CN1751146B - Method for producing a textile in plain weave and gauze weave and weaving machine for carrying out said method - Google Patents

Method for producing a textile in plain weave and gauze weave and weaving machine for carrying out said method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1751146B
CN1751146B CN 200480004576 CN200480004576A CN1751146B CN 1751146 B CN1751146 B CN 1751146B CN 200480004576 CN200480004576 CN 200480004576 CN 200480004576 A CN200480004576 A CN 200480004576A CN 1751146 B CN1751146 B CN 1751146B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heald
heddle
shank
warp thread
shed open
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Application number
CN 200480004576
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1751146A (en
Inventor
A·瓦霍德
P·丘拉
Original Assignee
林道尔.多尼尔有限责任公司
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Publication date
Priority to DE2003107489 priority Critical patent/DE10307489B3/en
Priority to DE10307489.9 priority
Priority to DE2003134359 priority patent/DE10334359B3/en
Priority to DE10334359.8 priority
Application filed by 林道尔.多尼尔有限责任公司 filed Critical 林道尔.多尼尔有限责任公司
Priority to PCT/DE2004/000293 priority patent/WO2004076729A1/en
Publication of CN1751146A publication Critical patent/CN1751146A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1751146B publication Critical patent/CN1751146B/en

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03CSHEDDING MECHANISMS; PATTERN CARDS OR CHAINS; PUNCHING OF CARDS; DESIGNING PATTERNS
    • D03C7/00Leno or similar shedding mechanisms
    • D03C7/06Mechanisms having eyed needles for moving warp threads from side to side of other warp threads

Abstract

The aim of the invention is to obtain a plain weave and gauze weave in a textile that is to be produced, in one weaving cycle, thus economising in terms of expensive shed-forming elements. To achieve this, according to the invention, the plain weave (16) and gauze weave (15) are formed simultaneously in the textile (9) in one weaving cycle. To form the plain weave (16), the adjacent warp threads (1L,2L) that are used to form the upper shed and lower shed are alternately lifted by the same drop wire/needle shank (4) from the lower shed position into the upper shed position and lowered from theupper shed position into the lower shed position. To form the gauze weave (15), only the warp threads (2D) that form the upper shed are raised in a known manner by the drop wire/needle shank (4) fromthe lower shed position into the upper shed position and lowered from the upper shed position into the lower shed position.

Description

Be used to make the method for plain weave and lace stitch fabric and the loom that is used to implement this method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of method that is used to make fabric, this fabric had both had the plain weave of being made up of weft yarn and warp thread, also had the lace stitch of being made up of weft yarn and warp thread, and a kind of loom that is used to implement this method.

Background technology

DE-PS 360 112 discloses a kind of shank device, is used to make have the fabric that replaces plain weave and lace stitch type.These bars controllably promote, and are promptly undertaken by a dog that is connected with lay sword when the slay backhaul.Plain weave can be made by alternately rising of these bars, and lace stitch can be made by the rising successively of same bar under being displaced sideways of bar.Play the strand shed open for forming leno, side direction moves a bar commonly used under the closing the shed situation of pass, thereby the warp thread of this bar can outwards guide by needle point and the warp thread that is used for another bar of shank.If now with second bar, just the warp thread of bar commonly used promotes by the shank of its needle point guiding, forms leno so and plays the strand shed open.Being displaced sideways of warp thread gets a promotion under the plain weave shed open situation forming; The lifting of bar evenly hockets.From having the alternately fabric of plain weave and lace stitch for constituting leno strand shed open and the formed process of plain weave shed open as can be seen, can making, that is to say, can at first on fabric, constitute plain weave, then constitute lace stitch.Not open how in a woven circulation, just beat up and both make the fabric that tabby fabric is also made lace stitch from beating up to.Therefore be not disclosed as yet and on a fabric, make the parts that this class tissue can have simultaneously.DE-PS 646 462 discloses a kind of device with lace stitch and plain weave fabric that is used to make, and this device in one plane has two overlapping grillings up and down.Grilling is controlled independently of one another, has this possibility thus, promptly changes tissue like this at the loom run duration, makes it can realize plain weave again after one or more lace stitch.How on a fabric, not constitute plain weave and lace stitch simultaneously and be which mechanism of its formation use but the document is open.

DE 101 28 538 A1 disclose a kind of loom that is used to make the fabric of being made up of end warp, doup end and weft yarn.How to realize plain weave or lace stitch when fabric is made simultaneously, the document is not open yet.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to, in a woven circulation, save expensive shed open and form mechanism, on the fabric that will make, realize plain weave and lace stitch.

This purpose is achieved by a kind of method and a kind of loom that is used to implement this method.According to method of the present invention, can in a woven circulation, on the fabric that will make, realize plain weave and lace stitch simultaneously.At this in the solution of the present invention, for constituting plain weave, the warp thread adjacent one another are that is used to constitute bottom shed open and top shed open alternately or is risen in the position of top shed open by the position of same heddle (heald) shank from the bottom shed open with changing, and returns conversely in the position of bottom shed open.Constituting the tabby while, utilizing same heddle (heald) shank to constitute lace stitch, and be such formation, making it only promote the warp thread that is used to constitute the leno surface in known mode own.

Play strand during shed open promoting plain weave and leno basically, as known per se, at least one weft yarn is thrown in this shed open.Therefore this weft yarn of throwing a spear beats up on the fabric limit.Along with beating up of at least one weft yarn, the second heddle (heald) shank that promotes the warp thread be used to constitute the top shed open enters in the shed open position, bottom by shed closed.The traversed by that moves towards of the first heddle (heald) shank and warp thread moves simultaneously, thereby the warp thread that imports in the first heddle (heald) shank is back and forth traversing with the warp thread associated side that imports in the second heddle (heald) shank.When the warp thread side direction is traversing, the warp thread of realizing plain weave top shed open before this forms plain weave bottom shed open now, and the warp thread of original plain weave bottom shed open is used to form new plain weave top shed open, and the original warp thread that is used to constitute leno top shed open simultaneously is reused for and constitutes leno top shed open.Adopt the above-mentioned operation principle of the first and second heddle (heald) shanks in a woven circulation, can realize plain weave and lace stitch simultaneously.For example as bandage under the light-duty hospital gauze material situation woven with plain weave, can cancel independent plain weave for constituting fixing fabric limit, because according to method of the present invention, plain weave at least one lace stitch on the bandage fabric edge only utilizes two heddle (heald) shanks to constitute.

For implementation basis method of the present invention provides a kind of loom, this loom has the mechanism that is used to constitute shed open, is used for the weft yarn input being constituted the mechanism in the shed open and being used for dropping into the mechanism that the weft yarn in the shed open is beating up on the fabric that will make is beating up the limit.Be used to constitute that the mechanism of shed open is known is made up of one first heddle (heald) shank, it is connected with a transmission device, transmission device can make the first heddle (heald) shank and warp thread traversed by and therefore with the reciprocating motion oscillatorily of fabric plane traversed by.

In addition, the mechanism that is used to constitute shed open is made up of second a heddle (heald) shank adjacent with the first heddle (heald) shank, and it is connected with suitable mechanism, and this mechanism acts on one away from the axle of loom slay axle setting and can not relatively rotate, wherein, this shaft drive is drawn by the slay axle.For on a fabric, making plain weave and lace stitch simultaneously, a definite section that is used to constitute lace stitch according to the present invention at the working width of the first and second heddle (heald) shanks, between intrafascicular per two the rod-type heddle (heald)s of the upper boom bundle that is fixed on the first and second heddle (heald) shanks and lower beam, connect a pin type heddle (heald) that has guide eye away from each other respectively, working width at the first and second heddle (heald) shanks is used to constitute tabby another section, in the first nearest heddle (heald) shank of the slay of distance loom, be arranged side by side the rod-type heddle (heald) of a plurality of each intervals, in the second heddle (heald) shank first heddle (heald) shank or each even number or each odd number rod-type heddle (heald), distribute the what is called shoulder formula heddle (heald) that has single face or two-sided shoulder for described rod-type heddle (heald).In another program of the present invention, shoulder formula heddle (heald) is made up of the flat main body that is preferably metal of longitudinal extension, the present invention of this main body basis has first and second of lateral protrusions and takes on a position of its longitudinal extension, alternately warp thread is also imported in the position of bottom shed open from the position of top shed open conversely from shed open importing top, the bottom shed open of weaving with warp thread piggyback for constituting the plain weave shed open.In this regard, shoulder can have unique moulding; Therefore shoulder can have low-lying depression position so that can promote reliably and the warp thread that descends, the face that shoulder carries warp thread can be the plane and with the angle of angle α≤90 of longitudinal extension (longitudinal axis of shoulder formula heddle (heald)) °.

The shoulder of projection can be by being connected with the main body of longitudinal extension and folded angle β<180 ° with unclamping.But each shoulder formula heddle (heald) also can be formed by having from the longitudinal extension flat body of the shoulder of the flat position projection of main body with second main body of the first polygonal mirror main body picture symmetry.Two main bodys connect in the upper and lower bar bundle of heddle (heald) shank then like this, make these main bodys form the shoulder formula heddle (heald) that has shoulder away from each other.

In another program of the present invention, for constituting tabby fabric, the first heddle (heald) shank, be that each even number of heddle (heald) shank of horizontal movement or the rod-type heddle (heald) of each odd number also can have shoulder formula heddle (heald) with the fabric flat transverse just, it has at least one one-sided shoulder and is used to grip the plain weave warp thread that does not participate in constituting the top shed open.At this, the shoulder that shoulder formula heddle (heald) grips this plain weave warp thread roughly constitutes on the plane of the first heddle (heald) shank pin type heddle (heald) guide eye.In preferred embodiment, shoulder constitutes in the mode in unlimited downwards low-lying shape gap.In contrast, the shoulder of second heddle (heald) shank shoulder formula heddle (heald) constitutes a kind of gap of the low-lying shape that is open upwards.In another program of the present invention, shoulder formula heddle (heald) constitutes as the flat main body that is preferably metal of longitudinal extension, and it is one-sided to have in the zone of its longitudinal extension and weave the opposite shoulder of usefulness warp thread input direction.Replace shoulder and can have low-lying gap on the corresponding rod-type heddle (heald) in the relevant range of its longitudinal extension.Finish in this shape with pinhock in low-lying gap.In addition, the gap can be different geometry; Key is that relevant warp thread can be held by separately gap in the first heddle (heald) shank rod-type heddle (heald), and is held on its position of predesignating when constituting shed open.

Utilize solution of the present invention can not having the fabric of in a woven circulation, making plain weave and lace stitch on the loom that additional shed open formation machine comprises the heddle (heald) that has steel wire heald and pull device for the first time.Along with the additional heddle (heald) of cancellation, on this class loom, can constitute preceding shed open quickly.At this, the warp thread of bottom shed open is in relative static conditions, thus for example can not produce on the air-jet loom bottom shed open away from the picking passage that in reed, extends under displacement below the sheet nose.

Adopt the sedimentation gripping frame of also advantageously cancelling warp thread in the shed open zone, rear portion according to solution of the present invention; Warp thread clamping in the shed forming device zone is avoided and has been eliminated having the tabby fabric of flaw fully.

Description of drawings

Other effects with advantage of the present invention are from claims and the following examples.

The present invention is described in detail by the embodiment of accompanying drawing below.Wherein:

Fig. 1 illustrates according to the cross section of loom of the present invention and schematic diagram;

Fig. 2 illustrates the perspective view as the heddle (heald) shank of end reed;

Fig. 3 illustrates the conduct perspective view of the heddle (heald) shank of reed oscillatorily;

Fig. 4 illustrates the perspective view of " X " thin portion among Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 illustrates the shoulder formula heddle (heald) front view that has according to Fig. 3 bilateral shoulder;

Fig. 6 illustrates the profile according to Fig. 5 line segment A-A shoulder formula heddle (heald);

Fig. 7 illustrates the formation of takeing on formula heddle (heald) shoulder according to Fig. 5;

Fig. 8 illustrates the shoulder formula heddle (heald) side view that has shoulder according to Fig. 5;

Fig. 9 illustrates the motion process of the first and second heddle (heald) shanks when constituting first leno and plain weave;

Figure 10 illustrates the motion process of the first and second heddle (heald) shanks when constituting second leno and plain weave;

Loom was to the side view according to solution important device of the present invention when the warp thread that Figure 11 illustrates plain weave and lace stitch rose in the shed open position, top;

The warp thread that Figure 12 illustrates plain weave and lace stitch in shed open position, top drops to shed open position, bottom the time according to the loom of Figure 11 to important device according to solution of the present invention;

Figure 13 illustrates the schematic diagram according to Figure 12 lines A-A first and second heddle (heald) shanks, and wherein, the first heddle (heald) shank is the left side opposite location with the fabric flat transverse; And

Figure 14 illustrates the schematic diagram according to Figure 13, and wherein, the first heddle (heald) shank is the right side opposite location vertical with the fabric plane.

The specific embodiment

The loom that Fig. 1 schematically illustrates carries out a kind of motion process, in view of the above first warp thread 1 through sliver LWith 1 DBe in the shed open of bottom, and impel with first and second and carry out horizontal horizontal movement through the input of sliver, and second warp thread 2 through sliver DOnly move vertically in the shed open of upper and lower.Heddle (heald) shank 3 only with through the sliver traversed by moves in view of the above, and heddle (heald) shank 4 is along with warp thread 1 LWith 2 LMoving up and down of the perpendicular that hockets.

Weft yarn is throwed a spear to being installed in the reed 5 on the slay 6 and is carried out with the time interval that constitutes a shed open 7 separately, and just heddle (heald) shank 4 is on its position shown in Figure 1.

Here unshowned weft yarn beats up for example carrying out on a time point on the longitude and latitude intertwined point 8 of fabric 9, on this time point, and warp thread 1 DWith through the input traversed by of sliver or change its position in the horizontal direction.Utilize the fabric of this motion process generation lace stitch 15, also referring to Fig. 9 and 10., in a woven circulation, just beat up according to the present invention, except above-mentioned lace stitch 15, utilize the bar identical also to produce the fabric 9 of plain weave 16, also referring to Fig. 9 and 10 with the desired bar of lace stitch from beating up to.For this reason, heddle (heald) shank 4 is except rod-type heddle (heald) commonly used 10 and have the so-called pin type heddle (heald) 11 of guide eye 11a, also referring to Fig. 3 and 4, also has shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 according to the present invention, it has shoulder 13a, the 14a of bilateral or one-sided setting or formation, and is particularly such shown in Fig. 5-8.According to Fig. 1, the fabric 9 of manufacturing is transported to single roller 19 by fabric workbench 17 and rotaring forward roller 18, arrives cloth beam (not shown) by the jaw between single roller 19 and the hold-down roller 20 by two rotaring forward rollers 21,22 from this list roller, twists in above the cloth beam.The roller of being mentioned is rotatable to be bearing on the frame 23 shown in the part, and this frame is supporting fabrics workbench 17 also.

The transmission device itself that is used for roller is known so further do not illustrate.The back rest (Streichbaum) 24 select between 24a and the heddle (heald) shank 3,4 the zone in warp thread 1 L, 1 DOr 2 L, 2 DPass a warp thread automatic stop arrangement 25, it is at warp thread 1 L, 1 D2 L, 2 DWarp thread 1 when the heddle (heald) 26 of last migration and warp end break L, 1 D2 L, 2 DEqually be easy to approaching from above.The axle that slay 6 utilizes reed 5 oscillatorily to rotatablely move on frame 23 by bearing 27 and swivel bearing, so-called slay axle 28 is fixedly connected, the reciprocating motion that this is used to beat up around its rotating shaft.Slay shaft drive common general knowledge, thus need not to give unnecessary details.

From Fig. 2 and 3 basic structure of heddle (heald) shank 3,4 as can be seen.Heddle (heald) shank 3,4 has a lower beam bundle 29 and a upper boom bundle 30.Two bar Shu Youyi frameworks, so-called heald frame 31 surrounds.Two heddle (heald) shanks 3,4 have a plurality of rod-type heddle (heald)s 10 that are intervally installed, and its end separately is fixed in upper boom bundle and the lower beam bundle 30,29.Can on a fabric 9, constitute plain weave 16 and lace stitch 15 simultaneously as shown in Figures 9 and 10 for making according to method of the present invention, vertically section on according to the present invention separately two side by side rod-type heddle (heald)s 10 between having so-called shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 at heddle (heald) shank 4 at first of machine width degree according to the present invention, and on second vertical section of same heddle (heald) shank 4, between rod-type heddle (heald) 10, have the so-called pin type heddle (heald) 11 of being with guide eye 11a, in Fig. 3 and 4, can be clear that this point.In addition, heddle (heald) shank 3 machine width degree and first vertically section identical second vertically on the section, between two rod-type heddle (heald)s 10 a pin type heddle (heald) 11 that has guide eye 11a is being set separately.The guide eye 11a of the pin type heddle (heald) 11 of two heddle (heald) shanks 3,4 at this away from each other.

Fig. 5 illustrates according to shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 of the present invention.Shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 is here formed with the second single face heddle (heald) 14 that has half shoulder 14a by having the so-called first single face rod-type heddle (heald) 13 of partly takeing on 13a.Two and half shoulder 13a, 14a have low-lying gap as temporary transient warp thread thread-carrier here.

In Fig. 9 and 10, temporarily carry warp thread 1 L, 2 LShoulder be the plane.In Fig. 7, shoulder with angle β≤90 of the longitudinal extension of heddle (heald) 13,14 °, make relevant warp thread 1 L, 2 LPromote and in the shed open of bottom, derive from shoulder reliably to opening reliably.

According to the profile A-A among Fig. 6, two folded angle α<180 of shoulder 13a, 14a ° also have a section chief L at this, and it is got rid of and the contacting of adjacent rod-type heddle (heald) 10 on the one hand, and on the other hand for alternately accepting and take off warp thread 1 L, 2 LBetween shoulder 13a, 14a and adjacent rod-type heddle (heald) 10, there is enough big side direction air-gap.

Fig. 8 illustrates the side view of shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12, and it has warp thread 1 LPerhaps 2 LShoulder 13a, 14a in low-lying gap.

Now introduce to be used to make and have a method that constitutes plain weave and lace stitch fabric simultaneously by Fig. 9 and 10.The heddle (heald) shank 3,4 that Fig. 9 schematically illustrates has the pin type heddle (heald) 11 of rod-type heddle (heald) 10 and band guide eye 11a as the front is introduced in detail.Only heddle (heald) shank 4 also has shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12.Heddle (heald) shank 3 and warp thread 1 L, 1 D2 L, 2 DMove towards the reciprocating motion that traversed by vibrates.Reciprocating motion is by direction arrow 32 expressions.Heddle (heald) shank 4 carries out moving up and down of a kind of perpendicular vibration, as passing through shown in the direction arrow 33.The shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 of heddle (heald) shank 4 and the space between the rod-type heddle (heald) 10 neutralize and penetrate warp thread 1 for constituting plain weave 16 in the space between the rod-type heddle (heald) of heddle (heald) shank 3 on the other hand on the one hand L, 2 LRespectively with a warp thread 1 DPenetrate in the guide eye 11a of heddle (heald) shank 4 each pin type heddle (heald) 11, and respectively with a warp thread 2 DPenetrate in the guide eye 11a of heddle (heald) shank 3 each pin type heddle (heald) 11, to produce lace stitch.

When the direction of the downward double-head arrow 33 of shank 4 bases dropped in the shed open of bottom, it was equivalent to warp thread 1 among Fig. 9 L, 1 DThe position, and heddle (heald) shank 3 is under the situation of transverse movement simultaneously on the direction of dextrad double-head arrow 32, corresponding warp thread 2 LPlace by means of heddle (heald) 10 on the left side shoulder 14a or right shoulder 13a of shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12.Then heddle (heald) shank 4 moves in the position of top shed open from the position of bottom shed open, and warp thread 1 thus LWith 2 LConstitute a tabby shed open.Heddle (heald) shank 4 all warp thread 2 by guide eye 11a guiding DPosition from the bottom shed open moves in the position of top shed open in an identical manner.Thus, warp thread 1 DWith 2 DForm leno shed open 7.Then drop into weft yarn 34 in plain weave that constitutes and leno shed open 7, the leno by foundation Fig. 1 rises and twists shed open 7 denting on warp and weft interweaving point 8, and alternately enters the bottom shed open by means of warp thread 2 from the top shed open by the shed open of heddle (heald) shank 4 LWith 2 DInterweave.According to Figure 10, in the heddle (heald) shank is in shed open position, bottom during, by the transverse movement again of heddle (heald) shank 3, tabby warp thread 1 LPlace on the shoulder 13a or 14a of relevant shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12, so that can form plain weave shed open and leno shed open again.

In another program of the present invention, be used to make mechanism and form with warp thread by a unshowned here manufacturing that provides through axle according to Figure 11 with plain weave and lace stitch fabric, this warp thread is by plain weave warp thread 1 LWith 2 LAnd lace stitch warp thread 1 DWith 2 DForm.Alleged warp thread is from the warp and weft interweaving point 8 of fabric 9, penetrating successively around the jackshaft 28a of reed axle 28 oscillatorily behind the reed 5 of motion transmission, penetrating with the first heddle (heald) shank 3 of fabric plane 35 traversed by reciprocating motion transmissions with around the jackshaft 36a of the rotation arm axle 36 that is provided with away from the reed axle second heddle (heald) shank 4 of motion transmission oscillatorily.As the by the agency of of front, the first heddle (heald) shank 3 has a plurality of rod-type heddle (heald)s 10, and has the pin type heddle (heald) 11 of band guide eye 11a on the position between two rod-type heddle (heald)s 10 separately, also referring to Fig. 9 and 10.Between the rod-type heddle (heald) 10 of the first heddle (heald) shank 3, alternately accept warp thread 1 LWith 2 LBe used to constitute plain weave fabric 9, and in each guide eye 11a of pin type heddle (heald) 11, guide warp thread 1 DBe used to constitute the fabric 9 of lace stitch or be used to constitute the leno edges that plain weave fabric's section is sealed in conduct.

Corresponding therewith, the second heddle (heald) shank 4 also has a plurality of rod-type heddle (heald)s 10, wherein, is locating a so-called shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 between two rod-type heddle (heald)s 10 separately for constituting plain weave, and it has shoulder 13a, 14a, is used for alternately accepting warp thread 1 LPerhaps 2 LThe pin type heddle (heald) 11 that also has a band guide eye 11a in heddle (heald) shank 4 separately on the assigned position between two rod-type heddle (heald)s 10, it and the first heddle (heald) shank 3 have the fabric 9 of pin type heddle (heald) 11 common generation lace stitches of guide eye 11a or single lace stitches.In another program of the present invention, for the purpose of avoiding flaw plain weave fabric 9, it is former in going searching in the zone that is clipped in rear portion shed open 7a at warp thread, a shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 also is set between each even number of the first heddle (heald) shank 3 or each odd number rod-type heddle (heald) 10, or relevant rod-type heddle (heald) 10 constitutes as shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12, and have the gap 13a that opens wide vertically downward to pinhock extension flute profile substantially, if warp thread 1 LPerhaps 2 LWhen forming, do not move in the shed open of top, so that alternately with its gripping, referring to Figure 11-14 by the second heddle (heald) shank, 4 shed opens.

The mechanism that is used to constitute the shed open 7 that is formed by the upper and lower shed open here is made up of the second heddle (heald) shank 4 that has above-mentioned rod-type, shoulder formula and pin type heddle (heald).Heddle (heald) shank 4 utilizes its lower beam bundle 4a to be connected at least one and can not act on turning arm 37 free ends that rotate on the arm axle 36 with relatively rotating.Rotation arm axle 36 has the fish platee 38 of connection.Slay axle 28 is furnished with the fish platee 39 of connection equally.Two connect fish platee 38,39 and connect by pull bar 40.

In Figure 12, warp thread 2 LWith 2 DImport in the shed open position, bottom by the second heddle (heald) shank 4, just location below fabric plane 35.During this position, by the unshowned here transmission device of the first heddle (heald) shank 3, corresponding with Figure 13 and 14, move in the external position in left side, according to double-head arrow 32 and the external position (also referring to Figure 14) of fabric plane 35 transverse movements also referring to Figure 13 from its right side.Corresponding therewith, for constituting new plain weave shed open, the first heddle (heald) shank 3 impels the warp thread 2 that imports the bottom shed open LCome out and enter in the gap 13a of the first heddle (heald) shank, 3 shoulder formula heddle (heald)s 12 from the shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 gap 13a of the second heddle (heald) shank 4, and remain on the warp thread 1 in the shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 gap 13a LCome out from this position and enter in the shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12 gap 13a of the second heddle (heald) shank 4.In view of the above, the associated rod heddle (heald) gap of the first heddle (heald) shank 3 is a shoulder formula heddle (heald) 12, and grips warp thread 1 during shed open forms LPerhaps 2 L, got rid of the fabric defects on the plain cloth.

Claims (6)

1. method that is used to make plain weave and lace stitch fabric, one with warp thread (1 L, 2 L1 D, 2 D) move towards to penetrate warp thread (1 in the first heddle (heald) shank (3) that traversed by oscillatorily moves back and forth L, 2 L1 D, 2 D) with formation bottom shed open, and in the second heddle (heald) shank (4) that oscillatorily moves up and down, penetrate warp thread (1 L, 2 L1 D, 2 D) to constitute the top shed open, it is characterized in that, constitute plain weave (16) and lace stitch (15) simultaneously in the inherent woven circulation of fabric (9), for making plain weave (16), will be used to constitute the warp thread adjacent one another are (1 of bottom shed open and top shed open L, 2 L) alternately rise in the position of top shed open from the position of bottom shed open by same heddle (heald) shank (4) and drop in the position of bottom shed open from the position of top shed open conversely, and be to constitute lace stitch (15) only will form the top shed open in known mode itself warp thread (2 D) rise in the position of top shed open by heddle (heald) shank (4) from the position of bottom shed open and drop in the position of bottom shed open from the position of top shed open conversely.
2. by the described method of claim 1, it is characterized in that, constitute the warp thread (1 of plain weave (16) L, 2 L) alternately promote the generation that moves back and forth by the first heddle (heald) shank (3) and fabric plane (35) traversed by.
3. loom that is used to make a kind of fabric, this fabric had both had by the weft yarn (34) and first warp thread (1 L, 2 L) plain weave (16) formed, also have by the weft yarn (34) and second warp thread (1 D, 2 D) lace stitch (15) formed, wherein, this loom comprises:
-carry the slay (6) of reed (5), the gyration that it vibrates around longitudinal center's axis (28a) of slay axle (28),
-the first heddle (heald) shank (3), it is connected with transmission device (41), and transmission device makes the reciprocating linear motion oscillatorily of heddle (heald) shank (3) generation and fabric plane (35) traversed by, and
-second heddle (heald) the shank (4) adjacent with the first heddle (heald) shank (3), it can not be connected with the axle (36) that is provided with away from loom slay axle (28) by suitable mechanism (37) with relatively rotating, should rotate and reverse motion around what its axis (36a) vibrated with the axle (36) that is provided with away from loom slay axle (28)
It is characterized in that,, be fixed on the first and second heddle (heald) shanks (3 for making lace stitch (15); 4) connect a pin type heddle (heald) (11) that has guide eye (11a) between upper boom bundle (30) and per two the rod-type heddle (heald)s (10) in the lower beam bundle (29) respectively, for constituting plain weave (16), in the first heddle (heald) shank (3), be arranged side by side a plurality of rod-type heddle (heald)s (10), in the second heddle (heald) shank (4) the first heddle (heald) shank (3) or each even number or each odd number rod-type heddle (heald) (10), distribute the shoulder formula heddle (heald) (12) of the shoulder (13a, 14a) that has single face or two-sided setting to put at least one first warp thread (1 for described rod-type heddle (heald) L, 2 L).
4. by the described loom of claim 3, it is characterized in that, take on first warp thread (1 that carries of (13a, 14a) L, 2 L) contact-making surface roughly on guide eye (11a) plane of the second heddle (heald) shank (4), constitute.
5. be used to make the loom of fabric, this fabric had both had by the weft yarn (34) and first warp thread (1 L, 2 L) plain weave (16) formed, also have by the weft yarn (34) and second warp thread (1 D, 2 D) lace stitch (15) formed, wherein, this loom comprises:
-carry the slay (6) of reed (5), the gyration that it vibrates around longitudinal center's axis (28a) of slay axle (28),
-the first heddle (heald) shank (3), it is connected with transmission device (41), and transmission device produces the reciprocating linear motion oscillatorily of heddle (heald) shank (3) and fabric plane (35) traversed by, and
-second heddle (heald) the shank (4) adjacent with the first heddle (heald) shank (3), it can not be connected with the axle (36) that is provided with away from loom slay axle (28) by suitable mechanism (37) with relatively rotating, this axle (36) rotates and reverse motion around what its axis (36a) vibrated
Wherein, for making lace stitch (15), be fixed on the first and second heddle (heald) shanks (3; 4) connect a pin type heddle (heald) (11) that has guide eye (11a) between upper boom bundle (30) and per two the rod-type heddle (heald)s (10) in the lower beam bundle (29) respectively, for constituting plain weave (16), in the first heddle (heald) shank (3), be arranged side by side a plurality of rod-type heddle (heald)s (10), in the second heddle (heald) shank (4) the first heddle (heald) shank (3) or each even number or each odd number rod-type heddle (heald) (10), distribute the shoulder formula heddle (heald) (12) of the shoulder (13a, 14a) that has single face or two-sided setting to put at least one first warp thread (1 for described rod-type heddle (heald) L, 2 L), it is characterized in that for constituting plain weave (16), the rod-type heddle (heald) (10) of each even number of heddle (heald) shank (3) or each odd number also is a shoulder formula heddle (heald) (12), it has at least one and the warp thread of carrying (1 L, 2 L1 D, 2 D) the opposite single face of direction (42) shoulder, in the last low-lying gap of opening wide downwards of shoulder (13a, 14a) to grip first warp thread (1 L, 2 LOne of).
6. by the described loom of claim 5, it is characterized in that shoulder formula heddle (heald) (12) grips first warp thread (1 L, 2 L) shoulder (13a, 14a) roughly on the plane of the guide eye (11a) of the pin type heddle (heald) (11) of the first heddle (heald) shank (3), constitute.
CN 200480004576 2003-02-21 2004-02-18 Method for producing a textile in plain weave and gauze weave and weaving machine for carrying out said method CN1751146B (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE2003107489 DE10307489B3 (en) 2003-02-21 2003-02-21 Shed mechanism, for a loom, has drop wire and needle healds to give the warps structured movements to form a plain and a leno weave simultaneously within a weaving cycle
DE10307489.9 2003-02-21
DE2003134359 DE10334359B3 (en) 2003-02-21 2003-07-25 Weaving machine for producing a fabric in linen and leno weave
DE10334359.8 2003-07-25
PCT/DE2004/000293 WO2004076729A1 (en) 2003-02-21 2004-02-18 Method for producing a textile in plain weave and gauze weave and weaving machine for carrying out said method

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