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设备控制方法和系统

Info

Publication number
CN1402865A
CN1402865A CN 00816621 CN00816621A CN1402865A CN 1402865 A CN1402865 A CN 1402865A CN 00816621 CN00816621 CN 00816621 CN 00816621 A CN00816621 A CN 00816621A CN 1402865 A CN1402865 A CN 1402865A
Authority
CN
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
method
system
device
control
device control
Prior art date
Application number
CN 00816621
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
CN1251159C (zh )
Inventor
保罗·拉普斯顿
基亚·西尔弗布鲁克
杰奎琳·安妮·拉普斯顿
Original Assignee
西尔弗布鲁克研究有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation

Links

Classifications

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    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J3/00Typewriters or selective printing or marking mechanisms, e.g. ink-jet printers, thermal printers characterised by the purpose for which they are constructed
    • B41J3/44Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms having dual functions or combined with, or coupled to, apparatus performing other functions
    • B41J3/445Printers integrated in other types of apparatus, e.g. printers integrated in cameras
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    • G06F1/1656Details related to functional adaptations of the enclosure, e.g. to provide protection against EMI, shock, water, or to host detachable peripherals like a mouse or removable expansions units like PCMCIA cards, or to provide access to internal components for maintenance or to removable storage supports like CDs or DVDs, or to mechanically mount accessories
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Abstract

本发明涉及用于使电气设备或电子设备能通过计算机系统控制设备控制。采用本发明需要使用一个或多个能与计算机系统或网络交互作用的控制界面,每个界面包括印有编码数据的薄片材料例如纸张,用户通过操作一个传感设备让薄片材料与计算机系统交互作用。通过这样的交互,数据从控制界面发送到计算机系统,以引起该系统中的一个有关设备功能的操作。

Description

设备控制方法和系统

技术领域

本发明总体上涉及设备控制,更具体地说涉及一种用于使电气设备和电子设备受分布式计算机系统的控制的方法和系统。已经有特定的申请涉及基于打印形式的用户界面的设备操作。

同组待批申请本发明的申请人或受让人与本发明同时提交的下列待批申请披露了与本发明相关的多种方法、系统和装置:PCT/AU00/01273,PCT/AU00/01279,PCT/AU00/01288,PCT/AU00/01282,PCT/AU00/01276,PCT/AU00/01280,PCT/AU00/01274,PCT/AU00/01289,PCT/AU00/01275,PCT/AU00/01277,PCT/AU00/01286,PCT/AU00/01281,PCT/AU00/01278,PCT/AU00/01287,PCT/AU00/01285,PCT/AU00/01284和PCT/AU00/01283。这些同组待批申请在此通过交叉参照引入本申请。

本发明的申请人或受让人在2000年9月15日提交的下列待批申请披露了与本发明相关的多种方法、系统和装置:PCT/AU00/01108,PCT/AU00/01110和PCT/AU00/01111。这些同组待批申请在此通过交叉引用合并。

本发明的申请人或受让人在2000年6月30日提交的下列待批申请披露了与本发明相关的多种方法、系统和装置:PCT/AU00/00762,PCT/AU00/00763,PCT/AU00/00761,PCT/AU00/00760,PCT/AU00/00759,PCT/AU00/00758,PCT/AU00/00764,PCT/AU00/00765,PCT/AU00/00766,PCT/AU00/00767,PCT/AU00/00768,PCT/AU00/00773,PCT/AU00/00774,PCT/AU00/00775,PCT/AU00/00776,PCT/AU00/00777,PCT/AU00/00770,PCT/AU00/00769,PCT/AU00/00771,PCT/AU00/00772,PCT/AU00/00754,PCT/AU00/00755,PCT/AU00/00756和PCT/AU00/00757。这些同组待批申请在此通过交叉参照引入本申请。

本发明的申请人或受让人在2000年5月24日提交的下列待批申请披露了与本发明相关的多种方法、系统和装置:PCT/AU00/00518,PCT/AU00/00519,PCT/AU00/00520,PCT/AU00/00521,PCT/AU00/00522,PCT/AU00/00523,PCT/AU00/00524,PCT/AU00/00525,PCT/AU00/00526,PCT/AU00/00527,PCT/AU00/00528,PCT/AU00/00529,PCT/AU00/00530,PCT/AU00/00531,PCT/AU00/00532,PCT/AU00/00533,PCT/AU00/00534,PCT/AU00/00535,PCT/AU00/00536,PCT/AU00/00537,PCT/AU00/00538,PCT/AU00/00539,PCT/AU00/00540,PCT/AU00/00541,PCT/AU00/00542,PCT/AU00/00543,PCT/AU00/00544,PCT/AU00/00545,PCT/AU00/00547,PCT/AU00/00546,PCT/AU00/00554,PCT/AU00/00556,PCT/AU00/00557,PCT/AU00/00558,PCT/AU00/00559,PCT/AU00/00560,PCT/AU00/00561,PCT/AU00/00562,PCT/AU00/00563,PCT/AU00/00564,PCT/AU00/00565,PCT/AU00/00566,PCT/AU00/00567,PCT/AU00/00568,PCT/AU00/00569,PCT/AU00/00570,PCT/AU00/00571,PCT/AU00/00572,PCT/AU00/00573,PCT/AU00/00574,PCT/AU00/00575,PCT/AU00/00576,PCT/AU00/00577,PCT/AU00/00578,PCT/AU00/00579,PCT/AU00/00581,PCT/AU00/00580,PCT/AU00/00582,PCT/AU00/00587,PCT/AU00/00588,PCT/AU00/00589,PCT/AU00/00583,PCT/AU00/00593,PCT/AU00/00590,PCT/AU00/00591,PCT/AU00/00592,PCT/AU00/00594,PCT/AU00/00595,PCT/AU00/00596,PCT/AU00/00597,PCT/AU00/00598,PCT/AU00/PP516,PCT/AU00/00517和PCT/AU00/00511。这些同组待批申请在此通过交叉参照引入本申请。

发明背景家中或办公室中有很多电气设备或电子设备具有某种用于控制其操作的用户界面。这包括办公设备、音频和视频设备、厨房器具、加热和制冷系统等。甚至电灯插座也有开关,并且有时候还有调光器,而很多国家的电源出口也有开关。

办公设备和娱乐设备越来越网络化,亦即设备具有对标准局域网的界面,允许其操作通过局域网来控制。标准无线网络技术诸如蓝牙也会更多地出现在这些网络支持的设备和器具中。

一些网络预言家甚至预言电灯插座也会在某一天网络化,使得可以远程查询和控制它们的状态。

就是在今天也有越来越多的设备能通过红外远程控制界面来控制。这些界面在音频和视频设备及加热制冷设备中特别普遍。

发明概述本发明的目的是提供一种新的用于使设备能通过计算机系统来控制的方法和系统。

在第一方面,本发明提供一种方法使设备受到控制从而响应来自计算机系统的命令有效地执行至少一个功能,该方法包括以下步骤:提供一个含有关于设备功能的信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制界面身份以及指示至少一个控制界面参考点的编码数据;在计算机系统中,从传感设备接收有关控制界面的身份以及传感设备相对控制界面的位置的指示数据,当处于与控制界面有效的相对位置上时,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据来感应指示数据;以及在计算机系统中,由指示数据引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作。

在第二方面,本发明提供一种方法使设备受到控制从而响应来自计算机系统的命令有效地执行至少一个功能,该方法包括以下步骤:提供一个含有关于设备功能信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制界面的至少一个参数的编码数据;在计算机系统中,从传感设备接收与所述的至少一个参数有关和与传感设备相对控制界面的移动有关的数据,当相对于控制界面移动时,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据感应有关所述的至少一个参数的数据,并根据自身相对于控制界面的移动生成数据;以及在计算机系统中,联系所述的至少一个参数来解释传感设备的所述移动。

在第三方面,本发明提供一种方法使设备受到控制从而响应来自计算机系统的命令有效地执行至少一个功能,该方法包括以下步骤:向用户提供一个包含有指示控制界面身份的编码数据的控制界面;在计算机系统中,从传感设备接收有关用户身份和控制界面的身份的数据,传感设备容纳有关用户身份的数据并使用至少一些编码数据来感应有关控制界面身份的数据;以及在计算机系统中,由关于用户身份和控制界面身份的数据引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作。

在第四方面,本发明提供一种系统使一个设备的至少一个功能能受到控制,该系统包括:一个含有与设备功能有关的信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制界面身份以及指示至少一个控制界面参考点的编码数据;以及一个计算机系统,结合控制命令有效地使所述设备执行所述功能,以及有效地从传感设备接收指示数据,以引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作,该指示数据指示控制界面的身份以及传感设备相对于控制界面的位置,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据来感应数据。

在第五方面,本发明提供一种系统使一个设备的至少一个功能能响应控制命令,该系统包括:一个含有与设备功能有关的信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制命令的至少一个参数的编码数据;以及一个计算机系统,结合控制命令有效地从传感设备接收有关所述的至少一个参数以及传感设备相对于控制界面移动的数据,用于联系所述的至少一个参数来解释传感设备的所述移动,当相对于控制界面移动时,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据感应有关所述的至少一个参数的数据,并根据自身相对于控制界面的移动生成数据。

在第六方面,本发明提供一种系统使一个设备的至少一个功能能受到控制,该系统包括:一个含有指示控制界面身份的编码数据的控制界面;以及一个计算机系统,结合控制命令有效地使所述设备执行所述功能,以及有效地从传感设备接收有关用户身份和控制界面的身份的数据,并且由所述接收数据引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作,传感设备容纳有关用户身份的数据并使用至少一些编码数据来感应有关控制界面身份的数据。

因此,本发明提供了一种系统和方法,以利用一个或多个能与计算机系统交互作用的设备控制界面来控制至少一个设备的至少一个功能。尽管本发明中的新颖的方法和系统也可以与单个的计算机系统协同使用,但特别优选的形式被设计为通过计算机网络,诸如Internet,来操作。

设备控制界面物理上被置于一个可以是任何适当形式的表面媒体上。但是,优选的形式包括诸如纸张或类似物这样的薄片材料,其上印有编码数据,能与计算机系统交互作用。编码数据优选地是能在可见光谱之外被检测到的,但并不非得如此,从而使机器可读而肉眼基本上看不见。设备控制还可以包括向用户提供信息的可见材料,诸如设备控制的应用或目的,而且可见信息可能被注册或同相应的隐藏编码数据一起与位置相关。

该系统还包括一个传感设备,用于从设备控制向计算机系统传送数据,在一些例子中,用于提供额外的数据。再次说明,传感设备可以有各种不同形式,但优选紧凑和容易携带的。在一种安排中,传感设备做得象支笔,能物理地记录交互形式以及选择性地使来自该形式的编码数据被读取并传送到计算机系统。编码数据然后提供控制信息,其设定使得用户的指示引起命令施加到运行于计算机系统或网络上的软件上。可选地,传感设备可嵌入一个用户戴的戒指、手套或指套中。还可以嵌入由眼光来控制的特制眼具。

设备控制界面和传感设备之间的交互的性质以及提供给计算机系统的数据可以不同。在一种安排中,表单上的编码数据指示表单的以及该表单上的至少一个参考点的身份。在另一实施例中,交互表单包括指示该表单的一个参数的编码数据,然而传感设备有效地根据其自身相对于该表单与来自表单的编码数据一起向计算机系统提供数据。在另一种安排中,表单包括至少标识表单的编码数据,且传感设备设计为基于表单编码数据以及标识设备用户的数据向计算机系统提供数据。

优选地,该系统和方法还采用特别设计的打印机打印控制设备。而且这些打印机构成计算机系统的组成部分并被设计为从传感设备接收数据。如上所述,本发明的系统和方法完美地适用于通过网络操作。在这种安排中,打印机弯曲集成到网络中,并允许根据需要打印交互表单以及混合使用多点传送协议和单点传送协议来发布表单。

因此本发明提供了一种新颖的系统和方法,使电气设备或电子设备能通过计算机系统利用新颖的交互表面媒体受到控制。本发明可以应用于能通过网络界面或红外界面远程控制的特别设备。在这样的情况下可能完全将设备的用户界面与设备本身分开,而用户界面就能以上述形式来实现并被用户携带的传感设备感应。

优选地,设备控制界面将标识设备,并与设备的用户界面一起以按钮形式被打印。表面是被动的,不向用户提供关于设备状态或其用户界面的反馈。但如果需要,反馈可以通过传感设备提供。计算机系统参考用户预先在设备本身上或从其制造商那选择的用户界面结构来分析控制界面上的操作。

以这种方式实现的用户界面有几个优点:·一旦基础设施到位,制造用户界面的成本就从制造每个特定设备的成本中刨除了;作为举例,甚至传统电灯插座的用户界面(亦即配线和开关)的成本都微不足道了;·用户界面可以通过简单地打印一份拷贝来复制;·当用户界面损坏时可以很容易地替换;·当设备上的固件更新时,能很容易地提供新用户界面;·可以通过布置各元素并打印结果来定制用户界面;·可以从一个可用集当中选择特定风格的用户界面;例如,一些用户可能喜欢大图标或简化功能集;·多个用户界面可以归类到一起;·用户界面可以通过相同装置在设备本身上提供;亦即,预先打印并附着在设备上,或直接打印在设备表面上;·可以控制对单个用户界面和功能的访问,因为每个传感设备都与一个特定用户标识绑定。

作为一个例子,一个本发明的优选设备控制界面可以打印到或附着在一个玩具的表面以提供对该玩具的用户界面。适当的传感设备就能用于与该用户界面进行交互,通过有线和无线方式与个人计算机、游戏控制台和嵌入在玩具自身中的处理器进行通讯,以产生图形输出、音效和其它行为。例如,一个玩具静坐潜水艇可以有一个很大的包含许多潜水艇控制器的用户界面。该玩具带有一张CD-ROM,包含相关的在PC和游戏控制台上运行的交互游戏。游戏由潜水艇中所含的用户界面驱动,可能中间还通过手套形式的传感设备,手套通过PC或游戏控制器中标准蓝牙硬件用蓝牙进行无线通讯。PC屏幕或连接控制台的电视监视器提供用户界面的动画部分。设备控制界面将提供扩展用户界面。玩具能通过选择不同的用户界面来定制,而定制用户界面也能通过组装预定义的用户界面组件来创建。

附图简述下面参照附图通过非限制性示例说明本发明的优选实施例其它实施例,其中:图1是示例的打印网页与其在线页面说明之间关系的示意图;图2是网页笔、网页打印机、网页页面服务器以及网页应用服务器之间交互作用的示意图;图3是打印网页及其在线网页说明的高层结构的示意图;图4a的平面图显示了网页标记的结构;图4b的平面图显示了图4a中的一组标记与网页笔形式的网页传感设备的一个视图区域之间的关系;图5a的平面图显示了网页笔的一种可选结构;图5b的平面图显示了图5a中的一组标记与网页笔形式的网页传感设备的一个视图区域之间的关系;图5c的平面图显示了图5a中的目标跨相邻标记的九个标记的一种安排;图5d的平面图显示了图5a中的标记的四个代码字的符号的交叉和旋转;

图6是一组用户界面流程文档图标的示意图;图7是一组用户界面页面布局元素图标的示意图;图8是设备控制器交互的示意图;图9是设备控制器的分类图;图10是缺省设备的分类图;图11是设备信息的分类图;图12是设备通道的分类图;图13是远程控制的分类图;图15是节目计划的分类图;图16是设备设置的用户界面流程图;图17是详细设置的用户界面流程图;图18是设备列表的用户界面流程图;图19是添加设备的用户界面流程图;图20是记录节目的用户界面流程图;图21是设备设置主页面的详细视图;图22是详细设备设置的示意图;图23是设备列表的示意图;图24是通用远程控制表单的示意图;图25是特定于设备的电视机远程控制的示意图;图26是通用远程控制的示意图;图27是选择制造商列表的示意图;图28是选择设备类型列表的示意图;图29是选择型号列表的示意图;图30是设置缺省值表单的示意图;以及图31是节目计划的示意图。

优选实施例及其它实施例注意:MemjetTM是澳大利亚Silverbrook Reseach Pty有限公司的注册商标。

在优选的实施例中,本发明与网页网络化的计算机系统协同工作,下面给出其概述,其详细说明在我们早先的申请(特别包括申请PCT/AU00/00569、PCT/AU00/00565、PCT/AU00/00561、PCT/AU00/00519和PCT/AU00/00578)中给出。可以理解,不必每个实施都体现这些有关基本系统的申请中的所有或甚至大部分特定详细和扩展。但是该系统是以其最完备的形式说明的,以帮助理解本发明的优选实施例和各方面运行的情况。

简单地概括,网页系统的优选形式采用一个映射表面形式的计算机界面,映射表面即一个物理表面,该物理表面包含对计算机系统中维护的表面的一个映射的引用。映射的引用能通过一个适当的传感设备查询到。依赖于特定的实现,映射引用可能被可见地或不可见地编码,并且其定义方式使得对映射表面的本地查询将在该映射和不同映射内都得到明确的映射引用。计算机系统可以包含关于映射表面上的功能的信息,这种信息能基于与映射表面一起使用的传感设备提供的映射引用检索到。因此检索到的信息的表现形式可以是计算机系统代表操作者响应操作者与表面特征的交互所发起的操作。

在此优选形式中,网页系统依赖网页的产出和网页与人的交互。这些是打印在普通纸张或其它介质上的文本的、图形图象的页面,但起着象交互web页面一样的作用。每个页面上的信息都使用基本上对人的裸眼不可见的墨水来编码。但是,墨水以及编码的数据能被光成像笔和感应到并传送到网页系统。

在此优选形式中,每个页面上的活的按钮和超链接都能被笔点击以从网络请求信息或向网络服务器发送首选项信号。在一个实施例中,网页上手写的文本在网页系统中被自动识别并转化为计算机文本,以填写表单。在其它实施例中,记录在一个网页上的签名被自动检验,使电子商务事务得到安全的授权。

如图1所示,打印的网页1能代表一个交互表单,交互表单能被用户在打印的页面上物理地填写或通过笔和网页系统之间的通讯“电子地”填写。这个例子显示了一个含有姓名、地址字段和一个提交按钮的“请求”表单。该网页的组成部分包括使用不可见墨水的图形数据2,和用不可见墨水打印得象标记4的集合编码数据3。相应的页面说明5存储在网页网络中,说明了该网页的各元素。特别说明了每个交互元素(亦即文本字段或该例中的按钮)的类型和空间范围(区域),以使得网页系统正确地解释通过网页得到的输入。例如,提交按钮6有一个与对应的图形8的空间范围相应的区域7。

如图2所示,在我们早先的申请PCT/AU00/00565中说明了网页笔101的一种优选形式,与一个网页打印机601——家庭、办公或移动使用的一种连接互联网的打印器具——协同工作。这种笔是无线的,通过小范围无线电链路9与网页打印机进行可靠的通讯。

在我们早先的申请PCT/AU00/00561中说明了网页打印机601的一种优选形式,并且一同提交的申请PCT/AU00/01281能间歇地或根据需要发送个性化新闻、杂志、产品目录、小册子及其它出版物,都打印为高质量交互网页。与个人计算机不同,网页打印机是个器具,可以装在例如墙上这种地方以靠近最先需要早间新闻的区域——诸如用户的厨房、早餐桌附近或家中出门处。它还有台面、桌面、便携和迷你版。

在其被消费的地方打印的网页结合了纸的使用方便性与交互媒体的及时性和交互性。

如图2所示,网页笔101与打印网页1上的编码数据交互并通过小范围无线电链路9将这种交互与网页打印机通讯。打印机601将这种交互发送到相关的网页页面服务器10解释。在适当情况下,页面服务器将发送相应的消息给运行在网页应用服务器13上的应用计算机软件。应用服务器转而有发送一条在先前的打印机上打印的响应。

在优选实施例中,通过与基于高速微电机系统(MEMS)的喷墨(MemjetTM)打印机一起使用,网页系统制造得相当方便,例如如我们早先的申请PCT/AU00/00578中所述。在此技术的优选形式中,能提供相对高速和高质量的打印给消费者。在其优选形式中,网页发布具有传统新闻杂志的物理特性,诸如一些两面全色打印的字母大小的光滑页面,装订在一起便于浏览和处理。

网页打印机利用了日益增长的对互联网的宽带访问。网页打印机还能在较慢的连接下运行,但需要较长发送时间而且图象质量较低。网页系统还能使用消费者现有的喷墨和激光打印机,尽管系统将运行得更慢并且从消费者角度来看较不易接受。在其它实施例中,网页系统处于私有的内联网上。在其它的实施例中,网页系统处于单独的计算机或能计算的设备诸如打印机上。

网页网络上的网页发布服务器1 4能向网页打印机发送打印质量出版物。定期出版物通过互联网单点和多点发送协议自动发送到订阅的网页打印机上。

一个网页打印机可以支持任意数量的笔,而笔也可以与任意数量的网页打印机一起使用。在优选的实施中,每支网页笔都有一个唯一的标识。一个家庭可以用很多彩色的网页笔,每个家庭成员分配一支。这使得每个用户都有不同的针对网页发布服务器或应用服务器的个性设置。

网页笔还可以注册到一个网页注册服务器11上并链接到一个或多个支付卡帐号。这使得电子商务支付能用网页笔可靠地支付。网页注册服务器比较从网页笔获得的签名和一个预先注册的签名,使得可以鉴别用户对电子商务服务器的身份。其它生物鉴别术也能用于验证身份。网页笔的一种版本包括指纹扫描,以类似方式被网页注册服务器验证。

尽管网页打印机可能定期发送早间报纸这样不必用户交互的内容,它也可以配置为从不发送未订阅的垃圾邮件。在其优选形式中,只发送订阅的或授权的期刊。在这方面,网页打印机不象传真机或电子邮件帐号一样对于任何知道电话号码或电子邮件地址的垃圾邮件发送者可见。

该系统中的每个对象模型都使用统一建模语言(UML)类图。一个类图包括多个通过关系连接起来的对象类,并且此处只关心两类关系:关联和继承。关联代表对象之间亦即类实例之间的某种关系。继承是关于实际类的,并可以以如下方式理解:如果一个类被认为是该类的所有对象的集合,且类A是类B的继承,则B就是A的子集。每个类都被画作标上类名的矩形。其包含用一条水平线与类名分开的该类的属性列表,以及用一条水平线与属性列表分开的该类的操作列表。但是在下面的类图中没有对操作建模。关联被画作连接两个类的线,可选地在两端标明该关联的多样性。缺省的多样性是一个。星号(*)表示“多个”的多样性,亦即零或更多。每个关联都能可选地标上其名称,也能可选地在两端标上相应类的角色。开口菱形表示集合关联(“属于”),并被画在关联线的集合端。继承关系(“是一个”)被画作连接两个类的实线,并在继承端有一个箭头(开口三角形的形式)。当类图分为几个图时,复制的任意类都显示了定义该类的主图的虚线轮廓。只有定义了的属性才被显示。

网页是网页网络的建立基础,提供基于纸媒的用户界面以发布信息和交互服务。一个网页包括一个打印页面(或其它表面区域),该页面不可见地标记着对一个在线页面说明的引用。该在线页面说明被网页页面服务器永久保存。该页面说明描述页面的可见布局和内容,包括文本、图形和图象,还描述输入元素,包括按钮、超链接和输入字段。一个网页允许通过网页笔在其表面上作标记以被网页系统同时获得和处理。

多个网页能共享相同的页面说明。但是为了能区分通过同一页面的输入,每个页面都被分配了一个唯一的页面标识。该页面ID具有足够的精度能区分大量的网页。

每个对页面说明的引用都被编码在打印的标记中。该标记标识其所在的唯一的页面,从而间接地标识了页面描述。下面详细描述标记的特征。

标记以能吸收红外线的墨水打印在任何反射红外线的材料诸如普通纸张上。接近红外线波长的光线是人眼不可见的,但使用电晶体的具有适当过滤器的图象传感器能容易地感应到。

标记被网页笔中的区域图象传感器感应到,标记数据通过最近的网页打印机传送到网页系统。笔是无线的并且通过一个小范围无线电链路与网页打印机通讯。标记足够小且密布,使得笔甚至能仅单击一下页面就可靠地图象化至少一个标记。每次与页面交互时,笔识别页面ID和位置是很重要的,因为交互是无状态的。标记采用纠错编码从而能部分地容忍表面损伤。

网页页面服务器为每个打印的网页维持一个唯一的页面实例,使得它为打印的网页维持一个不同的用户给输入字段提供的值的集合。

页面说明、页面实例以及打印的网页之间的关系显示在图3中。打印的网页可能是打印的网页文档45的一部分。网页实例与打印它的网页打印机以及请求它的网页用户——如果知道——都关联。

在一种优选形式中,每个标记都标识其所在的区域,以及该区域中标记的位置。标记还可能包含与整个区域或该标记有关的标志。例如,一个或多个标志位可能设置一个标记传感设备的信号以提供指示与该标记相邻的区域有关的功能的反馈,而传感设备不必引用该区域的说明。例如,一支网页笔在一个超链接范围中时可以照亮一个“活区域”LED。

在一个优选实施例中,每个标记都包含一个容易识别的不变的结构,以便于初始检测,并有助于使得因表面或感应过程引起的效果偏差最小化。标记优选的是在整个页面上平铺,并足够小而密布,使得笔能仅单击一下页面就可靠地成像至少一个标记。每次与页面交互时,笔识别页面ID和位置是很重要的,因为交互是无状态的。

在一个优选实施例中,标记所引用的区域与整个屏幕一致,标记中编码的区域ID因此与标记所在页面的页面ID相同。在另一实施例中,标记引用的区域可以是页面或其它表面的任意子区域。例如,它能与交互元素的区域一致,在这种情况下区域ID能直接标识交互元素。

每个典型的标记都包含16位的标记ID,至少90位的区域ID,以及一些标志位。假设最大标记密度是64每平方英寸,则一个16位标记ID支持的区域尺寸最大可达1024平方英寸。通过简单地使用邻接区域和映射,可以不断映射更大的区域而不必增加标记ID的精度。区域ID和标记ID之间的区别主要在于方便。考虑最主要的目的,二者可以连接起来当作一个全局唯一的标记ID。反过来,也可以方便地向标记ID中引人结构,例如定义标记的x和y坐标。90位的区域ID允许290(约等于1027或一千亿亿)个唯一标识的不同区域。标记还可以包含类型信息,而一个区域可以有复合的标记类型。例如,一个区域可以标记有一组编码x坐标和另一组与第一组交错的编码y坐标。

在一个实施例中,使用一个(15,5)Reed-Solomon码对120位的标记数据进行冗余编码。这将获得360个编码位,由6个码字组成,每个包含15个4位符号。(15,5)码每个码字允许最多纠正5个符号错误,亦即能容许的最高错误率是每码字33%。每个4位符号在标记中以空间连贯的形式表示,而且六个码字的符号在标记内的空间上交错。这保证暴发性错误(影响相邻空间位的错误)使整体上或任一码字内符号的损坏最小,因此也使爆发性错误完全修复的可能性最大。

任何合适的纠错码编码都能用来代替(15,5)Reed-Solomon码,例如具有相同或不同符号和码字长度的冗余更多或更少的Reed-Solomon码;或一种不同类型的码,诸如回旋码(例如参见Stephen B.Wicker,Error Control System for Digital Communication and Storage,Prentice-Hall 1995,其内容通过交叉引用结合于此)。

标记的物理表现形式的一个实施例在图4a中显示,在我们早先的申请PCT/AU00/00569中说明,包括固定目标结构15、16、17和变量数据区18.固定目标结构使得传感设备诸如网页笔能检测标记并推断其相对于传感器的三维方向。数据区包含编码的标记数据的各个位。为了使其尺寸最大,每个数据位都以两条放射线和两同心圆弧围成的形式通过放射状楔表示。每个契最小尺寸为8个1600dpi的点,并且设计得使其基部(其内弧)至少等于该最小尺寸。楔在放射方向上的高度总是等于该最小尺寸。每个4位数据符号通过2×2矩阵表示。六个码字中每一个的十五个4位数据符号都以交错风格被分配给四个同心符号环18a至18d。

符号被围绕标记循环递增地交替分配。交错使得相同码字的任何两个符号之间的平均空间距离最大。

为了支持通过传感设备与被标记区域“单击”交互,传感设备的可见区必须能看到至少一个完整的标记,无论在区域中哪个位置或在哪个方向上。因此传感设备可见区所需的直径是尺寸和标记间隔的函数。假设标记形状为圆形,则当标记平铺在等边三角格子上时得到传感器可见区193的最小直径,如图4b所示。

上面说明的标记结构同时允许平坦表面的规则平铺和非平坦表面的不规则平铺。规则平铺一般不可能在非平坦表面上。在更常见的可能发生规则平铺的平坦表面,亦即诸如纸张之类的表面上,可以使用利用平铺规则特性的更有效的标记结构。

图5a显示了一种更适合规则平铺的可选标记结构。标记4是方的,有四个透视目标17。这与Bennett等人的美国专利5,051,746中描述的标记有类似结构。这些标记代表六十个4位Reed-Solomon符号47,总共240位。标记将每个位表示为一个点48,没有相应的点就代表一个零位。透视目标由相邻的标记共享,如图5b和5c所示。图5b显示了16个标记的方形平铺以及相应的必须跨两个对角标记的最小可见区193。图5c显示了9个标记的方形平铺,都只包含一个用于示例的位。

使用一个(15,7)Reed-Solomon码,标记数据的112位被冗余编码以生成240个编码位。四个码字在标记的空间内交错以使爆发性错误的恢复力最大。假设标记ID如前述是16位的,这允许区域ID最大达92位。标记的蕴涵数据的点48不会覆盖其相邻点,使得标记群不能形成类似目标的结构。这也节约墨水。因此透视目标允许检测标记,也就不需要更多目标。

尽管标记可能包含方向特征以明确标记相对于传感器的四个可能方向,也可能在标记数据中插入方向数据。例如,四个码字可以安排为使每个标记方向包含一个置于该方向上的码字,如图5d所示,其中每个符号都标记了其码字的数字(1-4)和该符号在码字内的位置(A-O)。而标记解码包括在每个方向上解码一个码字。每个码字可以要么包含单个位指示是否为第一码字,要么包含两个位指示其为哪一个码字。后一种方法的优点是,如果只需要一个码字的数据内容,则最多只需要解码两个码字就能获得想要的数据。这种情况可能是,不希望在一笔中改变区域ID并且仅在一笔的起始处解码。于是一笔中只需要一个包含标记ID的码字。而且,因为在一笔中传感设备的旋转缓慢地可预见地变化,通常每一帧只有一个码字需要解码。

总体分配透视目标并改为依赖自注册的数据表示是可能的。在这种情况下,每个位值(或多个位值)通常由明确的字形来表示,亦即没有字形不能表示位值。这保证了数据网格安排得很好,因此允许网格可靠地被标识并且检测到其透视失真以及随后在数据采样期间被纠正。为了检测到标记边界,每个标记数据都必须包含一个标识图案,并且这些图案必须被冗余编码以允许可靠的检测。这种标识图案的开销类似于明确的透视目标的开销。一个这样的方案使用位于相对于网格顶点的不同位置的点表示不同字形,因而表示不同的多位值(参见Anoto Technology Description,Anoto April 2000)。

解码标记将得到区域ID、标记ID以及标记相关的笔转换式。在标记ID和标记相关笔位置能被翻译为被标记的区域内的绝对位置之前,标记在区域内的位置必须先知道。这由标记映射提供,也就是一个将每个被标记的区域中的标记ID映射到相应的位置的函数。标记映射反映了用标记平铺区域表面的方案,并且这能根据表面类型变化。当多个被标记的区域共享相同的平铺方案和相同的标记编号方案时,它们也可以共享相同的标记映射。一个区域的标记映射必须能通过区域ID检索到。因此,只要给定区域ID、标记ID和笔转换式,就能检索到标记映射,可以将标记ID翻译为区域内的绝对标记位置,也可以将标记相关的笔位置添加到标记位置中以获得区域内的绝对笔位置。

标记ID可以具有一种有助于通过标记映射翻译的结构。例如,可以依据所在表面类型编码笛卡儿坐标或极坐标。标记映射知道并决定标记ID的结构,而与不同标记映射关联的标记ID因此可能有不同的结构。

两种不同的表面编码方案目标不同,两者都使用本节中早先说明的标记结构。优选编码方案使用已经讨论过的“指示位置”的标记。一种可选的编码方案使用“指示对象”的(或“指示函数”的)标记。

一个指示位置的标记包含一个标记ID,当通过与被标记的区域相关的标记映射翻译该标记ID时,将得到一个区域内的唯一的标记位置。笔的标记相关位置被添加到此标记位置以得到笔在区域内的位置。这转而又用于确定笔相对于与该区域相关的页面说明中的用户界面元素的位置。不仅用户界面元素本身被标识了,而且相对于用户界面元素的位置也标识了。指示位置的标记对于获取特定用户界面元素范围中的绝对笔路径的支持是不重要的。

一个指示对象(或指示函数)的标记包含一个标记ID,直接标识与该区域(或等义的,该函数)相关的页面说明中的用户界面元素。用户界面元素范围内的所有标记都标识用户界面元素,使它们统一并因此不可分辨。因此,指示对象的标记不支持绝对笔路径的获取。但是,它们支持相对笔路径的获取。只要在采样频率超过遇到的标记频率的两倍位置,就能明确地确定一笔中从一个采样笔位置到下一个采样笔位置的转移。可选地,网页笔101能包含一对或移动感应加速计,如我们早先的申请PCT/AU00/00565中所述。

用这两种标记方案,标记函数结合网页上相关的可视元素发生作用,可视元素作为用户交互元素,用户可以使用适当的传感设备在交互元素中与打印的页面交互,以便通过传感设备读取标记数据以及在网页系统中引起适当的反应。

每个应用程序用户界面的流程被图示为通过命令箭头连接的文档集。命令箭头表示了目标文档的打印是用户在源页面上按相应命令按钮的结果。一些命令箭头标有多个以斜杠(“/”)分割的多个命令,说明任一指定的命令都能使得目标文档打印。尽管多个命令可能标有相同的命令箭头,但通常具有不同的副作用。

从应用来说,区分网页文档和网页表单很重要。文档包含打印的信息,以及能被用户按下以请求更多信息或一些其它动作的命令按钮。表单除了具有象普通文档一样的行为,还包含有能让用户填写的输入字段。它们向系统提供了数据输入机制。区分包含一般信息的文档和包含特定于一个用户与应用之间的交互信息的文档也是有用的。一般文档可能是预先打印的出版物诸如新闻架上出售的杂志或公共场合遇到的广告招贴。表单也可能是预先打印的,例如包括在预先打印的出版物上遇到的订阅表单。当然也可能是网页打印机响应用户请求空闲时产生的。特定于用户的文档和表单通常都是响应用户请求通过网页打印机空闲时产生的。图6显示了一个一般文档990,一个一般表单991,一个特定于用户的文档992,以及一个特定于用户的表单993。

参与用户界面流程的网页还可通过抽象页面布局说明。页面布局可以包含各种元素,每个都有独特风格以互相区别。如图7所示,这些包括固定信息994、变量信息995、输入字段996、命令按钮997、可拖动命令998,以及文本超链接或超文本链接999。

当用户界面流程被分成多个图时,复制的任何文档都显示了定义该类的主图的虚线轮廓。

8.使用NetpageTM系统的设备控制网页系统提供控制电设备和电子设备的便利。如果一个特定设备能通过网络界面或红外界面被远程控制,则可能完全将用户界面从设备本身中分离。而且,用户界面就能实现为网页,被用户携带的网页传感设备感应。网页传感设备越小、越不显眼、越便携越好。网页笔提供了一个可能的表单元素。可选地,网页传感设备可以嵌入用户戴的戒指、手套或指套中。还可以嵌入定制的由眼光来控制的特制眼具。

网页识别设备,并可用按钮等形式的设备的用户界面打印。表面是被动的,不向用户提供关于设备状态或其用户界面的反馈。但如果需要,反馈可以通过传感设备提供。网页基站(例如网页打印机)参考用户预先在设备本身上或从其制造商那选择的、或者用户使用设备或制造商提供的元素设计的用户界面结构,来分析控制界面上的操作。

下面通过一个针对音频和视频设备的网页设备控制应用来详细说明网页设备控制的概念。尽管特别引用了网页笔,仍可以使用任何网页传感设备。类似地,尽管引用了特定的网页打印机,仍可以使用任何网页基站,亦即任何从网页传感设备接收输入并且直接解释输入或将输入发送到一个或多个网络服务器解释的设备。

设备控制网页系统提供一种用于控制诸如电视接收机、VCRs和视频点播单元的机制。

一个网页可以包含打印的远程控制单元风格的控制按钮,或与某个节目或电影关联的打印的回放控制按钮。回放控制可以包括播放、暂停、停止、启动和结束。节目或电影的图标图象自身也可作为播放按钮。

现在有基于磁盘的消费者用视频录制器,它支持同步录制和回放。这使得可以暂存观看的广播视频以及提供一些视频点播的优点。通过网页系统发送的日报可以包含对广播新闻视频的链接,该视频是在报纸发送之前某个时候获取的,这可能是在网页打印机的控制下进行的。

通过广播电视,一个打印的网页节目单可以提供对有些电视频道的有用界面,特别是如果一个或多个频道被基于磁盘的视频录制器暂存时。通过真正的视频点播,一个打印网页目录可以提供对视频库的有用界面。

网页笔可以增大以作为红外远程控制之用。笔与打印的视频回放控制件交互产生的命令也可以通过有线或无线控制界面,包括红外和无线电(例如蓝牙),直接从网页打印机发送到视频设备。

在网页系统中,设备控制服务由一个或多个运行于分布在网络上的服务器上的设备控制应用来提供。用户与设备控制网页的交互通过适当的页面服务器使用正常页面机制路由到适当的设备控制应用。

图8显示了各种设备控制交互场合。当一个用户调用设备控制页面500上的设备功能时,输入以通常的方式(A)从用户网页笔101发送到用户的网页打印机802。输入以通常方式(B)中继到应用程序503。一收到输入,应用程序就识别被指定的设备600并确定特定的设备命令。如果指定的设备600可以被应用程序直接访问,则该应用程序可以直接向该设备发送命令码(C1)。这种情况可能是设备连接在应用程序能访问到的网络503上,例如有线的或无线的广域网上。否则应用程序可以向发起端打印机发送命令码(C2)。打印机502可能被修改为能接受通过设备控制应用程序向其发送的设备控制命令。如果打印机502可以直接访问指定的设备600,则该打印机可以直接向该设备发送命令码(D1)。这种情况可能是设备连接在打印机可以直接访问到的网络上,例如有线或无线的广域网或局域网上,或者打印机和设备可直接进行有线或无线通讯。否则打印机502可以向发起端笔101发送命令码(D2)。笔101可以被修改为能接受通过打印机502向其发送的设备控制命令。笔可以增加一个红外发射器,从而能向设备发射命令码(E1)。这需要笔的红外发射器直线对着设备上的红外接收器。作为向笔101发送命令码的另一可选方式,打印机502也可以向远程控制“箱”504发送命令码(D3)。这是一种安装在能直线见到设备600的位置的设备。它可以与打印机进行有线或无线通讯,集成一个红外发射器,从而能向设备600发送命令码(E2)。因为箱504可以位于一个能看到多个设备的位置上,所以对于给笔101增加部件这是个有用的可选方式。

设备控制对象模型设备控制对象模型分析设备和为与特定网页打印机有关的特定网页用户维护的设备设置。

每个网页用户800都有一个或多个设备设置511。用户可以对每个能访问网页打印机802都有一个单独的设备设置511。例如,一个用户800可以在家里具有一个设备设置511而在办公室有另一个。每个设备设置511都有一个用户赋予的名称512。每个设备设置511都可以一个或多个用户,但每个用户800对每台打印机仅能访问一个设备设置511。

一个设备设置511有一些用户设备513与之关联,每个用户可以控制的设备600都有一个。每个用户设备513都有一个用户赋予的别名514,并与制造商的设备模型信息关联。

每个设备513都可以有一些远程控制件515。任何被设备设置511授权的用户800都可以使用远程控制件。远程控制件515有一些相关的远程控制功能510,每个都有功能标识517。功能标识517用于从制造商568查出该功能的控制码565。一个远程控制件515可能是特定于设备的518或通用的519(亦即能控制多于一个设备),或者一般的520。图13显示了远程控制件的类图。

特定于设备的控制件518仅操作打印它的用户设备。

通用的控制件(URC)519可以在设备设置511内操作几个设备。用户在URC519上选择一个设备以改变URC模式并从而选择当前设备。URC519通常在每个模式中只操作一个设备。

一般远程控制件520为任何用户操作任何设备569。一般控制件520可以打印在网页出版物诸如电视节目中。一般控制件520操作设备设置511中的缺省设备521。例如,如果一个家庭有多于一台电视机,远程控制件520将仅操作缺省电视机。对于每种设备类型,如果用户没有指定缺省设备521,则用户添加的相关类型的第一设备将自动成为缺省的。缺省视频接收器522可能被指定给一个特定的广播频道523。这在一个频道能几个用户的设备513上收到的情况下有用。图10显示了缺省设备类图。

当向设备设置511添加一个设备569时,用户800必须指定设备524的制造商568、设备类型和型号。

每个制造商568都有一些设备569,而每个设备569都有一些型号524。每个设备型号524都与远程控制界面525以及关于设备频道、日期、节目时间和长度(CDTL)可编程性的信息与之关联。远程控制界面525包含了关于设备569可用的远程控制功能516的信息。每个远程控制界面(RCI)功能516都有一个功能标识527和控制码565以执行该功能。CDTL能力526指定了能为该设备编程的信息。例如,一个VCR可以用CDTL信息编程,其中有线电视接收器可能仅能对频道、日期和时间(CDT)信息编程。图11显示了设备信息类图。

每个设备设置511都可以有有些节目请求568与之关联。节目请求568在用户800请求录制视频广播时创建。公开的电视节目计划528包含了一些条目529,每个要广播的节目都有一条。每条都有一个或多个CDTL信息530与之关联,包含广播的频道、日期、时间和节目长度信息。然后该信息被用于为广播电视节目的未被注意的记录控制用户设备513。图15显示了节目单的类图。

图13显示了设备频道类图。每个设备569都可以有频道地区信息531与之关联,说明在给定地区内可用的广播频道。这些可以被划分到频道类别532中,例如空中、线缆等。

用户可以通过几种设备接收到一个给定的广播频道533,例如空中广播能通过电视、VCR和线缆箱得到。可选地,用户可以具有为每个频道533定义一个缺省的视频接收器设备的能力。如果用户通过节目单选择录制一个通过几种用户设备都可用的频道中的一个节目,则将使用用户设备设置511中指定的缺省视频接收器。

设备控制用户界面用户800通常将从网页系统应用程序目录中的设备控制应用程序的条目获得网页设备设置主页面534。通过网页打印机帮助页面获得。用户也可以给该页面加书签并随后通过其收藏列表获取它,或通过其历史列表获取。

图16显示了设备控制用户界面。

设备设置主页面图21所示的设备设置主页面534列出了当前网页打印机802的设备设置,以及注册每个设置的用户。如果打印机上没有启动特权设置,则该该打印机的所有设置都将列出。如果启动了特权设置则只列出那些该用户得到授权可以查看的设备设置。用户是系统管理员则列出所有设备设置。

要打印特定设备的详细设置,用户按详细设置旁的<详细>按钮535。要创建新设备设置,用户输入设置名称536并按<新设备设置>按钮537。两个操作都会打印设备详细设置页538。

用户可以按<列出我的设备>539以打印用户自己的设备设置的设备列表页540。图16显示了设备设置用户界面流程。

图22所示的设备详细设置页538列出了设备设置的所有注册用户和设备。如果设备设置是新的,则没有注册用户和设备列出。

用户可以按想要条目旁的<详细>按钮541以打印全部注册用户和设备的明细。而对于用户条目则打印用户明细页542。对于设备条目则打印设备明细页543,显示设备制造商、设备类型、型号、设备别名以及被指定的缺省设备。

用户可以通过按适当条目旁的<删除>按钮从设备设置511中删除一个用户或设备。删除了适当条目的设备详细设置页538将重新打印。

用户可以通过按<添加新用户>按钮545向设备设置中添加新用户。添加新用户表单546将被打印,列出当前打印机上的所有注册用户,但不包括在任何设备设置中。在每台网页打印机上一个用户只能包括在一个设备设置中。

用户可以通过按<添加新设备>按钮547向设备设置中添加新设备。选择制造商页面548将被打印。

图17显示了详细设置用户界面的流程。

添加一个新设备可以通过按设备详细设置页538上的<添加新设备>按钮547向设备设置中添加新设备。选择制造商页面548将被打印,如图27所示。用户通过点击制造商的名称从列表中选择设备制造商549。选择设备类型页550将被打印,如图28所示。

用户通过点击设备类型名称从列表中选择设备类型551,如图29所示。

用户通过点击适当的设备型号从列表中选择设备型号551,如图30所示。

在设置设备缺省值表单上,用户为设备指定一个别名。然后用户通过核选适当的复选框将此设备指定为一个或多个设备类型的缺省值。例如,用户的VCR可以被指定为其设备设置中的缺省电视调谐器和缺省视频录制器。当填完时用户按<添加设备>555。设备详细设置页538将被打印,显示设备列表页中的新设备。

图19显示了添加设备用户界面的流程。

用户设备列表用户通常从设备设置主页面534(<列出我的设备>按钮539)获取用户设备列表540。用户还可以给该页加书签并随后从其收藏列表或历史列表中获取。

图18显示了设备列表用户界面流程。

图23显示了设备列表540,指示了哪个设备被指定为该设置的缺省值。要打印特定设备的一个远程控制页570,用户点击设备名称。图25显示了特定于设备的电视机远程控制570的一个例子。特定电视机的特定于设备的远程控制将只能操作该电视机,无法操作任何其它电视机。

如图24所示,用户可以按<创建URC>按钮556以打印一个创建通用远程控制表单557。该表单列出了当前设备设置中的所有设备。用户通过核选适当的设备核选框选择设备以在URC中包括它,然后点击<打印URC>按钮558。通用远程控制页571将被打印。图26显示了URC页571的一个例子。

用户可以按设备列表页540上的<设备设置>按钮559以打印其设备详细设置页538。

用户可以按<修改缺省值>按钮560以打印一份修改缺省值表单561。这些表单使得用户可以改变缺省设备的赋值。

用户可以按<列出请求>按钮562以打印一份请求列表页563。这将列出用户的设备设置计划录制的所有视频广播。

远程控制件有三种类型的远程控制。它们是特定于设备的远程控制件、通用的远程控制件以及一般的远程控制件。特定于设备的和通用的远程控制件将被用户打印。一般的远程控制件打印在网页发行物诸如电视节目单中。

远程控制件的外观和功能依赖于设备类型、制造商等。一个制造商可以提供其自己的网页远程控制件供用户需要时打印。

当用户按一般的远程控制件上的远程控制按钮时,设备控制应用程序将在用户的设备设置中查出适当的缺省设备。这将确定用户设备以及设备型号。

图26显示了一个通用远程控制件571。被通用远程控制件所控制的设备由其模式(在设备别名按钮564)确定。图25中所示的特定于设备的控制件570与单个用户设备关联。因此当用户按特定于设备的或通用的远程控制件上的远程控制按钮565时,被控制的设备设备别名以及设备型号就都知道了。

一个远程控制按钮565与一个远程控制功能510关联,与一个唯一的功能标识号517(在设备型号内唯一)关联。制造商的数据库中引用设备型号查询被请求的功能标识号的RCI(远程控制界面)功能516控制码565。然后此命令码被传送到用户设备。

传送的方法可以根据设备能力和用户的笔变化。

计划的广播录制网页发布的电视节目单572包含了一个对每个节目及其频道、日期和时间信息给出了说明566的电视广播的日程安排。列出的每个节目都可以有一个或多个按钮567与之关联,如图31所示。

<录制>按钮567可用于对用户的缺省视频录制设备编程以录制被请求的广播。请求568被存储在用户的节目请求列表573(与其设备设置关联)中。图20显示了录制节目的用户界面流程。

作为一种更先进的服务,节目信息提供商可以发送更新的节目信息给用户的打印机,或者可以根据用户通常偏爱的节目添加节目请求到用户的节目请求列表573中。这可以在节目信息变化时自动修改现有请求。

新闻剪辑一个发布的新闻故事可以有相关的视频剪辑和打印的回放控制按钮。

一些新闻剪辑可以在报纸发送到网页打印机802之前的某个时候广播。打印机802可以由发布者指挥以收听该广播并在用户的基于磁盘的视频录制系统上录制该广播。剪辑索引信息与视频剪辑一起在例如关闭的广播的标题部分中被传送。

与新闻故事一起打印的按钮控制着从用户缺省的基于磁盘的视频录制器到用户缺省的视频监视器的广播视频回放。控制按钮可以包括播放、停止、慢动作和定格。

另一种类型的视频剪辑是视频点播(VOD)视频剪辑。一个VOD视频剪辑根据用户的需要从一个第三方VOD提供商向用户广播。

源控制网页设备控制系统还能用于提供对定价内容的源控制。系统管理员可以设置对特定用户允许的定价内容。没有所需权限的用户不能操作远程控制件以观看定价的频道或广播。

总结上面参照优选实施例和一些特别的可选实施例对本发明进行了说明。但是,本领域技术人员可以理解,与这些特别说明的实施例不同的其它实施例也将落入本发明的精神和范围中。因此,可以理解本发明并不局限于本说明中的特定的实施例,包括通过适当的交叉引用结合的文献。本发明的范围仅受限于权利要求书。

Claims (34)

1.一种方法,使设备受到控制从而响应来自计算机系统的控制命令从而有效地执行至少一个功能,该方法包括以下步骤:提供一个含有关于设备功能的信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制界面身份以及指示至少一个控制界面参考点的编码数据;在计算机系统中,从传感设备接收关于控制界面的身份以及传感设备相对控制界面的位置的指示数据,当处于与控制界面有效的相对位置上时,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据来感应指示数据;以及在计算机系统中,由指示数据引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作。
2.如权利要求1的方法,其特征在于,所述的与控制命令有关的至少一个参数与控制界面的至少一个区域关联,并且其中的方法包括在计算机系统中从传感设备所在位置相关的区域引起一个与所述至少一个参数有关的操作。
3.如权利要求2的方法,其特征在于,还包括:在计算机系统中,接收关于传感设备相对控制界面移动的数据,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据来感应其相对于控制界面的移动;以及在计算机系统中,从所述至少部分在所述至少一个区域内的移动,引起一个与控制命令的所述至少一个参数有关的操作。
4.一种方法,使设备受到控制从而响应来自计算机系统的命令有效地执行至少一个功能,该方法包括以下步骤:提供一个含有关于设备功能信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制界面的至少一个参数的编码数据;在计算机系统中,从传感设备接收与所述的至少一个参数有关并且关于传感设备相对控制界面的移动的数据,当相对于控制界面移动时,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据感应关于所述至少一个参数的数据,并根据自身相对于控制界面的移动生成数据;以及在计算机系统中,联系所述的至少一个参数来解释传感设备的所述移动。
5.一种方法,使设备受到控制从而响应来自计算机系统的命令有效地执行至少一个功能,该方法的步骤包括:向用户提供一个包含有指示控制界面身份的编码数据的控制界面;在计算机系统中,从传感设备接收关于用户身份和控制界面的身份的数据,传感设备容纳关于用户身份的数据并使用至少一些编码数据来感应关于控制界面身份的数据;以及在计算机系统中,由关于用户身份和控制界面身份的数据引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作。
6.如权利要求5的方法,其特征在于,包括在计算机系统中从传感设备接收关于传感设备相对于控制界面的移动的数据,传感设备生成关于自身相对于控制界面移动的数据。
7.如权利要求1、4或5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,控制命令的参数选自于包含下列内容的群组:·选择所述设备;·选择所述要执行的功能;·为所述功能建立缺省设置;·为所述设备建立缺省设置;·注册用户访问以控制设备功能;·授权用户访问以控制设备功能;以及·向所述设备发出命令码以执行所述功能。
8.如权利要求1、4或5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,还包括响应计算机系统的操作向所述设备发出命令码以执行所述功能的步骤。
9.如权利要求8的方法,其特征在于,命令码是通过所述传感设备发向所述设备的。
10.如权利要求8的方法,其特征在于,命令码是独立于传感设备发向所述设备的。
11.如权利要求8的方法,其特征在于,命令码是使用无线技术发向所述设备的。
12.如权利要求1、4和5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,根据需要打印控制界面。
13.如权利要求12的方法,其特征在于,包括在控制界面被打印的同时,在表面定义装置上的一个表面上打印控制界面,以及在该表面上打印编码数据。
14.如权利要求13的方法,其特征在于,包括打印在可见光谱中基本上不可见的编码数据。
15.如权利要求1、4和5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,包括为每个生成的控制界面保持一个可检索的记录,使用包含在其编码数据中的身份来检索该控制界面。
16.如权利要求1、4和5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,包括混合使用多点传送协议和单点通讯协议来发布多个控制界面。
17.如权利要求1或4的方法,其特征在于,传感设备包括一个识别装置,向传感设备告知一个属于特定用户的唯一身份并识别它,此方法包括在计算机系统中监视该身份。
18.如权利要求1、4和5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,包括提供与控制界面中有关的所需的所有设备功能以降低分割显示设备的需求。
19.如权利要求1、4和5中任一权利要求的方法,其特征在于,控制界面被打印在多个页面上,并且该方法包括装订这些页面。
20.一种系统,使一个设备的至少一个功能受到控制,该系统包括:一个含有与设备功能有关的信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制界面身份以及指示至少一个控制界面参考点的编码数据;以及一个计算机系统,结合控制命令有效地使所述设备执行所述功能,以及有效地从传感设备接收指示数据,以引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作,该指示数据指示控制界面的身份以及传感设备相对于控制界面的位置,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据来感应数据。
21.如权利要求29的系统,其特征在于,至少一个与控制命令有关的参数与控制界面的至少一个区域关联。
22.如权利要求29的系统,其特征在于,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据来感应其相对于控制界面的移动。
23.一种系统,使一个设备的至少一个功能受到控制,响应控制命令,该系统包括:一个含有与设备功能有关的信息的控制界面,该控制界面包括指示控制命令的至少一个参数的编码数据;以及一个计算机系统,结合所述控制命令有效地从传感设备接收关于所述至少一个参数和传感设备相对于控制界面移动的数据,用于联系所述的至少一个参数来解释传感设备的所述移动,当相对于控制界面移动时,传感设备使用至少一些编码数据感应关于所述的至少一个参数的数据,并生成关于自身相对于控制界面移动的数据。
24.一种系统,使一个设备的至少一个功能受到控制,该系统包括:一个含有指示控制界面身份的编码数据的控制界面;以及一个计算机系统,结合控制命令有效地使所述设备执行所述功能,以及有效地从传感设备接收有关用户身份和控制界面的身份的数据,并且由所述接收数据引起一个与控制命令的至少一个参数有关的操作,传感设备容纳有关用户身份的数据并且使用至少一些编码数据感应有关控制界面身份的数据。
25.如权利要求24的系统,其特征在于,包括传感设备,该传感设备感应自身相对于控制界面的移动。
26.如权利要求20、23和24中任一权利要求的系统,其特征在于,控制命令的参数选自于由下列内容组成的群组:·选择所述设备;·选择所述要执行的功能;·为所述功能建立缺省设置;·为所述设备建立缺省设置;·注册用户访问以控制设备功能;·授权用户访问以控制设备功能;以及·向所述设备发出命令码以执行所述功能。
27.如权利要求20、23和24中任一权利要求的系统,其特征在于,计算机系统有效地向所述设备发出命令码以通过所述传感设备执行所述功能。
28.如权利要求20、23和24中任一权利要求的系统,其特征在于,计算机系统有效地向所述设备发出命令码以独立于所述传感设备执行所述功能。
29.如权利要求20或23的系统,其特征在于,传感设备包含一个识别装置,向传感设备告知一个属于特定用户的唯一身份并识别它。
30.如权利要求20、23和24中任一权利要求的系统,其特征在于,控制界面打印在表面定义装置上的一个表面上,并且该系统包括包括一个打印机以根据需要打印控制界面。
31.如权利要求30的系统,其特征在于,打印机在表面定义装置上打印控制界面的同时打印编码数据。
32.如权利要求20、23和24中任一权利要求的系统,其特征在于,编码数据在可见光谱中基本上不可见。
33.如权利要求20或23的系统,其特征在于,包括一个数据库,用于为每个生成的控制界面保持一条可检索的记录,可使用包含在其编码数据中的身份检索每个控制界面。
34.如权利要求30的系统,其特征在于,为了适应打印在多个页面上的控制界面,打印机包括一个装订装置以装订这些页面。
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CN 00816616 CN1243452C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 具有互动式打印机的移动电话
CN 00816617 CN100350419C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 具有解码传感器的音频播放器
CN 00816614 CN1175366C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 具有编码传感器的视频播放器
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CN 200410082164 CN100585542C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 产生交互页面的方法
CN 00816616 CN1243452C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 具有互动式打印机的移动电话
CN 00816617 CN100350419C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 具有解码传感器的音频播放器
CN 00816614 CN1175366C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 具有编码传感器的视频播放器
CN 00816623 CN100416521C (zh) 1999-12-01 2000-11-27 电话控制方法和系统

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