CN1460562A - High-effective environment-protecting harmless refuse treatment method - Google Patents

High-effective environment-protecting harmless refuse treatment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1460562A
CN1460562A CN 03149204 CN03149204A CN1460562A CN 1460562 A CN1460562 A CN 1460562A CN 03149204 CN03149204 CN 03149204 CN 03149204 A CN03149204 A CN 03149204A CN 1460562 A CN1460562 A CN 1460562A
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China
Prior art keywords
enter
waste
rubbish
biogas generator
biogas
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CN 03149204
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1180896C (en
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赵晓光
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赵晓光
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Priority to CNB031492045A priority Critical patent/CN1180896C/en
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Abstract

The high-effective environment-protecting harmless type garbage treatment method is an integrated production process formed from garbage sorting system, fly and maggot cultivation system, methane generator system, plastics pyrolysis and distillation system and power generation system. The garbage sorting system can make the domestic garbage pass through plastic bag breaking machine, drum screening machine and boiling type pneumatic separation machine to separate out useful substances from domestic garbage and respectively convey them into the methane generator or plastic pyrolyzer to produce vapor, diesel oil and other gas, and the excrements being in solid wastes can be conveyed into stirring tank and fly and maggot cultivation pool to feed fly and maggot and make animal protein powder.

Description

The harmless type waste disposal method of high-efficiency environment friendly

<one〉technical field:

The present invention relates to the harmless type waste disposal method of a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly, is the processing to domestic refuse, ight soil, prevents to pollute or secondary pollution, turns waste into wealth, and makes full use of, and belongs to environment protection and technology of garbage disposal field.

<two〉background technology:

At present, international, domestic domestic refuse, ight soil, aspect processing, domestic waste adopts sanitary landfill, burning, compost, fill out mode such as sea handles, ight soil is taked three grades of septic tank fermentation back dischargings, so not only take a large amount of soils, equipment, outside the waste resource, also living environment is carried out secondary pollution, in a word, above-mentioned form garbage and dejection processing mode is not got back to natural benign cycle, not only waste a large amount of resources and fund, but also polluting the environment that we depend on for existence.

The purpose of this invention is to provide the harmless type waste disposal method of a kind of brand-new high-efficiency environment friendly, purpose is the non-degradable material of eliminating in the solid waste rubbish, thoroughly eliminate rubbish dissolve poisonous in the process, obnoxious flavour, liquid and parasitic ovum and pathogenic microorganism, with chemical industry, biology, method of microorganism, make rubbish be able to classified use, it not only makes no longer contaminate environment of all rubbish, to thoroughly change the conventional garbage tupe simultaneously, save land area, rubbish will become real resource, create great riches.

<three〉summary of the invention:

The harmless type waste disposal method of a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly of the present invention is made up of the integral production program that is mutually related between refuse classification system, fly maggot worm cultivating system, biogas generator system, plastics pyrolysis Distallation systm and the power generation system; It is characterized in that: the refuse classification system is with the domestic refuse in the solid waste, deliver into plastic breaker with travelling belt, fully behind the shredded plastic bag, promptly enter screening procedure, broken rubbish is transported to the cylinder type sifting machine through travelling belt, purpose is that small garbage and dust under the screening are entered biogas generator, residue rubbish after the screening is sent into magnetic separator by travelling belt, after the sucking-off of irony class material, being compressed into iron block with briquetting press reclaims, rubbish delivers into the sorting of elastic force separator after magnetic separation, harder inorganics with after rubbish separates, heavier inorganics is main rubbish such as stone, glass, battery, isolate is through artificial selection, glass is reclaimed, battery class nuisance is sorted out, stone carries out landfill, residuum after the sorting of elastic force separator, deliver into straight boiling type winnowing machine selection by winnowing through travelling belt, its objective is kitchen excess and plastics and waste paper, arrived in the different chests by wind according to its proportion difference, carry out sorting, each case outlet spreads out of with travelling belt, enter hand-sorted, the compressed packing of stationery thing is reclaimed, and organism is main rubbish, and promptly the kitchen excess is after murder by poisoning rubbish is chosen in picking once more, enter biogas generator, so that the toxic refuse cleaning of refuse battery is clean, avoid the natural pond slag through elastic force sorting and picking, heavy metal contamination in the liquid of natural pond, the plastics of picking out enter the plastics pyrolysis oven; Plastics pyrolysis Distallation systm is to produce petroleum gas in the vaporization of plastics pyrolysis oven, and petroleum gas behind desulfurization dechlorination device, distills out gasoline and diesel oil through water distilling apparatus again, can store, enter gasoline, diesel oil storage tank respectively, residual air again with the methane that removes carbonic acid gas, enter power generation system in the lump; Power generation system is formed elder generation by internal combustion engine generator group and steam boiler turbine driven set and is generated electricity by the internal combustion engine generator group, the waste gas that generating set is discharged enters the generating of steam boiler turbine driven set, the two gas power generation features that promote internal combustion, the generating of the two group of steam generating set with methane, the two inflammable gass of petrifaction gas have been formed, generating waste-heat is drawn with pipeline, cultures pond, baker necessary energy as plastics pyrolysis oven, biogas generator, natural pond slag, fly maggot worm; Fly maggot worm cultivating system is with the ight soil in the solid waste, remove the impurity of sanitary towel, paper one class through the screening pond, enter in the agitated pool, through dehydration and stirring, the cultivating system of maggot needs finish in the environment that the induced draft cover is arranged, the induced draft cover with blower fan and pipeline with foul smell, be mainly sulfurous gas and extract out, remove foul smell with the method for liming and adsorption by soil again, the bottom of culturing in the pond is provided with the aeration device of heating, and keep constant temperature under 25 ℃ of-35 ℃ of range of condition, culture.Surplus excrement waste material after the breed is extracted out with sludge pump, enter biogas generator, the fly maggot worm of culturing can using fresh herb, feed as fish, the frog, chicken, duck, goose, pig, scorpion, also can make animal albumen powder, its nymphosis can also be gone out fly, enter the baker oven dry in the baker oven dry, the fly abrasive dust is made animal proteinum, and puparium can refine makes chitin; The biogas generator system, be after mud, sewage and surplus excrement waste material that the kitchen excess and the fly maggot worm of the undersized small garbage of cylinder type sifting machine and dust, straight boiling type winnowing machine are cultured the pond are all entered biogas generator, the scope that constant temperature is 50 ℃-55 ℃ is carried out anaerobically fermenting, produce biogas, biogas enters the internal combustion engine generator group after removing carbonic acid gas.The bits of biogas generator are the natural pond slag, through high-temperature sterilization, all microorganisms and remaining worm's ovum are thoroughly killed after, become the good raw material of edible mushrooms culture, the liquid of biogas generator is natural pond liquid, can return biogas generator and continue to use, and the mode that also can be used as with liquid fertilizer imposes on the infertile field.

Advantage of the present invention is:

1, technology of garbage disposal scheme of the present invention has changed the conventional way of the landfill, burning etc. of international and domestic treating refuse, the expense of saving a large amount of soils and burning landfill.

2, rubbish obtains resource regenerations such as metal species, stationery, plastics class, category of glass through classification, makes the whole resource utilizations of available stock.

3, the residual air of utilizing domestic refuse and ight soil can produce after biogas and the plastics pyrolysis enters the generating set generating, and the residual air after the internal combustion generating is carried out the secondary steam generating, and the waste heat system is used to the refuse tip and recycles.

4, select the harmful toxic matter of having removed rubbish through repeatedly strict, prevent the pollution of heavy metal environment.

5, because serialization production, eliminate the stench of rubbish in stacking process and the generation of toxic gas discharging such as sulfurous gas, carbon monoxide, carbonic acid gas, hydrogenchloride, Dioxins and percolate, whole system can not pollute environment.

6, the vaporization of plastics, oiling have not only been eliminated white pollution, have solved the non-degradable thing in the rubbish, and produced simultaneously gasoline, diesel oil and huge electric energy make the rubbish industry create bigger economic benefit.

7, the protein powder that produces with the ight soil class solves and substitutes imported fish meal, will reduce existing aquaculture cost, and chitinous exploitation will reduce chitinous import, save a large amount of foreign exchanges.

8, the high-temperature sterilization of natural pond slag has thoroughly been eliminated germ and worm's ovum remaining in the biogas production process, reaches innoxious completely, and has created condition for the exploitation of edible mushrooms.

9, the comprehensive utilization of the present invention from refuse classification to all kinds of rubbish, each link can both produce huge economic benefit, this just for the enviromental protection enterprise transformation of the way, alleviate government's environmental protection investments pressure condition be provided.

10, grow the place naturally and eliminate the stench environment along with solving mosquitos and flies, make the refuse tip batch production, can solve the factor leading to social instability of periphery to the full extent, promote stable and united excellent situation.

<four〉description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is the functional diagram of refuse treatment schema of the present invention.

Number in the figure is as follows:

1 solid waste

Refuse classification system: 2 domestic refuses, 3 plastics bag crushers

4 cylinder type sifting machines, 5 magnetic separators, 6 irony classes reclaim

7 elastic force separators, 8 straight boiling type winnowing machine 9 heavier inorganicss are main rubbish

It is main rubbish that the recovery of 10 glass, stone landfill, battery class nuisance are sorted out 11 organism

12 light stationery plastics are that main 13 stationeries reclaim

Biogas generator system: 14 biogas generators, 15 natural pond slags

16 edible mushrooms cultures, 17 natural pond liquid 18 fertilize the soil

Fly maggot breeding system: 19 ight soil, 20 screening ponds

21 agitated pools, 22 fly maggot worms are cultured pond 23 bakers

Plastics pyrolysis Distallation systm: 24 plastics pyrolysis ovens, 25 desulfurization dechlorination devices

26 water distilling apparatus, 27 gasoline, diesel oil storage tank 28 residual air

Power generation system: 29 internal combustion engine generator groups, 30 steam-electric power units

31 waste heats

<five〉embodiment:

At first, see also shown in Figure 1, the harmless type waste disposal method of a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly of the present invention, set up a disposal site, mainly being provided with the refuse classification system region is a district, and fly maggot worm cultivating system district is two districts, the biogas generator system region is three districts, plastics pyrolysis Distallation systm is four districts, and power generation system is five districts, and all equipment configurations are installed in respectively in one to five district.In a district, earlier domestic refuse is transported to the plastics bag crusher by travelling belt, with after the plastics bag fragmentation, promptly enter screening procedure fully.When the cylinder type sifting machine screens, undersized small garbage and dust, be transported to by travelling belt in the biogas generator in three districts, its residuum is isolated irony class thing and is reclaimed on magnetic separator, after its residuum enters the sorting of elastic force separator, isolating heavier inorganics is main rubbish, isolating glass with this reclaims, the stone landfill, the battery nuisance is sorted out separately, other residuum enters straight boiling type separator, isolating organism by selection by winnowing is main kitchen excess rubbish, after picking is chosen Harmful Waste once more, remaining kitchen excess enters biogas generator, also isolating lighter stationery reclaims, isolated plastics enter the plastics pyrolysis oven in four districts, after the petroleum gas that produces enters desulfurization dechlorination device, distill generation gasoline, diesel oil, residual air, residual air enters the generating of internal combustion engine generator group with the methane that removes carbonic acid gas again, the waste gas that generating set is discharged enters the generating of steam boiler turbine driven set, the waste heat that generating set produced can make full use of, and is used in the plastics pyrolysis oven, biogas generator, natural pond slag high-temperature sterilization, the fly maggot worm is cultured pond fly maggot drying plant necessary energy.In two districts, ight soil is transported to the screening pond removes its foreign material, enter agitated pool again, remove foul smell through dehydration and stirring, enter the fly maggot worm and culture the pond, after fly maggot adult of culturing and fly are cleaned, enter the baker oven dry, make animal albumen powder, chitin, the remaining surplus excrement in this pond, sewage enters the biogas generator in two districts, all kinds of materials of the biogas generator that enters from each district under the condition of 52 ℃ of constant temperature, carry out anaerobically fermenting, produce a certain amount of biogas, remove and enter the generating of internal combustion engine generator group behind the carbonic acid gas and use, the natural pond slag becomes the edible mushrooms culture behind high-temperature sterilization, and the surplus liquid that natural pond liquid recharges biogas generator is used in agricultural and fertilizes the soil to go up and use.From above-mentioned production sequence, be that solid waste rubbish is become the utilization of resources, turn waste into wealth, produce huge economic benefit simultaneously.

Claims (1)

1, the harmless type waste disposal method of a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly, it is characterized in that: it is by the refuse classification system, the integral production program is mutually related between fly maggot worm cultivating system, biogas generator system, plastics pyrolysis Distallation systm and the power generation system; The refuse classification system is with the domestic refuse in the solid waste, deliver into plastic breaker with travelling belt, fully behind the shredded plastic bag, promptly enter screening procedure, broken rubbish is transported to the cylinder type sifting machine through travelling belt, purpose is that small garbage and dust under the screening are entered biogas generator, residue rubbish after the screening is sent into magnetic separator by travelling belt, after the sucking-off of irony class material, being compressed into iron block with briquetting press reclaims, rubbish delivers into the sorting of elastic force separator after magnetic separation, harder inorganics with after rubbish separates, heavier inorganics such as stone, glass, battery, isolate is through artificial selection, glass is reclaimed, battery class nuisance is sorted out, stone carries out landfill, residuum after the sorting of elastic force separator, deliver into straight boiling type winnowing machine selection by winnowing through travelling belt, its objective is kitchen excess and plastics and waste paper, arrived in the different chests by wind according to its proportion difference, carry out sorting, each case outlet spreads out of with travelling belt, enter hand-sorted, the compressed packing of stationery thing is reclaimed, and organism is main rubbish, and promptly the kitchen excess is after murder by poisoning rubbish is chosen in picking once more, enter biogas generator, so that the toxic refuse cleaning of refuse battery is clean, avoid the natural pond slag through elastic force sorting and picking, heavy metal contamination in the liquid of natural pond, the plastics of picking out enter the plastics pyrolysis oven; Plastics pyrolysis Distallation systm is to produce petroleum gas in the vaporization of plastics pyrolysis oven, and petroleum gas is again behind desulfurization dechlorination device, distill out gasoline and diesel oil through water distilling apparatus, can store, enter gasoline, diesel oil storage tank respectively, residual air again with the methane that removes carbonic acid gas, enter power generation system in the lump; Power generation system is made up of internal combustion engine generator group and steam boiler turbine driven set, generate electricity by the internal combustion engine generator group earlier, the waste gas that generating set is discharged enters the generating of steam boiler turbine driven set, the two gas power generation features that promote internal combustion, the generating of the two group of steam generating set with methane, the two inflammable gass of petrifaction gas have been formed, generating waste-heat is drawn with pipeline, cultures pond, baker necessary energy as plastics pyrolysis oven, biogas generator, natural pond slag, fly maggot worm; Fly maggot worm cultivating system is with the ight soil in the solid waste, impurity through screening pond removing sanitary towel, paper one class enters in the agitated pool, and dehydration is stirred, remove foul smell, enter the fly maggot worm and culture the pond, the bottom of culturing in the pond is provided with the aeration device of heating, and keeps constant temperature under 25 ℃ of-35 ℃ of range of condition, culture, surplus excrement waste material after the breed is extracted out with sludge pump, enters biogas generator, and the fly maggot worm of breed can be made into nutrient fodder and additive; The biogas generator system, be after mud, sewage and surplus excrement waste material that the kitchen excess and the fly maggot worm of the undersized small garbage of cylinder type sifting machine and dust, straight boiling type winnowing machine are cultured the pond are all entered biogas generator, the scope that constant temperature is 50 ℃-55 ℃ is carried out anaerobically fermenting, produce biogas, biogas is after removing carbonic acid gas, enter the internal combustion engine generator group, the natural pond slag of biogas generator, through high-temperature sterilization, become the good raw material of edible mushrooms culture, the natural pond liquid of biogas generator can return biogas generator and continue to use, and also can impose on the infertile field.
CNB031492045A 2003-06-15 2003-06-15 High-effective environment-protecting harmless refuse treatment method CN1180896C (en)

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WO2006017991A1 (en) * 2004-08-18 2006-02-23 Yiran Li Stepped sequential treatment method for municipal domestic refuse
CN101195121B (en) * 2007-02-28 2010-07-28 李华 Method for pollution-free processing, recycling urban pollutant and producing regeneration product
CN101850351A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-10-06 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Novel method for generating electricity by pyrolysis and incineration of waste
CN101538109B (en) * 2009-04-23 2010-11-10 北京科技大学 Anaerobic fermentation technical method of septic tank sediments by assist of industrial waste heat
CN101884997A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-11-17 深圳市兖能环保科技有限公司 Process for comprehensively treating garbage
CN101920257A (en) * 2010-06-29 2010-12-22 卞为国 Multifunctional device for treating and converting pollutants into energy resource
CN101586513B (en) * 2009-01-05 2011-01-26 中国华电工程(集团)有限公司 Method and device for recycling waste heat in discharged smoke of marsh gas power generation
CN102327888A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-01-25 严大春 Municipal domestic waste resource recovery processing method with zero pollution, zero release and harmlessness
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CN102390891A (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-03-28 吉林农业大学 Method for removing volatile organic malodorous substances from biogas slurry by using extraction method
CN102500604A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-20 辽宁科技大学 Household solid garbage recycling and renewable biological carbon circulating technology
CN102557372A (en) * 2010-12-08 2012-07-11 青岛中仁药业有限公司 Harmless treatment method for livestock excrement
CN102580980A (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-07-18 中山市恒动机械制造有限公司 Pre-treatment process and device of mass flow municipal waste
CN102962129A (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-03-13 中国环境科学研究院 Magnetic separation device and method for sorting metal substances in household garbage
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CN103846269A (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-11 上海锌特管道工程有限公司 Resource recycling household garbage treating apparatus
CN105903749A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-31 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Household garbage treatment method and system
CN105921497A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Resourceful comprehensive treatment method and system for household garbage
CN105921498A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Household garbage resourceful comprehensive treatment method and treatment system
CN105983567A (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-10-05 新疆森阳环保科技有限公司 Resourceful cyclic utilization technology for household and building rubbish
CN106984632A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-28 浙江华庆元生物科技有限公司 A kind of organic garbage treatment technique
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CN102580981B (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-05-29 喻万钧 Hazard-free environment-friendly treatment process for reducing and recycling waste rubber, plastic and domestic garbage
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Cited By (26)

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WO2006017991A1 (en) * 2004-08-18 2006-02-23 Yiran Li Stepped sequential treatment method for municipal domestic refuse
CN101195121B (en) * 2007-02-28 2010-07-28 李华 Method for pollution-free processing, recycling urban pollutant and producing regeneration product
CN101586513B (en) * 2009-01-05 2011-01-26 中国华电工程(集团)有限公司 Method and device for recycling waste heat in discharged smoke of marsh gas power generation
CN101538109B (en) * 2009-04-23 2010-11-10 北京科技大学 Anaerobic fermentation technical method of septic tank sediments by assist of industrial waste heat
CN101850351A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-10-06 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Novel method for generating electricity by pyrolysis and incineration of waste
CN101920257A (en) * 2010-06-29 2010-12-22 卞为国 Multifunctional device for treating and converting pollutants into energy resource
CN101884997A (en) * 2010-07-09 2010-11-17 深圳市兖能环保科技有限公司 Process for comprehensively treating garbage
CN101884997B (en) * 2010-07-09 2013-10-30 深圳市兖能环保科技有限公司 Process for comprehensively treating garbage
CN102335669A (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-02-01 湖南省一鼎环保有限公司 Processing method of garbage landfill
CN102557372A (en) * 2010-12-08 2012-07-11 青岛中仁药业有限公司 Harmless treatment method for livestock excrement
CN102327888A (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-01-25 严大春 Municipal domestic waste resource recovery processing method with zero pollution, zero release and harmlessness
CN102327888B (en) * 2011-05-25 2014-08-13 严大春 Municipal domestic waste resource recovery processing method with zero pollution, zero release and harmlessness
CN102390891A (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-03-28 吉林农业大学 Method for removing volatile organic malodorous substances from biogas slurry by using extraction method
CN102500604A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-20 辽宁科技大学 Household solid garbage recycling and renewable biological carbon circulating technology
CN102580980A (en) * 2012-02-10 2012-07-18 中山市恒动机械制造有限公司 Pre-treatment process and device of mass flow municipal waste
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CN102962129B (en) * 2012-11-27 2016-03-09 中国环境科学研究院 The concentration equipment of metallics and method in a kind of sorting house refuse
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CN103846269A (en) * 2012-12-03 2014-06-11 上海锌特管道工程有限公司 Resource recycling household garbage treating apparatus
CN105983567A (en) * 2015-04-15 2016-10-05 新疆森阳环保科技有限公司 Resourceful cyclic utilization technology for household and building rubbish
CN105903749A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-31 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Household garbage treatment method and system
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CN105921498A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 北京神雾环境能源科技集团股份有限公司 Household garbage resourceful comprehensive treatment method and treatment system
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CN109865737A (en) * 2019-03-27 2019-06-11 中科天龙(厦门)环保股份有限公司 A kind of solid waste substance treating method

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