CN1394777A - Gas suspension vehicle for track transportation and space launching and its special-purpose equipment - Google Patents

Gas suspension vehicle for track transportation and space launching and its special-purpose equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1394777A
CN1394777A CN 02138884 CN02138884A CN1394777A CN 1394777 A CN1394777 A CN 1394777A CN 02138884 CN02138884 CN 02138884 CN 02138884 A CN02138884 A CN 02138884A CN 1394777 A CN1394777 A CN 1394777A
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China
Prior art keywords
track
car
gas suspension
groove
piston shoes
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Pending
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CN 02138884
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Chinese (zh)
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黄先革
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黄先革
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Priority to CN 02138884 priority Critical patent/CN1394777A/en
Publication of CN1394777A publication Critical patent/CN1394777A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention discloses an air suspension train for rail haulage and space launch and its special-purpose equipment. It is formed from air compressor, jet slide plate, slipper and train body, trackway component and power device. It utilzies the air bearing effect produced by jet slide plate to implement microresistance glide, and uses the diagonal bridge overhead rail. It is simple in structure, light in weight, reliable, can run at ultraspeed and can economize lots of energy source, and is a traffic tool combining the advantages of air cushion ship and cable car railway, etc. and can implement supersonic acceleration aviation by utilizing aerospaceplane.

Description

The gas suspension car and the special facilities that are used for rail transport and space launch
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of and track or the coefficient free air suspension car of other guide piece, especially a kind of gas suspension car and special facilities that is used for rail transport and space launch.
Background technology:
As everyone knows, though cybertimes, the fast slow cost height of logistics travelling speed remained unchanged, seriously hindered network economy and carried out ecommerce, the far products by cyber ordering often falls because of transportation and sales in time cause procurement price, the not Feng Li that gets bumper crops of peasant household.The communications and transportation of the world today is mainly by there being wheel motor vehicle to travel on the strange land circulation that road and rail is finished stream of people's logistics, but, because the existence of wheel makes car weight power sharply increase with road surface generation resistance and with speed and has wasted the energy, limited the raising of motor vehicle speed, wheel also causes strenuous vibration, noise is big, contaminated environment, and poor stability, has every year people up to a million to be killed in an automobile accident.Though up-to-date magnetic suspension train can slide without wheel, but its cost height, electromagnetic pollution are serious, little from great load ratio, and build the magnetic-levitation facility also and to build the such quantities of road and rail huge, invest long in time limitly greatly, the open circuit of need leveling off hilltops is built bridge, is removed and take over house owed by a citizen, field for use, a large amount of earth excavations, loss water and soil destroys natural ecological environment, also equally is difficult to avoid and the ground object initiation traffic accident that bumps with automobile, suffer disaster easily, influence suspends traffic.
Aircraft on the existing aircraft carrier and sublaunched missile rely on high pressure steam to launch acceleration can short takeoff, alleviate structural weight, fuel saving, increasing voyage, but also do not have a kind of hyprsonic space flight ejector that reduces space shuttle launch cost, practicality at present; The space shuttle vertical launch is quickened slow and rocket thrust is conducted oneself with dignity to having consumed most fuel, just can accelerate to tripler speed, and nearly all space flight accident all occurs in attitude ascent stage easily out of control.
In sum, the shortcoming of existing main self-propelled vehicle is that running velocity is slow, cost is high, accident is many, and poor, the contaminated environment that wastes energy of traffic safety and riding comfort is influenced by disaster easily and suspends traffic.The shortcoming of carrying out the space shuttle vertical launch with existing technological means be the preparatory period long, cost is high, efficient is low, the accident rate height.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to solve the problem that above-mentioned existing self-propelled vehicle exists, a kind of gas suspension car that slides along track with driven by power is provided, this gas suspension bassinet structure is simple and reliable, in light weight, realizes that substantially little resistance slides at a high speed.The elevated guideway that a simultaneously supporting air feed levitated vehicle uses makes the gas suspension car avoid bumping with ground object, traffic accident seldom takes place, and the Facilities Construction construction volume is few, and cost is low, and the duration is short.The shortcoming that also is to overcome existing space launching technology of the present invention, provide a kind of method that the gas suspension car is used as the space flight acceleration car that takes off, this taking off quickened car and solved the problem that the existing space flight vertical launch preparatory period is long, cost is high, efficient is low, accident rate is high substantially.
To achieve these goals, the present invention has adopted tubulose hollow track and a kind of jet slide plate, this jet slide plate is that inflatable cored slab is configured in its front and spreads all over miniature injection pore, after injecting high pressure air, form the air bearing effect from pore ejection high pressure jet and raceway surface, making the piston shoes that jet slide plate is housed can be suspended in raceway surface slides, described piston shoes are made by the setting framework that jet slide plate is housed, and piston shoes constitute the gas suspension car with the car body connection.Steadily slide on air cushion by power-actuated gas suspension car, do not shake noise cruise economic speed per hour can be above 500 kilometers, to safeguard and crash with object such as ground silt particle when avoiding sliding at a high speed in order to reduce, adopted overhead technology for cable-stayed bridges to make somebody a mere figurehead the tubulose track on ground even can pass through in gorge over strait.When gas suspension car speed per hour surpasses 700 kilometers, pneumatic noise is increased sharply can only be as the space flight acceleration car that takes off, method step is to quicken the car fuel supplying to the driving engine on the space shuttle by taking off earlier, when promotion accelerates to the hyprsonic takeoff speed, space shuttle separates lift-off, migrates and quickens to fly to space from carrying fuel, can alleviate so most of former space shuttle take-off weight, greatly reduce launch cost, be arranged on ground-surface track Ji Ba on for the track that the acceleration car that takes off slides this moment.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: gas suspension car 14 is combined as a whole with piston shoes 4 by the link rod 8 of compartment end face, the dovetail form indent groove that these piston shoes 4 have an opening to make progress, the big opening of this groove inner chamber is little, vertically being provided with triangle track 5 in the groove extends forward along wearing groove, make the gas suspension car can be suspended in art skating on the dedicated track, the face parallel clearance is left on the dovetail spill groove inner face and track 5 planes of piston shoes 4, at the groove inner face the jet slide plate 1 that has fumarole 2 is installed, with Air compressor 3 high pressure draft is sprayed to the gap from slide plate and produce the air bearing effect.Jet slide plate 1 is inflatable hollow platy structure, spreads all over fumarole 2 in its front.Piston shoes 4 are to be furnished with air compressor 3 and at its dovetail groove inner face the frame assembly of jet slide plate 1 to be installed, and the inner face of groove is parallel and be a bit larger tham the track bottom surface, and the piston shoes notch upwards and track 5 is limited in slip in the dovetail furrow.Car body 14 can be made imitative aircraft wing section shape along working direction.Be fixed on beam arm 12 two ends on the pylon 11 and be fixed with and tiltedly draw hawser 10, and coordination is connected to the pylon top through digonal link 13; Suspension rod 9 one ends connect with tiltedly drawing hawser 10, the other end articulates and trapped orbit 5, the tubulose track longitudinally is hanging connected in by the suitable mutually suspension rod 9 of many length and tiltedly draws on the hawser 10, and can keep the track cross level extension to be in relative linear state, thereby form the diagonal bridge structure track is maked somebody a mere figurehead on ground.Track that it is equilateral triangle that two identical right-angled triangle tubing that track 5 is bent by slab are merged into a cross section uses, and two right angle tube walls form the hard directly reinforced rib perpendicular to the track bottom surface in pipe.Space shuttle 17 is carried in automobile-used acceleration car 16 lift-launchs of taking off of gas suspension to be slided on ground rail, quicken car 16 fuel supplying by taking off and produce thrust to driving engine on the space shuttle 17 or other trust engine work, space shuttle separates lift-off when trust engine accelerates to takeoff speed to the acceleration car that takes off with space shuttle, migrates and continues to quicken to fly to space from carrying fuel.Track 5 is inverted and is fixed in basis, ground 15, and taking off and quickening car 16 is flatbed wooden handcarts, carries space shuttle 17 above it, is fixed in piston shoes 4 by link rod 8 below and is suspended in track 5 surperficial art skatings.
The present invention has realized that substantially little resistance slides at a high speed after adopting above-mentioned technical pattern, avoiding vehicle to be subjected to deadweight restricts with road surface generation resistance, save the energy, eliminate the vibrations noise, saved the high-power cryogenic magnet of huge, heavy than magnetically supported vehicle, so designs simplification, cost is low, has overcome slow, the poor stability of existing motor vehicle speed, and shortcoming such as waste energy.Because use hollow tubulose track far to be lighter than the road bridge floor of up to ten thousand tons of weights, every kilometer cost of diagonal bridge elevated guideway is far below subway, the duration is short, construction volume is little, does not conflict with ground communications, influenced by disaster.Be the vehicle that feature performance benefits such as air cushion vehicle, cable car track are comprehensively arranged, can also gorge over strait currently solve the problem that storm wind causes island and continent interruption of communication.Build that gas suspension car traffic artery also can be used as trans-regional communications optical cable simultaneously, the main line that transmits electric power helps to spread out low running cost.When existing self-propelled vehicle is avoided high speed as far as possible when design outline resistance too abortion give birth to lift and cause handling out of control accidents caused, and gas suspension car road-holding property is not influenced by lift, can adopt the profile of air resistance minimum to improve speed, further saves the energy.The safety of this gas suspension car, traveling comfort are better than aircraft, can replace expensive subway, are used to solve each metropolitan traffic blocking problem.Steamer has caused the industrial revolution for the first time, if build an intercontinental high speed transcontinental railway that arrives the U.S. from the China Russian Bering of process, will promote the development of Sino-U.S. kownledge economy greatly.Having the gas suspension car to take off do space flight quickens car and can make space shuttle just promote can short distance to slide with small power motor to quicken to obtain the hyprsonic takeoff speed, just can make space shuttle with the operating cost of air engine reduction cheaply, make universal space tourism become possibility.The new machine prototypes of newly developing such as carplane guided missile can also be hung on the gas suspension car outward, replace large tunnel to carry out aerodynamics and measure, reduce the R﹠D costs of hypersonic speed space shuttle and the oil consumption of taking off.
Description of drawings:
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of jet slide plate.
Fig. 2 is the front elevation of gas suspension car operation.
Fig. 3 is the lateral plan of gas suspension car operation.
Fig. 4 takes off to quicken the operation back view of car.
The specific embodiment:
Fig. 1 is the basic structure scheme drawing of jet slide plate, from illustrated embodiment as can be seen, the structure of jet slide plate 1 is an inflatable hollow sheeting columnar structure, on its front, evenly spread all over miniature injection pore, when air compressor 3 charges into air in the plate from pore 2 ejection high pressure jets, form one deck pressure-bearing air cushion in the dead ahead and produce the air bearing effect, make jet slide plate can be suspended on plane or the dedicated track face and slide.
Fig. 2 is the front sectional elevation of gas suspension car service direction, from graphic embodiment as can be seen, key of the invention process is piston shoes 4 and track 5, gas suspension car car body branch has single track light-duty 6 and double track heavy type 7, it is overall that each is connected into the gas suspension car by the compartment by link rod 8 and piston shoes 4, and Air compressor work can be suspended on track 5 surfaces piston shoes 4 to slide when operation; Piston shoes 4 are by being furnished with air compressor 3, and the framed structure assembly of jet slide plate 1 is installed at its dovetail groove inner face, the dovetail form indent groove that these piston shoes have an opening to make progress, little and the notch of the big opening of this groove inner chamber upwards, and can be limited in track 5 in the dovetail furrow, in groove, vertically there is Δ tubulose track to extend forward along wearing groove, and interior section bottom surface of groove is big slightly and be parallel to orbital plane, and between leave the face parallel clearance that matches, make the air can be from flowing between groove face and the orbital plane, the jet slide plate 1 that has fumarole is installed at the groove inner face, can utilize Air compressor that gas is sprayed jet from the groove face pore, produce the air bearing effect and make piston shoes 4 can be suspended in art skating on the dedicated track.The closed angle end that protrudes upward piston shoes groove recess at triangle tubulose track is articulated and is hung tight by suspension rod 9 and tiltedly drawing on the hawser 10, from then on track 5 is suspended on the ground together with piston shoes 4 are built on stilts; The position is equipped with a square-section mould arm beam 12 on the upper side at column jecket type pylon 11 middle parts, be fixed with on its two ends symmetric position and tiltedly draw hawser 10 and coordination to be connected and fixed on the pylon top through digonal link 13, digonal link 13 is used for fixing the two ends that connect pylon top and beam arm 12 and keeps stress balance; Constituted diagonal bridge elevated guideway facility by being fixedly connected of above each parts.Track that it is equilateral triangle that two identical right-angled triangle tubing that above-mentioned track 5 is bent by slab are merged into a cross section uses, and two right angle tube walls form the vertical reinforced rib perpendicular to the track bottom surface in pipe.
Fig. 3 is the lateral plan of gas suspension car operation, from graphic embodiment as can be seen, gas suspension car 14 slides along above-mentioned diagonal bridge elevated guideway under the combined action of air compressor 3 and engine installation together with piston shoes 4, and see clearly that tubulose track 5 longitudinally is hanging connected in by the suitable mutually suspension rod 9 of many length and tiltedly draw on the hawser 10, and can keep track cross level to extend being in linear state.It can also be seen that from Fig. 3 the end face in gas suspension car 14 compartments is a function integral body by link rod 8 with piston shoes 4.These piston shoes 4 have the dovetail form groove of an indent, the big opening of this groove inner chamber is little, being with triangle track 5 in the groove extends forward along wearing groove, and between the inner plane of groove and the orbit plane parallel and leave the gap can allowing air flow, the jet slide plate 1 that has fumarole is installed at the groove inner face, can utilize Air compressor that gas is produced the air bearing effect from groove inner face pore ejection jet, make gas suspension car art skating on dedicated track.Car body 14 is equivalent to not have the airframe of wing when cruising, and promptly car body can be made imitative aircraft wing section shape along working direction, makes car body become air buoyance lift body when high speed, can alleviate the track load so greatly, further reduce resistance, raising speed, energy savings improves reliability.
Fig. 4 is that another embodiment of the present invention is used to take off and quickens the operation back view of car, as can be seen from the figure the structure working principle of piston shoes 4 and track 5 and Fig. 2 are identical, being used for space flight takes off directly track 5 to be inverted when quickening car and is fixed in basis, ground 15, the piston shoes 4 that quicken car 16 lower ends that take off are suspended in track 5 surperficial art skatings, and the driving engine on institute's lift-launch space shuttle 17 or other trust engine provide to slide and quicken to use fuel, space shuttle separates lift-off after speed surpasses takeoff speed, migrates and quickens to fly to space from carrying fuel; Taking off and quickening car 16 is flatbed wooden handcarts, carries space shuttle 17 above it, followingly fixedly is coupled to piston shoes 4, and can be suspended in the surperficial art skating of dedicated track by link rod 8.
Above-mentioned embodiment made and be not limited to the equivalence techniques member of the link rod among the present invention, pull bar etc. both can also can with flexible material with rigid material; be equally applicable to other conspicuous constructional variant; make integrated piston shoes structure and piston shoes and the supporting shape of track as jet slide plate and framework; the form that matches that can also have other various uses to be suitable for comprises that the track set-up mode all should think on other basis such as ground or arched door formula pylon and belong to technical protection scope of the present invention as being arranged at.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of gas suspension car that is used for rail transport, gas suspension car (14) is combined as a whole with piston shoes (4) by the link rod (8) of compartment end face, the dovetail form indent groove that these piston shoes (4) have an opening to make progress, the big opening of this groove inner chamber is little, vertically being provided with triangle track (5) in the groove extends forward along wearing groove, make the gas suspension car can be suspended in art skating on the dedicated track, it is characterized in that: the face parallel clearance is left on the dovetail spill groove inner face of piston shoes (4) and track (5) plane, at the groove inner face the jet slide plate (1) that has fumarole (2) is installed, with Air compressor (3) high pressure draft is sprayed to the gap from slide plate and produce the air bearing effect.
2, gas suspension car according to claim 1 is characterized in that: jet slide plate (1) is inflatable hollow platy structure, spreads all over fumarole (2) in its front.
3, the gas suspension car that is used for rail transport according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: piston shoes (4) are the frame assembly of being furnished with air compressor (3) and jet slide plate (1) being installed at its dovetail groove inner face, the inner face of groove is parallel and be a bit larger tham the track bottom surface, and the piston shoes notch upwards and track (5) is limited in slip in the dovetail furrow.
4, the gas suspension car that is used for rail transport according to claim 1 is characterized in that: car body (14) can be made imitative aircraft wing section shape along working direction.
5, a kind of gas suspension car special facilities that is used for rail transport is characterized in that: be fixed on beam arm (12) two ends on the pylon (11) and be fixed with and tiltedly draw hawser (10), and coordination is connected to the pylon top through digonal link (13); Suspension rod (9) one ends connect with tiltedly drawing hawser (10), the other end articulates and trapped orbit (5), the tubulose track longitudinally is hanging connected in by the suitable mutually suspension rod (9) of many length and tiltedly draws on the hawser (10), and can keep the track cross level extension to be in relative linear state, thereby form the diagonal bridge structure track is maked somebody a mere figurehead on ground.
6, the gas suspension car special facilities that is used for rail transport according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: track that it is equilateral triangle that two identical right-angled triangle tubing that track (5) is bent by slab are merged into a cross section uses, and two right angle tube walls form the hard directly reinforced rib perpendicular to the track bottom surface in pipe.
7, a kind of gas suspension car that is used for space launch, it is characterized in that: space shuttle (17) is carried in automobile-used acceleration car (16) lift-launch of taking off of gas suspension on ground rail, slide, quicken car (16) fuel supplying by taking off and produce thrust to driving engine on the space shuttle (17) or other trust engine work, space shuttle separates lift-off when trust engine accelerates to takeoff speed to the acceleration car that takes off with space shuttle, migrates and continues to quicken to fly to space from carrying fuel.
8, the gas suspension car that is used for space launch according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: track (5) is inverted and is fixed in basis, ground (15), taking off and quickening car (16) is the flatbed wooden handcart, carry space shuttle (17) above it, be fixed in piston shoes (4) by link rod (8) below and be suspended in the surperficial art skating of track (5).
CN 02138884 2002-08-02 2002-08-02 Gas suspension vehicle for track transportation and space launching and its special-purpose equipment Pending CN1394777A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02138884 CN1394777A (en) 2002-08-02 2002-08-02 Gas suspension vehicle for track transportation and space launching and its special-purpose equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02138884 CN1394777A (en) 2002-08-02 2002-08-02 Gas suspension vehicle for track transportation and space launching and its special-purpose equipment

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100564160C (en) * 2007-08-21 2009-12-02 黄金伦 Transmitter field on the intermediate ship
CN102040005A (en) * 2009-10-12 2011-05-04 张新华 Safe, efficient, energy-saving and novel boosting method and device for takeoff of aircraft carrier-based plane
CN102490726A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-13 湖南湖大三佳车辆技术装备有限公司 Cable car system
CN106184722A (en) * 2016-09-20 2016-12-07 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Gas suspension equipment that a kind of second-mission aircraft takes off and system
CN106227921A (en) * 2009-09-14 2016-12-14 空中客车运营简化股份公司 With the structure analysis method of the isotropic material panel that triangle lattice chamber is strengthened
CN107804472A (en) * 2017-10-06 2018-03-16 廖忠民 Express locomotive assist system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100564160C (en) * 2007-08-21 2009-12-02 黄金伦 Transmitter field on the intermediate ship
CN106227921A (en) * 2009-09-14 2016-12-14 空中客车运营简化股份公司 With the structure analysis method of the isotropic material panel that triangle lattice chamber is strengthened
CN106227921B (en) * 2009-09-14 2019-05-07 空中客车运营简化股份公司 With the structure analysis method for the isotropic material panel that triangle lattice chamber is reinforced
CN102040005A (en) * 2009-10-12 2011-05-04 张新华 Safe, efficient, energy-saving and novel boosting method and device for takeoff of aircraft carrier-based plane
CN102490726A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-06-13 湖南湖大三佳车辆技术装备有限公司 Cable car system
CN106184722A (en) * 2016-09-20 2016-12-07 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Gas suspension equipment that a kind of second-mission aircraft takes off and system
CN107804472A (en) * 2017-10-06 2018-03-16 廖忠民 Express locomotive assist system

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