CN1570341A - Ecological air-conditioning window and method of use - Google Patents

Ecological air-conditioning window and method of use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1570341A
CN1570341A CN 03107819 CN03107819A CN1570341A CN 1570341 A CN1570341 A CN 1570341A CN 03107819 CN03107819 CN 03107819 CN 03107819 A CN03107819 A CN 03107819A CN 1570341 A CN1570341 A CN 1570341A
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air
window
heat exchanger
outdoor
indoor
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CN100424319C (en
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李汉清
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李汉清
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Priority to CNB031078192A priority patent/CN100424319C/en
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Abstract

An ecological air-conditioning window and a method of use are disclosed, wherein the window belongs to house window. There is a respiration window which can feed outdoor air into the house to radiate energy by window frame, but needs multiple devices to work together to adjust the indoor air, occupies large indoor space, is inconvenient in assembly, and the energy leakage from the waste gas discharged from the window is great. The window main body of the invention is disposed with an air exchanging backheating mechanism, and integrates a solar energy and ground temperature device, an air conditioner and a condensate water energy saving device with the window, and exchanges air and reclaims the dissipated energy by cross-ventilation and a fan. The window conquers the fault of the respiration window, reduces energy consumption, will not influence light collection and can replace existing window and glass wall curtain.

Description

Ecological air conditioner window and using method
One, technical field:
The present invention relates to room's window, particularly ecological air conditioner window and using method.
Two, technical background:
Traditional windows has profiles such as rectangle, circle, ellipse or icepro shape, and it mainly is made up of window frame, sash and its known keeper that is connected.The hollow frame formula member that window frame mainly partly is made up of upper ledge, lower frame and left and right sides side frame etc., and individual layer and double-deck two kinds of structures are arranged, generally all use aluminium alloys, stainless steel or plastic-aluminum, steel plastic section bar to make; Sash is with known simple glass (comprise pressing from both sides and mould glass) plate, or be surrounded by the transmission element made of glass plate of fan frame, it can be provided with by in several numbers of plies of individual layer, bilayer and multilayer any in window frame, and rotation, slip (being translation and lifting) is arranged or rotate and slide any switching mode in these three kinds of assembly structures of loading in mixture.In addition, indoor in order to prevent the invasion of robber and insect, in general window, also add burglar bars or net and window screening fan (to call gauze fan in the following text); For hide, insulation and decorative purpose, generally also be provided with fabric curtain or known sun blind in addition in the indoor of window, the window that has is also at outside installing rolling screen.The characteristics of this window are: open and close make things convenient for, has a wide sphere of vision, vision is directly perceived, can be to the indoor light that abundance is provided, when the spring and autumn outdoor air is fresh, the ventilation of can directly windowing, and it is simple in structure, easy to manufacture, cost is also very cheap.But, when season of summer and winter, when utilize to open sash or during to indoor the ventilation, not only can cause indoor lot of energy to run off with exhaust fan, especially in summer because the whole rays in the sunlight can both see through glassine go into indoorly, its infrared rays also can make indoor air temperature significantly raise; Simultaneously, because the simple glass heat-proof quality is poor, lot of energy loss (being approximately more than 30% of indoor total energy consumption) can appear when season of summer and winter; Because printing opacity, entrant sound and saturating electromagnetic wave, then its security performance is also very poor.
At present, in many windows, adopted the overlay film functional glass (promptly scribble glass, the hollow inflatable of plastic foil, metal oxide film or metal film or do not inflate double-layer glass) of controlled printing opacity, the sash of being made by first three kind has when be subjected to solar radiation summer and can return atmosphere to the infrared reflection more than 85%, and only allow visible light penetrate indoor function, wherein, the sash that scribbles metal film can also be blocked in indoor energy indoor in winter, and can prevent that battery signal from leaking, the latter then has good heat-proof quality.But they are function singleness still, especially all because of printing opacity the shortcoming that can't protect visible privacy is arranged.
For this reason, develop multiple intelligent glass window abroad again and (seen 19 pages of " world inventions " 1997 12 phases, 19 pages of 1999 7 phases, 15 pages of 1987 9 phases, 28 pages of " science magazine " 1985 10 phases etc.): the Electrocontrolled color change glass of Japan's exploitation wherein, its outward appearance is the same with simple glass, but after inserting 1.5 volts of direct currents, can by transparent become gradually opaque, its light transmittance is because of length difference conduction time, can between 10-85%, change, and can grasp the power that penetrates indoor light arbitrarily, and when wanting glass to recover transparent, then only need add a backward voltage in addition, so energy-conservation all good with security performance; U.S. exploitation be combined with the thief-proof secret glass of the stealthy film of semiconductor, when the robber broke the glass burglary, its sensor will send signal and start loudspeaker and report to the police.Another function of these two kinds of glass can prevent that exactly the radio signal from leaking from window.Also has a kind of glass window that hologram diffraction structure (HDS) film utilizes sunshine lighting that is combined with, when sunlight passes through this film, can separately reflect by different wave length, therefore can remove unwanted infrared rays in summer, and it is indoor only to allow visible light inject, simultaneously, and can also be the burnt bunchy of visible light collection, then by losing pipeline or speculum is transferred in the darkroom, so that as lighting source.But above-mentioned glass window still is not that energy-saving effect is poor, can not stop leaking of sound wave or electromagnetic wave signal exactly, so its energy-saving effect or security performance are still limited.And above-mentioned all windows all do not have solution indoor anoxic that occurs after closing sash, the problem that air is dirty and germ multiplies, and this is certain to the health of human body is caused very big harm.In addition,, can solve the dirty problem of room air though wall-through type air conditioner is installed on the window,, do like this and the outward appearance that energy runs off, destroys original switching function of sash and window in a large number can occur, and its noise also makes the user stand.
Japan has developed a kind of " Window for ventilation " (see world inventions 1986 8 phase 16 pages), its window frame have upper ledge, mullion, transom, lower frame and about part such as two frames, and make with the Aluminum Hollow alloy profile; The air heat exchanger channels that is communicated with around forming in frame is pasted with isolation layer at the outer surface of window frame, and is provided with sun blind in this side, reduces indoor energy with this and runs off; Its sash is made with the hollow inflatable heat-protecting glass, and the outer surface of layer glass is coated with metallic film within it, this film can utilize the incident angle difference of sunlight to window in winter in summer, guarantee in summer can be sunlight 90% infrared reflection in atmosphere, and only allow 70% of visible light see through; But to winter, it is indoor then to allow whole sunlight penetrate; Also be provided with cold warm water tube in its window frame, its import is exporting down last, and is middle by way of side frame and upper ledge.During work, feed cold water summer, then feed hot water winter, outdoor fresh air is introduced the window frame inner chamber from the import of outside, upper end, carries out heat exchange with water in and reverse flow process parallel with cold warm water, takes its energy then again in the outlet inlet chamber of center.In this process, regulate water temperature and confluent by temperature pick up and its control system, realize regulating the temperature and the freshness of room air with this.
The advantage of this window is: can be by window frame to indoor additional fresh air and radiant heat energy (being sensible heat), its sash can stop that indoor most of energy scatters and disappears to outdoor, thus with simple glass window ratio, have energy-saving effect preferably.But, its outdoor air must be driven in the ability inlet chamber by ad hoc blower fan, water temperature must be regulated by ad hoc refrigeration and heating equipment, indoor exhaust air also must could be removed by other exhaust fan, therefore this not only can will take away indoor lot of energy, but also can be long-pending little because of the chamber internal surface of window frame, radiating efficiency is low and above-mentioned functions can not be given full play to, in addition, it does not have regulating power to the humidity of room air yet, also is required to be it and is equipped with multiple air-conditioning equipment and works simultaneously and could satisfy the all-mass requirement of modern room to room air.If do like this, can make complete equipment become complicated and messy again, and energy repeat consumption during work, these equipment are installed are occupied indoor more usable floor area and space again; Simultaneously, stated air conditioner also will destroy body of wall in installation structural strength and indoor and visual effect housing appearance, and influenced the appearance of the city; And also will consume more commodity (promptly disposable) energy in use, so original equipment cost and use cost are all higher.In addition, the used heat and the condensed water of noise that existing air conditioner sends in use and discharging in summer also will cause more serious harm to neighbours, add that these air-conditioning equipment kinds are many, quantity is big, generally not easy to be recycled again after scrapping, must quicken environment damage, so, still be necessary they are transformed.
Main task of the present invention is: it is good, simple in structure, practical and attractive to leave the same light transmission of a kind of existing existing ordinary window, and there is high-tech window (comprising Window for ventilation) equally antitheft good with security performance, energy insulating noise, energy-conservation, the same with existing air-conditioning equipment again, can carry out independent regulation to the index of freshness, cleannes and the humiture of room air, and, can reduce clear consumption of material and cost of production during fabrication significantly; Convenient during installation, do not resemble and will take a large amount of indoor effective area and spaces and will destroy strength of wall body the existing air-conditioning equipment; Can coordinate with housing appearance and interior decoration after the installation, can reduce the consumption of commercial energy during use in a large number, and, guarantee to provide a kind of structure and using method of novel ecological air-conditioning window of the most comfortable living environment to the user to resident family and environmental hazard minimum.
Solution of the present invention is: existing window-glass is carried out the function combination, satisfy different instructions for uses with this; In window frame, establish simultaneously the air duct of following any structure:
A, at the arbitrary place in upper end or lower end of window frame outside, open the outside-air intake that aforementioned heat exchanger channels is communicated with outside atmosphere.And establish blast gate control channel break-make within it; The above-mentioned entrance point of height far away in the window frame indoor, the outlet of opening this gas is communicated with this end of heat exchanger channels thus with indoor, and links up unidirectional gas transmission heat exchanger channels in the outdoor air inlet chamber with this;
B, at window frame outside upper and lower side, all open outside-air intake, thus aforementioned air heat exchanger channels upper and lower side is communicated with outside atmosphere; All open the outdoor air outlet at its indoor upper and lower side, thus this heat exchanger channels upper and lower side is communicated with indoor, and in each mouthful, adorn the flow direction of blast gate control room outer air in passage, link up outdoor air thus from the outdoor air in the two-way inlet chamber of outside upper and lower side reversible (both two-way) gas transmission heat exchanger channels.
Simultaneously, by casing and other covering.In following eight air-conditioning equipments each is attached to the window edge:
A, known blower fan and air conditioner the two one of;
B, air conditioner and network-termination device (hereinafter to be referred as the network terminal);
In c, backheat air heat exchanger, oxygen-enriching device, negative ion generator, humidifier, aroma device, ground temperature air-conditioning system, air heater, solar attachment, air purifier (or air freshener), these ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of sky shade (being rain cover or lamp box) any and blower fan;
In d, described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of above-mentioned c item any and air conditioner;
In e, described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of above-mentioned c item any adds the air conditioner and the network terminal in addition;
Any composite set and blower fan in f, described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of above-mentioned c item;
Any composite set and air conditioner in g, described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of above-mentioned c item;
Any composite set in h, described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of above-mentioned c item adds the air conditioner and the network terminal in addition.
Unification is equipped with shared power and transmission device between each utensil then; fluid (comprising air) pipeline and passage; the shared electrical equipment that is made of sensor etc. detects and control device; overload protection and display device; and where necessary; artificial intelligence process system and remote detection and the control system also installing signal receiving and sending device and constitute by microelectronic components such as microcomputer chips; at last multiple functional coordination is fanned in they and window main body integrated; compact conformation; easy to use; the outward appearance grace; and with house whole matching, the novel ecological air-conditioning window integral body that merges with environment.
For improving energy recovery rate, also should be developed to its window frame and can discharge indoor foul atmosphere, can reclaim the heat exchange structure of the energy in this gas again.At this moment, can in above-mentioned window frame, establish a room air heat exchanger channels that constitutes by independent metal tube or disjunctor metal tube again.It and original channel parallel are close to, and are separated by its shared partition; Two ends also have the outlet of room air about in the window frame outside, respectively these passage two ends are communicated with outside atmosphere thus; Import in that two ends up and down of its indoor are also all opened room air is communicated with these passage two ends respectively again thus with the interior space, and establishes blast gate in each is imported and exported.Wherein, in outside-air intake, also adorn blast gate and coarse filter or oxygen-enriching device, control the switching of each mouthful, and then when controlling two different name air flows respectively, and the outdoor air in the inlet chamber is filtered and oxygen-rich treated with this.Like this, promptly constitute in the side frame inlet chamber of the left and right sides and flow to reversible outdoor air (two-way gas transmission) heat exchanger channels, constitute through left and right sides side frame by import, outlet and its heat exchanger channels of room air and be discharged to outdoor and flow to reversible room air (two-way gas transmission) heat exchanger channels by import, outlet and its heat exchanger channels of outdoor air.
In this window, described glass plate is existing glass or transparent plastic sheet, and described blower fan can be known exhaust fan, aerofoil fan, any or its any two kinds of combinations in the devices such as centrifugal wind fan, backheat ventilation fan, ion wind fan; For heat-and sound-insulating, the composite material manufacturing or the coating of all little with coefficient of thermal conductivity and the absorbing of described casing and other covering (comprising the window frame panel) cover with panel at the indoor end of casing.Wherein, casing can be an overall structure, also can be split (promptly make wait up and down or they load in mixture structure).And it is fixedlyed connected with window frame or body of wall by connector; Described air conditioner is known compression, any equipment in absorption or three kinds of refrigeration modes of conductor refrigeration, and comprise common single cooler and two kinds of basic structures of heat pump machine.Wherein, have in the compressed air conditioner machine compressor, condenser (being outdoor heat exchanger), capillary tube (or choke valve), expanding chamber, evaporimeter (being indoor heat exchanger), outdoor fan, indoor fan, fan electromotor, air filter, etc. critical piece, and, wherein two heat exchangers both can have been made conventional dividing wall type structure, also can make burglar bars formula structure, or flower window formula or be combined into the wall-attachment structure with the window skirt and the heat exchanger of the form that loads in mixture that combines by said structure.In addition, when air conditioner is the heat pump machine, then also be provided with reversal valve and its electromagnetic control valve; The structure of described absorption air-conditioner and the main distinction of above-mentioned air conditioner structure are: it is to make driving element with known generator and absorber, and directly drives with heat energy; Described Recuperative heat exchanger also is the structure (but also can be energy-storing-type structures such as regenerator) of dividing wall type, and sensible heat air heat exchanger and two kinds of form of structure of whole hot-air heat exchanger are arranged, the former has shell-tube type, form of structure such as bushing type and plate-fin, and all be in this device, to be provided with many mutual vicinities at interval outdoor air heat exchanging chamber and room air heat exchanging chamber each other again, between two chambeies, separate by its shared partition, when two strands of air flow in chamber separately, just can discharge heat energy (being sensible heat) by hot air to colder air by this partition, therefore, can be with the outdoor fresh hot air that drains in the outdoor indoor dirty chilled air cools suction chamber by this device in summer, and in winter, then can be by hot indoor this outdoor fresh cold air of foul atmosphere heating.In addition, if described partition is when using the poromerics manufacturing of energy permeate water steam, then can also be by this device exchange humidity (being latent heat), at this moment, this device just becomes full heat (being sensible heat and latent heat) interchanger; Described oxygen-enriching device, it can be the absorption type oxygen-enriching device of making by known oxygen molecular sieve or nitrogen molecular sieve or magnetic porous material, also can be the filtering type oxygen-enriching device made by micropore oxygen permeation membrane or liquid barrier film any (seeing 16 pages of " world inventions " 1999 12 phases, 10 pages of external scientific and technological message 1993 14 phases) in this; Described ground temperature air-conditioning system be known by carrier (refrigerant) directly or indirectly the energy output that is stored among underground soil layer, rock stratum, river, the Chi Shui (comprising the water that is pre-existing in the underground tank), then, come device that room air is regulated by heat-exchanger rig again; Described solar attachment is the structure described in any or this patent in the existing solar energy receiving equipment.The former comprises the indoor device that is directly used in heating room air and illumination of sunlight importing, or earlier with sunlight heating carrier (being fluids such as water or air), then carrier is imported the indoor equipment of being regulated room air again by it directly or indirectly.In above-mentioned two kinds of equipment, if its carrier when being water or other fluid, then can only be regulated air themperature with it, if during outdoor air, then both can be to indoor makeup energy (being heat and cold), regulate temperature (being sensible heat) and humidity (being latent heat), also can the while to indoor additional fresh air.Described air purifier is made up of known air strainer and air sterillization sterilizer and odor removal; Above-mentioned negative ion generating device, humidifier, aroma device and sky shade also all are known configurations; Above-mentioned blast gate can be known configurations such as butterfly valve and flap valve, also can be the structure of describing in the embodiments of the invention.Its switching mode can be manually, automatically, remote control or its hybrid mode.
When assembling this air conditioning window, when if blower fan is contained in the outside, then be communicated with by the air intlet of its outlet side with vicinity, when being contained in the indoor, then be communicated with by the air outlet slit of its inlet end with vicinity, just link up the heat exchanger channels in the unidirectional inlet chamber of outdoor air thus but, then link up room air again and be discharged to outdoor passage if the installation direction of blower fan is overturn; When if solar attachment and sky shade are housed, the two both can be made respectively, also can combination system was integral and was installed in the window outside, and fixed by its window frame or lifting (the comprising vertical or rotation and lifting) mechanism and the body of wall that are connected with window frame.Wherein, to the solar energy receiving equipment, the output of its energy or carrier should be communicated with window and the contrast of its air intlet; Equally, if when air heater is arranged, then should be installed under the window of indoor or in the air duct in the inlet chamber; If when being provided with the ground temperature air handling system, its carrier conveyance conduit should be installed in the either side of breast body, its energy output device (being the port of export of end heat exchanger or aforementioned compartment outer air) should be contained in the indoor of body of wall, and its energy absorbing device then should be located in the foundations neighbouring stratum or water source; Two heat exchangers of described air conditioner, then should install by any or its mixed form in the following assembly structure:
A, to conventional dividing wall type heat exchanger, be installed in the indoor and outdoors side in the casing respectively, wherein, outdoor heat exchanger also can be installed under the sky shade;
B, to flower window formula or burglar bars formula heat exchanger, be contained in inside and outside two sides of window respectively;
C, to the wall-attachment heat exchanger, can integral body or the split manufacturing be contained in the inside and outside both sides of body of wall of window frame neighboring, and fuse with window frame type window skirt;
D, loading in mixture structure, is that any of above-mentioned four kinds of structures is combined to form, so that adapt to the window opening of some special shapes needs is installed.
To the heat exchanger of conventional structure, must there be blower fan to carry out forced heat-exchanging, then reliably freely conducting heat of all the other structures carried out heat exchange; Meanwhile, to the remaining part in the air conditioner and other air-conditioning utensil, should they be contained in the window edge by the casing that is complementary with window profile and internal construction.Wherein, the compressor in the air conditioner (then is generator and absorber to absorption air-conditioner), fan electromotor, reversal valve, electromagnetic control valve and other energy dissipation device should be installed in the outside in the casing; Air filter and stated microelectronics intelligent processing systems such as humidifier, aroma device, oxygen-enriching device, negative ion generator, other functional part and microcomputer chip, should be installed in the indoor in the casing, separate by body of wall or by the median septum made from heat-barrier material between the both sides.In addition, if when being provided with Recuperative heat exchanger, then must be installed in the median septum that it passes single-piece frame in the space of inside and outside both sides of casing one end.At this moment, at casing outside the right and left, should open the outdoor air import in the casing inlet chamber respectively, at this middle side part, have and be discharged to outdoor air general export, the space of outside constitutes the air circulation duct that is positioned at the casing outside in they and the casing; The right and left at casing indoor panel, also have room air and arrange the into import of atmosphere, at this middle side part and contiguous position thereof, also have room air and enter interior import of casing and general export outdoor and that the room air inlet chamber is interior, be positioned at the air circulation duct of casing indoor thus again with the common formation in the space of casing inboard.At this moment, the outside-air intake of aforementioned backheat air heat exchanger promptly is positioned at the outside of median septum, and be communicated with by the contiguous outside-air intake of stating in air filter or oxygen-enriching device and casing outside, and the outlet of this air promptly is positioned at the indoor of median septum, and with window frame on contiguous outdoor air is communicated with or the breathing space conducting of direct and indoor fan near mouthful; The room air import of this device also is positioned at the casing indoor, and is communicated with arbitrary room air import contrast on the panel, and its air outlet slit is positioned at the outside, and contrasts conducting with the breathing space of outdoor fan.
Another task of the present invention provides the correct method that uses the ecological air conditioner window:
When the spring and autumn outdoor air was fresh, this window can be the same with ordinary window, and sash dependence is outdoor to be carried out freely taking a breath with natural convection room air by opening; And after closing window, still reliable known natural power carries out freely taking a breath or by fans drive, carries out forced ventilation.
When freely taking a breath, to stating the outdoor air heat exchanger channels of the unidirectional gas transmission of single channel: only need to open the blast gate in its import, just can rely on the weight of air difference between the indoor and outdoors air and to allow flow of outside air go into indoor in summer or winter; By the reversible gas transmission heat exchanger channels of above-mentioned single pass outdoor air: if in winter, but the outlet of the import of side window frame lower end and indoor window frame upper end outside the opening chamber, under gravitational difference effect between the inner air and outer air, outdoor fresh cold air can enter in the air heat exchanger channels of side frame from the lower end import automatically, from window frame, absorb by room scattering in the frame heat (sensible heat) and after heating up, again in the outlet flowed into chamber of window frame upper end; If in summer, the then import of side window frame upper end and the outlet of window frame lower end, indoor outside the opening chamber, outdoor air also can automatically enter in the air heat exchanger channels of side frame from the upper end import, from window frame, absorb by room scattering in the frame cold (sensible heat) and after the cooling, the outlet from the window frame lower end flows into indoor again.To the aforementioned window frame passage that the two reversible gas transmission heat exchange of binary channels are arranged: when carrying out freely taking a breath in the winter time, should open the outside-air intake and the room air outlet of lower end, window frame outside, and the outdoor air outlet and the room air import of upper end, window frame indoor, at this moment, in outdoor air and room air just can be automatically enter air heat exchanger channels of the same name in the side frame from separately import.Wherein, outdoor fresh cold dry air can absorb the heat energy in window frame and the room air and heat up, then, flow into indoorly again from the outlet of upper end, its indoor, indoor dirty hot air discharges in its passage then behind the entrained heat energy again that the outlet from the lower end, outside is discharged to outdoor; Then opposite in summer, the outside-air intake and the room air outlet of side window frame upper end outside the opening chamber, and outlet of the outdoor air of window frame lower end, indoor and room air import.At this moment, outdoor fresh damp-heat air and indoor dirty cold air just can be automatically in separately import enters heat exchanger channels separately the window frame.Wherein, outdoor air will absorb cold and make self cooling from window frame and room air, and then will flow into indoor from the outlet of lower end, indoor; Indoor dirty cold air is then discharging entrained cold after heating up, and the outlet from the upper end, outside is discharged to outdoor again.So, can be under the situation of the consumables energy not by this window frame, just can be to indoor realization ventilation and reclaiming automatically with preceding energy from indoor loss during because of window frame and ventilation.
When carrying out forced ventilation any season, should open the air scoop of connection blower fan and the different name mouth in this passage away from the blower fan end, under fans drive, outdoor air promptly enters in its air duct from the import of outside, and the absorption chamber inscattering (be heat winter to the frame self-energy, be cold summer) back is directly in the inlet chamber, or with the indoor heat exchanger heat exchange after again in the inlet chamber, if during by the ventilation of binary channels heat exchange structure, then also have room air to flow into its air heat exchanger channels of the same name, after discharging to outdoor air from the indoor energy of taking out of, directly enter outside atmosphere again or the outdoor heat exchanger of flowing through again carries out heat exchange once more with the working medium of this device of flowing through and arranges into atmosphere to it by the passage partition.So, not only can automatically replenish fresh outdoor air to indoor when using this window by window frame, discharge indoor foul atmosphere, but also can reclaim the indoor energy (sensible heat or full heat) that scatters and disappears during from window frame position and ventilation thus simultaneously.In addition, if when being fitted with air conditioner or other assisted air conditioning apparatus, then can also regulate temperature, the humidity of room air whereby, and rely on other auxiliary air conditioner utensil to outdoor air in the inlet chamber and room air filter, deodorizing, sterilization, humidification or processing such as dehumidifying, supplemental oxygen and anion.
Another solution of the present invention is:in window except that the window frame that is provided with aforementioned heat exchanger channels and having the sash group of comprehensive function. also and more than the window frame internal perisporium of two ends contrast up and down of at least one narrow space between one deck sash or the window light plate; Respectively open an intercommunicating pore that this narrow space upper and lower side is communicated with outdoor air heat exchanger channels in the frame or this hole and its transition conduit (following general designation intercommunicating pore) so as to consist of a unidirectional or reversible gas transmission and with outdoor air heat exchanger channels in the left and right sides side frame (also comprising mullion but following general designation side frame) be the outdoor air heat exchanging interlayer of parallel-connection structure, also constitute the outdoor air gas transmission system of single interlayer and the transparent backheat air heat-exchange structure that has single gas transmission to be by this interlayer and heat exchanger channels simultaneously. Be developed to this this window and can satisfy the room that known air-conditioning equipment has been installed and rely on window to take a breath and the autonomous device of the needs that recover energy.
Improvement of the present invention is: be provided with two heat exchanger channels in window frame, and the sash in the window frame or window light plate (following general designation sash) then are provided with the transparent gas transmission backheat air heat exchange structure of following any structure during more than two layers between sash:
A, when in window frame the window light of adorning during more than two layers, then between this triplex glass, form two parallel and be close to narrow spaces, one of them narrow space is made aforementioned compartment outer air heat exchange interlayer and aforementioned single sandwich chamber outer air output system, and at the window frame that contrasts with another narrow space wherein two ends internal perisporium face up and down, respectively have a room air intercommunicating pore that these two ends, space are communicated with room air heat exchanger channels in the frame, constitute one thus again and flow to reversible room air heat exchange interlayer.Because this interlayer also by the heat exchanger channels of the same name in the window frame up and down be positioned at window frame inside and outside the air inlet and outlet of the same name of both sides be communicated with, so, it also form with left and right sides side frame in the air heat exchanger channels of the same name gas transmission branch road that is parallel-connection structure.And be formed with the room air gas transmission system of single interlayer with this passage.Simultaneously, be to form the transparent air heat exchange structure that double sandwich and lose-lose gas system are arranged again jointly by this with aforementioned compartment outer air gas transmission system.
B, when in window frame the sash of adorning during more than three layers, then form three parallel and be close to narrow spaces between four layers of sash therein, at least one narrow space wherein all is developed to and flows to reversible outdoor air heat exchange interlayer by stating structure, all become remaining at least one narrow space at least one to flow to reversible room air heat exchange interlayer by stating mechanical development, and two kinds of different name interlayer arrangements at interval each other.Because above-mentioned each interlayer can be communicated with respectively with the air inlet and outlet of the same name of stating that are positioned at the window frame both sides by the air heat exchanger channels of the same name in the frame respectively, so, above-mentioned three air heat exchange interlayers all can form the reversible gas transmission of an outdoor air system that at least one outdoor air heat exchange interlayer is arranged respectively, and the room air gas transmission system that at least one room air heat exchange interlayer arranged, and the transparent air heat exchange structure that by above-mentioned two gas transmission systems and mutual group Cheng Yousan interlayer and lose-lose gas is.
C, at least one flow to the reversible single interlayer gas transmission system that states air heat exchange interlayer and constitute when not only being provided with in the window frame by the air heat exchanger channels of the same name in this interlayer and the window frame by what at least two layers of sash or its glass plate were formed, but also being installed equably, the number of metal heat exchanger tube (comprises flat tube in this interlayer, special pipe and finned tube), and the two ends of this pipe are communicated with air heat exchanger channels of the same name in the upper and lower frames respectively, thereby again with left and right sides side frame and mullion in air heat exchanger channels of the same name constitute grid formula air heat exchanger channels of the same name and its reversible air gas transmission system of parallel-connection structure, so promptly forms burglar bars formula (abbreviation bank tube formula) the reversible gas transmission air of transparent mixing heat exchange structure jointly by above-mentioned two gas transmissions system.
D, also the flat pipe type insulating glass unit of available both ends open replaces aforementioned wantonly two layers of sash, at this moment, the inner chamber of flat tube is the heat exchange interlayer of stating outdoor air or room air, and by it with aforementioned the fan general window are fan-shaped becomes different name air heat exchange interlayer to constitute transparent mixing air heat exchange structure jointly by two.
Because above-mentioned heat exchange interlayer all is communicated with air heat exchanger channels upper and lower side of the same name in the window frame respectively, so the direction that air flows in its interlayer all the time can be respectively is consistent with air of the same name mobile in its side frame.But because two kinds of interlayers all have flow section and the heat exchange surface more much bigger than heat exchanger channels separately, thus the flow of this window air when ventilation will increase exponentially, and can be dropping to minimum because of the window energy loss that causes of conducting heat and take a breath with preceding; Simultaneously, again because the number of plies of sash increases or the heat-proof quality of window light improves, and the controlled light transmission characteristics that it has also can reduce energy loss.So the window of describing in this improvement will have best energy-saving effect.
In above-mentioned transparent mixed heat transfer structure, be positioned at the interbedded middle level of inside and outside two heat exchange sash and should adopt the good glass plate manufacturing of heat conductivility, with this to improve the sensible heat exchange efficiency of two kinds of air when flowing through heat exchange interlayer separately, or adopt the micropore heat conduction glass plate of energy permeate water steam to make, make its not only commutative sensible heat but also can exchange latent heat, guarantee to utilize to be discharged to outdoor dirty damp and hot room air and to handle fresh cold dry air in the inlet chamber, make the latter behind the intensification humidification again in the inlet chamber in winter; Then can utilize the outdoor damp and hot fresh air that is discharged in the outdoor dirty dry and cold room air processing inlet chamber in summer, make the sensible heat that the latter carries and steam (latent heat) is lowered the temperature fully being absorbed by room air and dehumidification after again in the inlet chamber, make the energy can more effective being recovered.Simultaneously,, can also replace with intensity and flexible all good transparent plastic sheet and be positioned at sash in the middle of it or internal layer, so that simplified structure, reduce cost and make things convenient for use when sash during more than two layers.
Because the above-mentioned window scavenging period that transparent backheat structure arranged is to rely on the inside and outside air ratio method of double differences in room and freely carry out, so do not need to set again the driving blower fan, also consumed power not.But if need be to indoor increasing air exchanging rate, further improve the rate of recovery because of the energy that runs off from window and ventilation, or when realizing that indexs such as indoor air temperature, humidity, cleannes are carried out active adjustment, then still need in eight air-conditioning equipments described in the last solution each by stating both sides inside and outside the body of wall that requirement is attached to this window frame outer, and by integral body or split casing, window skirt and other coverings organic whole with itself and this window integrated morphology compactness.Guarantee that with this this window can neither reduce the glazed area of window opening, has perfect ventilation backheat and air conditioning function again.
To another improvement of the present invention be: when being equiped with air conditioner at the window edge, between then outer within it two heat exchangers or be provided with the condensed water energy saver between indoor heat exchanger and the Recuperative heat exchanger, and it is one of vaporation-type or two kinds of structures of fountain.Wherein, the principle of vaporation-type and structure are seen accompanying drawing 64 and 65 and explanation.And fountain mainly is made up of the conduit of poly tank, micro-blower or water pump, shower nozzle and connection blower fan or water pump and shower nozzle.A large amount of colds there is (promptly full heat) owing to store in the condensed water, so, extract the condensed water that water-collecting tray is collected from indoor heat exchanger by blower fan or water pump, then by shower nozzle just spread in the surface of outdoor heat exchanger and its heat transfer space can cool stream through the working medium of this device, or spray in the room air heat exchanging chamber of Recuperative heat exchanger, just can cool off outdoor air in the inlet chamber with it.Reclaim the energy that loses by air conditioner with this.
To last improvement of the present invention be: the cold warm water tube that is positioned at the heat exchanger channels of aforementioned known window frame can be replaced by (water or air etc.) carrier coil pipe by ground temperature, and be installed in the middle lower end of this passage or its gas transmission system, feed the cold carrier of handling through ground temperature (comprising stratum, Chi Shui or river) in summer, then feed the heat transfer medium that gentle solar energy is handled through ground in winter.Simultaneously, also can be contained in known semiconductor cooler in the said structure.Both can quicken the flow velocity of air in this passage and the interlayer again thus to the indoor energy that regulates the room temperature that provides.
Four, description of drawings:
For structure of the present invention and its using method and effect clearly are described, below some relevant drawings will be disclosed.Wherein, if during by the arrow formed by point, the flow direction of agent's room outer air then, when the arrow of fine line formation is arranged, then represent the flow direction of room air, when the thick dashed line arrow is arranged, the glide path of agent's room outer air in the outdoor air heat exchanging chamber of Recuperative heat exchanger then, when having, then represent the glide path of room air in the room air heat exchanging chamber of this device by the heavy line arrow; Simultaneously, its hollow arrow representative is mixed the flow direction of the mixing air of forming the back with room air by outdoor air, half of arrow is represented the flow direction of cold-producing medium in its pipeline, and round dot represents that then air is from inside to outside to flow out, and circle represents that air is to flow to from outside to inside.In addition, structure graph among the figure and Reference numeral are general only to be described in preceding accompanying drawing at it, if when it repeats in the accompanying drawing of back and does not have explanation, then should search preceding accompanying drawing and related description literary composition from it.
Accompanying drawing 1 to 34 has been described a kind of primary structure and using method thereof that is provided with the individual layer sash ecological air conditioner window of utensils such as sunshade bell-type solar attachment and ground temperature water air-conditioning system.(embodiment one).
Fig. 1: this window indoor face structure chart.Its heat pump type air conditioner (1) and its auxiliary air conditioner utensil are all by the lower end of casing and its panel coverings such as (2) and window main body (hereinafter to be referred as window) (3) be combined into one (being underneath type).
Fig. 2: this window outside face structure chart.It has been described window (3) Telescopic shutter curtain (4), burglar bars formula outdoor heat exchanger (5), screen window fan (6), hollow air or vacuum overlay film casement (7) inwardly has been installed successively from the outside, and the sunshade bell-type solar energy that is installed in window frame (8) top, outside receives dress cover (9) and is installed in the surface structure of the interior main air supply rate outside of casing (10) below the window frame.
Fig. 3: the A-A sectional structure of this window.It has described window (3), casing (10), be installed in the air conditioner (1) in the casing and the part component of its auxiliary-air slside tool, and is installed in the both assembly relation of heat exchanger fin group (11), Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12) and window and body of wall (13) of end heat exchanger in the ground temperature air-conditioning system under the casing.Wherein, sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) is installed in the outside of window and body of wall by the lifting screw (15) of its elevating mechanism (14) with it, and its outdoor heat exchanger (5) burglar bars formula structure also directly is fixed on this side by window frame (8).
Fig. 4: the B-B section of this window.It has described the assembly relation of section structure, especially the window skirt (16) on the right, window (3) outside and it and elevating mechanism (14) and body of wall (13).There is shown the screw rod (15) and the gathering sill (17) of elevating mechanism.
Fig. 5: the C-C sectional view of window main body.It described window frame (8), about change fan (18), (19) three main building blocks of middle sash and burglar bars formula outdoor heat exchanger (5), gauze fan (6) and Telescopic shutter curtain (4) the plane cross section structure.Wherein, all sash all use the hollow insulated glazing unit to make, and by in perpendicular window frame (20) location.The profile of above-mentioned panel (2) and casing (10) is represented in double dot dash line among the figure.
Fig. 6: the D-D sectional structure sketch of this window.Air conditioner critical piece, the auxiliary air conditioner utensil of in its underneath type casing (10), installing and be used for horizontal assembly relation between the automatic detection, control system (21) etc. of this air conditioning window, and this window its outdoor air (22), room air (23) and their mixing air (24) glide path in casing when carrying out forced ventilation summer.(25) are the fixing bearing of lifting screw (15) among the figure.
Fig. 7: the H-H sectional structure of this window.The i.e. vertical cross section structure of the sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) that mainly constitutes by solar energy heat collection box (26) and sky shade (27).Wherein, heat-collecting box (26) is used to collect sunlight and adds hot air, and sky shade is used to the room sun-shading rain-proof and prevents that noise and hot gas from invading the sorrow neighbours.
Fig. 8: the I-I sectional view of this window.Be the plan structure of above-mentioned elevating mechanism (14), referring to Fig. 3.
Fig. 9: the J-J broken section of this window.It has described control and the assembly relation of the lifting nut (28) that supports sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) with lifting screw (15) and gathering sill (17), and its shift position is controlled by travel switch (being station sensor) (29).
Figure 10: the section material section structure of window frame (8).Be shaped on outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30), room air heat exchanger channels (31) in its inside, be shaped on extension (32) in its outside.
Figure 11: the K-K section structure at lower frame (33) middle part.In the side, indoor or the bottom surface of room air heat exchanger channels (31), be provided with an outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and export (34) down and excessively manage (35) with outdoor air indoor or that the indoor fan breathing space is communicated with; Be provided with outlet (36) under the room air in the outside of this face; At extension (32) end face, be provided with mixing air vertical row outlet (37) (referring to Fig. 3) with vertically arranged outdoor fan exhaust end contrast.
Figure 12: the section structure at upper ledge (38) middle part.In its extension (32) side, outside, have outdoor air upper inlet (39), and outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) is communicated with outside atmosphere by horizontal transition pipe (40) and this mouthful; Wall in its indoor has the upper outlet (41) of outdoor air, and by another horizontal transition pipe (42) and this mouthful outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) is communicated with the interior space.
Figure 13: the L-L section structure of lower frame (33).At the outside end face of its extension (32), have the mixing air outlet (37) that is positioned at casing outdoor air circulation canal.
Figure 14: the M-M section structure on lower frame (33) left side.At its extension (32) lateral surface, have the lower inlet (43) of outdoor air, and logical transition conduit (40) and this mouthful are communicated with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) with outside atmosphere.
Figure 15: the section structure of upper ledge (38) the right and left.In its extension (32), be provided with horizontal transition pipe (40), and thus the room air upper outlet (44) that is positioned at side, extension outside be communicated with room air heat exchanger channels (31); In the indoor of this frame, be provided with the transition bend pipe (45) of raised side, and thus room air heat exchanger channels (31) be communicated with (see figure 1) with the room air import (46) that is positioned at described bend pipe outer end.
Figure 16: this window I place partial enlarged drawing, the joint portion between sash (7) and window frame (8) are provided with weather strip (47).
Figure 17: the N-N profile of this window frame.Be a room air side-entrance (48) on panel (2) the right and the structure of right frame (49), room air (23) from then on mouth enters in the room air heat exchanger channels (31) of window frame.Simultaneously, also have identical but reverse therewith import of structure (48) and side frame (49) on the panel left side.
Figure 18: the O-O profile of sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9).It has been described lifting nut (28) and solar energy heat collection box (26), sky shade (being the supporting construction of heat-collecting box) (27), window skirt (16) and has been pasted on the assembly relation of the isolation layer (50) of wall outer side, wherein nut is fixed by screw (51) and heat-collecting box and sky shade, and by Slip Hook (52) with state gathering sill (17) (seeing Fig. 4 and Fig. 9) and cooperate.
Figure 19: a kind of hollow heat-and sound-insulating made from biplate overlay film glass plate hinders the structure chart of magnetic intelligent glass sash (53).It is moulded by skin folder and strengthens overlay film glass plate (54), the thief-proof secret glass plate of internal layer (55) and glass and enclose frame (56) and form, and charges into inert gas (argon) or be evacuated in its interlayer.
Figure 20: the outward appearance oblique view of Recuperative heat exchanger (57).Have some outside-air intakes (58) at its outdoor end right flank, have several chambers outer air outlet (59) on its surface, indoor end left side, have air intlet in the several chambers (60) on this end face the right, have air outlet slit in the several chambers (61) at the left side of this end sidewall.
Figure 21: the P-P sectional drawing of backheat air heat exchanger.It has described the structure of the room air heat exchanging chamber (62) in this device.Surrounded by shell (63) around in this chamber, be provided with long deflection plate (64) in the chamber, the partition that is positioned at this bottom surface, chamber and end face is made of corrugated sheet (65), and by its import (60) and outlet (61) this chamber is linked up with extraneous.The diagram solid arrow has been described the flow direction of room air (23) in this chamber.
Figure 22: the Q-Q sectional drawing of backheat air heat exchanger.It has described the structure of an outdoor air heat exchanging chamber (66) in this device, is provided with two short deflection plates (67) in this chamber, and by its import (58) and outlet (59) this chamber is in communication with the outside.The diagram dotted arrows has been described the flow direction of outdoor air (22) in this chamber.
Figure 23: the structure of the corrugated sheet partition (65) in the backheat air heat exchanger.It is made with thermal conductivity good copper coin or aluminium sheet, and constitutes the partition of separating room air heat exchanging chamber (62) and outdoor air heat exchanging chamber (66) by it.
Figure 24: a kind of corrugated sheet partition made from micropore heat conduction sheet material (68).When replacing aforementioned waves card partition (65) with it, then backheat air heat exchanger (57) can carry out full interchange of heat (promptly exchanging sensible heat and latent heat).
Figure 25: the surface texture of micropore heat conduction sheet material.Its countless fine apertures (69) only allow steam permeable.
Figure 26: be installed in the air intlet of window frame (8) or a kind of electronic structure of often opening blast gate (70) in the outlet.It is formed by often opening fence gate (71), electromagnetic coil (72), reseting pressuring spring (73).Wherein, often open airport (74) and the contrast of the airport (75) on the window frame (8) on the fence gate (71), and window frame outer space and the valve pocket in the valve (76) are linked up by it.But after coil (72) energising, the foot piece (77) that coil just drags fence gate moves to right, thereby can lean on wall (78) on the fence gate to close airport (75) on the window frame.
Figure 27: the structure chart that is installed in a kind of electronic normally closed blast gate (79) in the air ports of window frame (8).It with the difference of often driving blast gate (70) only is: the airport (75) on the window frame (8) is just in time sealed by the wall (78) on the normally closed fence gate (80) at ordinary times, isolate with this space and its valve pocket (76) outside window, and behind coil electricity, airport (74) ability on the fence gate (80) contrasts conducting with the airport (75) on the window frame.
Figure 28: the sketch of ground warm water air handling system (81).It has the heat-exchanging tube bundle (84) and the water pipe line parts such as (85) of not holding heat exchanger (11), underground cold junction pond (82), pond, underground hot junction (83) and being communicated with cold and hot pond.Wherein, end heat exchanger (11) can be any in the known air heat exchangers such as known fin-tube type or shell-tube type; Described pipeline (85) comprises water inlet ozzle (87), the backwater ozzle (88) of the suction pump (86) that is positioned on the cold junction pond, water pump and the strainer (89), the stop valve (90) that are installed on the water ozzle into are connected water pipe parts such as (91) with it.
Figure 29: the structure of a kind of ground temperature air energy-saving gas transmission system (92).It is made up of high heart blower fan (93), air freshener (94), the basement that air intlet is arranged or underground passage (comprising cavern etc.) (95), appendix (96), air inlet pipe (97), with it outdoor air (22) is handled (cooling in summer, heating in winter).Then this gas is directly imported in the defeated system of outdoor air indoor or the importing air conditioning window, regulated the room temperature with it.The diagram arrow is the flow direction of outdoor air.
Figure 30: the profile of a kind of Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12).It has heat-resisting heat-barrier material (being foam glass board etc.) liner plate (98), the conductive exothermal film (99) that is combined in this liner plate surface and is made of electrically-conducting paint film or metal coating.
Figure 31: the air schematic flow sheet of air conditioning window when being undertaken freely taking a breath by window frame (8) summer that the individual layer sash is arranged.For convenience with the aid of pictures and explanation, the left and right sides side frame (49) of window its section sketch that only drawn.Wherein, Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12) is bonded in the indoor of heat insulation wall (100).Sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) is positioned at a station at top, window outside.At this moment, the air ports of its indoor (101) contrasts with the room air upper outlet (44) of upper ledge, then directly logical atmosphere of the outdoor air upper inlet (39) of this frame or inboard air intlet (103) contrast (referring to Fig. 2,3,7) of the cavity of resorption (102) bottom solar energy heat collection box.Then sunlight (104) can little angle of incidence penetrates in the heat collector cavity (being epicoele) (105) of solar energy heat collection box (26) air that enters this chamber is heated, and produces the speed that effluxes that suction force is quickened room air with this.Do not draw among the figure and be positioned at the air-conditioning equipment of casing (10).
Figure 32: the air schematic flow sheet when this air conditioning window is undertaken freely taking a breath by its individual layer window frame (8) in the winter time, at this moment, sunshade bell-type solar energy receives dress cover (9) by manually or the screw rod (15) of the intelligent processing system operate lifting mechanism that is made of microcomputer chip etc., it is dropped to three stations that flush with lower frame (33), and guarantee air ports (101) and the contrast of the outdoor air lower inlet (43) on the lower frame that solar energy heat collection box (26) is inboard.At this moment, sunlight (104) will be with big angle of incidence irradiation sash and glass cover-plate (106), therefore, directly heat the air in room air and the heat collector cavity, also have reverberation (107) also to see through sash and directly heat room air and be used for illumination except the sunlight that sees through is arranged.
Figure 33: this air conditioning window night and cloudy day when carrying out forced ventilation in the winter time, its outdoor air (22), room air (23) and the schematic flow sheet of their gaseous mixture (24) in this window frame.At this moment, its sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) should place a station in summer, and during winter, then is positioned at two stations at window top, at this moment, and outdoor air upper inlet (39) contrast of its inboard air ports (101) and upper window frame outside.
Figure 34: this air conditioning window is when fine day carries out forced ventilation in the winter time, its outdoor air (22), room air (23) and the schematic flow sheet of their gaseous mixture (24) in this window.What at this moment, described sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) dropped to window frame (33) place of flushing again states three stations.
The ecological air conditioner window that Fig. 1 to 30 describes comprises that mainly air conditioner (1) and other electrical equipment of having stated air-conditioning utensil, this window that window (3), casing (10), its major part are contained in the casing detect control system (21), display (108), overload protection arrangement (109); When needed, also can be under the window of body of wall indoor (or in exhaust passage of air-conditioning unit room internal fan), the heat exchanger (11) of installing Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12) or central heating supply net (110) and ground temperature water air-conditioning system (81) is at this side roof part installing curtain box (111); Installing Telescopic shutter curtain (4) in the window frame of outside is at the elevating mechanism (14) and the wireless reception and the transmitting antenna (112) of going up the GSM net of this side roof part installing sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) and this receiving system.Wherein, antenna can be communicated with the artificial intelligence process system (113) that is made of logic elements such as computer chips, so that this window is carried out remote alarms, control and communication.
Above-mentioned window (3) is mainly formed by individual layer hollow window frame (8), sash (7), gauze fan (6) with the fixing heat insulation window skirt (16) of window frame and body of wall (13).Wherein, the perforation hollow, rectangular assembly that window frame mainly is made of lower frame (33), upper ledge (38), left and right sides side frame (49), and all be provided with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and room air heat exchanger channels (31) in its complete all inside, parallel next-door neighbour between the two, and separate by its shared partition.Simultaneously, the right and left in lower frame (33) outside respectively has the outdoor air lower inlet (43) that an outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) is communicated with outside atmosphere; In this side front or bottom surface, have the room air outlet (36) down that a room air passage of heat (31) is communicated with the air circulation duct of outside atmosphere or casing outside; In this bottom surface, middle part, end indoor, have by vertical transition pipe (35) outdoor air that the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and the interior space directly or indirectly are communicated with is exported (34) (seeing Figure 11 and 31) down; The right and left edge in this side bottom surface, have room air lower inlet (114), and by the transition bend pipe (115) that is positioned at casing (10) be positioned at the room air side-entrance (48) of panel (2) the right and left side, this mouth and room air heat exchanger channels (31) are communicated with (seeing Fig. 1,17 and 31) with the interior space.Equally, at middle part, upper ledge (38) outside, have the outdoor air upper inlet (39) that an outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) is communicated with outside atmosphere; At its right and left edge, respectively have the room air upper outlet (44) (referring to Fig. 2,15 and 31) that a room air heat exchanger channels (31) is communicated with outside atmosphere; At this middle part, frame indoor, have the outdoor air upper outlet (41) of the communication chamber outer air heat exchanger channels (30) and the interior space; At its right and left, have room air upper inlet (116), and this mouth is communicated with the interior space by transition bend pipe (45) that protrudes window frame and the room air side-entrance (46) that is positioned at the right and left side, window top, just links up room air and the outdoor air air flow passage when carrying out freely taking a breath respectively with this in window frame (8).In addition, in the import of above-mentioned outdoor air, all adorn air filter (117), in all imports and outlet, all adorn and often open in blast gate (70) or the normally closed blast gate (79) any, with in this control room with the flow direction of outdoor air in passage separately.
Sash in this example (7) is an individual layer, and by about change fan (18), middle sash (19) is formed, and for every high mosquito, has also adorned screen window fan (6) in its outside.Above-mentioned sash all with double-layer vacuum or fill that the overlay film hollow of (argon) gas is heat insulation, sound insulation, resistance magnetic intelligent glass plate (53) makes, mould the inner surface that strengthens overlay film glass plate (54) at its outer plate folder, be covered with the controlled light transmission film of one deck (118), and the material of this film can be in the materials such as colored plastic, metal or metal oxide any; The external surface of the thief-proof secret glass plate of layer (55) is coated with and is coated with the stealthy film (119) of double-deck semiconductor within it; Like this, this fan just has controlled printing opacity, crashproof, heat insulation, sound insulation, stops signal such as electric wave to leak and can trigger the function that warning system is reported to the police when the broken window of robber is committed theft.In addition, left and right sides sash is connected with left and right sides side frame (49) by hinge (being loose-leaf) (120), and by handle type tongue (121) and mullion (20) fastening.
The available aluminium alloys of described Telescopic shutter curtain (4), plastic-aluminum or steel such as mould at the section bar manufacturing, two groups of top sheaves (122) by being installed in the upper ledge outside and be installed in two groups of lower sheaves (123) on the lower frame, drive its lifting by electronic or manual lifting mechanism (14), and the angle of inclination of adjusting vane and the aperture between them thus, be used for blocking burning sun heat exchanging device (5) and indoor irradiation in summer, and the guiding outdoor air carries out interchange of heat with it; And, then make its incline direction upset in winter, form sunlight passage and thermal-arrest interlayer, so that utilize sunlight directly to heat inlet chamber interior air and heat exchanger (5).Described casing (10) and its covering (being panel and window skirt etc.) are all used the manufacturings of metal, plastics and its composite material, and isolation layer is posted on the surface within it.Wherein, outdoor end two sidewalls at casing, have the side-entrance (124) in the outdoor air inlet chamber, because the outdoor heat exchanger (125) of air conditioner is contained in the right, outside in the casing among Fig. 6, for with its coordination, should open air general export (126) at the corresponding external surface of casing, and offer air master import (127) on its left side, promptly constitute thus and be positioned at the original air circulation duct in casing outside; In the above-mentioned import of casing, all adorn air strainer (128) and automatically controlled louvered linkage door (129) is controlled its switching.Wherein, air strainer (130) also is housed in addition in the side-entrance on the right.In addition, central space or other appropriate location in this side of casing, sensor noise (131) also can be installed, the Smoke Sensor of outside (132), humidity sensor (133), temperature pass device (134) and photometer (135), so that monitor the dynamic mass and the climate situation of outdoor air by their.
Described, air conditioner (1) is the compression type heat pumping system, and its compressor (136), outdoor fan (137), frequency conversion fan electromotor (138), indoor fan (being indoor main fan or title centrifugal fan) (139), reversal valve (140) and electromagnetic control valve power consumption parts such as (141) also all are installed in the space of casing outside.The indoor end face of this casing is by panel (2) capping, and have a room air master import (142) on panel the right, have the air general export (143) in the inlet chamber on its left side, Surface Edge has the hole that first finger lamp (144), electric switch and operation keyboard (145) are installed thereon, is pasted with the figure of patent marking (146) in its upper right corner; Be pasted with factory and famous brand (147) on curtain box (111) surface.In the air circulation duct (205) of this side, another indoor fan (being indoor auxiliary blower) (148) of air conditioner is housed, indoor heat exchanger (149), uviol lamp sterilizer (150), air purifier (151), pernicious gas (being carbon monoxide or benzene class and radon etc.) sensor (152), oxygen-enriching device (153), negative ion generator (154), humidifier (155), aroma device (156) and the oxygen sensor (157) that is positioned at the indoor, the temperature pick up of indoor (134), humidity sensor (158), Smoke Sensor (159), olfactory sensor (160), artificial intelligence process system (113) and its network terminal (being modem) and interface parts such as (161) thereof; Wherein, the sensor is responsible for monitoring the quality of room air and indoor safe condition.In addition, if when in this window, not establishing ground warm water air handling system and its end heat exchanger (11), then can also be located at the gas outlet (162) of aforementioned ground temperature air energy-saving gas transmission system (92) in the air outlet slit of this side.Between inside and outside two sides by having sound insulation, median septum (163) heat insulation and the resistance magnetic property to isolate.At this moment, aforementioned room air is outlet (36) down, promptly is positioned at the outside of dividing plate and is communicated with the breathing space of outdoor fan (137), like this, has just linked up room air (23) and has been discharged to outdoor passage.Described outdoor air is outlet (34) down, promptly is positioned at the indoor of dividing plate.And the air inlet port (164) of above-mentioned main fan (139) should be communicated with the room air master import (142) on this time outlet (34) and the panel through median septum; Its gas outlet (165) also sees through median septum and is communicated with the entrance point of indoor heat exchanger (149); And the outlet of this heat exchanger is communicated with air general export (143) on the action space of stating other air-conditioning utensil and the panel, when promptly linking up forced ventilation thus, heat exchanger channels and original air circulation duct that is positioned at the casing indoor in the outdoor air inlet chamber.
Above-mentioned Recuperative heat exchanger (57) is positioned at the right (seeing Fig. 6 and 20) of casing across the median septum both sides, its outside-air intake (58), the outdoor air side-entrance (124) on the sidewall on the right of the casing outside is communicated with by air strainer (128) and fine filter (130), the outlet of its outdoor air (59) directly with the breathing space of indoor auxiliary blower (148) or the outdoor air on the lower frame down outlet (34) is communicated with, constitute the interior heat exchanger channels of this heat exchanger inlet chamber of outdoor air (22) process with this; The room air import (60) of this device then is communicated with room air side-entrance (48) on the sidewall of panel the right, and its room air outlet (61) directly is communicated with the breathing space of outdoor fan (137), just forms room air (23) with this and is discharged to outdoor heat exchanger channels through this heat exchanger.
The outdoor heat exchanger of air conditioner generally is to make fin-tube type structure (125), and connects and installation (seeing double dot dash line figure among Fig. 6 for details) by known configurations; But then can also make the heat exchanger (5) of burglar bars formula structure in the present invention, and be installed in the outside (seeing Fig. 2 and 3) of window by the extension (32) of upper and lower frames.At this moment, carry out interchange of heat for enough air and this device are arranged, aforementioned compartment outer air general export (126) should replace (seeing Fig. 2,5 and 11) by the mixing air vertical row outlet (37) that is positioned at casing (10) top.This heat exchanger comprises the grid bar made from copper alloy tube or bar (166), serpentine coil (167) and its knockout (not shown) of vertically passing the grid bar and making with the zinc-plated copper tube of wing type.Wherein, the entrance point of coil pipe (168) is connected with the port of export (169) of compressor in refrigeration (heating) system, and its port of export (170) is then connected with the inlet union of capillary tube and liquid reservoir assembly (171).Having described convection circulation that this heat exchanger relies on outdoor air (seeing dotted arrows) among Fig. 3 carries out heat exchange and relies on outdoor fan (137) forced ventilation and allow indoor and outdoors air and it carry out the situation of interchange of heat.The outdoor fan of showing among this figure (137) is driven by one group of bevel gear (172), and export (36) down and stated in the interior suction chamber of outdoor air master import (127) and outdoor air from the room air outlet (61) of Recuperative heat exchanger (57), the room air of lower frame (33) bottom respectively simultaneously, see through then and stated vertical row outlet (37) (seeing Figure 11), be sent in the heat transfer space of burglar bars formula outdoor heat exchanger (5).In addition, above-mentioned bevel gear and indoor fan (148) pass through two groups of belt pulleys (173) transmission respectively by frequency conversion fan electromotor (138).Half of arrow among Fig. 6 has pointed out that this refrigeration (heating) system is flowing to indoor working medium when cold is provided; Diagram (174) is the auxiliary exhaust mouth that contrasts with indoor auxiliary blower (148) exhaust end on the panel.
Solar energy heat collection box (26) in described sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9) (see figure 7) by casing (175), be positioned at casing top heat collector cavity (105), be contained in the next part hot plate (177), the heat insulation backing plate of bottom black (178) that constitute by the integrated last thermal-arrest plate (176) of transparent plastic or capillary glass tube, black capillary tube in chamber, clear glass cover plate (106) formation that is positioned at metal or the composite separator (179) between this chamber and the cavity of resorption (102) and seals epicoele.Wherein, capillary tube in the thermal-arrest plate bonds in the same way up and down, leave the narrow air duct (180) that allows air flow between the upper and lower plates, because of being evenly equipped with countless micropores in the wall capillaceous, and this hole is existing and the characteristic of zeolite or molecular sieve same absorbent water vapour, have again to receive and the function of launching heat in the sunlight,, discharge the carrier of giving this device of flowing through then again efficiently so it can absorb the heat energy in the sunlight efficiently.Simultaneously, under its casing, be provided with gripper shoe, with this double as sky shade (27); In the heat collector cavity outer upper, have air ports (181) (seeing Fig. 2 and 3), side has air ports (101) within it, the latter is communicated with heat collector cavity (105) by vertical transition passage (182), when heat-collecting box (26) is in a station, the room air upper outlet (44) of this Kong Nengyu upper ledge outside contrast, and when being in two stations, then with outdoor air upper inlet (39) contrast, promptly form the indoor and outdoors air thus and pass in and out passage in the above-mentioned chamber.Like this, can see through cover plate and last thermal-arrest plate (176) enter in the capillary tube of black next part hot plate (177), and be absorbed by its wall body and heat up, therefore, can be used to heat outdoor air, improve room temperature with this by in this chamber inlet chamber in winter at fine sunlight.Then be used for heating the room air that effluxes in summer, improve the speed that effluxes of this gas with this.This receiving system (9) by being connected in place, angle on its left and right sides lifting nut (28) and the fairlead (183) at left and right sides inferior horn place is connected with the screw rod (15) of elevating mechanism (14), and drive and mobile at the gathering sill (17) that edge and body of wall are fixed between the station up and down by this bar.Wherein, elevating mechanism (14) (see figure 8) comprises: initiatively worm gear box (184), driven worm gear box (185), connecting axle (186), lifting screw (15) and drive handwheel (or its motor) (187), and pass through screw (51) by base (188) and be connected with body of wall (13) with underframe (189).At this moment, the stroke of heat-collecting box can be limited by last station sensor (190) (see figure 2), intermediate stations sensor (191) and the following station sensor (192) that are installed on the window frame.
The heat exchanger (11) of described ground temperature water air-conditioning system (81) can be installed in the indoor under this individual layer air conditioning window (193), and its underground tank (82) and (83) can be located at dwelling house ground (194) arbitrary place (seeing Figure 28) all around.Simultaneously, also can insert the delivery port (196) of heat exchanger (11) in the pipeline of known central heating supply net (seeing the double dot dash line figure) (110), in order to strengthening temporarily to indoor heating in severe winter by the right water inlet (195) and the left side.But, and it is installed in the exhaust passage of the inboard of heat insulation wall under the window (100) or indoor fan if in this settlement, during no heating network, then can change and establish Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12).Like this, in summer with regard to available ground temperature air-conditioning system (81) and air conditioner (1) jointly to indoor cooling, then mainly rely on solar energy and heating network or solar energy, air conditioner and Electric radiant Heating Film firing equipment to indoor heating in winter.Wherein, when need be in summer during, should open the stop valve (90) that upper left corner water inlet (197) and lower right corner delivery port (198) are located earlier, and the water pump (86) that starts on the cold junction pond (82) be carried cold water to heat exchanger (11) to indoor cooling with this system.At this moment, ground warm water promptly heats up with the room air heat exchange, and then flow in the pond, hot junction (83) from the backwater ozzle (88) on the right, and when the heat-exchanging tube bundle of flowing through (84) from stratum (194) absorption cold and lowering the temperature, return again at last in the cold junction pond (82).
Above-mentioned window skirt (16) is the deckle board shape structural member made from metal sheet or composite material, it is by interior window skirt (199) and the opposed be combined into of exterior window skirt (200), the its inner circumference size should be consistent with the neighboring of window frame (8), its neighboring size then be affixed on the isolation layer (50) on the body of wall or the window opening inner rim consistent size of body of wall (13).Its effect also will be clamped on window frame on the body of wall except decorating heat insulation and sealing the window frame (8), avoids occurring brokenly because of the installation window problem of cup body of wall with this.
For strengthen window every high security energy and decorative effect, generally also install curtain box (111) and its fabric curtain (not shown) in the window indoor.For this reason, can install a cover plate (201) (seeing Fig. 1 and 31) additional at the indoor projecting surface of above-mentioned transition bend pipe (45), and the suspension assembly (203) that two ends in space are respectively adorned a pulley (202) and are made up of slide bar and clip between this plate and bend pipe again.At this moment, air side import (46) promptly is in the space between this box and the body of wall in the aforementioned compartment.
Fig. 3 and 31 to 34 described this air conditioning window each season to indoorly take a breath, feedback energy and the principle and the method for regulating indoor air temperature and humidity.
When the outdoor air dirt, noise is big, temperature is higher or when on the low side, then both can manually close sash (18), also can the outside has the sensor of corresponding function to send information in the window by being located at, its built-in artificial intelligence process system (113) command control system is closed by automatic pass window mechanism (not shown) change fan, and window is changed over to freely take a breath or the forced ventilation program, so that guarantee the quality of room air.
If when carrying out freely taking a breath summer, should open water pump (86) on the cold junction pond to indoor cooling, and operate lifting mechanism (14) places a station to the heat-collecting box of solar attachment (26), the outdoor air of opening lower frame (33) indoor simultaneously respectively exports (34) and room air lower inlet (114) down, blast gate in the outdoor air upper inlet (39) of upper ledge (38) outside and the room air upper outlet (44), and the linkage door (129) in the auxiliary exhaust mouth (174) on the panel (2) and the casing outdoor air general export (126), thus outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and room air heat exchanger channels (31) respectively with outdoor and indoor communication.At this moment, because of having gravitational difference between the indoor and outdoor air, so, in the bigger dirty cold air (23) of indoor proportion promptly enters room air heat exchanger channels (31) in lower frame (33) and the side frame (49) from the side-entrance (48) on panel (2) limit, the left and right sides, and automatically rise in this heat absorption, flow through successively then upper ledge (38) and heat collector cavity (105), last air ports (181) outside this chamber again are discharged to outdoor.Simultaneously, the less fresh damp-heat air (22) of outdoor proportion then enters in the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) of upper ledge (38) and side frame (49) from air intlet (204) (see figure 3) and its inboard air intlet (103) in cavity of resorption (102) outside of heat-collecting box (26), or directly enter in this passage (30) (seeing Figure 31) from outdoor air upper inlet (39), and this by its partition the heat of carrying is discharged lower the temperature to indoor chamber gas after, then continue to flow through down successively outlet (34) downwards, the air circulation duct (205) of transition conduit (35) and casing (10) indoor is at last in auxiliary exhaust mouth (174) inlet chamber from the panel (2).But if when in window, being provided with ground temperature water air-conditioning system (81) (seeing Figure 28), then it should continue to flow through the air ports (206) that is opened in bottom of shell downwards and enter in the heat transfer space of end heat exchanger (11), and carries out interchange of heat and once more after the cooling just in the inlet chamber at this and this device.
If in the winter time, when carrying out freely taking a breath, still can be by artificial or by the temperature pick up sender of two sides inside and outside the air conditioning window, the room air that impels intelligent processing system (113) instruction electromagnetic coil (72) to open lower frame (33) outside exports (36) and outdoor air lower inlet (43) down, and the outdoor air upper outlet (41) of upper ledge (38) indoor and room air upper inlet (116) (seeing Figure 32).In addition, when being provided with sunshade bell-type solar attachment (9), also must move down into three stations to the heat-collecting box of this device (26) by screw rod (15), make the inboard air ports (101) of heat collector cavity (105) and state import (43) contrast conducting by elevating mechanism.Therefore the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in heat collector cavity (105) and the side frame forms cascaded structure.At this moment, room air can be successively enters in its heat exchanger channels (31) from import (46) and (116) of upper end, and is cooled in this heat release, and then is discharged to outdoor through the following outlet (36) of lower frame and the air general export (126) in the casing outside; Meanwhile, outdoor air can be earlier enters in its heat collector cavity (105) from the air ports (181) in heat-collecting box (26) outside, heated by sunlight (104) earlier at this, just enter then in the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in lower frame and the side frame, can continuation absorb heat and further the intensification from conduit wall and room air and in the ground warm water water returning disk pipe (207) again at this, last indoor from upper outlet (41) inflow of upper ledge again.Simultaneously, the glass cover-plate of its heat-collecting box (106) also can reflex to sunlight (104) indoor, for use in throwing light on and directly heating room air.The ground warm water end heat exchanger (11) that is installed in indoor under the window then relies on radiation and cross-ventilation to be used for air in the heating clamber.Like this, this window is promptly finished under this weather condition from window frame and is discharged to and reclaims heat energy the outdoor room air, obtains energy from sunlight and stratum, takes a breath and the overall process of temperature adjustment to indoor with this.
In said process, sunlight can heat the room air (23) of the heat collector cavity of flowing through (105), quicken the velocity of discharge of this gas with this, and be positioned at the ground warm water water returning disk pipe (207) of outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30), except that to the outdoor air makeup energy in the inlet chamber, can also quicken the speed in this gas inlet chamber.
In summer or winter, when the very dirty or oxygen concentration of room air is very low, then must carry out forced ventilation and adjusting (seeing Fig. 1 and 3) to room air.At this moment, the automatic sender of meeting such as the temperature pick up of indoor (158), Smoke Sensor (160) or oxygen sensor (157), make intelligent processing system (113) by control system (21), start fan (137), (139) and (148) simultaneously, in window frame (8), except the aforementioned operating mode of keeping the room air heat exchanger channels (31) that the described outdoor air heat exchanger channels of Figure 31 (30) and Figure 32 describe, also must open whole imports of the inside and outside both sides of casing and the louvered linkage door (see figure 3) (129) in the outlet.So under outdoor fan drives, room air (23) just enters in the room air heat exchanger channels (31) from room air import (46) and (116) of window frame upper end successively, and carry out heat exchange, thereby make the outdoor air cooling and self heats up by partition and the outdoor air (22) in outside, the upper end inlet chamber outer air heat exchanger channels (30) simultaneously; In addition, also have two strands of outdoor airs to enter in the outer space of casing from the outer inlets (124) of the right and left, wherein, the outdoor air that enters from the right after coarse filter (128) and fine filter (130) filter again the outside-air intake (58) from Recuperative heat exchanger (57) the right enter in the outdoor air heat exchanging chamber (66) of this device; The outdoor air that enters from the left side is then after another coarse filter (128) filters, again along the outdoor air circulation canal (208) of casing outside directly in the breathing space of inlet chamber external fan (137).Simultaneously, other has one room air (23) to enter from the room air import (60) of the import (48) of panel (2) right side wall and Recuperative heat exchanger indoor in the room air heat exchanging chamber (62) of this device (seeing Fig. 6 and 20 to 22), carry out heat (being sensible heat or full heat) exchange by its partition and the outdoor air that is positioned at heat exchanging chamber (66), wherein, room air is because of heat absorption intensification or intensification and humidification from outdoor air, and outdoor air then cools off or cools off because of heat release and falls wet.In addition, outlet (36) and (61) because of the room air of lower frame and Recuperative heat exchanger all are communicated with (seeing Fig. 3 and 6) with the breathing space of outdoor fan (137) again, so, under the driving of this fan, the dirt and the used heat that mix of the portable band of aforementioned two strands of room airs (23) in window frame and this heat exchanger exports (37) (seeing Fig. 3 and 11) and is discharged to outdoor with stating the outdoor air (22) that enters casing from the left side vertical row from air general export (126) (see figure 6) of casing outside or top, casing outside; Equally, in the window indoor, because of the transition conduit (35) of lower frame and the outlet (59) (referring to Fig. 6 and 33) of Recuperative heat exchanger all are communicated with the breathing space of indoor fan (148) or fan (148) and (139), so under the driving of this fan, (be cold summer to the energy that the portable band of outdoor air of drawing from above-mentioned two holes has absorbed, be heat winter), auxiliary exhaust mouth (174) that both can be on panel is directly in the inlet chamber, also can be after the working medium heat exchange in the air circulation duct (205) of indoor and the heat exchanger (149), the air general export (143) from the panel is admitted to indoor again.In this process, be in air purifier (151), oxygen-enriching device (153), negative high electronic generator (154), humidifier (155) and aroma device (156) the auxiliary air conditioner utensil of etc.ing in the air circulation duct of casing indoor then by the exhaust kinetic energy in this passage, finish respectively to the air in the inlet chamber sterilize, dedusting, deodorizing, decontamination and humidification, oxygenation, release anion and fragrance processing.
But if the tight heat of temperature or cold, and air is when dirty, then removing the water pump (86) that will start on fan and the cold junction pond quickens indoor the ventilation dropped under the window with cooling or solar attachment, with sunlight to outside the indoor heating, also to start compressor (136) and carry out kind of refrigeration cycle or heat circulation, could satisfy adjusting requirement room air.At this moment, outdoor fan (137) will and enter the heat transfer space of burglar bars formula heat exchanger (5) (see figure 3) that the outdoor air in the casing outdoor air circulation canal (207) together delivers to fin-tube type heat exchanger (125) (see figure 6) that is positioned at the outside or be positioned at the window outside two strands of room airs of aforementioned sucking-off from window frame (8) and Recuperative heat exchanger (57), the heat energy in having absorbed this device and make the cold-producing medium cooling of this heat exchanger of flowing through or heat up after be discharged in the outside atmosphere again.Simultaneously, indoor auxiliary blower (148) is then the outdoor air (22) of having lowered the temperature or having heated up because of heat exchange of sucking-off from the hot device of backheat air (57), auxiliary exhaust mouth (174) on panel is directly sent into indoor, indoor main fan (139) then drives and flows out in the window frame (8) and lower the temperature through heat exchange or the outdoor air (22) that heats up and together deliver to the air circulation duct of indoor in and indoor heat exchanger (149) is carrying out heat exchange from the room air that the room air master import (142) of panel sucks, and it further is cooled and dehumidifies or heating and humidification and accept stating of other air-conditioning utensil and be admitted to after other processing indoor again.
In the forced ventilation process, should open ground temperature water air-conditioning system (81) or ground temperature air energy-saving gas transmission system (92) the two one of, the former can handle (cooling in summer to the air in indoor and the inlet chamber by end heat exchanger (11) and backwater coil pipe (208), the heating in winter), and the latter, then can be simultaneously directly to indoor input oxygen and energy (be cold summer, and be heat winter).To solar energy receiving device (9), its heat-collecting box (26) should be positioned at a station (see figure 3),, improve the exhaust velocity of this gas with this so that enter the room air (22) of atmosphere with its heat collector cavity (105) heating in summer; Then heat-collecting box should be positioned at two stations or three stations in winter, if (seeing Figure 33) then connects heat collector cavity (105) by stating import and export (101) and outdoor air upper inlet (39) when being positioned at two stations with the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in the window frame, therefore, outdoor air (22) before entering upper window frame 38 just by the sunlight preheating; If be positioned at three stations, then because this device has moved on under the window, this moment is except that the indoor sunlight that can directly obtain is heated the room air, therefore heat exchanging chamber (105) forms parallel-connection structure by lower inlet (43) and outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in the side frame the time again, and then can pass through the combining structure of window frame (8) and heat collector cavity (26), to the outdoor fresh air (22) of the more preheatings of indoor input and directly reflect into indoor sunlight by cover plate (106), be used for throwing light on and the heating room air, so, have best energy-saving effect this moment.
But if weather is cold especially, when said process can not guarantee that still interior temperature is kept setting value, the heating that then should close ground temperature water air-conditioning system (81) and use electrothermal film heater (12) and air conditioner (1) instead is jointly to indoor heating, or close the said equipment simultaneously, and in the pipeline of end heat exchanger (11) incision central heating supply heat supply network (110) (seeing Figure 28), strengthen to indoor heating with this.
In above-mentioned forced ventilation process, although being arranged, air conditioner, fan and water pump all want consumed energy, but do not consume energy during because of other auxiliary air conditioner utensil work, especially in addition warm water is constantly to the indoor cold that provides, and the energy in the indoor exhaust air that effluxes is recovered substantially, its remnant also is used to improve process of refrigerastion, add that this window can also reclaim more than 70% of the lost energy of common individual layer window, so, it is low more than existing air-conditioning and window to the consumption of commodity energy, and its energy-saving effect is still fine.
When to warm season in spring and autumn, and outdoor air is clean when moistening, then can window and utilize natural convection air to indoor air-changing.So, when using this window, can in the most time, only depend on when utilizing natural energy or only switching on the pump and consume under the situation of a small amount of commodity energy with blower fan, just can guarantee that the air in the room is fresh clean, the oxygen abundance, humiture is pleasant, and therefore, the time of use fan and air conditioner (1) seldom.In addition, when if the robber will break window and commits theft, then the film resistor on the thief-proof secret glass plate (55) of sash internal layer surface can make the voltage in the circuit change, and the intelligence system in the window just can directly be reported to the police according to this variation and then the loudspeaker that starts in the voice system, or the internet terminal that constitutes with wireless transmitter (112) and by devices such as microcomputer chips by loudspeaker and built-in GSM net simultaneously the two one of to householder and the warning of urban safety service system.
Only establish the individual layer sash in this window internal cause, except that heat-proof quality is relatively poor relatively, can't reclaim from the radiation of sash internal cause and conduction and lost energy, used so should the said window of example only be applicable to the less relatively area of the temperature difference.
Accompanying drawing 35 to 45 has been described the primary structure and the using method (embodiment two) of the ecological air conditioner window of a kind of bilayer that is provided with outdoor air heat exchange interlayer or individual layer sash.
Figure 35: the ecological air conditioner window vertical side sectional structure of double-deck sash is arranged and rely on summer this window to carry out freely taking a breath operating mode and air flow chart when room air regulated.Wherein solar energy heat collection box (26) is positioned at a station, is provided with double-deck sash group (211) that is made of outer leaf (209), interior sash (210) and the outdoor air heat exchange interlayer that is formed by the narrow space between two fans (heat exchange interlayer outside also claiming) (212) in window main body (3).In the window frame upper end, this interlayer upper end is communicated with the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) of upper ledge by intercommunicating pore (213) on the outdoor air that is positioned at its internal perisporium; At its lower end internal perisporium face, this interlayer lower end is communicated with outer air heat exchanger channels (30) in the lower frame by intercommunicating pore under the outdoor air (214).There is shown the outdoor air (22) that flows to lower frame (33) by upper ledge (38) via interlayer (212) and by the room air heat exchanger channels (31) of lower frame through side frame (49) in mobile room air (23) in upper ledge (38).But, fail to be illustrated in the outdoor air that flows in the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) of side frame (49) among the figure because of the projection relation restriction.
D-D sectional structure among this figure is referring to Fig. 6 and explanation thereof.
Figure 36: the A-A sectional structure sketch of this window main body.It has described the plan structure of three intercommunicating pores (214) that are located at lower frame (33) upper surface and the air flow at this place when carrying out freely taking a breath summer.Circle among the figure represent outdoor air (22) in its heat exchanger channels (30) with heat exchange interlayer (212) in the flow direction be consistent.
Figure 37: the section structure of this window frame profile.Portion is provided with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and room air heat exchanger channels (31) within it.
Figure 38: the E-E section structure of this lower frame of window.Be the following intercommunicating pore (214) of lower frame middle part upper surface, structure and the position that outdoor air exports (34) and its transition conduit (35) down.
Figure 39: the F-F cross-section structure of this lower frame of window.Be take back in the middle part of the lower frame intercommunicating pore (214) of position upper surface and the position and the structure of its mixing air vertical row outlet (37).
Figure 40: the G-G section structure of lower frame.It is the structure of the 3rd intercommunicating pore (214) of lower frame the right upper surface and horizontal transition pipe (40) that the outside-air intake of the right and left (43) is communicated with room air heat exchanger channels (30).
Figure 41: structure operating mode and the air flow figure of this window when carrying out forced ventilation summer.Its solar energy heat collection box (26) still is positioned at a station.Outdoor air (22) in its interlayer (212) and the room air (23) in side frame room air heat exchanger channels (31) all are that (in the same way) flows from the top down.
Figure 42: this air conditioning window that double-deck sash arranged is fine in the winter time when carrying out freely taking a breath structure operating mode and air flow chart.The heat-collecting box of its solar attachment (26) has dropped to three stations.At this moment, outdoor air (22) be earlier heat collector cavity (105) in by sunlight (104) heating, it is interior just to enter heat exchange interlayer (212) between the sash and its heat exchanger channels (30) then.
Figure 43: be provided with the individual layer ecological air conditioner window main body of individual layer flat tube casement (215), structure operating mode when carrying out freely taking a breath summer and air flow chart.Its outdoor air (22) flows in the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and the heat exchange interlayer (212) between sash of side frame simultaneously from upper ledge.
Figure 44: a kind of vertical sectional structure that the flat tube glass plate (215) of rectangular cross section is arranged.It is made up of outside glass plate (216), interior side glass plate (217) and middle panel (218), forms narrow space (219) therebetween, and by the opening (220) of two ends up and down this space is in communication with the outside.Like this, after sash of making by this glass plate and the window frame assembling, just can constitute and between two layers of simple glass sash, have the air heat exchange interlayer of corresponding function by described space (219).
Figure 45: B-B sectional structure and air flow figure that the individual layer sash formula ecological air conditioner window main body of flat tube glass plate (215) is housed.The plane cross section of this sash is a rectangle, and it is consistent with the flow direction in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) to have described the flow direction of outdoor air (22) in the inner chamber (221) of interlayer (212) and mullion (20) among the figure.Simultaneously, at the interior outer surface of mullion, be combined with engineering plastics isolation layer (222).Be used to prevent that energy runs off.
This window and precedent have essentially identical structure: promptly be provided with in its window frame (8) and outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and the room air heat exchanger channels (31) of precedent with spline structure, and the import and export and the transition conduit of the outdoor and room air of same structure, body of wall indoor under window also is provided with described ground of precedent warm water end heat exchanger (11) or Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12) etc.Its unique difference is: be provided with double-deck sash group (211) or the flat pipe type sash (215) be made up of outer leaf (209), interior sash (210) in this routine window frame (8), and constitute the heat exchange interlayer (212) of outdoor air (22) by the narrow space between inside and outside two sash or the glass plate, thus with side frame (49) in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) form the gas transmission branch road of parallel-connection structure, and to form the outdoor air gas transmission that the hot interlayer of three branch road monodromy is arranged by its outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and this interlayer be (223).
This window in each season, carry out freely taking a breath or the principle of forced ventilation all identical with using method with precedent, but because of in this window, being provided with interlayer (212), so outdoor air (22) then can enter in the described gas transmission system (223) simultaneously entering it up and down behind the window frame.And two strands of air of the same name remain co-flow.
In order to improve the refrigeration and the heating efficiency of air conditioner (1), hollow grid bar (166) burglar bars formula outdoor heat exchanger (5) can be connected in series in the return line of ground temperature air-conditioning system, remaining energy discharges the refrigeration working medium that flows in the serpentine coil (167) of heat exchanger (5) in its return water (or other carrier) so that allow, improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of air-conditioning system whereby, and solution because of making heating efficiency, frosting is handed over low problem in the winter time.
Because heat exchange interlayer (212) has huge cross section and heat exchange area, and cover whole window opening, be that through the outdoor air gas transmission (223) inflow is indoor so this window can pass through outdoor air (22), and all feed back to indoor indoor energy that runs off because of conduction and radiation effects from sash in the past and the energy that run off during to indoor the ventilation because of ventilation fan.Add that in addition solar energy and ground temperature can be to indoor makeup energy, so the energy-saving effect of this window and the air exchanging rate all window more than precedent are big.Can be used for the big area of the temperature difference to it.Wherein, the most suitable making window wall of the structure curtain of Figure 43 to 45 description.
Figure 46 to 51 has described two kinds and has been provided with outdoor air heat exchange interlayer and room air heat exchange interlayer and forms the triple window fan group of described interlayer or primary structure and the using method (embodiment three) of the ecological air conditioner window of two-layer hybrid sash group.
Figure 46: vertical sectional structure and its air flow chart when carrying out freely taking a breath summer that the ecological air conditioner window of triple window fan group (224) is arranged.Its water heater type's solar energy heat collection box (225) is positioned at a station; The triple window fan group that in this window frame, is provided with outer layer leaf (209), inner layer sash (210) and middle level sash (226) week and constitutes.
Figure 47: the A-A sectional structure sketch of this window main body.There is shown the following intercommunicating pore (214) that outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) lower end is communicated with the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) of lower frame that is positioned at lower frame (33) upper surface outside, and the position and the structure that are positioned at its indoor is communicated with the lower end of room air heat exchange interlayer (227) with the room air heat exchanger channels (31) of lower frame following intercommunicating pore (228).In addition, the soffit that is positioned at upper ledge (38) also is provided with corresponding last intercommunicating pore and symmetrical therewith.Two interlayers (212) and (227) parallel next-door neighbour, and separate by middle level sash (226).
Figure 48: a kind of left side sectional structure and its air flow figure when carrying out forced ventilation summer that is provided with the ecological air conditioner window of double-deck sash combination window fan group (229).This mixes the sash group and is made up of outer layer leaf (209) and inner layer sash 210.The former (is common overlay film glass plate by the known glass plate, double-deck folder is moulded glass and double-deck hollow inflatable or hollow plate glass (53) and is made, the latter is made by rectangle fan pipe glass plate (215), between the two, form outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212), form by the narrow space in the flat tube casement and to state room air heat exchange interlayer (227), and by intercommunicating pore on the room air (222) and transition conduit (35) the room air heat exchanger channels (31) in the upper end of this interlayer and the upper ledge (38) is communicated with, the interior room air heat exchanger channels of the lower end of this interlayer and lower frame (33) is communicated with by the following intercommunicating pore (228) of room air.With this and the room air gas transmission system (231) that states heat exchanger channels (31) formation three branch roads.
Figure 49: the above-mentioned B-B sectional view that is provided with the ecological air conditioner window main body of mixing sash group (229).It has described the plan structure of outer leaf (209), interior sash (210), screen window fan (6), outer heat exchange interlayer (212), interior heat exchange interlayer (227) and the following intercommunicating pore (214) of the two, (228) and outdoor air gas transmission system (223) and room air gas transmission system (231).Outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in the inner chamber (221) of illustrated mullion (20) and the upper and lower frames is communicated with.And become a branch road of outdoor air gas transmission system (223).
Figure 50: the C-C sectional structure of this window.It has described in casing (10) the horizontal assembly relation between the Detection ﹠ Controling system (21) of critical piece, other auxiliary air conditioner utensil and this air conditioning window of the air conditioner of installing (1), outdoor air (22), room air (23) and the glide path of the gaseous mixture of the two (24) in casing (10) when arrow is represented to carry out forced ventilation among the figure.This figure and accompanying drawing 6: essentially identical structure is arranged, just auxiliary blower is established at the end in this figure, and directly fan electromotor (138) drives its outdoor fan (137) by handing over frequently, and the blast fan of its indoor high heart fan (being main fan) (139) and condensed water energy saver (232) is then all driven by one group of single-stage belt pulley (173) by this motor.
Figure 51: the structure of a kind of air ejection formula condensed water energy saver (232).It connects conduit (239) by water-collecting tray (233), hopper (234), micro-blower (235), civilian formula induction tunnel (236), shower nozzle (237), water inlet pipe (238) and logotype and constitutes.During work, the high velocity air that is produced by blast fan sprays the condensed water of storing in tank (240) in the room air heat exchanging chamber (62) of the heat transfer space of outdoor heat exchanger (125) and surface or backheat air heat exchanger (57) with shower nozzle by venturi tube (236).
Window arrangement that Figure 45 to 51 describes and the window of using method and the first two embodiment are basic identical; But in the window frame (8) of this window, be provided with triple window fan group (224) or two-layer hybrid sash group (229) simultaneously, also set up room air heat exchange interlayer (227).Wherein, the former outer layer leaf (209) is to fill the thief-proof secret glass plate of (argon) air bound heat by double-deck hollow overlay film to make, middle sash (217) is made by the heat-conductive porous glass plate of individual layer, interior sash (210) then is to mould enhancing heat-and sound-insulating Electrocontrolled color change glass by the bilayer folder to make, and guarantees that with this this sash group has the best-of-breed functionality coupling.
The switching mode of this window is: outer and inner layer sash is made the eccentric rotary structure, and wherein, Figure 46 and the 47 middle level sash of describing are made the horizontal slip structure.
In addition, adopted water heater type's solar attachment (241) in this example, in device, fed room air and cold water in summer simultaneously, so that quickening also to provide hot water for shower bath when room air effluxes speed with it; Then still directly use the outdoor fresh air in its preheating inlet chamber in the winter time.For this reason, collector metal coil pipe or glass vacuum heat collecting water pipe (243) in the heat collector cavity (105) of its solar energy heat collection box (242), have been set up.Simultaneously, described among Figure 50 in summer, when the air-conditioning system of this window is freezed, operating mode when the air ejection formula condensed water energy saver of establishing in it (232), the condensed water of it being collected from the indoor heat exchanger bottom by shower nozzle (237) (240) directly are sprayed onto the breathing space of outdoor heat exchanger (125) and surface.Because the temperature of this water is very low, storing in it has lot of energy (sensible heat and latent heat), thus with the working medium of its cool stream in this heat exchanger, not only can improve the Energy Efficiency Ratio of air-conditioning system, but also can eliminate of the harm of this water to user and neighbours.In addition, use in order to adapt in the sand dust prone areas, voltage sensitive sensor (244) has also been set up in the outside in casing, guarantees when sand is quick-fried and can in time close sash by automatic pass window mechanism with this.
Figure 46,48 and 50 have described such air conditioning window passes through interlayer (212) and (227) in summer, the heat exchanging chamber of heat exchanger channels (30) and (31) and Recuperative heat exchanger (57) carries out freely taking a breath and the flow direction of outdoor air (22) and room air (23) during forced ventilation to indoor, owing in this window, established the heat exchange interlayer of outdoor air and room air, and the head and the tail of the two respectively with its up and down the air heat exchanger channels of the same name in the window frame be communicated with, and constitute parallel branch with air heat exchanger channels of the same name in the side frame, so, during ventilation in two interlayers flow air can be all the time keep identical direction with flow air in air heat exchanger channels of the same name.In addition, the air heat exchanging chamber (62) of above-mentioned Recuperative heat exchanger and (66) can be directly be communicated with corresponding fan aspirated space, but then should contact with air heat exchanger channels of the same name (31) and (30) in the lower frame in order to improve energy recovery rate.
Above-mentioned interlayer compares with heat exchanger channels: because of bigger flow area and heat exchange surface are arranged, so its air exchanging rate and energy recovery rate all will improve exponentially.
Figure 52 to 56 has described a kind of structure and using method (embodiment four) thereof that is provided with the ecological air conditioner window of ground air-conditioning utensil such as warm water and four layers of sash group.
Figure 52: the positive TV structure of this window indoor.Its window (3) is oval, put thereon and in the formula casing (10) compression heat pump air conditioner (1) is housed and other has stated main air-conditioning utensil, and its control and the operation keyboard (145) of intelligent processing system, the interface (161) and the electric switch parts such as (245) of the network terminal all are installed in the subpanel (246) of window lower end.C-C sectional structure among the figure is seen Figure 50.
Figure 53: the A-A of this window analyses and observe and looks sketch.It has showed side-looking structure and its air flow when carrying out freely taking a breath summer in this window principal section direction.In window frame (8), be provided with the four layers of sash group (248) that constitute by outer layer leaf (209), middle level, outside sash (226), inboard middle level sash (247) and inner layer sash (210).And constitute the outer heat exchange interlayer (being outside sandwich) (212) of outdoor air by the narrow space between the sash in the outer layer leaf and the outside; Constitute heat exchange interlayer in the outdoor air (being intraformational bed) (249) by the narrow space between sash in the inboard and the inner layer sash; Constitute room air heat exchange interlayer (interlayer promptly) (227) by the middle narrow space between the sash in two layers.Backwater coil pipe (208), the Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12) of geothermal air conditioner are installed in the following outlet of hypomere or this air system in outdoor air heat exchanger channels and its interlayer simultaneously.
Figure 54: when this window carries out forced ventilation, its outdoor air (22) and room air (23) the side-looking flow graph in heat exchange interlayer separately.The flow direction of stating air of the same name in they and the side frame is consistent.
Figure 55: the E-E sectional structure chart of this window main body.It showed the assembly relation of four layers of sash horizontal direction and between them outer, in, interior three stated air heat exchange interlayer, and the following intercommunicating pore (214) that is positioned at the outside sandwich lower end, be arranged in the following intercommunicating pore (250) of intraformational bed lower end and be positioned at the head-down position and the structure of the following intercommunicating pore (228) of interlayer lower end.Simultaneously, three rows that are positioned at the upper ledge soffit go up the structure of intercommunicating pore and position symmetry therewith.
Figure 56: what be used for this air conditioning window makes the structure diagram of the ground temperature water air-conditioning system (252) of energy donor with pool water or river (following general designation pool water) (251).
The air conditioning window that Figure 52 to 56 shows has elliptical profile, and the parts of its air conditioner (1) are still identical with precedent with its auxiliary air conditioner utensil installation site in casing.But its casing is contained in window upper end and goes up except that corresponding component shown in Figure 1 is housed at panel (2), and also the probe that is provided with infrared sensor (253) at its end face is used to monitor the condition of a fire and antitheft; Have room air master import (142) and air general export (143) in the middle, air strainer (130) is housed in room air master import, thermometer (254) is housed on this mouth and humidometer elements such as (255) is used to indicate the room air situation, the surface is shaped on patent marking (146) thereon.Simultaneously, be provided with the display (108) of artificial intelligence process system, and the side-entrance on the bend pipe (46) is communicated with room air heat exchanger channels (31) in the upper ledge in this mark bottom.On the both sides of subpanel, the loudspeaker (256) of voice system is housed, in the outside of window lower end heat exchanger (11), venetian blind type face shield (257) is housed; At the dual-side up and down of window skirt (16), have and the fixing screw of usefulness (258) of body of wall (13); Week in window frame, remove to be provided with and state air heat exchange interlayer (212), outside the interior heat exchange interlayer (227), the interior heat exchange interlayer (249) of its outdoor air is communicated with by the interior air duct of the same name (30) of intercommunicating pore on it (259) and upper ledge, promptly form thus two with two side frames in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) be the outdoor air gas transmission branch road of parallel-connection structure, and be (260) by the outdoor air gas transmission that this interlayer and heat exchanger channels (30) constitute four branch roads.Simultaneously, in this upper end that is, both can directly be communicated with by the outdoor air upper inlet (39) by the upper ledge outside with outside atmosphere, again can be by the outdoor air upper outlet (41) of upper ledge indoor and transition conduit (35) with its breathing space and indoor connection with indoor fan (139); At this is the lower end, both can be directly it be communicated with outside atmosphere by the outdoor air lower inlet (43) of lower frame outside, again can by the outdoor air of its indoor down outlet (34) and transition conduit (35) with it with the Electric radiant Heating Film air heater (12) that is positioned at heat insulation wall (100) indoor or stated the heat transfer space and indoor connection of end heat exchanger (11), and blast gate (79) (seeing Figure 27) is housed in above-mentioned import, outlet or transitional pore.Equally, room air gas transmission system (231) in this window is identical with the structure of precedent, but in this upper end that is, both by the room air upper outlet (44) in casing (10) the floor chamber outside and transitional pore (35) breathing space and outdoor the connection, can directly be communicated with by side-entrance (46) on the room air upper inlet (116) of upper ledge indoor and the room air again with indoor with outdoor fan (137); At this is the lower end, both can directly be communicated with outdoor by the room air outlet (36) of lower frame outside, can be communicated with indoor by the room air side-entrance (48) of lower frame indoor the right and left again.(261) among Figure 50 are the voltage-stabilized power supplies of this window.
This routine scavenging period is identical with aforementioned each example, but because of two outdoor air heat exchange interlayers (212) and (249) are arranged in this example, and the two is all in parallel with two outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30), so when ventilation, outdoor air can flow through from four simultaneously.In addition, because its room air heat exchange interlayer (227) is between above-mentioned two interlayers, when room air (23) flows through from this interlayer, just can carry out interchange of heat by the middle level sash and the outdoor air (22) on its inside and outside two limits, the heat exchange surface that adds sash itself is big, so its heat transfer process can carry out more fully, energy reclaims also more thorough.
Because four layers of sash group (262) of being made by the intelligent glass plate are housed in this window, so it can not only be blocked in the infrared rays in the sunlight outside window in summer, it is indoor to allow whole sunlight penetrate in winter, can guarantee that in summer and winter indoor energy and sound, light and electromagnetic signal can not leak, but also, carry out more thoroughly and energy is reclaimed because of its middle level sash can carry out full interchange of heat.Add that ground temperature air-conditioning system (252) constantly provides priceless natural energy to indoor by the heat exchanger (11) in its water pump (86) and the pipeline and coil pipe (208), and can be by freely taking a breath and forced ventilation is constantly also reclaiming the energy that effluxes to indoor when fresh air is provided, so this window can guarantee indoor have all the time optimum air quality and humiture, best energy-saving effect, minimum use cost and best antitheft function of keeping secret are arranged again.In addition,, and can realize manual detection and control or detection and remote detection and control automatically simultaneously, so can guarantee that the user can feel safe in use, convenience and comfortable again because of this window has air conditioning function.
Simultaneously, in order to make full use of natural energy, also can alternately be communicated with water inlet pipe in the aforementioned solar energy heat collection box (242) and outlet pipe with ground temperature backwater coil pipe (208), so that summer utilize its water inlet in cold, cool stream is through the outdoor air of this coil pipe, and improves the inflow temperature that enters solar energy heat collection box with this; Then use the outdoor air that heats the coil pipe of flowing through through the hot water of sunlight heating in winter.(263) among Figure 53 and 54 are partly to cause cooler, when in window, carrying out freely taking a breath, can utilize the characteristic that it can freeze simultaneously and heat:, its cold junction placed in outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (249) or its gas transmission system with this cool off outdoor air (22) in this interlayer inlet chamber in summer.Simultaneously, its hot junction is placed in room air heat exchange interlayer (227) or its gas transmission system, heat through this interlayer with this and be discharged to outdoor room air (23); When winter, then feed reversing the current and make its cold and hot two ends upset to this device.Therefore, just, cool off the outwards room air of discharging again with in its outdoor air in the heating inlet chamber.Because said process has enlarged the difference in specific gravity between indoor and outdoor two air,, be used in the accelerating chamber again and the flow velocity of outdoor air so can both be used to it regulate the room temperature with ground temperature backwater coil pipe (208).In addition, above-mentioned middle level sash (226) and (247) also can replace (seeing 1991 17 phases of external scientific and technological message 11 pages " new heat insulation light transmission film ") every curtain with what the transparent plastic elastic plate that can curl was made, at this moment, should paste magnetic or electroelectret edge sealing bar at the edge of this sash edge, guarantee each interbedded sealing performance with this.
Five, the specific embodiment:
57 to 62 2 kinds of optimum implementation (embodiment five) that the ecological air conditioner window of rectangle flat tube casement is housed of accompanying drawing.
Figure 57: this ecological air conditioner is the positive TV structure of side outside window.Body of wall window opening edge in upper end, window frame (8) outside by exterior window skirt (200) and outside upper casing (264), is equipped with outdoor aerofoil fan (137); In this side lower end, centrifugal fan (being the aforementioned compartment internal fan) (139) and corresponding auxiliary air conditioner utensil are arranged by outside lower casing (265) and exterior window skirt; At the surfaces externally and internally of window frame, offer the indoor and outdoors air ports of having stated, and blast gate or blast gate and strainer are installed within it; In week in window frame, being equipped with changes sash (19) in fan (18), the skin about skin.Diagram is changeed fan and comprised: changeing about skin to go up changes fan (267) down about fan (266), skin; The middle level sash comprises: sash (268), outer down middle sash (269) on the skin, and separate by transom (270) between the sash up and down, the triple window fan all is made up of six slit bamboo or chopped woods respectively.
Figure 58: a kind of A-A sectional structure of this window.Sash in the window main body has three layers: i.e. outer layer leaf (209), middle level fan window (226) and inner layer sash (210), and also its middle level sash makes with flat tube glass plate (215), forms three layers of combination window group (271) thus.In upper ledge (38) outside top, aerofoil fan (137) is installed, its suction end is communicated with it by upper casing (264) with room air upper outlet (44), and exhaust end is then aimed at the air general export (126) in the casing outside; In its lower frame (33) outer, centrifugal fan (139) is housed, its air entry is communicated with by the outdoor air side-entrance (124) on two sidewalls about air strainer (128) and its casing, and its gas outlet outdoor air upper inlet (43) direct and on the lower frame is communicated with.
Figure 59: the B-B sectional structure of above-mentioned window main body.Upper wall surface in lower frame (33) outside with outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) contrast.Have five following intercommunicating pores (214) that this interlayer is communicated with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in its frame; The upper wall surface of side and interior heat exchange interlayer (249) contrast within it, also have five same intercommunicating pores (250), and have a hole of two groups of correspondences on the inwall limit of upper ledge, thus with side frame in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) form the outdoor air gas transmission system (260) that has stated four branch roads; Therebetween with flat tube (215) in the upper surface of room air heat exchange interlayer (227) contrast, also have five following intercommunicating pores (228) that this interlayer is communicated with indoor air heat exchanger channels (31) in the frame, and also open same hole at upper ledge inwall corresponding surface.Thus again with side frame in room air heat exchanger channels (31) and the inner chamber (221) of the mullion room air gas transmission system (272) that forms five branch roads.Diagram (273) is that the axis hole that the middle level right-hand man changes fan is installed.
Figure 60: a kind of middle level sash (226) rotational structure at two ends (274) up and down that is used for.It is welded to form by pivot pin (275) and clamping plate (276).Be clamped on two ends up and down of this fan during assembling by folder, change fan (277) about the center, middle level that composition can rotate arbitrarily, and be positioned at by pivot pin in the axis hole (273) of upper and lower frames.When windowing, sash can rotate around the axis.
Figure 61: the another kind of side sectional structure of this window main body.Week be provided with outer layer leaf (209) and inner layer sash (210), and the two uses all the glass plate (215) of flat tube configuration to make in its window frame (8).And between the four-layer glass plate of the two, be formed with three double-deck sash groups (278) of three interlayers of having stated the heat exchange interlayer.Wherein, form outdoor air gas transmission system (260) by the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in the interlayer (212) in inside and outside two layers of flat tube casement and (249) and the side frame, form room air gas transmission system (272) by the inner chamber (221) of room air heat exchanger channels (31) in room air heat exchange interlayer (227) between the interior outer leaf and the side frame and mullion.
Figure 62: the B-B sectional structure that is Figure 61 window main body.It has showed the rectangle flat tube glass plate (215) of formation outer layer leaf (209) and inner layer sash (210) and the mounting structure of this sash.Inside and outside outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) and (249) in its outdoor air gas transmission system (260) all are located in the flat tube glass plate sash.
Figure 57 to 62: this window is the same with precedent, is all made by the four-layer glass plate, and be formed with identical corresponding air heat exchange system in its main body, and therefore, the ventilation of this window is all identical with effect with the mechanism process that recovers energy.But the number of plies because of sash in this window reduces, so manufacturing and easy to use.Simultaneously, because two fans are contained in window two ends up and down respectively, so at forced ventilation, outdoor air (22) and room air (23) then are to flow by reverse each other direction.Arrow among Figure 58 has been described and has been carried out forced ventilation and the air flow process when carrying out freely taking a breath summer.But when forced ventilation, this fan (137) also can be air-breathing from outdoor air side-entrance (127); Figure 61 has described such window when carrying out freely taking a breath winter, the flow process of its outdoor air (22) and room air (23).Change fan (277) vertical edges outside about the center of in Figure 59, describing, middle level that can rotate arbitrarily, be provided with elastic packing edge-pressing strip (279), and be pressed on the rotation bus face of this fan, can provide reliable sealing effect with this with rubber and high-abrasive material system.Figure 62 has described the structure of another kind of left and right sides side frame (49), and it is to form with special-shaped outer tube (280) and interior pipe (281) assembly welding that is sleeved in this pipe.Wherein, interior effective rectangular tube, special pipe or finned tube manufacturing.The all surfaces of two sides all is combined with plastics or composite heat shield (282), reduces the heat transfer loss of window frame with this inside and outside window frame.
Because of this window is provided with four-layer glass plate and three layer of air heat exchange interlayers, add that the indoor and outdoors air is reverse flow when ventilation, so have best energy-saving effect.But, be used for taking a breath and recovering energy so only be suitable for the room that known air-conditioning equipment has been installed because of above-mentioned two kinds of windows all do not set air conditioner.The windows described of Figure 61 and 62 wherein.Simple in structure, also easy and exterior wall coordination fusion, therefore, it also can serve as the window wall curtain.Guarantee that the high-rise building realization is energy-conservation.
Accompanying drawing 63 to 67 has been described a kind of structure and using method (embodiment six) that is provided with the ecological air conditioner window of grid window formula mixing air backheat structure and wall-attachment air-conditioning equipment.
Figure 63: the main TV structure of this window indoor.In window frame (8), be provided with outdoor and room air heat exchanger channels and air ports thereof that embodiment five describes.Week is equipped with embodiment two double-deck sash group (211) roughly the same within it, but and embodiment sample on May Day, change about it fan (18) and middle sash (19) all be separated into by transom (270) about two slit bamboo or chopped woods; Described its inner layer sash (210) among this figure six fans and corresponding with skin have been arranged.In outer, window frame top, be provided with the indoor main heat exchanger of wall-attachment (284) that combines with inboard upward window skirt (283); The indoor supplementary heat exchanger of wall-attachment (286) that combines with interior side window skirt (285) is equipped with in two side outers about it; In its lower end, inboard lower casing (287) and panel (288) thereof are housed, and the aforementioned detection of air conditioning window is installed in the chamber within it.Control automatic system (21) or artificial intelligence process system (seeing dashed graph) (289).
Figure 64: the main TV structure of this window outside.Week is provided with and above-mentioned inner layer sash corresponding outer layer sash (209) in window frame (8); In its outer, top, be provided with the outside upper casing (264) that combines with window skirt (290) on the outside, and in the chamber aerofoil fan (137), centrifugal fan (139), syllogic U type shape or the outdoor main heat exchanger of wall-attachment (promptly having stated the main body of outdoor heat exchanger) (291) be installed within it, cool off evaporation screen (292) and other air-conditioning utensil of this device.Two sides about it are combined with the outdoor supplementary heat exchanger of wall-attachment (294) by outer side window skirt (293); In its lower end, by window skirt (295) under the outside and outside lower casing (265), what compressor (136) and air conditioning window were installed states other auxiliary implement.And have outdoor air cooling vent (296) at this casing outer wall.
Figure 65: the A-A sectional structure of this window.Week is equipped with the double-deck sash group of being made up of outer layer leaf (209) and inner layer sash (210) (211), and is provided with some air heat exchanger tubes (297) in its outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) in window frame (8); This pipe is communicated with by up and down intercommunicating pore (230) and (228) and upper and lower frames (38) and (33) interior room air heat exchanger channels (31) respectively; In in the top the outside upper casing (264) and inboard upper casing (298), main heat exchanger (291) and (284) stated are housed successively, and condensed water energy saver (299) are housed in the two lower end.This device is by water-collecting tray (233), and fountain head (237) is with the conduit that is connected the two (239) and be positioned at evaporating pan (300) and the evaporation of main heat exchanger (291) periphery screen (292) composition.
Figure 66: the B-B sectional structure of this window.Its outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) is positioned between outer layer leaf (209) and the inner layer sash (210); The exhaust opening of its centrifugal fan (139) is communicated with the outdoor air upper inlet (39) in the upper ledge outside.Outside-air intake contrast on the air inlet port of this fan and the casing left and right sides sidewall.Also can push up the energy gathering type sky shade (303) that the outside add speculum (301) and solar panel (302) is arranged in case of necessity at window.
Figure 67: the C-C sectional structure of this window main body.The air heat exchanger tube (297) that some high-strength Heat Conduction Materials are made is housed in its outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) equably, and this pipe can be rectangle or abnormity, and can connect fin (interior wing or outside wing) at its wall.Like this, promptly formed bank tube formula room air heat exchanger channels (305) jointly by the endoporus (304) of this pipe group and the inner chamber (221) in the mullion (20), and be (306) with stating the gas transmission of room air heat exchanger channels (31) formation bank tube formula room air further.Simultaneously, lower frame (33) upper surface between heat exchanger tube (297) is evenly equipped with several chambers outer air intercommunicating pore (214), and this interlayer (212) is formed the three branch road outdoor airs output systems (223) that stated with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) again thus.
Figure 65 to 67: because centrifugal fan (139) also is contained in the outside, and be close to aerofoil fan (137), so should between the two, set up side dividing plate (307), its affiliated outdoor air circulation canal (207) and indoor air circulation duct (205) are isolated.Simultaneously, between the outside-air intake (308) to the left and right sides sidewall of outside upper casing (264) of the air entry front of centrifugal fan (139), should establish air purifier (151), guarantee just sending into after the air purification indoor with this.Carry recuperated gas for the working medium pipeline between the external heat exchanger in being communicated with to indoor main heat exchanger (284), should in the body of wall of the two window skirt, open interface channel (309).
The same with preceding embodiment.This window also can consumables not can situation under, only depend on gravitational difference between the inner air and outer air of room just can carry out freely take a breath and reclaim because of the window heat transfer and the energy of taking a breath and losing.But,, must install the fan of small-sized additional in order to satisfy the serious dirty needs must quicken ventilation time of because of indoor people many or air.At this moment, both additional scavenger fan (137) can be installed in the wall outer side of window frame neighboring and (139) have carried out forced ventilation.Also can be the same with precedent, in its outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212), install ground temperature water coil or semiconductor cooler (seeing Figure 54) additional.In addition, if window is contained in the sunny slope in room, then can be used in its inner surface speculum (301) is housed, post the energy gathering type sky shade (seeing the double dot dash line figure among Figure 66) (303) of solar panel (302) at external surface, so that use its sun-shading rain-proof in summer, use optical energy power; Then it is turned to the window lower end in the winter time, except that allowing window and the air-conditioning system direct irradiation sunlight, also the light of being collected beyond the window sensitive surface by the speculum of this cover inner surface comes in the heating clamber.Outdoor air (22) in the inlet chamber and be discharged to outdoor room air (23), and quicken the mobile of two strands of air with this simultaneously.
If when in this window, also setting air-conditioning system (1), then should be contained in the two side that is positioned at window (3) neighboring body of wall (13) to it dispersedly, and allow it and window skirt be combined into the integral body of coordination, so that neither take the glazed area of window opening, and realize energy-conservation.At this moment, can be installed in blower fan (137) and (139) and drive motors thereof and outdoor main heat exchanger parts such as (291) in the outside upper casing (264) on window top; Compressor (136) and functional unit thereof are installed in the outside lower casing (265) of window lower end, and all are fixed on the body of wall above-mentioned moving component; The indoor and outdoors heat exchanger of air-conditioning system made the wall-attachment structure and be divided in window skirt (199) and (200) surface of two sides inside and outside the window, at this moment, because its heat transfer space enlarges, so can carry out abundant heat exchange with the indoor and outdoors air by cross-ventilation mechanism is real simultaneously.In addition, in order to make full use of the energy that is discharged in the condensed water that remaining energy in the outdoor room air and indoor main heat exchanger (284) condense when working summer, also should be between inside and outside two main heat exchangers (284) and (291), set up condensed water energy saver (299), during work, this device is collected polywater dish (233) by conduit (239) from indoor main parallel operation condensed water imports evaporating pan (300), the evaporation screen (292) that is made of porous materials again then, rely on the tension force of capillary pipe structure, this water is spread in the evaporation screen that is enclosed in the whole heat transfer space of outdoor main heat exchanger (291).Like this, after starting fan (137), its suction force then still can be respectively in the main import of indoor sky (127) and aforementioned bank tube formula room air gas transmission system (306) at this chassis sidewall or top, outer and the room air of suction chamber successfully sees through evaporation then again and shields (292) and carry out interchange of heat with this heat exchanger simultaneously.At this moment, because of above-mentioned air is being flowed through when screen evaporation, can be because of making self cooling from shielding the interior moisture content that absorbs, add that this room air is colder relatively again, so, when carrying out heat exchange with this heat exchanger, then can guarantee to make the refrigeration working medium of flowing through in this device to realize cold, so available this replaces known subcooler, improve the specific refrigerating effect of refrigeration system, and eliminate the harm of condensed water simultaneously.
Figure 65 and 66 described room air (23) forced ventilation and freely when take a breath from lower inlet (114) through its gas transmission system (306), evaporate and shield (292) and main heat exchanger (291) is discharged to outdoor flow process by aerofoil fan (137).Simultaneously, centrifugal blower (139) is outside-air intake (308) the suction chamber outer air (22) by its original indoor air circulation duct (205) and air purifier (151) two sides from about the upper casing then, and then air intlet (39) is input into three branch road outdoor air gas transmissions systems (223) to this gas and room air carries out heat exchange through stating.The last energy of taking absorption again from outdoor air down outlet (34) send into indoorly, Figure 66 has described this process and the flow process of outdoor air (22) when carrying out freely taking a breath summer.In addition, flow process and the above-mentioned direction of two kinds of air when carrying out freely taking a breath winter is reverse.Detailed process can be referring to embodiment four and five.
Above-mentioned scavenging period can by artificial, automatically and Long-distance Control realize, if when adopting back two kinds of control modes, then should be in the outside of upper casing (264) or lower casing (265) installing automatic checkout system (21).And offer the detection window (310) of sensor at its casing outer surface.
The casing (10) of above-mentioned window neighboring or (264,265), (298,287) also can adopt side located structure to replace, but should or export (34,41) and connectivity structures such as (44,36) correspondingly changes the sidewall that is located at window frame and casing junction this moment the import of communication chamber internal fan and outdoor fan breathing space (39,43) and (114,116).In addition, if in the time of in the room, must establishing many fan windows (3), then can be shared cover air conditioner refrigerating (heating) system and its auxiliary air conditioner utensil, and facility such as above-mentioned supporting control system, and these air-conditioning utensils and facility both can have been installed the edge of a fan window main body (3) therein concentratedly by casing by the described scheme of previous embodiment, also can be installed in the edge of a few fan window main bodys (3) to these parts respectively, so that adapt to the needs of different rooms structure and user's use by several casings and connecting line.Wherein, when being installed concentratedly in a fan window by casing, then remaining window main body (3) is preferably made (seeing Figure 43,61) separately by the structure of describing among the present invention.At this moment, the window main body (3) of said structure can also be used for serving as the window wall curtain of building appearance separately, constantly changes to outdoor fresh air with the function that recovers energy in the building and returns the energy that feedback building internal cause is conducted heat and taken a breath and will scatter and disappear so that utilize it freely to take a breath.
The present invention and existing window and air-conditioning facility ratio: the room of the building and the large-scale vehicles can be advantageously used in, and existing window and window wall curtain can be replaced simultaneously, and the air-conditioning equipment of adapted and auxiliary air conditioner utensil.
Accompanying drawing 68: patent marking, it is combined by annulus (in be coated with Chinese red) (401), sail or wild goose figure (blueness) (402), patent number (403) and " Lee's wound " font four part figures, and is labeled in all products of producing by the present invention and its packing material and the relevant design and the showy surface of supporting paper.

Claims (12)

1, the present invention relates to room's window, ecological air conditioner window particularly, existing window (3) mainly are connected and keeper is formed by window frame (8), sash (7) and its are known.Wherein, window frame (8) is the hollow frame-type component made from metal or its composite material, and it mainly comprises lower frame (33), upper ledge (38) and left and right sides side frame (49), and is made of the air heat exchanger channels of perforation its inner chamber; Sash (7) is with existing glass plate or is surrounded by in these two kinds of structures of transmission element that the existing glass plate of fan frame makes any, it can press the arbitrary number of plies setting of individual layer, bilayer or multilayer in window frame, and have rotation, slip or rotation and slip to mix any switching mode in opening and closing these three kinds, feature of the present invention is: the air heat exchanger channels that is provided with following any structure in window frame (8):
A: at one of this upper end, window frame outside or two places, lower end, have the upper inlet (39) of outdoor air or the arbitrary mouth in the lower inlet (43), thus the arbitrary end in the upper end of this passage or the lower end is communicated with outdoor, and in this mouth, adorns blast gate control channel break-make; In its indoor away from an end of the above-mentioned air intlet in outside, open the upper outlet (41) of this air or following one of two mouthfuls in the outlet (34), thus the other end of this passage is communicated with indoor, and links up the unidirectional gas transmission heat exchanger channels (30) that the outdoor air inlet chamber is gone into this;
B: at window frame (8) outside upper and lower side, all open the upper inlet (39) and the lower inlet (43) of outdoor air successively, thus the upper and lower side of this passage all is communicated with outside atmosphere; All open the upper outlet (41) of this gas and outlet (34) down successively at window frame indoor upper and lower side, thus this passage upper and lower side all is communicated with indoor, and in each mouthful, adorn the flow direction of blast gate control room outer air in passage, this passage is become can be respectively from the reversible gas transmission heat exchanger channels of the outdoor air of outside upper and lower side air inlet (30).
Simultaneously, by casing (10) or (264,265,287,298) and other covering in following eight equipment each is attached to the edge of window (3):
A: blower fan or air conditioner;
B: the air conditioner and the network terminal (162);
C: any in backheat air ventilation fan (57), air purifier (151), oxygen-enriching device (153), negative ion generator (154), humidifier (155), aroma device (156), ground temperature air-conditioning system (81,92), air heater, solar attachment (9,241,301,302), these ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of sky shade (27,303) and blower fan;
In described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of d:c item any adds air conditioner in addition.
Any of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of e:c item and air conditioner add network terminal (162).
Any composite set and the blower fan of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of f:c item.
Any composite set and the air conditioner of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of g:c item.
Any composite set of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of h:c item, other adds the air conditioner and the network terminal (162).
And then unified be equipped with shared actuating unit, fluid piping system, electrical equipment Detection ﹠ Controling system (21) and at the indoor end of casing with panel (2) capping, itself and window (3) are integrated into the integral body of a fan structure compactness with this.
2, the ecological air conditioner window of describing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: in window frame (8), establish an air heat exchanger channels in addition, it with state the parallel next-door neighbour of outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30), and by shared partition separation; Window frame outside upper and lower side except upper inlet that outdoor air is arranged (39) and lower inlet (43) outside, also have the upper outlet (44) of room air and down outlet (36), respectively separately air heat exchanger channels upper and lower side all is communicated with outside atmosphere thus; In window frame indoor upper end except having outside the outdoor air upper outlet (41), also have the upper inlet (116) of room air, in this side lower end, export outside (34) under the outdoor air except having, also have room air lower inlet (114), or this mouth, transitional pore (115) and side-entrance (48), or directly have one of these three kinds of structures of side-entrance (48), respectively two ends about the heat exchanger channels separately are communicated with the interior space with this, in above-mentioned import and export, all adorn respectively control room outer air (22) and room air (23) flow direction in passage separately of blast gate, original air heat exchanger channels was become from the reversible gas transmission heat exchanger channels of outdoor air (30) of window frame (8) outside upper and lower side difference air inlet, and the air duct of setting up is also become can be from the reversible gas transmission heat exchanger channels of the room air of window frame indoor upper and lower side air inlet (31).
3, the window of describing as the aforementioned part of claim 1, it is characterized in that: its have the right entire infrastructure of the window frame (8) that requirement 1 and 2 characteristics describe, and, when week in window frame (8) when adorning the window light plate more than one deck, then this window main body (3) is made following any transparent gas transmission backheat air heat exchange structure:
A, when its window light plate during more than one deck, then and at the internal perisporium face of window frame (8) upper and lower side of the contrast of the narrow space between two layers of window light plate wherein, respectively open one successively intercommunicating pore (213) and following intercommunicating pore (214) on this space upper and lower side and the outdoor air that outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in this frame is communicated with, promptly form thus one with left and right sides side frame (49) in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) be the outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) of parallel-connection structure, and constitute the outdoor air gas transmission system (223) of single interlayer and the transparent gas transmission backheat air heat exchange structure that has single interlayer list gas transmission to be by this interlayer and described passage (30).
B, when in window frame (8), being provided with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and room air heat exchanger channels (31), and the window light plate of adorning during again more than two layers, then between its triplex glass plate, form two parallel next-door neighbours' narrow space, with the window frame of one of them narrow space contrast internal perisporium face at two ends up and down, respectively open one successively intercommunicating pore (213) and following intercommunicating pore (214) on the upper and lower side in this space and the outdoor air that outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in this frame is communicated with, promptly form thus one with left and right sides side frame (49) in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) be the outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) of parallel-connection structure, and be (223) by the outdoor air gas transmission that this interlayer and heat exchanger channels (30) constitute single interlayer; With the window frame of wherein another narrow space contrast two ends internal perisporium face up and down, respectively open one successively intercommunicating pore (230) and following intercommunicating pore (228) on the upper and lower side in this space and the room air that room air heat exchanger channels (31) in this frame is communicated with, promptly form thus one with left and right sides side frame (49) in room air heat exchanger channels (31) be the room air heat exchange interlayer (227) of parallel-connection structure, and constitute the transparent gas transmission backheat air heat exchange structure that the room air gas transmission of single interlayer is (231) and has double sandwich lose-lose gas to be by this interlayer (227) and heat exchanger channels (31).
C, when in window frame (8), being provided with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) and room air heat exchanger channels (31), and the window light of adorning during again more than three layers, then form three parallel next-door neighbours' narrow space therein between four layers of window light plate, with the internal perisporium face of the window frame upper and lower side of at least one narrow space contrast wherein, all respectively open a last intercommunicating pore (213) that the upper and lower side in this space is communicated with outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in this frame successively, (259) with following intercommunicating pore (214), (250), promptly constitute thus at least one with left and right sides side frame (49) in outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) be the heat exchange interlayer (212) of stating outdoor air of parallel-connection structure, and be (260) by the outdoor air gas transmission that this interlayer and described passage (30) constitute at least one heat exchange interlayer; Equally, internal perisporium face at the window frame upper and lower side of at least one narrow space contrast remaining with it, all respectively open one successively intercommunicating pore (230) and following intercommunicating pore (228) or above-mentioned two holes and transition conduit (35) thereof on this space upper and lower side and the room air that room air heat exchanger channels (31) in this frame is communicated with, promptly constitute thus at least one with side frame (49) in room air heat exchanger channels (31) be the room air heat exchange interlayer (227) of parallel-connection structure, and to constitute the room air gas transmission by this interlayer and described passage (31) be (231).Simultaneously, above-mentioned different name air heat exchange interlayer compartment of terrain is each other arranged, and constitutes the transparent gas transmission backheat air heat exchange structure of three interlayer lose-lose gas system.
D: at least one stated outdoor air heat exchange interlayer (212) and its gas transmission system (223) when in window frame (8), not only being provided with by what at least two layers of window light plate constituted, but also some air heat exchanger tubes (297) are installed equably in this interlayer, the upper and lower side of this pipe is communicated with room air heat exchanger channels (31) in the window frame up and down by the last intercommunicating pore of having stated (230) and following intercommunicating pore (228) respectively, promptly the interior room air heat exchanger channels (31) of formation and left and right sides side frame (49) is the bank tube formula room air heat exchanger channels (305) of parallel-connection structure thus, and by the formation bank tube formula gas transmission system of the air heat exchanger channels of the same name (31) in this bank tube group and the side frame (306), and by the further transparent mixing air heat exchange structure of bank tube formula that lose-lose gas system is arranged of forming of above-mentioned two gas transmissions system.
Be assembled into the independent ecological air conditioner window of free ventilatory respectively with this said structure.
4, the window of describing as the aforementioned part of claim 1 is characterized in that: its have the right entire infrastructure of the window main body (3) that requirement 3 characteristics describe.Simultaneously, also cover cover piece in following eight air-conditioning equipments each be attached to the edge of window by one of single-piece frame (10), split casing (264,265,287,298) or these the three kinds of form of structure of combination construction of the two and other:
A: blower fan or air conditioner;
B: the accent machine and the network terminal (162);
C: any in backheat air ventilation fan (57), air purifier (151), oxygen-enriching device (153), negative ion generator (154), humidifier (155), aroma device (156), ground temperature air-conditioning system (81,92), air heater, solar attachment (9,241,301,302), these ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of sky shade (27,303) and blower fan;
In described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of d:c item any adds air conditioner in addition.
Any of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of e:c item and air conditioner add the network terminal.
Any composite set and the blower fan of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of g:c item.
Any composite set and the air conditioner of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of f:c item.
Any composite set of described ten kinds of air-conditioning utensils of h:c item, other adds the air conditioner and the network terminal (162).
And then unified be equipped with shared actuating unit, fluid piping system, electrical equipment Detection ﹠ Controling system (21) and at the indoor end of casing with panel (2) capping, itself and window (3) are integrated into the integral body of a fan structure compactness with this.
5, according to claim 1,2,3, the 4 ecological air conditioner windows of describing, it is characterized in that: at the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) of its left and right sides side frame (49), or in its outdoor air gas transmission system (223,260) these two kinds of structures any, one of following three described air cooling structures are installed:
A: ground temperature energy carrier coil pipe (208): feed the cold carrier that cools off through ground temperature in summer, the outdoor air (22) in the cooling inlet chamber.Feed the carrier that heats through one of sunlight or ground these two groups of energy of gentle sunlight, the outdoor air in the heating inlet chamber in winter.
B: semiconductor cooler (263): utilize this device to freeze simultaneously and the characteristic of heat release, allow summer its cold junction be positioned at outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) or its gas transmission system (223,260), outdoor air (22) in the cooling inlet chamber, the hot junction is positioned at room air heat exchanger channels (31) or its gas transmission system (231), and heating is the room air (23) of discharging outwards; Then in this device, feed reversing the current in winter, allow its cold and hot two ends upset, both heated outdoor air in the inlet chamber, again the room air that effluxes of cooling with this.
Because the difference in specific gravity between outdoor and indoor two air is strengthened, thus available this not only to indoor makeup energy but also quicken the flow velocity of this window two kinds of air when freely taking a breath.
6, according to claim 1,2, the 4 ecological air conditioner windows of describing, it is characterized in that: described backheat air heat exchanger (57) is installed in the space, inside and outside both sides of casing (10) one ends across median septum (163), the outside-air intake of this device (58) is positioned at the outside of median septum, and the outside-air intake (124) of passing through air filter (128) and casing outside vicinity is communicated with, outdoor air outlet (59) in this device then is positioned at the indoor of median septum, and be communicated with one of contiguous outside-air intake or this two place, fan aspirated space of its indoor on the window frame, just link up the heat exchanger channels of outdoor air in this device inlet chamber thus; Room air import (60) in this device is positioned at the indoor of median septum, and the room air import (48) upward contiguous with panel (2), (142), or contiguous room air exports (44) on the window frame, (36) one of this four-hole is communicated with, room air outlet (61) in this device then is positioned at the outside of median septum, and be communicated with the breathing space of the fan (137) of outside, just link up room air thus and be discharged to outdoor heat exchanger channels through this device, when starting above-mentioned two fans, described room air promptly directly is discharged to outdoor behind this device of flowing through under the driving of outside fan (137), or is discharged to outdoor behind the outdoor heat exchanger of air conditioner of flowing through (125) again; And that outdoor air is promptly directly sent into behind this device of flowing through under the driving of indoor fan is indoor, or behind the indoor heat exchanger of air conditioner of flowing through (149) again in the inlet chamber.In this process, outdoor air absorbs energy by its partition from room air, takes then in this energy inlet chamber.
7, according to claim 1,2, the 4 ecological air conditioner windows of describing, it is characterized in that: described solar attachment (9,241,301,302) and sky shade (27,303), both can make respectively, also can be integrally combined and be installed in the window outside, and fixing by window frame (8) or the vertical lifting mechanism (15) that is connected with window frame or this thrin of rotation and lifting mechanism and body of wall (13).Place window top with it summer, is window and indoor sun-shading rain-proof.Wherein, sun receiving system also can provide hot water or electric energy to the user; Place the window bottom winter, so that allow sunlight directly drop into indoor heating room air.
Wherein, solar attachment (9) can also be collected the sunlight beyond the window plane of projection, and in following each described mode to indoor additional heat energy:
A: utilize the outdoor air (22) in heat collector cavity (105) the heating inlet chamber of establishing in it;
B: utilize the glass cover-plate (106) of heat collector cavity or ad hoc speculum (301) that this part sunlight (107) is dropped into indoor heating room air.
8, the ecological air conditioner windows of describing according to claim 1,2,4 is characterized in that: described air conditioner and its assisted air conditioning apparatus are by the neighboring that one of these three on structure is attached to window frame (8) that loads in mixture of upper casing (264,298) or lower casing (265,287) or they.Wherein, any in following four described structures made in the heat exchanger of air conditioner (125) and (149):
A: flower window formula heat exchanger;
B: burglar bars formula heat exchanger;
C: wall-attachment heat exchanger;
D: any of above-mentioned a item, b item and described structure of c item and known heat exchanger combines loads in mixture heat exchange structure.
If when pressing the manufacturing of wall-attachment structure, then its indoor heat exchanger allows to make the indoor main heat exchanger of wall-attachment (284) and the indoor supplementary heat exchanger of wall-attachment (286) two parts, the two combines with interior window skirt (199) and is contained in the inboard outer of window frame (8), its outdoor heat exchanger allows to make the outdoor main heat exchanger (291) and outdoor supplementary heat exchanger (294) two parts of wall-attachment of one of wall-attachment or two kinds of structures of syllogic, and the two and exterior window skirt (200) are in conjunction with the outer that is contained in window frame (8).
Because the heat exchange surface and the space enlargement of above-mentioned heat exchanger so can carry out free heat exchange and realize energy-conservation by the convection current of air.
9, according to claim 1,2,4, the ecological air conditioner window of describing, it is characterized in that: under the indoor heat exchanger (149) of its air conditioner or (284) to the heat transfer space of outdoor heat exchanger (125) or (291), or to the room air heat exchanging chamber (62) of Recuperative heat exchanger one of this two place be equipped with condensed water energy saver (232) or (299) the two one of, shower nozzle (237) or shower nozzle and evaporation screen (292) by this device, when indoor heat exchanger is worked the condensed water of cohesion spread to the heat transfer space of stating outdoor heat exchanger or room air heat exchanging chamber (62) these two one of in, the former is with the cold-producing medium in this water cooling air-conditioning system, the latter then uses the outdoor air (22) in this water cooling inlet chamber, realizes energy-conservation with this.
10, ecological empty window according to claim 5 description, it is characterized in that: under the indoor heat exchanger (149) of its air conditioner or (284) to the heat transfer space of outdoor heat exchanger (125) or (291), or to the room air heat exchanging chamber (62) of Recuperative heat exchanger one of this two place be equipped with condensed water energy saver (232) or (299) the two one of, shower nozzle (237) or shower nozzle and evaporation screen (292) by this device, when indoor heat exchanger is worked the condensed water of cohesion spread to the heat transfer space of stating outdoor heat exchanger or room air heat exchanging chamber (62) these two one of in, the former is with the cold-producing medium in this water cooling air-conditioning system, the latter then uses the outdoor air (22) in this water cooling inlet chamber, realizes energy-conservation with this.
11, according to claim 1,2,3, the 4 ecological empty windows of describing, it is characterized in that: the sash of installing in its window frame (8) is made with flat tube glass plate (215), and this plate is made of outside glass plate (216), inner glass plate (217) and middle perpendicular panel (218).And at the middle narrow space (219) that forms of two plates, during the assembling of it and window frame, promptly having stated the intercommunicating pore contrast with upper window frame (38) and the performance of following window frame (33) inner rim two respectively by the opening (220) of this plate upper and lower side is communicated with, make air heat exchanger channels of the same name (30) in above-mentioned space (219) and the left and right sides side frame (49) in this plate or (31) the two one of form the air heat exchange interlayer of the same name of parallel-connection structure, and replace two layers of general window fan structure with this.
12, the using method of ecological air conditioner window of the present invention, original window are when spring and autumn, and can window allows outdoor and room air carry out the convection current ventilation, and rely on hard-wired sky shade to prevent that summer, sunlight was injected indoorly, and feature of the present invention is:
A: carry out the operating process of freely taking a breath by the window that in window frame (8), is provided with the monodromy passage of heat (30):
When carrying out freely taking a breath in the winter time: open the outdoor air lower inlet (43) of lower end, window frame (8) outside and the interior blast gate of upper outlet (41) of upper end, indoor, under gravitational difference effect between indoor and the outdoor air, outdoor fresh air absorbs after self being heated up by the heat and making of room scattering in window frame or the window indoor from upper outlet (41) inflow again at this promptly automatically in lower inlet (43) inlet chamber outer air heat exchanger channels (30) or its gas transmission system (223); When carrying out freely taking a breath summer: the blast gate in the upper inlet (39) of unlatching window frame outer upper end and the following outlet (34) of lower end, window frame indoor, under the gravitational difference effect between indoor and the outdoor air, outdoor air then enters in described air heat exchanger channels (30) or its gas transmission system (223) from upper inlet (39), this absorb by room scattering in window frame or the window cold and after making self cooling, again from outlet (34) inflow is indoor down.
When in window, being combined with fan, then can carry out forced ventilation in any season: can open outside-air intake or the outlet (39) that is communicated with fan aspirated space on the window frame this moment simultaneously, (43), (41) and the blast gate in the different name air scoop in blast gate in one of (34) four and high fan aspirated space far away, under fans drive, part in the outdoor air promptly enters in the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) or its outdoor air gas transmission system (223) of window frame from the import in the window frame outside, after this has absorbed by the energy of room scattering in window frame or the window, take again its energy from away from the direct inlet chamber of air scoop.
B: the window that is provided with two heat exchanger channels in window frame carries out the operating process of freely taking a breath:
When carrying out freely taking a breath in the winter time: the outdoor air lower inlet (43) and the indoor empty therapeutic method to keep the adverse qi flowing downward outlet (36) of opening window frame (8) lower end, outside, and the outdoor air upper outlet (41) of indoor window frame upper end and the blast gate in the room air upper inlet (116), at this moment, under gravitational difference effect between indoor and the outdoor air, room air and outdoor air can be respectively enter separately heat exchanger channels (30) and (31) or the system of gas transmission separately (223 from described import, 260) and (231,272,306) in, wherein, outdoor air (22) is the direct energy of absorption chamber inscattering from window frame (8) or window (3) thrin both, again by partition from this gas of room air (23) absorption of being arranged in room air heat exchanger channels (31) or this gas transmission system from the indoor energy that brings out.Then, outdoor air is taken its energy in the direct inlet chamber of upper outlet (41), and room air then enters atmosphere after giving off energy.
When carrying out freely taking a breath summer: the outdoor air upper inlet (39) and the room air outlet (44) of opening upper end, window frame (8) outside, and the outdoor air of lower end, window frame indoor exports the blast gate in (34) and the room air lower inlet (114) down, under gravitational difference effect between the indoor and outdoors air, outdoor air (22) and room air (23) promptly enter separately heat exchanger channels (30) and (31) or gas transmission separately system (223 from described import respectively, 260) and (231,272,306) in, at this moment, outdoor air both from window frame or the window the two one of in absorb by the energy of indoor diffusing body to window frame or window, again by its partition from flow through room air heat exchanger channels (31) or room air gas transmission be the two one of in room air (23) the absorption this gas from the indoor energy that brings out, outdoor air is taken its energy from exporting down in (34) inlet chamber then, room air then discharging it behind the indoor energy of taking out of, enters atmosphere again.
If when in window, being provided with fan, then this window all can carry out forced ventilation in any season: at this moment, to open window frame (8) respectively and go up the air intlet (39 that is communicated with two fan aspirated spaces, 43) and (116,114) or the outlet (41,34) and (44,36) wantonly two the different name air scoops in these eight mouthfuls, and away from two fan aspirated spaces and respectively with two corresponding different name air scoops that its heat exchanger channels is communicated with in blast gate and two drive fan, at this moment, outdoor air (22) and room air (23) then respectively from away from described air scoop, enter separately heat exchanger channels (30) and (31) or the system of gas transmission separately (223,260) and (231,272,306) in, wherein outdoor air had both absorbed the energy from the room scattering to the window frame or in the window from window frame or window, again by its partition from flow through room air heat exchanger channels (31) or its gas transmission the system room air (23), absorb this gas from the indoor energy that brings out, take then in the direct inlet chamber of energy; Room air then enters in the atmosphere after discharging above-mentioned energy again.
C: the forced ventilation process of carrying out after the system that in above-mentioned several windows, installs an air-conditioner (1): at this moment, need start the indoor fan and the outdoor fan of air-conditioning system simultaneously, the then above-mentioned outdoor air (22) that flows out in the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) in inlet chamber before, also to drive down, carry out interchange of heat and further obtain energy and just flow into indoor then from the flow through working medium of indoor heat exchanger (149,284) and this device of flowing through of the room air (23) of indoor suction casing with this fan in the continuation of fan (139); Meanwhile, the aforementioned room air (23) that flows out in the room air heat exchanger channels (31) is before row advances atmosphere, also to drive down with this fan from the outdoor heat exchanger (125,291) of flowing through of the outdoor air (22) in the outdoor suction casing, just arrange in the atmosphere after discharging its remnant from the indoor energy of taking out of to working medium carrying out interchange of heat with the working medium of this device of flowing through in the continuation of fan (137).Realize effluxing the abundant recovery of energy in the room air with this.
D: in above-mentioned several windows, install back the forced ventilation process of carrying out behind the hot-air heat exchanger (57): at this moment, need start two fans simultaneously, then aforementioned that flow out from room air heat exchanger channels (31) or under fan (137) effect, enter in the room air heat exchanging chamber (62) of this device from the room air (23) of indoor direct absorption.Simultaneously, outdoor air (22) also enters in the outdoor air heat exchanging chamber (66) of this device under fan (139) effect, and from state room air (23), absorb this gas from the indoor energy that brings out by the wall of this device, and then take in the direct inlet chamber of this energy, or in the inlet chamber of the outdoor air heat exchanger channels (30) of the window frame of flowing through again back; Above-mentioned room air (23) then state directly be discharged to again after in heat exchanger, discharging the energy of having stated under the blower fan continuation effect outdoor.But when if air-conditioning system is housed, then above-mentioned two air also will by aforementioned requirement more respectively with two devices of flowing through in working medium carry out after the heat exchange just in the inlet chamber and enter atmosphere.
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