CN1436750A - Fast baking process of environment protecting water and air permeable brick in roller kiln - Google Patents

Fast baking process of environment protecting water and air permeable brick in roller kiln Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1436750A
CN1436750A CN02151782A CN02151782A CN1436750A CN 1436750 A CN1436750 A CN 1436750A CN 02151782 A CN02151782 A CN 02151782A CN 02151782 A CN02151782 A CN 02151782A CN 1436750 A CN1436750 A CN 1436750A
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China
Prior art keywords
permeable brick
roller kiln
environment friendly
gas permeable
production technique
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CN02151782A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1169742C (en
Inventor
黄建平
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广东唯美陶瓷有限公司
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Priority to CNB021517827A priority Critical patent/CN1169742C/en
Publication of CN1436750A publication Critical patent/CN1436750A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention is the production process of environment protecting water and air permeable brick in roller kiln. The brick is produced with waste and has excellent noise absorbing performance, excellent water and air permeability, high safety and technological performance.

Description

Roller kiln are fired the production technique of environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production technique of novel environment friendly ecological architectural material of refuse reclamation, especially utilize roller kiln to fire the production technique of environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast.
Background technology
Chinese patent 97220592.6 has been announced " a kind of slot-type ventilating brick that has the security warning structure ", and its purpose provides the structure that can obviously show in a kind of use when the gas permeable brick refractory materials is deteriorated to dangerous degree; When dangerous caution occurring, operator just can in time change slot-type ventilating brick, with the safety that guarantees to produce, its formation is to be provided with the safety notice that can show warning to operator in the bottom of slot-type ventilating brick, this safety notice is by below the gas permeable brick safe-guard line, and the quantity of change breather hole or spread pattern show:
A is in slit brick moulding process, except pre-buried finally burning till can form the having the machine burning lost article of breather hole, under safe-guard line, also pre-buried one group can form the caution breather hole the machine burning lost article arranged, the final caution breather hole that forms, only the bottom surface from gas permeable brick penetrates into safe-guard line;
B is in the moulding process of slot-type ventilating brick, and the bottom of gas permeable brick is placed one and had the cylinder of warning breather hole, and the material of this cylinder is consistent or close with the material of gas permeable brick, highly is that the gas permeable brick bottom surface is to distance between the safe-guard line;
C in the slot-type ventilating brick moulding process, pre-buried finally burn till can form breather hole the machine burning lost article is arranged the time, its spread pattern is changed at the safe-guard line place, become square arrangement such as arranging by garden shape, otherwise or.
Its weak point is: in use refractory materials is constantly deteriorated, and needs the written-off gas permeable brick of timely replacing can guarantee the safety of producing.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned weak point of the prior art and provide a kind of and absorb noise, have good water-permeable, the roller kiln of the novel environment friendly ecology of ventilation property, security, economic and practical, good technical feature and refuse reclamation fire the production technique of environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick.
Purpose of the present invention can reach by following measure:
This production technique that relates to the novel environment friendly ecological architectural material of refuse reclamation especially utilizes roller kiln to fire the production technique of environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast, and its special character is:
(1) be that raw material is put into crusher in crushing to 6~100 purpose particles with industrial residues such as waste ceramic, refractory materials, clay, slag, self-igniting coal gangue, refuse incineration slag, municipal sewage system mud, plastic waste, wood chip, bamboo bits and by the special low temperature adhesive that organism and inorganics constitute mixture;
(2) the above-mentioned broken particle of crossing is put into stirrer or ball mill batch mixing;
(3) enter harder compacting or with the extrusion moulding of vacuum pugging extrusion machine subsequently;
(4) put into roller kiln become the kapillary communicating pores through 30 minutes~6 hours high temperature sinterings microporous cellular infrastructure product at last.
Purpose of the present invention can also reach by following measure:
The surface of water-permeable and air permeable brick is with coarse fine aggregate compacting or is squeezed into the microporous cellular structure that its surface is with color layers or is not with color layers.
The color layers on environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick surface is to be made by the aggregate or the glazing of band look.
Be mixed and made into special low temperature adhesive by following materials of weight proportions:
Treated starch 5~30 modification dextrin 5~30 wood chips (bamboo bits) 10~40
Walocel MT 20.000PV 10~50 PE 5~10 PVC 6~20 polyvinyl alcohols 5~10
Be mixed and made into special low temperature adhesive by following materials of weight proportions
Water glass 2~30 soda glass 5~30 soda ash 2~15
Feldspar 5~60 pegmatites 5~60 iron ore slags 5~50
The present invention has following positively effect compared to existing technology:
1. permeability rate 〉=1.26 cubic metre/hour, even rain in torrents, rainwater also can see through the face of land rapidly, permeates the ground, and can keep precious water resource here, replenishes groundwater resource, has kept the stable of urban groundwater position, greatly improves the ecology and the living environment in city.Simultaneously, because this water-permeable and air permeable brick is a kapillary communicating pores structure, behind rain,, be stored in the slowly evaporation automatically of rainwater of sand stone layer under the water-permeable and air permeable brick along with the rising of surface temperature, can absorb heat during the water evaporation, reduce the temperature on the face of land, stablized the temperature of air, eliminated " heat island phenomenon ", make the city be maintained at warm and humid isostatic state, safeguarded the eubiosis of urban surface.
2. the growth of trees is to need breathing and moisture; the hardened road surface can make trees dead or lodging because of its root system lack of water in city; this gas permeable brick has then solved this problem with its good performance; this is to the greening in city, and especially the growth of protection of ancient tree in thousand and famous and precious seeds is very favourable.
3. because the surface of this water-permeable and air permeable brick is to be the microporous cellular structure, sunlight produces astigmatism after shining the road surface, and it is reflective can not produce the same refraction of prevailing roadway brick, can prevent the irradiation of reflected light to pedestrian's eyes, has protected that people's is healthy.In addition, this water-permeable and air permeable brick is because of its unique microporous cellular structure, can absorb noise, reduce city noise, reach the purpose of preventing noise droping noise, be stored in the water-permeable and air permeable brick behind the rain and descend the rainwater of sand stone layer slowly to evaporate automatically, increased and stablized the humidity of air, and absorbed the pollution of automobile to a certain extent urban air.
4. because this water-permeable and air permeable brick surface irregularity, anti-skid, wear resistance are good, and road surface, sleet sky does not have ponding, and the pedestrian can not slip yet, and can prevent that night is reflective, vehicle are travelled and the pedestrian has good security and comfortableness.
5. this water-permeable and air permeable brick is the stupalith that adopts the high temperature sintering mode to produce, and has good technical performance index more than other ground surface material.Because it is that high temperature sintering forms, ultimate compression strength 〉=60MPa, folding strength 〉=6MPa, all far above building material industry paver standard, simultaneously, the water-permeable and air permeable brick also has multicolour, multiple shape, its didirtresistance is strong, and rainwater or water blast gun are just flushable clean.
6. the intensity height of this water-permeable and air permeable brick, wear resistance is good, and freezing and thawing performance is strong, and its work-ing life is far above the pavior brick of other type; Lay cost far below other pavior brick with the wet shop of concrete.Because the road surface of water-permeable and air permeable brick, its sand stone layer and pavior brick can be saved a large amount of water, have alleviated the drainage load in city, even heavy rain, the rainwater that drops on porous pavement can not efflux yet, and not only can reduce the load of municipal drainage facility greatly, and can prevent that heavy rain city later from flooding.When having ready conditions, can bore deep well under porous pavement, it is underground that rainwater is recharged fast, can improve the ground water table in city, and further reduce municipal drainage facility burden.If lay 1,000,000 square metres/year, more rainfall amount can be held back and replenish underground water at least 40 ten thousand steres by 800 millimeters/year measuring and calculating every year.With Beijing is example, uses permeable shaped brick instead if any the paving brick of half, can hold back more and replenish billion cubic meter/year on the underground water.Save trees, flowers and plants, careless source irrigation water ten thousand stere more than 6000 simultaneously, the coastland that domestic lack of water city is especially taken place in inwelling is more suitable.
Roller kiln fire fast the low temperature bonding agent of environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick be exclusively used in infiltration, permeable, gas permeable brick participates in chemical reaction under moulding and sintering state, play the effect of bonding and complexing particles of aggregates, with green strength and the anti-folding of burning back product, the ultimate compression strength that improves base substrate.
Embodiment
The present invention will now be further detailed embodiment:
The production technique of utilizing roller kiln to fire environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast comprises:
(1) reach and be mixed and made into special low temperature adhesive with industrial residues such as waste ceramic, refractory materials, clay, slag, self-igniting coal gangue, refuse incineration slag, municipal sewage system mud, plastic waste, wood chip, bamboo bits by following materials of weight proportions:
Treated starch 5~30 modification dextrin 5~30 wood chips (bamboo bits) 10~40
Walocel MT 20.000PV 10~50 PE 5~10 PVC 6~20 polyvinyl alcohols 5~10
Or be mixed and made into special low temperature adhesive by following materials of weight proportions
Water glass 2~30 soda glass 5~30 soda ash 2~15
Feldspar 5~60 pegmatites 5~60 iron ore slags 5~50
The low temperature bonding agent is by above-listed material individual event or compoundly form use, and its consumption adds 2-40%,
Crusher in crushing to 6~100 purpose particles are put in the low temperature bonding agent;
(2) the above-mentioned broken particle of crossing is put into stirrer or ball mill batch mixing;
(3) enter harder compacting or practice the extrusion machine extrusion moulding subsequently with vacuum;
(4) put into roller kiln become the kapillary communicating pores through 30 minutes~6 hours high temperature sinterings microporous cellular infrastructure product at last.Wherein, the surface of water-permeable and air permeable brick is with coarse fine aggregate compacting or is squeezed into the microporous cellular structure that its surface color layer is to be made by the aggregate or the glazing of band look.
The laying method of water-permeable and air permeable brick: the bottom is rammed earth, and the middle part is 300 millimeters a sandstone aqueous stratum, and top is for doing the water-permeable and air permeable brick of shop.Wherein, put an amount of rubble and big sand to guarantee water permeability on base course, 5: 1 cement mortars are that the water-permeable and air permeable brick of laying after preventing to be uneven and to construct does not become flexible.

Claims (5)

1. a production technique that relates to the novel environment friendly ecological architectural material of refuse reclamation especially utilizes roller kiln to fire the production technique of environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast, it is characterized in that:
(1) be that raw material is put into crusher in crushing to 6~100 purpose particles with industrial residues such as waste ceramic, refractory materials, clay, slag, self-igniting coal gangue, refuse incineration slag, municipal sewage system mud, plastic waste, wood chip, bamboo bits and by the special low temperature adhesive that organism and inorganics constitute mixture;
(2) the above-mentioned broken particle of crossing is put into stirrer or ball mill batch mixing;
(3) enter harder compacting or with the extrusion moulding of vacuum pugging extrusion machine subsequently;
(4) put into roller kiln become the kapillary communicating pores through 30 minutes~6 hours high temperature sinterings microporous cellular infrastructure product at last.
2. the production technique of utilizing roller kiln to fire environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the surface of water-permeable and air permeable brick is with coarse fine aggregate compacting or is squeezed into the microporous cellular structure that its surface is with color layers or is not with color layers.
3. the production technique of utilizing roller kiln to fire environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the color layers on environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick surface is to be made by the aggregate or the glazing of band look.
4. the production technique of utilizing roller kiln to fire environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast according to claim 1 is characterized in that being mixed and made into special low temperature adhesive by following materials of weight proportions:
Treated starch 5~30 modification dextrin 5~30 wood chips (bamboo bits) 10~40
Walocel MT 20.000PV 10~50 PE 5~10 PVC 6~20 polyvinyl alcohols 5~10
5. the production technique of utilizing roller kiln to fire environment friendly pervious gas permeable brick fast according to claim 1 is characterized in that being mixed and made into special low temperature adhesive by following materials of weight proportions:
Water glass 2~30 soda glass 5~30 soda ash 2~15
Feldspar 5~60 pegmatites 5~60 iron ore slags 5~50
CNB021517827A 2002-12-31 2002-12-31 Fast baking process of environment protecting water and air permeable brick in roller kiln CN1169742C (en)

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CN1436750A true CN1436750A (en) 2003-08-20
CN1169742C CN1169742C (en) 2004-10-06

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CN1297508C (en) * 2005-08-26 2007-01-31 河北理工大学 Method for producing ecological architectural material using sludge and gangue
CN1297516C (en) * 2005-06-27 2007-01-31 北京中卫邦华技术开发有限责任公司 Refractory material using solid waste as substrate material and its preparing method
CN101839488A (en) * 2010-03-22 2010-09-22 昆明理工大学 Method for gasifying and incinerating combustible solid wastes by utilizing rotary kiln
CN101962703A (en) * 2010-10-30 2011-02-02 山西太钢不锈钢股份有限公司 Method for recycling refractory material from stainless steel smelting
CN101328044B (en) * 2008-07-18 2011-02-09 武汉理工大学 Preparation of environment protective ceramic water permeable brick
CN102010159A (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-04-13 无锡市宜宏耐火材料有限公司 Energy-saving type air permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN102515705A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-06-27 大连工业大学 Method for preparing seepy material by using city sludge and sugar filter mud
CN102584171A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-18 宜兴市浦发陶瓷厂 Decorative material and preparation method thereof
CN103044006A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-17 长沙理工大学 Method for preparing environment-friendly water permeable bricks by using water supply sludge
CN103524090A (en) * 2013-10-08 2014-01-22 黄金海 Method for making permeable bricks by using construction wastes
CN104370568A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-02-25 沈阳建筑大学 Production process of water-permeable and air-permeable paving brick capable of purifying air
AU2012278447B2 (en) * 2011-07-07 2015-05-21 Se-Lin Lee Method for manufacturing light-weight construction material using waste product and light-weight construction material manufactured thereby
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CN1297516C (en) * 2005-06-27 2007-01-31 北京中卫邦华技术开发有限责任公司 Refractory material using solid waste as substrate material and its preparing method
CN1297508C (en) * 2005-08-26 2007-01-31 河北理工大学 Method for producing ecological architectural material using sludge and gangue
CN101328044B (en) * 2008-07-18 2011-02-09 武汉理工大学 Preparation of environment protective ceramic water permeable brick
CN101839488B (en) * 2010-03-22 2012-01-11 昆明理工大学 Method for gasifying and incinerating combustible solid wastes by utilizing rotary kiln
CN101839488A (en) * 2010-03-22 2010-09-22 昆明理工大学 Method for gasifying and incinerating combustible solid wastes by utilizing rotary kiln
CN102010159B (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-08-01 无锡市宜宏耐火材料有限公司 Energy-saving type air permeable brick and preparation method thereof
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AU2012278447B2 (en) * 2011-07-07 2015-05-21 Se-Lin Lee Method for manufacturing light-weight construction material using waste product and light-weight construction material manufactured thereby
CN102515705A (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-06-27 大连工业大学 Method for preparing seepy material by using city sludge and sugar filter mud
CN102584171A (en) * 2012-03-12 2012-07-18 宜兴市浦发陶瓷厂 Decorative material and preparation method thereof
CN103044006A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-17 长沙理工大学 Method for preparing environment-friendly water permeable bricks by using water supply sludge
CN103524090A (en) * 2013-10-08 2014-01-22 黄金海 Method for making permeable bricks by using construction wastes
CN103524090B (en) * 2013-10-08 2015-08-05 黄金海 A kind of method of construction waste water-permeable brick
CN104370568A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-02-25 沈阳建筑大学 Production process of water-permeable and air-permeable paving brick capable of purifying air
CN104370568B (en) * 2014-10-27 2016-03-16 沈阳建筑大学 Water-permeable and air permeable purifies air the production technique of pavior brick
CN105418139A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 合肥李诺新材料贸易有限公司 Vinyl resin sand-based permeable brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN105418140A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 合肥李诺新材料贸易有限公司 Ferronickel slag self-cleaning water permeable brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN105418056A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 合肥李诺新材料贸易有限公司 Iron tailing wear-resistant sand-based water permeable brick and fabrication method thereof
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