CN1588896A - Environment monitoring device - Google Patents

Environment monitoring device Download PDF

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CN1588896A
CN1588896A CN 200410074614 CN200410074614A CN1588896A CN 1588896 A CN1588896 A CN 1588896A CN 200410074614 CN200410074614 CN 200410074614 CN 200410074614 A CN200410074614 A CN 200410074614A CN 1588896 A CN1588896 A CN 1588896A
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network
sensor
housing
central processing
processing module
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CN 200410074614
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CN100461714C (en )
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贺冬仙
杨珀
贺秋仙
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贺冬仙
杨珀
贺秋仙
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Abstract

This invention discloses an environmental monitor device including a shell with a central process module and a power supply module, the central process module is connected with a network module and a controller by the controller interface, the network module is set with an Ethernet interface and a wireless network interface. The invention integrates data acquisition, remote control and wireless transmission and acquires data by internal network server, transmits the data to remote network terminals timely and provides remote methods.

Description

环境监控装置 Environment monitoring device

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种环境监控装置,尤其是一种使用无线网络技术的远程环境监控装置。 The present invention relates to an environment monitoring apparatus, in particular a network using a wireless technology for remote environment monitoring apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

设施农业的网络化信息获取与智能环境控制是我国“十五”期间工厂化高效农业项目的重点攻关方向,也是我国未来实现数字农业的基础与关键技术之一。 Network information acquisition facility agriculture and intelligent environmental control are key research direction of the factory efficient agricultural projects "fifth" period, China's future is also a basis of one of the key technologies of digital agriculture. 随着温室生产技术的普及与推广,环境检测与控制的技术与相应装置也在不断进步与发展。 With the popularization and promotion of greenhouse production technology, environmental technology and the corresponding measurement and control devices are constantly progress and development. 我国的设施园艺产业从20世纪80年代逐渐发展以来,目前温室的推广面积已经达到200万公顷以上,是世界上推广温室面积最多的国家。 Our facility horticulture industry since the 1980s gradually development, promotion of greenhouse area has reached more than two million hectares, is the world's largest greenhouse area to promote the country. 但是,绝大多数的温室蔬菜生产普遍存在产量低、品质差的问题,主要是因为温室设施的环境调控及管理技术水平低,对各环境因子仅能实现单项调控,实际操作多是生产者凭经验和感觉而具有很大的不确定性。 However, the vast majority of greenhouse vegetable production prevailing low yields, poor quality problems, mainly because of the low level of environmental regulation and management of greenhouse facilities, environmental factors can only be achieved for each individual regulation, actual operating mostly with producers experience and feel and great uncertainty.

目前,我国对温室中的光、温、水、气、肥等环境因素综合考虑和实行全面综合的最优化控制管理的技术体系尚未确立。 At present, environmental factors light, temperature, water, gas, fertilizer and other greenhouse considering the implementation of a comprehensive and integrated management to optimize control technology system has not been established. 对温室内植物生长与环境的关系、综合环境预测等模型分析和栽培专家系统等的研究很多,但是缺少进行环境因子的数据采集、获取和传输乃至环境控制的国产设施设备。 Many studies on the relationship between greenhouse plant growth and the environment, integrated environmental prediction model analysis and cultivation expert system, but a lack of data collection environmental factors, access and domestic transport facilities and equipment as well as environmental control. 而无论哪种环境检测和控制设备,一般都在依靠实地工作站或固定存储器下载数据,很多都未能实现实时数据传输,并且设备庞大,连接线路复杂,设备间干扰大。 And no matter what kind of environment monitoring and controlling devices, generally in the field rely on memory or fixed workstation download data, many have failed to achieve real-time data transmission, and large equipment, line connection is complex, interference between devices. 同时,在野外设置也存在供电困难、可靠性差等问题,而亟待加以进一步改进。 At the same time, there is also supply difficulties, poor reliability in the field is set, and the urgent need to be further improved.

远程检测是利用网络系统在异地对远程的现场设备实施监视、测试,并根据设备状况进行控制的技术。 Remote detection systems using a network remote monitoring embodiment, the remote testing of field devices, and apparatus for controlling technical conditions. 近年来,随着自动化程度的不断提高,远程监控技术在各行各业的生产过程和监控管理等方面的应用越来越广泛。 In recent years, with the increasing degree of automation, application of remote monitoring technology in the production process and the monitoring and management of all walks of life and so more and more widely. 如工厂、车间、医院、宾馆、交通路口、银行等场所,尤其对一些高温环境、有害气体等场所等,远程监控显得尤为重要。 Such as factories, workshops, hospitals, hotels, traffic junctions, banks and other places, especially for some high temperature environment, harmful gases and other places, remote monitoring is very important. 传统的远程监控是将带有检测功能的小型嵌入式设备通过专用线路(RS-232,RS-485,CAN Bus)连接到上位PC,以该PC为网关将专用线路的信息转换为TCP/IP协议数据包,然后发到网上实现信息共享。 Traditional remote monitoring device is embedded with a small detection function via a dedicated line (RS-232, RS-485, CAN Bus) to the host PC, the PC to convert information to a gateway dedicated line to TCP / IP protocol packets, and then sent to the internet to share information. 但这种信息共享存在以下缺点:1、需要以该PC机做网关进行协议转换,在多个系统分散的情况下,专用线路布线极为不便;2、需要在上位PC机安装专用的协议转换软件,该软件通常由第三方软件商提供,费用较高;3、多种现场总线并存,造成彼此之间的互连接和互的操作问题难以解决。 However, this information is shared the following drawbacks: 1, the PC needs to be done to the gateway protocol conversion, in a case where a plurality of dispersed systems, a dedicated wiring line is extremely inconvenient; 2, protocol conversion need to install special software in the host PC the software is usually provided by a third-party software providers, higher cost; 3, a variety of field bus coexist, resulting in interconnections and interoperability between each other operational problems difficult to solve.

另外,在传统的远程控制系统中,各个嵌入式小设备通过现场总线组成现场网,各个设备的状态信息由现场PC巡回检测,并从该PC接受动作指令,现场PC与Internet相连,远程监控主机可通过Internet读取现场PC有关设备的状态信息,并将控制指令传输给该PC。 Further, in the conventional remote control system, each small embedded devices through the field bus network composed of field, the device status information of each PC by the field detecting circuit, and receiving an operation command from the PC, the PC connected to the Internet site, the remote monitoring host PC field devices can be read through the Internet related state information, and the control command is transmitted to this PC. 该方案虽然成本低,可以连接多种小设备,但所有小设备必须通过一个PC进行中转,因此,网络速度慢、巡检时间长、传输数据有限,远程监控中心得到的关于各设备的状态数据不仅实时性差、数据类型和数量也有限,从而使远程的实时检测和控制能力都受到极大的限制。 Although the low cost of the program, can be connected to more small devices, but all must be small devices through a relay the PC, thus, the network is slow, the inspection time is long, the transmission data is limited, the remote monitoring center to obtain data about the state of each device not only poor real-time, the type and amount of data is limited, so that the real-time detection and a remote control capabilities are severely limited. 同时,由于现场工作环境十分恶劣,对现场PC的稳定性和可靠性有较高的要求,而亟待加以进一步改进。 Also, because the field work environment is very bad, there are high requirements on-site PC stability and reliability, and the urgent need to be further improved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明所要解决的技术问题在于针对现有技术的不足,提供一种环境监控装置,使用无线网络技术实现用户远程监控,不需要进行大量布线和复杂的周边环境支持,体积小、功耗低、安装维护简单。 The present invention is to solve that technical problem for the shortcomings of the prior art, to provide an environment monitoring apparatus, using a wireless network user to achieve remote monitoring technology, and does not require a large number of complex wiring support surrounding environment, small size, low power consumption, simple installation and maintenance.

本发明所要解决的技术问题是通过如下技术方案实现的:一种环境监控装置,它包括壳体,所述的壳体内设置有中央处理模块及电源模块,所述的电源模块为壳体内的各电路模块供电,所述的中央处理模块通过其传感器接口连接有传感器,所述的中央处理模块连接有网络模块,并且通过控制器接口连接有控制器,所述的网络模块设置有以太网络接口及无线网络接口。 The present invention solves the technical problem is achieved by the following technical solutions: an environment monitoring apparatus, comprising a housing, said housing is provided with a central processing module and power module, the power supply module for each of the inner housing power supply circuit module, the central processing module which is connected via a sensor interface with a sensor, the central processing module is connected with a network module, and is connected with a controller via an interface controller, a network module is provided with Ethernet interfaces and wireless network interface.

所述的壳体为竖直的圆筒状,其上部开口,下部筒径较小并于侧壁上开设有孔隙;所述的壳体的上方设有顶罩,该顶罩与壳体上部的开口留有空隙,该空隙与壳体及壳体下部侧壁上的孔隙形成一可供气流通过的风道;所述的传感器设置在壳体内靠近孔隙的上方,所述的壳体内靠近上部开口处设置有中央处理模块,该中央处理模块与传感器电路连接。 The cylindrical housing is vertical, and its upper opening, and a smaller diameter cylindrical lower portion on the side wall defines apertures; the top cover provided above the housing, the upper housing and the top cover the gap left open, and the space on the lower side wall aperture of the housing and forming a housing for the air flow through the duct; said sensor is disposed within the housing near the top of pores, within said housing close to the upper the opening is provided with a central processing module, the central processing module connected to the sensor circuit.

一种环境监控网络,它包括一个以上的由上述环境监控装置连接构成,所述的环境监控装置之间采用星形连接或串形连接或其组合连接,环境监控装置之间采用以太网络连接或无线网络连接或其组合连接。 An environmental monitoring network, comprising more than one connecting means is constituted by the above-described environmental monitoring, serial connection or a star-shaped connection connected to, or combinations thereof, using the Ethernet connection between the environment monitoring device or the monitoring device between ambient Wi-Fi connection or a combination thereof.

本发明实现了各种环境要素的实时动态检测、无线数据传输及实时无线遥控,设备体积小,生产成本低,不需外接电源,可靠性高,便于在日光温室或其他大型温室群中使用推广。 The present invention achieves real-time dynamic detection of various environmental factors, real-time wireless data transmission and wireless remote control equipment, small size, low production cost, no external power supply, high reliability, ease of use in the promotion of solar greenhouse greenhouse or other large group . 本发明具有环境检测与生长检测等信息一体化与集成化;多个监控装置可以用分布式、组合式或离散式实施,也可以使用网状分布方式,可随意根据实际需要实施;具有网络互连、无线通讯和网络服务(WWWServer)等多项功能;可以实现远程环境控制和作业机械化;技术产品化、低成本化实现的容易性和方便性等特征。 The present invention has a unified environment information detecting growth and integration testing; a plurality of monitoring devices can be distributed, combined, or discrete embodiments, a mesh may be used in a distributed fashion, the actual embodiment can be freely according to need; interpenetrating networks having even, wireless communications and network services (wWWServer) and many other features; can remotely control the environment and mechanization; technology products and cost of implementation ease and convenience and other features. 在本发明构成的无线网络基层上可以扩展其他网络应用,例如连接上网络数码相机后,可以通过监视和操控相机获取现场图像。 Base on the wireless network configuration of the present invention may be extended other network applications, such as a digital camera connected to the network, the site images can be acquired by monitoring and camera control. 本发明的应用,将大大加强对影响生产条件、农业资源的气象灾害和生物灾变的宏观监测与预测警报,有利于提高可控农业生产的精确性和稳定性,从而有效地促进农业信息化,为设施农业领域带来比传统农业高数倍或数十倍的经济效益。 Application of the invention, will greatly enhance the impact of production conditions, weather disasters and biological resources, agricultural disaster monitoring and forecasting macro alert, help to improve the accuracy and stability of controlled agricultural production, so as to effectively promote agricultural information, bring economic benefits than traditional agriculture is several times or dozens of times in the agricultural facilities. 以该环境监控装置为基础部件构建设大规模超分散检测系统和农业环境灾害预警系统将会促进我国设施农业的高效生产和农产品价格与品质在国际贸易中的领先地位,对我国经济建设和生态与社会效益有深远的影响。 In this environment monitoring device configurations based on the construction of large-scale components Hyperdispersants detection systems and agro-environmental disaster warning system will facilitate efficient production and agricultural prices and quality of China's leading agricultural facilities in international trade, China's economic development and ecological there are far-reaching impact and social benefits.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的结构示意图;图2为本发明的电路组成示意图;图3为本发明的电路原理图;图4为本发明的多装置星型结构连接示意图;图5为本发明的多装置网状结构连接示意图。 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the invention; FIG. 2 is a circuit schematic diagram of the composition of the invention; FIG. 3 is a schematic circuit diagram of the invention; FIG. 4 star schema multi-device connection diagram of the present invention; FIG. 5 of the present invention, a plurality means connected to a network structure schematic diagram.

具体实施方式 detailed description

以下结合附图和具体实施例对本发明的技术方案进一步说明:如图1所示,为本发明的结构示意图,一种温室环境检测装置,它包括壳体1、顶罩2、传感器3、中央处理模块4及电源模块6;其壳体1为竖直的圆筒状,由上至下分为筒径逐渐减小的三段,其可以起到保护内部器件,防水、隔热及防止外部电磁信号干扰的作用;其上部开口,下部筒径较小并于侧壁上开设有孔隙11,该孔隙11用作通气孔,因此该孔隙11为一个以上的孔或缝,并沿壳体1下部圆周均匀分布,该部分壳体1无孔隙11的部位被隔热高反射材料层13覆盖,以使孔隙11进风温度不会受壳体1温升的影响;顶罩2设置在壳体1的上方,顶罩2主要为防雨及防止其它杂物落入壳体1内部;该顶罩2与壳体1上部的开口留有空隙12,该空隙12与壳体1及壳体下部侧壁上的孔隙11形成一可供气流A通过的风道;壳体1下 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following specific examples further illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention: a schematic structural view of the present invention, a greenhouse environment detecting device shown in FIG. 1, which comprises a housing 1, the top cover 2, a sensor 3, the central power module 4 and processing module 6; a cylindrical housing 1 which is a vertical, top-down into three sections tube diameter is gradually reduced, which may function to protect the internal components, waterproofing, heat and prevent external electromagnetic interference signals; its upper opening, and a smaller diameter lower cylindrical aperture 11 is defined on the side wall, the apertures 11 as an air vent, and therefore the aperture 11 or more holes or a slit, and along the housing 1 a lower distributed uniformly about the periphery of the aperture portion of the housing portion 1 11 is no insulating layer 13 is covered with a highly reflective material, such that the apertures 11 inlet air temperature is not affected by a temperature rise of the housing; the top cover 2 provided on the housing 1 above, the top cover 2 is mainly to prevent rain and other debris falling into the interior of the housing 1; 1 of the top cover 2 and the upper opening of the housing leaving a gap 12, the lower portion of the space 12 and the housing 1 and the housing aperture in the side wall 11 for forming an air passage through the airflow a; lower case 1 部较细端延长并固定于地面上,或插入土壤中,使本发明能够稳定固定于地表。 Thinner end portion is fixed to the extension and on the ground or into the soil, of the present invention can be stably fixed to the surface.

传感器3设置在壳体1内靠近孔隙11的上方,包括温度传感器、湿度传感器及气体含量传感器;壳体1内靠近上部开口处设置有中央处理模块4,该中央处理模块4内包括模拟信号处理回路、模拟/数字信号变换中央处理器、检测电路、外部执行机构控制回路及由无线局域网回路、以太网集线器、网络服务器组成的网络模块5等,并实现芯片化;该中央处理模块4还带有16个检测通道和2~4个控制通道,以利用以太网接口和其他设备进行连接实现模块化,把网络服务器嵌入中央处理器中实现可数据的实时网络传输;该中央处理模块4与传感器3电路连接;网络模块5内设有无线局域网回路、以太网集线器、网络服务器、串行通讯接口、以太网通讯接口及无线网络接口;为了降低制造成本、减小电路板尺寸及有利于装置内的散热,网络模块5也可以设置在壳体1内的中央 3 disposed close to the sensor within the housing 1 above the aperture 11, includes a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor and the gas content sensor; close to the upper opening is provided with a central processing module 4 within the housing 1, the central processing module 4 includes an analog signal processing circuit, an analog / digital signal conversion CPU, detecting circuit, an external control loop and the actuator circuit by the wireless LAN, Ethernet hubs, network servers and other network modules 5, and to achieve a chip; the central processing module 4 further tape detection channel 16 and control channel 2 to 4, in order to use the Ethernet interface, and other devices are connected modular, embedded real-time network to the network server implemented in the central processor may transmit the data; and the central processing module and the sensor 4 3 circuit; network equipped with the wireless LAN module circuit 5, an Ethernet hub, a network server, a serial communication interface, an Ethernet network interface and a wireless communication interface; in order to reduce manufacturing costs, reduced size of the circuit board and the means facilitate central cooling, the network module 5 may be provided in the housing 1, 处理模块4的下部,也可以将网络模块5与中央处理模块4设置为一体。 The lower part of the processing module 4, the module 5 may be a network with the central processing module 4 is provided integrally. 电源模块6设置在壳体1内中央处理模块4及网络模块5附件为其供电。 6 is provided in the power module 1 central processing module and the network module housing 4 for 5 accessory power.

中央处理模块4中的元器件会发热,因此设置在壳体1内靠近上部开口处有利于中央处理模块4的散热,同时中央处理模块4的散热会带动气体向上方流动并从顶罩2与壳体1上部开口间的空隙12流出,而壳体1外部的气体会沿壳体1下部侧壁上的孔隙11补充进入壳体1内部,从而使壳体1内部形成自下而上的气流A;在壳体1内传感器3的上方还设置有风机7,该风机7使壳体1内的气流A流动更加顺畅并有利于中央处理模块4的散热。 Central processing module 4 components will heat, thus disposed close to the upper opening of the housing 1 allows for heat dissipation of the central processing module 4, while cooling the central processing module 4 will drive the gas flow and the upwardly from the top cover 2 and the gap between the outflow opening of the upper housing 1 12, and the gas outside of the housing 1 into the interior of the housing 1 will be supplemented in the aperture 11 on the lower side wall of the housing 1, so that the inner housing 1 forms a bottom-up flow a; above the sensor housing 3 is further provided with a fan 7, the fan 7 causes the airflow a 1 to flow more smoothly within the housing and facilitate the heat dissipation of the central processing module 4.

传感器3能够将通过壳体1下部侧壁上的孔隙11流入壳体1的气体的温度、湿度及气体含量等物理参数不受太阳辐射的影响迅速转化为数据,并传输到中央处理模块4;中央处理模块4同时通过其16个检测通道接收装置外部安装的传感器(如光照强度传感器及气流速度传感器等)传来的检测信号,并且通过模拟信号处理回路、模拟/数字信号变换中央处理器及检测电路等处理由传感器3传来的数据,并将处理结果通过网络模块5传输到外部设备。 Effects of physical parameters such as temperature, humidity and gas content sensor 3 and the like can be gas flowing into the housing 1 through an aperture in the lower side wall of the housing 11 from solar radiation quickly converted into data and transmitted to the central processing module 4; 4 while the central processing module 16 through which the sensor means detects the receiving channels (e.g., the light intensity sensor and air velocity sensor or the like) transmitted from an externally mounted detection signal, and the analog signal processing circuit, an analog / digital signal conversion, and the central processor processing detection circuit 3 by the data from the sensors, and the results transmitted over the network module 5 to an external device.

顶罩2上还设有光照强度传感器21,该光照强度传感器21与中央处理模块4电路连接,将感应的太阳光强度信息传至中央处理模块4;顶罩2上设有太阳能发电板22通过电源模块6与中央处理模块4及传感器3电路连接,使温室环境检测装置不需外接电源即可自身发电运行;并且光照强度传感器21与太阳能发电板22可以是同一个光照模块,既可使其作为光照强度传感器使用,也可作为供电模块。 The top cover 2 is further provided on the light intensity sensor 21, the light intensity sensor 21 is connected to the central processing module circuit 4, the sensed intensity of sunlight to pass information to the central processing module 4; solar panels 22 is provided on the top cover 2 by power module 6 is connected to the central processing circuit 4 and the sensor module 3, greenhouse environment detection means no external power supply to electric power generating operation itself; and the light intensity sensor 21 and the solar panels 22 may be the same lighting module, it can as a light intensity sensor, it can also be used as a power supply module.

壳体1外孔隙11的下面还架设有多组太阳能电池板9,其按照上下顺序排列为多层,每层太阳能电池板9可以是一片或一片以上的多种组合,并可以朝阳光的方向作一定角度的倾斜;各层太阳能电池板9之间可以按平行或交错或其它方式组合排列,以得到较大的光照面积,吸收较多的太阳光能量。 Below aperture 11 in the outer housing 1 also set multiple sets of the solar cell panel 9, which are arranged according to the order of the vertical layers each solar cell panel 9 may be one or a plurality of combinations of the above, and may be the sun light in a direction for angularly inclined; layers by a solar panel may be parallel or staggered or otherwise arranged in combination to obtain a large illumination area between 9 and absorb more solar energy. 太阳能电池板9连接有一个蓄电池组10,通过蓄电池组10给本装置提供电能,或与顶罩2表面的太阳能发电板22组合为本装置提供电能。 The solar cell panel 9 is connected to a battery pack 10, providing power to the battery pack 10 by the present apparatus, the surface of the solar photovoltaic panel 2 and the top cover 22 or the composition of the present apparatus to provide electrical power.

壳体1中部外侧靠近两端分界处设有LED照明装置8,其可以使用超高辉度发光二极管,使温室环境检测装置同时可以作为照明设备使用。 Near the middle of the outer housing 1 is provided at both ends of the boundary between the LED illumination apparatus 8, which may be ultra-high brightness light emitting diode, greenhouse environment detection means can be simultaneously used as an illumination device.

温室环境检测装置之间通过无线局域网实现无线连接与无线数据传输,还可利用光电继电器远程操纵加温器、换气扇等执行机构。 Between a greenhouse environment is achieved by detecting means connected to the Wireless Local wireless data transmission, also using a photoelectric relay remotely operated heater, a ventilation fan actuator. 对连接到本发明的数码相机或网络相机可以进行远程控制和图像处理以得到需要的有用图像信息。 The present invention is connected to a digital camera or web camera can be remotely controlled and the image processing information to obtain useful images needed. 该设备的接口软件将按照一定的时间间隔自动记录和处理实时图像与数据并构建相应的数据库,使各种实时数据和图像应用到其他植物生长模型预测和病虫害诊断等应用模型中。 The interface software of the device in accordance with a certain time interval to automatically record and process image data in real time and constructs the appropriate database, and real-time data so that various images applied to other pests and plant growth model predictive diagnosis application model.

如图2及图3所示,为本发明的电路组成示意图及本发明的电路原理图,一种环境监控装置,它包括壳体40,壳体40内设置有由中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)、网络模块5(RTL8019AS)和电源模块6(MIC4680);其中中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)通过以太网接口(RJ45规格)与网络模块5(RTL8019AS)连接,进行网络数据包的交换。 And 2, the composition of the present invention and a circuit schematic circuit diagram of the present invention, an environment monitoring apparatus shown in FIG. 3, which includes a housing 40, inner housing 40 is provided with a central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F), the network module 5 (RTL8019AS) and a power supply module 6 (MIC4680); wherein the central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) are connected via the Ethernet interface (RJ45 standard) and the network module 5 (RTL8019AS), packet switching network .

中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)带有4个传感器接口41,可以连接温度传感器、湿度传感器、光照强度传感器和CO2气体含量传感器等模拟信号传感器。 Central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) with four sensor interface 41 may be connected to a temperature sensor, a humidity sensor, a light intensity sensor and the CO2 gas content sensor signals and other analog sensors.

中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)带有8个控制器接口42、可以连接照明开关控制器、风扇开关控制器、加热开关控制器和CO2开关控制器等开关控制器。 Central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) with eight controller interface 42, a switch can be connected to the lighting control, the fan switch controller, the switch controller and a heating controller switches the switch controller CO2.

中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)带有1个RS232接口43,通过这个串口与计算机通信,也可以实现数据交换的目的。 Central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) with a RS232 interface 43, via the serial communication with a computer, can achieve the purpose of data exchange.

中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)内置一个温度传感器44,可以实时监视装置内部的工作温度。 Central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) contains a temperature sensor 44, the real-time monitoring means may be internally operating temperature.

中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)内嵌有数据处理、网络服务和通讯软件。 Central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) embedded data processing, network services and communications software. 其支持国际上通用的TCP/IP网络协议,负责采集数据,提供标准的WWW服务,通过HTTP协议实时传输数据、配置参数以及更改IP地址。 It supports the international generic TCP / IP network protocol, is responsible for collecting data, providing a standard WWW service, real-time transmission of data through the HTTP protocol, configuration parameters and change the IP address.

无线网络模块5(RTL8019AS)内设有无线通讯模块51、有线集线器模块52和安全验证软硬件模块53,负责无线和有线网络的传输、安全验证工作。 Wireless network module 5 (RTL8019AS) equipped with wireless communication module 51, wired hub module 52 and the hardware and software security verification module 53, responsible for transmitting wireless and wireline networks, security verification. 其中无线通讯模块51带有无线网络接口54,有线集线器模块52带有4~8个以太网络接口55,这些接口全部为国际标准网络接口,支持IEEE802.11a/11b/11g无线协议。 Wherein the wireless communication module 51 with a wireless network interface 54, a wired hub module 52 with 4 to 8 Ethernet interface 55, all of these interfaces is the international standard network interface, supports IEEE802.11a / 11b / 11g wireless protocol. 芯片内嵌路由管理网络服务、动态IP地址分配(DHCP)、通信加密及身份验证系统。 Chip embedded routing network management services, dynamic IP address assignment (DHCP), communication encryption and authentication system.

电源模块6(MIC4680)为外接交/直流电源或内置可充电模块或其组合;由于整个装置耗电仅为3~20W,所以可以使用太阳能电池板作为电源模块。 Power module 6 (MIC4680) for the external AC / DC power supply module or built-in rechargeable or combinations thereof; the entire apparatus since power consumption of only 3 ~ 20W, the solar panel can be used as a power source module. 采用太阳能电池板作为电源模块后,整个装置不再需要外接电源线路供电,实施非常容易、可靠性高、维护容易。 With the solar panel for power module, the entire device is no longer need for external power supply lines, easy implementation, high reliability and easy maintenance.

使用本发明的网络模块实现网络互联或者与公共无线网络连接,可以实现大范围内分布监控,这种网络结构只要在任意一台装置无线网络覆盖范围内放置一台终端就能实现远程监控,如果同时用多台终端同时监控也不会互相干扰。 Using the network module of the present invention enables networking or wireless connections to the public network, monitoring the distribution can be achieved over a wide range, as long as the network structure Renyiyitai one terminal device is placed within a wireless network coverage can achieve remote monitoring, if simultaneously with multiple terminals simultaneously monitor will not interfere with each other.

终端设备可以使用个人计算机(Personal Computer)、便携式电脑(Notebook)、大中型服务器(Server)或采用个人数字助理(PDA)等任何可以浏览网页的电子设备进行数据采集和控制。 The terminal device can use a personal computer (Personal Computer), a portable computer (Notebook), medium-sized server (Server) or data acquisition and control using a personal digital assistant (PDA) and any other electronic devices can browse the Web.

如图4所示,为多装置星型结构连接示意图,使用多个本装置S1、S2、S3...Sn,通过无线网络组成一个星型网络,然后再用有线(或无线)连接到终端(S0)。 4, the star structure is a multi-device connection diagram, the present apparatus using a plurality of S1, S2, S3 ... Sn, through a wireless network consisting of a star network, then use a wired (or wireless) is connected to the terminal (S0). 这幅图用于说明本装备既可以作为采集数据服务设备使用,也可以作为无线网络集线器使用。 This figure to illustrate the data acquisition equipment may be used as the service equipment, it may be used as a wireless network hub.

如图5所示,为多装置网状结构连接示意图,在图2的基础上以装置41(S41)为中心,再搭建一个星型网络,当然也可以通过S1、S2...Sn等任何装置为中心搭建星型网络,依次类推一直可以循环到搭建一个庞大的、复杂的网状无线网络。 5, the mesh structure is a multi-device connection diagram, on the basis of FIG. 2 to the device 41 (S41) as the center, and then build a star network, also it is implemented by S1, S2 ... Sn and any other device-centric to build a star network, and so has been able to build a huge loop, complex mesh wireless network.

将嵌入式系统与Internet结合,对现场设备的检测数据进行远程采集、监视和控制,利用现成的TCP/IP协议和通用网络系统,将信息直接传送到网上,成本低,速度快。 Embedded systems with Internet binding site on the detection data acquisition device for remote monitoring and control, use of existing TCP / IP network protocol and general system, the information is transmitted directly to the Internet, low cost, fast speed. 通常,将普通的嵌入式系统或设备转换成Web服务器,再加上TCP/IP协议就可以上Internet网。 Typically, to convert ordinary embedded system or device to Web server, plus the TCP / IP protocol can be more than the Internet network. 因此,基于嵌入式Internet的网络化远程监控系统的技术日趋成熟,而且必将成为今后远程监控系统的技术主流。 Therefore, based on technical network remote monitoring system embedded Internet matures, and will become the mainstream technology for future remote monitoring system. 嵌入式Web服务器技术和设备具有如下的优点:1、不需要专用的通信线路,可利用现有的全球网资源;2、速度快,具有很好的实时性和交互性与可靠性;3、不仅可以传输数据,还可以传输图象和声音;4、TCP/IP和HTTP协议是现成而公开且全球通用的,可以使用任何Web浏览器,与操作平台无关;5、信息可直接反映在网页上,形式可以是数据、图像、表格和语音,实时数据会自动更新,设备的操作将得到及时反馈;6、所有想收到信息的用户机都可以根据自己的需要给予显示和操作。 Embedded Web server technology and equipment has the following advantages: 1, no dedicated communication line, the global network may utilize the existing resources; 2, speed, and with good real-time interactivity and reliability; 3, not only can transfer data, it can transmit images and sound; 4, TCP / IP and HTTP protocols are readily available and open and universal, you can use any Web browser, regardless of operating platform; 5, can directly reflect the information on the page on the form can be data, images, tables, and voice, data is automatically updated in real time, equipment operation will receive timely feedback; 6, would like to receive all the information given to the user machine can display and operate according to their own needs.

网络化的远程监控系统是将传感器输出的模拟信号通过嵌入式控制单元转换为数字信号,并进行网络化输出。 The remote monitoring system network is an analog signal outputted by the sensor control unit embedded into a digital signal, and outputs the network. 其主要的设计思想是利用数字信号抗衰减、抗干扰能力强的特点,变模拟信号传输为数字信号进行远程传输,以保证测控系统能够得到可靠的信号。 The main idea is the use of anti-attenuated digital signals, anti-interference ability characteristics, varying analog signal transmission for remote transmission of digital signals, measurement and control system in order to ensure reliable signal can be obtained. 组建网络化的监控系统,主要解决以下问题:1、数据采集单元中加入嵌入式控制单元,负责数据采集、数据缓冲和数据通信;2、选择适当的数据传输技术和通信协议;3、将数据上传到Internet,供各地研究人员使用。 The formation of the network monitoring system, mainly to solve the following problems: 1, the control unit embedded data acquisition unit is added, for data acquisition, data buffering and data communications; 2, select the appropriate data communication protocol and transmission technology; 3, the data uploaded to the Internet, available to researchers around use.

嵌入式网络服务器现阶段主要是采用32位高档单片机,在实时多任务操作系统RTOS的平台上进行软件开发,在嵌入式系统中实现TCP/IP协议处理。 Embedded web server at this stage is mainly used high-end 32-bit microcontroller, software development on a real-time multitasking operating system, RTOS platform to achieve TCP / IP protocol processing in embedded systems. 通信功能主要通过动态网页来实现。 Communication functions primarily through dynamic web pages. 动态网页是利用JAVA技术来实现的,它将CPU处理的数据显示在Web页面上,发送给Internet,任意客户端的PC均可利用Web浏览器来阅读数据和进行远程调控。 Dynamic web page using JAVA technology to achieve data processed by the CPU will be displayed on the Web page, sent to the Internet, any client PC can use a Web browser to read data and remote-control. 这些网页存储在中央处理模块4(H8/3069F)所挂的串行存储器(HM5117800)中,其中一个网页中包含实时刷新的采集回来的数据,另一个网页用来提交控制数据给单片机,第三个网页用于实时修改Web服务器的IP地址。 The pages stored in the central processing module 4 (H8 / 3069F) linked to the serial access memory (HM5117800) in which a page contains updated in real time collected data back, another page to submit control data to the microcontroller, the third modify Web pages for real-time server's IP address.

第一个网页利用Java Applet和JavaScript得以实现,客户端通过URL连接到Web服务器上,读取一个烧录好的文本文件后再通过HTTP发动给客户端PC。 The first web page using the Java Applet and JavaScript can be achieved, the client connects to the Web server through a URL, read a text file and then burn a good launch to the client PC via HTTP. Java Applet定时读取Web服务器上的该文本文件以实现动态的数据更新。 Java Applet time to read the text file on a Web server for dynamic data updating.

第二个网页用以提交控制数据给CPU,利用HTTP和POST的方法,把数据传给嵌入式Web服务器。 The second page to submit data to the control CPU, and using the HTTP POST method, and the data to the embedded Web server.

第三个网页是利用HTTP和POST方法把设定的IP地址传输给Web服务器。 The third page is using the HTTP POST method to transfer and set the IP address of the Web server.

嵌入式监控单元是网络化远程监控系统的核心部分,由A/D转换器、微控制器和网络接口等组成。 Embedded monitoring unit is the core of the network remote monitoring system, the A / D converter, a microcontroller, and a network interface and other components. A/D转换先将采集的模拟信号转换成数字信号,然后通过以太网控制器和TCP/IP协议进行监控信息的远程网络传输,从而完成数据的采集、转化和传输功能。 Analog signal A / D conversion of the first collection into a digital signal, then remote network monitoring information transmitted by the Ethernet controller and TCP / IP protocol to complete data acquisition, conversion, and transmission function. 由于本技术是在局域网内通信,可以直接将应用程序中的数据包装成为以太帧格式,调用库函数来实现TCP/IP和UDP/IP Sockets协议栈处理,免去了发送数据从用户空间拷贝到核心空间的操作,增强了系统的实时性,降低了系统的吞吐量。 Since the present technology is a communication in the LAN, the application data may be directly packaged as in Ethernet frame format, call the library functions to implement TCP / IP and UDP / IP Sockets protocol stack processing, eliminating the need to send data from user space to copy the core operating space, enhance the real-time system, reducing the throughput of the system.

超文本传输协议HTTP是目前通过Internet进行信息交换的最主要的方式。 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is currently the most important way to exchange information over the Internet. 以HTTP协议为基础,利用Internet网的CGI和SSI技术,在控制器内建立Web服务器,提供网页服务,可以通过Internet远程访问控制器,实现对控制器的监控。 The HTTP protocol based on the use of Internet network CGI and SSI technology to build Web server in the controller, provide web services over the Internet remote access controller, realize the control to the controller. UDP协议不需要预先建立和保持连接,具有系统开销小、速度快的特点。 UDP protocol does not require a pre-established connection and holding, with a small overhead, speed characteristics. 基于帧的通信(UDP),可以和基于流的通信(TCP)互相结合来加强上位服务器性能和提供应用层的通信检验。 Communication (UDP) based on the frame, and may be bonded to each other communication flow (TCP) based on the host server to enhance performance and provide communication inspection application layer.

Internet通信协议对存储器和运算速度要求较高,所以嵌入式Internet系统的技术难点是如何利用微处理器自身有限的资源对信息进行TCP/IP协议处理,使之变成可以上Internet上传输的IP数据包。 Internet communication protocols and a memory to higher speed of operation requirements, the technical difficulty is how embedded Internet systems use a microprocessor of its own limited resources information for TCP / IP protocol processing, so that it can be transmitted on the Internet into the IP data pack. 因此,选择合适的微处理器是成功地开发嵌入式控制单元的关键。 Therefore, choosing a suitable microprocessor is the key to successful development of embedded control unit.

本发明在TCP/IP协议的基础上,采用Client/Server通信模式进行网络化通信编程,即把嵌入式控制单元作为服务器,在嵌入式单元初始化以后,首先打开了一个TCP监听口,当听到一个用户请求后就建立一个TCP管套连接,以实现控制信息(如采样频率、传感器通道数和数据传输的格式等控制数据)的交换传输。 The present invention is based on TCP / IP protocol on the use of Client / Server communication network communication programming mode, i.e., the embedded control unit as a server, after the initialization of the embedded unit, first open a TCP listening port, when they heard after a user request to establish a TCP connection sleeve, to realize control information (e.g., sampling frequency, number of channels and the sensor data transfer format control data) exchange transport. 之后,将采集的数据源源不断地发给用户端。 Thereafter, the collected data sent to the UE steady flow. 在数据传输阶段的收发双方建立一条虚拟电路。 Establish a virtual circuit in both the data transfer phase of the transceiver. 通过TCP/IP协议族的握手、发送、校验、确认和重置等一系列操作,保证数据的正确到达,同时实时监视控制单元的动作以对控制器的自动复位和重新初始化。 Via TCP / IP protocol suite handshake, transmission, validation, and a reset acknowledgment series of operations, to ensure that the correct data arriving, while real-time monitoring the operation of the control unit to automatically reset and re-initialize the controller.

目前,该装置已有多台样机应用在组织培养室和温室的环境检测中,该装置不仅实现了各种环境要素的实时动态检测和无线数据传输,其生产成本是现有同等检测功能的设备成本的1/8~1/5,具有很好的商业应用前景。 Currently, the apparatus has a plurality of prototype applications in environmental testing chamber tissue culture and in the greenhouse, the apparatus not only to achieve real-time dynamic wireless data transmission and detection of various environmental factors, their production costs are similar to conventional equipment detection function cost of 1/8 ~ 1/5, has a good commercial applications.

本发明把需要的各种环境传感仪、网络数码相机、超高辉度LED照明、模拟信号处理回路、外部执行机构控制回路、A/D变换CPU、无线局域网、以太网集线器、网络服务器等组合成一个模块,各部件之间通过以太网连接,再通过无线局域网连接到其他无线设备或工作站对其检测数据进行实时动态传输。 The present invention requires various environmental sensing device, network camera, high brightness LED lighting, an analog signal processing circuit, an external actuator control circuit, A / D conversion the CPU, wireless LAN, Ethernet hubs, network servers, etc. combined into a module, an Ethernet connection between the parts, then its real-time dynamic transmission data is detected or other wireless devices connected to a workstation via a wireless LAN. 同时,可以远程操纵通风、降温、灌溉等执行机构,数码相机也可远程操纵和图像处理以得到需要的植物生体有用信息。 At the same time, you can remotely manipulate the ventilation, cooling, irrigation and other implementing agencies, digital cameras can also be remotely operated and image processing in order to obtain useful information about the plant's biological needs. 所有检测数据可直接连接到通用数据库或应用程序,用于环境控制、生长状况监控、植物品质检测、生产管理、病虫害诊断、城市和偏远地区的网络建设或庭园照明或景观美化等实际生产领域和应用领域。 All test data can be directly connected to a common database or application for environmental control, health monitoring growth, plant quality testing, production and network construction management, pest and disease diagnosis, urban and remote areas, landscaping or garden lighting or other practical areas of production and applications.

最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本发明而并非限制本发明所描述的技术方案;因此,尽管本说明书参照上述的各个实施例对本发明已进行了详细的说明,但是,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,仍然可以对本发明进行修改或者等同替换;而一切不脱离本发明的精神和范围的技术方案及其改进,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。 Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are merely to illustrate the invention and do not limit the technical solutions described in the present invention; therefore, while the present description with reference to each of the above embodiments of the present invention has been described in detail, those skilled it should be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art, it can still be modified according to the present invention, or equivalent replacements; and all without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention and its improvements, which should fall within the scope of the present invention as claimed in accompanying claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种环境监控装置,它包括壳体,所述的壳体内设置有中央处理模块及电源模块,所述的中央处理模块通过其传感器接口连接有传感器,其特征在于:所述的中央处理模块连接有网络模块,并且通过控制器接口连接有控制器,所述的网络模块设置有以太网络接口及无线网络接口。 An environment monitoring apparatus, comprising a housing provided with a central processing module and the power module within said housing, said central processing module which is connected via a sensor interface with a sensor, wherein: said central processing module is connected to the network module, and is connected with a controller via an interface controller, a network module is provided with an Ethernet interface and a wireless network interface.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的环境监控装置,其特征在于:所述的中央处理模块内设置有温度传感器并设置有串行通讯接口。 2. The environmental monitoring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said central processing module is provided with a temperature sensor and is provided with a serial communication interface.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的环境监控装置,其特征在于:所述的电源模块连接有太阳能发电板。 3. The environmental monitoring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said power module is connected with a solar photovoltaic panel.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1~3任一所述的环境监控装置,其特征在于:所述的传感器为温度传感器或湿度传感器或光照强度传感器或气体含量传感器之一或其任意组合;所述的控制器接口连接有照明开关控制器或相机开关控制器或风扇开关控制器之一或其任意组合。 The environmental monitoring apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: said sensor is a temperature sensor or a humidity sensor or light intensity sensor, or any one or combination of a gas content sensor; said control interface connected to the camera or the illumination switch controller or a switch controller, or any combination of the fan switch controller.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1~3任一所述的环境监控装置,其特征在于:所述的中央处理模块内嵌有模数转换器及WWW服务器,中央处理模块可以绑定一个IP地址,所述的地址可以更改;通过所述的WWW服务器,可以通过动态网页直接查询数据或控制外部控制器;所述的中央处理模块设置有HTTP协议,可以通过无线或有线通讯,使远程终端实时读取多台环境监控装置的传感器数据并控制任何控制器。 The environmental monitoring apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: said central processing module is embedded analog to digital converters and the WWW server, the central processing module can be bound to an IP address, the the address can be changed; through said WWW server, dynamic web pages can directly query the data or control an external controller; the central processing module is provided with HTTP protocol, via wireless or wired communication, so that real time read multiple remote terminals environmental monitoring sensor data station and a control apparatus according to any controller.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1~3任一所述的环境监控装置,其特征在于:所述的壳体为竖直的圆筒状,其上部开口,下部筒径较小并于侧壁上开设有孔隙;所述的壳体的上方设有顶罩,该顶罩与壳体上部的开口留有空隙,该空隙与壳体及壳体下部侧壁上的孔隙形成一可供气流通过的风道;所述的传感器设置在壳体内靠近孔隙的上方,所述的壳体内靠近上部开口处设置中央处理模块,该中央处理模块与所述的传感器电连接。 The environmental monitoring apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: said housing is a vertical cylindrical shape, the upper opening, and a smaller diameter cylindrical lower portion is defined in the side wall porosity; provided above the housing top cover, the top cover and the upper opening of the housing leaving a gap, the gap with the aperture in the lower side wall of the housing and forming a housing for the air flow through the air duct ; above the sensor disposed in the housing near the apertures, disposed close to the upper opening of the central processing module within said housing, the central processing module and the sensor is electrically connected.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的环境检测装置,其特征在于:所述的传感器与中央处理模块之间设有风机,所述的壳体中部外侧设有LED照明装置。 7. environment detecting device according to claim 6, wherein: said sensor is provided between the fan and the central processing module, the center of the outer case is provided with the LED lighting device.
  8. 8.一种环境监控网络,其特征在于,其由一个以上的上述权利要求1-7所述任一种环境监控装置连接构成。 An environmental monitoring network, characterized in that said environment monitoring means 1-7 either by one or more of the preceding claims interconnected.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的环境监控网络,其特征在于:所述的环境监控装置之间采用星形连接或串形连接或其组合连接。 9. The environmental monitoring network according to claim 8, wherein: star-connected or series-connected or combinations thereof connected between said environment monitoring means.
  10. 10.根据权利要求8或9所述的环境监控网络,其特征在于:所述的环境监控装置之间采用以太网络连接或无线网络连接或其组合连接。 Environmental monitoring network according to claim 8 or claim 9, wherein: the connection using Ethernet or wireless network connection, or a combination of the connection between the environment monitoring apparatus.
CN 200410074614 2004-09-07 2004-09-07 Environment monitoring device CN100461714C (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100464268C (en) 2006-11-07 2009-02-25 东南大学 Wireless sensor network node device used for environmental monitoring
CN101369927B (en) 2008-09-23 2012-01-25 沈阳理工大学 Universal remote automatic data acquisition system
CN102812501A (en) * 2009-12-29 2012-12-05 加利福尼亚大学董事会 Multimodal Climate Sensor Network
CN103439956A (en) * 2013-09-03 2013-12-11 赵阿萌 Intelligent medical controlled environment management, monitoring and operation system
CN105700594A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-22 广州富智信息科技有限公司 System and method for copying and reproducing plant growth environment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001026331A9 (en) 1999-10-06 2002-05-30 Sensoria Corp Method for vehicle internetworks
WO2002037443A1 (en) 2000-10-30 2002-05-10 Globala Trygghetsbolaget Ab Alarm apparatus
CN100417050C (en) 2001-11-29 2008-09-03 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Outdoor communication equipment environment and power apparatus monitoring method and system
CN2728110Y (en) 2004-09-07 2005-09-21 贺冬仙 Environment monitor using wireless network technique

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100464268C (en) 2006-11-07 2009-02-25 东南大学 Wireless sensor network node device used for environmental monitoring
CN101369927B (en) 2008-09-23 2012-01-25 沈阳理工大学 Universal remote automatic data acquisition system
CN102812501A (en) * 2009-12-29 2012-12-05 加利福尼亚大学董事会 Multimodal Climate Sensor Network
CN102812501B (en) * 2009-12-29 2015-11-25 加利福尼亚大学董事会 Multimodal climate sensor network
US9332322B2 (en) 2009-12-29 2016-05-03 The Regents Of The University Of California Multimodal climate sensor network
CN103439956A (en) * 2013-09-03 2013-12-11 赵阿萌 Intelligent medical controlled environment management, monitoring and operation system
CN105700594A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-22 广州富智信息科技有限公司 System and method for copying and reproducing plant growth environment

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