CN1348296A - Device for called user to resist harassing call positively - Google Patents

Device for called user to resist harassing call positively Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1348296A
CN1348296A CN 00116152 CN00116152A CN1348296A CN 1348296 A CN1348296 A CN 1348296A CN 00116152 CN00116152 CN 00116152 CN 00116152 A CN00116152 A CN 00116152A CN 1348296 A CN1348296 A CN 1348296A
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circuit
telephone
memory
number
called user
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CN 00116152
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1181663C (en
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高勇
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高勇
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Abstract

An active anti-harass telephone device used at called user's features setting a memorizer for storing "black name list" telephone number, to place a DSP chip for processing high speed diigtal signal between the telephone number memorizer and income telephone display, DSP chip to be connected with "black name list" clear up circuit and number recording circuit attaching with program memorizer and automatic picking up as well as putting off circuit. When the telephone is coming on, DSP will store the active called number if it is judged as a harass telephone and the system will make automatic comparision on by one between "black name list" and active called numbe at each telephone call. If it is fit the oneway charged telephone set will automaticaly pick up and then make transient put off (the dual direction charged telephone set executing put off automatically). Otherwise the user can receive the call and user also can input the undesired receiving number through the keyboard into the system.

Description

一种可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚乱电话的装置 A device for the called party phone active against disturbances

本发明涉及一种可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的新型装置,用于电话用户主动对抗骚扰电话。 The present invention relates to a novel apparatus for the called user may be active against the harassing calls for the user to actively combat harassing telephone calls.

随着电话的日益普及,电话在给人们带来了极大的方便,但同时也出现了骚扰电话和恶意呼叫,干扰了电话用户正常生活。 With the growing popularity of phones, phone to bring a great convenience, but there has also been harassing phone calls and malicious calls, the telephone user interference normal life. 作为被叫方,电话用户在接到骚扰电话和某些公司推销产品的电话时,往往比较被动。 As the called party, the telephone user when you receive harassing phone calls and some telephone companies to sell products, tend to be more passive. 对于骚扰电话,用户极为愤怒;对于推销电话,用户往往不希望再次接听。 For nuisance calls, the user is extremely angry; for telemarketing calls, users often do not want to answer again.

在过去,固定电话(单项收费)的用户用于对付骚扰电话的手段主要有:采用要求主叫方输入事先约定密码;或采用来电显示的方法得到对方的电话号码,再根据被叫用户过去是否对该号码有不良印象来决定是否接听。 In the past, fixed telephone (single charge) a means for a user to deal with harassing calls are: use of prior agreement requires the caller to enter a password; or to give the telephone number of the caller using the method, and then whether the called user's past the number has a bad impression to decide whether to answer. 而双项收费的手机用户的情况更糟,不仅需要接听,而且还要为这些电话付费。 The mobile phone users double entry fee worse, not only we need to answer, but also to pay for the phone.

申请号为97236758.6的实用新型提供了一种电话密码装置,其工作原理是:在主叫方发起呼叫且接通后,主叫方需要输入事先与被叫方约定的密码才可与被叫方通话。 Utility Model Application No. cryptographic device provides a telephone 97236758.6, the working principle is: the calling party initiates a call in and turned on, the caller need to enter a password to the prior agreement with the called party and the called party call. 如果主叫方有100个友好用户,则要记忆100组密码。 If the caller has 100 user-friendly, 100 groups will have to remember passwords. 显然这个密码记忆工作对正常的主叫用户来讲,是极为烦琐和容易出错的。 Obviously, this password memory to work properly caller, this is a very tedious and error-prone.

申请号为97214657.1的实用新型提供了来电显示装置,该装置可以得到骚扰或恶意呼叫的电话号码,但不能对下次来自同一电话号码的恶意呼叫采取措施,被叫用户还是需要接听该电话。 No utility model application provides caller ID device 97214657.1 is, the device can receive harassing or malicious call a phone number, but not for the next call from the same phone number of malicious adopt measures called user still need to take the call. 除非用户能够熟练记忆该号码。 Unless the skilled user can memorize the number. 显然,要求被叫用户的每一个可能接听电话的家庭成员都必须熟记一个或多个一长串的骚扰电话或恶意呼叫的号码,通过比对来电显示装置上显示的号码的方式来决定被叫方是否接听的方式是不现实的。 Clearly, the requirements called user may answer the phone every family member must memorize a long list of more or harassing telephone number or malicious calls, by way of comparison the number displayed on caller ID device to be decided whether the called party to answer approach is not realistic. 而对骚扰电话所采取的法律行动,由于面临取证、耗时、经济等多方面因素的困扰,导致许多用户无法或不愿意采用法律手段来对付骚扰电话。 The harassing phone calls to legal action taken, due to the problems faced by many factors and evidence collection, time-consuming, the economy, leading many users unable or unwilling to adopt legal means to deal with harassing phone calls.

目前已经在电话上已经实现了来电显示功能。 It has now been achieved on the phone caller ID. 一旦确定对方为骚扰电话或恶意呼叫,则被叫用户对再次来自同一号码的骚扰电话或恶意呼叫大致有以下几种选择:被铃声烦扰直至对方断线、关机、直接手工挂断、接听后挂断。 Once harassing telephone or other malicious call, the called user from the same phone number harassing or malicious calls again generally have the following options: bothered other tones until disconnection, power off, direct manual hang up after answer hanging off. 不管如何处理,被叫用户还是需要进行查看、回忆以及人工处理,这为用户带来了诸多不便,而双向收费的用户稍有差错即可能产生话费损失。 Regardless of treatment, or the called user needs to view, memories and manual processing, which provides users with a lot of inconvenience, and users of two-way toll calls a slight mistake that is likely to produce a loss.

本发明的目的就是为电话用户在遇到上述情况时,能够提供一种解决方案,使用户能够利用本发明公开的新型装置进行自动智能处理,不需要再次听来自这些号码的电话。 Object of the present invention is to telephone users in the event of the above, it is possible to provide a solution that allows users to take advantage of the present invention is disclosed novel apparatus for automatic intelligent processing is not required to listen to phone numbers from these again. 做到主动地自动对抗骚扰电话。 Do actively against harassing phone calls automatically.

本发明公开的技术方案是这样的。 Aspect of the present invention is disclosed a. 一种可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,用来在电话上对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征是:设置一存储骚扰电话号码的“黑名单”(电话号码)存储器1、在“黑名单”存储器1与来电显示电路2之间连接一个高速数字信号处理芯片3;高速数字信号处理芯片3连接有“黑名单”清空电路4和号码录入电路5,并附有程序存储器6和自动挂摘电路7;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于号码录入电路5包括免打扰立即存储电路5.1、键盘输入电路5.2;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于自动挂摘电路7包括自动挂机电路7.1、自动摘机电路7.2;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于“黑名单”电话号码存储器1的A0~A17、D0~D7分别与高速数字信号处理芯 A device for crank calls the called user active countermeasure, to the telephone device in the harassing calls confrontations, characterized in that: a memory disposed harassing telephone number "blacklist" (telephone number) of memory 1, in the "black list of "memory 1 is connected with a high-speed caller digital signal processing chip 3 between the circuit 2; high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 is connected to a" blacklist "empty entry number circuit 4 and a circuit 5, and 6 along with program memory automatically linked Abstract circuit 7; according to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the input circuit 5 comprises a number of immediate memory circuit DND 5.1, 5.2 keyboard input circuit; according to claim 1, means for the called user may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the auto-off circuit 7 includes an automatic hanging hook circuit 7.1, 7.2 automatic off circuitry; means can be used to crank calls the called user active against according to claim 1, characterized in that the "black list" of the telephone number memory 1 A0 ~ A17, D0 ~ D7 are high-speed digital signal processing core 3的地址线A0~A17、数据总线D0~D7相连接;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于“黑名单”电话号码存储器1通过高速数字信号处理芯片3、译码逻辑电路8、缓冲器III、缓冲器IV与来电显示电路2相连接;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于高速数字信号处理芯片3的地址线A0~A17分别与“黑名单”电话号码存储器1的地址线A0~A17、程序存储器6的地址线A0~A17相连接;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于高速数字信号处理芯片3的数据总线D0~D11分别与“黑名单”电话号码存储器1的D0~D7、程序存储器6的D0~D7、缓冲器I的1Y1~1Y4、缓冲器II的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,缓冲器III的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,缓冲器IV的1Y1~1Y4相连接;根据权利要求1所述的可用于 3 address lines A0 ~ A17, D0 ~ D7 data bus is connected; may be used for the called user according to claim 1 means active against crank calls, characterized in that the "blacklist" the telephone number memory 1 through the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3, 8, buffer III, and IV buffers incoming decode logic circuit 2 is connected to the display; according to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the high-speed digital signal 3 the chip address lines A0 ~ A17 are the "blacklist" telephone number 1 memory address lines A0 ~ A17, the program memory address A0 ~ A17 line 6 is connected; may be used for the called user according to claim 1, It means active against crank calls, characterized in that the high-speed digital signal processing chip 1Y1 data bus D0 3 ~ D11, respectively of the "blacklist" of the telephone number memory 1 D0 ~ D7, a program memory D0 ~ D7 6, the buffer I, ~ 1Y4, the buffer II 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, buffer III, 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, 1Y1 ~ 1Y4 of buffer IV is connected; according to claim 1 may be used 叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于“黑名单”清空电路4由开关K14、电阻R14、单稳态电路(2)、“黑名单”电话号码存储器1、高速数字信号处理芯片3组成,单稳态电路(2)与高速数字信号处理芯片3的中断口INT3相连接;根据权利要求2所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于免打扰立即存储电路5.1由开关K13、电阻R13、单稳态电路(1)、“黑名单”电话号码存储器1、高速数字信号处理芯片3组成,单稳态电路(1)与高速数字信号处理芯片3的中断口INT0相连接;根据权利要求2所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于键盘输入电路5.2由开关K1~K12、电阻R1~R12、缓冲器I、缓冲器II组成,缓冲器I的1Y1~1Y4、缓冲器II1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4分别与高速数字信号处理芯片3的D0~D11相连接;根据权利要求3所述的可用于被叫用户主 Caller device active against crank calls, characterized in that the "black list" K14 emptied by the switch circuit 4, a resistor R14, the monostable circuit (2), "blacklist" the telephone number memory 1, high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 Composition , monostable circuit (2) and the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 is connected to an interrupt port INT3; according to claim 2 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the circuit is immediately stored DND 5.1 K13 by the switch, the resistor R13, the monostable circuit (1), "blacklist" the telephone number memory 1, high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 composed of monostable circuit (1) and the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 port interrupt INT0 connected; may be used according to the called user apparatus as claimed in claim 2 active against crank calls, characterized in that the keyboard input by the switch circuit 5.2 K1 ~ K12, resistors R1 ~ R12, buffer I, composition II buffer, buffer the device I 1Y1 ~ 1Y4, buffers II1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, respectively, the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 is connected to the D0 ~ D11; according to claim 3 for the called user may be the primary 对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征是自动挂机电路7.1、自动摘机电路7.2分别与高速数字信号处理芯片3的TCLK0、XF0口相连接;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于该装置可置于有线电话机内;根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于该装置可置于无线电话机内。 Device against the crank calls, characterized in that the circuit automatically hang 7.1, 7.2, respectively circuitry automatically pick the high-speed digital signal processing chip TCLK0 3, the port is connected XF0; according to claim 1 for the called user may be active against harassment telephone apparatus, wherein the apparatus may be positioned within a wired telephone; according to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the device may be positioned within the radiotelephone.

以下结合附图给出实施例并对本发明作进一步的说明。 It is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following embodiment of the present invention will be further described.

图1是本发明的电路框图示意图,图2是本发明所说各主要芯片、模块相互之间主要连接关系的电路原理示意图。 FIG. 1 is a circuit block schematic diagram of the present invention, FIG 2 is a main chip of the present invention, each of said, major Schematic circuit connection relationship between each module.

图3图4是本发明部分电路框图示意图,图5是本发明实施例涉及到的自动摘挂电路7电路示意图。 Figures 3 and 4 is a partial schematic circuit block diagram of the present invention, FIG 5 is a circuit schematic of embodiment 7 relates to an automatic pick up and drop circuit according to the present invention.

在图1图2图3和图4中各数字和符号定义如下:“黑名单”(电话号码)存储器1,(简称EEPROM)来电显示电路2,高速数字信号处理芯片3;(简称DSP)“黑名单”清空电路4,号码录入电路5,程序存储器6,(简称EPROM)自动挂摘电路7,免打扰立即存储电路5.1、键盘输入电路5.2;自动挂机电路7.1、自动摘机电路7.2;译码逻辑电路8,缓冲器I、缓冲器II缓冲器III、缓冲器IV单稳态电路(1)单稳态电路(2)、单稳态电路(3)单稳态电路(4),用户预置铃音电路9。 3 and 4, in each of numerals and symbols in FIG 1 FIG 2 is defined as follows: a "blacklist" (telephone number) memory 1 (referred to as EEPROM) Caller circuit 2, a high-speed digital signal processing chip 3; (referred to as the DSP) " blacklist "empty circuit 4, input circuit number 5, the program memory 6, (referred to as EPROM) circuit 7 automatically hang off, the memory circuit immediately DND 5.1, 5.2 keyboard input circuit; automatically hang circuit 7.1, 7.2 automatic off circuitry; translation code logic circuit 8, a buffer I, II buffer buffer III, IV monostable buffer (1) monostable circuit (2), the monostable circuit (3) monostable circuit (4), the user 9 preset tone circuit.

在单项收费的电话上给出本发明的实施例,描述了各主要功能模块之间相互的主要连接关系和各项功能的启动过程。 Embodiments of the invention are given in the individual charges on the phone, the boot process described connection relationship between each primary main modules and various functions. 在双向收费的电话上采用本发明将没有自动摘机电路7.1,只有自动挂机电路7.2。 Employed in the present invention a two-way telephone charges will not pick circuitry automatically 7.1, 7.2 only automatically hang up circuit. 这样可使被叫的电话在对再次来自同一电话的骚扰电话或恶意呼叫进行自动处理时,不使被叫用户产生话费损失。 This allows the call when the called telephone harassment from the same phone call again or malicious automated processing, the called user-generated calls without loss. 达到了被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的目的。 Achieve the purpose of the called party's initiative against the harassing phone calls.

本发明的工作原理是如下:一旦被叫用户通过接听内容确定对方为骚扰电话或恶意呼叫电话,用户在启动“免打扰立即存储电路5.1”的功能后,DSP芯片自动地将通过来电显示2得到的主叫方的号码存入专用的“黑名单”存储器1中。 Working principle of the invention is as follows: Once the called user is determined by the other as a telephone answering or malicious content harassing telephone calls, the user starts the "DND memory circuit 5.1 Now" function after, the DSP chip is automatically obtained through Caller 2 the caller's number is stored in a dedicated "blacklist" of the memory 1. 以后每次有电话接入时,DSP芯片首先将通过来电显示功能得到的对方主叫号码与“黑名单”存储器1中的号码逐一进行比较。 Each subsequent time a telephone call, DSP chip is first calls one by one by comparing the calling number other functions obtained with the "black list" of memory number 1 in the display. 若该号码为“黑名单”存储器1存储的号码,则自动摘机并瞬间挂机。 If the number is "black list" stored number 1 memory, the hook automatically hookflash. 若不是“黑名单”存储器1中存储的号码,则由“用户预置铃音电路”9播放由用户事先设定的铃音以提示用户接听。 If a "blacklist" of a number stored in the memory, by the "user preset tone circuit" 9 displays the tone set in advance by the user to prompt the user to answer. 由于在固定电话用户中,实行的是单项收费,接听电话并不付费,而是由主叫方付费,因此,这个方案既可以达到拒接骚扰电话的目的,又在经济上对对方有所惩罚,使其中止骚扰的目的。 Due to the fixed telephone users, the implementation of individual charges, to answer the call is not paid, but paid for by the caller, therefore, the purpose of this program either refused to answer the telephone harassment, but also have penalties for each other on the economy so that it suspend the purpose of harassment.

在手机上也采用这种方式,每次有电话接入时,首先检测“黑名单”存储器1中的号码,若主叫方号码属于“黑名单”存储器1中的号码,则自动将其挂断,这样可使被叫方拒绝接听该电话的同时又使被叫方不需要为这种电话付费。 In this way also the mobile phone, each time a telephone call, firstly detecting the number of memory 1 "blacklist", if the calling party number belongs to a "blacklist" of the memory number 1 is automatically linked broken, so that while the called party can refuse to answer the telephone and the called party is not charged for this call. 若不属于“黑名单”存储器1中的号码,则播放由用户事先设定的铃音以提示用户接听。 If the number of memory belonging to a "blacklist", then plays a ringtone set in advance by the user to prompt the user to answer. 需要指出的是,本发明所指的手机是指目前在移动通信中广泛使用的移动电话。 It should be noted that the handset of the present invention refers to a mobile telephone is referred to now widely used in mobile communication.

程序存储器6中固化有DSP中运行的程序,可供DSP上电时自动加载。 Automatically load the program memory 6 in the curing of a program running in the DSP, the DSP for power. 黑名单存储器1用于存储拨打骚扰电话或发起恶意呼叫的主叫电话机的号码以及用户不希望接听的电话号码。 Blacklist memory 1 for storing call harassing phone calls or initiate a telephone number of the calling phone number of malicious calls and the user does not want to answer. “黑名单”存储器1中的号码,可以随时添加、修改,“黑名单”存储器1中的号码的数量可达为150条或更多。 "Blacklist" memory number 1, you can always add, modify, the number of "black list" number 1 in the memory up to 150 or more. 在手机上,黑名单存储器1可利用手机的SIM卡或外围存储器来实现。 On the phone, blacklist memory 1 can be achieved using the phone's SIM card memory or peripherals. 在有线电话上,“黑名单”存储器1可利用电可擦除器件EEPROM来实现。 On a wired telephone, the "black list" may utilize a memory device electrically erasable EEPROM achieved.

免打扰立即存储电路5.1功能可描述如下:在有电话接入时,用户通过接听内容,若判断为骚扰电话或恶意呼叫,启动免打扰功能后即向DSP发出一个触发信号,DSP将通过来电显示得到的主叫号码立即存储在黑名单存储器1中,同时DSP对该触发信号进行计数,该值用于统计“黑名单”存储器1中号码的个数;在没有电话接入时,DSP收到免打扰的触发信号时,立即启动键盘扫描功能,以便接收用户输入的电话号码。 Now 5.1 DND feature memory circuit is described as follows: When a telephone call, receive content via the user, it is determined if the malicious call or harassing calls, DND start after a trigger signal is sent to the DSP, the DSP by the Caller ID obtained immediately calling number stored in the memory 1 blacklist, while the DSP counts the trigger signal values ​​used to count the number of "black list" of memory number 1; in the absence of telephone access, receive DSP when the trigger signal disturb free, start the keyboard scanning feature immediately, in order to receive the telephone number entered by the user. 在收到用户通过键盘按键所发出的确认本次输入的是不希望接听的电话号码的信号后,将黑名单存储器1中的号码个数加1。 After receipt of acknowledgment signals issued by the user via keyboard input this is not want to answer the telephone number, the number of memory number 1 in the blacklist plus 1. 在收到用户通过键盘按键所发出的确认本次输入的号码是希望从黑名单存储器1中删除的号码的确认信号后,将黑名单存储器1中的号码个数减1,同时将该号码从黑名单存储器1中删除。 After confirming the receipt issued by the user via keyboard input this number is deleted from the acknowledgment signal blacklist desired memory number 1, the number 1 to the number in the blacklist memory minus 1, while the number from 1 memory blacklist deleted. 如果DSP没有收到任何来自键盘的确认信号,则对此次此输入不予统计,也不对黑名单存储器1进行任何操作。 If the DSP does not receive any confirmation signal from the keyboard, it is not the statistics of this input, not to blacklist memory 1 anything. 统计“黑名单”存储器1中号码个数的好处是可以使被叫方的DSP快速、有效地判断出发出接入请求的主叫方的号码是否为骚扰电话或恶意呼叫。 Number of statistical benefit "blacklist" of the memory 1 is that the number of the called party DSP quickly, effectively identify the calling party whether the access request issued harassing telephone calls or malicious. 该数据也存入黑名单存储器1中。 This data is also stored in a memory blacklist.

键盘输入电路5.2用于用户在没有电话接入时,操作“免打扰”开关和电话键盘,通过DSP向“黑名单”存储器1写入用户不愿意接听的电话号码;或主动恢复误输入的不愿意接听的电话号码或原来不愿意接听但现在愿意接听的电话号码。 Recovery is not active or erroneous input; 5.2 keyboard input circuit for telephone access to a user when there is no operation "Do Not Disturb" switch and a telephone keypad, users do not want to answer written by the DSP to the telephone number of the "black list" of memory 1 willing to answer a phone number or unwilling to answer the original but now willing to answer a phone number. 电话键盘平时做为正常的电话键盘供用户拨打电话时使用。 Usually as a normal telephone keypad telephone keypad for use when users make calls.

自动挂摘电路7用于DSP将通过来电显示2得到的主叫号码与黑名单存储器1中存储的骚扰电话或恶意呼叫的号码逐一进行比较时,在比较结果一致的条件下,对单项收费的电话,DSP向自动挂摘电路7发出指令令其自动摘机并瞬间挂机从而使用户免于接听骚扰电话或恶意呼叫,并且在经济上起到对对方有所惩罚的作用;对于双项收费的电话,DSP向自动挂机电路7.1发出指令,令其直接执行自动挂机操作,拒绝接听来自该号码的电话,同时避免接听该电话所产生的通话费用、铃音的打扰以及不必要的手工操作;用户预置铃音电路9中存储有多种可由扬声器发出的铃音。 Hanging hook for automatic DSP circuit 7 when an incoming call is displayed one by one by comparing the calling number to the blacklist 2 stored in the memory 1 obtained harassing telephone calls or number of the malicious call, the comparison result in the same conditions, the individual charges telephone, automatically linked to the DSP circuit 7 issues a command to make it off-hook automatically hookflash answer from the user so that the malicious call or harassing calls and other functions of some economically penalty; double entry fee for phone, sent to the DSP circuit automatically hang 7.1 instruction, so that it automatically hang up operation performed directly, reject calls from the numbers, while avoiding the cost of answering the telephone call is generated to disturb the tone and unnecessary manual operation; user pre-stored ring tone circuit 9 has a plurality of tone emitted by the speaker. 用户可操作选择开关在本实用新型装置所提供的铃音中,选择一种铃音来提示自己有正常电话接入,便于接听。 User operable selection switch in the present invention means a ringtone provided, select a ringtone to alert their normal telephone access, easy to answer.

“黑名单”清空电路4适合于在用户移机或更换本机号码后,如果用户认为“黑名单”存储器1原来存储的号码已没有意义了,可以连续三次按下“清除”键将全部号码清除掉。 "Blacklist" Empty circuit 4 is adapted to move or replace the user phone number, if a user feels "black list" stored in the memory 1 of the original number is meaningless, for three consecutive press the "Clear" key to all numbers removed. 连续三次按下该功能才生效的原因是为了避免用户误触发而导致错误删除“黑名单存储器”1中存储的号码。 The reason three times by pressing the function takes effect is to avoid false triggering caused by user error deleting stored in a "blacklist memory" number. DSP对该触发信号进行计数,记满三次才后执行“黑名单”存储器清空功能。 DSP counts the trigger signal, recorded over three times before the implementation of the "blacklist" memory clear function. 如果用户认为“黑名单”存储器1原来存储的号码还有保留的价值,则不需要启动该项功能。 If you believe that a "blacklist" of memory storage number 1 as well as the value of the original reservation, you do not need to start this function.

图2描述了本发明各主要芯片、模块相互之间主要连接关系的电路原理示意图。 2 depicts the major chip of the present invention, a schematic view of the principle main circuit connection relationship between the interconnected modules.

DSP的地址线A0~A17与程序存储器6芯片的地址线A0~A17、黑名单存储器1芯片的地址线A0~A17相连接。 DSP address lines A0 ~ A17 6-chip program memory address lines A0 ~ A17, 1 blacklist memory chip address lines A0 ~ A17 are connected. 缓冲器使用了四片CT74F244,分别以CT74F244(1)、CT74F244(2)、CT74F244(3)、CT74F244(4)来区分,其中CT74F244为八缓冲器。 CT74F244 using four buffers, respectively CT74F244 (1), CT74F244 (2), CT74F244 (3), CT74F244 (4) to distinguish wherein CT74F244 eight buffer.

DSP的数据总线D0~D11分别与程序存储器6的D0~D7,黑名单存储器1的D0~D7,CT74F244(1)的1Y1~1Y4,CT74F244(2)的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,CT74F244(3)的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,CT74F244(4)的1Y1~1Y4相对应连接。 DSP data bus D0 ~ D11, respectively, the program memory 6, D0 ~ D7, a black list of the memory D0 ~ D7, CT74F244 (1) is 1Y1 ~ 1Y4, CT74F244 (2) of 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, CT74F244 ( 3) 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, CT74F244 (4) of the corresponding connection 1Y1 ~ 1Y4. DSP的A21~A23通过译码逻辑电路来控制程序存储器6芯片的片选信号CE、黑名单存储器1芯片的片选信号CE、CT74F244(1)的片选信号1E、CT74F244(2)的1 E和2 E、CT74F244(3)的片选信号1 E和2 E、CT74F244(4)的片选信号1 E,以决定哪一个芯片被选中和进行相应操作。 A21 ~ A23 chip select signal CE to control chip program memory 6 by the DSP decode logic blacklist memory chip select signal CE 1 chip, CT74F244 (1) a chip select signal 1E, CT74F244 (2) of 1 E and 2 E, CT74F244 (3) of the chip select signals and 1 E 2 E, CT74F244 (4) of the chip select signal 1 E, to determine which chip is selected and a corresponding operation. 其中,CT74F244(1)的1 E与CT74F244(2)的1 E、2 E相连接,CT74F244(3)的1 E和2 E与CT74F244(4)的1 E相连接。 Wherein, CT74F244 (1) of 1 E and CT74F244 (2) of 1 E, 2 E connected, CT74F244 (3) of the 2 E 1 E and CT74F244 (4) 1 E is connected. 译码逻辑电路可选用3线-8线译码器CT74F548来实现。 Decoding logic circuit using 3-to-8 line decoder CT74F548 achieved.

程序存储器6芯片中固化有DSP中运行的程序,可供DSP上电时自动加载。 Curing chip program memory 6 having a program running in the DSP, the DSP automatically loaded when the available power.

当有电话接入时,DSP首先将通过来电显示得到主叫方的电话号码,数据由CT74F244(3)的1A1~1A4、2A1~2A4,CT74F244(4)的1A1~1A4接收后,通过CT74F244(3)的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,CT74F244(4)的1Y1~1Y4传送至DSP的D0~D11口。 When a telephone call, the DSP will first display the obtained telephone number of the caller by the caller, the data from the CT74F244 (3) of 1A1 ~ 1A4,2A1 ~ 2A4, after CT74F244 (4) of 1A1 ~ 1A4 received by CT74F244 ( 3) 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, CT74F244 (4) is transmitted to the DSP 1Y1 ~ 1Y4 D0 ~ D11 in the mouth.

DSP通过译码逻辑电路8选中黑名单存储器1芯片且响应后,通过D0~D7口与DSP的D0~D7口通信。 After the selected DSP chip and the memory 1 in response to the blacklist by the decoding logic circuit 8, D0 ~ D7 D0 ~ D7 port in communication with port through the DSP. 如果黑名单存储器1中无骚扰电话或恶意呼叫的号码,则DSP通过XF1口向“用户预置铃音电路”9发出信号,“用户预置铃音电路”9通过扬声器发出由用户事先选择的铃音,提示用户接听;具体的铃音由用户操作开关LK1、LK2、LK3来选择。 If the memory 1 without blacklist or harassing telephone number of the malicious call, the DSP issues through XF1 port to the "preset user tone circuit" signal 9, "User preset tone circuit" through the speaker 9 selected by the user prior ringtone, the user is prompted to answer; specific tone selected by a user operation to switch LK1, LK2, LK3. 若用户闭合开关LK1,则选择铃音1做为正常呼叫时的提示音;若用户闭合开关LK2,则选择铃音2做为正常呼叫时的提示音;若用户闭合开关LK3,则选择铃音3做为正常呼叫时的提示音。 When the user closes the switch LK1, is selected as the tone sound to indicate when a normal call; if the user closes the switch LK2, 2 is selected as the beep tone when the normal call; if the user closes the switch LK3, select a ringtone 3 tone when as a normal call.

如果黑名单存储器1芯片中存储有骚扰电话或恶意呼叫的号码,则DSP将接收到的主叫号码与通过D0~D7口接收到的黑名单存储器1芯片中存储的骚扰电话或恶意呼叫的号码逐一进行比较。 If a black list stored in the memory chip harassing telephone number or a malicious call, the number will be a DSP chip receives the blacklist and the calling number received by the memory D0 ~ D7 port stored telephone harassment or malicious calls one by comparison. 若比较结果一致,对于单项收费的电话,DSP通过XF0口向“自动摘机电路”7.2发出指令,令其自动摘机,同时启动定时器TCLK0,进行计时(该时间应保证程控交换机对该次呼叫产生计费)计满后,定时器TCLK0向自动挂机电路7.1发出挂断指令,自动挂机电路7.1在收到该指令后将该电话挂断,从而达到使被叫用户拒绝接听来自该号码的呼叫而又在经济上对对方有所惩罚。 If the comparison result, individual charges for the telephone, through the DSP XF0 port to the "automatic off circuitry" instructs 7.2 and allowed to hook automatically, TCLK0 while starting the timer, for timing (time should guarantee that the secondary PBX generating billing calls) after the expiration of the timer circuit automatically hang TCLK0 to hang up command issued 7.1, 7.1 automatically hang up the telephone circuit is terminated after receiving the instruction, so as to achieve that the answer from the called subscriber number is rejected but the call has been punished for each other economically. (对于双项收费的电话,DSP直接通过XF0口发出自动挂机指令,拒绝接听来自该号码的电话)。 (Double entry for telephone charges, directly emitted by the DSP XF0 port automatically hang up command, reject calls from this number).

若比较结果不一致,则DSP向“用户预置铃音电路”9发出消息,“用户预置铃音电路”9通过扬声器发出由用户事先选择的铃音,提示用户接听;如果用户在接听过程中,通过接听内容希望不再接听来自该号码的所有呼叫时,即可操作开关K13向DSP发出一个触发信号,DSP收到后将D0~D11口得到的主叫号码通过D0~D7口写入到黑名单存储器1芯片中存储。 If the comparison result is inconsistent, the DSP issues a message to "user preset tone circuit" 9, "the user preset tone circuit" 9 tone issued by the user through a speaker previously selected, prompting the user to answer; If the user answering process when no longer receive the desired content by answering all calls from that number, the operation switch can be issued to the DSP K13 a trigger signal, upon receipt of the calling DSP D0 ~ D11 port number obtained by writing to the port D0 ~ D7 a black list stored in the memory chip.

用户在没有电话接入时,操作免打扰开关K13和电话键盘,可向DSP输入不希望接听的电话号码,或者主动恢复误输入的不愿意接听的电话号码以及原来不愿意接听但现在愿意接听的电话号码。 In the absence of access to telephone users, operating Disturb switch K13 and telephone keypad, the DSP can enter the phone number you do not want to answer, or do not want to take the initiative to restore the telephone number answered erroneous input and do not want to answer the original but now willing to answer the telephone number. 具体工作过程是:DSP的中断口INT0在收到由开关K13触发的键盘输入请求后,DSP转为执行键盘扫描程序。 Specific working process is: DSP interrupts INT0 port after receiving keyboard input request triggered by the switch K13, DSP execution moves keyboard scanner. 通过键盘扫描,DSP通过D0~D11口接收用户键盘输入的的电话号码和确认信号。 By scanning the keyboard, DSP telephone numbers and acknowledgment signals D0 ~ D11 keyboard input port receives the user. DSP在接收到键盘输入请求后,将延迟5秒的等待时间。 DSP Upon receiving the request for keyboard input, wait for the delay time of 5 seconds. 如果在5秒后,用户仍没有按下一个键,则DSP将不执行键盘扫描直至用户再次触发键盘扫描功能。 If after 5 seconds, the user is still not pressed a key, the DSP will not perform again until the user triggers the keyboard scan keyboard scan function.

用户在输入电话号码后,需要按下“#”键或“*”键之一进行确认。 After users enter a phone number, you need to press the "#" key or "*" One of the keys to confirm. 如果紧接着在该号码后按下键盘上的“#”键,则DSP在收到“#”键的信息后,认为用户输入的是不希望接听的号码,DSP通过D0~D7口向黑名单存储器1芯片写入需要存储的号码。 If this number immediately after pressing the "#" key on the keyboard, the DSP after receiving the message "#" key, that the user enters a number not want to answer, the DSP through D0 ~ D7 mouth to blacklist a memory chip number to be stored is written. 如果紧接着在该号码后按下键盘上的“*”键,则DSP在收到“*”键的信息后,认为用户希望将此号码从“黑名单存储器”1芯片中删除掉,可以再次接听来自该号码发起的呼叫请求。 If this number immediately after pressing the "*" key on the keyboard, the DSP receipt of information "*" key, that the user wants to delete this number from the 1-chip "memory blacklist" in the fall, you can once again receive a call request initiated from that number. 此项功能可被用于被叫用户主动恢复误输入的不愿意接听的电话号码或原来不愿意接听但现在愿意接听的电话号码,用户只需在按下开关K13、输入号码完毕后,按“*”键予以确认。 This function can be used to restore the initiative to the called user input error reluctant to answer phone number or unwilling to answer the original but now willing to answer the phone number, users simply press the switch K13, enter the complete number, press " * "key for confirmation.

开关K13的一端接至单稳态电路74121(1)的输入段A1,单稳态电路74121(1)的输出端Q接至DSP的INT0。 K13 is terminated to switch a monostable 74121 (1) of the input stage A1, 74121 monostable circuit (1) connected to the Q output terminal of the DSP INT0. 用户闭合开关K13后,INT0为低电平,随后开关K13随后接至R13。 After the user closes the switch K13, the INT0 is low, then switch K13 is then connected to R13. 开关K1~K12分别对应于电话键盘上1、2、3、4、5、6、7、8、9、*、0、#共十二个按键。 Switches K1 ~ K12 correspond to 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 on a telephone keypad, *, 0, # total of 12 keys. 开关K1~K4的一端分别与CT74F244(1)的1A1~1A4相连接、开关K5~K12的一端分别与CT74F244(2)的1A1~1A4、2A1~2A4相连接。 End of the switch K1 ~ K4 are connected to CT74F244 (1) of 1A1 ~ 1A4, the end of the switch K5 ~ K12 are connected to CT74F244 (2) of 1A1 ~ 1A4,2A1 ~ 2A4.

在键盘输入电路中,究竟哪一个键按下是由DSP在用户启动开关K13后,检测D0~D11的状态是否为低电平来判断究竟是哪一个键被按下。 Keyboard input circuit, Which is a key is pressed by the DSP when a user initiates K13 switch, detecting whether the state is a low level D0 ~ D11 which determines whether a key is pressed. 例如:如果D0为低电平,D1~D11为高电平,则DSP判断用户输入的是“1”;如果D11为低电平,D0~D10为高电平,则DSP判断用户输入的是“#”。 For example: If D0 is low, D1 ~ D11 is high, the DSP determines whether the user input is "1"; if D11 is low, D0 ~ D10 is high, the DSP determines whether the user input is "#."

用户可操作免打扰开关K14来启动黑名单清空电路4。 User operable switch K14 DND circuit 4 to clear the blacklist. 平时开关K14的一端接至电阻R14,另一端接至单稳态电路74121(2)的输入段A1,单稳态电路74121(2)的输出端Q接至DSP的INT3口。 Usually switch to a terminating resistor R14 K14, and the other end connected to the monostable circuit 74 121 (2) of the input stage A1, 74121 monostable circuit (2) connected to the Q output terminal of the DSP port INT3. 当按下开关K14接地, INT3口为低电平。 K14 ground when the switch is pressed, INT3 port is low. 随后开关K14弹起接至电阻R14, INT3口为高电平。 K14 then bounce switch connected to the resistor R14, INT3 port is high. DSP对此事件进行计数,当DSP连续三次收到来自开关K14的触发信号后,执行黑名单存储器1清空功能,将黑名单存储器1中的号码全部自动清除。 DSP counts this event, three consecutive times when the DSP receives a trigger signal from the switch K14 performs a memory clear blacklist function, a blacklist in all the memory number is automatically cleared.

+5v电源与5.1kΩ电阻R1~R12、R13、R14的一端相联。 + 5v power supply and 5.1kΩ resistor R1 ~ R12, R13, R14 is linked to an end.

R1~R14的可选用5.1kΩ的电阻,R15、R16的可选用500Ω的电阻。 R1 ~ R14 may be the choice of resistance of 5.1kΩ, R15, R16 may be selected resistor of 500Ω.

在有线电话上,例如:HA139(7)P/TDSL-LCD电话,如果有电话接入,做为被叫方的用户只要按一次“免提”键,则电话接通(即摘机);如果被叫用户紧接着再按一次“免提”键,则结束本次通话,即该电话被挂断,达到挂机的效果。 In the wired telephone, for example: HA139 (7) P / TDSL-LCD phone, if a telephone call, as long as the user of the called party according to a "hands-free" key, the call is connected (i.e., off hook); If the called party immediately press the "hands-free" key, then the end of this conversation, that the phone was hung up, to the effect hook. 利用此原理,可以实现自动摘机和自动挂机功能。 Using this principle, it can automatically hook and automatically hang up function.

方法就是:XF0与单稳态电路74121(3)的输入端A1相连,单稳态电路74121(3)的输出端Q通过电阻R15和光敏管4N25(1)联接至有线电话机上“免提”按键的两端相连,只要实现了“免提”按键接通一次的功能,就可以来达到自动摘机的效果。 The method is: XF0 monostable circuit 74121 and (3) is connected to an input terminal A1, the output of the monostable circuit 74 121 (3) through a resistor R15 and a Q photodiode 4N25 (1) is coupled to a wired phone "hands-free" connected to both ends of the keys, as long as the realization of the "hands-free" function key is turned once, since you can achieve the effect of the hook automatically.

定时器TCLK0与单稳态电路74121(4)的输入端A1相连,单稳态电路74121(4)的输出端Q通过电阻R16和光敏管4N25(2)也联接至有线电话机上“免提”按键的两端相连,只要在与“免提”按键接通一次后相隔的一小段时间(该时间应保证程控交换机对该次呼叫产生计费),紧接DSP再通过TCLK0发出信号使“免提”按键再接通一次,就可以来达到自动挂机的效果。 TCLK0 monostable timer and 74121 (4) is connected to an input terminal A1, the output of monostable circuit 74 121 (4) through a resistor R16 and a Q photodiode 4N25 (2) is also coupled to the wired phone "hands-free" connected to both ends of the button, as long as the "hands-free" button is turned on after a short time spaced apart (time should guarantee that the current call to the PBX generate charging), and then immediately signals the DSP "Free by TCLK0 mention "button and then turn on again, since you can achieve the effect of automatically hang up. 从而达到使被叫用户拒绝接听来自该号码的呼叫而又在经济上对对方有所惩罚。 So as to achieve the called party to reject the call from this number but some punishment on the other side on the economy.

对于双项收费的手机,自动挂机电路在手机上的实现,可令XF0与单稳态电路74121(3)的输入端相连,单稳态电路74121(3)的输出端通过电阻R15和光敏管4N25(1)联接至手机上“挂断”按键的两端相连来实现,显然本发明所说的电话应包栝有线电话和无线电话(手机)。 For double entry phone charges, automatic circuit hang on the phone, and can make XF0 monostable 74121 (3) connected to the input, the monostable circuit 74 121 (3) output terminal through a resistor R15 and phototransistor 4N25 (1) is coupled to the phone to "hang up" button to achieve both ends connected, obviously the present invention, it said package should telephone Trichosanthes wired telephone and a wireless telephone (mobile phone).

Claims (13)

1.一种可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,用来在电话上对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征是:设置一存储骚扰电话号码的“黑名单”电话号码存储器1、在“黑名单”存储器1与来电显示电路2之间连接一个高速数字信号处理芯片3;高速数字信号处理芯片3连接有“黑名单”清空电路4和号码录入电路5,并附有程序存储器6和自动挂摘电路7; 1. A device for the called user is active against harassing calls, means for harassing calls confrontations on the phone, which is characterized in: providing a storage harassing telephone number "blacklist" the telephone number memory 1, in the "black list of "memory 1 is connected with a high-speed caller digital signal processing chip 3 between the circuit 2; high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 is connected to a" blacklist "empty entry number circuit 4 and a circuit 5, and 6 along with program memory automatically linked Abstract circuit 7;
2.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于号码录入电路5包括免打扰立即存储电路5.1、键盘输入电路5.2; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the input circuit 5 comprises a number of immediate memory circuit DND 5.1, 5.2 keyboard input circuit;
3.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于自动挂摘电路7包括自动挂机电路7.1、自动摘机电路7.2; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the auto-off circuit 7 includes an automatic hanging hook circuit 7.1, 7.2 automatic off circuitry;
4.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于“黑名单”电话号码存储器1的A0~A17、D0~D7分别与高速数字信号处理芯片3的地址线A0~A17、数据总线D0~D7相连接; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the address "blacklist" of the telephone number memory 1 A0 ~ A17, D0 ~ D7 are high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 lines A0 ~ A17, D0 ~ D7 data bus is connected;
5.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于“黑名单”电话号码存储器1通过高速数字信号处理芯片3、译码逻辑电路8、缓冲器III、缓冲器IV与来电显示电路2相连接; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the "blacklist" the telephone number memory 1 through the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3, decode logic 8, buffer III, IV with a buffer circuit 2 is connected to caller;
6.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于高速数字信号处理芯片3的地址线A0~A17分别与“黑名单”电话号码存储器1的地址线A0~A17、程序存储器6的地址线A0~A17相连接; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 address lines A0 ~ A17 are the "blacklist" telephone number 1 memory address lines A0 ~ A17, the program memory address A0 ~ A17 line 6 is connected;
7.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于高速数字信号处理芯片3的数据总线D0~D11分别与“黑名单”电话号码存储器1的D0~D7、程序存储器6的D0~D7、缓冲器I的1Y1~1Y4、缓冲器II的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,缓冲器III的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4,缓冲器IV的1Y1~1Y4相连接; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, wherein D0 ~ D7 data bus D0-speed digital signal processing chip 3 ~ D11 are the "blacklist" of the telephone number memory 1 program memory D0 ~ D7 6, the buffer I 1Y1 ~ 1Y4 of buffer II, 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, buffer III, 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, 1Y1 ~ 1Y4 of buffer IV is connected ;
8.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于“黑名单”清空电路4由开关K14、电阻R14、单稳态电路(2)、“黑名单”电话号码存储器1、高速数字信号处理芯片3组成,单稳态电路(2)与高速数字信号处理芯片3的中断口INT3相连接; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the "black list" K14 emptied by the switch circuit 4, a resistor R14, the monostable circuit (2), "blacklist" telephone number memory 1, high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 composed of monostable circuit (2) and the high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 interrupt INT3 is connected to the port;
9.根据权利要求2所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于免打扰立即存储电路5.1由开关K13、电阻R13、单稳态电路(1)、“黑名单”电话号码存储器1、高速数字信号处理芯片3组成,单稳态电路(1)与高速数字信号处理芯片3的中断口INT0相连接; According to claim 2 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the memory DND 5.1 immediately by the switch circuit K13, the resistance R13, the monostable circuit (1), "blacklist" Phone number memory 1, high-speed digital signal processing chip 3 composed of monostable circuit (1) and the high-speed digital signal processing chip interrupt INT0 is connected to port 3;
10.根据权利要求2所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于键盘输入电路5.2由开关K1~K12、电阻R1~R12、缓冲器I、缓冲器II组成,缓冲器I的1Y1~1Y4、缓冲器II的1Y1~1Y4、2Y1~2Y4分别与高速数字信号处理芯片3的D0~D11相连接; According to claim 2 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the keyboard input by the switch circuit 5.2 K1 ~ K12, resistors R1 ~ R12, buffer I, composition II buffer, buffer I, 1Y1 ~ 1Y4, the buffer II 1Y1 ~ 1Y4,2Y1 ~ 2Y4, respectively, the high-speed digital signal processing chip D0 ~ D11 3 is connected;
11.根据权利要求3所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征是自动挂机电路7.1、自动摘机电路7.2分别与高速数字信号处理芯片3的TCLK0、XF0口相连接; According to claim 3 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the circuit automatically hang 7.1, 7.2 automatic off circuitry respectively TCLK0 high-speed digital signal processing chip 3, XF0 port is connected;
12.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于该装置可置于有线电话机内; According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the device may be positioned within a wired telephone;
13.根据权利要求1所述的可用于被叫用户主动对抗骚扰电话的装置,其特征在于该装置可置于无线电话机内。 According to claim 1 for the called user device may be active against harassing calls, characterized in that the device may be positioned within the radiotelephone.
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