CN1316347A - Pneumatic car - Google Patents

Pneumatic car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1316347A
CN1316347A CN 01108350 CN01108350A CN1316347A CN 1316347 A CN1316347 A CN 1316347A CN 01108350 CN01108350 CN 01108350 CN 01108350 A CN01108350 A CN 01108350A CN 1316347 A CN1316347 A CN 1316347A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
gaholder
turbine
fixed
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 01108350
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宗鑫
张勇
Original Assignee
张宗鑫
张勇
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张宗鑫, 张勇 filed Critical 张宗鑫
Priority to CN 01108350 priority Critical patent/CN1316347A/en
Publication of CN1316347A publication Critical patent/CN1316347A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A pneumatic car is composed of power unit, chassis, car body and electric unit. Said power unit is a pneumatic apparatus conposed of compressed air regenerating and recovering unit, gas generator, gas cylinder and turbine. Said compressed air regenerating and recovering unit consists of energy converter and recovery executor. Said gas generator is composed of cylinder, linking-rod and piston. Said turbine comprises cavity, blades and shaft. Its advantages include no need of fuel oil and natural gas, no environmental pollution, and simple structure.

Description

Pneumatic automobile
The present invention relates to a kind of Pneumatic automobile, belong to automobile manufacturing field.
In the prior art, 12 phases of nineteen ninety-five " friend of automobile " have been introduced the experimental Pneumatic automobile of U.S. PNEWMAKOA company development, with three compression gas-pressures is that 200 atmospheric storage tanks and cylinder engine replace common motor, fuel tank and mill auxiliaries, this air storing type Pneumatic automobile effective travel is approximately 150 kilometers; Disclose on May 28th, 1999 " Chinese patent newspaper ", international automobile development company (MDI) succeeds in developing the new automobile that drives with pressurized air, come the cylinder of rotating band piston to provide power by the pressurized air of metal box, can travel about 200 kilometers behind sufficient gas of this automobile for automobile; Chinese patent 96234886 " railcar ", adopting and being installed in the gas motor that is driven by the pneumatics unit on the car chassis is power, and the propulsion source of Air compressor is a generator set, and this generator set is made up of storage battery and DC machine etc.Above technology exists complex structure, problem such as travelled distance is limited behind the sufficient gas.
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of pressurized air that can be recycled is provided, and the novel pneumatic automobile of the air of the additional loss of not stopping constantly, stroke limiting behind sufficient gas of solution prior art, the problem that can not travel continuously.
The present invention adopts following proposal, realizes above-mentioned target.A kind of Pneumatic automobile comprises power plant, chassis, vehicle body and electrical equipment.Power plant adopt pneumatics, this device mainly comprise pressurized air regenerate regenerative apparatus, with car gas generating unit, gaholder and gas-turbine, four pass through pipeline connection.Pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus is made of energy conversion device and recovery executive device, their tooth bar lower ends in the energy transfer device are fixed on the wheel shaft, all the other each several parts all are fixed on below the chassis of railway carriage, and admission port connects the exhausr port of gas-turbine, and air extractor duct connects gaholder; Be made up of cylinder body, connecting rod and piston with the car gas generating unit, cylinder body is fixed on the wheel shaft, and the upper end of connecting rod is fixed on below the base plate of railway carriage, and the lower end connects piston, and the cylinder base both sides are respectively equipped with inlet, outlet, and air extractor duct connects gaholder; The gaholder air extractor duct connects the gas-turbine admission port; Gas-turbine is made up of cavity that is provided with inlet, outlet and the impeller that is placed in one, and the vanes fixed on the impeller is in rotating shaft, and an end and the power-transfer clutch of rotating shaft are connected.On the induction tract of pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus, be provided with the high and low pressure flow-controlling gate, on gaholder, be provided with safety valve.Outer and the low pressure flow control cock of cylinder body admission port is provided with filtering installation.
Adopt the Pneumatic automobile of this structure, at first can solve fuel oil, natural fuels and hybrid vehicle consumes energy material, problem of environment pollution caused.Secondly, this car is owing to design has with car pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus and gas generating unit, the interior pressurized air of gaholder can be recycled, and the air of the additional loss of not stopping constantly, solved the once problem of inflation back stroke limiting, and to suck and discharge the air of (comprising leakage) all are common clean airs that chemical change does not take place, and therefore, use the Pneumatic automobile of this structure can not pollute atmosphere.This vehicle structure is simple, and cost is lower.
Close below in conjunction with accompanying drawing that the invention will be further described.
Pneumatic automobile of the present invention replaces explosive motor with pneumatics, keeps starter and the later running part of power-transfer clutch.Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, pneumatics comprises the empty regeneration of compression regenerative apparatus (this device is made up of energy conversion device 23 and recovery executive device 13 again), with car gas generating unit 1, and gaholder 6 and gas-turbine 7.
Pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus is to recycle compressed-air actuated specialized equipment, is made up of energy conversion device 23 and recovery executive device 13.Transfer device 23 and executive device 13 all are fixed on below the base plate of railway carriage 2, and in device 23, outer tooth bar 18 upper ends of extending apparatus are free end to gear 19 by bearing fixing, and the lower end is fixed on above the wheel shaft 27.Device 23 outer sides are equipped with belt pulley or sprocket wheel 9.In device 23, gear 14 and ratchet 15; Ratchet tight pulley 17, gear 19 and ratchet tight pulley 20; Ratchet 22 and gear 24; Belt pulley or sprocket wheel 9, gear 10 and 26, they are fixed on the own axle with regard to the place separately.Gear 14 and gear 10 mesh together by intermediate gear 12,11; Gear 19 and tooth bar 18 mesh together, and gear 24 and gear 26 also mesh together by intermediate gear 25; Ratchet 15 and ratchet tight pulley 17 link together by ratchet 16; Ratchet tight pulley 20 and ratchet 22 link together by ratchet 21.Gear 19 is between ratchet tight pulley 17 and 20.Ratchet 15 is identical with ratchet 22 structures, but teeth directional is opposite.Reclaiming executive device 13 is exactly autocratic air compressor.
With car gas generating unit 1, be to obtain filtered compressed-air actuated additional energy source device, it is by cylinder body 3, connecting rod 4 and piston 5 are formed, cylinder body 3 is fixed on above the wheel shaft 27, and the upper end of connecting rod 4 is fixed on below the base plate of railway carriage 2, and lower end and piston are connected, be equipped with in the bottom of cylinder body both sides induction tract 1. with vent pipe 2., be provided with filtering installation at induction tract on 1..
Gaholder 6 is fixed on the chassis, and it is the pressure container that is used for storing compressed air or allows pressurized air pass through.Safety valve is installed on gaholder, and when gaseous tension surpassed a certain limit, this valve energy self-opening was abandoned and is put portion gas, and the air pressure in the bottle is remained in a certain restricted portion.
Gas-turbine 7 also is fixed on the chassis, and it is the mechanical device that compressed-air actuated pressure can be converted to energy of rotation.7. and 8. 5. and 6. this device is by cavity 28, and blade 30 and rotating shaft 29 formed, and an end of rotating shaft is connected with autoclutch 8, is provided with admission port above the cavity 28, and air extractor duct.
When car travels, certainly existing relative motion between wheel shaft 27 and the railway carriage 2, because therefore cylinder body, connecting rod and piston are separately fixed at above them,, along with travelling of car, just produced relative motion between piston and the cylinder body, if the relative piston of cylinder body is regarded fixed words as, so, the relative cylinder body of piston, then be reciprocating: when piston moves downward, pressurized air then, compressed air is in 2. pipeline arrives gaholder 6; When the piston upward movement, then from admission port through pipeline 1. aspirated air in cylinder body; When piston moves downward again, pressurized air again; When piston was up once more, aspirated air so circulated endlessly again, and gaholder obtains additional pressurized air therefore and continuously.
Equally, because car exists the relative motion between railway carriage 2 and the wheel shaft 27 when travelling, and gear 19 is fixed together with railway carriage 2 by installing 23, and an end of tooth bar 18 then is fixed together with wheel shaft 27.In other words, when car travels, exist relative motion between railway carriage 2 and the tooth bar 18, if relative tooth bar 18, railway carriage 2 is regarded as fixed words, tooth bar 18 relative railway carriages 2 so, promptly with respect to device 23, be reciprocating: when tooth bar 18 upward movements, then driving the gear 19 that is engaged with reaches and its ratchet tight pulley 20 right-hand revolution on same axle, ratchet tight pulley 20 drives ratchet 22 and gear 24 right-hand revolutions by ratchet 21, gear 26,10 and belt pulley or sprocket wheel 9 by intermediate gear 25 right-hand revolutions, gear 14 reaches with its ratchet 15 on same axle and passes through intermediate gear 11,12 but anti-clockwise rotations, ratchet tight pulley 17 is impassabitity ratchet 16 anti-clockwise rotations but, and at this moment ratchet tight pulley 17 is still with gear 19 right-hand revolutions.Otherwise, when tooth bar 18 moves downward, driven gear 19 and ratchet tight pulley 17 anti-clockwise rotations, and by ratchet 16 drive ratchets 15 and with its gear 14 anti-clockwise rotation on same axle, gear 14 makes gear 10,26 and belt pulley or sprocket wheel 9 right-hand revolutions by intermediate gear 12,11, gear 24 and ratchet 22 are by intermediate gear 25 right-hand revolutions, but ratchet 22 impassabitity ratchets 21 make ratchet tight pulley 20 right-hand revolutions, and at this moment ratchet tight pulley 20 is still with gear 19 anti-clockwise rotations.In other words, no matter tooth bar 18 moves up or down, and belt pulley or sprocket wheel 9 are rotated on same direction, and in this period, the rotative speed of belt pulley or sprocket wheel 9 is constant.If taking turns by belt or chain belt pulley or the sprocket wheel with the recovery executive device 13 on the car, this is connected, can drive this device work done: absorb constantly 7. and the gas of 8. discharging from the air extractor duct of gas-turbine 7,9. be admitted to reclaim through pipeline and hold the power luggage and put in 13, be compressed after 3. pipeline is admitted in the gaholder 6 once more.Pipeline 9. above both sides be respectively equipped with low pressure and high pressure flow control cock, when the gas flow of discharging from gas-turbine is few, when its pressure was lower than 1 barometric pressure, the low pressure flow control cock was opened, and replenished the part air from atmosphere; When the gas flow of discharging is many, when its pressure surpassed a certain limit value, the high pressure flow control cock was opened, and abandons and puts portion gas, made to enter the gaseous tension that reclaims executive device and remain within the specific limits.
This pneumatics work done principle is as follows: gas-turbine rotating shaft 29 begins rotation after being started by starter, open the valve on the gaholder 6, the high pressure gas that come out from this gaholder, through pipeline 4. from nozzle 5. and 6. simultaneously on two antipodal directions are ejected into the blade 30 of gas-turbine 7, form a couple, make gas-turbine rotating shaft 29 on same direction, continue high speed revolution, outwards outputting power.If an end of gas-turbine rotating shaft 29 combines with autoclutch 8, automobile can travel.Valve-off, and make gas-turbine rotating shaft 29 same disengaging of clutchs simultaneously, automobile stops to travel at once.
From above-mentioned explanation as can be seen, Pneumatic automobile of the present invention, owing to adopted pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus, promptly can be recycled is stored in interior this bottle pressurized air of gaholder.Utilize simultaneously with the car gas generating unit, can replenish the air of loss constantly again, this just makes that behind sufficient gas of this Pneumatic automobile, its travelled distance will be above after once filling up oil, the travelled distance of fuel-engined vehicle or hybrid vehicle.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of Pneumatic automobile, comprise power plant, chassis, vehicle body and electrical equipment, it is characterized in that power plant adopts pneumatics, mainly comprise pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus, with car gas generating unit, gaholder and gas-turbine, four pass through pipeline connection.Pressurized air regeneration regenerative apparatus is made up of energy conversion device 23 and recovery executive device 13.They are fixed on below the chassis of railway carriage 2.In the device 23 tooth bar, gear, ratchet and pawl tight pulley are housed, extending apparatus 23 outer tooth bar 18 upper ends are free end, and the lower end is fixed on above the wheel shaft 27, and it and gear 19 mesh, and ratchet 15 is identical with 22 structures, but teeth directional is opposite.Reclaim executive device 13 and be provided with admission port and air extractor duct, admission port connects the air extractor duct of gas-turbine 7, and air extractor duct connects gaholder 6.With car gas generating unit 1, by cylinder body 3, connecting rod 4 and piston 5 formed, and cylinder body 3 is fixed on above the wheel shaft 27, and the upper end of connecting rod 4 is fixed on below the base plate of railway carriage 2, and the lower end is connected with piston 5.The cylinder base both sides are established inlet, outlet respectively, 2. air extractor duct connects gaholder 6 through pipeline.4. the air extractor duct of gaholder 6 connects the gas-turbine admission port through pipeline.5. and 6. gas-turbine 7 is by being provided with admission port, air extractor duct 7. and cavity 8. 28 and the impeller that is placed in one form, the blade 30 on the impeller is fixed on above the rotating shaft 29, an end of rotating shaft 29 is connected with power-transfer clutch 8.
2, a kind of Pneumatic automobile as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that gaholder is provided with safety valve.
3, a kind of Pneumatic automobile as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described cylinder body 3 admission port places are provided with filtering installation.
4, a kind of Pneumatic automobile as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with height above pipeline is 9., the low pressure flow control cock, and on the low pressure flow control cock, be provided with filtering installation.
CN 01108350 2001-02-26 2001-02-26 Pneumatic car Pending CN1316347A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01108350 CN1316347A (en) 2001-02-26 2001-02-26 Pneumatic car

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01108350 CN1316347A (en) 2001-02-26 2001-02-26 Pneumatic car

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1316347A true CN1316347A (en) 2001-10-10

Family

ID=4657193

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 01108350 Pending CN1316347A (en) 2001-02-26 2001-02-26 Pneumatic car

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1316347A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010063150A1 (en) * 2008-12-05 2010-06-10 Zhou Dengrong A compress equipment of an air hybrid automobile
US8342283B2 (en) 2008-09-29 2013-01-01 Deakin University Pneumatic powertrain for an automotive vehicle
CN105882389A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-24 李永平 Air kinetic car

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8342283B2 (en) 2008-09-29 2013-01-01 Deakin University Pneumatic powertrain for an automotive vehicle
US9227507B2 (en) 2008-09-29 2016-01-05 Deakin University Pneumatic powertrain for an automotive vehicle
WO2010063150A1 (en) * 2008-12-05 2010-06-10 Zhou Dengrong A compress equipment of an air hybrid automobile
CN105882389A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-24 李永平 Air kinetic car

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)