CN1325008C - Central vacuum cleaner and its central unit - Google Patents

Central vacuum cleaner and its central unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1325008C
CN1325008C CNB038208377A CN03820837A CN1325008C CN 1325008 C CN1325008 C CN 1325008C CN B038208377 A CNB038208377 A CN B038208377A CN 03820837 A CN03820837 A CN 03820837A CN 1325008 C CN1325008 C CN 1325008C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
central
equipment
air
vacuum cleaner
exhaust
Prior art date
Application number
CNB038208377A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1678231A (en
Inventor
T·马利宁
Original Assignee
Kp-泰克诺有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FIU20020361 priority Critical
Priority to FI20021563A priority patent/FI20021563A0/en
Priority to FI20020361U priority patent/FI5621U1/en
Priority to FI20021563 priority
Application filed by Kp-泰克诺有限公司 filed Critical Kp-泰克诺有限公司
Publication of CN1678231A publication Critical patent/CN1678231A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1325008C publication Critical patent/CN1325008C/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L5/00Structural features of suction cleaners
    • A47L5/12Structural features of suction cleaners with power-driven air-pumps or air-compressors, e.g. driven by motor vehicle engine vacuum
    • A47L5/22Structural features of suction cleaners with power-driven air-pumps or air-compressors, e.g. driven by motor vehicle engine vacuum with rotary fans
    • A47L5/38Built-in suction cleaner installations, i.e. with fixed tube system to which, at different stations, hoses can be connected

Abstract

A central vacuum cleaner including a central unit provided with a suction joint and an exhaust joint as well as a suction hose. According to the invention, the central vacuum cleaner includes an operating unit ( 1 ) having adaptors for attaching the central unit ( 2 ) to the operating unit, an exhaust junction ( 3 ) for connecting the exhaust joint of the central unit to the operating unit, a filter ( 4 ) for filtering the air flow from the exhaust joint and exhaust junction, as well as an outlet port ( 5 ) for directing the air flow that travelled through the filter into the air space surrounding the operating unit.

Description

Central vacuum cleaner and central means thereof

A central vacuum cleaner that the present invention relates in claim 1 preamble, limit, and a central means that has related to the central vacuum cleaner that in claim 8 preamble, limits.

Central vacuum cleaner is at the single family house that is used to traditionally separate, and bigger central vacuum cleaner system is used for big public building, as hospital, hotel, steamer etc.The present invention relates generally to the central vacuum cleaning purposes of smaller units room special use.

Central vacuum cleaner comprises a central means, and it has a motor, a fan, a dust separator, as cyclone dust collector or other filters, and a disposal box.In addition, an air intake duct by the band gettering container of house size manufacturing is arranged in central vacuum cleaner, and an inhaling hose that is communicated to selectively on the gettering container.Even may be in little house, inhaling hose directly is communicated to central means, and does not need independent air intake duct.Have one to guide to blast pipe the garden from central means, the air stream of having removed most dust is blown in the garden.

In private building and terraced houses, promptly be essentially in the self-contained flat of self-contained flat special use in all functions, said system is very effective, but clean air uses with being easy to.On the contrary, in modular building, also be very hard even the laying of air intake duct is installed with falling back.Another shortcoming is relevant with blast pipe, may be full of blast pipe on the wall in high house.Therefore, blast pipe is always near neighbours' window, thereby may be unavoidably be passed to another unit with the air of dust from a self-contained flat.In addition, if in having the modular building of public gas extraction system, air blows out strongly from self-contained flat, and air communication causes confusion, and smell and smog flow to another room from a room.These are generally not have central vacuum cleaner why in modular building, the main cause that does not fall back at least and install.

Traditionally, the central means of central vacuum cleaner is upright cylindrical chamber, and a motor is wherein arranged atop, and the blade construction of a fan is arranged under it, a separator is arranged under it again, wherein rely on centrifugal force and filter dust-separating from air stream.A disposal box is arranged, impurity deposition when air stream leaves in the separator side under separator.

Existing structure itself is effectively, but outward appearance bulkiness and be barrel-shaped occupies too many space.Thus, their installations in the house are often pretty troublesome, occupy too many space in Garbage cabinet or storeroom.And power demand is relatively poor with the relation of the air-breathing power of reach, and therefore must adopt very effective motor.

The objective of the invention is to eliminate above-mentioned shortcoming.Specific purposes of the present invention are novel central vacuum cleaner of announcement, and it allows in any house to be that central vacuum cleaner is installed and used to each self-contained flat seriatim.In addition, the objective of the invention is to announce a novel central means of central vacuum cleaner, be new on its structure, but be old on the function, can the more general and littler application that takes up space.Also have, the objective of the invention is to improve the air-breathing power of central vacuum cleaner and the power that do not increase institute's employing motor.

Relevant minutia of the present invention can be with reference to the explanation of in the claim this being made.

Central vacuum cleaner of the present invention comprises an inhaling hose and a central means, the central means that is provided with a waste gas joint have a motor, fan, disposal box, filter, one directly or rely on air intake duct to connect the air-breathing joint of inhaling hose and an exhaust joint of air stream being drawn central means.According to the present invention, central vacuum cleaner comprises an equipment that separates with central means but can be attached thereto, it has and severally central means is connected to connector on the equipment, one the central means exhaust joint is connected to the outlet by the additional filter and a guiding air stream at exhaust joint and exhaust abutment of the exhaust abutment of equipment, filtered air stream, and circulation of air is crossed filter and entered in the ambient air space.

Therefore, the feature of equipment is that the central means of central vacuum cleaner can be connected to above it on function in the following manner: after effective dedusting, can turn back to air circulation in the room space of original sucking-off therefrom.The structure of equipment, particularly its size and outward appearance can particularly change according to the size and dimension that is connected the central means above it according to the space to a great extent.

Advantageously, these central authorities put and comprise an air-breathing abutment, are used for the air-breathing joint of central means is connected to equipment.At this moment, a gettering container that is communicated with air-breathing abutment is arranged preferably in equipment, inhaling hose can be attached thereto.Like this, equipment and the central means that is connected to above it form a central vacuum cleaner system together, and wherein inhaling hose is connected on the equipment, and the air of discharge is left away from the outlet of equipment.In addition, advantageously, in the gettering container of equipment, be provided with the gauge tap of a central means, thus the opening or the motor that will start central means that is connected of flexible pipe and gettering container of gettering container.Certainly, also can adopt the switch in the flexible pipe handgrip to realize starting.Like this, can realize the control and the use of whole vacuum cleaner system simultaneously by equipment, air stream just circulated from equipment and was communicated to central means this moment, turned back to equipment again.

Advantageously, equipment comprises a members of frame, and it has equipment is installed in suspender member on the wall.Shape and structure according to equipment and central means can certainly be installed in central means on the wall, and equipment is bearing on the central means.

The connector that equipment is connected to central means can be different to each concrete situation.Connector can be central means to be connected to hang element, screw and so on the equipment, and perhaps they can be that central means is bearing in supporting member on the equipment, as bearing-surface.Even can be just exhaust abutment and exhaust joint and air-breathing abutment and air-breathing joint mutually closely and be rigidly connected to and be enough to make their supporting central means, do not need other connector or hang element this moment.

The central means of central vacuum cleaner of the present invention comprises motor, a disposal box of a band fan and is used to guide circulation of air to cross an inlet and an outlet of central means.According to the present invention, have the disposal box that can open lid and be with the motor of fan all to be arranged side by side into such mode along airflow direction: lid has formed the essential part of airflow path between disposal box and the motor.Therefore, in structure of the present invention, the air stream in disposal box and motor zone is substantially parallel, but substantial reverse is parallel-laid into this sample loading mode: because the effect of the airflow path that lid is determined, air circulates to turning back to the direction that enters.

Also it is important in this structure: lid has formed the major part of air duct, and the airflow path that is reached is big as far as possible with respect to its cross section, and the air flow resistance is low as far as possible.Also can make device size very little, this just can not accomplish if form independent air duct in central means.

Advantageously, central means is the parts with cuboid form basically, wherein is provided with the motor of disposal box and band fan under openable lid.Like this, lid has formed a side of whole parts, forms wide as far as possible airflow path thus simultaneously, with alap resistance from the disposal box to the motor guides and diverted air stream.

Advantageously, lid almost externally has been completed into the surface of definite airflow path, but at the inner surface of lid, suitably adopted the class component of the guiding chimb that guides air stream in the desired direction, had disturbance ground guiding air as far as possible and with low flow resistance flow direction motor and fan.

Advantageously, the suction of motor and blow out air stream are essentially axially and perpendicular to lid.Under identical situation, advantageously, the entrance and exit of air stream is arranged on the both sides that face toward with respect to central means.

Compare with prior art, the central means of central vacuum cleaner of the present invention and central vacuum cleaner has significant advantage.Equipment with simpler construction can adopt with tradition is outer and blow the identical central means of mode and in the central means of inner space circulating air.This is can make to make in batches to be lower than former reason greater than former and production cost.Because in the junior unit room of modular building, do not need independent air intake duct, and only need a sufficiently long inhaling hose, and allow the vacuum cleaning mode that adopts a convenience and cost-benefit is arranged according to way of the present invention, just adopt the equipment that is contained on the cabinet wall.In addition, if in equipment, adopted abundant effective filter, even can adopt this system to circulate and clean room air, for example during uncomfortable pollen transmission.In addition, structure different with the conventional central device and parts placement each other can access a central means that size is little, install even also be easy in restricted space.And the disposal box of turned letter central means is also very convenient, only need open lid and turned letter disposal box or dust bag.According to the test of being carried out, compare with traditional central means, adopt according to novel central means structure of the present invention, air-breathing power can increase by 20 to 30%.

Describe the present invention in detail hereinafter with reference to accompanying drawing, wherein

Fig. 1 is the front view of a signal, and equipment of the present invention has been described, central means connects in the above,

Fig. 2 is a rearview, and equipment has been described, central means connects in the above,

Fig. 3 has illustrated the central means of the present invention that adopts in Fig. 1 and 2 embodiment, cover opened,

Fig. 4 is the rearview of Fig. 3 central means.

Equipment 1 shown in Fig. 1 and 2 comprises that has a certain thickness thin board type members of frame.Be useful on the fixing hole 10 of suspender member in the top of frame, can be installed in equipment on the wall.Downside at the thin board type frame is provided with an additional filtering device 4, near it an outlet 5 is arranged in the bottom of frame.Outlet is located in the openable lid.Open lid, change the additional filter that is located on its top in due course on the interbody spacer.

On additional filter 4 tops, an air hose 11 is arranged in the thin board type frame, it is from the frame table face at exhaust abutment 3.Correspondingly, a pipe end is arranged on thin board type frame front, promptly air-breathing abutment 6 has one second air hose 12 to be directed to its front therefrom downwards in frame, is communicated to a gettering container 8.Can be connected to the inhaling hose of central vacuum cleaner on this gettering container 8.

The equipment of shaping and modification Fig. 1 and 2 makes to can be used for being connected with the novel central means of vacuum cleaner of the present invention, shown in Fig. 3 and 4.This central means is the parts of a rectangular shape basically.Determined a box-shaped frame by four sidewalls 18 and a rear wall 19 that forms the bottom.The lid 13 that can open and close has formed the antetheca of central means.

The inner space of being determined by sidewall 18 is divided into two spaces by a next door 14, i.e. a disposal box 15 and the motor space 16 with band fan electromotor.In disposal box, can place a dust bag or some other corresponding filtration, filter dust from flow air.

The inlet 7 that an air stream is arranged in the bottom of disposal box 15.The circulation of air of having removed dust is basically crossed and is covered 13 and be fed in the motor space 16 of next door 14 opposite sides from disposal box.Horizontal and straight thin board type guiding chimb 17 is arranged on the inner surface of lid 13, and they have formed straight chute or air duct in the crack betwixt.Along they air flow motor spaces 16, wherein motor and fan all are arranged on the same axis perpendicular to central means back wall 19.On back wall, also have securing member 21, rely on them to be installed in central means on the wall or be fixed to that certain is suitably local, the pipe that is connected to inlet 7 and outlet 20 is arranged there.

The mutual setting of disposal box and motor and fan is combined with the function of lid structure guiding air stream, make the central means of vacuum cleaner can make things convenient for and simple the use, the space requirement that it has is less than traditional central means, and can significantly increase air-breathing power.

Equipment is as follows with the effect of the central means that is attached thereto.The air-breathing joint 7 of central means is connected to the air-breathing abutment 6 of equipment, and the exhaust junction 3 that the exhaust joint 20 of central means is connected to equipment, thus the central means of central vacuum cleaner is connected on the equipment, as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2.Simultaneously, central means is bearing on the thin board type members of frame of equipment, and is maintained fixed in place.In gettering container 8, also has an electric switch that is connected with central means.

When opening gettering container 8 and inhaling hose 22 inserted gettering containers, the central means starting.At this moment, air begins to flow into air-breathing abutment 6 and air-breathing joint 7 from gettering container by air duct 12, and escape to disposal box 15 therefrom, and most dust is stayed in dust bag or the corresponding filter there.The air flow lid 13 therefrom, turned along horizontal by the air duct guiding of covering 13, further arrive motor space 16 backward, and axially leaving there to exhaust joint 20 and exhaust abutment 3 along motor and fan.Air stream enters the additional filter 4 thinner and more accurate than dust bag along air duct 11 therefrom.From the additional filtering device, circulation of air is crossed in the outlet 5 introducing equipment space on every side.

The use of entire equipment is very simple and convenient; Only need fix and unclamp inhaling hose and start and stop, and only need open and cover 13 and turn and change dust bag.

Equipment of the present invention also can be used at present the extensively cylindrical central means of employing.Important only is: can be connected to the air-breathing joint of central means and exhaust joint on the equipment, can flow freely into the surrounding space basically from the air stream of equipment filter, and the disposal box of central means can compare freedom and be removed turned letter easily.Therefore, the technology operation is identical with structure, and irrelevant with central means, although central means may just need the design of a suitable central means special use.

Abovely described the present invention for example, yet in the scope of the invention that claim limits, various embodiment of the present invention can have been arranged with reference to accompanying drawing.

Claims (7)

1. central vacuum cleaner, comprise an inhaling hose (22) and a central means, central means have a motor, fan, a disposal box (15), filter, one directly or rely on air intake duct to connect the air-breathing joint (7) of inhaling hose, and exhaust joint (20) of air stream being drawn central means, it is characterized in that: central vacuum cleaner comprises an equipment that separates with central means (1), and this equipment has
-several central means (2) is connected to connector on the equipment,
-one is connected to the exhaust abutment (3) of equipment to central means exhaust joint (20),
-one in order to filtering the filter (4) by the air stream at exhaust joint and exhaust abutment, and
The exhaust outlet (5) of-one guiding air stream, this circulation of air is crossed additional filter and is flowed in the equipment space on every side.
2. according to the central vacuum cleaner of claim 1, it is characterized in that: equipment (1) comprises an air-breathing abutment (6), is used for the air-breathing joint (7) of central means (2) is connected to equipment.
3. according to the central vacuum cleaner of claim 2, it is characterized in that: equipment (1) comprises a gettering container (8) that is communicated with air-breathing abutment (6), and inhaling hose (22) can be attached thereto.
4. according to the central vacuum cleaner of claim 3, it is characterized in that: the gettering container (8) of equipment (1) comprises a switch, and this switch can start and cut out central means.
5. according to the central vacuum cleaner of claim 1, it is characterized in that: equipment (1) comprises a members of frame, and this members of frame has equipment is installed in suspender member (10) on the wall.
6. according to the central vacuum cleaner of claim 1, it is characterized in that: connector is that central means is connected to the element of hanging on the equipment.
7. according to the central vacuum cleaner of claim 1, it is characterized in that: connector is that central means is bearing in supporting member on the equipment.
CNB038208377A 2002-09-02 2003-09-01 Central vacuum cleaner and its central unit CN1325008C (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FIU20020361 2002-09-02
FI20021563A FI20021563A0 (en) 2002-09-02 2002-09-02 Central Vacuum Cleaner
FI20020361U FI5621U1 (en) 2002-09-02 2002-09-02 Central unit for central vacuum cleaner
FI20021563 2002-09-02

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1678231A CN1678231A (en) 2005-10-05
CN1325008C true CN1325008C (en) 2007-07-11

Family

ID=31979912

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB038208377A CN1325008C (en) 2002-09-02 2003-09-01 Central vacuum cleaner and its central unit

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US7464436B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1542573B1 (en)
CN (1) CN1325008C (en)
AT (1) AT380495T (en)
AU (1) AU2003262588A1 (en)
DE (1) DE60318074T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2297260T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2004019745A1 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1542573B1 (en) * 2002-09-02 2007-12-12 KP-Tekno Oy Central vacuum cleaner and its central unit
US6856113B1 (en) 2004-05-12 2005-02-15 Cube Investments Limited Central vacuum cleaning system motor control circuit mounting post, mounting configuration, and mounting methods
USD738053S1 (en) * 2013-10-10 2015-09-01 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Cleaner
USD738054S1 (en) * 2013-10-10 2015-09-01 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Cleaner
USD785255S1 (en) * 2015-05-15 2017-04-25 Ivd Global Corporation Wall mounted vacuum cleaner
CA3008337A1 (en) * 2015-12-15 2017-06-22 Sistemas De Aspiracion Centralizada Del Hogar, S.L. Compact suction station

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SE465949B (en) * 1990-10-01 1991-11-25 Akp Tekno Oy Central unit Foer central vacuum
WO1998032363A2 (en) * 1997-01-27 1998-07-30 V.I.B., Inc. Built-in vacuum system
CN1309543A (en) * 1998-07-22 2001-08-22 姜兴默 Central vacuum cleaning system

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FI842038A (en) 1984-05-22 1985-11-23 Markku Juhani Vanhala Centraldammsugareaggregat foer byggningar.
FI84972C (en) 1989-08-08 1992-02-25 Akp Tekno Oy Central vacuum cleaner central unit
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EP1542573B1 (en) * 2002-09-02 2007-12-12 KP-Tekno Oy Central vacuum cleaner and its central unit
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Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SE465949B (en) * 1990-10-01 1991-11-25 Akp Tekno Oy Central unit Foer central vacuum
WO1998032363A2 (en) * 1997-01-27 1998-07-30 V.I.B., Inc. Built-in vacuum system
CN1309543A (en) * 1998-07-22 2001-08-22 姜兴默 Central vacuum cleaning system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT380495T (en) 2007-12-15
EP1542573B1 (en) 2007-12-12
EP1542573A1 (en) 2005-06-22
US20050241099A1 (en) 2005-11-03
CN1678231A (en) 2005-10-05
WO2004019745A1 (en) 2004-03-11
DE60318074D1 (en) 2008-01-24
DE60318074T2 (en) 2008-11-06
AU2003262588A1 (en) 2004-03-19
ES2297260T3 (en) 2008-05-01
US7464436B2 (en) 2008-12-16

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