CN1250804A - Detergent able to remove dirt of chewing gum from ground - Google Patents

Detergent able to remove dirt of chewing gum from ground Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1250804A
CN1250804A CN 99124002 CN99124002A CN1250804A CN 1250804 A CN1250804 A CN 1250804A CN 99124002 CN99124002 CN 99124002 CN 99124002 A CN99124002 A CN 99124002A CN 1250804 A CN1250804 A CN 1250804A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
washing composition
composition
chewing gum
agent
inorganic salt
Prior art date
Application number
CN 99124002
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1075554C (en
Inventor
张世新
苏荣生
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上海家化联合股份有限公司
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Priority to CN99124002A priority Critical patent/CN1075554C/en
Publication of CN1250804A publication Critical patent/CN1250804A/en
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Publication of CN1075554C publication Critical patent/CN1075554C/en

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Abstract

This invention discloses a detergent for removing chewing gum stain. It is mainly composed of anionic surfactant, non-ioninc surfactant, penetrant, moisture-retaining agent and inorganic salt, and can effectively eliminate chewing gum stain on different contaminated soft and hard surfaces, and furthermore, it is easy for use, saves time and labour, and has the function of resisting secondary contamination.

Description

A kind of washing composition of removing the chewing gum stain
The invention belongs to the household chemicals technical field, relate to a kind of washing composition, relate in particular to a kind of washing composition that can remove spot with viscosity.
Chewing gum stain is a kind of environment to be had the dirt of severe contamination, because it has stronger viscosity, therefore, it is very difficult removing the chewing gum stain that remains on crust and the textiles.Still does not have at present the special purpose detergent of removing the chewing gum stain, can only rely on manpower to root out, should expend a large amount of manually, might cause damage to crust and textiles again.Chewing gum stain even become one " world's problem ", some country fasting chewing gum of making laws without hesitation be it serves to show the seriousness of problem.
Therefore provide a kind of effective chewing gum stain detergent, become pressing for of people, will receive good social benefit and economic benefit.
The objective of the invention is to disclose a kind of washing composition of removing the chewing gum stain, can effectively remove the chewing gum stain of polluting on the various soft and hard surfaces, and easy to use, time saving and energy saving, and have the function of opposing secondary pollution.
Design of the present invention is such:
The main component of chewing gum comprises gum, from granulated sugar, glucose, glycerine, spices, tinting material, oxidation inhibitor etc.Chewing gum is after chewing repeatedly, and compositions such as white sugar wherein, glucose, glycerine, spices are most of to be absorbed by human body, and remaining is exactly the chewing gum stain, and therefore, the main component of chewing gum stain is exactly a gum.Gum is the epoxy glue that a kind of macromolecule resin by types such as vinyl acetate between to for plastics with viscosity is formed, and the key of therefore removing the chewing gum stain is the viscosity that overcomes gum.Viscosity by force, almost do not have sticking and be difficult to overcome one of principal character that has constituted gum again.Therefore, the viscosity of elimination gum has become the key of formulating of recipe of the present invention.
The said washing composition of the present invention is made up of tensio-active agent, solvent, permeate agent and inorganic salt, said tensio-active agent is anion surfactant and nonionogenic tenside, said nonionogenic tenside is selected fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether series for use, and (general formula is R (EO) nH, and wherein R is C 8-C 17, n=1-15), (general formula is RC to alkylphenol polyoxyethylene series 6H 4(EO) mH, wherein R is C 6-C 12, m=7-10), in alkylol amide, fatty acid cane sugar ester etc. one or more; Said anion surfactant is selected one or more among linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid, polyoxyethylenated alcohol sodium sulfate, α-Xi Jihuangsuanyan, secondary alkyl sulfonate and the alkyl carboxylate etc. for use.The infiltration of tensio-active agent and wetting action can make the full chewing gum stain of viscosity by " encirclement ", can cut off the chewing gum stain and contact with the direct of contaminated thing, thereby reach the purpose of removing the chewing gum stain.
In addition, consider comparatively difficult this situation of infiltration of tensio-active agent when the chewing gum stain is polluted on crust, the present invention is by adding the infiltration function of suitable permeate agent with further enhancing product, make the tensio-active agent rapid osmotic to the contact surface between spot and the contaminated thing, be beneficial to the disengaging of spot and contaminated thing.Said permeate agent is methyl alcohol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, Virahol, propyl carbinol, hexalin, acetone etc., its osmosis mainly shows two aspects: one, they itself have lower surface tension, its surface tension is respectively methyl alcohol 22.8mN/m, ethanol 22.1mN/m, ethylene glycol 46.5mN/m, Virahol 21.7mN/m, propyl carbinol 23.8mN/m, hexalin 34.2mN/m, acetone 23.7mN/m, and the surface tension of water is then up to 72.3mN/m.Lower surface tension means that they have good osmosis.They are two years old, the macromolecule resin of their Dichlorodiphenyl Acetate ethene types has certain solvency action, this solvency action has changed the surface properties of chewing gum stain, has not only eliminated the viscosity of chewing gum stain, makes it be easy to remove, and, along with the dissolving on chewing gum stain surface, especially along with to the dissolving of chewing gum stain at the interface, the chewing gum stain is constantly weakened to the adhesive power on contaminated thing surface, like this, certainty be quickened chemosmotic the carrying out between the interface more.This effect is constantly carried out, and makes that finally the chewing gum stain is removed more easily.
Chewing gum stain another one feature is that its recontaminate performance is strong especially.Chewing gum stain after being removed is easy to continue to become the source of pollution contaminate environment.The present invention has added suitable inorganic salt and wetting Agent for Printing Inks in order to eliminate this recontaminate.Said inorganic salt can strengthen the absorption of tensio-active agent in stained surface, thereby improve the anti-recontaminate performance of product.This is because the adsorptive power of tensio-active agent generally increases along with the interpolation of inorganic salt; Said wetting Agent for Printing Inks can be strengthened the wetting action on the fragrant sugaring of product counterpart surface, and this effect is prolonged, simultaneously, the polymkeric substance wetting Agent for Printing Inks itself has bigger molecule, have very big 'inertia' after being adsorbed on stained surface, thereby, make that above-mentioned wetting action is more lasting.Therefore, this absorption-the wetting action of tensio-active agent together with suitably an amount of inorganic salt and wetting Agent for Printing Inks acting in conjunction, makes product have good anti-recontaminate performance, make chewing gum stain after being removed in long time, can recontaminate to original surface.
The present invention also is achieved in that
Said washing composition is a composition, mainly comprises:
Anion surfactant 0-35
Nonionogenic tenside 0-60
Permeate agent 0.1-30
Wetting Agent for Printing Inks 0.1-25
Inorganic salt 0.01-25
Water surplus
More than be weight percentage, down together.
Said nonionogenic tenside is that (general formula is R (EO) nH to fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether series, and wherein R is C 8-C 17, n=1-15), (general formula is RC to alkylphenol polyoxyethylene series 6H 4(EO) mH, wherein R is C 6-C 12, M=7-10), in alkylol amide, fatty acid cane sugar ester etc. one or more; Preferably fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (7), fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (9) or alkylol amide;
Said anion surfactant is one or more among linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid, polyoxyethylenated alcohol sodium sulfate, α-Xi Jihuangsuanyan, secondary alkyl sulfonate and the alkyl carboxylate etc., preferably linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid, polyoxyethylenated alcohol sodium sulfate or alkyl carboxylate;
Said permeate agent is one or more in methyl alcohol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, Virahol, propyl carbinol, hexalin, acetone, the three alkylene ethylene glycol monobutyl ethers etc.;
Said wetting Agent for Printing Inks comprises one or more in glycerine, propylene glycol, butyleneglycol, urea, sodium pyroglutamate, the polyoxyethylene glycol etc.;
Said inorganic salt are sodium-chlor;
In above-mentioned composition, also can add an amount of essence, sanitas.
The preferred ratio of the present invention is:
Anion surfactant 0-25
Nonionogenic tenside 2-45
Permeate agent 0.5-25
Wetting Agent for Printing Inks 0.1-20
Inorganic salt 0.01-20
Water surplus
The more preferred ratio of the present invention is:
Anion surfactant 1-20
Nonionogenic tenside 2-30
Permeate agent 1-15
Wetting Agent for Printing Inks 0.5-10
Inorganic salt 0.01-15
Water surplus
Said washing composition also can adopt the content shown in the table 1:
????A ????B ????C
Anion surfactant ????0-25 ????0-25 ????0-25
Nonionogenic tenside ????1-30 ????1-35 ????1-35
Permeate agent ????1-10 ????1-15 ????1-15
Wetting Agent for Printing Inks ????0.1-10 ????0.1-10
Inorganic salt ????0.01-15 ????0.01-15
Essence ????0.01-0.4
Sanitas ????0.01-0.5
Water Surplus Surplus Surplus
Table 1
Prescription A can effectively remove the chewing gum stain of polluting on the multiple soft and hard surfaces.Prescription B can improve the anti-recontaminate ability of product when effectively going to steep.Prescription C then is the former two's a improved formulations, has added essence and sanitas, makes product commercialization more.
The said washing composition of the present invention adopts the simple stirring means that mixes to be prepared.
The advantage of the said washing composition of the present invention is very significant:
(1) said washing composition has the good removal effect of the fragrant sugaring of counterpart, (only needing a spray gently) easy to use, and whole process save time (less than 1 minute), laborsaving, can thoroughly go stain again, greatly reduce the difficulty of steeping;
(2) the not anti-recontaminate performance of chewing gum stain of removing with traditional method, the chewing gum that is removed stain is easy to recontaminate (its time of recovering viscosity is 0-5 minute); Compound provided by the invention then has significant anti-recontaminate performance, its recover viscosity for up to 120 minutes, even longer;
(3) the present invention has excellent biodegradability, and its not phosphorous composition that waits adverse environment can not cause any harm to environment.
Below will relevant details of the present invention be further elaborated, but embodiment does not limit protection scope of the present invention by embodiment.
Embodiment 1~4
In raw material shown in the table 2 and ratio, various raw materials are mixed in stirring tank, can obtain the washing composition of four kinds of different proportionings.
Embodiment 1-4 (numeral is weight percentage in the table)
Raw material Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4
Linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid ?10
Polyoxyethylenated alcohol sodium sulfate ?15 ?10 ?20
The alkyl carboxylate ?5 ?5
Fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (7) ????10
Fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (9) ????20 ????20
Alkylol amide ????8
Virahol ????20
Alcohol ????10 ????10 ????5
Three alkylene ethylene glycol monobutyl ethers ????15
Glycerine ????5
Propylene glycol ????20
Polyoxyethylene glycol ????8 ????5
Sodium-chlor ????1 ????2
Essence ????0.1 ????0.1 ????0.1 ????0.1
Sanitas ????0.1 ????0.1 ????0.1 ????0.1
Water ????54.8 ????46.8 ????45.8 ????27.8
Table 2
The stain of going of washing composition is tested:
Artificially two chewing gums stain being polluted in specification is on the white cotton of 120mm * 200mm (polluting at two ends respectively), and by applying certain pressure the chewing gum stain firmly is bonded on the cloth, experiment with " soiled cotton ".Washing composition is sprayed on " soiled cotton ", treats its abundant wetting back (generally needing 30 seconds approximately), one scrape gently on spot with things such as scraper or glass sticks, the chewing gum stain can be removed easily.
The anti-recontaminate test of washing composition:
Gum after will removing with washing composition is placed on the exsiccant white cotton, and turns up cotton it is covered on the gum, under conditions such as certain temperature, humidity, pressure, investigates the time length that it recovers viscosity.The time of recovering viscosity is long more, illustrates that the anti-recontaminate performance of this product is good more, and the time of recovering viscosity is short more, illustrates that the anti-recontaminate performance of this product is poor more, then the easy recontaminate environment of removing with this product of gum.
Table 3 for embodiment 1~4 said washing composition go the stain and anti-recontaminate effect.
Effect Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4
Go to steep effect Well Well Well Well
Anti-recontaminate effect ++ ++++ +++++ +++++
Table 3
With the anti-recontaminate effect of 1-5 "+" expression, "+" multilist more shows that anti-recontaminate effect is good more in the table.
The present invention is mainly at removing the chewing gum stain.But it uses the removal that also can expand to other viscosity spot, for example: the removal of bubble gum spot and double faced adhesive tape spot.

Claims (9)

1. a washing composition of removing the chewing gum stain is a composition, it is characterized in that mainly comprising:
Anion surfactant 0-35
Nonionogenic tenside 0-60
Permeate agent 0.1-30
Water surplus
More than be weight percentage;
Said nonionogenic tenside is one or more in fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether series, alkylphenol polyoxyethylene series, alkylol amide, the fatty acid cane sugar ester;
Said anion surfactant is one or more among linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid, polyoxyethylenated alcohol sodium sulfate, α-Xi Jihuangsuanyan, secondary alkyl sulfonate and the alkyl carboxylate;
Said permeate agent is one or more in methyl alcohol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, Virahol, propyl carbinol, hexalin, acetone, the three alkylene ethylene glycol monobutyl ethers.
2. washing composition as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the ratio of each component is:
Anion surfactant 0-25
Nonionogenic tenside 2-45
Permeate agent 0.5-25
Water surplus
3. washing composition as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that the ratio of each component is:
Anion surfactant 1-20
Nonionogenic tenside 2-30
Permeate agent 1-15
Water surplus
4. washing composition as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the ratio of each component is:
Anion surfactant 0-25
Nonionogenic tenside 1-30
Permeate agent 1-10
Water surplus
5. as claim 1, or 2, or 3, or 4 described washing composition, it is characterized in that composition
In also contain:
Wetting Agent for Printing Inks 0.1-25
Inorganic salt 0.01-25
Said wetting Agent for Printing Inks comprises one or more in glycerine, propylene glycol, butyleneglycol, urea, sodium pyroglutamate, the polyoxyethylene glycol;
Said inorganic salt are sodium-chlor.
6. as claim 1, or 2, or 3, or 4 described washing composition, it is characterized in that also containing in the composition:
Wetting Agent for Printing Inks 0.5-10
Inorganic salt 0.01-15
Said wetting Agent for Printing Inks comprises one or more in glycerine, propylene glycol, butyleneglycol, urea, sodium pyroglutamate, the polyoxyethylene glycol;
Said inorganic salt are sodium-chlor.
7. as claim 1, or 2, or 3, or 4 described washing composition, it is characterized in that preferred nonionic is one or more in fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (7), fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether (9) or the alkylol amide.
8. as claim 1, or 2, or 3, or 4 described washing composition, it is characterized in that the preferred anionic surfactants tensio-active agent is one or more among linear alkylbenzene sulphonic acid, polyoxyethylenated alcohol sodium sulfate or the alkyl carboxylate.
9. as claim 1, or 2, or 3, or 4 described washing composition, it is characterized in that composition also comprises an amount of essence and sanitas.
CN99124002A 1999-11-11 1999-11-11 Detergent able to remove dirt of chewing gum from ground CN1075554C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN1075554C CN1075554C (en) 2001-11-28

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102178619A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-09-14 完美(中国)有限公司 Cosmetic washing product composition, and preparation method and application thereof
CN101748006B (en) * 2010-01-05 2012-02-01 河海大学 Grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method
CN102719332A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-10 贺卫初 Chewing gum residue remover and preparation method thereof
CN102719331A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-10 贺卫初 Adhesive sticker paste remover and preparation method thereof
CN103131544A (en) * 2011-11-22 2013-06-05 上海立昌环境工程有限公司 Preparation and application of biodegradable degreasing agent
CN103773613A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-05-07 沈阳化工大学 Automobile windshield washer fluid
CN103789108A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-05-14 宫翊 Gel scavenger for mucilage glue and asphalt
US8851294B2 (en) 2005-05-25 2014-10-07 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Aqueous delivery system for low surface energy structures
CN105076637A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-25 安徽润生农业开发有限公司 Preserved kiwi fruit processing method
CN107325897A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-07 安徽新瑞重工股份有限公司 A kind of home-use environment-friendly cleaning agent
CN109477044A (en) * 2016-07-19 2019-03-15 艺康美国股份有限公司 For removing the method and clean solution of chewing gum and other viscous foodstuffs

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1073712A (en) * 1991-12-26 1993-06-30 薛志纯 Cleaning agent for fibre fabric
CN1077738A (en) * 1992-04-15 1993-10-27 中国人民解放军军械工程学院 A kind of greasy dirt detergent
CN1112157A (en) * 1994-05-20 1995-11-22 武汉化院精细化工技术公司 Skin-care hand-washing lotion

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8851294B2 (en) 2005-05-25 2014-10-07 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Aqueous delivery system for low surface energy structures
US9018264B2 (en) 2005-05-25 2015-04-28 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Aqueous delivery system for low surface energy structures
CN101748006B (en) * 2010-01-05 2012-02-01 河海大学 Grease dirt cleaning agent for bituminous pavement and preparation method
CN102178619A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-09-14 完美(中国)有限公司 Cosmetic washing product composition, and preparation method and application thereof
CN103131544A (en) * 2011-11-22 2013-06-05 上海立昌环境工程有限公司 Preparation and application of biodegradable degreasing agent
CN102719331A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-10 贺卫初 Adhesive sticker paste remover and preparation method thereof
CN102719332A (en) * 2012-06-08 2012-10-10 贺卫初 Chewing gum residue remover and preparation method thereof
CN103773613A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-05-07 沈阳化工大学 Automobile windshield washer fluid
CN103789108A (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-05-14 宫翊 Gel scavenger for mucilage glue and asphalt
CN105076637A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-11-25 安徽润生农业开发有限公司 Preserved kiwi fruit processing method
CN109477044A (en) * 2016-07-19 2019-03-15 艺康美国股份有限公司 For removing the method and clean solution of chewing gum and other viscous foodstuffs
CN107325897A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-07 安徽新瑞重工股份有限公司 A kind of home-use environment-friendly cleaning agent

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