CN1311729C - Assembled plant culturing apparatus - Google Patents

Assembled plant culturing apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1311729C
CN1311729C CNB2003101227480A CN200310122748A CN1311729C CN 1311729 C CN1311729 C CN 1311729C CN B2003101227480 A CNB2003101227480 A CN B2003101227480A CN 200310122748 A CN200310122748 A CN 200310122748A CN 1311729 C CN1311729 C CN 1311729C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
co2
culture
culture vessel
connected
means
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2003101227480A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1552180A (en
Inventor
章永泰
Original Assignee
章永泰
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 章永泰 filed Critical 章永泰
Priority to CNB2003101227480A priority Critical patent/CN1311729C/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2004/001315 external-priority patent/WO2005058022A1/en
Publication of CN1552180A publication Critical patent/CN1552180A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1311729C publication Critical patent/CN1311729C/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/252Constructional details of greenhouses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/256Lighting systems for greenhouses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/264Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, or watering
    • Y02A40/268Air-conditioning systems

Abstract

一种组合式植物人工培养装置,属于农业机械领域。 A combined plant cultured means belonging to the agricultural machinery. 培养容器以透明材质制成,其周边截面形状为等边六角形,呈密封状,等边六角形的培养容器若干个组合呈蜂窝状排列,培养容器内设置营养液漫流装置、纳米灯、湿度控制装置、CO Culture vessel made of transparent material, the peripheral shape of an equilateral hexagonal cross section, showing the sealing state, the culture vessel equilateral hexagonal honeycomb arrangement of several compositions, culture nutrient solution overflow device is provided, nanometer light, humidity in the container control means, CO

Description

组合式植物人工培养装置 Combined plant artificial culture apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种植物人工培养装置,特别涉及一种利用纳米灯和自转式的光补偿系统及CO2输入系统的组合式植物人工培养装置,属于农业机械领域。 The present invention relates to a plant cultured apparatus, and particularly relates to a nano-lamp and rotation compensation type optical system and a combined CO2 input system using an artificial plant culture apparatus, an agricultural machinery.

背景技术 Background technique

通过人工环境调节改善植物生长的环境条件,使其植株自身进行光合作用,通过良好的光照及碳源补充,植株具有生长速度快、成活率等优点。 Artificial environment by improving plant growth regulating environmental conditions, so that the plant itself photosynthesis, through good light and supplemental carbon source, the plant having a fast growth rate, survival advantages. 在对现有技术文献查新检索中发现,中国专利申请号为:02221205.1,专利申请人为:昆明市环境科学研究所,名称为:组合式植物光自养组培快繁装置,该技术自述为:本装置在培养架各层隔段中放置有培养容器,各个培养容器进气口分别与进气管联接,进气管进口与消毒容器出口联接,消毒容器进口与流量控制板出口联接,流量控制板进口分别接二氧化碳碳源和空气泵;培养架上装有能控制每层培养容器中光源照度的电源控制盒,每个培养容器进气口处接有控制阀;空气压缩泵进出装有空气过滤器,培养架底部装有滑轮;培养容器出气孔处装有由压盖、过滤膜、联接管构成的可调式出气螺帽;消毒容器底部接有一根透明U形管。 In the novelty search of the prior art found in the literature, Chinese patent application number: 02221205.1, applicant for the patent: Kunming Institute of Environmental Sciences, entitled: Combined photoautotrophic plants Tissue Culture means, the technique is readme : this means the layers separated in a training aircraft placed culture container section, each culture container intake ports respectively coupled to the intake pipe, the intake pipe coupling inlet and outlet sterile container, the sterilizing container inlet and the flow outlet coupling control plate, flow control plate carbon dioxide, respectively, then imported and the air pump; culture each frame can be controlled with the power supply control culture box container of light source illumination, each of the air inlet control valve is connected to the culture vessel; pump out air compressor equipped with an air filter cultured with the bottom pulley carrier; culture vessel equipped with a hole at the lid, membrane filtration, adjustable gas outlet pipe coupling nut configuration; sterile container is connected with the bottom of a transparent U-shaped tube.

上述技术由于采用普通日光灯照明(光波频率)及长时间来自于顶光光源照射(固定光源)的因素影响,其工作状况与自然生态存在较大的差异,同时,由于CO2加湿及温度控制均未实现系统化供给,植物的光合作用不能充分发挥,植物的生长因此受到制约,造成上述装置的缺点是占地面积大,组培植株成活率较低:另外,由于CO2出气管布局不合理,CO2利用效率较低。 Since ordinary fluorescent lighting (light wave frequency) and the long light from the light source affecting the top (fixed light) factor, its working condition there is a big difference between the above-described technology and natural environment, and since no CO2 humidified and temperature control systematized supply, plant photosynthesis is not sufficiently exhibited plant growth thus restricted, resulting in a big drawback of the above device footprint, low plant Tissue survival: Further, since the outlet pipe irrational CO2, CO2 low utilization efficiency.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于克服现有技术中的不足,提供一种组合式植物人工培养装置。 Object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a combined plant artificial culture apparatus. 使其在保证无糖培养微繁殖的光照及碳源得到充分满足的前提下,结合植物学、空气动力学、光学、物理学的基本原理,使其克服了植物叶面生长发育脆弱,植株移栽的成活率低的问题,本发明最大限度的节省组培空间和节约能源。 Allowed to ensuring sugar culture and micropropagation illumination carbon fully met premise binding botany, aerodynamics, optics, basic principles of physics, it overcomes the foliage of the plant growth fragile plants shift the problem of low survival rate of the plant, the present invention is to maximize the space-saving and energy-saving tissue culture.

本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的,本发明包括:培养容器、温度控制装置、营养液漫流装置、湿度控制装置、纳米灯、CO2装置、调速电机、风机,其连接方式为:培养容器以透明材质制成,其周边截面形状为等边六角形,呈密封状,等边六角形的培养容器若干个组合呈蜂窝状排列,培养容器内设置营养液漫流装置、纳米灯,湿度控制装置、CO2装置设置在培养容器外,分别通过管道连接到培养容器内,调速电机设置在培养容器的底部,调速电机与培养容器内的CO2散气管相接,风机设置在培养容器箱体上部,风机进气口与培养容器箱体连接,风机出气口与回路管道相接,回路管道与温度控制装置连接。 The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions, the present invention comprises: a culture container, the temperature control means, means trickling nutrient solution, the humidity control apparatus, nanometer light, CO2 means, variable speed motors, fans, connected way: the culture vessel made of a transparent material, and the peripheral shape of an equilateral hexagonal cross section, showing the sealing state, the culture vessel equilateral hexagonal honeycomb arrangement of several compositions, culture nutrient solution overflow means disposed within the container, nanometer light, humidity control apparatuses, CO2 apparatus disposed outside a culture vessel, are connected to the culture vessel, speed motor provided at the bottom of the culture vessel through a conduit, the motor speed and the culture in the vessel CO2 phase diffusion pipe, the fan casing is provided at the upper container culture, fan intake port connected to the tank and the culture vessel, the fan outlet duct and the return phase, the temperature control circuit connected to conduit means.

培养容器以透明材质制成,其周边截面形状为等边六角形,呈密封状,在等边六边形培养容器内侧有三条边采用反光玻璃制成,反光玻璃边按六边形的六条边间隔排列,使培养容器外部自然光线可通过未安装反光玻璃的透明材质进入培养容器内部。 Culture vessel made of transparent material, the peripheral shape of an equilateral hexagonal cross section, showing the seal shape, an equilateral hexagon culture inner container has three sides made of reflective glass, reflective glass side-by-six sides of the hexagons spaced, the culture vessel by external natural light reflective glass transparent materials is not installed into the interior of the culture vessel. 这样培养容器内既有反光玻璃形成的反射光源,又有外部光源。 Such reflected light source within the culture container is formed both reflective glass, but also the external light source.

若干培养容器可以组合,呈蜂窝状排列,等边六角形的箱体设计可使培养容器的结构体积最大化,且结构较牢固,多个等边六角形培养容器体更容易可最大限度利用空间,同时也利于培养容器之间光源的相互传递,便于大规模、工厂化组培管理。 Several culture vessel may be combined, honeycomb arrangement, equilateral hexagonal structure design allows the housing to maximize the volume of the culture vessel, and more solid structure, a plurality of equilateral hexagonal culture container body is easier to maximize use of space , but also facilitates the mutual transmission of light between the culture container, ease of mass, from tissue culture management.

培养容器内部从上至下设置若干组培层,培养层呈扁平状圆椎体,横截面为梯形状,各培养层从垂直方向是由一根CO2散气管自上而下垂直连接。 Culture from top to bottom is provided a plurality of inner container layer tissue culture, the culture layer was flat round vertebrae, a trapezoidal cross-sectional shape, each culture layer is formed of a top-down vertical CO2 diffusing pipe is connected from the vertical direction.

各培养层从垂直方向以螺旋状连接,形成由上而下由多个培养层组成的营养液漫流装置,营养液漫流装置顶端与营养液进液管相接,营养液漫流装置底端与营养液出液管相接。 Each culture layer is connected to a spiral in the vertical direction, are formed overflow liquid nutrient culture apparatus from top to bottom by a plurality of layers of nutrient solution and nutrient solution overflow device the top phase liquid inlet tube, the bottom end of nutrient solution overflow means and Nutrition liquid phase liquid outlet pipe.

CO2散气管自上而下贯穿培养容器,并与营养液漫流装置相连,该箱体内的CO2散气管上均匀密布着针眼状的小孔,CO2气体可通过CO2散气管上密布的小孔进入培养容器中,使培养容器中的CO2气体均匀分布。 CO2 diffusing pipe from top to bottom through the culture vessel and overflow means connected to the nutrient solution, the diffusion pipe upper cabinets CO2 uniformly thick with eye-shaped apertures, CO2 gas dispersion tube through the dense CO2 holes into the culture vessel, CO2 gas evenly distributed in the culture vessel.

纳米灯在沿箱体内径自上而下设置,与CO2散气管呈平行状,位于培养容器内的CO2散气管周围,随CO2散气管同向同速运动。 Nano lamp disposed from top to bottom along the inner diameter of the casing, with CO2 diffusing pipe in a parallel shape, located around CO2 diffuser tube inside the culture vessel, with CO2 diffusing pipe with the motion to the same speed. 纳米灯能均匀发出波长为640-660nm的红光和波长为430-450nm的蓝光,温度控制装置与CO2进气管连接,CO2进气管与带有碳源的CO2装置连接,温度控制装置通过CO2出气管与水雾出气管连接,呈“”状,水雾出气管与湿度控制装置相接,湿度控制装置又与水雾进气管连接。 Nano uniformly emit light having a wavelength of a red wavelength of 640-660nm and 430-450nm blue as the temperature control means connected to the intake pipe and CO2, CO2 and CO2 intake pipe connected with a carbon source, a temperature control device by CO2 trachea and mist outlet pipe is connected, as a "" shape, the mist outlet pipe in contact with humidity control apparatuses, the humidity control means and the intake pipe is connected with the mist.

风机设置在培养容器箱体上部,风机进气口与箱体相接,风机出气口与回路管道相接,回路管道与温度控制装置连接。 Provided at the upper container culture fan casing, the fan casing in contact with the air inlet, the fan outlet duct and the return phase, the temperature control circuit means connected to the pipeline.

本实用新型的工作原理如下:CO2碳源通过CO2进气管,经温度控制装置进入CO2出气管,CO2气体在出气管中经过水雾进气管时被加湿处理成为富含水份(植物营养液水份)的CO2气体,富含水份的CO2气体经CO2出气管进入培养容器中的CO2散气管,通过CO2散气管表面分布的细小针孔状气眼,自下而上随着CO2气体的上浮,从CO2出气管的针孔小洞中均匀渗出,使培养容器内的CO2气体均匀分布。 The present invention works as follows: CO2 through the intake pipe carbon CO2, CO2 temperature-control device into the trachea, CO2-rich gas passes through the water (aqueous plant nutrient solution to be treated when the mist intake pipe become humidified in the trachea parts) of CO2 gas, CO2 gas through the water-rich CO2 CO2 outlet pipe diffuser tube into the culture vessel, a small pinhole-shaped gas distribution of the eye surface by diffusing tubes CO2, the CO2 gas from bottom to top as floating uniformly exuded from CO2 pinhole hole in the trachea, so that CO2 gas in the culture container uniform.

风机将箱体内温度过高的CO2气体抽出,温度较高的CO2气体经回路管道进入温度控制装置,温度控制装置根据设定的温值,将高温的CO2气体实施降温冷却,使其达到符合标准温度的CO2气体,同时温度控制装置还将对冷却后的CO2气体进行气体浓度检测,并根据设定的气体浓度值,从CO2进气管自动补充CO2气体,经降温、补充后的CO2气体又循环至CO2出气管,并经CO2出气管进入培养容器内。 The fan-temperature CO2 gas cabinets withdrawn through the high temperature CO2 gas into the conduit loop temperature control device, temperature control means according to the temperature set value, the embodiment of the high-temperature CO2 gas cooled down, to reach the standard CO2 gas temperature, while the temperature of the CO2 gas control means also after cooling the gas concentration detection, and the gas concentration set value, the intake pipe from the automatic replenishment CO2 CO2 gas, by cooling, after the CO2 gas and the supplementary cycle CO2 to the outlet pipe, outlet pipe and into the culture by the CO2 within the container. 这既提高了CO2气体的使用效率,又节省了培养容器的降温成本。 This not only improves the efficiency of the use of CO2 gas, but also saves the cost of cooling the culture vessel.

在CO2气体循环的同时,植株生长所需的营养液经营养液进液管源源不断地流入培养容器内的营养液漫流装置,并沿营养液漫流旋转下倾角度缓慢流至营养液漫流装置底部,并从营养液出液管流出,经外部循环再次流入营养液进液管。 CO2 gas while circulating, plant growth nutrient solution required for operating the nutrient solution inlet tube continuous flow culture apparatus trickling nutrient solution in the container, and trickling along the rotating angle of the nutrient solution was poured slowly trickling nutrient solution flows to the bottom of the apparatus and the fluid flows from the nutrient liquid pipe, the nutrient solution flows through the external re-circulation liquid inlet pipe.

本发明通过在培养容器内径放置纳米灯作为培养容器内的固定光源,由于在CO2出气管上安装的纳米灯可随轴承座转动,因此作为动态光源。 By the present invention the inner diameter of the culture vessel is placed nanometer light as a light source fixed within the culture vessel, since CO2 in the outlet pipe is rotatably mounted with the nano-lamp housing, so as the dynamic light source. 根据光波理论,波长为640-660nm的红光,可以激发叶绿素光合作用的能力,有利于植物对碳水化合物的积累,波长为430-450nm的蓝光,可促进了植物蛋白质与非碳水化合物的积累。 According to wave theory of light, wavelength 640-660nm red light, chlorophyll photosynthesis ability to inspire, conducive to the accumulation of carbohydrates of plants, wavelength 430-450nm blue light can promote the accumulation of plant proteins and non-carbohydrates. 本发明在该波长范围是根据植物的叶绿素吸收光谱最强区而确定的,该波长最适宜植物的生长,可使植物的光合作用效率最高。 In the present invention this wavelength range is a plant chlorophyll absorption spectrum determined according to the strongest area, the wavelength of optimum plant growth, the highest photosynthesis efficiency in plants can. 同时安置在培养容器内的固定光源,随着CO2出气管的缓慢转动,利用螺旋状营养液漫流旋梯的倾斜角度与固定光源产生的光波波长差距,模拟植株在自然界中的自然光源的照射,产生强弱光的不间断变化,从而使植株能够象在自然环境中生长一样,植物叶面正常的气孔开闭可得到充分煅炼,植株生命力旺盛。 While culture fixation light source disposed within the container, with the slow rotation of the CO2 out of the trachea, the inclination angle of the gap between the wavelength of light by using a spiral ladder trickling nutrient solution with the fixed light produced by the irradiation of natural light plants analog in nature, resulting in continuous variation of light intensity, so that the plant can be grown in the natural environment like as foliar normal stoma can be fully smithery, plant vitality. 本发明克服了原有装置采用静止的顶光照射所造成的植物叶面叶绿素胞子及其光合磷酸化合酶系统生长发育脆弱的问题,这使得培养容器内的植株的叶面气孔开闭受阻,植株移栽的成活率低。 The present invention overcomes the top of the light irradiation apparatus using a stationary original caused by plant leaves and chlorophyll Photophosphorylation spore growth synthase system vulnerability problem, which makes the plant stomata opening and closing of the culture vessel is blocked, plants transplanting survival rate is low.

另外,植株通过培养容器内不断变化的侧光光波的照射,使植株叶面、茎都可接受到光波照射,叶和茎同时进行光合作用,这加快了植株的生长速度,从而提高了植株的移栽至自然环境中的生存调节能力。 Further, the plant is irradiated by the sidelight light wave changing the culture container, so that the plant foliage, stems can receive light exposure, while photosynthesis in leaves and stems, which increase the growth rate of the plant, thus improving plant transplant to survive the ability to regulate the natural environment.

二氧化碳浓度和光照条件是植物进行光合作用的二个最重要因素,大气中的二氧化碳浓度只有330ppm,如果以容积表示,仅为大气的0.03%,植物每合成一克葡萄糖,叶片要从2250升空气中才能均匀吸收到足够(一克葡萄糖)的二氧化碳,因此二氧化碳浓度往往成为植物光合作用的限制因子。 Carbon dioxide concentration and light conditions are the two most important factors of plant photosynthesis, carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere only 330ppm, if expressed in volume, only 0.03% of the atmosphere, the synthesis of plants per one gram of glucose, 2,250 liters of air from the blade in order to uniformly absorb enough (one gram of glucose) carbon dioxide, so carbon dioxide concentration tends to become a limiting factor of photosynthesis. CO2浓度对植物的光合速率的影响既有“饱和点”也有“补偿点”,因此培养容器中植株对二氧化碳气体吸收效率尤其重要。 Effects on the photosynthetic rate of plant CO2 concentration of both the "saturation point" is also "compensation point", is therefore particularly important container plant cultivation for a carbon dioxide gas absorption efficiency. 由于原装置容器为扁平状,其CO2进气孔与CO2出气孔为同一平面和垂线,根据空气动力学原理分析,CO2气体从进气孔到出气孔的过程中,箱内四周会因气流产生气体循环死角,使得箱体内的CO2气体分布不均匀,气体有效作用面积在箱体内呈“橄榄状”分布。 Since the original flat shape of the container means, into which hole CO2 and CO2 and outlet holes of the same vertical plane, according to aerodynamic analysis, process CO2 gas from inlet port to the outlet holes, inside four weeks due to gas flow dead generating gas circulation, so that uneven distribution of the CO2 gas cabinets, the effective active area of ​​the gas was "olive" distribution in the housing. 箱体约2/5的植株因无法得到新鲜的CO2气体补充,使植株的生长和健康受到严重影响。 Box about 2/5 of the plant due to inability to get fresh CO2 gas added that the plant growth and health is seriously affected. 本发明CO2气体经温度控制箱进入回路管道,通过回路管道上的湿度控制箱,对CO2气体加湿,加湿后的CO2气体通过回路管道进入内置于培养容器的CO2出气管,并从CO2出气管的针孔小洞中均匀渗出,使培养容器内各角落的CO2气体均匀分布。 CO2 gas present invention, a temperature-controlled box into the circuit line, the control box through the humidity in the loop pipe in CO2 humidified, CO2 gas humidified by a coolant pipe into the built-in CO2 outlet pipe culture vessel, and pipe from the CO2 out pinholes bleed holes uniformly, so that CO2 gas in each corner of the culture container uniform. 通过培养容器内植物的吸收及光合作用,由置于培养容器外部的风机抽出,抽出的CO2气体温度较高,高温的CO2气体经回路管道进入温度控制箱,通过温度控制箱对气体的冷却后,通过回路管道得到CO2气体碳源的补充,再加湿回流到组培箱内,这样既保证了CO2的使用效率,克服了气体“死角”,又能够对组培箱内的温度进行有效调节。 Uptake and photosynthesis fan by culturing the plants in the container, the outer container placed in culture is extracted, the extracted high temperature CO2 gas, CO2 gas temperature via the temperature control pipe into the tank circuit, by controlling the temperature of the gas after the cooling tank , obtained through the circuit conduit supplemental carbon source gas is CO2, plus the wet tank is returned to the tissue culture, it will ensure the efficient use of CO2, the gas overcomes the "dead ends", but also to the temperature of tissue culture tank effectively adjusted.

原装置没有解决循环营养液设计,其组培基质只能使用琼脂、珍珠岩、砂、蛭石及其他载体生成,组培效率降低,组培成本高,且组培基质必须经120℃的高温灭菌后方可使用,操作上增加了组培植株的污染机率。 Means the original design does not solve the circulating nutrient solution, which can only use mass agar Prudential group, perlite, sand, vermiculite or other carrier generation, reducing the efficiency of tissue culture, tissue culture costly and must be approved by mass Prudential group at 120 ℃ of sterilized before use, to increase the chances of contamination of the plant tissue culture operation. 另外,由于基质间隙小透气不良,会引起植株的烂根现象,若基质的PH值控制不当,固体基质会积累了大量的有害成分,对植株的生长造成极大影响。 Further, small gap due to poor permeability matrix, rot cause the phenomenon of the plant, if the PH value of improper control matrix, the solid matrix will accumulate a large amount of harmful ingredients, resulting in a great impact on plant growth. 本发明采用营养液漫流技术,通过人工创造的作物根系生长环境取代土壤环境,使营养液直接与植物根系接触,不用基质固定根系的组培方法。 The present invention nutrient solution overflow technology, substituted Soil environment artificially created by a root crop growth environment, so that the nutrient solution is directly in contact with the plant roots, tissue culture method without a fixed root matrix. 当营养液沿营养液漫流旋梯流过植株根系,循环供应,植物从营养液中便可获取生长所需的各种养份。 When the nutrient solution in a variety of nutrient solution flows through the overflow ladder root system, the supply cycle, plants are able to obtain the desired growth from the nutrient liquid nutrients. 该方法省水、省肥、省工,还可使植株根、茎、叶均衡健壮,不污染环境,有利于对植株的规模化、工厂化组培应用。 The method of saving water, and fertilizer, labor, but also to plant roots, stems, leaves balanced robust, do not pollute the environment, conducive to large-scale plants, from tissue culture applications.

本发明具有实质性特点和显著进步,本发明在传统的植株种植工艺方面有很大的突破,解决了传统组织培养中存在的污染率高,植物生长发育不良,生理形态紊乱,畸形,生长发育延缓或死亡等问题,可显著提高种苗质量,缩短培养周期,提高劳动生产率,降低生产成本。 The present invention has substantive features and represents a significant advance, the present invention is a major breakthrough in the conventional plant cultivation process, the solution to the traditional tissue culture in the presence of high contamination, poor plant growth and development, physiology disorder, deformity, growth delay or death and other issues, can significantly improve seed quality, shorten training cycles, improve labor productivity, reduce production costs. 该项技术的使用,对提高我省农业生产技术水平,保障物种的优良品质,物种的多样性,改善生态环境,增加农民收入,具有重大的意义。 The use of the technology, to improve the technological level of agriculture in our province, to protect species of good quality, species diversity, improve the ecological environment and increase farmers' income, is of great significance.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1本发明结构示意图(一)图2本发明结构示意图(二)图3本发明空间布置示意图(三)具体实施方式如图1、图2、图3所示,本发明包括:培养容器1、温度控制装置2、营养液漫流装置3、湿度控制装置4、纳米灯5、CO2装置6、调速电机7,风机8,CO2散气管9,反光玻璃10,培养层11。 The present invention is a structural diagram of FIG. (A) a schematic view showing a configuration (II) of the present invention, FIG. 2 space 3 is a schematic arrangement of the present invention (III) DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3, the present invention comprises: a culture vessel , temperature control device 2, device 3 trickling nutrient solution, the humidity control apparatus 4, nano lamp 5, CO2 means 6, speed motor 7, the fan 8, CO2 diffusing pipe 9, reflective glass 10, the culture layer 11. 其连接方式为:培养容器1以透明材质制成,其周边截面形状为等边六角形,呈密封状,等边六角形的培养容器1若干个组合呈蜂窝状排列,培养容器1内设置营养液漫流装置3、纳米灯5,湿度控制装置4、CO2装置6设置在培养容器1外,分别通过管道连接到培养容器1内,调速电机7设置在培养容器1的底部,调速电机7与培养容器内的CO2散气管9相接,风机8设置在培养容器1箱体上部,风机8进气口与培养容器1箱体连接,风机8出气口与回路管道相接,回路管道与温度控制装置4连接。 Connected way: the culture container 1 is made of a transparent material, the peripheral shape of an equilateral hexagonal cross section, showing the sealing state, equilateral hexagonal culture container 1 arranged in a honeycomb form of a plurality of combinations, the culture container 1 is provided Nutrition liquid overflow means 3, 5 nanometer light, humidity control apparatuses 4, CO2 means 6 is disposed outside a culture vessel, are connected to the culture container 1 through a pipe, speed motor 7 disposed at the bottom of the culture vessel 1, speed motor 7 Cultivation and CO2 diffusion pipe 9 in contact with the container, the fan 8 is provided at an upper culture container casing 1, the air inlet blower 8 culture container casing 1 is connected to the fan outlet 8 in contact with the conduit loop, with the conduit loop temperature The control device 4 is connected.

在等边六边形培养容器1内侧设置有三条边采用反光玻璃10,反光玻璃10边按六边形的六条边间隔排列。 Equilateral hexagon inside the culture container 1 is provided with three sides using reflective glass 10, the glass reflector 10 by six sides of the hexagon sides spaced.

培养容器1内部从上至下设置若干培养层11,培养层11呈扁平状圆椎体,横截面为梯形状,各培养层11从垂直方向是由一根CO2散气管9自上而下垂直连接。 The culture container 1 from top to bottom layer 11 is provided a plurality of culture, the culture layer 11 was flat round vertebrae, a trapezoidal cross-sectional shape, each culture layer 11 in the vertical direction by a vertical top-down CO2 diffuser tube 9 connection.

各培养层11从平面方向以螺旋状连接,形成由上而下由多个培养层11组成的营养液漫流装置3,营养液漫流装置3顶端与营养液进液管相接,营养液漫流装置3底端与营养液出液管相接。 Each culture layer 11 is connected to a spiral direction from a plane, top to bottom to form a nutritional liquid overflow means 11 composed of a plurality of layers 3 of culture, nutrient solution overflow means 3 to the top tube with the nutrient solution into the liquid phase nutrient solution overflow means 3 and a bottom end in contact with the nutrient solution liquid outlet pipe.

CO2散气管9自上而下贯穿培养容器1,并与营养液漫流装置3相连,CO2散气管9上均匀密布着针眼状的小孔。 CO2 diffusing pipe 9 through the culture container 1 from top to bottom, and means connected to the nutrient solution overflow. 3, 9 CO2 diffusing pipe uniformly thick with an eye-shaped aperture.

纳米灯5在沿培养容器1箱体内径自上而下设置,按等边六边形培养容器的六个角间隔安装,安装于CO2散气管9上的纳米灯5与CO2散气管9呈平行状,位于培养容器1内的CO2散气管9周围,随CO2散气管9同向同速运动。 Nano lamp housing 5 along the inner diameter of the culture vessel 1 from top to bottom is provided, equilateral hexagon culture vessel mounted six angular intervals, CO2 diffusing pipe attached to the lamp 95 nanometers and CO2 diffusion pipe 9 in a parallel shape, located around CO2 diffusing tube culture in the container 19, with CO2 diffusing pipe 9 with the motion to the same speed. 纳米灯5发出的波长为640-660nm的红光和波长为430-450nm的蓝光。 5 nanometers wavelength of light emitted by a red light and a wavelength of 430-450nm 640-660nm blue light.

温度控制装置2与CO2进气管连接,CO2进气管与带有碳源的CO2装置6连接,温度控制装置2通过CO2出气管与水雾出气管连接,呈“”状,水雾出气管与湿度控制装置4相接,湿度控制装置4又与水雾进气管连接。 Temperature control means connected to the intake pipe 2 and CO2, CO2 and CO2 intake pipe 6 is connected to the device with a carbon source, the temperature control device is connected via pipe 2 and mist outlet pipe CO2, it was "" shape, and the mist outlet pipe 4 contact and humidity control means and humidity control 4 and the intake pipe connected to the water spray means.

Claims (9)

1.一种组合式植物人工培养装置,包括:培养容器(1)、CO2装置(6)、风机(8),其特征在于,还包括:温度控制装置(2)、营养液漫流装置(3)、湿度控制装置(4)、纳米灯(5)、调速电机(7),其连接方式为:所述的温度控制装置(2)与CO2进气管连接,CO2进气管与带有碳源的CO2装置(6)连接,所述的培养容器(1)以透明材质制成,其周边截面形状为等边六角形,呈密封状,等边六角形的培养容器(1)若干个组合呈蜂窝状排列,培养容器(1)内设置营养液漫流装置(3)、纳米灯(5),湿度控制装置(4)、CO2装置(6)设置在培养容器(1)外,分别通过管道连接到培养容器(1)内,调速电机(7)设置在培养容器(1)的底部,调速电机(7)与培养容器(1)内的CO2散气管(9)相接,风机(8)设置在培养容器(1)箱体上部,风机(8)进气口与培养容器(1)箱体连接,风机(8)出气口与回路管道相接,回路管道与温度控制 1. A combined plant artificial culture apparatus, comprising: a culture vessel (1), CO2 means (6), the fan (8), characterized in that, further comprising: a temperature control means (2), nutrient solution overflow means (3 ), and humidity control means (4), nano-lamp (5), motor speed (7), which is connected way: said temperature control means (2) connected to the intake pipe and CO2, CO2 intake pipe and with the carbon source It means the CO2 (6) connected to the culture vessel (1) is made of a transparent material, the peripheral shape of an equilateral hexagonal cross section, showing the sealing state, equilateral hexagonal form of the culture vessel (1) a combination of a plurality of honeycomb pattern, nutrient solution culture vessel set overflow means (3), nano-lamp (5), the humidity control apparatus (4) (1), CO2 means (6) arranged in a culture vessel (1), respectively connected by a conduit the culture vessel (1), motor speed (7) is provided at the bottom of the culture vessel (1), motor speed (7) and the culture vessel CO2 diffusing pipe (9) (1) engaged, the fan (8 ) provided in the control culture vessel (1) upper case, the fan (8) inlet and culture container (1) connected to the housing, the fan (8) and the outlet conduit loop contact, and a temperature circuit line 置(4)连接。 Means (4) is connected.
2.根据权利要求1所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的培养容器(1)内侧设置有三条边采用反光玻璃(10),反光玻璃(10)边按六边形的六条边间隔排列。 2. A modular plant according to claim 1 artificial culture device, wherein said culture vessel (1) is provided with three inner sides using reflective glass (10), reflective glass (10) side of a hexagonal It spaced six sides.
3.根据权利要求1所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的培养容器(1)内部从上至下设置若干培养层(11),培养层(11)呈扁平状圆椎体,横截面为梯形状,各培养层(11)从垂直方向是由一根CO2散气管(9)自上而下垂直连接。 3. A modular plant according to claim 1, wherein said cultured apparatus, wherein said culture vessel (1) is provided a plurality of inner top to bottom culture layer (11), culture layer (11) has a flat circular shape vertebrae, a trapezoidal cross-sectional shape, each of the culture layer (11) is a CO2 diffuser tube (9) is connected from the vertical direction from top to bottom vertically.
4.根据权利要求3所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的各培养层(11)从平面方向以螺旋状连接,形成由上而下由多个培养层(11)组成的营养液漫流装置(3),营养液漫流装置(3)顶端与营养液进液管相接,营养液漫流装置(3)底端与营养液出液管相接。 4. A modular plant according to claim 3, wherein the artificial culture device, characterized in that each of the culture layer (11) spirally connected to the planar direction, are formed by a plurality of top-down culture layer (11) nutrient solution overflow means (3), nutrient solution overflow means (3) to the top tube with the nutrient solution into the liquid phase nutrient solution overflow means (3) and the bottom end of the liquid composition of the nutrient solution in contact with the tube.
5.根据权利要求1或者3所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的培养容器(1)自上而下贯穿CO2散气管(9),CO2散气管(9)与营养液漫流装置(3)相连,CO2散气管(9)上均匀密布着针眼状的小孔。 5. The combination plant of claim 1 or claim 3, wherein the artificial culture device, wherein said culture vessel (1) from top to bottom through CO2 diffuser tube (9), CO2 diffusing pipe (9) and Nutrition liquid overflow means (3) is connected, CO2 diffusing pipe (9) thick with a uniform pinhole-shaped apertures.
6.根据权利要求1所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的纳米灯(5)在沿培养容器(1)箱体内径自上而下设置,按等边六边形培养容器的六个角间隔安装,安装于CO2散气管(9)上的纳米灯(5)与CO2散气管(9)呈平行状,位于培养容器(1)内的CO2散气管(9)周围,随CO2散气管(9)同向同速运动。 The modular plant according to claim 1 artificial culture device, characterized in that said nano-lamp (5) a culture container (1) arranged from top to bottom along the inner diameter of the housing, equilateral hexagons six angularly spaced mounting the culture vessel mounted on the lamp nanometer CO2 diffusing pipe (9) (5) and CO2 diffusing pipe (9) in a parallel shape, CO2 diffusing pipe located in the culture vessel (9) (1) around , with the CO2 diffusing pipe (9) with the motion to the same speed.
7.根据权利要求6所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的纳米灯(5)发出的波长为640-660nm的红光和波长为430-450nm的蓝光。 7. A modular plant according to claim 6 artificial culture device, characterized in that the nano-wavelength light (5) emitted red light and the wavelength is 430-450nm 640-660nm blue light.
8.根据权利要求1所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的温度控制装置(2)通过CO2出气管与水雾出气管连接,呈“”状。 The modular plant according to claim 1 artificial culture device, characterized in that said temperature control means (2) connected by a pipe to the outlet pipe mist CO2, was "" shape.
9.根据权利要求8所述的组合式植物人工培养装置,其特征是,所述的水雾出气管与湿度控制装置(4)相接,湿度控制装置(4)又与水雾进气管连接。 Combination according to claim 8, said cultured plant apparatus, characterized in that said mist outlet pipe and the humidity control means (4) in contact with, the humidity control means (4) and the intake pipe is connected with an aqueous spray .
CNB2003101227480A 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Assembled plant culturing apparatus CN1311729C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2003101227480A CN1311729C (en) 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Assembled plant culturing apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2003101227480A CN1311729C (en) 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Assembled plant culturing apparatus
PCT/CN2004/001315 WO2005058022A1 (en) 2003-12-19 2004-11-19 Combination-type plant sugarless tissue culture propagation device and method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1552180A CN1552180A (en) 2004-12-08
CN1311729C true CN1311729C (en) 2007-04-25

Family

ID=34338738

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2003101227480A CN1311729C (en) 2003-12-19 2003-12-19 Assembled plant culturing apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1311729C (en)

Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100999710B (en) * 2007-01-05 2011-04-27 福建农林大学 Liquid phase light self-cultivating incubator
CN102144502B (en) * 2010-12-17 2012-12-12 青岛农业大学 Device for continuously supplying CO2 for open top type plant growth assimilation box
CN102499049A (en) * 2011-10-20 2012-06-20 宁波美灵塑模制造有限公司 Gas spray type intelligent box body culture device
CN102342240A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-02-08 宁波美灵塑模制造有限公司 Laminated type soilless culturing and light-supplying device
US9717186B2 (en) * 2012-01-27 2017-08-01 N/C Quest Inc. Carbon nanotube production method to stimulate soil microorganisms and plant growth produced from the emissions of internal combustion
CN103039341B (en) * 2012-12-31 2014-09-03 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Intensive resource recovering plant factory
US10321696B2 (en) 2013-05-30 2019-06-18 Haier Group Corporation Vegetable preservation and growing case and vegetable preservation method
CN103329757A (en) * 2013-06-29 2013-10-02 郴州聚新源科技有限公司 Three-dimensional constant-temperature seedling box
CN104904584B (en) * 2015-05-16 2017-07-04 周晚来 Plant cultivating device
CN105393905A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-16 爱盛生物科技(上海)有限公司 Soilless cultivating system and optical reflection and air-flow control apparatus
CN105532314B (en) * 2016-01-11 2019-03-19 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of the low concentration of carbon dioxide incubator and control method of basic scientific research
CN105532474B (en) * 2016-01-28 2018-01-19 重庆强大巴郡知识产权服务有限公司 A kind of tissue culture device be easy to observe and measure tree characteristics
CN107306783B (en) * 2017-07-03 2019-11-12 江苏省农业科学院 Sprout vegetable cultivation device
CN107517843A (en) * 2017-09-11 2017-12-29 丽水市农业科学研究院 A kind of spiral terrace-type fish plants symbiosis construction method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86106468A (en) * 1986-09-26 1987-05-06 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Apparatus for plant cuttage root-taking culture
CN1286018A (en) * 1999-09-01 2001-03-07 东洋生物反应有限会社 Plant cultivating device
CN2430013Y (en) * 2000-07-21 2001-05-16 昆明市环境科学研究所 Plant light independent cultivating micro breading cultivating box

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86106468A (en) * 1986-09-26 1987-05-06 中国林业科学研究院林业研究所 Apparatus for plant cuttage root-taking culture
CN1286018A (en) * 1999-09-01 2001-03-07 东洋生物反应有限会社 Plant cultivating device
CN2430013Y (en) * 2000-07-21 2001-05-16 昆明市环境科学研究所 Plant light independent cultivating micro breading cultivating box

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1552180A (en) 2004-12-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9334472B2 (en) Algaculture system for biofuel and neutroceutical production and methods of production thereof
US8468741B2 (en) Semi-automated crop production system
Zhang et al. Attached cultivation for improving the biomass productivity of Spirulina platensis
KR200362989Y1 (en) Apparatus for culturing dye plants using LED light source
CN102803463B (en) For the system of culturing micro-organisms and mitigation of gases, equipment and method
CN102203233B (en) Algae growth system
CN201752201U (en) Miniature vegetable factory
CN102257125B (en) Systems, apparatuses and methods for cultivating microorganisms and mitigation of gases
CN203105253U (en) Fish and vegetable co-existing device
US9260685B2 (en) System and plant for cultivation of aquatic organisms
US20110104790A1 (en) Photobioreactor system and method of using the same
JP2009539608A (en) Method and apparatus for carbon dioxide fixation
CN202722195U (en) Light-emitting diode (LED) optical disk three-dimensional multilayer film type water culture frame
US20090151240A1 (en) Algae intensive cultivation apparatus and cultivation method
CN102373156B (en) Half-dry solid state cultivation method used for industrial production of microalgae
CN204634606U (en) A kind of digitalization precision seedling system
CN102766578A (en) Cultivating and producing method for haematococcus pluvialis
CN104855262A (en) Method for cultivating and planting organic dendrobium candidum
CN101300958A (en) Intermittent immersed plant cultivation device and control method thereof
CN201015341Y (en) Intermittent immersion type plant incubators
CN202652942U (en) Temperature-control hydroponic planting device
US8476067B2 (en) Photobioreactor and method for processing polluted air
CN105104158B (en) Intelligent water planting vegetable cultivation cabinet
CN103289886B (en) Microalgae half-dry solid state adherent cultivation device for alternate illumination of bright and dark light
CN1213139C (en) Photosynthesis bioreactor system for industrial production of micro algae

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20070425

Termination date: 20161219