CN1555543A - Security method for gaining access, access verification device, and elevator - Google Patents

Security method for gaining access, access verification device, and elevator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1555543A
CN1555543A CNA028180909A CN02818090A CN1555543A CN 1555543 A CN1555543 A CN 1555543A CN A028180909 A CNA028180909 A CN A028180909A CN 02818090 A CN02818090 A CN 02818090A CN 1555543 A CN1555543 A CN 1555543A
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China
Prior art keywords
number
method
persons
method according
elevator car
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CNA028180909A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
诺贝特・彼佩尔
诺贝特·彼佩尔
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德国邮政股份公司
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Priority to DE10146459A priority Critical patent/DE10146459B4/en
Application filed by 德国邮政股份公司 filed Critical 德国邮政股份公司
Publication of CN1555543A publication Critical patent/CN1555543A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B1/00Control systems of elevators in general
    • B66B1/34Details, e.g. call counting devices, data transmission from car to control system, devices giving information to the control system
    • B66B1/46Adaptations of switches or switchgear
    • B66B1/468Call registering systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00007Access-control involving the use of a pass
    • G07C9/00111Access-control involving the use of a pass the pass performing a presence indicating function, e.g. identification tag or transponder
    • G07C9/28
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B2201/00Aspects of control systems of elevators
    • B66B2201/40Details of the change of control mode
    • B66B2201/46Switches or switchgear
    • B66B2201/4607Call registering systems
    • B66B2201/4676Call registering systems for checking authorization of the passengers

Abstract

本发明涉及一种访问验证方法,所述方法准许经过授权的人员进入受保护区域,而防止未经过授权的人员进入该区域。 The present invention relates to a method for access verification, the method permits authorized persons to enter a protected area, has not been authorized to prevent personnel from entering the area. 根据本发明的方法的特征在于,确定检查区域存在的人数;检查在所述区域内存在的授权通行证的数量;将人员数量和授权通行证的数量进行比较;以及当二者数量一致时,产生准许访问信号。 According to a feature of the method of the present invention is to determine the number of existing examination region; check the number of regions in the memory of the authorization passes; the number of authorized personnel and permit comparing; and when the same amount of both, permits generation access signal. 本发明还涉及对应于实施该方法的装置。 The present invention further relates to a corresponding apparatus for implementing the method.

Description

安全访问方法、访问验证装置、以及电梯 Secure access method, access verification means, and an elevator

本发明涉及一种访问验证的方法,其准许经过授权的人员进入受保护区域,而防止未经授权的人员进入该区域。 The present invention relates to a method for access verification, which allow authorized personnel to enter the protected area, while preventing unauthorized persons to enter the area.

本发明还涉及用于访问控制的装置。 The present invention further relates to an apparatus for access control.

为了防止未经过授权的人员进入受保护区域,尤其是建筑物或者建筑物的某些区域,现有技术已披露了多种访问控制系统。 To prevent non-authorized personnel to enter through the protected area, especially in certain areas of the building or buildings, the prior art disclosed a variety of access control systems.

现有技术中的访问控制系统涉及对每个单独的试图访问的人员进行检查。 The prior art relates to an access control system to check for each individual person attempting to access.

本发明的目的在于实现一种可对许多人进行快速检查的通用方法。 Object of the present invention is to realize a method may be common to many of the quick check.

根据本发明,这一目的通过以下方法实现,即进一步改进一种普通方法,这种方法能够确定检查区域存在的人员数量,检查该区域内存在的授权通行证的数量;将人员数量和授权通行证的数量进行比较;以及当人员数量和授权通行证的数量一致时,产生准许访问信号。 According to the invention, this object is achieved by a method, i.e., a common method is further improved, this method can determine the number of persons present in the examination region, examination of the region of memory in the number of authorization passes; and the number of authorized personnel pass comparing the number; and when the same number of persons and the authorization pass, generate access grant signal.

准许访问信号例如可以显示为光学信号,或者自动地开启一个进入机构。 Granting access signal may be displayed as an optical signal, or to enter a mechanism automatically opened.

本发明采用的设计原理是不对人员的权限进行单个的检查,而是确定人员的数量和授权通行证的数量,优选地是,相互独立地确定二者的数量,以对二者的数量进行比较。 The design principle of the present invention uses a single authority not person check is performed, but the number of authorization passes are determined and the person, preferably independently of each other to determine the number of both, compared to the number two.

为了避免被操纵的可能性,人员数量的确定和授权通行证的数量的确定优选基本同时完成。 To avoid the possibility of being manipulated, determining the number of persons and the number of authorization passes is determined preferably substantially simultaneously.

通过这种方式,可防止对受保护区域的访问,而不用必须对每个单独的人员进行检查。 To prevent access to the protected area, without having to check each individual person in this way. 但是,如果出于其它原因,例如为了确定单个人员的进入时间,如果需要,也可将对单个人员的检查包含在本方法中。 However, if for other reasons, for example to determine the time of entry of a single person, if necessary, will also check individual person included in the present process.

为了进一步加速人员对受保护区域的访问,需要使准许访问信号控制一访问装置,而访问装置可以为检查区域中存在的所有人员打开入口。 To further accelerate the access to the protected area of ​​the art, it is necessary that the access grant control signal to access a device, opening the inlet means may be accessed for all persons present in the examination region.

有利的是,在计算机中将检查区域中存在的人员数量和在检查区域出现的授权通行证的数量进行比较。 Advantageously, the number of persons present in the computer in the examination region of the examination region and the occurrence of the authorization passes are compared.

上述的计算机的含义不是限制性的。 The computer as defined above is not limiting. 它可以是任何一个适于进行运算的装置,例如工作站,个人电脑,微型计算机,或者适于运算的电路。 It may be any device adapted to perform a calculation, such as a workstation, a personal computer, a microcomputer, or a circuit suitable for operation.

很多装置可被用来检查人员的数量和/或授权通行证的数量,电子可读传感器尤其适于这一目的。 Number of many devices may be used to check the number of persons and / or authorization pass, electronically readable sensors are particularly suitable for this purpose.

根据本发明的有利的实施例的特点在于,为了确定人员的数量,可以检测人员发出的热辐射。 According to an advantageous feature of an embodiment of the present invention is that, in order to determine the number of persons, person thermal radiation emitted can be detected.

尤其具有优点的是能够确定热辐射的局部最大值。 Especially advantageous is able to determine the local maximum thermal radiation.

为了避免错误地将物质的热源检测为人员的热源,有利的是,在计算最大值时,不考虑显著高于人的体温的温度。 To avoid erroneous detection material is a heat source heat personnel, it is advantageous that, when calculating the maximum value, irrespective significantly higher than the human body temperature.

该实施例具有的优点在于,可以避免将其它的热源,例如香烟,误当作人员。 This embodiment has the advantage that, to avoid the other heat sources such as cigarettes, mistaken personnel.

此外,具有优点的是,在记录人员的数量时考虑光学数据。 Further, an advantage is that, considering the number of persons in optical data recording.

另外,为了进一步减少将其他物体当作人的错误检测事件的数量,需要将检测到的热辐射和光学数据进行比较;比较结果用于确定人员的数量。 In order to further reduce the number of people as the other objects in the event of error detection, it is necessary to detect thermal radiation and optical data are compared; comparison result for determining the number of persons.

另外,有利的是,只需要考虑光学数据和检测到的热辐射均可以显示人员的存在的检测事件。 Further, it is advantageous that only need to consider the heat radiation of the optical data and the detected event was detected in the presence of a person may be displayed.

通过上述方法,显著地降低了人员不存在却错误地将其计算在内的可能性。 By the above process, significantly reduces the possibility of the presence of personnel are not erroneously be counted in.

本发明的有利实施例的特点在于,检测从检查区域发射的电磁辐射,将具有特定辐射特性的电磁辐射源检测为授权通行证。 Features of advantageous embodiments of the present invention is that the detection of electromagnetic radiation emitted from the examination region, the electromagnetic radiation having a particular radiation detector characteristics for authorization passes.

在本发明的优选实施例中,检查区域基本上对应于一个内部空间或电梯轿厢的内部。 In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the examination region substantially corresponding to an internal space or interior of the elevator car.

有利的是,本方法的这一实施例可以做出如下改变,只要人员的数量和授权通行证的数量一致,电梯轿厢仅从入口区域运送到安全区域。 Advantageously, this embodiment may be made of the method was changed as follows, and the same number of passes as long as the authorized person, the inlet region of the elevator car only transported to a safe zone.

有利的是,如果人员的数量和授权通行证的数量不一致,就产生一个警告信号。 Advantageously, if the number of permits and authorizations of personnel inconsistent to generate a warning signal.

进一步有利的是,该警告信号被发送到安全中心。 Further advantageous that the warning signal is sent to the Security Center.

为了提高电梯系统的运输速度,有利的是,在电梯轿厢的门的关闭过程中确定人员数量和/或授权通行证的数量。 In order to increase the transport speed of the elevator system, it is advantageous that the number of persons and / or authorization passes is determined during the closing of the door of the elevator car.

通过这种方法,避免了在电梯门关闭之后电梯的停滞。 In this way, avoiding stagnation elevator after the elevator doors closed. 这样提高了电梯系统的运输容量。 This increases the transport capacity of the elevator system. 而且由于电梯轿厢中的人没有注意到检查程序的存在,从而避免了激怒他们。 And because the elevator car people do not notice the presence of inspection procedures in order to avoid the enraged them.

为了在这种加速实施过程中将未经授权的人员关在门外,需要检查在电梯门的关闭阶段是否有另外一个人进入电梯轿厢。 In order to accelerate the implementation of this process will be shut out unauthorized personnel, the need to check the elevator door closing stage whether there is another person entering the elevator car.

为了检查在电梯门的关闭阶段是否有一个人进入电梯轿厢,电梯门优选装备有至少一个用于检测人员通过的装置。 In order to check whether there is a person enters the elevator car in the closing phase of the elevator door, the elevator door is preferably equipped with means for detecting at least one person to pass through. 该装置例如是挡光板或者是超声波传感器。 The device is for example a light barrier or an ultrasonic sensor.

为了可靠地防止未经授权的人员的进入受保护区域,有利的是,如果有人在电梯门关闭阶段进入电梯轿厢,那么将重新进行人员数量和/或授权通行证的数量的检查。 In order to reliably prevent unauthorized personnel entering the protected area, it is advantageous, if someone turned off the stage into the elevator car in the elevator door, then re-check the number of the number of persons and / or authorized pass.

本发明的内容还包括用于访问控制的装置。 The present invention further comprises means for access control.

根据本发明,该装置具有以下构造,即包括用于检查人员数量和基本上同时检测授权通行证的数量的装置。 According to the invention, the apparatus has a configuration that includes a number of substantially simultaneous detection and inspection personnel authorized to permit the number of devices.

该装置装配有用于检测人员数量的合适装置,优选装配有热成像摄像机或CCD芯片。 The apparatus is provided for detecting the number of persons suitable apparatus, preferably equipped with a thermal imaging camera or a CCD chip. 优选地,可以通过至少一个天线检查在检查区出现的授权通行证的数量。 Preferably, the at least one antenna can check the number of authorization passes present in the examination zone.

本发明还涉及电梯,根据本发明具有以下特征,即包括用于检查人员数量并基本上同时检查授权通行证的数量的装置。 The present invention also relates to an elevator, according to the present invention has the following features, i.e., the number of inspectors and comprising a number of devices authorized to pass substantially simultaneously checked.

使电梯装配有用于检查人员数量和/或授权通行证的数量的装置允许对具有不同访问区域的建筑物进行特别简单可靠地设计。 An elevator equipped with a number of inspectors and the number of devices / or authorization pass for allowing access to different areas of a building having a special simple and reliable design.

因此,例如,使建筑物的特定区域比其它区域更容易进入成为可能。 Thus, for example, so that a specific region of a building more easily than into the other areas is possible.

根据本发明的优选实施例的应用区域是这种建筑物,其中部分区域至少部分对公众开放,例如,对公众开放的饭店大堂或者办公大楼或住宅楼的入口区域。 Application of the region according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention that such a building, wherein the partial region is at least partially open to the public, e.g., inlet region open to the public office or hotel lobby or residential buildings.

通过这种方法,例如,为了使访问者能够去对公众开放的前台、自助餐厅、或者餐馆等地方,可以使其可以在建筑物的门厅里自由活动。 In this way, for example, to allow visitors to go to the public reception, cafeteria, restaurants or other places, so that it can be freely in the hall of the building. 但是防止访问者进入受保护的区域,例如,去办公室、酒店房间、或住宅所在的其它楼层。 But prevent visitors from entering the protected area, for example, go to the office, hotel room or other floor residence is located.

参考附图,将在所附的权利要求和对根据本发明的优选实施例的描述中说明根据本发明的其它的优点、特点、和实践改进。 Referring to the drawings, and the appended claims The other advantages of the present invention, features, improvements and practical description of a preferred embodiment of the present invention described.

在附图中:图1示出了具有根据本发明的访问验证功能的电梯;图2示出了检测到的数量结果记录的屏幕说明;图3示出了门安全装置的结构;以及图4示出了装配有识别传感器的地板。 In the drawings: FIG 1 shows a lift access authentication according to the present invention; Figure 2 shows a screen described the number of detected results recorded; FIG. 3 shows the structure of the door security device; and FIG. 4 It shows a floor equipped with a recognition sensor.

下面,本发明将根据可进行到受保护区域的运送的电梯实例加以描述。 Hereinafter, Examples of the present invention will be to lift the protected area is described in terms of the conveyance can be performed.

但是,由于能够用具有相同功能的装置替换该装置,所以本发明不局限于上述情形。 However, since the device can be replaced with a device having the same functions, the present invention is not limited to the above case.

但是,尤其有利的是,由于电梯能够起到安全检查和运输的作用,因此可以安装具有根据本发明的安全特点的电梯。 However, particularly advantageous, because the elevator can function as a security check and transport, it is possible to install an elevator safety features in accordance with the present invention.

图1中的电梯10装有CCD摄像机20和微米摄像机(microbutometer camera)30。 In FIG. 1 with an elevator 10 and the CCD camera 20 microns camera (microbutometer camera) 30.

CCD摄像机20和微米摄像机30优选安装在电梯轿厢的上部区域,以使其能够监控电梯轿厢的整个内部空间。 CCD camera 20 and the camera 30 microns is preferably mounted in the upper region of the elevator car, so that it can monitor the entire interior space of the elevator car.

在电梯轿厢的区域中,设置有一个或多个天线(40,50)。 In the region of the elevator car, provided with one or more antennas (40, 50).

天线(40,50)优选设计为无线电收发机天线,其能够确定无线电收发机的存在。 (40, 50) is preferably designed antenna transceiver antenna, capable of determining the presence of a radio transceiver.

优选地,天线(40,50)在空间上彼此以一定间距分开设置,以使它们也能够确定电梯轿厢中存在的授权通行证的位置。 Preferably, the antenna (40, 50) disposed spatially separated from one another at a distance, so that they can be determined present position of the elevator car passes the authorization.

CCD摄像机20和微米摄像机30确定的人员如天线(40,50)所确定的授权通行证的位置一样,通过数据传送网络传送到用于评估所搜集的数据的计算机。 CCD camera 20 and the camera 30 microns determined by a person such as an antenna (40, 50) the determined position of authorization passes, as transferred to the computer for evaluating the data collected by the data transfer network.

计算机根据热分布确定在电梯中存在的人员的数量,根据天线(40,50)所检测的信号确定授权通行证的数量。 Computer to determine the number of persons present in the elevator according to the heat distribution, the antenna (40, 50) of the detected signal determines the number of authorization passes.

使用所示装置,该方法可以通过如下步骤实现。 Using the device, the method may be implemented by the following steps.

当电梯10的门打开时,人员以通常的方式进入电梯。 When the elevator door 10 is opened in the usual way people enter the elevator. 在电梯门关闭过程中或者关闭之后,通过摄像机20和30确定电梯中存在的人员的数量;通过天线40和50确定电梯中存在的授权通行证的数量。 After the elevator door is closed or closing process, the number of persons present in the elevator is determined by the camera 20 and 30; the number of authorization passes present in an elevator is determined by an antenna 40 and 50.

此外,还确定了人员和授权通行证的各自的位置。 In addition, to determine the respective positions and personnel authorized pass.

检测到的热图像的控制图像和天线(40,50)的探测结果可以在监视器上或在监视器的部分屏幕上显示。 And an antenna control images (40, 50) of the thermal image can be detected or the detection result is displayed on the screen of the monitor portion on the monitor.

在授权通行证的数量和人员数量不一致时,触发警报器。 When the number of inconsistencies and the number of personnel authorized to pass, triggering an alarm.

在如图所示的情况下,记录了四个人,但是仅有三个授权通行证。 In the case as shown, the four records, but only three passes authorization.

通过将所接收的热图像与所确定的无线电收发机的位置进行比较,可以确定不具有授权通行证的人员的位置。 By comparing the position of the thermal image and the determined received radio transceiver, the position may be determined not to have authorized person passes.

在图2中的局部图像a)和b)中描绘出所接收的每个图像。 In the partial image of FIG. 2 a) and b) depicts each of the received image. 两个局部图像示出了热图像,也就是所发射的热辐射的辐射分布。 The image shows two partial thermal image, i.e. thermal radiation distribution of the emitted radiation. 局部图像a)还示出了所发现的雷达收发机的位置。 Partial image a) further shows the position of the transponder found.

对图像的比较显示出在图像的右边缘中的一个人没有授权通行证。 Comparison of the image shows a person in the right edge of the image is not authorized to pass.

为了进一步改善该方法并有利地改进该装置,可以使电梯门装配有额外的天线和/或额外的人员检测装置。 To further improve the method and the apparatus advantageously improved, the elevator doors can be equipped with additional antennas and / or additional person detection means.

通过这种方法,可以在电梯门的关闭阶段发现人员的进入。 By this method can be found in the art into the closing phase of the elevator door. 例如,在希望较高安全性的情况下,如果在电梯的关闭阶段发生不希望的人员进入的情况,则中断关闭过程。 For example, in the case want higher security, the situation if people do not want to happen in the closing phase of the elevator entry, the closing process is interrupted.

在图3中描述了适于此目的的天线配置。 The antenna suitable for this purpose is described in the configuration of FIG 3.

另外一种改善人员检测的精确性的方法可以通过如下的方式实现,即在电梯轿厢的地板和/或天花板上装配用来检测人员的装置。 Another way to improve the accuracy of detecting the art may be achieved by way of mounting means for detecting the art that the elevator car on the floor and / or ceiling.

这样配置的地板可以通过图4中的实例示出。 Such a floor configuration can be shown by way of example in FIG. 4.

例如,可以在电梯的地板的表面上设置多个光发射器60,例如发光二极管(LED),优选等距离设置。 For example, a plurality of light emitters may be provided on the surface 60 of the floor of the elevator, such as light emitting diodes (the LED), preferably arranged equidistantly.

通过这种方法,可以确定发自光源的光被吸收的区域,以及例如可以区别人员的脚的位置70和其他试图藏在地板区域的人员的脚的位置。 By this method, it may be determined from the bottom region of the light is absorbed by a light source, such as the location and position of the foot can be the difference between the foot 70 and the other person attempting to hide the floor area of ​​a person.

参考标号列表10 电梯20 CCD摄像机30 微米摄像机40 天线50 天线60 光发射器70 脚的位置 Reference numeral list 10 position the elevator 20 CCD camera 30 microns camera 40 antenna 50 antenna 60 of the light emitter 70 feet

Claims (24)

1.一种用于访问验证的方法,所述方法可以使经过授权的人员进入受保护的区域,而防止未经授权的人员进入所述受保护的区域,其特征在于:确定在检查区域存在的人员的数量;检查在检查区域内存在的授权通行证的数量;将在检查区域存在的人员的数量和检查区域内存在的授权通行证的数量进行比较;如果所述人员的数量和所述授权通行证的数量一致,则产生一个准许访问信号。 A method for access verification, the method can be made to enter the protected area authorized personnel, to prevent unauthorized persons entering the protected area, wherein: determining the presence in the examination region number of persons; number of inspection in the inspection area of ​​memory authorized pass; and the number of the number of persons present in the examination region of the examination region in memory is compared authorized pass; and if the number of the person authorized to pass said consistent number, generates an access grant signal.
2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:基本上同时确定所述人员的数量和所述授权通行证的数量。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein: substantially simultaneously determining the number of persons and the authorization passes.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的方法,其特征在于:所述准许访问信号控制一个访问装置,所述访问装置能够为在检查区域存在的所有人员打开入口。 3. The method of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said control signal is an access granting access means, the access means is an inlet capable of opening all persons present in the examination region.
4.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:通过计算机完成对在所述检查区域存在的所述人员的数量和在所述检查区域存在的所述授权通行证的数量的比较。 4. A method according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein: the computer is completed by a number of the persons present in the checking area and the number of authorization passes present in the examination region Compare.
5.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:为了确定所述人员的数量,需要检测所述人员所发出的热辐射。 5. The method as claimed in any one of claims, characterized in that: in order to determine the number of persons, the person needs to detect thermal radiation emitted.
6.根据权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于:确定所述热辐射的局部最大值。 6. The method as claimed in claim 5, wherein: determining a local maximum of the heat radiation.
7.根据权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于:在计算所述最大值时,不考虑显著高于人体体温的温度。 7. The method according to claim 6, wherein: the maximum value in the calculation, irrespective of the body is significantly higher than body temperature.
8.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:在确定所述人员的数量时考虑光学数据。 8. The method as claimed in any one of claims, wherein: the optical data considered when determining the number of persons.
9.根据权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于:将所检测的所述热辐射和所述光学数据进行比较,所述比较结果用于确定所述人员的数量。 9. The method according to claim 8, wherein: the heat radiation of the optical data detected and compared to determine the number of results of said comparison of said person.
10.根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于:仅考虑所述光学数据和所检测到的热辐射均可以显示人员的存在的那些检测事件。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein: said optical data and considering only the detected thermal radiation detection event are the presence of a person who may be displayed.
11.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:检测从所述检查区域发出的电磁辐射,具有特定辐射特性的电磁辐射源被检测为授权通行证。 11. The method as claimed in any one of claims, wherein: detecting electromagnetic radiation emanating from the examination region, the electromagnetic radiation having a particular radiation characteristic is detected as authorization passes.
12.根据上述权利要求中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:所述检查区域基本上对应于一个内部空间或电梯轿厢的内部。 12. The method as claimed in any one of claims, wherein: the examination region substantially corresponds to an internal space or interior of the elevator car.
13.根据权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于:当所述人员的数量和所述授权通行证的数量一致时,所述电梯轿厢仅从可进入区域移动到安全区域。 13. The method according to claim 12, wherein: when the same number of persons and the number of authorization passes, the elevator car can only move into the area to a safe area.
14.根据权利要求12或13所述的方法,其特征在于:当所述人员的数量和所述授权通行证的数量不一致时,产生警告信号。 14. The method of claim 12 or claim 13, wherein: when the number of personnel and the inconsistency of the number of authorization passes, a warning signal is generated.
15.根据权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于:将所述警告信号发送到安全中心。 15. The method according to claim 14, wherein: transmitting the alert signal to the security center.
16.根据权利要求12至15中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:在所述电梯轿厢的门的关闭过程中,确定所述人员的数量和/或所述授权通行证的数量。 12 to 15 16. A method according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: during the closing of the door of the elevator car, the determination of the number of persons and / or pass the authorization.
17.根据权利要求16所述的方法,其特征在于:检查在电梯门的关闭过程中是否有另外一个人进入所述电梯轿厢。 17. The method according to claim 16, wherein: during the closing elevator door check whether there is another person enters the elevator car.
18.根据权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于:通过挡光板执行所述检查。 18. The method according to claim 17, wherein: the checking performed by the light barrier.
19.根据权利要求17或18所述的方法,其特征在于:如果有人在所述电梯轿厢的关闭阶段进入所述电梯轿厢,则重新进行所述人员的数量和/或所述通行证的数量的检查。 19. The method of claim 17 or claim 18, wherein: if someone in the closing phase of the elevator car enters the elevator car, the number of persons re and / or the pass the number of checks.
20.一种用于访问控制的装置,其特征在于:所述装置包括用于检查人员数量并基本上同时检查授权通行证数量的装置。 20. An apparatus for controlling access, characterized in that: said means for checking comprises a number of substantially authorized person and number of devices permits simultaneous inspection.
21.根据权利要求20所述的装置,其特征在于:其包含至少一个热成像摄像机。 21. The apparatus according to claim 20, characterized in that: it comprises at least one thermal imaging camera.
22.根据权利要求20或21所述的装置,其特征在于:所述装置包含至少一个CCD芯片。 22. The apparatus of claim 20 or claim 21, wherein: said means comprises at least one CCD chip.
23.根据权利要求20至22中任一项所述的装置,其特征在于:所述装置包含至少一个用于检测电磁信号的天线。 23. The apparatus of claims 20 to 22 according to any one, wherein: said means comprising at least one antenna for detecting electromagnetic signals.
24.一种电梯轿厢,其特征在于:所述电梯轿厢设置有一个用于检查人员数量并基本上同时检查授权通行证数量的装置。 24. An elevator car, characterized in that: the elevator car is provided with a number of inspectors and for substantially simultaneously check the number of devices authorized to pass.
CNA028180909A 2001-09-20 2002-08-08 Security method for gaining access, access verification device, and elevator CN1555543A (en)

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