CN1302185C - In-situ cast concrete board - Google Patents

In-situ cast concrete board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1302185C
CN1302185C CNB031183506A CN03118350A CN1302185C CN 1302185 C CN1302185 C CN 1302185C CN B031183506 A CNB031183506 A CN B031183506A CN 03118350 A CN03118350 A CN 03118350A CN 1302185 C CN1302185 C CN 1302185C
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China
Prior art keywords
stiffener
board
cast concrete
situ cast
concrete board
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CNB031183506A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1548672A (en
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邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB031183506A priority Critical patent/CN1302185C/en
Publication of CN1548672A publication Critical patent/CN1548672A/en
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Publication of CN1302185C publication Critical patent/CN1302185C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a cast-in-place concrete slab which comprises reinforced concrete (1) and a shuttering member (2), wherein the shuttering member (2) is wrapped in the reinforced concrete (1), and comprises a top slab (3), peripheral side slabs (4), a lower bottom (5), a cavity (6) and a stiffener (7); the top slab (3), the peripheral side slabs (4) and the lower bottom (5) are surrounded to form a cavity (6) in which the stiffener (7) is positioned. The present invention is characterized in that at least one light core material (8) is wrapped in at least one of the top slab (3), the peripheral side slabs (4), the lower bottom (5) or the stiffener (7). In this way, because the least one light core material (8) is wrapped in at least one of the top slab (3), the peripheral side slabs (4), the lower bottom (5) or the stiffener (7), the cast-in-place concrete slab has light weight, is convenient to construct, simultaneously can prevent cast-in-place concrete ribs and a shuttering from cracking, and is suitable for use in various hollow floors, roofs, foundation bottom slabs, walls and hollow bridges which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete.

Description

A kind of In-situ cast concrete board
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of In-situ cast concrete board.
(2) background technology
Building roof of reinforcing bar concrete in the construction work has prefabricated porous plate or forms such as solid roof panel shaped structures and dense rib type floor slab structure.Prefabricated porous plate, solid roof panel are from great, and construction bothers, and labour intensity is big, and the cost height is used and is subjected to certain limitation.And the dense rib type floor, normally utilize detachable full-plastic formwork to carry out the concrete cast, treat again formwork to be removed behind the concrete coagulation forming, though the floor slab structure of moulding can alleviate deadweight like this, but also have the following disadvantages: 1, influence the floor processability behind the form removal, easily produce slight crack as floor top, the following of plate is not complete plane, and globality is poor; 2, need in some occasions that furred ceiling remedies, operation is many, troublesome poeration, cycle are long, take a lot of trouble during construction cost; 3, construction costs height uses though formwork is pulled down turnover, and each every depreciation cost reaches more than 120 yuan, and can only use 4-6 time; 4, indoor roof needs furred ceiling again, plasters etc., and it is bigger to pay wages.For this reason, Tianjin understand a kind of " shuttering member " in few grey hair, and applied for utility model patent, its patent No. is ZL93206310.1.This kind shuttering member comprise top board, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, ribs, top board, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds cavity each other, ribs is positioned at cavity, and adopts GRC or magnesium chloride GRC or do not have the manufacturing of sand ﹠ ceramsite cement.The mechanical property of this member can satisfy the designing requirement of various buildings, and unit weight descends significantly, need not the form removal member, and globality is strong, simplifies construction sequence, and is fast without furred ceiling, construction speed, reduces construction costs, and economic benefit is obvious.Can overcome the deficiency of conventional art preferably.After this shuttering member was applied to In-situ cast concrete board, In-situ cast concrete board comprised steel bar concrete, shuttering member, and shuttering member is wrapped up in and is contained in the steel bar concrete, but when this shuttering member was big, In-situ cast concrete board weight was heavier relatively, and construction is trouble, after the use, year is prone to the crack between Cast-in-place concrete rib and the formwork for a long time.Therefore, develop a kind of novel In-situ cast concrete board for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of In-situ cast concrete board, have in light weight, easy construction, can prevent the characteristics such as crack between Cast-in-place concrete rib and the formwork.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise steel bar concrete, shuttering member, shuttering member is wrapped up in and is contained in the steel bar concrete, shuttering member comprise top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom, cavity, stiffener, top board, on every side side plate, going to the bottom surrounds cavity each other, stiffener is positioned at cavity, it is characterized in that top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom or stiffener at least one in wrap up in and contain at least one light-weight filler.Like this, since top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom or stiffener at least one in wrap up in and contain at least one light-weight filler, thereby the weight of shuttering member is lighter relatively, the carrying easy construction, simultaneously because weight saving, the corresponding crack that prevents between Cast-in-place concrete rib and the formwork, thus reach purpose of the present invention, be applicable to various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed hollow reinforced concrete roof, roof system, sole plate, body of wall, hollow bridges use, be specially adapted to hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is 1,2,3 or a plurality of.Like this, shuttering member can be selected 1,2 or a plurality of according to the needs of design and construction, to satisfy the needs of not isostructure occasion.
Feature of the present invention also is described shuttering member alternately, forms cast-in-place concrete hidden rib each other.Like this, deposit the dark close rib of many crisscross Cast-in-place concretes in the In-situ cast concrete board, corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is close rib hollowcore slab.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two light-weight fillers are provided with at interval in stiffener, each other be spaced apart skeleton more than at least one.Like this, owing to the skeleton that is spaced apart between the light-weight filler in the stiffener, not only stiffener is in light weight, its intensity height of while, and moulding is also convenient, the intensity height of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board.
Feature of the present invention also is many skeletons parallel or handing-over or intersection or the grade separation in the described stiffener, constitutes truss or netted stiffener.Like this, because skeleton constitutes truss or netted stiffener, thereby form strength is big with rigidity, and stressed good with transmission force property, the intensity and the rigidity of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board are big, and is stressed and transmission force property is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in the described stiffener the dull and stereotyped or concavo-convex panel of the one deck at least that links load bearing frame.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of stiffener further improve, and the stressed and transmission force property of formwork is better, and the mechanical property of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is also better.
That feature of the present invention also is is porose in the described stiffener, hole or cavity, and hole, hole or cavity are in communication with the outside or seal.Like this, because hollow hole or cavity are arranged, then the weight of shuttering member is lighter, and the carrying construction is more convenient.Cast-in-place concrete can enter in it if hole, hole or cavity are in communication with the outside then, and then the build-in of formwork is better, and stressed transmission force property is better, can prevent the crack between Cast-in-place concrete rib and the formwork effectively.
Feature of the present invention also be described top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom or stiffener at least one in contain reinforce, reinforce is reinforcing bar, steel wire, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are higher, and stressed transmission force property is better, and the mechanical property of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar reinforce is prestressed reinforcement or steel mesh reinforcement.
Feature of the present invention is that also described steel wire reinforce is compressor wire or gauze wire cloth.
Feature of the present invention is that also described fabric reinforcement is fiber mesh cloth or steel fibre.
Reinforce in reinforce being arranged in hole, hole or the cavity that feature of the present invention also is to be in communication with the outside in the described stiffener and going to the bottom is connected as one.Like this, the globality that becomes one with the formwork build-in after Cast-in-place concrete enters in hole or the cavity is better, and the stressed and transmission force property of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is better.
Feature of the present invention also be described top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom or stiffener at least one in have reinforce to expose.Like this, reveal muscle or reveal net owing to have, formwork bonds with Cast-in-place concrete becomes integral body, and its caking property, globality are better, can prevent the generation in In-situ cast concrete board crack effectively.
Feature of the present invention also is at position, described stiffener place along top board or side plate or both make part or all groove or convex tendon simultaneously on every side.Like this, the wedge action each other between formwork and the Cast-in-place concrete is better, and intensity is higher, and the globality of In-situ cast concrete board is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also at described groove be the equal-width groove or the groove that broadens.
Feature of the present invention is that also at described convex tendon be the wide muscle or the muscle that broadens.
Feature of the present invention also is at described groove or/and there is reinforce to expose on the convex tendon.
Feature of the present invention also is stiffener from top board, local or all protrude the side plate on every side, perhaps simultaneously from top board and local or whole protrusion the side plate on every side.Like this, increase the wedge action between formwork and the Cast-in-place concrete on the one hand, it is easier, convenient that formwork is made.
Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffener is provided with a slice at least in cavity, is provided with that direction is parallel each other, quadrature or oblique.Like this, the making of stiffener can design and produce according to actual needs, and cost is lower, and it is easier to make, and stress performance is better, respective party design and construction unit select for use, help reducing construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described going to the bottom flushes or stretch out the formation bridging piece with the lateral surface of side plate on every side, or interior puncture angle, stretch out or in the part that contracts for local or all.Like this, go to the bottom and stretch out bridging piece, then can omit the support shuttering of Cast-in-place concrete rib, save operating expenses; If interior puncture angle then can form I-shaped Cast-in-place concrete rib, the stress performance of In-situ cast concrete board is better, can effectively prevent the generation in crack simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bridging piece has chamfering or is step.
Feature of the present invention also is described bridging piece or/and also have reinforce to expose on the re-entrant angle.
Feature of the present invention also be described top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom or stiffener at least one on reinforcing rib is arranged.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are better, and stressed better with transmission force property, the mechanical property of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the tension locating structure that connects a module is arranged on described the going to the bottom, and locating structure is draw ring, drag hook or iron wire.Like this, shuttering member is in work progress, and installing and locating is more convenient, and the speed of application of In-situ cast concrete board is faster, and production efficiency is higher.
Feature of the present invention is also at described cavity inside branch or all fills or be pasted with the lightweight thing that the lightweight thing is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool.Like this, the thermal insulation of In-situ cast concrete board, sound insulation value are better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the sleeve pipe of wearing the muscle hole or wearing hydroelectric line.Like this, during the In-situ cast concrete board construction, can make things convenient for the burial and construction of various pipelines.
Feature of the present invention also be described top board, on every side side plate, go to the bottom or stiffener at least one be layer structure more than at least two layers, by one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net, one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net again, the superimposed gluing of one deck cementitious matter forms again.Like this, formwork is lighter, and intensity is better, makes more conveniently, and the performance of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is better, and cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffener is a rod member, the cross sectional shape of rod member be circle, annular, square, prolate type, hollow, ring is hollow, L shaped, flute profile, I-shaped, honeycomb hollow, porous shape or variable cross-section shape.Like this, stiffener is a rod member, thereby weight is lighter, and it is easier to produce, and cost is lower, and corresponding In-situ cast concrete board weight is lighter, and it is easier to construct.
Feature of the present invention also is the axis reducing of described stiffener along rod member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow section stiffener is in communication with the outside.
Feature of the present invention also is to also have in the described hollow section stiffener at least one in reinforcing bar or steel wire or the gauze wire cloth.
Feature of the present invention also is to have at least two by top board and the formwork that surrounds of side plate on every side on described going to the bottom.Like this, formwork can do more, and cost is lower, and it is more convenient to construct, and the speed of application of corresponding In-situ cast concrete board is faster, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to have the module of at least one protrusion on side plate around at least one.Like this, the steel bar concrete of the In-situ cast concrete board of further finding time, the weight of In-situ cast concrete board further alleviates, and saves raw material, reduces construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also the appearance and size of formwork is ascending gradually changing, and the thick relative appearance and size of the thickness of slab that it is gone to the bottom or the rib of stiffener carries out the transition to the other end from large to small gradually.Like this, when this kind formwork is applied near the position of beam, wall, post, can effectively improve the thickness of reckoning the actual amount after a discount of concrete, the intensity of corresponding raising In-situ cast concrete board and rigidity.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with prestressed reinforcement in the described steel bar concrete.Like this, In-situ cast concrete board is applicable to the hollow-core construction of striding the footpath greatly, and its stress performance is better, and supporting capacity is higher, and crack resistance is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcing bar in the described steel bar concrete, and reinforcing bar is at least a in cold-rolled forming section, i iron, angle steel, channel-section steel or the band steel.Like this, the supporting capacity of In-situ cast concrete board is higher, and is stressed better with transmission force property, is applicable to stressed bigger hollow-core construction occasion.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is steel bar concrete, and 2 is shuttering member, and 3 is top board, 4 be around side plate, 5 for going to the bottom, 6 is cavity, 7 is stiffener, 8 is light-weight filler, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of shuttering members 2 are wrapped up in and are contained in the steel bar concrete 1, shuttering member 2 by top board 3, on every side side plate 4, going to the bottom 5 surrounds and constitutes, and is provided with stiffener 7 in its cavity 6, the stiffener 7 among this figure is for including the stiffening rib of polylith light-weight filler 8; Constitute the top board 3 of shuttering member 2, on every side side plate 4, going to the bottom also can include light-weight filler 8 in 5 simultaneously, shown in the figure for including polylith light-weight filler 8 in going to the bottom.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and its polylith light-weight filler 8 is provided with in stiffener 7 at interval, and interval each other forms many skeletons 10.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, has in its stiffener 7 to link two-layer dull and stereotyped 11 of load bearing frame 10.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and a plurality of holes 12 are arranged in its stiffener 7, and hole 12 is in communication with the outside.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, the top board 3 of its shuttering member 2, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 and stiffener 7 in contain reinforce 13, reinforce 13 is reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, compressor wire, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, steel mesh reinforcement, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, fiber mesh cloth, steel fibre, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a, is illustrated as steel wire.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and side plate 4 was made whole wide groove 14 of Denging around its position, stiffener 7 place reached along top board 3, had reinforce 13 to expose in it simultaneously.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and convex tendon 15 is made along top board 3 in its position, stiffening rib 7 place, side plate 4 partial groove 14 around the edge, and convex tendon 15 is many of latticed layouts on top board 3.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, it is gone to the bottom and 5 stretches out on every side side plate 4 and constitute bridging pieces 16, also exposing on the bridging piece 16 has reinforce 13, reinforce 13 is reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, compressor wire, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, steel mesh reinforcement, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, fiber mesh cloth, steel fibre, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a, is illustrated as steel wire.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and simultaneously, there is the reinforce of exposing 13 at its 5 interior puncture angles 17 of going to the bottom on the re-entrant angle 17, be illustrated as gauze wire cloth.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, its constitute the top board 3 of shuttering member 2, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 and stiffener 7 on be provided with a reinforcing rib 18 at least, be illustrated as on the said modules of above-mentioned shuttering member 2 and be provided with reinforcing rib 18.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, all be filled with lightweight thing 20 in the cavity 6 of its shuttering member 2, lightweight thing 20 is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool, is illustrated as expanded perlite.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and its shuttering member 2 is provided with the sleeve pipe 22 of wearing muscle hole 21 and wearing hydroelectric line.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and its stiffener 7 is a rod member, and bar cross section is shaped as the square-section, in the hollow rod member reinforcing bar is arranged, and is in communication with the outside.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and side plate 4 is provided with the module 24 of a plurality of protrusions around it, is illustrated as and is symmetrically arranged with two modules of protruding 24 on every side plate.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise steel bar concrete 1, shuttering member 2, shuttering member 2 is wrapped up in and is contained in the steel bar concrete 1, shuttering member 2 comprise top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5, cavity 6, stiffener 7, top board 3, on every side side plate 4, going to the bottom 5 surrounds cavity 6 each other, stiffener 7 is positioned at cavity 6, it is characterized in that top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 or stiffener 7 at least one in wrap up in and contain at least one light-weight filler 8.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is steel bar concrete, and 2 is shuttering member, and 3 is top board, 4 be around side plate, 5 for going to the bottom, 6 is cavity, 7 is stiffener, 8 is light-weight filler, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of shuttering members 2 are wrapped up in and are contained in the steel bar concrete 1, shuttering member 2 by top board 3, on every side side plate 4, going to the bottom 5 surrounds and constitutes, and is provided with stiffener 7 in its cavity 6, the stiffener 7 among this figure is for including the stiffening rib of polylith light-weight filler 8; Constitute the top board 3 of shuttering member 2, on every side side plate 4, going to the bottom also can include light-weight filler 8 in 5 simultaneously, shown in the figure for including polylith light-weight filler 8 in going to the bottom.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member 2 is 1,2,3 or a plurality of.As shown in Figure 1, its shuttering member 2 has 4.
The present invention also is described shuttering member 2 alternately, forms cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 9 each other.As shown in Figure 1, shuttering member forms cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 9 alternately each other.
The present invention is that also described at least two light-weight fillers 8 are provided with at interval in stiffener 7, each other be spaced apart skeleton 10 more than at least one.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and its polylith light-weight filler 8 is provided with in stiffener 7 at interval, and interval each other forms many skeletons 10.
The present invention also is many skeletons 10 parallel or handing-over or intersection or the grade separations in the described stiffener 7, constitutes truss or netted stiffener.As shown in Figure 2,10 handing-over of many skeletons in the stiffener 7 constitute the truss-like stiffener.
The present invention also is to have in the described stiffener 7 dull and stereotyped the or concavo-convex panel 11 of the one deck at least that links load bearing frame 10.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, has in its stiffener 7 to link two-layer dull and stereotyped 11 of load bearing frame 10.
That the present invention also is is porose in the described stiffener 7, hole or cavity 12, and hole, hole or cavity 12 are in communication with the outside or seal.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and a plurality of holes 12 are arranged in its stiffener 7, and hole 12 is in communication with the outside.
The present invention also be described top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 or stiffener 7 at least one in contain reinforce 13, reinforce 13 is reinforcing bar, steel wire, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, the top board 3 of its shuttering member 2, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 and stiffener 7 in contain reinforce 13, reinforce 13 is reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, compressor wire, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, steel mesh reinforcement, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, fiber mesh cloth, steel fibre, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a, is illustrated as steel wire.
The present invention is that also described reinforcing bar reinforce 13 is prestressed reinforcement or steel mesh reinforcement.
The present invention is that also described steel wire reinforce 13 is compressor wire or gauze wire cloth.
The present invention is that also described fabric reinforcement 13 is fiber mesh cloth or steel fibre.
There are reinforce 13 and the reinforce 13 of going to the bottom in 5 to be connected as one in hole, hole or the cavity 12 that the present invention also is to be in communication with the outside in the described stiffener 7.As shown in Figure 5, there are reinforce 13 and the reinforce 13 of going to the bottom in 5 to be connected as one in the hole 12 that is in communication with the outside in the stiffener 7.
The present invention also be described top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 or stiffener 7 at least one in have reinforce 13 to expose.As shown in Figure 5, there is reinforce 13 to expose in the stiffener 7.
The present invention also is at position, described stiffener 7 place along top board 3 or side plate 4 or both make part or all groove 14 or convex tendon 15 simultaneously on every side.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and convex tendon 15 is made along top board 3 in its position, stiffening rib 7 place, side plate 4 partial groove 14 around the edge, and convex tendon 15 is many of latticed layouts on top board 3.
The present invention is that also described groove 14 is the equal-width groove or the groove that broadens.As shown in Figure 6, groove 14 is an equal-width groove.
The present invention is that also described convex tendon 15 is the wide muscle or the muscle that broadens.
The present invention also is described groove 14 or/and there is reinforce 13 to expose on the convex tendon 15.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and side plate 4 was made whole wide groove 14 of Denging around its position, stiffener 7 place reached along top board 3, had reinforce 13 to expose in it simultaneously.
The present invention also is stiffener 7 from top board 3, local or all protrude the side plate 4 on every side, perhaps simultaneously from top board 3 and local or whole protrusion the side plate 4 on every side.As shown in Figure 8, stiffener 7 is from top board 3 local protrusions.
The present invention is that also described stiffener 7 is provided with a slice at least in cavity 6, is provided with that direction is parallel each other, quadrature or oblique.As shown in Figure 8, two stiffener 7 quadrature settings are each other arranged in the cavity 6.
The present invention is that also described going to the bottom 5 flushes or stretch out with the lateral surface of side plate 4 on every side and constitute bridging piece 16, or interior puncture angle 17, stretch out or in the part that contracts for local or all.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and it is gone to the bottom and 5 stretches out on every side side plate 4 and constitute bridging pieces 16.
The present invention is that also described bridging piece 16 has chamfering or is step.
The present invention also is described bridging piece 16 or/and there is reinforce 13 to expose on the re-entrant angle 17.As shown in Figure 8, also exposing on the bridging piece 16 has reinforce 13, reinforce 13 is reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, compressor wire, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, steel mesh reinforcement, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, fiber mesh cloth, steel fibre, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a, is illustrated as steel wire.
The present invention also be described top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 or stiffener 7 at least one on reinforcing rib 18 is arranged.As shown in Figure 8, go to the bottom and reinforcing rib 18 is arranged on 5.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and simultaneously, there is the reinforce of exposing 13 at its 5 interior puncture angles 17 of going to the bottom on the re-entrant angle 17, be illustrated as gauze wire cloth.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, its constitute the top board 3 of shuttering member 2, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 and stiffener 7 on be provided with a reinforcing rib 18 at least, be illustrated as on the said modules of above-mentioned shuttering member 2 and be provided with reinforcing rib 18.
The present invention is that also described going to the bottom has the tension locating structure 19 that connects a module on 5, and locating structure 19 is draw ring, drag hook or iron wire.As shown in figure 10, going to the bottom 5 is provided with a plurality of tension locating structures 19, and locating structure 19 is draw ring, drag hook or iron wire, is illustrated as drag hook.
The present invention also is partly or entirely to fill or be pasted with lightweight thing 20 in described cavity 6, lightweight thing 20 is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, all be filled with lightweight thing 20 in the cavity 6 of its shuttering member 2, lightweight thing 20 is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool, is illustrated as expanded perlite.
The present invention is that also described shuttering member 2 is provided with the sleeve pipe 22 of wearing muscle hole 21 or wearing hydroelectric line.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and its shuttering member 2 is provided with the sleeve pipe 22 of wearing muscle hole 21 and wearing hydroelectric line.
The present invention also be described top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 or stiffener 7 at least one be layer structure more than at least two layers, by one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net, one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net again, the superimposed gluing of one deck cementitious matter forms again.As shown in figure 12, top board 3, on every side side plate 4, go to the bottom 5 by one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net, one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net again, the superimposed gluing of one deck cementitious matter forms again, and is same, top board 3, sidewall 4 also can be arranged to above-mentioned layer structure on every side.
The present invention is that also described stiffener 7 is rod member, the cross sectional shape of rod member be circle, annular, square, prolate type, hollow, ring is hollow, L shaped, flute profile, I-shaped, honeycomb hollow, porous shape or variable cross-section shape.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and its stiffener 7 is a rod member, and bar cross section is shaped as the square-section, in the hollow rod member reinforcing bar is arranged.
The present invention also is the axis reducing of described stiffener 7 along rod member.
The present invention is that also described hollow section stiffener 7 is in communication with the outside.As shown in figure 13, hollow section stiffener 7 is in communication with the outside.
The present invention also is to also have in the described hollow section stiffener 7 at least one in reinforcing bar or steel wire or the gauze wire cloth.As shown in figure 13, in the hollow section reinforcing bar is arranged.
The present invention also is there are at least two on 5 by top board 3 and the formwork 23 that surrounds of side plate 4 on every side described going to the bottom.As shown in figure 13, side plate 4 is enclosed 4 formworks 23 around two top board 3 and one on same base plate 5.
The present invention also is to have the module 24 of at least one protrusion on side plate 4 around at least one.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and side plate 4 is provided with the module 24 of a plurality of protrusions around it, is illustrated as and is symmetrically arranged with two modules of protruding 24 on every side plate.
The present invention is that also the appearance and size of formwork is ascending gradually changing, and the thick relative appearance and size of rib of its go to the bottom 5 thickness of slab or stiffener 7 carries out the transition to the other end from large to small gradually.
The present invention also is to be provided with prestressed reinforcement 25 in the described steel bar concrete 1.As shown in figure 14, be provided with prestressed reinforcement 25 in its steel bar concrete 1.
The present invention also is to be provided with reinforcing bar 26 in the described steel bar concrete 1, and reinforcing bar 26 is at least a in cold-rolled forming section, i iron, angle steel, channel-section steel or the band steel.As shown in figure 12, be provided with reinforcing bar 26 in the steel bar concrete 1, reinforcing bar 26 is at least a in cold-rolled forming section, i iron, angle steel, channel-section steel, the band steel, is illustrated as i iron.
During the invention process, press earlier the construction requirement mounting template, lay base plate reinforcing bar and dark beam, rib steel muscle secretly, shuttering member 2 is installed then, re-lay upper reinforcement, pour concrete after the acceptance(check), treat the concrete setting and harden after, form removal promptly gets In-situ cast concrete board.

Claims (36)

1, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board, comprise steel bar concrete (1), shuttering member (2), shuttering member (2) is wrapped up in and is contained in the steel bar concrete (1), shuttering member (2) comprises top board (3), side plate (4), go to the bottom (5), cavity (6), stiffener (7) on every side, top board (3), side plate (4), go to the bottom (5) surround cavity (6) each other on every side, stiffener (7) is positioned at cavity (6), it is characterized in that top board (3), on every side side plate (4), go to the bottom (5) or stiffener (7) at least one in wrap up in and contain at least one light-weight filler (8).
2, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 1 is characterized in that described shuttering member (2) is 1,2,3 or a plurality of.
3, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 2 is characterized in that described shuttering member (2) alternately, forms cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (9) each other.
4, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 1 is characterized in that described at least two light-weight fillers (8) are provided with at interval in stiffener (7), each other be spaced apart skeleton (10) more than at least one.
5, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 4 is characterized in that many skeletons (10) parallel or handing-over or intersection or grade separation in the described stiffener (7), constitutes truss or netted stiffener.
6, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 5 is characterized in that having in the described stiffener (7) the dull and stereotyped or concavo-convex panel (11) of one deck at least of binding load bearing frame (10).
7, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that porose in the described stiffener (7), hole or cavity (12), hole, hole or cavity (12) are in communication with the outside or seal.
8, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described top board (3), on every side side plate (4), go to the bottom (5) or stiffener (7) at least one in contain reinforce (13), reinforce (13) is reinforcing bar, steel wire, expanded metal lath, pressure hole steel plate, fiber, nonwoven, braid over braid, strap, band steel, glass cloth, intrafascicular at least a.
9, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 8 is characterized in that described reinforcing bar reinforce (13) is prestressed reinforcement or steel mesh reinforcement.
10, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 8 is characterized in that described steel wire reinforce (13) is compressor wire or gauze wire cloth.
11, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 8 is characterized in that described fabric reinforcement (13) is fiber mesh cloth or steel fibre.
12, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 8 has the reinforce (13) and (5) the interior reinforce (13) of going to the bottom to be connected as one in hole, hole or the cavity (12) that it is characterized in that being in communication with the outside in the described stiffener (7).
13, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 12, it is characterized in that described top board (3), on every side side plate (4), go to the bottom (5) or stiffener (7) at least one in have reinforce (13) to expose.
14,, it is characterized in that at described stiffener (7) position, place along top board (3) or side plate (4) or both make part or all groove (14) or convex tendon (15) simultaneously on every side according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6.
15, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 14 is characterized in that at described groove (14) be the equal-width groove or the groove that broadens.
16, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 14 is characterized in that at described convex tendon (15) be the wide muscle or the muscle that broadens.
17, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 14 is characterized in that having reinforce (13) to expose on described groove (14) or convex tendon (15).
18, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that stiffener (7) from top board (3), local or all protrude the side plate (4) on every side, perhaps simultaneously from top board (3) and local or whole protrusions the side plate (4) on every side.
19, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described stiffener (7) is provided with a slice at least in cavity (6), be provided with that direction is parallel each other, quadrature or oblique.
20, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described going to the bottom (5) flushes with the lateral surface of side plate (4) on every side or stretch out constitutes bridging piece (16), or interior puncture angle (17), stretch out or in the part that contracts for local or all.
21, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 20 is characterized in that having chamfering or being step at described bridging piece (16).
22, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 20 is characterized in that also having reinforce (13) to expose at described bridging piece (16) or/and re-entrant angle (17) is gone up.
23, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described top board (3), on every side side plate (4), go to the bottom (5) or stiffener (7) at least one on reinforcing rib (18) is arranged.
24, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that the tension locating structure (19) that connects a module is arranged on described the going to the bottom (5), locating structure (19) is draw ring, drag hook or iron wire.
25, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that partly or entirely filling or being pasted with in described cavity (6) lightweight thing (20), lightweight thing (20) is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool or glass wool.
26,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member (2) is provided with the sleeve pipe (22) of wearing muscle hole (21) or wearing hydroelectric line according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6.
27, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described top board (3), on every side side plate (4), go to the bottom (5) or stiffener (7) at least one be layer structure more than at least two layers, by one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net, one deck cementitious matter one deck cloth or net again, the superimposed gluing of one deck cementitious matter forms again.
28, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described stiffener (7) is a rod member, the cross sectional shape of rod member be circle, annular, square, prolate type, hollow, ring is hollow, L shaped, flute profile, I-shaped, honeycomb hollow, porous shape or variable cross-section shape.
29, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 28 is characterized in that the axis reducing of described stiffener (7) along rod member.
30, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 28 is characterized in that described hollow section stiffener (7) is in communication with the outside.
31, a kind of In-situ cast concrete board according to claim 30 is characterized in that also having in the described hollow section stiffener (7) at least one in reinforcing bar or steel wire or the gauze wire cloth.
32,, it is characterized in that on described going to the bottom (5), having at least two by top board (3) and the formwork (23) that surrounds of side plate (4) on every side according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6.
33,, it is characterized in that on side plate (4) around at least one, having the module (24) of at least one protrusion according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6.
34, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, the appearance and size that it is characterized in that formwork is ascending gradually changing, the thick relative appearance and size of the rib of the thickness of slab of its go to the bottom (5) or stiffener (7) carries out the transition to the other end from large to small gradually.
35,, it is characterized in that being provided with in the described steel bar concrete (1) prestressed reinforcement (25) according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6.
36, according to the described a kind of In-situ cast concrete board of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that being provided with in the described steel bar concrete (1) reinforcing bar (26), reinforcing bar (26) is at least a in cold-rolled forming section, i iron, angle steel, channel-section steel or the band steel.
CNB031183506A 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 In-situ cast concrete board CN1302185C (en)

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CNB031183506A CN1302185C (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 In-situ cast concrete board

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CN 200710089258 CN101037882A (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 Cast-in-situ concrete plate
CN 200710089259 CN101037883A (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 Cast-in-situ concrete plate
CNB031183506A CN1302185C (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 In-situ cast concrete board

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CN 200710089258 CN101037882A (en) 2003-05-06 2003-05-06 Cast-in-situ concrete plate

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CN1851173B (en) * 2005-04-22 2010-12-15 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cast-in-place concrete hollow plate
CN104074294A (en) * 2014-06-20 2014-10-01 湘潭市众成宏鑫建筑材料有限公司 Concrete structure solid floor filling body, and manufacturing method and application of concrete structure solid floor filling body

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994016167A1 (en) * 1993-01-12 1994-07-21 Avi Alpenländische Veredelungs-Industrie Gesellschaft Mbh Ceiling structure and process for producing it
DE19954448A1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2000-06-08 Rolf Juffernbruch Shuttering element, in particular, for edge shuttering for cast floors comprises stiffening rib provided with cutouts which serve as seatings for ring anchor reinforcement
CN1348041A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-05-08 邱则有 Hollow floor slab of in-situ deposited steel bar reinforced concrete
EP1224362A1 (en) * 1999-10-15 2002-07-24 Albert Toffolo Lost formwork elements for casting concrete

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994016167A1 (en) * 1993-01-12 1994-07-21 Avi Alpenländische Veredelungs-Industrie Gesellschaft Mbh Ceiling structure and process for producing it
DE19954448A1 (en) * 1998-11-12 2000-06-08 Rolf Juffernbruch Shuttering element, in particular, for edge shuttering for cast floors comprises stiffening rib provided with cutouts which serve as seatings for ring anchor reinforcement
EP1224362A1 (en) * 1999-10-15 2002-07-24 Albert Toffolo Lost formwork elements for casting concrete
CN1348041A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-05-08 邱则有 Hollow floor slab of in-situ deposited steel bar reinforced concrete

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CN101037882A (en) 2007-09-19
CN1548672A (en) 2004-11-24

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