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Equipment for forming bridge opening on cutting blade

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Publication number
CN1515378B
CN1515378B CN 03106189 CN03106189A CN1515378B CN 1515378 B CN1515378 B CN 1515378B CN 03106189 CN03106189 CN 03106189 CN 03106189 A CN03106189 A CN 03106189A CN 1515378 B CN1515378 B CN 1515378B
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CN
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Prior art keywords
blade
cutter
bridge
opening
device
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CN 03106189
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1515378A (en )
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朴洪顺
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朴洪顺
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Abstract

The present invention provides a device for forming bridge opening on the cutter blade. The device is placed on the supply channel for supplying cutter blade, a driving device is used to quickly and forward move die and die cut the side edge of cutter blade so as to can make the bridge opening on the cutter blade. It does not damage cutter blade or make the cutter blade be deformed.

Description

在切割刀片上形成桥口的切桥型模 Bridge die cut opening is formed in the bridge cutting blade

[0001] 本申请是申请号为99119257. 5、申请日为1999年8月27日、发明名称为"印刷品用切割刀片的成型装置"的分案申请。 [0001] The present application is a continuation of Application No. 99119257.5, filed August 27, 1999, a divisional application entitled "print with the cutting blade forming device" in.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明总的来说涉及一种印刷品用切割刀片的成型装置,尤其涉及一种能够不论金属带尺寸大小,通过联合工作,靠适当弯曲及将金属带切割成要求的刀片来制造这样一种切割刀片的装置。 [0002] The present invention generally relates to a molding apparatus with a print cutting blade, in particular, relates to a metal strip regardless of size, working through the joint, and the blades by appropriately bending the metal strip is cut into required to make such An apparatus for cutting blades.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 为生产各种各样的平展印刷品或印刷包装材料,如纸盒或热塑薄膜,需沿设计好的切割线切割平展印刷品或薄膜,对盒形包装材料,需在将板制成盒之前沿印刷纸板设计好的切割线切割。 [0003] The production of various flat prints or printed packing materials, such as thermoplastic films or cartons, designed along the required cutting line cutting flat prints or films, on a box-shaped packaging material, to be formed in the plate the leading edge of the print cartridge designed cutting line cutting board.

[0004] 这样一个对于生产平展印刷品、纸盒或热塑薄膜的切割作业必须用沿设计好的切割线延伸的单刃切割刀片完成。 [0004] For the production of such a printed flat, thermoplastic film cassette or a cutting operation must be done with a single-edged cutting blade along a designed cutting line extends. 这样一个切割刀片置于平木板上具有相同的高度。 Such a cutting blade disposed with the same height on a flat board. 在这样的情况下,刀片的单刃锐化面朝外。 In this case, single-edged blade sharpened outer face. 木板和切割刀片一起安装到用于切割这样的平展印刷品或包装材料的压力机上。 Mounting planks together and the press cutting blade for cutting such flat prints or packing materials.

[0005] 典型的切割刀片通过将专用的薄钢带切割成片生产出来。 [0005] A typical cutting blade by a dedicated thin steel strip produced was cut into pieces. 这样一种钢带具有带状外形以及在经受弯和切过程前将一边锐化。 Such a strip having a strip-like shape and the front side of the sharpening process is subjected to bending and shear. 这样的金属带必须被弯曲和切割成各自分别形成设计好的切割线的切割刀片,平展印刷品或包装材料沿上述由切割线切割刀片切割。 Such a metal strip must be bent and cut into cutting blades are formed each designed cutting line, printed or flat material of the packaging by the cutting blade cut along the cutting line. 在金属带被弯曲和切割成切割刀片后,把一个或多个切割刀片置于一木板上。 After the metal strip is bent and cut into cutting blades, the one or more cutting blades disposed on a board. 所以,首要的是将金属带精确地弯曲及切割成切割刀片。 Therefore, the first bending is to precisely cut the metal band and the cutting blade. 此外,金属带还通过多个如下所述分过程进行处理。 In addition, further metal strip through a plurality of said sub process is treated as follows.

[0006] 例如,金属带必须有规则地在与锐化边相对的下边开口,如此在底边形成桥口。 [0006] For example, the metal strip must be regularly sharpened edge opposite to the lower opening, thus forming a bridge opening at the bottom. 这样的桥口用于当刀片置于木板上时牢固为切割刀片定位。 Such a bridge port when the blade is placed on board a cutting blade is positioned securely. 即,桥口几乎完全避免在木板上的切割刀片的设定位置由于外部冲击而造成的意外改变。 That is an unexpected change in the set position, Hashiguchi almost completely avoided in the wood cutting blades due to external shocks caused.

[0007] 有时,有必要沿金属带的锐化边制出多个V形口,如此制出优选用于在印刷品如邮票上制出孔眼线的切割刀片。 [0007] Sometimes, it is necessary to sharpen the strip along the edge of a plurality of V-shaped opening made, thus prepared for a preferably made as a perforation print of the blade on the cutting stamp. 有时,金属带可按直角弯曲。 Sometimes, the metal strip can be bent at right angles. 在这样的情况下,在按直角弯金属带之前,在金属带的侧面上需要横向制出一个弯槽。 In this case, before the metal strip bent at right angles in the lateral sides of the metal strip made out of a need bent slot. 当金属带必须精确弯曲时,优选人工而不是机械地弯金属带,这使得人工弯曲金属带之前,金属带经过在其上制弯点的标记工序。 When the metal strip must be accurately bent, preferably artificial rather than mechanically bending the metal strip, which metal strip is bent so that before doing so, after the metal strip on which the bending points of the mark made step.

[0008] 当然,上述制桥口、 V形口、弯槽和弯点的分过程是本行业技术人员熟知的。 [0008] Of course, the above-described sub-process system Hashiguchi, V-shaped opening, and bend points bent slot in the industry is well known in the art. [0009] 然而,在已知的刀片制造装置中,这些过程不是通过联合工作完成,而是分别和选择完成的,因此已知的装置达不到要求的精度,并且降低生产率以及增加切割刀片的生产成本。 [0009] However, in the known apparatus for producing the blade, these processes are not completed by the joint, but were selected and completed, the device is therefore known to the required accuracy, and a reduction in productivity and an increase of the cutting blade Cost of production.

[0010] 在已知装置中,将金属带切割成要求的切割刀片的过程是由上述分过程分开完成的,因此大大降低了生产率和增加了切割刀片的生产成本。 Process [0010] In the known apparatus, the cutting blades cut the metal strip is required by the separate sub-process is complete, thus greatly reducing productivity and increasing the production costs of the cutting blade. [0011] 为克服这些缺点,可将带有锐化边的长金属带缠绕在供料辊上,以便强制地、连续地从供料辊向弯嘴供料。 [0011] To overcome these shortcomings, may be sharpened with a long side of the metal strip is wound from a supply roll, in order to forcibly and continuously fed from a supply roll to a bending nozzle. 在一个靠近弯嘴的位置,金属带与用于将金属带弯成要求形状的多个弯针接触。 A bend at a position near the mouth of the metal strip with the metal strip bent into a desired shape of a plurality of curved needle contacts.

[0012] 如业内人士熟知,这种用弯针的弯曲过程是计算机数控的。 [0012] As well known in the industry, such a bending process of the looper is a computer numerical control. S卩,多个弯针布置在弯嘴附近,根据计算机输出的控制信号,按相对方向精确地转动,如此弯曲出自弯嘴的金属带。 S Jie, a plurality of loopers are arranged in the vicinity of scimitar, according to a control signal output from the computer, precisely rotated in opposite directions, thus bending the metal strip from the bending nozzle. 这样的弯曲工艺参见例如日本专利公开号Heisei 899,123。 Such a bending process for example, Japanese Patent Publication No. Heisei 899,123.

[0013] 在典型的刀片成型装置中,在金属带到达弯嘴前,可将其切割成具有设计好长度的多个金属段。 Before [0013] In a typical insert molding device, the metal strip reaches the bending nozzle, the design may be cut into a plurality of metal segments having a good length. 简而言之,弯金属带之前可将其切段。 Briefly before bending the metal strip can be cut into sections.

[0014] 另外,可像日本专利公开号heisei 8_243834所公开的那样,在弯曲工序后可将金属带切割成多片。 [0014] In addition, like Japanese Patent Publication No. heisei 8_243834 as disclosed above, after the step of bending the metal strip may be cut into multiple pieces. 在这项日本专利中,出自弯嘴的金属带反复沿相反的方向弯曲直到由于疲劳断裂而被切断。 In this Japanese Patent, the metal strip from the bending nozzle repeated bending until fracture due to fatigue is cut in the opposite direction. 然而,典型刀片成型装置存在它们不能生产高质量切割刀片和不能通过联合工作来生产切割刀片的问题。 However, there is a problem that they can not produce high quality cutting blades and can not produce the cutting blades to the joint work of the typical blade forming devices. 即,安装在典型装置上的切桥模具的形状是固定的,因此改变金属带的桥口的间距或形状几乎是不可能的。 That is, the shape of the bridge cutting mold is typically mounted on the device is fixed, thus changing the pitch or the opening shape of the bridge of the metal strip is almost impossible. 而且,典型装置必需分开完成在金属带上制出这种桥口的加工过程,结果降低装置生产率并且增加切割刀片的生产成本。 Further, the device typically must be completed separately process the metal strip made out of the mouth of this bridge, resulting in a decrease in productivity and increase in the cutting blade unit production costs. [0015] 典型刀片成型装置的另一问题由用于将金属带弯成要求形状的弯针引起。 [0015] Another problem is a typical insert molding apparatus for metal strip bent into a desired shape due to the looper. S卩,弯针必须由复杂的固定装置固定,如此使切割刀片成型装置的结构变复杂。 S Jie, must be fixed by a looper complex fixing means, so that the cutting blade structure of the molding apparatus becomes complicated. 此外,精确调整弯针的弯角但不引起误差几乎是不可能的。 Furthermore, precise adjustment of the looper corners without causing the error is almost impossible. 当金属带在切割工序后经受弯曲处理时,弯曲当中切割刀片有累积误差,这使切割刀片精度很低。 When the metal strip after the dicing step is subjected to a bending process, the bending of which has a cutting blade cumulative error, the accuracy of the cutting blade which makes low.

[0016] 而且,当至少有一个弯针磨损时,就几乎不可能精确确定弯针的中心。 [0016] Further, when at least one curved needle when worn, it is almost impossible to determine the exact center of the looper. 在这样的情 In such a situation

况下,弯针不得不一个一个地重新布置,这样在弯金属带时,就降低了工作效率。 Under conditions, we have a looper rearranged by one, so that when bending metal strip, reduces the working efficiency. 在采用典 Employing Code

型装置的弯曲过程中,金属带的锐化边与弯针接触,因此可能损坏锐化边。 Type bending apparatus, sharpened edge of the metal strip in contact with the looper, and therefore may be damaged sharpened edge.

[0017] 典型刀片成型装置具有的最重要的问题产生于切割过程。 [0017] A typical insert molding device has a most important problems in the cutting process. 即,既然出自弯曲工序 That is, since the bending step by

的金属带通过反复沿相反方向弯曲金属带直到其由于疲劳断裂而被切成段,切断金属带所 Metal strip by repeatedly bending the metal strip in opposite directions until it is cut due to fatigue fracture segment, cutting the metal strip

沿的边就不平滑,而是非常粗糙多剌,这样就破坏了切割刀片的外形。 Along the edge is not smooth, but rather very rough multiple puncture, thus breaking the shape of the cutting blade.

[0018] 为消除切割刀片上的这种毛剌,对不得不刀片进行附加的磨光处理。 [0018] In order to eliminate this cutting burrs on the blade, the blade having to make additional polishing process. 而且,在金属带被切成段之后,有必要最终机加工这些段以便生产出合格刀片,而这迫使切割成段的金属带面临机加工余量问题。 Further, after the metal strip is cut into sections, it is necessary for final machining of these segments to produce qualified blade, and forcing the metal band facing the machining allowance is cut into segments problems. 由于这种机加工余量,几乎不可能生产出高精度的刀片。 Due to such machining allowance, it is almost impossible to produce high precision blades. [0019] 所以,优选通过联合工作,在精确调整弯针的弯角及精确地将金属切成切割刀片时,完成在金属带上制出桥口的工序,将金属带弯成设计好的形状和将金属带切成切割切片。 [0019] Therefore, preferably by joint work, when the fine adjustment of the looper and accurately angled cutting blades cut into the metal, the metal strip made of a complete bridge opening step, the metal strip is bent into a shape designed and cutting the metal strip is cut into sections. 在这样的情况下,切割生产出切割刀片可避免任何附加的机加工。 In this case, the cutting blade cutting production to avoid any additional machining.

[0020] 另外,刀片成型装置应灵活处理具有不同尺寸的金属带。 [0020] Further, the blade molding apparatus should be flexible metal strip having different dimensions. 如果必要,刀片成型装置还应设计成用于有效将金属带弯成不同形状。 If necessary, the blade molding apparatus is also designed for effective metal strip bent into different shapes.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0021] 因此,本发明注意到了以前技术中存在的上述问题,本发明的一个目的是提供一种印刷品用切割刀片的成型装置,这种装置的模具可更换,因此能制出具有不同间距和形状的桥口,并且这种装置不论金属带尺寸大小,通过联合工作,靠适当弯曲及将金属带切割成要求的刀片来制造切割刀片。 [0021] Accordingly, the present invention is the above noted problems present in prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a printed matter with a cutting blade molding apparatus, the mold of this apparatus can be replaced, it is possible to manufactured having different pitches and Hashiguchi shape, and manufacturing such devices regardless of the size of the metal strip through the joint work, by appropriately bending and cutting a metal blade with a cutting blade requirements.

[0022] 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置,这种装置有一个或 [0022] Another object of the present invention is to provide a printed matter with a cutting blade forming device which has one or

4多个可垂直移动的弯针和一个摆动切割器,弯针能够快速将金属带弯成要求的形状,而摆动切割器准确无误地将金属带切割成切割刀片。 4 a plurality of vertically movable bending pin and one swing cutter, the bending pin can quickly metal strip bent into the desired shape, while swinging the cutter accurately with the cut metal cutting blade.

[0023] 本发明还有一个目的是提供一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置,这种装置快速生产高精度切割刀片,如此提高生产率和降低切割刀片成本。 [0023] Another object of the present invention to provide a printed matter with a cutting blade forming device which rapid production of high precision cutting blades, thus improving productivity and reducing the cost of the cutting blade.

[0024] 为达到上述目的,本发明提供一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置,它包括:具有足够量金属带,并且由间歇驱动装置驱动可按一个方向转动,从而以不变速度供给金属带的带辊单元;水平和垂直导向并且展平来自带辊单元的金属带的导向辊;布置在带辊单元前面并且适合引导来自带辊单元的金属带的两个导向块;切桥型模,可拆卸和有选择地安装在两导向块的一侧并且用于在金属带上制出桥口,该切桥型模包括有过带孔和模具导槽的壳体,过带孔与模具导槽垂直相交;以及弹簧偏压模具,可移动地布置在模具导槽中,有选择地并且快速地在模具导槽中移动,以便在通过过带孔的金属带上制出桥口;布置在切桥型模前面并且有用于分配来自切桥型模的金属带的弯嘴的导向弯块;直立地位于弯嘴前面的导向弯针,该弯针可直立地和可控制地沿相反方 [0024] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a printed matter with a cutting blade molding apparatus, comprising: a metal tape having a sufficient amount, and intermittently driven by a driving means rotated in one direction, so that at constant feed velocity of the metal strip tape roller unit; and a vertical guide and a horizontal guide roller flattening the metal strip from the tape roll unit; arranged in front of the roller belt guide unit and adapted to guide two metal blocks from the tape roll unit; bridge cutting mold, can be Removal and selectively installed at one side and two guide blocks made of a metal strip for Hashiguchi, the bridge die cut hole through the housing and comprises a guide groove of the mold, and the mold guide groove through the apertured orthogonal; and a spring biasing the die, the die movably arranged guide grooves, selectively and quickly movable in the die guide grooves, through to the metal by the perforated belt system Hashiguchi; bridge disposed tangentially and the front mold has a nozzle for dispensing bending the metal strip from the bridge cutting mold is curved guide block; upright in front of the bending nozzle guide looper, the looper upright and can be controlled in opposite direction 向移动和转动,如此将来自弯嘴的金属带弯成要求的形状;位于弯针前面的,由两个垂直导轨夹持的可移动托架,托架可在两导轨的导向下,根据弯曲工序结束信号靠第一致动缸向下移动;固带器,安装在托架的底部中心,并且适合垂直夹持来自弯针的金属带;摆动切割器,与托架铰接并且布置在固带器的前面,该摆动切割器根据探测到的金属带的角度,通过第二致动缸有选择地转动,如此定在等待切割处理的位置;台架,有用于在托架充分下降的情况下,选择固定固带器下端的槽,该台架在槽前面还有水平导向槽;以及可移动件,可滑动地设于台架的水平导向槽中,同时在顶面有锁定槽,可移动件可沿相对方向在导向槽中在切割器下端被可移动件的锁定槽锁定的情况下快速移动,这样,快速将金属带切割成切割刀片。 To move and rotate, so bent from a metal strip bent into the required nozzle shape; in front of the looper, sandwiched by two vertical guide movable carriage, the carriage can be guided in the two guide rails, according to the bending step end signal is moved downward against the first actuating cylinder; solid belt, installed at the bottom center of the carrier and is adapted from a metal strip perpendicular to the curved needle holder; swing cutter hinged to the carrier tape and arranged at the solid 's front, the swing cutter in accordance with the detected angle of the metal strip, is selectively rotated by a second actuating cylinder, so a given cutting process waiting position; gantry, in a case where the carrier for the decline sufficient selecting a solid lower fixing belt groove, in which groove there in front of carriage horizontal guide groove; and a movable member slidably disposed in the horizontal guide groove of the gantry, while the top surface of the locking groove, the movable fast moving member may be a case where the guide groove is locked in the lower end of the movable cutter member of the locking groove in opposite directions, so that the metal strip is cut quickly cutting blade.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0025] 本发明上述和其它目的、特点和其它优点,通过以下参照附图的详细说明将更为清楚,附图中: [0025] The above and other objects, features and other advantages the following detailed description will be more apparent with reference to the accompanying drawings, in the drawings:

[0026] 图1是根据本发明优选实施例的刀片成型装置的透视图;[0027] 图2是显示图1装置的结构的纵剖面图; [0026] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a blade of the molding apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention; [0027] FIG. 2 is a vertical cross sectional view of the device of Figure 1;

[0028] 图3是显示本发明具有多个布置在带辊单元前面的导向辊的金属带辊单元的透视图; [0028] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the present invention having a plurality of metal guide disposed in front of the roller unit with the roller unit with the roller;

[0029] 图4是显示用于本发明装置中的一个切桥型模和一个切桥模具的透视图;[0030] 图5A和5B是典型切桥模具的视图; [0029] FIG. 4 is a bridge for a die cutting apparatus of the present invention and a perspective view of a bridge cutting mold; [0030] Figures 5A and 5B are typical bridge cutting mold view;

[0031] 图6A和6B是显示用于本发明装置中的切桥模具的工况和结构形状的视图;[0032] 图7A到7C是显示通过本发明切桥模具,形成于金属带锐化边上的桥口实例的视图; [0031] FIGS. 6A and 6B are views showing the structure and condition of the mold the shape of the bridge cutting apparatus for the present invention; [0032] FIGS. 7A to 7C are displayed by the present Mingqie bridge die, formed in the metal band sharpening examples of the view port side of the bridge;

[0033] 图8是显示根据本发明的一个实施例,用于在金属带的一个侧面横向制出一个弯槽的导轮的透视图; [0033] FIG. 8 is a graph showing, according to one embodiment of the present invention for a lateral side of the metal strip made of a perspective view of a curved guide groove wheel;

[0034] 图9是显示根据本发明另一个实施例,用于在金属带的一个侧面横向制出一个弯槽的刀头的透视图; [0034] FIG. 9 is a further embodiment of the present invention for a lateral side of the metal strip made of a perspective view of the tip of a curved groove;

[0035] 图10是根据本发明按直角沿弯槽弯成的一个金属带的俯视图;[0036] 图11是根据本发明锐化边有V形口的金属带的透视图; [0035] FIG. 10 is a plan view of the groove bent at right angles along a curved metal strip according to the present invention; [0036] FIG. 11 is a side perspective view of a V-shaped metal strip according to the present invention, sharpening port;

[0037] 图12A到12C是分别显示金属带下边的透视图,这个下边逐渐变形,这是由于至少有一个标记槽一般在金属带的下边制出,以便人工弯金属带前,在金属带上形成弯点; [0037] FIGS. 12A to 12C respectively show a perspective view of the lower side of the metal strip, below the gradual deformation, which is generally due to a marking groove made in the lower side of the metal strip at least, before doing so bent metal strip in the metal strip bending point is formed;

[0038] 图13是显示根据本发明用于在金属带的两个侧面上制出多个弯点的两个标记模具工况的透视图; [0038] FIG. 13 is used according to the present invention, a perspective view of two markers prepared mold conditions in a plurality of bent points on both sides of the metal strip;

[0039] 图14是显示根据本发明用于将金属带弯成要求形状的一个可移动弯针工况的透视图; [0039] FIG 14 is a metal according to the present invention for a perspective view of a looper in a movable condition desired shape with bent;

[0040] 图15是显示图14所示弯针横截面的视图; [0040] FIG. 15 is shown in FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view of the looper;

[0041] 图16是用于固定和操纵图14弯针的第一齿轮的透视图; [0041] FIG. 16 is a perspective view of the first gear and the fixed manipulating the curved needle 14;

[0042] 图17是显示本发明用于弯针的第一和第二齿轮布置的透视图; [0042] FIG. 17 is a perspective view of a gear according to the present invention is arranged in the first and second curved needle;

[0043] 图18是显示相对布置在本发明的装置上的顶和底板,两板间有一个垂直布置的 [0043] FIG. 18 is a top and a bottom plate disposed relative to the apparatus according to the present invention, there is a vertically arranged between the two plates

弯块的分解透视图; An exploded perspective view of the bending block;

[0044] 图19是显示具有图18的弯块的装置的前部的侧视图; [0044] FIG. 19 is a side view of the front portion of the apparatus of the bending block 18 of FIG;

[0045] 图20是显示根据本发明具有固带器和摆动切割器的装置的前部的前视图; [0045] FIG. 20 is a front view of the present invention having a front portion and solid with the swing of the cutter apparatus;

[0046] 图21是显示图20的固带架和摆动切割器工况的视图; [0046] FIG. 21 is a solid with the swing frame 20 and the cutter-view display operating conditions;

[0047] 图22是显示具有图20的固带器和摆动切割器的台架的前部的视图; [0047] FIG. 22 is a view of the front portion of the gantry 20 with FIG fixing belt and the swing cutter of a display;

[0048] 图23是本发明固带器的透视图; [0048] FIG. 23 is a perspective view of a fastener tape according to the invention;

[0049] 图24是取自图23A-A面的固带器的横断面图; [0049] FIG. 24 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 23A-A belt fixing surface is taken;

[0050] 图25是本发明摆动切割器的透视图; [0050] FIG. 25 is a perspective view of the swing cutter of the present invention;

[0051] 图26是图25的摆动切割器的前视图; [0051] FIG. 26 is a front view of the swing cutter of Fig. 25;

[0052] 图27A和27B是显示本发明摆动切割器工况的视图;禾口 [0052] FIGS 27A and 27B of the present invention is a cutter oscillating condition of view; Wo port

[0053] 图28是有一个由本发明的装置生产的切割刀片的木板的透视图。 [0053] FIG. 28 is a perspective view of apparatus for producing wood cutting blades of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0054] 图1是根据本发明优选实施例的刀片成型装置的透视图。 [0054] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a blade of the molding apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. 图2是显示图1装置结构的剖面图。 FIG 2 is a sectional view showing a configuration of an apparatus.

[0055] 按照本发明,作为切割刀片的原料并且预先修尖一个边的金属带1被装在装置100上,同时连续地如下所述供给如下装置的弯曲和切割单元。 [0055] According to the present invention, as a metal cutting blade and the material previously sharpened edge of a strip 1 is mounted on the device 100, as described below while continuously feeding and cutting unit follows the bending apparatus.

[0056] S卩,一个台架10形成装置100的基础表面,并且在适当位置有一个带辊单元。 [0056] S Jie, a stand 10 forming a base surface 100 of the apparatus, and with a roller unit in place. 如图3所示,上述辊单元包括至少两个布置成互在一侧,每个都有足够金属带1的辊50。 As shown, the roller unit 3 comprises at least two mutually arranged at one side, each roller 1 has enough of the metal strip 50. 上述辊50的由一个间歇驱动装置如步进电机51驱动,由此沿一个方向转动,以及以一个不变的速度将金属带1供到一个切桥位置。 Intermittently driven by a means such as the roller 50 drives the stepping motor 51, thereby rotating in one direction, and at a constant speed for the metal strip 1 to a bridge cutting position.

[0057] 上述辊50设计成可沿相反方向转动,因此即使金属带1以相反方向缠绕在辊50 上,每个辊50也可平稳地向切桥位置供金属带1。 [0057] The roller 50 is designed to rotate in opposite directions, so even if the metal strip 1 is wound in opposite directions on the roller 50, each roller 50 can be supplied smoothly to the metal bridge cutting position of the belt 1. 由于装置100的带辊单元包括两个或更多个辊50,加大装在装置100上的金属带1的量是可能的并且如果必要,允许不同尺寸的金属带l同时装在装置100上。 Since the belt roller unit 100 includes two or more rollers 50, to increase the amount of the apparatus 1 is mounted on the metal strip 100 are possible and, if necessary, to allow different sizes of metal strip 100 l while mounted on the apparatus .

[0058] 为将金属带1从任一辊50导向切桥位置,辊50前设两个导向块,两导向块之间布置多个导向辊52。 [0058] The metal strip 1 from either a bridge cutting position guide roller 50, the roller 50 is provided before the two guide blocks, arranged between two guide rollers 52 guide the plurality of blocks. 由于有导向辊52,可以将金属带1以一个预定的供料速度从任一个辊50 供给型模20。 Because the guide roller 52, the metal strip may be at a predetermined feed rate of 50 1 is supplied from either a roll-die 20.

6[0059] 在装置100工作时,一个金属带1的预定长度靠步进电机51的转动力在导向块2 的导向下向前移动。 6 [0059] When apparatus 100 is operating, a predetermined length of metal strip 1 by the rotational force of the stepping motor 51 moves forwardly under the guide of the guide block 2. 当带1到达切桥位置时,一个预定数量的桥凹la在带1的底边形成。 When the belt 1 to Compiling the bridge position, a predetermined number of bridges with the recess la formed in the base 1. [0060] 为形成这样的桥凹la,切桥型模20必须装在装置100上。 [0060] The formation of such bridges recess la, the bridge cutting mold 20 must be installed on the device 100. 为将型模20安装在装置100上,导向块2之一是可移动的,以便为把切桥型模20安装在装置100上形成一个开口。 The die 20 is mounted on the device 100, one of the guide blocks 2 is movable, so as to form an opening of the bridge cutting mold 20 is mounted on the device 100. 或者,罩导向块2的外壳顶,可在从装置100顶部将切桥型模20安装到装置100以前打开。 Alternatively, the housing top cover guide blocks 2, may be cut in the die 20 is mounted from the top of the bridge device 100 to the device 100 previously opened.

[0061] 当然应该知道,就切桥型模来说,装置IOO可有两个或更多个开口。 [0061] be appreciated, of course, on the bridge die cut, the apparatus IOO may have two or more openings. 在这样的情况下,用于切桥型模的开口相互靠近布置并且在装置ioo上同时设两个或更多个具有不同功能的切桥型模。 In this case, openings for the bridge cutting molds are arranged close to each other and provided simultaneously two or more bridge cutting molds having different functions on the device ioo.

[0062] 如图18和19所示,导向块2的壳包括两个板:相对布置在装置100上的顶板和底板3,在两板3之间有一个垂直布置的弯块4。 [0062] 18 and 19, the guide block casing 2 comprises two plates: the device 100 arranged on the opposite top and bottom plates 3, there is disposed a vertical bending block 4 between the plates 3. 每个板3在由表面部有一个固定长槽3a,这使得弯块4的顶侧和底侧被两板3的槽3a固定住。 Each plate 3 has a fixing portion by the long groove surface 3a, which makes the top side of the bending block 4 and the bottom side is fixed groove 3a of the two plates 3. 包括两板3和弯块4的上述壳,以弯块4同两个导向块2的带出口水平一线这种方式布置在装置100上。 Said housing comprising two plates 3 and the bending block 4, bending block 4 to the same level of the two guide blocks 2 with an outlet line is arranged in such a way on the apparatus 100.

[0063] 上述弯块4在前端有一个弯嘴4a,以便来自切桥型模20的金属带1被引入弯嘴4a。 [0063] The bending block 4 has a bending nozzle at the front end 4a, so that the bridge cutting mold 20 from the metal strip 1 is introduced into the bent nozzle 4a. 在本发明中,弯块4可随根据金属带1的尺寸和外形的另外的块4而变。 In the present invention, the bending block 4 may vary with additional blocks according to size and shape of the metal strip 1 4. S卩,在本发明的装置100中,弯块4是可变的,因此可以根据金属带1的尺寸和外形改变弯嘴4a的形式。 S Jie, in the device 100 of the present invention, the bending block 4 is changeable, so the metal band may change size and shape in the form of a curved beak 4a. 这种可变的弯块4同时由专用的板3固定,所以板3必须同弯块4 一起改变。 This variable bending block 4 is fixed at the same time by a dedicated plate 3, the plate 3 must be changed together with the bending block 4. [0064] 在装置100工作其间,金属带1弯前在数控程序的控制下,不断从块4的弯嘴4a 被分配。 [0064] The apparatus 100 operates therebetween, the metal strip under the control of the NC program, and continue to be dispensed from the bending nozzle 4a 1 block 4 before bending. 一个或多个导向弯针31以垂直移动这种方式可移动地布置在弯块4的前端的一侧。 One or more guide vertical movement of the looper 31 in this manner may be movably disposed to the tip side of the bending block 4. 上述针31靠上和下端的两个齿轮固定并且可由可逆步进电机30驱动反向转动。 The needle 31 against the lower end and two fixed gears 30 and may be driven in the reverse rotation of the reversible stepping motor. [0065] 在这样的情况下,两个压縮辊60和60a被布置在与导向块2有关的适当位置。 [0065] In this case, two compression rollers 60 and 2 associated with the position guide blocks are arranged in 60a. 在本发明中,优选将两辊60和60a分别布置在导向块2的出、入口。 In the present invention, preferably the two rollers 60 and 60a are arranged in the guide block, the inlet 2. 两辊60和60a以适当的压力压金属带1的先导部,这使得来自导向块2的金属带1移动但保持一个高度。 Two rollers 60 and 60a at a suitable pressure with the pilot pressure of the metal portion 1, which makes the metal strip from the guide blocks 2 to maintain a highly mobile but. [0066] 每个都有一个预定长度的两个导轨11,垂直相对地竖立在弯嘴4a以外的一处。 Two guide rails 11 [0066] each having a predetermined length, vertically upright relative to the nozzle 4a at the outside of a bend. 一个第一致动缸41垂直布置在两导轨11之间。 A first actuating cylinder 41 disposed vertically between the guide rails 11. 第一致动缸41可根据弯曲过程终止信号工作。 First actuating cylinder 41 may be a termination signal according to the bending work process. 上述致动缸41的活塞与可移动托板40联接,因此托板40可在两导轨11的导向下垂直滑动。 Said actuating cylinder piston 40 is coupled with the movable plate 41, thus the pallet 40 can be vertically slidable in two guide rail 11. 一个固带器42由螺钉固定在上述托板40底中心,为的是固带器42可与别一个更换。 A solid belt 42 is fixed by a screw at the bottom center of the above-described pallet 40, is fixed to the belt 42 may be not a replacement. 上述固带器42从下端向上垂直切开,这样形成一个垂直切口,这个切口的宽度和深度同金属带1的厚度和宽度相似。 The solid belt 42 is incised vertically upwardly from the lower end, thus forming a vertical slit, this slit width and depth with the thickness and width of the metal strip 1 is similar. 一个摆动切割器43与托板40铰接并且以一个形成于切割器43和固带器42之间的微小间隙布置在上述固带器42的前面。 A swing cutter 43 is hinged to the pallet 40 and are formed in a minute gap between the cutter 42 and the fixing belt 43 is disposed in front of the solid band 42. 上述摆动切割器43靠水平布置在托板40 —侧的第二致动缸44驱动。 The swing cutter 43 is arranged horizontally on the pallet 40-- side of the drive cylinder 44 of the second actuator.

[0067] 上述致动缸44根据探测到的金属带1的角度或预定程序驱动摆动切割器43。 [0067] The actuating cylinder 44 according to the detected angle of the metal strip a predetermined program or the cutter 43 oscillating drive. 当托板40在导轨11的导向下下降时,固带器42首先固定金属带l。 When the pallet 40 is lowered in the guide rail 11, the belt 42 is first fixed to the solid metal strip l. 在这样的情况下,固带器42的位置是固定的,因此切割过程中几乎完全避免金属带1移动。 In this case, the position fixing belt 42 is fixed, the cutting process is almost completely avoided the metal strip 1 is moved.

[0068] 为固定固带器42,台架10的前端制有狭槽45。 [0068] The solid fixing belt 42, the carriage 10 is made with a front end of the slot 45. 狭槽45的前端制有水平导向槽46。 A front end slot 45 made in a horizontal guide groove 46. 一个顶面有锁槽47的可移动件48,可移动地设计上述导向槽46。 A top surface of the lock groove 48 of the movable member 47, the movable guide grooves 46 designed above. 可移动件48在锁槽47处固定摆动切割器43的下端。 The movable member 48 is fixed at the lock groove 47 the lower end of the swing cutter 43.

[0069] 上述可移动件48通过连杆运动与台架10内的一个致动缸联接,以便件48可在导向槽46内左右移动。 [0069] The movable member 48 through a link motion with a gantry within the actuator cylinder 10 is coupled to member 48 can move around in the guide groove 46. 摆动切割器43就这样靠第二致动缸44沿相对方向快速转动并且最 In this way the cutter 43 swings against the second actuating cylinder 44 is rotated in the opposite direction quickly, and most

7后将金属带l切割成刀片。 7 after cutting insert metal strip l.

[0070] 图3是显示根据本发明具有多个布置在辊单元前面的导向辊52的金属带辊单元透视图。 [0070] FIG. 3 is a perspective view having a plurality of units disposed in front of the metal strip roller guide roller 52 of the roller unit in accordance with the present invention.

[0071] 如图3所示,导向辊52包括多个水平导向辊52a和多个垂直导向辊52b。 [0071] As shown in FIG. 3, the guide roller 52 comprises a plurality of horizontal guide rollers 52a and a plurality of vertical guide rollers 52b. 导向辊52将来自带辊单元50的金属带1导向两导向块2之间的间隙中。 The guide roller 52 comes in future metal roll with a guide unit 50 the gap between the two guide blocks 2. 位于水平导向辊52a之间的辊52c通过左右移动展平来自带辊单元50的金属带1。 A horizontal guide roller 52c located between the metal roller 52a with the roller unit 50 by moving the belt 1 from flattening. 在垂直导向槽52b上方的辊52d通过上下移动展平来自带辊单元50的金属带1 。 Vertical guide groove 52d at the roller 52b moves up and down above the flat metal strip from the roll unit 50 by a belt.

[0072] 图4是一个显示一个设于两导向块2之间的开口的,可更换的切桥型模结构透视图。 [0072] FIG. 4 is a display provided in a block the opening between the two guide 2, a perspective view of the structure of the bridge cutting mold replaceable. 图5A和5B是典型切桥模具的剖面图,而图6A和6B是显示根据本发明的切桥模具的形状和工况的剖面图。 5A and 5B are a cross-sectional view of a typical bridge cutting mold, and FIGS. 6A and 6B are a cross-sectional view showing the shape and condition of the bridge cutting mold according to the present invention display.

[0073] 如图所示,本发明的切桥模具21是弹簧偏压的,同时以模具21的前边21a的每侧的每侧由狭槽20a固定的方式最初插入切桥型模20的导向槽20a,因此模具21几乎完全避免在型模20内的不希望有的移动。 [0073] As shown, the bridge cutting mold 21 of the present invention is spring-biased, while the front of each side of each side 21a of the mold 21 in a fixed manner by initial insertion slot 20a cut die 20 of the guide bridge groove 20a, thus almost completely avoided die 21 in the die 20, undesired movement. 据此,模具21快速和充分地插入型模20。 Accordingly, the die 21 is inserted sufficiently quickly and die 20. [0074] 在这样的情况下,模具21在被导向槽20a的侧壁分隔开的同时平稳地滑动,因此几乎完全避免摩擦划伤。 [0074] In this case, the die 21 to slide smoothly in the sidewall of the guide groove 20a being spaced apart at the same time, thus almost completely avoid scratching friction. 所以,本发明的模具21高效长寿使用。 Therefore, die 21 of the present invention is efficient use of long life.

[0075] 然而典型的切桥模具具有以下问题。 [0075] However, the typical bridge cutting mold has the following problems. 如果典型的模具最初被插入切桥型模时,模具没有或仅有一侧插入型模20的导向槽20a,因此,当模具快速和充分地插入型模20时,模具与槽20a的侧壁形成摩擦接触。 If the typical mold is initially inserted into the bridge cutting mold, no or only a side of the mold insert die 20 is the guide groove 20a, and therefore, when the mold quickly and fully inserted into the mold 20, the mold walls forming the groove 20a frictional contact.

[0076] 所以,由于摩擦接触,模具擦伤严重或突然折断,这样,模具使用寿命不可能很长。 [0076] Therefore, since the frictional contact, or snapping Galling severe, so that the mold life can not be very long. [0077] 本发明的切桥型模20可更换地装于装置上,这样切桥型模20可与别一件自由调换,以便型模模具21与能够制出具有要求宽度的桥口la的别的模具调换。 Die cut the bridge [0077] 20 of the present invention may be replaceably mounted on the apparatus, so that the bridge cutting mold 20 may be freely exchanged with one another, so that the mold die 21 can be manufactured with a bridge opening la having the desired width of the other mold replacement. 如果在精确地和轻微地移动金属带1通过切桥型模20的同时,反复用一个小尺寸的模具将金属带1切口, 在金属带1上制出具有加大宽度的桥口la是可能的。 If exactly the same time and moved slightly by cutting a metal strip 20 of the bridge die, the die repeatedly with a small-sized cut-metal strip 1, the metal strip 1 having made Hashiguchi la is possible to increase the width of.

[0078] 图7A到7C是显示靠本发明的不同模具通过冲切过程,具有沿带1的锐化边制出不同桥口lb的带l形状的图。 [0078] FIGS. 7A to 7C is a different mold by the present invention by a punching process, having a sharpened edge along a band belt made showing different shapes l lb of the bridge port. 根据这样一个使用模具21的冲切工艺,多个具有预定宽度的桥口lb,沿带l的锐化边形成。 Such a punching process using a die 21, a plurality of bridge ports having a predetermined width lb, l along with sharpened edges are formed according to the.

[0079] 例如,这样一个带有桥口lb的带l,优选用于在印刷材料如票证和收据上制出孔眼线。 [0079] For example, such a tape with Hashiguchi l lb, preferably for printed material such as the perforation made on the ticket and the receipt. 当然,可以在桥口lb的冲切过程中通过控制模具的冲切间隔调整孔眼线的孔眼间隙。 Of course, the punching process through the bridge port lb in controlled punching die gap adjustment perforations perforation gap.

[0080] 本发明的装置IOO还有一个用于在金属带的一个侧表面上横向形成一个垂直弯 [0080] The present invention is also IOO apparatus for a metal strip on one side surface of a vertical bend formed transversely

槽的单元。 The unit cell. 根据本发明的优选实施例,这样一个弯槽ld可用一个图8的砂轮或一个图9的 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, such a bent slot available ld of a grinding wheel in FIG. 8 or FIG. 9

刀头在金属带1的一个侧面上制出。 Bit in the system on one side of a metal strip. 以下评述砂轮和刀头的构造和工作。 The following review of construction work and the grinding wheel and tip.

[0081] 图10是沿一个垂直弯槽ld直角弯曲的金属带1的平面图。 [0081] FIG. 10 is a plan view along a vertical bending slot at right angles to the bent metal strip ld. 图11是在锐化边有 FIG. 11 is the side of the sharpening

多个规则分布的V型口lc的,图中显示了一个V形口的金属带1的透视图。 A plurality of V-shaped opening lc regularly distributed, there is shown a perspective view of a V-shaped opening of the metal strip 1.

[0082] 如图11所示,多个V形口lc可在金属带1的锐化边上有规律地制出。 [0082] As shown, a plurality of V-shaped opening with a sharpened edge 1 lc may have regularly produced in the 11 metal. 一个带有 With a

这样V形口lc的切割刀片优选用于在印刷品上形成孔眼线以便制出带有规则间隙分布的V Such V-shaped cutting blade is preferably used to form the opening lc perforation made to the V gap with regularly distributed in print

形口lc穿孔的孔眼线或邮票。 Lc shaped mouth of the perforation or perforations stamps. 如果带V形口lc的金属带l需要弯成锐角或钝角,弯槽ld If the metal strip with V-shaped mouth l lc require acute or obtuse bent, curved grooves ld

就立即和横向地在精确弯带1前在金属带1的侧面形成。 Immediately formed and precise bending transversely with a front side of the metal strip 1.

[0083] 为在金属带l上形成这样一个弯槽ld,金属带l以这样一种方式被导向块2固定, [0083] In order to form a curved groove LD, the metal strip l l of the metal strip is guided in such a manner that the block 2 is fixed,

8带1部分地露出导向块2, 一个电机驱动上/下致动缸70布置在带1上方一个要求的位置, 见图8。 8 with a partially exposed guide block 2, a drive motor / actuator cylinder 70 is arranged at a position above the belt of claim 1 a, Figure 8. 一个步进电机71安装在上述致动缸70的活塞杆上并且根据上述致动缸70的活塞杆的上/下运动有选择地启动。 A stepping motor 71 mounted on a piston rod of said actuating cylinder 70 and selectively activated in accordance with said actuating cylinder piston rod 70 of the up / down movement. 一个砂轮72固定地套在步进电机71的驱动轴上,用于在带1侧面横向制出这样一个弯槽ld。 A grinding wheel 72 is fixedly fitted over the drive shaft of the stepping motor 71 for braking the lateral side surface with a curved groove such ld. 上述砂轮72还用于在金属带1的锐化边制出V形口lc。 Further grinding wheel 72 for the above-described V-shaped metal strip lc opening edge sharpening 1 manufactured.

[0084] 上述上/下致动缸70被一个从台架一体延伸出的支持柱73固定,以便沿好布置在导向块2上方。 [0084] The up / down cylinder actuator 70 is fixed to a support post extending from one of the carriage 73, disposed above the well in order to guide the block 2. 缸70通过控制程序控制。 Cylinder 70 by the control program.

[0085] 上述步进电机71成直角地安装在缸70的活塞杆上,因此,电机驱动的砂轮72在金属带1的锐化边制出V形口lc或在其侧面制出弯槽ld。 [0085] at right angles to the stepping motor 71 mounted on the piston rod of cylinder 70, therefore, the motor drive wheel 72 with a V-shaped port lc sharpened edge formed out of a metal or made of a bent slot in its side ld .

[0086] 当然,这样的V形口lc可由具有与V形口IO相同外形的型模(未示出)制出,用以代替砂轮72。 [0086] Of course, such may be formed having a V-shaped opening lc mold (not shown) made out to replace the grinding wheel 72 and V-shaped profile of the same IO port. 在这样的情况下,弯槽ld可由分开的切割装置制出。 In such a case, the curved groove may be formed separately from the cutting device ld manufactured.

[0087] 根据本发明的另一个实施例,刀头74与上/下致动缸70同轴安装,以代替砂轮72,见图9。 [0087] According to another embodiment of the present invention, head 74 and the upper / lower actuator cylinder 70 mounted coaxially in place of the wheel 72, shown in Figure 9. 根据致动缸70的上/下运动,上述刀头74在金属带1的侧面上横向制出一个弯槽ld。 The actuating cylinder 70 of the upper / lower moving the head 74 on the side of the metal strip in a transverse slot made out of a bend ld.

[0088] 图12A到12C显示以前技术中,由于作制于金属带下边上的槽的记号以便在带上形成一个弯点而被逐渐破坏的金属带的下边。 [0088] FIGS. 12A to 12C show the lower metal prior art, since for the system to mark the edge of the groove in the metal strip taken off to form a bending point and is progressively destroyed tape. 图13显示根据本发明一用于在金属带的两个侧面上制出多个弯点的两个制标记模具工作情况。 13 shows a system according to the present invention, illustrating a on both sides of the metal strip made of two markers where the plurality of curved die working points.

[0089] 如熟悉本技术的人非常清楚的,在一个人工弯曲工序之前,一个制标记工序用于在金属带1上制出弯点。 [0089] The person skilled in the art is well aware, before the step of bending an artificial, a mark made on the process for the metal strip 1 made of an inflection point. 即,如果要求将一个金属带1精确地弯成要求的形状,弯曲工序并不是由弯曲机完成而是优选人工完成。 That is, if one requires a metal strip bent into a desired shape precisely, a bending process is not completed by the bending machine, but is preferably done manually.

[0090] 为人工弯曲金属带l,在进行弯曲工序前,至少在带1上制出一个弯点。 [0090] L artificial bent metal strip, before performing the bending process, at least one belt made of a bending point. 在以前技术中,靠一个模具在金属带1的下边制出标记槽,见图12A,这样就在带1上制出一个弯点。 In the prior art, the metal strip against a lower mold 1 of the thus obtained marking groove, see FIG. 12A, so that the belt 1 made of a bending point. 然而,在以前技术中,有时可能多个标记槽集中在金属带1的下边,见图12B和12C,而这使得金属带1的下边严重受损或变形。 However, in the prior art, a plurality of marker grooves sometimes concentrated in the metal strip 1 below, see FIG. 12B and 12C, which is lower that the metal strip 1 is severely damaged or deformed.

[0091] 然而,这一问题几乎被本发明的由图13的标记模具在金属带1的每个侧面制出两个弯点的装置完全解决。 Means [0091] However, the problem of the present invention is almost FIG labeled with a metal mold 13 is made on each side of a bending point of the two fully resolved. 如图13所示,两个分别与致动缸一起工作的可移动标记模具80 和80a,布置在金属带1的两侧,为的是直接对着带1。 13, the movable marker to work with two separate actuating cylinder mold 80 and 80a, disposed on both sides of the metal strip 1, is directed toward the strip 1 it is.

[0092] 两个数控模具80和80a通过偏压针分别偏压向金属带l。 [0092] NC two molds 80 and 80a by the biasing pin to bias the metal strip l. 偏丈夫针分别与致动缸 Partial husband actuating cylinder needles, respectively

一起工作,因此,偏压针快速将模具80和80a推到带1的两侧。 Working together, thus biasing pins quickly push the die 80 and 80a to both sides of the belt 1. 每个标记模具80和80a因 Each die 80 and 80a by numerals

此在金属带1的每个侧面制出两个弯点,而不使金属带1受损或变形。 This side of the metal band 1 is made of each two bending points, without causing damage or deformation of the metal strip 1.

[0093] 图14是一个显示根据本发明,用于将金属带1弯成要求形状的导向弯针的形状的 [0093] FIG. 14 is a display device according to the present invention, the looper for guiding the metal strip 1 is bent into the shape of the desired shape

透视图。 perspective. 图15是一个显示图14的弯针横断面的平面图。 FIG 15 is a cross-sectional plan view of the looper 14 is displayed. 图16是同时具有弯针和针保护 While FIG. 16 is a needle guard having a looper and

导套的第一齿轮的透视图。 A perspective view of the guide sleeve of the first gear. 图17是显示上述弯针工作情况的透视图。 FIG 17 is a perspective view of the operation of the looper display.

[0094] 如图2、16、17所示,一个开口,优选一个圆形开口12,在台架10上的弯块4下方的 [0094] As shown in FIG, 16, 17, an opening, preferably a circular opening 12, the bottom 4 of the carriage 10 in the bending block

一个位置上形成。 It is formed on a position. 带一个轴承32的第一齿轮33可旋转地正好安装在开口12下方,而带一 The first gear 33 rotatably with a bearing 32 is mounted just below the opening 12, and with a

个轴承32a的第二齿轮33a安装在开口12上方,以便与第一齿轮33相对。 The second gear 32a of a bearing 33a is mounted above the opening 12, opposite to the first gear 33.

[0095] 第一和第二齿轮33和33a在相应位置分别有一个针插入孔33b,而弯针31可移动 [0095] The first and second gears 33 and 33a each have a needle insertion hole 33b at a corresponding position, while the movable looper 31

地插入第一齿轮33的针插入孔33b。 A first needle 33 inserted into the gear insertion hole 33b. 当然,针31也插入第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b,这 Of course, the needle 31 is inserted into the needle insertion hole 33a of the second gear 33b, which

样就在顶部和底部被两个齿轮33和33a可移动地保持住。 Just like the top and bottom by two gears 33 and 33a movably held. 一个具有一个半环形横截面以及一个与金属带1的宽度相对应的高度的针导向器29,布置在每个针插入孔33b处。 A semi-circular cross-section having a height and a width of the needle guide 29 and the metal tape 1 corresponding to each disposed at a needle insertion hole 33b. [0096] 针导向器29在弯曲工序保护针31不受意外弯曲或折断的同时,为弯针31的垂直运动导向。 [0096] Needle guide 29 in the bending step 31 is protected from accidental needle bent or broken at the same time, the vertical movement guide for the looper 31.

[0097] —个或几个针插入孔33b以及半环形针导向器29,可根据弯针31的数量确定。 [0097] - one or several pin insertion hole 33b and a semi-annular needle guide 29 may be determined according to the number of the looper 31. 既然弯针31的尺寸可根据弯的程度和金属带材料的宽或高选择,弯曲工作可容易地进行。 Since the size of the looper 31 may be selected according to the width or height of the metal strip material and the degree of bend, the bending work can be easily performed. 优选用2至4个弯针。 Preferably from 2 to 4 with the looper.

[0098] 如图14和图15清晰所见,弯针31有一个特殊图形横截面或一个大致半圆形横截面,相对的侧面分别凸和凹。 [0098] Figures 14 and 15 clearly seen, the looper 31 has a special pattern or a cross section substantially semicircular cross-section, opposite concave and convex sides, respectively. 上述弯针31以这种方式布置,即针31以凸和凹面之间任一个相对的圆角与金属带1形成接触。 It said looper 31 are arranged in such a manner that the needle 31 between the convex and concave rounded any one opposite the metal strip 1 into contact.

[0099] 沿针31的每个圆角都制有两个凹口31a。 [0099] each fillet along the needle 31 are formed with two notches 31a. 如果在弯曲工序针31与金属带1形成接触,两个凹口31就处于围绕金属带1的上和下边的位置,这就使得圆角在两凹口31a的中间部分形成与金属带l的侧面紧密接触。 If the step is formed in contact with a curved needle 31 and the metal strip 1, two notches 31 on belt 1 is in the lower position and around the metal, which makes the metal strip l fillet is formed at an intermediate portion of the two notches 31a in close contact with the sides. 所以,如果在弯曲工序转动的针31压在金属带1上时,弯针31不会对金属带1的锐化边造成任何破坏。 Therefore, if the step of bending the needle 31 is pressed against the rotating metal belt 1, the looper 31 is not a sharpened metal strip edges cause any damage.

[0100] 由于有上述凹口31a,弯针31就均匀地压金属带1并且相对于带1易于精确定位。 [0100] Since the above-described recess 31a, the looper 31 are uniformly pressed metal strip 1 and the strip 1 with respect to the accurate positioning easy. [0101] 弯针31的下端与固定在第一齿轮33下端的致动缸34的活塞连接,因此针31可通过致动缸34向上移动。 The lower end of the fixing [0101] the looper 31 at the lower end of the first gear 33 of the actuating cylinder 34 connected to the piston, so the needle 31 by actuating cylinder 34 is moved upward. 即,如果针31被致动缸34驱动,针31就从开口12上突并且插入第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b。 That is, if the needle 31 is actuated drive cylinder 34, the needle 31 projecting from the opening on the insertion needle 12 and the second gear 33a of the insertion hole 33b. 弯针31就是这样牢固地由两齿轮33和33a保持。 Looper 31 is so firmly held by the two gears 33 and 33a. [0102] 有时,第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b可能没与第一齿轮33的针插入孔33b精确地成一线。 [0102] Sometimes, the second gear 33a of the pin hole 33b may not be inserted into the needle hole 33b and the first gear 33 exactly in a line. 而这样的情况下,第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b的位置需要调整,而这一点,通过适当地向前、后、左或右移动第二齿轮33a的齿轮箱会很容易地达到。 And this case, the second gear 33a of the pin hole 33b of the position needs to be adjusted, and this, by appropriately forward, back, left or right movement of the second gear 33a of the gear case can be easily achieved.

[0103] 为使弯针31可朝相反方向转动,第一和第二齿轮33和33a通过一个传动带分别与可逆步进电机30的主动轮35或35a连接。 [0103] For the looper 31 rotatable in opposite directions, the first and second gears 33 and 33a are connected to the reversible stepper motor 35 or the capstan 35a 30 by a drive belt. 两齿轮33和33a因此可在相同的时间里以相同的速度转动。 Two gears 33 and 33a can thus rotate at the same speed at the same time. 上述步进电机30如上所述,布置在装置100的底面上。 The stepping motor 30 described above, disposed on the bottom surface 100 of the apparatus. 当然,无论电机30还是致动缸34,都在计算机控制下工作。 Of course, regardless of the motor 30 or actuating cylinder 34, they operate under computer control.

[0104] 当金属带l由带辊单元通过两个导块2给过来时,弯针31在弯块4的弯嘴4a处与第一和第二齿轮33和33a —起转动,这样将金属带1弯成要求的形状。 [0104] When the metal tape l by the belt unit when the two guide rollers 2 to come through, the looper 31 scimitar bending block 4a of the first and second gears 33 and 33a - from the rotation, so that the metal 1 with a bent shape required. 如果有必要改变金属带1的弯曲方向,弯针31在改变自己的位置前相对于金属带1向下移动。 If it is necessary to change the bending direction of the metal strip 1, the looper 31 before changing its position relative to the metal strip 1 is moved downward. 其后,弯针31向上移动,从而形成与金属带1的选定面接触。 Thereafter, the looper 31 is moved upward, thereby forming a surface contact with the metal strip 1 is selected.

[0105] 如图16所示,有多个弯针31,以便针对金属带1的弯角和宽和高的适合的弯针31 被选用。 [0105] As shown in FIG. 16, a plurality of curved needle 31 so that corners and wide band and high for a curved needle 31 is selected for the metal. 即,为从弯嘴4的上部将金属带1弯成要求形状, 一个具有适当尺寸的第一弯针31 被选定并且在弯嘴4的上侧垂直移动以实施弯曲工序。 That is, from the upper nozzle 4 will bend the metal strip 1 is bent into a desired shape, having a first curved needle of appropriate size is selected and 31 vertically moves the upper nozzle 4 is bent to the bending step. 在第一弯针31向下移动后,一个第二弯针(未示出)或一个第三弯针(未示出)被选定,在预先设定的计算机程序控制下,以与第一弯针31相同方式工作。 After moving the first downwardly curved needle 31, a second curved needle (not shown) or a third of the looper (not shown) is selected, under control of the computer program set in advance, with the first It works the same way looper 31.

[0106] 在这样的情况下,由于弯块4可移动地设在装置IOO上,所以可根据金属带1的厚度调节弯块4和弯针31之间的间隙(a)。 [0106] In this case, since the bending block 4 is movably provided on the IOO means, it is possible according to the thickness of the metal strip 1 is bent adjusting the gap between the block 31 and the looper 4 (a). 例如,如果金属带1相对比标准带薄,弯块4就向前移动,从而减小弯块4和针31之间的间隙(a)。 For example, if the metal strip 1 is relatively thinner than the standard tape bending block 4 moves forward so as to reduce the gap between the bending block 4 and the needle 31 (a). 相反,如果金属带l相对比标准带厚,弯块4就向后移动,从而增大间隙。 Conversely, if the metal tape than the standard tape thickness l relative bending block 4 is moved rearwardly, thus increasing the gap. 弯块4调节间隙(a)的这种运动易于从图18和19看出。 Adjusting the gap bending block 4 (a), this movement readily seen from FIGS. 18 and 19. [0107] 图20是显示分别用于固定和切割金属带的固带器和摆动切割器的装置的前视图。 [0107] FIG. 20 is a front view of the fastener tapes are used for fixing and cutting the metal strip and the swing cutter apparatus. 图21是显示固带器和摆动切割器的工作的视图。 FIG 21 is a view of a solid belt and the swing cutter of the operation of the display.

10[0108] 金属带1按上述说明弯曲后,通过如下装置切成刀片。 After 10 [0108] the metal strip 1 is bent as above described, was cut by the blade means.

[0109] 经过弯曲处理的金属带1连续移向台架10的前部。 [0109] After bending processing of metal strip 1 continuously moves the front portion of the carriage 10. 在这样的情况下,摆动切割器43移动到一个切割器43将金属带1切成刀片的要求的切割位置。 In this case, the swing cutter 43 of the cutter 43 is moved to a cutting position of the metal strip 1 is cut into the blade claims. 位于弯块4前面的上述摆动切割器43,铰接到可移动托架40上并且可转动地被可移动托架40固定。 Bending block 4 is located in front of the swing cutter 43 is hinged to the movable carriage 40 and is rotatably movable carriage 40 is fixed. 上述托架40 在两个侧边处被两个垂直导轨11可滑动地固定并且与第一致动缸41 一起工作,这样,沿在相对方向的两个导轨11有选择地垂直滑动。 The bracket 40 are two vertical guide rails 11 are slidably secured at both side edges and work together with the first actuating cylinder 41, so that, in the opposite direction along the two guide rails 11 are selectively vertically slidable.

[0110] 用于固定金属带1的可拆装固带器42,布置在托架40的下边。 [0110] removably securing the metal band 42 of a fixing belt arranged in the bottom bracket 40. 图23和24分别在上述固带器42的透视图和横断面图。 23 and 24, respectively, a perspective view of the solid band 42 and the cross-sectional view.

[0111] 上述固带器42包括两个块体,这两个块体具有相同的形状并且当两个块体合二为一时,两块体之间形成一个固带槽42a。 [0111] The belt 42 comprises two solid blocks, two blocks have the same shape and when the two blocks into one, a solid is formed with a groove 42a between two bodies. 上述固带器42设计成可根据金属带1的厚度调整固带槽42a的宽度。 The solid belt 42 is designed to be fixed according to the width of the strip thickness with a groove 42a is adjusted.

[0112] g卩,固带器42的固带槽42a由两个块体内表面之间的间隙形成。 [0112] g Jie, solid fixing belt 42a is formed with a groove 42 by a gap between the inner surface of the two blocks.

[0113] 固带槽42a的内端部或腹部呈V形,这样可牢固固定金属带1的锐化边但不会对 [0113] Solid grooved inner end portion 42a of the abdomen or V-shaped, so that the metal strip may be fixedly secured a sharpened edges, but will not

它造成任何损坏。 It caused any damage. 上述固带器42和弯块4两者形成一个套件,为的是固带器42可和弯块 The solid belt 42 and both the bending block 4 form a package, is fixed to the belt 42 and the bending block can be

4一起更换。 4 replaced together.

[0114] 固带槽42a的入口边有倒角,为的是甚至在来自弯嘴4a的带l不与槽42a精确地成一线时,也能将金属带1有效地导入槽42a而不失误。 [0114] Solid inlet groove 42a with chamfered edges, in order to even the strip from the bending nozzle 4a l when groove 42a is not exactly in a line, a metal strip can be effectively introduced into the groove 42a without mistakes .

[0115] 在这样的情况下,摆动切割器43被第二致动缸44转动,这样暂时被保持在固带器42 —侧的一个切割工序等待位置并且与托架40 —起向下移动,见图27A和27B。 [0115] In this case, the swing cutter 43 is rotated a second actuating cylinder 44, so temporarily held in the fastener tapes 42 - A side cutting step and the waiting position and the carriage 40 - Move downwards from, Figure 27A and 27B. 在这样的情况下,位于台架10的槽45前面的可移动件48水平移动从而固定在锁槽47中的摆动切割器43的下端。 In this case, the slot 45 is located in front of the carriage 10 horizontally movable member 48 moves so that the swing cutter 43 is fixed to the lower end of the locking groove 47.

[0116] 被可移动件48的锁槽47牢固固定的摆动切割器43可以精确切割金属带1。 [0116] the movable member 48 fixedly secured to the locking grooves 47 of the swing cutter 43 can precisely cut the metal strip 1. 艮卩, 如果需要将带1切割成切割刀片,可移动件48就被致动缸驱动,因此,件48沿相对方向在导向槽46中滑动致使摆动切割器43良好而精确地切割金属带1。 Gen Jie, if desired the strip 1 is cut into cutting blades, the movable member 48 is actuated to drive the cylinder, therefore, the member 48 in opposite directions in the guide groove 46 so that the swing cutter 43 slides well and precisely cut the metal strip 1 . 当然,摆动切割器43可在一个接近或滑电传感器的控制下被移动到弯曲工序等待位置,这个传感器在向用于切割器43的致劝缸发出启动信号之前,核查金属带1的最终被弯曲部。 Of course, the swing cutter 43 may be moved close to or under the control of a sliding electrical sensor of a bending process waiting position before the start signal is sent to the sensor for cylinder actuator urge the cutter 43, the verification of the metal strip 1 is finally the bent portion.

[0117] 图25和26是显示本发明摆动切割器43形状的视图。 [0117] FIGS. 25 and 26 are views showing the shape of the cutter 43 oscillating the present invention. 如图所示,切割器43的下部在带有一个倾斜切割面43a的中部变窄,由此形成一个细腰。 As shown, the lower portion of the cutter 43 in the middle with an inclined cutting surface 43a is narrowed, thereby forming a waist. 上述切割面43a按P角倾斜。 Said cutting surface 43a is inclined by an angle P. 当摆动切割器43被转动从而切割金属带1时,切割器43首先以切割面43a与金属带1的下部接触,因此切割器43从带1的下边到上边切割金属带1。 When the swing cutter 43 is rotated to cut the metal strip 1, the cutter 43 to cut the first surface 43a and the lower contact the metal strip 1, so that the cutter 43 cut the metal strip 1 from the lower to the upper side of the belt 1. 所以,摆动切割器43直切金属带1准确无误。 Therefore, the swing cutter 43 cut the metal strip 1 accurate linear.

[0118] S卩,如果金属带1由摆动切割器从上边到下边切割,带1就被摆动切割器43的切割力向下偏压在固带器42上,结果固带器42不能牢固保持住带1,而这使得带1被意外和斜向切割。 [0118] S Jie, if the metal band is cut by the oscillating cutter 1 from the upper side to the lower side, it is biased with a cutting force of the cutter 43 swings down on a solid belt 42, the results of solid belt 42 can not firmly held with a live, so that the belt 1 which is unexpectedly and cut obliquely. 其间,如果金属带1如上所述由摆动切割器43从下边到上边切割,带1就向上偏压,因此被固带器42较牢地固定住,并且同时被准确直切。 Meanwhile, if the metal strip 1 as described above on a bias cut by the oscillating cutter 43 from the lower side to the upper side with upwardly belt 42 is thus fixed more firmly fixed manner, while being accurate and straight cut.

[0119] 图28是显示两个或更多个由本发明的装置生产的,置于平木板上的切割刀片的视图。 [0119] FIG 28 is produced by two or more devices according to the present invention, the view of the cutting blade is placed on the flat board. 如图所示,如果两个或更多个切割刀片以刀片端互相按直角紧接在一起置于木板上, 由于刀片1的锐化边,在切割刀片1间的连接处就可形成间隙。 As shown, if two or more cutting blades in blade end at right angles to each other immediately placed together on the board, since the sharpened edges of the blade 1, can be formed a gap at the connection of a cutting blade. 即,一个刀片端和另一个刀片的锐化边的倾斜面之间有可能形成间隙。 That is, it is possible to form a gap between the blade end and the inclined surface of the sharpened edge of another blade. 这样的间隙可降低切割刀片的切割质量,因此需要从置于木板上的切割刀片消除这样的间隙。 Such a gap may reduce the cutting quality of the cutting blade, it is necessary to eliminate such a gap from the cutting blade is placed on board.

[0120] 为从切割刀片间的连接处消除这样的间隙,一个端部与另一刀片1的侧面连接的切割刀片1的端部被精确加工以便制出一个实际能够满足其它刀片1的锐化边的倾斜面的末端。 [0120] In order to eliminate such a gap from the junction between the cutting blades, a cutting blade portion end portion and the other end connected to a side surface of the blade 1 is made of accurately machined so as to meet a real other sharpened blade 1 end side of the inclined surface. 所以,通常置于木板上的切割刀片1间连接处的任何间隙被消除。 Therefore, any gap is usually placed at a connection blade on the cutting board is eliminated. [0121] 如上所述,本发明提供一种用于制造印刷品用切割刀片的装置。 [0121] As described above, the present invention provides an apparatus for manufacturing a cutting blade for prints. 本发明刀片成型装置不论金属带大小,通过联合工作,靠适当弯曲及将金属带切割成要求的刀片来制造切割刀片。 Insert molding apparatus of the present invention is manufactured regardless of the size of the metal strip through the joint work, by appropriately bending and cutting a metal blade with a cutting blade requirements. 装置还有可更换模具,因此能够制出具有不同间距和形状的桥口。 There may be means to replace the mold, it can be manufactured by a bridge port having different pitches and shapes. 装置有一个可垂直移动的弯针和一个摆动切割器。 Means has a vertically movable bending pin and one swing cutter. 弯针可快速将金属带弯成要求的形状,而摆动切割器准确无误地将金属带切割成切割刀片。 Looper quickly bent metal strip of the desired shape, while swinging the cutter accurately with the cut metal cutting blade.

[0122] 本发明的另外优点在于,装置快速生产高精度切割刀片,因此提高了生产效率并且降低了切割刀片的成本。 [0122] Further advantages of the present invention is that the rapid production of high-precision cutting blade means, thus increasing productivity and reducing the cost of the cutting blade.

[0123] 尽管本发明的优选实施例由于图解说明的原因已被揭示,熟悉本技术的人都知道,在不脱离如所附权利要求所说的本发明的范围和精神的情况下,多种改进、补充以及替换都是可能的。 [0123] Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention for reasons of illustration have been disclosed, those skilled in the art knows, without departing from the scope and spirit of the appended claims of said invention, a variety of modifications, additions and substitutions are possible.

12 12

Claims (2)

  1. 一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置中的在金属带上形成桥口的切桥型模,该切桥型模包括:有过带孔和模具导槽的壳体,所述过带孔与模具导槽垂直相交;以及弹簧偏压模具,该弹簧偏压模具可移动地布置在模具导槽中,能够有选择地并且快速地在模具导槽中移动,以便在通过过带孔的金属带上制出桥口。 One kind of die cut printed tape bridge forms a bridge with the cutting blade opening in the metal molding apparatus, the bridge cutting mold comprising: a mold had a housing and a guide groove hole, said through hole and the mold guides perpendicularly intersecting groove; and a spring biasing the die, the die may be spring biased movable guide groove disposed in a mold, can be selectively and quickly movable in the die guide groove, so that by the metal through the perforated belt system Hashiguchi.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的切桥型模,其特征在于,所述模具是可更换的零件,以形成不同形状的桥口。 2. The cutting bridge die according to claim 1, characterized in that the mold parts are interchangeable, in order to form a bridge port of a different shape.
CN 03106189 1999-08-27 1999-08-27 Equipment for forming bridge opening on cutting blade CN1515378B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3696655A (en) 1971-02-16 1972-10-10 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Apparatus for making blades
EP0088576A2 (en) 1982-03-04 1983-09-14 British United Shoe Machinery Limited Methods and apparatus for manufacturing cutting tools
US5461893A (en) 1993-05-28 1995-10-31 Cnc Corporation Method and apparatus for bending steel rule
US5771725A (en) 1995-01-11 1998-06-30 Mizukawa; Suehiro Method of producing a band blade, a method of bending a strip material, and an apparatus for bending a stip material

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3696655A (en) 1971-02-16 1972-10-10 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Apparatus for making blades
EP0088576A2 (en) 1982-03-04 1983-09-14 British United Shoe Machinery Limited Methods and apparatus for manufacturing cutting tools
US5461893A (en) 1993-05-28 1995-10-31 Cnc Corporation Method and apparatus for bending steel rule
US5771725A (en) 1995-01-11 1998-06-30 Mizukawa; Suehiro Method of producing a band blade, a method of bending a strip material, and an apparatus for bending a stip material

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