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CN1322774C - Method for mobile managing to user of group radio communication system - Google Patents

Method for mobile managing to user of group radio communication system Download PDF

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CN1322774C
CN1322774C CN 03157311 CN03157311A CN1322774C CN 1322774 C CN1322774 C CN 1322774C CN 03157311 CN03157311 CN 03157311 CN 03157311 A CN03157311 A CN 03157311A CN 1322774 C CN1322774 C CN 1322774C
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method
mobile
managing
user
group
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CN1599481A (en )
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冯凯峰
陈德
杨学志
黄兴旺
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,该方法包括:1)组用户发生用户事件时,访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成操作信息,并将该操作信息和该组用户的当前信息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;2)组呼寄存器根据该操作信息和该组用户当前信息,对保存在组呼寄存器中该组用户所在组的组属性信息进行修改,实现对该组用户进行移动性管理。 The present invention discloses a method of wireless communications system users cluster mobility management, the method comprising: 1) a user sets a user event occurs, the visitor location register to generate operation information according to a user event, and the operation information and the set of current information sent to a user group to which the visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; 2) group call register according to the operation information and the set of current user information stored on the user group in the group call register group attribute information of a group to be modified, to realize the mobile user group management. 应用本发明方法,使得网络明确了组用户的当前活动范围以及活动状况,满足了更高的调度需求,而且实现简单,节省无线资源。 The method of the present invention is applied, so that the range of the network and clear the current activity status of active set of users, scheduling to meet higher demands, and simple, saving radio resources.

Description

一种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法 A method for a wireless communication system cluster users mobility management

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及集群无线通信系统的应用技术,特别涉及一种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法。 The present invention relates to a trunked radio communications system application technology, and in particular relates to a method for a trunked radio communications system, user mobility management.

背景技术 Background technique

集群无线通信系统,可以简称集群系统,是近几年来发展起来的一种较经济、较灵活的指挥调度通信系统,广泛应用在政府机关、能源交通、机场码头、工矿企业、消防警察、水利和军事等单位,以满足各单位内部通信联络的需要。 Trunked radio communications system, referred to as the cluster system, developed in recent years is a more economical, more flexible command and dispatch communications system, widely used in government, energy, transportation, airport terminals, industrial and mining enterprises, fire police, water and military units, to meet the needs of communications and liaison within units.

集群系统提供最基本的业务为语音组呼业务(VGCS)。 Cluster systems provide the basic services call service (VGCS) for voice group. VGCS允许用户建立到属于某一给定服务区和组ID的一组用户的呼叫,业务的提供采用半双工模式,呼叫期间任何成员都可以成为讲者,但任一时刻只允许一个讲者,其他成员为听者。 VGCS allows users to create a group of users to belong to a given service area and group ID of the call to provide service using half-duplex mode, any member during the call can be a speaker, but at any one time only allows a speaker other members of the listener. 服务区可由若干属于同一MSC或不同MSC的小区组成,呼叫时每个相关小区有一个组呼信道,其中上行链路仅供当前讲话者使用,也就是当前讲话者为组发射模式;所有听者守侯在下行链路上,也就是所有听者为组接收模式;组呼信道配置的通知消息在通知信道(NCH)通知信道上广播。 The service area of ​​the same MSC or by several different MSC cells, each cell associated with a group call channel when a call, wherein the uplink using the current speaker only, which is the current talker to a group transmit mode; all listeners guarding on the downlink, that is, all of the group listeners receive mode; group call notification message channel configured notification channel broadcast notification channel (NCH). 由于同一小区用户共享一条下行信道,因而大大节省了无线资源。 Since the same cell share a downlink user channel, thereby saving radio resources.

集群系统核心网的结构参见图1,图1为现有技术集群系统核心网结构示意图。 See Figure 1 cluster core network, the core network 1 is a schematic structure of the prior art cluster system. 其中,归属位置寄存器(HLR)102中存有用户信息,包括用户国际移动用户识别码(IMSI)、用户所属的组ID列表,通常一个用户可以最多属于50个组。 Wherein the home location register (HLR) 102 there are the user information, including user international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI), ID list of groups the user belongs to, generally a user can belong to a maximum of 50 groups.

网关移动交换机(GMSC)103,与外部网络101相连,GMSC还与锚移动交换机(Anchor MSC)103相连。 The gateway mobile exchange (GMSC) 103, connected to an external network 101, GMSC is also connected to the anchor mobile exchange (Anchor MSC) 103.

锚MSC103负责管理和维护一个特定的VGCS。 Anchor MSC103 responsible for managing and maintaining a particular VGCS.

中继MSC(Relay MSC)107是在组呼区域跨跃多个MSC时,除锚MSC之外的所有MSC。 Relay MSC (Relay MSC) 107 is a plurality of leap in the group call area MSC, the anchor MSC all except the MSC. 锚MSC105与中继MSC107之间是一对多的树状关系。 It is one to many relationship between a tree and a relay anchor MSC105 MSC107.

访问位置寄存器(VLR)104存有用户IMSI、用户所属组的ID列表。 Visitor Location Register (VLR) 104 user ID list there IMSI, user belongs. 当用户漫游时,这些信息从HLR102中拷贝过来。 When a user is roaming, the information copied from the HLR102. VLR104从HLR102中复制该用户的IMSI和所属的组ID,为进入该位置区的用户分配一个临时移动用户识别号码(TMSI),为漫游离开该位置区的用户释放其信息,为关机或长时间未能位置更新的用户设置该用户的状态为IMSI分离,VLR与其所在区域内的MSC和组呼寄存器(GCR)分别直接相连。 VLR104 copied from the IMSI HLR102 the user ID belongs and the group, the user enters the location area is assigned a Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identification Number (the TMSI), location area the user is roaming away from the release of their information, or power-off time failure location update of the user set by the user status IMSI Detach, MSC, and the group call register (the GCR) is located in the region are directly connected to its VLR.

组呼寄存器(GCR)106中包含了组ID和组呼区域,组呼区域与组ID合在一起称作组呼参考。 Group call register (the GCR) includes group ID and group call area 106, the group call area and the group ID together referred to as the group call reference. 其中与锚MSC105相连的GCR106中包含了与组呼参考相关的调度员列表、中继MSC列表、锚MSC直接控制的小区列表。 GCR106 wherein the anchor is connected MSC105 contains the group call reference and the list related to the dispatcher, a list of relay MSC, the anchor MSC list of cells controlled directly. 而与中继MSC107相连的GCR106则包含了与该组呼参考相关的锚MSC地址、本中继MSC所控制的小区列表。 And GCR106 connected to the relay MSC107 contains an anchor MSC address related to the group call reference, and present a list of cells controlled by the relay MSC.

收到组呼发起请求时,锚MSC105向所连接的GCR106查询该组属性。 Upon receiving a group call initiating request, the anchor MSC105 query to the set of attributes GCR106 connected. 得到调度员列表、中继MSC列表、以及本MSC控制下的小区列表。 To give the dispatcher list, the list of relay MSC, and a list of cells under the control of this MSC. 进而呼叫调度员,呼叫中继MSC107并在本MSC控制下的小区建立组呼信道,通过各个小区的NCH通知组内用户有组呼发起,并指明其组呼信道以便组内用户监听。 Further calls the dispatcher, calls the relay MSC107 and establishes group call channels in the cells under the control of the present MSC, through the inner cells of each group NCH notified user to initiate a group call, and specify which group call channel to the group of users monitor.

中继MSC107接到锚MSC105的组呼呼叫请求后,向所连接的GCR106查询小区列表,在这些小区内建立组呼信道,通过NCH通知组内用户有组呼发起,并指明其组呼信道以便组内用户监听。 After the relay MSC107 to anchor MSC105 group whistling the request, to establish the query cell list connected GCR106 within these cells group call channel, by the NCH notice group user group call initiation, and specify which group call channel to within a group of users listening.

在实际的集群系统中,MSC与该MSC连接的VLR、GCR可以做在同一个物理实体内,它们之间存在相应的物理连接关系和逻辑连接关系。 In actual cluster system, the MSC and VLR connected to the MSC's, the GCR can be done in the same physical entity, there is a corresponding physical connection and logical connection relationship therebetween.

目前的集群系统中,每个组包括一个组标识ID和组呼区域,其中组呼区域定义为一族小区,这些信息都是用户开户时在HLR和SIM卡里存储的固定信息。 The current cluster system, each group comprising a group identification ID and group call area, wherein the group call area defined as a family of cell information in the HLR is fixed and the SIM card are stored when the user account information. 而且GCR中的组呼属性,如调度员列表、锚MSC地址、中继MSC地址,本MSC控制下的小区列表、优先级等也只是用户开户时确定。 And the GCR the group call attributes, such as the dispatcher list, the address anchor MSC, the relay MSC address, a list of cells under the control of the present MSC, priority etc. is determined only when the user account. 上述信息几乎完全是静态的,针对某个特定组,网络不能记录其当前用户的漫游活动情况,即并未对于某个特定组的用户进行移动性管理。 The above information is almost entirely static for a particular group, the network can not record the current user's roaming activities that did not perform mobility management for users of a specific group.

这样,不管是锚MSC,还是中继MSC,在组呼发起前,都不能对特定组进行任何维护。 In this way, whether it is the anchor MSC, or relay MSC, before initiating a group call, you can not carry out any maintenance on particular groups. 当组呼发起并建立组呼信道时,也并不能针对组呼用户本身,而只是查询GCR得到组呼区域的对应小区列表,向该小区列表中各小区的组用户发起组呼和建立组呼信道。 When a group call initiated and established when the group call channel, it does not for the group call users themselves, but only query GCR obtain the group call cell list of the corresponding area, to the cell list group of users in each cell to initiate a group call and the establishment of a group call channel. 而GCR中的小区列表是在用户开户时建立的,所以网络无法获得组内目前用户活动状况,甚至不知道目前有多少用户在网内。 The GCR cell list is created when a user opens an account, so the network can not be obtained within the current set of user activity status, we do not even know how many users are currently in the net. 随着集群系统的迅速发展和用户范围的不断扩大,这种对组用户盲目的管理方法无法满足越来越高的调度需求。 With the rapid development of the cluster system and expanding range of users, this user group for the blind management methods can not meet the growing demand scheduling.

发明内容 SUMMARY

有鉴于此,本发明的目的在于提供一种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,使得网络及时获得组内目前用户活动状况,满足越来越高的调度需求。 In view of this, object of the present invention is to provide a trunked radio communication system for user mobility management method, so that timely access to the network user the current status of activities in the group, meet the growing demand for scheduling.

为达到上述目的,本发明的技术方案具体是这样实现的:一种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,该方法包括以下步骤:1)组用户发生用户事件时,访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成操作信息,并将该操作信息和该组用户的当前信息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;2)组呼寄存器根据该操作信息和该组用户当前信息,对保存在组呼寄存器中该组用户所在组的组属性信息进行修改,实现对该组用户进行移动性管理。 To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is specifically implemented as follows: A method for a trunked radio communications system for user mobility management, the method comprising the steps of: 1) a user sets a user event occurs, according to the visitor location register user event generation operation information and the operation information and the set of information sent to a user group to which the current visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; 2) group call register according to the operation information and the set of the current user information stored in the group call group to group to which the group attribute register user information to be modified, to achieve the set of users for mobility management. 其中,当组用户发生的用户事件为开机时,所述步骤1)可以为:访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成通知添加消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知添加消息后,将该通知添加消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;所述步骤2)可以为:组呼寄存器收到通知添加消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中添加该组用户的当前信息。 Wherein, when a user event occurs when the user sets the startup step 1) may be, for: adding messages visitor location register to generate a notification according to a user event, and filling the current information set to add user notification message, the notification Add a message sent to a group of the visited location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; step 2) may be: the group call register receive a notification message is added, in the group where the group properties of the group of users Add the current user group information.

当组用户发生的用户事件为用户漫游到另一个位置区时,所述步骤1)可以为:新位置区的访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成通知添加消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知添加消息后,将该通知添加消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;同时新位置区的访问位置寄存器通知原访问位置寄存器该组用户已离开原位置区,原访问位置寄存器收到该通知后,生成通知删除消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知删除消息后,将该通知删除消息发送给与原访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;所述步骤2)可以为:新位置区的组呼寄存器收到通知添加消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中添加该组用户的当前信息;原位置区的组呼寄存器收到通知删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组 When a user event occurrence user group for the user roams to another location area, said step 1) may be: to add a new message location area the visitor location register a notification according to a user event is generated, and the current information of the group of users fill after adding the notification message, the notification message sent to a group of adding the visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; while the new location area the visitor location register to the visitor location register a notification of the original set of users has left the original position after the area of ​​the original visitor location register receives the notification, generates a notification message is deleted, and the current information of the group of users notified filled delete message, deleting the notification message is sent to an original visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching registers on the group call center; step 2) may be: the group call register of the new location area receive a notification message is added to add the group of users in the group properties of the group currently in the user's group information; original location area after the group call register notified delete message, delete the group in the group where the group of attributes in the group of users 用户的当前信息。 Current user's information.

当组用户发生的用户事件为关机时,所述步骤1)可以为:访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成通知删除消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知删除消息后,将该通知删除消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;所述步骤2)可以为:组呼寄存器收到通知删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 When a user event occurs when the user group shutdown, step 1) may be: delete the visitor location register to generate a notification message according to a user event, and fill current information delete notification message after the group of users, deleting the notification message the group is sent to a visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; step 2) may be: the group call register notified delete message, delete the set of attributes in the user's group in the group group current user's information.

该方法可以进一步包括,组用户进行周期性位置更新时,如果访问位置寄存器在周期内收到组用户的位置更新请求,则该组用户还处于原位置区;否则访问位置寄存器向该组用户发送寻呼消息,如果预定次数没有收到寻呼响应,则访问位置寄存器生成通知删除消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知删除消息后,将该通知删除消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;组呼寄存器收到通知删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 The method may further comprise, when the group of users periodic location update, if the visitor location register receives a location update request of the user group in the period, then the user has set in the original location area; otherwise visitor location register transmits to the group of users paging message, the predetermined number of times if no paging response is received, the visitor location register is deleted to generate a notification message, and the current information of the group of users notified filled delete message, deleting the notification message that is sent to a visitor location register group connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; the group call register notified delete message, delete the current information of the group of users in the group where the group of attributes of the user group.

所述组用户的当前信息至少可以包括:该组用户的组号、该组用户的国际移动用户识别码IMSI、该组用户当前所在的位置区。 The current information of the user may set at least comprising: a group number of the group of users, the group of users international mobile subscriber identity IMSI, the set of location area the user is currently located.

该方法可以进一步包括:组呼寄存器判断组用户当前所在位置区是否为组呼寄存器原有的小区列表中的位置区,如果是,则将该组用户设置为组呼激活状态;否则将该组用户设置为组呼非激活状态;组呼寄存器将各组用户的组呼状态发送给与之相连的移动交换中心,移动交换中心在有组用户发起组呼时,提示发起组呼的用户该组目前处于组呼非激活状态的组用户。 The method may further comprise: a user group of the group call register determines whether the current location area of ​​the group call list registers the location area in the original cell, if so, the group of users to a group call active state; otherwise, the set user group call set inactive state; group call when the group call status register to send groups of users to the mobile switching center connected thereto, the mobile switching center in the group has a user initiates a group call, prompt the user to initiate the group call group user group call group is currently in the inactive state.

该方法还可以进一步包括:移动交换中心向组呼寄存器查询呼叫区域时,组呼寄存器从各组用户的当前信息中查找出当前有开机的组用户的位置区,将查找到的位置区与组呼寄存器原有的小区列表中的位置区进行比较,将其中在小区列表中的位置区上报给移动交换中心。 The method may further comprise: when a mobile switching center an inquiry call area to a group call register, the group call register to find the current information of each group of users in a group of users currently boot location area to find the location area and the group call register list of the original cell in a location area for comparing the location area in which the reported cell list to the mobile switching center.

由本发明的技术方案可见,本发明的这种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,在现有技术核心网对普通移动用户进行移动性管理的基础上,将VLR获得的用户当前信息及时地发送给GCR,使得网络及时获得组内目前用户活动状况,能够满足越来越高的调度需求。 The method of this invention is a trunked radio communication system to the user mobility management aspect of the present invention can be found by the basis of the mobility management, the user will get the current VLR ordinary mobile user information in the prior art core network timely sent to the GCR, so that network users timely access to current status of activities within the group, scheduled to meet the increasingly high demand.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为现有技术集群系统核心网结构示意图;图2为本发明在用户开机时进行移动性管理的流程示意图;图3为本发明在用户漫游到另一个位置区时进行移动性管理的流程示意图;图4为本发明在用户周期位置更新情况下进行移动性管理的流程示意图;图5为本发明在用户关机时进行移动性管理的流程示意图。 1 is a schematic structure of the prior art core network cluster system; FIG. 2 of the present invention is a schematic flow diagram of the mobility management when a user boot; FIG. 3 of the present invention, when a user roams to another location zone mobility management process a schematic diagram; FIG. 4 is a schematic flow diagram of the invention for the mobility management of the user in the periodic updates; FIG. 5 is a schematic flow diagram of the mobility management of the present invention when the user turned off.

具体实施方式 detailed description

为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚明白,下面结合实施例和附图,对本发明进一步详细说明。 For purposes of the present invention, technical scheme and advantages clearer, the following Examples and accompanying drawings, the present invention is further described in detail.

本发明的这种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,沿用现有的网络结构,在现有技术核心网对普通移动用户进行移动性管理的基础上,对组呼用户进行移动性管理,使得网络能够更好地维护组内用户目前的活动情况。 This method of the present invention is a trunked radio communication system to the user mobility management, use the existing network structure, ordinary mobile users on the basis of mobility management in the prior art core network for mobile users of the group call management, enables the network to better safeguard the group's current user activities.

现有技术核心网对所有的移动用户进行移动性管理,跟踪用户的当前活动状况和活动区域。 Art core network mobility management for all mobile users, track a user's current activity status and activity area. 现有移动性管理过程包括:开机注册时位置登记。 Conventional mobility management process includes: location registration register boot. VLR将记录该用户所在位置区,并为该用户分配一个TMSI。 VLR records the UE is located, and a TMSI assigned for the user.

漫游进入新位置区时的位置登记:新的VLR将记录该用户所在位置区,并为该用户分配一个TMSI。 When the location registration roams into a new location area: new VLR records the UE is located, and a TMSI assigned for the user. 同时通知旧的VLR删除该用户对应信息。 Notify the old VLR to delete the information corresponding to the user.

周期性位置登记:每隔一定时间位置登记一次。 Periodic location registration: registration position a predetermined time interval. 通过周期性位置登记,也可以说位置更新,核心网可以保持追踪移动用户当前的状态,特别是保持长时间没有操作的用户与网络的联系。 By periodic location registration, it can be said location update, the core network can keep track of the current state of mobile users, especially users maintain contact with the network for a long time no operation. 位置更新时间周期和保护时间可以由运营商根据具体话务和用户习惯来设定调整。 Location update cycle time and the guard time can be set by the operator to adjust according to the specific traffic and user habits.

用户数据删除:指将用户记录从VLR中删除,包括用户漫游产生的用户数据删除、用户长时间无操作引起的用户数据删除、以及系统管理员对无效用户记录所进行的删除。 User data deletion: refers to the VLR record is deleted from the user, including roaming user data generated by a user to delete the user data of a long time without the user operation causes deletion, and delete the system administrator for the invalid user record.

用户去激活:用户关机时将发起去激活过程。 User deactivation: deactivation procedure will be launched when the user shuts down. VLR置用户状态为IMSI分离,该流程一般不通知HLR。 VLR is set to an IMSI Detach user state, the process is generally not notice HLR. 若该用户被拨打,网络会将用户关机情况直接通知主叫方。 If the user is dialed, the user will be off the network where the calling party directly notified.

本发明方法基于上述现有移动性管理过程,主要包括以下两个步骤: The method of the present invention is based on the conventional mobility management procedures, including the following two steps:

第一步骤:组用户发生用户事件时,访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成操作信息,并将该操作信息和该组用户的当前信息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;第二步骤:组呼寄存器根据该操作信息和该组用户当前信息,对保存在组呼寄存器中该组用户所在组的组属性信息进行修改,实现对该组用户进行移动性管理。 A first step of: when a user sets a user event occurs, the visitor location register to generate operation information according to a user event, and the current information and the set of operation information sent to a user group to which the visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center call register; the second step: the group call register according to the operation information and the set of current user information stored in the group call group to group to which the group attribute register user information to be modified, to achieve the set of users for mobility management.

本发明所述的组用户的当前信息至少可以包括:该组用户的组号(ID)、该组用户的IMSI、该组用户当前所在的位置区,实际中组用户当前所在的位置区由用户所在位置区标识(LAI)信息表示。 The current set of user information according to the present invention may comprise at least: the group of users group number (ID), the group of users IMSI, the location area where the user is currently set, the actual current location of a user group by a user region location area identity (LAI) information indicates.

参见图2,图2为本发明在用户开机时进行移动性管理的流程示意图。 Referring to FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart for mobility management when a user switched to the invention. 该流程是用户开机时进行移动性管理的一个较佳实施例的流程,该流程包括以下步骤:步骤201,用户开机注册时向VLR发起位置更新请求。 This routine is a preferred embodiment of a mobile user power management, the process comprising the following steps: Step 201, the user requests the VLR initiates updating start position registration.

步骤202,VLR收到位置更新请求后,为开机用户分配一个临时移动用户标识TMSI后,生成通知添加消息,该通知添加消息中包括该组用户的当前信息:该组用户的组ID,该组用户的IMSI、该组用户的LAI,并将该添加消息发送给与该VLR连接在同一个MSC上的GCR。 After step 202, VLR receiving the location update request, allocating a temporary mobile subscriber identity after the TMSI, added to generate a notification message, the notification message includes adding the information to the user's current set of power users: the group of users group ID, a group which user's IMSI, the group of users LAI, and the addition of the GCR message sent to a VLR connected to the MSC of the same.

步骤203,GCR收到该添加消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中添加该组用户的当前信息。 After step 203, GCR receiving the message added, add the current information of the group of users in the group properties of the group of the user's group.

步骤204,GCR判断组用户当前所在位置区是否为GCR原有的小区列表中的位置区,如果是,则将该组用户设置为组呼激活状态;否则将该组用户设置为组呼非激活状态;GCR还可以将各组用户的组呼状态发送给与之相连的MSC,用于MSC在有组用户发起组呼时,提示发起组呼的用户该组目前处于组呼非激活状态的组用户。 Step 204 determines whether the list set GCR user current location area to a cell in the original GCR location area, if so, the group of users to a group call active state; otherwise, the groups of users to a group call inactive state; the GCR the group call can also be sent to the user the status of each group connected thereto MSC, the MSC for a user initiates a group when a group call, prompt the user to initiate the group call group in the group call group is currently inactive state user.

参见图3,图3为本发明在用户漫游到另一个位置区时进行移动性管理的流程示意图,该流程是在用户漫游到另一个位置区时进行移动性管理的一个较佳实施例的流程,该流程包括以下步骤:步骤301,用户从一个位置区移动进入新的位置区时,向新位置区的VLR发起位置更新。 Referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a schematic flow diagram of the mobility management performed when a user roams to another location area invention, the flow is a flow of a preferred embodiment of the mobility management performed when a user roams to another location area , which comprises the following steps: step 301, the user moves into a new location area from location area, the VLR initiates updating the location of the new location area.

步骤302,新位置区的VLR收到位置更新请求后,通知原VLR该组用户已离开原位置区,该通知信息中包括该组用户的TMSI和该组用户的LAI。 After step 302, the new location area of ​​the VLR receives a location update request, notify the original VLR user has left the group of the original location area, the notification information includes the group of users and the group of users TMSI LAI.

步骤303,原位置区的VLR释放旧的TMSI,生成通知删除消息,该通知删除消息中包括该组用户的当前信息:该组用户的组ID,该组用户的IMSI、该组用户的LAI,并将该删除消息发送给原GCR,同时执行步骤305。 Step 303, VLR home position zone release the old the TMSI, generate a notification to delete the message, the notification to delete message includes current information of the group of users: the set of user group ID, a the group of users IMSI, the group of users the LAI, and delete the original message to the GCR, while step 305 is performed.

步骤304,原GCR收到该删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 After step 304, the deletion of the original GCR received message, delete the current information of the group of users in the group properties of the group of the user's group.

步骤305,新位置区的VLR为该组用户分配一个新的临时移动用户标识TMSI后,生成通知添加消息,该通知添加消息中包括该组用户的当前信息:该组用户的组ID,该组用户的IMSI、该组用户的LAI,并将该添加消息发送给新位置区的GCR步骤306,新位置区的GCR收到该添加消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中添加该组用户的当前信息。 Step 305, VLR for the new location area group of users assign a new temporary mobile subscriber identity after the TMSI, added to generate a notification message, the notification message is added in the group of users includes current information: the set of user group ID, a group which after the user's IMSI, the group of users the LAI, and the new message to the GCR step of the addition location area 306, GCR new location area receives the message is added, add the group properties of the group in the group's group users current user's information.

步骤307,新位置区的GCR判断组用户当前所在位置区是否为GCR原有的小区列表中的位置区,如果是,则将该组用户设置为组呼激活状态;否则将该组用户设置为组呼非激活状态;GCR还可以将各组用户的组呼状态发送给与之相连的MSC,用于MSC在有组用户发起组呼时,提示发起组呼的用户该组目前处于组呼非激活状态的组用户。 Step 307 determines whether the list set GCR current users of the new location area to the location area where the original GCR cell location area, if so, the group of users to a group call active state; otherwise, set to the user group group call inactive state; can also transmit the GCR the group call status for each group of users connected thereto to the MSC, the MSC for a user initiates a group when a group call, prompt the user to initiate the group call group is currently in a non-group call user group active state.

参见图4,图4为本发明在用户关机时进行移动性管理的流程示意图,该流程是在用户关机时进行移动性管理的一个较佳实施例的流程,该流程包括以下步骤:步骤401,用户关机时,向VLR发起去注册请求。 Referring to FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is a schematic flow diagram for mobility management when the user turned off the invention, the process is a mobility management preferred embodiment of a flow when the user turned off, the process comprising the following steps: Step 401, when users shut down to initiate a registration request to the VLR.

步骤402,VLR设置该用户状态为IMSI分离,同时生成通知删除消息,该通知删除消息中包括该组用户的当前信息:该组用户的组ID,该组用户的IMSI、该组用户的LAI,并将该删除消息发送给与该VLR连接在同一个MSC上的GCR。 Step 402, VLR sets the user status isolated as IMSI, while generating a notification to delete the message, the notification to delete message includes current information of the group of users: the set of user group ID, a the group of users IMSI, the group of users the LAI, and transmits the deletion message to the VLR to give GCR connected to the same MSC.

步骤403,GCR收到该删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 After step 403, GCR received the deletion message, deletes the user group properties of the group in the group where the group of the current user information.

参见图5,图5为本发明在用户周期位置更新情况下进行移动性管理的流程示意图,该流程是在用户周期位置更新情况下进行移动性管理的一个较佳实施例的流程,该流程包括以下步骤:步骤501-502,VLR在周期内没有收到组用户的位置更新请求时,向没有发送位置更新请求的组用户发送寻呼消息。 Referring to FIG. 5, FIG. 5 of the present invention is a schematic diagram of the mobility management process of a user at the periodic updates, the flow is a flow of a preferred embodiment of mobile user management at the periodic updates, the process comprising the following steps: step 501-502, VLR location update request is not received within a period of user groups, not to send a location update request sent by a user group paging message. 如果仍没有收到寻呼相应,则重复执行步骤501-502。 If you still do not receive the appropriate page, repeat steps 501-502. 如果直到预定发送寻呼消息的次数到了,仍没有收到寻呼相应,则执行步骤503。 If the predetermined number of times until a paging message is sent to, and does not receive the corresponding page, step 503 is executed. 用户没有及时进行周期位置更新通常是由于异常掉电关机、覆盖丢失等原因造成的。 Users do not have timely periodic location updates is usually due to abnormal power failure shut down, covering the loss of other causes.

步骤503,VLR设置该用户状态为IMSI分离,同时生成通知删除消息,该通知删除消息中包括该组用户的当前信息:该组用户的组ID,该组用户的IMSI、该组用户的LAI,并将该删除消息发送给与该VLR连接在同一个MSC上的GCR。 Step 503, VLR sets the user status isolated as IMSI, while generating a notification to delete the message, the notification to delete message includes current information of the group of users: the set of user group ID, a the group of users IMSI, the group of users the LAI, and transmits the deletion message to the VLR to give GCR connected to the same MSC.

步骤504,GCR收到该删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 After step 504, GCR received the deletion message, deletes the user group properties of the group in the group where the group of the current user information.

而对于正常周期性位置更新情况,则表明该用户还处于原有位置区。 For the case of normal periodic location update, it indicates that the user is still in the original location area. 此时VLR不需要向GCR要求更新该组呼用户的记录信息。 In this case the VLR need not GCR the group call requires the user to update the record information.

在组呼发起时,MSC向GCR查询呼叫区域,GCR从各组用户的当前信息中查找出当前有开机的组用户的位置区,将查找到的位置区与GCR原有的小区列表中的位置区进行比较,将其中在小区列表中的位置区上报给移动交换中心。 When initiating a group call, MSC queries to GCR calling area, GCR find out the user's current location area group has switched from the current information for each group of users in the area and found the location of the original GCR list of cell position region of comparison, the reported location area in which the cell list to the mobile switching center. 这样,只需对有组用户活动的位置区建立组呼信道,在没有组用户活动的位置区不必建立组呼信道,因而可以大大节省无线资源。 In this way, only the position of the district set of user activity group call channel is established, there is no area in the position of having to establish a set of user activity group call channel, which can greatly save radio resources.

由上述的实施例可见,本发明的这种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,使得网络明确了组用户的当前活动范围以及活动状况,满足了更高的调度需求,而且实现简单,节省无线资源。 Seen from the above embodiments, the method of this invention is a trunked radio communication system to the user mobility management, so that network explicitly current status of activities and the range of motion of the user group to meet the higher demand schedule, and simple , saving radio resources.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种对集群无线通信系统用户进行移动性管理的方法,其特征在于,该方法包括以下步骤:1)组用户发生用户事件时,访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成操作信息,并将该操作信息和该组用户的当前信息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;2)组呼寄存器根据该操作信息和该组用户当前信息,对保存在组呼寄存器中该组用户所在组的组属性信息进行修改,实现对该组用户进行移动性管理。 1. A method for a trunked radio communications system user mobility management, characterized in that the method comprises the following steps: 1) User Group user event occurs, the visitor location register to generate operation information according to a user event, and the operation information and the set of information sent to a user's current visitor location register which is connected to the same mobile switching center of a group call register; 2) group call register according to the operation information and the set of current user information stored in the group call register of the group the group attribute information to modify a user's group, for the group of users to achieve mobility management.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,当组用户发生的用户事件为开机时,所述步骤1)为:访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成通知添加消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知添加消息后,将该通知添加消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;所述步骤2)为:组呼寄存器收到通知添加消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中添加该组用户的当前信息。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when a user event occurs when the user sets power, step 1): adding the visitor location register to generate a notification message according to the user event, and the group of users after the group call register message notified added: the step 2); fill current information after adding the notification message, the notification message sent to a group of adding the visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register adding the group of users in the group properties of the group currently in the user's group information.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,当组用户发生的用户事件为用户漫游到另一个位置区时,所述步骤1)为:新位置区的访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成通知添加消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知添加消息后,将该通知添加消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;同时新位置区的访问位置寄存器通知原访问位置寄存器该组用户已离开原位置区,原访问位置寄存器收到该通知后,生成通知删除消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知删除消息后,将该通知删除消息发送给与原访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;所述步骤2)为:新位置区的组呼寄存器收到通知添加消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中添加该组用户的当前信息;原位置区的组呼寄存器收到通知删除消息后,在该组 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when a user event occurs in the user group for the user roams to another location area, said step 1): the new location area the visitor location register is generated according to a user event Add a message notification, and after the addition message to add the current notification information of the group of users notified filled message sent to a group of the visited location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register; simultaneous access to the new location area after location register a notification of the set of original visitor location register user has left the home position region, the original visitor location register receives the notification, generates a notification message deleted, and fill current information notification message delete the group of users, the notification of deletion original message sent to a visitor location register connected to the same mobile switching center of a group call register; step 2) to: register a new group call after receiving the location area information is added, the group the group the group where the user notifications add the current set of attribute information of the user; the group call register the home position area notified deletion message, the group 用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 Group Properties group where users remove the user's current group information.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,当组用户发生的用户事件为关机时,所述步骤1)为:访问位置寄存器根据用户事件生成通知删除消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知删除消息后,将该通知删除消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;所述步骤2)为:组呼寄存器收到通知删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein, when a user event occurs when the user group shutdown, step 1) to: delete the visitor location register to generate a notification message according to a user event, and the group of users after the group call register notified deletion message: the step 2); filled after the current notification information delete message, deleting the notification message sent to a group of the visited location register connected to the same mobile switching center a call register , delete the group of users in the group properties of the group in the current user's group information.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,该方法进一步包括,组用户进行周期性位置更新时,如果访问位置寄存器在周期内收到组用户的位置更新请求,则该组用户还处于原位置区;否则访问位置寄存器向该组用户发送寻呼消息,如果预定次数没有收到寻呼响应,则访问位置寄存器生成通知删除消息,并将该组用户的当前信息填入通知删除消息后,将该通知删除消息发送给与该访问位置寄存器连接在同一个移动交换中心上的组呼寄存器;组呼寄存器收到通知删除消息后,在该组用户所在组的组属性中删除该组用户的当前信息。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises, when the user set the periodic location update, if the visitor location register receives a location update request of the user group in the period, then the user has set at the home position region; otherwise visitor location register sends a paging message to the group of users, the predetermined number of times if no paging response is received, the visitor location register is deleted to generate a notification message, and fill current information notification message delete the group of users after deleting the notification message is sent to a visitor location register which is connected to the same mobile switching center of a group call register; the group call register notified delete message, delete the group in the group where the group of attributes in the group of users current user's information.
  6. 6.如权利要求1、2、3、4或5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述组用户的当前信息至少包括:该组用户的组号、该组用户的国际移动用户识别码IMSI、该组用户当前所在的位置区。 6. A method as claimed in claim 4 or claim 5, wherein the information of the current set of users comprising at least: a user group number of the group, the group of users international mobile subscriber identity IMSI the current location of the user group area.
  7. 7.如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,该方法进一步包括:组呼寄存器判断组用户当前所在位置区是否为组呼寄存器原有的小区列表中的位置区,如果是,则将该组用户设置为组呼激活状态;否则将该组用户设置为组呼非激活状态;组呼寄存器将各组用户的组呼状态发送给与之相连的移动交换中心,移动交换中心在有组用户发起组呼时,提示发起组呼的用户该组目前处于组呼非激活状态的组用户。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that, the method further comprising: determining the group call register current location area user group is the group call list registers the location area in the original cell, and if so, the group of users to a group call active state; otherwise, the groups of users to a group call inactive state; group call status register transmits the group call groups of users to the mobile switching center connected thereto, the mobile switching center has set when a user initiates a group call, the user is prompted to initiate a group call of the group is currently in the group user group calling inactive state.
  8. 8.如权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,该方法进一步包括:移动交换中心向组呼寄存器查询呼叫区域时,组呼寄存器从各组用户的当前信息中查找出当前有开机的组用户的位置区,将查找到的位置区与组呼寄存器原有的小区列表中的位置区进行比较,将其中在小区列表中的位置区上报给移动交换中心。 8. The method according to claim 6, wherein the method further comprises: when a mobile switching center an inquiry call area to a group call register, the group call register have to find out the current power information of each group from the current group of users in user location area, the location area to find the set of location areas existing call register cell list are compared, in the location area which will be reported cell list to the mobile switching center.
CN 03157311 2003-09-17 2003-09-17 Method for mobile managing to user of group radio communication system CN1322774C (en)

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CN101137120B (en) 2007-01-29 2010-05-19 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Resource allocation method and apparatus
CN101472266B (en) 2007-12-28 2010-07-14 中国移动通信集团公司 Method, equipment and system for updating mobile terminal position
CN102123354A (en) * 2011-03-30 2011-07-13 上海通号轨道交通工程技术研究中心有限公司 Group calling method based on digital trunking communication system

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US6219548B1 (en) * 1998-12-22 2001-04-17 Ericsson Inc Support for transfer of neighboring cell information between MSC areas for VGCS/VBS calls
CN1418021A (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-05-14 深圳市中兴通讯股份有限公司 Modile communicatoin system and its group service realizing method

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CN1285697A (en) * 1999-07-28 2001-02-28 株式会社Ntt杜可莫 Group mobile telecommunication system, base station, control station and mobile station
CN1418021A (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-05-14 深圳市中兴通讯股份有限公司 Modile communicatoin system and its group service realizing method

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