CN1536174A - Base foundation construction method and building infrastructure - Google Patents

Base foundation construction method and building infrastructure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1536174A
CN1536174A CNA2004100310269A CN200410031026A CN1536174A CN 1536174 A CN1536174 A CN 1536174A CN A2004100310269 A CNA2004100310269 A CN A2004100310269A CN 200410031026 A CN200410031026 A CN 200410031026A CN 1536174 A CN1536174 A CN 1536174A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tapered
packing
building infrastructure
connects
support area
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Granted
Application number
CNA2004100310269A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1256484C (en
Inventor
平 李
李平
饭塚弘芳
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MAIKOMA SEBEN CO Ltd
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MAIKOMA SEBEN CO Ltd
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Priority to JP2003102385 priority Critical
Priority to JP2003102385 priority
Priority to JP2003133740A priority patent/JP2004360176A/en
Priority to JP2003133740 priority
Priority to JP2003147049 priority
Priority to JP2003147049A priority patent/JP3737088B2/en
Priority to JP2003393693A priority patent/JP3729415B2/en
Priority to JP2003393693 priority
Application filed by MAIKOMA SEBEN CO Ltd filed Critical MAIKOMA SEBEN CO Ltd
Publication of CN1536174A publication Critical patent/CN1536174A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1256484C publication Critical patent/CN1256484C/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Provided is a foundation ground creating method for providing the high ground stabilizing action by maximally effectively revealing a hard-to-settle characteristic of a top-shaped block. A circular system row or square system row top-shaped block 10 having a body 11 in the lower part of a flat upper surface board 12, and having a shaft leg 13 in a lower part of the body 11, is used by being formed independently or formed by connecting in a plurality, and the object ground 1 is dug down up to the depth corresponding to a lower end level of the shaft leg 13, and a top-shaped block 10 or a connecting top-shaped block 100 is mutually arranged in close contact by erecting the shaft leg 13 on a bottom surface 3 of a dug-down part 2. The whole of this top-shaped block 10 group or the connecting top-shaped block 100 group is integrally wrapped in by a filling filler 50 up to an upper end level of the flat supper surface board 12 from the lower end level of the shaft leg 13. A reaction support wall 20 having the height corresponding to the lower end level of the shaft leg 13, is formed in an outer peripheral part of the dug-down part 2.

Description

Basic foundation constructive method and building infrastructure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of use is provided with taper shape or pyramid housing and is provided with basic foundation constructive method and the foundation structure of building of the base stabilization of cylindrical or prismatic oblique crank Z pin with tapered (コ マ type Block Star ロ Network) (coma type piece) at this lower part of frame center in the bottom of face on flat.
Background technology
Tapered be a kind of make piece own wt and described normal load that is born with described housing and axle ground reaction force that pin produced and frictional resistance make a concerted effort balanced, the element that horizontal soil capacity that unequal sinking do not occur is given full play to is used as basic structural components in construction method etc. is strengthened on various base stabilizationizations and basis.
In the representative basis ground constructive method of tapered of existing use, the degree of depth that is equivalent to housing lower end horizontal plane will be dug under the target ground, with respect to the pick bottom face axle is worn to be pressed into several tapered is disposed with connecting airtight, interconnect each last face of tapered by the top coupling component, fill from the pick lower inside space (for example with reference to patent documentation 1,2 and 3) of the horizontal plane of the supreme face of housing lower end horizontal plane upper end by packing materials such as rubbles.
Constructive method in the technique scheme is in the modification method of soft foundation, though its serviceability is verified widely, the operation that the axle pin is pressed into the pick bottom face according to foundation situation is difficulty very, when pressurization can not be inserted a spool pin simply, must at first give a farfetched interpretation and insert mouthful.In addition, in the time can not vertically being pressed into a spool pin, just can not bring into play tapered self difficulty sinking performance effectively.
The inventor improves this formation construction method, various research and development have been carried out, draw and establish amount under the pick of target ground darker, upper end horizontal plane from the supreme face of axle underfooting end horizontal plane, with packing material parcel, make tapered and the incorporate dish of packing material construct very effective conclusion.
Find following validity in addition, just surround the peripheral part of pick bottom with the counter-force supporting wall, with an encapsulant layer perimeter constraint that the pin front end forms dearly that extends to tapered, tapered of the binding that use is formed by connecting tapered several units makes encapsulant layer and links tapered or link tapered building and entangle sth. made by twisting with highstrenghtpiston's net means and interweave and combine mutually.
But when the building contact area is very big, must need more tapered much, when the parts expense increased, engineering time and labour increased, and the tendency that increases cost is on the whole arranged.
Patent documentation 1 special public clear 59-50810 communique
Patent documentation 2 special fair 4-74484 communiques
No. 2724446 communique of patent documentation 3 patents
Summary of the invention
Propose the present invention on the basis of above-mentioned conclusion, first purpose of the present invention provides a kind of owing to the reliably configuration vertically of axle pin, bring into play the performance that is difficult to sink effectively, can strengthen the basic foundation building method that base stabilization turns usefulness into.
Second purpose of the present invention provides a kind of building infrastructure, use number also can obtain fully necessary holding power even reduce tapered significantly, simultaneously in tapered and packing material combination owing to the relative component part of direction is drawn mutually by involving parts, tapered group remained regular vertical position reliably, brings into play desired holding power to greatest extent.
The basic foundation constructive method of first aspect present invention is, use the bottom of face 12 on flat that forms separately to have housing 11 and have the circular series of a pin 13 or tapered 10 of polygon series in the bottom of housing 11, the target ground is dug the degree of depth of the axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes that are equivalent to tapered 10 for 1 time, make a pin 13 upright with respect to the bottom surface 3 of pick bottom 2, make a plurality of tapered 10 configurations mutually with connecting airtight, merge and lay tapered 10, or after laying tapered 10, the inner space of above-mentioned pick bottom 2 is filled from the lower end horizontal plane of axle pin 13 to the flat upper end horizontal plane of going up face 12 with packing materials such as rubble 5, form the dish structure that tapered 10 and described packing material 50 become one.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of second aspect present invention is, use the bottom of face 12 on flat that forms separately to have housing 11 and have the circular series of a pin 13 or tapered 100 of polygon series in the bottom of housing 11, the target ground is dug the degree of depth of the axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes that are equivalent to link tapered 100 for 1 time, make each pin 13 upright with respect to the bottom surface 3 of pick bottom 2, tapered 100 of a plurality of binding are provided with mutually with connecting airtight, merge to lay and link tapered 100, or after lay linking tapered 10, packing materials such as rubble 50 are filled in the inner space of above-mentioned pick bottom 2, form and link the dish structure that tapered 100 and packing material 50 become one from the lower end horizontal plane of axle pin 13 to the flat upper end horizontal plane of going up face 12.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of third aspect present invention is, on the technical scheme of first aspect present invention, on the peripheral part of above-mentioned pick bottom 2, form the counter-force supporting wall 20 that has the axle pin 13 lower end elevation of waters that are equivalent to tapered 10 at least, in the inner space of the pick bottom 2 that counter-force supporting wall 20 is surrounded, fill by packing materials such as rubble 50.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of fourth aspect present invention is, on the present invention second technical scheme, on the peripheral part of above-mentioned pick bottom 2, form the counter-force supporting wall 20 have each pin 13 lower end elevation of waters that are equivalent to link tapered 100 at least, in the inner space of the pick bottom 2 that described counter-force supporting wall 20 is surrounded, fill by packing materials such as rubble 50.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of the present invention the 5th and the 6th aspect is, on the technical scheme of the present invention first or the third aspect, make and interconnect the extension in the layer of packing material 50 of each coupling component of tapered 10, packing material 50 is tangled with this coupling component combine, promote that tapered 100 of binding and packing material 50 are integrated.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of the present invention the 7th and eight aspect is, on the technical scheme of the present invention second or fourth aspect, make and interconnect the extension in the layer of packing material 50 of each coupling component that links tapered 100, packing material 50 is tangled with this coupling component combine, promote that tapered 100 of binding and packing material 50 are integrated.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of the present invention the 9th and the tenth aspect is that on the technical scheme aspect the present invention the 5th or the 6th, above-mentioned coupling component is made of with highstrenghtpiston's net means building.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of the present invention the 11 and the 12 aspect is that on the technical scheme of the present invention the 7th or eight aspect, above-mentioned coupling component is made of with highstrenghtpiston's net means building.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of the present invention's the 13 fermentation is, on the technique scheme aspect the present invention first, the 3rd, the 5th, the 6th, the 9th or the tenth, when dividing up and down several layers to lay above-mentioned tapered 10, following pick is to the undermost tapered 10 axle underfooting end horizontal plane degree of depth, merge and lay tapered 10, or after laying tapered 10, be filled in by packing material 50 in the inner space of pick bottom 2.
The constructive method of the basic foundation of the present invention the 14 aspect is, on the technique scheme aspect the present invention second, the 4th, the 7th, the 9th, the 11 or the 12, when dividing up and down several layers to lay when linking tapered 100, following pick is till the lower end horizontal plane degree of depth of each pin 13 of tapered 100 of undermost binding, merge to lay and link tapered 100, or after laying links tapered 100, be filled in by packing material 50 in the inner space of pick bottom 2.
In the present invention was above-mentioned, tapered 10 of so-called circle series was that housing 11 is that circle, axle pin 13 are columniform element for conical, the flat face 12 of going up, and described circle might not be defined as circular completely.In addition, tapered 10 of polygon series for example is that housing 11 is that the plane cross section that the pyramid of octagon, flat upward face 12 are octagon, a pin 13 is the prismatic element of octagon for plane cross section, and its limit number is not particularly limited.
In the present invention was above-mentioned, so-called formation separately was meant housing 11, flatly goes up face 12 and an axle pin 13 is only made 1 respectively.In addition, so-called several are connected to form and are meant that several housings 11, flat upward face 12 and axle pin 13 are with the horizontal shape manufacturing that is connected respectively.For example in length and breadth to each 2 the time, form 4 and connect type, in the time of vertical 2 horizontal 3, form 6 and connect type, connect units and be not limited thereto.
Tapered 10 of the constituent parts that the formation connecting-type is tapered 100 can be circular series entirely, is that polygon is serial or circle is serial and polygon series is used with entirely.
When being provided with tapered 10, can only using tapered of tapered of circular series or polygon series, or mix and use tapered of tapered of circular series and polygon series.In addition, also can only use tapered 10 of independent formation and link tapered 100, or mix and use tapered 10 of forming separately and link tapered 100.
When laying area, in linking tapered 100, on half end parts or heterotype edge bight that occur having more than needed, tapered 10 of independent formation is set with tapered 100 landfill of binding is most of.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 15, imitate the peripheral profile of target building, a plurality of tapered 10 fens individual layers or several layers are in contact with one another or in conjunction with and relatively ground erectly lay, between filling each tapered 10 with packing materials such as rubble or gravel 50 and tapered both sides of laying row, forming integral body is the continuous support area S1 of ring-type, running through above-mentioned support area S1 and the region S of not laying tapered by support area S1 surrounded on the along continuous straight runs buries underground and is connected aperture plate (ジ オ グ リ ッ De) and strengthens the coupling component 30 that synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric aperture plate etc. is formed, in the S1 of support area, tapered 10 axle pin 13 is inserted in the coupling component 30.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 16, on the technique scheme aspect the present invention the 15, in above-mentioned support area S1, tapered 10 is laid 3 row at least.
In the building infrastructure of the present invention the 17 and ten eight aspect, on the technique scheme aspect the present invention the 15 or the 16, in above-mentioned support area S1, tapered 10 is laid 3 layers at least.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 19, in the present invention the 15~18 on the technical scheme of any one, above-mentioned coupling component 30 is continuous to the region S of not laying tapered from support area S1, in the S1 of support area, be filled material 50 cramping supports, in not laying tapered region S, by backfill 52 cramping supports.
In the present invention the 20 or the 20 building infrastructure on the one hand, on the technical scheme of any one, the distance member 122 that interdicts described packing material 50 and peripheral soil is provided with in the interior outside of vertical direction along above-mentioned support area S1 in the present invention the 15~19.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 22 or the 23, on the technique scheme of the present invention the 21 or the 22, above-mentioned distance member 122 is by a kind of composition the in rustless metal plate, concrete slab, synthetic resin board, connection aperture plate, the synthetic resin system bonded fabric aperture plate.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 24 or the 25, in aspect the present invention the 15~23 on the technique scheme of the invention of any one, tapered 10 of orlop is routed to the whole zone of the bottom of the region S of not laying tapered, between these undermost tapered 10 groups of packing material 50 fillings.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 26~33, in aspect the present invention the 15~25 on the technique scheme of any one, at above-mentioned support area S1 with do not lay in the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane of region S, solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course 31.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 34~49, on the technical scheme of the invention of any one, use along continuous straight runs to connect 3 to 6 tapered 10 formed tapered 100 on type that connect in aspect the present invention the 15~25 more.
When the construction of building foundation of the present invention, the whole construction ground G that is equivalent to the building contact area, when individual layer is laid tapered 10 until its pin 13 lower end horizontal planes, when laying tapered 10 for several layers until the axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes of tapered of its orlop, the bottom is flatly excavated down, and the soil of both depositing of this part is discharged.
With respect to the ground basal part G0 under the described pick, the exploration underground water state that oozes out makes solidification materials such as cement paste or lime scatter impregnation as required, forms waterproofing course 131 by condensing or solidifying.
Directly on the above-mentioned ground basal part G0 or on above-mentioned waterproofing course 131, in the S1 of support area, on the one hand the packing material 50 of rubble gravel etc. is laid to thickness corresponding to the length of tapered 10 axle pin 13, on the other hand, in not laying tapered region S, conditioned soil, mountain sand or the previous backfill of excavating 52 of both depositing the mixing of the needed soil property upgrading of soil material are laid with identical thickness.
The whole plane of the packing material 50 of filling through the initial stage, along continuous straight runs lay building with highstrenghtpiston's mesh element just by connecting the coupling component 30 that aperture plate etc. is formed.
Thereby in the S1 of support area, grid eye or mesh that tapered 10 axle pin 13 of required number inserts coupling component 30 are inserted in the packing material 50.Tapered 10 laying is preferably laid more than the multiple row, forms along tapered continuous row group of the ring-type of building peripheral profile.
Each upper pan portion 12 of the tapered row group who so lays as required the position adjust to be in identical horizontal plane after, in the S1 of support area, each packing material of tapered 50 is filled to the horizontal plane of tapered 10 last face 12, in not laying tapered region S, backfill 52 is filled to identical horizontal plane.
When tapered 10 of multilayer construction, the support area S1 after lower floor's construction and not laying in the whole plane of tapered region S fills packing material 50 and backfill 52 respectively, repeats to carry out above-mentioned engineering until necessary layer.
On tapered 10 the end face 12 that single or multiple lift is laid, form cement concrete layer as required, can implement footing (footing) construction of building.
When the above-mentioned packing material 50 of filling is constructed, on excavation Tu Bi, distance member 122 is set as required, at support area S1 and border that tapered S zone be not set anchor clamps are set, it is good along these anchor clamps distance member 122 operations to be set, after filling packing material 50 and backfill 52, can remove distance member 122 and above-mentioned anchor clamps, in addition, because the distance member that contacts with the inside and outside two sides of support area S1 122 also can not take out indwelling for stability.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 50, in the S1 of support area, tapered 10 combination that is listed as group and packing material 50 is continuous in the form of a ring, the last load of building itself is applied on the above-mentioned combination of the dish structure that forms, a plurality of tapered 10 last face 12 dispersions and the gravity that is transmitted further compress the encapsulant layer that contacts with the inclined plane of each housing of tapered 10 11 to the side with oblique below, can bring into play big holding power fully.
Tapered 10 combination that is listed as group and packing material 50 is provided with continuously by ring-type, because of running through the coupling component 30 of the region S expansion of not laying tapered, because there is the relation of traction mutually in the component part relative with above-mentioned combination, even in component part by above-mentioned combination, do not topple over laterally for tapered 10 from laying tapered region S 2 yet, while is by the traction tension stress of coupling component 30, skew does not appear in packing material 50 position in the horizontal direction, owing to utilize the endurance of mutual frictional force and construction soil wall to guarantee tapered 10 regular perpendicular attitude.
Each tapered 10 is applied in when load at initial stage, uneven sinking can not occur after stable, even construction ground G is soft, also can keep big holding power for a long time.
The footing basis is the basis of concrete system independently, and tapered 10 1 row form katakana ロ, and middle section is not for being provided with tapered region S.
General wood is made dwelling house concrete dwelling house, is the structure in 3,4 layers in apartment, can bring into play sufficient holding power as the invention of the present invention the 16 aspect record.
As the record of the present invention 17, ten eight aspect, tapered 10 is three layers and can obtains bigger holding power.
As the record of the present invention 19 aspects, coupling component 30 is embedded in the backfill 52 of the region S that is not provided with tapered, does not move to any direction, and tapered 10 groups of stable attitudes around keeping are in addition under sunshine also not under the resin quality.
In addition on the one hand, the blocking packing material 50 and the distance member 122 of soil or backfill 52 all round are set vertically along the interior outside of above-mentioned support area S1 in the present invention 20 and 20.Make packing material 50 and all round soil or backfill 52 do not move in the horizontal direction, can keep the form of the packing material 50 of supporting area S more, around the S1 of support area, do not produce the gap, form firmer ground.
In the building infrastructure of the present invention the 22 to the 23 aspect, owing to select the material of distance member 122, packing material 50 and moving of soil or backfill 52 all round do not make support area S1 holding power low.
Tapered 10 is below 10 layers in the building infrastructure of the present invention the 24 to the 25 aspect, tapered 10 o'clock axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes until tapered of its orlop, its holding power is bigger, and steel concrete dwelling house and middle low story dwelling can steady in a long-termly be supported.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 26~33, in aspect the present invention the 15~25 on the technique scheme of any one, at above-mentioned support area S1 with do not lay in the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane of region S, water can not invaded support area S1 yet and do not laid tapered region S, and the holding strength of foundation structure thing can be not low.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 34~49, use along continuous straight runs to connect 3 to 6 tapered 10 and formed connect tapered 100 on type more, bring into play difficult sinking.
The building infrastructure of the present invention the 50 aspect, imitate the peripheral profile of target building, a plurality of tapered 10 fens individual layers or several layers are in contact with one another or in conjunction with and erectly lay with respect to construction ground G, between each tapered 10 of packing materials such as rubble or gravel 50 filling, form the continuous support area S1 of ring-type as a whole and do not laid tapered region S by what this support area S1 surrounded, prevention at certain tapered 10 of the end to the inside and outside both sides adjacency of the counter-force supporting wall 20 that tilts from tapered row center departure direction or collapse with this support area S1, the lower end horizontal plane degree of depth to tapered 10 axle pin 13 is formed by packing material 50, the face opposite with tapered 10 opposite face of interior lateral reaction supporting wall 20 do not laid backfill 52 crimping of tapered region S, and the face opposite with tapered 10 opposite face of outer lateral reaction supporting wall 20 is by surrounding soil G1 crimping.
In the present invention the 50 building infrastructure on the one hand, on the technical scheme aspect the present invention the 50, in above-mentioned support area S1, the coupling component 30 that connects aperture plate etc. is laid in tapered 10 axle pin 13 and the last face 12 in the horizontal plane of at least one by along continuous straight runs, tapered 10 groups by the traction coupling component 30 interconnect, coupling component 30 is by packing material 50 cramping supports.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 52 or 53, on the present invention the 50 or 50 technique scheme on the one hand, at above-mentioned support area S1 and not laying in the bottom surface horizontal plane Zone Full of tapered region S, form the waterproofing course 131 that solidification material or cement paste etc. are formed with the mixing with soil impregnation of ground basal part G0.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 54~56, in aspect the present invention the 50~53 on the technical scheme of any one, float wheel body 114 individual layers or several layers of ground is entrenched in tapered 10 the axle pin 13, with the packing material 50 parcels wheel body 114 that floats.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 57, aspect the present invention the 50~56 on any one technical scheme, tapered 100 groups are laid to 3 row at least.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 58 or 59, aspect the present invention the 50~57 on any one the technical scheme, use along continuous straight runs to connect 3 to 6 tapered 10 formed tapered 100 on type that connect more.
When the construction of building foundation of the present invention, the whole construction ground G that is equivalent to the building contact area, when individual layer is laid tapered 10 until its pin 13 lower end horizontal planes, when laying tapered 10 for several layers until the axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes of tapered of its orlop, the bottom is flatly excavated down, and the soil of both depositing of this part is discharged.
With respect to the ground basal part G0 under the described pick, the exploration underground water state that oozes out makes solidification materials such as cement paste or lime scatter impregnation as required, forms waterproofing course 131 by condensing or solidifying.
Directly on the above-mentioned ground basal part G0 or on above-mentioned waterproofing course 131, in the S1 of support area, on the one hand the packing material 50 of rubble gravel etc. is laid to thickness corresponding to the length of tapered 10 axle pin 13, on the other hand, in not laying tapered region S, conditioned soil, mountain sand or the previous backfill of excavating 52 of both depositing the mixing of the needed soil property upgrading of soil material are laid with identical thickness.
The whole plane of the packing material 50 of filling through the initial stage, along continuous straight runs lay building with highstrenghtpiston's mesh element just by connecting the coupling component 30 that aperture plate etc. is formed.
Thereby in the S1 of support area, grid eye or mesh that tapered 10 axle pin 13 of required number inserts coupling component 30 are inserted in the packing material 50.Tapered 10 laying is preferably laid more than the multiple row, forms along tapered continuous row group of the ring-type of building peripheral profile.
Coupling component 30 inserts axle pin 13 under the situation that connects aperture plate 30a by grid eye or mesh, and this coupling component 30 is the occasion of bonded fabric 30b, and tapered 10 axle pin 13 is broken through wherein, or intercalation is to the through hole 126 of perforation in advance.
Each upper pan portion 12 of the tapered row group who so lays as required the position adjust to be in identical horizontal plane after, in the S1 of support area, each packing material of tapered 50 is filled to the horizontal plane of tapered 10 last face 12, in not laying tapered region S, backfill 52 is filled to identical horizontal plane.
When tapered 10 of multilayer construction, the support area S1 after lower floor's construction and not laying in the whole plane of tapered region S fills packing material 50 and backfill 52 respectively, repeats to carry out above-mentioned engineering until necessary layer.
On tapered 10 the end face 12 that single or multiple lift is laid, form cement concrete layer as required, can implement footing (footing) construction of building.
In the building of the invention described above building foundation, in the S1 of support area, tapered 10 the row group and the combination of packing material 50 are continuous in the form of a ring, the load of going up of building is applied in the above-mentioned combination of the dish structure that forms, the interior outside adjacency of counter-force supporting wall 20 and support area S1 is formed into the degree of depth of tapered 10 axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes always.Because inside and outside counter-force supporting wall 20 crimping is not respectively laid the backfill 52 and the surrounding soil wall G1 of tapered region S, can not be at certain tapered 10 of the end to tilting from tapered row center departure direction or collapsing, because each tapered 10 keeps regular perpendicular attitude really, each tapered 10 is applied in the initial stage load and the time stably descends and uneven sinking can not occur, even construction ground G is a soft foundation, also can guarantee big holding power.
Because in the not serious scope that influences the basic foundation holding power, can cut down tapered 10 the use amount of not laying tapered region S area that is equivalent to by support area S1 encirclement, owing to can reduce the material expense, minimizing is to the freight at scene and operating cost at the scene, reduction of erection time, the construction cost of integral body can be alleviated in each stage.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 50, in the S1 of support area, tapered 10 combination that is listed as group and packing material 50 is continuous in the form of a ring, the last load of building itself is applied on the above-mentioned combination of the dish structure that forms, a plurality of tapered 10 last face 12 dispersions and the gravity that is transmitted further compress the encapsulant layer that contacts with the inclined plane of each housing of tapered 10 11 to the side with oblique below, can bring into play big holding power fully.
In addition, form counter-force supporting walls 20 in abutting connection with the inside and outside both sides of support area S1 and to tapered 10 the axle pin 13 lower end horizontal plane degree of depth, because inside and outside counter-force supporting wall 20 crimping is not respectively laid the backfill 52 and the surrounding soil G1 of tapered region S, certain tapered 10 of the end can not be to tilting from tapered row center departure direction or collapse, each tapered 10 keeps regular perpendicular attitude.
Thereby, each tapered 10 be applied in initial stage load and stable after, do not sink in vertical direction, even construction ground G is a soft foundation, also can guarantee big holding power for a long time.
In the present invention the 50 building infrastructure on the one hand, owing to utilize 30 tapered 10 row groups of the continuous coupling component that in whole support area S1, launches of ring-type to be drawn mutually, each tapered 10 more firmly keeps regular perpendicular attitude, even in soft foundation, also can obtain big holding power really.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 52, because in the ground in whole construction zone basal part G0, formation forms the waterproofing course that solidifies by sneaking into the impregnation solidification material, even at the high construction ground G of groundwater table, water can not invaded support area S1 yet and do not laid tapered region S, and the holding strength of foundation structure thing can be not low.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 54~56, the wheel body 114 that floats inserted in tapered 10 the axle pin 13, owing to, can further keep tapered 10 attitude reliably with packing material 50 each unsteady wheel bodys 114 of parcel.
In building structure,, be laid to more than 3 row raising holding power with tapered 10 as the foundation structure of the present invention the 57 aspect.
In the building infrastructure aspect the present invention the 58 or the 59, owing to use along continuous straight runs to connect 3 to 6 tapered 10 formed tapered 100 on type that connect more, the self stability of type piece is good, the maintenance perpendicular attitude, brings into play its original difficult sinking performance to greatest extent.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the longitudinal plan of the basic foundation that constitutes of the constructive method by one embodiment of the present of invention.
Fig. 2 is a tapered stereogram of the independent formation of the circular series used in the basic foundation of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the tapered group of Fig. 2 and the stereogram of bottom coupling component and top coupling component.
Fig. 4 is the plan view of the basic foundation of Fig. 1, has wherein omitted the top coupling component.
Fig. 5 is 4 plan views that connect tapered of binding that types form of the circular series among other embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the upward view of tapered of the binding of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the elevation of tapered of the binding of Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is the longitudinal plan along A-A line among Fig. 5.
Fig. 9 is the longitudinal plan along B-B line among Fig. 5.
Figure 10 is the longitudinal plan along C-C line among Fig. 5.
Figure 11 is 6 elevations that connect tapered of binding that types form of the circular series among other embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the upward view of tapered of the binding of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the right view of tapered of the binding of Figure 11.
Figure 14 is the longitudinal plan along D-D line among Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the vertical cross section of construction example that shows tapered of the binding of Figure 11.
Figure 16 is the vertical cross section of construction example of the tapered common use of binding of tapered of the binding of Fig. 5 and Figure 11.
Figure 17 is 4 plan views that connect tapered of binding that types form of the polygon series among other embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the elevation of tapered of the binding of Figure 17.
Figure 19 is the upward view of tapered of the binding of Figure 17.
Figure 20 is the longitudinal plan along E-E line among Figure 17.
Figure 21 is the tapered vertical cross section that is laid to an embodiment of two sections that forms separately.
Figure 22 is the vertical cross section of embodiment when tapered of binding is laid to two sections.
Figure 23 is the plan view that shows the building infrastructure of change embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the plan view that schematically shows the building infrastructure of change embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Figure 25 is the vertical section elevation that shows the building infrastructure of change embodiment 3 of the present invention.
Figure 26 is the vertical section elevation that shows the building infrastructure part of change embodiment 3 of the present invention.
Figure 27 is the vertical section elevation that shows the building infrastructure part of change embodiment 4 of the present invention.
Figure 28 is a part of plan view that is presented at an example of connection aperture plate of using as coupling component in the building infrastructure of the present invention.
Figure 29 is the longitudinal plan that shows the building infrastructure part of change embodiment 5 of the present invention.
Figure 30 shows the vertical section elevation of the building infrastructure part of change embodiment 7 of the present invention.
Figure 31 is the vertical section elevation that shows the building infrastructure of the change embodiment 8 of the present invention that has omitted middle body.
Figure 32 is the vertical section elevation that shows the building infrastructure of the change embodiment 9 of the present invention that has omitted middle body.
Symbol description: 1 target ground; 2 pick bottoms; 3 pick bottom face; 10 tapered; 11 housings; The 12 flat faces of going up; 13 pin; 14 connecting reinforcements; The upper end of 15 bendings; 16 horizontal reinforcements; 20 counter-force supporting walls; 30 bottom coupling components; 40 top coupling components; 50 packing materials; 100 link tapered; 114 unsteady wheel bodys; 131 waterproofing courses; 52 backfill; The S1 support area; S2 lays tapered zone; S does not lay tapered zone; The G ground of constructing; G0 ground basal part.
The specific embodiment
Tapered 10 that uses among the embodiment shown in Figure 1 is elements of the independent formation of circular series as shown in Figure 2, and normal temperature hardened free-flowing materials such as cement concrete are injected in the tapered type frame, manufactured by the health sclerosis.
Connecting reinforcement 14 passes housing molding and inserts in this type frame with the center of part with part and the shaping of axle pin, and the upper end 15 of the bending of connecting reinforcement 14 is outstanding from flat last face 12.Used as the hanging portion tapered of carrying in 10 o'clock this upper end 15.
Target ground 1 be by mechanical force pick down regulation the degree of depth and with the almost corresponding flat shape of bottom shape of the last loading of building structure and building construction etc.When worsen at the foothold of target ground, as required, lay the thin layer of spilling one deck macadam, on the bottom surface 3 of pick bottom 2, form macadam or thin layer.In addition, spreading lime and to make it to condense also be very effective.
In a third aspect of the present invention, the shaping type frame of assembling counter-force supporting wall 20 on the peripheral part of pick bottom 2.Needed reinforcing bar combination is arranged on this type frame inside, and by cement concrete is injected, the counter-force supporting wall 20 of steel concrete system is constructed continuously.
In aspect a fifth aspect of the present invention or the 6th, be provided with before tapered 10, bottom coupling component 30 is set at abreast with the bottom surface 3 of digging bottom 2 and is equivalent in a pin 13 upper end height of level faces, is fixed by the holding components that is fit to.As shown in Figure 3 in this embodiment, bottom coupling component 30 is a plurality of longitudinal bars 31 that will be provided with the spaced and parallel with the flat upward equal diameters of face 12 and the formed groined type reinforcing bar of a plurality of cross reinforcements 32 vertical welding combination that is provided with the spaced and parallel with the flat upward equal diameters of face 12, at the intersection region of longitudinal bar 31 and cross reinforcement 32 welding diagonal reinforcement 33, form triangular sections 34.
Tapered 10 setting is to determine that as the position standard approach of usefulness carries out with bottom coupling component 30, and the bottom surface of pick bottom 2 is run in the lower end of inserting the axle pin 13 in the triangular sections 34.Lower end outer peripheral face by housing 11 contacts with the part separately of longitudinal bar 31, cross reinforcement 32 and the diagonal reinforcement 33 on three limits forming triangular sections 34, and tapered 10 after the installation keeps perpendicular attitude.
Tapered 10 groups of the multiple row setting the flat face 12 of going up utilizes the upper end 15 of connecting reinforcement 14 to be interconnected by top coupling component 40 as shown in Figure 4 in length and breadth.As shown in Figure 3, top coupling component 40 is a plurality of longitudinal bars 41 that will be provided with the spaced and parallel with the flat upward equal diameters of face 12 and the formed groined type reinforcing bar of a plurality of cross reinforcements 42 vertical welding combination that is provided with the spaced and parallel with the flat upward equal diameters of face 12.
Top coupling component 40 is tied up or is weldingly fixed on by wire on the upper end 15 of connecting reinforcement 14 at the cross part of longitudinal bar 41 and cross reinforcement 42.
The packing material of being made up of sand and rubble etc. 50 is filled in the inner space of the pick bottom 2 that is surrounded by counter-force supporting wall 20 by in the space outside the occupied space of tapered 10, bottom coupling component 30 and top coupling component 40, make firm by ramming densely fully by mechanical forces such as manpower tamper or excellent vibrators, and flatly rolled.
As required, on the foundation structure that the interconnective tapered 10 groups dish structures that constitute one with described packing material 50 are formed thus, certain thickness macadam is set, pours into a mould the base concrete of civil structure thing or building structure then.
The flat face 12 of going up outermost tapered in tapered 10 groups contacts with the medial surface of counter-force supporting wall 20.Because the component of the foundation pressure in outermost tapered 10 is on the one hand by 20 antagonism of counter-force supporting wall, the component of the foundation pressure between inboard tapered beyond tapered of outermost is cancelled out each other on the other hand, be arranged among each tapered 10 on the multiple row any and all do not flow in the horizontal direction, keep erectility originally.
As the foregoing description middle and lower part coupling component 30, top coupling component 40,, can use to be known as the building high-strength plastic net means that connects aperture plate as the alternative of reinforcing bar combination.
Building is to cooperate the parts with high binding effect well with packing materials 50 such as rubbles with the high-strength plastic net means, for acid ground or alkaline soil exhibit stabilization energy, even be embedded in the continuation that also has function in the ground.For example because fix as the continuously shaped crystalloid that reticulates therefore of raw material with the polyene hydroxyl, in addition, by to one axially or the appropriate extension of two direction of principal axis can obtain necessary strength.
In addition, the plastic resin that glass fiber contour performance continuous fiber impregnation corrosion resistance is good is simultaneously integrally formed latticed.
Fig. 5~tapered 100 of binding (A) embodiment illustrated in fig. 10, be that tapered 10 of circle series is connected to form 4 and connects the type parts in per 2 of direction in length and breadth, flow in the tapered type frame by normal temperature hardened fluent materials such as cement concretes, be made into integration by the health sclerosis.
Pass each housing molding and be shaped with part and each pin and connecting reinforcement 14 inserted in the above-mentioned type frame, being given prominence to from flat last face 12 of connecting reinforcement 14 by the upper end 15 of bending with the center of part.Used as the hanging portion tapered of carrying in 10 o'clock this upper end 15.In addition, each flat face 12 of going up is by horizontal reinforcement 16 connections in length and breadth.
Figure 11~binding tapered 100 (B) embodiment illustrated in fig. 14 is that 6 of serial tapered 10 of 3 ground connections of vertical 2 horizontal strokes circle connects the parts that type forms, flow in the tapered type frame by normal temperature hardened fluent materials such as cement concretes, be made into integration by the health sclerosis.Figure 12 (a) is presented at and adjoins the structure that joint portion 17 is set between the type piece 10, and Figure 12 (b) shows the structure that will adjoin the 10 direct combinations of type piece.
Each housing molding that passes the tapered shape piece 10 of each component unit is shaped with part and each pin and with the center of part connecting reinforcement 14 is inserted in the above-mentioned type frame, being given prominence to from flat last face 12 by the upper end 15 of bending of connecting reinforcement 14.(A uses as the hanging portion in the time of B) tapered 100 of carrying in this upper end 15.In addition, each flat face 12 of going up is by horizontal reinforcement 16 connections in length and breadth.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 15, only use 6 even tapered 100 of the binding (B) of type formation, in embodiment illustrated in fig. 16,4 even binding tapered 100 (A) and 6 even tapered 100 of binding (B) of type formation of type formation are used in mixing.
In any embodiment, target ground 1 is to go up the almost corresponding flat shape of bottom shape of loading by the degree of depth of regulation under the mechanical force pick with building structure and building construction etc.When worsen at the foothold of target ground 1, as required, lay the thin layer of spilling one deck macadam, on the bottom surface 3 of carrying pick bottom 2, form macadam or thin layer.In addition, scatter lime and to make it to condense also be very effective.
In a fourth aspect of the present invention, the shaping type frame of counter-force supporting wall 20 is installed on the peripheral part of pick bottom 2.In this type frame inside needed reinforcing bar combination is set, by the casting cement concrete, the counter-force supporting wall 20 of steel concrete system is built into the portion of not breaking off.
In a seventh aspect of the present invention or eight aspect, (A, B) before, bottom coupling component 30 is set at abreast with the bottom surface 3 of digging bottom 2 and is equivalent in a pin 13 upper end height of level faces, is fixed by the holding components that is fit to being provided with tapered 100.In Figure 15 and 16 illustrated embodiments, bottom coupling component 30 is made of with the high-strength plastic net means the above-mentioned building that connects aperture plate that is known as.
Link tapered 100 (A, setting B) is to determine that as the position standard approach of usefulness carries out with bottom coupling component 30, the bottom surface of pick bottom 2 is run in the lower end that is inserted into each pin 13 in the bottom coupling component 30 mesh spaces.Front end by a plurality of pin 13 is supported on the above-mentioned pick bottom face, and (A B) keeps perpendicular attitude in tapered 100 of the binding after the installation.
(A B) utilizes the upper end 15 of connecting reinforcement 14 that top coupling component 40 is interconnected shown in Figure 15 and 16 in tapered 100 of the binding of She Zhiing in length and breadth.Identical with bottom coupling component 30, top coupling component 40 also is made of with the high-strength plastic net means the above-mentioned building that connects aperture plate that is known as.Each flat upper end 15 of going up the connecting reinforcement 14 of face 12 is inserted in the coupling component 40 mesh spaces, top, as required, tie up fixing by wire etc.
Owing to link tapered 100 (A B) self has the stability of self-support, can not use coupling component fully, also can be only on top or the one-sided use coupling component in bottom.
The packing material 50 of composition such as sand and rubble is filled in the inner space of the pick bottom 2 that is surrounded by counter-force supporting wall 20 and is bonded tapered 100 (A, B), in the space outside the occupied space of bottom coupling component 30 or top coupling component 40, make firm by ramming densely fully by mechanical forces such as manpower tamper or excellent vibrators.
As required, at tapered 100 (A of interconnective binding thus, B) foundation structure of group and described packing material 50 incorporate dish structures compositions above certain thickness macadam is set, the base concrete of cast then civil structure thing or building structure.
(A, B) the flat face 12 of going up of tapered of outermost binding contacts with the medial surface of counter-force supporting wall 20 among the group to link tapered 100.
Figure 17~tapered 100 of binding (A) embodiment illustrated in fig. 20, be that tapered 10 of circle series is connected to form 4 and connects the type parts in per 2 of direction in length and breadth, flow in the tapered type frame by normal temperature hardened fluent materials such as cement concretes, be made into integration by the health sclerosis.Figure 18 (b) shows tapered 10 of independent polygon series.
According to the ambient conditionss such as mellowness of ground 1, can divide two sections to lay tapered that forms separately as shown in figure 21, also can divide two sections to lay as shown in figure 22 and link tapered.
And multilayer form tapered 10 o'clock, shown in Figure 20 (b), same pin 13 inserted 2 to 3 housings, the 11 interior lamination sections that can make link, or also the axle pin 13 on upper strata can be entrenched in the hole inner stacks connection of lower floor's housing 11, even each layer is piled up construction, also has same effect.
Be not limited to the form that is provided with on same the vertical line, can adopt the mode of every phase difference of half pitch accumulation form shown in Figure 20 (c) yet.
In the basic foundation constructive method of first aspect present invention as mentioned above, use the bottom of face 12 on flat that forms separately to have housing 11 and have the circular series of a pin 13 or tapered 10 of polygon series in the bottom of housing 11, the target ground is dug the degree of depth of the lower end horizontal plane that is equivalent to a pin 13 for 1 time, because axle pin 13 contacts with pick 2 bottom surfaces 3, bottom, a plurality of tapered 10 is provided with connecting airtight, if flatly the finishing building site is provided with the bottom surface 3 of pick bottom 2, a pin 13 can positively vertically be set, because from extremely flat face 12 upper ends of going up of axle pin 13 lower end horizontal planes, tapered group of the suitable configuration of vertically being set with the central axis of packing material 50 parcel housings 11 is all, load is by tapered 10 groups constraint compression packing materials 50 in the employing, in tapered 10 whole height scope, form tapered 10 and packing material 50 highly integrated dish structures, packing material 50 disperses stress equably in ground in tapered 10 whole height scope, in addition, because packing material 50 and the peripheral ground of axle pin 13 constraints, containment is flowed to the side, therefore increase the holding power of above-mentioned dish structural entity, improve the effect that containment is sunk really.
In the basic foundation constructive method of second aspect present invention, use to connect a plurality of on flat the bottom of face 12 have housing 11 and have the circular series of a pin 13 in the bottom of housing 11 or tapered 100 of tapered 10 binding of being formed of polygon series, the target ground is dug the degree of depth that is equivalent to a pin 13 lower end horizontal planes 1 time, make each pin 13 upright with respect to the bottom surface 3 of pick bottom 2, tapered 100 of a plurality of binding are provided with connecting airtight, if flatly the finishing building site is provided with the bottom surface 3 of pick bottom 2, a pin 13 can positively vertically be set, because from extremely flat face 12 upper ends of going up of each pin 13 lower end horizontal planes, tapered 100 groups of the bindings of the suitable configuration of vertically being set with the central axis of each housing 11 of packing material 50 parcel are all, load is by linking tapered 100 groups constraint compression packing materials 50 in the employing, in linking tapered 100 whole height scope, form tapered 100 of described binding and packing material 50 highly integrated dish structures, in linking tapered 100 whole height scope, packing material 50 disperses stress equably in ground, in addition, because packing material 50 and the peripheral ground of axle pin 13 constraints, containment is flowed to the side, therefore increase the holding power of above-mentioned dish structural entity, improve the effect that containment is sunk really.
When tapered 100 of the binding of large-scale, Heavy Weight and self self-support excellent in stability is set at piece group's outermost, bear the component that stops to the foundation pressure of external diffusion really, can bring into play the effect identical with counter-force supporting wall 20 is set.
In the basic foundation constructive method of third aspect present invention, peripheral part in above-mentioned pick bottom 2, formation has the counter-force supporting wall 20 of the axle pin 13 lower end elevation of waters that are equivalent to tapered 10 at least, owing to fill the inner space of the pick bottom 2 that described counter-force supporting wall 20 surrounded thick and fast by packing materials such as rubble 50, in outermost tapered 10, the component of foundation pressure is by 20 supportings of counter-force supporting wall, owing to contain power really to external diffusion, can realize to greatest extent tapered be difficult to sink performance, obtain higher base stabilization and turn usefulness into.
In the basic foundation constructive method of fourth aspect present invention, the power that tapered 100 of above-mentioned binding self can not be played the subtend external diffusion has the effect of big impedance, peripheral part in above-mentioned pick bottom 2, form the counter-force supporting wall 20 have the axle pin 13 lower end elevation of waters that are equivalent to link tapered 10 at least, owing to fill the inner space of the pick bottom 2 that described counter-force supporting wall 20 surrounded thick and fast by packing materials such as rubble 50, the component of the foundation pressure in tapered 100 of outermost binding is by these counter-force supporting wall 20 supportings, owing to further contain flowing to the side, can more positively realize linking tapered 100 and suppress the sinking effect, obtain higher base stabilization and turn usefulness into.
In the basic foundation constructive method aspect the present invention the 5th and the 6th, interconnect the extension in the layer of packing material 50 of each coupling component of tapered 10 owing to make, packing material 50 is tangled with this coupling component to be combined, promote tapered 10 and packing material 50 integrated, can obtain further base stabilization and turn usefulness into.
In the basic foundation constructive method of the present invention the 7th and eight aspect, interconnect the extension in the layer of packing material 50 of each coupling component that links tapered 100 owing to make, packing material 50 is tangled with this coupling component to be combined, promote that tapered 100 of binding and packing material 50 are integrated, can obtain further base stabilization and turn usefulness into.
In the basic foundation constructive method aspect the present invention the 9th~12, use highstrenghtpiston's net means as above-mentioned coupling component owing to use building, the coupling component that is made of this thin element also not only links independent tapered 10 mutually or links tapered 100, packing materials such as rubble 50 enter the mesh opening part of described thin element, and combine with mesh edge hook, this thin element is clamped between the packing material 50, produces very big friction impedance between net means and the packing material.This thin element is caught and then constraint packing material 50, and the combination between packing material 50 and the coupling component strengthens significantly.
In the basic foundation constructive method aspect the present invention the 13 and the 14, fractional layer is laid above-mentioned tapered 10 or link tapered 100, the following pick of ground 1 is until undermost tapered 10 or link tapered 100 axle underfooting end horizontal plane, because packing materials such as rubble 50 are filled to this degree of depth, even in quite soft ground, also can obtain fully necessary base stabilizationization.
Figure 23 and embodiment illustrated in fig. 25 be the representational change embodiment that comprises each invention that the present invention the 15, the 16, the 17, the 18, the 19 aspect put down in writing.Inscape or component parts that symbol among the figure is identical with the symbol of above-mentioned explanation can be obtained effect same as described above.
In change embodiment 1, illustrated construction area is a square, lays 3 row for each tapered 10, and from the plane, the position of each pin 13 is configured to lattice-shaped, and tapered 10 is laid 3 layers.On tapered 10 laying work area S2, as required, form the cast-in-place concrete layer.
In change embodiment 1, be suitable for common wood and make dwelling house, tapered 10 position is corresponding to the position that should support the footing basis.
Above-mentioned coupling component 30 is laid in the upper end horizontal plane of each axle pin 13 of tapered 10, and each axle pin 13 of tapered 10 connects the mesh or the lattice-shaped opening of described coupling component 30.
The axle pin 13 that coupling component 30 and each are tapered 10 and insert with described axle pin combines, by by packing material 50 cramping supports and by backfill 52 cramping supports, skew can not appear in the horizontal direction, form that can long term maintenance support area S1, can not cause that holding power goes down, and uneven sinking can not occur.
The width of described support area S1 is preferably 2 times the amplitude that described tapered laying work area S2 both sides are equivalent to the diameter of described tapered last face 12 or are equivalent to described diameter, but is not limited to this numerical value.
The horizontal plane that is provided with as coupling component 30, if consider the construction easiness, the horizontal plane that is laid on the end face 12 of tapered 10 of each layer is fit to, in addition, in order to promote tapered 10 and coupling component 30 integrally combining, coupling component 30 is combined with the reverse U shape reinforcing bar of giving prominence to than last face 12 15.
Change embodiment 2 shown in Figure 24 is different with change embodiment 1, and all laying forms all are polygon-shaped annular assortments.Have 3 region S of not laying tapered, others are as broad as long with change embodiment 1.
Shown change embodiment 3 at Figure 26, it comprises the present invention the 16~the 23 aspect and invention that the present invention the 26~the 33 aspect is put down in writing.Identical symbolic representation and the identical structure division of change embodiment 1 realize identical effect.The parts different with change embodiment 1 are the distance members 122 that are provided with along inside and outside the facade of support area S1.
In illustrated change embodiment 3, in support area S1 side connection aperture plate 30a (with reference to Figure 28 (a)) is set, pass through the tiny synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric 30b of overlapping mesh in the outside that connects aperture plate 30a, form described distance member 122, connect on the one hand the flowing of packing material 50 that aperture plate 30a stops support area S1, keep filling morphology originally, on the other hand, synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric 30b stops from the intrusion of the native sand of the outside of support area S1.In the inboard of support area S1 with there is not the intersection of the region S of laying tapered, distance member 122 independently is set at each layer of each coupling component 30.
Distance member 122 is not limited to above-mentioned material, even molding synthetic resin plates such as rustless metal plate, cement concrete slab, FRP etc. also can be realized the present invention.Key be implemented in the native sand of the packing material 50 of intersection both sides and ground G or action effect that backfill 52 does not move just passable, also can not support the weighing load of himself vertical direction.In addition, in change embodiment 3, at support area S with do not lay on the tapered whole regional bottom surface of region S, coagulated materials such as lime are mixed with foundation soil make the formation waterproofing course firm by ramming.
In change embodiment 3, on the effect and effect of change embodiment 1, the tapered 10 groups combinations with packing material 50 utilize the synergy of distance member 122 and coupling component 30 to stop moving of horizontal direction really, even the construction ground is soft ground, because with waterproofing course 131 protection ground basal part G0, water can not immerse support area S1 and not lay tapered region S, in addition, periphery soil and backfill 52 are not invaded support area S1, periphery at support area S1, do not produce the gap, further strengthened ground.
Shown change embodiment 4 in Figure 27, in the change embodiment 4 of the invention of putting down in writing in comprising the present invention's the tenth eight aspect, the constituent that identical symbolic representation is identical plays a part identical and effect.Difference is that undermost tapered 10 bottomland that covers the region S of not laying tapered laid.Between described undermost tapered 10, packing material 50 is filled.
In change embodiment 4, the ground basal part G0 of the inside part of support area S1 is reinforced, and the form of support area S1 keeps effect more strong.
In addition, in each embodiment, tapered 10 form is not limited to haplotype block shown in Figure 2, and also can be the horizontal direction shown in Fig. 5~11 connects type piece 100A, 100B with what several pieces were shaped with linking into an integrated entity more.Tapered 10 shape is not limited to cone shape, also can be the pyramidal shape shown in Figure 18 a, the 18b.
(experimental example)
The situation of tapered 10 of one deck be will on the base area of 120 square metres building, lay comprehensively and only lay and only experiment, limit measured value such as the table 1 of this moment compared in the same amplitude of peripheral part ground laying condition (change embodiment 1) with circumferential profile around building
Table 1
Measured value (kN/m 2) Tapered number
Prior art non-processor basis ????87.10 ????0
Leading technology is laid comprehensively ????120.15 ????289
The present invention's periphery is laid ????120.07 ????121
Lay in the basis in periphery of the present invention, tapered laying number also is not limited to fewer than half, compares with the leading technology of comprehensive laying, and holding power does not have significant difference.
In the building infrastructure of the invention described above, tapered 10 combination that is listed as group and packing material 50 is continuous circlewise, building upload the load being loaded into form as one the dish structure above-mentioned combination on, owing to disperseed and transmission by most tapered 10 last face 12, in the scope of not serious influence as the holding power of basic foundation, can cut down tapered use amount significantly, not only save the material expense, can also reduce to the freight at scene and operating cost at the scene, reduction of erection time, whole cost can be saved in each stage.
In addition, in the foundation structure of building foundation of the present invention, laying by periphery on the basic above-mentioned effect that causes, tapered 10 combination that is listed as group and packing material 50 is provided with continuously by ring-type, because of running through the coupling component 30 of the region S expansion of not laying tapered, because there is the relation of traction mutually in the component part relative with above-mentioned combination, even in component part by above-mentioned combination, do not topple over laterally for tapered 10 from laying tapered region S 2 yet, while is by the traction tension stress of coupling component 30, skew does not appear in packing material 50 position in the horizontal direction, guarantee tapered 10 regular perpendicular attitude owing to utilize the endurance of mutual frictional force and construction soil wall, each tapered 10 is applied in when load at initial stage, after stable uneven sinking can not appear, even the construction ground is soft, also can keep big holding power for a long time.
Though general tapered by the cement concrete manufacturing, also can make by other materials such as resin concretes.The inside of piece can be provided with auxilliary strong parts such as reinforcing bar according to demand.
Figure 23 and 29 has shown change embodiment 5.Change embodiment 5 comprises each invention that the present invention the 50,53 and 57 is put down in writing.In the drawings, same structure key element that the symbol of above having stated is represented or structure member performance effect and effect same as above.
In this embodiment, to be that construction is region-wide be square to illustrated situation, and each tapered 10 is divided 3 row to lay, and looks from the plane, and the position of each pin 13 is configured to lattice-shaped, laid by individual layer for tapered 10.Formation cast-in-place concrete layer 116 on the region S 2 of tapered of laying.
The perforation building just connects the mesh-shape or the lattice-shaped opening of the coupling component 30 of aperture plate composition with highstrenghtpiston's net means and even grill member on the upper end horizontal plane of each axle pin 13 of tapered 10.
Coupling component 30, by combining with each axle pin 13 insertions of tapered 10 and supporting caused cramping support by the cramping of packing material 50, can prevent position skew in the horizontal direction, keep the initial configuration of support area S1, not cause that holding power descends.
The width of described support area S1 is preferably 2 times the amplitude that described tapered laying work area S2 both sides are equivalent to the diameter of described tapered last face 12 or are equivalent to described diameter, but is not limited to this numerical value.
The horizontal plane that is provided with as coupling component 30, if consider the construction easiness, the horizontal plane that is laid on tapered 10 end face 12 is fit to, in addition, in order to promote tapered 10 and coupling component 30 integrally combining, coupling component 30 is combined with the reverse U shape reinforcing bar of giving prominence to than last face 12 15.
Figure 24 has shown change embodiment 6, and they are different with change embodiment 5, and laying form as a whole is the L font.Side forms 3 polygonal region S of not laying tapered within it, and others are as broad as long with change embodiment 5.
Figure 30 has shown change embodiment 7.It comprises each invention that the present invention the 50,51,52,53 and 57 aspects are put down in writing.With the identical identical structure member of symbolic representation of change embodiment 5, bring into play identical effect and effect.With change embodiment 5 differences be provided as along outside in the S1 of support area distance member by being connected coupling component 30 and the synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric aperture plate 30b that aperture plate constitutes.
By the packing material 50 and peripheral soil G1 and backfill 52 blockings of described distance member with support area S1, tapered 10 combination that is listed as group and packing material 50 keeps firmer form as a body disc structure, brings into play holding power effectively.
To connect aperture plate 30a and be arranged on support area S1 side, because it is overlapping at the synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric 30b that its outside is tiny with mesh, connecting aperture plate 30a on the one hand stops packing material 50 to flow, on the other hand, synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric 30b stops soil or gravel to be invaded outside the S1 of support area.
In change embodiment 7, at support area S1 with do not lay on whole bottom surfaces, whole zone of region S of tapered, scatter solidification materials such as lime, form waterproofing course 131.
In change embodiment 7, on the effect and effect of change embodiment 5, the combination of tapered 10 groups and packing material stops moving of horizontal direction really by the synergy of above-mentioned distance member and coupling component 30, even construction ground G is a soft foundation, because with waterproofing course 131 protection foundation bottom G0, water can not immerse support area S1 and not lay tapered region S, and peripheral soil and backfill 52 are not invaded support area S1, around the S1 of support area, do not produce the gap, form firmer ground.
Figure 31 has shown change embodiment 8.It comprises each invention that the present invention the 50,51,52,53 and 57 is put down in writing.With the identical identical structure member of symbolic representation of change embodiment 5, bring into play identical effect and effect.With change embodiment 5 differences be provided as along outside in the S1 of support area distance member by being connected the coupling component 30 that aperture plate is formed.
Figure 32 has shown change embodiment 9.It comprises the invention that the present invention the 50~the 59 aspect is put down in writing.With the identical identical structure member of symbolic representation of change embodiment 5, bring into play identical effect and effect.With change embodiment 5 differences is that 1 or 2 unsteady wheel bodys 114 are embedded in tapered 10 the axle pin 13.This unsteady wheel body 114 is made of the foamed plastic of separated foam type.
In each change embodiment, tapered 10 form is not limited to haplotype shown in Figure 2, and what also can be Fig. 6 and along continuous straight runs shown in Figure 12 with a plurality of progressive formings integratedly connects tapered 100A of type and 100B more.Tapered 10 shape is not limited to cone shape, also can be pyramidal shape shown in Figure 180.
And, form several layers tapered 10 o'clock, shown in Figure 20 (b), also can same axle pin 13 inserts 2 and to the hole of 3 housings 111, form stacked connection, or the axle pin on upper strata is fitted to the stacked connection of formation in the hole of housing of lower floor.
With in tapered 10 stacked several layers form, the axle pin 13 of levels might not be limited to and is arranged on same the vertical line, shown in Figure 20 (c), and also phase difference of half pitch each other.

Claims (59)

1. the constructive method of a basic foundation, use the bottom of face (12) has housing (11) and has the circular series or the polygon series of a pin (13) in the bottom of housing (11) on flat tapered (10) that form separately, the degree of depth of axle pin (13) the lower end horizontal plane that is equivalent to tapered (10) will be dug under the target ground (1), it is characterized in that, make a pin (13) upright with respect to the bottom surface (3) of pick bottom (2), a plurality of tapered (10) are provided with mutually with connecting airtight, merge and lay tapered (10), or after laying tapered (10), packing materials such as rubble (50) are filled in the inner space of above-mentioned pick bottom (2), form the dish structure of tapered (10) and described packing material (50) formation one from the lower end horizontal plane of axle pin (13) to the flat upper end horizontal plane of going up face (12).
2. the constructive method of a basic foundation, use to connect a plurality of on flat the bottom of face (12) have housing (11) and have the circular series of a pin (13) in the bottom of housing (11) or tapered of binding (100) that tapered a plurality of units of polygon series link, the degree of depth of axle pin (13) the lower end horizontal plane that is equivalent to link tapered (100) will be dug under the target ground (1), it is characterized in that, make each pin (13) upright with respect to the bottom surface (3) of pick bottom (2), a plurality of bindings tapered (100) are provided with mutually with connecting airtight, merge to lay and link tapered (100), or after lay linking tapered (10), packing materials such as rubble (50) are filled in the inner space of above-mentioned pick bottom (2), form the dish structure of tapered (100) of described binding and described packing material (50) formation one from the lower end horizontal plane of axle pin (13) to the flat upper end horizontal plane of going up face (12).
3. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: peripheral part in above-mentioned pick bottom (2), formation has the counter-force supporting wall (20) of axle pin (13) the lower end elevation of water that is equivalent to tapered (10) at least, in the inner space of the pick bottom (2) that described counter-force supporting wall 20 is surrounded, fill by packing materials such as rubble (50).
4. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 2, it is characterized in that: peripheral part in above-mentioned pick bottom (2), form the counter-force supporting wall (20) have each pin (13) lower end elevation of water that is equivalent to link tapered (100) at least, in the inner space of the pick bottom (2) that described counter-force supporting wall (20) is surrounded, fill by packing materials such as rubble (50).
5. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the coupling component that interconnects each tapered (10) is extended in the layer of packing material (50), packing material (50) is tangled with this coupling component combine, promote that tapered (10) and packing material (50) are integrated.
6. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 3, it is characterized in that: the coupling component that interconnects each tapered (10) is extended in the layer of packing material (50), packing material (50) is tangled with this coupling component combine, promote that tapered (10) and packing material (50) are integrated.
7. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 2, it is characterized in that: make to interconnect the extension in the layer of packing material (50) of each coupling component that links tapered (100), packing material (50) is tangled with this coupling component combine, it is integrated promote to link tapered (100) and packing material (50).
8. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 4, it is characterized in that: make to interconnect the extension in the layer of packing material (50) of each coupling component that links tapered (100), packing material (50) is tangled with this coupling component combine, it is integrated promote to link tapered (100) and packing material (50).
9. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 5, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned coupling component is made of with highstrenghtpiston's net means building.
10. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 6, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned coupling component is made of with highstrenghtpiston's net means building.
11. according to the described basic foundation manufacture method of claim 7, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned coupling component is made of with highstrenghtpiston's net means building.
12. described according to Claim 8 basic foundation manufacture method is characterized in that: above-mentioned coupling component is made of with highstrenghtpiston's net means building.
13. according to any one described basic foundation manufacture method in the claim 1,3,5,6,9 or 10, it is characterized in that: when dividing several layers of laying above-mentioned tapered (10) up and down, following pick is to the axle underfooting end degree of depth of undermost tapered (10), merge and lay tapered (10), or laying tapered (10) afterwards, packing material (50) is filled in the inner space of pick bottom (2).
14. according to any one described basic foundation manufacture method in the claim 2,4,7,9,11 or 12, it is characterized in that: when dividing up and down several layers to lay above-mentioned binding tapered (100), following pick to axle pin (13) the lower end degree of depth of undermost binding tapered (100) is ended, merge to lay and link tapered (100), or laying binding tapered (100) afterwards, packing material (50) is filled in the inner space of pick bottom (2).
15. building infrastructure, imitate the peripheral profile of target building, make a plurality of tapered (10) divide individual layer or several layers to be in contact with one another or in conjunction with and relatively ground erectly lay, with the both sides that packing materials such as rubble or gravel (50) are filled between each tapered (10) and tapered (10) lay row, form the continuous support area of ring-type (S1) as a whole, run through above-mentioned support area (S1) on the along continuous straight runs buries underground by being connected aperture plate and strengthening the coupling component (30) that synthetic resin fiber bonded fabric aperture plate etc. is formed with the tapered zone of not laying that is surrounded by support area (S1) (S), in support area (S1), in axle pin (13) the insertion coupling component (30) with tapered (10).
16. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 15, it is characterized in that: in above-mentioned support area (S1), tapered (10) lay 3 row at least.
17. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 15, it is characterized in that: in above-mentioned support area (S1), tapered (10) lay 3 layers at least.
18. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 16, it is characterized in that: in above-mentioned support area (S1), tapered (10) lay 3 layers at least.
19. according to any one described building infrastructure in the claim 15~18, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned involve parts (25) from the support area (S1) continuous to the zone (S) of not laying tapered, in support area (S1), be filled material (50) cramping support, in not laying tapered zone (S), by backfill (52) cramping support.
20. according to any one described building infrastructure in the claim 15~18, it is characterized in that: the distance member (122) that interdicts described packing material (50) and peripheral soil is arranged on vertically along the interior outside of above-mentioned support area (S1).
21. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 19, it is characterized in that: the distance member (122) that interdicts described packing material (50) and peripheral soil is arranged on vertically along the interior outside of above-mentioned support area (S1).
22. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 20, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned distance member (122) is by a kind of composition the in rustless metal plate, concrete slab, synthetic resin board, connection aperture plate, the synthetic resin system bonded fabric.
23. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 21, it is characterized in that: above-mentioned distance member (122) is by a kind of composition the in rustless metal plate, concrete slab, synthetic resin board, connection aperture plate, the synthetic resin system bonded fabric.
24. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 22, it is characterized in that: orlop tapered (10) is routed to the whole zone, bottom in the zone (S) of not laying tapered always, fills between tapered (10) group of this orlop with packing material (50).
25. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 23, it is characterized in that: orlop tapered (10) is routed to the whole zone, bottom in the zone (S) of not laying tapered, fills between tapered (10) group of this orlop with packing material (50).
26. according to any one described building infrastructure in the claim 15~18, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
27. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 19, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
28. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 20, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
29. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 21, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
30. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 22, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
31. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 23, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
32. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 24, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
33. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 25, it is characterized in that: in relating to above-mentioned support area (S1) and not laying the tapered whole zone of bottom surface horizontal plane in zone (S), solidification material or cement paste etc. are sneaked in the described foundation soil, form waterproofing course (131).
34. according to any one described building infrastructure in the claim 15~18, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
35. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 19, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
36. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 20, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
37. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 21, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
38. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 22, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
39. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 23, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
40. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 24, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
41. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 25, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
42. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 26, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
43. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 27, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
44. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 28, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
45. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 29, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
46. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 30, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
47. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 31, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
48. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 32, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
49. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 33, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100a) more.
50. building infrastructure, imitate the peripheral profile of target building, it is characterized in that, make a plurality of tapered (10) divide individual layer or several layers to be in contact with one another or in conjunction with and erectly lay with respect to construction ground (G), fill between each tapered (10) with packing materials such as rubble or gravel (50), form the continuous support area of ring-type (S1) as a whole and do not laid tapered zone (S) by what this support area (S1) surrounded, prevention in end certain tapered (10) to the inside and outside both sides adjacency of the counter-force supporting wall (20) that tilts from tapered row center departure direction or collapse with this support area (S1), extremely the lower end horizontal plane degree of depth of the axle pin (13) of tapered (10) is formed by packing material (50), the face opposite with tapered (10) opposite face of interior lateral reaction supporting wall (20) do not laid backfill (52) crimping in tapered zone (S), and the face opposite with tapered (10) opposite face of outer lateral reaction supporting wall (20) is by surrounding soil (G1) crimping.
51. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 50, it is characterized in that: in above-mentioned support area (S1), coupling component (30) along continuous straight runs that connects aperture plate is laid in the axle pin (13) of tapered (10) and the last face (12) in the horizontal plane of at least one, tapered (10) group interconnected by traction coupling component (30), and coupling component (30) is by packing material (50) cramping support.
52. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 50, it is characterized in that: at above-mentioned support area (S1) with do not lay in the bottom surface horizontal plane Zone Full in tapered zone (S), form waterproofing course (131) by solidification material or cement paste etc. and the mixing with soil impregnation of ground basal part (GO) are formed.
53. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 51, it is characterized in that: at above-mentioned support area (S1) with do not lay in the bottom surface horizontal plane Zone Full in tapered zone (S), form waterproofing course (131) by solidification material or cement paste etc. and the mixing with soil impregnation of ground basal part (G0) are formed.
54. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 50, it is characterized in that: will float wheel body (114) individual layer or several layers of ground are entrenched in the axle pin (13) of tapered (10), with the unsteady wheel body (114) of packing material (50) parcel.
55. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 52, it is characterized in that: will float wheel body (114) individual layer or several layers of ground are entrenched in the axle pin (13) of tapered (10), with the unsteady wheel body (114) of packing material (50) parcel.
56. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 53, it is characterized in that: will float wheel body (114) individual layer or several layers of ground are entrenched in the axle pin (13) of tapered (10), with the unsteady wheel body (114) of packing material (50) parcel.
57. according to any one described building infrastructure in the claim 50~56, it is characterized in that: tapered (100) group is laid to 3 row at least.
58. according to any one described building infrastructure in the claim 50~56, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100) more.
59. according to the described building infrastructure of claim 58, it is characterized in that: that uses that along continuous straight runs connects that 3 to 6 tapered (10) formed connects tapered of type (100) more.
CN 200410031026 2003-04-07 2004-04-07 Base foundation construction method and building infrastructure Active CN1256484C (en)

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JP2003102385 2003-04-07
JP2003102385 2003-04-07
JP2003133740A JP2004360176A (en) 2003-04-07 2003-05-12 Foundation ground creating method
JP2003133740 2003-05-12
JP2003147049 2003-05-26
JP2003147049A JP3737088B2 (en) 2003-05-26 2003-05-26 Building foundation structure
JP2003393693A JP3729415B2 (en) 2003-05-26 2003-11-25 Construction foundation structure
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CN103790172A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-14 北京工业大学 Novel post-earthquake self-returning concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation
CN103946456A (en) * 2011-11-15 2014-07-23 埃塞株式会社 Method for constructing matrix foundation using hollow blocks
CN104532822A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 北京支盘地工科技开发中心 Dynamic construction method for structure for improving foundation bearing capacity
CN103946456B (en) * 2011-11-15 2016-11-30 埃塞株式会社 Utilize the waffle footing construction method of hollow block
CN106758893A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 中交第公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Corrugated steel pipe foundation structure

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WO2015045024A1 (en) * 2013-09-25 2015-04-02 Tc~TchTc¡Tc¯W«ØY~lXµmXz¶WiØWµ¡V¯±U¯ªXu´ Construction and landfill method for soft foundation and foundation with liquefaction potential, and structural body bag

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103946456A (en) * 2011-11-15 2014-07-23 埃塞株式会社 Method for constructing matrix foundation using hollow blocks
CN103946456B (en) * 2011-11-15 2016-11-30 埃塞株式会社 Utilize the waffle footing construction method of hollow block
CN103790172A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-05-14 北京工业大学 Novel post-earthquake self-returning concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation
CN103790172B (en) * 2014-02-24 2015-11-18 北京工业大学 Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation after shake
CN104532822A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-22 北京支盘地工科技开发中心 Dynamic construction method for structure for improving foundation bearing capacity
CN104532822B (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-24 北京支盘地工科技开发中心 The Dynamic Construction method of the structure that a kind of foundation bearing capacity improves
CN106758893A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 中交第公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Corrugated steel pipe foundation structure

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