CN1332102C - Dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork and its construction method - Google Patents

Dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1332102C
CN1332102C CNB200510012088XA CN200510012088A CN1332102C CN 1332102 C CN1332102 C CN 1332102C CN B200510012088X A CNB200510012088X A CN B200510012088XA CN 200510012088 A CN200510012088 A CN 200510012088A CN 1332102 C CN1332102 C CN 1332102C
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China
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template
rod
external
hole
heat insulation
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CNB200510012088XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1715580A (en
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田长明
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田长明
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Priority to CNB200510012088XA priority Critical patent/CN1332102C/en
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Publication of CN1332102C publication Critical patent/CN1332102C/en

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Abstract

The present invention provides a heat-insulating decorative mould plate without disassembling inner and outer walls, which comprises mould plate bodies and connecting rods. The present invention is characterized in that both corresponding side edges of the mould plate bodies are provided with connecting structures; a heat-insulating layer structure is arranged in the mould plate; the outer side surface of the mould plate is provided with a decorative layer. The present invention also provides a construction method for building new wall bodies, and a construction method carrying out reform to the existing old wall bodies. The present invention has the characteristics of simple and reasonable structure, sample and convenient construction and installation, short construction periods, low cost and good heat-insulating and decorative effects.

Description

Dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork and job practices thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, but a kind of not only Fast Installation particularly is provided but also the interior exterior wall that need not to dismantle with new type formwork and job practices thereof, this template also has insulation and decorate properties simultaneously, can substitute the insulation layer and the decorative layer construction of body of wall.
Background technology
In the building operations at present, wall construction adopts pouring concrete in-situ technology to make mostly.But, cast wall generally all is to adopt pin-connected panel steel form or wooden form at present, this construction process not only requires to use a large amount of pin-connected panel templates, and for fixed form, also need to build at the construction field (site) huge, complicated template frame, and ability stripping frame and template after must waiting for concrete setting behind the placing of concrete are so that carry out next step construction.Existing this construction technology will make the construction period elongated greatly, and need expend a large amount of artificial and materials, make the monolithic architecture cost increase greatly.
Because the template in order to placing of concrete adopts steel or wood materials to make mostly, after the concrete setting moulding, the concrete wall surface of gained because mortar and the adhesion of template face or water in the bright and clean degree of the bubble that retains or space metope that influence is made, in order to improve the outward appearance visual effect of metope, need on constructed metope, set up decorative layer in addition, decorative layer construction at present is fully by skilled worker's manual operations, not only prolong the construction period and increase building costs, and also higher to constructor's technical requirements, make its production efficiency reduce greatly.
Simultaneously, energy crisis has become the bottleneck of whole world economic development at present, and the energy consumption of building has accounted for very big proportion in the energy consumption of entire society, therefore, and for the energy-conservation common recognition that has obtained people of building.And in the conventional construction method, the energy-efficient performance of the concrete wall after the pouring is very poor, has caused the huge waste of the energy, can't reach state specified standards.Therefore between the layer of concrete of body of wall and decorative layer, set up insulation layer and just seem of crucial importance.Also can be set to double-decker by layer of concrete, and in the middle of the double layer concrete structure, insulation layer is set.But these job practicess all will make construction become complicated more, not only prolong the duration but also increased cost.And, in the present building that makes up of constructing, in order to improve the usable floor area of building to greatest extent, general exterior wall installing insulation layer at building, for inner wall of building,, insulation layer is set on interior wall seldom in order to reduce the thickness of interior wall as far as possible, though can improve the usable floor area of building like this, can reduce the heat preservation energy-saving performance of building.
Also have, among China town and country, particularly vast middle townlet are because historical reasons exists a large amount of energy-efficient performances old room not up to standard.These old rooms are in view of at that time technology and economic situation, and the heat-insulating property of its external and internal wall and decorate properties are all very poor, for the energy conservation and the needs of bettering people's living environment, are badly in need of it is transformed.If but adopt the method that its body of wall complete removal is also constructed again, not only the engineering construction phase is long, and required fund is very big, yet most middle townlet all exist the financial condition of financial strain, certainly will have a strong impact on old room is carried out large-scale redevelopment.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming and defect on the existing building construction technology, the invention provides a kind of not only economy but also the quick wall form for building of construction, utilize this template can realize need not to build the rapid construction that the template frame carries out non-dismantling formwork, this template also has insulation and decorative effect simultaneously, and utilize this template not only can carry out the structure of the outside body of wall of building, can also directly be used as the inside body of wall of building.
The present invention also provides a kind of and utilizes above-mentioned template to carry out wall constructed job practices.
The present invention also provides a kind of job practices of utilizing above-mentioned template that existing body of wall is transformed.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork, comprise template itself and connecting rod, it is characterized in that: the side of described template is provided with one group or two groups of linkages, describedly respectively organize the chase mortise structure that linkage is a pair of mutual coupling, described every pair of chase mortise structure correspondence respectively is arranged at the template both sides, be provided with heat insulation layer structure in the described template, and the template outer surface is provided with decorative layer, described template external surface one side is provided with built-in fitting, and described built-in fitting is provided with link slot or connecting hole.
Described chase mortise structure is arc-shaped slot tenon structure or swallow tail shaped slot tenon structure.
Described template decorative layer has smooth external surface or has the external surface of embossing pattern.
Described link slot is a slot, described connecting rod two ends are bent into hook-shaped respectively, and the middle part of connecting rod is provided with by the body of rod around the belt fastening button that forms, and the length in described hole is greater than the hook portion radial dimension of described connecting rod, and the external diameter of its width and connecting rod is suitable.
Described connecting hole is a T type through hole, and its top is the strip fixing hole, and the bottom is square hole or circular hole, and the radial dimension of described square hole or circular hole is wide greater than the hole of described fixing hole, and described connecting rod is expansion bolt or reinforcing bar.
Described heat insulation layer structure is individual layer or double-layer heat insulation plated construction, and described warming plate is made by rock wool or polyphenyl plate.
The material of described template is all kinds of cement, magnesite material and modified composite material thereof, gypsum, reinforcement gypsum and composite material thereof or expanded material, the light body expanded material of polyurethane, glass fiber reinforced plastic series material and various artificial-synthetic stone's material.
Described shape of template is square, rectangle, circular arc or fan-shaped.
A kind of job practices of constructing new body of wall is characterized in that: described construction sequence is:
(1) according to required wall constructed size and position, each template is placed in the both sides of this body of wall respectively, and the outer surface position of template is consistent with the outer surface position of body of wall, and the template that homonymy is adjacent links to each other by the linkage that is arranged at its both sides is chimeric successively respectively.
(2) with connecting rod two ends coupler body respectively side direction insert and to be arranged in the link slot of the mutual correspondence on two side templates, and connecting rod removed change 90 °, make two coupler bodies become plumbness with link slot, one handle is inserted in the fastening button again, and rotate this handle, and make fastening button rotate thereupon, the connecting rod body of rod shrinks thereupon, the coupler body fastening hook is connected on the built-in fitting up to two ends, connects each template fastening respectively according to same method.
(3) with the sealing of fixedly connected good template both ends open place, concrete mortar or other pulpous state material that perfusion stirs in the cavity that forms in the middle of template then, on one side and water and stir, the feasible thing that waters can fully be filled this cavity.
(4) treat that concrete mortar or other slurry solidify fully after, remove the closure at two ends, the concrete that solidifies or other material will be combined as a whole with the template of connecting rod and both sides, form constructed body of wall.
A kind of job practices that existing old body of wall is transformed, it is characterized in that: described construction sequence is:
(1) wall outer side is provided with expansion bolt or lengths of rebar, and the position of the fixing hole on the position of expansion bolt or lengths of rebar and the template is corresponding.
(2) smear adhesive for building at body of wall and the corresponding surface of template.
(3) template is tilted to be affixed to body of wall, and insert in the connecting hole in the built-in fitting end that makes expansion bolt on the metope or lengths of rebar, again template is rotated and the metope keeping parallelism, and make the arc groove of itself and adjacent forms or circular arc tenon coincide naturally, template is moved, guarantee that expansion bolt or lengths of rebar enter in the fixing hole, firmly template is pressed to metope then, it is fitted tightly.
(4) according to same method of operating each template is installed successively, and each adjacent forms is linked to each other by the linkage that is arranged at its both sides is chimeric successively respectively.
(5) treat colloid solidification after, template and body of wall are firmly combined closely, wall reconstruction is finished.
In the technical solution of the present invention, can chimeric mutually chase mortise structure owing to be respectively arranged with in template monomer both sides, can reduce the complexity of template monomer splicing in the constructing operation on the one hand, make construction simple, quick, improve efficiency of construction, the shortening construction progress; On the other hand, owing to be separately positioned on the syndeton of template monomer both sides, can in the splicing template procedure, play the effect of mutual location, therefore can also effectively improve the spliced positional accuracy of template, make that spliced template is neat, high conformity.
In the technical solution of the present invention, in the template monomer, be provided with built-in fitting, built-in fitting is provided with link slot or connecting hole, and the connecting rod two ends are provided with the crotch suitable with link slot, and described crotch can stretch in the link slot and through rotation and tightly be hooked on the built-in fitting.Can be by connecting rod with the corresponding connection of two templates, the connecting rod middle part also is provided with fastening button, by reversing fastening button, can regulate the distance between template, the dilatancy that is produced when simultaneously connecting rod can also play support shuttering and reduce fluid concrete, and be combined as a whole to prevent that template from coming off with concrete.After template was fixedly connected, fluid concrete in the interlayer that it constituted after concrete setting, was formed body of wall jointly with the template in its outside.
When needs are set up layer structure outside existing body of wall, expansion bolt can be set on body of wall in advance, the connecting hole in the position of described expansion bolt and the template on the built-in fitting is corresponding.Connecting hole is a T type through hole, and its top is the strip hole, and the bottom is larger-size square hole or circular hole.When mounting template, on the bonding surface of body of wall and template, apply colloid, connecting hole with the built-in fitting of template aligns with expansion bolt then, firmly template is affixed to metope, after bolt enters the built-in fitting connecting hole, template is depressed, bolt enters in the fixing hole, and fixing hole will limit template and move to the left and right, after colloid solidification, the end mix with the body of wall strong bonded be one, installation.
The present invention also provides a kind of method of constructing new body of wall in order to construction, be arranged at required wall constructed both sides respectively by template of the present invention, be connected and fixed with the template of described connecting rod with both sides, the concrete perfusion mortar treats that its final set gets final product then again.
The present invention simultaneously also provides a kind of in order to transform the job practices of old body of wall, by surface expansion bolt or lengths of rebar are set at old body of wall, and smear adhesive for building at body of wall and template surface of the present invention, then described template is affixed to surface of wall, and make expansion bolt or lengths of rebar enter in the fixing hole of template, then that template and body of wall is tightly compacted, treat to get final product after the colloid solidification.
Therefore, utilize template of the present invention and job practices thereof, both can construct new body of wall easily, also can transform old body of wall easily, owing to need not stripping, reduction of erection time greatly, reduce cost of labor, simultaneously since be provided with in the template insulation layer with and arranged outside decorative layer is arranged, therefore, can save the operation of constructing insulation layer and architectural surface separately, make the construction period further shorten, reduce construction cost.
Description of drawings
Structural representation when Fig. 1 is the circular arc connection for template;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of individual layer warming plate structure;
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of double-layer heat insulation plated construction;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of connecting rod;
Fig. 5 is the another kind of structural representation of built-in fitting;
Fig. 6 is wall constructed construction schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the construction schematic diagram of old wall reconstruction.
Reference numeral lists as follows:
The 1-template, 2-arc groove, 3-circular arc tenon, 4-insulation layer, 5-decorative layer, 6-wire gauze, 7-built-in fitting, 8-link slot, 9-fixing hole, 10-connecting hole, 11-connecting rod, the fastening button of 12-, 13-coupler body.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1.Template 1 is a rectangular plate object, relatively be provided with two pairs of linkages in twos in its four sides, every pair of linkage includes a circular-arc circular arc tenon 3 and arc groove 2 respectively, and the every pair of circular arc tenon 3 and arc groove 2 all have adaptive cross section mutually.Its cross section of described linkage also can make swallowtail shape.
Side external surface in template 1 is provided with built-in fitting 7 in pairs, has link slot 8 on the built-in fitting 7.
The preparation material of template 1 can be all kinds of cement, magnesite material and modified composite material thereof, gypsum, reinforcement gypsum and composite material thereof or expanded material, the light body expanded material of polyurethane, glass fiber reinforced plastic series material and various artificial-synthetic stone's materials etc.
In order to improve the energy-efficient performance of template 1, the inside of template 1 is provided with insulation layer 4, as shown in Figure 2.Insulation layer 4 is made for tabular rock wool or polyphenyl plate, because the intensity and the rigidity of insulation layer 4 are all relatively poor, cause bulk strength and rigidity to descend for fear of template 1 owing to having increased insulation layer 4, be provided with wire gauze 6 in the one or both sides of insulation layer 4, wire gauze 6 mutually combines with template 1, can improve the intensity and the rigidity of template 1 effectively, particularly improve the anti-shearing and bending resistance of template 1.Cause losing efficacy because of getting rusty or corroding for fear of wire gauze 6, wire gauze 6 can adopt the stainless steel gauze wire cloth to make.Wire gauze 6 also can be made by other metal material.In order to increase heat insulation effect, also can in template 1, double insulation be set, as shown in Figure 3.
The outside of template 1 also is provided with decorative layer 5, and the side that decorative layer 5 can be arranged on template 1 also can be arranged on the both sides of template 1.
The structure of connecting rod 11 as shown in Figure 4.Connecting rod 11 is an elongated rod-shaped thing, and its two ends correspondence respectively are provided with coupler body 13, and its middle part is provided with by the fastening button 12 of the body of rod around the ring-type that forms.
When using this template 1 wall constructed, as shown in Figure 6.Two templates 1 are arranged on the outer rim of body of wall position mutually accordingly, and the built-in fitting 7 in the template 1 also is in the position of mutual correspondence, adopts two connecting rods 11, and the template 1 of two corresponding settings is fixedly connected.
When connecting template 1, with the coupler body 13 at connecting rod two ends respectively side direction put in the link slot 8, stretch in the ring of fastening button 12 with one handle then, remove commentaries on classics connecting rod 11 earlier and make its half-twist, 8 one-tenth plumbness of this moment coupler body 13 and link slot, reverse the ring body of fastening button 12 again, connecting rod 11 contraction in lengths are till coupler body 13 firmly is hooked on the built-in fitting 7.At this moment, firmly connect by the template 1 of connecting rod 11 with both sides, position that both can fixed form 1, can also prevent when behind the placing of concrete mortar in the middle of the template 1 because the expansion that produces when solidifying causes the change in location and the distortion of template 1.Continue to install other templates 1 along wall direction after the same method, when all templates 1 all after the installation, with the sealing of its both ends open place, concrete perfusion mortar in the sealed hollow that is formed by template 1 more also can adopt other building slurry, when perfusion mortar, stir simultaneously, so that mortar can fully be filled this cavity, do not produce air bubble, treat that at last mortar solidifies after, be combined into one with connecting rod 11 and each template 1, then this body of wall is constructed and is finished.
Figure 5 shows that the another kind of form of structure schematic diagram of built-in fitting 7.Be provided with T shape link slot in the built-in fitting 7, T shape link slot comprises the connecting hole 10 of a circle, and the top of connecting hole 10 connects the vertical strip fixing hole 9 of a width less than described connecting hole 10 diameters.
When existing body of wall is transformed, for example need set up insulation or decorative layer in its outside.As shown in Figure 7.Can prior to be provided with on the body of wall one group with the suitable body of rod of fixing hole 9 width, the described body of rod is expansion bolt or lengths of rebar, and each body of rod is corresponding with each fixing hole 9 position, smear colloid at the inner surface of surface of wall and template 1 then, connecting hole 10 with template 1 is inserted in body of rod end and depresses template 1 again, make the body of rod enter in the fixing hole 9, at last along the surface of wall vertical direction with template 1 and the tight pressing of body of wall.Install and fix each template 1 according to the identical operations method successively along wall direction, and each adjacent forms linked to each other by the linkage that is arranged at its both sides is chimeric successively respectively, treat colloid solidification after, the body of wall template 1 surperficial with it is stained with and closed, then wall reconstruction is finished.Restriction template 1 move left and right because the fixing hole 9 and the body of rod cooperatively interact will limit template 1 horizontal direction after colloid is dry and move, and mutual chimeric the fixing between the template, thereby make template and body of wall strong bonded be integral.Insulation layer 4 in the template 1 and outer decorative layer 5 play insulation and decoration function to body of wall respectively.
Described template 1 can also be arranged at interior of building in the mode of cutting off in the inside of building, and directly uses as interior body of wall.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention.Should be pointed out that to one skilled in the art,, can also make a lot of distortion and improvement, but these distortion and improvement all will fall into protection scope of the present invention according to spirit of the present invention and essence.

Claims (10)

1. dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork, comprise template itself and connecting rod, it is characterized in that: the side of described template is provided with one group or two groups of linkages, describedly respectively organize the chase mortise structure that linkage is a pair of mutual coupling, described every pair of chase mortise structure correspondence respectively is arranged at the template both sides, be provided with heat insulation layer structure in the described template, and the template outer surface is provided with decorative layer, described template external surface one side is provided with built-in fitting, and described built-in fitting is provided with link slot or connecting hole.
2. a kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described chase mortise structure is arc-shaped slot tenon structure or swallow tail shaped slot tenon structure.
3. a kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described template decorative layer has smooth external surface or has the external surface of embossing pattern.
4. a kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described link slot is a slot, described connecting rod two ends are bent into hook-shaped respectively, and the middle part of connecting rod is provided with by the body of rod around the belt fastening button that forms, the length in described hole is greater than the hook portion radial dimension of described connecting rod, and the external diameter of its width and connecting rod is suitable.
5. a kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described connecting hole is a T type through hole, its top is the strip fixing hole, the bottom is square hole or circular hole, the radial dimension of described square hole or circular hole is wide greater than the hole of described fixing hole, and described connecting rod is expansion bolt or reinforcing bar.
6. as the described any dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described heat insulation layer structure is individual layer or double-layer heat insulation plated construction, and described warming plate is made by rock wool or polyphenyl plate.
7. a kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: the material of described template is all kinds of cement, magnesite material and modified composite material thereof, gypsum, reinforcement gypsum and composite material thereof or expanded material, the light body expanded material of polyurethane, glass fiber reinforced plastic series material and various artificial-synthetic stone's material.
8. a kind of dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: described shape of template is square, rectangle, circular arc or fan-shaped.
9. job practices of constructing new body of wall, it is characterized in that: described construction sequence is:
(1) according to required wall constructed size and position, template as claimed in claim 1 is placed in the both sides of this body of wall respectively, and the outer surface position of each template is consistent with the outer surface position of body of wall, and the template that homonymy is adjacent links to each other by the linkage that is arranged at its both sides is chimeric successively respectively;
(2) with connecting rod two ends coupler body respectively side direction insert and to be arranged in the link slot of the mutual correspondence on two side templates, and connecting rod removed change 90 °, make two coupler bodies become plumbness with link slot, one handle is inserted in the fastening button again, and rotate this handle, and make fastening button rotate thereupon, the connecting rod body of rod shrinks thereupon, the coupler body fastening hook is connected on the built-in fitting up to two ends, connects each template fastening respectively according to same method;
(3) with the sealing of fixedly connected good template both ends open place, concrete mortar or other pulpous state material that perfusion stirs in the cavity that forms in the middle of template then, on one side and water and stir, the feasible thing that waters can fully be filled this cavity;
(4) treat that concrete mortar or other slurry solidify fully after, remove the closure at two ends, the concrete that solidifies or other material will be combined as a whole with the template of connecting rod and both sides, form constructed body of wall.
10. job practices that existing old body of wall is transformed, it is characterized in that: described construction sequence is:
(1) wall outer side is provided with expansion bolt or lengths of rebar, and the position of the fixing hole on the position of expansion bolt or lengths of rebar and the template as claimed in claim 1 is corresponding;
(2) smear adhesive for building at body of wall and the corresponding surface of template as claimed in claim 1;
(3) template behind the gluing is tilted to be affixed to body of wall, and insert in the connecting hole in the built-in fitting end that makes expansion bolt on the metope or lengths of rebar, again template is rotated and the metope keeping parallelism, and make the arc groove of itself and adjacent forms or circular arc tenon coincide naturally, template is moved, guarantee that expansion bolt or lengths of rebar enter in the fixing hole, firmly template is pressed to metope then, it is fitted tightly;
(4) according to same method of operating each template is installed successively, and each adjacent forms is linked to each other by the linkage that is arranged at its both sides is chimeric successively respectively;
(5) treat colloid solidification after, template and body of wall are firmly combined closely, wall reconstruction is finished.
CNB200510012088XA 2005-07-04 2005-07-04 Dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork and its construction method CN1332102C (en)

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CNB200510012088XA CN1332102C (en) 2005-07-04 2005-07-04 Dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork and its construction method

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CNB200510012088XA CN1332102C (en) 2005-07-04 2005-07-04 Dismantling-free internal and external wall heat insulation decoration formwork and its construction method

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CN1332102C true CN1332102C (en) 2007-08-15

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WO2012024816A1 (en) * 2010-08-24 2012-03-01 Empire Technology Development Llc Prefabricated wall panels
WO2012024814A1 (en) 2010-08-24 2012-03-01 Empire Technology Development Llc Reinforced concrete dense column structure systems
CN103967269B (en) * 2013-01-24 2016-06-15 青岛玮玛固得新材料科技有限公司 A kind of armored concrete permanent thermal insulation composite shuttering and construction method thereof
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CN108571104A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-09-25 李娟� A kind of cement formwork free of demolition and the wall moulding process using the masterplate
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JPH06146443A (en) * 1992-11-04 1994-05-27 Kanegafuchi Chem Ind Co Ltd Execution method of concrete wall with heat insulating panel
CN1079475C (en) * 1997-10-17 2002-02-20 北京亿利达轻体房屋有限公司 New technology for form-stripping free cast-in-situ thermal-insulated load-bearing wall
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