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CN1276564C - Motor electric equipment made up by using soft magnetic composite material and method for manufacturing same - Google Patents

Motor electric equipment made up by using soft magnetic composite material and method for manufacturing same Download PDF

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CN1276564C
CN1276564C CN 03128171 CN03128171A CN1276564C CN 1276564 C CN1276564 C CN 1276564C CN 03128171 CN03128171 CN 03128171 CN 03128171 A CN03128171 A CN 03128171A CN 1276564 C CN1276564 C CN 1276564C
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composite
electric
same
equipment
manufacturing
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CN 03128171
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CN1461089A (en )
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夏先斌
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夏先斌
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Abstract

本发明涉及用软磁复合材料制造的电机电器及其制造方法,电机电器的导磁构件由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料包括纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉80-90%,绝缘剂5-13%、润滑剂3-7%。 The present invention relates to electrical appliances with a soft magnetic composite material and a manufacturing method, electrical appliances magnetically conductive member made of soft magnetic composite; soft magnetic composite material comprises pure iron powder, insulating agent, a lubricant, the components formulation as percentages by weight: 80-90% pure iron powder, insulating agent 5-13% 3-7% a lubricant. 导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1.将纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂按上述配方混合;步骤2.将步骤1所得混合物压制成形,并在1100℃~1300℃的加热炉中烧结2~3个小时;步骤3.冷却,成品。 Permeable member production process steps is as follows: Step 1. The pure iron powder, insulating agent, a lubricant formulation as described above; Step 1 Step 2. The resulting mixture was press-molded and sintered in a furnace 1100 ℃ ~ 1300 ℃ in 2 to 3 hours; 3. cooling step, the finished product. 本发明电机、电器是真正的环保电器。 Motor of the present invention, electrical appliances are truly environmentally friendly. 软磁复合材料中添加的绝缘剂和润滑剂,可以使导磁构件达到不同的磁性能和机械强度,可以满足各种电机、电器对导磁构件的不同需求。 Soft Magnetic Composite insulating material and lubricant is added, the permeable member can achieve different magnetic properties and mechanical strength, can meet a variety of motors, different electrical requirements permeable member. 软磁复合材料的涡流损耗比硅钢片小,导磁构件工作效率高。 Eddy current loss soft magnetic composite material is smaller than the silicon steel, high permeability member working efficiency.

Description

用软磁复合材料制造的电机电器及其制造方法 Electric motor and a manufacturing method for producing soft magnetic composite material by

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及电机电器,特别是具有导磁构件的电机电器。 The present invention relates to electrical appliances, in particular electrical appliances having a permeable member.

背景技术 Background technique

具有导磁构件的电机、电器(如电磁阀等),已在人们生活中广泛使用。 Permeable member having electrical, electronics (e.g., solenoid valves, etc.), it has been widely used in people's lives. 目前,这些电器中的导磁构件都为硅钢片,其生产工艺步骤为:1、将硅钢片冲片;2、将硅钢片组装成所需的磁齿状;3、对硅钢片进行绝缘层处理。 At present, these magnetic member are in electrical silicon steel sheet, its production process steps: 1, the silicon steel sheet; 2, assembled into the desired magnetic silicon steel tooth; 3, insulation layer of silicon steel deal with. 将铜线绕在磁齿上,当铜线通电时,导磁构件即会产生磁场。 The copper wire on the magnetic teeth, when copper is energized, generates a magnetic field that is magnetically permeable member.

在国外,废弃的具有导磁构件的电器堆积如山,造成严重的社会公害,其原因是这些电机、电器中的硅钢片与铜线难以分离,分离出的废料卖的钱不够付工人工资,因此,无人来处理。 In other countries, waste electrical component having an electromagnetic mountains, causing serious social nuisance, the reason is that these motors, electrical appliances in the silicon and copper is difficult to separate, isolated scrap selling enough money to pay the workers' wages, and therefore , no processed.

另外,上述电机、电器中的绕组的填充系数很低,仅为40%,因此,绕组铜线的长度很长,铜线电阻很大,电器工作效率低。 Further, the motor, the fill factor of the windings of the collector is very low, only 40%, therefore, a very long length of the winding copper wire, copper great resistance, low electrical efficiency.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明所要解决的技术问题是:提供一种用软磁复合材料制造的电机、电器及其制造方法,该电机、电器的体积小、重量轻,废料易回收,导磁构件工作效率高。 The present invention solves the technical problem: the electrical, electronics, and to provide a method for producing soft magnetic composite material produced by the small size of the motors, electrical, light weight, easy to recycle waste, high efficiency permeable member.

本发明解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案是:用软磁复合材料制造的电机电器,它包括导磁构件,导磁构件由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料包括纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉80-90%,绝缘剂5-13%、润滑剂3-7%。 The present invention is to solve the above technical problem technical solution: a soft magnetic composite material produced by electrical appliances, comprising a permeable member, the permeable member is made of a soft magnetic composite material; soft magnetic composite material comprises pure iron powder, the insulation agents, lubricants, weight percentages of each component of the formulation: 80-90% pure iron powder, insulating agent 5-13% 3-7% a lubricant.

用软磁复合材料制造的电机电器的制造方法,它包括导磁构件的制造方法,导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1、将纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂按上述配方混合;步骤2、将步骤1所得混合物压制成形,并在1100℃~1300℃的加热炉中烧结2~3个小时;步骤3、冷却,成品。 The method for producing electrical appliances soft magnetic composite materials, comprising the method of manufacturing a magnetically permeable member, the permeable member production process steps: Step 1, the pure iron powder, insulating agent, a lubricant formulation as described above; Step 2, the mixture was press-forming step 1, a furnace and sintered at 1100 ℃ ~ 1300 ℃ for 2 to 3 hours; step 3, cooling the finished product.

本发明电机、电器的软磁复合材料一压即溃,软磁复合材料变成碎块,用磁力分离器很容易将软磁复合材料与铜线分离,不会对社会造成任何公害,是真正的环保电器。 Motor of the present invention, a composite soft magnetic electrical pressure collapse i.e., soft magnetic composite material into pieces, it is easy to composite soft magnetic material separated by a magnetic separator copper, it will not cause any pollution to the society, the real environmental appliances.

由纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂等组成的软磁复合材料,采用粉末冶金工艺压制成形,然后进行热处理,使纯铁粉表面形成绝缘层,即所谓的包履铁粉。 Soft magnetic composite material consists of pure iron powder, insulating agent, lubricant and other components, press forming using powder metallurgy process, and then subjected to heat treatment, so that the insulating layer formed on the surface of pure iron, i.e., a so-called packet iron shoe. 软磁复合材料中添加的绝缘剂和润滑剂,可以使导磁构件达到不同的磁性能和机械强度,可以满足各种电机、电器对导磁构件的不同需求。 Soft Magnetic Composite insulating material and lubricant is added, the permeable member can achieve different magnetic properties and mechanical strength, can meet a variety of motors, different electrical requirements permeable member.

软磁复合材料的涡流损耗比硅钢片小,导磁构件工作效率高。 Eddy current loss soft magnetic composite material is smaller than the silicon steel, high permeability member working efficiency. 软磁复合材料是各向同性的,可以提供三维磁场。 Are isotropic soft magnetic composite material may be provided a three-dimensional magnetic field.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明实施例1、2的结构示意图图2为本发明实施例3的结构示意图具体实施方式如图1所示本发明实施例1,它为电机,它包括导磁构件1和铜线绕组2,导磁构件1由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料由纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂组成,绝缘剂为高温磁性环氧粉末,润滑剂为硬脂酸锌,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉90%,高温磁性环氧粉末7%、硬脂酸锌3%。 Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the structure of Examples 1 and 2 Example 3 of the present invention shown in a schematic view of the present invention DETAILED DESCRIPTION As shown in Example 1 the invention, it is a motor, comprising a magnetic member 1 and copper wire windings 2, a magnetic member made of soft magnetic composite; soft magnetic composite material composed of pure iron, insulating agent, a lubricant, a magnetic insulating agent is a high temperature epoxy powder, zinc stearate as a lubricant, each weight percent of the formulation components as follows: 90% pure iron, magnetic high-temperature epoxy powder 7%, 3% zinc stearate.

电机的制造方法包括导磁构件的制造方法,导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1、将纯铁粉、高温磁性环氧粉末、硬脂酸锌按上述配方混合;步骤2、将步骤1所得混合物一次压制成所须的磁齿形,并在1200℃~1300℃的加热炉中烧结2~3个小时;步骤3、冷却后,即制成导磁构件1。 The method of manufacturing a motor includes a method for producing magnetically permeable member, the permeable member production process steps: Step 1, the pure iron powder, a high temperature epoxy magnetic powder, zinc stearate according to the above formula; Step 2, Step 1 the resulting mixture was compacted in a magnetic toothed required, and sintered at 1200 ℃ ~ 1300 ℃ oven for 2 to 3 hours; step 3, after cooling, i.e., made of a magnetically permeable member.

本发明实施例1,利用粉末冶金工艺,将软磁复合材料一次预压成绕组磁齿,即可进行组装,这在硅钢片电机中是不可想象的。 Example 1 of the present invention, using a powder metallurgy process, the soft magnetic composite material is first pre-pressed to a winding of the magnetic teeth, it can be assembled, in which the motor is inconceivable silicon steel.

本发明实施例1与传统电机相比较:传统电机绕组的填充系数为40%,本发明实施例1则高达78%,铜线电阻下降63%,电机的热阻降低60%,而在热条件相同的情况下,电机转矩可增大56%。 Traditional motor winding fill factor of 40%, an embodiment of the present invention up to 78%, 63% copper wire resistance is reduced, the thermal resistance of the motor by 60% and in thermal conditions: Example 1 compared with a conventional motor embodiment of the present invention under the same circumstances, the motor torque can be increased 56%. 由此本发明实施例1的长度比同功率的传统电机缩短49%,单位体积的转矩为传统电机的3.7倍。 Thus the present invention is to shorten the length of Example 1 49% compared with the conventional motor power per unit volume is 3.7 times the conventional torque motor. 本发明实施例1的成本仅为原硅钢片生产的电机电器成本的60%。 Cost Example 1 of the present invention is only 60% of the original cost of the electrical steel sheet produced by the motor.

如图1所示本发明实施例2,它的导磁构件1由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料由纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂组成,绝缘剂为熔敷粉末,润滑剂为皂基脂,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉85%,熔敷粉末9%、皂基脂6%;导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1、将纯铁粉、熔敷粉末、皂基脂按上述配方混合;步骤2、将步骤1所得混合物压制成形,并在1100℃~1200℃的加热炉中烧结2个小时;步骤3、冷却,成品。 Embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 2 embodiment, the permeable member 1 which is made of a soft magnetic composite material; soft magnetic composite material composed of pure iron, insulating agent, a lubricant, an insulating agent is fused powder, the lubricant soap as fat, the weight percentage of each component of the formulation: 85% pure iron powder, powder welding 9%, lipid 6% soap; permeable member production process steps: step 1, the pure iron powder, melting dressing powders, soap based grease formulation according to the above mixture; step 2, step 1 the resulting mixture was press-molded and sintered in a furnace 1100 ℃ ~ 1200 ℃ in 2 hours; step 3, cooling the finished product.

本发明实施例2,将软磁复合材料预压成易加工的形状,再通过焊接或粘结成各种形式的绕组磁齿。 Example 2 of the present invention, the soft magnetic composite material is pre-pressed into a shape easy to process, and then by welding or bonding various forms of winding magnetic teeth.

如图2所示本发明实施例3,它为电磁阀,它包括导磁构件1和铜线绕组2,导磁构件1由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料由纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂组成,绝缘剂为履盖漆,润滑剂为复合钠钙基润滑脂,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉80%,履盖漆13%、复合钠钙基润滑脂7%。 FIG 2 embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 3, which is a solenoid valve, comprising a magnetically permeable member 2 and the windings of copper wire, a magnetic member made of soft magnetic composite; soft magnetic composite material composed of a pure iron powder, insulating agent, a lubricant, varnish covers over the insulating agent, the lubricant is sodium calcium complex grease, the weight percentages of each component of the formulation: 80% pure iron powder, paint covers over 13%, soda lime compound grease 7%.

电磁阀的制造方法包括导磁构件的制造方法,导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1、将纯铁粉、履盖漆、复合钠钙基润滑脂按上述配方混合;步骤2、将步骤1所得混合物压制成形,并在1100℃的加热炉中烧结3个小时;步骤3、冷却,成品。 A method for producing a method for producing a solenoid valve comprises a magnetically permeable member, the permeable member production process steps: Step 1, the pure iron powder, covers over paint, soda lime complex grease formulation according to the above mixture; Step 2, Step the resulting mixture was press-molding 1, a heating furnace and sintered at 1100 ℃ in 3 hours; step 3, cooling the finished product.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.用软磁复合材料制造的电机,它包括导磁构件,其特征在于:导磁构件由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料包括纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉80-90%,绝缘剂5-13%、润滑剂3-7%。 1. Motor soft magnetic composite material, which comprises a permeable member, wherein: the permeable member is made of soft magnetic composite; soft magnetic composite material comprises pure iron powder, insulating agent, a lubricant, the components the weight percentage of the formulation: 80-90% pure iron powder, insulating agent 5-13% 3-7% a lubricant.
  2. 2.用软磁复合材料制造的电器,它包括导磁构件,其特征在于:导磁构件由软磁复合材料制成;软磁复合材料包括纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂,各组分的重量百分比配方为:纯铁粉80-90%,绝缘剂5-13%、润滑剂3-7%。 2. Electric soft magnetic composite material, which comprises a permeable member, wherein: the permeable member is made of soft magnetic composite; soft magnetic composite material comprises pure iron powder, insulating agent, a lubricant, the components the weight percentage of the formulation: 80-90% pure iron powder, insulating agent 5-13% 3-7% a lubricant.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的电机,其特征在于:绝缘剂为高温磁性环氧粉末或熔敷粉末或履盖漆。 The motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the insulating agent is a high temperature epoxy powder or a magnetic powder, or covers over the welded paint.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的电机,其特征在于:润滑剂为硬脂酸锌或皂基脂或复合钠钙基润滑脂。 The motor as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lubricant is zinc stearate or calcium soap grease, sodium grease, or a composite.
  5. 5.如权利要求2所述的电器,其特征在于:绝缘剂为高温磁性环氧粉末或熔敷粉末或履盖漆。 5. The appliance according to claim 2, wherein: the insulating agent is a high temperature epoxy powder or a magnetic powder, or covers over the welded paint.
  6. 6.如权利要求2所述的电器,其特征在于:润滑剂为硬脂酸锌或皂基脂或复合钠钙基润滑脂。 The appliance as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the lubricant is zinc stearate or calcium soap grease, sodium grease, or a composite.
  7. 7.用软磁复合材料制造的电机的制造方法,其特征在于:它包括导磁构件的制造方法,导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1、将纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂按重量百分比纯铁粉80-90%、绝缘剂5-13%、润滑剂3-7%的配方混合;步骤2、将步骤1所得混合物压制成形,并在1100℃~1300℃的加热炉中烧结2~3个小时;步骤3、冷却,成品。 7. A method of manufacturing a soft magnetic composite material of the motor, characterized in that: it comprises a method for producing magnetically permeable member, the permeable member production process steps: Step 1, the pure iron powder, an insulating agent, a lubricant press 80-90% by weight pure iron powder, an insulating agent, 5-13%, 3-7% of a lubricant formulation mixing; step 2, step 1 the resulting mixture was press-molded and sintered in a furnace 1100 ℃ ~ 1300 ℃ in 2 to 3 hours; step 3, cooling the finished product.
  8. 8.用软磁复合材料制造的电器的制造方法,其特征在于:它包括导磁构件的制造方法,导磁构件的生产工艺步骤为:步骤1、将纯铁粉、绝缘剂、润滑剂按重量百分比纯铁粉80-90%、绝缘剂5-13%、润滑剂3-7%的配方混合;步骤2、将步骤1所得混合物压制成形,并在1100℃~1300℃的加热炉中烧结2~3个小时;步骤3、冷却,成品。 8. A method of manufacturing a collector made of a material with a soft magnetic composite, characterized in that: it comprises a method for producing magnetically permeable member, the permeable member production process steps: Step 1, the pure iron powder, an insulating agent, a lubricant press 80-90% by weight pure iron powder, an insulating agent, 5-13%, 3-7% of a lubricant formulation mixing; step 2, step 1 the resulting mixture was press-molded and sintered in a furnace 1100 ℃ ~ 1300 ℃ in 2 to 3 hours; step 3, cooling the finished product.
  9. 9.如权利要求7或8所述的方法,其特征在于:步骤2将步骤1所得混合物一次压制成所需绕组磁齿。 9. The method according to claim 78, wherein: step 1 Step 2 The mixture was pressed into the desired primary winding magnetic teeth.
  10. 10.如权利要求7或8所述的方法,其特征在于:步骤2将步骤1所得混合物分别压制成多个部件,然后,将各个部件焊接或粘结成所需的绕组磁齿。 10. The method according to claim 78, wherein: the resulting mixture from step 1 to step 2 are compressed into a plurality of members, then, welding or bonding the individual windings of the magnetic member to the desired tooth.
CN 03128171 2003-06-18 2003-06-18 Motor electric equipment made up by using soft magnetic composite material and method for manufacturing same CN1276564C (en)

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US7635932B2 (en) 2004-08-18 2009-12-22 Bluwav Systems, Llc Dynamoelectric machine having heat pipes embedded in stator core
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