common antenna receiving terrestrial communications from the wireless network to the baseband processor receive chain.
  95. 95.根据权利要求94的无线电话,其中,所述共用发射链路包括: 响应于所述基带处理器的共用上变频器;和响应于所述共用上变频器的共用功率放大器; 其中,所述共用天线响应于所述共用功率放大器。 95. A radiotelephone according to claim 94, wherein said common transmit link comprises: in response to a common drive to the baseband processor; and a common response to the power amplifier on a common drive; wherein the in response to said common antenna to the common amplifier.
  96. 96.根据权利要求94的无线电话,其中,所述共用接收链路包括: 响应于所述共用天线的共用低噪声放大器;和响应于所述共用低噪声放大器的共用下变频器; 其中,所述基带处理器响应于所述共用下变频器。 96. A radiotelephone according to claim 94, wherein said common receive chain comprising: in response to the common low noise amplifier common antenna; and in response to the common downconverter sharing low noise amplifier; wherein the said common baseband processor in response to the down-converter.
  97. 97.根据权利要求95的无线电话,还包括:连接于所述基带处理器和所述共用上变频器之间的共用低通滤波器;和连接于所述共用功率放大器和所述共用天线之间的共用带通滤波器。 97. The radiotelephone of claim 95, further comprising: a baseband processor connected to said common and the common low-pass filter between the inverter; common and connected to said power amplifier and antenna of the common band-pass filter between common.
  98. 98.根据权利要求96的无线电话,还包括:连接于所述共用天线和所述共用下变频器之间的共用带通通滤波器;和连接于所述共用下变频器和所述基带处理器之间的共用低通滤波器。 98. The radiotelephone of claim 96, further comprising: a common antenna connected to said band and said common shared between all the filter converter; and a common connection to the down-converter and the baseband processor sharing between the low pass filter.
  99. 99.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述基带处理器包括:只有卫星才有的声码器,只有卫星才有的前向纠错编码器和/或只有卫星才有的数字交错器。 99. A radiotelephone according to claim 93, wherein said baseband processor comprising: only satellites have a vocoder, the only satellites have forward error correction encoders and / or have only satellite digital interleaver .
  100. 100.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述基带处理器包括: 共用逻辑和存储器部分;配置成提供地面无线网络通信功能的第一逻辑部分;和配置成提供基于空间的系统的通信功能的第二逻辑部分。 100. A radiotelephone according to claim 93, wherein said baseband processor comprising: a shared memory and a logic portion; a first logic portion configured to provide a terrestrial wireless network communication function; and configured to provide a space-based communication functions of the system of second logic portions.
  101. 101.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述卫星频带包括卫星S频带和/或卫星L频带。 101. A radiotelephone according to claim 93, wherein the satellite frequency band comprises a satellite S band and / or L-band satellite.
  102. 102.根据权利要求94的无线电话,其中,所述共用天线的尺寸与传统的蜂窝/PCS无线电话天线的尺寸类似。 102. A radiotelephone according to claim 94, wherein said common antenna size as the conventional cellular / PCS radiotelephone antenna is similar.
  103. 103.根据权利要求95的无线电话,其中,将所述共用功率放大器和所述共用天线配置成向所述基于空间的系统发送时辐射的最大功率不超过向所述地面无线网络发送时辐射的最大功率。 103. A radiotelephone according to claim 95, wherein said radiation is transmitted to the common terrestrial radio network power amplifier and the common antenna configured to radiate the transmission to the space-based system does not exceed the maximum power Maximum power.
  104. 104.根据权利要求93的无线电话,与所述基于空间的系统和所述地面无线网络结合。 104. A radiotelephone according to claim 93, in combination with the space-based system and the terrestrial wireless network.
  105. 105.根据权利要求94的无线电话,其中,所述共用天线比全球星或铱星无线电话的天线小。 105. A radiotelephone according to claim 94, wherein said common antenna smaller than radiotelephone Iridium or Globalstar antenna.
  106. 106.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述空中接口是时分多址(TDMA)、码分多址(CDMA)、频分多址(FDMA)、正交频分复用(OFDM)、正交频分多址(OFDMA)、频分双工(FDD)和/或时分双工(TDD)空中接口。 106. A radiotelephone according to claim 93, wherein the air interface is a time division multiple access (TDMA), code division multiple access (CDMA), frequency division multiple access (FDMA), orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA), frequency division duplex (FDD) and / or time division duplex (TDD) air interface.
  107. 107.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述单射频链路和与该链路连接的所述单基带处理器配置成在共用地理区域使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口与所述基于空间的系统以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口与所述地面无线网络进行通信。 The single baseband processor 107. The radio telephone according to claim 93, wherein said single radio link connected to the link and configured to use the satellite frequency band and the common air interface based on the geographic region and the space system using the satellite frequency band and frequency, and the air interface with the terrestrial wireless communications network.
  108. 108.根据权利要求93的无线电话,其中,所述单射频链路和与该链路连接的所述单基带处理器也配置成与Ad Hoc短程无线网络进行通信。 108. A radiotelephone according to claim 93, wherein said single radio link and the link connected to said single baseband processor is also configured to communicate with the short range wireless Ad Hoc network.
  109. 109. 一种无线电话操作方法,包括:经由单射频链路和连接到该链路的单基带处理器使用卫星频带频率和空中接口与基于空间的系统通信以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口与地面无线网络通信。 109. A method of operating a wireless telephone, comprising: using a satellite frequency band and over the air interface via a single radio link and the link connected to a single baseband processor based system in communication with the satellite frequency band and using the frequency space and the air interface and terrestrial wireless communications network.
  110. 110.根据权利要求109的方法,其中,所述单射频链路包括:配置成使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口与所述基于空间的系统进行通信以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口与所述地面无线网络进行通信的共用天线;配置成使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口经由所述共用天线将通信从所述基带处理器发送至所述基于空间的系统以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口经由所述共用天线将通信从所述基带处理器发送至所述地面无线网络的共用发射链路;配置成使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口经由所述共用天线为所述基带处理器接收来自所述基于空间的系统的通信以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口经由所述共用天线为所述基带处理器接收来自所述地面无线网络的通信的共用接收链路。 110. The method of claim 109, wherein said single radio frequency link comprising: configured to use the satellite frequency band and a communication air interface and using the satellite frequency band and the frequency of the air for space-based system terrestrial interface and the wireless network to communicate a shared antenna; configured to use the satellite frequency band and communication over the air interface from the baseband processor to send the satellite-based system and using the space via the common antenna and the frequency band of the common air interface via an antenna to communication from the baseband processor to transmit the common terrestrial radio link network; configured to use the satellite frequency band and the common air interface via antenna the baseband processor receives from the space-based communication system using the satellite frequency band and frequency and the common air interface via the common receiving antenna receiving terrestrial communications from the wireless network to the baseband processor link.
  111. 111.根据权利要求110的方法,其中,所述共用发射链路包括: 响应于所述基带处理器的共用上变频器;和响应于所述共用上变频器的共用功率放大器; 其中,所述共用天线响应于所述共用功率放大器。 111. The method of claim 110, wherein said common transmit link comprises: in response to the common drive of the baseband processor; and a response to the common drive of the common amplifier; wherein said a common antenna shared in response to the power amplifier.
  112. 112.根据权利要求110的方法,其中,所述共用接收链路包括: 响应于所述共用天线的共用低噪声放大器;和响应于所述共用低噪声放大器的共用下变频器; 其中,所述基带处理器响应于所述共用下变频器。 112. The method of claim 110, wherein said common receive chain comprising: in response to the common low noise amplifier common antenna; and in response to the common downconverter common low noise amplifier; wherein said the baseband processor in response to the common downconverter.
  113. 113.根据权利要求111的方法,还包括:连接于所述基带处理器和所述共用上变频器之间的共用低通滤波器;和连接于所述共用功率放大器和所述共用天线之间的共用带通滤波器。 113. The method of claim 111, further comprising: a baseband processor connected to said common and the common low-pass filter between the inverter; and connected to the common antenna shared between the power amplifier and common bandpass filter.
  114. 114.根据权利要求112的方法,还包括:连接于所述共用天线和所述共用下变频器之间的共用带通滤波器;和连接于所述共用下变频器和所述基带处理器之间的共用低通滤波器。 114. The method of claim 112, further comprising: connected to said common antenna and the common band pass filter between common downconverter; common and connected to the down-converter and the baseband processor of between the common low-pass filter.
  115. 115.根据权利要求109的方法,其中,所述基带处理器包括:只有卫星才有的声码器,只有卫星才有的前向纠错编码器和/或只有卫星才有的数字交错器。 115. The method of claim 109, wherein said baseband processor comprising: only satellites have a vocoder, the only satellites have forward error correction encoders and / or have only satellite digital interleaver.
  116. 116.根据权利要求109的方法,其中,所述基带处理器包括: 共用逻辑和存储器部分;配置成提供地面无线网络通信功能的第一逻辑部分;和配置成提供基于空间的系统的功能的第二逻辑部分。 116. The method of claim 109, wherein said baseband processor comprising: a shared memory and a logic portion; a first logic portion configured to provide a terrestrial wireless network communication function; and configured to provide functionality of the system based on the space two logical parts.
  117. 117.根据权利要求109的方法,其中,所述卫星频带包括卫星S频带和/或卫星L频市ο 117. The method of claim 109, wherein the satellite frequency band comprises the S-band satellite and / or satellite frequency City ο L
  118. 118.根据权利要求110的方法,其中,所述共用天线的尺寸与传统的蜂窝/PCS无线电话天线的尺寸类似。 118. The method of claim 110, wherein said common antenna size as the conventional cellular / PCS radiotelephone antenna is similar.
  119. 119.根据权利要求111的方法,其中,将所述共用功率放大器和所述共用天线配置成向所述基于空间的系统发送时辐射的最大功率不超过向所述地面无线网络发送时辐射的最大功率。 119. The method of claim 111, wherein said radiation is transmitted to the common terrestrial radio network power amplifier and the common antenna configured to radiate the transmitting space-based system to a maximum power does not exceed the maximum power.
  120. 120.根据权利要求110的方法,其中,所述共用天线比全球星或铱星无线电话的天线 120. The method of claim 110, wherein said common antenna wireless telephone Iridium or Globalstar than antenna
  121. 121.根据权利要求109的方法,其中,所述空中接口是时分多址(TDMA)、码分多址(CDMA)、频分多址(FDMA)、正交频分复用(OFDM)、正交频分多址(OFDMA)、频分双工(FDD)和/或时分双工(TDD)空中接口。 121. The method of claim 109, wherein the air interface is a time division multiple access (TDMA), code division multiple access (CDMA), frequency division multiple access (FDMA), orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), n Orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA), frequency division duplex (FDD) and / or time division duplex (TDD) air interface.
  122. 122.根据权利要求109的方法,其中,通信包括在共用地理区域经由所述单射频链路和连接到该链路的所述单基带处理器使用所述卫星频带频率和空中接口与所述基于空间的系统以及使用所述卫星频带频率和所述空中接口与所述地面无线网络进行通信。 122. The method of claim 109, wherein the communication includes a common geographic area via the use of a single radio link and the link connected to said single baseband frequency band of the satellite-based air interface and space system using the satellite frequency band and frequency, and the air interface with the terrestrial wireless communications network.
  123. 123.根据权利要求109的方法,还包括经由所述单射频链路和连接到该链路的所述单基带处理器与Ad Hoc短程无线网络进行通信。 123. The method of claim 109, further comprising communicating over the single radio link with a single baseband processor coupled to the link with the short range wireless Ad Hoc network.
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