CN1730179A - Rubbish compressor - Google Patents

Rubbish compressor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1730179A
CN1730179A CNA2005100320034A CN200510032003A CN1730179A CN 1730179 A CN1730179 A CN 1730179A CN A2005100320034 A CNA2005100320034 A CN A2005100320034A CN 200510032003 A CN200510032003 A CN 200510032003A CN 1730179 A CN1730179 A CN 1730179A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressure head
casing
dolly
compression
fixed
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2005100320034A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1320967C (en
Inventor
李洪超
魏剑锋
李鸿
杨锋
苏伟
王文拴
刘中明
Original Assignee
长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 filed Critical 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司
Priority to CNB2005100320034A priority Critical patent/CN1320967C/en
Publication of CN1730179A publication Critical patent/CN1730179A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1320967C publication Critical patent/CN1320967C/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3078Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor with precompression means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3089Extrusion presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F9/00Transferring of refuse between vehicles or containers with intermediate storage or pressing

Abstract

The invention relates to a garbage compressor of vertical compression type, which comprises casing, rack, indenter vehicle, pushing blade, translation vehicle and hydraulic cylinder of pushing blade. The invention is characterized in the following steps: inner casing equipping compression warehouse, rack being equipped on bearing surface of foundation, casing equipping indenter vehicle guide rail to let vehicle move back and forth, indenter vehicle equipping indenter compressor cylinder and self-locking mechanism transferring compression force, translation vehicle that pushes indenter vehicle to move horizontally beingequipped between indenter vehicle and casing, rack equipping suitcase hydraulic cylinder to drive casing move on the vertical direction, one side of hydraulic cylinder of pushing blade in casing connecting with pushing blade and the other connecting with casing. The invention has the advantages of low height of apparatus, low cost and convenient installment and maintenance.

Description

Trash compactor
Technical field
The invention belongs to environmental protection technical field, be specifically related to a kind of vertical compression formula refuse disposal installation.
Background technology
The social now middle-size and small-size refuse compaction equipment of going up use is divided into two kinds of forms, vertical compression formula and horizontal compression substantially.To be pressure head move both vertically along the center line of compression bin the vertical compression formula, acts on loose rubbish, and rubbish is compressed into bulk; Horizontal compression is that pressure head moves horizontally along the rubbish casing, acts on loose rubbish, and rubbish is compressed.The purpose of two kinds of forms all is in order the rubbish compression to be subtracted appearance, to be convenient to the rubbish transportation, minimizing transport costs.
The social now structure that goes up the vertical trash compactor that uses is: pressure head can only move up and down along the center line of compression bin, rubbish to the pine that looses compresses, after having compressed, pressure head is lifted to liftoff about 2 meters high, pour rubbish into to compression bin again so that abdicate the space, after rubbish is pressed full compression bin, mention casing to transfer car(buggy) base plate height with pressure head by hangers, rubbish is discharged into transfer car(buggy).In the whole process, pressure head is all the time along the center line movement of compression bin.This structure causes the driving oil cylinder stroke of pressure head too big, the stroke that has reaches 4 meters, and the manufacturing cost of pressure head oil cylinder is very high like this, and the height of equipment also causes very high because the length of compression cylinder is oversize, this equipment not only installing space is big, and installation difficulty is also big.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the above-mentioned defective that exists at prior art, provides that a kind of device height is low, cost is low, is convenient to a kind of trash compactor of installation and maintenance.
The technical scheme that solution the technology of the present invention problem is adopted is a kind of trash compactor, mainly comprise casing, frame, the pressure head dolly, shoveling, pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder and shoveling oil cylinder, it is characterized in that being provided with in the casing compression bin, frame is located at and is supported on the ground, but a voltage supply pressure head vehicle guide that the dolly work moves forward and backward is installed on the casing, the pressure head dolly is supported on the pressure head vehicle guide, the pressure head dolly is provided with pressure head, compression cylinder, be connected with between pressure head dolly and casing and can promote the pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder that the pressure head dolly moves horizontally, frame is provided with the suitcase oil cylinder that casing is moved in vertical direction, shoveling oil cylinder one end in the casing is connected with shoveling, and the other end is connected with casing.
Be fixed with the suitcase train by the suitcase hydraulic oil cylinder driving on the described frame, one of steel wire rope is fixed on the frame in the suitcase train, and the other end is fixed on the casing.
Described pressure head dolly is provided with a self-locking mechanism that pressure head dolly and casing can be linked together and transmit the equipment compression stress.
Described self-locking mechanism is the pressure head dolly lockable mechanism that is separately positioned on casing and the pressure head dolly, and it is made up of latch hook and lock pin, and latch hook and lock pin are corresponding to be provided with, and forms mutual interlocking gear.
Described compression cylinder one end is fixed on the pressure head dolly with flange, and the other end is fixed on the pressure head.
Described casing also is provided with rubbish storage warehouse, Zhong Men, Qianmen, and described rubbish storage warehouse is between Qianmen and middle door.
The beneficial effect that the present invention produced is:
(1) pressure head moves horizontally in operation process, does not leave the compression bin center line during compressed garbage, can effectively utilize the space, reduces bracket height;
(2) move horizontally by the pressure head dolly because of pressure head, do not depart from the compression bin center line during compressed garbage, do not adopt the mode that pressure head is improved to abdicate the garbage feeding space, so the compression cylinder stroke can shorten a lot, reduce the cost of compression cylinder, also reduced the height space of compression cylinder simultaneously;
(3) compression stress because of up to a hundred tons of compression cylinders is by pressure head dolly, pressure head dolly lockable mechanism, casing, pressure head and acts on forming device internal force on the rubbish that compression stress does not act on the supporting surface, has reduced the construction requirement to supporting surface thus;
(4) device height is low, is easy for installation and maintenance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
The schematic diagram of Fig. 2 during for compressed garbage of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a right view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a vertical view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a pressure head dolly lockable mechanism structure enlarged drawing of the present invention;
The schematic diagram of Fig. 6 during for rubbish entrucking of the present invention;
Each label is represented among the figure:
1, suitcase train 2, suitcase oil cylinder
2, frame 4, pressure head dolly
5, compression cylinder 6, pressure head dolly lockable mechanism
7, pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder 8, pressure head vehicle guide
9, casing 10, shoveling
11, shoveling oil cylinder 12, pressure head
13, middle door 14, Qianmen
15, casing guide rail mechanism 16, pressure head trolley idler wheels
17, latch hook 18, lock pin
19, compression bin 20, rubbish storage warehouse
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
See also Fig. 1, this trash compactor is made up of parts such as suitcase train 1, suitcase oil cylinder 2, frame 3, pressure head dolly 4, compression cylinder 5, pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6, pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder 7, pressure head vehicle guide 8, casing 9, shoveling 10, shoveling oil cylinder 11, pressure head 12, middle door 13, Qianmen 14, casing guide rail mechanism 15, pressure head trolley idler wheels 16.
Pressure head vehicle guide 8 is housed on casing 9, pressure head dolly 4 can move forward and backward along the requirement of pressure head vehicle guide 8 according to operation process, as when when compression bin is dumped rubbish, pressure head dolly 4 moves on to the rear portion of casing 9, pour rubbish (pouring rubbish into to compression bin) into so that abdicate the space as Fig. 1, after pressing rubbish, when rubbish is unloaded in entrucking, pressure head dolly 4 also moves to the rear portion of casing 9, so that do not interfere (as Fig. 6, the rubbish entrucking that compression is good) when pressure head dolly 4 promotes with casing 9 with frame 3 tops.
During compressed garbage, pressure head dolly 4 drives by pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder 7 and moves forward to the compression bin top at casing 9 middle parts (as Fig. 2, compressed garbage), by pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6 pressure head dolly 4 and casing 9 are combined as a whole, pressure head 12 positioning guide rail in the pressure head dolly 4 under the driving of compression cylinder 5 moves up and down, and finishes the compression to loose rubbish; Annotate: it is another kind of version of the present invention that pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6 is associated in supporting surface, and this moment, compression stress passed to supporting surface.
Shown in Fig. 3,4, suitcase train 1 is fixed on the frame 3, is driven by suitcase oil cylinder 2, one of steel wire rope is fixed on the frame 3 in the train, the other end is fixed on the casing 9, and its effect is by the operation requirement casing 9 to be risen to certain height, docks with rubbish van.
Suitcase oil cylinder 2 is fixed on the frame 3, drives one group of pulley motion, and its effect is power to be provided for lifting casing 9 by pulley system.Frame 3 is fixed on the supporting surface, is the support frame of equipment.Pressure head dolly 4 promptly is the carrier of pressure head 12, guiding is provided for again moving up and down of pressure head 12, and it bears compression stress, and compression stress is passed to casing 9 by pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6, and pressure head dolly 4 moves before and after can requiring on casing 9 according to operation.
Compression cylinder 5 one ends are fixed on the pressure head dolly 4 with flange, and the other end is fixed on the pressure head 12, and its effect is that drive ram is compressed rubbish.Pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6 is self-locking mechanisms, and its effect is that pressure head dolly 4 and casing 9 or supporting surface are connected together, and transmits the equipment compression stress.Pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder 7 one ends are fixed on the casing 9, and the other end is fixed on the pressure head dolly 4, and its effect is the mobile power that provides to pressure head dolly 4.
Pressure head vehicle guide 8 is fixed on the casing 9, is the guide rail and the supporting of pressure head dolly 4.Casing 9 is placed in the melt pit, plane and ground flat on it, casing 9 are provided with compression bin, rubbish storage warehouse, and shoveling 10, middle door 13, Qianmen 14 etc. also are housed, can require to carry out elevating movement according to operation, finish and the docking of rubbish van along the column on the frame 3.Shoveling 10 can require to move forward and backward along casing 9 interior guide rails according to operation, and its effect is rubbish can be moved to storage warehouse or rubbish is advanced rubbish van.
As Fig. 5, pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6 is transmission mechanisms of a power, be made up of latch hook 17 and lock pin 18, latch hook 17 and lock pin 18 are arranged at respectively on pressure head dolly 4 and the casing 9, when pressure head dolly 4 when compression bin moves into place, latch hook 17 moves on to corresponding lock pin 18 positions respectively, when the downward compressed garbage of pressure head 12, pressure head dolly 4 is just in time up pushed up, and this moment, latch hook 17 tangled lock pin 18 respectively, compression stress is passed to casing 9 from pressure head dolly 4, form internal force.
In addition, pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6 also can with frame 3 lockings, this mode is an another kind of frame mode of the present invention, be characterized in, pressure head dolly lockable mechanism 6 does not lock together with casing 9, but, the compression stress that acts on rubbish being delivered to supporting surface by locking together with frame 3, others are identical.
As Fig. 6, the schematic diagram of Fig. 6 during for rubbish entrucking of the present invention, after rubbish presses, pressure head dolly 4 moves to the rear portion of casing 9, drive suitcase trains 1 by suitcase oil cylinder 2 casing 9 and pressure head dolly 4, pressure head 12 etc. are promoted to the work loading height of rubbish van, the rubbish that presses is pushed rubbish van with shoveling 10.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of trash compactor, mainly comprise casing (9), frame (3), pressure head dolly (4), shoveling (10), pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder (7) and shoveling oil cylinder (11), it is characterized in that being provided with in the casing (9) compression bin (19), frame (3) is located at and is supported on the ground, casing (9) but on a voltage supply dolly (4) be installed make the pressure head vehicle guide (8) move forward and backward, pressure head dolly (4) is supported on the pressure head vehicle guide (8), pressure head dolly (4) is provided with pressure head (12), compression cylinder (5), be connected with between pressure head dolly (4) and casing (9) and can promote the pressure head trolley translation oil cylinder (7) that pressure head dolly (4) moves horizontally, frame (3) is provided with the suitcase oil cylinder (2) that casing (9) is moved in vertical direction, shoveling oil cylinder (11) one ends in the casing (9) are connected with shoveling (10), and the other end is connected with casing (9).
2, trash compactor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being fixed with on the described frame (3) the suitcase train (1) that drives by suitcase oil cylinder (2), one of steel wire rope is fixed on the frame (3) in the suitcase train (1), and the other end is fixed on the casing (9).
3, trash compactor according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that described pressure head dolly (4) is provided with a self-locking mechanism that pressure head dolly (4) and casing (9) can be linked together and transmit the equipment compression stress.
4, trash compactor according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described self-locking mechanism is the pressure head dolly lockable mechanism (6) that is arranged between casing and pressure head dolly, it is made up of latch hook (17) and lock pin (18), and latch hook (17) and lock pin (18) are corresponding to be provided with, and forms mutual interlocking gear.
5, trash compactor according to claim 4 is characterized in that described compression cylinder (5) one ends are fixed on the pressure head dolly (4) with flange, and the other end is fixed on the pressure head (12).
6, trash compactor according to claim 5 is characterized in that described casing (9) also is provided with rubbish storage warehouse (20), middle (13), Qianmen (14), and described rubbish storage warehouse (20) is positioned between Qianmen (14) He Zhongmen (13).
7, trash compactor according to claim 1 is characterized in that described compression cylinder (5) one ends are fixed on the pressure head dolly (4) with flange, and the other end is fixed on the pressure head (12).
8, trash compactor according to claim 1 is characterized in that described casing (9) also is provided with rubbish storage warehouse (20), middle (13), Qianmen (14), and described rubbish storage warehouse (20) is positioned between Qianmen (14) He Zhongmen (13).
CNB2005100320034A 2005-08-12 2005-08-12 Rubbish compressor CN1320967C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100320034A CN1320967C (en) 2005-08-12 2005-08-12 Rubbish compressor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005100320034A CN1320967C (en) 2005-08-12 2005-08-12 Rubbish compressor

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1730179A true CN1730179A (en) 2006-02-08
CN1320967C CN1320967C (en) 2007-06-13

Family

ID=35962620

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2005100320034A CN1320967C (en) 2005-08-12 2005-08-12 Rubbish compressor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1320967C (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101806315A (en) * 2010-04-07 2010-08-18 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Compound oil cylinder and refuse compactor thereof
CN104249885A (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-12-31 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Trash compactor
CN104555206A (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-29 保定市华锐方正机械制造有限公司 Compression cylinder type garbage station unit
CN105692006A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-22 四川中环环保设备有限公司 Buried double-box vertical waste compression station
CN108706255A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-10-26 上海中荷环保有限公司 A kind of technique of high in and low out compressed garbage

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002089812A (en) * 2000-09-14 2002-03-27 Sumitomo Heavy Ind Ltd Refuse drying apparatus
DE20116476U1 (en) * 2001-10-08 2003-02-27 Salda Luciano Device for processing medical waste

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101806315A (en) * 2010-04-07 2010-08-18 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Compound oil cylinder and refuse compactor thereof
WO2011124123A1 (en) * 2010-04-07 2011-10-13 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Composite oil cylinder and refuse compactor
CN104249885A (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-12-31 长沙中联重科环卫机械有限公司 Trash compactor
CN104555206A (en) * 2013-10-11 2015-04-29 保定市华锐方正机械制造有限公司 Compression cylinder type garbage station unit
CN105692006A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-22 四川中环环保设备有限公司 Buried double-box vertical waste compression station
CN108706255A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-10-26 上海中荷环保有限公司 A kind of technique of high in and low out compressed garbage

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Publication number Publication date
CN1320967C (en) 2007-06-13

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 410013 No. 361 South silver basin, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee after: Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410013 No. 361 South silver basin, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Chang Sha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Address after: 410013 No. 361 South silver basin, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee after: Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410013 No. 361 South silver basin, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Chang Sha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: ENVIRONMENTAL + SANITATION MACHINERY BRANCH OF CHA

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: ZOOMLION HEAVY INDUSTRY SCIENCE + TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20120601

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120601

Address after: 410013 Changsha high tech Development Zone, Hunan Province, No. 307 South Road, silver basin

Patentee after: Environmental & Sanitation Machinery Branch of Changsha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology

Address before: 410013 No. 361 South silver basin, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20120601

Address after: 410013 Changsha high tech Development Zone, Hunan Province, No. 307 South Road, silver basin

Patentee after: Environmental & Sanitation Machinery Branch of Changsha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology

Address before: 410013 No. 361 South silver basin, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 410000 Hunan province Changsha hi tech Development Zone, Lin Yulu No. 288

Patentee after: Changsha ZOOMLION Environmental Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410013 Changsha high tech Development Zone, Hunan Province, No. 307 South Road, silver basin

Patentee before: Environmental & Sanitation Machinery Branch of Changsha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology

Address after: 410000 Hunan province Changsha hi tech Development Zone, Lin Yulu No. 288

Patentee after: Changsha ZOOMLION Environmental Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410013 Changsha high tech Development Zone, Hunan Province, No. 307 South Road, silver basin

Patentee before: Environmental & Sanitation Machinery Branch of Changsha Zoomlion Heavy Industry Science & Technology

CP03 Change of name, title or address
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20070613

Termination date: 20190812