CN1277155A - Spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter - Google Patents

Spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter Download PDF

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CN1277155A
CN1277155A CN00109939A CN00109939A CN1277155A CN 1277155 A CN1277155 A CN 1277155A CN 00109939 A CN00109939 A CN 00109939A CN 00109939 A CN00109939 A CN 00109939A CN 1277155 A CN1277155 A CN 1277155A
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water
air channel
condensation
spray
evaporation
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CN1142106C (en
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魏仕英
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魏仕英
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination using renewable energy
    • Y02A20/141Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination using renewable energy
    • Y02A20/142Solar thermal; Photovoltaics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/33Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using wind energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The sea water desalter has solar heater, water pump, spray driven ventilating evaporation section, condensation section, afterheat recovering section and water heat exchanger, fresh water tank, etc. The present invention also proposes a vertically arranged evaporation condensator. By means of a spray driven atomizer as one Chinese patent, sea water is heated and evaporated and hot air is condensated by the sprayed cold water or cold wind into fresh water. The present invention utilizes solar energy, wind energy and other convenient energy source. The present invention has low cost, low power consumption and high efficiency and may be used in desalting sea water as well as treating bitter salt water and sewage.

Description

The spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device
The spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device belongs to jet heat and mass equipment.
The principle and the processing method of existing sea water desaltination have multiple.Method commonly used in the production has three kinds: one, method of evaporation; Two, reverse osmosis method; Three, electroosmose process.Method of evaporation often adopts again: 1, multi-effect flashing steam method; 2, vertical tube distillation method; 3, thermo-compression evaporation method.The economic benefit of the whole bag of tricks, energy consumption are subjected to the influence of actual conditions.Such as industrial scale, regional condition, energy scenario and customer requirements etc.Thereby each have oneself living space.These methods all belong to the field of hi-tech, and the equipment that has is huge, the complicated operation that has, maintenance requirement height.Method of evaporation energy consumption size depends on the heat that discharge tail gas and fresh water are taken away.It is high more to discharge tail gas and fresh water temperature, and energy consumption is big more.It is low more to discharge tail gas and fresh water temperature, and energy consumption is more little.Therefore, reduce the temperature of tail gas and fresh water or be energy-conservation key to the recycling of tail gas energy.The industrial scale of method of evaporation depends on the evaporation capacity and the heating-surface area of vaporizer.Evaporation capacity is high more, and heating-surface area is big more, and throughput is just big more, otherwise then more little.Conventional method of evaporation needs steam boiler, heat pump compressor, a series of complex apparatus such as vaporizer, condenser, interchanger.Cost an arm and a leg, fresh water cost height, it is big to apply difficulty.
Sun power and freezing air are inexhaustible convenient energies.Utilizing the warm air cooling to extract fresh water is a highly desirable approach.The technical process of evaporation-type seawater desalination has substantially: seawater heating, evaporation, desalination, vapor condensation, waste heat recovery utilize several sections again.
With regard to the effect of spraying propulsion ventilation evaporation, existing gravity water return secondary atomizing propulsion aeration cooling tower (Chinese invention patent 97.107721.5) operation practice shows; A 50T/h cooling tower, operating pressure 0.15Mpa, summer, inflow temperature was 108 ℃, 52 ℃ of temperature outs, 56 ℃ of temperature drops, the about 4KW of pump power.The cooling data of the cooling tower of another 1000T/h are 34 ℃ of atmosphere dry-bulb temperatures, 28 ℃ of wet-bulb temperature, 51 ℃ of inflow temperatures, 34 ℃ of leaving water temperature(LWT)s, 17 ℃ of temperature drops.Press evaporating principle, water temperature is whenever fallen 6 ℃, the water yield of evaporation 1%.The about 4.5T/h of the former evaporated water like this, the about 28T/h of the water yield of latter's evaporation.So only evaporate, the former is 1.1 tons of water/degree electricity, and the latter is 0.33 ton of water/degree electricity, 0.72 ton of water/degree of average out to.Above-mentioned data show that the spraying propulsion ventilation evaporation technique is a kind of evaporation technique of less energy-consumption, and by the further adjustment of improvement and processing parameter, energy consumption can further descend fully, therefore can be used for the sea water desaltination vapo(u)rization system.Obtaining water of condensation cheaply, is another key subject of method of evaporation sea water desaltination.Conventional method is to adopt the liquid-liquid interchanger.In the large-size air conditioning system, then adopt the spray cooling dehumidifying.Directly the spraying dehumidifying has very high efficient and heat transfer rate.Usually wind-warm syndrome is higher 1~3 ℃ than water temperature, and according to the character of water vapor, 1 ton of steam of condensation approximately needs 236 * 10 4The cold of ' KJ, promptly 1: 3-1: 70 gas-water ratio.Practice and Theoretical Calculation all illustrate, adopt cold wind and cold water mix condensation damp-heat air separate fresh, are a kind of ideal and real method.
Purpose of the present invention just at the practice and the theoretical analysis result of above-mentioned sea water desaltination present situation and spraying propulsion ventilation device, provides a kind of spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device, realize simplified apparatus, reduce desalinating cost, cut down the consumption of energy, raise the efficiency.
The objective of the invention is to realize with following mode:
The present invention adopts following measure to cut down the consumption of energy, and raises the efficiency:
1, adopt solar heater to add hot sea water; 2, adopt spray-propelling atomizer (the Chinese invention patent ZL90106170.0 of less energy-consumption; 001.12630X) atomizing and exhausting.3, adopt the mode of air-cooled and water-cooled and usefulness, directly condensation.4, fully carry out the spray evaporation condensation by ocean and land natural wind energy.5, select the ideal operating parameter.6, utilize Mare Frigoris water spray recovery waste heat, reduce exhaust temperature.7, add interchanger and reclaim the fresh water waste heat, reduce temperature at discharging condensate.8, adopt the evaporation air channel that can absorb solar radiation heat.
The present invention is according to the big characteristic of cold and hot wet air water content difference, utilize the spraying propulsion ventilation principle, with solar heater seawater is heated to 8-150 ℃, by the spraying plant spraying ventilation, make the seawater forced evaporation in cold wind, gain of heat humidification is taken away moisture content, utilizes spray-propelling atomizer injected cool fresh water again and aspirates a large amount of cold wind, damp-heat air is carried out cooling dehumidification, extract fresh water.
Technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
The spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device is characterized in that coastal water desalination flow direction is provided with in turn and is connected salt water heater 7, spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section a, spraying propulsion ventilation condensation segment b, water-to-water heat exchanger 8, the fresh-water tank 9 that links to each other with the user; Be respectively equipped with by water inlet pipe 1a in above-mentioned evaporator section and the condensation segment 1, 1b 1Respectively with water pump 2a, 2b, spray-propelling atomizer 1a, 1b that salt water heater 7 and fresh-water tank 9 water outlets are communicated with, and this stream oriented device places respectively in evaporation air channel 4a and the condensation air channel 4b, be respectively equipped with the evaporation water leg 6a and the condensation sinking 6b of water port in the air channel, and be communicated with salt water heater 7 and water-to-water heat exchanger 8 waterway inlets respectively through water port; Evaporation air channel 4a is communicated with condensation air channel 4b wind path.In order to utilize tail gas heat quantity, the present invention establishes spraying propulsion ventilation tail gas heat quantity recovery zone C, is provided with in it: by water inlet pipe 1c 1With the spray-propelling atomizer 1c that water pump 2c, water-to-water heat exchanger 8 water outlets are communicated with, this device places and reclaims in the 4c of air channel, is provided with the recovery water leg 6c of water port in its air channel, and is communicated with salt water heater 7 waterway inlets through water port; Reclaiming air channel 4c and condensation air channel 4b wind path is communicated with.
The present invention has proposed following two kinds of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condensers simultaneously, its principle, structure, performance are identical with the above-mentioned spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device of the present invention, being that essential feature is identical, only is the evaporation air channel, and condensation air channel arranged direction changes.These two kinds of vaporizer-condensers all can be used for above-mentioned fresh-water generator, and its technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condenser is characterized in that being provided with vertical spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section a, and vertical spraying propulsion ventilation condensation segment b is respectively equipped with in each section by water inlet pipe 1a 1, 1b 1With outside water pump 2a, 2b, the outside is for spray-propelling atomizer 1a, the 1b of high-temperature water device 7 and the connection of cooling water device 9 water outlets respectively; This stream oriented device places respectively in vertical evaporation air channel 4a and the vertical condensation air channel 4b, establishes the evaporation water leg 6a and the condensation sinking 6b that have water port in the air channel respectively, and is communicated with supplying high-temperature water device 7 and precipitation temperature device 9 waterway inlets through water port; The evaporation air channel is communicated with condensation air channel wind path.
A kind of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condenser is characterized in that establishing oblique one vertical spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section a and vertical spraying propulsion ventilation condensation segment b, and each section is respectively equipped with by water inlet pipe 1a 1, 1b 1With outside spray-propelling atomizer 1a, the 1b that supplies high-temperature water device 7 and cooling water device 9 water outlets to be communicated with of outside water pump 2a, 2b, this stream oriented device places oblique evaporation air channel 4a respectively 1In vertical condensation air channel 4b, be respectively equipped with the evaporation water leg 6a and the condensation sinking 6b of water port in the air channel, and be communicated with for high-temperature water device 7 and precipitation temperature device 9 waterway inlets with outside through water port; Evaporation air channel 4a 2Be communicated with condensation air channel 4b wind path.
Spray-propelling atomizer 1a, 1b in above-mentioned fresh-water generator of the present invention and the vaporizer-condenser can select for use on demand Chinese patent " spray-propelling atomizer " (ZL90106170.0) or " external rotation type spray-driven exhausting equipment " (ZL00112630.X) or built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector (ZL98229487.5).
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device flow process
Fig. 2 all installs the horizontally disposed fresh-water generator of spray-propelling atomizer 1
Fig. 3 all installs the horizontally disposed fresh-water generator of built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector 12
Upper spraying type spray-propelling atomizer 1a is installed in Fig. 4 bottom, and the vertical vaporizer-condenser of spray spray-propelling atomizer 1b is down installed on top.
Fig. 5 all installs the vertical vaporizer-condenser of atomization device 1a, 1b down.
Built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector 12a is installed in Fig. 6 bottom, and the vertical vaporizer-condenser of spray apparatus 1b is loaded on top.
Fig. 7 evaporates the whirlwind-type vaporizer-condenser of dress spray-propelling atomizer 1a, 1b in the air channel.
Fig. 8 evaporates the whirlwind-type vaporizer-condenser of assembly combined rotational flow atomized spray injector 12a in the air channel.
Fig. 9 Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 A-A are to view.
Embodiment 1:
See the sea water desalinating plant that Fig. 1, Fig. 2 are horizontally disposed, be provided with solar heater 7, by water pump 2a and water inlet pipe 1a 1Spray-propelling atomizer 1a in the 4a of air channel is communicated with evaporation, and sends into and be heated to 80 °~150 ° high temperature seawaters, and evaporation water leg 6a enters the mouth with solar heater 7 through water port and is communicated with, and enters the hot sea water after the evaporation.Spray-propelling atomizer 1b in the 4b of condensation air channel is by water inlet pipe 1b 1With water pump 2b, fresh-water tank 9 water outlets are communicated with, and send into cold fresh water to condensation segment.Condensation sinking 6b is communicated with water-to-water heat exchanger 8 water-ins through water port, to enter condensed hot fresh water.Tail gas heat quantity recovery zone C internal spraying propelling atomizer 1c is through water inlet pipe 1c 1, water pump 2c is communicated with water-to-water heat exchanger 8 water outlets, and send into and just add hot sea water.Evaporator section a, condensation segment b, three sections wind paths of recovery zone c are communicated with, and one time cold wind is entered by air port 3a, and cold tail gas enters atmosphere by air port 3c.Secondary air mouth 3b is established in 4b ingress, condensation air channel.Evaporation air channel 4a is circular or square thin-walled heat conduction convergence pipe, pipe peripheral hardware heat absorption fin 11 and solar energy heating pipe 10.Condensation air channel 4b is circular or square double-jacket convergence pipe, and the centre feeds Mare Frigoris water or directly sprays condensation air channel outer wall; Reclaiming air channel 4c is expanding, and is linked to be airtight integral body with the condensation air channel; Each spray-propelling atomizer places by the import of air channel, and each ducting outlet place installs water-recovering device 5a, 5b, 5c respectively; Axis, air channel 00 ' with the local horizon angle be 0~30 °.
Working process: see Fig. 1, former seawater is just sent into recovery zone C after the heating through water-to-water heat exchanger 8, pre-hot sea water is sent into solar heater 7, after being heated to 80 °~150 °, send into water pump 2a, be forced into 0.15Mpa, enter spray-propelling atomizer 1a, form direction and rotate mist stream forward, its fan blade fast rotational simultaneously, from blast inlet 3a suction gas-water ratio greater than a large amount of cold wind of 1.Cold wind and hot gas direct heat transfer mass transfer, gain of heat humidification is to hypersaturated state rapidly.Damp and hot wind behind the gain of heat humidification enters condensation segment after water-recovering device 5a removes water droplet.Being provided with the spraying of spraying light water coolant at the inlet of condensation segment advances atomizing to put 1b and secondary air mouth 3b.The spray direction of 1b still forward.1b suction from evaporator section in the damp and hot wind, also from a large amount of cold wind of secondary air mouth 3b suction.Damp and hot wind is subjected to cold mist and the dual condensation of cold wind in condensation segment, and the hydrofuge of lowering the temperature rapidly makes water vapor become water of condensation, injects water leg 6b along wall.For not causing water smoke elegant, the air channel design wind speed is less than the water droplet free falling velocity.Hot blast behind the hydrofuge flows into next stage tail gas heat quantity recovery zone C after water-recovering device 5b dewaters, the fresh water that condensation is got off flows among the water leg 6b.Recovery zone C spray-propelling atomizer 1c spray Mare Frigoris water reclaims wind-heat.Its wind direction is towards outlet, the situation of apparent wind resistance, and its spray direction can following current and adverse current.Advance makeup to put injected cool water cooling hot blast if will spray, native system can be used as jetting flow blower fan and uses.
Embodiment 2:
See Fig. 3 and embodiment 1 difference only be spray-propelling atomizer 1a, 1b, 1c changed into " built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector " (Chinese patent ZL98.229487.5) 12a, 12b, 12c.Thereby lacked power ventilation, water jet injection air and natural wind are only arranged.But noise and energy consumption are lower, and the spray direction is easy to control.Native system is suitable for being installed in fore and natural wind speed greater than the area more than the 6m/s, uses as sea water desaltination and jetting flow blower fan.
Embodiment 3:
This is a kind of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condenser of vertical installation to see Fig. 4, has omitted the rest part of and fresh-water generator that it simultaneously use on all four with said system among the figure.Vertically install and have less floor space, spray evaporation effective.This is a kind of a kind of device that layer gets up of sending out on the basis of gravity water return secondary atomizing propulsion aeration cooling tower (Chinese invention patent 97107721.5).
Vaporizer-condenser internal spraying propelling atomizer 1a, 1b, evaporator section a among annexation such as basic structures such as air channel 4a, 4b, water leg 6a, 6b, function and water route wind path and the embodiment 1, identical among the condensation segment b.Difference is that the air channel is vertically arranged.Its concrete structure and supplementary features are as follows: evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer 1a is a upper spraying type, is down-jetting type 1b in the condensation segment; Evaporation establish that mechanical connection and water route in turn be communicated with in the air channel as lower member: with the circumferential return flume 13 of evaporation air channel 4a inner wall sealing, vertically gravity water return pipe 14, circumferentially on water return secondary jet pipe 15 and the secondary spray spray cyclone atomizer 16 etc. to constitute the gravity water return secondary jet apparatus; Evaporation air channel air outlet and blast inlet place, condensation air channel open secondary air road 3b and water-recovering device 5a are set, and water-recovering device 5b is contained between interior fan blade of spray-propelling atomizer 1b and the shower nozzle in the condensation segment.Condensation air channel 4b is the shrinkage expansion type.See Fig. 4, set window shutter 17 and form an air channel 3a that last window shutter 19 forms secondary air duct 3b.Interior air duct 18 is contained in outside the 1a, and evaporator section, condensation segment water inlet pipe are respectively 1a 1, 1b 1, the water port of water leg 6a, 6b is respectively 6a 1, 6b 1
Working process is as follows: be heated seawater pump up to 0.12-0.15Mpa from water inlet pipe 1a 1Enter the evaporation of spray-propelling atomizer 1a spraying ventilation.The part that water smoke is thinner in the spray flow flows on mediad, around then rotating to, the bigger water droplet of heat exchange difference flows to the tower wall, collected by return flume 13, the hot water that is collected is by the atomizer 16 of run by gravity in being located at water leg 6a, and spray evaporation is lowered the temperature once more.This rotational flow atomized spray injector has the throat diameter more than 13 millimeters, and is hollow, and flow resistance is minimum, can will be injected into mist more than hydraulic pressure 0.03Mpa.Like this, since the utilization again of gravitional force, the evaporation effect of secondary spraying greatly raising hot water.Flow out rising damp-heat stream by after the water-recovering device 5a from evaporator section, the cold fresh water that is sprayed by spray-propelling atomizer 1b and the secondary cold wind condensation of suction become fresh water.
Embodiment 4
See Fig. 5, different with embodiment 3 just changes down-jetting type with evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer 1a from upper spraying type.Its advantage is that the height of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condenser can reduce, and air quantity can increase.
See Fig. 6, only be to make the spray-propelling atomizer 1a of bottom into built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector 12a, make injection direction tiltedly to spraying on the return flume 13 top separation nets 20 of evaporation air channel 4a middle part with embodiment 3 and 4 differences.And return flume 13 moved to air channel middle part.Its advantage is that noise is low.
Embodiment 6
See Fig. 7 and Fig. 9, this is a kind of whirlwind-type vaporizer-condenser, spray-propelling atomizer 1a, 1b in it, evaporator section a among ligations such as basic structures such as air channel 4a, 4b, water leg 6a, 6b, function, water route, wind path relation and the embodiment 1, identical among the condensation segment b, difference is that the air channel is arranged as oblique one vertical 4a.Its concrete structure and attached feature are as follows: oblique one vertical evaporation air channel 4a is to be the leading portion air channel 4a of 0~30 ° of oblique layout by axis and sea line angle a 1, establish the vertical evaporation air channel 4a of the spiral flow ventilation pipe 21 of up/down perforation in the back segment 2And front and back tangentially connect and compose for two sections; Evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer 1a places oblique air channel 4a 1The ingress, injection direction and wind direction following current are inside; The condensation segment spray-propelling atomizer is down-jetting type 1b; Evaporation air channel air outlet and blast inlet place, condensation air channel open secondary air road 3b, and evaporator section inward turning circulation airduct 21 is convergence type or cylindrical.It can be used as three air inlet ducts and eddy flow core.Its outside is a dilatation evaporator room 22.From oblique evaporation air channel 4a 1The gain of heat wet gas current that comes out tangentially enters dilatation evaporator room 22, enters condensation air channel 4b behind eddy flow again.The advantage of this kind layout is: (1) has strengthened evaporating space, has reduced spray density and has improved the heat and mass condition that air water two flows.(2) extended evaporation distance thereby the time of having improved heat and mass.(3) swirling eddy has improved heat and mass transfer coefficient.(4) Xuan Zhuan hot spray causes negative pressuren zone at the middle part in uphill process, and injection advances cold wind thus, and it is big to have solved evaporator section middle part spray density, and the little problem of air quantity.(5) reduced the height of evaporator section.(6) reduced the water-drop sputtering loss, cancelled the water-recovering device 5a that is arranged on evaporation 4a exit, air channel, because of the corresponding resistance to flow that reduces system.
Embodiment 7
See Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, difference from Example 7 only is to make spray-propelling atomizer 1a into built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector 12a, and its advantage is that work water pressure and noise reduce, but air output also reduces.
Techno-economic effect of the present invention.
1, according to the characteristic of air, the saturated water capacity of humid air is along with the different of temperature become rapidly Change. See Table
Air ' s wet bulb temperature ℃ 20 30 50 80 90
Saturated water capacity 17.3 30.4 83.2 292.9 422.9 (gram water/rice3Air)
Air is inexhaustible resource on the earth, therefore with Cryogenic air gain of heat humidification to high temperature, right After cool-down dehumidification again, be to extract the ideal desalinization approach of fresh water. 2, according to evaporating principle, 6 ℃ of the every reductions of hot water temperature, water evaporates 1%. Existing gravity water return secondary spray cooling tower technology Made hot water be down to 52 ℃ from 108 ℃, evaporation 9.3%, evaporation capacity 4.5t/h, work water pressure are 0. 15mpa, the about 4kw of used power of motor. And the power that spray congealing requires is also little, adds waste heat Reclaim, be used for spraying propulsion ventilation evaporation, condensation, waste heat recovery, the used pump motor of fresh water per ton About the about 4kw of power. Add and use the solar energy heating seawater, greatly reduced thus desalinization Cost. 3, adopt the spraying propulsion ventilation condensation technology both to improve the air water mass-transfer efficiency, again greatly Reduce the consumption of condensation fresh water, improved energy efficiency, simplified simultaneously equipment. 4, wind energy is used In seawater desalination system, improved evaporation and the condensation effect of system, low grade residual heat is obtained Use. 5, use solar heater to reduce heating cost. 6, make evaporation-type seawater desalination device system System is artificial to be simplified, and cost is easy and simple to handle, is conducive to apply. 7, enlarged the usefulness of equipment , on boats and ships, both desalinization can be used it on the way, fluviatic cold water cooling can also be utilized Hot blast is used as jetting flow blower fan, or hot gas blower fan usefulness is used as in hot-water spraying's dehumidifying.
This fresh-water generator is by solar heater, water pump, spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section, condensation Section, tail gas heat quantity exhausting section, liquid-liquid heat exchanger and fresh-water tank etc. partly form, the device structure letter Single, reliable, easy to operate, power consumption is little, and desalinating cost is extremely low, and scale is not limit, It is again a kind of energy-saving environmental protection device of advanced technology. This equipment can be widely used in desalinization, hardship Salt water and sewage disposal, the fields such as evaporation and concentration, crystallization, circulating water also can be used as jet Cooling and heating blower uses, especially on boats and ships.

Claims (12)

1, spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter device, it is characterized in that coastal water desalination flow direction is provided with in turn and is connected salt water heater (7), spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section a, spraying propulsion ventilation condensation segment b, water-to-water heat exchanger (8), the fresh-water tank that links to each other with the user (9); Be respectively equipped with by water inlet pipe (1a in above-mentioned evaporator section and the condensation segment 1), (1b 1), respectively with water pump (2a), (2b), spray-propelling atomizer (1a), (1b) that salt water heater (7) and fresh-water tank (9) water outlet are communicated with, and this stream oriented device places respectively in evaporation air channel (4a) and condensation air channel (4b), be respectively equipped with the evaporation water leg (6a) and the condensation sinking (6b) of water port in the air channel, and be communicated with salt water heater (7) and water-to-water heat exchanger (8) waterway inlet respectively through water port; Evaporation air channel (4a) is communicated with condensation air channel (4b) wind path.
2, by the described fresh-water generator of claim 1, it is characterized in that establishing spraying propulsion ventilation tail gas heat quantity recovery zone C, be provided with in it: by water inlet pipe (1c 1) spray-propelling atomizer (1c) that is communicated with water pump (2c), water-to-water heat exchanger (8) water outlet, this device places and reclaims in the air channel (4c), be provided with the recovery water leg (6c) of water port in its air channel, and be communicated with salt water heater (7) waterway inlet through water port; Reclaiming air channel (4c) and condensation air channel (4b) wind path is communicated with.
3,, it is characterized in that salt water heater (7) adopts solar heater (7), the outer installing in evaporation air channel (4a) solar energy heating pipe (10) by the described fresh-water generator of claim 1.
4,, it is characterized in that described spray-propelling atomizer (1a), (1b), (1c) are Chinese patent by claim 1,2 described fresh-water generators: " spray-propelling atomizer " (ZL90106170.0) or external rotation type spray-driven exhausting equipment (ZL00112630.X) or built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector (ZL98229487.5).
5,, it is characterized in that ingress, condensation air channel (4b) establishes secondary air mouth (3b) by claim 1,2 described fresh-water generators; Evaporation air channel (4a) is circular or square thin-walled heat conduction convergence pipe, pipe peripheral hardware heat absorption fin (11) and heating tube (10); Condensation air channel (4b) is circular or square double-jacket convergence pipe, and the centre feeds Mare Frigoris water or directly sprays condensation air channel outer wall; Reclaiming air channel (4c) is expanding, and is linked to be airtight integral body with the condensation air channel; Each spray-propelling atomizer places by the import of air channel, and each ducting outlet place installs water-recovering device (5a), (5b), (5c) respectively.
6, a kind of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condenser is characterized in that being provided with vertical spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section a, and vertical spraying propulsion ventilation condensation segment b is respectively equipped with in each section by water inlet pipe (1a 1), (1b 1) respectively with outside water pump (2a), (2b), outside spray-propelling atomizer (1a), (1b) for high-temperature water device (7) and the connection of cooling water device (9) water outlet; This stream oriented device places respectively in vertical evaporation air channel (4a) and the vertical condensation air channel (4b), establish the evaporation water leg (6a) and the condensation sinking (6b) that have water port in the air channel respectively, and be communicated with for high-temperature water device (7) and precipitation temperature device (9) waterway inlet with outside through water port; Evaporation air channel (4a) is communicated with condensation air channel (4b) wind path.
7, by the described vaporizer-condenser of claim 6, it is characterized in that evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer (1a) is a upper spraying type, is down-jetting type (1b) in the condensation segment; Evaporation establish that mechanical connection and water route in turn be communicated with in the air channel as lower member: with the circumferential return flume (13) of evaporation air channel (4a) inner wall sealing, vertically gravity water return pipe (14), circumferentially on water return secondary jet pipe (15) and the secondary spray spray cyclone atomizer (16) etc. with formation gravity water return secondary jet apparatus; Evaporation air channel air outlet and blast inlet place, condensation air channel open secondary air road (3b) and water-recovering device (5a) are set, and water-recovering device (5b) is contained between interior fan blade of spray-propelling atomizer (1b) and the shower nozzle in the condensation segment, and condensation air channel (4b) is the shrinkage expansion type.
8, by the described vaporizer-condenser of claim 6, it is characterized in that evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer (1a 1) be down-jetting type.
9, by claim 6,7 described vaporizer-condensers, it is characterized in that evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer (1a) for Chinese patent " built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector " 12a (ZL982259487.5) (12a), installation position makes injection direction tiltedly to the tower middle part, and return flume (13) top separation net (20) is gone up and sprayed.
10, a kind of spraying propulsion ventilation vaporizer-condenser is characterized in that establishing oblique one vertical spraying propulsion ventilation evaporator section a and vertical spraying propulsion ventilation condensation segment b, and each section is respectively equipped with by water inlet pipe (1a 1), (1b 1) with outside water pump (2a), (2b), outside spray-propelling atomizer (1a), (1b) for high-temperature water device (7) and the connection of cooling water device (9) water outlet, that this stream oriented device places respectively is oblique-vertically evaporate in air channel (4a) and the vertical condensation air channel (4b), be respectively equipped with the evaporation water leg (6a) and the condensation sinking (6b) of water port in the air channel, and be communicated with for high-temperature water device (7) and precipitation temperature device (9) waterway inlet with outside through water port; Evaporation air channel (4a) is communicated with condensation air channel (4b) wind path.
11, by the described vaporizer-condenser of claim 10, it is characterized in that oblique one vertical evaporation air channel (4a) is is the air channel (4a1) of 0~30 ° of oblique layout by leading portion axis and sea line angle a, establishes the vertical evaporation channel (4a of the spiral flow ventilation pipe (21) of up/down perforation in the back segment 2), and front and back both tangentially connect and compose; Evaporator section internal spraying propelling atomizer (1a) places ingress, oblique air channel (4a), and injection direction and wind direction following current are inside; The condensation segment spray-propelling atomizer is down-jetting type (1b); Evaporation air channel air outlet and blast inlet place, condensation air channel open secondary air road (3b); Evaporator section inward turning circulation airduct (21) is a convergence type or cylindrical.
12, by claim 6 and 10 described vaporizer-condensers, it is characterized in that used spray-propelling atomizer (1a) in it, (1b) with Chinese patent " spray-propelling atomizer " (ZL90106170.0) or " external rotation type spray-driven exhausting equipment " (ZL00112630.X) or built-up type rotational flow atomized spray injector (ZL98229487.5).
CNB001099396A 2000-07-24 2000-07-24 Spray driven evaporation-condensation sea water desalter Expired - Fee Related CN1142106C (en)

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CN100337929C (en) * 2003-01-21 2007-09-19 张文知 Method and equipment for desalting seawater and bitter by using ass natural energy
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