CN1747284B - Dual-speed motor with dynamic output - Google Patents

Dual-speed motor with dynamic output Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1747284B
CN1747284B CN 200510060330 CN200510060330A CN1747284B CN 1747284 B CN1747284 B CN 1747284B CN 200510060330 CN200510060330 CN 200510060330 CN 200510060330 A CN200510060330 A CN 200510060330A CN 1747284 B CN1747284 B CN 1747284B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cap
gear
clutch
driving wheel
rotor
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200510060330
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1747284A (en
Inventor
黄光荣
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yuhuan new Huachen Electric Appliance Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
HUACHEN ELECTRIC APPLIANCES CO Ltd ZHEJIANG
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Priority to CN 200510060330 priority Critical patent/CN1747284B/en
Publication of CN1747284A publication Critical patent/CN1747284A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1747284B publication Critical patent/CN1747284B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention includes rotator, stator, left end cover, right end cover, and motor shaft linking left/right end cover and rotator. The stator is located between rotator and left end cover, and the motor shaft penetrates the stator. The driving wheel is muff coupling on motor shaft and links to rotator. The reduction gear with band clutch is mounted between driving wheel and rotator, and an overrunning clutch is mounted between rotator and right end cover.

Description

Dual-speed motor with dynamic output
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motor, relate in particular to a kind of dual-speed motor with dynamic output.
Background technology
Motor can be mechanical action power is provided.Generally speaking, the rotating speed and the moment of torsion of motor its power output under rated voltage are single.Motor and power are accepted mechanism and are linked together when starting, because the load that is carried is bigger, need bigger starting current, and this can produce than severe impairment power supply or controller.In addition, because motor is under normal working condition, its outputting power is fixed basically, and the mechanism that accepts power its load that gives motor variation of being everlasting in the course of the work, Moped Scooter for example, its on the ground of level when on acclive ground, advancing, need the moment of torsion difference of motor output bigger, efficiency of motor is low.
Double-speed motor can overcome above-mentioned defective.Existing double-speed motor mainly is an AC induction motor, and it realizes that the purpose of double speed mainly is by increasing a winding again on the basis of original winding, by control switch, the target winding being participated in the power transmission course in the time of realizing speed change.The winding technique complexity of this double-winding motor, and need a plurality of control switchs to control, troublesome poeration when realizing speed change.And the torque of this structure output changes little.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the defective of existing double-speed motor complex structure, preparation, control difficulty, the technical issues that need to address of the present invention: the dual-speed motor with dynamic output that a kind of new structure is provided, it is simple and compact for structure, easy to prepare, and the output torque changes greatly, is particularly useful for permanent magnet DC motor.
For solveing the technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention: a kind of dual-speed motor with dynamic output, the motor shaft that comprises rotor, stator, left end cap, right end cap, connection left and right sides end cap and rotor, described stator is between rotor and left end cap, motor shaft runs through stator, it is characterized in that, on motor shaft, be socketed with driving wheel, described driving wheel and rotor are fixed together, be provided with the reducing gear of band clutch between described driving wheel and the left end cap, between rotor and right end cap, be provided with freewheel clutch.
Motor is when outputting power, and left and right end cap can be as clutch end.When left end cap during as clutch end, the freewheel clutch between rotor and the right end cap is located in utilization, make transmission of power does not take place between rotor and the right end cap, and the clutch in the reducing gear closes, power passes to left end cap by driving wheel through reducing gear, passed through the deceleration of reducing gear by the power of exporting on the left end cap, its output torque has obtained increase.Otherwise, when rotor during along backward rotation, then the clutch in the reducing gear separately, and freewheel clutch closes, power is able to export from right end cap.
In this dual-speed motor with dynamic output, above-mentioned freewheel clutch is for surmounting centrifugal clutch.Centrifugal force is little when motor low speed, and clutch can not close, and power can not be delivered to right end cap from rotor; Centrifugal force is big during high speed, and power can be delivered to right end cap from rotor, and surmounts centrifugal clutch and can realize one-way clutch.
In this dual-speed motor with dynamic output, above-mentioned freewheel clutch mainly is made of outer shroud, interior ring, ratchet, is provided with the clutch chamber on interior ring lateral surface, and ratchet is located in the clutch chamber, on outer shroud, be provided with the step brake port, an end of described ratchet can with the clamping mutually of step brake port.
In this dual-speed motor with dynamic output, above-mentioned rotor is fixedly sleeved on driving wheel, and described driving wheel has the protuberance that extends axially between rotor and the right end cap, and the outer shroud of described freewheel clutch is fixedlyed connected with right end cap; The interior ring of described freewheel clutch is fixedlyed connected with described protuberance.Be provided with so simple in structure, compact, the assembling of being convenient to surmount centrifugal clutch.
In this dual-speed motor with dynamic output, be fixedly connected with internal-gear on the medial surface of above-mentioned left end cap, described driving wheel is a gear, described reducing gear comprises gear shaft, the secondary master gear that is located at gear shaft one end that is located in the stator, the driven gear that is located at the gear shaft other end, described secondary master gear is meshed with internal-gear, and described driven gear is meshed with driving wheel; Described clutch is located between driven gear and the gear shaft.Transmission of power by between each gear is delivered to power on the left end cap from rotor, and through double reduction, makes that the output torque on the left end cap is improved, the electric current when having reduced starting, the useful life that has increased power supply and controller.
In this dual-speed motor with dynamic output, be provided with the supporting chamber in the above-mentioned stator, between supporting cavity chamber interior walls and gear shaft, be provided with bearing.On gear shaft, be provided with bearing, improved the rotation flexibility of gear shaft, guaranteed the transmission smoothness of power between rotor and end cap.
Therefore, dual-speed motor with dynamic output of the present invention has: simple and compact for structure, preparation, assembling are easy, can realize that the double speed of motor rotates, and have satisfied under the different operating modes power output requirement to motor; Be provided with and surmount the double speed output that centrifugal clutch can be realized motor, perhaps make the terminal of motor realize idle running, load is light when starting, has reduced starting current, and is little to the infringement of power supply and controller, and prolong its useful life; This output motor also have operate steadily, advantage that the rated power area efficiency is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the cutaway view of dual-speed motor with dynamic output of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that surmounts centrifugal clutch in this dual-speed motor with dynamic output.
Among the figure, 1, left end cap; 2, internal-gear; 3, secondary master gear; 4, gear shaft; 5, support chamber; 6, bearing; 7, driven gear; 8, clutch; 9, rotor; 10, protuberance; 11, right end cap; 12, motor shaft; 13, freewheel clutch; 14, driving wheel; 15, stator; 16, outer shroud; 17, ratchet; 18, step brake port; 19, clutch chamber; 20, convex body; 21, flying wheel; 22, permanent magnet; 23, interior ring.
Embodiment
By among Fig. 1 as can be seen, dual-speed motor with dynamic output of the present invention mainly is made of left end cap 1, stator 15, rotor 9, right end cap 11, motor shaft 12.Wherein, motor shaft 12 connects left end cap 1, rotor 9, right end cap 11, and described motor shaft 12 runs through stator 15, and is fixed together with stator 15.
Be fixedly connected with driving wheel 14 on the rotor 9, described driving wheel 14 is socketed on the motor shaft 12, and is positioned at stator 15, is provided with bearing 6 between driving wheel 14 and motor shaft 12, also is provided with bearing 6 between same left end cap 1, right end cap 11 and the motor shaft 12.
Be provided with reducing gear between driving wheel 14 and left end cap 1, this reducing gear has clutch 8, and reducing gear can be delivered to power on the left end cap 1 from driving wheel 14.Driving wheel 14 is a gear.Be provided with gear shaft 4 in stator 15, an end of gear shaft 4 is provided with driven gear 7, and the other end is provided with secondary master gear 3.Be fixedly connected with internal-gear 2 on the medial surface of left end cap 1, described secondary master gear 3 is meshed with internal-gear 2, and master gear is meshed with driven gear 7.Clutch 8 is located between driven gear 7 and the gear shaft 4, also can be located between secondary master gear 3 and the gear shaft 4.This clutch 8 is preferably freewheel clutch.
In order to improve the smoothness of gear shaft 4 in the transferring power process, in stator 15, be provided with and support chamber 5, between the inwall of described support chamber 5 and gear shaft 4 lateral surfaces, be provided with bearing 6.
Between rotor 9 and right end cap 11, be provided with freewheel clutch 13.Compactedness for the ease of assembling and complete machine structure has a protuberance 10 that extends axially between rotor 9 and the right end cap 11 on the described driving wheel 14, rotor 9 is socketed on the driving wheel 14 and with protuberance 10 and is fixedly connected into.Interior ring 23 on the freewheel clutch 13 is fixedlyed connected with aforesaid protuberance 10 and is integral, and outer shroud 16 is fixedlyed connected with right end cap 11 and is integral.
In the present embodiment, be located at that freewheel clutch 13 is to surmount centrifugal clutch between rotor 9 and the right end cap 11.By among Fig. 2 as can be seen, the described structure that surmounts centrifugal clutch comprises outer shroud 16, the interior ring 23 of coaxial setting, is provided with clutch chamber 19 between inner and outer ring, is provided with ratchet 17 in the clutch chamber 19.Described ratchet 17 has working end and support end, and wherein support end contacts for level and smooth cambered surface with clutch chamber 19.In interior ring 23, be provided with permanent magnet 22 with corresponding position, support end position.Described ratchet 17 is to be made by magnetic material.Be provided with step brake port 118 on the medial surface of outer shroud 16, the working end on the aforementioned ratchet 17 can be connected on the described brake port 18.
In order to improve ratchet 17 and brake port 18 stability during clamping mutually, in interior ring 23, be provided with the flying wheel 21 that becomes matched in clearance with it, the outer peripheral face of this flying wheel 21 is provided with the convex body 20 that extend in the clutch chamber 19.This convex body 20 has an inclined-plane or outer convex globoidal near a side of ratchet 17 working ends, and convex body 20 upwards has certain clearance with interior ring 23 in week.After surmounting centrifugal clutch and being assembled on the motor, ring 23 is fixedlyed connected with the protuberance 10 on the aforementioned driving wheel 14 in it, and its outer shroud 16 is fixedlyed connected with right end cap 11.
When the rotor 9 of dual-speed motor with dynamic output of the present invention rotates along a direction, driving wheel 14 and driven gear 7 are followed together and are rotated, clutch 8 set between driven gear 7 and the gear shaft 4 closes, and driven gear axle 4, secondary master gear 3, internal-gear 2 and left end cap 1 rotate together; And this moment, freewheel clutch 13 is in released state, and right end cap 11 does not rotate.When rotor 9 during along counter-rotation, freewheel clutch 13 is in the state that closes, and rotor 9 drives right end caps 11 and rotates together; At this moment, clutch 8 is in released state, and transferring power is not to left end cap 1.Therefore, by this motor, can realize the output of double speed power.

Claims (5)

1. dual-speed motor with dynamic output, it comprises rotor (9), stator (15), left end cap (1), right end cap (11), connect left and right sides end cap (1,11) with the motor shaft (12) of rotor (9), described stator (15) is positioned between rotor (9) and the left end cap (1), motor shaft (12) runs through stator (15), it is characterized in that, on motor shaft (12), be socketed with driving wheel (14), described driving wheel (14) is positioned at stator (15), described driving wheel (14) is fixed together with rotor (9), be provided with the reducing gear of band clutch (8) between described driving wheel (14) and the left end cap (1), between rotor (9) and right end cap (11), be provided with freewheel clutch (13), when described left end cap (1) during as clutch end, described freewheel clutch (13) is in clutch (8) closure in released state and the reducing gear, and power passes to left end cap (1) by the deceleration of driving wheel (14) process reducing gear; When described right end cap (11) during as clutch end, the clutch in the described reducing gear (8) is in released state and freewheel clutch (13) closure, and power passes to right end cap (11) by driving wheel (14).
2. dual-speed motor with dynamic output according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described freewheel clutch (13) mainly is made of outer shroud (16), interior ring (23), ratchet (17), on interior ring (23) lateral surface, be provided with clutch chamber (19), ratchet (17) is located in the clutch chamber (19), on outer shroud (16), be provided with step brake port (18), an end of described ratchet (17) can with step brake port (18) clamping mutually.
3. dual-speed motor with dynamic output according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described rotor (9) is fixedly sleeved on driving wheel (14), described driving wheel (14) has the protuberance (10) that extends axially between rotor (9) and the right end cap (11), and the outer shroud (16) of described freewheel clutch (13) is fixedlyed connected with right end cap (11); The interior ring (23) of described freewheel clutch (13) is fixedlyed connected with described protuberance (10).
4. according to each described dual-speed motor with dynamic output of claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, be fixedly connected with internal-gear (2) on the medial surface of described left end cap (1), described driving wheel (14) is a master gear, described reducing gear comprises gear shaft (4), the secondary master gear (3) that is located at gear shaft (4) one ends that is located in the stator (15), the driven gear (7) that is located at gear shaft (4) other end, described secondary master gear (3) is meshed with internal-gear (2), and described driven gear (7) is meshed with driving wheel (14); Described clutch (8) is located between driven gear (7) and the gear shaft (4).
5. dual-speed motor with dynamic output according to claim 4 is characterized in that, is provided with supporting chamber (5) in the described stator (15), is provided with bearing (6) between supporting chamber (5) inwall and gear shaft (4).
CN 200510060330 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Dual-speed motor with dynamic output Expired - Fee Related CN1747284B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510060330 CN1747284B (en) 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Dual-speed motor with dynamic output

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510060330 CN1747284B (en) 2005-08-08 2005-08-08 Dual-speed motor with dynamic output

Publications (2)

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CN1747284A CN1747284A (en) 2006-03-15
CN1747284B true CN1747284B (en) 2010-09-29

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Family Applications (1)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2196563Y (en) * 1994-11-12 1995-05-10 许文书 Speed-changing economizer for motor vehicle
CN2704154Y (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-06-08 常州市德益机电制造有限公司 Brushless high-speed toothed motor for electric bicycle
CN2704153Y (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-06-08 常州市德益机电制造有限公司 Gear-changing dual-speed motor for electric bicycle
CN2831591Y (en) * 2005-08-08 2006-10-25 浙江华辰电器股份有限公司 Double-speed power outputting dynamo

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2196563Y (en) * 1994-11-12 1995-05-10 许文书 Speed-changing economizer for motor vehicle
CN2704154Y (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-06-08 常州市德益机电制造有限公司 Brushless high-speed toothed motor for electric bicycle
CN2704153Y (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-06-08 常州市德益机电制造有限公司 Gear-changing dual-speed motor for electric bicycle
CN2831591Y (en) * 2005-08-08 2006-10-25 浙江华辰电器股份有限公司 Double-speed power outputting dynamo

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Owner name: YUHUAN NEW HUACHEN ELECTRIC APPLIANCES CO., LTD.

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Effective date: 20141009

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Address after: Taizhou City, Zhejiang province 317600 addlupu town Yuhuan County Xuanmen industrial city

Patentee after: Yuhuan new Huachen Electric Appliance Co., Ltd.

Address before: 317600, Zhejiang province Yuhuan County Pearl River town three Chengguan pool Village

Patentee before: Huachen Electric Appliances Co., Ltd., Zhejiang

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
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Granted publication date: 20100929

Termination date: 20170808