CN1279795A - System and method for implementing an auction on computer network - Google Patents

System and method for implementing an auction on computer network Download PDF

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CN1279795A
CN1279795A CN 98811540 CN98811540A CN1279795A CN 1279795 A CN1279795 A CN 1279795A CN 98811540 CN98811540 CN 98811540 CN 98811540 A CN98811540 A CN 98811540A CN 1279795 A CN1279795 A CN 1279795A
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auction
bidders
bid
time
means
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CN 98811540
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Chinese (zh)
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艾里克·舍尔拉尔
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泰勒信托公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions

Abstract

本发明是一种计算机化的拍卖系统,其包括用于处理竞拍者出价、向竞拍者发出出价回执并通知拍卖的详细情况、以及根据所收到的出价确定获胜的竞拍者、并向竞拍者通知获胜者的装置。 The present invention is a computerized auction system, comprising bidders bidding for processing, sent to the bidders bid receipt and notify the details of the auction, bidders and according to the determined winning bid is received, and bidders device notifies the winner.

Description

在计算机网络上进行拍卖的系统与方法 A system and method for auction on a computer network

本发明涉及拍卖系统,更具体地涉及在网络例如计算机网络或电视网络上通过自动化的方法实现拍卖系统的系统与方法。 The present invention relates to the auction system, and more particularly to a system and method implemented by the auction system automated method on a network such as a computer network or a television network.

下列已公开的文件将引入本说明中作为参考:1994年2月1日授予Boylan等人的美国专利5,282,633;1992年1月21日授予Thacher等人的美国专利5,083,271;1997年5月20日授予Gagin等人的美国专利5,630,757;1990年5月22日授予Breslow等人的美国专利4,927,156;1991年4月23日授予Auxier的美国专利5,009,429;1985年10月18日授予Gibbon等人的美国专利4,637,614;1981年4月14日授予Corely等人的美国专利4,261,575;1996年9月24日授予Lucero的美国专利5,559,312;1990年5月1日授予Scanlon的美国专利4,922,522;1991年3月5日授予Tashiro等人的美国专利4,998,199;1991年8月6日授予Lucero等人的美国专利5,038,022;1992年10月27日授予Hallman等人的美国专利5,159,549;1992年1月21日授予Walker等人的美国专利5,083,272;1992年1月21日授予Thacher等人的美国专利5,083,271;PCT申请:WO 95/31601,由Catapult Enter The following documents have been disclosed in this specification will be introduced as a reference: February 1, 1994 to grant Boylan et al., US Patent 5,282,633; US Patent January 21, 1992 awarded Thacher et al 5,083,271 ; US Patent May 20, 1997 granted Gagin et al 5,630,757; US Patent May 22, 1990 granted to Breslow et al 4,927,156; US Patent April 23, 1991 grant of Auxier 5,009,429; US Patent October 18, 1985 awarded the Gibbon et al, 4,637,614; US Patent April 14, 1981 awarded Corely, et al. 4,261,575; September 24, 1996 Lucero awarded US Patent No. 5,559,312; May 1, 1990 Scanlon awarded US Patent No. 4,922,522; March 5, 1991 awarded Tashiro et al., US Patent 4,998,199; 1991 8 May 6, awarded Lucero et al., US Patent 5,038,022; October 27, 1992 awarded Hallman, et al., US Patent 5,159,549; January 21, 1992 to grant Walker et al., US Patent 5, 083,272; January 21, 1992 awarded Thacher et al., US Patent 5,083,271; PCT application: WO 95/31601, the Catapult Enter tainment,Inc. tainment, Inc. 于1995年5月5日申请;WO 93/23125,由Codemasters limited于1993年5月14日申请;以及于1993年4月30日申请的WO 93/22017;欧洲专利申请0 405 776 A2,公开于1991年1月2日。 1995 May 5 application; WO 93/23125, limited by the Codemasters in 1993 May 14 applications; and WO 1993 April 30 application 93/22017; European Patent Application 0 405 776 A2, public on January 2, 1991.

在本发明的第一方面,提出了一种计算机化的拍卖系统,其包括如下特征:用于处理竞拍者以通信方式发来的出价、向竞拍者发出出价回执并通知拍卖的详细情况、以及根据所收到的出价确定获胜的竞拍者、并向该获胜的竞拍者发出通知的拍卖装置;出价人装置,用于分别地与拍卖装置通信,以区分各竞拍者的出价,并处理从拍卖装置发来的出价回执和拍卖详细情况;网络装置,用于在拍卖装置与出价人装置之间提供通信传输路径,在拍卖装置与出价人装置之间通过该网络装置传输的信息至少符合第一传输协议或第二传输协议之一,就确保表示信息的数据到达拍卖装置与出价人装置之一的方面而言,第一传输协议比第二传输协议更可靠,而就数据经过网络装置发送到由拍卖装置与出价人装置之一接收所经过的时间而言,第二传输协议比第一传输协 In a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a computerized auction system, comprising the following features: means for processing communicatively bidder bids sent to issue receipts to bidders bidding and informs details of the auction, and the bidders bid received to determine the winning, the winning bidder and the auction device issuing the notification; bidder means, means for communicating respectively with the auction, to distinguish the respective bidders bidding, auction and from the processing means sent bid auction and receipt details; network device for providing a communication path between the transmission device and the auction bidder means, and means between the auction bidder device via the network conforms to at least a first information transmission apparatus transport protocol or second transport protocol, ensuring arrival of data represented in terms of one aspect of the apparatus and the auction bidder means, a first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, and transmits it to the apparatus via the data network For the auction bidder means and means for receiving one of the elapsed time, a second transport protocol than the first transmission RA 更快捷;与按照第二传输协议通信的信息相关的风险包括在网络装置传输的过程中的数据丢失,到达拍卖装置与出价人装置之一的数据顺序与当时从拍卖装置与出价人装置相应的一个所发出数据的顺序不同,以及到达拍卖装置与出价人装置之一的数据重复,这些风险是拍卖中与确定竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 More efficient; risk communication protocol according to the information related to the second transmission comprises means for transmitting data during a network is lost, the data reach the auction bidder means one device and then sequentially with a respective means from the auction bidders apparatus a different order issued data, as well as reaching the auction means a duplicate of one of the bidders device data, these risks are auctions with bidders in terms of determining a winner related.

优选地,在第二传输协议下的出价是从出价人装置向拍卖装置发送的,拍卖装置包括:拍卖者装置,用于处理从出价人装置发来的出价,向竞拍者通知出价回执并通知拍卖的详细情况,拍卖者装置在第二传输协议下与出价人装置通信。 Preferably, the bid at the second transport protocol is transmitted from the apparatus to the auction bidders apparatus auction apparatus comprising: auctioneer means, means for processing the bid sent from the bidder, bid receipt notice and notifies to the bidders Details of the auction, the auctioneer means at a second transmission protocol and means for communicating the bidder. 拍卖系统最好还包括管理装置,用于处理竞拍者的帐目,和处理与从拍卖者装置与出价人装置通信之间通信的信息分开的与拍卖有关的信息,拍卖装置优选还包括拍卖支持装置,用于向拍卖装置提示开始拍卖,拍卖支持装置与管理装置在安全通信信道上经一传输路径进行通信,该传输路径是在网络装置之外的和经过网络装置的路径中之一。 Auction management system preferably further comprises means for processing the accounts bidders, and treatment separately from the information communication means between the auctioneer and bidder information from the communication apparatus relating to the auction, the auction apparatus preferably further comprises a support auction means, means for presenting the auctioneer starts the auction, the auction support apparatus communicates with the management apparatus via a transmission path in the secure communication channel, the transmission path is a path through the network device and one of the device outside of the network.

在拍卖系统的优选实施例中,网络装置包括至少电话网络、公共邮政网络、电传网络、局域网络以及互联网中之一,第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 In auction system of the preferred embodiment, the network device comprising at least a telephone network, public postal networks, telex networks, local area networks and the Internet, one of the first transfer protocol comprises a Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the first second transmission protocol comprises user datagram protocol (UDP).

在本发明的优选实施例中,出价人装置与拍卖者装置在拍卖协定下进行通信,该拍卖协定是在第一或第二传输协议顶层的协议,这些拍卖协定可包括拍卖管理和出价协定。 Embodiment, the auctioneer and bidder means communicating means, the auction agreement protocol is the first or second transport protocol in the top layer in the present invention preferably auction agreement embodiment, these agreements can include auctions and bidding auction management protocol. 而且,该拍卖协定最好还包括如下一些参数:各所述出价的数值、由所述拍卖装置对每个所述竞拍者从所述出价人装置接收的消息数、对每个所述出价人装置的拍卖时间通知、对所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识、所述拍卖开始的时间、所述拍卖结束并且当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间、在任何时刻与所述拍卖者装置通信的所述出价数、所述每个竞拍者剩下的出价次数、所述出价之一为赢得所述拍卖必须坚持多长时间,以及所述竞拍者的个数。 Furthermore, the auction protocol parameters preferably further comprises: for each value of the bid, the auction by the means for each of said bidder messages from a bidder number of receiving means, each of said bidder auction time notification device, for the identification of the bidder winner, the start time of the auction, the auction of the bid ends and a current time becomes the final bid, the auctioneer means in communication with said at any time the number of bids, the bidders for each of the remaining number of bids, the bid to win the auction one must hold on much longer, and the number of bidders.

在第二个方面,本发明涉及计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其包括:用于处理由竞拍者通过计算机网络发出的出价的装置;用于根据竞拍者发出的出价,通过计算机网络向竞拍者发出信息的装置;用于根据通过计算机网络收到的出价确定竞拍者中的获胜者的装置:用于通过计算机网络向竞拍者通知获胜者的装置;用于第一传输协议的装置,在该协议下实现用于发送与获胜者的通信信息的装置;和用于第二传输协议的装置,在该协议下由竞拍者通过计算机网络发出出价,就通信到达其目的地的方面而言,第一传输协议比第二传输协议更可靠,而就开始通信到通信到达目的地所经过的时间而言,第二传输协议比第一传输协议更快捷;与按照第二传输协议通信的信息相关的风险包括在网络装置传输的过程中出价的丢失,从不同的竞拍者来的出价顺序与当时 In a second aspect, the present invention relates to a computer network server auction system, comprising: means for bids sent over a computer network by a bidder processing; according bidders bid sent, to send a message through a computer network bidders It means; bidders for the winner determining means in accordance with the received bids over the computer network: means for notifying the winners bidders via a computer network; means for a first transmission protocol, this protocol implement information transmission means for communicating with the winner; and a means for a second transmission protocol, the protocol issued by the bidding at bidders via a computer network, the communication aspects in terms of reaching its destination, the first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transport protocol, and the communication start to the communication destination in terms of reaching the elapsed time, the second transfer protocol more efficient than the first transmission protocol; in accordance with the risk information of the second communication protocol associated with transmission comprising bid lost during network transmission means, from different bidders bid order and then 竞拍者出价的顺序不同,以及到达目的地的至少一个出价的重复,这些风险是拍卖中与确定竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 Bidders bid a different order, and the destination of at least one bid repetition, these risks are one aspect of the auction bidders and determine the winner-related.

上述计算机网络拍卖服务器优选包括用于处理竞拍者帐目的管理装置,该管理装置还包括用于处理以环球网(World Wide Web)页与出价人装置通信的内容的装置。 Preferably said computer network comprises a server for processing the auction bidders accounts management apparatus, the management apparatus further comprises a Web (World Wide Web) pages and content means bidders means for handling communications.

第一传输协议优选包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 Preferably comprises a first transport protocol Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises User Datagram Protocol (UDP).

本发明的第三方面涉及在计算机网络上实现拍卖系统的方法,该方法包括:由各竞拍者的输入计算机设备将出价经网络传送到拍卖方计算机设备上;由拍卖方计算机设备处理所收到的出价;由拍卖方计算机设备经网络向输入计算机设备提供收到出价的通知;由拍卖方计算机设备根据从输入计算机设备所收到的出价决定竞拍者中的获胜者;和由拍卖方计算机设备与竞拍者中获胜者的输入计算机设备通信;提供第一传输协议和第二传输协议,在这些协议下可以进行拍卖方计算机设备与输入计算机设备之间的通信,就通信到达其目的地的方面而言,第一传输协议比第二传输协议更可靠,而就经网络发送并由拍卖方计算机设备与输入计算机设备至少之一接收所经过的时间而言,第二传输协议比第一传输协议更快捷;与按照第二传输协议通信的信息相关的风 The third aspect of the invention relates to a method implemented auction system over a computer network, the method comprising: each bidder bids entered into the computer device transmitted to the computer device via the network auctioneer; auctioneer received by a computer processing device bid; provide notification received bids to the computer input device by the auctioneer computer device via the network; computer equipment is determined by the auctioneer bidders in accordance with the winner of the bid received from a computer input device; and by the auctioneer computer equipment computer input device communicating with the bidder who won; providing a first transport protocol and the second transport protocol, under these protocols can communicate between the device and the computer auctioneer computer input device, to the communication aspect reaches its destination , the first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, and transmits the auctioneer by the computer input device and the computer device via the network in terms of receiving at least one of elapsed time, a second transport protocol than the first transmission protocol more efficient; according to the information associated with the second transport protocol to communicate wind 包括在网络装置传输的过程中通信的丢失,到达拍卖方计算机设备与输入计算机设备至少之一的通信顺序与当时从各输入计算机设备与拍卖方计算机设备发送的顺序不同,以及到达拍卖方计算机设备与输入计算机设备的通信的重复,这些风险是拍卖中与确定竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 Transport means including lost during network communication, the communication order of arrival of the at least one input device and a computer auctioneer computer device and then from the order of the input device and the computer side sending computer auction different apparatus, and a computer device reaches auctioneer and repeated communication computer input devices, these risks are one aspect of the auction bidders and determine the winner-related.

根据本发明第三个方面的方法优选包括处理竞拍者的帐目和储存拍卖结果的过程。 It comprises processing and storage accounts bidders results of the auction process according to the third aspect of the present invention is preferred. 所述网络可包括公共邮政网络、电话网络、电传网络、无线网络、电视网络以及计算机网。 The network may include a public postal networks, telephone networks, telex networks, wireless networks, television networks and computer networks.

所用的网络可包括互联网,则第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 The network used may include the Internet, a first transfer protocol comprises the Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises User Datagram Protocol (UDP).

根据本发明第三个方面的方法优选包括执行拍卖方计算机设备与输入计算机设备在拍卖协定下进行与出价有关的通信,该拍卖协定是在第一或第二传输协议顶层的协议,这些拍卖协定可包括拍卖管理和出价协定。 The method of the third aspect of the present invention preferably comprises a computer device performing the auctioneer computer input device and bid at the auction-related communication protocol, the protocol is a protocol of the first auction and second top transmission protocol, these auctions agreements may include the auction and bid management agreements. 而且,该拍卖协定最好还包括如下一些参数:各出价的数值、由所述拍卖者装置对每个所述竞拍者从所述出价人装置接收的消息数、对每个所述出价人装置的拍卖时间通知、对所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识、所述拍卖开始的时间、所述拍卖结束并且当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间、在任何时刻与所述拍卖者装置通信的所述出价数、所述每个竞拍者剩下的出价次数、所述出价之一为赢得所述拍卖必须坚持多长时间,以及所述竞拍者的个数。 Furthermore, the auction protocol preferably further comprising the parameters: value of each bid, the auctioneer by the means for each of said bidder messages from a bidder number of receiving means, each of said bidder means notification time auction, bidders in the identification of the winner, the start time of the auction, the auction of the bid ends and a current time becomes the final bid, the auctioneer means in communication with said at any time the number of bids, the bidders for each of the remaining number of bids, the bid to win the auction one must hold on much longer, and the number of bidders.

第四方面,本发明涉及在计算机网络服务器上实现拍卖的方法,该方法包括:处理由竞拍者经计算机网络发来的出价;根据从竞拍者收到的出价经网络与竞拍者进行通信;根据经计算机网络收到的出价决定竞拍者中的获胜者;和经计算机网络向竞拍者通知获胜者;根据第一传输协议和第二传输协议之一在计算机网络上进行通信,在通信到达其目的地的方面,第一传输协议比第二传输协议更可靠,在速度方面第二传输协议比第一传输协议更快捷;在第二传输协议下通信的丢失、通信的延迟、以及通信的重复是拍卖中与确定竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 A fourth aspect, the present invention relates to a method implemented auctions over a computer network server, the method comprising: processing via the computer network by a bidder bids sent; communicate over a network in accordance with the bidders bid received from the bidder; The received bids over the computer network determines the winner of bidders; via the computer network and to notify the winners bidders; communicate on a computer network in accordance with one of the second transmission protocol and a first transmission protocol, the communication reaches its object the aspect, the first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, the second protocol transmission speed faster than the first transmission protocol; in the second transport protocol is repeated loss of communication, communication delay, and communication one aspect of the auction bidders and determine the winner-related.

第四方面,本发明提供了一种根据由竞拍者在预先建立的时限内提交的奖金支持出价的拍卖系统,该系统可包括在拍卖者与竞拍者之间通信的通信网络,该拍卖系统包括:用于由竞拍者提供出价的接口装置,用于检测由各竞拍者提交的出价的检测器装置,位于拍卖者一方的实际的或模拟的时钟,用于标出拍卖的开始时间和结束时间,记录进行的拍卖时间以及用于在检测器装置中进行出价检测的时间点,和判定装置,用于判定拍卖的结果,该拍卖结果是出价时间点的函数。 A fourth aspect, the present invention provides a system for bidding on the auction support bonus submitted within the time pre-established by the bidders, the system may include a communications network between the auctioneer and bidder communication, the auction system comprises : actual or simulated clock means for providing an interface for a bid by the bidders, detector means for detecting the respective bidders bidding for submission, located one auctioneer, marked for auction start time and end time , the auction is carried out and the time for recording in the detector means detecting a time point bids, and determining means for determining the results of the auction, the auction bidding result point as a function of time.

优选地,该判定装置可用于测试在上一次检测到的出价之后而没有再检测到新的出价时预定的时间周期或是根据预定规则可变的时间周期是否过去,如果确实如此,就将上一次检测到出价的竞拍者标识为拍卖的获胜者,而如果不是,则就将在总的拍卖过程中在拍卖结束时间之前已经提交最后一个出价的竞拍者标识为获胜者。 Preferably the predetermined time, the determination device may be used to test the detected since the last bid and no longer detect a new bid or a variable time period in accordance with predetermined rules whether the time period elapsed, if it does, it will be the bidders to bid once detected the identity of the winner of the auction, and if not, then it will be before the end time of the auction bidders have submitted final bids in the auction process to identify the overall winner.

所述接口装置可以是通过例如调制解调器与实时数据发送通信网络连接的计算机终端,而拍卖者则通过计算机终端以类似的方式连接到相同的网络。 The interface device may be a computer terminal connected via a modem, for example, real-time data transmission and communication network, the auctioneer in a similar manner the terminal connected to the same network by a computer. 此外,拍卖者的时钟、检测器装置和判定装置可以包含在拍卖者计算机中,该计算机适合于根据程序化的拍卖算法管理拍卖。 Furthermore, the auctioneer's clock, the detector means and determining means may be included in the auction's computer, the computer program is suitable for the management of auction the auction in accordance with the algorithm.

拍卖者的计算机算法最好适合于管理由竞拍者在拍卖过程期间提交的出价。 Auctioneer computer algorithms best suited to manage bids submitted by the bidders during the auction process. 在特定的实施例中,计算机甚至可以用于校正竞拍者的计算机终端的传输延迟。 In certain embodiments, the computer may even be a computer terminal for the transmission delay correction bidders.

拍卖者的计算机算法之一可以是用于改变时间周期的长度以作为已过去的拍卖时间的函数或是作为从全体竞拍者中提交当前出价的提交速度的函数来“落槌”。 One auctioneer computer algorithms can be used to alter the length of the time period as a function of elapsed time of auction or as a function of the speed of the current Submission of bids from all bidders in the past, "the hammer."

为了对每个竞拍者提供进行拍卖的过程和活动,竞拍者计算机终端以及通信网络可以适合于从拍卖者计算机发送实时信息。 In order to provide each of the bidders for the auction process and activities, bidders may be a computer terminal and a communication network adapted to transmit real-time information from the auctioneer's computer.

在特定的实施例中,拍卖者计算机算法可适合于管理由各竞拍者在固定的时间点成组地提交的出价,从而当该时间点过去时,该计算机可以立即模拟总的拍卖过程。 In certain embodiments, the auctioneer computer algorithm may be adapted to manage the respective bidders at a fixed point in time to submit a bid of the group, so that when the time point in the past, the computer can simulate the total auction process immediately.

在拍卖过程中总的出价次数可以预先确定,而拍卖者计算机算法则适合于管理由竞拍者在其进入拍卖/支付出价的同时提交的出价。 The total number of bids can be pre-determined during the auction, and the auctioneer computer algorithms are suitable for management by the bidders submitted a bid at the same time it enters the auction / bid payment.

另外,如果在拍卖过程中对出价的总次数没有限制,拍卖者计算机算法则适合于管理a)由各竞拍者在预定的时间点内出价的拍卖项/支付,b)然后计算总的拍卖时间,即从开始到结束所经过的时间,c)建立用于由各竞拍者提交成组的出价时间的时间限制,和d)接着从各竞拍者接收出价,并结束时间限制,模拟整个拍卖过程。 Further, the auction process if no bid limit of the total number, the auctioneer computer algorithms adapted to manage a) respective bidders bidding within a predetermined time points auction item / payment, b) then calculates the total time auction , i.e., from the start to the end of the elapsed time, c) establishing a time limit for the submission of a group of bidders bid each time, and d) subsequently received from the respective bidders bidding, and terminates the time limit, the whole auction analog .

拍卖者计算机、竞拍者计算机终端和通信网络还可适合于将关于模拟拍卖过程的信息传送到各竞拍者,可以实时地或以变换后的时间标度以屏幕画面的形式进行传送。 Auctioneer computers, computer terminals and bidders may also be adapted to a communication network for the simulation of the auction process information transmitted to each of the bidders, in real time or may be transmitted at a time scale converted in the form of screen.

在另一个特定实施例中,拍卖者计算机也可以用于根据特殊的程序向竞拍者计算机终端发送副(side)信息,(a)该副信息在实时或模拟拍卖过程中由拍卖者时钟控制,并可由正在进行的拍卖的进展情况来控制,用于在拍卖信息之后启动画面/声音或者与拍卖有关的娱乐性的或吸引人的短影片,从而增加拍卖的吸引力,(b)所述副信息包括,在进入/支付/预出价的阶段,含有娱乐内容的动画、或与拍卖有关的信息或广告。 In another particular embodiment, the auctioneer may also be used to transmit the sub-computer (Side) information to the bidders computer terminal according to the special procedures, (A) the sub-information in real or simulated auction process clocked by auctioneer, and can be controlled by the progress of ongoing auctions, a splash screen / sound information or the auction after the auction-related entertainment or attractive short film, thereby increasing the attractiveness of the auction, (b) the secondary information included in the entry / payment / pre-bid stage, animation containing entertainment content, or auction-related information or advertising.

在第五方面的拍卖系统的另一个实施例中,拍卖者计算机可包括用于存储整个拍卖过程的存储器,从而竞拍者可自动地或者是在完成拍卖后提出请求而拥有与在其计算机终端所展示的拍卖过程有关的数据。 Another aspect of the auction system in the fifth embodiment, the auctioneer may include a computer memory for storing the entire auction process, so that bidders may automatically request or after the completion of the auction and has thereon a computer terminal with presentation of data related to the auction process.

在本发明第五方面的一个实施例中,该实施例是针对利用自动化技术进行拍卖的,至少一个竞拍者是真正的竞拍者,而多个竞拍者是多个模拟的竞拍者,该系统还包括拍卖者随机产生装置,其根据预定的随机数发生算法来控制模拟竞拍者的数目与出价时间,该算法包括可调节的参数,以便将拍卖获胜机率调节到可与国家法律相容的范围。 In one embodiment of the fifth aspect of the present invention, this embodiment is directed to the use of automation technology for auction, bidders at least one is a real bidders, the plurality of bidders is a plurality of analog bidders, the system further randomly generating means includes an auction, which controls the number of simulated bidders bid predetermined time in accordance with a random number generating algorithm, the algorithm including an adjustable parameter, to adjust the odds of winning the auction to a range compatible with the national laws.

在第五方面的拍卖系统的优选实施例中,通信网络可分为两个部分,通信网络的一部分可以是任何公共交换电话网络、蜂窝网络、计算机网络或反向TV信道网络。 In a fifth aspect of the auction system in a preferred embodiment, a portion of the communication network can be divided into two portions, the communication network may be any public switched telephone network, a cellular network, a computer network or a reverse channel TV network.

接口装置可以是电话、蜂窝电话、电传单元、计算机终端以及具有双向通信能力的电视机。 Interface device may be a telephone, cellular telephone, a fax unit, a computer and a television terminal having a bi-directional communication capability.

拍卖者可以经其它部分的通信网络广播任何无线电节目、电视节目和图文电视节目,这些其它部分可由公共无线频道、电视频道和闭路网,其中无线电/电视/图文电视节目实时信息相对于拍卖过程而被发送。 Auction via the communication network may broadcast any other parts of the radio and television programs and teletext programs, such other portions may be common radio channel, and the closed circuit television network, wherein the radio / television / teletext program information with respect to the real-time auction process is transmitted.

在根据与本发明第五方面的拍卖系统的完全不同的实施例中,接口装置是由各竞拍者所完成并发送给拍卖者的息票(coupon),该息票包括关于在预定时间帧内关于对讨论中的竞拍者所要的出价时间点,并且根据规则并根据奖金而固定的多个出价。 In a different embodiment of the fifth aspect of the present invention, the auction system, the interface means is by the bidders sends the coupon auctioneer's (coupon) is completed, the coupon at a predetermined time comprises the intra About bid point in time for the discussion of bidders to be, and according to the rules and in accordance with fixed bonus of multiple bids. 检测器装置是一coupon读取单元,所述判定装置是编程的计算机,其与coupon读取单元连接,可进行计算机编程,而时钟也是模拟时钟,根据该时钟,竞拍者的出价被按时间顺序排序,通信网络是电话网络、公共邮政网络、电传网络或计算机网络。 Coupon detector means is a reading means, said determining means is a programmed computer, which is connected to the coupon reading unit, a computer can be programmed, and the clock is an analog clock, the time is in the order according to the clock bid, bidders Sort, communications network is a telephone network, a public postal network, telex network or computer network.

在本发明的第六方面,提出了一种用于根据由竞拍者在预先建立的时限内从拍卖竞拍者提交的奖金支持出价的拍卖,该拍卖包括如下步骤:经至少一个接口装置向一拍卖者显示来自竞拍者的出价; In a sixth aspect of the invention, the auction for a bonus is proposed pursuant to the bidders who previously established within the time frame from the support auction bid auction, the auction comprising: an auction to the device via at least one interface who display bids from bidders;

通过拍卖者的出价检测器装置检测由任何竞拍者提交的出价;使用位于拍卖者一方的真实或模拟的时钟来标出拍卖的开始和结束时间,并记录正在进行的拍卖时间以及由拍卖者的出价检测器装置进行出价检测的时间点,和由拍卖者的判定装置来判定拍卖结果,该拍卖结果是出价时间点的函数。 Bid by the bid detector means for detecting the auctioneer submitted by any bidders; auctioneer positioned using one real or simulated auction clock mark the start and end time and the recording time, and the ongoing auction by the auction's bid point detector means detects the bid, the auctioneer and the function determining means determines that the result of the auction, the bid auctions are time points.

该拍卖方法优选还包括在上一次检测到的出价之后而没有再检测到新的出价时预定的时间周期或是根据预定规则可变的时间周期是否过去,如果确实如此,就将上一次检测到出价的竞拍者标识为拍卖的获胜者,而如果不是,则在总的拍卖过程中,将在拍卖结束时间之前已经提交最后一个出价的竞拍者标识为获胜者。 The auction method preferably further comprises, after the last detected in the predetermined offer is no longer detected when a new bid or a variable time period in accordance with predetermined rules whether the time period elapsed, if it does, it will detect the last the bidders bid identified as the winner of the auction, and if not, then the total of the auction process, bidders will have to submit a final bid before the auction end time is identified as the winner. 附图的简要说明:下面将参考附图中所示的实施例对本发明进行更为详细地说明,其中:图1显示了根据本发明第一方面的计算机化拍卖系统的基本部件的示意图,图2显示了构成根据本发明前四个方面的计算机化拍卖系统重要部分的网络服务器的硬件和软件平台特性,图3显示了构成根据本发明前四个方面的计算机化拍卖系统另一重要部分的网络客户的硬件和软件平台特性,图4显示了根据本发明第一方面的拍卖系统整体图,图5是说明根据本发明方法的一些必要步骤的流程图,图6是显示任何一个客户与拍卖者的游戏引擎之间联系的通信流程图,图7是用于重点说明拍卖者的服务器与最近部分通信网络之间联系的另一通信流程图,图8说明了实时版本的“American auction”(美式拍卖)中的情形,图9说明了在“instant”(简版)版本的“American auction”中的情形,图 Brief Description of the Drawings: The following description with reference to the embodiment of the present invention will be illustrated in more detail in the accompanying drawings, wherein: Figure 1 shows a schematic view of the basic components of a computerized auction system of a first aspect of the present invention, FIG. 2 shows a configuration of hardware and software platforms auction characteristics of the network server an important portion of a computerized system in accordance with the present invention four of the front, FIG. 3 shows the configuration of another important part of the front four computerized auction system of the present invention characteristics of the network hardware and software platform of the client, FIG. 4 shows an overall view of a first aspect of the auction system of the present invention, FIG 5 is a flowchart in accordance with some essential steps of the method of the present invention, FIG. 6 is a graph showing a client and any auction communication link between a flow chart of the game's engine, Figure 7 is a highlight the auctioneer server with another communication link between a flow chart of the nearest part of the communication network, Figure 8 illustrates a real-time version of "American auction" ( American auction) in the case of Figure 9 illustrates the case of "instant" (simple version) version of "American auction" in Fig. 10说明了在“strategic/simulation”(策略/模拟)版本的“Americanauction”中的情形,图11以示意的方式显示了根据本发明在参与拍卖的对象之间所有可能的通信网络连接,和图12显示了在未知(sealed)出价类型的拍卖中竞拍者显示的出价牌的例子。 10 illustrates a case of "strategic / simulation" (Policy / analog) version of "Americanauction" in FIG. 11 schematically shows the manner of all possible communication network between objects participate in the auction in accordance with the present invention, and FIG. 12 shows an example of the bidders bid cards displayed in the unknown (sealed) bid type of auction.

本发明的详细说明图1显示了根据本发明的计算机化和基于网络的拍卖系统的一般特征的示意图,其中拍卖者使用至少两个如图左边部分所示的网络服务器,其中一个服务器主要是用于处理竞拍者帐目和相关信息的管理服务器,而另一个服务器则处理由竞拍者通过网络发出的出价,以及向竞拍者发送关于正在进行拍卖的状态细节。 Detailed Description of the present invention show a schematic diagram of a computerized auction-based system network, and a general feature of the present invention, wherein the network server auctioneer at least two portions of the left as shown, where a server is mainly used to deal with bidders accounts and related information management server, and the other server processing bids issued by the bidders through the network, and to send details on the status of ongoing auctions to bidders.

该图还显示了竞拍者PC机和通信网络的一般例子。 The figure also shows a general example of bidders PC and a communication network.

图2显示了用于两个必要的网络服务器的硬件和软件平台。 Figure 2 shows the hardware and software platform for the two necessary network servers. 该图是用文字进行解释的,其中的文字结合在本说明中。 This is explained by FIG text, the text of which is incorporated in the present description.

图3显示竞拍者PC机的硬件和软件平台的例子,并且该图是用文字进行解释的,其中的文字结合在本说明中。 Figure 3 shows an example of the hardware and software platform of the PC bidders, and this is explained using FIG text, the text of which is incorporated in the present description.

最初的拍卖概念一开始是基于网络的发明,它可被简单地应用于更为广阔的市场上,其具体应用在以下方面尤为突出:“game-boy”型机通过CD/模拟传播的应用自动游戏机广告工具/拍卖第三方公司的产品本发明的发明人相信,它将以较低的成本而增加本发明的价值。 The initial auction concept began as an invention based on the network, it can be easily applied to a broader market, and its specific application is particularly prominent in the following areas: "game-boy" type machine via CD / simulation applications automatically propagated game consoles advertising tools / auction of third-party companies inventor of the product according to the invention belief that it will lower costs and increase the value of the invention.

在“美式拍卖”的基本概念中,策略技巧对赢取拍卖尤为重要。 In the basic concept of "American auction", a particularly important strategy skills to win the auction. 在竞拍期间一直参与拍卖也将提高策略(分析)技巧,提高竞拍者在其正常生活/工作环境中的一般策略技巧,因此它含有较多的教育性和竞争性成分在内,最后(但不是唯一的),可通过实际拍卖的刺激性以及各种支持主题而从参与中得到娱乐。 During the auction has been involved in the auction will also improve strategy (analysis) techniques to improve the bidders general strategy tips in their normal life / work environment, it contains more educational and competitive components included, the last (but not only), can be obtained from entertainment to participate in the auction by the actual irritation as well as support for a variety of topics.

策略、教育和娱乐是拍卖概念的三个最重要的吸引点/卖点,它们也将(必须)出现在本发明的各种变型之中。 Strategy, education and entertainment are the three most important auction concept attraction / selling point, they will (have to) appear in a variety of variations of the present invention into. 在形成拍卖概念时,由于都以这三个特征为焦点,所以我们相信应将它们作为本发明构思的组成部分。 In forming the auction concept, since all these three features to focus, we believe they should be an integral part of the inventive concept.

但是,由于不同的市场部门/群体对这些因素的聚集各不相同同,所以,除了根据拍卖标的/奖品的大小进行划分以外,“剪裁”出产品/主题以及实际媒体将是十分重要的。 However, due to the different market segments / groups gathered for these factors vary with, so, in addition to be divided according to the size of the object of auction / prizes, "cut" the product / topic and the actual media will be very important.

通过这样操作,拍卖的组织者将能够占领很大的市场、占领高/低“状态”,并且能够与更多的传统游戏机、“game boy”、纯娱乐游戏(基于PC和/或互联网的游戏)等进行竞争。 By doing so, the organizers of the auction will be able to occupy a large market, occupying high / low "state" and capable of more traditional consoles, "game boy", pure entertainment games (PC-based and / or the Internet games) and other competition.

本发明的发明人也很清楚,对与计算机/互联网有关(或无关)的公司来说,通过发售许可证并为有产品作为拍卖品的公司安排拍卖,拍卖在广告和销售产品方面将成为一种很好的市场工具。 The present invention is also very clear on the computer / Internet companies related (or unrelated) of it, and through the sale of licenses for the products as the company has scheduled auction of the auction, the auction in the advertising and marketing of products will become a kind of a good marketing tool. 这样的拍卖可通过CD(通过PC杂志或其它杂志)或通过用web浏览器进行搜索或者通过公司的主页而得到传播。 This auction by CD (by PC Magazine and other magazines) or by using a web browser or search and be disseminated through the company's home page. 我们感觉到这个想法在成为新市场/广告概念方面具有很大的潜力,因为它可在较长的一段时间内将一个产品突出地显示给竞拍者。 We feel that this idea has great potential to become a new marketing / advertising concepts, because it can be a product highlight to the bidders over a longer period of time.

这种概念可被用在多种“衍生”产品中,它们的重点都突出于策略性、教育性和/或娱乐性的特征及其衍生特征之上。 This concept can be used in a variety of "derivative" products, which are focused on strategic projection, wherein on educational and / or its derivatives entertaining features.

1·“Game boy”型掌上机,在该机型中,竞争是通过选择竞拍者(竞争者)的数目、竞争/拥有竞拍的数目以及竞拍者每次参与/每组参与的竞拍的变化数量而被模拟实现的。 1 · "Game boy" type handheld machine, in this model, the competition is the number of changes by selecting the number of bidders (competitors), the competition / auction has a number of bidders as well as per-engagement / participation in each auction the simulated implementation. 这种灵活性可像当前的“gameboy”机一样提供不同的难度,但它却在主题、策略和娱乐值方面提供了完全不同的特点。 This flexibility can provide different levels of difficulty like the current "gameboy" the same machine, but it offers a completely different characteristics in the subject, policies, and terms of entertainment value. 游戏奖励采用的是得分方式。 Game rewards uses a way to score. 但是,由于容量的限制,娱乐主题只经过简单的艺术处理。 However, due to capacity constraints, entertainment themes treated only through simple art.

2·经由CD或互联网传播的模拟拍卖(与“game boy”版本具有相同的特点)具有更为复杂的动画和选择,因为它们将经PC杂志/信件等传播,而且将通过自己的PC进行游戏。 2 Analog auction borne CD or the Internet (the "game boy" version has the same features) have more complex animations and choice, as they will, and will play through your PC by PC Magazine / letters and other communication .

随着最初拍卖概念在动画方面的改进以使其成为独立的娱乐产品,并将其作为实际的货币拍卖(Coin Auctions)的练习,这个产品将变得更加出色。 With the initial auction concept improvements in animation to make it an independent entertainment products, and as a real currency auction (Coin Auctions) exercise, this product will become better.

这些通过CD/互联网传播的模拟拍卖也是用于广告的极好媒体(见上)。 These simulations auction spread through the CD / Internet is also an excellent medium for advertising (see above).

3·自动游戏机/竞争模拟与上述的1和2具有相同的构思,但它却具有获胜奖励。 3 Automatic Game / Simulation and competition above 1 and 2 have the same idea, but it has a winning prize. 这种自动拍卖概念应被多个国家中的游戏法规涵盖。 This concept should be more automated auction game regulations covering countries. 奖励取决于所选择的难度。 Reward depends on the difficulty chosen.

这个产品将与当前的游戏机市场产生直接竞争,而且应该考虑到当前操作者的资格问题。 This product will have a direct competition with the current console market, and should take into account the current eligibility operator.

4·为达到给产品作广告的目的而设计的拍卖。 4. For the purpose of advertising for products designed auction. 其中的奖品/拍卖品是做广告的公司的一种产品/多种产品。 Which prizes / auction company is advertising a product / products. 其传播路径可以是互联网或CD。 Its propagation path may be the Internet or CD. 本发明的第一实施例:一种用于通过互联网进行“美式拍卖”的系统美式拍卖很像一般的拍卖,在一般拍卖中,竞拍者作出竞拍,如果一个竞拍在一段时间内没有受到挑战,则最后一个竞拍者取胜。 A first embodiment of the present invention: one for general auctions like "American auction" American-style auction system through the Internet, in general auction, bidders to bid, if a bid is not challenged for a period of time, the last bidder to win. 但是,在这种拍卖中,所有的出价都是同样“大”,竞拍者需为他们每次所作出的竞拍付款,作出最后一个有效竞拍的竞拍者就是胜利者。 However, in this auction, all bids are the same "big", bidders need to bid every time they made a payment, make a valid final bidders in the auction is the winner.

其一般过程参考图1-8。 Process Referring generally to FIGS. 1-8.

拍卖者最好使用一个程序以控制由授权竞拍者所输入的竞拍。 Auctioneer is preferably used to control a program authorized by the auction bidders entered. 该程序在一个与互联网相连的机器上运行。 The program is run on a machine connected to the Internet. 竞拍者必须使用能够访问与拍卖者所连接的互联网相同的网络的机器。 Bidders must be able to access the Internet auctioneer same network connected machines. 这些机器必须装有一个能够下载并执行Java applets的WWW浏览器。 These machines must be equipped with a can download and execute Java applets WWW browser. 拍卖中的所有竞拍者利用特殊的“拍卖协议”(该协议位于标准互联网协议的顶层)与同一(单个)拍卖者进行联系。 All bidders in the auction of the use of special "auction agreement" (located on the top of the protocol standard Internet Protocol) contact with the same (single) auctioneers.

图4是本发明所述计算机化拍卖系统的一个实施例的概况。 FIG 4 is an overview of the embodiment of the present invention is a computerized auction system. 其第一级参数是拍卖规则、拍卖协定、系统容量、性能/优化、拍卖操作以及安全问题。 The first-order parameter is the auction rules, the auction agreement, system capacity, performance / optimization, auction operations and security issues.

拍卖协定的下一级被划分为拍卖管理协定和竞拍协定,它们受到单独的控制。 Under a sale agreement is divided into management agreements and auction sale agreements, they are subject to separate control.

在性能/优化级的下一级上,一方面是避免数据转换,另一方面是减小信息流通量。 In the next stage / performance optimization stage, on the one hand to avoid the data conversion, on the other hand reducing information throughput.

在安全问题之下是与初始化、出价、过载及结果发布有关的方面。 Under the security issues related to the environment and initialization, bid, overload and the results published.

1·规则(见图5)1.1预备·有N个竞拍者·在拍卖开始之前,各竞拍者最少必须购买min(最少次数)的出价·对竞拍者所购出价的次数没有最大限制·一旦拍卖开始,竞拍者就不能再购买更多的出价次数1.2开始·竞拍者在拍卖开始之前必须决定他们是否想要参加。 1. Rule (see Figure 5) * 1.1 ready with N bidders • Before the auction began, all bidders must purchase a minimum min (minimum number) · the number of bids for the purchase of bidders bid no maximum limit · Once the start of the auction, bidders can no longer buy more bids 1.2 start-bidders must decide whether they want to participate before the auction begins. (否则竞拍者可以观看拍卖,以后再没有风险地参加进去,而且还增加取胜的机会)·在拍卖开始之后,应该有可能重新加入拍卖(客户机可进入)·演示期间,可允许竞拍者在任何时间登录。 (Otherwise, bidders can view the auction, and then later there is no risk to participate in, but also increase the chance of winning) * after the start of the auction, it should be possible to rejoin the auction (the client may enter) · During the presentation, it can allow bidders in Log in any time.

1.3竞拍·只要有出价,竞拍者都会得到通知·当竞拍者作出竞拍时,将启动一个时钟·如果在停止时刻经过之后没有其它的出价,则最后一个作出竞拍的竞拍者将被宣布为获胜者。 1.3 * as long as the auction bids, bidders will be notified • When making the auction bidders will start no other bids after a clock-stop time if after, the last to make the auction bidders will be declared winner.

·对拍卖持续期间没有(不设定)上限,持续时间可能在1到2个小时之间。 • For the duration of the auction is not (not set) upper limit, duration may be between 1-2 hours.

·停止时间会随着拍卖的进行而减少在拍卖开始时存在一个鸡和蛋的问题,即,当没人作出任何竞拍时,就没有获胜者。 • Stop time will reduce the presence of a chicken and egg problem at the start of the auction with the auction, that is, when no one made any bid, there is no winner. 因此可以给整个拍卖过程设定一个初始的“时间到”(停止)时间,并在当第一个真实的竞拍到达时将其复位为“正常”。 It can be set to an initial process of the auction "Time" (stop) period, and when the first true auction reaches its reset to "normal." 这个工作可被很好地用于演示的目的,但它可能不适合真实的拍卖。 This work can be well used for demonstration purposes, but it may not be suitable real auction. 另一个解决办法是正常地设定初始的“时间到”时间,如果在第一停止时间期间没人作出竞拍,则拍卖的组织者就是获胜者。 Another solution is to properly set the initial "time to" time, if no one bid made during the first stop time, the auction's organizer is the winner. 第三种解决办法是设置一个“家族竞拍者”,他可在拍卖开始后的某一时刻给出一次出价,然后就不再参与竞拍。 A third solution is to set up a "family bidders," he can be given a bid at some point after the start of the auction, and will no longer participate in the auction. 这个家族竞拍者代表了拍卖组织者的利益。 The family bidders representing the interests of the organizers of the auction.

拍卖需要在某一时刻停止。 Auction need to stop at some point. 假设有3600个竞拍者,每个人可作10次出价。 Suppose there are 3600 bidders, everyone can bid for 10 times. 当停止时间为10秒钟时,在最坏情况下,拍卖将持续100小时,而这显然是不能接受的。 When the stop time is 10 seconds, in the worst case, the auction will last 100 hours, which is clearly unacceptable.

在一个实施例中,停止时间随着的拍卖进程而直线地减少。 In one embodiment, the stop time of the auction process with reduced linearly. 但是,停止时间不能被分配为接近零,这样就可使一轮竞拍的时间大于停止时间。 However, the stop time can not be allocated close to zero, so you can make a bid time is greater than the stop time. 必须设定一个停止时间的低限,或者一个解决方案可以是给各个拍卖公布出一个截止时间。 Must set a lower limit stop time, or may be a solution to the various auction announced a deadline. 如果在拍卖到达截止时间时仍没有获胜者,则截止时间之后的第X个出价将成为获胜出价。 If still no winner at the auction deadline arrives, the first X number of bids after the deadline will be the winning bid.

1.4支付·超过min次的未使用出价被返还给竞拍者·收集各竞拍者必须为至少min次的出价支付的罚款·拍卖组织者从全部收入中抽取一定比例(如20%),剩余的(拍卖品)则返还给竞拍者(获胜者)·没有作出竞拍的的竞拍者什么也得不到·获胜者得到一定比例的拍卖品奖金(如80%)·获胜者的全部出价被返还(如果可能)·在还有钱剩余时:作出最小竞拍的竞拍者的已做出的出价被返还(不是出价罚金)·任何节余(零头,误差等)都归拍卖组织者所有2·拍卖协议该协议可使用(例如)ASCII文本编码。 · Pay 1.4 times more than min unused bids are returned to the bidders Collect each bidder must pay at least twice min bid auction of fine-organizers set aside a certain proportion (eg 20%) from the total income, the remaining the (auction) is returned to the bidder (winner) · did not make the auction bidders get nothing · the winner get a certain percentage of all bids at the auction prize (eg 80%) · the winner is returned (if possible) • when there is money remaining: bid has been made to make the minimum auction bidders are returned (not bid fines) · any savings (fraction, errors, etc.) are the property auction organizer all 2-auction agreement this protocol may be used (for example) ASCII text encoding. 各信息都由一些被空白分隔开的字段号组成。 Each message consists of a number of fields separated by blank number. 第一个字段是一单“标记(tag)”字符,它标志着该信息的类型。 The first field is a single "mark (tag)" character, which marks the type of the information.

2.1拍卖管理可以很方便地使用一个可靠的连接以用于管理性命令、登录和退出参考图6,当一个竞拍者想发出一管理性命令(登录或退出)时,他(客户)应遵循以下步骤:1·打开一个与拍卖者服务器/游戏引擎的TCP连接(利用相同的端口号以作为用于竞拍使用的UDP连接)2·对该连接进行格式化并写入命令3·读取响应(或者可能是“文件结尾”)4·关闭连接在图6中的较低部分显示出了两个顺序访问存储介质,即,一个含有与合法竞拍者(游戏参与者)有关的数据,另一个则用于保存运行记录,它们都与网络管理服务器相连。 2.1 Auction Management can easily use a secure connection for management of commands, login and logout 6, when a bidder wanted to send a command to the management of the (log in or out), he (the customer) should the following steps: 1. open a connection to the TCP server auctioneer / game engine (using the same port number as the UDP connection used for auction) 2 · connecting the format write command and read-3 response (or possibly "end of file") closing the lower part of the connection 4. in FIG. 6 shows the two sequential access storage medium, i.e., containing data relating to a legitimate bidders (game participants), the other a is used to keep a running record, they are connected to a network management server.

假设该管理系统能向竞拍者发放一个客户代码,同时发放的还有“姓名”和(最终地)鉴别信息以及密钥等等。 Assuming that the management system can grant a client code to the bidders, but also issued the "name" and (ultimately) identification of key information and so on.

在拍卖开始时,竞拍者利用一个登录信息以登录到服务器上。 At the start of the auction, bidders use a login information to log on to the server. 而将以接受信息或是错误信息服务器(拍卖者)来回答。 And will receive information or wrong information server (auctioneer) to answer.

Login=L name port (姓名端口)Accept=A Winner start now deadline bidsmade bidsleft timeout whoserialError=E stringname 字符数字串port 客户想要使用的UDP端口winner 当前获胜者的id Login = L name port (port name) Accept = id A Winner start now deadline bidsmade bidsleft timeout whoserialError = E stringname alphanumeric string port UDP port winner current customers who want to use the winner

now 拍卖者对当前时间的观念start 拍卖开始的时间(如果start>now则拍卖尚未开始)deadline 当前竞拍成为最后竞拍时拍卖者的时间观念(如果deadline<now 则拍卖结束)serial 这是对信息序列号的回应bidsmade 到目前为止作出多少次竞拍(总数)bidsleft 竞拍者剩余的出价数量who 竞拍者在与服务器保持通信时应使用的数字idtimeout 应坚持多长时间才能获胜当竞拍者发现拍卖已经结束时,他应通过发送一个退出信息以询问结果。 Time begins now auctioneer auction of ideas start the current time (if start> now the auction has not yet started) deadline currently bidding to become the concept of time the auction's final auction (if the deadline <now the end of the auction) serial This is the information sequence number of bids (total) bidsleft how many times the auction bidders respond bidsmade number so far to make the remaining bidders who use digital idtimeout should maintain communication with the server should insist on how long it takes the winning bidder when the auction has ended find he should quit by sending a message to inquire about the results. 而服务器将用Payoff(支付)信息、Wait(等待)信息(如果拍卖仍未结束)或者Error(错误)信息来回答。 The server information Payoff (paid), Wait (wait) information (if the auction is not over yet) or Error (error) information to answer.

Quit= Q whoPayoff=P who result bidsmade bidspaidError E string(字串)Wait Wwho 数字idresult 净胜量(如果为负则代表失败)bidsmade 服务器所看到的出价数量bidspaid 竞拍者必须付出的出价数量2.2 竞拍协议在拍卖过程中,拍卖者与竞拍者之间最好有一个可靠的实时通信信道,而互联网则不能提供这个信道。 Quit = Q whoPayoff = Number of bids P who result bidsmade bidspaidError E string (string) Wait Wwho digital idresult margin amount (if negative represents a failure) Number of bids bidspaid bidders bidsmade server must be seen to pay 2.2 auction protocol during the auction, bidders between the auctioneer and preferably has a reliable real-time communication channel, and the Internet can not provide this channel.

最好用UDP来代替用于竞拍的传输协议。 Preferably used instead of UDP transport protocol for the auction. 这就意味着信息可被丢失、可以不按顺序到达,而且它们也可被复制。 This means that information can be lost, can arrive out of order, but they can also be copied.

应将信息延迟和信息丢失当成是拍卖的一部分,而且竞拍者应该知道拍卖中存在有这种情况。 Information should delay and loss of information as a part of the auction, and the auction bidders should know that there is such a case.

拍卖开始后,拍卖者以秒为单位来测量时间。 After the start of the auction, the auctioneer in seconds to measure time. 拍卖者的时间概念就是计数。 Auctioneer concept of time is counted.

竞拍者可宣布他们仍然在线,而且他们能够进行竞拍。 Bidders may declare that they are still online, and they can be bid.

Bid=B bid serial who nowbid 取值为0(“我在这里”)或1(“我要进行竞拍”)serial 各竞拍者保留着一个说明他发送了多少信息的计数,第一个信息的序列号为0who 在拍卖开始时,各竞拍者得到一个唯一的身份now 对竞拍者的拍卖时间通知(对拍卖者来说它没有用)客户程序应能在“轻度随机”的正常间隔上发送空的竞拍,可能类似于每分钟两条信息。 Bid = B bid serial who nowbid value of 0 ( "I'm here") or 1 ( "I want to auction") serial each bidder that he retains a count of how much information is sent, the sequence of a first information No. 0who at the start of the auction, each bidder gets a unique identity now auction time notification of bidders (for auction are concerned that it did not use) the client should be able to send empty on "light random" normal interval the auction may be similar to the two pieces of information per minute.

拍卖者对每一个从竞拍者处接收到的信息都发送一个回执。 Auctioneer sends a receipt of the information received from each of the bidders to. 当接收到一个新竞拍时,拍卖者将广播出一个状态信息(可能在另一时间上进行)。 When a new bid is received, the auction will broadcast a state information (possibly in another time).

Receipt=R winner start now deadline bidsmade bidsleft serial whowhenStatus=S winner start now deadline bidsmade timeout maxwinner 当前获胜者的idnow 拍卖者对当前时间的概念start 拍卖开始的时间(如果start>now,则拍卖仍未开始)deadline 在当前竞拍成为最终竞拍时的拍卖时间(如果deadline<now,则拍卖结束)serial 这是对信息序列号的回应bidsmade 到目前为止有多少竞拍被作出(总数)bidsleft 竞拍者剩余的出价次数who 竞拍者的数字idtimeout 应坚持多长时间才能获胜max (潜在的)参加竞拍的人的数目(应为“有效”竞拍者的数目,也许应仅包括拥有剩余出价的竞拍者)对各竞拍者来说,拍卖者将保持对最近出现的序列号进行跟踪。 Receipt = R winner start now deadline bidsmade bidsleft serial whowhenStatus = S winner start now deadline bidsmade timeout maxwinner current winner idnow auctioneer concept start time of the current start time of the auction (if start> now, the auction have not yet started) deadline in the current auction bidding to become the time when the final auction (if the deadline <now, the end of the auction) serial bidsmade this is a response to a serial number so far how many times the auction is to bid (total) bidsleft remaining bidders who bid digital idtimeout's how long should adhere to in order to win the number of max (potential) participate in the auction in person (should be "effective" number of bidders, and perhaps should include only remaining bidders have bid) for each of the bidders for , the auctioneer will keep the serial number of recent track. 当拍卖者接收到一个竞拍(或是一个“我在这里”的信息)时,它将对这条新信息的序列号和已保存的序列号进行比较。 When the auctioneer receives a bid (or a "I'm here" message), it will strip this new serial number and serial number information saved for comparison.

·如果新序列号大于已保存的序列号,则它被接受、分析并得到回应。 • If the new sequence number is greater than the serial number has been saved, it is accepted, analysis and response.

·如果新序列号小于或等于已保存的序列号,则它将被认为是曾到达过的(或是重复的)。 If a new serial number less than or equal to the serial number has been saved, it will be considered once arriving off (or duplicate). 该信息被忽略(不对其作回应)。 This information is ignored (as it does not respond).

客户应对一轮竞拍运行的时间进行估计,而且对客户来说,使他的时间标记与拍卖者的时间标记相同步是一个很好的主意。 Customer response to an auction run time estimate, but also for customers, so that his time with the time stamp auctioneer mark phase synchronization is a very good idea.

拍卖者对竞拍者所作出价的次数进行计数。 The number of auction bidders who made the bid counted. 客户应保持跟踪他所收到的最新回应信息,并使出价次数的计数与本地出价次数的计数相同步。 Customers should keep track of the latest response to information he had received, and to count the number of counts and the local bid Bids phase synchronization. 客户程序不应禁止竞拍者发出高于他所能作出的出价。 Client should not be prohibited bidders bid higher than the issue he could have taken.

3·容量当接收到从一合法竞拍者发出的新竞拍时,每个参与竞拍的人都应立刻得到与新出价有关的通知。 3 · capacity when receiving a new bid sent from a legitimate bidders, everyone participate in the auction should be notified immediately and the new bid related. 这些通知(“状态信息”)是ASCII文本信息,它们容量很小(少于100个字符),而且内容也不保密。 These notifications ( "state information") is an ASCII text information, which capacity is small (less than 100 characters), but the content is not confidential.

与用于广播所需的时间相比,从拍卖者得到一个新竞拍到其开始广播出状态信息之间的时间可以忽略不计。 Compared with the time required for broadcasting, auctioneer get from a new auction to start broadcasting its time between status information is negligible.

执行拍卖者程序的机器应具有足够的容量以将上述(小)信息在S秒的时间内发送给N个不同的UDP地址,其中:N是参与竞拍者的数目,S是对“立刻”的可接受近似。 Execution auctioneer machine program should have sufficient capacity to the above (smaller) information is transmitted within S seconds to N different UDP address, where: N is the number of participating bidders, S is "immediately" in acceptable approximation.

状态信息将在某一时刻被发送给竞拍者,从而使延迟(从拍卖者开始)对第一个竞拍者为0、对最后一个竞拍者为S秒。 Status information will be sent to the bidders at a time, so that the delay (from the auctioneer starts) for the first bidder is 0, a last bidder is S seconds.

竞拍者会遇到额外的网络延迟。 Bidders will encounter additional network latency. 很难预测对竞拍者来说多少延迟是可接受的。 It is difficult to predict how many bidders for the delay is acceptable. 有一种猜测认为,少于1秒的总延迟是比较好的。 There is a speculation that less than 1 second total delay is good. 而延迟大于4秒钟将是不可接受的。 Greater than 4 seconds delay is unacceptable.

利用运行Solaris 2.5的Sun Sparcstation 20机曾经进行过测试。 Use of running Solaris 2.5 Sun Sparcstation 20 machines have been tested. 测试结果表明,传送速度可达到每秒钟1000到2000 UDP信息。 Test results show that the transmission speed of up to 1000 per second, Dao 2000 UDP information.

4·性能及优化4.1避免数据转换信息和运行记录是文本格式的,所有的数字都以十进制进行传输。 4. Performance and Optimization 4.1 avoid data conversion and operating information are recorded in text format, all numbers are in decimal transmission. 对于调试来说,这是好的,但服务器将花费相当数量的时间以在二进制数据和文本格式之间进行转换。 For debugging, it is good, but the server will spend a considerable amount of time to convert between binary and text formats. 二进制格式或专用的文本程序可以提高传输速度。 Text or binary format specific program can increase the transmission speed.

4.2减少信息通信量客户应发送少量的“我在这里”信息。 4.2 to reduce the amount of information and communications customers should send a small number of "I'm here" message. 客户将接收到足够数量的状态信息以保持合理的更新。 Customers will receive a sufficient number of states to maintain reasonable information update.

向所有客户发送状态信息是主要的瓶颈所在。 Send status information to all customers is the main bottleneck. 而IP多路广播则有可能消除这个瓶颈,但不幸的是,它一般是不可避免的。 The IP Multicast is possible to eliminate this bottleneck, but unfortunately, it is generally inevitable.

应尽量避免“无用”的状态信息,例如,应尽量检测是否有一批出价在同一时间附近到达,并且仅在上一个信息已被处理时才发送一个状态信息。 We should try to avoid "useless" status information, for example, to detect whether there should be a number of bids to reach around the same time, and only to send a status message when a message has been processed.

如果负载很高,并且有一批出价进入,则可悄悄地“扔掉”所有的出价而只保留最后一个(竞拍者将获得该信息)。 If the load is high, and there are a number of bids to enter, you can quietly "throw away" all the bids and keep only the last one (bidders will obtain this information).

如果负载很高,则应避免向未获胜或空的竞拍发送回执。 If the load is high, it should be avoided to not win the bid to send a receipt or empty.

如果服务器有空闲周期,则可让它发送“主动提供”的回执。 If the server has idle cycles, you can let it send "unsolicited" receipt.

5·拍卖的执行一个真实的拍卖应利用(至少)两个Web服务器来进行控制,见图1、2和7。 5. performing a real auction the auction should be used (at least) two Web servers to control, see FIG. 2 and 7.

图7显示出了网络中最近的中央路由器与拍卖服务器之间的连接的一个实例。 7 shows an example of a network connection between the router and the nearest central auction server. 管理服务器与网络之间为双向连接,它工作于第一传输协议之下,此协议可靠性好,但速度不是很快。 Two-way connection between the management server and the network, it works under the first transmission protocol that reliability is good, but speed is not fast. 这个服务器可以为竞拍者提供一个用于演示的WWW菜单以及一个运行记录(如果可能的话),其它类型的信息以及信用支票特征也可包含在其中。 The server may provide for a presentation of menus and WWW bidders a log (if possible), as well as other types of information may also contain credit check feature therein.

该管理服务器可为一个拍卖服务器提供用户名称、密码等。 The management server may provide a user name and password to an auction server. 此拍卖服务器与网络具有另一类连接,即,该连接工作于一个速度较快但可靠性较低的传输协议之下。 This auction server and another network having a connection, i.e. the connection to work under a faster but less reliable transport protocol. 这个快速连接可以照顾到实际的实时竞拍过程,因为在实际实时竞拍过程中,信息(出价)必须被快速地传递给拍卖者,而且回执也应被快速传递给竞拍者。 This fast connection can take care of the actual real-time bidding process, because in actual real-time bidding process, information (bid) must be quickly transferred to the auctioneer, and the receipt should be quickly passed to the bidders.

图中还包含了一个第三拍卖者服务器,该服务器可照顾到对所有竞拍者公用的信息,而且它可以工作于上述第一传输协议之下。 The figure also includes a third auctioneer server, which can take care of the information common to all bidders, and it can work beneath the first transfer protocol.

主管理服务器控制着帐户、拍卖信息和web页,而且不应在与拍卖者相同的服务器上执行。 Primary management server controls the account, the auction information and web pages, and should not be performed on the same server as the auctioneer.

“小”web服务器应运行于拍卖者所用的服务器之上,该服务器通过一个安全信道与主服务器进行通信,并且可执行下列任务(也可参考图2):·根据要求向合法竞拍者(出价者)发送Java代码·在正确的时间用正确的参数启动拍卖程序(拍卖者)·保存拍卖结果(运行记录和支付表格)拍卖者最好是一个Unix程序,并且由以下命令行启动:#auction options其中的options(选项)为:-l string(字串): 为字串设置记录前缀。 "Small" web server running on the server to be used by the auctioneer, the server via a secure channel to communicate with the master server, and may perform the following tasks (see also FIG. 2): - According to the legal requirements of bidders (bid who) send Java code-start the auction process (the auctioneer) · save auction (run record and payment form) auctioneers preferably a Unix program with the correct parameters at the right time, and started by the following command line: #auction options which options (option) is: -l string (string): the logging prefix string. 在特殊情况下,如果记录前缀未被设定,则所有的记录都转到标准输出-b file (文件):合法竞拍者的文件名,没有文件则代表演示。 In exceptional circumstances, if the prefix is ​​not set records, all records are transferred to the standard output -b file (file): legitimate bidders file name, the file is not representative of the demo. 这个文件当前是一个ASCII文本文件,它为每个合法竞拍者都提供了一行文本。 The current file is an ASCII text file for each legitimate bidders offer a line of text. 每行文本都至少由两个以空白分隔的字段构成。 Each line of text is composed of at least two space-separated fields. 第一个字段是竞拍者的名称。 The first field is the name of bidders. 第二个字段是该竞拍者允许作出的最大竞拍次数。 The second field is the maximum number of auction bidders allowed to make. 其它字段当前被忽略,但它们可被用于保存安全信息(口令、密码)。 Other fields currently being ignored, but they can be used to store security information (password, a password).

-p port(端口):待用端口号。 -p port (Port): stand-by port number. 相同的端口号被用于UDP和TCP。 The same port number for UDP and TCP. 其当前缺省值为6010,它是一个相当随机的选择。 Its current default value is 6010, it is a fairly random selection.

-s time(时间):拍卖开始的时间。 -s time (time): start time of the auction. 当前有两种格式被采纳:+n在n秒钟内开始,或h. There are currently two formats are adopted: + n in the start n seconds, or h. m在今天的h. m today h. m点开始。 m o'clock. 当前缺省值为+1(1秒钟后开始)。 Current default value of +1 (1 second after the start).

-d minute(分钟):拍卖延续多长时间。 -d minute (min): auctions continue for how long. 当前缺省值为20分钟。 The current default is 20 minutes.

-t second(秒):初始超时(缺省值为20秒)-m max(最大值):在运行演示时每个竞拍者的缺省最大竞拍次数(缺省值为8)-D:演示模式,允许任何人登录(如果没有-b项则隐含) -t second (sec): initial timeout (default is 20 seconds) -m max (maximum): When running the demonstration default maximum number of times for each auction bidders (default 8) -D: Demo mode, allowing anyone to log in (if not the term implies -b)

在拍卖开始之前,拍卖者可打印出一个含有授权竞拍者的清单(因记帐和审计的需要)。 Before the start of the auction, the auctioneer can print out a list containing the authorized bidders (due to accounting and auditing needs). 第一行用于识别拍卖,第二行是一个注释,剩余的行则用于各个竞拍者。 The first line auction for identifying the second line is a comment line is used for each of the remaining bidders.

每行都含有一个数字id、竞拍者的姓名以及该竞拍者的可竞拍次数。 Each row contains a digital id, the name of bidders and bidders may bid number.

实例:#/auction(0.9)1997/11/17/10.19.36=000879760176 castor# id who bids000000 0000001 Eigil 8000002 Tom 8000003 Eirik 8000004 Brynjulv 8在拍卖期间,拍卖者将把其感兴趣的事件打印入一个记录文件。 Examples: # / auction (0.9) 1997/11/17 / 10.19.36 = 000879760176 castor # id who bids000000 0000001 Eigil 8000002 Tom 8000003 Eirik 8000004 Brynjulv 8 during the auction, the auctioneer will make its events of interest print into a log file. 该文件的各行都以一个“时间标记”开始,其后跟随着一个在各时刻内的“序列号”,上述时间标记是拍卖者的当前时间(从某些参考时间开始计时,以秒为单位)。 Each line of the file to a "time stamp" start, followed by in each time with a "sequence number", the current time is the time-mark auctioneer's (from some reference time counting, in seconds ).

记录行不是注释(Comment)行就是登录(Login)行、退出(Quit)行、出价(Bid)行或状态(Status)行。 Rows not comment (Comment) line is the login (Login) Line, Exit (Quit) line, bid (Bid) or line status (Status) line. 当一个新的状态信息被广播时,状态行将被打出。 When a new state information is broadcast, the state is about to be played.

Comment=time-stamp # commentsLogin=time-stamp L id port name addr resultBid=time-stamp B bid id serial time dispStatus=time-stamp S winner left timeout totalQuit=time-stamp Q id Comment = time-stamp # commentsLogin = time-stamp L id port name addr resultBid = time-stamp B bid id serial time dispStatus = time-stamp S winner left timeout totalQuit = time-stamp Q id

id 数字idwinner 当前获胜者的idprot 竞拍者想使用哪个端口以用于状态信息name 竞拍者的真实姓名addr 竞拍者的互联网地址result “ok”、“no”或“late”之一serial 竞拍的序列号bid 1(实际竞拍)或0(没有竞拍)time 竞拍者的时间标记(不被拍卖者使用)disp 竞拍被如何处理(空白竞拍(emptyBid)/游戏结束(GameOver)/等待一个竞拍(waitABit)/没有剩余(noneLeft)/被接受(Accepted))left 截止之前剩余的时间(从时间标记开始)timeout 当前超时值total 到目前为止,全部竞拍者作出竞拍的总次数。 id digital idwinner current winner idprot bidders which port you want to use real names for name status information of bidders bidders Internet address addr result "ok", "no" or "late" one serial serial number of auction bid 1 (actual auction) or 0 (no bidding) time stamp time bidders (not used auctioneer) disp auction is how to deal with (blank auction (emptyBid) / end of the game (GameOver) / waiting for an auction (waitABit) / no remaining (noneLeft) / acceptance (accepted)) remaining left before the deadline (time stamp from the beginning) timeout timeout value total current date, the total number of all bidders to the auction.

除其它之外的一个实例:0879760175.00000 #. One example, among other things: the 0,879,760,175.00000 #. /auction(0.9) 1997/11/17/10.49.36=000879760176 castor0879760177.00000#NOTSTARTED→RUNNING0879760177.00001 S 000000 1199 020 00879760179.00000 L 1 43391 Eigil 156.116.2,222∶13391 ok0879760179.00001 B 1 00001 000000 879760179.854896 accepted0879760179.00003 S 000001 020 020 10879760180.00021 B 1 000004 000008 879760180.886145 noneLeft0879760238.00001 # 打印结果0879760238.00002 S 000002-01 019 320879760243.00000 Q 0000010879760249.00002 # auction over:879760237 /auction(0.9) 1997/11/17 / 10.49.36 = 000879760176 castor0879760177.00000 # NOTSTARTED → RUNNING0879760177.00001 S 000000 1199 020 00879760179.00000 L 1 43391 Eigil 156.116.2,222:13391 ok0879760179 .00001 B 1 00001 000000 879760179.854896 accepted0879760179.00003 S 000001 020 020 10879760180.00021 B 1 000004 000008 879760180.886145 noneLeft0879760238.00001 # print result 0879760238.00002 S 000002-01 019 320879760243.00000 Q 0000010879760249.00002 # auction over : 879 760 237

拍卖结束之后,拍卖者将打印出一个结果文件,该文件含有一个初始识别行,然后是一个首标行,其后才是用于各有效竞拍者的行。 After the auction, the result will print out a file containing an initial identification row, then a header row, each row thereafter is effective for bidders. 其每行都含有竞拍者的数字id,竞拍者的姓名,最后结果以及出价次数。 Each row contains its bidders digital id, the name of bidders, the final results and Bids.

实例:#. Example: #. /auction(0.9)1997/11/17/10.49.36=000879760176 castor#id who result bids000000 0 0000001 Eigil -8 8000002 Tom 17 8000003 Eirik -8 8000004 Brynjulv -8 86·源代码#日期Fir Nov 7 13∶18∶45 MET 1997#wc bids. /auction(0.9)1997/11/17/10.49.36=000879760176 castor # id who result bids000000 0 0000001 Eigil -8 8000002 Tom 17 8000003 Eirik -8 8000004 Brynjulv -8 86 · # source code Date Fir Nov 7 13:18:45 MET 1997 # wc bids. c commands. c commands. c log. c log. c main. c main. c payoff.c player. c payoff.c player. c rungame. c rungame. cutil. cutil. c game. c game. h137 481 3152 bids. h137 481 3152 bids. c135 425 2783 commands. c135 425 2783 commands. c39 104 765 log. c39 104 765 log. c164 650 4813 main. c164 650 4813 main. c113 446 2477 payoff. c113 446 2477 payoff. c108 426 2732 player. c108 426 2732 player. c200 640 4643 rungame. c200 640 4643 rungame. c133 439 2954 util. c133 439 2954 util. c128 541 3287 game. c128 541 3287 game. h1157 4152 27706 total h1157 4152 27706 total

main. main. c 拍卖者的主程序rungame. C auction's main rungame. c 实际运行拍卖bids. c actually running the auction bids. c 控制输入的竞拍commands. c auction control input commands. c 控制输入的(tcp)命令(登录和退出)payoff. c control input (tcp) command (login and logout) payoff. c 在拍卖结束时使用当前规则以用于支付player. c to use the current rules for payment of player at the end of the auction. c 读取/生成竞拍者的数据结构log. c read / log generating a data structure bidders. c 使用记录功能util. using a recording function c util. c 各种应用程序game. c various applications game. h 含有公共的类型定义和说明client. h containing common type definitions and descriptions client. c 可产生一个或多个客户的程序7·安全问题7.1初始化此处,假设拍卖者将由一个小型web服务程序运行,该服务程序运行于拍卖者所处的机器上。 c may produce one or more client programs 7.5 7.1 initialization security issues here, assuming that the auctioneer will be a small web service running on the service program runs on a machine in which the auctioneer.

这个小型服务程序将利用SSL与主web管理服务程序进行通信,并且将向授权客户(竞拍者)提供Java代码。 The small service program will use SSL web management services with the main program to communicate, and Java code will be provided to authorized customers (bidders).

7.2竞拍在拍卖期间,竞拍者发出竞拍,且服务器发出回执和状态信息。 7.2 bid during the auction, the auction bidders issue, and the server issue receipt and status information. 而信息丢失则是此竞赛的一部分。 The loss of information is part of this contest.

骗子门可能会试图对他们未被授权的信息通信进行监听,他们可能会将错误信息加入到信息流之中,也可能重新发送真实信息,或者他们也可能将“无用数据”放入信息流。 Liar door might try to communicate the information they were not authorized to listen, they might be added to the error message in the flow of information, it may resend the real information, or they may be "garbage" into the information stream.

可以用认证和加密技术来保证信息的完整性,但这会在处理时间方面付出一些代价。 You can use authentication and encryption technology to ensure the integrity of the information, but will pay a price in terms of processing time.

最简单的解决办法是使拍卖者与各竞拍者共享一个保密口令。 The easiest solution is to make the auction bidders who shared with a security password. 该口令被用于对回执、出价和状态信息进行加密和解密。 This password is used for receipt, bid, and status information for encryption and decryption.

保持信息内容的秘密看起来没有什么令人信服的理由。 To keep secret the information content seems no compelling reason. 如果这样的话,则只需利用这个口令给各个信息附加一个签名就足够了。 If so, you only need to use this password information to each additional one signature is sufficient.

7.3过载有一种可能存在的攻击会运行如下:一个竞拍者决定进行出价。 7.3 overload there is a possible attack will run as follows: a decision bidders to bid. 在她收到回执的同时,她将启动一个或多个程序,这些程序会试图阻碍其它竞拍者所发出的竞拍信息以使其不能被服务程序接收到。 While she received a receipt, she will launch one or more programs that will try to hinder the auction information issued by other bidders so that it can not be programmed to receive the service. 这些程序会尽可能多地向拍卖者发送无用数据。 These programs will be useless to send as much data to the auctioneer.

如果接收到一大堆的无用数据,则服务程序可利用一个针对这种类型攻击的计数器以使时钟变慢。 If a lot of unnecessary data is received, the service program may use a counter for this type of attack to slow clock.

7.4结果发布服务程序将结果和运行记录写入文件(如图6所示的顺序文件)。 7.4 Results and publishing service program will log the results written to the file (file sequence shown in Figure 6). 管理程序必须保证使这些文件根据需要而被保存尽量长的时间,而且不使它们受到干扰破坏。 Management procedures must ensure that these documents needed to be saved as long as possible, and not subjecting them to disrupt.

8·其它优选特性·拍卖者应使其发送的状态信息达到最小化。 8. Other characteristics · auction should preferably its state information transmitted minimized.

·拍卖者应提供经签名(或加密)的信息,而MD5的公共域C应用则可用作信息签名的基础。 · Auctioneer shall provide information through a signature (or encrypted), and the public domain C MD5 application signatures are used as basic information.

·拍卖者必须适当地控制过载。 · Auction must be properly controlled overload. 必须指定和使用一种策略以进行过载控制。 You must specify a strategy for the use and overload control.

·应该能够保证使拍卖在可被接受的时间量内完成。 · Ensure that the auction should be able to be completed within the amount of time that can be acceptable. 必须指定和使用一种用于使拍卖时间终止的策略。 You must specify and use policies for the time the auction ends. 其它拍卖实施例A)“REAL TIME(实时)”-交互,见图8图8涉及到了实时计算机网络拍卖系统的实施例。 Other embodiments auction Example A) "REAL TIME (real)" - interacts shown in Figure 8. Figure 8 relates to the real-time computer network auction system embodiment. 时钟标志着拍卖的开始时间,在此之前,竞拍者必须先进行登记并且购买预定的出价次数。 Time clock marks the start of the auction, prior to this, bidders must register and purchase a predetermined number of bids.

“卷动的胶片(rolling film)”代表了拍卖进行的时间周期,在此期间,任何竞拍者都可在连续的时间点上放置他的后续出价以防止“拍卖锤”最终落下。 "Scroll film (rolling film)" represents the time of the auction period, during which no bidders may place bids on his subsequent successive time points in order to prevent "auction hammer" the final dropping. 卷动的胶片也可代表拍卖过程的记录,该记录可在以后被“重放”。 Scroll film may also represent a recording of the auction process, the recording can be "replay" in the future.

实时拍卖被“实时”地交互进行,它从固定的时间开始并在当有一个竞拍者获胜时结束(很像一个“正常”拍卖)。 Real-time auction was "real time" interactions, it starts from a fixed period of time and at the end (much like a "normal" Auction) When a bidder wins. 出价次数是预先购买的,并且在拍卖期间根据竞拍者的选择而被使用。 Bids are purchased in advance, and are used in accordance with the selected bidders during the auction.

拍卖的长度依赖于所允许的竞拍者的数目以及每个竞拍者所拥有的出价数量。 Number bid auction depends on the length of bidders permitted number of bidders and each have. 从理论上讲,拍卖可能永远不会结束。 Theoretically, the auction may never end. 因此,通过限制出价的数量(竞拍者和/或出价)以对拍卖时间进行限制是十分重要的。 Therefore, in order to limit the auction time by limiting the number of bids (bidders and / or bid) it is very important. 例如,其最大值为2500个出价(即:5次出价和500个竞拍者)。 For example, a maximum value of 2500 Bid (i.e.: 5 bidders bid and 500). 除非竞拍开始,否则拍卖不会开始。 Unless the auction began, otherwise the auction will not start. 不见得会有任何人想当第一个竞拍者。 Not necessarily want to be the first person there will be any bidders. 因此,拍卖者自身就有一个出价,它被用于启动竞拍过程(仅是第一个出价)。 Therefore, there is a bid auction by itself, it is used to start the bidding process (only the first bid).

如果在设定秒数之内没有其它竞拍加入,则此竞拍获胜。 If no other bidders to join in a set number of seconds, then the auction winner. 这个时间周期起初被设定为30秒(可在竞拍者的PC屏幕上看到倒数计时的定时器(“拍卖锤落下”))。 This time period was initially set to 30 seconds (see the countdown timer on the auction's PC screen ( "auction hammer down")). 为了限制整个拍卖时间,可在拍卖中将这个变量(30秒直到获胜)减少到20秒和10秒的确定时间。 In order to limit the auction time can be reduced to the determination time of 20 seconds and 10 seconds in this variable in the auction (30 seconds up to win). 它也可提高拍卖强度以及竞拍者的紧张度,从而相应地减少拍卖时间。 It may also improve the strength and tension of the auction bidders, thereby correspondingly reducing the auction time. 安全/保护特性,如何防止或减少故障网络拍卖必须防止竞拍者的未授权行为,而且也应在技术性故障/失去大量竞拍者的情况下采用以下措施。 Safety / protection features, how to prevent or reduce the failure must prevent unauthorized Internet auction bidders behavior, but should also be a technical failure / lose adopt the following measures in the case of a large number of bidders.

在技术性故障的情况下,如,与一定数目(主要数目)的竞拍者失去联系,和/或服务器处于“超载”情况,则拍卖应被停止。 In the case of technical failure, such as with a certain number (main number) bidders lost contact, and / or server in the "overload" situation, the auction should be stopped. 然后将有随机数量的出价“清除”为合法出价并被返还给竞拍者。 Then there will be a random number of bids "clear" as a legitimate bid and returned to the bidders. 在这种方法中,因为有人为操纵,所以没人能够预测哪次竞拍是最后一个。 In this method, since it was to manipulate, so no one can predict what time the auction is the last one. 当“清除”(即,当在线访问被重新建立)完成之后,拍卖会重新开始。 When the "Clear" (that is, when online access is re-established) after the completion of the auction will start again.

在任何时候,拍卖者都应与n%的竞拍者有在线接触。 At any time, the online auctioneer should have contact with the n% of bidders. 当这个限制被打破后,拍卖将停止,接触将被重新建立,然后拍卖继续进行。 When this limit is broken, will stop the auction, the contact is re-established, then the auction continues.

对于阻塞故障的问题来说,拍卖的安全防护以及防止恶意操作的功能都由客户PC上的“java applet”来完成的功能,它可连续发出(假)信息以作为一个“在线检测”信息。 For the problem of blocking fault, the safety of the auction and to prevent "java applet" to accomplish the functions on the function of malicious actions by the client PC, it can emit continuous (false) information as a "line detection" message. 对于外人/操纵者来说,几乎不可能从真实的竞拍中分辨出这些检测信息,它会使可能的操纵努力变得十分复杂。 For outsiders / operator, it is almost impossible to distinguish from real auction of these detection information, it will make possible the manipulation efforts become very complicated. 另外,传统的“防火墙”可被应用在拍卖服务器上,并且可在其编码中使用具有最高认证的安全措施。 Further, traditional "firewalls" may be applied on the auction server, and may use security measures in its highest authentication coding. 到目前为止,56位的DES-算法已被美国允许用于商业应用。 So far, 56 of the United States to allow DES- algorithm has been used in commercial applications. 这个安全代码可与当前由(例如)挪威银行使用的代码相媲美。 The security code can be comparable with the current of (for example) Norwegian banks use the code phase.

为了清除具有蓄意阻碍策略的竞拍者,可以与上述方式相同的方式使拍卖停止,一个随机的出价数将被取消以清除制造故障的竞拍者,然后竞赛将重新开始。 To clear the bidders have a deliberate policy of obstruction, can cause the same manner as described above to stop the auction, a random number will be canceled bids bidders to clear manufacturing faults, then competition will start again. 可选功能:所有以下的三项都将会为竞拍者带来(使其感觉到)娱乐享受,因而会使拍卖比其它游戏更加好玩。 Optional features: all of the following are the three will bring (it felt) entertainment for the bidders, which will make the auction more fun than other games.

·交互性·设计性·策略游戏(登录-在拍卖结束后分析其它竞拍者/获胜者的个人策略-或者在拍卖期间进行分析)-交互性拍卖具有完全的“实时”交互特性,一个人可以看到所有其它竞拍者的行为,然后再采取自己的行动以作出反应。 · Interactive · Designing · strategy games (Login - Analysis of individual strategies other bidder / winner at the end of the auction - or for analysis during the auction) - interactive auction has full "real-time" interactive features, a person can see the behavior of all other bidders, and then take their own actions to respond.

-设计性纯粹的娱乐特性出现在背景设计之中,它可使竞拍者在主题故事中的行动直观化。 - Design of pure entertainment properties appear in the background designs, it allows bidders action in the subject of the story visualized. 这个故事必须反映出竞拍者的行动,即,它也与拍卖行动交互动作。 This story must reflect the actions of bidders, that is, it is also the interaction with the auction action. 主题可以是“具有拍卖者的拍卖主题、金币机,等等”、龙和地牢、战争游戏,等等,即,这些主题可以不受限制,而且主题(或故事中的行动)也易于反映拍卖行动。 The theme could be "auction auctioneer has the theme of gold machine, and so on", dungeons and dragons, war games, and so on, that is, these topics can be unrestricted, and the theme (or the story of the action) is also easy to reflect auction action.

其它特性如,竞拍者可以在一系列的背景故事中选择他所喜欢的类型,这会给他/她以最大的乐趣。 Other features, such as, bidders can choose his favorite type in a series of back story, which will give him / her the greatest pleasure.

-策略在参加拍卖时可以选择不同的策略。 - strategies to participate in the auction may choose different strategies. 拍卖的(最终)点就是使出价坚持30秒(或拍卖规则所指定的获胜时间长度)。 Auction (final) point is to make the bid stick (or the length of time to win the auction rules specified) for 30 seconds.

以下,我们将通过一个表格来表现出这些策略,该表中显示出了各竞拍者获胜的机会受其它竞拍者策略的影响: The following, we will show these strategies through a table, the table shows the chance of winning bidders for each affected the other bidders policy:

<tables id="t01" num="002"> <table>·失败(不再出价)·保持参与拍卖·坚持(由其它人竞拍)·获胜(当其它人没有剩余出价时)</table> </tables>从上表可以看出,对获胜机会来说最重要的是,竞拍者应采取与“主流”策略相反的策略。 <Tables id = "t01" num = "002"> <table> · failure (no bid) · · insist on keeping participate in the auction (auction by others) · win (when there is no other person remaining bids) </ table> </ tables> can be seen from the table, for the chance of winning is the most important thing is, bidders should be taken with the "mainstream" strategy opposite strategy. 在不同的拍卖时期(开始/中间/尾声),该策略可能不同。 In a different auction period (beginning / middle / end), the policy may be different. 在开始时采取“不行动”的策略,然后是“行动”策略直到结束,因此一个竞拍者应为各个拍卖实际制定出多种策略。 Strategies adopted "no-action" at the beginning, then the "action" strategy until the end, so should a bidder for each auction to develop a variety of practical strategies.

用于对单个竞拍者的策略与平均竞拍者/获胜者的策略进行比较的一个拍卖记录将被反馈回来以用于下次拍卖中的策略。 For policies on individual bidders of an auction record for comparison and / winners of the average policy bidders will be fed back for the next auction strategy. 即使对一次拍卖来说是获胜的策略可能在下一次拍卖中成为失败的策略。 Even if an auction is the winning strategy might become the next auction policy failure. 我们也可将此举理解为是“教育性的”/“一次学习经验”,而且肯定会得到快乐。 We can also be understood as a move that "educational" / "a learning experience" and will certainly be happy.

最后,拍卖记录可被用于确定:1·第二和第三的位置(在获胜者之后)2·获胜者的策略3·优化的策略-早/中/晚拍卖4·在获胜位置上的总时间5·等过了多少轮的出价(“保持冷静”)6·同一时刻有多少出价给出与大部分的其它游戏类型相比,有限的竞拍者可得到高的获胜机会,这也是它的吸引力大的原因。 Finally, auction records can be used to determine: 1. The second and third place (after the winners) · 2 · 3 winners strategy optimization strategy - early / mid / late at auction 4-position of winning the total time 5.12 so after a number of rounds of bidding ( "stay calm") 6 · same time the number of bids given in comparison with most other types of games, limited bidders to obtain a high chance of winning, this is it the attractiveness of the big reasons.

市场分段:第一层分段:竞拍者必须访问PC或其它类型的接口设备。 Market Segment: segment of the first layer: bidders must have access to a PC or other type of interfacing device.

第二层分段:出价的费用(即,基于这个变量覆盖分支(affluent)和平均分段) The second layer segments: bid (i.e., based on this variable branch coverage (Affluent) and average segment)

例子:分支:100/1000 USD出价(5个出价/拍卖500/5000 USD拍卖的总费用)平均:1/20 USD出价(5个出价/拍卖5/100 USD拍卖的总费用)B)模拟1非交互式,见图9图9与图8相类似,但它涉及一种“模拟拍卖”的实施例,即,当从所有竞拍者处接收到带有图示时间点的出价时,拍卖者的计算机(由位于中央的机器所代表的计算器)可计算出一个瞬时结果。 Examples: Branch: 100/1000 USD bid (bid 5 / total cost of the auction the auction 500/5000 USD) Average: 1/20 USD bid (bid 5 / total cost of the auction the auction 5/100 USD) B) Simulation 1 non-interactive, see FIG. 9 and FIG. 9 is similar to FIG. 8, but it involves the implementation of a "simulated auction" embodiment, i.e., when received from all bidders to bid with the point of time illustrated, auctioneer a computer (calculator by a central machine represented) a calculated instantaneous results. 与此同时,将有一个记录(由图中右侧的“胶卷”代表)被准备好,并且竞拍者可在以后的任何时间得到这个记录。 At the same time, there will be a record is prepared (by a "film" on the right represents the drawing) is good, and the bidders can be obtained at any later time record.

这是一种拍卖版本,它适用于那些想要完全自由地选择自己的参与时间的竞拍者--在拍卖过程、或竞拍时间或拍卖时间中不需要等待。 This is a version of the auction, it is suitable for those who want complete freedom to choose their own bidders participating in time - during the auction, auction or bidding time or time without having to wait. 这种拍卖的可爱之处(从组织者的角度来看)在于,从满足市场要求的方面考虑,它是一个具有完全灵活性的拍卖,它可以在一个拍卖结束之后立刻开始下一个拍卖。 This auction thing about that (from the organizer's point of view), to meet the market requirements in terms of consideration, it is a completely flexible auction has, it can immediately begin the next auction after the end of an auction.

这种拍卖是非交互性的,而且对竞拍者的数目也有限制。 This auction is non-interactive, and the number of bidders is limited. 竞拍者登记并购买出价,然后在灵活的开始时间(当预设数目的竞拍者登记并拥有出价时)上进行单独出价。 Bidders register and purchase bids, flexible start time and then bid on separately (when the preset number of registered bidders and has bid).

出价/竞拍者的数目在竞拍者登记并参与拍卖之前就已被设定好。 The number of bids / bidders registered bidders and had been set up before participating in the auction. 因此,当有设定数目的出价被输入时,竞拍者就可立即开始出价,就像最初的离线/非交互性拍卖一样。 Therefore, when there is a set number of bids were entered, bidders can start bidding immediately, just like the original offline / non-interactive auction the same.

根据允许的出价数目(每个竞拍者的出价的函数),服务程序将产生一个时间模拟串,该时间模拟串被分为多个单独的块,每个块都足以容纳出价之间的空间(未使用的块),即,它允许串中的任何出价获胜(从开始-中间-结尾)。 The allowable number of bids (bidders bid for each function), the service program will generate a time series simulation, the simulation time is divided into a plurality of individual strings of blocks, each block receiving enough space between the bid ( unused blocks), i.e., it allows any winning bid string (from - middle - end). 这个过程是对“实时”拍卖的完全复制/模拟,它省略了交互单元,也就是说,在拍卖过程中,竞拍者不能在拍卖中对其它竞拍者的竞拍作出反应。 This process is a "real-time" auction complete copy / simulation, it omits the interaction unit, that is, during the auction, bidders can not respond to other auction bidders in the auction. 否则用于选择获胜者的标准就与实时拍卖完全一致。 Otherwise, for choice is entirely consistent with standard real-time auction winner.

当竞拍被作出,而且全部出价都被投入,则拍卖机将立刻模拟时间,并基于输入的出价执行拍卖。 When the bid was made, and all bids have been put in, the machine will immediately auction time simulation, and execution based auction bid input. 这样一个或多个获胜者就被选择出来。 Such one or more winners will be selected.

当此操作结束后,竞拍者可以进入组织者的主页以恢复拍卖记录和拍卖过程的图像。 After the end of this operation, bidders can enter auction organizer's home page to resume recording images and auction process.

每个人都可在屏幕上看到他的出价以及每次竞拍延续了多少时间。 Everyone can see his bid in each auction continues on the screen and how much time. 在每个竞拍者的出价数目有限的条件下,整个拍卖过程可在5分钟后被观看到。 In a limited number of bidders bid for each condition, the auction process may be viewed after 5 minutes.

对拍卖持续的长度来说,实际模拟是即时的。 The length of the continuous auction, the actual simulation is immediate. 但是,竞拍者将使用进行竞拍所需的时间以及拍卖结束后的完全自主性。 However, bidders will be required to use the auction after the end of the auction time and complete autonomy.

由于依赖于已被设定好的固定数目的出价,所以不知道在拍卖机上开始运行实际拍卖的时间点。 Due to rely on a fixed number has been set a good bid, so I do not know the actual auction start time point run in the auction machine.

这种拍卖可在任何时间进行,但它在选取获胜者时可能会有延迟。 This auction can be carried out at any time, but it may be a delay in the selection of the winner.

由于时间是被模拟的,所以不出现第一个出价的问题就不会出现。 Because time is simulated, it does not appear the first bid of problem does not arise. 总会先有第一个出价。 There will always be the first to bid. 然后再开始拍卖。 Then start the auction.

在一个设定秒数内如果没有其它竞拍加入,则最后一个出价将获胜。 Within a set number of seconds if no other bidders to join, the last bid will win. 一开始这个时间被计划设定为30秒。 The planned start time is set to 30 seconds.

对出价之间的秒数所作的模拟是通过给各块(在允许放置出价的位置上)分配一定数量的秒数而完成的,由于在一个时间串(总拍卖时间)中有比允许出价多的块,所以可在代表30秒的两个出价之间打开多个空间/块,这样,获胜者就可在拍卖时间结束之前出现。 Seconds analog made by the number of seconds between the bid is a number assigned to each block (in a position allowing placement bid) accomplished, since (total time auction) has more than one string to allow time bidding the block, a plurality of open spaces / blocks between two bid represents 30 seconds, so that the winner can appear before the end of the auction period. 窍门在于估计与出价数目有关的块的数目,这样就可以使获胜者在开始/中间和结束(最后一个竞拍者)时服从总体竞拍策略。 The trick is to estimate the number of bids related to the number of blocks, so you can make the winner of the auction subject to the overall strategy at the start / middle and end (the last bidders).

如果竞拍者在拍卖开始之前能够操纵拍卖机,则这种保护可能是一个问题。 If the auction bidders can manipulate the machine before the auction started, this protection could be a problem. 当时间模拟/拍卖获胜者被计算时,此举是在离线状态下进行的,即,没有出现来自外部源的故障/人为操纵的可能。 When the time of the analog / auction winner is calculated, this is performed offline, i.e., no fault from external sources / manipulation is possible. 可选特性:由于这个拍卖实施例是完全非交互性的并且与拍卖机是离线的,所以就不存在其它拍卖的交互特性。 Optional features: Since this embodiment is a completely non-interactive auction embodiment of the auction and the machine is off-line, so there is no auction other interactive features. 但是,它也可以具有外部特性以提供出与交互特性相类似的特性(见以下内容)。 However, it may also have to provide an external characteristic feature interactions with similar characteristics (see below).

为了提高吸引力和娱乐性,应在拍卖之中提供一个或多个以下的项目:·模拟出交互性拍卖在各个阶段中都是完全非交互性的。 In order to improve the attractiveness and entertainment, should provide one or more of the following items in the auction: - simulate the interaction at all stages of the auction is completely non-interactive. 但是,在单独参加期间,可用弹出式主题以产生一个如早先所述的类似交互特性,其方法如以下的“模拟2”所述。 However, while participating in a separate, can be used to generate a pop topic as described earlier similar interactive features, such as the following method which "simulation of" the.

·设计性纯娱乐功能是通过背景设计来完成的,它可使竞拍者在主题故事中的行动直观化。 · Design pure entertainment is done by background design, it allows bidders action in the subject of the story visualized. 它的故事将比“实时”版本的简单(在放置出价期间),而且在竞拍结束时间超过15分钟的情况下,它将不能交互地反映出图形化的“出价板”上的行为。 It is the case of the story than the "live" version of the simple (bid during the placement), and at the end of the auction for more than 15 minutes, it will not reflect the behavior of the interactive graphical "bid board."

但是,给人以交互性或至少是行动方面的印象是非常重要的。 However, give the impression of interactivity, or at least aspects of the action is very important.

但是,它不能通过对其它竞拍者的行为作出反应而得到实现,因为它会对人产生误导(总有一些竞拍者没有放置他们的出价-这样就会在单个竞拍者作出竞拍之后影响他的策略)。 However, it can not respond to the behavior of other bidders and realized that it would be misleading to people (there are always some bidders have not placed their bid - after this will be made in a single auction bidders affect his strategy ). 因此,与实际竞拍相比,其主题设计必须与其它参数相互联系。 Therefore, compared with the actual auction, the theme must be interconnected with other design parameters. 竞拍者应可以从以前的拍卖中得到他自己的个人记录,从而为当前竞拍和背景故事作出指导。 Bidders should be able to get his own personal record from the previous auction, in order to provide guidance for the current auction and background stories.

另一个特性是,竞拍者可在一系列背景故事的范围中选择他所喜欢的故事,这会给他以最大的乐趣,或者他也可完全放弃主题故事而100%地集中在竞拍过程上。 Another feature is that bidders can choose his favorite story in the range of a series of back story, which will give him the greatest pleasure, or he can be completely abandoned theme of the story and 100% focused on the bidding process.

·策略与“实时”实施例相同与大部分其它游戏类型相比,有限的竞拍者可得到高的获胜机会,这也是它的一个吸引力大的原因。 Compared with most other games the same type, with limited bidders to obtain a high chance of winning cases • Policy and "real-time" implementation, which is a big attraction of its reasons.

市场分段:第一层分段:访问PC第二层分段:出价的费用(即,基于这个变量覆盖分支和平均分段)以及受限制/没有时间来参与“实时”拍卖。 Market segmentation: the first layer of segments: access the second layer segment PC: bid costs (that is, based on this variable branch coverage and average segment) and limited / no time to participate in "real-time" auction. C)模拟2-非交互性的/感觉到(部分)的交互性,见图10图10表示出了一个实施例,它是与图8和图9有关的一个中间解决方案。 C) 2- noninteractive analog / felt (portion) of the interaction, see FIG. 10 shows an embodiment 10, which is associated with an intermediate FIGS. 8 and 9 solutions. 尽管竞拍者实际上没有卷入一个交互性拍卖,但在放置他们的出价时却拥有一个指定的时间周期(由两个时钟表示)。 Although virtually no bidders involved in an interactive auction, but in placing their bids Shique have a specified time period (represented by two clocks). 断开的胶片代表了竞拍期间的非交互性竞拍。 Disconnect the film represents a non-interactive bid during the auction. 右侧的机器代表了在竞拍周期到期后对拍卖结果的即时计算,而在最右侧的短“胶卷”则代表了可在以后任何时间传送的一个记录。 The right side of the machine represents a real-time calculation of the results of the auction after the bidding period expires, and in short "film" represents the far right may at any time after a record transfer.

此类模拟拍卖是非交互性的,而且竞拍者的数目没有限制。 Such simulations are non-interactive auction, and the number of bidders is not limited. 竞拍者在预设的开始时间之前单独进行登记/和购买出价,然后在一个限时间隔期间(竞拍时间)内进行竞拍。 Bidders to register / buy and bid separately before the preset start time, and then in the auction (Bid Time) during a limited time interval.

当出价/竞拍者的数目(在开始点)被获知时,拍卖服务器将生成一个时间模拟串,该时间模拟串被分为多个单独的块(模拟一个拍卖),每个块都足以容纳出价之间的空间(即,它允许串中的任何竞拍获胜,各出价之间都有空隙以使任何出价都可能获胜-无论是开始/中间或是结尾)。 When the number of bids / bidders (the start point) is informed that the auction server generates an analog time string, the string is divided into a plurality of time analog individual pieces (a simulated auction), each block receiving sufficient bids the space between (i.e., it allows any winning bid string, so that any voids there between bid winning bid may - either the start / end or intermediate).

竞拍者被允许有10或15分钟以在该串中使用他们的出价-它可被以多维显示出来以在配给的基础上进行竞拍。 Bidders are allowed to use 10 or 15 minutes in their bids the string - it can be displayed for multidimensional bidding on the basis of the ration.

当出价被输入(在允许的竞拍期之内),拍卖机将即时/立即模拟时间(拍卖),然后就会产生一个获胜者/多个获胜者。 When a bid is entered (within the permitted period of the bid) auction machine instant / immediate simulation time (auction), then it will produce a winner / multiple winners.

在个人的出价被输入的情况下,当获胜者被“计算”出来时,拍卖将通过一个仪表被立即显示出来,该仪表显示了出价在时间轴上的活动性。 In the case of individual bid is entered when the winner is "computing" came out, the auction will be displayed by a meter out immediately, the meter shows the bidding activity on the timeline. 每个人都将在屏幕上看到他的出价以及各个出价延续了多长时间。 Everyone will see on the screen of his bid and each bid lasted long. 在每个竞拍者的出价数目受到限制的条件下,无论有多少人参与,整个拍卖可在约5分钟的时间之后被显示出来。 Under the conditions of the number of bids per bidder is limited, no matter how many people participate in the auction may be displayed after about 5 minutes.

拍卖的长度与竞拍者/出价的数目无关。 The length of the auction bidders / independent of the number of bids. 有固定的时间用于拍卖(在线,非交互性)。 Have a fixed time for the auction (online, non-interactive). 包括视觉显示在内的总拍卖时间可以约为15/20分钟。 The total time, including a visual display, including the auction may be about 15/20 minutes.

这个拍卖实施例的长处在于,它可使没有时间参与“实时拍卖”(或在“实时”竞拍之后,等待第二次拍卖)的人加入这种拍卖。 Strengths embodiment of this auction is that it can not have time to participate in "live auction" (or after "real-time" auction, waiting for the second auction) people to join this auction.

由于时间是被模拟的,所以不出现第一个出价的问题就不会出现。 Because time is simulated, it does not appear the first bid of problem does not arise. 总会先有第一个出价。 There will always be the first to bid. 然后拍卖再开始。 Then the auction began again.

在一个设定数目的秒钟内如果没有其它竞拍加入,则最后一个出价将获胜。 Within a set number of seconds if no other bidders to join, the last bid will win. 一开始这个时间被计划设定为30秒。 The planned start time is set to 30 seconds. 对出价之间的秒数所作的模拟是通过给各块(在允许放置出价的位置上)分配一定数量的秒数而完成的。 Simulation of the number of seconds between bids made by the number of seconds to a number assigned to respective blocks (in a position allowing placement of bids on) accomplished. 由于在一个时间串(总拍卖时间)中有比允许出价多的块,所以可在相隔30秒的两个出价之间打开多个空间/块,这样,获胜者就可在拍卖时间结束之前出现。 Thus, the winner can occur before the end of the auction period due to more than the allowable bid blocks, may be separated by a plurality of open spaces between the two bid 30 seconds / time block a string (total time auction), and . 窍门在于估计与出价数目有关的块的数目,这样就可以使获胜者在开始/中间和结束(最后一个竞拍者)时服从总体竞拍策略。 The trick is to estimate the number of bids related to the number of blocks, so you can make the winner of the auction subject to the overall strategy at the start / middle and end (the last bidders).

对故障/未经授权访问的防护如果竞拍者在拍卖开始之前能够操纵拍卖机,则这种防护可能是一个问题。 Fault / unauthorized access protection if bidders can manipulate the auction prior to the auction start machine, then such protection could be a problem.

当时间模拟/拍卖获胜者被计算时,此举是在离线状态下进行的,即,,没有出现来自外部源的故障/人为操纵的可能。 When the time of the analog / auction winner is calculated, this is performed offline, i.e. not fault ,, from an external source / artificial manipulation possible.

可选功能:所有以下的三项都将会为竞拍者带来(使其感觉到)娱乐享受,因而会使拍卖比其它游戏更加好玩。 Optional features: all of the following are the three will bring (it felt) entertainment for the bidders, which will make the auction more fun than other games.

·交互性·设计性·策略拍卖(登录-在拍卖结束后分析其它竞拍者/获胜者的个人策略-或者在拍卖期间进行分析)·交互性这种拍卖在正常意义上不是交互特性的(像“实时”版本那样),但是,它是一种替代拍卖方案,用于那些没有时间参加完全交互版本的群体,因为这种完全交互的拍卖只在预设的时间内进行,并且这种拍卖被以“修正的实时”地直观化,因而竞拍者将感觉到他们好象在观看/观察期间正在进行交互参与。 · Interactive · · designing strategies Auction (Login - Analysis of individual strategies other bidder / winner at the end of the auction - or for analysis during the auction) · interactivity in the normal sense of this auction is not interactive features (like "Real-time" version that), but it is an alternative to the auction scheme for those groups do not have time to attend fully interactive version of this fully interactive auction because only within a preset time, and this auction is a "modified real time" intuitive, so bidders will feel as if they are watching / participating in the ongoing interaction during the observation period.

·设计性纯粹的娱乐特性出现在背景设计之中,它可使竞拍者在主题故事中的行动直观化。 • Design of pure entertainment properties appear in the background designs, it allows bidders action in the subject of the story visualized. 它的故事将比“实时”版本的简单(在放置出价期间),而且在竞拍结束时间超过15分钟的情况下,它将不能交互地反映出图形化的“出价牌”上的行为。 It is the case of the story than the "live" version of the simple (bid during the placement), and at the end of the auction for more than 15 minutes, it will not reflect the behavior of the interactive graphical "bid card."

但是,给人以交互性或至少是行动方面的印象是非常重要的。 However, give the impression of interactivity, or at least aspects of the action is very important. 它不能通过对其它竞拍者的行为作出反应而得到实现,因为它会对人产生误导(总有一些竞拍者没有放置他们的出价-这样就会在单个竞拍者作出竞拍之后影响他的策略)。 It can not respond to the behavior of other bidders and realized that it would be misleading to people (there are always some bidders have not placed their bid - this will affect his strategy after a single bidders to bid). 因此,与实际竞拍相比,其主题设计必须与其它参数相互联系。 Therefore, compared with the actual auction, the theme must be interconnected with other design parameters. 竞拍者应可以从以前的拍卖中得到他自己的个人记录,从而为当前竞拍和背景故事作出指导。 Bidders should be able to get his own personal record from the previous auction, in order to provide guidance for the current auction and background stories.

另一个功能是,竞拍者可在一系列背景故事的范围中选择他所喜欢的故事,这会给他以很大的乐趣,或者他也可完全放弃主题故事而100%地集中在竞拍过程上。 Another feature is that bidders can choose his favorite story in the range of a series of back story, which will give him great pleasure, or he can be completely abandoned theme of the story and 100% focused on the bidding process.

·策略与“实时”实施例相同·得奖/获胜机会与“实时”拍卖相比,数目不限的竞拍者会使获胜的机会降低,但是,从另一方面讲,奖品也会变得更加丰厚。 • Policy and "real-time" similar to Example-winning / winning chance and "real-time" compared to the auction, the opportunity to make an unlimited number of winning bidders reduced, but, on the other hand, the prize will become more rich.

市场分段:第一层分段:访问PC第二层分段:出价的费用(即,基于这个变量覆盖分支和平均分段)以及参加拍卖的限制时间。 Market segmentation: the first layer of segments: access the second layer segment PC: bid costs (that is, based on this variable branch coverage and average segment) as well as the time limit to participate in the auction.

屏幕活动的级别(直观化):由竞拍者经历的屏幕上的可视故事(主题)应具有交互性,而且随着拍卖活动的进行,竞拍者的行动也将在不同的级别上进行。 Level screen activity (visualization): a visual experience by bidders story (theme) on the screen should be interactive, and with the conduct of the auction, bidders action will also be carried out on different levels. 一般有如下四个级别需要单独应付,而第五个级别则是“仅用于娱乐”:·设置(普通主题)·拍卖者级别·一般竞拍者群体级别(“竞争者”-除本人之外所有的人)·单个参加者级别(对单个拍卖的反馈)·仅用于娱乐的滑稽“弹出节目”(滑稽故事)-(在拍卖过程中随机播出)以及“谜语单元”拍卖期间发送给竞拍者的事件/信息:以下信息对竞拍者来说将特别有趣,尤其是在实时计算机网络拍卖实施例中,但也可在模拟实施例中,而且下列功能中的任何一个或者全部都应被传送给竞拍者的PC:·一轮竞拍的周期(固定、随机或顺序)-我们相信,随机方案是最有意思的,此方案中,在拍卖期间,倒数计时器(向获胜方向)随机地从30秒移到20秒再移到15秒。 Generally have the following four levels need to cope alone, while the fifth level is "only for entertainment": • Set (general topics) · auctioneer · General bidders level group level ( "competitor" - except I all people) · single participant level (feedback for individual auctions) * only for entertainment funny "pop-up program" (funny story) - (random aired during the auction) during the auction and send "riddle unit" to bidders event / information: the following information for bidders who will be particularly interesting, especially auctions embodiment of the computer network in real time, but also can simulate embodiment, and the following functions in any or all should be transferred to the PC bidders: • an auction period (fixed, random or sequential) - we believe that random program is the most interesting, in this scenario, during the auction, countdown timer (to win direction) from randomly 30 seconds 20 seconds and then moves to move 15 seconds. 此举将提高拍卖过程中的刺激性,并可迫使竞拍者集中更多的精力。 This will increase the auction process irritant, forcing bidders can focus more energy.

·各出价的单独寿命·通信量(在时间序列/周期内有多少出价进入)·剩余出价的数量(总剩余量和个人剩余量)·被放置的出价的数量(总放置量和个人放置量)·总出价数(整体的和个别的)·竞拍者的数目·奖品大小记录的参数: · Individual life-communication amount of each bid (the number of bids entered in the time series / cycle) · Number (total remaining amount and the individual remaining quantity) remaining bids · number is placed bids (total placement amount and the individual placement amount ) * total (overall and individual) · · the number of bidders prizes size recorded parameters bid:

记录的目的是引导竞拍者、告诉竞拍者他们的行动或不行动以及影响竞拍者获胜的机会。 The purpose is to guide the recording bidders, bidders tell their action or inaction and the impact of chance of winning bidders. 记录也会告诉竞拍者他们的策略与优化/获胜策略的比较,并给出能够使竞拍者在下一次拍卖中得到帮助的备选策略,因而给人以获胜机会的感觉“我这次是否获胜无关紧要”。 Record bidders will tell their strategy and optimization / compare winning strategy, and gives bidders can make the next alternative strategies to get help in an auction, which gives a feeling of winning opportunities "I came to win irrespective of whether critical". 拍卖记录可在拍卖结束后被访问。 Auction records can be accessed after the end of the auction. 我们期望拍卖记录也具有独立的娱乐性能,而且也可被直观化地展现在竞拍者的PC屏幕上。 We expect the auction record also has a separate entertainment performance, but can also be visualized to show bidders on the PC screen.

在记录中应(必须)包括以下元素:·你是获胜者·每个出价延续的时间(在竞争性出价被放置之前)·全部出价的延续时间*保持了多少轮的冷静(在一轮竞拍/全部累加竞拍的结尾处于“等待”位置)·保持了多少时间的冷静(累加值)·有多长时间与别人具有相同的策略(在同一“秒”内与别人作出相同的行动)以及有多少人与本人的策略相同·有多少时间采取不同的策略(定义为“不同”)·优化策略与本人策略的比较·获胜者的策略与本人策略的比较·这次拍卖中的备选获胜策略(是对下一次拍卖的良好建议)对主题的构思:以下是备选主题的例子:·与具有“爱因斯坦”人格的拍卖者进行拍卖·在密西西比河的蒸汽船上进行拍卖·在苏格兰的城堡中进行拍卖·“印地安纳琼斯”-艰难经历-生存/死亡(寻找圣杯)·传统拍卖(带有滑稽剧插曲故事)·赌博环境/高度交往· In the record should (must) include the following elements: · You are the winner of each bid continuation time (before a competitive bid was placed) · All bids duration * How many rounds remain calm (in an auction / accumulate all at the end of the auction "waiting" position) · Keep a cool how much time (accumulated value) · how long the others have the same strategy (make the same action with others in the same "seconds") as well as how many people with my same strategy · how much time to take a different strategy (defined as "different") · optimization strategy and tactics of the comparing himself the winner of the strategy and tactics of the comparing himself to win this alternative strategy auction (it is a good suggestion for the next auction) the idea of ​​the theme: the following are examples of alternative topics: · auction with the auctioneer has the "Einstein" personality · · auction in Scotland on the Mississippi River steamboat Castle auction · "Indiana Jones" - a difficult experience - survival / death (Holy Grail) · traditional auction (with farce episode story) · gambling environment / height exchanges · 接拍卖息标(如Lotto),“无失真”版本的模拟拍卖·其它滑稽剧/插曲故事:对组织者的拍卖来说,滑稽剧是一个特殊、公认的功能(如:Gary Larson的“The Far Side”),而且它可被用于拍卖期间的广告。 Auction information access standard (such as Lotto), "lossless" version of the analog auction · Other farce / episode story: the organizers of the auction, the farce is a special, proven features (such as: Gary Larson's "The Far Side "), and it can be used for advertising during the auction. 可通过制作新的插曲故事以使它的想法延续下去。 So that it can continue through the idea of ​​making a new episode story.

插曲故事会迷惑竞拍者并可给拍卖增加附加的娱乐值。 Episode story will confuse bidders and the auction to add additional entertainment value. 它们必须非常令人感兴趣而且很喜剧化,从而对竞拍者的注意力产生干扰,但它却可使参加拍卖变得更加有趣(作为对注意力减少的补偿-甚至会在拍卖中失败)。 They have to be very interesting and very comical, resulting in interference to the attention of bidders, but it can participate in the auction becomes more interesting (as compensation for reduced attention - even fail in the auction). 随机出现的滑稽剧不应太频繁地出现,而且应在约5至6秒钟内出现/消失。 Random farce should occur too often, and should appear / disappear within about 5 to 6 seconds.

为了使拍卖更具“交互性”和趣味性/娱乐性,插曲故事可在“实时拍卖”和拍卖的模拟版本中出现,尤其是后者。 In order to make the auction more "interactive" and interesting / entertaining story may appear in the episode "Live Auction" and the auction of the analog version, especially the latter.

图11以普通的方式显示出了可在本发明所述拍卖系统中出现的各种用户群/对象。 Figure 11 shows a conventional manner in the various user groups may be present in the present invention, the auction system / object. 可通过开放或闭合通信(模拟或数字式)将两个或多个对象相互联系起来。 Two or more objects may be linked by an open or closed communications (analog or digital) to each other. 除了竞拍者的PC和拍卖服务器(它们已在上面得到了详细的说明)以外,还应注意以下的可能性:通过经网络与拍卖服务器的连接就可实现视频/自动化拍卖,或者也可在完整拍卖系统的内部实现这种自动化拍卖,然后这种拍卖类型可以成为那种可模拟其它竞拍者的类型。 In addition to the bidders and the auction server PC (which has been described in detail above) outside, should also pay attention to the following possibilities: you can achieve video / automation auction by connecting via the network auction server, or it can be in full inside this automated auction system auction realized, then this type of auction may be the type that may simulate other bidders. (这种流动的自动化拍卖也可以小型设备的形式实现,如掌上机)。 (Automated auctions of such flows can be implemented in the form of small devices, such as palmtop).

但是,这种自动化当然也可以类似于PC的方式而工作于一个终端上。 However, this course can also be automated PC-like way to work on a terminal.

一种执行根据本发明所述拍卖的方法是与电视连接或通过广播剧。 A method of performing connection or by radio play according to the invention of the auction the television. 在这种情况下,普通电视、图文电视或广播频道(公共的或闭路网)可被用作通信网络的一部分,也就是说,为了向竞拍者提供当前的实时拍卖过程,人们可以使用(如)电话网络(蜂窝电话或公共交换网)以作为参与竞拍的网络部分。 In this case, ordinary television, teletext or radio channels (public or closed network) can be used as part of a communications network, that is, in order to provide current real-time bidders to the auction process, one can use ( such as a) a telephone network (a cellular phone or a public switched network) as part of a network participate in the auction. 即,向拍卖者发送竞拍信息。 That is, the information is sent to auction the auctioneer. 因此,在图中显示出了电话、广播和电视单元,另外,也可将与一电话网相连接的电传作为潜在的接口单元。 Thus, in the figure shows a telephone, radio and television unit, further, may be to a telephone network connected with teletype interface unit as potential. 还应该注意的是,在数字电视网络中,双向通信将是可能的,因此就为在触摸屏或(如)手动遥控器的帮助下进行电视的信息反馈提供了可能性。 It should also be noted that, in a digital television network, bidirectional communication will be possible, thus providing for the possibility of feedback with the aid of TV or the touch screen (e.g.) the manual remote control.

最后,在(例如)电视节目中总会有观众,而且观众也可能加入竞拍的行列,他们可通过对一个接口设备进行接收(它与拍卖者的计算机通过无线或有线相连接)以进入竞拍现场。 Finally, in (for example) will always have a TV show viewers, and viewers may join the auction, they can receive on an interface device (computer auction and it's connected via a wireless or wired) to enter the auction site .

图12显示出了一个“出价牌”的例子,它可被用于与“即时”型拍卖(见图9)相连接,而且这样的出价牌可被显示在PC的屏幕上或(例如)自动游戏机上。 Figure 12 shows an example of a "bid card", which can be used with the "instant" type auction (see FIG. 9) is connected, and that such cards offer may be displayed automatically on the PC screen or the (e.g.) on consoles. 通过在图中所示的三个刻度盘/钮上移动小时、分钟、秒的位置并在当已被设定的所需时间点得到确认时,就可以简单的方式来实现出价的放置(即,特定时间点的标记)。 By moving the three-hour dial / knob shown in the figure, minute, second position and when the time required for the set-point has been confirmed, can be realized in a simple manner to place bids (i.e. marking a specific point in time). 当全部允许的出价已被放置后,则总出价包将通过“发送”(SEND)钮被发送出去。 When all bids have been placed allowed, the total bid package (the SEND) button is transmitted through the "transmission." 可以在这个例子中增加一个功能,即,“累积出价值”,它显示了到输入一个出价之前为止的出价总和,其作用是给竞拍者以可能获奖的想法。 In this example, you can increase a function, namely, "the cumulative value", which shows the sum of the bid until before to enter a bid, whose role is to be awarded to the bidder with the idea.

Claims (53)

  1. 1. 1. 一种计算机化的拍卖系统,其包括:拍卖装置,用于处理竞拍者以通信方式发来的出价、向所述竞拍者发出所述出价回执并通知所述拍卖的详细情况、以及根据收到的所述出价确定获胜的竞拍者、并向所述竞拍者发出获胜者的通知;出价人装置,用于分别地与所述拍卖装置通信,以区分各竞拍者的出价,并处理从所述拍卖装置发来的所述出价回执和所述拍卖详细情况;网络装置,用于在所述拍卖装置与所述出价人装置之间提供通信传输路径,在所述拍卖装置与所述出价人装置之间通过该网络装置传输的信息至少符合第一传输协议或第二传输协议之一,就确保表示信息的数据到达所述拍卖装置与所述出价人装置之一的方面而言,所述第一传输协议比所述第二传输协议更可靠,而就数据经过所述网络装置的发送直到由所述拍卖装置和所述出价人装置之 A computerized auction system, comprising: means auction, bidders for processing communicatively sent bids, issuing the receipt to the bidders bid and notify the details of the auction, based on the received and the bidders to determine the winning bids, the bidders to notify winners; bidder means, means for communicating respectively with the auction, bid to distinguish each of bidders, and the processing from the means auction bid sent from the receipt of the auction and details; network device for providing a communication path between said transmission means and the auction bidding human apparatus, the apparatus and the auction bidder means between the network device through the information transmission line with at least one of a first transmission protocol or the second transport protocol, to ensure that the data representing the information reaches the device and the auction bid in terms of apparatus aspects of one person, the second a transport protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, and data on the network device through the transmission until the auction by the apparatus and the apparatus of the bidder 的接收所经过的时间而言,所述第二传输协议比所述第一传输协议更快捷;与按照所述第二传输协议通信的信息相关的风险包括在所述网络装置传输的过程中的所述数据丢失,到达所述拍卖装置与所述出价人装置之一的所述数据的顺序与当时从所述拍卖装置与所述出价人装置相应的一个所发出数据的顺序不同,以及到达拍卖装置与出价人装置之一的数据重复,所述这些风险是在所述拍卖中与确定所述竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 Receiving in terms of elapsed time, said second transport protocol more efficient than the first transmission protocol; risk communication protocol according to the information related to a second transmission means comprises a transmission process in the network the loss of data, the arrival order of the auction bidding device of the data of one person from the device and the time of the auction bidding device means a corresponding human sequence data issued by different, and reach the auction one of the devices and data devices bidder repeat, the risks are in the auction with one aspect of the bidders determine the winner related.
  2. 2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的拍卖系统,其中所述出价是在所述第二传输协议下从所述出价人装置向所述拍卖装置发送的。 The auction system according to claim 1, wherein the bid is in the second protocol from the transmitting means to the bidder in the auction device.
  3. 3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖装置包括:拍卖者装置,用于处理从所述出价人装置发来的所述出价,并向所述竞拍者通知所述出价回执并通知所述拍卖的详细情况,所述拍卖者装置在所述第二传输协议下与所述出价人装置通信。 The auction system according to claim 1, wherein said auction apparatus comprising: auctioneer means for processing the bid from the bid sent by human means, the bidders to bid receipt of the notification, and notify Details of the auction, the auctioneer who means communicating with said bid in the second transmission protocol.
  4. 4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖系统包括管理装置,用于处理竞拍者的帐目,和处理与所述拍卖者装置与所述出价人装置之间通信的信息分开的与所述拍卖有关的信息。 The auction system according to claim 3, wherein the auction system comprises managing means for processing the accounts bidders and said auctioneer processing means with said separate communication bid information between people and means the auction related information.
  5. 5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的拍卖系统,其中所述管理装置还包括用于处理以万维网(World Wide Web)页的形式与所述出价人装置通信的内容的装置。 The auction system according to claim 4, wherein said management means includes means for further processing in the form of World Wide Web (World Wide Web) page of the contents of the bid means a communication apparatus person.
  6. 6. 6. 根据权利要求4所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖装置包括拍卖支持装置,用于向所述拍卖装置提示开始拍卖,所述拍卖支持装置与所述管理装置在安全通信信道上经一传输路径进行通信,该传输路径是在网络装置之外的路径和经过网络装置的路径之一。 The auction system according to claim 4, wherein said auction the auction support means comprises a means for prompt means to start the auction the auction, the auction support means and said management apparatus via a secure communication channel transmission path communication, the transmission path is a path outside of the network device and one of the paths through the network device.
  7. 7. 7. 根据权利要求6所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖支持装置还包括储存所述拍卖结果的装置。 The auction system according to claim 6, wherein said support means further comprises means auction storing the results of the auction.
  8. 8. 8. 根据权利要求6所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者装置包括与所述网络装置连接的第一计算机网络服务器,而所述管理装置包括与所述网络装置连接的第二计算机网络服务器。 The auction system according to claim 6, wherein said means comprises a first auctioneer computer network server device connected to the network, and the network management apparatus comprises a second server computer device connected to the network.
  9. 9. 9. 根据权利要求1所述的拍卖系统,其中所述网络装置包括至少电话网络、公共邮政网络、电传网络、局域网络以及互联网之一,所述第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),所述第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 The auction system according to claim 1, wherein said network means comprises at least a telephone network, public postal networks, telex networks, local area networks and the Internet, one of the first transmission protocol comprises a Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises user datagram protocol (UDP).
  10. 10. 10. 根据权利要求1所述的拍卖系统,其中所述网络装置包括互联网,所述第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),所述第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 The auction system according to claim 1, wherein said means comprises the Internet network, the first transfer protocol comprises the Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises User Datagram Protocol (UDP ).
  11. 11. 11. 根据权利要求10所述的拍卖系统,其中所述出价人装置与拍卖者装置在所述UDP协议下通信,所述管理装置与所述出价人装置在所述TCP/IP协议下通信,所述拍卖支持装置与所述管理装置在安全套接层(SSL)协议下通信。 The auction system according to claim 10, wherein said auctioneer and bidder means in a communication apparatus under the UDP protocol, the communication management apparatus in the TCP / IP protocol and the bidder means, said auction support means and said communication management means in the Secure Socket layer (SSL) protocol.
  12. 12. 12. 根据权利要求3所述的拍卖系统,其中所述出价人装置与拍卖者装置在位于所述第一或第二传输协议顶层的拍卖协定下通信。 The auction system according to claim 3, wherein said lower communication bid auction and the auctioneer's apparatus in the first apparatus or the second top-level transport protocol agreement.
  13. 13. 13. 根据权利要求12所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖协定包括拍卖管理和出价协定。 The auction system according to claim 12, wherein the agreement includes an auction the auction bids and management protocol.
  14. 14. 14. 根据权利要求13所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖管理协定包括如下一些参数:所述竞拍者的名字,由所述出价人装置为每个所述竞拍者将通信端口接入所述拍卖者装置的标识,所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识,所述拍卖的时间基准,所述拍卖开始的时间,所述拍卖结束的时间,当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间,任何时刻累计的所述出价的次数,特定的一个留下提交所述拍卖的竞拍者的所述出价的次数,以及特定的所述出价必须保持最高出价多长时间才能赢得所述拍卖。 The auction system according to claim 13, wherein said auction management agreement parameters include the following: the name of the bidder, said bidder by a means for each of said bidders access to the communications port of the auctioneer identifying means of identifying the bidders in the winner of the auction time reference, the auction start time, end time of the auction, the current bid to become a final bid of time, any time accumulated the number of times the bids of the bids submitted by leaving a specific bidders the auction, and the bid must be specified how long to maintain the highest bid to win the auction.
  15. 15. 15. 根据权利要求13所述的拍卖系统,其中所述出价协定包括如下一些参数:各所述出价的数值,由所述拍卖者装置对每个所述竞拍者从所述出价人装置接收的消息数、对每个所述出价人装置的拍卖时间通知、对所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识、所述拍卖开始的时间、所述拍卖结束并且当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间、在任何时刻发送到所述拍卖者装置的所述出价次数、每个所述竞拍者剩下的出价次数、所述多个出价之一必须坚持多长时间才能赢得所述拍卖,以及所述竞拍者的个数。 The auction system according to claim 13, wherein the bid protocol parameters comprising: each of the bid value, the auctioneer by the apparatus for each of the bidders who bid from said means for receiving a message number for each of the devices people bid auction time notification of the identity of the bidder the winner, the start time of the auction, the auction ends and the current bid to become one of the final bid of time, in any time to send the auctioneer bids device, each of the bidders remaining number of bids, the bid must adhere to one of the plurality of how long it takes to win the auction, and the bidders number.
  16. 16. 16. 一种计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其包括:用于处理由竞拍者通过计算机网络发出的出价的装置;用于根据竞拍者发出的出价,通过计算机网络向竞拍者发出信息的装置;用于根据通过所述计算机网络收到的所述出价确定所述竞拍者中的获胜者的装置;用于通过所述计算机网络向所述竞拍者通知所述获胜者的装置;用于第一传输协议的装置,在该协议下实现用于发送与所述获胜者的通信信息;和用于第二传输协议的装置,在该协议下由所述竞拍者通过所述计算机网络发出所述出价,就所述通信到达其目的地的方面而言,所述第一传输协议比所述第二传输协议更可靠,而就开始发送所述通信到所述通信到达目的地所经过的时间而言,所述第二传输协议比所述第一传输协议更快捷,其中与按照所述第二传输协议通信的信息相关的风险包括在所述网络装 A computer network server auction system, comprising: means for processing bids sent over the computer network used by the bidders; according bidders bid sent, the device information sent over the computer network to bidders; according by the bid received from the computer network apparatus determining the winner of bidders; means for notifying the winning bidders to the person via the computer network; means a first transport protocol for realized the winning for transmitting communication information in the person's agreement; and means for a second transmission protocol, in which the protocol used by the computer network by a bidder bids the issuing, on the For aspects of the communication reaches its destination, the first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, and starts to send the communication to the communication destination in terms of arrival time elapsed, the first second transmission protocol more efficient than the first transmission protocol, wherein said information in accordance with the risk communication protocol comprises a second transmission means associated with the network 传输的过程中所述出价的丢失,从不同的所述竞拍者来的所述出价顺序与当时各所述竞拍者所述出价的顺序不同,以及到达目的地的至少一个所述出价的重复,所述这些风险是所述拍卖中与确定所述竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 During the transmission loss of the bid to the bidder from the different order as the bid of each of the bidders when the bid different, and at least one of said destination repeated bid, the risks are one aspect of the auction and bidders in determining the winner related.
  17. 17. 17. 根据权利要求16所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,还包括用于处理所述竞拍者帐目的管理装置。 The auction system as claimed in claim server computer network of claim 16, further comprising means for processing the accounts management apparatus bidders.
  18. 18. 18. 根据权利要求17所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其中所述管理装置还包括用于处理以环球网(World Wide Web)页的形式与所述出价人装置通信的内容的装置。 The auction system as claimed in claim server computer network of claim 17, wherein said apparatus further comprises means for managing a Web (World Wide Web) page of the form of the apparatus the means for communicating the contents of the bid process person.
  19. 19. 19. 根据权利要求16所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其中所述第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),所述第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 The auction system as claimed in claim server computer network of claim 16, wherein the first transfer protocol comprises a Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises User Datagram Protocol (UDP).
  20. 20. 20. 根据权利要求16所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其中所述出价是在所述第一和第二传输协议顶层的拍卖协定下由所述竞拍者发出的。 The auction system as claimed in claim server computer network of claim 16, wherein the bids are emitted by the bidders in the auction of the first and second transmission agreement protocol top.
  21. 21. twenty one. 根据权利要求16所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其中所述拍卖协定包括拍卖管理和出价协定。 The auction system as claimed in claim server computer network of claim 16, wherein the agreement includes an auction management auction bids and agreements.
  22. 22. twenty two. 根据权利要求21所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其中所述拍卖管理包括如下一些参数:所述竞拍者的名字,由所述出价人装置为每个所述竞拍者将通信端口接入所述拍卖者装置的标识,所述竞拍者中获胜者的识别,所述拍卖的时间基准,所述拍卖开始的时间,所述拍卖结束的时间,当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间,任何时刻积累的所述出价的次数,特定的一个留下进行所述拍卖的所述竞拍者的所述出价的次数,以及特定一个所述出价必须保持最高出价多长时间才能赢得所述拍卖的时间。 The auction system as claimed in claim server computer network of claim 21, wherein said auction management parameters comprising: the name of the bidder, said bidder by a means for each of said bidders access to the communication port identification mark auctioneer device, the winner of the bidders in the auction time reference, the auction start time, end time of the auction, the current bid to become a final bid of time, any time the number of bidders in the accumulated number of bids, leaving a specific conduct of the auction bid, and the bid must maintain a specific maximum bid how long it takes to win the auction time.
  23. 23. twenty three. 根据权利要求13所述的计算机网络拍卖系统服务器,其中所述出价协定包括如下一些参数:各所述出价的数值,由所述拍卖者装置为每个所述竞拍者从所述出价人装置接收的消息数、对每个所述出价人装置的拍卖时间通知、对所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识、所述拍卖开始的时间、所述拍卖结束并且当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间、在任何时刻发送到所述拍卖者装置的所述出价数、每个所述竞拍者剩下的出价次数、所述出价之一赢得所述拍卖而必须坚持的时间,以及所述竞拍者的个数。 The server computer network auction system according to claim 13, wherein the bid protocol parameters comprises: a value of each of the bids from the auction bidders by means of each of said means from said recipient bids the number of messages auction time people notice the device for each of the bid, the bidders to identify the winners, start time of the auction, the auction ends and the current bid to become one of the final bid time , sent at any time to the number of bids the auctioneer device, each of the bidders remaining number of bids, the bid to win one of the auctions must adhere to the time, and the bidders number.
  24. 24. twenty four. 一种在通信网络上实现拍卖系统的方法,该方法包括:由各竞拍者的输入计算机设备将出价经网络传送到拍卖方计算机设备上;由所述拍卖方计算机设备处理所收到的出价;由所述拍卖方计算机设备经网络向所述输入计算机设备提供收到出价的通知;由所述拍卖方计算机设备根据从所述输入计算机设备所收到的出价决定所述竞拍者中的获胜者;和由所述拍卖方计算机设备与所述竞拍者中所述获胜者的所述输入计算机设备通信;提供第一和第二传输协议,在这些协议下可以进行所述拍卖方计算机设备与所述输入计算机设备之间的通信,就所述通信到达其目的地的方面而言,所述第一传输协议比所述第二传输协议更可靠,而就经所述网络发送并由所述拍卖方计算机设备与所述输入计算机设备至少之一接收所需的时间而言,所述第二传输协议比所述第一 A method for realizing the auction system in a communication network, the method comprising: each bidder bids entered into the computer device transmitted to the computer device via the network auctioneer; bid by the auctioneer computer apparatus for processing received; auctioneer by the computer input device of the computer device via the network to provide notifications received bids; auctioneer determined by the computer apparatus according to the bid received from the input device to the computer of the winner bidders ; and a communication device by the computer and the auctioneer bidders in the winner of the computer input device; providing a first and a second transmission protocol, the auctioneer may be performed with the computer device at these agreements said input communication between computer devices on the communication reaches its destination in terms of the aspect of the first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, and transmitting it over the network by the auction side computer input device and the computer device in terms of time required for receiving the at least one of the second transmission protocol than the first 输协议更快捷;与按照所述第二传输协议进行所述通信相关的风险包括在所述网络装置传输的过程中所述通信的丢失,到达所述拍卖方计算机设备与所述输入计算机设备至少之一的所述通信的顺序与当时从相应的所述输入计算机设备与所述拍卖方计算机设备发送的顺序不同,以及到达所述拍卖方计算机设备与所述输入计算机设备的所述通信的重复,这些风险是所述拍卖中与确定所述竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 More efficient transport protocol; and perform said communication in accordance with said second transmission protocol associated risks include lost during the transmission of the network communication means and reaches the auctioneer computer input device and the computer device at least the order of communication and one of the computer device then sequentially transmitted from the auction side of the input apparatus corresponding to a different computer, and reaches the auctioneer said computer device in communication with said computer input device is repeated these risks are the auction with one aspect of the bidders determine the winner related.
  25. 25. 25. 根据权利要求24所述的方法,还包括处理所述竞拍者帐目的步骤。 The method according to claim 24, further comprising the step of processing the bidders accounts.
  26. 26. 26. 根据权利要求24所述的方法,还包括储存所述拍卖结果的步骤。 The method of claim 24, further comprising the step of storing the results of the auction.
  27. 27. 27. 根据权利要求24所述的方法,其中所述网络包括公共邮政网络、电话网络、电传网络、无线网络、电视网络以及计算机网。 The method according to claim 24, wherein said network comprises a public postal networks, telephone networks, telex networks, wireless networks, television networks and computer networks.
  28. 28. 28. 根据权利要求24所述的方法,其中所述网络包括互联网,所述第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),所述第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 The method according to claim 24, wherein said network comprises the Internet, the first transfer protocol comprises a Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises User Datagram Protocol (UDP).
  29. 29. 29. 根据权利要求24所述的方法,还包括执行与所述拍卖方计算机设备与所述输入计算机设备之间在拍卖协定下进行与所述出价有关的通信,该拍卖协定是在所述第一和第二传输协议顶层的协议。 The method according to claim 24, further comprising performing the auctioneer between the computer device and the computer input device associated with the bid at the auction communication protocol, the protocol is in the first auction and second transport protocol top protocol.
  30. 30. 30. 根据权利要求29所述的方法,其中所述这些拍卖协定包括拍卖管理和出价协定。 The method according to claim 29, wherein the agreement includes these auctions and bidding auction management protocol.
  31. 31. 31. 根据权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述拍卖协定还包括如下一些参数:所述竞拍者的名字,由所述出价人装置为每个所述竞拍者将通信端口接入所述拍卖者装置的标识,所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识,所述拍卖的时间基准,所述拍卖开始的时间,所述拍卖结束的时间,当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间,任何时刻积累的所述出价的次数,特定的某个留下进行所述拍卖的所述竞拍者的所述出价的次数,以及特定某个所述出价能赢得所述拍卖而必须保持最高出价的时间长度。 The method according to claim 30, wherein the agreement further comprises auction parameters: the name of the bidder, said bidder by a means for each of said bidders access to the communications port of said auctioneer means logo, identifying the bidders in the winner's time base of the auction, the auction start time, end time of the auction, the current bid to become a final bid of time, any time accumulated by the number of the bidders said the number of bids, leaving a specific conduct of the auction bid, as well as the length of time a bid to win the auction and must maintain the highest bid in particular.
  32. 32. 32. 根据权利要求30所述的方法,其中所述出价协定包括如下一些参数:各所述出价的数值,由所述拍卖者装置对每个所述竞拍者从所述出价人装置接收的消息数、对每个所述出价人装置的拍卖时间通知、对所述竞拍者中获胜者的标识、所述拍卖开始的时间、所述拍卖结束并且当前一个所述出价成为最终出价的时间、在任何时刻发送到所述拍卖者装置的所述出价数、每个所述竞拍者剩下的出价次数、所述出价之一赢得所述拍卖而必须坚持的时间长度,以及所述竞拍者的个数。 The method according to claim 30, wherein the bid protocol parameters comprising: each of the bid value, the auctioneer by the apparatus for each of the bidders who bid number from the received message means, each time the auctioneer bid person means a notice on the identity of the bidders in the winner's time to start the auction, the auction ends and the current bid to become one of the final bid time, at any time sent to the bid the auctioneer number of devices, each of the bidders remaining number of bids, the bid to win one of a number of the auction and must adhere to the length of time, and the bidders.
  33. 33. 33. 一种在计算机网络服务器上实现拍卖的方法,该方法包括:处理由竞拍者经计算机网络发来的出价;根据从所述竞拍者收到的出价经所述网络与所述竞拍者进行通信;根据经所述计算机网络收到的所述出价决定所述竞拍者中的获胜者;和经所述计算机网络向所述竞拍者通知所述获胜者;根据第一传输协议和第二传输协议之一在所述计算机网络上进行通信,在所述通信到达其目的地的方面,所述第一传输协议比所述第二传输协议更可靠,在速度方面所述第二传输协议比所述第一传输协议更快捷;在所述第二传输协议下通信的丢失、通信的延迟、以及通信的重复是拍卖中与确定竞拍者中的获胜者有关的一个方面。 Auction method implemented on a computer network server, the method comprising: processing via the computer network by a bidder bids sent; communication via the network according to the bidders bid received from the bidder; based on the bid received via the computer network determines the winner of bidders; and notification via the computer network to the winners of the bidders; the first transmission protocol and a second transport protocol performing a communication on the computer network, the communication aspect of reaching its destination, the first transmission protocol is more reliable than the second transmission protocol, in terms of speed of the second transport protocol than the first a more efficient transmission protocol; in the second protocol transmission loss of communication, communication delay, and the communication is repeated with a determined aspect of the auction bidders related to the winner.
  34. 34. 34. 根据权利要求33所述的方法,其中所述第一传输协议包括传输控制协议/网际协议(TCP/IP),所述第二传输协议包括用户数据报协议(UDP)。 The method according to claim 33, wherein the first transfer protocol comprises a Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP), the second transfer protocol comprises User Datagram Protocol (UDP).
  35. 35. 35. 根据权利要求33所述的方法,其中所述出价是在所述第一和第二传输协议顶层的拍卖协定下由所述竞拍者发出的。 The method according to claim 33, wherein the bids are emitted by the bidders in the auction of the first and second transmission agreement protocol top.
  36. 36. 36. 一种根据由竞拍者在预先建立的时限内提交的奖金支持出价的拍卖系统,该系统可包括在拍卖者与竞拍者之间通信的通信网络,所述拍卖系统包括:用于由竞拍者提供出价的接口装置,用于检测由所述各竞拍者提交的出价的检测器装置,位于拍卖者一方的实际的或模拟的时钟,用于标出拍卖的开始时间和结束时间,记录进行拍卖的时间以及用于在所述检测器装置中进行出价检测的时间点,和判定装置,用于判定拍卖的结果,该拍卖结果是出价时间点的函数。 The Reward for supporting within the time limit established by the pre-bidders bid auction system, the system may include a communications network between the auctioneer and bidder communication, the auction system comprising: means for providing by the bidders interface means bids, actual or simulated clock for detecting the bids submitted by each of the bidders said detector means, positioned one auctioneer, time to start and end time mark auction, the auction record time and means for the detector means detecting a time point bids, and determining means for determining the results of the auction, the auction bidding result point as a function of time.
  37. 37. 37. 根据权利要求36所述的拍卖系统,其中所述判定装置可用于测试在上一次检测到的出价之后而没有再检测到新的出价时,预定的时间周期或是根据预定规则可变的时间周期是否过去,如果确实如此,就将上一次检测到出价的竞拍者标识为拍卖的获胜者,而如果不是,则就将在总的拍卖过程中拍卖结束时间之前已经提交最后一个出价的竞拍者标识为获胜者。 The auction system according to claim 36, wherein when said device can be used after testing on the last detected is no longer detected bid and offer a new, a predetermined time period or a variable period of time determined according to a predetermined rule whether in the past, if it does, it will be the winner of the last detected bid bidders identified as the auction, but bidders have submitted a bid to identify the last, if not before, then it will auction end time in the overall auction process the winner.
  38. 38. 38. 根据权利要求36所述的拍卖系统,其中所述接口装置可以是通过例如调制解调器与实时数据发送通信网络连接的计算机终端,而拍卖者则通过计算机终端以类似的方式连接到相同的网络。 The auction system according to claim 36, wherein said interface means may be a computer terminal connected via a modem, for example, real-time data transmission and communication network, the auctioneer in a similar manner the terminal connected to the same network by a computer.
  39. 39. 39. 根据权利要求38所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者的时钟、检测器装置和判定装置可以包含在拍卖者计算机中,该计算机适合于根据程序化的拍卖算法管理拍卖。 The auction system according to claim 38, wherein said auctioneer clock detector means and determining means may be included in the auction's computer, the computer program is suitable for the management of auction the auction in accordance with the algorithm.
  40. 40. 40. 根据权利要求39所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者的计算机算法最好适合于实时管理由竞拍者在拍卖过程期间提交的出价,并且所述计算机还可以用于校正竞拍者的计算机终端的传输延迟。 The auction system according to claim 39, wherein said auctioneer computer algorithm best suited for real-time management of bids submitted by bidders during an auction process, the computer and the computer terminal may also be used in correcting bidders transmission delay.
  41. 41. 41. 根据权利要求37和40所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者的计算机算法之一可以是用于改变所述时间周期的长度以作为已过去的拍卖时间的函数或是作为从全体竞拍者中当前提交出价的速度的函数的算法。 37 and the auction system according to claim 40, wherein one of said auctioneer computer algorithm may be used to change the length of said time period as a function of elapsed time or as the auction bidders in all algorithm function of the speed of current submit bids.
  42. 42. 42. 根据权利要求40所述的拍卖系统,其中所述竞拍者计算机终端以及通信网络适合于从拍卖者计算机发送实时信息,以对每个竞拍者提供正进行拍卖的进程和活动。 The auction system according to claim 40, wherein said bidder terminals and a communication network computer is adapted to transmit real-time information from the auctioneer's computer, and activities are to provide processes for each auction bidders.
  43. 43. 43. 根据权利要求39所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者计算机算法可适合于管理由各竞拍者在固定的时间点成组地提交的出价,从而当该时间点过去时,所述计算机可以立即模拟总的拍卖过程。 The auction system according to claim 39, wherein said auctioneer computer algorithm may be adapted to submit a bid management group by the bidders at a fixed point in time to, so that when the time point in the past, the computer may immediately the total simulation of the auction process.
  44. 44. 44. 根据权利要求43所述的拍卖系统,其中所述在拍卖过程中总的出价次数可以预先确定,而所述拍卖者计算机算法则适合于管理由各竞拍者与其进入拍卖/支付出价的同时提交的出价。 The auction system according to claim 43, wherein the total number of bids may be predetermined during the auction, and said auctioneer computer algorithm is adapted to manage their respective simultaneously enter the auction bidders / payment submitted bids bid.
  45. 45. 45. 根据权利要求43所述的拍卖系统,其中在拍卖过程中对出价的总次数没有限制,所述拍卖者计算机算法适合于管理:a)由各相应竞拍者在预定的时间点范围内出价的拍卖进入/支付,b)然后计算总的拍卖时间,即从开始到结束所经过的时间,c)建立用于由各相应竞拍者提交成组的出价时间的时间限制,和d)接着从各竞拍者接收出价,并在所述时间限制结束之后,模拟总的拍卖过程。 The auction system according to claim 43, wherein during the auction no limits the total number of bids, the auctioneer management computer algorithm adapted to: a) by the respective bidders bidding within a predetermined time range auction entry / payment, b) then calculates the total time of the auction, from the beginning to the end of the elapsed time, c) establishing a time limit for submitting the corresponding sets of the respective bidders bidding time, and d) then from each auction receives bids, and after the end of the time limit, the total auction process simulation.
  46. 46. 46. 根据权利要求43-45中任一项所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者计算机、竞拍者计算机终端和通信网络适合于将关于模拟拍卖过程的信息传送到各相应竞拍者,可以实时地或以变换后的时间标度以屏幕画面的形式进行传送。 43-45 auction system as claimed in any of claims, wherein said auctioneer computer, bidders terminal and the communication network computer is adapted to simulate the information on the auction process is transferred to the respective bidders, in real time or in the transformed time scale it is transmitted in the form of screen.
  47. 47. 47. 根据权利要求42或46所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者计算机也可以用于根据特殊的程序向竞拍者计算机终端发送副(side)信息,(a)所述副信息在实时或模拟拍卖过程中由拍卖者时钟控制,并可由正在进行的拍卖的进展情况来控制,用于在拍卖信息之后启动画面/声音或者与拍卖有关的娱乐性的或吸引人的短影片,从而增加拍卖的吸引力,(b)所述副信息包括,在进入/支付/预出价的阶段,含有娱乐内容的动画、或与拍卖有关的信息或广告。 The auction system of claim 42 or claim 46, wherein said auctioneer may also be used to transmit the sub-computer (Side) information to the bidders computer terminal according to the special procedures, (A) the sub-information in a real or simulated auction the process is controlled by the auctioneer clock, and can be controlled by the progress of the ongoing auction for the splash screen / sound after the auction and auction-related information or entertainment or compelling short films, thereby increasing the attraction of the auction force, (b) the sub-information included in the entry / payment / pre-bid stage, animation containing entertainment content, or auction-related information or advertising.
  48. 48. 48. 根据权利要求39所述的拍卖系统,其中所述拍卖者计算机可包括用于存储整个拍卖过程的存储器,从而竞拍者可自动地或者是在完成拍卖后提出请求而拥有与在其计算机终端所展示的所述拍卖过程有关的数据。 The auction system according to claim 39, wherein said auctioneer computer may include a memory for storing the entire auction process, so that bidders may automatically or upon request and the completion of the auction and has shown in his computer terminal data relating to the auction process.
  49. 49. 49. 根据权利要求36所述的拍卖系统,其中至少一个竞拍者是真正的竞拍者,而多个竞拍者是多个模拟的竞拍者,该系统还包括拍卖者随机产生装置,其根据预定的随机数发生算法来控制模拟竞拍者的数目与出价时间,该算法包括可调节的参数,以便将拍卖获胜机率调节到可与国家法律相容的范围。 The auction system according to claim 36, wherein at least one of the real bidders bidders, the plurality of bidders is a plurality of analog bidders, the system further includes an auction randomly generating apparatus according to a predetermined random number to control the number of simulated bidders bid time, the algorithm includes an adjustable parameter, so the chances of winning the auction will be adjusted to a range compatible with national laws occur algorithm.
  50. 50. 50. 根据权利要求36或37所述的拍卖系统,其中所述网络通信的一部分可以是公共交换电话网络、蜂窝网络、计算机网络和反向电视频道网络中的任何网络;所述接口装置可以是电话、蜂窝电话、电传单元、计算机终端以及具有双向通信能力的电视机;拍卖者可以经公共无线频道、电视频道和闭路网构成的所述通信网络广播任何无线电节目、电视节目和图文电视节目,其中根据拍卖过程而发送无线电广播/电视/图文电视节目实时信息。 The auction system of claim 36 or claim 37, wherein said communication network portion may be a public switched telephone network, a cellular network, a computer network and television network reverse any network; the interface device may be a telephone, cellular telephone, a fax unit, a computer and a television terminal having a bi-directional communication capability; the communication network may broadcast the auction via a common radio channel configuration, a closed circuit television network, and any radio and television programs and teletext programs, which sends radio / TV / teletext program information based on real-time auction process.
  51. 51. 51. 根据权利要求36所述的拍卖系统,其中所述接口装置是由各竞拍者所完成并发送给拍卖者的息票(coupon),该息票包括关于在预定时间范围内关于对讨论中的竞拍者想要的出价时间点的信息,以及根据规则并根据奖金(stake)而固定的出价次数;所述检测器装置是一息票读取单元,所述判定装置是预先编程的计算机,其与息票读取单元连接,可进行计算机编程,而所述时钟也是模拟时钟,根据该时钟,竞拍者的出价被按时间顺序排序,所述通信网络是电话网络、公共邮政网络、电传网络或计算机网络。 The auction system according to claim 36, wherein said interface is sent to the auction bidders who completed each coupon (coupon), the coupon comprises auction on the discussion on within a predetermined time range information of a time point wants to bid, and in accordance with the rules and prize (Stake) and a fixed number of bids; said detector means is a coupon reading unit is pre-programmed computer means said determination, with the information ticket reading unit connected to a computer can be programmed, and the clock is an analog clock, are sorted in chronological order according to the clock bids, the bidders, the communications network is a telephone network, a public postal network, fax, or computer network The internet.
  52. 52. 52. 一种用于根据由竞拍者在预先建立的时限内从竞拍者提交的奖金支持(stake-supported)出价的拍卖方法,该拍卖方法包括如下步骤:经至少一个接口装置向一拍卖者显示来自竞拍者的出价;通过所述拍卖者的出价检测器装置检测由任何竞拍者提交的出价;使用位于所述拍卖者一方的真实或模拟的时钟来标出所述拍卖的开始和结束时间,并记录正在进行的拍卖时间以及由所述拍卖者的出价检测器装置进行出价检测的时间点,和由拍卖者的判定装置来判定拍卖结果,该拍卖结果是出价时间点的函数。 The bonus for auction method supported by the bidders submitted from a bidder in the pre-established time (stake-supported) bid, the auction method comprising the steps of: displaying to a bid from the auction via at least one interface by means bidders; bids submitted by any means detects bidders bid by auctioneer said detector; a real or simulated using the located one of the auctioneer the auction clock mark the start and end time, and recorded time point and the ongoing auction bid by the time the detector means detecting the auctioneer bid, the auctioneer and the function determining means determines that the result of the auction, the bid auctions are time points.
  53. 53. 53. 根据权利要求52所述的方法,还包括在上一次检测到的出价之后而没有再检测到新的出价时,检测预定的时间周期或是根据预定规则可变的时间周期是否过去,如果确实如此,就将上一次检测到出价的竞拍者标识为拍卖的获胜者,而如果不是,则在总的拍卖过程中,将在拍卖结束时间之前已经提交最后一个出价的竞拍者标识为获胜者。 The method according to claim 52, further comprising after the last bid and detected is no longer detected when a new bid, the detection of a predetermined period of time according to a predetermined rule or a variable time period passes, if it does bidders, it will be the last detected bid identified as the winner of the auction, and if not, then the total of the auction process, bidders will have to submit a final bid before the auction end time is identified as the winner.
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CA2311353A1 (en) 1999-06-03 application
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KR20010032547A (en) 2001-04-25 application
JP2001524719A (en) 2001-12-04 application
EP1032902A2 (en) 2000-09-06 application
WO1999027476A2 (en) 1999-06-03 application

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