CN1510376A - Multifunctional drier and drying method thereof - Google Patents

Multifunctional drier and drying method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1510376A
CN1510376A CNA021587205A CN02158720A CN1510376A CN 1510376 A CN1510376 A CN 1510376A CN A021587205 A CNA021587205 A CN A021587205A CN 02158720 A CN02158720 A CN 02158720A CN 1510376 A CN1510376 A CN 1510376A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
room
duct
dryer
instrument
Prior art date
Application number
CNA021587205A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩贵廷
韩明琴
Original Assignee
韩贵廷
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 韩贵廷 filed Critical 韩贵廷
Priority to CNA021587205A priority Critical patent/CN1510376A/en
Publication of CN1510376A publication Critical patent/CN1510376A/en

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Abstract

A multifunctional baker is composed of the instrument and meter chamber containing drive motor and automatic control unit, the air channel chamber containing heater and blower, and material chamber containing jet air-supplying mechanism and combined air channel. Its baking method includes loading material in said material chamber, choosing the baking temp by automatic control unit, starting the heating system, supplying hot air to said material chamber, returning part of moisture back to blower, exhausting the rest of moisture, and opening automatically regulated air valve for providing fresh air to baker. Its advantages are optimal temp and humidity, reasonable baking speed, and high baking quality and efficiency.

Description

Multi-function drying machine and furnace drying method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of drying plant, relate in particular to a kind of multi-function drying machine and furnace drying method thereof.

Background technology

At present, roasting plant both domestic and external mainly contains two kinds: first bakery, it two is baking machines.

Bakery is a houselet that is provided with ground a heatable brick bed, skylight and wind-tunnel, toasts the material of hanging in the room with ground a heatable brick bed mode of heating, and relies on the free convection of skylight and wind-tunnel to get rid of moisture.Because the condition restriction of this facility makes temperature, humidity and velocity field in the room extremely inhomogeneous, and the energy consumption height, baking quality is very poor.

Baking machine, it is a casing that is assembled into by metallic plate, be provided with blasting floor in the case, underfloor is provided with prismatic plenum chamber, the case top is provided with prismatic air-return duct, toast the material of hanging in case in modes such as fuel oil, combustion gas or electrical heating, and rely on plenum chamber and air-return duct the eliminating moisture is set.In this facility, certain ventilation that is provided with of uiform section plenum chamber and air-return duct is limited to, and causes the inhomogeneous of the temperature inside the box, humidity and velocity field easily, gas-flow resistance is excessive, though baking quality is quite a lot of than bakery, but still there is the baking quality problem in the energy consumption height.

All there is a common drawback in above-mentioned drying plant: can not therefore can not rationally mate the drying rate of material surface and material inside according to the selected oven dry of the characteristic humidity of different material, be difficult to improve dries quantity and drying efficiency.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming of prior art, a kind of have even temperature, humidity and velocity field are provided, can improve baking quality and drying efficiency, and the multi-function drying machine and the furnace drying method thereof that cut down the consumption of energy.

Dryer of the present invention, form rectangular box by metal framework and composite metal plate, described rectangular box is divided into the instrument operation room in proper order, air channel equipment room and supplies room, described instrument operation room is provided with automaton and drive motors, described air channel equipment room be provided with heater and be installed in described heater upper end and with the joining blower fan of the drive motors of described instrument operation room, the bottom of described supplies room is provided with full orifice plate jet distribution mechanism, described wind pushing mechanism is made of the base plate of flanging around rectangle ribbing or the rectangle, be provided with the air delivery duct of band deep bead below the described base plate, the top of described supplies room is provided with compound air duct, and described compound air duct comprises the variable cross-section air-return duct that is made of the canted-plate that has aperture, the uiform section air inlet duct that exhausting duct and level board constitute.

The air intake of described air inlet duct is provided with automatic adjusting air intake valve; Described exhausting duct is provided with automatic exhaust valve away from an end of air channel equipment room; The guiding airduct that blower fan, heater and the air delivery duct of the equipment room setting of described air channel are passed through is connected; Described instrument operation room setting operation external door and water, steam valve door; Metal framework in the described supplies room is provided with the longeron that the material carriage is installed; Described supplies room is provided with the external door of band double-layer heat insulation observation window away from an end of air channel equipment room; Described instrument operation room is provided with the operation external door.

Furnace drying method of the present invention may further comprise the steps:

1. put the baked article material into supplies room;

2. offer supplies room optimum temperature and humidity by the automaton that is arranged in the instrument operation room according to the characteristic of material, and the material surface that is complementary with it of reasonable selection and the drying rate of material inside;

3. start the oven dry heating system;

4. blower fan will be dried wind by heater and connected guiding airduct and be sent into the air delivery duct that is provided with deep bead, and send into supplies room by base plate, and the part moisture is got back to blower fan by air-return duct, and another part enters exhausting duct, be discharged by automatic exhaust valve;

5. regulate air-valve automatically and open, in casing, provide fresh air by air inlet duct.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: can rationally mate the drying rate of material surface and material inside according to selected optimum temperature of the characteristic of baked article material and humidity,, and cut down the consumption of energy with raising baking quality and drying efficiency.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Among the figure: supplies room 1 air channel equipment room 2 instrument operation rooms 3 base plates 4 air delivery ducts 5 air-return ducts, 6 exhausting ducts, 7 air inlet ducts, 8 automatic exhaust valves 9 are regulated air intake valve 10 blower fans 11 heaters 12 longerons 13 tobacco rods 14 external doors 15 external doors 16 drive motors 17 deep beads 18 canted-plate 19 level boards 20 guiding airducts 21 automatically

The specific embodiment

Dryer of the present invention, by the rectangular box that metal framework and composite metal plate are formed, described rectangular box is divided into instrument operation room 3, air channel equipment room 2 and supplies room 1 in proper order; In instrument operation room 3, be provided with automaton and water, steam valve door, also be provided with the external door 16 and the drive motors 17 of coming in and going out for operating personnel; In described air channel equipment room 2, be provided with heater 12 and be installed in heater 12 upper ends and with the drive motors 17 joining blower fans 11 that are installed in instrument operation room 3, described blower fan 11 is connected by up big and down small guiding airduct 21 with heater 12; Be provided with full orifice plate jet distribution mechanism in the bottom of supplies room 1, this wind pushing mechanism is added by rectangle that the base plate 4 of flanging constitutes around rib or the rectangle, be provided with the air delivery duct 5 that deep bead 18 has been installed below the described base plate 4, top at supplies room 1 is provided with compound air duct, and this compound air duct comprises the variable cross-section air-return duct 6 that is made of canted-plate 19 and exhausting duct 7 and the uiform section air inlet duct 8 that is made of level board 20.

Air intake at described air inlet duct 8 is provided with automatic adjusting air intake valve 10; Be provided with automatic exhaust valve 9 at described exhausting duct 7 away from an end of air channel equipment room 2; Described supplies room 1 is provided with the external door 15 of being with the double-layer heat insulation observation window away from an end of air channel equipment room 2, can observe the oven dry situation in the supplies room 1.

Drying machine drying method of the present invention has the following steps:

1. put the baked article material into supplies room 1;

2. by being arranged on the automaton in the instrument operation room 3, offer supplies room 1 optimum temperature and humidity by the characteristic of material, and the material surface that is complementary with it of reasonable selection and the drying rate of material inside;

3. start the oven dry heating system;

4. blower fan 11 will be dried wind by heater 12 and connected guiding airduct 21 and be sent into the air delivery duct 5 that is provided with deep bead 18, and send into supplies room 1 by base plate 4, the part moisture is got back to blower fan 11 by air-return duct 6, and another part enters exhausting duct 7, is discharged by automatic exhaust valve 9;

5. regulate air-valve 10 automatically and open, in casing, provide fresh air by air inlet duct 8.

Dryer of the present invention provides the oven dry heat with fire coal, also can adopt drying modes such as fuel oil, combustion gas or electrical heating; Dryer can be made different capacity according to actual needs.Its heating system is connected and composed by pipeline and heater by equipment such as being arranged on the outer boiler of dryer, water pump.

The present invention compared with prior art has following advantage:

(1) can be according to optimum temperature and the humidity of being selected supplies room by the characteristic of material drying, reasonable selection is phase with it The material surface of coupling and the drying rate of material inside;

(2) have uniform temperature, humidity and velocity field, guarantee that baking quality reaches more than 95%;

(3) the metal composite plate structure of dryer and compound air inlet road structure can make the energy loss in the drying course Minimum, and energy reclaims maximum, and reduce energy consumption.

Dryer of the present invention adopts case structure, and practicality is good, and the scope of application is extensive, namely can be used for the bright cigarette baking of tobacco The roasting modulation can be used for again the oven dry unstrained spirits system of medicinal material, timber, fish product, dried mountain products, wool, the raw material of industry etc.

Claims (8)

1. multi-function drying machine, form rectangular box by metal framework and composite metal plate, described rectangular box is divided into the instrument operation room in proper order, air channel equipment room and supplies room, described instrument operation room is provided with automaton and drive motors, described air channel equipment room be provided with heater and be installed in described heater upper end and with the joining blower fan of the drive motors of described instrument operation room, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described supplies room is provided with full orifice plate jet distribution mechanism, described wind pushing mechanism is made of the base plate of flanging around rectangle ribbing or the rectangle, be provided with the air delivery duct of band deep bead below the described base plate, the top of described supplies room is provided with compound air duct, and described compound air duct comprises the variable cross-section air-return duct that is made of canted-plate, the uiform section air inlet duct that exhausting duct and level board constitute.
2. dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the air intake of described air inlet duct is provided with automatic adjusting air intake valve.
3. dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described exhausting duct is provided with automatic exhaust valve away from an end of air channel equipment room.
4. dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that, blower fan, heater and the air delivery duct that described air channel equipment room is provided with is connected by the guiding airduct.
5. dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the metal framework in the described supplies room is provided with the longeron that the material carriage is installed.
6. dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described supplies room is provided with the external door of band double-layer heat insulation observation window away from an end of air channel equipment room.
7. dryer according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described instrument operation room setting operation external door.
8. method of using the described drying machine drying material of claim 1 may further comprise the steps:
(1) puts the baked article material into supplies room;
(2) by being arranged on the automaton in the instrument operation room, provide optimum temperature and humidity by the characteristic of material to supplies room, and the material surface that is complementary with it of reasonable selection and the drying rate of material inside;
(3) start the oven dry heating system;
(4) blower fan will be dried wind by heater and connected guiding airduct and be sent into the air delivery duct that is provided with deep bead, and send into supplies room by base plate, and the part moisture is got back to blower fan by air-return duct, and another part enters exhausting duct, be discharged by automatic exhaust valve;
(5) regulate air-valve automatically and open, in casing, provide fresh air by air inlet duct.
CNA021587205A 2002-12-26 2002-12-26 Multifunctional drier and drying method thereof CN1510376A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA021587205A CN1510376A (en) 2002-12-26 2002-12-26 Multifunctional drier and drying method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA021587205A CN1510376A (en) 2002-12-26 2002-12-26 Multifunctional drier and drying method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1510376A true CN1510376A (en) 2004-07-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA021587205A CN1510376A (en) 2002-12-26 2002-12-26 Multifunctional drier and drying method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102564080A (en) * 2012-03-06 2012-07-11 中国农业大学 Inclined charging tray type gas jet impact drying machine
CN103283425A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-11 杨益荣 Grain drying and storing granary
CN103471351A (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-25 肖炳旺 Inclined horizontal hot air material baking and drying box
CN103994653A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-08-20 张家港宇新羊毛工业有限公司 Wool drying oven meshed plate
CN108204716A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-26 安徽依诺格实验室设备有限公司 A kind of energy-saving drying case
CN108224918A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-29 安徽依诺格实验室设备有限公司 A kind of laboratory drying box

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102564080A (en) * 2012-03-06 2012-07-11 中国农业大学 Inclined charging tray type gas jet impact drying machine
CN102564080B (en) * 2012-03-06 2014-07-16 中国农业大学 Inclined charging tray type gas jet impact drying machine
CN103471351A (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-25 肖炳旺 Inclined horizontal hot air material baking and drying box
CN103283425A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-11 杨益荣 Grain drying and storing granary
CN103994653A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-08-20 张家港宇新羊毛工业有限公司 Wool drying oven meshed plate
CN108204716A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-26 安徽依诺格实验室设备有限公司 A kind of energy-saving drying case
CN108224918A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-29 安徽依诺格实验室设备有限公司 A kind of laboratory drying box

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