CN1253258C - Method for rolling and forming rectangular section aluminium alloy ring piece - Google Patents

Method for rolling and forming rectangular section aluminium alloy ring piece Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1253258C
CN1253258C CN 200410060885 CN200410060885A CN1253258C CN 1253258 C CN1253258 C CN 1253258C CN 200410060885 CN200410060885 CN 200410060885 CN 200410060885 A CN200410060885 A CN 200410060885A CN 1253258 C CN1253258 C CN 1253258C
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CN
China
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rolling
ring
aluminium alloy
blank
forging
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CN 200410060885
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1586753A (en
Inventor
华林
赵玉民
毛华杰
吴燕翔
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武汉理工大学
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Publication of CN1253258C publication Critical patent/CN1253258C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for rolling and forming rectangular section aluminium alloy ring pieces. The method for rolling and forming rectangular section aluminium alloy ring pieces is realized according to the following steps: (1), blanking: a rod of aluminium alloy is cut into material sections with a saw; (2), blank manufacture: the material sections are uniformly heated till the material sections have high plasticity and low resistance from the room temperature to the heat distortion temperature of 350 DEG C to 550 DEG C, the material sections of the aluminum alloy in the thermal state are stamped to be thick and punched, connected skin is punched, and the material sections are made into blanks of rolling ring pieces of specific shapes and dimensions; (3) ring rolling: the blanks of the ring pieces, which are put into a heating furnace to be heated, are taken out when the temperature reaches 350 DEG C to 550 DEG G, the blanks of the ring pieces are put into a hole of a ring rolling machine, the wall thickness of each of blanks of the ring pieces is reduced, the inner and the outer diameters of each of the blanks of the ring pieces are enlarged by radial or radial-axial rolling, and the blanks of the ring pieces become forged pieces of the ring pieces; (4), the forged pieces are mechanically cut and processed into finished products. The present invention has the characteristics of low cost and high productive efficiency.

Description

The method of square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming

Technical field

The present invention relates to the method for a kind of square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming.

Background technology

At present, the square-section aluminium alloy rings adopts the saddle support reaming to finish mostly, is about to blank and is enclosed within on the mandrel, and last anvil is beaten blank, produces pulling along the circumferential direction, makes the forging wall thickness reduction, and inside and outside footpath increases simultaneously, thereby reaches the geomery requirement.Processing technology is: 1) jumping-up, 2) punching, 3) expanding with a punch, 4) reaming of plug saddle support, 5) finishing.The subject matter of this explained hereafter aluminium alloy rings is: 1) the ring geometric accuracy is low, allowance is big, stock utilization is low; 2) ring needs repeatedly saddle support reaming, production efficiency is low, labour intensity is big; 3) ring needs heating, energy consumption height repeatedly; 4) production cost height.

Summary of the invention

At above-mentioned deficiency, the object of the present invention is to provide the method for the square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming that a kind of cost is low, production efficiency is high.

To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is: the method for square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming is characterized in that realizing as follows: 1) blanking: the rods and bars of aluminium alloy sawing is become the material section; 2) base: will the section of expecting evenly be heated to 350 ℃~550 ℃ of the heat distortion temperatures of high-ductility, low resistance,, make the ring blank with hot aluminium alloy material section jumping-up, punching, punching the wad from room temperature; 3) roll ring: the ring blank is put into heating furnace heat, when temperature reaches 350 ℃~550 ℃, take out, put into machine for rolling ring,, make that ring blank wall thickness reduces, inner and outer diameter enlarges, become the ring forging by radial rolling or footpath-axially rolled; 4) product is processed in forging machine cut.

Described ring blanking inner hole edge becomes inclined angle alpha with horizontal plane, α=0 °~15 °, and the aperture of blank is d = d f λ , The axial dimension of blank is B=B f+ c, c=0~0.4B f, the outer diameter D of blank is determined according to the condition that square-section aluminium alloy rings forging volume equates with the ring blank; The external diameter of square-section aluminium alloy rings forging is D f, the aperture of square-section aluminium alloy rings forging is d f, axial dimension is B f, rolling ratio is λ, λ=2~8.

The described ring that rolls, feed speed numerical value is calculated as follows in the ring rolling

υ = 0.7 f 2 n 1 R 1 2 R ( 1 + R 1 R 2 ) 2 ( 1 + R 1 R 2 + R 1 R - R 1 r )

Wherein: v is rolling feed speed, n 1Be driven roller rotating speed, R 1, R 2Be respectively driven roller and core roller radius, R, r are respectively aluminium alloy rings forging outer radius and inside radius, R=D f/ 2, r=d f/ 2, f is the coefficient of friction between aluminium alloy rings and the rolling groove, f=0.05~0.4.

Described material segment length is L=(1~3) B, and B is the axial dimension of blank.

The present invention adopts ring piece rolling technique, and ring reaches preliminary dimension through too much changeing the continuous rolling distortion, improves the metal structure and the performance of workpiece, has shortened the production time, has reduced forging heating number of times, has saved raw material, has improved production efficiency; By appropriate design ring blank dimension, saved raw material, reduce cost; Reduce distortion of end face fish tail and buckling deformation, guaranteed the quality of section of outer step ring.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a square-section of the present invention aluminum alloy ring forging structural representation

Fig. 2 is a square-section of the present invention aluminium alloy rings blahk structure schematic diagram

Fig. 3 is a square-section of the present invention aluminium alloy rings radial rolling schematic diagram

Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 left view

Fig. 5 is a square-section of the present invention aluminium alloy rings footpath-axially rolled schematic diagram

Among the figure: 1-driven roller, 2-ring, 3-guide bars, 4-core roller, 5-signal roller, 6-end face roll.

The specific embodiment

The method of square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming, realize as follows: 1) blanking: the rods and bars of aluminium alloy sawing is become the material section, and the material segment length is L=(1~3) B, and B is the axial dimension of blank.

2) base: will the section of expecting evenly be heated to 350 ℃~550 ℃ of the heat distortion temperatures of high-ductility, low resistance,, make the rolling ring blank of using of regulation geomery with hot aluminium alloy material section jumping-up, punching, punching the wad from room temperature.

In order to reduce ring peritreme burr, in the blanking inner hole edge designs oblique angle α, its numerical value is α=0 °~15 °.The aperture of square-section aluminium alloy rings forging is d f, axial dimension is B f, rolling ratio is λ, λ=2~8, then rolling aperture with blank is d = d f λ ; The axial dimension of blank is B=B f+ c, c=0~0.4B fThe outer diameter D of blank is determined according to the condition that square-section aluminium alloy rings forging volume equates with the ring blank.

For the ease of roll forming, want the rolling blank geometric accuracy of using of strict guarantee when forging base, eliminate defectives such as blanking inner hole off-centre, surperficial tup seal, punching burr.

3) roll ring: the ring blank is put into heating furnace heat, when temperature reaches 350 ℃~550 ℃, take out, put into the machine for rolling ring pass, by radial rolling or footpath-axially rolled, make that ring blank wall thickness reduces, inner and outer diameter enlarges, and becomes the ring forging of regulation geomery.

The aluminium alloy rings radial rolling is shaped as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, under rolling motion of the rotation of driven roller 1 and straight-line feed motion effect, ring blank 2 rolling groove that driven roller 1 and core roller 4 constitutes of nipping continuously produces the continuous local plastic distortion that wall thickness reduces, inner and outer diameter enlarges.By many commentaries on classics repeat-rolling distortion, make the ring enlarged-diameter when contact with signal roller 5, then reached the ring forging of regulation geomery, ring rolling process end at this moment.The effect of guide roller 3 is to guarantee that the operation of rolling is steady among Fig. 1.

The footpath-axially rolled shaping as shown in Figure 5 for aluminium alloy rings, under rolling motion of the rotation of driven roller 1 and the 4 straight-line feed motion effects of core roller, ring blank 2 rolling groove that driven roller 1 and core roller 4 constitutes of nipping continuously produces the continuous local plastic distortion that wall thickness reduces, inner and outer diameter enlarges.Simultaneously, under the effect of end face roll 6, ring blank 2 produces the smooth distortion of end face.By the distortion of many commentaries on classics repeat-rolling, make the ring enlarged-diameter arrive the ring forging of given size, at this moment the ring rolling process finishes.Compare with the radial rolling shaping, directly-axially rolled aluminum alloy formed ring end face is more smooth, and surface quality is better.

Be shaped for the aluminium alloy rings radial rolling, design semiclosed pass as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the driven roller diameter of this pass is little than the enclosed pass, does not require that also machine for rolling ring driven roller and core roller have very big centre-to-centre spacing, and has improved the strength and stiffness of core roller.Along with rolling carrying out, the ring cross section progresses into pass, and when rolling end, the ring cross section enters pass fully, helps ring end face quality.For aluminium alloy rings footpath-axially rolled shaping, open type pass as shown in Figure 5, this pass manufacturing is simple, and ring end face quality can be guaranteed by axial roll.

Square-section aluminum alloy ring piece rolling technique parameter mainly comprises rolling temperature, rolling feed speed and rolling ratio.The aluminium alloy rings rolling temperature can be taken as 350 ℃-550 ℃.In the actual rolling operation, should forge and final forging temperature the strict control beginning, prevent to be lower than the rolling deformation of final forging temperature, to guarantee ring interior tissue quality.Heating should strictly be controlled heating-up temperature, temperature retention time before the blank rolling, guarantees the whole evenly heat penetration of blank, and prevents overheated and burning.

In order to reduce and to control square-section aluminium alloy rings end face fish tail distortion, adopt medium feed speed in the ring rolling, its feed speed numerical value is calculated as follows

υ = 0.7 f 2 n 1 R 1 2 R ( 1 + R 1 R 2 ) 2 ( 1 + R 1 R 2 + R 2 R - R 1 r )

Here v is rolling feed speed, n 1Be driven roller rotating speed, R 1, R 2Be respectively driven roller and core roller radius, R, r are respectively aluminium alloy rings forging outer radius and inside radius, R=D f/ 2, r=d f/ 2, f is the coefficient of friction between aluminium alloy rings and the rolling groove, f=0.05~0.4.

Rolling than concentrated expression ring rolling deflection, deformation force and roll forming rule.For square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming, it is rolling can choose in 2~8 scopes than λ.

In the aluminium alloy rings operation of rolling, be very easy to produce and the roll adhesion phenomenon, at this moment will badly damaged aluminium alloy rings surface quality, and produce rolling waste product.For this reason, in the aluminium alloy rings operation of rolling, guarantee good lubricating, thoroughly eliminate rolling roll banding phenomenon.

A, aluminium alloy rings radial rolling are shaped

Require radial rolling aluminum alloy formed ring to be of a size of: outside diameter D fBe Φ 800mm, diameter of bore d fBe Φ 700mm, axial dimension B fBe 90mm.The diameter of bore d of blank is Φ 175mm, and axial dimension B is 90mm.The outer diameter D of blank determines that according to the condition that square-section aluminium alloy rings forging volume equates with the ring blank outside diameter D of blank is Φ 426mm, and in order to reduce ring peritreme burr, the oblique angle α at blanking inner hole edge is 10 ° (as shown in Figure 2).Adopt semiclosed pass as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4.Rolling feed speed is 3.5mm/s, and rolling ratio is 4.Blank is put into heating furnace to be heated, when reaching 550 ℃, temperature takes out, put into the machine for rolling ring pass and carry out radial rolling, ring and roll shop building keep good lubricating in the operation of rolling, when the ring warp too much changes rolling deformation and enlarged-diameter to preliminary dimension, the ring outer round surface contacts (as shown in Figure 4) with the signal roller, finishes being rolled into forging.

B, aluminium alloy rings footpath-axially rolled shaping

Require footpath-axially rolled aluminum alloy formed ring to be of a size of: outside diameter D fBe Φ 3600mm, diameter of bore d fBe Φ 3000mm, axial dimension B fBe 300mm.The diameter of bore d of blank is Φ 600mm, and axial dimension B is 360mm.The outer diameter D of blank is determined according to the condition that square-section aluminium alloy rings forging volume equates with the ring blank, the outside diameter D of blank is Φ 1913mm, directly-axially rolled because the effect (as shown in Figure 5) of end face roll 6 is arranged, blank end face forming quality is better, and the oblique angle α at design blanking inner hole edge is 0 ° (as shown in Figure 2).Adopt open type pass as shown in Figure 5.Rolling feed speed is 4.2mm/s, and rolling ratio is 5.Blank is put into heating furnace to be heated, when reaching 550 ℃, temperature takes out, put into footpath-axial machine for rolling ring and carry out footpath-axially rolled shaping, ring and roll shop building keep good lubricating in the operation of rolling, when the ring warp too much changes rolling deformation and enlarged-diameter to preliminary dimension, finish the rolling forging that becomes.

4) product is processed in forging machine cut.

Claims (2)

1. the method for square-section aluminium alloy rings roll forming is characterized in that realizing as follows: 1) blanking: the rods and bars of aluminium alloy sawing is become the material section, and described material segment length is L=(1~3) B, and B is the axial dimension of blank; 2) base: will the section of expecting evenly be heated to 350 ℃~550 ℃ of the heat distortion temperatures of high-ductility, low resistance,, make the rolling ring blank of using of regulation geomery with hot aluminium alloy material section jumping-up, punching, punching the wad from room temperature; Described ring blanking inner hole edge becomes inclined angle alpha with horizontal plane, α=0 °~15 °, and the aperture of blank is d = d f λ , The axial dimension of blank is B=B f+ c, c=0~0.4B f, the outer diameter D of blank is determined according to the condition that square-section aluminium alloy rings forging volume equates with the ring blank; Wherein, d fBe the aperture of square-section aluminium alloy rings forging, B fBe the axial dimension of square-section aluminium alloy rings forging, λ is rolling ratio, λ=2~8; 3) roll ring: the ring blank is put into heating furnace heat, when temperature reaches 350 ℃~550 ℃, take out, put into the machine for rolling ring pass,, make that ring blank wall thickness reduces, inner and outer diameter enlarges, become the ring forging by radial rolling or footpath-axially rolled; 4) product is processed in forging machine cut.
2. the method for square-section according to claim 1 aluminium alloy rings roll forming is characterized in that: the described ring that rolls, feed speed numerical value is calculated as follows in the ring rolling
υ = 0.7 f 2 n 1 R 1 2 R ( 1 + R 1 R 2 ) 2 ( 1 + R 1 R 2 + R 1 R - R 1 r )
Wherein: v is rolling feed speed, n 1Be driven roller rotating speed, R 1, R 2Be respectively driven roller and core roller radius, R, r are respectively aluminium alloy rings forging outer radius and inside radius, R=D f/ 2, r=d f/ 2, f is the coefficient of friction between aluminium alloy rings and the rolling groove, f=0.05~0.4.
CN 200410060885 2004-09-21 2004-09-21 Method for rolling and forming rectangular section aluminium alloy ring piece CN1253258C (en)

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