CN1251738A - Medium product for soilless culture and its production method - Google Patents

Medium product for soilless culture and its production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1251738A
CN1251738A CN98121574A CN98121574A CN1251738A CN 1251738 A CN1251738 A CN 1251738A CN 98121574 A CN98121574 A CN 98121574A CN 98121574 A CN98121574 A CN 98121574A CN 1251738 A CN1251738 A CN 1251738A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rock wool
high
soilless culture
centrifugal
flywheel
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CN98121574A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱国和
邹纯麟
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朱国和
邹纯麟
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Application filed by 朱国和, 邹纯麟 filed Critical 朱国和
Priority to CN98121574A priority Critical patent/CN1251738A/en
Publication of CN1251738A publication Critical patent/CN1251738A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture
    • Y02P60/21N2O
    • Y02P60/212Reducing the use of fertilizers
    • Y02P60/216Aquaponics or hydroponics

Abstract

A medium technique for soilless culture features use of square rock wool blocks with a certain thickness. Said rock wool block is made up of rock ore through such technological steps as mixing it with limestone and cork, smelting in a high-frequency furnace, naturally flowing into a pottery pot, dropping molten liquid at 200 deg.C from hole at bottom of the pottery pot to centrifugal flywheel, centrifugal formation of rock wool, immersing the rock wool in solution of phenol or naphthylamino acid binder and using roll pressure with wood rod. Its advantages include high porosity, high water preservation, continuous culture, high elasticity and stable quality.

Description

一种无土栽培用介质产品及其生产方法 One kind of soilless cultivation media products and production methods

本发明涉及无土栽培用介质技术,应用于对叶菜、果菜等类植物的播种培植。 The present invention relates to a medium for soilless cultivation techniques, applied to plants cultivated planting leafy vegetables, fruits and vegetables and the like.

中国专利申请号为98215501.8名称为《一种栽种花草的装置》提供了一种叫发泡炼石的无土栽培用介质。 Chinese Patent Application No. 98215501.8 there is provided a name called foamed Lianshi soilless culture medium with "a device for planting flowers" as. 由于发泡炼石呈颗粒状,直径较大,播种时撒出的种子沿发泡炼石间的空隙运动到底部水位线以下,造成缺氧或浸泡腐烂等现象。 Since the granular foam refining stone, larger diameter, planting the seeds spread out along the gap foamed refining stone in the end portion of the movement between the water line, resulting in hypoxia or soaking decay phenomenon. 中国专利申请号为88108546.4公开了一种题为《纯岩棉组合物》。 Chinese Patent Application No. 88108546.4 discloses a method entitled "pure rock wool composition." 它采用玄武岩或辉绿岩为原料,添加石灰石,在高温下得到熔融体,后经高速旋转离心甩拉制成纯岩棉。 It uses as raw basalt or diabase, limestone is added to give a melt at a high temperature, high speed rotation centrifugal rejection after drawn into pure rockwool. 其不足是保湿性能差,不适用于无土栽培用介质。 Its shortcomings are poor moisturizing properties, not suitable for soilless cultivation medium.

本发明的目的在于克服上述的不足,提供一种保湿性能优良适用于播种栽培的无土栽培用介质产品及其生产方法。 Object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages described above, provides a good moisturizing properties suitable for soilless cultivation sowing cultivation media products and production methods.

本发明的目的可以通过以下措施达到:采用玄武岩或辉绿岩为原料,加入石灰岩,并渗以软木在高频炉内经高温后制成熔融体。 Object of the present invention can be achieved by the following measures: use of basalt or diabase as raw material, limestone, and high temperature after infiltration cork body is made of a high-frequency melting furnace. 熔融体通过高频炉侧面底部的排液孔自然流出到陶锅内。 Melt flows out to a natural ceramic pot through a drain hole in the bottom side of the high frequency furnace. 陶锅位于高频炉侧面的下方,其底部开有等间距的针孔,从针孔内流出的熔融液成线状连续下落在高速旋转的离心飞轮上;离心飞轮转速不低于每分钟2000转;下落的路程长短以熔融液最后温度被空气冷却至200℃为准。 Ceramic pots positioned below the high-frequency side of the furnace which has a bottom opening spaced pinholes, the pinholes from flowing into the melt drops in the centrifugal linear continuous high-speed rotation of the flywheel; centrifugal flywheel speed not lower than 2000 per minute turn; falling away to the length of the melt to the final temperature of the cooling air 200 ℃ prevail. 经离心飞轮抽拉后形成岩棉。 The flywheel formed by centrifugation after drawing rock wool. 一定量的岩棉经过苯酚或萘氨酸粘合剂溶液浸泡一下后即可用木柱滚压成具有一定厚度和规格的矩形块。 After a certain amount of phenol or naphthyl rockwool acid binder solution available after soak wooden rolled into a rectangular block having a certain thickness and specifications.

本发明同现有技术相比具有如下优点:1、空隙率高,具有良好的通气性,利于植物生长;2、由于经粘合剂浸泡后滚压成形,岩棉体不受清除其上上一作残存根系而破坏,故可以连续耕作;3、弹性性能好,不因常见外力作用产生不可恢复原状的形变:培质品质稳定,PH值适中;4、浇灌施肥容易;收获后处理简便;5、不会有连作病菌的蔓延;6、质量轻,利于组合立体栽培;7、制造成本低。 The present invention has the following advantages compared with the prior art: 1, high porosity, good air permeability, conducive to plant growth; 2, since after soaking roll forming binder, rock wool is not clear on which the body one for the remaining roots destroyed, it is possible to continuously farming; 3, good elastomeric properties, not because of a common external force generating non restitution of the deformation: stable culture mass quality, moderate PH value; 4, watering fertilizer easy; easily handled after harvest; 5 , there will even be spread germs; 6, light weight, dimensional culture beneficial combination; 7, low manufacturing cost.

实施中,可选用叶腊石(翠绿石)为原料,加入石灰岩和软木(即木屑),三者分别按60%,20%,20%的重量比装入高频炉,1000℃右左即可成熔融体。 In embodiments, the choice of pyrophyllite (green stone) as a raw material, and limestone is added softwood (i.e., chips), the three respectively 60%, 20%, 20% by weight of the charged high-frequency furnace, to 1000 deg.] C to melt the right and left body. 与其它矿石相比,采用叶腊石(翠绿石)具有熔点较低的优点,可起到节省能源的作用。 Compared to other ores, using pyrophyllite (green stone) have the advantage of low melting point, can play the role of energy saving. 从陶锅底针孔流出的熔融液下落路程大约为1.5米,即可使落到离心飞轮上的熔融液冷却到2002左右。 Ceramic pot falls from the melt flowing out from the pin holes of about 1.5 m, the melt can fall so that the centrifugal flywheel cooled to about 2002. 可以单独采用苯酚或萘氨酸作粘合剂也可以将两者按任意比例混合使用。 Phenol may be employed alone or naphthyl acid as a binder may be a mixture of both in any proportion. 木柱滚压成形的岩棉块规格可参考选用厚度5公分,长为2米,宽为1.1米。 Rockwool block size wooden roll forming may be selected with reference to a thickness of 5 cm, length 2 m, width 1.1 m.

Claims (3)

1.一种无土栽培用介质产品,其特征是岩棉块。 A medium for soilless culture product, characterized in that the rock wool blocks.
2.一种无土栽培用介质产品的生产方法,采用岩矿为原料,添加石灰岩,用高温炉熔化后经高速旋转的离心飞轮离心制成,其特征是在高频炉内渗入软木,熔化后的熔融体自然流向陶锅,从针孔内流出的熔融液下落在离心飞轮上的温度为200℃左右:经离心飞轮抽拉形成的岩棉经过苯酚或萘氨酸粘合剂溶液浸泡一下后用木柱滚压制成。 2. A method for producing a soilless culture media products, the use of rock as raw material, limestone, made by centrifugal centrifugation flywheel rotates at high speed with high-temperature furnace after melting, characterized in that the cork penetration frequency furnace melting the natural flow of the melt ceramic pot, exiting from the pinhole of the melt drops in the centrifugal flywheel temperature of about 200 ℃: rock wool by centrifugation through a flywheel pull formed phenol or naphthyl acid binder solution soak after rolling with a wooden made.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种无土栽培用介质产品的生产方法,其特征是选用的原料为叶腊石(翠绿石),并渗入一定量的软木,同石灰岩相比三者的重量比为60%∶20%∶20%。 3. The method of claim 2 for producing a soilless culture medium product according to claim, characterized in that the selection of raw materials is pyrophyllite (green stone), and a certain amount of cork penetration, compared with the weight ratio of the three limestone 60% :20% :20%.
CN98121574A 1998-10-21 1998-10-21 Medium product for soilless culture and its production method CN1251738A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102329080A (en) * 2011-07-01 2012-01-25 重庆再升科技股份有限公司 Production method for basalt fiber materials
CN101668417B (en) 2007-01-25 2014-04-30 可耐福保温材料有限公司 Hydroponics growing medium
US9260627B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2016-02-16 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
US9828287B2 (en) 2007-01-25 2017-11-28 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
US10000639B2 (en) 2007-01-25 2018-06-19 Knauf Insulation Sprl Composite wood board
US10053558B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2018-08-21 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Molasses binder
US10183416B2 (en) 2012-08-17 2019-01-22 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Wood board and process for its production

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9926464B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2018-03-27 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
US9260627B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2016-02-16 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
US9434854B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2016-09-06 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
US9745489B2 (en) 2005-07-26 2017-08-29 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
US9828287B2 (en) 2007-01-25 2017-11-28 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Binders and materials made therewith
CN101668417B (en) 2007-01-25 2014-04-30 可耐福保温材料有限公司 Hydroponics growing medium
US10000639B2 (en) 2007-01-25 2018-06-19 Knauf Insulation Sprl Composite wood board
US10053558B2 (en) 2009-08-07 2018-08-21 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Molasses binder
CN102329080A (en) * 2011-07-01 2012-01-25 重庆再升科技股份有限公司 Production method for basalt fiber materials
CN102329080B (en) 2011-07-01 2013-06-05 重庆再升科技股份有限公司 Production method for basalt fiber materials
US10183416B2 (en) 2012-08-17 2019-01-22 Knauf Insulation, Inc. Wood board and process for its production

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