CN1746127A - Light hollow block with polystyrene particle and production thereof - Google Patents

Light hollow block with polystyrene particle and production thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1746127A
CN1746127A CNA2004100738905A CN200410073890A CN1746127A CN 1746127 A CN1746127 A CN 1746127A CN A2004100738905 A CNA2004100738905 A CN A2004100738905A CN 200410073890 A CN200410073890 A CN 200410073890A CN 1746127 A CN1746127 A CN 1746127A
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China
Prior art keywords
hollow block
polystyrene
light hollow
polystyrene particle
granules
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CNA2004100738905A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1288107C (en
Inventor
郭家良
高文艳
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郭家良
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Priority to CNB2004100738905A priority Critical patent/CN1288107C/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

A light hollow block with polystyrene granule and its production are disclosed. The block consists of polystyrene granule, bluestone powder, fly ash, cement, slag, sand, waterproofing agent and binder. The process is carried out by adding water into the batching, mixing, adding hollow block into primary shaper, vibrating, pressurizing in block mould, forming and drying. Its advantages include high strength, low density, good thermal-insulating and sound-absorbing performances.

Description

A kind of light hollow block with polystyrene particle and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention and a kind of New Building Materials by the building field widespread use and preparation method thereof relate in particular to a kind of light hollow block with polystyrene particle and preparation process thereof.
Background technology
Along with the high speed development of society, dwelling house and commercial office room are also all to high-rise, composite structure development.Usually use the solid common brick of clay for a long time in the construction industry, though its intensity height because need be fired in the common brick production process, needs to waste a large amount of energy in the sintering procedure; Its raw material adopts clay will waste a large amount of soils, has destroyed the eubiosis and environment.Therefore, various novel materials for walls also emerge thereupon.Country and place have also all been put into effect relevant policies and rules in succession, encourage the use of novel wall material.
Novel wall material common in the existing market mostly is hollow brick, is to make with slag, cement, stone flour, flyash the about 12~14Kg of monolithic weight.And ubiquity, brick strength is general, density is high, quality is inhomogeneous; Insulation, sound insulation, ventilation property are poor; The water-absorbent height, goes mouldy at moisture-sensitive; Preparation method and complex structure, many shortcomings that cost is high.The discrete of better performances is applied for a patent.For example: (application number: 02132459.0), its summary of the invention is that used raw material has cement, sand, slag, foam-plastic blocks, glass yarn, mortar special adhesive and woven fiber glass and hardening accelerator (or claiming water-resisting agent) to light-weight hollow-brick and preparation method thereof.Wherein cement is the silicate cement more than No. 500; Sand is the building sand that sieves; Slag is to pulverize through pulverizer, and can cross the particle of 5 * 5mm grid; Foam-plastic blocks is the rigid foam particle that specification approximates the soya bean size; The mortar special adhesive is the binding agent of bonding cement and porous plastics, and it is netted that woven fiber glass is; Hardening accelerator is the additive that acceleration cement and other raw material are solidified togather.Its structure is the middle layer that accompanies light hollow between two panels.Therefore panel is different with the composition in middle layer.As seen its one-tenth is grouped into structure all complicatedly, has all improved cost from production management and complete processing and configuration aspects.
In order to adapt to the requirement in market, need develop the brick strength height, density is low, quality is even; Insulation, sound insulation, good permeability; Water-absorbent is low, protection against the tide, anti-going mouldy; Preparation method and simple in structure, the light hollow block with polystyrene particle that cost is low.
Summary of the invention
In view of above-mentioned existing in prior technology problem, the purpose of this invention is to provide and a kind ofly can satisfy above-mentioned requirements, have the brick strength height, density is low, quality is even; Insulation, sound insulation, good permeability; Water-absorbent is low, protection against the tide, anti-going mouldy; Preparation method and simple in structure, cost low etc. the light hollow block with polystyrene particle of advantage.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of light hollow block with polystyrene particle mainly is made up of granules of polystyrene, bluestone powder, flyash and cement; The weight percent of its composition is:
Granules of polystyrene 0.1%~0.2%;
Bluestone powder 35%~45%;
Cement 8%~12%;
The flyash surplus.
Described light hollow block with polystyrene particle can also add slag and/or sand, and it is 5%~10% that slag and/or sand account for weight percent.
For the drying process of quickening light hollow block with polystyrene particle improves intensity, can also add hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent simultaneously, hardening accelerator and/or binder constitutes weight percent are 1%~2%.
The diameter of described granules of polystyrene is 5~8 millimeters;
The diameter of described slag and/or sand is 4~5 millimeters.
The preparation method of described light hollow block with polystyrene particle comprises:
A, with bluestone powder, flyash and cement in accordance with regulations the batch mixes formed of weight percent be in the same place, and add an amount of water and stir, add the granules of polystyrene of predetermined weight per-cent then, continue to stir;
B, the material that stirs is added in the building block mould extrusion forming;
The light hollow block with polystyrene particle drying of C, moulding.
Described steps A adds slag and/or sand as need, then with bluestone powder, flyash and cement, and slag and/or sand in accordance with regulations the batching formed of weight percent mix simultaneously.
Described steps A adds hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent as need, then also will add hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent when adding granules of polystyrene.
As using stirrer aborning, weight percent adds in the stirrer and adds an amount of water stirring back adding granules of polystyrene and hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent then described steps A in order will prepare burden in accordance with regulations, continues to stir;
As using the holllow building block one-shaper aborning, described step B adds in the holllow building block one-shaper for the material that will stir, extrusion forming in building block mould after vibration makes it further even;
The drying means of described step C is seasoning or oven dry.
Described light hollow block with polystyrene particle, its structure is made up of brick body and one or more through hole, and the brick body is connected by through hole for the rectangular parallelepiped that the surface is the particulate state pitted skin, and a plurality of arrays of openings becomes delegation or multirow.
The cross-sectional shape of through hole can be rectangle, can also be circular, trilateral or trapezoidal; The through hole that described cross-sectional shape varies in size can be staggered.
By above technical scheme light hollow block with polystyrene particle of the present invention as can be known, mainly form by granules of polystyrene, bluestone powder, flyash and the cement of certainweight per-cent; Can also add slag, sand and hardening accelerator or tackiness agent.The preparation method adds after stirrer stirs in the holllow building block one-shaper adding an amount of water in the above-mentioned batching again, makes it even through vibration, extrusion forming in building block mould.Then, make its drying.The light hollow block with polystyrene particle of finished product is the inner hollow rectangular structure that is, the surface is the particulate state pitted skin.Have the brick strength height, density is low, quality is even; Insulation, sound insulation, good permeability; Water-absorbent is low, protection against the tide, anti-going mouldy; Preparation method and simple in structure, the plurality of advantages that cost is low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section 1 of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-section 2 of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic cross-section 3 of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section 4 of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic cross-section 5 of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the schematic cross-section 6 of building block of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the schematic cross-section 8 of building block of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the schematic cross-section 7 of building block of the present invention.
Embodiment
The specific embodiment of its composition of light hollow block with polystyrene particle of the present invention can have following several: weight percent sees Table 1 respectively,
Table 1
Composition Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Granules of polystyrene 0.14% 0.1% 0.2%
Bluestone powder 40% 35% 45%
Cement 10% 8% 12%
Flyash Surplus Surplus Surplus
At above each embodiment, the according to circumstances available weight percent that accounts for is that 5%~10% slag and/or sand replace a part of bluestone powder and/or flyash wherein in actual proportioning process, generally adds weight percent and be about 8% slag and/or sand.
For rate of drying and the intensity of accelerating light hollow block with polystyrene particle, can also in batching, add weight percent and be 1%~2% hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent, generally add hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent about 1.5%.
Embodiment 1 its preparation method in the light hollow block with polystyrene particle its preparation method associative list 1 of the present invention is:
Steps A: the bluestone powder (about 40%) of 200Kg, the flyash of 250Kg (about 50%) and the cement of 50Kg (about 10%) are added in the stirrer, and the water mix that adds 10Kg begins to stir.Then, the granules of polystyrene that adds 0.7Kg (about 0.14%).Continue to stir;
Step B: the material that stirs adds in the holllow building block one-shaper, after vibration makes it evenly in the building block mould extrusion forming;
Step C: the light hollow block with polystyrene particle after the moulding is delivered to the airing place, and two days later, finished product is made in seasoning.
As will adding slag and/or sand in batching, the particle diameter that requires slag or sand as does not meet granularity requirements and should pulverize or screen it earlier between 4~5mm, together adds the bluestone powder and/or the flyash that replace equivalent weight in the stirrer then.
As in batching, adding hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent, then when steps A and granules of polystyrene add in the stirrer simultaneously.
In above-mentioned preparation method, under the situation as or use machinery inconvenience less, can not use stirrer and high-frequency vibration hydraulic forming machine in the making amount, stir with the artificial mode, manually add extrusion forming in the building block mould then.
The preparation method of embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 is similar to above-mentioned each step of executing example 1 in the table 1, just adds the weight percent difference of batching.
The light hollow block with polystyrene particle that adopts above-mentioned proportioning raw materials and preparation method to make, be made up of brick body 1 and 4 through holes 2 as Fig. 1 structure, brick body 1 is connected by through hole 2 for the rectangular parallelepiped surface is the particulate state pitted skin, and 4 through hole 2 cross sections are rectangle, two big two is little, is staggered to two row, two row.
Can be one or more as the described through hole 2 of Fig. 2~Fig. 7; Its cross-sectional shape can also be circular, trilateral or trapezoidal; Its arrangement mode can also be delegation or multirow.
In above-mentioned steps B, as adopt different moulds, can produce the brick body 1 of plurality of specifications, following several specification is typically arranged:
Specification one physical dimension: 390 millimeters * 240 millimeters * 190 millimeters;
Specification two physical dimension: 390 millimeters * 190 millimeters * 190 millimeters;
Specification three physical dimension: 240 millimeters * 115 millimeters * 53 millimeters;
Specification is the shape size all round: 190 millimeters * 190 millimeters * 190 millimeters.
Light hollow block with polystyrene particle is through quality technical supervision measuring station detection technique performance such as table 2:
Table 2
Project National standard (GB/T15229-2002) Measured result
Strength grade (MPa) 1.5~10.0 3.5
Density rating (kg/m 3) 500~1400 700~961
Water-intake rate (%) <20.0 16.2
Relative moisture content (%) <35.0 31.5
Freezing property of Hangzhoupro (%) D15 intensity<25 16.7
Annotate: national standard is picked up from " light aggregate concrete holllow building block " in the table.
In addition, the thermal resistance R=1.377 (M of light hollow block with polystyrene particle 2K/W), resistance of heat transfer R 0=1.527 (M 2K/W), combustionproperty reaches GB8624-A level national building materials.
At present, with the hollow brick that slag, cement, stone flour, flyash are made, a heavy 12Kg, manufacturing of the present invention is because of having added granules of polystyrene, and onesize light hollow block with polystyrene particle weight only is 9Kg.
Adopt the light hollow block with polystyrene particle of the disclosed structure of the present invention of above-mentioned raw materials proportioning and preparation method's manufacturing to have the following advantages:
1, the brick strength height, density is low, quality is even;
2, insulation, sound insulation, good permeability;
3, water-absorbent is low, protection against the tide, anti-going mouldy;
4, preparation method and simple in structure, cost is low.
As seen, light hollow block with polystyrene particle of the present invention is the New Building Materials of a kind of alternative common brick, solid brick and other hollow brick.Utilized granules of polystyrene, reduced white pollution, the protection environment; Saved the energy of land resources.It is a kind of comparatively ideal wall body building material.
The proportioning raw materials of the above light hollow block with polystyrene particle only is preferable embodiment and the representational embodiment of the present invention; And the preparation method of described light hollow block with polystyrene particle only is the preferable preparation method of the present invention; The structure of described light hollow block with polystyrene particle also only is representational structure simultaneously; But protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and anyly is familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses, and the variation that can expect easily or replacement all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of light hollow block with polystyrene particle is characterized in that, mainly is made up of granules of polystyrene, bluestone powder, flyash and cement; The weight percent of its composition is:
Granules of polystyrene 0.1%~0.2%;
Bluestone powder 35%~45%;
Cement 8%~12%;
The flyash surplus.
2, light hollow block with polystyrene particle according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises slag and/or sand, and it is 5%~10% that slag and/or sand account for weight percent.
3, light hollow block with polystyrene particle according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent, and hardening accelerator and/or binder constitutes weight percent are 1%~2%.
4, light hollow block with polystyrene particle according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that:
The diameter of described granules of polystyrene is 5~8 millimeters;
The diameter of described slag and/or sand is 4~5 millimeters.
5, a kind of preparation method of described light hollow block with polystyrene particle is characterized in that, comprising:
A, with bluestone powder, flyash and cement in accordance with regulations the batch mixes formed of weight percent be in the same place, and add an amount of water and stir, add the granules of polystyrene of predetermined weight per-cent then, continue to stir;
B, the material that stirs is added in the building block mould extrusion forming;
The light hollow block with polystyrene particle drying of C, moulding.
6, the preparation method of light hollow block with polystyrene particle according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described steps A also comprises:
With bluestone powder, flyash and cement, and slag and/or sand in accordance with regulations the batching formed of weight percent mix simultaneously.
7, the preparation method of light hollow block with polystyrene particle according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described steps A also comprises:
When adding granules of polystyrene, can also add hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent.
8, according to the preparation method of claim 5,6 or 7 described light hollow block with polystyrene particle, it is characterized in that:
Described steps A also comprises: the weight percent in accordance with regulations of will preparing burden adds in the stirrer and adds an amount of water and stirs the back and add granules of polystyrene and hardening accelerator and/or tackiness agent, continues to stir;
Described step B also comprises: the material that stirs is added in the holllow building block one-shaper extrusion forming in building block mould after vibration makes it further even;
Described step C also comprises: light hollow block with polystyrene particle seasoning or oven dry after the described moulding.
9, a kind of described light hollow block with polystyrene particle, it is characterized in that, its structure is made up of brick body (1) and one or more through holes (2), and brick body (1) is the particulate state pitted skin for the surface rectangular parallelepiped is connected by through hole (2), and a plurality of through hole (2) is arranged in delegation or multirow.
10, light hollow block with polystyrene particle according to claim 9 is characterized in that:
The cross-sectional shape of described through hole (2) can be rectangle, can also be circular, trilateral or trapezoidal; The through hole that described cross-sectional shape varies in size (2) can be staggered.
CNB2004100738905A 2004-09-08 2004-09-08 Light hollow block with polystyrene particle and production thereof Expired - Fee Related CN1288107C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1288107C CN1288107C (en) 2006-12-06

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101984195A (en) * 2010-10-18 2011-03-09 杭州固盾建筑节能系统工程有限公司 Concrete multi-row composite insulating brick and preparation method thereof
CN101407077B (en) * 2007-10-12 2012-12-26 上海奥伯应用技术工程有限公司 Method for processing insulating brick or building block and processing device thereof
CN102849998A (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-01-02 程远节能建材制造(福建)有限公司 Cement polystyrene particle brick and preparation method thereof
CN103936340A (en) * 2013-01-22 2014-07-23 金正义 Archaized blue brick and its preparation method
CN104211327A (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-12-17 蒋寿悟 Heat and sound insulation lightweight building block and manufacturing method thereof
CN104876509A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-02 蚌埠营军新型墙体材料有限公司 Flame-retardant and fireproof hollow brick with simple process and preparation method thereof
CN104891897A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-09 蚌埠营军新型墙体材料有限公司 Synergist added non-burnt hollow brick and preparation method thereof
CN106587764A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-04-26 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Ecological brick material and preparation method thereof
CN108331227A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-07-27 中冶建工集团有限公司 Polystyrene foam floor brick
CN110436835A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-12 河北厚丰有机硅制品股份有限公司 A kind of antifreeze environmental protection floor tile of antiseep, and preparation method thereof and its application

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101407077B (en) * 2007-10-12 2012-12-26 上海奥伯应用技术工程有限公司 Method for processing insulating brick or building block and processing device thereof
CN101984195A (en) * 2010-10-18 2011-03-09 杭州固盾建筑节能系统工程有限公司 Concrete multi-row composite insulating brick and preparation method thereof
CN101984195B (en) * 2010-10-18 2013-01-02 杭州固盾建筑节能系统工程有限公司 Concrete multi-row composite insulating brick and preparation method thereof
CN102849998A (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-01-02 程远节能建材制造(福建)有限公司 Cement polystyrene particle brick and preparation method thereof
CN103936340A (en) * 2013-01-22 2014-07-23 金正义 Archaized blue brick and its preparation method
CN103936340B (en) * 2013-01-22 2015-12-23 金正义 A kind of blue bricks modelled after an antique and preparation method thereof
CN104211327A (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-12-17 蒋寿悟 Heat and sound insulation lightweight building block and manufacturing method thereof
CN104876509A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-02 蚌埠营军新型墙体材料有限公司 Flame-retardant and fireproof hollow brick with simple process and preparation method thereof
CN104891897A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-09 蚌埠营军新型墙体材料有限公司 Synergist added non-burnt hollow brick and preparation method thereof
CN106587764A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-04-26 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Ecological brick material and preparation method thereof
CN108331227A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-07-27 中冶建工集团有限公司 Polystyrene foam floor brick
CN110436835A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-12 河北厚丰有机硅制品股份有限公司 A kind of antifreeze environmental protection floor tile of antiseep, and preparation method thereof and its application

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