CN1562903A - Quick acting compound mixed fertilizer of organic active liquor - Google Patents

Quick acting compound mixed fertilizer of organic active liquor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1562903A
CN1562903A CNA2004100265850A CN200410026585A CN1562903A CN 1562903 A CN1562903 A CN 1562903A CN A2004100265850 A CNA2004100265850 A CN A2004100265850A CN 200410026585 A CN200410026585 A CN 200410026585A CN 1562903 A CN1562903 A CN 1562903A
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China
Prior art keywords
liquid
fertilizer
fertilizer according
compound fertilizer
fermentation
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CNA2004100265850A
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邹文武
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邹文武
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Priority to CNA2004100265850A priority Critical patent/CN1562903A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

Weight percentage of mixture is fermented solution of humified life active organic compound mixed fertilizer 93-98 wt%, sour yellow wine or vinegar 2-6 wt%, culture liquid 0.1-0.8 wt.%, fresh bud vegetable liquid 0.05-0.5 wt.%, fresh fruit juice 0.05-0.5 wt%. In the invention, double fermenting technology of aerobic fermenting humifying and anaerobic fermenting sterilizing are used to process feces of birds and beasts or ife garbage to make solid is humified to be liquid containing rich biological active substances and to raise more useful active substances, increase soil fertility, quantity of microbe and acting space. Said fertilizer can be used as organic quick-acting fertilizer, leaf surface fertilizer and soil ameliorant.

Description

A kind of quick-effective mixed fertilizer of organic active liquid
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of manufacture method of liquid quick-acting compound fertilizer, be meant the quick-effective mixed fertilizer of organic active liquid that a kind of extracting solution after utilizing organic mixture to become thoroughly decomposed is made especially.
Background technology
Existing commercially available quick-effective mixed fertilizer is solid particulate fertilizer basically, being generally root executes, even liquid fertilizer also is to execute based on root, the liquid-type foliage fertilizer that " blade face treasured " class is also arranged certainly, but aforementioned fertilizer generally all is mineral manure, accurately be in fact adopt chemical fertilizer such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium targetedly the system of mixing form, so chemical fertilizer diminishes soil fertility, cause problem such as soil compaction just unavoidable.As disclosed liquid fertilizer in China's No. 02132659.2 application for a patent for invention " a kind of liquid furtilizer containing humic acid multi nutritive element and preparation method thereof ", No. 00132761.5 application for a patent for invention " composite organic liquid fertilizer " etc. promptly is the example of preparing chemical fertilizer with industrial chemicals.At the intrinsic problem of chemical fertilizer, people have aimed at research direction environmental protection, efficient, harmless, Natural fertilizers, the particularly Natural fertilizers after corruption that can strengthen soil fertility gradually.Shown in No. 01127346.1 application for a patent for invention of China " crop stalk is converted into the method for the right and organic fertilizer of liquid ", this method need be cultivated special bacterium colony, needing special place and organic fertilizer only is as a kind of byproduct, its raw material is too single, is difficult to guarantee balanced in nutrition in the fertilizer; Shown in the China 00111994.X " method of preparing fertilizer from aquatic duckweed plant ", this method region is stronger, and its output, cost are limited by natural surroundings; In China's No. 00112512.5 application for a patent for invention " a kind of method of crop straw and fertilizer of making thereof of decomposing ", adopt chemical process to decompose crop straw, though Natural fertilizers by name in fact with the chemical fertilizer it makes no odds.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of quick-effective mixed fertilizer of organic active liquid that adopts natural materials and can do citizen's domestic refuse manufacturing after fermenting, becoming thoroughly decomposed of biochemical treatment.
Designed a kind of quick-effective mixed fertilizer of organic active liquid according to above-mentioned purpose, the weight percent of its batching is the active organic compound compost fermentation liquid 93~98 of life that becomes thoroughly decomposed, sour yellow rice wine or vinegar 2~6, strain liquid 0.1~0.8, bright bud dish juice 0.05~0.5, green fruit juice 0.05~0.5.Wherein, the weight percent of the active organic compound compost batching of living is fowl poultry animal excrement domestic garbage 70~90, rice bran or Semen Maydis powder or the cake bran 10~30 that maybe can do biochemical treatment, the microbial strains 0.1~1.5 that is used for these solidss fermentations, and this bacterial classification is meant that vinelandii, potassium bacterium and antibiotic bacteria mix the microbial fermentation bacterial classification of forming.Vinegar is for after selecting for use rice, glutinous rice through aspergillus tubigensis, saccharomycetes to make fermentation, and makes through candyization, acetify, acidizing process; Strain liquid is to cultivate and get through microbial nutrition substratum movable sealing device, includes vinelandii, potassium bacterium and antibiotic bacteria and mixes the microbial fermentation bacterial classification of forming; Bright bud dish juice is to select for use to contain VITAMIN and many soybean sprout, the radish bud of active mineral matter and press; Green fruit juice is to select for use to contain fructose, VITAMIN and popular mineral substance many Kiwifruit, apple and press.
And the preparation method of above-mentioned compound fertilizer is the collocation composting material, behind abundant biochemical fermentation, extracts fermented liquid, adds fruit syrup, bud dish juice, vinegar and strain liquid more in proportion, ferments once more after the sealing 15~30 hours, dispatches from the factory after can packing.
The present invention utilizes fowl and animal excrement or domestic garbage, and utilization biotechnology double fermentation is finished.At first be in fowl and animal excrement or domestic garbage, to add multiple microbial fermentation bacterium to carry out aerobic fermentation, solids is become thoroughly decomposed develop into the liquid that is rich in biologically active substance, add multiple bacterial classification again and other essential plant nutrient substance seals anaerobically fermenting, the kill harmful microorganism, and train and grow abundanter beneficial microorganism and active substance, increased fertilizer efficiency.Show that through a large amount of agricultural experiments the present invention can make organic quick-acting fertilizer or foliage fertilizer, also can make soil improvement agent, can spray crop, drench and execute, drip and to execute or the soil ditch spread, rationally mix with inorganic fertilizer and use that then effect is better.Owing to be rich in biologically active substance, can directly improve the fertility of soil, increase soil microorganisms quantity and activity space, promote root system of plant grow and soil soft, the soil water-reataining fertilizer-keeping ability improves; Strengthen nutrient at intravital running of crop and crop metabolic activity, improved the chlorophyll content of crop leaf, strengthened the photosynthesis ability, thereby improved output, promoted high and stable yield.
Specific embodiments
When adopting the inventive method to produce product, compost is macerated system does not need special place, can implement in common farmers''s courtyard, threshing ground; Bacterial classification production also only needs conventional high-pressure sterilizing pot, inoculation tank and culture device, less investment, training easily, the collection of bacterial classification, keeping and cultivate easily, comprehensive cost is low.The first step fermentation is macerated system for solid dung, the raw material of compost can be suited measures to local conditions, an amount of collocation such as people and fowl and animal excrement, putrescible domestic refuse gets final product, in order to promote to ferment and to provide abundant, good nutrition for the growth of bacterial classification, also must add nutrition such as rice bran, Semen Maydis powder or cake bran class, through with the bacterial classification stirring and evenly mixing after ferment in the open macerate system; Because extract fermented liquid, preferably be contained in the drum so enter the compost of macerating the system stage, or place the article that separate with ground.After the sufficient natural biochemical fermentation of the first step is finished, extract as directly extract available crusher and squeeze fermented liquid, fermented liquid with after vinegar, bud dish juice, fruit syrup and the strain liquid of suitable proportion mix, is put into the i.e. fermentations for the second time of splendid attire thing sealing and fermenting such as sealable cylinder again.The purpose of fermentation is for the second time, by increase be rich in numerous active substances and to crop be absorbed with promoter action vinegar, contain the bud dish juice that can promote bacterial classification active growth hormone in a large number and be rich in the fruit syrup of nutrition, promptly further kill the harmful bacterium colony in the fermented liquid, further improve the content of the active substance, growth hormone and the nutrition that very easily absorb in the fermented liquid again, it is easilier absorbed by crop for crop.
Below be indefiniteness embodiment of the present invention, concrete proportioning can be according to the situation conversion at any time of actual raw material sources:
At first, take by weighing and account for the heavy people of gross weight 85% or the animal excrement of fowl poultry and an amount of domestic garbage, 14% rice bran or Semen Maydis powder or cake bran (also available other grain is alternative under the prerequisite that cost allows certainly), 1% multiple microbial fermentation bacterial classification, after the mutual routinely mixing and stirring, can carry out open compost and macerate system naturally, macerate the system time and decide according to weather and fermentation situation.
Secondly, after the fermentation system of macerating is finished for the first time, take by weighing the strain liquid 0.3% of extraction that accounts for gross weight 95% or the fermented liquid that squeezes out, vinegar 4.5%, multiple microbial fermentation bacterial classification, bright bud dish juice 0.1% and green fruit juice 0.1%, mutually after the mixing and stirring, put into cylinder or other splendid attire vessel carry out sealed fermentation, fermentation time 24 hours breaks a seal then, packs, dispatches from the factory.
Because domestic garbage is macerated comparatively difficulty of system, when its proportion is big, should add the content of rice chaff or Semen Maydis powder or cake bran and bacterial classification in right amount.
The product of producing according to the present invention is brown or chocolate, nontoxic, odorless, stable in properties are used the no noresidue in back, the organic liquid active substance and the living microorganism mixing liquid fertilizer of genus environmental protection, use with acid agrichemical and can strengthen drug effect, impel diseased plant to recover growth as early as possible; Its composition is: organic 〉=20%, silicon 〉=0.05%, phosphorus 〉=3%, potassium 〉=2%, calcium 〉=0.05%, zinc 〉=0.2%, boron 0.01%, nitrogen 〉=3%, other trace element 〉=3%, VITAMIN 〉=0.1ppm, total free aminoacids, protein 〉=0.2ppm, pH value 4-5, proportion 1.05-1.09; Its production cost is low, produce and use simple to operate, few, the instant effect of consumption, easy to use, safe, be applicable to vegetable melon and fruit beans, food crop, oil crops, fruit tree, tea tree etc.
The present invention is brown or chocolate, nontoxic, odorless, stable in properties, but long storage at room temperature; Use back agricultural-food noresidue, belong to green organic environment-friendly liquid active substance and living microorganism mixing liquid fertilizer, can strengthen drug effect, impel diseased plant in time to recover growth with the acid agrichemical abuse.Its production cost is low, and operative technique is simple, and applied range, easy to use, safe, instant effect, consumption are few, is applicable to vegetables, paddy rice, corn, wheat, cotton, rape, beans is melon and farm crop such as fruit tree, tealeaves.Concrete use-case is as follows, but is not limited to the described system ratio of converting:
Leafy vegetable began to spray or execute with 50~100 times of liquid pouring with 300 times of liquid after seedling stage, the tender and crisp fleshiness of gained agricultural-food cauline leaf, and quality better, clean vegetables rate and output improve more than 30%;
Fruit tree kind is done ditch spread autumn and winter with 30~50 times of liquid, in florescence, young fruit period, fruit expanding period, sprays and the ditch spread of 50 times of liquid soil with 200~300 times of liquid, and percentage of fertile fruit height, painted good, gained fruit sugar degree increases, and the ATP of pectin increases, and volume increase is more than 30%;
, the florescence preceding to spending of flowers and trees, flowers with 300~500 times of liquid sprays, and its robust growth, flower is many and bright-coloured, and the florescence obtains prolonging;
The cereal class is made base manure with 30~50 times of liquid throwing the body nursery stage, and topdress with 300 times of liquid seedling stage, and seedlings of cereal crops branch evil early, to take out the neat and fruit of grain ear many greatly, and disease-resistant anti-volt increases production 15~30%;
50 times of liquid of melon and fruit class are directly executed, and spray with 300 times of liquid, and plant is flourishing, and the gained fruit is many and big, quality better, volume increase 30~50%;
Tealeaves spray with 30 times of ditch spreads or 100 times all can reach green organic tealeaves standard, reduce disease and pest and can promote plant strain growth, increase tiller number, multiple tender shoots, tender leaf, increase the plant respiration and increase photosynthesis, tea leaf quality is good, and volume increase is more than 10%;
Make the bud dish and execute agent and can improve seed germination rate, volume increase 30~50%.
Also can be used as the nutritive liq fertilizer of flowers, fruit tree and vegetable soilless culture, greenhouse sprinkling irrigation or drip irrigation all can; And dip in the root agent when can be used for fruit tree, forest, flowers and trees and farm crop and transplanting, improved surviving rate; Poisoning and physiological disease to control crop, fruit tree and flowers and trees also have positive effect.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of quick-effective mixed fertilizer of organic active liquid is characterized in that the weight percent of preparing burden is the active organic compound compost fermentation liquid 93~98 of life that becomes thoroughly decomposed, sour yellow rice wine or vinegar 2~6, strain liquid 0.1~0.8, bright bud dish juice 0.05~0.5, green fruit juice 0.05~0.5.
2, compound fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that the weight percent of the active organic compound compost batching of described life is
The animal excrement of fowl poultry maybe can do biochemical treatment domestic garbage 70~90,
Rice bran or Semen Maydis powder or cake bran 10~30, microbial strains 0.1~1.5.
3, compound fertilizer according to claim 2 is characterized in that described microbial strains is meant that vinelandii, potassium bacterium and antibiotic bacteria mix the microbial fermentation bacterial classification of forming.
4, compound fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that described vinegar for after selecting for use rice, glutinous rice through aspergillus tubigensis, saccharomycetes to make fermentation, and makes through candyization, acetify, acidizing process.
5, compound fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that described strain liquid cultivates and get through microbial nutrition substratum movable sealing device, includes the microbial fermentation bacterial classification that vinelandii, potassium bacterium and antibiotic bacteria mix composition.
6, compound fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that bright bud dish juice is to select for use to contain VITAMIN and active mineral matter many soybean sprout, radish bud and press.
7, compound fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that green fruit juice is to select for use to contain fructose, VITAMIN and popular mineral substance many Kiwifruit, apple and press.
8, the preparation method of compound fertilizer according to claim 1 is characterized in that the composting material of arranging in pairs or groups, behind abundant biochemical fermentation, extract fermented liquid, add fruit syrup, bud dish juice, vinegar and strain liquid more in proportion, fermented once more after the sealing 15~30 hours, dispatch from the factory after can packing.
CNA2004100265850A 2004-03-17 2004-03-17 Quick acting compound mixed fertilizer of organic active liquor Pending CN1562903A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101062876B (en) * 2006-04-27 2010-07-28 杨明 Preparation of multiple-effect plant disease-proof nutrient solution
CN102040408A (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-05-04 厦门三和利生物技术有限公司 Foliar fertilizer
CN101875571B (en) * 2009-12-08 2013-06-26 江苏省农业科学院 Method for preparing enhanced liquid microbial organic fertilizer
CN107188634A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-22 桂永帅 A kind of production method of selenium-enriched high-calcium large-fruited Chinese hawthorn
CN107266230A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-20 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultivating nutrient solution of apple pear and preparation method thereof
CN107699509A (en) * 2016-08-08 2018-02-16 邱译庆 The microorganism-decomposing agent of crop material and decomposed method
CN108586003A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-28 绥阳县瓦房水榭农旅发展有限公司 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof for cultivating red kiwifruit
CN108610146A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-10-02 贵州省正安县乐茗香生态有机茶业有限公司 A kind of organic tea plantation liquid organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109336655A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-02-15 高丽华 A kind of one multipurpose nutrient liquid, preparation method and its application method
CN109943491A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-06-28 漳州旺德生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for extracting and culturing of composite microbial fermentation bacteria
CN110810351A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-02-21 安徽省农业科学院蚕桑研究所 Mixed culture method of silkworm, mulberry and microorganism

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101062876B (en) * 2006-04-27 2010-07-28 杨明 Preparation of multiple-effect plant disease-proof nutrient solution
CN101875571B (en) * 2009-12-08 2013-06-26 江苏省农业科学院 Method for preparing enhanced liquid microbial organic fertilizer
CN102040408A (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-05-04 厦门三和利生物技术有限公司 Foliar fertilizer
CN102040408B (en) * 2010-06-25 2012-08-22 厦门三和利生物技术有限公司 Foliar fertilizer
CN107699509A (en) * 2016-08-08 2018-02-16 邱译庆 The microorganism-decomposing agent of crop material and decomposed method
CN107188634A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-09-22 桂永帅 A kind of production method of selenium-enriched high-calcium large-fruited Chinese hawthorn
CN107266230A (en) * 2017-07-18 2017-10-20 合肥百绿盛农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultivating nutrient solution of apple pear and preparation method thereof
CN108586003A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-09-28 绥阳县瓦房水榭农旅发展有限公司 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof for cultivating red kiwifruit
CN108610146A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-10-02 贵州省正安县乐茗香生态有机茶业有限公司 A kind of organic tea plantation liquid organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109336655A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-02-15 高丽华 A kind of one multipurpose nutrient liquid, preparation method and its application method
CN109943491A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-06-28 漳州旺德生物科技有限公司 A kind of method for extracting and culturing of composite microbial fermentation bacteria
CN110810351A (en) * 2019-10-15 2020-02-21 安徽省农业科学院蚕桑研究所 Mixed culture method of silkworm, mulberry and microorganism

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