CN1613817A - Production for ceramic composite bricks - Google Patents

Production for ceramic composite bricks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1613817A
CN1613817A CN 200410052410 CN200410052410A CN1613817A CN 1613817 A CN1613817 A CN 1613817A CN 200410052410 CN200410052410 CN 200410052410 CN 200410052410 A CN200410052410 A CN 200410052410A CN 1613817 A CN1613817 A CN 1613817A
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China
Prior art keywords
powder
ceramic
raw material
brick
manufacture method
Prior art date
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Application number
CN 200410052410
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100361929C (en
Inventor
钟应洲
林伟
何伟杰
吴俊峰
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Foshan Shiwan Eagle Brand Ceramics Co Ltd
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Foshan Shiwan Eagle Brand Ceramics Co Ltd
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Priority to CNB2004100524107A priority Critical patent/CN100361929C/en
Publication of CN1613817A publication Critical patent/CN1613817A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100361929C publication Critical patent/CN100361929C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

Production for composite ceramic tiles is carried out by: 1) preparing powder of ceramic tile; 2) mixing the powder with frit by proportion of powder : frit=(4-6) : (6-4) to obtain batching raw material, adding pigment or toner, ball milling, granulating to obtain the raw material powders; 3) mixing one or several raw material powder with powder of ceramic tile to obtain mixed powder; 4) mixing the mixed powder with the powder of ceramic tile; and 5) pressing forming the mixed powder, baking in furnace and surface treating the base tile. It achieves simple process and high quality.

Description

A kind of ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the ceramic tile production technical field, specifically relate to the surface and have similar devitrified glass, the manufacture method of the ceramic-quality composite tiles of transparent, translucent colourful three-dimensional texture effect that the surface presents.
Background technology
The mode of twice moulding has generally been adopted in the manufacturing of the composite brick of prior art, that is: batching is at first founded into frit under 1380-1400 ℃, makes its fineness below 5 orders, and above-mentioned multiple frit is directly mixed; The preparation ceramic body is with ceramic brick powder lot compression moulding; Then the above-mentioned frit compound that mixes is sprinkling upon on the ceramic adobe, imposes fixing agent and fix, fire again at last and get final product; The shortcoming of above-mentioned manufacture method is to adopt twice moulding, adobe breakage rate height, and fire complexity, problem such as yield rate is low, and the surface of finished product is not wear-resisting, production cost is high.As application number 00100030; January 5 2000 applying date; denomination of invention is a kind of patent application of production method of novel nucleated glass-ceramic composite brick; it is that the devitrified glass shrend of will melt becomes particles with different sizes; spreading fertilizer over the fields equipment with dry granular or dry powder then is sprinkling upon it on ceramic adobe of compression moulding; spread 1~3 layer; imposing stationary liquid again fixes for 1~3 time; in kiln, burn till at last; burn till 1150 ℃~1250 ℃ of top temperatures; firing period 40~80 minutes gets the work in-process composite brick, through edging after burning till; wipe off; corase grind; polishing; edging; dry.Above-mentioned technology has described problem equally.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide that a kind of technology is simple, cost is low, surface quality is high, attrition resistant, can be made into multiple kind, different types and one-time formed composite brick manufacture method.
Manufacture method provided by the invention comprises the steps:
The first, adopt the existing employed feedstock production ceramic brick powder lot of production porcelain brick standby;
The second, get the powder that makes in the step 1, and existing ceramic tile production frit commonly used, by powder: frit=4~6: 6~4 mixed becomes the batching raw material, and adding colorant or toner, makes various required raw material powder through ball milling, granulation;
The 3rd, described one or more raw material powder of step 2 and ceramic brick powder lot are mixed into mixed powder;
The 4th, get the mixed powder in the third step or mixed powder cooperated with ceramic brick powder lot;
The 5th, compound in the 4th step through the press once shaped, is entered the kiln once-firing, the base brick after burning till gets final product through surface treatment again;
In above-mentioned second step, the raw material that the batching raw material are used is existing production ceramic tile frit, wollastonite, zircon sand, borax, TiO commonly used 2, ZrO 2, SnO 2In ceramic raw material and chemical industry material;
In above-mentioned second step, according to the final difference that will prepare the surface effect of brick, the batching raw material are divided into multiple, and chemical ingredients is respectively by weight: SiO 250-65% Al 2O 36-10% CaO8-15% MgO 0.5-4% Fe 2O 30.1-0.3% K 2O 1-4% Na 2O 0.5-2% TiO 20-3%B 2O 31-5% ZnO 7-13% BaO 1-8% ZrO 20-7%.
In above-mentioned second step, the proportioning (weight ratio) with the batching raw material of colorant in the raw material powder or toner is 0-0.3: 100;
In above-mentioned the 4th step, can directly adopt the mixed powder in the third step to make the entire body brick at last; Also can adopt preparation ceramic brick powder lot in second step is made bed material, the mixed powder that lay in one deck third step on its surface is made lining; Can also make bed material by the preparation ceramic brick powder lot in second step, the size of its upper wiring bar or fritter small area is at 5-120 purpose raw material powder.
The ceramic-quality composite tiles that adopts aforesaid method to make, the brick surface presents one or more color lumps, color spot and coloured lines and has translucent texture, makes brick face pattern have tangible stereoscopic sensation, and monoblock porcelain brick composite brick is similar to crystallite glass composite plate.
Adopt the advantage of aforesaid method to be:
1, the present invention has adopted once shaped mode, once-firing, has simplified technology, has reduced cost.
2, adopt the present invention can prepare multiple brick, only need to change main proportioning such as raw material powder or ceramic brick powder lot, cloth what and size get final product; Its output is big, and is wide in variety, bright in luster, is used for high-grade finishing material.
3, the ceramic brick surface quality that adopts the present invention to make is good, and its surface is not easy to wear, has permanent preservation and effect.
4, the ceramic-quality composite tiles that adopts the present invention to make can be done wall brick and also can do floor tile, has jumped out the limitation that the crystallite composition board is done wall brick only.
5, the ceramic-quality composite tiles that adopts the present invention to produce is high temperature resistant, the physical strength height, and good thermal shock stability, the thermofin heat-proof quality is good, the intensity height; Can realize saving energy and reduce the cost, the preparation method is scientific and reasonable, and is simple and easy to do.
Embodiment
Be described further below in conjunction with embodiment:
Embodiment 1
Use ceramic raw materials such as feldspar, sand, clay, Wingdale, talcum, wollastonite, zircon sand with usual method, make powder 1. by certain formula rate batching, ball milling, granulation; Get powder and 1. reach the 60# frit that existing factory uses, make powder 2. by certain formula rate batching; On the basis that 2. powder fills a prescription, add 0.1-0.2% Paris red stain, by usual method prepare burden, ball milling, granulation, make powder 3.; On the basis that 2. powder fills a prescription, add the titanium dioxide of 0.5-0.6%, the orange colorant of 0.1-0.2, by usual method prepare burden, ball milling, granulation, make powder 4.; According to a conventional method 1. powder is ground to form micro mist a, 3. powder grinds to form micro mist b powder and 4. grinds to form micro mist c, in micro mist a: micro mist b: micro mist c=5: 2: 3 ratio batching, mix a little, but do not mix too evenly, promptly get micro mist d.Produce the method for micro-powder brick routinely, for the first time cloth powder 1. cloth fill in the counterdie, again by the second time cloth micro mist d fill in powder 1. on, the patrix of mould is the light face, by the usual method moulding, burn till, obtain the ceramic-quality composite tiles of the translucent texture of local micro mist.Obtain the polished tile that the surface has the translucent texture that is similar to colour jade after the polishing.
Embodiment 2
By the method for example 1 prepare powder 1., powder 3., powder 4..Get powder and 1. reach the 30# frit that existing factory uses, make powder 5. by certain formula rate batching, ball milling, granulation.4. with powder is bed material, and powder 3., 5. powder be flower material, presses the production method of multitube cloth porcelain brick, is pressed into adobe, through burning till, polishing, obtains the surface and have color spot transparent, match volume.
Embodiment 3
By the method for example 1 prepare powder 1., powder 2., on the basis that 2. powder fills a prescription, add 0.1-0.2% Paris red stain, by usual method prepare burden, ball milling, granulation, make 2-8 purpose particle a.In powder 1.: a=90: 10 ratio is prepared burden, is mixed, and obtains powder 6..The method of production porcelain brick routinely, for the first time cloth powder 1. cloth fill in the counterdie, again by the second time cloth powder 6. fill in powder 1. on, the patrix of mould is the light face, by the usual method moulding, burn till, polish and obtain polished tile, polished tile presents and has transparent, match volume, the red granules of random distribution.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method at first adopts the existing employed feedstock production ceramic brick powder lot of production porcelain brick standby; It is characterized in that it also comprises the steps:
The second, get the powder that makes in the step 1, and existing ceramic tile production frit commonly used, by powder: frit=(4~6): the mixed of (6~4) becomes the batching raw material, and adding colorant or toner, makes various required raw material powder through ball milling, granulation;
The 3rd, described one or more raw material powder of step 2 and ceramic brick powder lot are mixed into mixed powder;
The 4th, get the mixed powder in the third step or mixed powder cooperated with ceramic brick powder lot;
The 5th, compound in the 4th step through the press once shaped, is entered the kiln once-firing, the base brick after burning till gets final product through surface treatment again.
2, ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in above-mentioned second step, the raw material that the batching raw material are used comprises existing production ceramic tile frit, wollastonite, zircon sand, borax, TiO commonly used 2, ZrO 2, SnO 2Ceramic raw material and chemical industry material.
3, ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method according to claim 2 is characterized in that, in above-mentioned second step, according to the final difference that will prepare the surface effect of brick, the batching raw material are divided into multiple, and chemical ingredients is respectively by weight: SiO 250-65% Al 2O 36-10% CaO 8-15% MgO0.5-4% Fe 2O 30.1-0.3% K 2O 1-4% Na 2O 0.5-2% TiO 20-3% B 2O 31-5% ZnO7-13% BaO 1-8% ZrO 20-7%.
4, ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in above-mentioned second step, the proportioning (weight ratio) with the batching raw material of colorant in the raw material powder or toner is (0-0.3): 100.
5, ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in above-mentioned the 4th step, can directly adopt the mixed powder in the third step, makes the entire body brick at last.
6, ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in above-mentioned the 4th step, is to adopt the ceramic brick powder lot of preparation in second step is made bed material, and the mixed powder that lay in one deck third step on its surface is made lining;
7, ceramic-quality composite tiles manufacture method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, in above-mentioned the 4th step, is to make bed material with preparation ceramic brick powder lot in second step, and the size of its upper wiring bar or fritter small area is at 5-120 purpose raw material powder.
CNB2004100524107A 2004-11-29 2004-11-29 Production for ceramic composite bricks Expired - Fee Related CN100361929C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2004100524107A CN100361929C (en) 2004-11-29 2004-11-29 Production for ceramic composite bricks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2004100524107A CN100361929C (en) 2004-11-29 2004-11-29 Production for ceramic composite bricks

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CN1613817A true CN1613817A (en) 2005-05-11
CN100361929C CN100361929C (en) 2008-01-16

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101063368B (en) * 2006-04-29 2011-06-22 霍镰泉 Method for manufacturing high Intensity ceramic tile
CN102924045A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-13 佛山石湾鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 Vitrification ceramic tile, preform body of the vitrification ceramic tile and preparation method of vitrification ceramic tile
CN103130510A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-06-05 天津大学 Composite dispersing agent applied to architectural ceramics and application
CN103319207A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-09-25 佛山市艾陶制釉有限公司 Non-radiative opal fritted glaze for ceramic tiles and preparation method of non-radiative opal fritted glaze
CN105777088A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-07-20 乐山市沙湾乐艺非金属有限责任公司 Calcareous ceramic and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1120078C (en) * 2000-01-05 2003-09-03 戴长禄 Method for producing composite brick of nucleated glass and ceramic
CN1155541C (en) * 2000-10-16 2004-06-30 佛山华盛昌陶瓷有限公司 Microcrystalline glass ceramic composite sheet material and its production method
CN1382666A (en) * 2002-05-22 2002-12-04 三水市特地陶瓷有限公司 Process for preparing microcrystal glass-ceramic tile
CN1190381C (en) * 2003-03-12 2005-02-23 戴长禄 Nucleated glass composite material and process for preparing same

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101063368B (en) * 2006-04-29 2011-06-22 霍镰泉 Method for manufacturing high Intensity ceramic tile
CN102924045A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-13 佛山石湾鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 Vitrification ceramic tile, preform body of the vitrification ceramic tile and preparation method of vitrification ceramic tile
CN102924045B (en) * 2012-11-02 2014-08-27 佛山石湾鹰牌陶瓷有限公司 Vitrification ceramic tile, preform body of the vitrification ceramic tile and preparation method of vitrification ceramic tile
CN103130510A (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-06-05 天津大学 Composite dispersing agent applied to architectural ceramics and application
CN103319207A (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-09-25 佛山市艾陶制釉有限公司 Non-radiative opal fritted glaze for ceramic tiles and preparation method of non-radiative opal fritted glaze
CN105777088A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-07-20 乐山市沙湾乐艺非金属有限责任公司 Calcareous ceramic and preparation method thereof

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Granted publication date: 20080116

Termination date: 20101129