CN1266845C - Ad hoc network discovery menu - Google Patents

Ad hoc network discovery menu Download PDF

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CN1266845C
CN1266845C CN 02813032 CN02813032A CN1266845C CN 1266845 C CN1266845 C CN 1266845C CN 02813032 CN02813032 CN 02813032 CN 02813032 A CN02813032 A CN 02813032A CN 1266845 C CN1266845 C CN 1266845C
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hoc network
device
ad hoc
network
ad
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CN 02813032
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CN1522503A (en
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米科·奥尔科宁
凯·尼曼
斯蒂芬尼·博伊特
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诺基亚公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W48/00Access restriction; Network selection; Access point selection
    • H04W48/16Discovering, processing access restriction or access information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/10Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which an application is distributed across nodes in the network
    • H04L67/104Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which an application is distributed across nodes in the network for peer-to-peer [P2P] networking; Functionalities or architectural details of P2P networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/10Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which an application is distributed across nodes in the network
    • H04L67/104Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which an application is distributed across nodes in the network for peer-to-peer [P2P] networking; Functionalities or architectural details of P2P networks
    • H04L67/1042Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which an application is distributed across nodes in the network for peer-to-peer [P2P] networking; Functionalities or architectural details of P2P networks involving topology management mechanisms
    • H04L67/1044Group management mechanisms
    • H04L67/1046Joining mechanisms
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/005Discovery of network devices, e.g. terminals

Abstract

本发明公开了一种向接近多个自组织网络中的多个无线设备的到达无线设备提供网络信息的方法,所述网络信息使得所述到达无线设备能够选择性加入到所述多个自组织网络的其中一个,所述方法包括:在所述多个自组织网络中的至少一个中提供自组织网络信息提供商无线设备;在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中存储这样的记录,即所述记录用于表征所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备是其成员的自组织网络;以及从所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备发送所述记录到到达无线设备,以响应于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备与所述到达设备之间交换的选择信号。 The present invention discloses a method for providing network information to a plurality of proximity plurality of wireless devices in the ad hoc network reaches the wireless device, the wireless network device information such that the arrival of said plurality is selectively added to the ad-hoc wherein a network, the method comprising: providing at least one of the plurality of ad-hoc network in an ad hoc network information provider for the wireless device; recording such an ad hoc network information provider is stored in the wireless device, i.e., the recording for characterizing the ad hoc network information provider device is a wireless ad hoc network of its members; and transmitting wireless device from the self-organizing network information provider to the recording reaches the wireless device in response to the the ad hoc network information provider and the wireless device selection signal exchange between the device reaches.

Description

自组织网络发现菜单 Ad hoc network discovery menu

技术领域 FIELD

所公开的本发明一般涉及普遍存在的计算,本发明尤其涉及短距离无线系统的改进。 The present invention relates generally disclosed in ubiquitous computing, in particular, the present invention relates to an improved short-range wireless system.

背景技术 Background technique

短距离无线系统短距离无线系统通常距离在100米或更短。 Short-range wireless system from short-range wireless systems typically 100 meters or less. 短距离无线系统经常与连接互联网的系统组合以提供短距离通信。 Short-range wireless systems are often combined with a system connected to the Internet to provide short-range communication. 短距离无线系统的类别包括无线个人局域网(PAN)和无线局域网(LAN)。 Category of short-range wireless systems includes wireless personal area network (PAN) and a wireless local area network (LAN). 它们具有在无线电频谱的没有得到许可证的部分工作的共同特征,这些部分通常位于2.4GHz工业、科学及医药设备(ISM)频带或5GHz没有许可证的国家信息基础设施(U-NII)频带。 They have not been in the radio spectrum characteristic common part of the work permit, these parts are usually located 2.4GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band or 5GHz unlicensed National Information Infrastructure (U-NII) band. 无线个人局域网使用低成本、低功率无线设备,通常距离在10米。 Wireless personal area networks use low cost, low power wireless devices, typically from 10 meters. 无线个人局域网技术的已知最佳例子是蓝牙标准,其工作于2.4GHz ISM频带。 The best known example of wireless personal area network technology is the Bluetooth standard, which operates in 2.4GHz ISM band. 其提供1Mbps的峰值空中链路速率,以及足以用于诸如PDA和移动电话的个人、便携式电子设备的低功耗。 Which provides a peak air link speed of 1Mbps, and sufficient for low power consumption such as a personal, portable electronic devices PDA and mobile telephone. 无线局域网一般工作在10到100Mbps之间的较高峰值速率,而且距离更远,这就需要更多功耗。 Wireless LANs typically operate at higher peak rates between 10 to 100Mbps, and longer distances, which requires more power. 无线局域网通常用作从便携式膝上型计算机经接入点(AP)到无线LAN的无线链路。 WLAN typically used as wireless links from portable laptop computers via the access point (AP) of a wireless LAN. 无线局域网技术的实例包括IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准和工作于5GHz U-NII频带的HIPERLAN标准。 Examples of WLAN technologies include the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard and the HIPERLAN standard work in 5GHz U-NII band.

自组织网络自组织网络是一种短距离无线系统,主要由相对短时间内联系在一起以实现共同目的的移动无线设备组成。 Ad-hoc network ad hoc network is a short-range wireless system, mainly linked to a relatively short time by the mobile wireless device for a common purpose composition. 诸如这种网络的临时网络在蓝牙标准中被称为“微微网”,在IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准中被称为“独立基本业务集合”(IBSS),在HIPERLAN标准中被称为“子网”,而在其他无线LAN技术中一般被称为无线电小区或“微区”。 Such a network such as the ad hoc network is referred to as "piconet" in the Bluetooth standard, referred to as "independent basic service set" (the IBSS) in the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, called "subnet" in the HIPERLAN Standard , while in other wireless LAN technologies are generally called a radio cell or "domains." 自组织网络具有这样一个共同特性,即,是物理距离近得足以通信而且有规则交换信息的无线设备的任意集合。 Such an ad hoc network having a common characteristic, i.e., the physical distance is close enough to any set of rules to exchange information and communicate wireless device. 这些网络可以快速构成,不需要太多规划。 These networks can constitute a fast, does not require much planning. 自组织网络的成员分别在它们进入和离开彼此的范围时联合和分离。 Joint and separation, respectively, when they enter and leave each other from the range hoc network members. 大部分自组织网络利用载波检测协议以从1到54Mbps的速率在没有许可证的射频上工作以共用无线电频谱。 Most ad-hoc network using a carrier sense protocol at a rate of from 1 to 54Mbps operating in the unlicensed radio spectrum at a common radio. 它们的通信距离从用于蓝牙微微网的10米到在开放环境中用于无线LAN微区的大约100米。 From a Bluetooth piconet 10 meters to about 100 meters communication distance thereof to the wireless LAN domains in an open environment. 自组织网络主要由移动无线设备组成,但也可包括一个或多个接入点,这些接入点为固定的无线设备,充当独立服务器或作为网关与其他网络连接。 Ad hoc networks is mainly composed of mobile wireless devices, but may also include one or more access points, the access points to a fixed wireless device, act as a stand-alone server or as gateway connections to other networks.

蓝牙短距离无线技术蓝牙是短距离无线网络,最初的目的是用于替代缆线。 Bluetooth short-range wireless technology Bluetooth is a short-range radio network, originally intended to replace the cable. 其可用于创建多达8个设备一起工作的自组织网络。 Which can be used to create ad-hoc network of up to eight devices to work together. 蓝牙特殊兴趣组,蓝牙系统规范,版本1.0B,卷1和2,1999年12月,描述了蓝牙设备操作和通信协议的原理。 Bluetooth Special Interest Group, Bluetooth System, Version 1.0B, Volumes 1 and 2, December 1999, describes the principles of Bluetooth device operation and communication protocols. 这些设备工作于保留用于工业、科学和医学设备(ISM)应用的2.4GHz无线电频带。 2.4GHz radio frequency band reserved for these devices operate in the industrial, scientific and medical equipment (ISM) applications. 蓝牙设备被设计成寻找在它们10米无线电通信范围之内的其他蓝牙设备,以及利用服务发现协议(SDP)发现它们提供的服务。 Bluetooth devices are designed to find other Bluetooth devices within their communications range of 10 m of the radio, and the use of service discovery protocol (SDP) to discover the services they provide. SDP搜索功能依赖于在充当客户角色的请求蓝牙设备与充当服务器角色的响应蓝牙设备之间建立的链路。 SDP searching function relies on links between the role of acting as the client requests a Bluetooth device acts as a server role and response of the Bluetooth device. 一旦链路建立,其可用于找出响应的蓝牙设备中的服务以及如何连接它们。 Once the link is established, it can be used to find a Bluetooth device in response to the service and how to connect them.

两个蓝牙设备之间的连接是通过询问设备发送出去一个搜索其附近的其他设备的询问消息启动的。 The connection between the two Bluetooth devices is to send out a search by asking the device query message to other devices in its vicinity started. 通过借助执行询问扫描侦听的其他任何蓝牙设备,将识别出该询问消息并响应。 Performing by means of any other Bluetooth device listens inquiry scan, will recognize the inquiry message and respond. 询问响应是包含该响应设备的蓝牙设备地址(BD_ADDR)的消息分组。 Query response containing the response device is a Bluetooth device address (the BD_ADDR) of the message packet. 蓝牙设备地址是一个唯一的、48位IEEE地址,这个地址被电子记录到每个蓝牙设备。 Bluetooth device address is a unique 48-bit IEEE address that is electronically recorded to each Bluetooth device.

询问设备使用在询问响应分组中提供的信息预备和发送寻呼消息到该响应设备。 Using the interrogation device in the inquiry response information preparation and transmitting a paging message packet response provided to the device. 为建立连接,询问设备必须进入寻呼状态。 To establish a connection, the device must be asked to enter the paging state. 在寻呼状态,询问设备将利用从所述询问响应分组获得的接入码和定时信息发送初始寻呼消息到该响应设备。 Paging state, the interrogation device using the access code and timing information acquired packet sending a paging message to the initial response from the device query response. 响应设备必须处于寻呼扫描状态以允许询问设备与之连接。 Responding device must be in the page scan state to allow interrogation device connected thereto. 一旦处于寻呼扫描状态,响应设备将确认该初始寻呼消息,而且询问设备将发送一个提供询问设备的时钟定时和接入码的寻呼分组到响应设备。 Once in the page scan state, the responding device will acknowledge the initial paging message, and the inquiry unit sends a Paging provides the clock timing and access code of the interrogation packet to device responsive device. 响应设备以寻呼确认分组响应。 Apparatus responsive to paging acknowledgment packets in response. 这使得这两个设备能形成连接,而且这两个设备转换为连接状态。 This enables the two devices to form a connection, and that the two devices is converted to the connected state. 已经启动该连接的询问设备承担主设备的角色,而响应设备在新的自组织网络微微网承担从设备的角色。 The inquiry has been initiated connected device to assume the role of master and the response from the device to assume the role of the device in a new ad hoc network piconet.

每个微微网具有一个主设备和多达7个从设备。 Each piconet has one master and up to seven slave devices. 所有通信都是在主设备和每个相应从设备之间进行的。 All communication is performed master device and each respective slave device. 主设备启动数据的交换,而从设备响应该主设备。 The master device starts exchanging data, the response from the master device. 当两个从设备要相互通信时,它们必须通过主设备来做这些工作。 When two slave devices to communicate with each other, they must do the work through the main apparatus. 主设备保持微微网的网络时钟,并控制每个从设备何时与主设备通信。 Master device maintains the piconet's network clock and controls when each communication device from the host device. 自组织网络微微网的成员在它们进入和离开主设备的范围时分别联合和分离。 Hoc network piconet members are combined as they enter and leave the devices from the main scope and separation. 微微网支持分布式活动,如合作项目,联合比赛,到因特网的多用户网关,等等。 Piconet support distributed activities, such as collaborative projects, joint competitions, multi-user gateways to the Internet, and so on. 加入特定微微网的用户设备这样做的目的是使其用户能参与当前开展的合作活动。 The purpose of adding specific piconet user equipment to do this is so that users can participate in cooperative activities currently undertaken.

具有蓝牙能力的膝上型计算机可发送信息到另一房间内的具有蓝牙能力的打印机。 Bluetooth-enabled laptop computer can send a message to another room inside the printer with Bluetooth capability. 具有蓝牙能力的微波炉能发送消息到具有蓝牙能力的移动电话,通知饭菜准备好了。 Bluetooth-enabled microwave oven can send a message to a mobile phone with Bluetooth capability, to inform the food is ready. 蓝牙将成为移动电话、PC、膝上型计算机和其他电子设备的标准,使用户能共享信息,同步数据,接入互联网,综合LAN或激活电机设备,如打开车门。 Bluetooth will become the standard mobile phone, PC, laptop computers and other electronic devices, allowing users to share information, synchronize data, access to the Internet, LAN or activate the integrated electrical equipment, such as opening the door. 乘客可在飞机上在其膝上型电脑上写电子邮件,然后在降落后,可通过航空集散站附近无处不在的蓝牙设备自动转发该消息到互联网。 Passengers can write e-mail on their laptops on the plane, and then, after landing, near the air terminal via the ubiquitous Bluetooth device automatically forwards the message to the Internet. 在另一例子中,乘客在机场休息室等候时,可在其移动电话上直接接收感兴趣的免费提供信息,或与朋友们一起玩多人游戏。 In another example, when passengers waiting in airport lounges, can be received directly on their mobile phones to provide free information of interest, or play multiplayer games with friends.

IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准定义至少两种不同物理(PHY)规范和一个的公共媒体接入控制(MAC)规范。 IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard defines two different physical (PHY) specifications and of at least a common media access control (MAC) specification. IEEE 802.11(a)标准是为2.4GHz ISM频带或5GHz U-NII频带设计的,并使用正交频分复用(OFDM)以高达54Mbps的数据率传送。 IEEE 802.11 (a) standard band is 2.4GHz ISM band or 5GHz U-NII design, and use orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) data rates up to 54Mbps transmission. IEEE 802.11(b)标准是为2.4GHz ISM频带设计的,其使用直接序列扩频(DSSS)以高达11Mbps的数据率传送。 IEEE 802.11 (b) standard is designed for the 2.4GHz ISM band, using a direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) up to the data transfer rate of 11Mbps. IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准描述了两个主要组件,移动台和固定接入点(AP)。 IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard describes two major components, the mobile station and the fixed access point (AP). IEEE 802.11自组织网络具有独立配置,其中移动台与另一移动台直接通信,不需要来自固定接入点的支持。 IEEE 802.11 ad hoc networks have an independent configuration where the mobile stations communicate directly with another mobile station does not require support from a fixed access point. IEEE 802.11自组织网络支持类似于蓝牙微微网的分布式活动。 IEEE 802.11 ad hoc networks support distributed activities similar to the Bluetooth piconet. IEEE 802.11标准提供无线设备类似于蓝牙询问和扫描功能的服务询问功能。 IEEE 802.11 standard provides service inquiry features similar to Bluetooth inquiry and scanning capabilities of wireless devices.

为使IEEE 802.11移动台能与自组织网络内的其他移动台通信,其必须首先找到这些移动台。 For IEEE 802.11 mobile station to other mobile stations can communicate with the self-organization within the network, it must first find the mobile station. 找到另一移动台的过程是通过询问。 The process of finding another mobile station is by asking. 有效询问要求询问台发送询问并调用来自自组织网络内其他无线台的响应。 Effective inquiry request inquiry station transmits an inquiry and in response to a call from the other wireless stations in the ad-hoc network. 在有效询问中,移动台将发送试探请求帧。 Effective interrogation, the mobile station transmits the probe request frame. 如果在同一信道上还有一个自组织网络匹配该试探请求帧中的服务集合识别(SSID),则该自组织网络中的移动台将通过发送试探响应帧到询问台来响应。 If there is an ad hoc network probe request matches the service set identification (SSID) frame on the same channel, the mobile station self-organizing network frame to the interrogation station will respond by sending a probe response. 该试探响应包括询问台访问该自组织网络的说明所必要的信息。 The tentative response includes help desk access network description of the self-organization of the necessary information. 询问台还将处理任何其他接收的试探响应和信标帧。 Interrogation station will process any probe response and beacon frames received by the other. 一旦询问台已经处理了任何响应,或已经确定没有响应,则其可改变到另一信道并重复该过程。 Once the inquiry station has processed any responses, or has been determined that there is no response, it may be changed to another channel and repeat the process. 在该询问结束时,该移动台已经积累了有关其附近的自组织网络的信息。 At the end of the inquiry, the mobile station has accumulated information on self-organizing network in its vicinity. 一旦移动台已经执行了询问,得到一个或多个自组织网络描述,则该移动台可选择加入其中一个自组织网络。 Once the mobile station has performed the inquiry, to give one or more ad hoc network descriptions, the mobile station can choose to join one of the ad-hoc network. 在IEEE 802.11-1999、IEEE 802.11a-1999和IEEE 802.11b-1999三个部分中公布IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准,从IEEE公司网站http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/11可查阅这三个部分。 In the IEEE 802.11-1999, IEEE 802.11a-1999 and IEEE 802.11b 1999-published in three parts in IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, IEEE from the company's Web site can be found in this http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/11 three parts.

高性能无线局域网(HIPERLAN)HIPERLAN标准提供高达54Mbps数据率和50米中距的无线LAN。 High Performance Wireless LAN (HIPERLAN) HIPERLAN standard provides data rates up to 54Mbps in the distance of 50 m and a wireless LAN. HIPERLAN无线LAN提供具有视频QoS的多媒体分布、保留频谱和长于建筑物传播。 HIPERLAN wireless LAN provides a multimedia distribution with video QoS, reserved spectrum, and longer than the propagation buildings. 存在两种HIPERLAN标准。 There are two HIPERLAN standard. HIPERLAN1型标准是类似于无线以太网的动态、优先权激励的信道接入协议。 Standard dynamic HIPERLAN1 is similar to wireless Ethernet, priority excitation channel access protocol. HIPERLAN 2型标准是类似于无线ATM模式的保留信道接入协议。 HIPERLAN Type 2 standard is similar to the mode of wireless ATM reserved channel access protocol. HIPERLAN 1型和HIPERLAN 2型都使用位于5GHz的专用频谱。 HIPERLAN Type 1 and HIPERLAN Type 2 use dedicated spectrum located in the 5GHz. HIPERLAN 1型使用先进的信道均衡器来处理符号间干扰和信号多路径。 HIPERLAN Type 1 uses an advanced channel equalizer to deal with intersymbol interference and signal multipath. HIPERLAN 2型通过利用OFDM和频率变换函数来避免这些干扰问题。 HIPERLAN type 2 transformation function by using OFDM and a frequency to avoid interference problems. HIPERLAN 2型规范提供6、16、36和54Mbps数据率的选项。 HIPERLAN type 2 specification provides options 6,16,36 and 54Mbps data rate. 物理层采用每OFDM符号48个载频的OFDM多载波方案。 The physical layer uses 48 carrier per OFDM symbol for OFDM multicarrier scheme. 为较高比特率选择的调制方案可实现30-50Mbps范围内的吞吐量。 Higher bit rates selected modulation scheme may be implemented within a certain range 30-50Mbps.

HIPERLAN 1型是动态、优先权激励的信道接入协议,其可形成无线设备的自组织网络。 HIPERLAN Type 1 is a dynamic, priority excitation channel access protocol, which can form an ad hoc network of wireless devices. HIPERLAN 1型自组织网络支持类似于蓝牙微微网和IEEE 802.11独立基本业务集合(IBSS)的分布式活动。 HIPERLAN Type 1 ad hoc networks support distributed activities similar to Bluetooth piconets and IEEE 802.11 independent basic service-set (IBSS) is. HIPERLAN 1型标准提供无线设备类似于蓝牙询问和扫描功能及IEEE 802.11试探请求和响应功能的服务询问功能。 HIPERLAN Type 1 standard provides wireless devices like Bluetooth service inquiry and inquiry scan function and IEEE 802.11 probe request and response features. 在出版物HIPERLAN 1型标准,ETSI ETS 300652,WA2,1997年12月,中提供了HIPERLAN 1型工作原理。 In the publication HIPERLAN Type 1 standard, ETSI ETS 300652, WA2, December 1997, provided HIPERLAN type 1 works.

HIPERLAN 2型是形成自组织网络的保留信道接入协议。 HIPERLAN Type 2 is reserved channel access protocol for ad-hoc network is formed. HIPERLAN 2型自组织网络支持类似于HIPERLAN 1型自组织网络,蓝牙微微网以及IEEE 802.11独立基本业务集合(IBSS)的分布式活动。 HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc network support similar to HIPERLAN Type 1 ad hoc network, a Bluetooth piconet and IEEE 802.11 independent basic service-set (IBSS) distributed activities. HIPERLAN 2型提供从6MHz到54Mbps典型数据率的高速无线电通信。 HIPERLAN type 2 provides a high-speed radio communication from 6MHz typical data rate of 54Mbps. 其借助基于IP、ATM和其他技术的宽带网络连接便携设备。 Portable device which is connected by means of a network-based broadband IP, ATM and other technologies. 集中模式用于借助固定接入点将HIPERLAN 2型作为接入网运作。 Centralized model for fixing by means of the access point as the access network HIPERLAN Type 2 operation. 另外提供直接链接通信的能力。 Also it provides the ability to directly link communications. 这种模式用于将HIPERLAN 2型作为自组织网络运作,而不依赖于蜂窝网络基础设施。 This mode is used as the HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc network operation, without depending on the cellular network infrastructure. 在此情况下,在便携设备中动态选择的中央控制器(CC)提供与固定接入点相同级别的QoS支持。 In this case, the portable device dynamically selected central controller (CC) providing the same level of QoS support fixed access point. 在本地服务区内支持有限的用户移动性。 Limited support in the local service area of ​​user mobility. 也可支持广域漫游移动性。 Also support wide-area roaming mobility. 在宽带无线接入网(BRAN),HIPERLAN 2型:系统概述,ETSI TR 101 683 V1.1.1(2000-02)中提供了HIPERLAN 2型操作原理的概述,而且在HIPERLAN 2型,数据链路控制(DLC)层;第四部分。 In a broadband wireless access network (BRAN), HIPERLAN Type 2: System Overview, ETSI TR provides an overview of the HIPERLAN Type 2 principles of operation 101 683 V1.1.1 (2000-02), and the HIPERLAN Type 2, Data Link Control (DLC) layer; part IV. 本地环境的扩展,ETSI TS 101 761-4 V1.2.1(2000-12)中描述了其自组织网络体系结构的详细说明。 Extended local environment, ETSI TS 101 761-4 V1.2.1 (2000-12) is described in detail in its own network architecture organization.

支持自组织网络的其他无线标准其他无线标准也支持自组织网络。 Support self-organizing networks of other wireless standards with other wireless standards support self-organizing network. 实例包括IEEE 802.15无线个人局域网(WPAN)标准,红外数据联合(IrDA)标准,增强数字无绳电信(DECT)标准,共用无线接入协议(SWAP)标准,日本第三代(3G)无线标准,以及日本无线电工业和商业协会的多媒体移动接入通信(MMAC)系统标准。 Examples include IEEE 802.15 wireless personal area network (WPAN) standard, the joint infrared data (IrDA) standard, Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) standard, shared wireless access protocol (the SWAP) standard, the Japanese third generation (3G) wireless standard, and multimedia mobile access communication Japanese Association of radio industries and Business (the MMAC) systems standard.

所需要的是为到达无线设备提供自组织网络发现菜单的方式,这种方式列出其范围内所有自组织网络的当前运行的合作活动。 What is needed is to reach self-organizing wireless device provides network discovery menu approach, which lists all the current self-organizing network running cooperation activities within its scope. 如果期望的自组织网络发现菜单只选择那些对到达用户特别感兴趣或具有最高接收信号质量的自组织网络,就更有用了。 If desired ad hoc network discovery menu to select only those self-organizing network to reach users of particular interest or having the highest received signal quality, more useful.

发明内容 SUMMARY

根据本发明,当最初在两个短距离无线设备之间形成自组织网络时,一个设备承担该新自组织网络的自组织网络信息提供商的角色。 According to the present invention, when initially formed an ad hoc network between two short-range wireless device, a device to assume the role of ad hoc network information provider of the new ad hoc network. 在此角色中,这个设备分配其存储器中的服务类别的浏览层次。 In this role, the device memory allocation browse its level of service categories. 这些服务类别将提供表征该自组织网络的记录。 These categories will provide services characterizing the self-organizing network of record. 该存储器中存储的自组织网络的特性可包括当前运行的分布式应用程序的类型,成员数,成员的身份等等。 Characteristics of self-organizing network stored in the memory may include type, number of members, identity and so on distributed applications currently running member. 当其余设备加入到该自组织网络并参与该自组织网络的分布式应用时,它们会修改网络的状态。 When the rest of the equipment added to the ad hoc network and participate in a distributed application of the ad hoc network, they will modify the state of the network. 为保存自组织网络的当前状态的记录,每个设备发送更新消息到自组织网络信息提供商以更新其存储器。 The current state is saved from the recording hoc network, each device sends an update message to the ad hoc network information provider to update its memory. 在该存储器内频繁更新这个信息以提供活动的当前状态,如联合棒球赛的得分。 Frequently updated in the memory to provide this information to the current state of activity, such as baseball scores combined.

另外根据本发明,当一个新的短距离无线设备到达该自组织网络的任何成员的通信距离之内时,其询问信号被检测到该询问的成员应答。 Further according to the present invention, when the communication distance of any member of a new short-range wireless device arrives at the ad-hoc network, its interrogation signal is detected by members of the inquiry response. 如果该响应成员为自组织网络信息提供商,则其以从表征该自组织网络的存储器获得的信息响应。 If the response information in response to a member of an ad hoc network information provider, which is the memory of the self-organizing network obtained from characterization. 如果相反,是自组织网络中的一个普通设备首先响应该到达设备的询问信号,则该响应设备以该自组织网络信息提供商的地址响应。 If instead, a self-organizing network in response to a general interrogation signal to the first device reaches the device, the device in response to the address of the ad hoc network information provider response. 到达设备接着寻呼该自组织网络信息提供商以获得表征该自组织网络的信息。 The paging device then reaches the ad hoc network information provider to obtain information characterizing the self-organizing network.

根据本发明的一个方面,提供了一种向接近多个自组织网络中的多个无线设备的到达无线设备提供网络信息的方法,所述网络信息使得所述到达无线设备能够选择性加入到所述多个自组织网络的其中一个,所述方法包括:在所述多个自组织网络中的至少一个中提供自组织网络信息提供商无线设备;在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中存储这样的记录,即所述记录用于表征所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备是其成员的自组织网络;以及从所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备发送所述记录到到达无线设备,以响应于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备与所述到达设备之间交换的选择信号。 According to one aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of providing information to the network proximity plurality of wireless devices in the ad hoc network a plurality of wireless device arrives, so that the information reaches the network the wireless device is selectively added to the wherein a plurality of said ad-hoc network, the method comprising: providing at least one of an ad hoc network information provider of the plurality of wireless devices in the ad-hoc network; a wireless ad hoc network information provider device in the such records are stored, i.e., the recording for characterizing the ad hoc network information provider device is a wireless ad hoc network of its members; and transmitting wireless device from the self-organizing network information provider to the recording device reaches the radio in response to the ad hoc network information provider and the wireless device selection signal exchange between the device reaches.

根据本发明的另一个方面,提供了一种向接近多个自组织网络中的多个无线设备的到达无线设备提供网络信息的系统,所述网络信息使得所述到达设备能够选择性加入到所述多个自组织网络的其中一个,包括:至少一个所述自组织网络中的自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中的处理器;与所述处理器连接的存储器,用于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中存储这样的记录,即所述记录用于表征所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备是其成员的自组织网络;以及与所述处理器连接的无线电装置,用于从所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备发送所述记录到到达无线设备,以响应于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备与所述到达设备之间交换的选择信号。 According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a network system for providing information to a plurality of proximity plurality of wireless devices in the ad hoc network reaches the wireless device, the network device information such that the arrival is selectively added to the wherein a plurality of said ad-hoc network, comprising: at least one self-organizing network in an ad hoc network information provider in the wireless device processor; and a memory coupled to the processor, for the ad hoc network information provider in the wireless device storing such recording, i.e. the recording for characterizing the ad hoc network information provider device is a wireless ad hoc network of its members; and a radio device connected to the processor for transmitting the record from the ad hoc network information provider to reach the wireless device the wireless device in response to a selection signal exchange between devices hoc network information provider from the wireless device and the arrival of the.

根据本发明的再一个方面,提供了一种向到达无线设备提供网络信息的方法,所述到达无线电设备接近于多个无线设备,所述网络信息能够使所述到达无线设备选择性地加入到自组织网络,所述方法包括:在第一自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中,保持无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用业务的第一列表,并且根据从所述第一自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第一列表; According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of reaching the wireless device to provide network information, the radio apparatus reaches close to a plurality of wireless devices, the network information can reach the wireless device is selectively added to self-organizing network, the method comprising: one or more network nodes in the first ad-hoc network, the wireless device remains in the first list of the first self-organizing network traffic can be utilized, and depending from the first a wireless ad hoc network to the device information received updating the first list;

在第二自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中,保持无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用业务的第二列表,并且根据从所述第二自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第二列表;所述到达无线设备发现所述第一和所述第二自组织网络;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第一列表相关的第一业务信息,收集用以表征所述第一自组织网络的信息,其中所述第一业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第二列表相关的第二业务信息,收集用以表征所述第二自组织网络的信息,其中所述第二业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备形成一个编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表包括从所述第一业务信息中得到的所述 In one or more network nodes of the second ad-hoc network, the wireless device remains in the second list of the second ad hoc network traffic can be utilized, and receives according to the second ad hoc network from the wireless device updating information to the second list; the arrival of the first wireless device and the discovery of the second ad hoc network; wireless device reaches the first service information associated with the first list obtained by, collecting information for characterizing the first ad-hoc network, wherein service information is used to describe the first device in the first wireless ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the arrival of the wireless device obtained by the second service related information of the second list, the information collected to characterize the second ad hoc network, wherein the second service information for describing a second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; formed reaches the wireless device after a network discovery service list editing, the edited list comprises service discovery network obtained from the first information service 一自组织网络的第一特征以及从所述第二业务信息中得到的所述第二自组织网络的第二特征;以及基于所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述到达无线设备加入到所述第一自组织网络或者所述第二自组织网络。 A first self-organizing network and a second characteristic feature of the second ad hoc network to obtain the service information from the second; and based on the edited list of network service discovery, the wireless device is added to reach the first self-organizing network or the second ad hoc network.

根据本发明的再一个方面,提供了一种向到达无线设备提供网络信息的系统,所述到达无线电设备接近于多个无线设备,所述网络信息能够使所述到达无线设备选择性地加入到自组织网络,所述系统包括:一个或多个第一无线设备,用于在第一自组织网络中保持无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用业务的第一列表,并且根据从所述第一自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第一列表;一个或多个第二无线设备,用于在第二自组织网络中保持无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用业务的第二列表,并且根据从所述第二自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第二列表;到达无线设备,用于发现所述第一和所述第二自组织网络;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第一列表相关的第一业务信息,收集用以表征所述第一自组织网 According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system for providing wireless device to reach the network information, the radio apparatus reaches close to a plurality of wireless devices, the network information can reach the wireless device is selectively added to ad hoc network, the system comprising: one or more first wireless device for holding a first list at a first wireless device in the ad-hoc network in the first ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized, and depending from the the first wireless ad hoc network to the device information received updating the first list; one or more second wireless device for holding the second wireless device from a second ad hoc network organizing network traffic using the second list and the second list is updated according to information received from the second ad hoc network to the wireless device; reach wireless device, and for the discovery of the first said second ad hoc network; wireless device obtained by the arrival associated with the first service of the first list information collected to characterize the first ad-hoc network 的信息,其中所述第一业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第二列表相关的第二业务信息,收集用以表征所述第二自组织网络的信息,其中所述第二业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备形成一个编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表包括从所述第一业务信息中得到的所述第一自组织网络的第一特征以及从所述第二业务信息中得到的所述第二自组织网络的第二特征;以及基于所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述到达无线设备加入所述第一自组织网络或者所述第二自组织网络。 Information, wherein the first service information for describing a first wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the arrival by the wireless device to obtain the second list associated with a second traffic information collected characterization information for the second ad hoc network, wherein the second service information for describing a second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the wireless device reaches the edited form a network found service list, the edited network discovery service list comprises a first feature from the obtained information, the first service of the first ad hoc network and to obtain the second service information from the second wherein the second ad hoc network; and based on the edited list of network service discovery, the wireless device added to reach the first or the second ad hoc network self-organizing network.

根据本发明的再一个方面,提供了一种用于收集关于网络的网络信息的移动无线设备,其中所述网络包括多个无线设备,并且接近于这些移动无线设备,所述网络信息能够使所述移动无线设备选择性地加入到自组织网络,所述移动无线设备包括:处理器,用于存储由所述处理器执行的程序代码的存储器,至少一个无线电装置,以及用户接口;所述存储器中的程序代码用于建立与第一组自组织网络的联系,在所述第一自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中保持无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用业务的第一列表,所述网络基于从所述第一自组织网络的无线设备中接收到的信息而更新所述第一列表;所述存储器中的程序代码用于建立与第二组自组织网络的联系,在所述第二自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中保持无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可 According to a further aspect of the invention, there is provided a mobile wireless device for collecting network information about the network, wherein said network comprises a plurality of wireless devices, and close to the mobile wireless device, the network information enables the said mobile wireless device selectively added to the ad hoc network, the mobile wireless device comprising: a processor, a memory for storing a program code executed by the processor, the at least one radio device, and a user interface; the memory program code for establishing a link with a first set of ad hoc network, the first holding device in the first wireless ad hoc network can be utilized in a service of the first ad hoc network of one or more network nodes a list of the network based on information received from the first wireless device in the ad hoc network and to update the first list; program code memory is used to establish contact with the second set of ad hoc network , the wireless device remains in the one or more network nodes of the second ad hoc network may be in the second ad hoc network 用业务的第二列表,所述网络基于从所述第二自组织网络的无线设备中接收到的信息而更新所述第二列表;所述存储器中的程序代码用于发现所述第一和所述第二自组织网络;所述存储器中的程序代码用于通过得到与所述第一列表相关的第一业务信息,收集用以表征所述第一自组织网络的信息,其中所述第一业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述存储器中的程序代码用于通过得到与所述第二列表相关的第二业务信息,收集用以表征所述第二自组织网络的信息,其中所述第二业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述存储器中的程序代码用于形成一个编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表包括从所述第一业务信息中得到的所述第一自组织网络的第一特征以及从所 A second list of services, a network based on information received from the second wireless device in the ad hoc network to update the second list; program code memory is used to find the first and the second ad hoc network; program code used by the memory associated with the first list obtained for the first service information, the first information collected to characterize the ad hoc network, wherein said first a service information for describing a first wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; program code used by the memory to obtain the second list associated with a second traffic information collected for characterization the second ad hoc network information, wherein the second service information for describing a second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the memory a program code for forming the edited network discovery service list, the edited network discovery service list comprises a first feature from the obtained information, the first service of the first network and the ad-hoc from the 第二业务信息中得到的所述第二自组织网络的第二特征;以及所述存储器中的程序代码基于所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表,将所述移动无线设备加入到所述第一自组织网络或者所述第二自组织网络。 The second service information obtained in the second feature of the second ad hoc network; and a program code memory discovery service list based on the network after the editing, be added to the mobile radio device to the first the second ad hoc network or the ad hoc network.

根据本发明的另一实施例,可以从自组织网络周期性发送的信标信号中了解到新自组织网络中的信息提供商设备的地址。 According to another embodiment of the present invention, you can learn the address of the new ad hoc network information provider device from the ad hoc network beacon signal periodically transmitted. 例如,当本发明在IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准或HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准体现时,周期性发送信标信号以允许移动台定位和识别自组织网络中的信息提供商设备。 For example, when the present invention is embodied in wireless LAN standard IEEE 802.11 or HIPERLAN type 2 wireless LAN standard, periodically transmitting a beacon signal to allow the information provider device to locate and identify the mobile station in the self-organizing network. 信标信号指定自组织网络中信息提供商设备的地址。 Beacon signals specify the address ad hoc network information provider device. 当到达设备足够接近该自组织网络以从该网络中的设备接收周期性信标信号时,到达设备将了解该网络中的信息提供商设备的地址。 When the device reaches close enough to the ad hoc network when the device receives a periodic beacon signal from the network, arrives at the device address of the information provider will be appreciated that the network device. 如果到达设备正运行该自组织网络发现菜单选项,那么该到达设备可直接向信息提供商提出需要表征该自组织网络的服务记录的请求。 If you reach the device is running the ad hoc network discovery menu option, then the request may be made directly to the device need to characterize the self-organizing network service records of the arrival of the information provider.

根据本发明另一个实施例,在新自组织网络中信息提供商设备的地址可以是缺省地址。 According to another embodiment of the present invention, the address of the new ad hoc network information provider device may be a default address. 例如,当本发明在蓝牙标准,IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准或HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准中体现时,新自组织网络中的信息提供商设备可具有缺省地址以允许移动台定位和识别自组织网络中的信息提供商设备。 For example, when, IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard or type HIPERLAN 2 wireless LAN standard Bluetooth standard embodied in the present invention, the information provider device in a new ad hoc network can have a default address to allow mobile stations to locate and identify the ad hoc network the information provider equipment. 每个到达设备都知道该缺省地址。 Each device knows the default reaching the address. 例如,在蓝牙标准中,缺省地址可以是该自组织网络中第一个从设备的地址。 For example, in the Bluetooth standard, the default address may be the ad hoc network address from the first device. 作为另一个例子,在IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准中,缺省地址可以是该自组织网络中第一个设备或第二个设备的地址。 As another example, in the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, the default address can be the address of the ad hoc network, the first device or the second device. 另外,在HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准中,缺省地址可以是该自组织网络中的中央控制器设备或第二个设备的地址。 Further, in the HIPERLAN Type 2 Wireless LAN Standard, the default address may be the address of the self-organizing network central controller device or the second device. 当到达设备足够接近自组织网络以从该网络中的设备接收周期性信标信号或者接收对其询问的响应时,到达设备将了解到该网络中信息提供商设备的缺省地址。 When the device reaches close enough to the ad hoc network when the device receives a periodic beacon signal of the network or in response to its inquiry received from the arriving device will know the default address of the network information provider devices. 如果到达设备正在运行自组织网络发现菜单选项,那么到达设备可直接利用该缺省地址向该信息提出请求,以获得表征该自组织网络的服务记录。 If you reach the device is running an ad hoc network discovery menu option, you can directly reach the device to the default address information request to obtain the service records characterizing the self-organizing network.

另外根据本发明,到达的短距离无线设备的用户可指定感兴趣的自组织网络特性的类型。 Further according to the present invention, the user reaches the short-range wireless device can specify the type of ad hoc network characteristics of interest. 用户可能正在寻找诸如打印机、传真机或公共互联网网关的服务。 A user may be looking for services such as a printer, fax machine, or the public Internet gateway. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备为诸如打印机或传真机的特定设备类别配置询问。 These preferences can be configured for a particular device category reaches the interrogation apparatus such as a printer or a facsimile machine. 用户可能正在寻找诸如分布式游戏或其他合作活动的应用。 A user may be looking for applications such as distributed games or other cooperation activities. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备为诸如游戏的一般服务类别或诸如特定应用程序或成员名的特定服务属性配置服务请求。 These preferences can be used to reach a general apparatus such as a game or a particular service attribute service class configuration service requests, such as a particular application program or member names.

另外根据本发明,如果到达设备来到若干个自组织网络的通信范围之内,其从相应的自组织网络信息提供商采集表征每个自组织网络的信息。 Further according to the present invention, if the device to reach the communication range of a plurality of ad-hoc network, which acquires information characterizing each ad hoc network from the respective ad hoc network information provider. 本发明接着编辑到达设备中的自组织网络发现菜单,列出其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 The present invention then reaches edit the ad-hoc network device discovery menu lists the ad hoc networks within its range of characteristics. 自组织网络发现菜单根据用户感兴趣的特性类型列出每个响应的自组织网络的特性。 The ad hoc network discovery menu lists the characteristics of each responding ad hoc network according to the type of characteristics of interest to the user. 如果用户没有指定感兴趣的特性,那么网络发现菜单通过从每个相应自组织网络中的设备接收的信号质量排列自组织网络。 If the user does not specify characteristics of interest, then the network discovery menu arranged in the ad-hoc network through the signal quality received from each respective ad hoc network of devices. 每个自组织网络的接入码与该菜单中的每个相应项相关。 Each ad-hoc network of access code associated with each respective entry in the menu. 当用户从该菜单中选择一项时,到达设备自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the arriving device automatically join the selected ad hoc network.

用于通过接收信号质量排列自组织网络的度量实例包括时间累积的比特差错率,时间累积的分组差错率,接收信号强度,链路质量测量,连续波干扰,同信道干扰,清晰的信道评估(防碰撞),每单位时间的冲突,重发次数以及每单位时间废弃的帧。 By receiving a signal quality metric from the arrangement example of the accumulated time-hoc network comprises bit error rate, packet error rate of accumulation time, received signal strength, link quality measurements, continuous-wave interference, co-channel interference, clear channel assessment ( anti-collision), the conflict per unit time, and the number of retransmissions of frames per unit time is discarded.

用户的到达设备可能遇到不了解该信息提供商特征的无线设备。 The user arrives at the device may experience wireless devices do not understand the information provider feature. 用户设备将发送其通常的服务搜索属性请求,询问该接收设备是否为自组织网络信息提供商。 User device sends its usual service search attribute request asking if the receiving device is a self-organizing network information provider. 当不知情设备接收其服务搜索属性请求时,在其服务注册中将不会有该请求的属性,因此将以错误响应来响应。 When the device receives its blinded service search attribute request, in which the service will not have registered attributes of the request, so the response will be an error response. 根据本发明,用户设备将识别这个响应为接收设备是不知情设备的指示。 According to the present invention, the user equipment in response to receiving the identification device is unaware indicating device. 用户设备将采集从不知情设备接收的询问响应所推导出的任何信息,包括其设备类别(CoD),如“传真机”或“打印机”。 The user equipment will collect any information derived from the received device query response unsuspecting, including its device category (the CoD), such as "facsimile" or "printer." 这个信息可由用户设备在自组织网络发现菜单中列出。 This information can be found listed in the menu the user equipment in a self-organizing network. 任选的是,该列举可包括在自组织网络发现菜单中诸如“不知情设备”的指定。 Optionally, this list may include designated as "knowledge device" discovery menu in the ad hoc network. 用户设备在后续服务搜索属性请求中也可公式化其他更一般的请求。 User equipment in a subsequent service search attribute request may also be formulated more generally to other requests. 如果后续服务请求导致从不知情设备接收更多有用属性,则这个信息也可在自组织网络发现菜单中列出。 If a subsequent service request results in receiving more unaware of useful properties from the device, then this information can also be found listed in the menu in the ad hoc network.

在本发明的一个可选实施例中,在每个自组织网络中创建主要和辅助自组织网络信息提供商。 In an alternative embodiment of the present invention, to create the primary and secondary ad hoc network information provider of each ad-hoc network. 在原主设备离开该自组织网络时备用设备充当热备用设备,承担主设备的角色。 The device acts as a hot standby backup device leaves the ad hoc network when the original primary device, assume the role of master. 不论主设备还是从设备都可以是主要或备用的自组织网络信息服务提供商。 Whether master or slave device may have a primary or backup of self-organizing network and information services. 在本发明的另一个实施例中,自组织网络中的许多或所有设备都可承担自组织网络信息提供商的角色。 Embodiment, the ad-hoc network devices may assume many or all of the ad-hoc network information provider role In another embodiment of the present invention. 于是在到达设备向该自组织网络发送询问时,任何设备都可以自组织网络信息提供商的角色响应。 So when the equipment arrives to the self-organizing network to send inquiry, any device can be self-organizing network information provider role in the response. 更新的信息被与主设备共享,并将广播到该自组织网络中的所有其他从设备。 Updated information is shared with the master device, and the ad hoc network broadcast to all other slave devices. 自组织网络中的每个设备接着在其相应存储器存储动态服务记录,包含更新的信息。 Each device then self-organization in its respective memory stores a dynamic service record, containing the updated information in the network.

有四个自组织网络标准实例被描述以体现本发明,即,蓝牙标准,IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准,HIPERLAN 1型标准和HIPERLAN 2型标准。 Four example ad hoc network standards is described to embody the present invention, i.e., the Bluetooth standard, IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, the standard HIPERLAN Type 1 and HIPERLAN Type 2 standard. 然而,除了这四个标准,本发明还适用于其他无线标准。 However, in addition to these four standards, the present invention is also applicable to other wireless standards. 本发明的为询问设备提供表征自组织网络的记录的自组织网络信息提供商原理在许多其他无线标准中同样有用。 The ad-hoc network information provider principle of the present invention provides a recording characterizing the ad hoc network for the querying device is also useful in many other wireless standards. 本发明适用于,例如,红外数据联合(IrDA)标准,增强数字无绳电信(DECT)标准,共用无线接入协议(SWAP)标准,IEEE 802.15无线个人局域网(WPAN)标准,日本第三代(3G)无线标准,以及日本无线电工业和商业协会的多媒体移动接入通信(MMAC)系统。 The present invention is applicable to, for example, United Infrared Data (IrDA) standard, Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) standard, shared wireless access protocol (the SWAP) standard, IEEE 802.15 wireless personal area networks (WPAN) standard, the Japanese 3rd generation (3G ) wireless standard, and the Japanese Association of radio industries and Businesses multimedia mobile access communication (the MMAC) systems. 本发明使得每个这些无线标准都能提供自组织网络信息提供商,为询问设备提供表征自组织网络的记录。 The present invention enables each of these wireless standards can provide the ad-hoc network information provider of record characterizing the ad hoc network to the interrogation device.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是到达无线设备100和为用户显示以选择自组织网络发现模式的初始菜单205的外观实例。 FIG 1 is a 100 and reaches the initial menu displayed for the user to select the ad hoc network discovery mode wireless device 205. Examples of appearance. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards.

图1A是若干个自组织网络以及以所述自组织网络发现模式搜索远程自组织网络的到达蓝牙设备100的网络图。 FIG 1A is a number of ad hoc network and the remote network map searching the ad hoc network to the ad hoc network discovery mode reaches the Bluetooth device 100.

图1B是图1A的到达设备浏览或搜索响应的远程蓝牙设备并访问多个自组织网络中的自组织网络信息提供商设备的服务记录的网络图。 1B is a network diagram self-organizing network information service provider recording device reaches the device of FIG. 1A in response to browse or search for a remote Bluetooth device and access multiple self-organizing network.

图1C是图1B的到达设备选择得到的服务记录中感兴趣的属性或从多个自组织网络中的主设备确定接收信号的特性的网络图。 FIG 1C is a network service reaches the recording apparatus of FIG. 1B selecting attributes of interest in the obtained characteristic determining or receiving signals from a plurality of ad hoc network master device.

图1D是图1C的到达设备形成网络发现菜单,所述菜单包括多个自组织网络的自组织网络特性的描述,如它们运行的应用程序,这是从服务记录推导出并根据所选择的属性列出或根据信号特性排列的。 1D is a diagram of FIG. 1C forming apparatus reaches the network discovery menu, said menu ad hoc network comprising a plurality of characteristics as described in the ad hoc network, such as the applications they run, which is derived from the service records and according to the selected attributes listed or arranged according to the signal characteristics.

图1E是本发明的一个可选实施例的网络图,其中自组织网络具有多个自组织网络信息提供商设备。 1E is an alternative embodiment of the present invention is a network diagram of the embodiment, wherein the ad hoc network having a plurality of ad hoc network information provider device.

图1F是图1E的本发明一个可选实施例的详细网络图,其中一个设备为主要的自组织网络信息提供商设备,而第二个设备为备用的自组织网络信息提供商设备。 FIG. 1E 1F is a diagram of the present invention in detail an alternative embodiment of the embodiment of FIG network, wherein the device is a primary ad hoc network information provider device and the second device is a backup ad hoc network information provider device.

图1G是图1E的本发明一个可选实施例的详细网络图,其中自组织网络中的所有设备都为自组织网络信息提供商设备。 1G is a diagram of the present invention, FIG. 1E an alternative detailed view of an embodiment the network, where all devices in the ad hoc network are self-organizing network information provider device.

图2A是图1的到达无线设备100的功能框图,示出了在其存储器中为传输协议组,中间件协议组和应用组存储的各种程序模块。 2A is a functional block diagram of FIG reach wireless device 100 of FIG. 1, is shown in its memory the various program modules for the transport protocol group, and middleware protocol group application group stored. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards.

图2B是图1的到达无线设备100以及借助用接收信号强度排列发现的自组织网络为用户显示的自组织网络发现菜单的外观实例。 FIG 2B is a means of reaching the wireless device 100 and the ad-hoc network using the received signal strength is displayed for the user are arranged discovered ad hoc network discovery menu appearance example of FIG. 1. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards.

图2C是图1的到达无线设备100以及借助用户选择的特性,如成员名,列举发现的自组织网络为用户显示的自组织网络发现菜单的外观实例。 2C is reaching 100 of FIG. 1 and characteristic selected by the user by means of wireless devices, such as a member name, the ad hoc network include ad hoc network discovery displayed for the user to find the appearance of the menu instance. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards.

图3是在主蓝牙设备104连接变为自组织网络信息提供商的第一个从设备106并连接不是自组织网络信息提供商的第二个从设备108时,自组织网络的处理流程的网络流程图。 A second time from the first device 108 from device 106 and not connected to the ad hoc network information provider of FIG. 3 is a Bluetooth master device 104 becomes connected to the ad hoc network information provider, from the processing flow of the network hoc network flow chart. 该图继续示意到达蓝牙设备100以该自组织网络发现模式运行并与该自组织网络交互作用以预备和显示自组织网络发现菜单的处理流程。 FIG continued reaches a schematic device 100 operates in the Bluetooth ad hoc network discovery mode and interacting with the ad hoc network to prepare and display an ad hoc network discovery menu processing flow.

图3A是在任何蓝牙设备中的SDP服务注册创建应用程序280的流程图,用于在该设备变为自组织网络的成员时创建SDP服务注册。 3A is a SDP service at any Bluetooth device in registration to create an application flow chart 280 for creating SDP service registry when the device becomes a member of the ad hoc networks. 该流程图示意了第一个出现的从设备变为该自组织网络的自组织信息提供商设备,而后续设备不是自组织信息提供商设备。 This flowchart illustrates the device changes from the self-organizing ad hoc network information provider device of the first occurrence and the subsequent devices are not self organized information provider device. 在一个可选实施例中,一个或多个后续设备也可变为自组织网络信息提供商设备。 In an alternative embodiment, one or more subsequent devices can also become ad hoc network information provider device.

图3B是在任何蓝牙设备中的初始菜单应用程序300的流程图,用于创建为用户显示以选择图1所示的自组织网络发现菜单的初始菜单205。 3B is a flowchart of the initial menu application program 300 in any Bluetooth device, and displayed for the user to use to create the ad hoc network shown in FIG selection menu 205 found initial menu. 可以显示子菜单以使用户能选择一个特定的设备类别,特定的服务类别,和/或特定的服务属性以搜索远程自组织网络。 Can display a submenu to enable users to select a specific device class, specific class of service, and / or specific service attributes to search for remote self-organizing network.

图3C是在蓝牙设备中的网络棒球应用程序320实例的流程图,用于响应用户从图3B的初始菜单应用的选择进行一场网络棒球赛。 3C is a flowchart 320 of examples of network baseball application of a Bluetooth device, in response to a user selection from the initial menu application of Figure 3B is a network baseball. 该程序包括用于转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商的主广播例程,如果该设备是主设备的话。 The program includes new data for forwarding to the main routine broadcasting the ad hoc network information provider, if the device is a master of words. 该程序包括调用图3E所示的更新例程,该例程创建要发送到主设备的更新的服务记录以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 The program includes an update routine shown in Fig. 3E call to create the update to be sent to the master record of service to forward new data to the ad hoc network information provider for the routine.

图3D是在无线设备中的自组织网络发现应用程序412的流程图,用于响应用户从图3B的初始菜单应用的选择进行自组织网络发现。 FIG 3D is a wireless device in the ad hoc network discovery application program 412 of a flowchart, in response to the user selecting the application from the initial menu of FIG. 3B is an ad hoc network discovery. 该程序控制到达无线设备100与远程自组织网络的交互作用,并将所产生的发现的自组织网络的排列表传到图3F的自组织网络发现菜单程序。 The program controls the interaction of the wireless device 100 and reaches the remote ad hoc networks, self-organizing network list row discovered the generated spread ad hoc network discovery menu program of Figure 3F. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards.

图3E是在任何蓝牙设备中的服务记录更新例程330的流程图,其创建要发送到主设备的更新的服务记录,以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 3E is a service in any Bluetooth device records flowchart of a routine 330 updates its creation to be sent to update the master record of service to forward new data to the ad hoc network information provider.

图3F是在任何蓝牙设备中的自组织网络发现菜单程序340的流程图,用于从图3D的自组织网络发现应用程序412接收所产生的发现自组织网络排列表,并显示图2C所示的自组织网络发现菜单。 3F is an ad hoc network in any Bluetooth device discovery menu program 340 of a flowchart, a discovery application 412 receives the generated network discovery arrangement table from the self-organizing ad hoc network of FIG. 3D, and FIG. 2C show the ad hoc network discovery menu.

图3G是在蓝牙设备中的网络合作应用程序350实例的流程图,用于响应用户从图3B的初始菜单应用的选择执行网络合作会话。 FIG 3G is a flowchart illustrating an example of a network 350 in cooperation applications a Bluetooth device for selecting a user performs a network collaboration session response from the initial menu application of Figure 3B. 该程序包括用于转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商的主广播例程,如果该设备是主设备的话。 The program includes new data for forwarding to the main routine broadcasting the ad hoc network information provider, if the device is a master of words. 该程序包括调用图3E所示的更新例程,该例程创建要发送到主设备的更新的服务记录以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 The program includes an update routine shown in Fig. 3E call to create the update to be sent to the master record of service to forward new data to the ad hoc network information provider for the routine.

图4A是到达设备100发送的询问分组的蓝牙分组结构。 4A is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the interrogation device 100 transmits a packet.

图4B是自组织网络信息提供商106发送的询问响应分组的蓝牙分组结构。 4B is a Bluetooth packet structure of a packet transmitted from the interrogation hoc network information provider 106 in response. 图中也示出了FHS分组缓冲区515。 The figure also shows the FHS packet buffer 515.

图4C是到达设备100发送的寻呼分组的蓝牙分组结构。 4C is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the paging packet 100 transmitted by the device.

图4D是自组织网络信息提供商106发送的寻呼确认分组的蓝牙分组结构。 FIG 4D is a self-paging hoc network information provider 106 transmits the acknowledgment packet Bluetooth packet structure.

图4E是到达设备100发送到自组织网络信息提供商106的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构。 4E is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the transmission device 100 to the ad hoc network information provider 106 SDP service search attribute request packet.

图4F是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商106发送到到达设备100的响应。 4F is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 106.

图4G是到达设备100发送到自组织网络信息提供商106的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构。 4G is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the transmission device 100 to the ad hoc network information provider 106 SDP service search attribute request packet.

图4H是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商106发送到到达设备100的响应。 4H is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 106.

图4I是到达设备100发送到自组织网络信息提供商116的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构。 FIG. 4I is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the transmission device 100 to the ad hoc network information provider 116 SDP service search attribute request packet.

图4J是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商116发送到到达设备100的响应。 Figure 4J is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 116.

图4K是到达设备100发送到自组织网络信息提供商126的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构。 FIG. 4K is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the transmission device 100 to the ad hoc network information provider 126 SDP service search attribute request packet.

图4L是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商126发送到到达设备100的响应。 FIG. 4L is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 126.

图5是在如图1A所示加入到达设备100到自组织网络之前,自组织网络信息提供商106中的SDP服务注册600。 FIG 5 is shown in Figure 1A was added prior to reaching device 100 to self-hoc network, the ad-hoc network information provider 106 in the SDP service registry 600.

图5A是在图1A所示的从设备108中的SDP服务注册640。 5A is a device 108 from the register 640 in the SDP service shown in Figure 1A.

图5B是在图1A所示的主设备104中的SDP服务注册650。 5B is a master device 104 shown in FIG. 1A SDP service registry 650.

图5C是如图1D所示在从设备100加入自组织网络后,其中的SDP服务注册600。 5C is shown in FIG. 1D After the addition device 100 from the ad-hoc network, wherein the SDP service registry 600.

图5D是在如图1D所示添加到达设备100后自组织网络信息提供商的SDP服务注册600。 5D is added in FIG. 1D SDP reaches the ad-hoc network information provider 600 after the registration apparatus 100 shown in FIG.

图6A是如图1A和1D所示的自组织网络信息提供商116的SDP服务注册600A。 1A and FIG. 6A is an ad hoc network information provider shown in FIG. 1D SDP service registry 600A 116 a.

图6B是如图1A和1D所示的自组织网络信息提供商126的SDP服务注册600B。 1A and FIG. 6B is an ad hoc network information provider 126 shown in FIG. 1D SDP service registry 600B.

图7是本发明的一个可选实施例的网络图,示意了到达的IEEE802.11设备100(I)形成网络发现菜单,所述菜单包括多个自组织网络的自组织网络特性的描述,这是从服务记录推导出并且根据所选择的属性列出或根据信号特性排列的。 FIG 7 is a network diagram of an alternate embodiment of the present invention, the arrival of a schematic apparatus IEEE802.11 100 (I) forming a network discovery menu, said menu comprising a plurality of self-organizing networks described ad hoc network characteristics, which It is derived from the service records and listed according to the signal characteristics or arrangements according to the selected attributes.

图7A是图4E所示情况的可选实施例,用于到达设备100(I)发送给自组织网络信息提供商106(I)的试探请求的IEEE 802.11分组结构。 7A is the case in FIG. 4E alternative embodiment, IEEE 802.11 packet structure for reaching the apparatus probe request 100 (I) is sent to an ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) a.

图7B是图4F所示情况的可选实施例,用于对图7A的试探请求的试探响应的IEEE 802.11分组结构,这个响应已经由自组织网络信息提供商106(I)发送给到达设备100(I)。 7B is an alternative case of the embodiment shown in FIG. 4F, IEEE 802.11 packet structure for a probe response to the probe request of FIG. 7A, the response has been sent to the ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) reaches the device 100 (I).

图7C是在添加到达设备100(I)之前自组织网络信息提供商106(I)的IEEE 802.11服务注册600(I)。 7C is added prior to reaching device 100 (I) ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) of the IEEE 802.11 service registry 600 (I).

图8是一个可选实施例的网络图,示意了到达的HIPERLAN 2型设备100(H2)形成网络发现菜单,所述菜单包括多个自组织网络的自组织网络特性的描述,这是从服务记录推导出并且根据所选择的属性列出或根据信号特性排列的。 FIG 8 is an alternative embodiment network diagram schematically arrival of HIPERLAN Type 2 device 100 (H2) forming a network discovery menu, said menu comprising a plurality of self-organizing networks described ad hoc network characteristics, which is from the service and recording listed or derived from the signal characteristics according to arrangement of the selected attribute.

图8A是一个可选实施例,示意了HIPERLAN 2型MAC帧结构,包括到达设备100(H2)发送给中央控制器设备104(H2)的随机信道资源请求,请求其中一个后续帧的容量。 8A is an alternative embodiment, illustrates a HIPERLAN Type 2 MAC frame structure, including random channel resource request reaches the device 100 (H2) to a central controller device 104 (H2), and wherein the capacity request in a subsequent frame.

图8B是一个可选实施例,示意了HIPERLAN 2型MAC帧结构,包括在直接链路信道由到达设备100(H2)发送到自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)的子网服务记录请求。 8B is an alternative embodiment, illustrates a HIPERLAN Type 2 MAC frame structure, including the direct link channel transmitted by the apparatus reaches 100 (H2) to the ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) recording request service subnets.

图8C是一个可选实施例,示意了HIPERLAN 2型MAC帧结构,包括在直接链路信道由自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)发送到到达设备100(H2)的所请求的子网服务记录。 8C is an alternative embodiment, illustrates a HIPERLAN Type 2 MAC frame structure, including the direct link channel transmitted by the ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) to reach the device 100 (H2) the requested service subnets recording.

图8D是在添加到达设备100(H2)之前自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)中的HIPERLAN 2型服务注册600(H2)。 8D is added prior to reaching device 100 (H2) ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) in the HIPERLAN Type 2 service registry 600 (H2).

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

图1适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 Figure 1 is applicable to all wireless standards support self-organizing networks. 通过继续上面提到的例子,即,乘客已经到达机场并且现在正在机场休息室等候到下一目的地的班机,来描述本自组织网络发现菜单的发明。 By continuing example mentioned above, namely, the passengers have arrived at the airport and is now an airport lounge waiting for a flight to the next destination, to describe the invention in this ad hoc network discovery menu. 该乘客携带无线设备100,这种无线设备可以是图1所示的个人数字助理(PDA)的形式。 The passenger carries the wireless device 100, such a wireless device may be in the form of a personal digital assistant (PDA) shown in FIG. 在去机场休息室的路上,乘客路过为公众提供传真机和打印机的公共电话亭,借助在这些公共电话亭上安装的无线设备可与之无线连接。 On the way to the airport lounge, passengers passing through a fax machine and printer kiosk for the public, by means of wireless devices on those kiosks can be installed with a wireless connection. 机场周围的标志怂恿乘客“浏览你的无线设备”以接收免费提供的广告。 Airports around the logo encourage passengers "to browse your wireless device" to receive advertising for free. 乘客朝体息室四处观望,发现许多其他乘客的注意力集中在它们的膝上计算机和PDA。 Passengers body toward the lounge look around and found that many other passengers concentrate on their laptop and PDA. 好几个人似乎在互相合作,因为他们一起爆发出欢快的笑声或在操作他们的计算机时交谈。 Several people seem to cooperate with each other, because they erupt with laughter or a chat when operating their computers.

在图1所示的情况下,存在两个自组织网络102和112以及该乘客的到达无线设备100。 In the case shown in FIG. 1, there are two ad hoc networks 102 and 112, and reaches the passenger wireless device 100. 该乘客对这些正在进行的合作活动感到好奇,因为他/她可能通过加入显然正在由更热闹的人群玩的游戏来打发等候时间。 The passengers are curious about these ongoing collaborative activities, because he / she may apparently be playing a more lively crowd by adding a waiting game to pass the time. 该乘客可能想启动自组织网络发现菜单程序,这个程序是在图1的设备100上显示的初始菜单205上列的选项之一。 The passengers may want to start an ad hoc network discovery menu program, this program is one of the initial menu is displayed on the device 100 1 205 options listed above. 但在做此之前,该乘客希望阻止列出某类设备,如在机场周围看到的打印机、传真机以及广告播送设备。 But before doing this, the list of passengers want to prevent certain types of equipment, such as around the airport to see printers, fax machines and advertising broadcast equipment. 因此乘客首先从初始菜单205中选择选项“选择要阻止的设备类别”。 Therefore, passengers first select the option to "Select the device category to be blocked" from the initial menu 205. 该乘客接着输入“打印机”、“传真机”以及“广告”,这些类设备在用户从图1的初始菜单205选择的搜索选项列表中被列出。 The passenger then enter the "printer", "facsimile", and "advertisement", the type of equipment are listed in the list of search options selected by the user from the initial menu 205 of FIG.

另一方面,如果该乘客希望列出具有特定设备类别的自组织网络,如“复印机”,则其可从图1的初始菜单205选择选项“选择特定设备类别”,接着在键盘208上输入“复印机”,于是这种设备类别将在搜索选项列表中列出。 On the other hand, if the passenger wants to list ad hoc networks having a specific device categories, such as "copying machine", it may be selected from the initial menu option 205 in FIG. 1 "to select a particular device category," then enter on the keyboard 208 " copier ", so this device category will be listed in the search list of options. 该乘客还希望列出具有诸如“用户名”的特定服务类别的自组织网络,因此其从初始菜单205中选择选项“选择特定服务类别”,接着在键盘208上输入“用户名”,于是这种服务类别就可在搜索选项列表中被列出。 The passenger also want to list ad hoc networks having a specific service category, such as "user name", so its selection from the initial menu option 205 "to select a particular service category", and then enter the "user name" on the keyboard 208, so that kind of service categories can be listed in the search list of options. 或者,该乘客可通过从初始菜单205选择选项“选择特定服务属性”列出具有诸如“游戏程序”的特定服务属性的自组织网络,接着在键盘208上输入“游戏程序”,于是这种服务属性就可在搜索选项列表中列出。 Alternatively, the passenger lists ad hoc networks having a specific service attributes such as "game program" of the "selection of a particular service Properties" from the initial menu selection option 205, the keyboard 208 is then input "game program", then this service properties can be listed in the search list of options.

图1示意了到达无线设备100,以及在显示器212的浏览器102上提供的为用户显示的初始菜单205的外观实例,这种初始菜单可用于选择自组织网络发现模式。 Figure 1 illustrates a 100, and examples of appearance of the initial menu displayed for the user provided on the browser 102 display 212 of the wireless device 205 arrives, this initial menu can be used to select the ad-hoc network discovery mode. 用户可选择以下四个主要选项中的一项:1.电话,互联网,文件共享2.网络棒球3.合作4.自组织网络发现如果用户选择了自组织网络发现选项,则用户可在子菜单中选择以下四个网络发现选项中的一项:a.选择所有自组织网络b.选择特定设备类别c.选择特定服务类别d.选择特定服务属性e.选择要阻止的设备类别f.快速搜索该子菜单使得用户能指定感兴趣的自组织网络特性的类型。 The user can select one of the following four main options: 1 phone, Internet, file sharing networks baseball 2. 3. 4. Cooperation ad hoc network discovery if the user selects an ad hoc network discovery option, the user can submenu select the following four options for network discovery in one:. a select all self-organizing network b select a specific device to select a specific service category c category d choose the specific service you want to block select properties e f device category Quick Search..... the sub-menu such that the user can specify the type of ad hoc network characteristics of interest. 用户可利用键盘208选择选项b.选择特定设备类别,如果其正在寻找诸如打印机,传真机或复印机的话。 The user may select options using the keyboard 208 b. Select a particular device category, such as if he is looking for a printer, a facsimile machine or a copier words. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备100为诸如打印机或传真机的特定设备类别配置询问。 These preferences can be configured for a particular device category reaches the interrogation apparatus 100 such as a printer or a facsimile machine. 用户可利用键盘208选择选项c.选择特定服务类别,如果其正在寻找诸如分布式游戏或其他合作活动或所有用户名列表的一般应用的话。 Users can select options using the keyboard 208 c. Select a particular class of service, if it is looking for cooperation such as distributed games or other activities or general application to all user names list of words. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备为诸如游戏的一般服务类别配置服务请求。 These preferences can be used to configure the general service class by a service request arrives at the device such as a game. 用户可利用键盘208选择选项d.选择特定服务属性,如果其正在寻找特定应用程序或特定成员名的话。 Users can select options using the keyboard 208 d. Select the specific service attributes, if it is looking for a specific application or a specific member name, then. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备为诸如“网络棒球”或“约翰的膝上计算机”的特定服务属性配置服务请求。 These preferences can be used by the apparatus to reach, such as "network baseball" or "John's laptop computer" service requests a particular service configuration attributes.

在图1的设备100上显示的初始菜单205中给予用户“快速搜索”选项,这个选项检查在其进行的询问中采集的数据以确定响应设备的设备类别(CoD)字段是否具有状态“自组织网络信息提供商”。 Given to the user in the initial menu 205 of FIG. 1 apparatus 100 displays the "fast search" option, the data of this option checks collected during interrogation thereof conducted to determine the device classes (the CoD) in response to the device field has a state "self-organizing network information provider. " 如果有,将马上中断搜索表征该特定自组织网络的信息。 If so, will immediately interrupt the search characterization information for that particular ad hoc networks.

用户现在准备启动在图1的初始菜单205上列出的自组织网络发现菜单选项。 Users are now ready to start the self-organizing network listed on the initial menu 205 of FIG. 1 discovery menu option. 当用户的无线设备到达自组织网络102或112之一的任何成员的通信范围之内时,其询问信号被检测到该询问的第一个成员应答。 When the user reaches the wireless device 102 within communication range of any member of the ad-hoc network 112 or one of its members a first interrogation signal is detected in response to the inquiry. 例如,如果该第一个成员是棒球自组织网络102中的自组织网络信息提供商106,则自组织网络信息提供商106通过链路130以从其表征该自组织网络的服务注册得到的信息响应。 For example, if the first member 102 is an ad hoc network baseball in an ad hoc network information provider 106, the ad hoc network information provider 106 information characterizing the ad hoc network service registration obtained therefrom via link 130 response. 如果,相反,该自组织网络102中的非信息提供商设备108首先响应到达设备100的询问信号,则设备108以该自组织网络信息提供商106的地址响应。 If, on the contrary, the non-self-organizing network information provider device 102 in response arrives first interrogation signal 108 of the device 100, the device 108 in response to the address of the ad hoc network information provider 106. 用户的到达设备100接着寻呼该自组织网络信息提供商106以获得表征该自组织网络102的信息。 Next reach user equipment 100 to page the ad hoc network information provider 106 to obtain information characterizing the self-organizing network 102. 在合作自组织网络112,从自组织网络信息提供商116也可获得类似的询问和响应,自组织网络信息提供商116通过链路130'以从其表征自组织网络112的服务注册得到的信息响应。 Cooperation ad hoc network 112, the ad hoc network information provider 116 can be obtained similar challenge and response, 116 'to an ad hoc network information provider through a link 130 to obtain information from its service registry characterizing the ad hoc network 112 response.

用户的无线设备100接着编辑到达设备中的自组织网络发现菜单,列出其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 Then edit characteristic 100 reaches the ad-hoc network device discovery menu lists the ad hoc networks within its range of the user's wireless device. 该自组织网络发现菜单根据对用户感兴趣的特性类型列出每个响应的自组织网络的特性。 The ad hoc network discovery menu lists the characteristics of each responding ad hoc network according to the characteristics of interest to the user type. 如果用户没有指定感兴趣的特性,则网络发现菜单以从每个相应自组织网络中的设备接收的信号质量排列自组织网络。 If the user does not specify characteristics of interest, then the network discovery menu in the quality of the signal received from each respective ad hoc network of devices arranged in an ad hoc network. 每个自组织网络的接入码与该菜单中的每个相应项相关。 Each ad-hoc network of access code associated with each respective entry in the menu. 当用户从该菜单选择了一项时,到达设备自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the ad-hoc network device reaches a selected automatically added.

下面将详细描述体现本自组织网络发明的四个无线标准实例:[1]蓝牙标准,[2]IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准,[3]HIPERLAN 1型标准和[4]HIPERLAN 2型标准。 The following detailed description will present examples reflect the four standard wireless ad-hoc network of the invention: [1] Bluetooth standard, [2] IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, [3] HIPERLAN Type 1 standard, and [4] HIPERLAN type 2 standard. 然而,除了这四个无线标准,本发明还适用于其他无线标准。 However, in addition to these four wireless standards, the present invention is also applicable to other wireless standards. 为询问设备提供表征自组织网络的记录的本发明的自组织网络信息提供商原理在许多其他无线标准中同样有用。 Network information provider principles of the present invention to provide a self-organization characterized by the interrogation device of the ad-hoc network records equally useful in many other wireless standards. 本发明适用于,例如,红外数据联合(IrDA)标准,增强数字无绳电信(DECT)标准,共用无线接入协议(SWAP)标准,IEEE 802.15无线个人局域网(WPAN)标准,日本第三代(3G)无线标准,以及日本无线电工业和商业协会的多媒体移动接入通信(MMAC)系统标准。 The present invention is applicable to, for example, United Infrared Data (IrDA) standard, Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) standard, shared wireless access protocol (the SWAP) standard, IEEE 802.15 wireless personal area networks (WPAN) standard, the Japanese 3rd generation (3G ) wireless standard, and the Japanese Association of radio industries and Businesses multimedia mobile access communication (the MMAC) systems standard. 本发明使得每个这些无线标准都能提供为询问设备提供表征自组织网络的记录的自组织网络信息提供商。 The present invention enables each of these wireless standards to provide a recording can provide characterizing the ad hoc network is an ad hoc network device interrogation information provider.

在蓝牙短距离无线技术中实现的本发明实例图1A示出了三个蓝牙自组织网络102,112和122,以及当前在机场休息室工作的乘客的到达蓝牙设备100。 Examples of the present invention is implemented in FIG Bluetooth short-range wireless technology 1A shows a device 100 reaches a Bluetooth network 102, 112 and 122, and the occupant currently working in an airport lounge Bluetooth three self-organization. 当用户的蓝牙设备到达其中一个自组织网络的任何成员的通信范围内之时,其询问信号被检测到该询问的第一个成员应答。 When the user reaches the Bluetooth device wherein the first member is within a communication range of any member of the ad-hoc network, the interrogation signal which is detected in response to the inquiry. 例如,如果第一个成员是自组织棒球微微网102中的自组织网络信息提供商106,则自组织网络信息提供商106通过链路130以从其表征该自组织网络的SDP服务注册得到的信息响应,如图1B所示。 For example, if the first member of an ad hoc baseball piconet 102 in ad hoc network information provider 106, the ad hoc network information provider 106 to obtain therefrom characterizing the ad hoc network through a link SDP service registry 130 information response shown in Figure 1B. 如果,相反,该自组织网络102中的一个普通从设备108首先响应到达设备100的询问信号,则从设备108通过链路131以该自组织网络信息提供商106的地址响应。 If, on the contrary, the ad hoc network 102 in response to a common device 108 from the first device reaches the interrogation signal 100, from device 108 in response to the address of the ad hoc network information provider 106 through the link 131. 用户的到达设备100接着寻呼该自组织网络信息提供商106以获得表征该自组织网络102的信息。 Next reach user equipment 100 to page the ad hoc network information provider 106 to obtain information characterizing the self-organizing network 102.

图1A和1B示出了自组织棒球微微网102具有主设备104,其通过链路107与从属于主设备104的特征网络信息提供商106连接。 1A and 1B illustrate the ad-hoc baseball piconet 102 with master device 104, which is connected by a link 107 and 104 belonging to the master device 106 of the characteristics of the network information provider. 图1A和1B还示出了自组织合作微微网112,其主设备114通过链路117与从属于主设备114的特征网络信息提供商116相连,并通过链路119与从设备118相连。 1A and 1B also shows the ad-hoc collaboration piconet 112, the main device 114 through a link 117 and subordinate to the main characteristics of the network information provider device 114 is connected to 116, and is connected to the slave device 118 through a link 119. 图1A和1B还示出了自组织互联网网关微微网122,其主设备124通过链路127与从属于主设备124的自组织网络信息提供商126相连,并通过链路129与从设备128相连。 1A and 1B also shows an ad-hoc Internet gateway piconet 122, the master device 124 through which the link 127 is connected to the master device belonging to the ad hoc network information provider 124 to 126, and is connected to the device 128 through a link 129 . 图1B示出了到达设备100浏览或搜索响应的远程蓝牙设备并访问在多个自组织网络中的自组织网络信息提供商设备的服务记录。 FIG 1B shows a service recording apparatus 100 reaches the browser or the search response remote Bluetooth device access to the ad-hoc network information provider device in an ad hoc network of a plurality of. 自组织合作微微网112中的自组织网络信息提供商116通过链路130'以从其表征自组织网络112的SDP服务注册得到的信息响应。 Since the ad hoc network information provider 112 in collaboration piconet 116 'via a link 130 in response to information obtained from SDP service registry characterizing the ad hoc network 112. 自组织互联网网关微微网122中的自组织网络信息提供商126通过链路130”以从其表征自组织网络122的SDP服务注册得到的信息响应。 The ad-hoc Internet gateway piconet 122 in ad hoc network information provider 126 via link 130. "In response characterization information from the ad-hoc network SDP service registry 122 is obtained.

图1C是图1B的到达设备100选择访问的服务记录中感兴趣的属性或通过相应自组织网络102、112和122中的相应链路140、140'和140”确定从主设备104、114和124接收的信号的特性。到达设备选择访问的服务记录中感兴趣的属性或确定从多个微微网中的主设备104、114和124接收的信号的特性。本发明接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单,其列出在其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 1C is reaching the apparatus 100 selects the access service record in FIG. 1B or properties of interest is determined by a respective ad-hoc network 102, 112 and 122 in the respective links 140, 140 'and 140' and 104, 114 from the master device characteristic of a signal 124 received. property reaches the recording apparatus selected service access or determine characteristics of interest from the plurality of master devices 104, 114 and piconet 124 receives the signal. the present invention apparatus then reaches the network editor discovery menu, which lists the characteristics of ad hoc networks within its range.

图1D是图1C的到达设备100形成图2B所示的网络发现菜单的网络图,所述菜单包括在多个自组织网络102、112和122中的自组织网络特性的描述,如它们正在运行的应用程序,这些描述是从服务记录推导出并根据所选择的属性列举或根据信号特性排列的。 FIG 1D is a reaching device 100 of FIG. 1C is formed as shown in FIG. 2B network discovery menu of FIG network, the menu includes a description of a plurality of ad hoc networks 102, 112 and 122 in the ad hoc network characteristics, such as they are running application, these descriptions are derived from the service records and listed according to the signal characteristics or arrangements according to the selected attributes. 网络发现菜单根据感兴趣的特性类型列出每个响应的自组织网络的特性。 Network discovery menu lists the characteristics of each responding ad hoc network according to the characteristics of the type of interest. 如果用户没有指定感兴趣的特性,则网络发现菜单以从每个相应自组织网络中的主设备接收的信号质量排列这些自组织网络。 If the user does not specify characteristics of interest, then the network discovery menu in the quality of the signal received from each respective ad hoc network master devices arrange the self-organizing network. 每个自组织网络的接入码与该菜单中的每个相应项相关,如图2B所示。 The access code for each ad hoc network associated with each respective entry in the menu, shown in Figure 2B. 接入码为所选择的自组织网络内的主设备寻址分组。 The access code is the master device within the ad hoc network address of the selected packet. 当用户从该菜单选择了一项时,到达设备利用接入码自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu and arriving device uses the access code to automatically join the selected ad hoc network.

图1E是本发明的一个可选实施例的网络图,其中自组织网络102'可具有多个自组织网络信息提供商设备。 1E is an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the embodiment of FIG network, wherein the ad hoc network 102 'may have a plurality of ad hoc network information provider device. 可选自组织互联网网关微微网122'具有多个自组织网络信息提供商126和128。 Alternatively the ad-hoc Internet gateway piconet 122 'having a plurality of ad-hoc network information providers 126 and 128. 图1F详细示出了该可选实施例,其中从(1)设备106是主要的自组织网络信息提供商设备,而从(2)设备108是备用的自组织网络信息提供商设备。 FIG. 1F shows in detail this alternative embodiment, wherein the (1) device 106 is the primary ad hoc network information provider device, and from (2) a backup device 108 is an ad hoc network information provider device. 在每个自组织网络中建立主要和辅助自组织网络信息提供商。 The establishment of primary and secondary ad hoc network information provider in each of the self-organizing network. 备用设备可充当热备用设备,在原主设备离开该自组织网络时承担主设备的角色。 Spare device may act as a hot spare, assume the role of master device when the original primary device leaves the ad hoc network. 不论是主设备104还是从设备都可以是主要或备用的自组织网络信息服务提供商。 Whether the master device or slave device 104 may be a primary or backup ad hoc network information service provider.

图1G示出了图1E的本发明的可选实施例,其中在自组织网络102”中的所有设备100、104、106、108、100'和106'都是自组织网络信息提供商设备。在自组织网络中的许多或所有设备都可承担自组织网络信息提供商的角色。接着,在到达设备向该自组织网络发送询问时,任何设备都可以自组织网络信息提供商的角色响应。更新的信息被与主设备104共享,并通过链路107、109、130、141和143被广播到该自组织网络中的所有其他从设备100、106、108、100'和106'。该自组织网络中的每个设备然后在其相应的SDP服务注册中存储动态的服务记录,包含更新的信息。 1G shows an alternative of the invention embodiment of FIG. 1E, wherein all the devices in the ad hoc network 102 "100,104,106,108,100 'and 106' are an ad hoc network information provider device. many or all of the devices in an ad hoc network can assume the role of an ad hoc network information provider. then, upon reaching the device sends an inquiry to the ad hoc network, any device can be self-organizing network information provider role in the response. updated information is shared with the master device 104, and is broadcast to the network via the ad-hoc links 107,109,130,141 and 143 from all the other devices 100,106,108,100 'and 106'. since the hoc network each device then stores a dynamic service record in its respective SDP service registry, containing the updated information.

图2A是图1的到达无线设备100的功能框图。 2A is a functional block diagram of a wireless device 100 in FIG. 1 arrives. 这个框图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This block diagram applies to standard support for all wireless self-organizing networks. 无线设备100可表现为膝上计算机,掌上计算机,手持个人计算机、笔式计算机,个人数字助理(PDA),手持扫描仪和数据采集器,手持打印机等等。 The wireless device 100 may be expressed as a laptop computer, palmtop computer, handheld personal computer, a pen computer, a personal digital assistant (PDA), handheld scanners and data collector, handheld printer, etc.. 图2A的功能框图示出了在其存储器202中为传输协议组214、中间件协议组224以及应用组234存储的各种程序块。 FIG 2A illustrates a functional block for the transport protocol group 214 in its memory 202, middleware protocol group 224 and group 234 of various application programs stored in the block. 存储器202通过总线204连接无线电206、键盘208、中央处理器210以及显示器212。 The memory 202 is connected by a bus 204 radio 206, a keyboard 208, a central processor 210 and display 212.

对于蓝牙标准来说,无线电206工作于2.4GHz ISM无线电频带,并使用每位一个符号的高斯频移键控(GFSK)调制来提供1Mbps的总比特率。 For the Bluetooth standard, the radio 206 operate in 2.4GHz ISM radio band and uses a symbol for each Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying (GFSK) modulation to provide a total bit rate of 1Mbps. 2.4GHz ISM无线电频带被划分为79个信道,每个信道宽1MHz。 2.4GHz ISM radio band is divided into 79 channels, each channel width of 1MHz. 无线电206以每秒1600跳的速率工作于跳频扩频(FHSS)模式。 The radio 206 at a rate of 1600 hops per second, operating in frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) mode. 跳频模式是一种基于设备的蓝牙设备地址(BD_ADDR)值的伪随机模式。 Hopping pattern based on the device is a Bluetooth device address (the BD_ADDR) value of a pseudo random pattern. 对于3类蓝牙设备,无线电206的辐射峰值输出功率为大约1毫瓦(0dBm),使得最大通信距离为大约10米。 For class 3 Bluetooth devices, radio emission peak output power of 206 mW is approximately 1 (0dBm), such that the maximum communication distance of approximately 10 meters. 2类设备工作于2.5毫瓦(4dBm)。 Class 2 devices operating in 2.5 milliwatts (4dBm). 1类设备工作于100毫瓦(20dBm),使得最大距离为100米。 Apparatus operating in Class 1 100 mW (20dBm), so that the maximum distance is 100 meters.

在图2A的存储器202存储的各种程序模块为操作指令序列,这些指令序列在被中央处理器210执行时实现本发明的方法。 In various program modules stored in memory 202 of FIG. 2A is a manipulation instruction sequence, the method of the present invention implemented instruction sequence 210 is executed when the central processor. 应用组234包括为微微网的新成员创建注册应用程序280(图3a),初始菜单应用程序300(图3b),自组织网络搜索应用程序412(图3d),服务记录更新应用程序330(图3e),网络发现菜单应用程序340(图3f),网络棒球应用程序320(图3c),网络合作应用程序350(图3f)。 Application group 234 includes creating registration application 280 (FIG. 3a) is a new member of the piconet, the initial menu application program 300 (FIG. 3B), the ad hoc network search application 412 (FIG. 3D), the service record update application 330 (FIG. 3e), network discovery menu application 340 (FIG. 3f), the network baseball application program 320 (FIG. 3c), the network collaboration application program 350 (FIG. 3f). 还包括主动SDP服务注册600(图5)和网络发现表360。 Further comprising an active SDP service registry 600 (FIG. 5) and network discovery table 360. 还包括搜索选项列表700,这是用户从图1的初始菜单205选择的。 Further comprising a list of search options 700, which is the user selected from the initial menu 205 of FIG. 1. 还包括询问响应表710,其列出了从询问响应消息中采集的基本信息,这是通过用户设备100中的链路控制器执行的。 Further comprising inquiry response table 710, which gives the basic information gathered from inquiry response message, which is executed by the link controller 100 of the user equipment. 需要这个信息用于与任何一个响应的无线设备连接。 This information is required for connecting the wireless device with any response. 还包括网络排列表720。 Network 720 also includes a list of rows. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A. 还包括跳频同步(FHS)分组缓冲515。 Further comprising a frequency hopping synchronization (FHS) packet buffer 515.

中间件协议组224包括服务发现协议226和对象交换228。 Middleware protocol group 224 includes a service discovery protocol and object exchange 226 228. 传输协议组214包括逻辑链路控制和适配协议(L2CAP)220,链路控制器和基带216,以及链路管理器218。 Transport protocol group 214 comprises Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol (L2CAP) 220, and a baseband link controller 216, and the link manager 218. 链路控制器执行链路级操作若干个分组持续时间以响应来自链路管理器的更高级别的指令。 The link controller performs several operations link level packet duration in response to an instruction from a higher-level link manager. 基带在单个数据分组传送时间内处理信道编码和解码以及低级定时控制和链路管理。 The baseband data packet transmission within a single time channel coding and decoding processing, and lower link management and timing control.

图2B示出了到达无线设备100的外观实例。 FIG 2B shows an example appearance of the wireless device 100 reach. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards. 其示意了在显示器212上为用户显示的自组织网络发现菜单,其中以接收信号强度排列发现的自组织网络。 Which illustrates a self-organizing network for the user is displayed on the display 212 a menu found, which are arranged to receive a signal strength of the ad-hoc network discovery. 到达设备100确定从主设备104、114和124通过图1C中相应自组织网络102、112和122中的相应链路140、140'和140”接收的信号的特性。到达设备100接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单,通过接收信号强度或接收信号质量的其他度量排列其范围内的自组织网络。到达设备100形成如图2B所示的网络发现菜单,其中包括多个自组织网络102、112和122中的自组织网络特性的描述,如它们正在运行的应用程序,这些描述是从服务记录推导出并根据所选择的属性列出或根据信号特性排列的。如果用户没有指定感兴趣的特性,那么网络发现菜单通过从每个相应自组织网络中的主设备接收的信号质量排列自组织网络。每个自组织网络的接入码与该菜单中的每个相应项相关,如图2B所示。该接入码为所选择的自组织网络中的主设备寻址分组。该图示出了到达设备100中的自组织网络发 Arrival determination device 100 from the master device 104, 114 and 124 in FIG. 1C through respective characteristics 102, 112 and 122 from the respective links 140, 140 'and 140 "of the received signal hoc network. Arrive editing apparatus 100 then arrives at the device the network discovery menu, or by receiving a signal strength of a received signal quality metric permutation other ad hoc networks within its range. arrives at the device 100 shown in FIG. 2B form a network discovery menu including a plurality of ad hoc networks 102, 112 and self-organizing networks described characteristic 122, as they are running applications, these descriptions are derived from the service records and listed according to the signal characteristics or arrangements according to the selected attributes. If the user is not interested in the characteristics specified , then the network discovery menu via access code for each ad hoc network from the correlation signal quality arrangement ad-hoc network master receives each respective ad hoc network with each respective entry in the menu, as shown in FIG. 2B shown. the master access code is a packet addressed to the selected ad hoc network in. the figure shows a self-organizing network device 100 reaches the hair 现菜单,其中具有显示已发现的自组织网络的超链接235,使用户能快速加入所选择的自组织网络。头一个自组织网络102是以超链接“接入码1”显示的。第二个自组织网络112是以超链接“接入码2”显示的。第三个自组织网络122是以超链接“接入码3”显示的。当用户从该菜单选择了一项时,到达设备使用该接入码自动加入所选择的自组织网络。图2B的自组织网络发现菜单以接收信号质量最强的自组织棒球微微网102,次强的自组织合作微微网112,和第三强的公共互联网网关微微网122的顺序列出这些自组织网络。 Now menu display having ad-hoc network has been found that the hyperlink 235, enables the user to quickly join the selected ad hoc network. First ad hoc network 102 is a hyperlink "access code 1" is displayed. The second ad-hoc network 112 is a hyperlink "access code 2" is displayed. the third ad hoc network 122 is a hyperlink "access code 3" is displayed. when the user selects an item from the menu, reaches apparatus using the access code to automatically join the selected ad hoc network. FIG. 2B ad hoc network discovery menu to the strongest received signal quality of the ad-hoc baseball piconet 102, the second strongest ad hoc collaboration piconet 112, and the third strong public Internet gateway piconet 122 are listed in the order of these self-organizing networks.

图2C示出了到达无线设备100的外观实例。 FIG 2C illustrates an appearance example of the wireless device 100 reach. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards. 其示意了为用户显示的自组织网络发现菜单,其中通过用户选择的特性,如通过用户名,列出所发现的自组织网络。 Which is a schematic of the ad hoc network discovery menu displayed to the user, wherein the properties selected by the user, such as user name, the ad-hoc network lists found. 在本例中,用户已经选择了例如图1的初始菜单205的选项c.选择特定服务类别,寻找自组织网络102、112和122中的所有成员名的列表。 In the present embodiment, for example, the user has selected the initial menu options c 205 of FIG. 1 in. To select a particular service category, the ad hoc network for a list of all the members 102, 112 and 122 of the names. 这个优先选择用于通过限制对用户名的服务类别的请求配置对自组织网络信息提供商的SDP服务请求。 The preference for a request for service by limiting the categories the user name of the configuration service requests for SDP ad hoc network information provider. 到达设备100接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单,通过网络中的成员名列出其范围内的自组织网络。 Editing apparatus 100 then reaches the apparatus reaches the network discovery menu lists the ad hoc networks within its range by a member of the network name. 到达设备100形成图2C所示的网络发现菜单,包括在多个自组织网络102、112和122中的自组织网络特性的描述,如它们正在运行的应用程序,这些描述是从服务记录推导出并根据所选择的用户名的服务类别列出的。 Reaches the network device 100 is formed as shown in FIG. 2C discovery menu including descriptions of ad hoc network characteristics in the multiple ad hoc networks 102, 112 and 122, as they are running applications, these descriptions are derived from the service records and according to the service category selected user name listed. 每个自组织网络的接入码与该菜单中的每个相应项相关,如图2B所示。 The access code for each ad hoc network associated with each respective entry in the menu, shown in Figure 2B. 当用户从该菜单选择了一项时,到达设备利用该接入码自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the arriving device uses the access code to automatically join the selected ad hoc network. 图2C的自组织网络发现菜单以用户名为顺序列出这些自组织网络,将它们组合到它们相应的自组织网络中。 FIG. 2C in the ad hoc network discovery menu lists the order in which the user name is self-organizing network, combining them to their respective ad hoc network.

图3是在蓝牙主设备104连接变成自组织网络信息提供商的第一个从设备106,接着与不是自组织网络信息提供商的第二个从设备108连接时,自组织网络102中的处理流的网络流程图。 FIG 3 is a Bluetooth master device 104 is connected into the ad hoc network information provider from the first device 106, then when the ad-hoc network information provider is not a second connection from the device 108, the ad-hoc network 102 network flowchart of processing flows. 该图继续示意到达蓝牙设备100以自组织网络发现模式运行并与自组织网络102交互作用以预备和显示自组织网络发现菜单的处理流。 FIG Bluetooth device 100 continues to reach a schematic ad hoc network discovery mode and interacting with the ad hoc network 102 in order to prepare and display an ad hoc network discovery menu in the process flow. 图3的主设备104在步骤250启动,首先在主设备104和第一个从蓝牙设备106之间形成自组织网络102,在步骤252,从设备承担新微微网102的自组织网络信息提供商的角色。 The master device 104 in FIG. 3 at step 250 starts, first in a first master device 104 and 102 is formed from the ad hoc network between Bluetooth devices 106, at step 252, assume a new ad hoc network piconet 102 from the information provider apparatus character of. 图3A的流程图详细示出了这部分处理。 FIG 3A is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process. 在步骤254,从设备106在其SDP服务注册600分配服务类别的浏览层次,如图5所示,并在步骤255等待来自主设备的任何更新消息。 In step 254, the device 106 registered in its SDP service browsing hierarchy of service classes assigned 600, shown in Figure 5, and waits for any update messages from the master at step 255. SDP服务注册600中的服务类别将提供一个表征该自组织网络102的记录。 SDP service registry service category 600 will provide a record characterizing the self-organizing network 102. 在SDP服务注册600中存储的自组织网络102的特性可包括当前运行的分布式应用程序的类型,成员数量,其成员的身份,等等。 600 registered properties stored in the SDP service ad-hoc network 102 may include the identity of the type of distributed applications currently running, the number of members, its members, and so on.

当其他从设备,例如设备108,加入该自组织网络102并参与自组织网络102的分布式应用时,它们将导致网络102的状态的改变。 When the other slave devices, such as device 108, 102 to join the ad hoc network and participate in a distributed self-organizing network application 102, which will result in a change of the state of network 102. 为保存自组织网络102的当前状态的记录,每个从设备108发送更新消息到主设备104,如步骤261所示。 The current state is saved from the recording hoc network 102, each device 108 from transmitting the update message to the master device 104, as shown in step 261. 图3C的流程图详细示出了这部分处理。 FIG 3C is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process. 更新消息在步骤262被中继到自组织网络信息提供商106以更新其SDP服务注册600,如步骤264所示。 Update message is relayed to step 262 in the ad-hoc network information provider 106 to update its SDP service registry 600, as shown in step 264. 图3A的流程图详细示出了这部分处理。 FIG 3A is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process. 在SDP服务注册600中这个信息可被频繁更新以提供活动的当前状态,如联合棒球赛的得分。 600 registered in the SDP service information may be frequently updated to provide the current status of activities, such as joint baseball scores.

步骤256示出了主设备104与第二个从设备108连接。 Step 256 illustrates a master device 104 and the second connection from the device 108. 在一个实施例中,如果从设备不是微微网中的第一个从设备,则假定其状态不是自组织网络信息提供商,因此在步骤258请求自组织网络信息提供商106的地址。 In one embodiment, if the first slave device, the device is not assuming its state from piconet is not an ad hoc network information provider, and therefore requests the address ad-hoc network information provider 106 in step 258. 第二个从设备108接着在其存储器写自组织网络信息提供商106的地址以及写其自己的状态为非提供商,如步骤260所示。 Then the second write address ad-hoc network information provider 106 in its memory device 108 from its own state, and the write non-providers, as shown in step 260. 图3A的流程图详细示出了这部分处理。 FIG 3A is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process.

当新蓝牙设备100在步骤266到达该自组织网络的任何成员的通信范围之内时,其开始搜索询问消息。 When a new Bluetooth device 100 in step 266 reaches within the communication range of any member of the ad hoc network, it begins to search query messages. 图3D的流程图详细示出了这部分处理。 FIG 3D is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process. 在本例中,在步骤268的浏览信号被在步骤267检测到该询问的第二个从设备108应答。 In the present example, it is detected at step 267 the interrogation signal in step 268 Browse response from the second device 108. 由于设备108是自组织网络102内的一个普通从设备,从设备108以自组织网络信息提供商106的地址响应。 Since the device 108 is a self-organizing network device 102 from normal, from device 108 to ad hoc network information provider address 106 in response. 到达设备100接着在步骤270寻呼自组织网络信息提供商以获得表征该自组织网络102的信息。 Next, at step 100 the device reaches the ad hoc network information provider 270 to obtain paging information characterizing the self-organizing network 102. 自组织网络信息提供商106在步骤272以从其表征自组织网络102的SDP服务注册600得到的信息响应,并在步骤274返回该信息。 An ad hoc network information provider 106 in step 272 in response to information from the SDP service register characterizing the ad hoc network 102 of 600 obtained at step 274 and returns the information. 本发明接着在图3的步骤276编辑到达设备的网络发现菜单。 The present invention is then edited 276 reaches the network discovery menu in the apparatus of step 3 of FIG. 图3F的流程图详细示意了这部分处理。 Figure 3F is a detailed schematic flowchart of a part of this process. 该网络发现菜单列出了其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 The network discovery menu lists the characteristics of an ad hoc network within its range. 当用户从该菜单选择一项时,到达设备自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu and arriving device automatically join the selected ad hoc network.

图3A是蓝牙设备中的SDP服务注册创建应用程序280的流程图,用于在该设备变为自组织网络的成员时在该设备创建SDP服务注册。 3A is a Bluetooth device in the SDP service registry creation application program flow chart 280 for creating SDP service registry in the device when the device becomes a member of the ad hoc networks. 该流程图示意了第一个出现的从设备变为该自组织网络的自组织信息提供商设备,而后续设备不是自组织信息提供商设备。 This flowchart illustrates the device changes from the self-organizing ad hoc network information provider device of the first occurrence and the subsequent devices are not self organized information provider device. 在一个可选实施例中,一个或多个后续设备也可变为自组织网络信息提供商设备。 In an alternative embodiment, one or more subsequent devices can also become ad hoc network information provider device. SDP服务注册创建应用程序280从步骤282开始,在此设备进入微微网的连接状态,并被主设备分配一个成员号(AM_ADDR)。 SDP service registry 280 to create an application begins at step 282, the device enters the connected state in the piconet, the master device and is assigned a member number (AM_ADDR). 接着步骤283确定这个设备是否为第一个从设备(AM_ADDR=1),其在此实施例中变为自组织网络信息提供商。 Next step 283 determines whether the device from a first device (AM_ADDR = 1), which becomes the ad hoc network embodiment information provider in this embodiment. 如果该设备是第一个从设备,那么该程序在两个地方写该设备的“自组织网络信息提供商”状态。 If the device is the first from the device, then write the program in two places at the device's "ad hoc network information provider" status. 步骤289在图4B的FHS分组缓冲区515的设备类别(CoD)字段写这个状态。 This state is written in step 289 the FHS packet buffer 515 of FIG. 4B the device classes (the CoD) field. 接着步骤290写这个状态作为图5的SDP服务注册600中的属性614。 Following step 290 to write the state as in FIG. 5 SDP service attribute register 614 600. 接着步骤292如图5所示在自组织网络信息提供商的SDP服务注册600分配服务类别的浏览层次。 Next step 292 shown in Figure 5. Register Explore 600 levels of distribution services category in the SDP service ad-hoc network information provider. 这些服务类别的例子为:〔1〕在此微微网中的程序类型〔2〕在此微微网中的成员〔3〕在此微微网中的加密类型〔4〕在此微微网中的设备数〔5〕在此微微网中的其他服务类别步骤292接着进入步骤295,在此将程序流进入初始菜单应用程序(图3B)。 Examples of these service categories are: [1] In this piconet program type [2] members to this piconet [3] In this piconet encryption type [4], the number of devices in this piconet [5] in other piconet service categories step 292 then proceeds to step 295, where the program flow enters the initial menu application (FIG. 3B). 步骤292还进入步骤294,这是一个守护线程,等待来自这个微微网中的其他设备并由主设备中继的任何更新消息。 Step 292 further proceeds to step 294, this thread is a daemon, waiting for any update messages from other devices by the master relay device in the piconet. 步骤294进入步骤296,其接收由主设备中继的服务属性更新消息。 Step 294 proceeds to step 296, which receives the update message by the master relay service attributes. 接着步骤298更新自组织网络信息提供商SDP服务注册600中的服务属性。 Next step 298 to update an ad hoc network information provider SDP service registry service attribute 600. 步骤298接着返回守护线程的步骤294。 Step 298 then returns to step 294 daemon thread.

如果在步骤283的判断是该设备不是第一个从设备,则程序进入步骤284,从主设备请求自组织网络信息提供商的地址。 If it is determined in step 283 is not the first address of the device from entering the device, the program step 284, the ad hoc network information provider request from the master device. 接着步骤286写该设备的状态为“非信息提供商”作为其在图5A的SDP服务注册640中的属性646。 Next step 286 to write the device state is "non-information provider" 646 as its attribute in the SDP service registry 640 of FIG. 5A. 接着步骤288写自组织网络信息提供商的地址作为其在图5A的SDP服务注册640中的属性648。 Next step 288 the write address of the ad hoc network information provider 648 as its attribute in the SDP service registry 640 of FIG. 5A. 步骤288接着进入步骤295,在此将程序流进入初始菜单应用程序(图3B)。 Step 288 then proceeds to step 295, where the program flow enters the initial menu application (FIG. 3B).

图3B是在任何蓝牙设备的初始菜单应用程序300的流程图,用于创建为用户显示的初始菜单,以选择如图1所示的自组织网络发现模式。 FIG 3B is a flowchart of the initial menu application program 300 in any Bluetooth device, for creating the initial menu displayed for the user to select the ad hoc network shown in FIG. 1, discovery mode. 可显示子菜单以使用户能选择一个特定的设备类别,特定的服务类别,和/或特定的服务属性以在远程自组织网络内搜索。 Sub-menu may be displayed to enable a user to select a particular device class, a particular service class, and / or a particular service attribute to search for in the remote ad hoc network within.

到达蓝牙设备的用户可指定感兴趣的自组织网络特性的类型。 The user arrives at a Bluetooth device can specify the type of self-organizing network characteristics of interest. 用户可能正在寻找诸如打印机、传真机或公众互联网网关的服务。 A user may be looking for services such as a printer, fax machine, or the public Internet gateway. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备为诸如打印机或传真机的特定设备类别配置询问。 These preferences can be configured for a particular device category reaches the interrogation apparatus such as a printer or a facsimile machine. 用户可能正在寻找诸如分布式游戏或其他合作活动的应用。 A user may be looking for applications such as distributed games or other cooperation activities. 这些优先选择可用于通过到达设备为诸如游戏的一般服务类别或诸如应用程序或成员名的特定服务属性配置SDP服务请求。 These preferences can be used to configure SDP service requests to service classes such as games or specific general service attributes such as application name or member through to the device.

初始菜单应用程序300从步骤302开始显示初始菜单205。 Initial Menu application 300 302 starts from step 205 to display the initial menu. 初始菜单205的例子为:1.电话,互联网,文件共享2.网络棒球3.合作4.自组织网络发现接着步骤304等待用户输入菜单选项选择。 205 is an example of the initial menu: a telephone, the Internet, a file sharing network baseball 2. 3. 4. Cooperation ad hoc network discovery step 304 then waits for user input to select a menu option.

如果步骤305确定用户选择选项1.电话,互联网,文件共享,则该程序进入步骤306以进入电话,互联网,文件共享子菜单。 If step 305 determines that the user selects option 1. telephone, Internet, file sharing, the program proceeds to step 306 to enter the telephone, the Internet, file sharing submenu.

如果步骤307确定用户选择选项2.网络棒球,则程序进入步骤308以进入自组织网络棒球应用程序(图3C)。 Step 307 determines if the user selects an option 2. Network baseball, the routine proceeds to step 308 to enter the ad hoc network baseball application program (FIG. 3C).

如果步骤309确定用户选择选项3.合作,则程序进入步骤310以进入自组织网络合作应用程序(图3G)。 Step 309 determines if the user selects an option 3. cooperation, the routine proceeds to step 310 to enter the ad hoc network collaboration application program (FIG. 3G).

如果步骤311确定用户选择选项4.自组织网络发现,则程序进入步骤312以显示该子菜单。 Step 311 determines if the user selects option 4. The ad hoc network is found, the program proceeds to step 312 to display the submenu. 该子菜单有六个选择:a.选择所有自组织网络b.选择特定设备类别c.选择特定服务类别d.选择特定服务属性e.选择要阻止的设备类别f.快速搜索步骤315确定是选择b.选择特定设备类别,c.选择特定服务类别,d.选择特定服务属性,还是e.选择要阻止的设备类别。 The six sub-menu selection:. A b Select All ad-hoc network device selects a specific category to select a particular service category c d e selects a specific service attribute category option of blocking the device 315 determines in step f fast search is selected..... b. select a particular device class, C. selecting a particular service category, D. selecting a particular service attributes, or e. select the device to block categories. 如果是,则步骤318设置该类别或属性为用户的键盘输入,且程序进入自组织网络搜索应用程序(图3D)。 If so, then step 318 sets the category or attribute for the user's keyboard input, and the routine proceeds to the ad hoc network search application (Figure 3D). 如果步骤315确定选择的是“所有网络”,则步骤316设置属性和类别均为空,且程序进入自组织网络搜索应用程序(图3D)。 If step 315 determines that the selected "all network", then step 316 sets the properties and categories are empty, and the routine proceeds to the ad hoc network search application (Figure 3D). 在图1的设备100上显示的初始菜单205内给予用户“快速搜索”选项,其检查在询问响应表710内采集的数据以确定响应设备的设备类别(CoD)字段522是否具有“自组织网络信息提供商”的状态。 Given to the user in the initial menu on the FIG. 1 apparatus 100 displays 205 of "fast search" option, it checks the challenge response data collected within the table 710 to determine a response to the device classes (the CoD) device field 522 whether the "ad hoc network status information providers, "the.

图3C是蓝牙设备中的网络棒球应用程序320实例的流程图,用于响应用户从图3B的初始菜单应用的选择进行网络棒球赛。 3C is a flowchart 320 of examples of network baseball application of a Bluetooth device, in response to user selection of network baseball application from the initial menu of FIG. 3B. 该程序包括主广播例程324,用以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商,如果该设备是主设备的话。 The program includes a primary broadcast routine 324 to forward the data to the new ad hoc network information provider, if the device is a master of words. 该程序包括更新得分例程326,用以调用图3E所示的更新例程,其创建将发送给主设备的更新服务记录以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 The update score routine 326 includes a program for updating call routine shown in FIG. 3E, that creates updated service will be sent to the master device for forwarding new data record to the ad hoc network information provider. 该程序包括打球例程,这是核心游戏程序,生成新游戏数据并调用图3E所示的更新例程以创建将经主设备发送到自组织网络信息提供商的更新服务记录。 The program includes a routine play, which is the core of the game program, game data and generate new call update routine shown in Fig. 3E to create an updated service records will be sent to the ad hoc network information provider by the master device.

网络棒球应用程序320从步骤322开始,确定该本地设备是否为微微网主设备,是则程序进入广播例程324,否则进入更新得分例程326。 Network Baseball application program 320 starts from step 322, determines whether the local device is a piconet master, then the program proceeds to a broadcast routine 324, otherwise go to update score routine 326.

主广播例程324判断该即时设备是否为主设备。 The primary broadcast routine 324 to determine whether the instant device-based device. 主广播例程324确定是否已经从从设备接收了新数据,如果是,则程序将新数据转发到自组织网络信息提供商。 The primary broadcast routine 324 determines whether it has received from the new data from the device, and if so, the program will forward the data to the new ad hoc network information provider. 如果已经由主设备生成了新数据,则该程序发送新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 If new data has been generated by the master, then the program sends the new data to the ad hoc network information provider. 否则程序进入更新例程326。 Otherwise, the program enters update routine 326.

更新得分例程326以涉及该得分的新数据更新游戏记分板。 Update score routine 326 to the new data relating to the game score updates scoreboard. 该例程接着调用服务记录更新例程(图3E)以创建更新的服务记录。 The routine then calls the service record update routine (Fig. 3E) to create an updated service record. 如果本地设备不是自组织网络信息提供商,则程序发送更新的服务记录到主设备以转发到自组织网络信息提供商。 If the local device is not an ad hoc network information provider, the program sends the updated service record to the master device to forward to the ad hoc network information provider. 更新得分例程326接着进入打球例程328。 Update score routine 326 then enters the playing routine 328.

打球例程328包含生成新游戏数据的核心网游戏程序。 Play routine 328 contains the core gaming program generates new game data. 该程序接着调用服务记录更新例程(图3E)以创建更新的服务记录。 The program then calls the service record update routine (Fig. 3E) to create an updated service record. 如果本地设备不是自组织网络信息提供商,则该程序发送更新的服务记录到主设备以转发到自组织网络信息提供商。 If the local device is not a self-organizing network information provider, the program sends the updated service record to the master device to forward to the ad hoc network information provider.

图3D是无线设备中的自组织网络发现应用程序412的流程图。 FIG 3D is a flowchart of the application 412 in the ad hoc wireless network device discovery. 这个图适用于支持自组织网络的所有无线标准。 This figure applies to support self-organizing network of all wireless standards. 自组织网络发现应用程序412响应用户从图3B的初始菜单应用的选择执行自组织网络发现。 The ad-hoc network discovery application program 412 executed in response to user selection from the initial menu application of Figure 3B the ad hoc network discovery. 该程序控制到达无线设备100与远程自组织网络的交互作用,并传递结果产生的发现的自组织网络的排列表到图3F的自组织网络发现菜单程序。 Row lists the ad hoc network control program 100 reaches the wireless device interact with the remote ad hoc networks, and passes the result to find the ad hoc network discovery menu program of FIG. 3F.

到达无线设备的用户可指定感兴趣的自组织网络特性的类型。 Reach the user type of wireless device ad hoc network characteristics of interest can be specified. 用户可能正在寻找诸如打印机,传真机或公众互联网网关的服务。 A user may be looking for services such as a printer, fax machine, or the public Internet gateway. 这些优先选择可用于由到达设备为诸如打印机或传真机的特定设备类别(CoD)配置询问。 These preferences can be used in a particular device class (the CoD) by the arrival of the device such as a printer or a facsimile configuration request. 用户可能正在寻找诸如分布式游戏或其他合作活动的应用。 A user may be looking for applications such as distributed games or other cooperation activities. 这些优先选择可用于通过到达设备为诸如游戏的一般服务类别或诸如应用程序或成员名的特定服务属性配置SDP服务请求。 These preferences can be used to configure SDP service requests to service classes such as games or specific general service attributes such as application name or member through to the device.

如果到达设备来到若干自组织网络的通信距离内,其从相应的自组织网络信息提供商采集表征每个自组织网络的信息。 If the communication distance to reach the device a number of ad-hoc network that collects information characterizing each ad hoc network from the respective ad hoc network information provider. 本发明接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单,列出其范围内自组织网络的特性。 The present invention, then the characteristics of the ad-hoc network within its scope editing apparatus reaches network discovery menu listing. 网络发现菜单根据用户感兴趣的特性类型列出每个响应自组织网络的特性。 Network discovery menu lists the characteristics of each response to the ad-hoc network in accordance with the type of characteristics of interest to the user. 如果用户没有指定感兴趣的特性,则网络发现菜单通过从每个相应自组织网络的主设备接收的信号质量排列自组织网络。 If the user does not specify characteristics of interest, then the network discovery menu arrangement an ad hoc network by the quality of the signal received from the master device in each respective ad hoc network. 每个自组织网络的接入码与该自组织网络发现菜单中的每个相应项相关。 Access code related to the ad hoc network discovery menu for each item of each respective ad hoc network with. 当用户从该菜单中选择一项时,到达设备自动加入该选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the arriving device automatically join the selected ad hoc network.

图3D的自组织网络发现应用程序412在步骤400具有来自初始菜单应用(图3B)的输入点。 FIG. 3D ad hoc network discovery application program 412 has an initial entry point from the application menu (FIG. 3B) at step 400. 判断步骤402确定是否选择了一个网络应用,如网络棒球或合作程序。 Step 402 determines whether to select a network application, such as baseball or network cooperation procedures. 如果是,则程序进入所选择的步骤404或406。 If so, the procedure enters step 404 or 406 selected. 步骤404进入图3C的自组织网络棒球应用程序。 Step 404 of FIG. 3C into the ad hoc network baseball application. 步骤406进入图3G的自组织网络合作应用程序。 Step 406 to enter the view of a self-organizing network collaboration application of 3G. 自组织网络棒球应用程序和自组织网络合作应用程序调用图3E的服务记录更新应用程序,并发送更新的记录到主设备以中继到自组织网络信息提供商。 Ad hoc network baseball application and self-organizing network collaboration application calls service record update Figure 3E application and send updates to the master recording device to relay to the ad hoc network information provider.

如果图3D的判断步骤402确定用户已经选择了自组织网络发现选项,则程序进入步骤412以启动该自组织网络搜索程序。 If the determination in step 402 of FIG. 3D determines that the user has selected an ad hoc network discovery option, the program proceeds to step 412 to start the ad hoc network search procedure. 步骤413调用链路控制器以发送询问到该区域中的远程无线设备并建立询问响应表710。 Step 413 calls the link controller to transmit to the interrogation zone and establish a remote wireless device query response table 710. 在任何时刻蓝牙设备都处于若干不同状态中的一种。 Bluetooth devices are at any time in one of several different states. 当前用户设备100处于待机状态,待用,不交换数据,而且无线电206也不开。 The user equipment 100 is currently in the standby state, the standby, no exchange of data, and the radio 206 are not opened. 步骤413调用链路控制器进入询问状态并启动试图发现10米通信范围内的所有蓝牙设备的过程。 Step 413 calls inquiry into the state of the link controller and start the process of trying to find all Bluetooth devices within communication range of 10 meters. 设备100开始周期性发送询问分组。 Apparatus 100 starts sending periodically query packet. 图4A示出了用户的到达设备100发送的询问分组500的蓝牙分组结构。 4A shows a user query transmitted packet arrives at the device 100 of the Bluetooth packet structure 500. 分组500的通用询问接入码(GIAC)被所有蓝牙设备识别为询问消息。 Universal access code query packet 500 (the GIAC) by all Bluetooth devices as an inquiry message.

在图3D的步骤413调用的询问程序执行期间,处于询问扫描状态的任何其他无线设备扫描以确定是否接收到询问分组500。 Any other wireless device during the scan interrogation step 413 calls FIG. 3D is performed, in the inquiry scan state receives the inquiry to determine whether the packet 500. 如果处于询问扫描状态的远程无线设备接收到该询问分组500,则其以询问响应分组510响应,这个分组具有充分信息,使得用户的询问设备100能建立进行连接所需的基本信息的询问响应表710。 If the remote wireless device in inquiry scan state receives the inquiry packet 500, which is the response to the challenge response packet 510, the packet has sufficient information so that a user's query device 100 can establish an inquiry response table of the basic information necessary to connect to 710. 能识别询问分组500的任何远程无线设备都可响应。 You can identify any query packet 500 to the remote wireless device can respond. 图4B示出了询问响应分组510的蓝牙跳频同步(FHS)分组结构。 4B shows a inquiry response packet 510 Bluetooth Frequency Hopping Synchronization (FHS) packet structure. 所示的例子是由图1A中的自组织网络信息提供商106发送的分组510。 Examples of packet 510 is shown in FIG. 1A sent by ad hoc network information provider 106. 图4B还示出了FHS分组缓冲区515,其中已经由设备106构成了分组510。 4B also shows the FHS packet buffer 515, a packet 510 which has been configured by the device 106. 正如对图3A讨论的,每当无线设备变为自组织网络信息提供商时,步骤289将其新状态“自组织网络信息提供商”写入其FHS分组缓冲区515的设备类别(CoD)字段522。 As the discussion of FIG. 3A, each time the wireless device becomes the ad hoc network information provider, in step 289 new state to "ad hoc network information provider" into which category the FHS packet buffer device 515 (the CoD) field 522.

在图3D的步骤413,用户的询问设备100以从诸如设备106的响应设备接收的询问响应分组510中的信息构成询问响应表710。 In step 413 of FIG. 3D, to user interrogation device 100, such as a device query response received from the device 106 in response to the information packet 510 constitutes inquiry response table 710. 询问响应表710示意了由用户的询问设备100中的链路控制器采集的基本信息,需要这个信息用来与任何响应的无线设备连接。 Inquiry response table 710 illustrates the basic information 100 acquired by the user equipment asking the link controller, the information required to connect to any wireless device in response. 任何响应设备,如设备106,都被标上,具有状态为“自组织网络信息提供商”的设备类别(CoD)字段522。 Any response device, such as device 106, are the standard, with a status of "ad hoc network information provider" device classes (the CoD) field 522.

对于图3D的判断步骤414有若干编程选项用于处理在询问响应表710采集的数据。 For the determination step 414 of FIG. 3D Several programming options table 710 for processing the data acquired in the inquiry response. 判断步骤414可被编程用于确定响应设备的设备类别(CoD)字段522是否具有状态“自组织网络信息提供商”。 Determination step 414 can be programmed to determine a response device classes (the CoD) field 522 whether the device state "ad hoc network information provider." 如果是,则步骤415进入步骤416以搜索自组织网络信息提供商的服务记录。 If so, step 415 proceeds to step 416 to search for a service record ad hoc network information provider. 由于设备类别(CoD)字段522的分析只需要图4B的询问响应分组510,并不需要完成这两个设备之间的连接,因此这个选项能提供对响应设备的快速搜索。 Since the analysis device category (the CoD) field 522 only needs to FIG. 4B inquiry response packet 510 does not need to complete the connection between the two devices, so this option provides a quick search of responding device. 在图1的设备100上显示的初始菜单205中给予用户“快速搜索”选项,这个选项调用步骤415检查在询问响应表710采集的数据以确定任何响应设备的设备类别(CoD)字段522是否具有状态“自组织网络信息提供商”。 Giving the user "fast search" option in the initial menu 205 of FIG. 1, the display device 100, this option is invoked in step 415 to check the inquiry response data table 710 acquired to determine whether any device category (the CoD) in response to the device field 522 whether state "ad hoc network information provider."

判断步骤414可编程用于确定响应设备的设备类别(CoD)字段522是否具有在字段522中指示的另一类型的用户指定的设备类别(CoD),这个CoD匹配搜索选项列表700中的项目。 The CoD option list that match the search item 700 in step 414 is determined in response to a programmable apparatus for determining a category (CoD) field 522 whether or not the device having the device category (CoD) Another type of user indicated in the field 522 specified. 如果是,则步骤417进入步骤418以搜索其他设备类别的服务记录。 If so, step 417 proceeds to step 418 to search for other service recording device category. 例如,在询问用户在搜索选项列表700中已经指定其想搜索诸如“复印机”的服务类别的情况下,可以选择这个选项。 For example, asking the user has specified that want to search, such as the case of "copy machine" service category, you can select this option in the search list of options 700. 在这个点可针对来自这种响应设备的服务记录的任选特殊处理执行任选的程序分支。 Optionally may be performed at this point for this service from a special treatment, optionally in response to a recording apparatus program branching. 因此,具有期望的设备类别“复印机”的任何设备被传递到步骤418。 Thus, the device having the desired category 'copying machine' is any device 418 is transferred to the step. 在本例中,没有发现任何设备。 In the present embodiment, the devices did not find any.

判断步骤414可被编程用于确定响应设备的设备类别(CoD)字段522是否没有在字段522指示的匹配搜索选项列表700中的项目的用户指定的设备类别(CoD)。 Determination step 414 can be programmed to determine a response device classes (the CoD) field device classes device (the CoD) 522 designated by the user whether or not the items that match the search options list 700 indicated by the field 522. 如果是,则用户设备100可在步骤420被编程用于浏览该设备的服务记录。 If so, the user device 100 can be programmed to browsing service record of the device at step 420. 在某些自组织网络信息提供商设备有机会改写它们的设备类别字段522中存储的状态值的情况下,这是一个有用的选项。 In certain ad hoc network information provider devices have the opportunity to rewrite the case of their device category field 522 value stored in the state, which is a useful option. 一个可选程序选项允许步骤420浏览所有响应设备,而不考虑字段522中指示的设备类别(CoD)。 Selectable option allowing a program step 420 in response to browse all devices regardless of the device class indicated in field 522 (CoD).

判断步骤414可被编程用于确定用户是否已经指定了要阻止的设备类别(CoD)。 Determination step 414 can be programmed to determine whether the user has specified a device category (the CoD) to block. 如果指定了要阻止的设备类别,则该程序识别在搜索选项列表700中列出的任何设备为具有阻止的设备类别。 If the device you want to block the category specified, the program identifies any device in the list of search options are listed as having a 700 equipment categories blocked. 不理会那些对具有匹配用户指定的一个受阻CoD的设备类别(CoD)的询问响应的任何设备。 Any device that would ignore a device class of hindered CoD having matching user-specified (CoD) in response to the inquiry. 因此,在上面的例子中,不理会带有“打印机”、“传真机”或“广告”的受阻设备类别的任何设备。 Thus, in the above example, ignore with "printer", "facsimile" or "advertising" any device blocked device category.

请求的无线设备100通过图3D的步骤416、418和420,搜索和/或浏览在响应设备106的SDP服务记录中的服务。 Requesting wireless device 100 at step 416, 418 and 420 of FIG. 3D, searching and / or browsing services in response to SDP service record in the device 106. 如同在上面针对图3A描述的那样,自组织网络信息提供商设备106已经构成了SDP服务注册600,其以图5所示的浏览层次存储服务记录。 As 3A as described above for the FIG., The ad hoc network information provider device 106 has configured the SDP service registry 600, a service record to store browsing hierarchy shown in Figure 5 thereof. 这些服务记录被排列为可浏览的树形结构层次。 These service records are arranged in a hierarchical tree structure can be browsed. 请求设备100可以从检查公共浏览根部602开始,接着沿该层次向外到达位于该树的分支的服务类别,并由此到叶节点,在叶节点中,在服务记录描述各个服务。 Requesting device 100 may start checking from the public browse root 602, then reaches outwardly along the service category level of the tree branches are located, and thus to the leaf node in the leaf node, each service described in the service record. 为浏览服务类别或得到有关服务的特定信息,请求设备100和响应设备106交换在SDP分组中携带的消息。 Obtained for the browser service class or specific information about the service, in response to the requesting device 100 and devices 106 exchange messages carried in SDP packets. 在此讨论两种类型的SDP分组,即,图4E所示的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组560和图4F所示的SDP服务搜索属性响应分组570。 We discussed two types of SDP packets, i.e., as shown in FIG. 4E SDP service search attribute SDP service search attribute request packet 560 shown in FIG. 4F and response packet 570. SDP请求分组560传输SDP服务搜索属性请求567,其包括服务搜索模式568和属性ID列表569。 SDP Request packet 560 transmitted SDP service search attribute request 567, which includes a service search pattern 568 and an attribute ID list 569. 服务搜索模式568是对响应设备106的模式的描述,匹配图5中的其注册600。 Service search pattern 568 is the description of the mode of response of the device 106, FIG. 5 which match register 600. 如果响应设备106具有所请求的服务,则以该服务的处理响应。 If the responding device 106 has the requested service, the service response processing places. 该服务处理识别正请求其属性的服务。 The service is requesting the service process identifies a property. 属性ID列表569识别请求设备100正请求的属性。 Attribute ID list 569 to identify the device 100 requests the attribute being requested. 由图4F中的响应设备106返回的SDP响应分组570传输SDP服务搜索属性响应577,其包括服务记录处理列表578和属性579。 Returned by the responding device 106 in FIG. 4F SDP response packet 570 transmitted SDP service search attribute response 577, which includes a service record handle list 578 and the attributes 579. 服务记录处理列表578和属性579接着被传递到图3D的步骤421,在此“信息提供商”的属性被检查以确定响应设备106是否为微微网中的自组织网络信息提供商。 Listing service 578 and the recording process attributes 579 are then passed to 3D step 421, this "information provider" attribute is checked to determine whether the device 106 in response to the ad hoc network information provider for the piconet. 在图4F中可看到,属性614”指示响应设备106实际上是自组织网络信息提供商。 Can be seen in 4F, the attribute 614 "indicates that responding device 106 is in fact an ad hoc network information provider.

图3D的步骤416、418和420进入步骤421,步骤421检查服务记录以识别该响应设备是否为其相应微微网中的自组织网络信息提供商。 Steps 416, 418 and 420 of FIG. 3D proceeds to step 421, step 421 checks the service record to identify whether the device is in response to the ad hoc network information provider for the corresponding piconet. 如果判断步骤422确定响应设备106是自组织网络信息提供商,如同在图5的注册600的属性614中指定的那样,则程序传递到步骤426。 If decision step 422 determines that the responding device 106 is an ad hoc network information provider, as specified in the attribute register 614 600 as in FIG. 5, the routine passes to step 426. 或者,如果判断步骤422确定响应设备108不是自组织网络信息提供商,如同在图5A的注册640的属性646中指定的那样,则步骤424利用在图5A的属性648中提供的自组织网络信息提供商106的地址,所述信息提供商106与响应设备108同处一个微微网,寻呼自组织网络信息提供商106以获得和搜索图5中其注册600中的SDP服务记录。 Alternatively, if it is determined in step 422 device 108 determines the response is not an ad hoc network information provider, as specified in the attributes 646 as register 640 of FIG. 5A, step 424 utilizing the ad-hoc network in the attribute information 648 of FIG. 5A address of the provider 106, the information provider 108 with the device 106 in response to a piconet, the paging ad hoc network information provider 106 to obtain the search and 5 registered SDP service record 600. 步骤424进入步骤426,其列出在响应的微微网中所有自组织网络信息提供商106、116和126的服务记录。 Step 424 proceeds to step 426, which lists all the service records hoc network information provider in a piconet of the response from the 106, 116 and 126. 步骤426分别列出从图5、6A和6B的服务注册600、600A和600B得到的服务记录。 Step 426 records were obtained from the listed services and service registration FIGS. 5,6A and 600,600A of 600B 6B.

在本发明的一个可选实施例中,新自组织网络中的信息提供商设备的地址可以是缺省地址。 In an alternative embodiment of the present invention, the address information provider device in a new ad hoc network can be a default address. 例如,当本发明在蓝牙标准,IEEE802.11无线LAN标准,或HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准中体现时,新自组织网络中的信息提供商设备可具有缺省地址以允许移动台定位和识别自组织网络中的信息提供商设备。 For example, when, IEEE 802.1 1 wireless LAN standard, or HIPERLAN type 2 wireless LAN standard Bluetooth standard embodied in the present invention, the information provider device in a new ad hoc network can have a default address to allow mobile stations to locate and identify from organize information provider device in the network. 每个到达设备都知晓该缺省地址。 Each device reach are aware of the default address. 例如,在蓝牙标准中,缺省地址可以是该自组织网络中第一个从设备的地址。 For example, in the Bluetooth standard, the default address may be the ad hoc network address from the first device. 作为另一例子,在IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准中,缺省地址可以是该自组织网络中第一个设备或者第二个设备的地址。 As another example, in the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, the default address can be the address of the ad hoc network, the first device or a second device. 作为另一个例子,在HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准中,缺省地址可以是中央控制器设备的地址或该自组织网络中第二个设备的地址。 As another example, in the HIPERLAN Type 2 Wireless LAN Standard, the default address may be the address of the central controller device or an ad hoc network address of the second device. 当到达设备足够靠近该自组织网络以从该网络中的设备接收周期性信标信号或者接收对其询问的响应时,到达设备将了解到该网络中的信息提供商设备的缺省地址。 When the device reaches close enough to the ad hoc network when the device receives a periodic beacon signal of the network or in response to its inquiry received from the arriving device will know the default address of the information provider device in the network. 如果到达设备正在运行自组织网络发现菜单选项,则到达设备可利用该缺省地址直接向信息提供商提出请求,以获得表征该自组织网络的服务记录。 If you reach the device is running an ad hoc network discovery menu option, you can use this device to reach the default address a request directly to the information provider to obtain service records characterizing the self-organizing network.

或者,如果图3D的判断步骤422确定响应设备不清楚本自组织网络提供商发明,则该程序进入步骤423。 Alternatively, if the determination in step 422 of FIG. 3D is determined in response to the ad hoc network equipment providers do not know the present invention, the program proceeds to step 423. 不知情无线设备不了解该信息提供商特征。 Without the knowledge of wireless devices do not understand the information provider feature. 当不知情设备从用户的到达设备100接收到图4E的SDP服务搜索属性请求时,属性ID请求列表569包括UUID:INFO_PROVIDER属性614'。 When the device receives from a user without the knowledge of the device 100 reaches to SDP service search attribute request of FIG. 4E, the request ID attribute list 569 comprises UUID: INFO_PROVIDER attribute 614 '. 不知情设备的服务注册中没有这个属性,因此其以该请求包含无效的服务记录处理的SDP ErrorResponse响应。 Service registration device is not blinded this property, which is thus the request contains an invalid SDP ErrorResponse service record response processing. 用户的到达设备100在421将检测这个响应。 The user device 100 will detect arrival of the response at 421. 接着程序进入步骤423,在此可以以从图4B的询问响应分组510导出的任何信息列出响应设备,包括其设备类别(CoD),如“传真机”或“打印机”。 The program then proceeds to step 423, where FIG. 4B may query response from any of the information derived from packets listed responsive device 510, which comprises a device category (the CoD), such as "facsimile" or "printer." 在自组织网络发现菜单中,可以以“不知情设备”的指定列出这个信息。 In an ad hoc network discovery menu can be specified in "knowledge Devices" lists this information. 如果在图4E的后续SDP服务搜索属性请求560中,存在一些通用的UUID,可以被用户设备100公式化,则步骤423可再次尝试另一服务请求。 If the request 560 in a subsequent SDP service search attribute of Figure 4E, there are some general the UUID, a user equipment may be formulated 100, step 423 may again attempt another service request. 如果再次尝试的服务请求使得在图4F的响应分组570从不知情设备接收更多有用属性,则步骤423也可使它们在自组织网络发现菜单中列出。 If you try again in response to a service request such that FIG. 4F 570 receives a packet from the more useful properties unaware device, then step 423 are listed in the menu can also be found in the ad-hoc network.

接着判断步骤427确定用户是否已经指定了任何感兴趣的服务类别或服务属性。 Then decision step 427 determines whether the user has specified any service classes or service attributes of interest. 如果用户已经指定了任何服务类别或服务属性,则步骤432分析所指定的服务类别或服务属性,而步骤434通过所指定的服务类别或服务属性排列自组织网络。 If the user has specified any service classes or service attributes, then step 432 analyzes the specified service classes or service attributes, the ad-hoc network in step 434 are arranged over the specified service classes or service attributes. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了所排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad-hoc network arranged in the arrangement table 720 of FIG. 2A.

或者,如果用户没有指定任何服务类别或服务属性,则步骤428确定在响应的微微网中自组织网络主设备的信号质量特性。 Alternatively, if the user has not specified any service classes or service attributes, then step 428 is determined in response to the piconet in the ad-hoc network signal quality characteristic of the master device. 信号质量特性可以通过接收信号强度,比特差错率,或其他服务质量(QoS)度量来测量。 Signal quality characterization may, bit error rate, or other quality of service (QoS) metrics measured by the received signal strength. 接着步骤430通过服务质量(QoS)度量来排列自组织网络。 Following step 430 are arranged in the ad-hoc network via quality of service (QoS) metrics. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A. 步骤430和434均进入步骤436,在此程序进入图3F的自组织网络发现菜单应用程序。 Step 430 and 434 were involved in the step 436, the program enters the ad-hoc network discovery menu Figure 3F applications.

可用于通过接收信号质量排列自组织网络的度量例子包括时间累积的比特差错率,时间累积的分组差错率,接收信号强度,链路质量测量,连续波干扰(例如,来自微波炉或钠蒸汽街灯),同信道干扰,明确的信道评估(防碰撞),单位时间的冲突,重试计数,以及单位时间作废的帧。 Can be used to measure the cumulative alignment Examples of the ad-hoc network comprises a time through the received signal quality of a bit error rate, packet error rate of accumulation time, received signal strength, link quality measurements, continuous wave interference (e.g., from a microwave oven or sodium vapor street lights) , co-channel interference, clear channel assessment (collision avoidance), the conflict unit time, retry counts, and frames canceled per unit time is.

图3E是在任何蓝牙设备中服务记录更新例程330的流程图,所述例程创建要发送到主设备的更新服务记录以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 3E is any Bluetooth device 330 in the service record update routine flowchart, create update service to be transmitted to the master device for forwarding new data record to the ad hoc network information provider of the routine.

当其他从设备加入到该自组织网络并参与该自组织网络的分布式应用时,它们会修改网络的状态。 When other devices to join from the ad hoc network and participate in the ad hoc network of distributed applications, they will modify the state of the network. 为保存自组织网络的当前状态的记录,每个从设备发送更新消息到主设备,这些消息被中继到自组织网络信息提供商,以更新其SDP服务注册。 The current state is saved from the recording hoc network, each update message transmitted from the device to the master device, these messages are relayed to the ad hoc network information provider, to update its SDP service registry. 在SDP服务注册中可以频繁更新这个信息以提供活动的当前状态,如联合棒球赛的得分。 In the SDP service registry can frequently update this information in order to provide the current status of activities, such as joint baseball scores.

服务记录更新例程330被网络棒球应用程序320和网络合作应用程序350调用。 Service record update routine 330 is a network baseball application program 320 and Web collaboration application 350 calls.

服务记录更新例程330以遵守SDP服务记录格式的格式设置从网络棒球应用程序320和网络合作应用程序350接收的值。 Service record update routine 330 in compliance with the value of the formatting of SDP service record format received from the network baseball application program 320 and the network collaboration application program 350. 该程序接着以所需的格式写更新的服务记录到本地SDP服务注册。 The program went on to write an updated service records in the required format to the local SDP service registry.

图3F是蓝牙设备中的自组织网络发现菜单程序340的流程图,用于从图3D的自组织网络发现应用程序412接收所得到的发现自组织网络排列表并显示图2C所示的自组织网络发现菜单。 FIG 3F is a Bluetooth device in the ad hoc network discovery menu program 340 of a flowchart, a discovery application 412 receives the findings obtained from the self-organizing network arrangement table ad-hoc network of FIG. 3D and displaying the ad-hoc shown in Figure 2C network discovery menu.

如果到达设备来到若干个自组织网络的通信范围内,其从相应的自组织网络信息提供商采集表征每个自组织网络的信息。 If the device to reach the communication range of several ad hoc networks, which acquires information characterizing each ad hoc network from the respective ad hoc network information provider. 本发明接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单,列出其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 The present invention then editing apparatus reaches network discovery menu lists the characteristics of the ad hoc network within its scope. 网络发现菜单根据用户感兴趣的特性类型列出每个响应的自组织网络的特性。 Network discovery menu lists the characteristics of each responding ad hoc network according to the type of characteristics of interest to the user. 如果用户没有指定感兴趣的特性,则网络发现菜单通过从每个相应自组织网络的主设备接收的信号质量排列自组织网络。 If the user does not specify characteristics of interest, then the network discovery menu arrangement an ad hoc network by the quality of the signal received from the master device in each respective ad hoc network. 每个自组织网络的接入码与该菜单中的每个相应项相关。 Each ad-hoc network of access code associated with each respective entry in the menu. 当用户从该菜单中选择了一项时,到达设备自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the arriving device automatically join the ad hoc network selected.

自组织网络发现菜单程序340从显示该自组织网络发现菜单开始。 The ad-hoc network discovery menu program 340 of the ad hoc network discovery menu displayed from the start. 图3F所示的菜单实例为:选项字符串1“BASEBALL CUBS VS.METS 3RD INNING SCORE 2TO 2”2“CAD COLLABORATION NEED HELP DESIGNINGBRIDGE TRUSS”3“INDIVIDUALS CONNECTED TO INTERNETGATEWAY DEVICE”等待选择自组织网络发现菜单程序340等待用户选择其中一个选项。 Examples of the menu shown in FIG. 3F is: option string 1 "BASEBALL CUBS VS.METS 3RD INNING SCORE 2TO 2" 2 "CAD COLLABORATION NEED HELP DESIGNINGBRIDGE TRUSS" 3 "INDIVIDUALS CONNECTED TO INTERNETGATEWAY DEVICE" wait selector ad hoc network discovery menu program 340 waits for the user to select one of the options. 如果用户选择例如选项1,则程序利用自组织棒球微微网接入码发送一个寻呼到自组织棒球微微网主设备,以便加入该自组织棒球微微网。 For example if the user selects option 1, the program using the ad-hoc baseball piconet transmits a paging access code to the ad hoc baseball piconet master device, in order to join the self-organization baseball piconet. 如果用户选择例如选项2,则程序利用自组织合作微微网接入码发送一个寻呼到自组织合作微微网主设备,以便加入该自组织合作微微网。 For example if the user selects option 2, the program using the ad-hoc collaboration piconet transmits a paging access code to the ad hoc collaboration piconet master device, in order to join the self-organization collaboration piconet. 如果用户选择例如选项3,则程序利用自组织互联网网关微微网接入码发送一个寻呼到自组织互联网网关微微网主设备,以便加入该自组织互联网网关微微网。 If the user selects option 3, for example, the routine use of self-organizing Internet gateway piconet transmits a paging access code to the ad hoc Internet gateway piconet master device, in order to join the self-organization Internet gateway piconet.

图3G是在蓝牙设备中的网络合作应用程序350实例的流程图,用于响应用户从图3B的初始菜单应用的选择执行网络合作会话。 FIG 3G is a flowchart illustrating an example of a network 350 in cooperation applications a Bluetooth device for selecting a user performs a network collaboration session response from the initial menu application of Figure 3B. 该程序包括用于转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商的主广播例程,如果该设备是主设备的话。 The program includes new data for forwarding to the main routine broadcasting the ad hoc network information provider, if the device is a master of words. 该程序包括调用图3E所示的更新例程,该例程创建要发送到主设备的更新服务记录以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 The program includes an update routine shown in Fig. 3E call, the routine creates a service update to be sent to the master recording to forward new data to the ad hoc network information provider.

该程序包括主广播例程354,用于转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商,如果该设备是主设备的话。 The program includes a primary broadcast routine 354 for forwarding new data to the ad hoc network information provider, if the device is a master of words. 该程序包括更新CAD设计例程以调用图3E所示的更新例程,其创建要发送到主设备的更新服务记录,以转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 The program includes updated CAD design routine to call the update routine shown in Fig. 3E, which is created to send to the update service master records to forward the data to the new ad hoc network information provider. 该程序包括CAD网络合作例程,该例程是生成新数据并调用图3E所示的更新例程以创建要通过主设备发送到自组织网络信息提供商的更新服务记录的核心程序。 The program includes CAD network collaboration routine, which is to generate new data and call the update routine shown in Fig. 3E to create an update service records to be sent to the core program ad hoc network information provider through the main device.

网络合作应用程序350从步骤352开始,步骤352确定本地设备是否为微微网主设备,是则程序进入广播例程354,否则进入更新得分例程356。 Network collaboration application program 350 starts at step 352, step 352 determines whether the local device is the piconet master device is broadcasting the program enters the routine 354, otherwise go to update score routine 356.

主广播例程354确定该即时设备是否为主设备。 The primary broadcast routine 354 determines the instant device is a master device. 主广播例程354确定是否已经从从设备接收了新数据,如果是,则该程序转发新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 The primary broadcast routine 354 determines whether it has received from the new data from the device, if it is, then the program forwards the new data to the ad hoc network information provider. 如果主设备已经生成了新数据,则该程序发送该新数据到自组织网络信息提供商。 If the master device has generated new data, the program sends the new data to the ad hoc network information provider. 否则该程序进入更新例程356。 Otherwise, the program proceeds to update routine 356.

更新CAD设计例程356以涉及CAD设计活动的新数据更新设计状态。 Update CAD design routine 356 new CAD design data related to the activities of the state update the design. 该例程接着调用服务记录更新例程(图3E)以创建更新的服务记录。 The routine then calls the service record update routine (Fig. 3E) to create an updated service record. 如果本地设备不是自组织网络信息提供商,则该程序发送更新的服务记录到主设备以转发到自组织网络信息提供商。 If the local device is not a self-organizing network information provider, the program sends the updated service record to the master device to forward to the ad hoc network information provider. 更新得分例程356接着进入CAD网络合作例程358。 Update score routine 356 then enters the CAD network collaboration routine 358.

CAD网络合作例程358包含生成新CAD设计数据的核心网络程序。 CAD network collaboration routine 358 contains the core network program generates a new CAD design data. 该程序接着调用服务记录更新例程(图3E)以创建更新的服务记录。 The program then calls the service record update routine (Fig. 3E) to create an updated service record. 如果本地设备不是自组织网络信息提供商,则该程序发送更新的服务记录到主设备以转发到自组织网络信息提供商。 If the local device is not a self-organizing network information provider, the program sends the updated service record to the master device to forward to the ad hoc network information provider.

图4A示出了用户设备100发送的询问分组的蓝牙分组结构。 4A illustrates the user equipment 100 transmits a query packet of the Bluetooth packet structure. 在用户的询问设备100中,其链路控制器216被调用以发送询问到该区域中的蓝牙设备,如信息提供商设备106,并建立图2A的询问响应表710。 In the query the user equipment 100, which is called a link controller 216 to transmit the interrogation region to Bluetooth devices, such as the information provider device 106, and establish inquiry response table 710 of FIG. 2A. 在任何时间蓝牙设备都处于若干不同状态中的一种。 Bluetooth devices are at any time in one of several different states. 如果用户的询问设备100处于待机状态,则其待用,没有数据交换,而且其蓝牙无线电206也不开。 If the user asks the device 100 is in the standby state, it inactive, no data exchange, and its Bluetooth radio 206 does not open. 其链路控制器216被调用以进入询问状态并开始试图发现10米通信距离内的所有蓝牙设备的过程。 Which is called a link controller 216 to enter the inquiry state and begins the process of attempting to discover all Bluetooth devices within 10 meters communication distance. 用户的询问设备100开始周期性发送询问分组。 Ask the user equipment 100 starts periodically transmits inquiry packets. 图4A示出了用户的询问设备100发送到附近的所有其他设备的询问分组500的蓝牙分组结构。 4A shows a user query device 100 transmits inquiry to all other devices in the vicinity of the Bluetooth packet structure 500 packets. 分组500的通用询问接入码(GIAC)被所有蓝牙设备识别为询问消息。 Universal access code query packet 500 (the GIAC) by all Bluetooth devices as an inquiry message.

在询问程序执行期间,处于询问扫描状态的任何其他蓝牙设备,如信息提供商设备106,扫描以确定是否接收到询问分组500。 During interrogation program execution, any other Bluetooth device in the inquiry scan state, such as the information provider device 106, scanned to determine whether an inquiry packet 500. 如果处于询问扫描状态的信息提供商设备106接收到该询问分组500,则其以询问响应分组510响应,这个分组具有充分信息,使得用户的询问设备100能建立进行连接所需的基本信息的询问响应表710。 If the information provider device 106 in the inquiry scan state receives the inquiry packet 500, which is the response to the challenge response packet 510, the packet has sufficient information so that a user device 100 can query the basic information required for the inquiry to establish a connection response table 710. 能识别询问分组500的任何远程无线设备都可响应。 You can identify any query packet 500 to the remote wireless device can respond. 图4B示出了由自组织网络信息提供商设备106发送的询问响应分组510的蓝牙跳频同步(FHS)分组结构。 FIG 4B shows the Bluetooth inquiry by the self-organizing network information provider device 106 transmits the response packet 510 of frequency hopping synchronization (FHS) packet structure. 图4B还示出了图2A的分组缓冲区515,其中已经由自组织网络信息提供商设备106构成分组510。 4B also shows the packet buffer 515 of FIG. 2A, wherein the packet 510 has been constituted by a self-organizing network information provider device 106. 由自组织网络信息提供商设备106发送的询问响应分组510的FHS分组结构包括接入码字段512,信头,所述信头包括从成员号字段514,其中AM_ADDR尚未赋值,被设为0,类型字段516和奇偶字段518。 Transmitting a query from the network information provider device 106 tissue response packet 510 comprises an access code FHS packet structure field 512, header, said header comprising from member number field 514 in which AM_ADDR not yet been assigned, is set to 0, type field 516, and a parity field 518. 另一从成员号字段524也使AM_ADDR设置为0。 Another AM_ADDR set to 0 also from the member number field 524. 字段522包含自组织网络信息提供商设备的设备类别(CoD)信息。 Device classification field 522 contains an ad hoc network information provider device (the CoD) information. 根据本发明,字段522指定响应设备为其相应微微网的自组织网络信息提供商。 According to the invention, field 522 specifies the device in response to the ad-hoc network information provider for the corresponding piconet.

对于询问响应分组510在FHS分组结构中有两个重要字段,它们提供有关自组织网络信息提供商设备106的基本信息,使用户的询问设备100能与自组织网络信息提供商设备106连接:字段520包含自组织网络信息提供商设备106 BD_ADDR,而字段526包含自组织网络信息提供商设备106的当前时钟值。 For the inquiry response packet 510 has two important fields in the FHS packet structure, which provide information about the ad hoc network information provider device 106 is substantially the query the user device 100 can be an ad hoc network 106 is connected to the information provider device: Field 520 includes an ad hoc network information provider device 106 BD_ADDR, and field 526 contains the ad-hoc network information provider device 106 the current value of the clock.

用户设备100现在可启动与自组织网络信息提供商设备106的连接。 User device 100 can now initiate a connection with an ad hoc network information provider device 106. 设备100利用在询问响应分组510中提供的信息预备并发送寻呼消息到自组织网络信息提供商设备106。 Using the interrogation device 100 in response to the information provided in the preliminary packet 510 and sends a paging message to the ad hoc network information provider device 106. 为建立连接,用户的寻呼设备100必须进入寻呼状态。 To establish a connection, the user's paging device 100 must enter the page state. 用户设备100调用链路控制器216进入寻呼状态,在此其将利用从询问响应分组510获取的接入码和定时信息发送寻呼消息到自组织网络信息提供商设备106。 The link controller 100 calls the user equipment 216 enters a paging state, where it will use the challenge response from the access code and timing information acquired transmits a paging message packet 510 to the ad hoc network information provider device 106. 自组织网络信息提供商设备106必须处于寻呼扫描状态以允许用户的寻呼设备100与之连接。 An ad hoc network information provider device 106 must be in the page scan state to allow a user's paging device 100 connected thereto. 一旦处于寻呼扫描状态,自组织网络信息提供商设备106将确认该寻呼消息,且用户的寻呼设备100将发送图4C所示的寻呼分组530,这个分组为自组织网络信息提供商设备106提供寻呼设备100的时钟定时和接入码。 Once in the page scan state, the ad-hoc network information provider device 106 will acknowledge the paging message, and the user's paging device 100 shown transmitting a paging packet 530 in FIG. 4C, this packet is an ad hoc network information provider device 106 provides the clock timing and access code of the paging device 100. 自组织网络信息提供商设备106以图4D所示的寻呼确认分组550响应。 An ad hoc network information provider device 106 to paging acknowledgment packet 550 shown in FIG. 4D response. 这使得这两个设备能形成异步无连接(ACL)链路,而且这两个设备能转换到连接状态。 This enables the two devices to form an asynchronous connectionless (ACL) link and both devices can be converted to the connected state.

当用户设备100发送寻呼消息到自组织网络信息提供商设备106时,其发送图4C的FHS寻呼分组530。 When the user equipment 100 sends a paging message to the ad hoc network information provider device 106, FHS transmits a paging packet 530 in FIG. 4C. FHS寻呼分组530必须具有关于用户设备100的足够信息,以使自组织网络信息提供商设备106能使自身与用户设备100的时钟同步。 FHS paging packet 530 must have sufficient information about the user device 100 so that the ad hoc network information provider device 106 enables the user device 100 itself and the clock synchronization. 由于用户设备100已经启动该寻呼,其将成为由这两个设备形成的新微微网中的主设备。 Since the user equipment 100 has started the page, which will become the new master of the piconet formed by the two devices. 重要的是,变成用户设备100的从设备的自组织网络信息提供商设备106必须也知道用户设备的BD_ADDR,因为这是主设备的地址,为由这两个设备形成的新微微网用于微微网接入码。 Importantly, the user equipment becomes the ad hoc network information provider device 106 device 100 also knows the user equipment's BD_ADDR, because this is the address of the master device, by the new piconet is formed for the two devices piconet access code. 图4C示出了用户设备100发送的寻呼分组530的蓝牙跳频同步(FHS)分组结构。 FIG 4C shows a paging packet transmitted from the user device 100 530. Bluetooth Frequency Hopping Synchronization (FHS) packet structure. 它是图2A的FHS分组缓冲区515,其中分组530已经由用户设备100构成。 It is the FHS packet buffer 515 in FIG. 2A, wherein the packet 530 has been configured by the user equipment 100. 用户设备100发送的寻呼分组530的FHS分组结构包括接入码字段532,其包含自组织网络信息提供商设备的BD_ADDR;信头,所述信头包括从成员号字段534,其中AM_ADDR现在被赋值1,类型字段536以及奇偶字段538。 Paging packet 100 transmitted from the user apparatus 530 FHS packet structure includes an access code field 532, comprising BD_ADDR ad hoc network information provider device; header, said header comprising from member number field 534 in which AM_ADDR is now assignment 1, type field 536 and a parity field 538. 另一从成员号字段544也使AM_ADDR设置为1。 Another AM_ADDR also set to 1 from the member number field 544. 字段542包含用户设备的设备类别(CoD)信息。 Type field 542 contains the device (the CoD) information of the user equipment.

在寻呼分组530的FHS分组结构中有两种重要的字段提供有关用户设备100的基本信息,使得自组织网络信息提供商设备106能与用户设备连接:字段540包含用户的BD_ADDR,而字段546包含用户的当前时钟值。 FHS paging packet 530 of packet structure, there are two important fields provides basic information about the user device 100 so that the ad-hoc network information provider device 106 can be connected with a user equipment: the BD_ADDR field 540 contains the user, and field 546 It contains the user's current clock value.

图4D是自组织网络信息提供商设备106发送回用户设备100的寻呼确认分组550的蓝牙分组结构。 4D is an ad hoc network information provider device 106 sends a page back to the user device 100 to confirm the Bluetooth packet structure 550 of the packet. 分组550包括用户设备100的接入码字段552和信头,所述信头包含字段554,对于自组织网络信息提供商设备106从成员号AM_ADDR设置为1。 Packet 550 include user equipment 100 access code and the header field 552, a header field 554 comprises, for an ad hoc network information provider device 106 from the member number AM_ADDR set to 1. 字段556为空。 Field 556 is empty. 自组织网络信息提供商设备106返回到用户设备100的接入码字段522包含同步字,这个同步字包括用户的BD_ADDR的低地址部分(LAP)。 An ad hoc network information provider device 106 returns to the access code field 522 of the user device 100 comprises a sync word, the sync word portion comprising a lower address BD_ADDR of the user (LAP).

图4E示出了到达设备100发送给自组织网络信息提供商106的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组560的蓝牙分组结构。 4E shows a device 100 reaches to a self-organizing network information provider 106 SDP service search attribute request packet 560 Bluetooth packet structure. SDP请求分组560传输SDP服务搜索属性请求567,其包括服务搜索模式568和属性ID列表569。 SDP Request packet 560 transmitted SDP service search attribute request 567, which includes a service search pattern 568 and an attribute ID list 569. 服务搜索模式568是对响应设备106匹配图5的服务注册600的模式的描述。 Service search pattern 568 is the description of the service response to the device 106 of FIG. 5 register 600 matches the pattern. 如果响应设备106具有所请求的服务,则其以该服务的处理响应。 If the responding device 106 has the service requested, it responds with the service's handle. 该服务处理识别正请求所述属性的服务。 The identification process is requesting service of said service attribute. 属性ID列表569识别请求设备100正请求的属性。 Attribute ID list 569 to identify the device 100 requests the attribute being requested. 用户设备100通过指定UUID:“信息提供商”614'请求响应设备106的“微微网状态”服务类别606'中的特定信息。 The user equipment 100 by specifying UUID: "information provider" 614 "request-response" pico network state "service class 106 of the device 606 'specific information. UUID是普遍使用的唯一标识符,128位的表达式表示该服务的名称。 UUID is a unique identifier commonly used, 128-bit expression represents the name of the service. 在此情况下,UUID表示“微微网状态”。 In this case, UUID represents "slightly network state." 寻找服务的客户在其服务搜索请求中指定与该服务类别,或与特定服务相关的UUID。 Looking for customer-specific services, or related to the service category with a specific service UUID in its service search request. 服务提供商通过将该UUID与其得到的服务的那些UUID匹配来响应。 The service provider UUID UUID match those of its services to get a response by.

图4E的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构包括接入码字段563,信头561,所述信头561包括被置为1的从设备的AM_ADDR字段564和ACL字段564',以及SDP协议数据单元字段562。 FIG. 4E SDP service search attribute request packet Bluetooth packet structure includes an access code field 563, header 561, the header 561 includes a set 564 ', and the AM_ADDR field from the SDP protocol apparatus 564 and the ACL field 1 data unit field 562. SDP协议数据单元字段562包括PDU ID字段565,事务处理ID字段565',长度字段566,以及SDP服务搜索属性请求字段567。 SDP protocol data units PDUs ID field 562 includes a field 565, a transaction ID field 565 ', a length field 566, and the SDP service search attribute request field 567.

图4F示出了用于响应SDP服务搜索属性请求的蓝牙分组结构570,由自组织网络信息提供商106发送到到达设备106的响应。 FIG 4F shows the Bluetooth packet structure 570 for response to SDP service search attribute request, sent by ad hoc network information provider 106 in response to the arrival of the device 106. 由图4F中的响应设备106返回的SDP响应分组570传输SDP服务搜索属性响应577,其包括从图5的服务注册600得到的服务记录处理列表578和属性579。 Returned by the responding device 106 in FIG. 4F SDP response packet 570 transmitted SDP service search attribute response 577, which includes a registration process 600 service records obtained from the service list of attributes 578 and 579 in FIG. 5. 服务记录处理表578和属性579接着被传递到图3D的步骤421,在此检查“信息提供商”属性以确定响应设备106是否为微微网中的自组织网络信息提供商。 Process table 578 and the service attribute record 579 is then passed to 3D step 421, checking "information provider" in this property to determine whether an ad hoc network 106 in response to the information provider in a piconet the device. 在图4F可看出,名为“信息提供商”的属性614”具有值“是”,这指示响应设备106实际上是自组织网络信息提供商。 As can be seen in 4F, the property named "information provider" 614 "has a value" Yes ", which indicates that the response 106 is actually a self-organizing network information provider device.

图4F的SDP服务搜索属性响应分组的蓝牙分组结构包括接入码字段573,信头571,所述信头571包括置为1的从设备的AM_ADDR字段574和ACL字段574',以及SDP协议数据单元字段572。 FIG. 4F SDP service search attribute response packet Bluetooth packet structure includes an access code field 573, header 571, the header 571 includes the AM_ADDR field is set to 1 ACL field devices 574 and '574 as well as data from the SDP protocol unit field 572. SDP协议数据单元字段572包括PDU ID字段575,事务处理ID字段575',长度字段576,以及SDP服务搜索属性请求字段577。 SDP protocol data units PDUs ID field 572 includes field 575, the transaction ID field 575 ', a length field 576, and the SDP service search attribute request field 577.

图4G示出了到达设备100发送给自组织网络信息提供商106的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组580的蓝牙分组结构。 4G shows a device 100 reaches to a self-organizing network information provider 106 SDP service search attribute request packet 580 Bluetooth packet structure. 字段582包含“用户名”服务类别612'的服务搜索模式584和属性ID列表586。 Field 582 contains the "user name" service class 612 'service search pattern 584 and attribute ID list 586. SDP请求分组580传输SDP服务搜索属性请求582,其包括服务搜索模式584和属性ID列表586。 SDP Request packet 580 transmitted SDP service search attribute request 582, which includes a service search pattern 584 and an attribute ID list 586. 服务搜索模式584是对响应设备106匹配图5的服务注册600的模式的描述。 Service search pattern 584 is the description of the service response to the device 106 of FIG. 5 register 600 matches the pattern. 如果响应设备106具有所请求的服务,其以该服务的处理响应。 If the responding device 106 has the requested service, in response to the service process. 该服务处理识别正请求所述属性的服务。 The identification process is requesting service of said service attribute. 属性ID列表586识别请求设备100请求的属性。 Attribute ID list 586 identifying the requesting device 100 requests the attribute. 用户设备100通过指定UUID:“名称”632'请求响应设备106的“用户名”服务类别612'中的特定信息。 The user equipment 100 by specifying UUID: "Name" 632 "request-response" user name "service class 106 of the device 612 'specific information. 除了针对不同的服务类别,图4G与图4E类似。 In addition to the different classes of service, Fig. 4G is similar to Figure 4E.

图4H是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商106发送到到达设备100的响应。 4H is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 106. 字段592包含服务记录处理列表594和属性596,它们是在到达设备100发送的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组580中请求的。 Field 592 contains a list of the service 594 and the recording process attributes 596, which are reaching the SDP service search attribute request packet 100 sent by the device 580 requested. 服务记录处理列表594和属性596接着被传递到步骤426,在此列出在响应的微微网中所有自组织网络信息提供商的服务记录。 Listing service 594 and the recording process attributes 596 are then passed to step 426, where lists of all service records of the ad hoc network information provider in a piconet response. 接着图3D的步骤432分析指定的服务类别或服务属性,步骤434通过指定的服务类别或服务属性排列自组织网络。 Next step 432 of Figure 3D analyzes the specified service classes or service attributes, step 434 by specifying attributes of the service class or service arrangement an ad hoc network. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A. 图3D的步骤432分析“名称”属性。 Step 432 in FIG. 3D analysis of the "Name" property. 除了针对不同的服务类别,图4H与图4F类似。 In addition to the different classes of service, 4H chart similar to Figure 4F.

图4I是到达设备100发送到自组织网络信息提供商116的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构。 FIG. 4I is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the transmission device 100 to the ad hoc network information provider 116 SDP service search attribute request packet. 服务搜索模式584A是对匹配图6A的服务注册600A的响应设备116的模式的描述。 584A is a description of a service search pattern mode in response to a service registration apparatus 116 of FIG. 6A matching 600A. 除了寻址不同微微网中的不同自组织网络信息提供商116,图4I与图4G类似。 In addition to addressing a different piconet different ad hoc network information provider 116, similar to FIG. 4I FIG 4G. 图4J是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商116发送到到达设备100的响应。 Figure 4J is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 116.

图4K是到达设备100发送到自组织网络信息提供商126的SDP服务搜索属性请求分组的蓝牙分组结构。 FIG. 4K is a Bluetooth packet structure reaches the transmission device 100 to the ad hoc network information provider 126 SDP service search attribute request packet. 服务搜索模式584B是对匹配图6B的服务注册600B的响应设备116的模式的描述。 584B service search pattern is the pattern described apparatus 600B in response to a service 116 of FIG. 6B match register. 除了寻址不同微微网中的不同自组织网络信息提供商126,图4K与图4G类似。 In addition to addressing a different piconet different ad hoc network information provider 126, FIG. 4K is similar to FIG. 4G. 图4L是对SDP服务搜索属性请求的响应的蓝牙分组结构,自组织网络信息提供商126发送到到达设备100的响应。 FIG. 4L is a Bluetooth packet structure for response to SDP service search attribute request, response sent to the device 100 reaches an ad hoc network information provider 126.

图5是在如图1A所示加入到达设备100到自组织网络102之前,自组织网络信息提供商106中的SDP服务注册600。 FIG 5 is shown in Figure 1A was added to reach the device 100 since before hoc network 102, the ad-hoc network information provider 106 in the SDP service registry 600. SDP服务注册600是根元素为公共浏览根602的分层。 SDP service registry 600 is the root element for the public browse root 602 of stratification. 在公共浏览根602之下是组级别。 Under the Public browse root 602 is set level. 在组级别中只有一个元素,即成员组604。 At the group level is only one element, namely members of the group 604. 在组级别之下是服务类别级别。 Under the group level is the service category level. 微微网状态服务类别606和程序类型服务类别608是直接从公共浏览根602下来的。 Service class 606 pico-network state and program type service class 608 from the public browse root 602 down directly. 设备类型服务类别610和用户名服务类别612是从成员组604下来的。 Device type and user service class name 610 612 service categories from 604 members of the group are down. 在服务类别级别之下是服务属性级别,其具有从微微网服务类别606,程序类型服务类别608,设备类型服务类别610,以及用户名服务类别612下来的服务属性元素。 Under the service category level is the level of service attributes, which service class having piconet 606, the program type service class 608, device type service class 610, and the user name service class 612 down service properties element.

微微网状态服务类别606具有服务属性614、616和618。 606 pico Presence service category has service attributes 614, 616 and 618. 服务属性614存储即时设备106的状态为自组织网络信息提供商,以及其最近的更新时间。 State Service Properties 614 storage device 106 for immediate ad hoc network information provider, as well as its most recent update time. 服务属性616存储即时微微网102的加密状态。 Service attribute 616 stores the encryption status of the instant piconet 102. 服务属性618存储即时微微网102的状态为具有三个成员设备和没有搁置的设备。 Status Service attribute 618 stores instant piconet 102 as having three member devices and no pending devices.

程序类型服务类别608具有服务属性620和622。 Program type service category 608 has service attributes 620 and 622. 服务属性620存储即时微微网102中程序的识别为合作程序以及其状态为未运行。 Identifying program 102 in the service attribute stores instant piconet 620 as well as their cooperation program is not running state. 服务属性622存储即时微微网102中的程序的识别为网络棒球程序以及其当前正在运行。 Service attribute 622 identifying the program stored in the instant piconet 102 and the network baseball program which is currently running. 还存储当前得分作为状态值。 Store the current score value but also as a state.

设备类型服务类别610具有服务属性624、626、628和630。 Device type service class 610 has service attributes 630 and 624,626,628. 服务属性624存储设备104的掌上PDA的设备属性,还存储在该设备上运行的蓝牙版本。 Handheld PDA device attributes 624 service attribute storage device 104 also stores Bluetooth version running on the device. 服务属性626和628类似于微微网102中的相应设备106和108。 Respective devices 106 and 628 similar to the service attributes 626 in the piconet 102 and 108. 由于当前在微微网102中只有三个成员设备,因此服务属性630为空。 Since only three members of the device current piconet 102, so the service attribute 630 is empty.

用户名服务类别612具有服务属性632、634、636和638。 Username services with service attributes 632,634,636 Class 612 and 638. 服务属性632存储第一个用户的名称和状态属性为值“Mets-Pitcher”。 Service attribute 632 stores a user name and a first status attribute value "Mets-Pitcher". 服务属性634存储第二个用户的名称和状态属性为值“Cubs-AtBat”。 Service attribute 634 stores the name of the second user and a status attribute to the value "Cubs-AtBat". 服务属性636存储第三个用户的名称和状态属性为值“Mets-First Base”。 Service attribute 636 stores the name of the third user and a status attribute to the value "Mets-First Base". 由于当前在微微网102中只有三个用户,服务属性638为空。 As the current piconet only three users 102, service attribute 638 is empty.

图5A是在图1A所示的从设备108中的SDP服务注册640。 5A is a device 108 from the register 640 in the SDP service shown in Figure 1A. 在图5A的SDP服务注册640存储设备108的状态“非信息提供商”为属性646。 Status register 640 in the storage device 108 of FIG. 5A SDP service "non-information provider" attribute 646. 图5B是在图1A所示的主设备104中的SDP服务注册650。 5B is a master device 104 shown in FIG. 1A SDP service registry 650. 在图5B的SDP服务注册650存储设备104的状态“非信息提供商”为属性656。 Register 650 in the storage device 104 of FIG. 5B SDP service status "non-information provider" attribute 656. 图5C是如图1D所示在从设备100(到达设备)加入自组织网络后,其中的SDP服务注册600。 5C is shown in FIG. 1D, after the apparatus 100 (apparatus arrival) were added ad hoc network, wherein the SDP service registry 600. 在图5C的SDP服务注册660存储设备100的状态“非信息提供商”为属性666。 Register 660 storage device 100 in FIG. 5C SDP service state "non-information provider" attribute 666.

图5D是在如图1D所示添加到达设备100到微微网102后自组织网络信息提供商106的SDP服务注册600。 5D is shown in FIG. 1D is added after reaching the piconet device 100 to ad hoc network information provider 102 SDP service registry 106 600. 这个图与图5的差别在于,服务属性630现在存储来自新添加的设备100的数据,因为在微微网102中目前有四个成员设备。 The difference between FIG. FIG. 5 in that, service attribute 630 now stores data from newly added device 100, 102 as piconet members currently four devices. 类似地,服务属性638现在存储来自新添加的设备100的数据,因为在微微网102中目前有四个用户。 Similarly, service attribute 638 now stores data of the newly added device 100 from, because the piconet 102 currently has four users.

图6A是如图1A和1D所示的自组织网络信息提供商116的SDP服务注册600A。 1A and FIG. 6A is an ad hoc network information provider shown in FIG. 1D SDP service registry 600A 116 a. SDP服务注册600A具有类似于图5中的设备106的注册600的层次,除了其附图标记具有字母“A”后缀。 SDP service registry 600A having a similar hierarchical registration apparatus 5 600 106, in addition to which reference numerals having the letter "A" suffix. 微微网状态服务类别606A具有服务属性614A、616A和618A。 Pico Presence Service Type 606A having service attributes 614A, 616A and 618A. 服务属性614A存储即时设备116的状态为自组织网络信息提供商,以及其最近的更新时间。 Service attribute 614A state storage device 116 for immediate ad hoc network information provider, as well as its most recent update time. 服务属性616A存储即时微微网112的加密状态。 Service attribute 616A stores the encryption status of the instant piconet 112. 服务属性618A存储即时微微网112的状态为具有三个成员设备和无搁置设备。 Status Service attribute 618A stores instant piconet 112 as having three member devices and no resting device.

图6B是如图1A和1D所示的自组织网络信息提供商126的SDP服务注册600B。 1A and FIG. 6B is an ad hoc network information provider 126 shown in FIG. 1D SDP service registry 600B. SDP服务注册600B具有类似于图5中的设备106的注册600的层次,除了其附图标记具有字母“B”后缀。 SDP service registry 600B in FIG. 5 has a similar level apparatus 600 register 106, in addition to which reference numerals having the letter "B" suffix. 微微网状态服务类别606B具有服务属性614B、616B和618B。 Pico Presence Service Type 606B having service attributes 614B, 616B and 618B. 服务属性614B存储即时设备126的状态为自组织网络信息提供商,以及其最近的更新时间。 Service attribute 614B immediate state storage device 126 is a self-organizing network information provider, as well as its most recent update time. 服务属性616B存储即时微微网122的加密状态。 Service attribute 616B stored encrypted instant piconet 122. 服务属性618B存储即时微微网122的状态为具有三个成员设备和无搁置设备。 Status Service attribute 618B stores instant piconet 122 as having three member devices and no resting device.

在IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准中实现的本发明实例通过在图1所示的附图标记后附上后缀“(I)”,讨论适用于IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准时的图1。 Examples of the present invention is implemented in IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard by attaching the suffix "(I)" in the reference numerals shown in Figure 1, the discussion of Figure 1 is applied to IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard when. 因此,在图1中,有两个IEEE 802.11自组织网络102(I)和112(I),以及乘客的到达无线设备100(I)。 Thus, in FIG. 1, there are two IEEE 802.11 ad-hoc network 102 (I) and 112 (I), and reaches the passenger wireless device 100 (I). IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准描述两种主要组件,即移动台100(I)和固定接入点(AP)。 IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard describes two main components, i.e., the mobile station 100 (I) and a fixed access point (AP). IEEE 802.11自组织网络具有独立的配置,其中移动台104(I)、106(I)和108(I)在具有有限固定接入点或无固定接入点支持的独立自组织网络102(I)中相互直接通信。 IEEE 802.11 ad hoc networks have an independent configuration where the mobile station 104 (I), 106 (I) and 108 (I) in an independent ad hoc network having an access point or limited fixed no fixed access point supports 102 (I) in direct communication with each other. 媒体接入控制(MAC)协议控制对RF物理链路的接入。 Media Access Control (MAC) protocol to control access to the physical RF link. MAC提供具有清晰的信道评估,信道同步以及使用载波检测多址(CSMA)原理防碰撞的基本接入机制。 MAC provides a clear channel estimation, synchronization and channel using carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) collision avoidance principle basic access mechanism. 其还提供类似于蓝牙询问和扫描操作的服务询问。 It also provides services similar to Bluetooth inquiry and inquiry scan operations. MAC提供链路建立,数据分区,鉴权,加密,功率管理。 MAC provides link establishment, data partitioning, authentication, encryption, power management.

IEEE 802.11无线LAN体系结构是围绕相互通信的站的基本业务集合(BSS)建立的。 IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN architecture is a basic service set of stations communicate with one another around the (BSS) established. 当BSS中的所有站为移动台,而且没有连接有线网络时,BSS被称为独立BSS或自组织网络。 When all stations in the BSS to the mobile station, and not connected to a wired network, BSS is called Independent BSS or ad hoc networks. 自组织网络是完整网络,而且只有在自组织网络内相互通信的那些站才是LAN的一部分。 Complete network is an ad hoc network, and only those stations communicate with each other in the ad hoc network is part of a LAN. 自组织网络通常是短寿命网络,只有少量站,自组织网络是为特定目的创建的,例如与自动贩卖机交换数据或与其他站合作。 Self-organizing networks are often short-lived network, only a few stations, ad-hoc network is created for a specific purpose, such as exchange data with vending machines or in cooperation with other stations.

图7是到达的IEEE 802.11设备100(I)形成网络发现菜单的网络图,所述菜单包括对多个自组织网络的自组织网络特性的描述,这些描述是从服务记录推导出并且根据所选择的属性列出或根据信号特性排列的。 FIG 7 is arriving IEEE 802.11 device 100 (I) forming a network discovery menu in the network map, the menu includes a description of a plurality of ad hoc network characteristics of the ad hoc network, these descriptions are derived from the service records and according to a selected the arrangement in accordance with the properties listed or signal characteristics.

在自组织网络102(I)中,移动台104(I)、106(I)和108(I)都相互直接通信。 In the ad hoc network 102 (I), the mobile station 104 (I), 106 (I) and 108 (I) are in direct communication with each other. 移动台104(I)和106(I)通过链路107通信,移动台104(I)和108(I)通过链路109通信,而移动台108(I)和106(I)通过链路105通信。 Mobile station 104 (I) and 106 (I) communicate over link 109 via communication link 107, mobile station 104 (I) and 108 (I), and the mobile station 108 (I) and 106 (I) through a link 105 communication. 不是每个移动台都能与每个其他移动台通信,但它们都是同一自组织网络的一部分。 Not every mobile station each mobile station can communicate with the other, but they are all part of the same self-organizing network. 在自组织网络中也没有中继功能。 In an ad hoc network and no relay function. 因此,如果一个移动台必须与另一移动台通信,它们必须处于直接通信范围内。 Thus, if a mobile station must communicate with another mobile station, they must be within direct communication range.

IEEE 802.11标准提供四站服务-鉴权,去鉴权,保密和数据传送。 IEEE 802.11 standard provides four service stations - authentication to the authentication, confidentiality and data transfer. 在鉴权和去鉴权服务中,只允许授权用户使用网络。 In the authentication and de-authentication services, allowing only authorized users to use the network. 鉴权服务用于向另一站证实一个站的身份。 Authentication service used to confirm the identity of one station to another station. 如果没有这个身份证明,就不允许该站使用该无线LAN来传送数据。 Without this identification, the station is not allowed to use the wireless LAN to transfer data. 去鉴权服务用于取消之前授权的用户再次使用网络。 User Authentication Service for authorization to re-use the network before canceling.

BSS标识符(BSSID)是IEEE 802.11无线LAN的特定自组织网络102(I)的唯一标识符。 BSS identifier (BSSID) is an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN specific self-organizing network unique identifier 102 (I) a. 其格式与IEEE 48位地址的格式相同。 The format is the same format IEEE 48-bit address. 在自组织网络102(I)中,BSSID是本地管理的个体地址,由启动该自组织网络的站随机生成。 In the ad hoc network 102 (I), BSSID is the address of the local management of the individual, randomly generated by the initiator of the ad hoc network stations.

IEEE 802.11标准提供例如图7A所示的管理帧,以在MAC级别执行管理功能。 The IEEE 802.11 standard provides management frame shown in FIG. 7A, for example, to perform the MAC level management functions. 所有管理帧都包括帧体,其传输信息以执行特定管理功能。 All management frame comprises a frame body, which transmit information to perform certain administrative functions. 在IEEE 802.11中指定了八个标准信元562(I),每个信元由元ID 565(I)和长度566(I)指定,元ID 565(I)为从0到31的整数。 Specified in the IEEE 802.11 standard in the eight cells 562 (I), each cell specified by the element ID 565 (I) and a length of 566 (I), element ID 565 (I) is an integer of from 0 to 31. 有224个未赋值的元ID 565(I),保留用于将来使用。 224 unassigned element ID 565 (I), reserved for future use. 对应的保留信元562(I)酌留用于管理帧560(I)的灵活扩展,以包含不影响较早实现的新功能。 Corresponding to the reserved channel element 562 (I) as appropriate for the leaving management frame 560 (I) of the flexible extended to include new functionality without affecting older implementations. 较早实现能理解较早的信元,并且忽视带有新标识符的信元。 Earlier achieve early cells can be appreciated, and ignoring the cell with the new identifier.

信标帧是被周期性发送以允许移动台定位和识别自组织网络的管理帧。 The beacon frame is a management frame sent periodically to allow mobile stations to locate and identify the ad hoc network. 信标帧包括以下字段:时间戳、信标间隔以及能力信息。 The beacon frame includes the following fields: a timestamp, beacon interval, and capability information. 时间戳包含发送该帧时这些站的同步定时器的值。 Timer comprising the time stamp value of the synchronization of these stations when the frame is transmitted. 能力信息字段是16位字段,其识别该站的能力。 Capability information field is a 16-bit field, and its ability to identify the station. 信标帧中的信元有业务集合识别(SSID),支持速率,一个或多个物理参数集合,任选的无争用参数集合,任选的自组织网络参数集合,以及任选的业务指示图。 The beacon frame has a set of services the cell identification (the SSID), supported rates, one or more physical parameter sets, the optional contention-free parameter set, optional ad hoc network parameter set, and optionally the traffic indication Fig. 对32字节的业务集合识别(SSID)的格式或内容没有限制。 Identifying a set of operations 32 bytes (SSID) format or content is not restricted.

根据本发明一个实施例,通过从自组织网络周期性发送的信标信号可了解到新自组织网络中的信息提供商设备的地址。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, a new address can be appreciated in the ad hoc network information provider devices through the beacon signal transmitted periodically from the self-organizing network. IEEE802.11信标帧被周期性发送以允许移动台定位和识别自组织网络中的信息提供商设备。 IEEE802.11 beacon frame is transmitted periodically to allow the information provider device to locate and identify the mobile station in the self-organizing network. 信标帧包括信标信号,其指定IBSS 102(I)中的信息提供商设备106(I)的地址。 The beacon frame includes a beacon signal that specifies the address IBSS information provider device 106 (I) in (I) 102. 当图7中的到达设备100(I)足够接近IBSS 102(I)以从IBSS中的设备接收周期信标信号时,到达设备100(I)将了解到该IBSS中的信息提供商设备的地址。 When the apparatus in FIG. 7 reaches 100 (I) sufficiently close IBSS 102 (I) when the device receives the address period of the beacon signal from the IBSS, arriving device 100 (I) will be appreciated that the information provider apparatus in the IBSS . 如果到达设备100(I)正运行自组织网络发现菜单选项,则到达设备可直接向信息提供商106(I)提出表征IBSS 102(I)的服务记录的请求。 If arriving device 100 (I) is running the ad hoc network discovery menu option, the device may request service records characterizing IBSS 102 (I) directly to the information provider 106 (I) is reached.

图7A的试探请求帧560(I)是移动台100(I)发送的试图快速定位IEEE 802.11无线LAN的管理帧。 FIG. 7A probe request frame 560 (I) is a mobile station 100 (I) attempts to quickly locate an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN management frame transmission. 其可用于定位具有特定服务集合识别(SSID)的无线LAN或定位任何无线LAN。 Which may be used to locate a particular service set having identification (SSID) or to locate any wireless LAN wireless LAN. 试探请求帧560(I)包含服务属性请求567(I)。 Probe request frame 560 (I) contains the service attribute request 567 (I). 接收试探请求560(I)的影响是使例如站106(I)以图7B的试探响应570(I)响应。 Effect of receiving probe request 560 (I) are, for example, that the station 106 (I) in FIG. 7B probe response 570 (I) response. 根据本发明,当到达的IEEE802.11无线设备来到IEEE 802.11自组织网络102(I)的任何成员的通信范围内时,其试探请求帧560(I)询问信号被检测到该询问的自组织网络102(I)的成员应答。 According to the present invention, when reaching the IEEE802.11 wireless device to the IEEE 802.11 communication range of any member of the ad hoc network 102 (I), the probe request frame 560 (I) from the tissue interrogation signal is detected in the query members of the network 102 (I) responses. 如果响应的成员是自组织网络信息提供商106(I),则其以试探响应570(I)响应,所述响应包含具有从表征自组织网络的存储器获得的信息的服务属性响应577(I)。 If the response is a member of an ad hoc network information provider 106 (I), in which the probe response 570 (I) response that contains a service attribute information obtained from the memory characterizing the ad hoc network response 577 (I) . 如果相反,是自组织网络102(I)中的普通设备108(I)首先响应到达设备100(I)的试探请求帧560(I)询问信号,则响应设备以包含该自组织网络信息提供商106(I)的地址的试探响应570(I)响应。 If instead of a self-organizing network 102 (I) conventional apparatus 108 (I) reaches the first device in response 100 (I) a probe request frame 560 (I) interrogation signal, in response to the device that contains the ad hoc network information provider tentative address 106 (I) a response 570 (I) response. 到达的IEEE 802.11设备100(I)接着发送试探请求帧560(I)到自组织网络信息提供商106(I)以获得包含表征自组织网络102(I)的信息的试探响应570(I)。 Arriving IEEE 802.11 device 100 (I) then sends a probe request frame 560 (I) to the ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) to obtain probe information comprises characterizing the ad hoc network 102 (I) a response 570 (I). 试探响应帧570(I)还包括时间戳,信标间隔,能力信息,业务集合识别(SSID)的信元,支持的速率,一个或多个物理参数集合,任选的无争用参数集合,以及任选的自组织网络参数集合。 Probe response frame 570 (I) further comprises a time stamp, beacon interval, capability information, service set identification (SSID) information element, supported rates, one or more physical parameter sets, the optional contention-free parameter set, and optionally a set of ad hoc network parameters.

鉴权帧是用于在站之间进行多帧交换的管理帧,其最终导致为其他站验证每个站的身份。 Authentication frame is used for multi-frame management frame exchange between stations, which ultimately leads to verify the identity of each of the stations to other stations. 鉴权帧包括三个字段:鉴权算法号,鉴权事务处理序号,以及状态码。 Authentication frame includes three fields: an authentication algorithm number, authentication transaction sequence number, and status code. 在鉴权帧中还有一个信元,即查询文本。 In the authentication frame, there is a cell, i.e., the query text.

业务集合识别(SSID)信元长度可达32字节。 Service set identification (SSID) information element length up to 32 bytes. 对于业务集合识别(SSID)的格式或内容没有限制。 No limitation to the form or content service set identifier (SSID) of. 其可以是以空截止的ASCII字符串或多字节的二进制值。 Which may be a multi-byte binary ASCII string Null off. 业务集合识别(SSID)的值和格式的选择完全取决于网络管理员或用户。 Selecting a set of values ​​and the format of the service identification (SSID) is completely dependent on the user or network administrator. 当其长度为0时,业务集合识别(SSID)有一种特殊情况,即“广播”识别。 When a length of 0, service set identification (SSID) there is a special case, i.e., "broadcast" identification. 当移动台试图发现其附近的所有IEEE 802.11无线LAN时在试探请求帧560(I)使用广播识别。 When the mobile station attempts to find all IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN in the vicinity of the probe request frame 560 (I) using a broadcast identification. 业务集合识别(SSID)可执行如同为蓝牙标准中的设备类别(CoD)描述的相同信息功能,如指定设备的节点为打印机或传真机。 Service set identifier (SSID) for the device category as executable (the CoD) information of the Bluetooth standard is the same function as described, such as the node device designated as a printer or fax. 可为要搜索的特定设备类别(CoD)配置询问到服务集合识别(SSID)字段。 Can be configured to ask the service set identifier (SSID) field for a specific device category (CoD) to search for.

同步是IEEE 802.11自组织网络中的站变得相互步调一致,以便可靠通信成为可能的过程。 Synchronization is an IEEE 802.11 ad hoc network station becomes in unison with each other, so that reliable communication becomes possible processes. MAC提供同步机制以允许支持利用跳频或其他基于时间的机制的物理层,在此物理层的参数随时间改变。 MAC provides a synchronization mechanism to allow support of the use of frequency hopping or other physical layers based mechanisms of time, changes over time in the physical layer parameters. 该过程涉及用以通知自组织网络的出现的信标,以及用以找到自组织网络的询问。 The process involves notification to appear self-organizing network of beacons, as well as ask for to find the self-organizing network. 一旦找到自组织网络,一个站加入该自组织网络。 Once the ad hoc network is found, a station to join the self-organizing network. 这个过程完全分布在自组织网络,并且依赖于由定时器同步功能(TSF)提供的公共时基。 This process is fully distributed in an ad hoc network, and depends on a common time base provided by the timer synchronization function (TSF). TSF保持一个在1MHz运行的64位定时器并由来自其他站的信息更新。 By holding a TSF information updates from other stations in the 64-bit timer running 1MHz. 当一个站开始操作时,其将定时器复位为0。 When a station starts to operate, the timer is reset to its 0. 定时器可由信标帧中接收的信息更新。 Information update timer may be a received beacon frame.

在IEEE 802.11自组织网络中,没有接入点(AP)充当自组织网络的中心时间源。 In IEEE 802.11 ad-hoc network, no access point (AP) acts as the center of the ad-hoc network time source. 在自组织网络中,定时器同步机制完全分布在自组织网络的移动台中。 In an ad hoc network, timer synchronization mechanism is fully distributed in the mobile ad-hoc network of Taichung. 由于没有AP,启动自组织网络的移动台将从复位其TSF定时器为0以及发送信标,选择信标周期开始。 In the absence of the AP, the ad hoc network starting from a mobile station resets its TSF timer to 0, and starts beacon transmission, beacon period selection. 这将为这个自组织网络建立基本信标过程。 This will establish the basic process of self-organizing network beacon. 在自组织网络已经建立后,自组织网络中的每个站将试图在目标信标发射时间到达后发送信标。 After the ad hoc network has been established, the ad-hoc network each station will attempt to transmit a beacon after the target beacon transmit time is reached. 为使在媒体上发送的信标帧的实际冲突最小,自组织网络中的每个站将选择一个随机延迟值,这个值允许在其尝试发送其信标之前截止。 For actual conflict of beacon frames transmitted on minimal media, the ad-hoc network each station will select a random delay value, this value allows off before it attempts to transmit its beacon.

为使移动台与自组织网络中的其他移动台通信,其必须首先找到这些移动台。 To make the mobile station and other self-organized mobile communication network, it must first find these mobile stations. 找到另一移动台的过程是通过询问。 The process of finding another mobile station is by asking. 该询问可以是被动也可以是主动的。 The inquiry may also be passive aggressive. 被动询问只涉及侦听IEEE 802.11业务。 Inquiry involves only passive listeners IEEE 802.11 traffic. 主动询问需要询问台从802.11移动台发送和调用响应。 Ask about the need to ask the station to send and respond to calls from 802.11 mobile stations.

主动询问允许IEEE 802.11移动台找到自组织网络同时最小化询问所花费的时间。 IEEE 802.11 allows the initiative to ask the mobile station to find an ad hoc network while minimizing the time taken for interrogation. 移动台是通过主动发送询问达到这个目的的,其调用来自自组织网络中的移动台的响应。 The mobile station sends an inquiry through this purpose, the call response from the mobile station in the self-organizing network. 在主动询问中,移动台100(I)将移动到一个信道并发送试探请求帧560(I)。 In an active inquiry, the mobile station 100 (I) will move to a channel and transmits probe request frame 560 (I). 如果信道上有一个自组织网络102(I)匹配试探请求帧560(I)中的业务集合识别(SSID),则该自组织网络中的响应台将通过发送试探响应帧570(I)到询问台100来响应。 If there is a channel ad hoc network 102 (I) a set of matching heuristic traffic identification (SSID) request frame 560 (I) is, in response to the self-organizing network units by sending probe response frame 570 (I) inquiry station 100 responds. 这个试探响应570(I)包括询问台100(I)提取出自组织网络102(I)的说明所必需的信息。 The probe response 570 (I) comprises interrogation station 100 (I) extracts information described network 102 (I) is required by the organization. 询问台100(I)也将处理任何其他接收的试探响应570(I)和信标帧。 Interrogation station 100 (I) will also process any other received probe response 570 (I) and a beacon frame. 一旦询问台100(I)已经处理了任何响应,或已经确定没有响应,其可改变到另一信道并重复该过程。 Once the interrogation station 100 (I) has processed any responses, or has been determined that there is no response, it may be changed to another channel and repeat the process. 在该询问结束时,移动台100(I)已经积累了有关其附近的自组织网络的信息。 At the end of the inquiry, the mobile station 100 (I) have accumulated information about the self-organizing network in its vicinity.

移动台100(I)可组合询问与鉴权。 The mobile station 100 (I) may be combined with the authentication query. 当移动台100(I)询问其他自组织网络时,在其找到一个新自组织网络时其将启动鉴权。 When the mobile station 100 (I) ask other self-organizing network, when it finds a new ad hoc network that will start authentication.

一旦一个站已经执行了询问得到了一个或多个自组织网络说明,该站可选择加入其中一个自组织网络。 Once a station has performed an inquiry to obtain one or more ad hoc network described, the station can choose to join one of the ad-hoc network. 该加入过程是纯本地过程,完全在IEEE 802.11移动台内部发生。 The joining process is purely local procedure, the mobile station completely within the IEEE 802.11 occurs. 不向外部世界指示一个站已经加入了一个特殊的自组织网络。 Does not indicate a station to the outside world have joined a special self-organizing network. 虽然IEEE 802.11标准确实描述了一个站加入自组织网络需要什么,但其不描述一个站应如何选择一个自组织网络。 Although the IEEE 802.11 standard does describe what a station to join self-organizing network needs, but it does not describe how to select a station a self-organizing network.

加入自组织网络需要所有移动台的100(I)MAC和物理参数与期望的自组织网络102(I)同步。 Was added ad hoc network requires all mobile stations 100 (I) 102 (I) synchronous MAC and physical parameters of the desired ad hoc network. 为此,站100(I)必须以来自自组织网络说明的定时器的值更新其定时器,通过加上自获得该说明所过去的时间来修改。 For this purpose, the station 100 (I) must be a value from the timer illustrated in the ad hoc network update timer, is modified by adding the description obtained from the elapsed time. 这将使定时器与自组织网络102(I)同步。 This will allow the timer to the ad hoc network 102 (I) synchronization. 除了能力信息字段中的参数,自组织网络102(I)的BSSID必须被采用。 In addition to the capability information field parameters, BSSID ad hoc network 102 (I) must be employed. 一完成这个过程,移动台100(I)就已经加入了自组织网络102(I),并且准备开始与自组织网络102(I)中的站通信。 Upon completion of this process, the mobile station 100 (I) has joined the ad hoc network 102 (I), and is ready to start a communication station in the network 102 (I) and self-organization.

图2A的大部分功能框图除了适用于蓝牙实施例,还适用于设备100的IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例。 Most functional block diagram of FIG. 2A except for Bluetooth embodiment is also applicable to the IEEE 802.11 embodiment of the device 100 wireless LAN. 图2A示出了在其存储器202为传输协议组214、中间件协议组224以及应用组234存储的各种程序模块。 2A shows a memory 202 in which the transport protocol group 214, middleware protocol group 224 and group 234 stores various application program modules. 存储器202通过总线204连接键盘208,中央处理器210,以及显示器212。 The memory 202 is connected via a bus 204 a keyboard 208, a central processor 210, and a display 212. 存储器202通过总线204连接无线电206,在IEEE802.11实施例的情况下,无线电206为具有由IEEE 802.11标准指定的射频频谱和调制的无线电装置。 The memory bus 202 is connected via a radio 206 204, in the case of IEEE802.11 embodiment, the radio 206 with a radio modulation and radio frequency spectrum specified by the IEEE 802.11 standard. IEEE 802.11无线LAN设备的无线电206工作于2.4GHz ISM无线电频带,并根据为该设备定义的物理层的类型使用各种调制类型。 206 radio IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN devices work in 2.4GHz ISM radio band, and use the different physical layer modulation type according to the type of device defined for. 第一种物理层设备使用跳频扩频(FHSS)和每位一符号的高斯频移键控(GFSK)调制,以提供1Mbps的总比特率。 Gauss first physical layer device using frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) and each symbol of a frequency shift keying (GFSK) modulation, to provide a total bit rate of 1Mbps. 2.4GHz的ISM无线电频带被划分为三组均为22个跳频信道,每个信道宽1MHz。 The 2.4GHz ISM radio band is divided into three groups are 22 hopping channels, each channel width of 1MHz. 另外两种物理层设备类型使用直接序列扩频(DSSS),一个位于1Mbps使用差分二相相移键控(DBPSK)调制,另一个位于2Mbps使用差分四相相移键控(DQPSK)调制。 The other two types of physical layer device using direct sequence spread spectrum (the DSSS), located 1Mbps a differential binary phase shift keying (the DBPSK) modulation, and another at 2Mbps using differential quadrature phase shift keying (DQPSK) modulation. 美国联邦通信协会(FCC)规定,如果发射机输出功率小于1瓦特,则允许不经许可证使用2.4GHz ISM无线电频带。 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations, if the transmitter output power is less than one watt, is allowed without using the 2.4GHz ISM radio band license.

在存储器202中存储的程序模块为操作指令序列,这些指令序列在被中央处理器210执行时,实现本发明的方法。 In the program module stored in the memory 202 as an operation instruction sequence, the instruction sequence 210 is executed when the central processor, the method of the present invention is implemented. 设备100的IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例使用与蓝牙实施例基本上相同的应用组234。 Example 100 using the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment of the device with a Bluetooth embodiment is basically the same application group 234. 应用组234包括用以为自组织网络的新成员建立注册600(I)的程序280。 Application Group comprises 234 member organizations that the new program from the network to establish a registered 600 (I) 280. 图7C示出了IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例的服务注册600(I)。 7C shows a IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment of the registration service 600 (I). 应用组234包括初始菜单应用程序300,对于IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例其工作原理与蓝牙实施例基本相同。 The initial menu application group 234 includes applications 300, for the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment it works with substantially the same as in Example Bluetooth. 应用组234包括自组织网络搜索应用程序412,对于IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例其工作原理与蓝牙实施例基本相同。 Application group 234 includes an ad hoc network search application 412, for the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment it works with substantially the same as in Example Bluetooth. 应用组234包括服务记录更新应用程序330,对于IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例其工作原理与蓝牙实施例基本相同。 Application group 234 includes Service Record Update application program 330, for example, it works with substantially the same for Example Bluetooth IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment. 应用组234包括网络发现菜单应用程序340,对于IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例其工作原理与蓝牙实施例基本相同。 Application group 234 includes Network Discovery Menu application program 340, for an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment it works with substantially the same as in Example Bluetooth. 应用组234包括网络棒球应用程序320,对于IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例其工作原理与蓝牙实施例基本相同。 Application group 234 includes a network baseball application program 320, for an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment it works with substantially the same as in Example Bluetooth. 应用组234包括网络合作应用程序350,对于IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例其工作原理与蓝牙实施例基本相同。 Application group 234 includes a network collaboration application program 350, for an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN embodiment it works with substantially the same as in Example Bluetooth. 还包括图7C的IEEE 802.11服务注册600(I)和网络发现表360。 FIG. 7C further includes IEEE 802.11 service registry 600 (I) and network discovery table 360. 还包括搜索选项列表700,这是用户从图1的初始菜单205选择的。 Further comprising a list of search options 700, which is the user selected from the initial menu 205 of FIG. 1. 还包括询问响应表710,其列出从用户设备100接收的询问响应消息中采集的基本信息。 Further comprising inquiry response table 710, which lists the basic information collection message from the query response received by the user equipment 100. 需要这个信息用于连接任何一个响应的无线设备。 This information is required for the wireless device is connected to any one response. 还包括网络排列表720。 Network 720 also includes a list of rows. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A. 还包括分组缓冲区515,其为IEEE 802.11无线LAN实施例缓冲分组。 Further comprising a packet buffer 515, a packet buffer which is an embodiment of IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN.

在IEEE 802.11实施例中,图2A的中间件协议组224和传输协议组214与蓝牙实施例的不同。 In the IEEE 802.11 embodiment, FIG. 2A middleware protocol group 224 and the transport protocol group 214 various Bluetooth embodiment. IEEE 802.11无线LAN规范提供了对中间件协议组224和传输协议组214的详细描述。 IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN specification provides a detailed description of the middleware protocol group 224 and the transport protocol group 214. 这些模块为MAC服务接口,MAC管理服务接口,媒体接入控制子层,MAC管理,物理服务接口,物理管理服务,物理层,以及物理管理。 The MAC service interface module, MAC management service interface, media access control sublayer, MAC management, physical service interface, physical management services, the physical layer, and a physical management.

在IEEE 802.11实施例中,服务发现协议226的服务注册搜索过程是借助自组织网络信息提供商106(I)中IEEE 802.11服务注册600(I)的类别和属性,使响应设备106(I)匹配试探请求560(I)的服务搜索模式568和属性ID列表569,以及以服务记录处理列表578和属性579应答的应用程序。 In the IEEE 802.11 embodiment, the service discovery protocol service 226 are registered search process by the ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) of the IEEE 802.11 service registry 600 (I) of classes and properties, so that the responding device 106 (I) Match probe request 560 (I) of the service search pattern 568 and an attribute ID list 569, and application to a service record handle list 578 and the attributes 579 responses.

当新IEEE 802.11设备100(I)到达该自组织网络的任何成员的通信范围之内时,其开始以询问消息搜索。 When the communication range of new IEEE 802.11 device 100 (I) reach any member of the ad-hoc network, it begins to search query messages. 图3D的流程图详细示出了这部分过程。 FIG 3D is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process. 在本例中,该询问信号被检测到该询问的第二个IEEE802.11设备108(I)应答。 In the present embodiment, the interrogation signal is detected by the second inquiry IEEE802.11 device 108 (I) response. 设备108(I)以该自组织网络信息提供商106(I)的地址响应。 Devices 108 (I) responds with the address of the ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) a. 到达设备100(I)接着发送试探请求到该自组织网络信息提供商以获得表征自组织网络102(I)的信息。 Arrival apparatus 100 (I) then sends a probe request to the ad hoc network information provider to obtain information characterizing the ad hoc network 102 (I) a. 自组织网络信息提供商106(I)以返回的从其图7C的服务注册600(I)得到的表征自组织网络102(I)的信息响应。 An ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) in FIG. 7C therefrom registration service 600 returns the response information characterizing the ad-hoc network 102 (I) (I) is obtained. 本发明接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单。 The present invention then editing apparatus reaches network discovery menu. 图3F的流程图详细示意了这部分过程。 Figure 3F is a detailed schematic flowchart of this part of the process. 该网络发现菜单列出了其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 The network discovery menu lists the characteristics of an ad hoc network within its range. 当用户从该菜单选择了一项时,到达设备自动加入所选的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the arriving device automatically join the selected ad hoc network.

接着设备100(I)确定用户是否已经指定了任何感兴趣的服务类别或服务属性。 Then device 100 (I) to determine whether the user has specified any service classes or service attributes of interest. 如果用户已经指定了任何服务类别或服务属性,则设备100(I)分析指定的服务类别或服务属性,并以指定的服务类别或服务属性排列自组织网络。 If the user has specified any service classes or service attributes, then device 100 (I) parsing the specified service attributes or service classes and service class specified property or service an ad hoc network arrangement. 在图2A的排列表720列出了排列的自组织网络。 In the arrangement table 720 of FIG. 2A shows the arrangement of the self-organizing network.

或者,如果用户未指定任何服务类别或服务属性,则设备100(I)确定该响应的自组织网络的信号质量特性。 Alternatively, if the user has not any service classes or service attributes specified, the device 100 (I) determining the signal quality characteristic of the self-organizing network response. 通过接收信号强度,比特差错率或其他服务质量(QoS)度量可测量信号质量特性。 By received signal strength, bit error rate, or other quality of service (QoS) metrics may measure signal quality characterization. 接着设备100(I)以服务质量(QoS)度量排列自组织网络。 Next device 100 (I) in a quality of service (QoS) metrics ad hoc network arrangement. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A.

本发明使用对IEEE 802.11管理的任意扩展来提供传递服务搜索模式568和属性ID列表569到自组织网络信息提供商设备106(I)的附加功能。 The present invention is the use of any extended IEEE 802.11 delivery management to provide a service search pattern and an attribute ID list 568 to 569 additional features ad hoc network information provider device 106 (I) a. 图7A示出了到达设备100(I)发送给自组织网络信息提供商106(I)的试探请求的IEEE 802.11分组结构。 7A shows the structure of a probe request packet IEEE 802.11 device 100 (I) is sent to an ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) is reached. 这是图4E所示的蓝牙实现的可选实现。 This is an optional Bluetooth-enabled implementation shown in Figure 4E. 试探请求帧560(I)是移动台发送的试图快速定位IEEE 802.11无线LAN的管理帧。 Probe request frame 560 (I) is attempting to quickly locate an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN management frame is transmitted from the mobile station. 其可用于定位具有特定业务集合识别(SSID)的无线LAN或定位任何无线LAN。 Which may be used to locate a specific set of services having identification (SSID) or to locate any wireless LAN wireless LAN. 试探请求帧560(I)包含具有值254的元ID字段565(I)的信元562(I)。 Probe request frame 560 (I) contains information element 562 (I) having the element ID field 565 (I) a value of 254. 对该元ID通常未赋值,以保留用于定制目的。 The cell ID is usually not assigned to a custom reserved for the purpose. 保留的信元酌留用于灵活扩展管理帧,以包含不影响较早实现的新功能。 Cell reserved for discretionary stay flexible extension management frames to include new features without affecting the earlier implementations. 较早实现将忽视具有诸如值254的新标识符的元素。 Earlier implementation will ignore an element such as a new identifier value of 254. 长度字段566(I)指定信元562(I)的内容的长度。 Length field 566 (I) specified content information element 562 (I) of the length. 信元562(I)包含服务搜索模式568和属性ID列表569。 Information element 562 (I) contains the service search pattern 568 and an attribute ID list 569. 服务搜索模式568是对响应设备106(I)匹配图7C的注册600(I)的模式的描述。 Service search pattern 568 is the description of apparatus 106 in response to mode (I) in FIG match register 600 7C (I) of FIG. 如果响应设备106(I)具有所请求的服务,则以该服务的处理响应。 If the responding device 106 (I) having the requested service, the service response processing places. 该服务处理识别正在请求所述属性的服务。 The identification process is requesting service of said service attribute. 属性ID列表569识别请求设备100(I)正在请求的属性。 Attribute ID list 569 identifying the requesting device 100 (I) attribute being requested. 图7C示出了在加入到达设备100(I)之前自组织网络信息提供商106(I)中的IEEE 802.11服务注册600(I)。 7C shows the apparatus prior to reaching the addition of 100 (I) ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) of the IEEE 802.11 service registry 600 (I).

本发明使用对IEEE 802.11管理帧的任意扩展,以提供从自组织网络信息提供商设备106(I)返回服务记录处理列表578和属性579的附加功能。 The present invention uses an arbitrary extension of IEEE 802.11 management frames, to provide a return recording process list 578 and the service attributes 579 from the ad-hoc additional features the network information provider device 106 (I). 图7B示出了图4F所示的蓝牙实现的可选实现,即对图7A的试探请求560(I)的试探响应570(I)的IEEE 802.11分组结构,这个响应570(I)已经由自组织网络信息提供商106(I)发送给到达设备100(I)。 Bluetooth implementation alternative implementation of FIG. 7B shows FIG. 4F, i.e. probe request 560 (I) of FIG. 7A probe response 570 (I) of the IEEE 802.11 packet structure, the response 570 (I) has been made from hoc network information provider 106 (I) to reach the transmission device 100 (I). 接收试探请求560(I)的影响是使该站以试探响应570(I)响应。 Effect of receiving probe request 560 (I) is such that the probe response to the station 570 (I) response. 试探响应帧包含与信标帧相同的几乎所有信息,包括时间戳,信标间隔,能力信息,业务集合识别(SSID)的信元,支持速率,一个或多个物理参数集合,任选的无争用参数集合,以及任选的自组织网络参数集合。 Almost all probe response frame contains the same information of the beacon frame, including a time stamp, beacon interval, capability information, service set identification (SSID) information element, supported rates, one or more physical parameter sets, the optional contention-free parameter set, and optionally an ad hoc network parameter set. 根据本发明,试探响应帧570(I)包含具有值255的元ID字段575(I)的信元572(I)。 According to the present invention, the probe response frame 570 (I) contains information element 572 (I) having the element ID field 575 (I) a value of 255. 这个元ID通常不赋值,以保留用于定制目的。 This meta ID is typically not assigned to reserved for custom purposes. 保留的信元使得能灵活扩展管理帧以包括不影响较早实现的新功能。 Cell makes it possible to retain the flexibility to expand to include management frame does not affect the new features implemented earlier. 较早实现将忽视具有诸如值255的新标识符的元素。 Earlier implementation will ignore the value of an element, such as a new identifier 255. 长度字段576(I)指定信元572(I)的内容的长度。 Length field 576 (I) specified content information element 572 (I) of the length. 信元572(I)包含服务属性响应577(I),其又包含服务记录处理列表578和属性579。 Information element 572 (I) contains the service attribute response 577 (I), which in turn comprises a processing table 578 and service record 579 properties. 服务记录处理列表578和属性579接着被传递到图3D的步骤421,在此检查属性“信息提供商”以确定响应设备106(I)是否为自组织网络中的自组织网络信息提供商。 Step 578 and service record handle list of attributes 579 are then passed to 421 of FIG. 3D, in which it checks the attribute "information provider" to determine a response to the device 106 (I) whether the ad-hoc network information provider self-organizing network. 从图7B可看出,属性614”指示响应设备106(I)实际上就是自组织网络信息提供商。 As can be seen 7B, the attribute 614 "indicates that responding device 106 (I) is in fact an ad hoc network information provider.

高性能无线电局域网(HIPERLAN)HIPERLAN标准提供数据率高达54Mbps和50米中距的无线LAN。 High Performance Radio LAN (HIPERLAN) HIPERLAN standard provides data rates up to 54Mbps in the distance of 50 m and a wireless LAN. HIPERLAN无线LAN提供具有视频QoS的多媒体分布,保留频谱和长于建筑物内传播。 HIPERLAN wireless LAN provides a multimedia distribution with video QoS, reserved spectrum, and longer than the propagation inside the building. 存在两种HIPERLAN标准。 There are two HIPERLAN standard. HIPERLAN 1型是类似于无线以太网的动态、优先权激励的信道接入协议。 HIPERLAN Type 1 is a dynamic similar to wireless Ethernet, priority excitation channel access protocol. HIPERLAN 2型是类似于ATM的无线模式的保留信道接入协议。 HIPERLAN type 2 wireless mode is similar to the ATM reserved channel access protocol. HIPERLAN 1型和HIPERLAN 2型均使用位于5GHz的专用频谱。 HIPERLAN Type 1 and HIPERLAN Type 2 use dedicated spectrum are located in the 5GHz. HIPERLAN 1型使用先进的信道均衡器来处理符号间干扰和信号多路径。 HIPERLAN Type 1 uses an advanced channel equalizer to deal with intersymbol interference and signal multipath. HIPERLAN 2型通过利用OFDM和频率变换函数避免这些干扰问题。 HIPERLAN Type 2 avoids these interference problems converting function by using OFDM and a frequency. HIPERLAN 2型规范提供54、36、16和6Mbps几个比特率选项。 54,36,16 HIPERLAN Type 2 specification offers options for bit rates and several 6Mbps. 物理层采用每OFDM符号48个载频的OFDM多载波方案。 The physical layer uses 48 carrier per OFDM symbol for OFDM multicarrier scheme. 接着利用BPSK、QPSK、16-QAM或64-QAM调制每个载波以提供不同数据率。 Then using BPSK, QPSK, 16-QAM or 64-QAM modulation for each carrier to provide different data rates. 为较高比特率选择的调制方案实现30-50Mb/s范围内的吞吐量。 Higher bit rates achieve throughput modulation scheme selected in 30-50Mb / s range.

在HIPERLAN 1型标准中实现的本发明实例HIPERLAN 1型是适合于形成自组织网络的动态、优先权激励的信道接入协议。 The present invention is implemented in the HIPERLAN Type 1 standard HIPERLAN type in Example 1 is adapted to form a dynamic ad-hoc network, channel access protocol priority excitation. HIPERLAN 1型自组织网络是在物理上足够接近以便能通信和有规律交换信息的无线设备的任意集合。 HIPERLAN Type 1 ad hoc networks are physically close enough to be able to communicate and to any set of wireless devices to exchange information law. 自组织网络的成员在进入和离开该网络的设备工作范围时分别加入和撤出该网络。 Self-organizing network members were added and the withdrawal of the network when entering and leaving the operating range of the network equipment. HIPERLAN 1型自组织网络支持类似于蓝牙微微网和IEEE 802.11独立基本业务集合(IBSS)的分布式活动。 HIPERLAN Type 1 ad hoc networks support distributed activities similar to Bluetooth piconets and IEEE 802.11 independent basic service-set (IBSS) is.

通过在图1、7A、7B和7C所示的附图标记后加上后缀“(H1)”,讨论适用于HIPERLAN 1型标准时的这些图。 By FIG 1,7A, the reference numerals shown in FIG. 7B and 7C suffixed "(H1)", discussion of these figures apply to the HIPERLAN Type 1 standard time. HIPERLAN 1型标准的动态、优先权激励的信道接入协议提供无线设备类似于蓝牙询问和扫描功能以及IEEE 802.11试探请求和响应功能的服务询问功能。 HIPERLAN Type 1 standard dynamic priority excitation channel access protocol similar to wireless device service inquiry Bluetooth inquiry and scanning features and the IEEE 802.11 probe request and response features. 因此,在图1中,有两个HIPERLAN 1型自组织网络102(H1)和102(H1)以及乘客的到达无线设备100(H1)。 Thus, in FIG. 1, there are two the HIPERLAN Type 1 ad hoc network 102 (H1) and 102 (H1) and the passenger wireless device reaches 100 (H1). HIPERLAN 1型自组织网络具有独立的配置,其中移动台104(H1)、106(H1)和108(H1)在独立的自组织网络102(H1)内相互直接通信。 HIPERLAN Type 1 ad hoc networks have an independent configuration where the mobile station 104 (H1), 106 (H1) and 108 (H1) to communicate directly with one another (H1) within the ad hoc network 102 independent. 本发明利用HIPERLAN 1型分组的任意扩展,以类似于在图7A中为由到达设备100(I)发送到自组织网络信息提供商106(I)的试探请求560(I)的IEEE 802.11分组结构描述的方式,提供从到达设备100(H1)传递服务搜索属性568和属性ID列表569到自组织网络信息提供商设备106(H1)的附加功能。 The present invention utilizes any extension HIPERLAN Type 1 packets, in a manner similar to FIG. 7A by the apparatus reaches the IEEE 802.11 packet structure 100 (I) probe is sent to the ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) a request 560 (I) is manner described, provided from device 100 (H1) delivery service search attribute ID list 568 and the attributes 569 to the additional function apparatus ad hoc network information provider 106 (H1) is reached. 类似地,本发明利用HIPERLAN 1型分组的任意扩展,以类似于在图7B中为由自组织网络信息提供商106(I)发送到到达设备100(I)的试探响应570(I)的IEEE 802.11分组结构描述的方式,提供从自组织网络信息提供商设备106(H1)返回服务记录处理列表578和属性579的附加功能。 Similarly, the present invention is the use of any extended HIPERLAN Type 1 packets, transmitted in a manner similar to the ad hoc network information provider 106 (I) in FIG. 7B by the probe reaches a device 100 (I) a response 570 (I) of the IEEE 802.11 packet structure described embodiment, there is provided a recording process returns service attribute list 578 and 579 from the additional function of an ad hoc network information provider device 106 (H1). 在加入到达设备100(H1)之前自组织网络信息提供商106(H1)的HIPERLAN 1型服务注册600(H1)类似于图7C中IEEE 802.11服务注册600(I)的描述。 Prior to joining apparatus reaches 100 (H1) ad hoc network information provider 106 (H1) of the HIPERLAN Type 1 service registry 600 (H1) 7C described in IEEE 802.11 service registry 600 (I) is similar to FIG.

当新的HIPERLAN 1型设备100(H1)到达该自组织网络的任何成员的通信范围之内时,其开始以询问消息搜索。 When the new HIPERLAN Type 1 device 100 (H1) arrives at the communication range of any member of the ad hoc network within the time, it begins to search query messages. 图3D的流程图详细示出了这部分过程。 FIG 3D is a flowchart illustrating in detail a part of this process. 在本例中,该询问信号被检测到该询问的第二个HIPERLAN 1型设备108(H1)应答。 The second HIPERLAN Type 1 device 108 (H1) response in the present embodiment, the interrogation signal is detected by the inquiry. 设备108(H1)以该自组织网络信息提供商106(H1)的地址响应。 Device 108 (H1) responds with the address of the ad hoc network information provider 106 (H1) of. 到达设备100(H1)接着发送试探请求到该自组织网络信息提供商以获得表征自组织网络102(H1)的信息。 Arrival apparatus 100 (H1) and then transmits the probe request to the ad hoc network information provider to obtain information characterizing the ad hoc network 102 (H1) of. 自组织网络信息提供商106(H1)以返回的从其图7C的服务注册600(H1)得到的表征网络102(H1)的信息响应。 An ad hoc network information provider 106 (H1) therefrom Figure 7C returned registration service 600 (H1) in response to obtained information characterizing the network 102 (H1) of. 本发明接着编辑到达设备中的网络发现菜单。 The present invention then editing apparatus reaches network discovery menu. 图3F的流程图详细示意了这部分过程。 Figure 3F is a detailed schematic flowchart of this part of the process. 该网络发现菜单列出了其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 The network discovery menu lists the characteristics of an ad hoc network within its range. 当用户从该菜单选择了一项时,到达设备自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When the user selects an item from the menu, the ad-hoc network device reaches a selected automatically added.

接着HIPERLAN 1型设备100(H1)确定用户是否已经指定了任何感兴趣的服务类别或服务属性。 Then HIPERLAN Type 1 device 100 (H1) determines whether the user has specified any service classes or service attributes of interest. 如果用户已经指定了任何服务类别或服务属性,则设备100(H1)分析该指定的服务类别或服务属性,并以指定的服务类别或服务属性排列自组织网络。 If the user has specified any service classes or service attributes, then device 100 (H1) analyzes the specified service classes or service attributes, and to specify the service classes or service attributes of the ad hoc network arrangement. 在图2A的排列表720列出了排列的自组织网络。 In the arrangement table 720 of FIG. 2A shows the arrangement of the self-organizing network.

或者,如果用户未指定任何服务类别或服务属性,则HIPERLAN 1型设备100(H1)确定响应的自组织网络的信号质量特性。 Alternatively, if the user has not any service classes or service attributes specified, the HIPERLAN Type 1 signal quality characterization device 100 (H1) determines the response of the self-organizing network. 通过接收信号强度,比特差错率或其他服务质量(QoS)度量可测量信号质量特性。 By received signal strength, bit error rate, or other quality of service (QoS) metrics may measure signal quality characterization. 接着设备100(H1)以服务质量(QoS)度量排列自组织网络。 Next device 100 (H1) in a quality of service (QoS) metrics ad hoc network arrangement. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A.

在HIPERLAN 2型标准实现的本发明的例子HIPERLAN 2型是能形成自组织网络的保留信道接入协议。 In the example of the present invention is implemented HIPERLAN type 2 standard HIPERLAN Type 2 is reserved channel access can form an ad hoc network protocol. HIPERLAN 2型自组织网络是在物理上足够接近以便能通信和有规律交换信息的无线设备的集合。 HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc networks are physically close enough to be able to set and communicate a regular exchange of information of the wireless device. 自组织网络的成员在进入和离开该网络的设备工作范围时分别加入和撤出该网络。 Self-organizing network members were added and the withdrawal of the network when entering and leaving the operating range of the network equipment. HIPERLAN 2型自组织网络支持类似于蓝牙微微网和IEEE 802.11独立基本业务集合(IBSS)的分布式活动。 HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc network support is similar to Bluetooth piconets and IEEE 802.11 independent basic service-set (IBSS) distributed activities.

通过在图1、8、8A-8D所示的附图标记后加上后缀“(H2)”,讨论适用于HIPERLAN 2型标准时的这些图。 Shown in the drawings by the reference numeral 1,8,8A-8D suffixed "(H2)", the discussion applies to FIG HIPERLAN type 2 standard at.

HIPERLAN 2型支持两种基本操作模式,集中模式和直接模式,图8示意了这两种模式。 HIPERLAN Type 2 supports two basic modes of operation, focus mode and direct mode, FIG. 8 illustrates the two modes. 在集中模式中(有时称为“商业系统”),自组织互联网网关子网122(H2)包括连接互联网网关125和互联网123的接入点124(H2),其服务与之相连的无线设备126(H2)和128(H2)。 The wireless device 126 in a centralized mode (sometimes referred to as "commercial systems"), the ad-hoc Internet gateway subnet 122 (H2) comprises a gateway connected to the Internet 125 and Internet 123 access point 124 (H2), which is connected thereto service (H2) and 128 (H2). 在集中模式中,所有业务都必须通过接入点124(H2),不论数据交换是在无线设备126(H2)和互联网123之间,还是在属于这个接入点124(H2)的无线设备126(H2)和128(H2)之间。 In the centralized mode, all traffic must pass through the access point 124 (H2), whether the data is exchanged between wireless devices 126 (H2 of) 123 and the Internet, or belonging to the access point 124 (H2) to wireless device 126 (H2) and between 128 (H2). 集中模式环境下的HIPERLAN 2型网络通常由多个接入点组成,每个接入点覆盖其自己的地理区域。 Type HIPERLAN 2 network in a centralized mode environment typically composed of a plurality of access points, each access point covering its own geographic region. 它们一起形成具有全部或部分区域覆盖的无线接入网。 They form a radio access network having all or part of the area covered together. 覆盖区域可相互重叠,由此简化无线接入网内部的无线设备的路由。 Coverage areas may overlap each other, thereby simplifying the internal routing of the wireless device radio access network. 每个接入点服务多个无线设备,这些无线设备必须与之相关。 Each access point serving a plurality of wireless devices, the wireless devices must be associated. 在无线电链路的质量下降到无法接受的程序的情况下,无线设备通过执行切换可移动到另一接入点。 In the case where the radio link quality drops to an unacceptable procedure, the wireless device may move to another access point by performing a handover. 由于设备126(H2)和128(H2)可到达和离开子网122(H2),因此子网也被认为是自组织网络。 Since the device 126 (H2) and 128 (H2) may be arrival and departure subnet 122 (H2), and therefore is also considered subnet self-organizing network.

直接模式支持自组织网络,如图8的子网102(H2)和子网112(H2)。 Direct mode support an ad hoc network, as shown in FIG subnet 102 (H2), and the subnet 1 128 (H2). 在直接模式中(有时称为“本地系统”),仍以集中方式通过中央控制器104(H2)或114(H2)分别管理媒体接入。 In the direct mode (sometimes referred to as "Local System"), still in a centralized manner by a central medium access controller 104 are managed (H2) or 114 (H2). 然而,不用通过中央控制器104(H2)在无线设备106(H2)和108(H2)之间交换用户数据业务。 However, not by the central controller 104 (H2) in the wireless device 106 (H2) and switching data traffic between the user (H2) 108. 类似地,不通过中央控制器114(H2)在无线设备116(H2)和118(H2)之间交换用户数据业务。 Similarly, the wireless device 116 is not in the user data traffic between exchange (H2) (H2) by the central controller 118 and 114 (H2). 中央控制器104(H2)也可连接核心网络,由此能工作在直接模式和集中模式。 The central controller 104 (H2) may also be connected to the core network, thereby enabling centralized mode and operating on the direct mode. HIPERLAN 2型直接模式系统的最小配置由单个子网构成,如子网102(H2)。 Minimum configuration HIPERLAN Type 2 Direct mode system consists of a single subnet, such as subnet 102 (H2). 在每个时间点,只有一个HIPERLAN 2型无线设备可充当子网中的中央控制器。 At each time point, only a HIPERLAN type 2 wireless device may act as a central controller subnet.

对于直接模式环境,HIPERLAN 2型网络被用作自组织网络。 For direct mode environments, HIPERLAN type 2 network is used as a self-organizing network. 通过定义两种系统之间的以下等效,HIPERLAN 2型直接模式系统与HIPERLAN 2型集中模式系统共用相同的基本功能:[1]自组织网络配置中的子网等效于蜂窝接入网络配置中的小区。 Defined by the following equivalence between the two systems, HIPERLAN Type 2 Direct mode system HIPERLAN Type 2 mode, centralized systems share the same basic functions: [1] the ad-hoc network configuration is equivalent subnets disposed cellular access network in the cell.

[2]自组织网络配置中的中央控制器等效于蜂窝接入网络配置中的接入点。 [2] from the central controller hoc network configuration is equivalent to the cellular access network configuration of an access point. 然而,中央控制器是从HIPERLAN 2型便携设备中动态选择的,而且可切换到另一便携设备,如果旧设备离开该网络的话。 However, from the central controller HIPERLAN type 2 dynamically selected mobile device, and can switch to another mobile device, if the device leaves the old network of words.

[3]通过使多个中央控制器工作于不同频率使多个子网处于直接模式成为可能。 [3] by the central controller operates in a plurality of different frequencies in a plurality of subnets possible direct mode.

接入点/中央控制器上的HIPERLAN 2型基本协议栈和其功能有物理层(PHY),数据链路控制(DLC)层,以及汇聚层(CL)。 The access point / central HIPERLAN Type 2 protocol stack substantially on the controller and functional physical layer (a PHY), Data Link Control (DLC) layer, and a convergence layer (CL). 汇聚层为较高的应用程序层提供服务。 Convergence layer serve a higher application layer.

物理层通过提供基带调制解调器和射频端口交付基本数据传输功能。 The physical layer provided by the baseband modem and the RF port to deliver basic data transfer function. 基带调制解调器还包括前向纠错功能。 Before the baseband modem further comprises a forward error correction function.

数据链路控制层由差错控制(EC)功能,媒体接入控制(MAC)功能和无线链路控制功能组成。 Data link control layer by the error control (EC) function, medium access control (MAC) function and a wireless link control function composition. 其被划分为用户数据传输功能和控制功能。 Which is divided into user data and control functions.

媒体接入控制(MAC)是图8A、8B和8C所示的集中调度的时分多址/时分双工(TDMA/TDD)协议。 Media access control (MAC) is Figures 8A, 8B and time division multiple access centralized scheduling shown 8C / time division duplex (TDMA / TDD) protocol. 集中调度意味着接入点/中央控制器控制所有空中传输,包括上行链路,下行链路和直接模式阶段。 Means centralized scheduling access point / central controller controls all air transmissions, including uplink and downlink direct mode phase. 子网中的每个无线设备可请求为其自身和子网中的另一设备之间的通信保留一个或多个时隙。 Each subnet wireless device may request for communication between itself and another device subnet retain one or more time slots. 图8A示意了由MAC协议生成的空中接口的基本结构。 FIG 8A illustrates a basic structure of the air interface generated by the MAC protocol. 其由相同长度的MAC帧800序列构成,持续时间2毫秒。 MAC frames that the same sequence of length 800, duration 2 ms. 每个MAC帧800由若干相位构成。 Each MAC frame 800 is composed of several phases. 若干无线设备可在一个相位内的连续保留的时隙中连续发送。 Some wireless devices may be sent continuously in continuous time slots within a retention phase. 图8A所示的MAC帧相位包括广播相位802、下行链路相位810,直接链路相位818,上行链路相位826和随机接入相位834。 MAC frame shown in FIG. 8A phase comprises a broadcast phase 802, the downlink phase 810, direct link phase 818, phase 826 and an uplink random access phase 834. MAC帧800的下行链路相位810,直接链路相位818和上行链路相位826包含从该子网中请求了时隙的每个设备为传输数据突发和控制分配的TDMA时隙。 MAC frame 800 of the downlink phase 810, direct link phase 818 and an uplink phase 826 contains a request from each device in the subnetwork time slot for the transmission of control and data burst TDMA slot allocation.

[1]广播相位802:广播相位802传输由中央控制器104(H2)广播的广播控制信道804和帧控制信道806。 [1] Broadcast phase 802: Broadcast phase 802 is transmitted by the central controller 104 (H2) and a broadcast control channel 804 broadcast control channel frame 806. 图8A所示的广播控制信道804包含一般通知和一些状态位,通知在下行链路相位810出现更具体的广播信息。 Broadcast control channel 804 shown in Figure 8A contains a number of status bits and a general notification, notification 810 appears more specific broadcast information in the downlink phase. 根据本发明的一个实施例,广播控制信道804包括信标信号,其指定由中央控制器104(H2)控制的子网102(H2)中的信息提供商设备106(H2)的地址。 Embodiment, the broadcast control channel comprises a beacon signal 804, the address 102 (H2) of the information provider device 106 (H2) which specifies controlled by a central controller 104 (H2) of the subnetwork according to one embodiment of the present invention. 当图8中的到达设备100(H2)足够接近子网102(H2)以从中央控制器104(H2)接收周期性信标信号时,到达设备100(H2)将了解到该子网中的信息提供商设备的地址。 When the apparatus in FIG. 8 reaches 100 (H2) close enough to the subnet 102 (H2) to receive a periodic beacon signal from the central controller 104 (H2), arriving device 100 (H2) in the subnetwork will be appreciated address information provider equipment. 如果到达设备100(H2)正在运行自组织网络发现菜单选项,那么到达设备可在MAC帧的随机接入相位834向中央控制器104(H2)提出资源请求,请求后续MAC帧中的一个时隙。 If arriving device 100 (H2) is running the ad hoc network discovery menu option, then the device may reach a phase made resource request 834 to the central controller 104 (H2) in the random access MAC frame, a subsequent request for a time slot in the MAC frame . 所请求的时隙将被到达设备100(H2)用来向信息提供商106(H2)发送表征子网102(H2)的服务记录的请求。 The slots will be reached requested device 100 (H2) is used to send a request to characterize the subnet 102 (H2) to the information recording service provider 106 (H2).

在本发明的另一实施例中,在新自组织网络中信息提供商设备的地址可以是缺省地址。 In another embodiment of the present invention, the address of the new ad hoc network information provider device may be a default address. 例如,当本发明在HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准中体现时,新自组织网络中的信息提供商设备可具有缺省地址以允许移动台定位和识别自组织网络中的信息提供商设备。 For example, when the present invention is embodied in the HIPERLAN Type 2 Wireless LAN Standard, the Information Provider device in a new ad hoc network can have a default address to allow the information provider device to locate and identify the mobile station in the self-organizing network. 每个到达设备都知道该缺省地址。 Each device knows the default reaching the address. 例如,在HIPERLAN 2型无线LAN标准中,缺省地址可以是中央控制器设备的地址,或者自组织网络中第二个设备的地址。 For example, in the HIPERLAN Type 2 Wireless LAN Standard, the default address may be the address of the central controller device or the address of a second ad-hoc network devices. 当到达设备足够接近自组织网络以从该网络中的设备接收周期性信标信号或者接收对其询问的响应时,到达设备将了解该网络中的信息提供商设备的缺省地址。 When the device reaches close enough to the ad hoc network when the device receives a periodic beacon signal of the network or in response to its inquiry received from arriving at the device address of the information provider will be appreciated that the default device in the network. 如果到达设备正在运行自组织网络发现菜单选项,则到达设备可利用该缺省地址直接向信息提供商提出请求,以获得表征该自组织网络的服务记录。 If you reach the device is running an ad hoc network discovery menu option, you can use this device to reach the default address a request directly to the information provider to obtain service records characterizing the self-organizing network.

广播相位802传输帧控制信道806,其包含有关正在进行的帧800的结构的信息,包含所有后续传输突发的时隙的确切位置,它们的使用和内容类型。 Broadcast phase 802 control channel transmission frame 806, which contains information about the progress of the configuration of the frame 800, the exact location of all subsequent transmission comprising bursts slots, their use and content type. 帧控制信道中的消息为资源许可。 Frame control channel messages to resources permit. 资源许可为来自该子网中已经请求了时隙的每个设备的传输分配TDMA时隙。 The availability of resources from the subnet has requested the transmission of each TDMA slot allocation apparatus slot.

[2]下行链路相位810:图8A所示的下行链路相位810传输从接入点/中央控制器104(H2)发送到无线设备106(H2)和108(H2)的用户特定控制信息及用户数据812和814。 [2] The downlink phase 810: downlink phase 810 shown in FIG. 8A transmission sent from the access point / central controller 104 (H2) to wireless device 106 (H2) and 108 (H2) of the user specific control information and user data 812 and 814. 另外,下行链路相位还包含没有填充到固定的广播控制信道字段802的广播信息。 Further, the downlink phase further contains no charged into a fixed field of the broadcast information broadcast control channel 802. 控制信息和数据812和814是作为协议数据单元(PDU)发送的。 Data and control information 812 and 814 as a protocol data unit (PDU) transmission.

[3]直接链路相位:图8A所示的直接链路相位818传输无线设备106(H2)和108(H2)之间的用户数据业务820和822,而不直接涉及接入点/中央控制器104(H2)。 [3] the direct link phase: direct link phase 818 shown in Figure 8A the wireless transmission device 106 (H2) 108, and user data traffic between 820 and 822 (H2), without directly involving the access point / central controller device 104 (H2). 用户数据业务820和822是作为协议数据单元(PDU)发送的。 User data traffic 820 and 822 is a protocol data unit (PDU) transmission. 然而,为控制业务,通过从无线设备106(H2)和108(H2)为这些连接接收资源请求836以及在帧控制信道806发送资源许可间接涉及接入点/中央控制器104(H2)。 However, to control traffic, from the wireless device through 106 (H2) and 108 (H2) receiving a resource request for these connections 836 and to an access point / central controller 104 (H2) in the frame control channel 806 indirect transmission resource grant.

[4]上行链路相位826:图8A所示的上行链路相位826从无线设备106(H2)和108(H2)传输控制和用户数据828和830到接入点/中央控制器104(H2)。 [4] The uplink phase 826: uplink phase 826 shown in Figure 8A from the wireless device 106 (H2) and 108 (H2) transmitting control and user data 828 and 830 to the access point / central controller 104 (H2 ). 无线设备106(H2)和108(H2)必须请求其中一个后续MAC帧800的容量,以便得到接入点/中央控制器104(H2)许可的资源。 The wireless device 106 (H2) and 108 (H2) must request a subsequent MAC frames wherein the capacity of 800, so as to obtain the access point / central controller 104 (H2) resources permit. 控制和用户数据828和830是作为协议数据单元(PDU)发送的。 Control and user data 828 and 830 are transmitted as protocol data unit (PDU).

[5]随机接入相位834:图8A所示的随机接入相位834传输多个随机接入信道836。 [5] the random access phase 834: Random access phase 834 shown in FIG. 8A transmission of multiple random access channels 836. 在上行链路没有为之分配容量的无线设备利用这个相位传输控制信息。 It has been assigned in the uplink capacity is not a wireless device using the phase of a transmission of control information. 无关无线设备100(H2)利用随机信道836首先与接入点/中央控制器104(H2)联系。 Independent of the wireless device 100 (H2) using the first random channel 836 with an access point / central controller 104 (H2) contact. 这个相位还被执行切换的无线设备用来使它们的连接切换到新的接入点/中央控制器。 This phase is further performed to enable a wireless device to switch their connection switching to the new access point / central controller.

广播信道804的持续时间是固定的。 The duration of the broadcast channel 804 is fixed. 帧信道806、下行链路相位810,直接链路相位818,上行链路相位826的持续时间和和随机信道834的数量是根据当前业务情形由中央控制器104(H2)动态改变的。 Channel frame 806, the downlink phase 810, direct link phase 818, the uplink 826 and the phase duration and the number of random channel 834 is based on the current traffic situation by the central controller 104 (H2) changes dynamically. 中央控制器104(H2)可以具有若干下行链路,直接链路和上行链路相位,并混合这些相位,只要为每个无线设备保持顺序就行。 The central controller 104 (H2) may have several downlink, uplink and direct link phase, and the phases are mixed, as long as the order is maintained for each wireless device on the line. 下行链路810、直接链路818和上行链路826相位包括两种协议数据单元(PDU):长PDU和短PDU。 Downlink 810, direct link phase 818 and 826 includes two uplink protocol data unit (PDU): Long and short PDU PDU. 长PDU的尺寸为54个字节,而且包含控制或用户数据。 PDU length is 54 bytes in size, and contains control or user data. 尺寸为9个字节的短PDU仅包含控制数据,而且总是由数据链路控制生成。 Size of 9 bytes short PDU contains only the control data, but is always generated by the data link control. 在上行链路中可包含资源请求,自动重复类似确认和丢弃消息的请求消息或无线链路控制消息。 Request message may include uplink resource requests, and automatically repeat a similar acknowledgment message or discard a radio link control messages.

在随机信道834也使用相同的9字节尺寸。 9 also uses the same size in bytes of random channel 834. 随机信道834只能传输无线电链路控制消息和资源请求。 Random channel 834 can only transmit a radio link control messages and resource request. 接入随机信道834的方法是分隙Aloha协议。 The method of random access channel 834 is a slotted Aloha protocol. 冲突解决方案基于受无线设备控制的二进制补偿程序。 Conflict resolution based on the binary compensation program controlled by the wireless device. 接入点/中央控制器可动态确定在每个MAC帧800的随机接入相位834其提供多少个随机信道时隙。 The access point / central controller 834 may dynamically determine a phase random number which provides a channel time slot in each random access MAC frame 800.

打算与接入点/中央控制器通信的无线设备必须联系这个接入点/中央控制器。 Intended access point / central controller communicating wireless device must contact the access point / central controller. 理由是:[1]接入点/中央控制器总是必须为相联系的每个无线设备创建一些资源,例如,无线电链路控制连接和MAC ID。 The reasons are: [1] an access point / central controller must always create some resources for each associated wireless device, e.g., a radio link control connection and MAC ID.

[2]MAC协议受接入点/中央控制器的集中控制,而不论它是工作在集中模式还是直接模式。 [2] MAC protocol by the access point / central controller centralized control, whether it is working in a centralized mode or a direct mode.

相关控制的步骤有: Control-related steps are:

[1]相关:第一个步骤是为无线设备分配MAC ID,其后是链路能力的协商。 [1] Related: The first step is for the wireless device assigned MAC ID, followed by the negotiation of the link capability. 这些包括所选择的汇聚层和其他特征。 These include the selected aggregation and other features. 接入点/中央控制器和无线设备在此步骤确定是否执行加密和/或鉴权,以及使用什么加密和鉴权机制。 The access point / central controller and wireless device at this step is determined whether to perform encryption and / or authentication, and what encryption and authentication mechanism used.

[2]加密密钥交换:这个步骤是在链路能力协商后执行的,而且是任选的。 [2] the encryption key exchange: This step is performed after the link negotiation capability, but is optional. 其基于Diffie-Hellmann密钥交换协议。 Its exchange protocol based on Diffie-Hellmann key. Diffie-Hellmann保密和公开值被接入点/中央控制器和无线设备用来生成和更新会话密钥。 Diffie-Hellmann privacy and public values ​​by the access point / central controller and wireless device to generate and update the session key.

[3]鉴权:这个步骤是在鉴权密钥交换之后执行的,而且是任选的。 [3] Authentication: This step is performed after the authentication key exchange, and is optional. 鉴权要影响到无线设备和接入点/中央控制器,即它们执行互鉴权。 To affect authentication to the wireless device and the access point / central controller, i.e., they perform mutual authentication.

[4]接入点/中央控制器中的信标信令:信标信令提供有关在每个MAC帧广播的接入点/中央控制器的基本功能和特性的基本信息。 [4] the access point / central controller beacon signaling: The signaling beacon provides basic information about each MAC frame broadcast of the access point / central controller basic functions and features of the. 相关控制功能提供被广播的一些值。 Related control functions provide some value to be broadcast.

[5]加密密钥更新:这个特征是任选的。 [5] Encryption Key Update: This feature is optional. 其可周期性执行并由接入点/中央控制器请求。 Which may be performed periodically by the access point / central controller request.

[6]解相关:如果可能的话,这个功能由无线设备执行。 [6] Related Solutions: If possible, this function is performed by a wireless device. 如果无线设备突然掉电则不能执行该功能。 If the wireless device power down suddenly can not perform this function.

每个HIPERLAN 2型设备由物理层、数据链路控制,一个或多个汇聚层构成。 Each HIPERLAN Type 2 device a physical layer, data link control, or a plurality of aggregation layers. HIPERLAN 2型直接模式设备的应用层通过应用特定的汇聚层利用数据链路控制服务。 The application layer HIPERLAN Type 2 Direct mode by applying a specific device using the data link control layer convergence services.

当中央控制器104(H2)在广播相位802开始生成有效的广播控制信道时,创建子网102(H2),并允许其他设备与其子网相关。 When the central controller 104 (H2) starts to generate a valid broadcast control channel in the broadcast phase 802, create the subnet 102 (H2), and to allow other devices subnets associated therewith. 子网的所有设备与中央控制器104(H2)选择的频率同步,并利用中央控制器104(H2)在广播控制信道804和帧控制806信道给出的MAC帧结构800接入信道。 All devices with the central controller 104 subnet (H2) of the selected frequency synchronization, and using the central controller 104 (H2) in the broadcast control channel 804 and the frame control channel 806 of the MAC frame structure 800 is given access channel. 中央控制器的选择是动态的,而且可实现中央控制器任务从一个有中央控制器功能的无线设备到另一个这种设备的无缝切换。 The central controller selection is dynamic, and can achieve central control tasks from a wireless device to a central controller function seamless handover another such device.

为使基础设施和自组织操作模式都获得统一的控制结构,对自组织模式的所有一般特征保持控制面集中化。 To make self-organized infrastructure and modes of operation are given a unified control structure, all the general characteristics of the ad hoc mode to maintain centralized control plane. 这意味着只有中央控制器能命令无线设备做某件事。 This means that only the central controller can command the wireless device to do something. 然而,通过引入逻辑控制信道对一些直接模式扩展功能也可进行分布式控制,这可用于无线设备之间的控制消息的直接交换。 However, the direct mode channel for some extensions may also be controlled by introducing a distributed logic, which can be used to exchange control messages directly between wireless devices.

在用户平面,HIPERLAN 2型自组织模式扩展使用直接链路用户连接。 In the user plane, HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc mode using a direct link extension user connection. 这大大提高了资源效率,因为在通常的本地环境中,大部分用户业务具有区内特征。 This greatly improves the efficiency of resources, because in a typical local environment, the majority of business users with a feature area. 如同在基础设施模式中那样,8位MAC-ID用于区分子网中的设备,而6位ID加上资源和目的地MAC-ID可用于区分一对设备之间的连接,或起源于自组织模式的任何无线设备的广播/多播连接。 As above, 8 subnetwork MAC-ID device for distinguishing the infrastructure mode, and 6 plus resource ID and a destination MAC-ID can be used to distinguish between a pair of connecting devices, or originated from any wireless device broadcasting organization model / multicast connections.

对直接链路、长传输信道和短传输信道的资源请求836是在随机信道834或上行链路相位826的专用控制信道传输的。 Resources for direct link, long transport channels and short transport channel request 836 is a dedicated control channel transmission phase 826 of the channel 834 in a random or uplink. 在直接链路相位818的链路控制信道不发送直接链路的资源请求。 In the resource request direct link phase 818 control channel does not transmit a link direct link. 直接链路的资源请求总是与一个单一连接相关,这个连接的方向由资源请求中的源和目的地MAC-ID确定。 Direct link resource request is always associated with a single connection, in this direction is determined by a connection resource request source and destination MAC-ID.

对直接链路、长传输信道和短传输信道的资源许可是在帧控制信道806发送的。 Direct link, resources permit long transport channels and short transport channels are transmitted in the frame control channel 806. 直接链路的资源许可总是与一个单一连接相关,这个连接的方向由资源许可中的源和目的地MAC-ID确定。 Resources permit direct link is always related to a single connection, the direction of the connection is determined by the resource grant source and destination MAC-ID.

直接链路相位818中的专用控制信道用于以直接模式在任何两个HIPERLAN 2型设备之间交换无线电链路控制消息,或从直接模式发信人到一组直接模式接收机。 The direct link phase 818 control channel dedicated for direct mode radio link control message exchange, or directly from the sender to the set mode direct mode receiver between any two HIPERLAN 2 type devices. 其被映射到直接链路,长传输信道或直接链路,短传输信道。 Which is mapped to a direct link, long transport channel or a direct link, short transport channel. 这个逻辑信道可用于例如直接链路功率控制和链路质量校准。 The logical channel can be used, for example direct link power control and calibration of link quality.

在直接模式中,如图8所示分布逻辑信道的方向。 In the direct mode, the directional distribution of logical channels shown in Figure 8. 在图8中,无线设备102(H2)与无线设备108(H2)具有直接链路连接105。 In Figure 8, the wireless device 102 (H2) to wireless device 108 (H2) having a direct link connection 105. 资源许可是由帧控制信道806中的中央控制器104(H2)发送的。 Resource grant channel frame is transmitted by the central controller 806 104 (H2) is. 为直接链路连接许可的资源与用于用户数据的直接链路相位818用户数据信道相关,以及与用于字段重复请求控制消息的直接链路相位818控制信道相关。 The availability of resources connected to the direct link to direct link phase 818 user data related to the user data channels, and with a field repeat request control message related to direct link phase 818 control channel. 直接链路相位818用户数据信道中的PDU和直接链路相位818控制信道中的丢弃PDU从无线设备106(H2)被发送到无线设备108(H2)。 The direct link phase 818 user data channel PDU PDU is discarded and the direct link phase 818 control channel from a wireless device 106 (H2) is transmitted to the wireless device 108 (H2). 自动重复请求反馈PDU被直接从无线设备108(H2)发送到无线设备106(H2)。 Automatic repeat request feedback PDU is transmitted directly from the wireless device 108 (H2) to wireless device 106 (H2). 中央控制器104(H2)不侦听直接链路相位818用户数据信道和直接链路相位818控制信道,如果它不是直接链路连接的对等实体的话。 The central controller 104 (H2) does not listen on the direct link phase 818 user data channel and the direct link phase 818 control channel, and the like, then if it is not a direct link connection entity. 中央控制器104(H2)自身可充当无线设备,因此它可以是直接链路连接的源和/或目的地。 The central controller 104 (H2) itself may serve as the wireless device, it can be a source and / or destination of a direct link connection.

在图1中,有两个HIPERLAN 2型自组织网络102(H2)和112(H2)以及乘客的到达无线设备100(H2)。 In Figure 1, there are two HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc network 102 (H2) and 112 (H2) and reaches the passenger wireless device 100 (H2). HIPERLAN 2型自组织网络具有独立配置,其中如图8的网络图和图8A的MAC帧图所示,移动台104(H2)、106(H2)和108(H2)在独立的自组织网络102(H2)相互直接通信。 HIPERLAN Type 2 ad hoc networks have an independent configuration, wherein, the mobile station 104 (H2), 106 (H2) and 108 (H2) in an independent ad hoc network 102 in FIG. 8 and FIGS network MAC frame of FIG. 8A (H2) to communicate directly with each other. 根据本发明,服务搜索模式568和属性ID列表569从到达设备100(H2)被传递到自组织网络信息提供商设备106(H2),如图8B的MAC帧图所示。 According to the present invention, the service search pattern 568 and an attribute ID list 569 is transmitted from reaching the device 100 (H2) to the ad hoc network information provider device 106 (H2), MAC frame as shown in FIG. 8B. 类似地,本发明从自组织网络信息提供商设备106(H2)返回服务记录处理列表578和属性579到到达设备100(I),如图8C的MAC帧图所示。 Similarly, the present invention returns from the ad hoc network information provider device 106 (H2) 578 and service record handle list 579 to reach the device properties 100 (I), as shown in FIG. 8C MAC frame shown in FIG. 图8D示出了在添加到达设备100(H2)之前在自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)中的HIPERLAN2型服务注册600(H2)。 FIG 8D shows the addition of apparatus reaches 100 (H2) in the ad hoc network before register information provider 106 (H2) in HIPERLAN2 type services 600 (H2).

图8B示意了HIPERLAN 2型MAC帧结构800',包括对子网100(H2)中的子网服务记录的服务记录请求838。 FIG 8B illustrates a HIPERLAN Type 2 MAC frame structure 800 ', the service record including the subnet service records in subnet 100 (H2) in the request 838. 服务记录请求838是在直接链路相位818由到达设备100(H2)发送给自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)的。 Service record request 838 is sent in the direct link phase 818 to the ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) by the arrival device 100 (H2) is. 通常服务记录请求838比单个PDU的54字节长度要长,以便发送若干连续MAC帧800'、800'A、800'B和800'C,每个帧包含相应的连续部分840'、840'A、840'B和840'C。 Typically the service record request 838 may be longer than 54 bytes the single PDU, so several consecutive MAC frames transmitted 800 ', 800'A, 800'B, and 800'C, each frame comprising a respective continuous portion 840', 840 ' A, 840'B and 840'C.

图8C示意了HIPERLAN 2型MAC帧结构800”,其包括服务记录响应848,所述响应848含有在子网100(H2)中所请求的子网服务记录。服务记录响应848是在直接链路相位818由自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)发送给到达设备100(H2)的。通常服务记录响应848比单个PDU的54字节长度要长,以便发送若干个连续MAC帧800”、800”A、800”B和800”C,每个帧包含相应的连续部分850'、850'A、850'B和850'C。 FIG 8C illustrates a HIPERLAN Type 2 MAC frame structure 800 ", which includes a service record response 848, in response to the subnet service records in subnet 848 comprises 100 (H2) the requested service record response 848 is the direct link phase 818 usually transmitted to the service record of the ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) arrives at the device 100 (H2) in response 848 may be longer than 54 bytes the single PDU, so several consecutive MAC frames transmitted 800 ", 800 "a, 800" B and 800 "C, each frame comprising a respective continuous portion 850 ', 850'A, 850'B, and 850'C.

当新的HIPERLAN 2型设备100(H2)到达该自组织网络的任何成员的通信范围之内时,其开始搜索从自组织网络中的中央控制器广播的信标信号。 When the new HIPERLAN Type 2 device 100 (H2) reaches within the communication range of any member of the ad hoc network, it begins to search for the beacon signal is broadcast from the central controller of an ad hoc network. 来自中央控制器104(H2)的信标信号包括自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)的地址。 Beacon signal from the central controller 104 (H2) includes an ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) address. 到达设备100(H2)接着发送资源请求836到中央控制器104(H2),请求分配时隙,以便其能在直接链路相位818与自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)通信。 Arrival apparatus 100 (H2) then sends a resource request 836 to the central controller 104 (H2), requesting allocation of time slots, so that it can phase 818 (H2) and the communication network information provider 106 in the ad-hoc direct link. 到达设备100(H2)接着在直接链路相位818发送服务记录请求838到设备106(H2),以获得表征自组织网络102(H2)的信息。 Arrival apparatus 100 (H2) then sends a service request to record the phase 818 to 838 device 106 (H2) in the direct link to obtain information characterizing the ad hoc network 102 (H2) is. 自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)以包含从图8D的服务注册600(H2)得到的表征自组织网络102(H2)的信息的服务记录响应848来响应。 An ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) to register comprises a service from FIG. 8D 600 (H2) obtained information service records characterizing the ad-hoc network 102 (H2) in response to the 848 response. 图8D示出了在加入到达设备100(H2)之前自组织网络信息提供商106(H2)中的HIPERLAN 2型服务注册600(H2)。 FIG 8D shows the device before the addition of reaching 100 (H2) ad hoc network information provider 106 (H2) in the HIPERLAN Type 2 service registry 600 (H2). 本发明接着编辑到达设备的网络发现菜单。 The present invention then reach a network device discovery menu editing. 图3F的流程图详细示意了这部分过程。 Figure 3F is a detailed schematic flowchart of this part of the process. 网络发现菜单列出其范围内的自组织网络的特性。 Network discovery menu lists the characteristics of an ad hoc network within its range. 当用户从菜单选项了一项时,到达设备自动加入所选择的自组织网络。 When a user option from the menu to reach the self-organizing network devices automatically join the selected.

接着HIPERLAN 2型设备100(H2)确定用户是否已经指定了任何感兴趣的服务类别或服务属性。 Then HIPERLAN Type 2 device 100 (H2) to determine whether the user has specified any service classes or service attributes of interest. 如果用户已经指定了任何服务类别或服务属性,则设备100(H2)分析该指定的服务类别或服务属性,并以该指定的服务类别或服务属性排列自组织网络。 If the user has specified any service classes or service attributes, then device 100 (H2) analyzes the specified service classes or service attributes, the ad-hoc network and arranged to the designated service classes or service attributes. 在图2A的排列表720列出了排列的自组织网络。 In the arrangement table 720 of FIG. 2A shows the arrangement of the self-organizing network.

或者,如果用户未指定任何服务类别或服务属性,则HIPERLAN 2型设备100(H2)确定响应的自组织网络的信号质量特性。 Alternatively, if the user has not any service classes or service attributes specified, then the signal quality characteristic of Type 2 device 100 (H2) is determined in response to the ad-hoc network HIPERLAN. 通过接收信号强度,比特差错率或其他服务质量(QoS)度量可测量信号质量特性。 By received signal strength, bit error rate, or other quality of service (QoS) metrics may measure signal quality characterization. 接着设备100(H2)以服务质量(QoS)度量排列自组织网络。 Next device 100 (H2) in a quality of service (QoS) metrics ad hoc network arrangement. 在图2A的排列表720中列出了排列的自组织网络。 It lists the ad hoc network are arranged in rows in the list 720 of FIG. 2A.

本发明提供自组织网络信息提供商,其为询问设备提供表征该自组织网络的记录。 The present invention provides an ad hoc network information provider, characterized by the interrogation device which provides the self-hoc network records. 本发明为到达无线设备提供自组织网络发现菜单,列出其范围内所有自组织网络的当前运行的协作活动。 The present invention provides an ad hoc network discovery menu lists all currently running collaborative activity from tissue network within the range of reach of the wireless device. 自组织网络发现菜单可选择对到达用户特别感兴趣的那些自组织网络。 Ad hoc network discovery menu to select the ad hoc network to reach those particular interest to users. 自组织网络发现菜单也可选择那些具有最高接收信号质量的自组织网络。 The ad-hoc network discovery menu can also select those ad-hoc network having the highest received signal quality.

上面描述了四个自组织网络标准例子以体现本发明,即,蓝牙标准,IEEE 802.11无线LAN标准,HIPERLAN 1型标准和HIPERLAN 2型标准。 The above described self-organizing network standard four examples to reflect the present invention, i.e., the Bluetooth standard, IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard, the standard HIPERLAN Type 1 and HIPERLAN Type 2 standard. 然而,除了这四个标准,本发明还适用其他无线标准。 However, in addition to these four standards, the present invention is also applicable to other wireless standards. 本发明的为询问设备提供表征自组织网络的记录的自组织网络信息提供商的原理在许多其他无线标准中同样有用。 Characterization recorded principles provide ad-hoc network devices for interrogation of an ad hoc network information provider according to the present invention is equally useful in many other wireless standards. 本发明适用于,例如,红外数据联合(IrDA)标准,增强数字无绳电信(DECT)标准,共用无线接入协议(SWAP)标准,IEEE 802.15无线个人局域网(WPAN)标准,日本第三代(3G)无线标准,以及日本无线电工业和商业协会的多媒体移动接入通信(MMAC)系统。 The present invention is applicable to, for example, United Infrared Data (IrDA) standard, Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT) standard, shared wireless access protocol (the SWAP) standard, IEEE 802.15 wireless personal area networks (WPAN) standard, the Japanese 3rd generation (3G ) wireless standard, and the Japanese Association of radio industries and Businesses multimedia mobile access communication (the MMAC) systems. 本发明使得每个这些无线标准都能提供自组织网络信息提供商,为询问设备提供表征自组织网络的记录。 The present invention enables each of these wireless standards can provide the ad-hoc network information provider of record characterizing the ad hoc network to the interrogation device.

尽管已经公开了本发明的特定实施例,但本领域的技术人员将理解的是,不偏离本发明的精神和范围可对特定实施例作修改。 Although particular embodiments have been disclosed embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art will understand that, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention may be modified for specific embodiments.

Claims (21)

1.一种向接近多个自组织网络中的多个无线设备的到达无线设备提供网络信息的方法,所述网络信息使得所述到达无线设备能够选择性加入到所述多个自组织网络的其中一个,所述方法包括:在所述多个自组织网络中的至少一个中提供自组织网络信息提供商无线设备;在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中存储这样的记录,即所述记录用于表征所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备是其成员的自组织网络;以及从所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备发送所述记录到到达无线设备,以响应于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备与所述到达设备之间交换的选择信号。 CLAIMS 1. A method for proximity to a plurality of wireless devices of a plurality of ad hoc network provides the wireless device reaches the network information, the network information of the wireless device such that the arrival of said plurality is selectively added to the ad hoc network wherein a, said method comprising: at least one of said plurality of ad-hoc network in an ad hoc network information provider to provide the wireless device; recording such an ad hoc network information provider is stored in the wireless device, i.e., the said recording for characterizing the ad hoc network information provider device is a wireless ad hoc network of its members; and transmitting wireless device from the self-organizing network information provider to the recording reaches the wireless device in response to the device select signal exchange between the wireless ad hoc network information provider device and the arrival.
2.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用IEEE802.11无线LAN标准。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said wireless device using a wireless LAN standard IEEE802.11.
3.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用蓝牙标准。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the wireless device using the Bluetooth standard.
4.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用红外数据联合标准。 4. A method according to claim 1, wherein the wireless device using the infrared data federation standards.
5.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用增强数字无绳电信标准。 The method according to claim 1, wherein said wireless device using a digital enhanced cordless telecommunications standard.
6.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用共用无线接入协议标准。 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said wireless device using a shared wireless access protocol standard.
7.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用IEEE802.15无线个人局域网标准。 7. A method according to claim 1, wherein the wireless device using wireless personal area network standard IEEE802.15.
8.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用高性能无线局域网标准。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein said wireless device using a high performance wireless LAN standard.
9.根据权利要求1的方法,其中所述无线设备使用多媒体移动接入通信系统标准。 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the wireless device multimedia mobile access communication system standards.
10.一种向接近多个自组织网络中的多个无线设备的到达无线设备提供网络信息的系统,所述网络信息使得所述到达设备能够选择性加入到所述多个自组织网络的其中一个,包括:至少一个所述自组织网络中的自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中的处理器;与所述处理器连接的存储器,用于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备中存储这样的记录,即所述记录用于表征所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备是其成员的自组织网络;以及与所述处理器连接的无线电装置,用于从所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备发送所述记录到到达无线设备,以响应于在所述自组织网络信息提供商无线设备与所述到达设备之间交换的选择信号。 10. A method of providing network information to a plurality of proximity plurality of wireless devices in the ad hoc network system reaches the wireless device, wherein the network information so that the device can be selectively added to reach the plurality of ad-hoc network a, comprising: at least one self-organizing network in an ad hoc network information provider in the wireless device processor; and a memory coupled to the processor, for the ad hoc network information provider is stored in the wireless device such recording, i.e. the recording for characterizing the ad hoc network information provider device is a wireless ad hoc network of its members; and a radio device connected to said processor for providing information from the self-organizing network Suppliers for the wireless device transmits to the recording device reaches the radio, in response to a selection signal exchange between devices hoc network information provider from the wireless device and the arrival of the.
11.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用IEEE802.11无线LAN标准。 11. The system of claim 10, wherein said wireless device using a wireless LAN standard IEEE802.11.
12.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用日本第三带无线标准。 12. The system of claim 10, wherein the third wireless device with a wireless standard used in Japan.
13.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用红外数据联合标准。 13. The system of claim 10, wherein the wireless device using the infrared data federation standards.
14.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用增强数字无绳电信标准。 14. The system of claim 10, wherein said wireless device using a digital enhanced cordless telecommunications standard.
15.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用共用无线接入协议标准。 15. The system of claim 10, wherein said wireless device using a shared wireless access protocol standard.
16.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用IEEE802.15无线个人局域网标准。 16. The system of claim 10, wherein the wireless device using wireless personal area network standard IEEE802.15.
17.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用高性能无线局域网标准。 17. The system of claim 10, wherein said wireless device using a high performance wireless LAN standard.
18.根据权利要求10的系统,其中所述无线设备使用多媒体移动接入通信系统标准。 18. The system of claim 10, wherein the wireless device multimedia mobile access communication system standards.
19.一种向到达无线设备提供网络信息的方法,所述到达无线电设备接近于多个无线设备,所述网络信息能够使所述到达无线设备选择性地加入到自组织网络,所述方法包括:在第一自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中,保持无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用业务的第一列表,并且根据从所述第一自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第一列表;在第二自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中,保持无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用业务的第二列表,并且根据从所述第二自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第二列表;所述到达无线设备发现所述第一和所述第二自组织网络;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第一列表相关的第一业务信息,收集用以表征所述第一自组织网络的信息,其中所述第一业务信息用于描述无线 19. A method for reaching a wireless device to provide network information, the radio apparatus reaches close to a plurality of wireless devices, the network information can reach the wireless device is selectively added to the ad hoc network, said method comprising : one or more network nodes in the first ad-hoc network, the wireless device remains in the first list of the first self-organizing network traffic can be utilized, and according to an ad hoc network from the first wireless device received information to update the first list; one or more network nodes in a second ad-hoc network, the wireless device remains in the second list of the second ad hoc network traffic can be utilized, and depending from the updating the second list information received by the second wireless ad-hoc network devices; the arrival of the first wireless device and the discovery of the second ad hoc network; the arrival by the wireless device obtained the first list associated with the first service information, the first information collected to characterize the ad hoc network, wherein the first service information for describing a radio 备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第二列表相关的第二业务信息,收集用以表征所述第二自组织网络的信息,其中所述第二业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备形成一个编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表包括从所述第一业务信息中得到的所述第一自组织网络的第一特征以及从所述第二业务信息中得到的所述第二自组织网络的第二特征;以及基于所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述到达无线设备加入到所述第一自组织网络或者所述第二自组织网络。 Preparation of the first ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the arrival by the wireless device to obtain the second list associated with the second service information, the second information collected to characterize the ad hoc network, wherein the second service information for describing a second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the wireless device reaches the network formed a discovery service list editing, the edited list comprises service discovery network the obtained information from the first service of the first feature of the first ad hoc network and to obtain the second service information from the second feature of the second ad-hoc network; and based on the post-editing network discovery service list, the arrival of the first wireless device to join the ad hoc network or the second ad-hoc network.
20.一种向到达无线设备提供网络信息的系统,所述到达无线电设备接近于多个无线设备,所述网络信息能够使所述到达无线设备选择性地加入到自组织网络,所述系统包括:一个或多个第一无线设备,用于在第一自组织网络中保持无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用业务的第一列表,并且根据从所述第一自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第一列表;一个或多个第二无线设备,用于在第二自组织网络中保持无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用业务的第二列表,并且根据从所述第二自组织网络中的无线设备接收到的信息而更新所述第二列表;到达无线设备,用于发现所述第一和所述第二自组织网络;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第一列表相关的第一业务信息,收集用以表征所述第一自组织网络的信息,其中所述第一业务信 20. A system to the wireless device to provide network information, the radio apparatus reaches close to a plurality of wireless devices, the network information can reach the wireless device is selectively added to the ad hoc network, the system comprising : one or more first wireless device for holding a first list at a first wireless device in the ad-hoc network in the first ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized, and depending from said first ad-hoc network the information received from the wireless device to update the first list; one or more second wireless device, the first device for holding the second wireless ad hoc network in the second ad hoc network traffic can be utilized two list and the second list is updated according to information received from the second ad hoc network to the wireless device; reach wireless device to discover said first and said second ad hoc network; the the wireless device obtained by said arrival associated with the first service of the first list information, collect information for characterizing the first ad-hoc network, wherein the first traffic channel 用于描述无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备通过得到与所述第二列表相关的第二业务信息,收集用以表征所述第二自组织网络的信息,其中所述第二业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述到达无线设备形成一个编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表包括从所述第一业务信息中得到的所述第一自组织网络的第一特征以及从所述第二业务信息中得到的所述第二自组织网络的第二特征;以及基于所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述到达无线设备加入所述第一自组织网络或者所述第二自组织网络。 Is used to describe devices in the first wireless ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the arrival by the wireless device to obtain a second service associated with the second list information collected to characterize the second ad hoc network information, wherein the second service information for describing a second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; the wireless device reaches the network formed a discovery service list editing, the edited network wherein a first discovery service list comprises a first and a second ad-hoc network wherein the second ad hoc network to obtain from the second service information from the obtained information, the first service; and based on after editing the network discovery service list, the arrival of the first device to join the wireless ad hoc network or the second ad-hoc network.
21.一种用于收集关于网络的网络信息的移动无线设备,其中所述网络包括多个无线设备,并且接近于这些移动无线设备,所述网络信息能够使所述移动无线设备选择性地加入到自组织网络,所述移动无线设备包括:处理器,用于存储由所述处理器执行的程序代码的存储器,至少一个无线电装置,以及用户接口;所述存储器中的程序代码用于建立与第一组自组织网络的联系,在所述第一自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中保持无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用业务的第一列表,所述网络基于从所述第一自组织网络的无线设备中接收到的信息而更新所述第一列表;所述存储器中的程序代码用于建立与第二组自组织网络的联系,在所述第二自组织网络的一个或多个网络节点中保持无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用业务的第二列表,所述网络 21. A mobile wireless device for collecting network information about the network, wherein said network comprises a plurality of wireless devices, and close to the mobile wireless device, the network information enabling the mobile wireless device selectively added the ad-hoc network, the mobile wireless device comprising: a processor, a memory for storing a program code executed by the processor, the at least one radio device, and a user interface; program code in the memory and for establishing a first contact group ad-hoc network, the wireless device remains in the first list of the first self-organizing network traffic can be utilized in a self-organizing network of the first or more network nodes, the network based on the the first wireless device in the ad hoc network information received updating the first list; program code memory is used to establish contact with the second set of ad hoc network, the second ad hoc one or more network nodes of the network to maintain the second list of the second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized, the network 于从所述第二自组织网络的无线设备中接收到的信息而更新所述第二列表;所述存储器中的程序代码用于发现所述第一和所述第二自组织网络;所述存储器中的程序代码用于通过得到与所述第一列表相关的第一业务信息,收集用以表征所述第一自组织网络的信息,其中所述第一业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第一自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述存储器中的程序代码用于通过得到与所述第二列表相关的第二业务信息,收集用以表征所述第二自组织网络的信息,其中所述第二业务信息用于描述无线设备在所述第二自组织网络中可利用的业务;所述存储器中的程序代码用于形成一个编辑后的网络发现业务列表,所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表包括从所述第一业务信息中得到的所述第一自组织网络的第一特征以及从所述第二业务信息中得到的所述第 Receiving information from the wireless device to the second ad hoc network to update the second list; program code memory is used to find the first and the second ad hoc network; the the program code is used by the memory associated with the first list obtained for the first service information, collect information for characterizing the first ad-hoc network, wherein service information for the first wireless device described in the said first ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; program code used by the memory to obtain the second list associated with the second service information, the second information collected to characterize the ad-hoc network, wherein the second service information for describing a second wireless device in the ad-hoc network traffic can be utilized; program code in the memory for forming a network discovery service after an edit list, the editing after comprising a first network discovery service feature list obtained from the first service information, the first ad-hoc network and the second derived from the second information service 自组织网络的第二特征;以及所述存储器中的程序代码基于所述编辑后的网络发现业务列表,将所述移动无线设备加入到所述第一自组织网络或者所述第二自组织网络。 Wherein the second ad-hoc network; and a second ad hoc network program code in the memory found in the service list based on the network after the editing, be added to the mobile device to the first wireless ad hoc network or the .
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