CN1262973A - Conticasting tundish composite material block stopper and its production method - Google Patents

Conticasting tundish composite material block stopper and its production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1262973A
CN1262973A CN 99100546 CN99100546A CN1262973A CN 1262973 A CN1262973 A CN 1262973A CN 99100546 CN99100546 CN 99100546 CN 99100546 A CN99100546 A CN 99100546A CN 1262973 A CN1262973 A CN 1262973A
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China
Prior art keywords
caput
powder
stopper
barred
graphite
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CN 99100546
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1079712C (en
Inventor
史济春
马智明
王子亮
张永鑫
吴巍
刘�东
王明建
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Anyang Iron and Steel Group Co Ltd
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Anyang Iron and Steel Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN99100546A priority Critical patent/CN1079712C/en
Publication of CN1262973A publication Critical patent/CN1262973A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1079712C publication Critical patent/CN1079712C/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The production method of composite material solid stopper rod is characterized by that the stopper rod head is made up by using magnesite clinker as aggregate, using graphite, metal aluminium powder and silicon powder as fine powder, using liquid and solid phenolic resin as binding agent and BN as additive, and the rod body of the described stopper rod is made up by using sintered bauxite as aggregate, aluminium-magnesium spinel, sintered magnesite clinker, high-aluminium powder, silicon micropowder and aluminium micropowder as fine powder and sodium triplyphosphate, calgon and stainless steel fibre as additive, and its production method adopts the following processes: simultaneous forming and light-burning process of the stopper rod and rod head, vibrating while pressing integrally-pouring forming process from rod body to rod head and isolating non-oxidation kiln light-burning and baking process of rod body and rod head.

Description

Continuous casting tundish composite integral column of sagger and preparation method thereof
The present invention is a kind of continuous casting tundish composite integral column of sagger and preparation method thereof, belongs to the metallurgical casting technical field.
Continuous casting tundish major part is used two kinds of stopper forms both at home and abroad at present.
First kind is the stopper that combines by the mud bonding with magnalium sleeve brick, aluminium carbon chock plug and metal stopper rod.The stopper cost that this kind is combined into is lower, and every is about about 170 yuan, and its service life is generally shorter, is about 180~220 minutes.But when this kind stopper uses,, often occur therefore that stopper runs wind, chock plug falls piece in the big production of industry, cause boring bag, cause the generation that stops watering with other accident because every combination plug dress committee is difficult to guarantee the bonding assembling quality.Second kind is aluminium carbon material integral column of sagger, is primary raw material with premium high-alumina and graphitic carbon, adopts isostatic compaction, also to carry out the manufacture craft of oil immersion, dipping and a series of complexity such as light-burned, its manufacturing cost is higher, and every about about 630 yuan, generally be about 480~540 minutes its service life.But this kind stopper is an aluminium carbon material owing to integral body, easily oxidation, and its manufacture craft is complicated, and investment is big, cost is high.
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of continuous casting tundish composite integral column of sagger and preparation method thereof.This stopper adopts the composite with the preparation of segmentation material-structure, by vibration moulding, light-burned making.The invention solves the problem that above-mentioned two kinds of stoppers exist, its cost is low, and preparation method is simple.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
Described stopper adopts with Al 2O 3-MgO is as the barred body material, with the version of MgO-C as the integral body combination of caput material.Described method is: barred body adopts the ladle cement-free to water material feeding and inorganic pressure bar head while moulding process, the light-burned integral column of sagger of making; From the barred body to the caput, adopt the integral body of pressing to burn injection formation technology, and barred body, caput are isolated light-burned kiln and the baking process of non-oxidation while shaking.
Describe the present invention below: one, the used material of the caput of composite integral column of sagger of the present invention and barred body is as follows:
1, described caput as aggregate, as fine powder, is that additive is prepared burden with liquid and solid phenolic resin as binding agent, BN (boron nitride) with graphite, metallic aluminium powder, silica flour with magnesia;
Its proportioning (weight %) is: magnesia 81~85%, and graphite 13~16%,
Metallic aluminium powder 0.5~1.0%, metallic silicon power 1.5~2.0%.
Add: BN (boron nitride) 0.06~0.08%, liquid phenolic resin 1~2%, solid
Powdered phenol-formaldehyde resin 2~4%.
Described graphite is the H-101 modified graphite, and the MgO content of described magnesia answers 〉=98%.
Its material particle size can be:
The granularity of magnesia is less than 8mm, wherein: 0.3~5mm accounts for 3~5%
Granularity≤0.088mm as the graphite of fine powder, metallic aluminium powder, silica flour.
2, described barred body is made aggregate with sintered bauxite, and aluminum-spinel, magnesite clinker, high-alumina fly, silicon powder and aluminium micro mist are prepared burden as fine powder, add sodium phosphate trimer, calgon and stainless steel fibre.
Its proportioning (weight %) is: sintered bauxite 65~75%, aluminum-spinel 8~12%, magnesite clinker 13.5~16.5%, high-alumina fly 1~3%, silicon powder 2.0~2.5%, aluminium micro mist 0.5~1.0%.
Add: sodium phosphate trimer 0.04~0.06%, calgon 0.13~0.17%,
Stainless steel fibre 0.8~1.0%.
The granularity of described sintered bauxite is less than 8mm, wherein: 1~5mm accounts for 25~30%,
<1mm accounts for 8~12%;
Granularity≤0.088mm as aluminum-spinel, magnesite clinker, high-alumina fly, silicon powder and the aluminium micro mist of fine powder.
Described stainless steel fibre can be the 304# stainless steel fibre.Two, the preparation method of composite monolithic stopper rod of the present invention is as follows:
Described caput material is put into the caput steel mold that is fixed on the shake table in stirrer for mixing after 30~40 minutes, carry out the continuous reinforced moulding of flanging while shaking, the vibration moulding time is 3~5 minutes; The punching block that barred body is connected with caput is installed then, with described barred body material in stirrer for mixing after 8~20 minutes, put into the described steel mold that is fixed on the shake table, carry out the continuous reinforced moulding of flanging while shaking, the vibration moulding time is 8~10 minutes, becomes wet base composite integral column of sagger after caput and the barred body moulding.Described wet base integral column of sagger after placing 16~24 hours under 25~35 ℃ the condition with the barred body demoulding; With the stopper after the barred body demoulding in 150~200 ℃ hothouse dry 30~36 hours again, make the caput demoulding.Carry out light-burned technology at last: with the caput granularity is that the flint clay of 1~3mm and graphite powder mix and bury, and the volume ratio of flint clay and graphite powder is 25~35: 65~75; Under 500~750 ℃, with light-burned 40~48 hours of stopper, lower the temperature with the method for the cooling of ceasing fire, per hour temperature drop is 80~100 ℃, is cooled to below 70 ℃ to come out of the stove, and behind the kiln discharge stopper is repaired.
The present invention is by the composite with the preparation of segmentation material-structure, through vibration moulding, the light-burned continuous casting tundish composite monolithic stopper rod of making.The problem that investment is big, cost is high that need hydrostatic profiles such as this stopper has solved magnalium sleeve brick combined plunger race wind, chock plug falls piece, aluminium carbon stopper and complicated production technology are brought.This composite monolithic stopper rod manufacture craft is simple, investment is little and cost is low, can reduce the continuous casting cost significantly.Described stopper and the present Al of high-quality both at home and abroad 2O 3-C matter integral column of sagger is compared, and intensity improves more than 2 times, and can reach Al service life 2O 3The equal effect of-C matter integral column of sagger, but its price compares Al 2O 3-C matter integral column of sagger is low more than 2 times.And described stopper Chrome-free can not produce severe toxicity after the use and causes environmental pollution problems.
Embodiment:
1, described caput proportioning (weight %) is: magnesia 84%, and H-101 modified graphite 13%,
Metallic aluminium powder 1.0%, metallic silicon power 2.0%.
Add: BN (boron nitride) 0.07%, liquid phenolic resin 1.5%, solid powder
Shape phenolic resins 3.5%.
Its material granularity is:
The granularity of magnesia is less than 8mm, wherein: 0.3~5mm accounts for 5%,
≤ 0.088mm accounts for 18%.
2, described caput proportioning is (weight %): sintered bauxite 70%, aluminum-spinel 10%, magnesite clinker 15%, high-alumina fly 2%, silicon powder 2.5%, aluminium micro mist 0.5%.
Add: sodium phosphate trimer 0.05%, calgon 0.15%, 304# stainless steel fibre 0.9%.
The granularity of described sintered bauxite is less than 8mm, wherein: 1~5mm accounts for 28%,
<1m accounts for 10%.
The preparation method of described composite monolithic stopper rod is as follows:
Described caput material is put into the caput steel mold that is fixed on the shake table in stirrer for mixing after 37 minutes, carry out the continuous reinforced moulding of flanging while shaking, the vibration moulding time is 4 minutes; The punching block that barred body is connected with caput is installed then, with described barred body material in stirrer for mixing after 10 minutes, put into the described steel mold that is fixed on the shake table, carry out the continuous reinforced moulding of flanging while shaking, the vibration moulding time is 10 minutes, becomes wet base composite integral column of sagger after caput and the barred body moulding; Described wet base integral column of sagger after placing 20 hours under 30 ℃ the condition with the barred body demoulding; With the stopper after the barred body demoulding in 180 ℃ hothouse dry 33 hours again, make the caput demoulding.Carry out light-burned technology at last: with the caput granularity is that the flint clay of 1~3mm and graphite powder mix and bury, and the volume ratio of flint clay and graphite powder is 30: 70; Under 720 ℃, with light-burned 40 hours of stopper, lower the temperature with the method for the cooling of ceasing fire, per hour temperature drop is 80 ℃, is cooled to below 70 ℃ to come out of the stove, and behind the kiln discharge stopper is repaired, and promptly becomes qualified continuous casting composite monolithic stopper rod.
Described composite monolithic stopper rod physical and chemical index is as follows:
Caput index: MgO<76% C 〉=14%
1, porosity % 2~4
2, high temperature break resistant intensity Mpa (1400 ℃ * 0.5h) 4
3, bulk density gram/cm 3〉=2.9
4, cold crushing strength Mpa 45
Barred body index: Al 2O 3〉=69.5% MgO 〉=15%
1, refractoriness 〉=1800 ℃
2, refractoriness under load ℃ starting point 〉=1400 ℃
4% deformation point 〉=1510 ℃
3,110 ℃ * 24h of normal temperature folding strength Mpa 〉=60
1450 ℃ * 3h 〉=50 (burning the back)
4, bulk density gram/cm 32.75
5,1450 ℃ * 3h of line rate of change % burns back 0-1
6,1000 ℃/water-cooled of thermal shock resistance>40 times

Claims (7)

1, a kind of continuous casting tundish composite integral column of sagger is characterized in that the caput of described stopper and the used material of barred body are as follows:
(1), described caput with magnesia as aggregate, as fine powder, be that additive is prepared burden as binding agent, BN with graphite, metallic aluminium powder, silica flour with liquid and solid phenolic resin,
Its proportioning (weight %) is: magnesia 81~85%, and graphite 13~16%,
Metallic aluminium powder 0.5~1.0%, metallic silicon power 1.5~2.0%,
Add: BN 0.06~0.08%, liquid phenolic resin 1~2%, solid, powdery phenolic aldehyde tree
Fat 2~4%;
(2), described barred body makes aggregate with sintered bauxite, aluminum-spinel, magnesite clinker, high-alumina fly, silicon powder and aluminium micro mist are prepared burden as fine powder, add sodium phosphate trimer, calgon and stainless steel fibre,
Its proportioning (weight %) is: sintered bauxite 65~75%, and aluminum-spinel 8~12%, magnesite clinker 13.5~16.5%, high-alumina fly 1~3%, silicon powder 2.0~2.5%, aluminium micro mist 0.5~1.0%,
Add: sodium phosphate trimer 0.04~0.06%, calgon 0.13~0.17%,
Stainless steel fibre 0.8~1.0%.
2, stopper as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the material particle size of described caput is:
The granularity of described magnesia is less than 8mm, wherein: 0.3~5mm accounts for 3~5%, as the granularity≤0.088mm of the graphite of fine powder, metallic aluminium powder, silica flour.
3, stopper as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the material particle size of described barred body is:
The granularity of described sintered bauxite is less than 8mm, wherein: 1~5mm accounts for 25~30%,
<1mm accounts for 8~12%;
Granularity≤0.088mm as aluminum-spinel, magnesite clinker, high-alumina fly, silicon powder and the aluminium micro mist of fine powder.
4,, it is characterized in that described graphite is the H-101 modified graphite as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described stoppers.
5,, it is characterized in that described stainless steel fibre is the 304# stainless steel fibre as claim 1 or 2 or 3 described stoppers.
6, the preparation method of stopper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described caput material is put into the caput steel mold that is fixed on the shake table after 30~40 minutes in stirrer for mixing, carry out the continuous reinforced moulding of flanging while shaking, the vibration moulding time is 3~5 minutes, the punching block that barred body is connected with caput is installed then, with described barred body material in stirrer for mixing after 8~20 minutes, put into the described steel mold that is fixed on the shake table, carry out the continuous reinforced moulding of flanging while shaking, the vibration moulding time is 8~10 minutes, becomes wet base composite integral column of sagger after caput and the barred body moulding; Described wet base integral column of sagger after placing 16~24 hours under 25~35 ℃ the condition with the barred body demoulding; With the stopper after the barred body demoulding in 150~200 ℃ hothouse dry 30~36 hours again; make the caput demoulding; carry out light-burned technology at last: with the caput granularity is that the flint clay of 1~3mm and graphite powder mix and bury; under 500~750 ℃; with light-burned 40~48 hours of stopper; method with the cooling of ceasing fire is lowered the temperature, and per hour temperature drop is 80~100 ℃, is cooled to below 70 ℃ to come out of the stove.
7, method as claimed in claim 6, the volume ratio that it is characterized in that described flint clay and graphite powder is 25~35: 65~75.
CN99100546A 1999-02-09 1999-02-09 Conticasting tundish composite material block stopper and its production method Expired - Fee Related CN1079712C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN99100546A CN1079712C (en) 1999-02-09 1999-02-09 Conticasting tundish composite material block stopper and its production method

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CN1262973A true CN1262973A (en) 2000-08-16
CN1079712C CN1079712C (en) 2002-02-27

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2407287A (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-27 Pyrotek Engineering Materials Stopper rod made from reinforced ceramic
CN100406163C (en) * 2002-03-14 2008-07-30 山东东耐高温材料有限公司 Compound integral column of sagger
CN102039403A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-05-04 北京利尔高温材料股份有限公司 Method for manufacturing spinel composite monoblock stopper for continuous casting of low-carbon free-cutting steel
CN102049512A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-05-11 北京利尔高温材料股份有限公司 Production method of burning-free continuous casting integral composite rod
CN102276240A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-12-14 河南中隆科技有限责任公司 Novel flexible wear resistant ceramic material and its preparation method
CN101381238B (en) * 2008-09-24 2012-09-05 山东钢铁股份有限公司 Current stabilizer sintering technology
CN104096829A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-15 江苏泰瑞耐火有限公司 Stopper drying support

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1096473A (en) * 1993-06-18 1994-12-21 冶金工业部洛阳耐火材料研究院 Monolithic stopper for continuous casting and production technology

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100406163C (en) * 2002-03-14 2008-07-30 山东东耐高温材料有限公司 Compound integral column of sagger
GB2407287A (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-27 Pyrotek Engineering Materials Stopper rod made from reinforced ceramic
US7165757B2 (en) 2003-10-24 2007-01-23 Pyrotek Incorporated Control pin
CN101381238B (en) * 2008-09-24 2012-09-05 山东钢铁股份有限公司 Current stabilizer sintering technology
CN102039403A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-05-04 北京利尔高温材料股份有限公司 Method for manufacturing spinel composite monoblock stopper for continuous casting of low-carbon free-cutting steel
CN102049512A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-05-11 北京利尔高温材料股份有限公司 Production method of burning-free continuous casting integral composite rod
CN102049512B (en) * 2011-01-18 2013-05-15 北京利尔高温材料股份有限公司 Production method of burning-free continuous casting integral composite rod
CN102276240A (en) * 2011-06-03 2011-12-14 河南中隆科技有限责任公司 Novel flexible wear resistant ceramic material and its preparation method
CN104096829A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-15 江苏泰瑞耐火有限公司 Stopper drying support

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