CN1348044A - Formwork structural member for steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure - Google Patents

Formwork structural member for steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1348044A
CN1348044A CN 01139997 CN01139997A CN1348044A CN 1348044 A CN1348044 A CN 1348044A CN 01139997 CN01139997 CN 01139997 CN 01139997 A CN01139997 A CN 01139997A CN 1348044 A CN1348044 A CN 1348044A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel bar
floor slab
space
formwork structural
sidewall
Prior art date
Application number
CN 01139997
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1112491C (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN 01139997 priority Critical patent/CN1112491C/en
Publication of CN1348044A publication Critical patent/CN1348044A/en
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Publication of CN1112491C publication Critical patent/CN1112491C/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/023Separate connecting devices for prefabricated floor-slabs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/04Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with beams or slabs of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. asbestos cement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/326Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with hollow filling elements

Abstract

The shuttering structural member for steel reinforced concrete space structural floor slab is one hollow cavity comprising upper board, lower board and side walls to constitute one closed cavity, and features that at least one of its walls includes at least one raised molded block and at least one vertical and/or one inclined molded cavity, and that the lower board used as structural bottom plate is thicken than upper board and side walls. The shuttering member is used in in-situ deposited hollow structure floor slab and makes the floor slab light, strong, simple in structure, easy in construction and transportation, without crack and capable of transferring force of spatial structure floor slab.

Description

A kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element.

(2) background technology

Advantages such as at present, the building of brick mix structure and frame construction major part adopts precast hollow slab as floor structure, and it is fast that this floor structure has speed of application, and cost is low.But, only use the cement mortar joint filling, thereby globality is poor, is unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (solid, hollow), though solved antidetonation and problems of crack, will use template in a large number during construction, have not only increased expense, and have slowed down speed of application, have prolonged the duration.The patent No. is " shuttering member " utility model patent of 93206310.1, a kind of a kind of prefabricated noggin piece that is used for industry and the close rib cavity of civilian construction floor is disclosed, it by upper base, go to the bottom and sidewall constitutes, sidewall all around and upper base, the totally-enclosed cavity polyhedral structure of the formation of going to the bottom are provided with the integrated support intensity of ribs with the enhancement mode mould component in the die housing.During construction, by designing requirement, shuttering member is placed on the supporter of floor gap, reserve the certain clearance space between shuttering member, arrange reinforcing bar, and pour into a mould that shuttering member promptly constitutes all very smooth whole two-way ribbed slab structure of upper and lower surface with reinforced concrete with cement, shuttering member in floor be internal mold be again to fill supporting member, construction saves trouble, easy.But after this shuttering member is applied to the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete floor slab in space structure, the floor structure weight that forms is heavier relatively, and the wall thickness of polyhedral structure not by actual loading and use need the design, promptly going to the bottom thickness of slab should be greater than other wall thickness, be beneficial to when reality is used, the object of going to the bottom and to bear bigger flooring stress and hanging constant weight, do not ftracture as light fixture, ceiling fan, equipment, pipeline etc., therefore, develop a kind of novel cast-in-situ reinforced concrete floor slab in space structure and be urgent need with the formwork structural element.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is lighter relatively to be applied to the floor structure weight that forms behind the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete floor slab in space structure, and self have in light weight, characteristics such as intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport, simultaneously, also have the cast-in-place and prefabricated bonding surface of hanging the bottom surface of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete floor slab in space structure behind the object and do not ftracture, can transmit the characteristics such as power of floor slab in space structure.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, it includes upper base, go to the bottom, sidewall, upper base, go to the bottom and all around sidewall constitute enclosed cavity, it is characterized in that at least one sidewall, also including module and at least one montant die cavity or brace die cavity or both combinations of at least one protrusion, and going to the bottom is the structure base plate, its thickness ratio upper base thickness of slab and the sidewall wall thickness is big all around.Since around sidewall the module of protrusion and montant die cavity, brace die cavity or montant die cavity and the brace die cavity that is made of module or module and sidewall are arranged, like this after this formwork structural element is applied to steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure, promptly become truss member type two-way ribs by the Cast-in-place concrete two-way ribs that forms between the formwork structural element in the floor, or the two-way ribs of truss-like rod member is worn in the two-way ribs both sides, thereby the weight of cast-in-place two-way ribs alleviates greatly, also makes the weight saving of whole floor structure.Simultaneously, going to the bottom is the structure base plate, the thickness of slab of structure base plate greater than around the wall thickness of sidewall and upper base, thereby whole formwork structural element intensity height, stressed power transmission are more reasonable, and simple in structure.During actual the use, the structure base plate can participate in stressed, and can hang the greater weight object and the cast-in-place and prefabricated bonding surface of the bottom surface of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete floor slab in space structure does not ftracture, thereby has reached purpose of the present invention.Simultaneously, the formwork structural element also has in light weight, characteristics such as intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.

Feature of the present invention is that also module is hollow or solid.Module is hollow, can further alleviate the weight of formwork structural element.

Feature of the present invention is that also module is a Prefabricated block, and being connected to that screw is connected or pre-buried weldment connects or bonding adhesive connects or bayonet socket connects or Prefabricated block being sticked on the sidewall of setting and harden not between module and the sidewall connects as one with the sidewall gluing; Perhaps module is directly to be protruded and constituted by sidewall global formation when prefabricated.

Feature of the present invention is that also the cross sectional shape of montant die cavity and brace die cavity is square, circular, oval or other shape.

Feature of the present invention is that also upper and lower mouthful of montant die cavity and brace die cavity is horn mouth.Be beneficial to concrete like this and pour into smoothly, and make concrete and the upper and lower part concrete rounding off that pours in the die cavity, reduce stress and concentrate.

Feature of the present invention also is among montant die cavity or brace die cavity or both concrete or steel bar concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are arranged, and forms the montant and the brace of concrete or steel bar concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete respectively.Can guarantee the quality of prefabricated concrete in montant and the brace so better.

Feature of the present invention is that also steel bar concrete montant or brace or the reinforcing bar among both have the joint that reveals muscle or be reserved with reinforcing bar.Montant or brace and Cast-in-place concrete are bondd better, improve the globality of truss member type two-way ribs.

Feature of the present invention is that also the structure base plate has reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth.Can improve the intensity and the rigidity of member preferably, prevent the structure bottom slab crack, participate in the stressed and power transmission of floor.

Feature of the present invention is that also reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement or the gauze wire cloth in the structure base plate has the muscle of revealing or reveal net, perhaps reveals muscle, reveals the joint of netting.Member is bondd with Cast-in-place concrete better, improve the globality of floor.

Feature of the present invention also be the structure base plate overhanging choose bridging piece is arranged, the lateral surface of bridging piece is linear side or shaped form side.The bridging piece that stretches out can be used as the template of cast in place reinforced bar concrete hidden rib, makes easy construction.

Feature of the present invention is that also each inner surface in the enclosed cavity has reinforcing rib, perhaps in the enclosed cavity stiffening rib is arranged, montant and brace that prefabricated formation trussed construction is perhaps arranged in the enclosed cavity perhaps are useful on the montant of cast-in-place moulding trussed construction and the die cavity member that brace is used in the enclosed cavity.Owing to the die cavity of reinforcing rib, ribs, montant and brace or montant and brace is arranged, thereby has improved the intensity and the rigidity of member greatly.When being applied to floor, can participate in the stressed of floor.

Feature of the present invention also is in reinforcing rib or stiffening rib or prefabricated montant and the brace embedded bar is arranged.Can further improve its intensity.

Feature of the present invention is that also steel mesh reinforcement or the gauze wire cloth in the stiffening rib has the net of revealing or be reserved with steel mesh reinforcement or the joint of gauze wire cloth.Like this, member can form integral body with the floor bonding better when using, participate in the stressed of floor.

Feature of the present invention also is the tension locating structure that the structure base plate has the connection template to use, and locating structure is drag hook, draw ring, lacing wire, iron wire or other device.It can prevent effectively that member from floating when the floor concrete is poured into a mould.

Feature of the present invention also is in upper base, sidewall, structure base plate or the module enhancing carcass is arranged, strengthening carcass is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or combination more than two kinds, strengthen carcass silk, muscle and be disorderly to or directed dispersed placement, the rare close degree of silk, the muscle of braid or muscle bundle is variation or indeclinable.Strengthening carcass can further increase the intensity and the rigidity of member.

Feature of the present invention also is partly or entirely to fill or be bonded with foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool at enclosed cavity.Can improve the thermal and insulating performance of member better.

Feature of the present invention is that also the planar profile of formwork structural element is square, rectangle, hexagon or other shape.

Feature of the present invention is that also it is to become big gradually by little that the appearance and size of formwork structural element passes through, and the thickness of slab of its structure base plate is by diminishing greatly gradually.This member is applicable to beam, post or wall limit, to increase the cast-in-situ reinforced concrete thickness of floor, improves stress performance.

Feature of the present invention is that also module is PVC foam-plastic blocks, light-weight foam concrete piece, lightweight wood chip piece or other light material.

Feature of the present invention is that also the structure base plate is steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar etc., the cementitious materials of upper base, sidewall or module is cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and structure base plate, upper base, sidewall or module are made with same material or different materials.

(4), description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 1, and the montant die cavity (6) that is made of module (5) and sidewall (3) is arranged on sidewall (3).

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 2, and the montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7) that are made of module (5) and sidewall (3) are arranged on sidewall (3).

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 3, and the montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7) that are made of module (5) and sidewall (3) are arranged on sidewall (3).

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 4, and the montant die cavity (6) that is made of the sidewall (3) on module (5) and the module (5) is being arranged on the sidewall (3).

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 5, the montant die cavity (6) that is made of module (5) is arranged on sidewall (3), and module (5) is hollow.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 6, the montant die cavity (6) that is made of module (5) is arranged on sidewall (3), and module (5) is solid.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 7, and the module (5) and the montant die cavity (6) of protrusion only arranged in the one side of formwork structural element.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 8, and module (5) and the montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) of protrusion arranged in the adjacent two sides of formwork structural element.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 9, and its module (5) is hollow.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 10, and its module (5) is solid.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 11, and the cross sectional shape of its montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) is oval.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 12, and the upper and lower of its montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) is horn mouth.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 13, in its montant die cavity (6) concrete is arranged.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 14, in its brace die cavity (7) concrete is arranged.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 15, in its montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7) concrete is arranged.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 16, in its montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7) steel bar concrete is arranged.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 17, and the reinforcing bar (10) in its steel bar concrete montant (8) and the brace (9) has dew muscle (11).

Figure 18 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 18, and the reinforcing bar (10) in its steel bar concrete montant (8) and the brace (9) is reserved with the joint (12) of reinforcing bar (10).

Figure 19 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 19, and its structure base plate (2) has reinforcing bar (13).

Figure 20 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 20, and its structure base plate (2) has steel mesh reinforcement (14) or gauze wire cloth (15).

Figure 21 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 21, and its structure base plate (2) has dew muscle (16).

Figure 22 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 22, and its structure base plate (2) has dew net (17).

Figure 23 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 23, and its structure base plate (2) has dew muscle (16) or reveals the joint (18) of net (17).

Figure 24 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 24, and its structure base plate (2) is overhanging to be chosen has bridging piece (19), and the lateral surface of bridging piece (19) is the linear side.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 25, above the following and structure base plate (2) of the upper base (1) in its enclosed cavity (4) reinforcing rib (20) is arranged.

Figure 26 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 26, above the following and structure base plate (2) of the upper base (1) in its enclosed cavity (4) intersecting parallels reinforcing rib (20) is arranged.

Figure 27 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 27, and stiffening rib (21) is arranged in its enclosed cavity (4).

Figure 28 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 28, and the montant (22) and the brace (23) of prefabricated formation trussed construction arranged in its enclosed cavity (4).

Figure 29 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 29, is useful on the montant (22) of cast-in-place moulding trussed construction and the die cavity member (24) of brace (23) usefulness in its enclosed cavity (4).

Figure 30 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 30, and embedded bar (25) is arranged in its reinforcing rib (20).

Figure 31 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 31, and embedded bar (25) is arranged in its stiffening rib (21).

Figure 32 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 32, in its prefabricated montant (22) and the brace (23) embedded bar (25) is arranged.

The structural representation of Figure 33 embodiments of the invention 33 has dew muscle (26) in its prefabricated brace (23).

Figure 34 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 34, and its stiffening rib (21) is reserved with the joint (27) of reinforcing bar (25).

Figure 35 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 35, and steel mesh reinforcement (28) is arranged in its stiffening rib (21), and dew net (30) is arranged.

Figure 36 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 36, and gauze wire cloth (29) is arranged in its stiffening rib (21), and dew net (30) is arranged.

Figure 37 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 37, and gauze wire cloth (29) is arranged in its stiffening rib (21), and the joint (31) of gauze wire cloth (29) is arranged.

Figure 38 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 38, the drag hook type locating structure (32) that its structure base plate (2) has the connection template to use.

Figure 39 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 39, the draw-ring type locating structure (32) that its structure base plate (2) has the connection template to use.

Figure 40 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 40, and its enclosed cavity all is filled with expanded perlite in (4).

Figure 41 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 41, and the inner face of the sidewall (3) in its enclosed cavity (4) and the lower part of upper base (1) are bonded with foaming light concrete.

Figure 42 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 42, and the profile of its formwork structural element is a hexagon.

Figure 43 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 43, and the appearance and size of its formwork structural element from left to right becomes big gradually by little, and the thickness of slab of structure base plate (2) is by diminishing greatly gradually.

(5) embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, include upper base (1), go to the bottom (2), sidewall (3), upper base (1), go to the bottom (2) and all around sidewall (3) constitute enclosed cavity (4), it is characterized in that at least one sidewall (3), also including module (5) and at least one montant die cavity (6) or brace die cavity (7) or both combinations of at least one protrusion, and go to the bottom (2) for structure base plate (1), its thickness ratio upper base (1) thickness of slab and sidewall (3) wall thickness is big all around.Fig. 1 is for there being the montant die cavity (6) that is made of module (5) and sidewall (3) on sidewall (3); Fig. 2 is for there being montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7) that is made of module (5) and sidewall (3) on sidewall (3); Fig. 3 is for there being montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7) that is made of module (5) and sidewall (3) on sidewall (3); Fig. 4 is for there being the montant die cavity (6) that is made of the sidewall (3) on module (5) and the module (5) on the sidewall (3); Fig. 5 is for there being the montant die cavity (6) that is made of module (5) on sidewall (3); Fig. 6 is for there being the montant die cavity (6) that is made of module (5) on sidewall (3).Fig. 7 is for only having the module (5) and the montant die cavity (6) of protrusion in the one side of formwork structural element; Module (5) and the montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) of Fig. 8 for protrusion is arranged in the adjacent two sides of formwork structural element.

Feature of the present invention is that also module (5) is for hollow or solid.As Fig. 1, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, module (5) shown in Figure 9 is hollow, and Fig. 6, module shown in Figure 10 are solid.

Feature of the present invention also is module (5) for Prefabricated block (5), between module (5) and the sidewall (3) be connected to that screw is connected or pre-buried weldment connects or bonding adhesive connects or the bayonet socket connection or with Prefabricated block (5) stick on not the sidewall of setting and harden (3) upward and sidewall (3) stick to one; Perhaps module (5) is directly to be protruded by sidewall (3) global formation when prefabricated and constitute.Go up with sidewall (3) gluing and connect as one as being connected to that pre-buried weldment is connected or bonding adhesive connects or bayonet socket connects or module (5) is bonded in not the sidewall of setting and harden (3) between the module among Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 9, Figure 10 (5) and the sidewall (3), the module among Fig. 1, Fig. 4 (5) is directly to be made of sidewall (3) global formation protrusion when prefabricated.

Feature of the present invention is that also the cross sectional shape of montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) is square, circular, oval or other shape.As the montant die cavity (6) of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 etc. and the cross sectional shape of brace die cavity (7) is square, and the montant die cavity (6) of Figure 11 and the cross sectional shape of brace die cavity (7) are oval.

Feature of the present invention is that also upper and lower mouthful of montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) is horn mouth.Figure 12 is that montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) upper and lower mouthful is horn mouth.

Feature of the present invention also is among montant die cavity (6) or brace die cavity (7) or both concrete or steel bar concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are arranged, and forms the montant (8) and the brace (9) of concrete or steel bar concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete respectively.Figure 13 has concrete in the montant die cavity (6); Figure 14 has concrete in the brace die cavity (7); Figure 15 is for having concrete in montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7); Figure 16 is for having steel bar concrete in montant die cavity (6) and the brace die cavity (7).

Feature of the present invention is that also steel bar concrete montant (8) or brace (9) or the reinforcing bar among both (10) have dew muscle (11) or be reserved with the joint (12) of reinforcing bar (10).Figure 17 has dew muscle (11) for the reinforcing bar (10) in steel bar concrete montant (8) and the brace (9); Figure 18 is reserved with the joint (12) of reinforcing bar (10) for the reinforcing bar (10) in steel bar concrete montant (8) and the brace (9).

Feature of the present invention is that also structure base plate (2) has reinforcing bar (13), steel mesh reinforcement (14) or gauze wire cloth (15).Figure 19 has reinforcing bar (13) for structure base plate (2); Figure 20 has steel mesh reinforcement (14) or gauze wire cloth (15) for structure base plate (2).

Feature of the present invention is that also reinforcing bar (13), steel mesh reinforcement (14) or the gauze wire cloth (15) in the structure base plate (2) has dew muscle (16) or reveal net (17), perhaps reveals the joint (18) of muscle (16), dew net (17).Figure 21 has dew muscle (16) for structure base plate (2); Figure 22 has dew net (17) for structure base plate (2); Figure 23 has dew muscle (16) for structure base plate (2) or reveals the joint (18) of net (17).

Feature of the present invention also be structure base plate (2) overhanging choose bridging piece is arranged (19), the lateral surface of bridging piece (19) is linear side or shaped form side.Figure 24 chooses for structure base plate (2) is overhanging has bridging piece (19), and the lateral surface of bridging piece (19) is the linear side.

Feature of the present invention is that also each inner surface in the enclosed cavity (4) has reinforcing rib (20), perhaps in the enclosed cavity (4) stiffening rib (21) is arranged, montant (22) and brace (23) that prefabricated formation trussed construction is perhaps arranged in the enclosed cavity (4) perhaps are useful on the montant (22) of cast-in-place moulding trussed construction and the die cavity member (24) of brace (23) usefulness in the enclosed cavity (4).Figure 25 be the upper base (1) in the enclosed cavity (4) following and structure base plate (2) above reinforcing rib (20) is arranged; Figure 26 be the upper base (1) in the enclosed cavity (4) following and structure base plate (2) above intersecting parallels reinforcing rib (20) is arranged; Figure 27 has stiffening rib (21) in the enclosed cavity (4); Figure 28 is montant (22) and the brace (23) that prefabricated formation trussed construction is arranged in the enclosed cavity (4); Figure 29 is useful on the montant (22) of cast-in-place moulding trussed construction and the die cavity member (24) of brace (23) usefulness in the enclosed cavity (4).

Feature of the present invention also is in reinforcing rib (20) or stiffening rib (21) or prefabricated montant (22) and the brace (23) embedded bar (25) is arranged.Figure 30 has embedded bar (25) in the reinforcing rib (20); Figure 31 has embedded bar (25) in the stiffening rib (21); Figure 32 is for having embedded bar (25) in prefabricated montant (22) and the brace (23).

Feature of the present invention is that also pre-buried reinforcing bar (25) has dew muscle (26) or is reserved with the joint (27) of reinforcing bar (25).Figure 33 has dew muscle (26) in the prefabricated brace (23); Figure 34 is the joint (27) that stiffening rib (21) is reserved with reinforcing bar (25).

Feature of the present invention is that also pre-buried steel mesh reinforcement (28) or gauze wire cloth (29) are arranged in the stiffening rib (21).

Feature of the present invention is that also steel mesh reinforcement (28) or the gauze wire cloth (29) in the stiffening rib (21) has dew net (30) or be reserved with steel mesh reinforcement (28) or the joint (31) of gauze wire cloth (29).Figure 35 has steel mesh reinforcement (28) in the stiffening rib (21), and dew net (30) is arranged; Figure 36 has gauze wire cloth (29) in the stiffening rib (21), and dew net (30) is arranged; Figure 37 has gauze wire cloth (29) in the stiffening rib (21), and the joint (31) of gauze wire cloth (29) is arranged.

Feature of the present invention also is the tension locating structure (32) that structure base plate (2) has the connection template to use, and locating structure (32) is drag hook, draw ring, lacing wire, iron wire or other device.Figure 38 connects the drag hook type locating structure (32) that template is used for structure base plate (2) has; Figure 39 connects the draw-ring type locating structure (32) that template is used for structure base plate (2) has.

Feature of the present invention also is in upper base (1), sidewall (3), structure base plate (2) or the module (5) the enhancing carcass is arranged, strengthening carcass is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or combination more than two kinds, strengthen carcass silk, muscle and be disorderly to or directed dispersed placement, the rare close degree of silk, the muscle of braid or muscle bundle is variation or indeclinable.

Feature of the present invention also is partly or entirely to fill or be bonded with foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool at enclosed cavity (4).Figure 40 all is filled with expanded perlite in the enclosed cavity (4); Figure 41 is that the inner face of the sidewall (3) in the enclosed cavity (4) and the lower part of upper base (1) are bonded with foaming light concrete.

Feature of the present invention is that also the planar profile of formwork structural element is square, rectangle, hexagon or other shape.The profile of Figure 38, its formwork structural element such as 39 is a rectangle, and Figure 42 is a hexagon for the profile of formwork structural element.

Feature of the present invention is that also it is to become big gradually by little that the appearance and size of formwork structural element passes through, and the thickness of slab of its structure base plate (2) is by diminishing greatly gradually.Figure 43 is that the appearance and size of formwork structural element from left to right becomes big gradually by little, and the thickness of slab of structure base plate (2) is by diminishing greatly gradually.This class A of geometric unitA is mainly used in the position near wall, post, beam limit.

Feature of the present invention is that also module (5) is PVC foam-plastic blocks, light-weight foam concrete piece, lightweight wood chip piece or other light material.

Feature of the present invention is that also structure base plate (2) is steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, polymer steel bar concrete or wire mesh mortar etc., the cementitious materials of upper base (1), sidewall (3) or module (5) is cement, cement mortar, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or combinations thereof, and structure base plate (2), upper base (1), sidewall (3) or module (5) are made with same material or different materials.

During the invention process, can use steel bar concrete earlier, steel mesh reinforcement concrete or gauze wire cloth concrete are prefabricated into structure base plate (2), formwork is that the fibrous cement paste of cementitious materials is made the upper base of shape (1) as shown in the drawing with alkali slag cement or sulphate aluminium cement then, sidewall (3), the available PVC foam-plastic blocks of module (5) sticks with glue that agent connects or it is sticked on not the sidewall of setting and harden (3) is gone up and sidewall (3) sticks to one, perhaps module (5) is directly protruded by sidewall (3) global formation when prefabricated and is constituted, and so just can form holistic steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element.

Claims (20)

1, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, include upper base (1), go to the bottom (2), sidewall (3), upper base (1), go to the bottom (2) and all around sidewall (3) constitute enclosed cavity (4), it is characterized in that at least one sidewall (3), also including module (5) and at least one montant die cavity (6) or brace die cavity (7) or both combinations of at least one protrusion, and go to the bottom (2) for structure base plate (1), its thickness ratio upper base (1) thickness of slab and sidewall (3) wall thickness is big all around.
2, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 1 is characterized in that module (5) is for hollow or solid.
3, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is characterized in that module (5) for Prefabricated block (5), between module (5) and the sidewall (3) be connected to that screw is connected or pre-buried weldment connects or bonding adhesive connects or the bayonet socket connection or with Prefabricated block (5) stick on not the sidewall of setting and harden (3) upward and sidewall (3) gluing connect as one; Perhaps module (5) is directly to be protruded by sidewall (3) global formation when prefabricated and constitute.
4, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, the cross sectional shape that it is characterized in that montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) is square, circular, oval or other shape.
5, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 4 is characterized in that montant die cavity (6) and brace die cavity (7) upper and lower mouthful is horn mouth.
6, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 1, it is characterized in that among montant die cavity (6) or brace die cavity (7) or both concrete or steel bar concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete being arranged, form the montant (8) and the brace (9) of concrete or steel bar concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete respectively.
7, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 6 is characterized in that steel bar concrete montant (8) or brace (9) or the reinforcing bar among both (10) have dew muscle (11) or be reserved with the joint (12) of reinforcing bar (10).
8,, it is characterized in that structure base plate (2) has reinforcing bar (13), steel mesh reinforcement (14) or gauze wire cloth (15) according to claim 1,2,4,5,6 or 7 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element.
9, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 8, it is characterized in that reinforcing bar (13), steel mesh reinforcement (14) or gauze wire cloth (15) in the structure base plate (2) have dew muscle (16) or reveal net (17), perhaps reveal the joint (18) of muscle (16), dew net (17).
10, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 9, it is characterized in that structure base plate (2) overhanging choose bridging piece is arranged (19), the lateral surface of bridging piece (19) is linear side or shaped form side.
11, according to claim 1,2,4,5,6,9 or 10 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is characterized in that each inner surface in the enclosed cavity (4) has reinforcing rib (20), perhaps in the enclosed cavity (4) stiffening rib (21) is arranged, montant (22) and brace (23) that prefabricated formation trussed construction is perhaps arranged in the enclosed cavity (4) perhaps are useful on the montant (22) of cast-in-place moulding trussed construction and the die cavity member (24) of brace (23) usefulness in the enclosed cavity (4).
12, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 11 is characterized in that in reinforcing rib (20) or stiffening rib (21) or prefabricated montant (22) and the brace (23) embedded bar (25) being arranged.
13, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 12 is characterized in that pre-buried reinforcing bar (25) has dew muscle (26) or is reserved with the joint (27) of reinforcing bar (25).
14, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 12 is characterized in that pre-buried steel mesh reinforcement (28) or gauze wire cloth (29) are arranged in the stiffening rib (21).
15, a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element according to claim 14 is characterized in that steel mesh reinforcement (28) or the gauze wire cloth (29) in the stiffening rib (21) has dew net (30) or be reserved with steel mesh reinforcement (28) or the joint (31) of gauze wire cloth (29).
16, according to claim 1,2,4,5,6,9 or 10 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is characterized in that the tension locating structure (32) that structure base plate (2) has the connection template to use, locating structure (32) is drag hook, draw ring, lacing wire, iron wire or other device.
17, according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,9 or 10 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is characterized in that in upper base (1), sidewall (3), structure base plate (2) or the module (5) the enhancing carcass being arranged, strengthening carcass is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or combination more than two kinds, strengthen carcass silk, muscle and be disorderly to or directed dispersed placement, the rare close degree of silk, the muscle of braid or muscle bundle is variation or indeclinable.
18, according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,9 or 10 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is characterized in that partly or entirely filling or be bonded with foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool at enclosed cavity (4).
19,, it is characterized in that the planar profile of formwork structural element is square, rectangle, hexagon or other shape according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,9 or 10 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element.
20, according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,9 or 10 described a kind of steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure formwork structural element, it is to become big gradually by little that the appearance and size that it is characterized in that the formwork structural element passes through, and the thickness of slab of its structure base plate (2) is by diminishing greatly gradually.
CN 01139997 2001-11-23 2001-11-23 Formwork structural member for steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure CN1112491C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01139997 CN1112491C (en) 2001-11-23 2001-11-23 Formwork structural member for steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01139997 CN1112491C (en) 2001-11-23 2001-11-23 Formwork structural member for steel bar reinforced floor slab in space structure
PCT/CN2002/000840 WO2003050363A1 (en) 2001-11-23 2002-11-22 An mould element for making a reinforced concrete floor of space structure
AU2002349750A AU2002349750A1 (en) 2001-11-23 2002-11-22 An mould element for making a reinforced concrete floor of space structure

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CN1297720C (en) * 2003-10-21 2007-01-31 邱则有 Hollow component
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