CN1535921A - Solar thermosiphon circulating immersion pipe type multieffective evaporation desalination equipment - Google Patents

Solar thermosiphon circulating immersion pipe type multieffective evaporation desalination equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1535921A
CN1535921A CNA031099599A CN03109959A CN1535921A CN 1535921 A CN1535921 A CN 1535921A CN A031099599 A CNA031099599 A CN A031099599A CN 03109959 A CN03109959 A CN 03109959A CN 1535921 A CN1535921 A CN 1535921A
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China
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water
pipe
heat
valve
tube
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CNA031099599A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100411999C (en
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徐宝安
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徐宝安
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination using renewable energy
    • Y02A20/142Solar thermal; Photovoltaics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The present invention relates to a solar thermosiphon circulation submerged-tube multieffect evaporation desalination equipment. Said equipment is formed from solar heat collector, multieffect evaporator, thermosyphon, heat recovery device, electrostatic antiscaling device, saline water tank, fresh water tank, saline water cooling condenser, saline water cooling condenser thermosphon, pump, valve, pipeline and heat-insulating material. Said invention also provides the connection method of all the above-mentioned components and action of every component, and the method for high-effectively extracting fresh water.

Description

A kind of sun power thermosyphon circulation submergence tubular type multiple-effect evaporation desalting plant
The present invention relates to a kind of sun power thermosyphon circulation submergence tubular type multiple-effect evaporation desalting plant, the desalination that is used for salt water is handled.
At present, the known salt water desalting technology that utilizes sun power as thermal source, mostly be by the pump circulation, realize by evaporation or flash distillation, but because its equipment scaling is serious, be difficult to long-term trouble free reliability service, by adding modes such as acid water is carried out pre-treatment mostly, therefore, the cost height, dangerous, comparatively serious to the corrosion of equipment.Because of its circulation needs water pump, big energy-consuming, the restriction of solar energy heating aspect in addition makes it be difficult to realize the scale operation of fresh water.Limit the application of sun power aspect desalination greatly, more be not suitable for the island and use, be difficult to extensively carry out popularization.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of sun power thermosyphon circulation submergence tubular type multiple-effect evaporation desalting plant, the invention provides a kind of well heater non-scaling, self-circulation, multiple-effect evaporation, the efficient height, safe and reliable, power consumption is few, the level of automation height, the new type solar energy saline water desalination equipment that expense is low is to realize sun power High-efficient Production fresh water on the island that lacks the energy.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: sun power thermosyphon circulation submergence tubular type multiple-effect evaporation desalting plant comprises compositions such as solar energy collector, multiple-effect evaporator, salt water cooler condenser, heat exchanger, fresh water pump well, salt water case, fresh-water tank, pump, valve, pipeline, lagging material.
Solar energy collector is to import and export the pipeline formation solar energy collector that is connected with heat collector up and down by being provided with fluid; Heat collector can be vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe or vacuous solar energy thermal-arrest heat pipe, heat collector all connects static good antiscale property device makes its good antiscale property, wherein static is that negative pole by direct supply is connected with the conduction thermal conductor, interval electrical isolation heat-transfer surface between negative pole and the positive pole, dc power anode connects fluid and the earth, constitutes the charging circuit that direct supply, conductor, isolator and conductive fluid are formed.The heat transfer electric conductor of heat collecting element all is electrically connected by the insulation conductance line parallel with the negative pole of direct supply.Interval electrical isolation heat-transfer surface between negative pole and the positive pole, dc power anode is connected with the earth with fluid, constitutes the charging circuit that conductor, isolator and conductive fluid are formed.Power cathode connects the heat transfer electric conductor, just make it electronegative, just produce corresponding positive charge in the induction of salt water side by the electrical isolation thermal conductor, positive charge is positively charged ions such as hydrogen, calcium, magnesium in water, and the tart power of hydrionic number decision water, because the hydrogen ion charge-to-mass ratio is big, just enrichment in pressing close to the water layer of surface layer of glass, form the high acid water layer of hydrogen ion content, can prevent effectively that just fouling composition lime carbonate and magnesium hydroxide deposit in generation on glass in the sealing.For example solar energy collector passes to the release end of heat of heat by heat pipe in the ducted insulation heat exchange cover of cycle heat exchange, the heat exchange cover can be material manufacturings such as glass, pottery, heat pipe is the metal manufacturing, the high voltage direct current negative pole will be inserted on the outer wall of heat pipe, make heat pipe electronegative, will induce positive charge in the outside of Glass tubing so, it is acid that the positive charge hydrogen ion shows, and so just prevented the generations of incrustation scale on glass heat release pipe such as calcium, magnesium.Solar energy collector is placed in the fluid line with constant slope or vertically installation, and the insulate heat switch that is used for heating fluid is the pressure-bearing heat exchanging piece, and solar energy collector institute heat-collecting capacity can directly or indirectly conduct to fluid; The static good antiscale property vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe that passes through as fluid is equipped with antifreeze water conservancy diversion elastomerics with vertical installation in the pipe, single thermal-collecting tube is a heat collecting element, and many heat collecting elements compose in parallel heat collector; Or the bilateral ripple static good antiscale property vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe that fluid passes through is with vertical installation, antifreeze water conservancy diversion elastomerics is installed in the pipe, only or how by all means single series connection becomes heat collecting element, and many heat collecting elements compose in parallel heat collector, form the heat collector matrix by the pipeline series-parallel connection between the heat collector; The water-in of heat collector matrix is located at its bottom, and water outlet is located at its top; Intake-outlet equipressure loss is installed or is waited the flow path diagonal angle to install, and its rising pipe is located at the top of heat collector matrix, presses certain angle of inclination and is connected with vaporizer; On the connecting tube between heat collector and the heat collector valve can be installed; Or static good antiscale property vacuous solar energy thermal-arrest heat pipe is to the conduction of the fluid in managing heat release, its release end of heat can vertically be installed last, also can in conducting tube, laterally install by release end of heat, single by all means as heat collecting element, many heat collecting elements compose in parallel heat collector, form the heat collector matrix by the conducting tube series-parallel connection between the heat collector, and the connecting tube between heat collector and the heat collector can be equipped with valve, the water-in of heat collector matrix is located at its bottom, and water outlet is located at its top; Intake-outlet equipressure loss is installed or is waited the flow path diagonal angle to install, and its rising pipe is located at the top of heat collector matrix, presses certain angle of inclination and is connected with vaporizer; The incondensable gas automatic exhaust device is installed on heat collector top or the return water pipe.The incondensable gas automatic exhaust device is the cavity device that is installed in heat collector or outlet conduit top, the vapor cock that the control of water float is arranged in the cavity device, the water float has spacing cavity volume to control its direction of motion, spacing cavity volume open top, the bottom is porose, be fixed in the chamber receptacle, venting port is on the top of chamber receptacle, venting port has trim corresponding with the trim on the water float, water-in is positioned at the bottom of chamber receptacle, and the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device has the web member with heat collector or pipe connection.Solar energy collector bottom water inlet pipe mouth is connected by utilidor with the first evaporator bottom effluent pipe mouth of multiple-effect evaporator, the thermosiphon bottom backwater mouth of pipe in the first evaporator of heat collector top effluent pipe mouth and multiple-effect evaporator is connected by utilidor, and rising pipe is equipped with the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device.Automatic exhaust device is after water is heated, the solubleness of incondensable gas in water diminishes, along with the current rising of being heated, the pressure of water diminishes, gas just overflows, and exists with the form of bubble, and the upper epidermis that is pasting pipeline flows, when entering the pipe connecting of automatic vent collection chamber, gas is along the pipe connecting rising and overflow the water surface in collection chamber, and along with the accumulation of non-condensable gases, water level makes water level descend under the pressure effect of gas, the former water float that is immersed in the water is exposed gradually, suffered buoyancy reduces gradually, and after the underwater dropped to a certain degree, the weight of float self fell float, sealed valve is opened, the gas that is higher than ambient pressure is discharged rapidly under the effect of hydraulic pressure, and water level also rises rapidly thereupon, after arriving certain altitude, water overflows in the guiding cavity volume of float, and the water level of guiding cavity volume is risen rapidly, and the water float is floated, close vent valve, finish a release.Can be provided with the sealing fastening between each heat collecting element and heat collecting element or heat collecting element and the pipeline that is connected, can be provided with the self closing valve of hydraulic pressure effect at its interface, valve can stop up its pore that can rapidly the heat collector breakage be leaked sealing by current and the elasticity homing device of self.The self closing valve can be the ripple springy pipeline joint, trim is arranged above it, the corresponding surface of trim is static valve face, be fixed on the tube stub and sylphon seal face in conjunction with constituting valve, when bellows joint is compressed, valve is opened condition, is closing condition during the bellows joint elongation, and vacuum heat collection pipe is installed in the bellows joint, have the sealing elastic ring to place between vacuum heat collection pipe and the bellows joint corresponding surface, the valve stationary seal face places in the vacuum heat collection pipe tube chamber; Or there is the planar sealing cover of boss to place the side of thermal-collecting tube, trim is parallel to water (flow) direction to be settled, the movable axis place that its lid is connected with fixed face is equipped with is convenient to the spring that the convex surface sealing cover is closed, the edge of sealing cover is a sealing material, can under the effect of hydraulic pressure, close, cause whole apparatus system paralysis to prevent heat collector generation breakage failure with the mouth of pipe face seal that thermal-collecting tube is installed.The static good antiscale property vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe that fluid passes through is with vertical installation, antifreeze water conservancy diversion elastomerics is installed in the pipe, to realize the anti-bursting by freezing and the water conservancy diversion of vacuum heat collection pipe, reduce the capacity of Guan Zhongshui, so that the stress of pipe reduces, prevent the cold and hot water mixed flow, simultaneously, the flow velocity that improves water is with the heat exchange efficiency that increases water and tube wall and prevent that composition such as incrustation scale from depositing in vacuum heat collecting device.Form the heat collector matrix by the pipeline series-parallel connection between the heat collector.On the connecting tube between heat collector and the heat collector valve is installed, to make things convenient for the easy access that is connected and installed of heat collector.Static good antiscale property vacuous solar energy thermal-arrest heat pipe is to the conduction of the fluid in managing heat release, and its release end of heat can vertically be installed last, also can release end of heat in the conduction water pipe, laterally install.Connect a lot of heat pipes on the heat exchange pipeline, enough height have been arranged.Water enters the riser waterborne in the thermosiphon of first evaporator, rises to arrive the mouth of pipe, because the water temperature height of heated side, therefore the density of water is little, and under the situation of equipressure, the hot water side water level is higher than cold water side, contain a large amount of bubbles in the water in addition, make the density of water of hot water side lighter, water just overflows the mouth of pipe like this, passes through water spraying tray, the trickle exhaust, water-mass density after the exhaust increases, and flows down from thermosiphon water downtake, enters heat collector bottom water-in again and constitutes thermal cycling.
Multiple-effect evaporator is vertically settled for independently, and interconnected by pipeline, valve, a plurality of tube chambers of outer wall insulation constitute.Scum dredger is arranged at first evaporator top, with the foam filtering that produces in the water heating evaporation process, so that steam is discharged in steam discharge pipe.New its water outlet of water make-up pipe in automatic valve control ground is immersed in below the water surface.First evaporator is provided with automatic one control air valve, to make things convenient for system water supplement.The upflow tube that self-acting valve control is arranged in the collection chamber of first evaporator top, the by-pass valve control of salt water upflow tube is opened automatically when water level reach a certain height, the salt water overflow is discharged, and when preventing that automatic water compensating valve from damaging, salt water overflows to vapor pipe internal contamination fresh-water system.The concentrated water drainage water pipe of first evaporator bottom is connected with salt water moisturizing heat exchanger, salt water is discharged from the first evaporator bottom, enter the salt water feedwater heat exchanger, the concentrated water drainage water pipe flows out and the interior supply salt water heat exchange of salt water moisturizing heat exchanger, the salt water moisturizing of heating first evaporator, dense water self temperature reduces, and mends by pipeline in the second stage vaporizer of float(ing)valve control moisturizing, as the moisturizing of second stage vaporizer.The steam discharge pipe of the steam chest at first evaporator top connects the heat exchanger steam inlet pipe of vaporizer bottom, the second stage, the salt water that is heated by heat collector in the first evaporator rises to thermosiphon top steam bleeding by thermosiphon, steam enters steam chest, enters the interchanger steam inlet pipe of second stage vaporizer by steam discharge pipe.Install used geothermal heat exchanger and be static good antiscale property heat exchanger, static good antiscale property heat exchanger comprises steam heating feed feeder, salt water cooler condenser, feedwater heating apparatus, evaporation heat-exchanger etc.; The steam heating feed feeder is made up of the heat exchanger and the luminal structure of logical salt water; The salt water cooler condenser is tubular type or pipe tubular type or tube-sheet type or tube and shell heat exchanger, tubular heat exchanger can be helix tube type, the pipe tubular heat exchanger can be tube and tube and connects and composes, tube-sheet heat exchanger can be pipe and heat exchanger plates connects and composes, tube and shell heat exchanger can be housing, tube sheet, tube bundle and connects and composes, on the interchanger radiating fin can be arranged, be heated air in the interchanger, and interchanger is outer for being heated fluid; In the heat transfer tube or be the steam heating medium in the heat exchanger plates; Feedwater heating apparatus is shell structure interchanger or tubular sheet heat exchanger or pipe tube heat-exchanger, and the inside and outside or tube sheet both sides of pipe can cold and hot each other medium, and heating fluid can be more than one; Heat exchanger is tubular type or pipe tubular type or tube-sheet type or tube and shell heat exchanger, and tubular heat exchanger can be helix tube type, and the pipe tube heat-exchanger can be tube and tube and connects and composes, and tube-sheet heat exchanger can be pipe and heat exchanger plates connects and composes; The static of static good antiscale property heat exchanger is provided by direct supply; Wherein, static good antiscale property heat exchanger heat-transfer surface both sides are isolator, and inside is conductor, or static good antiscale property heat exchanger is under electrical isolation good premise between each fluid medium, on the heat-transfer surface of heat exchange mutually, fluid medium fouling side is an isolator, and fluid medium non-scaling side is a conductor; Can be by accompanying conductor between the two good electrically insulating materials of heat conduction, or compound electric conductor on the electrically insulating material, or method such as composite electrical insulation body realizes on the electrical conductor material; Can be by plating ceramic electrical insulating film or ceramic, plating conducting film on glass on the aluminium alloy; Or pottery, plate electrical insulating film behind the plating conducting film on glass; The negative pole of power supply is electrically connected by the electric conductor of the electrical isolation top layer on the static good antiscale property heat exchanger heat-transfer surface with inside, anodal access node dirt side water body, make electric conductor and fouling side water body electrical isolation, its principle also is that electronegative conductor dbus is crossed the insulation thermal conductor at water side induction generation hydrogen ion, realizes the static good antiscale property of system.
Scum dredger is arranged at vaporizer top, the second stage, and automatic valve control ground salt water make-up pipe is mended water in it.The steam discharge pipe steam inlet is placed in the steam chest of vaporizer top, and vent valve and floating control admission valve are installed in the steam chest, so that when system water supplement and vaporizer full water, prevent that salt water from overflowing in the vaporizer steam steam discharge pipe.Steam discharge pipe is connected with the heat exchanger bottom condensate water rising pipe of next stage vaporizer, picks out pipeline and be connected with the heat exchanger steam inlet pipe of next stage vaporizer on certain altitude, constitutes the pressure and temp controller.Wherein, after can at first connecting the feedwater heating apparatus heat exchange, the heat exchanger bottom condensate water rising pipe of second stage vaporizer is connected with steam discharge pipe again, the heat exchanger bottom condensate water rising pipe of steam discharge pipe and second stage vaporizer is connected, picking out pipeline on certain altitude is connected with the heat exchanger inlet pipe of next stage vaporizer, form inverted-loop tube pressure and temp controller, can be connected with the valve that the control of many group temperature opens and closes between the two pipe vertical tubes, its valve can be in the elastic corrugated container fluid is housed, one end is fixed, the other end has trim, free movement in a certain direction, can contact with another trim sealing and form the thermal expansion valve, or vary with temperature free-moving in a certain direction that the bimetallic strip that produces the different coefficients of expansion expand with heat and contract with cold forms, one end or the above fixed of an end have trim, the valve that the temperature control that can contact with another trim sealing opens and closes is as its temperature control valve, the pressure and temperature of vaporizer is realized successively decreasing successively from high to low by this inverted-loop tube liquid level pressure and temp controller, so that the pressure of next stage vaporizer is lower than the pressure of vaporizer at the corresponding levels.Wherein, the heat exchanger bottom condensate water rising pipe of second stage vaporizer can at first connect the salt water feedwater heating apparatus, is connected with steam discharge pipe after the heat exchange again.In the bottom of the second stage vaporizer concentrated water drainage water pipe is arranged, the concentrated water drainage water pipe can be connected with the heated feed water heat exchanger.Evaporating heat exchanger places in the tube chamber in the vaporizer thermosiphon of the second stage, the tube chamber lower bottom part has water-in, form riser waterborne chamber, riser waterborne chamber with fall tube chamber top and bottom under water and communicate, riser waterborne road can be two ends two pipes that communicate and be sleeved on up and down with falling pipeline under water, or communicate side by side two pipes of upper end, or be divided into two pipes that two ends up and down communicate by inserting dividing plate in the pipe, the normal closed gate that can have keying water pressure-controlled freely to open and close between two pipes, the normal closed gate that opens and closes water pressure-controlled keying freely can be under water level decline situation, the water of realizing riser waterborne and water downtake is communicated with, and normally moves in order to the low-water level that keeps system.Vaporizer top, the second stage is provided with the control air inlet and exhaust valve.Water vapor enters into second stage evaporator evaporation interchanger condensation, and vapour-liquid is mixed the evaporating heat exchanger that flows into the next stage vaporizer through pipeline.N level vaporizer is identical with second stage evaporator system apparatus structure, and the thermosiphon in the vaporizer should have enough height.
Final evaporator has the dirty pipe of concentrated water drainage, and the dirty pipe of concentrated water drainage is the pipe that water seal is arranged of valve control.The dirty pipe of concentrated water drainage is the inverted U-shaped blow-off pipe of valve control, and this U-shaped pipe can prevent that air admission from destroying vacuum in final evaporator, can make blow-off pipe not make air admission because of water level descends under low-pressure state, realizes the negative pressure automatic pollution discharge of system.Wherein, the liquid level of final evaporator must be higher than the liquid level that barometric point can support under vacuum state, can realize that the dense water of system discharges automatically.The water of condensation rising pipe of final evaporator evaporating heat exchanger picks out with the steam pre-heaters with certain altitude jointly with steam discharge pipe and is connected.At the final evaporator top by-pass valve control is installed, in the final evaporator internal pressure during greater than external air pressure, gas is discharged by check valve, when needs overhaul, opening pressure lock enters in the final evaporator by air valve, be convenient to the maintenance of final stage system, floating control admission valve prevents that effectively salt water from entering fresh-water system in the time of can feeding water control fails in system.The bottom of steam pre-heaters is connected with the fresh water pump well by the pipeline that is provided with valve, the fresh water pump well is connected with vacuum pump, air inlet and exhaust valve or pressure pump by settling valvular pipeline, the fresh water pump well by valve, water pump, check valve is connected with the fresh water water storage box or be connected with following fresh-water tank by check valve, the fresh water pump well has the intake pipe of band valve to be connected with pump, and following fresh-water tank is connected with the air inlet-outlet pipe that is connected valve, air inlet and exhaust valve and vacuum pump.The rising pipe of fresh water pump well is connected with following fresh-water tank by water pump, valve.The fresh water of condensation enters the fresh water pump well by the pipeline that steam pre-heaters bottom is provided with valve, and the rising pipe of fresh water pump well is connected with the fresh water water storage box by water pump, valve.The fresh water water storage box can place the highest point of system, or places the lower of system, with level pressure gravity flow or the automatic water outlet of gas pressure, places the elevated water tank to be provided with into steam discharge pipe, the intake pipe on the fresh water water storage box by level pressure from water distribution manifold.The pipe connection of low flush tank and air pressurization pump is by being added in air pressure on the water surface from water distribution manifold.The uncooled steam of steam pre-heaters imports the salt water cooler condenser by the pipeline of being located at steam pre-heaters top.Or the steam pre-heaters connects the salt water cooler condenser after being placed in final stage steam pre-heaters in the salt water water storage box by pipe connection.The tube wall both sides heat-transfer surface of steam pre-heaters is an isolator, and inside is conductor, and the negative pole of direct supply is connected with the conductor of well heater, and the positive pole of direct supply is connected with heated salt water, simultaneously ground connection.
The salt water cooler condenser is placed in the underwater certain depth, places in the tube chamber, and the foreign material of the salt water water-in of salt water cooler condenser in the filtration unit filtering salt water of water inlet pipe mouth enter into salt water cooler condenser and the heat exchange of salt water cooler condenser.Make the water vapour in the salt water cooler condenser be able to condensation, the temperature of salt water raises, the proportion come-up that lightens constitutes convection circulation under the effect of hydraulic pressure, the salt water cooler condenser is positioned at below the water surface, the degree of depth is dark more, under the situation of same depth, the pressure that forms between cold salt water and the hot salt water is big more, and its circulation power is big more, condensing rate and heat exchange effect to condenser are good more, otherwise then poor more.The outer wall and the inwall of the cavity of salt water cooler condenser are isolator, and internal layer is a conductor, have dc power cathode to be connected with conductor, and plus earth also is connected with salt water.Its antiscale principle is with last identical.Salt water is introduced by pipeline from salt water cooler condenser bottom, and by the floatation type hydathode draining that the salt water upcast is connected with water shoot, the floatation type hydathode places on the salt water water surface.Be equipped with valve on the cooling salt water intake-outlet pipeline.The pipeline of salt water cooler condenser by being provided with check valve is connected with pump well under being placed in it.The salt water cooler condenser is connected with vacuum pump with air inlet and exhaust valve by the pipeline that is provided with check valve.The salt water intake is located at salt water cooler condenser upcast place, and the salt water intake pumps into the salt water water storage box by filtration unit, pump, strainer after filtering.The salt water water storage box can place the highest point of system, or places the lower of system, with level pressure or the automatic water outlet of gas pressure, can be provided with final stage steam salt water well heater in the salt water case, and well heater places the bottom of water tank, and water tank bottom is provided with water-inflow and drain valve.The salt water case is provided with the water-supply line outlet, be provided with the salt water intake pipe in the salt water water storage box, the employed water fetching device of intake pipe is the floatation type water fetching device, the salt water intake pipe is connected with the multiple-effect evaporator water supply installation, and the operation of apparatus system realizes by the connection and the control keying of corresponding pipeline, valve and pump.
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
Fig. 1: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is the vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is a lateral arrangement, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are elevated tank.
Among the figure: 1 vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, 2 metal fever tube cores, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 air inlet and exhaust valves, 14 vapor pipes, 15 scum dredgers, 16 steam chests, 17 floats control intake valve, 18 inverted U-shaped fluid level controllers, 19 temperature-sensing valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 floatation type device for fetching water from, 23 salt water water storage boxes, 24 vapor pipes, 25 salt water water storage box well heaters, 26 fresh water water storage boxes, 27 vent valves, 28 floatation type hydathodes, 29 air inlet and exhaust valves, 30 vacuum pumps, 31 salt water strainers, 32 salt water pumps, 33 check valves, 34 cooling salt water rising pipes, 35 check valves, 36 condensate pumps, 37 electric antiscale direct supplys, 38 salt water cooler condensers, 39 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 40 salt water strainers, 41 fresh water pump wells, 42 salt water water sources, 43 check valves, 44 fresh-water tanks, 45 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 46 electric antiscale heat conductors, 47 inverted U-shaped blow-off pipes, 48 interchanger electricity antiscale direct supply, 49 final evaporators, 50 final evaporator evaporating heat exchangers, 51 second stage evaporator evaporation interchanger, 52 feedwater heating apparatuss, 53 second stage vaporizers, 54 heating supplementary feed, 55 second stage thermosiphons, 56 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 57 vaporizers and the heat collector
The water intaking of salt water intake pipe imports and is higher than in the salt water water storage box of system by filtration unit, water pump 32, strainer 31.Salt water is by being located at the floatation type device for fetching water from 22 in the salt water water storage box, take out salt water from salt water water storage box top layer, through steam pre-heaters 21, after entering feedwater heating apparatus 52 heat exchange, enter in the water service pipe of first evaporator float(ing)valve 11 controls, mend bottom by pipeline into first evaporator 56, simultaneously, heat collector by with vaporizer under pipe connecting 57 synchronous moisturizings, along with the rising of water level, the gas in vaporizer and the heat collector is discharged by the air inlet and exhaust valve 13 and the non-condensable gases vent valve 6 at first evaporator top.When water level rose on heat collector and the vaporizer pipe connecting, non-condensable gases vent valve 6 was closed.Water level continues to rise, and gas is discharged by the air inlet and exhaust valve 13 at first evaporator top, and salt water enters the riser waterborne in the first evaporator thermosiphon 8, rises to arrive the mouth of pipe.When water level covers vaporizer filling pipe extreme higher position, the second stage, enter into the ball float feedwater valve of second stage vaporizer behind the feedwater heating apparatus of salt water by first evaporator 56 bottoms, water is added in the vaporizer of the second stage.Along with the water level ascending gas is discharged from the vent valve at the second vaporizer top, after arriving next stage vaporizer water-in filling pipe top water-level, the water inlet of next stage vaporizer, all be full of water until total system, each air valve of closure systems, start vacuum pump 30, system is vacuumized achieve required operating pressure.Salt water is progressively heated in solar energy collector, salt water flows out by solar energy collector and first evaporator pipe connecting 5, by non-condensable gases vent valve 6 non-condensable gases is progressively discharged, the thermosiphon that salt water enters in the first evaporator makes salt water be able to rapid circulation.Because the water temperature height of heated side, therefore the density of water is little, and under the situation of equipressure, the hot water side water level is higher than cold water side, contain a large amount of bubbles in the water in addition, make the density of water of hot water side lighter, water just overflows the mouth of pipe like this, by water spraying tray 10, the trickle exhaust, water-mass density after the exhaust increases, and flows down from first evaporator water downtake, enters heat collector bottom water-in again and constitutes thermal cycling.
Multiple-effect evaporator is vertically settled for independently, and interconnected by pipeline, valve, a plurality of tube chambers of outer wall insulation constitute.Aperture plate shape scum dredger 15 is arranged at first evaporator top, with the foam filtering that produces in the water heating evaporation process, so that steam is discharged in steam discharge pipe.New its water outlet of water make-up pipe in floater controlled valve 11 control ground is immersed in below the water surface.First evaporator is provided with one control air valve 13, to make things convenient for system water supplement.The upflow tube that self-acting valve 12 controls are arranged in the collection chamber of first evaporator top, the by-pass valve control 12 of salt water upflow tube is opened automatically when water level reach a certain height, the salt water overflow is discharged, and when preventing that floater controlled valve 11 is malfunctioning, salt water overflows to vapor pipe 14 internal contamination fresh-water systems.The salt water that is heated by heat collector in the first evaporator rises to the thermosiphon top by thermosiphon, reach boiling temperature after, water vapour overflows from water, enters into second stage evaporating heat exchanger 51 by the vapor pipe 14 that is positioned at the first evaporator top.Concentrated water drainage water pipe in first evaporator 56 bottoms is connected with feedwater heating apparatus 52, salt water is discharged from first evaporator 56 bottoms, enter feedwater heating apparatus 52 heat exchange, the salt water moisturizing of heating first evaporator 56, dense water self temperature reduces, mend by pipeline in the second stage vaporizer 53 of float(ing)valve control moisturizing, as the moisturizing of second stage vaporizer 53.Scum dredger 15 is arranged at vaporizer top, the second stage, and float(ing)valve control ground salt water make-up pipe is mended water in it.The steam discharge pipe steam inlet is placed in the vaporizer top steam chest 16, and vent valve and floating control admission valve are installed in the steam chest, so that when system water supplement and vaporizer full water, prevent that salt water from overflowing in the vaporizer steam steam discharge pipe.Steam discharge pipe is connected with the evaporating heat exchanger 51 bottom condensate water rising pipes of vaporizer, picks out pipeline and be connected with evaporating heat exchanger 50 steam inlet pipes of next stage vaporizer on certain altitude, forms inverted-loop tube pressure and temp controller 18.Wherein, the evaporating heat exchanger 51 bottom condensate water rising pipes of second stage vaporizer are connected with steam discharge pipe after can at first connect feedwater heating apparatus 52 heat exchange again.In the bottom of the second stage vaporizer concentrated water drainage water pipe is arranged, the concentrated water drainage water pipe can be connected with feedwater heating apparatus 52.Evaporating heat exchanger 51 in the second stage vaporizer thermosiphon 55 places in the tube chamber, and the tube chamber lower bottom part has water-in, forms riser waterborne chamber 55, and riser waterborne chamber communicates with falling tube chamber top and bottom under water, and vaporizer top, the second stage is provided with the control air inlet and exhaust valve.Water vapor in the vaporizer of the second stage enters into the evaporating heat exchanger 50 interior condensations of next stage vaporizer 49, and the water of condensation that the evaporating heat exchanger of second stage vaporizer produces flows into the evaporating heat exchanger of next stage vaporizer through inverted-loop tube pressure and temp controller rising pipe.N level vaporizer is identical with second stage evaporator system apparatus structure, and the thermosiphon in the vaporizer all should have enough height.
The final evaporator top is equipped with air inlet and exhaust valve group 20 and floating control intake valve 17, and concentrated water drainage dirty pipe 47 in bottom is the pipe that water seal is arranged of valve control.The dirty pipe 47 of concentrated water drainage is for there being the inverted U-shaped blow-off pipe of valve control, and this inverted-loop tube can prevent that air admission from destroying vacuum in final evaporator, can make blow-off pipe not make air admission because of water level descends under low-pressure state, realizes the negative pressure automatic pollution discharge of system.Wherein, the liquid level of final evaporator must be higher than the liquid level that barometric point can support under vacuum state, can realize that the dense water of system discharges automatically.The water of condensation rising pipe of final evaporator evaporating heat exchanger 50 picks out with steam pre-heaters 21 with certain altitude jointly with steam discharge pipe and is connected.The bottom fresh water water leg 45 of steam pre-heaters 21 is connected with fresh-water tank 44 by the pipeline that is provided with check valve 43, fresh-water tank 44 is connected with vacuum pump 30, air inlet and exhaust valve 29 by settling valvular pipeline, and fresh-water tank 44 is connected with fresh water water storage box 26 by valve, condensate pump 36, check valve 33.Fresh water pump well 41 has the intake pipe of band valve to be connected with condensate pump 36, and fresh water pump well 41 is connected with the pipe that is connected valve, air inlet and exhaust valve 29 and vacuum pump 30.The rising pipe of fresh water pump well 41 is connected with fresh-water tank 44 by valve, is connected with water pump 36 jointly.Be connected with fresh water water storage box 26 by condensate pump 36, valve 33.Fresh water water storage box 26 can place the highest point of system, and water tank is provided with into steam discharge pipe, the intake pipe on the fresh-water tank by level pressure from water distribution manifold.Steam pre-heaters 21 uncooled steam import salt water water storage box well heater 25 by the pipeline of being located at steam pre-heaters 21 tops, and outlet connects salt water cooler condenser 38.The tube wall both sides heat-transfer surface of steam pre-heaters 21 is an isolator, and inner 46 is conductor, and the negative pole of direct supply is connected with the conductor of well heater 46, and the positive pole of direct supply is connected with heated salt water, simultaneously ground connection.
Salt water cooler condenser 38 is placed in the underwater certain depth, places in the tube chamber, and the pipeline of salt water cooler condenser 38 by being provided with check valve is connected with fresh water pump well 41 under being placed in it.Salt water cooler condenser 38 is connected with vacuum pump 30 with air inlet and exhaust valve 29 by the pipeline that is provided with check valve 35.
The foreign material of the salt water water-in of salt water cooler condenser 38 in the filtration unit 40 filtering salt water of water inlet pipe mouth enter into salt water cooler condenser 38 and the heat exchange of salt water cooler condenser.Make the water vapour in the salt water cooler condenser be able to condensation, the temperature of salt water raises, and the proportion come-up that lightens constitutes convection circulation under the effect of hydraulic pressure.The outer wall and the inwall of the cavity of salt water cooler condenser are isolator, and internal layer is a conductor, have the negative pole of direct supply 37 to be connected with conductor, and plus earth also is connected with salt water, and its antiscale principle is with last identical.Salt water is introduced by water inlet pipe by-pass valve control 39 from salt water cooler condenser bottom, and by salt water rising pipe 34,28 drainings of floatation type hydathode, floatation type hydathode 28 places on the salt water water surface.Salt water is by 28 water intakings of floatation type hydathode, and device, salt water pump 32, strainer 31 pump into the salt water water storage box after filtering after filtration.
Be provided with the salt water intake pipe in the salt water water storage box, the employed water fetching device of intake pipe is a floatation type water fetching device 22, the salt water intake pipe is connected with the multiple-effect evaporator water supply installation, and the operation of apparatus system realizes by the connection and the control keying of corresponding pipeline, valve and pump.
Fig. 2: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is a bilateral ripple vacuum heat collection pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is to arrange that vertically vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are elevated tank.
Among the figure: 1 bilateral ripple vacuum heat collection pipe, 2 antifreeze directors, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 air inlet and exhaust valves, 14 vapor pipes, 15 scum dredgers, 16 steam chests, 17 floats control intake valve, 18 inverted U-shaped fluid level controllers, 19 temperature-sensing valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 floatation type device for fetching water from, 23 salt water water storage boxes, 24 vapor pipes, 25 salt water water storage box well heaters, 26 fresh water water storage boxes, 27 vent valves, 28 floatation type hydathodes, 29 air inlet and exhaust valves, 30 vacuum pumps, 31 salt water strainers, 32 salt water pumps, 33 check valves, 34 cooling salt water rising pipes, 35 check valves, 36 condensate pumps, 37 electric antiscale direct supplys, 38 salt water cooler condensers, 39 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 40 salt water strainers, 41 fresh water pump wells, 42 salt water water sources, 43 check valves, 44 fresh-water tanks, 45 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 46 electric antiscale heat conductors, 47 inverted U-shaped blow-off pipes, 48 interchanger electricity antiscale direct supply, 49 final evaporators, 50 final evaporator evaporating heat exchangers, 51 second stage evaporator evaporation interchanger, 52 feedwater heating apparatuss, 53 second stage vaporizers, 54 heating supplementary feed, 55 second stage thermosiphons, 56 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 57 vaporizers and the heat collector
Among Fig. 2, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Other technical process of Fig. 2 is equal to Fig. 1.
Fig. 3: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is the vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is a lateral arrangement, and vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are low flush tank.
Among the figure: 1 vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, 2 metal fever tube cores, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 vapor pipes, 14 scum dredgers, 15 steam chests, 16 air inlet and exhaust valves, 17 water downtakes, 18 floats control intake valve, 19 water control opening/shutting valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 air inlet and exhaust valves, 23 vacuum pumps, 24 one-way exhaust valves, 25 floatation type hydathodes, 26 air pressure pumps, 27 air inlet and exhaust valves, 28 check valves, 29 air filters, 30 salt water water sources, 31 salt water cooler condenser water shoots, 32 electrostatic anti-scaling direct supplys, 33 floatation type device for fetching water from, 34 exhaust check valves, 35 salt water cooler condensers, 36 salt water strainers, 37 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 38 pump wells, 39 check valves, 40 salt water water storage boxes, 41 fresh water water storage boxes, 42 go out water one-way valve, 43 salt water strainers, 44 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 45 water receiving electrodes, 46 fluid-tight blow-off pipes, 47 interchanger static good antiscale property direct supplys, 48 salt water water legs, 49N level evaporator heat exchanger, 50 second stage evaporator heat exchanger, 51 feedwater heating apparatuss, 52 second stage vaporizers, 53 heating supplementary feed, 54 second stage thermosiphons, 55 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 56 vaporizers and the heat collector
Among Fig. 3, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Wherein, salt water water storage box watering step is as follows: open the by-pass valve control on the filling pipe that is placed on the salt water water storage box, salt water flows automatically to and is arranged in the following salt water water storage box 40 in salt water plane.Close the by-pass valve control on the filling pipe of salt water water storage box, utilize air pressure pump 26 to pump air into the salt water water storage box, salt water is by being located at the floatation type device for fetching water from 33 in the salt water water storage box, take out salt water from salt water water storage box top layer, through supersaline water strainer 43, enter steam pre-heaters 21, water is mended feedwater heating apparatus 51 after, enter in the water service pipe of first evaporator float(ing)valve 11 control, mend bottom into first evaporator 55 by pipeline.To be gas pressure realize automatic water-supply to the water surface to the fresh water water storage box, and its working process is, opens the air pressure pump, pumps air into the fresh water water storage box, reaches valve-off and pneumatic pump behind the certain pressure, just can realize self water feeding.
Other technical process of Fig. 3 is equal to Fig. 1.
Fig. 4: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is a solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is to arrange that vertically vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are low flush tank.
Among the figure: 1 solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, 2 antifreeze directors, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 vapor pipes, 14 scum dredgers, 15 steam chests, 16 air inlet and exhaust valves, 17 water downtakes, 18 floats control intake valve, 19 water control opening/shutting valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 air inlet and exhaust valves, 23 vacuum pumps, 24 one-way exhaust valves, 25 floatation type hydathodes, 26 air pressure pumps, 27 air inlet and exhaust valves, 28 check valves, 29 air filters, 30 salt water water sources, 31 salt water cooler condenser water shoots, 32 electrostatic anti-scaling direct supplys, 33 floatation type device for fetching water from, 34 exhaust check valves, 35 salt water cooler condensers, 36 salt water strainers, 37 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 38 pump wells, 39 check valves, 40 salt water water storage boxes, 41 fresh water water storage boxes, 42 go out water one-way valve, 43 salt water strainers, 44 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 45 water receiving electrodes, 46 fluid-tight blow-off pipes, 47 interchanger static good antiscale property direct supplys, 48 salt water water legs, 49N level evaporator heat exchanger, 50 second stage evaporator heat exchanger, 51 feedwater heating apparatuss, 52 second stage vaporizers, 53 heating supplementary feed, 54 second stage thermosiphons, 55 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 56 vaporizers and the heat collector, 57 antiscale extraction electrodes, 58 vacuum heat collection pipe helmets
Among Fig. 4, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Wherein, salt water water storage box moisturizing, the same Fig. 3 of fresh water water storage box feedwater step.
Other technical process of Fig. 4 is equal to Fig. 1.
Fig. 5: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is the vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is a lateral arrangement, and vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are elevated tank.
Among the figure: 1 vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, 2 metal fever tube cores, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 air inlet and exhaust valves, 14 vapor pipes, 15 scum dredgers, 16 steam chests, 17 floats control intake valve, 18 inverted U-shaped fluid level controllers, 19 temperature-sensing valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 floatation type device for fetching water from, 23 salt water water storage boxes, 24 vapor pipes, 25 salt water water storage box well heaters, 26 fresh water water storage boxes, 27 vent valves, 28 floatation type hydathodes, 29 air inlet and exhaust valves, 30 vacuum pumps, 31 salt water strainers, 32 salt water pumps, 33 check valves, 34 cooling salt water rising pipes, 35 check valves, 36 condensate pumps, 37 electric antiscale direct supplys, 38 salt water cooler condensers, 39 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 40 salt water strainers, 41 fresh water pump wells, 42 salt water water sources, 43 check valves, 44 fresh-water tanks, 45 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 46 electric antiscale heat conductors, 47 inverted U-shaped blow-off pipes, 48N level evaporator heat exchanger, 49N level vaporizer, 50 interchanger electricity antiscale direct supply, 51 second stage vaporizers, 52 antiscale water receiving electrodes, 53 feedwater heating apparatuss, 54 second stage evaporator heat exchanger, 55 water of condensation interchanger, 56 second stage thermosiphons, 57 concentrated water drainage water valves, 58 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 59 vaporizers and the heat collector
Among Fig. 5, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Other technical process of Fig. 5 is equal to Fig. 1.
Fig. 6: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is a bilateral ripple vacuum heat collection pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is to arrange that vertically vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are elevated tank.
Among the figure: 1 bilateral ripple vacuum heat collection pipe, 2 antifreeze directors, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 air inlet and exhaust valves, 14 vapor pipes, 15 scum dredgers, 16 steam chests, 17 floats control intake valve, 18 inverted U-shaped fluid level controllers, 19 temperature-sensing valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 floatation type device for fetching water from, 23 salt water water storage boxes, 24 vapor pipes, 25 salt water water storage box well heaters, 26 fresh water water storage boxes, 27 vent valves, 28 floatation type hydathodes, 29 air inlet and exhaust valves, 30 vacuum pumps, 31 salt water strainers, 32 salt water pumps, 33 check valves, 34 cooling salt water rising pipes, 35 check valves, 36 condensate pumps, 37 electric antiscale direct supplys, 38 salt water cooler condensers, 39 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 40 salt water strainers, 41 fresh water pump wells, 42 salt water water sources, 43 check valves, 44 fresh-water tanks, 45 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 46 electric antiscale heat conductors, 47 inverted U-shaped blow-off pipes, 48N level evaporator heat exchanger, 49N level vaporizer, 50 interchanger electricity antiscale direct supply, 51 second stage vaporizers, 52 antiscale water receiving electrodes, 53 feedwater heating apparatuss, 54 second stage evaporator heat exchanger, 55 water of condensation interchanger, 56 second stage thermosiphons, 57 concentrated water drainage water valves, 58 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 59 vaporizers and the heat collector, 60 antiscale extraction electrodes
Among Fig. 6, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Other technical process of Fig. 6 is equal to Fig. 1.
Fig. 7: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is the vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is a lateral arrangement, and vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are low flush tank.
Among the figure: 1 vacuum heat-collecting heat pipe, 2 metal fever tube cores, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 vapor pipes, 14 scum dredgers, 15 steam chests, 16 air inlet and exhaust valves, 17 water downtakes, 18 floats control intake valve, 19 water control opening/shutting valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 air inlet and exhaust valves, 23 vacuum pumps, 24 one-way exhaust valves, 25 floatation type hydathodes, 26 air pressure pumps, 27 air inlet and exhaust valves, 28 check valves, 29 air filters, 30 salt water water sources, 31 salt water cooler condenser water shoots, 32 electrostatic anti-scaling direct supplys, 33 floatation type device for fetching water from, 34 exhaust check valves, 35 salt water cooler condensers, 36 salt water strainers, 37 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 38 pump wells, 39 check valves, 40 salt water water storage boxes, 41 fresh water water storage boxes, 42 go out water one-way valve, 43 salt water strainers, 44 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 45 water receiving electrodes, 46 fluid-tight blow-off pipes, 47N level evaporator heat exchanger, 48N level vaporizer, 49 interchanger electricity antiscale direct supply, 50 second stage vaporizers, 51 antiscale water receiving electrodes, 52 feedwater heating apparatuss, 53 second stage evaporator heat exchanger, 54 water of condensation interchanger, 55 second stage thermosiphons, 56 concentrated water drainage water valves, 57 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 58 vaporizers and the heat collector
Among Fig. 7, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Other technical process of Fig. 7 is equal to Fig. 1.
Wherein, salt water water storage box moisturizing, the same Fig. 3 of fresh water water storage box feedwater step.
Other technical process of Fig. 7 is equal to Fig. 1.
Fig. 8: the thermal-arrest unit of solar energy collector is a vacuum heat collection pipe, and the thermal-arrest unit is to arrange that vertically vaporizer is that the N level is vertically arranged thermal siphon self-circulation vaporizer, and salt water water storage box, fresh water water storage box are low flush tank.
Among the figure: 1 solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, 2 antifreeze directors, 3 heat exchange heat-transfer pipes, 4 electric antiscale water receiving positive electrodes, pipe connecting on 5 heat collectors and the vaporizer, 6 non-condensable gases vent valves, 7 electric antiscale direct supplys, 8 first evaporator thermosiphons, 9 water control opening/shutting valves, 10 water spraying trays, 11 floating control feedwater valves, 12 floating control surplus valves, 13 vapor pipes, 14 scum dredgers, 15 steam chests, 16 air inlet and exhaust valves, 17 water downtakes, 18 floats control intake valve, 19 water control opening/shutting valves, 20 air inlet and exhaust valve groups, 21 steam pre-heaterss, 22 air inlet and exhaust valves, 23 vacuum pumps, 24 one-way exhaust valves, 25 floatation type hydathodes, 26 air pressure pumps, 27 air inlet and exhaust valves, 28 check valves, 29 air filters, 30 salt water water sources, 31 salt water cooler condenser water shoots, 32 electrostatic anti-scaling direct supplys, 33 floatation type device for fetching water from, 34 exhaust check valves, 35 salt water cooler condensers, 36 salt water strainers, 37 water inlet pipe by-pass valve controls, 38 pump wells, 39 check valves, 40 salt water water storage boxes, 41 fresh water water storage boxes, 42 go out water one-way valve, 43 salt water strainers, 44 steam pre-heaters fresh water water legs, 45 water receiving electrodes, 46 fluid-tight blow-off pipes, 47N level evaporator heat exchanger, 48N level vaporizer, 49 interchanger electricity antiscale direct supply, 50 second stage vaporizers, 51 antiscale water receiving electrodes, 52 feedwater heating apparatuss, 53 second stage evaporator heat exchanger, 54 water of condensation interchanger, 55 second stage thermosiphons, 56 concentrated water drainage water valves, 57 first evaporators, pipe connecting under 58 vaporizers and the heat collector, 59 antiscale extraction electrodes, 60 vacuum heat collection pipe helmets
Among Fig. 8, the multiple-effect evaporator moisturizing is from vaporizer independence at different levels moisturizing, arranges dense water for independently to arrange dense water from vaporizers at different levels, and its vaporizer blowdowns at different levels are equipped with the fluid-tight blow-off pipe.
Wherein, salt water water storage box moisturizing, the same Fig. 3 of fresh water water storage box feedwater step.
Other technical process of Fig. 8 is equal to Fig. 1.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of sun power thermosyphon circulation submergence tubular type multiple-effect evaporation desalting plant, comprise compositions such as solar energy collector, multiple-effect evaporator, salt water cooler condenser, heat exchanger, fresh water pump well, salt water case, fresh-water tank, pump, valve, pipeline, lagging material, it is characterized in that solar energy collector is to import and export the pipeline formation solar energy collector that is connected with heat collector up and down by being provided with fluid; Wherein, this to install employed solar energy collector be static good antiscale property heat pipe type heat collector or static good antiscale property vacuum heat-collecting tubular type heat collector; Multiple-effect evaporator is for independently, and one-level is above, vertically settles, and interconnected by pipeline, valve, a plurality of tube chambers of outer wall insulation constitute; Install used geothermal heat exchanger and be static good antiscale property heat exchanger; Heat collector bottom water inlet pipe mouth is connected by utilidor with the first evaporator bottom effluent pipe mouth of multiple-effect evaporator, and heat collector top rising pipe is connected with the thermosiphon bottom return water pipe of first evaporator in the multiple-effect evaporator by the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device that is located on the solar energy collector top; There is steam discharge pipe to be connected in the steam chest of first evaporator top with the heat exchanger steam inlet pipe of vaporizer bottom, the second stage; The new water make-up pipe in valve control ground feeds water in the first evaporator; First evaporator can be provided with one control air valve; The water shoot of valve control is arranged in first evaporator, and water shoot can be connected with feedwater heating apparatus; Second stage vaporizer has the new water make-up pipe in valve control ground that water is fed in it; The steam discharge pipe steam inlet is placed in the steam chest of vaporizer top, and steam discharge pipe is connected with the heat exchanger steam inlet pipe of next stage vaporizer; The heat exchanger bottom condensate water rising pipe of second stage vaporizer picks out pipeline and is connected with the heat exchanger of next stage vaporizer on certain altitude, constitute the pressure and temp controller; Wherein, the heat exchanger bottom condensate water rising pipe of second stage vaporizer can at first connect feedwater heating apparatus, is connected with the heat exchanger of next stage vaporizer after the heat exchange again; Vaporizer top, the second stage is provided with one control air valve; Second stage vaporizer is provided with the water shoot of valve control, and water shoot can be connected with feedwater heating apparatus; In the vaporizer of the second stage, heat exchanger places vertical tube chamber, and the tube chamber lower bottom part has water-in, forms riser waterborne chamber, riser waterborne chamber with fall tube chamber top and bottom under water and communicate; N level vaporizer can be identical with second stage evaporator system apparatus structure; Final evaporator has the dirty pipe of concentrated water drainage, and the dirty pipe of concentrated water drainage is for there being the pipe that water seal is arranged of valve control; The condensate pipe and the steam discharge pipe of the heat exchanger of final evaporator all pick out with setting height, are connected with the steam heating feed feeder; At the final evaporator top one control air valve is installed; The steam heating feed feeder is by pipe connection salt water cooler condenser; The bottom of steam heating feed feeder is connected with the fresh water pump well by pipeline, and the rising pipe of fresh water pump well is connected with fresh-water tank by water pump, valve; The salt water cooler condenser is placed in the underwater certain depth, places in the tube chamber, and water-in places salt water cooler condenser lower bottom part, and the water inlet of cooling salt water pipe is provided with filtration unit, and water outlet communicates with the salt water body, constitutes closed loop with water body; The salt water cooler condenser is connected with the fresh water pump well by pipeline; The salt water intake filters the back by filtration unit and imports the salt water water storage box, be provided with the salt water intake pipe in the salt water case, be connected with the multiple-effect evaporator water supply installation, the operation of apparatus system is connected, controls and realize by the reasonable Arrangement of corresponding pipeline, valve, pump and water tank.
2, solar energy collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that heat collector is to import and export the pipeline formation solar energy collector that is connected with heat collector up and down by being provided with fluid; Heat collector can be vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe or vacuous solar energy thermal-arrest heat pipe, heat collector all connects static good antiscale property device makes its good antiscale property, wherein static is that negative pole by direct supply is connected with the conduction thermal conductor, interval electrical isolation heat-transfer surface between negative pole and the positive pole, dc power anode connects fluid and the earth, constitutes the charging circuit that direct supply, conductor, isolator and conductive fluid are formed; Solar energy collector is placed in the fluid line with constant slope or vertically installation, and the insulate heat switch that is used for heating fluid is the pressure-bearing heat exchanging piece, and solar energy collector institute heat-collecting capacity can directly or indirectly conduct to fluid; The static good antiscale property vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe that passes through as fluid is equipped with antifreeze water conservancy diversion elastomerics with vertical installation in the pipe, single thermal-collecting tube is a heat collecting element, and many heat collecting elements compose in parallel heat collector; Or the bilateral ripple static good antiscale property vacuum solar heat-collecting pipe that fluid passes through is with vertical installation, antifreeze water conservancy diversion elastomerics is installed in the pipe, only or how by all means single series connection becomes heat collecting element, and many heat collecting elements compose in parallel heat collector, form the heat collector matrix by the pipeline series-parallel connection between the heat collector; The water-in of heat collector matrix is located at its bottom, and water outlet is located at its top; Intake-outlet equipressure loss is installed or is waited the flow path diagonal angle to install, and its rising pipe is located at the top of heat collector matrix, presses certain angle of inclination and is connected with vaporizer; On the connecting tube between heat collector and the heat collector valve can be installed; Or static good antiscale property vacuous solar energy thermal-arrest heat pipe is to the conduction of the fluid in managing heat release, its release end of heat can vertically be installed last, also can in conducting tube, laterally install by release end of heat, single by all means as heat collecting element, many heat collecting elements compose in parallel heat collector, form the heat collector matrix by the conducting tube series-parallel connection between the heat collector, and the connecting tube between heat collector and the heat collector can be equipped with valve, the water-in of heat collector matrix is located at its bottom, and water outlet is located at its top; Intake-outlet equipressure loss is installed or is waited the flow path diagonal angle to install, and its rising pipe is located at the top of heat collector matrix, presses certain angle of inclination and is connected with vaporizer; The incondensable gas automatic exhaust device is installed on heat collector top or the return water pipe; The sealing fastening can be provided with between each heat collecting element and heat collecting element or heat collecting element and the pipeline that is connected, the self closing valve of hydraulic pressure effect can be provided with at its interface; The heat transfer electric conductor of heat collecting element all is electrically connected by the insulation conductance line parallel with the negative pole of direct supply.
3, static good antiscale property heat exchanger according to claim 1 is characterized in that static good antiscale property heat exchanger comprises steam heating feed feeder, salt water cooler condenser, feedwater heating apparatus, evaporation heat-exchanger etc.; The steam heating feed feeder is made up of the heat exchanger and the luminal structure of logical salt water; The salt water cooler condenser is tubular type or pipe tubular type or tube-sheet type or tube and shell heat exchanger, tubular heat exchanger can be helix tube type, the pipe tubular heat exchanger can be tube and tube and connects and composes, tube-sheet heat exchanger can be pipe and heat exchanger plates connects and composes, tube and shell heat exchanger can be housing, tube sheet, tube bundle and connects and composes, on the interchanger radiating fin can be arranged, be heated air in the interchanger, and interchanger is outer for being heated fluid; In the heat transfer tube or be the steam heating medium in the heat exchanger plates; Feedwater heating apparatus is shell structure interchanger or tubular sheet heat exchanger or pipe tube heat-exchanger, and the inside and outside or tube sheet both sides of pipe can cold and hot each other medium, and heating fluid can be more than one; Heat exchanger is tubular type or pipe tubular type or tube-sheet type or tube and shell heat exchanger, and tubular heat exchanger can be helix tube type, and the pipe tube heat-exchanger can be tube and tube and connects and composes, and tube-sheet heat exchanger can be pipe and heat exchanger plates connects and composes; The static of static good antiscale property heat exchanger is provided by direct supply; Wherein, static good antiscale property heat exchanger heat-transfer surface both sides are isolator, and inside is conductor, or static good antiscale property heat exchanger is under electrical isolation good premise between each fluid medium, on the heat-transfer surface of heat exchange mutually, fluid medium fouling side is an isolator, and fluid medium non-scaling side is a conductor; Can be by accompanying conductor between the two good electrically insulating materials of heat conduction, or compound electric conductor on the electrically insulating material, or method such as composite electrical insulation body realizes on the electrical conductor material; Can be by plating ceramic electrical insulating film or ceramic, plating conducting film on glass on the aluminium alloy; Or pottery, plate electrical insulating film behind the plating conducting film on glass; The negative pole of power supply is electrically connected by the electric conductor of the electrical isolation top layer on the static good antiscale property heat exchanger heat-transfer surface with inside, and anodal access node dirt side water body makes electric conductor and fouling side water body electrical isolation, realizes the static good antiscale property of system.
4, first evaporator according to claim 1 is characterized in that the interior thermal siphon increase in pipeline of solar energy collector fluid outlet and first evaporator is connected, and descending by another pipeline constitutes circulation; Riser waterborne road in the first evaporator can be that the upper end is connected or normal closed gate by the keying water pressure-controlled keying freely that can be provided with between two pipes is connected with falling pipeline under water, its formation can be two pipes that are sleeved on together, or the upper end interconnects two pipes side by side, or is divided into two pipes that the upper end communicates by inserting dividing plate in the pipe; Riser waterborne road and the lower end series connection solar energy collector that falls pipeline are under water realized the UNICOM of two tube chamber lower ends; Vaporizer, thermosiphon should have enough height; Wherein, the thermosiphon top can be provided with water spraying tray; The steam discharge pipe steam inlet is placed in the steam chest top; Scum dredger is arranged at vaporizer top, but the new water make-up pipe of control is controlled moisturizing in base of evaporator by float(ing)valve automatically; The upflow tube of float(ing)valve control is arranged at first evaporator top; Air inlet and exhaust valve is arranged at the first evaporator top; First evaporator is provided with drainage pipeline; The solar energy collector inlet tube and outlet tube that is connected with first evaporator all can be equipped with by-pass valve control.
5, pressure and temp controller according to claim 1, the vertical condensate pipe of arranging in heat exchanger bottom that it is characterized in that vaporizer can be connected with the steam chest steam discharge pipe, picking out pipeline on certain altitude is connected with the heat exchanger inlet pipe of next stage vaporizer, form inverted-loop tube pressure and temp controller, can be connected with the valve that the control of many group temperature opens and closes between the two pipe vertical tubes, its valve can be in the elastic corrugated container fluid is housed, one end is fixed, the other end has trim, free movement in a certain direction, the thermal expansion valve that can contact with another trim sealing, or vary with temperature free-moving in a certain direction that the bimetallic strip that produces the different coefficients of expansion expand with heat and contract with cold forms, one end or the above fixed of an end have trim, and the valve that the temperature control that can contact with another trim sealing opens and closes is as its temperature control valve.
6, self closing valve according to claim 2, it is characterized in that the self closing valve can be the ripple springy pipeline joint, trim is arranged above it, the corresponding surface of trim is static valve face, be fixed on the tube stub, with sylphon seal face in conjunction with constituting valve, when bellows joint is compressed, valve is opened condition, during the bellows joint elongation is closing condition, vacuum heat collection pipe is installed in the bellows joint, has the sealing elastic ring to place between vacuum heat collection pipe and the bellows joint corresponding surface, and the valve stationary seal face places in the vacuum heat collection pipe tube chamber; Or there is the planar sealing cover of boss to place the side of thermal-collecting tube, trim is parallel to water (flow) direction to be settled, the movable axis place that its lid is connected with fixed face is equipped with is convenient to the spring that the convex surface sealing cover is closed, the edge of sealing cover is a sealing material, can close with the mouth of pipe face seal that thermal-collecting tube is installed under the effect of hydraulic pressure.
7, according to claim 1 and 2 described incondensable gas automatic exhaust devices, it is characterized in that the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device is the cavity device that is installed in heat collector or outlet conduit top, the vapor cock that the control of water float is arranged in the cavity device, the water float has spacing cavity volume to control its direction of motion, spacing cavity volume open top, the bottom is porose, be fixed in the chamber receptacle, venting port is on the top of chamber receptacle, venting port has trim corresponding with the trim on the water float, water-in is positioned at the bottom of chamber receptacle, and the incondensable gas automatic exhaust device has the web member with heat collector or pipe connection.
8, salt water cooler condenser according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the salt water cooler condenser is installed on certain depth under the salt water horizontal plane, the cooling salt water is introduced by pipeline from salt water cooler condenser bottom, top places on the salt water face by the floatation type hydathode connection that the salt water upcast is connected with water shoot, is equipped with valve on the cooling salt water water-in and water-out pipeline; The pipeline of salt water cooler condenser by being provided with check valve is connected with fresh water pump well under being placed in it; The salt water cooler condenser is connected with vacuum pump with air inlet and exhaust valve by the pipeline that is provided with check valve; The fresh water pump well is connected with vacuum pump, air inlet and exhaust valve by settling valvular pipeline, and pump well is connected with fresh-water tank by valve, water pump, check valve; Or pump well is connected with the underlying fresh-water tank by check valve.
9, salt water water storage box according to claim 1 and fresh water water storage box, it is characterized in that salt water water storage box and fresh water water storage box can place the highest point of system, or place the lower of system, with level pressure gravity flow or the automatic water outlet of gas pressure, place the elevated water tank to be provided with air inlet-outlet pipe, underlying salt water water storage box is connected pneumatic pump with the fresh water water storage box, and the air inlet-outlet pipe of underlying fresh water water storage box band valve is connected with vacuum pump with air inlet and exhaust valve, and the underlying fresh-water tank has the intake pipe of band valve; The salt water intake is located at salt water cooler condenser upcast place, pump into high-order salt water water storage box by strainer, pump after filtering, or the salt water water storage box places below the salt water water surface, salt water cooler condenser salt water rising pipe filtration back and salt water water storage box are by having the pipe connection of valve, the top of salt water water storage box and the pipe connection that is provided with valve and air pressurization pump, can be provided with final stage steam salt water well heater in the salt water water storage box, well heater places the bottom of water tank, and water tank bottom is provided with water discharge valve; Salt water water storage box and fresh water water storage box are equipped with the water-supply line outlet, and the employed water fetching device of intake pipe can be the floatation type water fetching device; Wherein, being provided with the salt water intake pipe in the salt water water storage box is connected with the multiple-effect evaporator water supply installation.
10, multiple-effect evaporator according to claim 1 is characterized in that the vaporizer steam discharge pipe steam inlets at different levels of forming multiple-effect evaporator are placed in the steam chest top; Scum dredger is arranged at vaporizer top, but the new water make-up pipe of control is controlled moisturizing in vaporizer by float(ing)valve automatically; The inlet pipe of float(ing)valve control is arranged at N level vaporizer top; Air inlet and exhaust valve is arranged at N level vaporizer top; N level vaporizer has drainage pipeline to pick out; Form the feedwater piping that utilizes the pressure difference between the vaporizers at different levels to control by float valve between the vaporizers at different levels of multiple-effect evaporator, vaporizer water shoots at different levels all connect feedwater heating apparatus; Multiple-effect evaporator is discharged dense water by final evaporator; Wherein, the dirty pipe of final evaporator concentrated water drainage is for there being the inverted-loop tube of valve control, and inverted-loop tube places in the final evaporator, and the dirty water inlet tube mouth of inverted U-shaped concentrated water drainage places the final evaporator bottom; Or vaporizer feeds water respectively by feedwater line between at different levels, and vaporizers at different levels are separately by the wash water valve blowdown, and vaporizer blow-off pipes at different levels connect feedwater heating apparatuss, and liquid sealing pipe is arranged on the well heater; Thermosiphon in the vaporizers at different levels, riser waterborne road can be two ends two pipes that communicate and be sleeved on up and down with falling pipeline under water, or communicate side by side two pipes of upper end, or be divided into two pipes that two ends up and down communicate by inserting dividing plate in the pipe, the normal closed gate that can have keying water pressure-controlled freely to open and close between two pipes, water spraying tray is arranged at the thermosiphon top; Thermosiphon in the vaporizer should have enough height; Apparatus system connects to form by pipeline, valve, pump, water tank etc.
CNB031099599A 2003-04-11 2003-04-11 Solar thermosiphon circulating immersion pipe type multieffective evaporation desalination equipment CN100411999C (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101921036A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-12-22 中国科学院电工研究所 Constant-pressure multiple-effect evaporation condensation sea water desalination device with air medium
CN102285701A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-21 冯静 Method for preparing freshwater by applying solar seawater desalination plant arranged on sea
CN102285699A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-21 冯静 Method for preparing salt by atomizing seawater with natural energy source and collecting distilled water
CN102648159A (en) * 2009-07-16 2012-08-22 I.D.E.技术有限公司 Vertical desalination element
CN102844274A (en) * 2010-03-03 2012-12-26 洪廷豪 Device for distilling various kinds of water by using solar heat, and distillation method
CN104961180A (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-10-07 天津城建大学 Multi-effect solar seawater concentrating and desalting device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2642416B1 (en) * 1989-01-30 1992-04-30 Vallon Roger Freshwater production from seawater and solar energy
JP2000070921A (en) * 1998-09-04 2000-03-07 Ishimoto Nougiken:Kk Desalter and drinking water producing device
CN2417161Y (en) * 2000-03-27 2001-01-31 胡百师 Desalination of sea water equipment using solar energy
CN1422811A (en) * 2001-12-01 2003-06-11 袁祥生 Solar sea water purifier
CN2576704Y (en) * 2002-07-12 2003-10-01 姜兴周 Solar sea-water desalting apparatus

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102648159A (en) * 2009-07-16 2012-08-22 I.D.E.技术有限公司 Vertical desalination element
CN102844274A (en) * 2010-03-03 2012-12-26 洪廷豪 Device for distilling various kinds of water by using solar heat, and distillation method
CN102844274B (en) * 2010-03-03 2014-11-05 洪廷豪 Device for distilling various kinds of water by using solar heat, and distillation method
CN101921036A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-12-22 中国科学院电工研究所 Constant-pressure multiple-effect evaporation condensation sea water desalination device with air medium
CN102285699A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-21 冯静 Method for preparing salt by atomizing seawater with natural energy source and collecting distilled water
CN102285699B (en) * 2011-06-17 2012-10-10 冯静 Method for preparing salt by atomizing seawater with natural energy source and collecting distilled water
CN102285701B (en) * 2011-06-17 2012-10-31 冯静 Method for preparing freshwater by applying solar seawater desalination plant arranged on sea
CN102285701A (en) * 2011-06-17 2011-12-21 冯静 Method for preparing freshwater by applying solar seawater desalination plant arranged on sea
CN104961180A (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-10-07 天津城建大学 Multi-effect solar seawater concentrating and desalting device

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