CN1455063A - Shear wall module - Google Patents

Shear wall module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1455063A
CN1455063A CN 02118774 CN02118774A CN1455063A CN 1455063 A CN1455063 A CN 1455063A CN 02118774 CN02118774 CN 02118774 CN 02118774 A CN02118774 A CN 02118774A CN 1455063 A CN1455063 A CN 1455063A
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shear
module
formword
rod
edge
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CN1208525C (en
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邱则有
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邱则有
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Abstract

The shear wall form is characterized by that it comprises two side vertical wall plates, vertical wall limb internal form, transverse wall beam internal form and uses them to form polyhedral cavity shear wall prefabricated component, in the cavity at least is set a lever component which is obliquely cross-connected with vertical wall limb internal form or transverse wall beam internal form or with both them, so that this form can be produced in batches, and can be used for site-pouring reinforced concrete shear wall, and can simplify construction process, and its structure is simple and cost is low.

Description

A kind of shear wall module
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shear wall module.
(2) background technology
The cast-in-situ reinforced concrete wall is the necessary component part of highrise building system, multilayer and little high-story house in some earthquake areas also generally adopt the reinforced concrete shear wall structure, and reinforced concrete shear wall is that the ratio of performance to price is the best in the various shear walls, it is good that it has an overall performance, the bearing capacity height, advantages such as anti-seismic performance is good, but this body of wall is from great, rigidity is excessive, short from the shake cycle, particularly under the effect of big seismic forces, it destroys shear failure or antiarch destruction that form is fragility, therefore, and in order to resist bigger seismic shear, palpus enlarging section size and increase quantity of reinforcement, thereby the cost of shear wall is higher.The patent No. is that ZL01212935.6, name are called the utility model patent of " the split type hollow shear wall slab of steel bar concrete ", and it is made up of a plurality of arrangements of reinforcement unit, separates with template between each arrangement of reinforcement unit, forms vertically seam; Put into cylindrical internal mold in the middle of the shear wall slab, form vertical hole in wallboard, the more solid shear wall of the rigidity of this shear wall is little, and the shake cycle is long certainly, earthquake response is little, save material, bearing capacity height, sound insulation, insulation, good heat-insulation effect, from heavy and light, not only be fit to multilayer, the use of medium and small high residential building, the structural system that many, high-story house uses such as also suitable frame-shear wall and bottom large space are a kind of good seismic performance, cost is moderate.But the arrangement of reinforcement unit of the shear wall of this structure is vertical, horizontal two directions are not combined into the quadrangle or the triangular structure of sealing, after need pouring into integral body with collar tie beam and constructional column, could form whole, the dispersion of stressed back shearing is undesirable, and pore-forming complexity, the construction trouble, template consumption is big, mould easily expands, therefore, its application is subjected to many restrictions, number of patent application is 99122004.8, name is called " the dark truss shear wall of the sandwich mould of reinforced concrete structure " application for a patent for invention, it is the molding structure inside in the mould of routine or template, arrange anyhow to, oblique, the reinforcing bar of diagonal and corresponding stirrup are installed sandwich mould again on steel bar framework, carrying out concrete then builds moulding and finishes, it is characterized in that have oblique, on the steel bar framework of the reinforcing bar of diagonal and the cloth of the direction anyhow muscle of corresponding stirrup the light sandwich mould is installed, behind concreting, is formed the whole tabular body of wall that a kind of inside that two tabular metope structures are arranged has dark trussed construction.Its sandwich mould is used light material, and through processing and forming, the configuration flexibility or rigidity is installed attachment, and the surface adds waterproof layer makes, as making by mould with expanded perlite and cement.The construction of this kind shear wall, except reinforcing bar and the installation bundle strictly that will settle oblique or diagonal is the sandwich mould, other form of construction work, basic identical with the form of construction work of the reinforced concrete shear wall of using always.This shear wall owing to adopt the light sandwich mould, has alleviated weight, can reduce the material usage of building integral, reduces the manufacturing cost of building, and the whole tabular body of wall of the dark trussed construction of band of formation can improve the antidetonation and the wind resistance loading capability of building.But this kind shear wall is constructed complicated comparatively speaking, the layout of the reinforcing bar of especially oblique or diagonal, and installation bundle strictly is sandwich mould, but still be difficult to guarantee each partly accurate location of size, template consumption is big, and the mould that expands is serious, and weight is still too big, two sides shingle nail concrete is difficult for watering full, easily produce hollowing and cavitation, simultaneously, the light sandwich mould of walls, its intensity is low, carrying construction cracky, from the angle of construction, the force rod and the light sandwich mould that form behind the reinforcing bar pour concrete with oblique or diagonal do not form an integral body, to simplify the construction of shear wall, further reduce construction cost.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shear wall module for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shear wall module, can make the construction of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete wall simple, cost is low, little usefulness or without template, speed of application is fast, the mould that do not expand, and just plasticity can design, with framework better concertedness is arranged, from heavy and light, excellent in vibration resistance, but modularization production, simultaneously, module also has intensity height, simple in structure, characteristics such as cost is low, carrying easy construction.
Solution of the present invention is that module includes two blocks of edge-on wallboards, vertical wall limb inner formword, horizontal wall beam inner formword, two blocks of edge-on wallboards, vertical wall limb inner formword, laterally the wall beam inner formwords constitute the shear wall pre-constructed unit of polyhedron cavity, are provided with at least one rod member and vertical wall limb inner formword or laterally wall beam inner formword or both obliques connect in the pre-constructed unit cavity.Like this, with the brace in the shear wall, set in advance in module, can produce in batches, need not to carry out at the construction field (site) the accurate location of the layout and the size of oblique reinforcing bar, simplified work progress, but two edge-on wallboard one-shot formings of module are good simultaneously, thereby, also can save a large amount of templates during construction, little usefulness or without template reduces construction cost.Thereby the whole cost of shear wall is low, and speed of application is fast, the mould that do not expand, and just plasticity can design, and with framework better concertedness is arranged, from heavy and light, excellent earthquake resistance, but modularization production.In addition, module also has intensity height, simple in structure, characteristics such as cost is low, carrying easy construction, is not only applicable to the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete shear wall and also is applicable to other various cast-in-situ reinforced concrete walls.
Feature of the present invention also is the diagonal arranged crosswise of rod member along module.Like this, the rod member in the module forms " X " word and supports, module stressed, transmission force property is better, intensity and rigidity height.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member is furnished with two layers or more along module diagonal juxtaposition, perhaps between layer and the layer in addition quarter butt be connected or arranged crosswise in the same way.Like this, module stressed, transmission force property is better, intensity and rigidity are higher, globality, stability are higher, and different compound modes can produce different effects and effect, and rigidity can be designed.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member is solid hopkinson bar or hollow stem, perhaps reveals anchor rib in addition, reveals net, reveals mesh or band reveals a convex-concave sour jujube iron plate, reveals the dovetail iron plate or stretch out or recessed contracting maintains an equal level built-in rod end or open the wall rod end or their combination.When being hollow stem, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the hollow stem can form compound Cast-in-place concrete or steel bar concrete or prestress concrete coupled pole, forms integral body with Cast-in-place concrete, its overall performance is better, when revealing anchor rib etc. in addition, the bonding between rod member and the Cast-in-place concrete is more firm, and globality is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also two blocks of edge-on wallboards also are extended with the sidewall panel that serves as wall limb side template or wall beam side template at least one direction, around sidewall panel or the edge-on wallboard is zigzag, waveform, hypotenuse shape, step or its combination, perhaps reveals anchor rib simultaneously in addition, reveals net, reveals mesh or reveals a band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate, reveals dovetail iron plate or its combination.Like this, bonding between module and Cast-in-place concrete wall beam, the wall limb is better, if reveal anchor rib in addition, reveal net etc., then the bonding between itself and the concrete is more firm, crack resistance is stronger, then during in shear wall, the template of Cast-in-place concrete wall beam, wall limb can be work as if also be extended with side simultaneously, template, reduction construction cost can be saved in module application.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member does not join with edge-on wallboard, line is connected, face connects or point connects.Like this, module can be according to construction and the needs flexible design of producing.
Feature of the present invention also is vertical wall limb inner formword or laterally has on wall beam inner formword or two blocks of edge-on wallboards or sidewall panel or four or be mesh or a band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate or profiled sheet, or reveals anchor rib simultaneously in addition, reveals net, reveals the dovetail iron sheet, reveals hoop limit or its combination.Like this, the bonding between module and the Cast-in-place concrete is more firm, and cracking resistance is better, and its globality is stronger, and is stressed, transmission force property is better.
Feature of the present invention also is vertical wall limb inner formword or laterally in wall beam inner formword or two blocks of edge-on wallboards or the three reinforce is arranged, reinforce is fiber, fibrous mesh cloth, cloth, nonwoven, reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, prestressed reinforcement, iron sheet, steel plate, mesh steel plate or its combination, perhaps reveals anchor rib on it in addition, reveals net, reveals a mesh band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate, reveals dovetail iron plate or its combination.Like this, intensity, the rigidity of module is bigger, stressed, transmission force property is better, if reveal anchor rib etc. in addition, then and the bonding between the Cast-in-place concrete better, cracking resistance is better.
Feature of the present invention also is vertical wall limb inner formword or laterally wall beam inner formword or two blocks of edge-on wallboards or sidewall panel or the two or three or reinforcing rib is all arranged.Like this, intensity, the rigidity of module are better, can save material to a certain extent, and stability is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between two blocks of edge-on wallboards put more energy into floor or many quarter butts, and the quarter butt two ends are connected with two blocks of edge-on wallboards respectively or an end is connected the other end and is connected with edge-on wallboard with rod member.Like this, the intensity of module and rigidity, stability further improve, and is stressed, transmission force property is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member and quarter butt are reinforcing bar mortar bar, the steel bar concrete bar, steel pipe, sheetmetal concrete bar, the prestressing force bar, the prestressed reinforcement of band protective jacket or coating, prestress wire, un-bonded prestressed steel strand, the ring bar, fiberglass rod, the GRC bar, the carbon fiber bar, reinforcing bar, plastic bar, the vertical masonry joint metal tube, spirally-seamed metal tubing, the steel wire webmaster, the glass fiber stringing, glass reinforced plastic pipe, the tube wall perforated pipe, composite metal-plastic pipe, hollow concrete mortar pipe, reinforcing bar lightweight concrete enhancement mode pipe or steel pipe concrete pipe or its combination, its cross sectional shape is circular, annular, square, the prolate type, hollow, ring is hollow, L shaped, flute profile, I-shaped, the honeycomb hollow, porous shape, variable cross-section shape, perhaps its cross sectional shape is also along the axis reducing of rod member.Like this, the form of rod member can be selected according to the requirement of design, construction, makes things convenient for design and construction, makes things convenient for the production of module simultaneously, helps reducing cost.And the rod member of difformity, structure, material, can produce different effects and effect, more suit the actual needs of different engineerings.
Feature of the present invention also be rod member, quarter butt, vertical wall limb inner formword, laterally wall beam inner formword or two blocks of edge-on wallboards each other be connected to gluing, welding, wire connection, snapping, clamping, riveted joint, hinged, perforation anchor connection, global formation or above-mentioned combination.Like this, the making of module is more convenient, and module both can connect in advance in factory to be made, and also can arrive the job site and connect into integral body again, convenient carrying.
Feature of the present invention also is to be useful on the module adjacent block butt joint or the fixing connection keeper of usefulness, and the connection keeper is pin, groove, iron wire, bayonet socket built-in fitting, tenon, male and female groove.Like this, module can make module locate as early as possible and connect when being applied to shear wall construction, and convenient construction is accelerated construction progress, reduces construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member is two blocks of edge-on wallboards or the reinforcing rib on it.Like this, the weight of module is further alleviated, reduce cost, produce simply, be applicable to the occasion that shear stress is little, or as supplementary module.
Feature of the present invention also is the vertical wall limb inner formword of module, laterally at least more than one boss is arranged at least one face of wall beam inner formword, and boss is solid boss or hollow boss, or for being filled with the imitative hollow boss of light material.Like this, can make module application when shear wall, the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete wall beam between the module, wall column or wall limb form truss-like stressed member structure, and further weight reduction reduces the shear wall cost.
Feature of the present invention also is to have the quarter butt more than at least 1 at least one boss.The intensity and the rigidity of the truss member structure of the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete wall beam that forms between the module like this,, wall column or wall limb are further strengthened.
Feature of the present invention is that also module has the angular position that chamfering is arranged.As the inner formword junction, edge-on wallboard angular position etc., like this, can reduce between the Cast-in-place concrete or and prefabricated rod member between the stress at contact position concentrate, improves stressed, transmission force property, enhancing node strength, rigidity and anti-impact, cut performance.
Feature of the present invention is that also module is provided with drag hook, suspender member, embedded iron parts, pre-buried conduit, junction box, water pipe, reserving hole or their combination.Like this, can make things convenient for the construction of module, the especially construction of subsequent handling helps pipeline and secretly buries.
Feature of the present invention is that also vertical wall limb inner formword and horizontal wall beam inner formword adopt Cement fibre material, asbestos cement sheet, cement wire mesh mortar, gauze wire cloth concrete, a mesh band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate, steel plate, profiled sheet, glass fiber reinforced plastic or Polypropylence Sheet or plate or laminated composites or its combination or compound making.Like this, can adopt different inner formwords by the different requirements of building.
Feature of the present invention is that also edge-on wallboard adopts steel bar concrete, prestressed reinforced concrete, ferro-cement, sandwich steel plate concrete, fibre mortar, fiber concrete, expanded metal lath concrete or sheet asbestos or combinations thereof to make.Except above-mentioned points, the material that can adopt other shape, structure, performance to be not quite similar also is to satisfy different building types and structure or to decorate the edge-on wallboard of needs.
Feature of the present invention also is to be filled with in the cavity part or all of light material.Like this, the insulation of module, heat insulation, sound insulation value is better.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 1, and 1 is edge-on wallboard, and 2 is vertical wall limb inner formword, and 3 is horizontal wall beam inner formword, and 4 is rod member, in following each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.Shown in Figure 1, connect, and arrange with vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 obliques respectively for being provided with a rod member 4 in the cavity along diagonal.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 2, has two rod members 4 to be " people " font in cavity and arranges, connects with vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 obliques respectively.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 3, two rod members 4 in cavity along the diagonal arranged crosswise of module.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 4, is furnished with two layers along module diagonal rod member 4 juxtapositions in cavity, and between layer and the layer in addition quarter butt 5 be connected, constitute dark space truss structure each other.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 5, and its rod member 4 is a hollow stem, and the built-in trumpet type that is that maintains an equal level that contracts in the rod end, is convenient to Cast-in-place concrete and enters and form coupled pole, forms integral body with Cast-in-place concrete.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 6, and its two rod members 4 are hollow stem, and wherein one is profiled sheet rod member and be extended with out wall rod end 10, open that wall rod end 10 can strengthen and Cast-in-place concrete between adhesion stress.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 7, and its rod member 4 is solid or hollow stem, and the anchor rib 6 of revealing is arranged.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 8, and its rod member 4 is solid or hollow stem, and is extended with rod end 10, and the net of revealing 7 is arranged and reveal a convex-concave sour jujube iron plate 8.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 9, and its rod member 4 is solid or hollow stem, and the dovetail of revealing iron plate 9 is arranged.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 10, is extended with sidewall panel 11 around edge-on wallboard 1, is step around the sidewall panel 11, can realize the mode of socket joint when construction, convenient construction.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 11, is extended with sidewall panel 11 around edge-on wallboard 1, is extended with on the sidewall panel 11 to reveal net 7.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 12, and rod member 4 is connected for line with edge-on wallboard 1.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 13, on its edge-on wallboard 1, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, the horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 mesh iron plate 8 is arranged.Can be used as the interior core of compound wall, more firm with the bonding of Cast-in-place concrete.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 14, on its vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3, the sidewall panel 11 profiled sheet 12 is arranged, profiled sheet 12 on the sidewall panel 11 has formed and has revealed the hoop limit, can after Cast-in-place concrete pours into Cast-in-place concrete be wrapped up.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 15, in its edge-on wallboard 1 steel mesh reinforcement reinforce 14 is arranged, and the anchor rib 6 of revealing, dew net 7 are arranged all around.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 16, in its edge-on wallboard 1 steel mesh reinforcement reinforce 14 is arranged, and sidewall panel 11 is arranged all around and the anchor rib 6 of revealing, dew net 7 are arranged, and the inner surface of sidewall panel 11 is a rough surface.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 17, in its edge-on wallboard 1 steel mesh reinforcement reinforce 14 is arranged, and the anchor rib 6 of revealing, dew net 7 are arranged all around.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 18, on its edge-on wallboard 1, the vertical wall limb inner formword 2 reinforcing rib 15 is arranged.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 19, and for being provided with put more energy into floor 16 and many quarter butts 5 between two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 in the cavity, rod member 4 is a hollow stem.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 20, and for being provided with put more energy into floor 16 and many quarter butts 5 between two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 in the cavity, rod member 4 is a solid hopkinson bar, and is extended with rod end 10.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 21, and its rod member 4 is a reinforcing bar, and the surface scribbles anticorrosion fire resistant coating.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 22, and its rod member 4 is hollow square tube, and the surface scribbles anticorrosion fire resistant coating, and there is pore on the surface, water at Cast-in-place concrete fashionable, the effective air in the drain, it is real to make concrete water puddling.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 23, and the connection 17 between its rod member 4, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3, the edge-on wallboard 1 is glued the connection.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 24, and the connection location 18 on its module connects the location for tenon.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 25, and its rod member 4 is the reinforcing rib 15 on the edge-on wallboard 1.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 26, on its vertical wall limb inner formword 2, the horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 boss 19 is arranged, and boss 19 is for being filled with the imitative hollow boss of light material 20.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 27, in its boss 19 quarter butt 5 is arranged.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 28, in the angular position that has of module chamfering 21 is arranged, and is the linear pattern chamfering, also can be the circular arc type chamfering.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 29, in the angular position that has of module chamfering 21 is arranged, and is the linear pattern chamfering, and four jiaos of sidewall panel 11 do not have chamfering.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 30, and module is provided with drag hook 22, suspender member 23, pushes up and bury ironware 24.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 31, and module is provided with pre-buried conduit 25, junction box 26.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 32, and module is provided with water pipe 27, reserving hole 28.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 33, all is filled with light material 20 in the module cavity.
(5) embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, include two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3, two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, laterally wall beam inner formwords 3 constitute the shear wall pre-constructed unit of polyhedron cavitys, are provided with at least one rod member 4 and vertical wall limb inner formword 2 or laterally wall beam inner formword 3 or both obliques connect in the pre-constructed unit cavity.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 1, and 1 is edge-on wallboard, and 2 is vertical wall limb inner formword, and 3 is horizontal wall beam inner formword, and 4 is rod member, in following each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, and its explanation is identical.Shown in Figure 1, connect, and arrange with vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 obliques respectively for being provided with a rod member 4 in the cavity along diagonal.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 2, has two rod members 4 to be " people " font in cavity and arranges, connects with vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 obliques respectively.
Feature of the present invention also is the diagonal arranged crosswise of rod member 4 along module.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 3, two rod members 4 in cavity along the diagonal arranged crosswise of module.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member 4 is furnished with two layers or more along module diagonal juxtaposition, perhaps between layer and the layer in addition quarter butt 5 be connected or arranged crosswise in the same way.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 4, is furnished with two layers along module diagonal rod member 4 juxtapositions in cavity, and between layer and the layer in addition quarter butt 5 be connected, constitute dark space truss structure each other.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member 4 is solid hopkinson bar or hollow stem, perhaps reveals anchor rib 6 in addition, reveals net 7, reveals mesh or band reveals a convex-concave sour jujube iron plate 8, reveals dovetail iron plate 9 or stretch out or recessed contracting maintains an equal level built-in rod end or open wall rod end 10 or their combination.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 5, and its rod member 4 is a hollow stem, and the built-in trumpet type that is that maintains an equal level that contracts in the rod end, is convenient to Cast-in-place concrete and enters and form coupled pole, forms integral body with Cast-in-place concrete.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 6, and its two rod members 4 are hollow stem, and wherein one is profiled sheet rod member and be extended with out wall rod end 10, open that wall rod end 10 can strengthen and Cast-in-place concrete between adhesion stress.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 7, and its rod member 4 is solid or hollow stem, and the anchor rib 6 of revealing is arranged.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 8, and its rod member 4 is solid or hollow stem, and is extended with rod end 10, and the net of revealing 7 is arranged and reveal a convex-concave sour jujube iron plate 8.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 9, and its rod member 4 is solid or hollow stem, and the dovetail of revealing iron plate 9 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 are extended with the sidewall panel 11 that serves as wall limb side template or wall beam side template at least one direction, around sidewall panel 11 or the edge-on wallboard 1 is zigzag, waveform, hypotenuse shape, step or its combination, perhaps reveals anchor rib 6 simultaneously in addition, reveals net 7, reveals mesh or reveals a band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate 8, reveals dovetail iron plate 9 or its combination.Figure 10 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 10, is extended with sidewall panel 11 around edge-on wallboard 1, is step around the sidewall panel 11, can realize the mode of socket joint when construction, convenient construction.Figure 11 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 11, is extended with sidewall panel 11 around edge-on wallboard 1, is extended with on the sidewall panel 11 to reveal net 7.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member 4 does not join with edge-on wallboard 1, line is connected, face connects or point connects.Fig. 9 is that rod member 4 is connected with 1 of edge-on wallboard.Figure 10 is not connected with edge-on wallboard 1 for rod member 4.Figure 11 is that rod member 4 is connected with 1 of edge-on wallboard.Figure 12 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 12, and rod member 4 is connected for line with edge-on wallboard 1.
Feature of the present invention also is vertical wall limb inner formword 2 or laterally has on wall beam inner formword 3 or two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 or sidewall panel 11 or four or be mesh or a band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate 8 or profiled sheet 12, or reveals anchor rib 6 simultaneously in addition, reveals net 7, reveals dovetail iron sheet 9, reveals hoop limit 13 or its combination.Figure 13 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 13, on its edge-on wallboard 1, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, the horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 mesh iron plate 8 is arranged.Can be used as the interior core of compound wall, more firm with the bonding of Cast-in-place concrete.Figure 14 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 14, on its vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3, the sidewall panel 11 profiled sheet 12 is arranged, profiled sheet 12 on the sidewall panel 11 has formed and has revealed the hoop limit, can after Cast-in-place concrete pours into Cast-in-place concrete be wrapped up.
Feature of the present invention also is vertical wall limb inner formword 2 or laterally in wall beam inner formword 3 or two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 or the three reinforce 14 is arranged, reinforce 14 is fiber, fibrous mesh cloth, cloth, nonwoven, reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, prestressed reinforcement, iron sheet, steel plate, mesh steel plate or its combination, perhaps reveals anchor rib 6 on it in addition, reveals net 7, reveals a mesh band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate 8, reveals dovetail iron plate 9 or its combination.Figure 15 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 15, in its edge-on wallboard 1 steel mesh reinforcement reinforce 14 is arranged, and the anchor rib 6 of revealing, dew net 7 are arranged all around.Figure 16 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 16, in its edge-on wallboard 1 steel mesh reinforcement reinforce 14 is arranged, and sidewall panel 11 is arranged all around and the anchor rib 6 of revealing, dew net 7 are arranged, and the inner surface of sidewall panel 11 is a rough surface.Figure 17 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 17, in its edge-on wallboard 1 steel mesh reinforcement reinforce 14 is arranged, and the anchor rib 6 of revealing, dew net 7 are arranged all around.
Feature of the present invention also is vertical wall limb inner formword 2 or laterally wall beam inner formword 3 or two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 or sidewall panel 11 or the two or three or reinforcing rib 15 is all arranged.Figure 18 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 18, on its edge-on wallboard 1, the vertical wall limb inner formword 2 reinforcing rib 15 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with between two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 put more energy into floor 16 or many quarter butts 5, and quarter butt 5 two ends are connected with two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 respectively or an end is connected the other end and is connected with edge-on wallboard 1 with rod member 4.Figure 19 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 19, and for being provided with put more energy into floor 16 and many quarter butts 5 between two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 in the cavity, rod member 4 is a hollow stem.Figure 20 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 20, and for being provided with put more energy into floor 16 and many quarter butts 5 between two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 in the cavity, rod member 4 is a solid hopkinson bar, and is extended with rod end 10.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member 4 and quarter butt 5 are reinforcing bar mortar bar, the steel bar concrete bar, steel pipe, sheetmetal concrete bar, the prestressing force bar, the prestressed reinforcement of band protective jacket or coating, prestress wire, un-bonded prestressed steel strand, the ring bar, fiberglass rod, the GRC bar, the carbon fiber bar, reinforcing bar, plastic bar, the vertical masonry joint metal tube, spirally-seamed metal tubing, the steel wire webmaster, the glass fiber stringing, glass reinforced plastic pipe, the tube wall perforated pipe, composite metal-plastic pipe, hollow concrete mortar pipe, reinforcing bar lightweight concrete enhancement mode pipe or steel pipe concrete pipe or its combination, its cross sectional shape is circular, annular, square, the prolate type, hollow, ring is hollow, L shaped, flute profile, I-shaped, the honeycomb hollow, porous shape, variable cross-section shape, perhaps its cross sectional shape is also along the axis reducing of rod member.The rod member 4 of Figure 12 is hollow round bar.The rod member 4 of Figure 17 is the steel pipe concrete coupled pole, and the rod member 4 of Figure 19 is hollow square bar, and quarter butt 5 is reinforcing bar or steel bar concrete quarter butt.The rod member 4 of Figure 20 is solid square steel bar concrete bar.Figure 21 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 21, and its rod member 4 is a reinforcing bar, and the surface scribbles anticorrosion fire resistant coating.Figure 22 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 22, and its rod member 4 is hollow square tube, and the surface scribbles anticorrosion fire resistant coating, and there is pore on the surface, water at Cast-in-place concrete fashionable, the effective air in the drain, it is real to make concrete water puddling.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member 4, quarter butt 5, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 or two edge-on wallboard 1 connections 17 each other are gluing, welding, wire connection, snapping, clamping, riveted joint, hinged, perforation anchor connection, global formation or above-mentioned combination.Figure 23 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 23, and the connection 17 between its rod member 4, vertical wall limb inner formword 2, horizontal wall beam inner formword 3, the edge-on wallboard 1 is glued the connection.
Feature of the present invention also is to be useful on the module adjacent block butt joint or the fixing connection keeper 18 of usefulness, and connecting keeper 18 is pin, groove, iron wire, bayonet socket built-in fitting, tenon, male and female groove.Figure 24 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 24, and the connection location 18 on its module connects the location for tenon.
Feature of the present invention is that also rod member 4 is two blocks of edge-on wallboards 1 or the reinforcing rib on it 15.Figure 25 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 25, and its rod member 4 is the reinforcing rib 15 on the edge-on wallboard 1.
Feature of the present invention also is the vertical wall limb inner formword 2 of module, laterally at least more than one boss 19 is arranged at least one face of wall beam inner formword 3, and boss 19 be solid boss or hollow boss, or is the imitative hollow boss that is filled with light material 20.Figure 26 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 26, on its vertical wall limb inner formword 2, the horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 boss 19 is arranged, and boss 19 is for being filled with the imitative hollow boss of light material 20.
Feature of the present invention also is to have the quarter butt 5 more than at least 1 at least one boss 19.Figure 27 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 27, in its boss 19 quarter butt 5 is arranged.
Feature of the present invention is that also module has the angular position that chamfering 21 is arranged.Figure 28 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 28, in the angular position that has of module chamfering 21 is arranged, and is the linear pattern chamfering, also can be the circular arc type chamfering.Figure 29 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 29, in the angular position that has of module chamfering 21 is arranged, and is the linear pattern chamfering, and four jiaos of sidewall panel 11 do not have chamfering.
Feature of the present invention is that also module is provided with drag hook 22, suspender member 23, embedded iron parts 24, pre-buried conduit 25, junction box 26, water pipe 27, reserving hole 28 or their combination.Figure 30 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 30, and module is provided with drag hook 22, suspender member 23, pushes up and bury ironware 24.Figure 31 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 31, and module is provided with pre-buried conduit 25, junction box 26.Figure 32 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 32, and module is provided with water pipe 27, reserving hole 28.
Feature of the present invention is that also vertical wall limb inner formword 2 and horizontal wall beam inner formword 3 adopt Cement fibre materials, asbestos cement sheet, cement wire mesh mortar, gauze wire cloth concrete, a mesh band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate, steel plate, profiled sheet, glass fiber reinforced plastic or Polypropylence Sheet or plate or laminated composites or its combination or compound making.
Feature of the present invention is that also edge-on wallboard 1 adopts steel bar concrete, prestressed reinforced concrete, ferro-cement, sandwich steel plate concrete, fibre mortar, fiber concrete, expanded metal lath concrete or sheet asbestos or above-mentioned really good combination to make.
Feature of the present invention also is to be filled with in the cavity part or all of light material 20.Figure 33 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 33, all is filled with light material 20 in the module cavity.
During the invention process, as adopting steel bar concrete to make edge-on wallboard 1,, adopt steel pipe concrete rod member 4 and steel pipe concrete quarter butt 5 with the vertical wall limb of gauze wire cloth concrete global formation inner formword 2 and horizontal wall beam inner formword 3, press welding of accompanying drawing illustrated embodiment or splicing, can form module whole.

Claims (23)

1, a kind of shear wall module, it is characterized in that including two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1), vertical wall limb inner formword (2), horizontal wall beam inner formword (3), two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1), vertical wall limb inner formword (2), laterally wall beam inner formword (3) constitutes the shear wall pre-constructed unit of polyhedron cavity, is provided with at least one rod member (4) and vertical wall limb inner formword (2) or laterally wall beam inner formword (3) or both obliques connect in the pre-constructed unit cavity.
2, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 1 is characterized in that the diagonal arranged crosswise of rod member (4) along module.
3, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 2 is characterized in that rod member (4) is furnished with two layers or more along module diagonal juxtaposition, perhaps between layer and the layer in addition quarter butt (5) be connected or arranged crosswise in the same way.
4, according to claim 1,2 or 3 described a kind of shear wall modules, it is characterized in that rod member (4) is solid hopkinson bar or hollow stem, perhaps reveal anchor rib (6) in addition, reveal net (7), reveal mesh or band reveals a convex-concave sour jujube iron plate (8), reveals dovetail iron plate (9) or stretch out or recessed contracting maintains an equal level built-in rod end or open wall rod end (10) or their combination.
5, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 4, it is characterized in that two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) also are extended with the sidewall panel (11) that serves as wall limb side template or wall beam side template at least one direction, around sidewall panel (11) or the edge-on wallboard (1) is zigzag, waveform, hypotenuse shape, step or its combination, perhaps reveals anchor rib (6) simultaneously in addition, reveals net (7), reveals mesh or reveals a band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate (8), reveals dovetail iron plate (9) or its combination.
6, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 1 is characterized in that rod member (4) does not join with edge-on wallboard (1), line is connected, face connects or point connects.
7, according to claim 1,2,3,5 or 6 described a kind of shear wall modules, it is characterized in that having on vertical wall limb inner formword (2) or horizontal wall beam inner formword (3) or two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) or sidewall panel (11) or four or being mesh or a band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate (8) or profiled sheet (12), or reveal anchor rib (6), dew net (7), dew dovetail iron sheet (9), dew hoop limit (13) or its combination simultaneously in addition.
8, according to claim 1,2,3,5 or 6 described a kind of shear wall modules, it is characterized in that in vertical wall limb inner formword (2) or horizontal wall beam inner formword (3) or two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) or the three reinforce (14) being arranged, reinforce (14) is fiber, fibrous mesh cloth, cloth, nonwoven, reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, prestressed reinforcement, iron sheet, steel plate, mesh steel plate or its combination, perhaps reveals anchor rib (6) on it in addition, reveals net (7), reveals a mesh band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate (8), reveals dovetail iron plate (9) or its combination.
9, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 8 is characterized in that vertical wall limb inner formword (2) or laterally wall beam inner formword (3) or two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) or sidewall panel (11) or the two or three or reinforcing rib (15) is all arranged.
10, according to claim 1,2,3,5,6 or 9 described a kind of shear wall modules, it is characterized in that being provided with between two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) floor of putting more energy into (16) or many quarter butts (5), quarter butt (5) two ends are connected with two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) respectively or an end is connected the other end and is connected with edge-on wallboard (1) with rod member (4).
11, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 7, it is characterized in that being provided with between two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) floor of putting more energy into (16) or many quarter butts (5), quarter butt (5) two ends are connected with two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) respectively or an end is connected the other end and is connected with edge-on wallboard (1) with rod member (4).
12, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 10, it is characterized in that rod member (4) and quarter butt (5) are reinforcing bar mortar bar, the steel bar concrete bar, steel pipe, sheetmetal concrete bar, the prestressing force bar, the prestressed reinforcement of band protective jacket or coating, prestress wire, un-bonded prestressed steel strand, the ring bar, fiberglass rod, the GRC bar, the carbon fiber bar, reinforcing bar, plastic bar, the vertical masonry joint metal tube, spirally-seamed metal tubing, the steel wire webmaster, the glass fiber stringing, glass reinforced plastic pipe, the tube wall perforated pipe, composite metal-plastic pipe, hollow concrete mortar pipe, reinforcing bar lightweight concrete enhancement mode pipe or steel pipe concrete pipe or its combination, its cross sectional shape is circular, annular, square, the prolate type, hollow, ring is hollow, L shaped, flute profile, I-shaped, the honeycomb hollow, porous shape, variable cross-section shape, perhaps its cross sectional shape is also along the axis reducing of rod member.
13,, it is characterized in that rod member (4), quarter butt (5), vertical wall limb inner formword (2), horizontal wall beam inner formword (3) or two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) connection (17) each other are gluing, welding, wire connection, snapping, clamping, riveted joint, hinged, perforation anchor connection, global formation or above-mentioned combination according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9 or 12 described a kind of shear wall modules.
14, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 13 is characterized in that being useful on the module adjacent block butt joint or the fixing connection keeper (18) of usefulness, and connecting keeper (18) is pin, groove, iron wire, bayonet socket built-in fitting, tenon, male and female groove.
15,, it is characterized in that rod member (4) is two blocks of edge-on wallboards (1) or the reinforcing rib on it (15) according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9,12 or 14 described a kind of shear wall modules.
16, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 15, it is characterized in that the vertical wall limb inner formword (2) of module, laterally at least more than one boss (19) arranged at least one face of wall beam inner formword (3), boss (19) is solid boss or hollow boss, or for being filled with the imitative hollow boss of light material (20).
17,, it is characterized in that at least one boss (19), having the quarter butt (5) more than at least 1 according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9,12,14 or 16 described a kind of shear wall modules.
18, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 17 is characterized in that module has the angular position that chamfering (21) is arranged.
19, a kind of shear wall module according to claim 11 is characterized in that module has the angular position that chamfering (21) is arranged.
20,, it is characterized in that module is provided with drag hook (22), suspender member (23), embedded iron parts (24), pre-buried conduit (25), junction box (26), water pipe (27), reserving hole (28) or their combination according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9,12,14,16,18 or 19 described a kind of shear wall modules.
21,, it is characterized in that vertical wall limb inner formword (2) and horizontal wall beam inner formword (3) adopt Cement fibre material, asbestos cement sheet, cement wire mesh mortar, gauze wire cloth concrete, a mesh band convex-concave sour jujube iron plate, steel plate, profiled sheet, glass fiber reinforced plastic or Polypropylence Sheet or plate or laminated composites or its combination or compound making according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9,12,14,16,18 or 1 described a kind of shear wall module.
22,, it is characterized in that edge-on wallboard (1) adopts steel bar concrete, prestressed reinforced concrete, ferro-cement, sandwich steel plate concrete, fibre mortar, fiber concrete, expanded metal lath concrete or sheet asbestos or above-mentioned really good combination to make according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9,12,14,16,18 or 19 described a kind of shear wall modules.
23, according to claim 1,2,3,5,6,9,12,14,16,18 or 19 described a kind of shear wall modules, it is characterized in that being filled with in the cavity part or all of light material (20).
CN 02118774 2002-04-30 2002-04-30 Shear wall module Expired - Fee Related CN1208525C (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102011442A (en) * 2009-09-07 2011-04-13 初明进 Light steel-concrete combination structure shear wall and manufacturing method thereof
CN102979221A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-03-20 郑州大学 Shear wall structure configured with crossed slant internal prestress and construction method of shear wall structure
CN104213655A (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-12-17 周奇迪 Modular building and modular wall
CN113216505A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-08-06 江苏蓝圈新材料股份有限公司 High-strength PC component for prefabricated house

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102011442A (en) * 2009-09-07 2011-04-13 初明进 Light steel-concrete combination structure shear wall and manufacturing method thereof
CN102979221A (en) * 2012-12-06 2013-03-20 郑州大学 Shear wall structure configured with crossed slant internal prestress and construction method of shear wall structure
CN102979221B (en) * 2012-12-06 2015-03-25 郑州大学 Shear wall structure configured with crossed slant internal prestress and construction method of shear wall structure
CN104213655A (en) * 2013-05-30 2014-12-17 周奇迪 Modular building and modular wall
CN113216505A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-08-06 江苏蓝圈新材料股份有限公司 High-strength PC component for prefabricated house

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