CN1236931C - Intaglio printing equipment, method and printed products thereof - Google Patents

Intaglio printing equipment, method and printed products thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1236931C
CN1236931C CN 02123770 CN02123770A CN1236931C CN 1236931 C CN1236931 C CN 1236931C CN 02123770 CN02123770 CN 02123770 CN 02123770 A CN02123770 A CN 02123770A CN 1236931 C CN1236931 C CN 1236931C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
transfer
plate
color
gravure
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
CN 02123770
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1465482A (en
Inventor
李根绪
马仁选
蒋治全
Original Assignee
中国印钞造币总公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国印钞造币总公司 filed Critical 中国印钞造币总公司
Priority to CN 02123770 priority Critical patent/CN1236931C/en
Publication of CN1465482A publication Critical patent/CN1465482A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1236931C publication Critical patent/CN1236931C/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F9/00Rotary intaglio printing presses
    • B41F9/02Rotary intaglio printing presses for multicolour printing
    • B41F9/021Sheet printing presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F11/00Rotary presses or machines having forme cylinders carrying a plurality of printing surfaces, or for performing letterpress, lithographic, or intaglio processes selectively or in combination
    • B41F11/02Rotary presses or machines having forme cylinders carrying a plurality of printing surfaces, or for performing letterpress, lithographic, or intaglio processes selectively or in combination for securities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M1/00Inking and printing with a printer's forme
    • B41M1/10Intaglio printing ; Gravure printing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M3/00Printing processes to produce particular kinds of printed work, e.g. patterns
    • B41M3/008Sequential or multiple printing, e.g. on previously printed background; Mirror printing; Recto-verso printing; using a combination of different printing techniques; Printing of patterns visible in reflection and by transparency; by superposing printed artifacts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M3/00Printing processes to produce particular kinds of printed work, e.g. patterns
    • B41M3/14Security printing

Abstract

本发明提供一种雕刻凹版印刷技术,具体地是一种凹版印刷设备、方法及其印品。 The present invention provides an intaglio technology, in particular a gravure printing device, method and printed materials. 本发明将承印物间隔地输入设有印版数量之比为偶奇比的印版滚筒及转印/压印滚筒中,经滚动压印,一次完成双面印制,且至少一面有凹凸不平手感的印品。 The substrate of the present invention provided with the number of input interval of the even and odd ratio of the plate than the plate cylinder and the transfer / impression cylinder, the rolling platen, a complete double-sided printed, and at least one side with a rugged feel printed materials. 本发明克服了公知技术存在的缺陷,可实现雕刻凹版双面同时印刷,且凹版印刷对印中的凹版文字和图案可作镜向翻转、正常识别,实现了承印物的两面图案可镜向凹印对印,其精度远高于胶印对印精度,提高了承印物的防伪能力,并可以缩短印刷的工艺流程和印刷周期,降低印刷成本,提高劳动生产率。 The present invention overcomes the shortcomings of known techniques may be implemented at the same time the double-sided intaglio printing, gravure printing and the gravure printing of letters and patterns can be used for mirror-inverted, properly identified, to achieve a pattern on both sides of the substrate may be recessed lens printed on the printing, which is much higher than the accuracy of the offset printing accuracy, improve the ability of the security printing substrate and the printing process can be shortened and the print cycle, reduce printing costs and improve productivity.

Description

一种凹版印刷设备、方法及其印品 One kind of gravure printing apparatus, method and printed materials

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及到一种雕刻凹版印刷技术,尤其是一种用于印钞和其它高防伪印品的可实现双面一次同时印刷其中至少一面有凹凸不平的手感的雕刻凹版印刷设备、方法及其印品。 The present invention relates to an intaglio technique, in particular, a printing and other high-security printing products can be achieved for a double-sided simultaneous printing wherein at least one side with a rugged feel intaglio devices, methods, and Indian goods.

背景技术 Background technique

双面印刷对印工艺是一种有效的防伪印刷技术,这种防伪手段依赖高精度的印刷机械和/或特殊的印刷工艺。 Printing process for double-sided printing of security printing is an effective technique, such security measures depend precision printing machinery and / or special printing process. 由于双面对印效果难以仿冒且易于大众识别。 Since the double face printing effect is difficult to counterfeit and easy public recognition.

公知的对印技术有纸张一次定位、两面同时印刷的胶、胶对印;纸张两次定位的胶、凸对印。 Known techniques are printed on a sheet positioned on both sides of the printed simultaneously, gum to India; positioning two plastic sheets, for the printing convex. 中国印钞专用245甲型机是纸张一次定位、两面同时胶、胶对印的代表机型之一。 China Banknote Printing and 245 influenza A special machine is a positioning paper, glue on both sides at the same time, one of the representatives of the plastic models printed. 中国第三、第四、第五套人民币和世界大多数国家的钞票都应用了此技术。 China's third, fourth, and fifth set of RMB banknotes in most countries of the world have applied this technology.

德国海德堡公司于八十年代以后研制出商用胶印反转滚筒双面胶印机,能够达到双面胶印准确对印的效果,对现有的印钞专有对印技术的防伪地位提出挑战。 Heidelberg, Germany, the company developed in the eighties after a commercial offset press offset reverse roller sided, double-sided offset printing can be achieved accurately the effect of India, the existing proprietary printing position to challenge the anti-counterfeiting printing technology. 商用胶印机的对印是通过将正、背印版分别安装在两个印版滚筒上,通过反转滚筒将纸张翻面实现胶印两面印刷,这种纸张两次定位的对印,存在纸张传递误差和机械系统误差,不能满足印钞防伪对对印精度的要求。 Commercial offset printing is that the positioning of the two printing paper, the presence of the paper by passing the positive back plate are respectively mounted on both the plate cylinder, by reversing the sheet reversing roller achieve offset printing on both sides, mechanical error and the systematic error, can not meet the requirements of security printing accuracy to India.

瑞士德拉柔-吉奥利公司(De La Rue Giori.SA)2000年以后生产的印钞专用四色超级接线凹印机(Super Orlof Intaglio Press)和中国印钞造币总公司所属南京造币厂目前生产的92型凹版(W-92)印钞机分别代表了雕刻凹版印刷机的最高水平,但因为它们的机械结构,特别凹版滚筒(其上只能安装相同图案的凹版)和压印滚筒(不具备转印功能)的结构,只能实现单面印刷,不具备双面同时印刷的功能,不能实现雕刻凹印对印印刷工艺。 Switzerland de Sophie - Jiao Li Company (De La Rue Giori.SA) printing four-color super-special wiring gravure printing machine (Super Orlof Intaglio Press) produced after 2000 and China Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation-owned Nanjing Mint 92 is manufacturing intaglio (W-92) representing the printing press intaglio machine the highest level, but because of their mechanical structure, particularly gravure cylinder (intaglio can be installed on the same pattern) and the platen structure of the drum (does not have the transfer function) can be achieved only single-sided printing, double-sided simultaneous printing does not have the function, it can not be achieved intaglio printing process for printing.

此外,公知的雕刻凹版印刷技术为一次印刷一面,经一定时期的时效处理后,再进行第二次另一面的印刷,由于雕刻凹印具有较大的压力,当承印物(通常为纸张)在经过一次压印变形后,第二次印刷时对印精度会受到影响,另外,两次印刷之间的油墨干燥过程中,温度、湿度等因数都会造成纸张的变形,所以,雕刻凹版印刷至今不能实现双面精确对印。 Furthermore, the known intaglio printing technique to a side, by the aging treatment after a certain period, then the other side of the second printing, intaglio since having greater pressure, when the substrate (usually paper) after a platen deformation when subjected to printing on a second printing accuracy will affect, in addition, the drying process of the ink between the two printing, temperature, humidity and other factors can cause deformation of the sheet, so far not intaglio to achieve accurate double-sided printing.

公知的雕刻凹版印刷机的压印滚筒上采用的压印材料通常为橡皮布,其底衬为纤维材料,适用于单面凹版印刷。 Imprint material used on the impression cylinder known generally intaglio machine blanket backsheet is a fibrous material which is suitable for single-sided printing. 但若用于凹版对印,在高强度压力会产生伸缩,则搭载其上的印刷图案在压印时将发生位移和变形,影响另一面图案的印刷质量和对印效果。 However, if used for gravure printing, a pressure is generated in high intensity stretching, which is mounted on the printed pattern when the embossing deformation and displacement, affecting the quality of the printing pattern and the other surface of the printing effects.

公知的凹印技术采用单路供墨系统,一个色模滚筒上仅安装一块色模版,从油墨传递上无法实现双面印刷。 Using gravure printing techniques known single ink supply system, a color only one color stencil die mounted on the drum, can not be achieved from the duplex printing on the ink transfer.

另外,在一些印钞技术发达的国家,于二十世纪七十年代初推出凹、胶对印的钞票,最具有代表性的是500圆面值的法国法郎,这种通过两次纸张打孔定位、正背两次印刷的对印效果虽具有很好的防伪功能,但受印刷机械、机速、纸张、及工艺条件的局限,技术上的发展空间很小,没有得到推广并已被淘汰。 In addition, in some developed countries printing technology, introduced in the early concave 1970s, plastic bank notes for India, the most representative is the 500-yen face value of the French franc, the paper through two punch positioning , is printed on the back twice and India, although the effect has good security features, but subject to the limitations of printing machinery, machine speed, paper, and process conditions, technological development space is very small, and did not get the promotion has been eliminated. 近年,德国G+D公司推出凹、凹对印的样张,是正背两次分别印刷,故对印精确度较差,失去对印的实质意义,所以,此技术未见应用于正式生产。 In recent years, Germany has introduced G + D concave, concave proofs of India, is being back two were printed, so the Indian less accurate, meaningful lose to India, so this technique is applied to no formal production.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明要解决的技术问题是:提供一种凹版印刷设备、方法及其印品,尤其是一种可实现雕刻凹版双面同时印刷,且凹版印刷对印中的凹版文字和图案可作镜向翻转、正常识别,实现承印物的两面图案可镜向凹印对印,提高承印物(如钞票)的防伪能力的一种凹版印刷设备、方法及其印品。 The present invention is to solve the technical problem are: to provide a gravure printing apparatus, printing methods and materials, in particular a double-sided simultaneous achievable intaglio printing, gravure printing and the gravure printing of letters and patterns can be used to mirror flip, normal identification, the pattern realized on both sides of the substrate may be a mirror for gravure printing, intaglio printing apparatus to improve the security capabilities of one kind of substrates (e.g., banknote), the method and printed materials.

本发明的技术解决方案是:本发明提供一种雕刻凹版印刷品,该凹版印刷品为正、背两面一次成型的凹版印刷品,其至少一面具有凹凸的图纹;该印品的正、背两面所印制的图纹可局部或全部镜向对印;且该一次成型的印品正、背两面印制的图纹可具有一种以上色彩。 Technical solutions of the present invention are: the present invention provides an intaglio product, the product is positive intaglio printing, gravure printing and back surfaces of a molded article, at least one surface having irregularities Patterns; printed materials of the positive and back surfaces of the printed Patterns can be made partially or entirely mirror-printed on; and the shaping of positive prints, printed patterns in front and back surfaces may have one or more colors.

本发明还提供一种用于制造如上所述凹版印刷品的设备,包括:一纸张控制部,其包括与转印/压印滚筒衔接的传纸滚筒及出纸滚筒。 The present invention further provides an apparatus for manufacturing a product as described above for intaglio printing, comprising: a paper control section, which includes a transfer / engagement of the impression cylinder and the transfer cylinder roller.

一印版滚筒,所述印版滚筒上设有偶数块的凹印版;一转印/压印滚筒,所述转印/压印滚筒上设有奇数块的转印版;一供墨系统,与印版滚筒衔接,可向其供墨;一擦版辊,与印版滚筒衔接,可擦除印版上非图纹部分的油墨。 A plate cylinder provided with the gravure plate cylinder even block; a transfer / impression cylinder, the transfer / transfer plate is provided on the odd block platen roller; an ink supply system , the plate cylinder adapter, to which ink may be; a rub plate cylinder, the plate cylinder convergence, the non-erasable ink patterns in the plate portion.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径之比等于其印版数之比。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the ratio of the diameter of the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder is equal to the ratio of the number plate.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述印版滚筒上间隔设有两种印版。 Intaglio printing device as described above, two kinds of spacer plate provided on said plate cylinder.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述印版滚筒上可设有二块以上为偶数的不同图案或相同图案的凹印版,所述转印/压印滚筒上可设有三个以上为奇数的与印版滚筒相配合的转印/压印区。 Intaglio printing device as described above, may be provided on the gravure plate cylinder two or more different patterns to the same pattern or an even number, the transfer / impression cylinder may be provided with an odd number of three or more plate cylinder cooperating with the transfer / nip.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径不为等比。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the diameter of the plate cylinder and the transfer / geometric impression cylinder is not.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述供墨系统具有与印版滚筒衔接并与之滚动接触的集色滚筒,该集色滚筒的周侧设有一个以上与其滚动接触的色模滚筒,一个以上的靠版传墨辊与色模滚筒衔接,该色模滚筒可接受靠版传墨辊传递的油墨。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the ink supply system and with the adapter having a color set in rolling contact with the roller, the roller circumferential side of the color set with a color patterning drum than its rolling contact with the plate cylinder, more than one the anilox roll against the plate cylinder adapter and the color mode, the color mode forme cylinder the ink transfer roller acceptable delivery.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述集色滚筒上设置有偶数块集色胶皮,色模滚筒上设置有偶数块色模版。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the current collector is provided with an even color block set is provided with the rubber, color module drum even blocks of color color stencil drum.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述色模滚筒可设置两路供给其油墨的靠版传墨辊。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the color mode of the drum may be provided by supplying two-way version of its ink transfer roller. 且所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比等于所设置的版数比。 And set the color drum, the drum diameter of the drum mold and the plate color ratio is equal to the number plate set.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述集色滚筒可为双版设置,亦可设置与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版数相等的集色胶皮。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the color set may be a double drum plate is arranged, also provided with an equal number of the gravure plate cylinder provided on the set color rubber.

如此所述的凹版印刷设备,所述色模滚筒可为双版设置,亦可设置与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版数相等的色模版。 Thus the gravure printing device, the color may be a dual-mode drum plate is arranged, may be set to equal the number of gravure color template provided on the plate cylinder.

如上所述的凹版印刷设备,所述传纸辊前部设有一个隔张进纸装置。 Intaglio printing device as described above, the front portion of the transfer roller is provided with a sheet separator feeder apparatus.

本发明进一步提供一种用于制造如上所述凹版印刷方法,该方法包括(a)将承印物间隔地输入;(b)经过印版滚筒设置的印版数量与转印/压印滚筒设置的转印版之比为偶奇比的滚动压印(c)输出一次完成双面印制的印刷品。 The present invention further provides a method for producing a gravure printing method as described above, the method comprising (a) the input intervals substrate; (b) the number of passes printing plate cylinder and the transfer / set the impression cylinder transfer version of the even and odd ratio than rolling imprint (c) completion of a double-sided printed output print.

如上所述的凹版印刷方法,所述印版滚筒上设有偶数块凹印版,转印/压印滚筒上设有奇数块转印版。 A gravure printing method as described above, is provided on the plate cylinder is provided on the odd block transfer plate even block gravure cylinder, a transfer / embossing. 所述印版滚筒上间隔设置具有承印物的正、背面两种不同或相同图案的凹印版。 Spaced front and back sides of two different or same gravure pattern on the substrate having a plate cylinder. 所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的传动比等于转印/压印滚筒上设置的转印版块数与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版块数之比。 The transmission ratio of the number of the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder than the transfer area with the number set on the plate cylinder is equal to the transfer / set gravure impression cylinder section.

如上所述的凹版印刷方法,进一步还包括一具有集色滚筒、色模滚筒及靠版传墨辊的供墨系统。 A gravure printing method as described above, further comprising a cylinder having a set of colors, and color mode by the ink supply system cylinder version of the transfer roller. 所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒上分别装设有偶数块集色胶皮和偶数块色模版,并以两路靠版传墨辊给色模滚筒供墨。 The set of color drum, a color drum, respectively mounted with mold even block and even block rubber color set color stencil, and two to the transfer roller against the plate cylinder to supply ink color molding. 所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比等于其上所设置的版数比,其传动比与其直径比成反比。 The set of color drum, the drum diameter of the drum mold and the plate color ratio is equal to the number provided on the plate ratio, which transmission ratio is inversely proportional to its diameter.

如中所述的凹版印刷方法,当压印区无承印物时,所述印版滚筒上设置的凹印A版或B版在滚筒转动过程中可分别与转印/压印滚筒上的各转印版依次对应重合。 The gravure printing method described, when the substrate nip No, gravure version A or version B provided on the plate cylinder may be respectively on each of the transfer / impression cylinder during rotation of the drum transfer plate in turn corresponds to coincidence. 当压印区有承印物通过时,印版滚筒和转印/压印滚筒在滚动中将正、背面两种不同图案一次印制于承印物的正、背两面,使承印物一次完成两面的凹印印刷。 When the substrate through the nip with a plate cylinder and the transfer / rolling in the positive impression cylinder, two different patterns printed on a back surface of the n-substrate, and back surfaces, so that both sides of the substrate a complete gravure printing.

如上所述的凹版印刷方法,所述印版滚筒上可间隔设置为偶数的凹印版,其分别为承印物的正、背面两种不同图案的凹印版,在与之相滚动压合的转印/压印滚筒上装设为奇数的转印版;所述在印版滚筒上设置的其中之一凹印版能够分别与转印/压印滚筒上的转印版在压印区对应重合。 A gravure printing method as described above, may be spaced on the plate cylinder is even gravure, which are substrates of the positive pattern of the rear surface of two different gravure, rolling engagement therewith in pressure transfer / odd impression cylinder jacket to the transfer plate; on said plate cylinder, wherein one of the gravure printing plate can be respectively transferred on the transfer / corresponding to the impression cylinder in the nip overlap . 所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径比等于印版块数之比,所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的线速度相等。 The plate cylinder and the transfer / diameter ratio of the impression cylinder is equal to the ratio of the number of printed pages, the linear velocity equal to the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder.

如上所述的凹版印刷方法,还包括一种既能作为压印材料,同时又能作为转印材料的版材,这种版材是在0.30mm-0.50mm的金属薄板上涂布或粘合柔性材料,如尼龙、PVC、橡胶和塑料等。 A gravure printing method as described above, further comprising one imprint material as both, while the transfer material as the plate, this plate is a metal sheet on 0.30mm-0.50mm coating or adhesive flexible material, such as nylon, PVC, rubber and plastics. 其涂层厚度为0.3-0.6mm,硬度达到邵氏80-98度。 Which coating thickness of 0.3-0.6mm, a Shore hardness of 80-98 degrees.

如上所述的凹版印刷方法,所述转印/压印滚筒上设置的转印版之一对应印版滚筒上设置的其中之一凹印版的区域无承印物、并与印版滚筒接触时,图案转印到转印/压印滚筒的转印版上,使其具备转印功能,当承印物随转印/压印滚筒进入压印区时,在印版滚筒将其印版的图案压印到承印物的一面同时,转印/压印滚筒将其上的图案转印到承印物的另一面,完成承印物的两面同时印刷。 A gravure printing method as described above, when the transfer / set on the plate cylinder of a corresponding one of the transfer plate wherein one of the gravure roller on the embossing region is provided without the substrate, and in contact with the plate cylinder pattern is transferred onto the transfer plate transfer / impression cylinder, it has a transfer function, when the transfer substrate with / into the nip of the impression cylinder, the plate cylinder in which a pattern plate embossing one side of the substrate at the same time, the transfer / impression cylinder on which a pattern is transferred to the other surface of the substrate, the substrate completed printing on both sides simultaneously.

如上所述的凹版印刷方法,在印刷过程中,所述设置有偶数块色模版的色模滚筒将油墨一一对应地传递给集色滚筒,再传递到印版上设置的偶数块凹印版。 A gravure printing method as described above, in the printing process, the stencil is provided with an even color molding block color ink transfer roller to one correspondence to the set color drum, and then passed to the even block disposed on the gravure printing plate . 所述两路供给色模滚筒油墨的靠版传墨辊,利用一凸轮控制机构控制其与色模滚筒的离、合两种状态,实现对集色滚筒依次对应供墨,再分别传递到印版滚筒的A、B凹印版。 The two-color molding feed roller against the ink transfer roller version, using a cam control mechanism which controls the color mode from the drum, the two states together, to achieve color set corresponding to the ink supply roll sequentially, and then were transferred to the printing cylinders a, B and gravure.

本发明与目前公知的凹印技术相比较,其能够完成对承印物正背两面的同时印刷,从而实现凹印对印,且印品上的凹印手感增强,提高了具有较高防伪要求的承印物(如钞票、有价证券等)的一线防伪功能,更加易于公众对印品的真伪鉴别。 The present invention as compared with conventionally known gravure printing techniques, which can be completed simultaneously and back surfaces of the substrate of the printing, to achieve gravure printing, and gravure printed materials on the texture enhanced to improve security requires a higher first-line anti-counterfeiting features substrates (such as bank notes, securities, etc.), and easier for the public to identify the authenticity of Indian goods. 该发明的凹版对印技术,可以缩短印刷的工艺流程和印刷周期,降低印刷成本,提高劳动生产率。 The intaglio printing technology of the invention, the printing process and can shorten the print cycle, reduce printing costs and improve productivity. 公知的对印只能在胶印机上实现,正背印版分别安装在两个印版滚筒上,商用机通过反转滚筒的两次定位实现对印,而本发明的正背两版均安装在同一印版滚筒上,影响对印的误差源仅为印版的定位误差,避免了胶印对印具有的其他机械系统和纸张变形的误差,因此,本发明的凹印对印精度高于胶印对印精度。 Known only printed on an offset press to achieve, we are back plate are mounted on the plate cylinder two commercial printing machine to achieve by positioning the two reversing rollers, and the invention being mounted in the back plate are two on the same plate cylinder, the printing error sources influence the positioning error of only plate, offset to avoid having the printing paper and other mechanical systems deformation error, therefore, for gravure printing of the present invention is higher than the accuracy of the offset Indian accuracy. 本发明的凹印对印线条间的对印误差小于±0.10mm,远优于胶印对印精度。 Gravure present invention for the printing of error of less than ± 0.10mm between the printed lines, far superior to the offset printing accuracy. 此外,本发明的凹印机有六个色(现有凹印机为4色),为今后防伪印刷设计提供了更加灵活的色次选择。 Further, the present invention gravure six colors (four-color gravure conventional), provides a more flexible choice of color views for the future design of security printing.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的印刷原理示意图;图2是本发明的另一实施例的结构原理示意图。 1 is a schematic of the printing principle of the invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the principle of another embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细描述。 The following further detailed description of the technical solution of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

如图1所示,该印刷设备包括:一进纸部,其包括位于转印/压印滚筒2左上侧的传纸辊1及间隔供纸控制机构(图中未标出);一出纸部,其包括位于转印/压印滚筒2右上侧的出纸辊7和收纸机构(图中未标出);一印刷部,包括一只转印/压印滚筒2、一只印版滚筒3和一只擦版辊4;一供墨系统,其包括一只集色滚筒5;三只色模滚筒6;六路供墨机构;每只色模滚筒有两路供墨机构供墨。 1, the printing apparatus comprising: a paper feeding section, which includes a transfer / transfer roller impression cylinder 2 and the upper left side of a paper feed interval control means (not shown in the figure); a paper section, which includes a transfer / upper right side of the impression cylinder 2 of the roller 7 and the delivery mechanism (not shown in the figure); a printing unit, comprising a transfer / impression cylinder 2, a plate wiping roller 3 and a roller 4; an ink supply system, comprising a set of color drum 5; three-color molding drum 6; six-way ink supply mechanism; modulo each drum has two ink supply mechanism ink.

所述印版滚筒3上设有偶数块的凹印版,该凹印版具有两种图案,其间隔设置在该印版滚筒3上;转印/压印滚筒2上设有奇数块的印版;所述印版滚筒3与转印/压印滚筒2的直径之比等于其印版数之比;且该印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的线速度相等。 The gravure plate cylinder 3 is provided on the even block, the gravure plate has two patterns, on the plate cylinder 3 disposed spaced; with 2 printed on the odd block transfer / impression cylinder Edition; the plate 3 and the transfer / diameter ratio of the impression cylinder of the drum 2 is equal to the ratio of the number plate; and the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder is equal to the linear velocity.

所述供墨系统的集色滚筒5位于印版滚筒3一侧并与之滚动接触,该集色滚筒5的周侧设有三只与之滚动接触的色模滚筒6,该色模滚筒6可接受靠版传墨辊I、I'、II、II'、III、III'传递的油墨。 The ink supply system of the color drum set in rolling contact therewith, and located 5 the plate cylinder 3 side and the peripheral side of the drum 5 is provided with a set of color-color molding three rollers 6 rolling contact therewith, the roller 6 may modulo accepting ink transfer roller by version I, I ', II, II', III, III 'pass. 所述集色滚筒5上设置有偶数块集色胶皮A'、B',三只色模滚筒6上分别设置有偶数块色模版AI、BI、AII、BII、AIII、BIII。 The collector 5 is provided on the drum color block set has an even color rubber A ', B', three-color molding drum 6 even blocks are provided with a color template AI, BI, AII, BII, AIII, BIII.

上述集色滚筒5、色模滚筒6与印版滚筒3的直径比等于其上所设置的版数比。 5 the collector color drum, a color die cylinder and the plate cylinder 6 is equal to its diameter than the version number of the set than 3.

本发明的工艺过程是:在可设置偶数块凹印版的印版滚筒3上间隔设置承印物的正、背面两种不同或相同图案的第一凹印版A和第二凹印版B,与之相滚动压合的转印/压印滚筒2上装设有奇数块转印(压印)版a、b、c;由供墨系统给印版滚筒供墨;印版滚筒着墨后,在转动中由擦版辊4擦版后进入压印区;隔张进纸机构通过传纸滚筒1间隔地将承印物向转印/压印滚筒输入。 The process of the present invention is: spaced front and back sides of two kinds of different or identical substrate a first gravure plate pattern A and the second gravure plate B may be provided on the even-numbered block gravure plate cylinder 3, rolling nip therewith a transfer / impression cylinder 2 is provided with at odd block transferred (imprint) version a, b, c; the ink supply system of the printing ink to the drum; after inking the plate cylinder, in wiping is rotated by the rollers 4 into the nip wiping; spacer sheet feeding mechanism by the input roller to the transfer substrate / platen transfer cylinder 1 intervals.

其中印版滚筒3与转印/压印滚筒2的传动比等于转印/压印滚筒3上设置的印版块数与印版滚筒3上设置的凹印版块数之比。 Wherein the transfer / transmission impression cylinder plate cylinder 32 is equal to the ratio of the transfer / ratio of the number of the impression cylinder 3 disposed on the printed area and the number of the plate cylinder 3 disposed on the gravure area.

在印刷过程中,所述设置有偶数块集色胶皮的集色滚筒5、具有偶数块色模版的色模滚筒6将靠版传墨辊I、I'(或II、II',或III、III')传出的油墨一一对应地传递给印版滚筒设置的偶数块凹印版A、B。 During printing, the color block set is provided with an even color rubber roller set 5, the stencil having an even modulo block color drum to the transfer roller 6 I, I '(or II, II' forme, or III, III ') one to one outgoing transferring ink to the plate cylinder is provided even block gravure a, B. 上述每只色模滚筒6均具有两路供墨机构供墨,即两路供给色模滚筒6油墨的靠版传墨辊I、I'(或II、II',或III、III')依靠一凸轮控制机构的控制实现对印版滚筒3上的第一凹印版A、第二凹印版B分别一一对应供墨。 Each drum 6 modulo above has two ink supply mechanism of the ink supply, i.e., two-color molding feed roller 6 against the ink transfer roller plate I, I '(or II, II', or III, III ') relying a control cam control mechanism to achieve a first gravure plate cylinder 3 on the a, B are one-second gravure ink.

当压印区无承印物时,所述印版滚筒3上设置的第一或第二凹印版在滚筒转动过程中可分别直接与转印/压印滚筒2上的各转印(压印)版依次对应重合,将第一或第二凹印版上面的图纹转移到转印/压印滚筒2的各印版表面。 When no nip substrate, the first plate cylinder 3 or the second gravure provided on each drum during rotation can be directly transfer / transfer of each impression cylinder (on the platen 2 ) Version sequentially correspond overlaps the first or second transfer gravure Patterns to the respective upper surface of the transfer plate / 2 of the impression cylinder.

当压印区有承印物通过时,印版滚筒3和转印/压印滚筒2在滚动中将正、背面图案一次转印于承印物的正、背两面,使承印物一次完成两面的凹印印刷。 N, when the back surfaces of the substrate through the nip with a plate cylinder 3 and the transfer / rolling the impression cylinder 2 will be positive, the primary transfer surface pattern to the printing material, printing material on both sides of a complete concave Indian print.

上述压印/转印滚筒2在印刷过程中分别实现压印滚筒和印版滚筒的双重功能,即:在压印区无承印物时表现为印版功能,为承接印刷图案的载体;而在有承印物时表现出压印和印版的双重功能。 The impression / transfer cylinder 2 and the impression cylinder, respectively, to achieve the dual function of the plate cylinder in the printing process, namely: no performance when the substrate nip of the printing function for receiving print pattern vector; in exhibit the dual function of embossing and printing plates when the substrate. 为了实现压印/转印滚筒的上述双重功能,保证转印/压印滚筒上的印刷图案在印刷过程中不产生形变位移,在本发明中采用了新型的压印材料代替传统的橡皮布,以该材料制成的印版在印刷过程中不产生形变位移。 To achieve the dual function of embossing / transfer roller to ensure that the print pattern on the transfer / displacement impression cylinder is not deformed during printing, using a new type of imprint material instead of traditional blankets in the present invention, in the printing plate material is not deformed during printing displacement. 所述印版的压印材料为在金属板上涂布有能够转移印刷油墨的柔性材料。 The plate material is embossed with a flexible material capable of transferring printing ink on coated metal plates.

本发明的一次成型的凹版印品,其至少一面具有凹凸的图纹,且该印品的正、背两面所印制的图纹可局部或全部镜向对应,并具有一种以上的色彩。 A molded article of the present invention is a gravure printing, having at least one surface unevenness pattern, and n, the back surfaces of the printed products printed motifs can be partially or completely to the corresponding mirror, and having more than one color. 从而提高了承印物的防伪功能,便于公众对印品的真伪鉴别。 Thereby increasing the security features of the substrate, to facilitate identification of the authenticity of the public printing products.

以下结合具体实施例及附图对本发明技术方案的具体结构和工艺流程做详细描述。 The following examples and with reference to specific embodiments and the accompanying drawings a specific configuration of the process aspect of the invention is described in detail.

实施例1在本实施例中,如图1所示,所述印版滚筒3上可设有二块不同图案的第一凹印版和第二凹印版,为便于说明,设定第一凹印版为承印物的正面,简称A版,第二凹印版为承印物的背面,简称B版。 Example 1 In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, on the plate cylinder 3 can be provided with a first and second gravure gravure two different patterns, for ease of explanation, the first set is a front gravure printing material, referred to as the a version, the rear surface of the second gravure printing material, referred to as the B version. 所述转印/压印滚筒2上可设有三个与印版滚筒相配合的转印/压印区,其上设有三块转印版a、b、c。 The transfer / impression cylinder may be provided with three plate cylinder cooperating with the transfer / nip 2, which is provided with three transfer plate a, b, c. 印版滚筒3与转印/压印滚筒2的直径和装版数量采用2∶3的比例,且其传动比为3∶2,从而保证了印版滚筒3上的凹印版能够分别与转印/压印滚筒2上的a、b、c三个转印版在压印区依次对应重合。 3 and the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder diameter and the number of the installed version proportional 2:3 2, and which gear ratio of 3, thus ensuring the gravure plate cylinder 3 on the transfer can be respectively / a on the impression cylinder 2, b, c corresponding to three transfer plate are sequentially superposed nip. 通过在传纸滚筒1前面的隔张进纸机构(图上未标示),使承印物有间隔地通过转印/压印滚筒2(当转印/压印滚筒2上的a版有承印物时,后续的b版上则无承印物,而c版又带承印物,如此类推)。 Zhang separated by the transfer cylinder 1 in front of the paper feed mechanism (not shown above), so that the substrate at intervals through the transfer / impression cylinder 2 (when the transfer / impression cylinder 2 there is a plate on the substrate when, on a subsequent substrate no version b and c with another version of substrate, and so on). 这样,当转印/压印滚筒上的a版、或b版、或c版无承印物对应印版滚筒3的B版、并与它接触时,印版滚筒3上的B版就会将其已着墨并经过擦版处理的图案转印到转印/压印滚筒2的a版,或b版,或c版,使压印滚筒2具备印版滚筒的功能(携带印刷图案)。 Thus, when a transfer plate on / impression cylinder, plate, or b, or c version without substrate plate cylinder corresponding to the B version 3, and in contact with it, the plate cylinder 3 on the B version will be after it has been inked and treated wiping pattern transferred to the transfer / impression cylinder plate 2 a, b, or version, or a version of c, so that the impression cylinder 2 is provided with the function of the printing cylinder (carrying a printed pattern). 当承印物随转印/压印滚筒2进入压印区时,印版滚筒3则将其A版的图案转印到承印物的正面(完成典型的直接凹印)。 When the substrate with the transfer / 2 into the nip of the impression cylinder, the plate cylinder 3 which will be transferred to the A version of the pattern of the front substrate (typical direct gravure completion). 同时,转印/压印滚筒2将其上B版的图案转印到承印物的背面(完成间接凹版印刷),从而实现凹版印刷的一次、两面同时印刷。 At the same time, the transfer / impression cylinder 2 on which the pattern is transferred to the Version B of the back surface of the substrate (indirect gravure printing is completed), so as to achieve a gravure printing, printing on both sides simultaneously.

下面结合表一具体说明本发明的印制过程: Table below in conjunction with a detailed description of the printing process of the present invention:

表一 Table I

从刷印原理分析,要用两块印版在承印物正、背两面同时进行印刷,只能通过间接印刷和直接印刷结合的方式实现。 Shuayin analysis principle, to use two positive plate, while the back surfaces of the printed substrate can be achieved only by means of direct printing and indirect printing bonded.

采用本工艺进行双面印刷时,首先应将凹印机输纸部的供纸方式选择为间隙输纸方式,即:传纸滚筒1输一张纸,空转一周,再输一张纸,再空转一周......。 When this process is performed using the double-sided printing, the sheet supply should first embodiment gravure press feeding unit feeding mode is selected to the gap, namely: an input transfer cylinder sheet 1, the idle one week, lose a piece of paper, and then idle one week ....... 于是,转印/压印滚筒2的a、b、c三个转印版则分别依次出现如下有纸或无纸的情况:第一周:a有→b无→c有;第二周:a无→b有→c无。 Thus, the transfer / impression cylinder a, b, c of the three transfer plate 2 respectively have the following sequence occurs the case where no paper, or paper: the first week of: a → b No → c there are; second week: None have a → b → c no.

由于设置转印/压印滚筒2与印版滚筒3的传动比为2∶3。 Since the transfer / impression cylinder 2 and the transmission ratio of the plate cylinder 3 is from 2. 即当印版滚筒3分别装上A、B(正面版、背面版)两块凹印版并转动三周时,转印/压印滚筒2也同时转动两周,两滚筒完成一个对应循环。 That is, when the plate cylinder 3 are respectively mounted on the A, B (the front plate, the back plate) rotates two and three weeks gravure, transfer / rotation of the impression cylinder 2 also two weeks, the two rollers corresponds to a complete cycle.

印版滚筒3的A、B版与转印/压印滚筒2的三个印版a、b、c发生如下表的对应刷印关系:从图1所示的转动方向可以知道,印版滚筒3先从集色滚筒5获得油墨,再经擦版辊4擦去非图纹部分的油墨后,即进入印刷阶段。 A 3 of the plate cylinder, B version of the transfer / impression cylinder of three plate a 2, b, c correspond to the following table Shuayin relations: can know the direction of rotation shown in Figure 1, the plate cylinder 3 set start color ink roller 5 is obtained, and then the master roll 4 wipe by wiping the ink non Patterns portions, i.e. into the printing stage. 如图1所示,此时转印/压印滚筒2的印版c正好进入印刷区,它与印版滚筒3的凹印版A发生印刷(对应)关系(即表一中的对应顺序③)。 As shown, this time transfer / c 2 of the impression cylinder plate into the print area is exactly 1, that the plate cylinder A 3 gravure printing occurs (corresponding) relationship (i.e., a table corresponding to the order of ③ ). 查表一中序号③的竖行表示的情况可知,印版c有纸,于是凹印版A上的图纹在印刷时被转移到承印物(纸张)正面(假定纸张在输纸板上为背面向上、正面向下)。 ③ a lookup table where sequence number of vertical lines represent apparent, c has a paper plate, whereupon the Patterns A gravure printing is transferred to the substrate (paper) positive (assuming the paper feed is a rear plate up, face down). 此时纸张背面的状况如何呢? At this point how the situation paper on the back of it? 只要追溯到前一循环周印版滚筒3与转印/压印滚筒2的印刷(对应)关系即可知道,从表一中“前一循环”所在的竖行所示的情况知,转印/压印滚筒2的印版c无纸,印版滚筒3的凹印版B的图纹转印到了转印/压印滚筒2的印版c上面,因此,在上述的情况中,当凹印版A上的图纹在印刷时被转印到纸张正面的同时,转印/压印滚筒2的印版c在前一循环中留下的凹印版B的图纹也被转印到纸张背面。 As long as the cycle goes back a periphery of the plate cylinder 3 and the transfer / print impression cylinder 2 (corresponding) to know the relationship, as shown in the case where the vertical line from a table in the "previous cycle" knowledge transfer / impression cylinder plate 2 c paperless, Patterns B gravure plate cylinder 3 is transferred to the transfer / impression cylinder plate 2 c above, therefore, in the above case, when the recess Patterns a on the plate during printing is transferred to the paper face, while the transfer / c 2 impression cylinder of a plate in the previous cycle remaining gravure Patterns B is also transferred to the back of the paper. 两块凹印版的图纹就这样同时一次印到纸张正、背面上。 Patterns on two gravure printing to paper a while so positive, on the back.

完成印刷后,转印/压印滚筒2继续转动,当其上的印版c叼着纸运行到与出纸滚筒7相互交接的位置时,被出纸叼牙接出进入收纸部。 After completion of the printing, the transfer / impression cylinder 2 continues to rotate, when the printing paper runs c dangling on its position to the transfer cylinder 7 with each other out by the paper entering the contact jaw delivery portion.

转印/压印滚筒2再转动120°,它的印版a与印版滚筒3的凹印版B发生印刷关系,由于印版a无纸(表一中的对应顺序④),则凹印版B直接与印版a的转印/压印版接触,于是印版B图纹中的油墨转移(印)到转印/压印滚筒2的印版a的表面。 Transfer / impression cylinder 2 and then rotated 120 °, the relationship that the printing plate and a gravure plate cylinder B 3 occurs due to a printing plate without paper (Table ④ a corresponding order), the gravure Version B is a direct transfer printing / embossing plate into contact, then the printing ink is transferred in Patterns B (India) to a transfer surface of the plate / 2 of the impression cylinder. 机器再继续运转,转印/压印滚筒2的印版b又与凹印版A发生印刷关系(对应顺序⑤),由于印版b有纸,凹印版A图纹中的油墨被印到了纸张正面。 Then the machine continues to run, the transfer / impression cylinder plate 2 b of the print and the relationship (corresponding to the order of ⑤) with the gravure A, since the printing paper b has, in Patterns A gravure ink is printed onto the paper face. 追溯此时纸张背面的状况即转印/压印滚筒2的印版b的表面在前一轮的情况,从对应关系②可知,转印/压印滚筒2的印版b与凹印版B在前一轮发生了印刷关系,但印版b处于无纸状态,因此,凹印版B图纹中的油墨转移(印)在了印版b的表面。 At this time, traceability back of the paper condition b, i.e., the transfer surface of the plate / round the impression cylinder of the front case 2, seen from the correspondence relationship ②, transfer / b of the impression cylinder and the gravure printing plate B 2 is in the former a printing relationship, but no printing paper b in the state, therefore, the gravure Patterns B of ink transfer (printed) on the surface of the plate b. 依据追溯的情况可以确定,此时(本轮)纸张背面接触的印版b的表面有凹印版B传递的油墨图纹,因此,当印版b(有纸)与凹印版A接触时,不仅凹印版A的图纹转印到了纸张的正面(直接印刷),同时,纸张背面也印上了前一轮凹印版B留在印版b表面的图纹(间接印刷),完成了两块不同凹印版一次对纸张正、背面的印刷过程。 May be determined depending on the situation retrospective, case b the surface of a plate (round) the back surface of the contact sheet gravure ink Patterns B transmission, and therefore, when the printing plate b (with a paper) when in contact with the gravure A , not a transfer gravure Patterns a to the front side of the paper (direct printing), while the back of the paper also printed on the front B stay in a gravure surface printing patterns in b (indirect printing), complete the two different gravure paper once positive, on the back of the printing process.

转印/压印滚筒2在印刷过程中分别实现了压印滚筒和印版滚筒的功能,即:压印区无承印物时表现为印版功能,承接印刷图案的载体,而在有承印物时表现出压印和印版双重功能。 Transfer / impression cylinder 2 in the printing process were achieved cylinder and the impression cylinder of the printing function, namely: the performance of the printing nip non-functional substrate, the carrier receiving the printed pattern, and the substrate have when the dual function exhibits embossing and printing plates.

本发明的转印/压印滚筒2上设置的转印版a、b、c的材料为既能作为转印版上的压印材料,同时又是转印版转移印刷时的特殊版材,这种版材是在0.30mm-0.50mm的金属薄板上涂布有能适应转移印刷的柔性材料,如尼龙、PVC、橡胶和塑料,其涂层厚度为0.3-0.6mm,硬度可达到邵氏80-98度,从而使具有压印滚筒和印版滚筒双重功能的转印/压印滚筒2在与印版滚筒3发生印刷关系时,印版滚筒3上的印刷图案在印刷过程中不会产生形变位移,保证了印制过程中承印物正、背两面的镜向图案的对应精度。 2 provided on a transfer of the invention / the impression cylinder transfer plate a, b, c as a material for the imprint material both on the transfer plate at the same time when the special media transfer plate transfer printing, this plate is 0.30mm-0.50mm thin metal sheet coated with a flexible material to adapt to the transfer printing, such as nylon, PVC, rubber and plastic, which is a coating thickness of 0.3-0.6 mm, the Shore hardness can be achieved 80-98 degrees, so that the transfer / embossing cylinder and an impression cylinder having a dual function of the plate cylinder 2 when the plate cylinder 3 with the relationship printing, the print pattern on the plate cylinder 3 is not in the printing process displacement deforms to ensure the accuracy of the printing process corresponding to the n-substrate, the back surfaces of the pattern mirrors.

在本实施例的印刷过程中油墨的定版定位传递过程:参考图1,将印版滚筒3、集色滚筒5和三只色模滚筒6均设置为双版,即在集色滚筒5和三只色模滚筒6上均设置与印版滚筒3对应的两块集色胶皮A'、B'和色模版AI、BI,AII、BII及AIII、BIII,其传动比为1∶1,确保了集色胶皮A'、B'和色模版AI、BI,AII、BII及AIII、BIII完全能按事先确定的印刷工艺要求与印版滚筒3上的两块凹印版A、B一一对应接触,使凹印版A、B能按指定的相应位置分别得到指定的油墨。 In the printing process according to the present embodiment, the ink set plate positioning transfer process: Referring to Figure 1, the plate cylinder 3, set the color drum 5, and three-color mode of the drum 6 are set to version double, i.e. set the color drum 5 and 6 are provided on the plate cylinder 3 corresponding to two sets a three-color color rubber mold drum ', B' and the color template AI, BI, AII, BII and AIII, BIII, which gear ratio of 1, to ensure a set of colored rubber a ', B' and the color template AI, BI, AII, BII and AIII, BIII fully required by the printing process the plate cylinder on the previously determined two gravure plate 3 a, B correspond contacting the gravure a, B respectively designated ink can be specified in the corresponding position. 其着墨范围及位置精度,由色模轮廓及色模版在色模滚筒上的定位精度决定。 Its inking position accuracy and range of the positioning accuracy in the color determined by the color drum die mold contour and color templates.

同时,机器的供墨系统设置为每只色模滚筒由两路供墨(总共六路供墨),而每只色模滚筒上的两块色模版AI、BI,AII、BII及AIII、BIII究竟得到哪一路供墨系统的油墨,则靠一套凸轮离合机构的控制来确定。 At the same time, the machine is set to each ink supply system by the two-color molding drum ink (ink total six-way), and two of each color in the color mode stencil drum AI, BI, AII, BII and AIII, BIII whether an ink supply path which give the ink system, is set by the control cam of the clutch mechanism is determined.

为了实现双面同时印刷,本发明采用了双路供墨系统,通过凸轮控制机构,选择靠版传墨辊I、I',II、II',III、III'与色模版AI、BI,AII、BII及AIII、BIII的离、合两种状态,实现给印版滚筒上的A、B雕刻凹版分别对应供墨,保证对A、B两版的同色、异色,以及局部的同色、异色转墨。 To achieve double-sided simultaneous printing, the present invention employs a dual ink supply system, by a cam control mechanism, the transfer roller selected by version I, I ', II, II', III, III 'and the color template AI, BI, AII , BII and AIII, BIII away from, engagement of two states, to achieve to the a on the plate cylinder, B intaglio corresponding ink supply guarantee a, B version two of the same color, different color, and a local same color, different color ink transfer.

本发明的印制工艺及设备,实现了雕刻凹版双面同时印刷,以该种工艺和设备印制的印品,其一面在保留了传统雕刻凹印品的全部特点的同时,它的凹印手感较公知的二次凹印印刷品更强,在印品的另一面可得到线纹精度优于湿胶印、接近凹印效果的图纹。 Printing process and apparatus of the invention, to achieve the double-sided simultaneous intaglio printing process and apparatus to the kind of printing products printed on one side thereof while retaining all the features of traditional products while intaglio, gravure its feel more known second gravure print stronger, the other surface of the printed product obtained lined accuracy of better than wet offset, gravure proximity effect FIGURES. 利用上述工艺及设备生产的印品上的图案镜向对应、正常识别,提高了承印物(如钞票)的防伪能力,便于公众对印刷制品的真伪鉴别,有明显的社会效益。 Mirror pattern on printed materials produced using the process and equipment to a corresponding, properly identify improved substrate (banknote) the security, easy identification of the authenticity of the public printed products, with a significant social.

由于本发明的正、背两块版A、B均安装在同一印版滚筒3上,从而避免了公知技术中存在的机械系统误差,提高了凹印图纹对印精度,其对印误差小于±0.10mm,大大高于胶印对印的精度。 Since n, two back version A, B of the present invention are installed on the same plate cylinder 3, thus avoiding the error of the mechanical system existing in the known art, to improve the printing accuracy Patterns gravure, the printing error is less than its ± 0.10mm, much higher than the accuracy of the offset printed.

实施例2如图2所示,在本实施例中,所述的印版滚筒3'上可设有四个装版区I、II、III、IV,分别对应装设有四块印版A1、A2、B1、B2,其中A1、A2为同种凹印版,B1、B2为另一种相同的凹印版,为便于说明,设定A1、A2为正面凹印版,简称A1、A2版,B1、B2为背面凹印版,简称B1、B2版。 Example 2 FIG. 2, in the present embodiment, the plate cylinder 3 'region may be provided with four Edition I, II, III, IV, the corresponding mounting plate has four A1 , A2, B1, B2, wherein A1, A2 gravure same kind, B1, B2 to another in the same gravure form, for convenience of explanation, the setting A1, A2 is a front gravure, referred to as A1, A2 Edition, B1, B2 of the back gravure, referred to as B1, B2 Edition. 所述转印/压印滚筒2'上可设有五个与印版滚筒相配合的转印/压印区I'、II'、III'、IV'、V',其分别装有五块转印版a'、b'、c'、d'、e'。 The transfer / impression cylinder 2 'may be provided with five plate cylinder cooperating with the transfer / nip I', II ', III', IV ', V', which are respectively provided with five transfer plate a ', b', c ', d', e '. 印版滚筒3'与转印/压印滚筒2'的直径和装版数量采用4∶5的比例,且其传动比为5∶4,从而保证了印版滚筒3'上的版A1、A2、B1、B2能够分别与转印/压印滚筒上2'的a'、b'、c'、d'、e'五个印版在压印区依次对应重合。 The number and diameter of the plate cylinder means 3 'and the transfer roller 2 / imprinting' proportional 4:5, and which transmission ratio is 5:4, thus ensuring the plate cylinder 3 on the printing plate A1 ', A2, B1, B2 respectively can be a transfer / impression cylinder 'a a' 2, b ', c', d ', e' corresponding to five successively superposed printing nip. 通过在传纸滚筒1前面的隔张进纸机构(图上未标示),使承印物有间隔地通过传纸滚筒1传递给转印/压印滚筒2'的各个印版。 Zhang separated by the transfer cylinder 1 in front of the paper feed mechanism (not shown above), so that the substrate 1 has passed through the gap to the transfer of the transfer cylinder / impression cylinder 2 'of the respective plate. 这样,当转印/压印滚筒2'上的I'、或II'、或III'、或IV'、或V'五个版区无承印物并与印版滚筒3'的B1、B2版接触时,B1、B2版就会将其已着墨并经过擦版处理的图案转印到转印/压印滚筒的a'、b'、c'、d'、e'各印版的表面,使转印/压印滚筒2'具备印版滚筒的功能(携带印刷图案)。 Thus, when the transfer / impression cylinder 2 'I on' or II 'or III', or IV 'or V' five plate zone without substrate and the plate cylinder 3 'of B1, B2 Edition contact, B1, B2 version will be inked patterned wiping and transferred to the transfer process / printing cylinder of a ', b' of each of the plate surface, c ', d', e ', the transfer / impression cylinder 2 'is provided with the function of the plate cylinder (carrying the printed pattern). 当承印物随转印/压印滚筒2'进入压印区时,印版滚筒3'在将其A1、A2面的图案转印到承印物的正面(完成典型的直接凹印)的同时,转印/压印滚筒2'也将其上的B1、B2面图案转印到承印物的背面(完成间接凹版印刷),从而实现凹版印刷的一次、两面同时印刷。 When the substrate with the transfer / impression cylinder 2 'into the nip, the plate cylinder 3' in which A1, A2 pattern transferred to the surface of the front substrate (typically a direct gravure completed) at the same time, transfer / impression cylinder 2 'which is also on the B1, B2 pattern is transferred to the rear face of the substrate (indirect gravure printing is completed), so as to achieve a gravure printing, printing on both sides simultaneously.

表二中的每个竖行的内容表示了印版滚筒3'和转印/压印滚筒2'在印刷时的对应状况。 Table II Content of each vertical line represents the plate cylinder 3 'and the transfer / impression cylinder 2' corresponds to the situation at the time of printing. 表二中依次表示了印版滚筒3'和转印/压印滚筒2'在完成一个完整印刷循环周期,即:转印/压印滚筒2转动4周,同时,印版滚筒3转动5周时的全部对应状况。 Table II shows sequentially the plate cylinder 3 'and the transfer / impression cylinder 2' in the completion of a complete print cycle, namely: transfer / rotation of the impression cylinder 2 for 4 weeks, while the plate cylinder 3 is rotated 5 weeks all correspondence condition when.

表格上的箭头所指的位置表示印刷时印版滚筒3'和转印/压印滚筒2'的对应状况(转印/压印滚筒2'的某个版面正好有纸(承印物))。 Arrow indicated the position of a table showing printing plate cylinder 3 'and the transfer / impression cylinder 2' of the corresponding situation (transfer / impression cylinder 2 'exactly to a section of paper (substrate)). 箭杆的尾端表示向前追溯,即:当印刷时(箭头所指的竖行),纸张背面的转印版上是否存在图纹及图纹是由哪块版提供的。 Going back tail shaft representation, namely: when the printing (line vertical arrow), exists on the back surface of the sheet transfer plate and Patterns Patterns is provided by a piece of plate.

从图2及表二反映的情况可以看出:每当有纸时,它的正面总是正好对应着一块正面版A1或A2。 As it can be seen From Figure 2 and Table 2 reflects: whenever a paper, it is always exactly correspond to the front plate a positive or A1 A2. 追溯此时纸张背面的转印/压印滚筒2的表面,总是存在由背面版B1或B2给它传递的图纹。 At this time, traceability back of the paper transfer surface / 2 of the impression cylinder, there is always a back of the plate Patterns B1 or B2 to its transfer. 由此可以实现印品正、背面一次同时印刷。 Positive prints can thus be achieved, while a rear surface printing. 其具体和印版的对应状况与实施例1相同。 And the same specific printing conditions corresponding to Example 1.

由上面的描述分析可以肯定,印版滚筒3'与转印/压印滚筒2'的直径和装版数量采用4∶5的比例,且其传动比为5∶4,是可以实现印品正、背面一次同时印刷的。 The above described analysis can be made sure, the plate cylinder 3 'and the transfer / impression cylinder 2' diameter and the number proportional 4:5 Edition, and its transmission ratio is 5:4, positive prints can be achieved, at one time printed on the back. 依同理,采用印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径和装版数量为相邻的偶奇比,即可达到同样的技术效果。 By the same token, the use of plate cylinder and the transfer / diameter and number of the impression cylinder plate mounted adjacent to the even-odd ratio, to achieve the same technical effect.

在本实施例中,供墨系统的油墨供给方式可与实施例1相同,采用双版、双路方式供墨,即设置一只集色传墨滚筒5和三只色模滚筒6,每只色模滚筒由两路供墨(总共六路供墨),每只色模滚筒上分别设置两块色模版AI、BI,AII、BII及AIII、BIII,色模版究竟得到哪一路传墨系统的油墨,则靠一套凸轮离合机构的控制来确定。 In the present embodiment, the ink supply may be the same manner as the ink supply system of Example 1, using the dual version, the ink supply dual mode, i.e., provided a set of color ink transfer cylinder 5 and the cylinder 6 three-color mode, each modulo two by the ink supply roller (a total of six ink supply passage), each modulo two colors are disposed on the drum stencil AI, BI, AII, BII and AIII, BIII, whether the color obtained stencil ink which transfer ink passage system , by controlling the clutch mechanism of a cam is determined. 由于印版滚筒3'上设置的A1、A2为同种凹印版,B1、B2为另一种相同的凹印版,因此,当供墨系统采用2∶2∶2(集色版数∶色模版数∶供墨机构数)的方式向印版滚筒供墨时,该集色传墨滚筒5和色模滚筒6与印版滚筒3'的直径比为1∶1∶2,传动比为2∶2∶1,从而保证对印版滚筒3'上的A1、A2、B1、B2雕刻凹版分别对应供墨。 Since the plate cylinder 3 A1 provided on ', A2 gravure same kind, B1, B2 to another in the same gravure, therefore, when the ink supply system uses 2:2:2 (color version Episode: color copy number: mode when the number of ink supply mechanism) to the plate cylinder of the ink supply, the collector inking cylinder 5 and the color transfer drum 6 modulo the plate cylinder 3 '1:1:2 diameter ratio, the transmission ratio is 2:2:1 to ensure A1 'on the plate cylinder 3, A2, B1, B2 respectively intaglio ink.

当印版滚筒3'与转印/压印滚筒2'的直径和装版数量采用4∶5的比例,且其传动比为5∶4的结构时,它的供墨系统也可采用4∶4∶2(集色版数∶色模版数∶供墨机构数)的方式供墨,即设置一只四个版面的集色滚筒和三只四个版面的色模滚筒,每只色模滚筒有两路供墨机构(总共六路供墨机构),而每只集色传墨滚筒和色模滚筒上分别间隔设置两种共四块与印版滚筒3'上设置的印版A1、A2、B1、B2相对应的集色胶皮和色模版。 When the plate cylinder 3 'and the transfer / impression cylinder 2' diameter and the number proportional 4:5 Edition, and its structure 5:4 gear ratio, and its ink supply system may be employed 4:4 :2 (set color Version number: number of colors template: number of ink supply mechanism) of the ink supply mode, i.e. a drum disposed modulo four color drum set layout and three of the four sections, each mold drum having a color two ink supply mechanism (a total of six-way ink supply mechanism), and the color of each set are spaced pass color inking cylinder and mold set two co four cylinder and the plate cylinder 3 'arranged on the plate A1, A2, B1 , B2 corresponding to the set color and color rubber stencil. 当供墨系统采用4∶4∶2的方式向印版滚筒供墨时,所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比为1∶1∶1,其传动比为1∶1∶1,从而保证对印版滚筒3'上的A1、A2、B1、B2雕刻凹版分别对应供墨。 When the ink supply system uses 4:4:2 way supply of ink to the plate cylinder, set a color drum, a color die cylinder and the plate cylinder diameter ratio of one, the transmission ratio of 1 :1 to ensure A1 'on the plate cylinder 3, A2, B1, B2 respectively intaglio ink.

上述供墨系统还可采用4∶2∶2(集色版数∶色模版数∶供墨机构数)的方式供墨,即设置一只四个版面的集色滚筒和3只两版面的色模滚筒,每只色模滚筒由两路供墨机构供墨(总共六路供墨),集色滚筒上设置四块与印版滚筒3'上设置的印版A1、A2、B1、B2相对应的集色胶皮,色模滚筒上设置两块不同的色模版。 The above-described ink supply system may also employ 4:2:2 (Set Version Number Color: Color Number Template: number of ink supply mechanism) an ink supply mode, i.e., provided a four-color color drum set layout and three two forum mold roller, the mold roller of each color ink supply mechanism by the two ink supply (a total of six ink supply path), is provided with four plate A1 plate cylinder 3 'arranged on the color drum set, A2, B1, B2 corresponding to the rubber set color, set of two different colors of color stencil die cylinder. 用集色版数∶色模版数∶供墨机构数之比为4∶2∶2的方式向印版滚筒供墨时,该集色滚筒和色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比为2∶1∶2,其传动比为1∶2∶1,从而保证对印版滚筒3'上的A1、A2、B1、B2雕刻凹版分别对应供墨。 Color version with Episode: Color Number Template: ratio of the number of ink supply mechanism is 4:2:2 way supply of ink to the plate cylinder, the die set colors and the color drum roller and the plate cylinder diameter ratio of 2: 1:2, the transmission ratio 1:2:1 to ensure A1 'on the plate cylinder 3, A2, B1, B2 respectively intaglio ink.

本实施例中由于增加了印版数量,因此可进一步提高印刷效率。 In the present embodiment, since the number of printing plates, printing efficiency can be further improved. 本实施例的设备使用状态、生产工艺、印品结构以及所产生的有益效果与实施例1相同,在此不再赘述。 Apparatus used state of this embodiment, the production process, the structure and advantages of the prints produced in Example 1, is not repeated herein.

表二 Table II

Claims (40)

1.一种凹版印刷品,其特征在于:该凹版印刷品为正、背两面一次成型的凹版印刷品,其至少一面具有凹凸的图纹,且该印品的正、背两面所印制的凹版图纹可镜向对印。 An intaglio printing products, characterized in that: the product is positive intaglio printing, gravure printing and back surfaces of a molded article, at least one surface having irregularities of the pattern, and n, the back surfaces of the printed products printed intaglio Patterns mirror to be printed.
2.根据权利要求1所述的凹版印刷品,其特征在于:该印品的正、背两面所印制的凹版图纹可为局部或全部对印、同色或异色对印、两面套印、互补对印。 The gravure printing product according to claim 1, wherein: n, the back surfaces of the printed products printed intaglio Patterns may be printed on part or all of the same color or different colors for printing on both sides overprint, complementary of India.
3.根据权利要求1所述的凹版印刷品,其特征在于:该一次成型的印品正、背两面印制的图纹可具有一种以上色彩。 Intaglio printing product according to claim 1, wherein: the shaping of positive prints, printed patterns in front and back surfaces may have more than one color.
4.一种用于制造如权利要求1所述凹版印刷品的设备,其特征在于:该印刷设备包括:一纸张控制部,其包括位于转印/压印滚筒两侧的传纸滚筒及出纸滚筒;一印版滚筒,所述印版滚筒可同时装有正背两面数量相等的偶数块凹印版;一转印/压印滚筒,所述转印/压印滚筒上设有奇数块的转印版;一供墨系统,位于印版滚筒一侧,可向其供墨;一擦版辊,位于印版滚筒的另一侧。 Which comprises a transfer cylinder located at the transfer / embossing cylinder and on both sides of a sheet of paper out of the control unit: 4. The apparatus for manufacturing a product as claimed in claim 1 intaglio printing, wherein: the printing apparatus comprising cylinder; a plate cylinder, the plate cylinder may be equipped with both positive rear sides equal number of even block gravure; a transfer / impression cylinder, the transfer block is provided with an odd / impression cylinder transfer plate; an ink supply system, located in a side of the plate cylinder, to which the ink can; wiping a roll, at the other side of the plate cylinder.
5.根据权利要求4所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径之比等于其印版数之比。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 4, characterized in that: the ratio of the diameter of the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder is equal to the ratio of the number plate.
6.根据权利要求4所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒上间隔设有两种印版。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: the spacer plate is provided with two kinds of said plate cylinder.
7.根据权利要求4所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒上可设有二块不同图案或相同图案的凹印版,所述转印/压印滚筒上可设有三块与印版滚筒相配合的转印/压印区。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: said upper plate cylinder may be provided with two different gravure pattern or a pattern of the same, the transfer / embossing drum may be provided with three block the plate cylinder cooperating with the transfer / nip.
8.根据权利要求7所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径比为2∶3。 8. A gravure printing apparatus according to claim 7, wherein: the ratio of the diameter of the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder is from 2.
9.根据权利要求4所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述供墨系统具有位于印版滚筒一侧并与之滚动接触的一集色滚筒,该集色滚筒的周侧设有一个以上与该集色滚筒滚动接触的色模滚筒,一个以上的靠版传墨辊设置于所述色模滚筒旁,该色模滚筒可接受靠版传墨辊传递的油墨。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: the peripheral side of the ink supply system having a set of color cylinders and located at one side of the plate cylinder in rolling contact therewith, which drum is provided with a set of color modulo above drum set in rolling contact with the drum color, more than one version of the transfer roller provided on the color mode in the next drum, the drum pharmaceutically modulo transfer roller against the ink transfer.
10.根据权利要求9所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述集色滚筒设置有偶数块集色胶皮、色模滚筒上有偶数块色模版。 10. A gravure printing apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: said drum is provided with a set of even-numbered color block set has an even color on the rubber block color stencil, color molding drum.
11.根据权利要求9所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述色模滚筒可设置两路供给其油墨的靠版传墨辊。 11. The intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: said color mode may be provided two feed rollers against the transfer roller, its version of the ink.
12.根据权利要求11所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比等于其上所设置的版数比。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 11, wherein: said set of color drum, the drum diameter of the drum mold and the plate color ratio is equal to the version number of the previous set.
13.根据权利要求11所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述集色滚筒设置有偶数块集色胶皮、色模滚筒上有偶数块色模版,其数量可与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版数相等或不等。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 11, wherein: said drum is provided with a set of even-numbered color block set has an even color on the rubber block color stencil, color molding drum, and the number may be provided on the plate cylinder gravure number equal or unequal.
14.根据权利要求11所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述色模滚筒为偶数块版设置,其数量可与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版数相等或不等。 Intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 11, wherein: said cylinder mold even block color version is set to equal the number of the gravure may be provided with the number on the plate cylinder or unequal.
15.根据权利要求11所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒上设置的集色胶皮、色模版数与印版上设置的凹印版数相等或不等。 15. The intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 11, wherein: said set of color drum, gravure equal to the number provided on the current collector provided on the color-color molded rubber roller, and the number of color stencil printing or unequal .
16.根据权利要求4所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述传纸滚筒前部设有一隔张进纸装置。 16. The intaglio printing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the front portion of the transfer cylinder is provided with a partition-feed apparatus.
17.根据权利要求4所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述转印/压印滚筒上设置的转印版为在金属薄板上涂布或粘合的具有适应转移印刷和压印性能的材料。 17. The intaglio printing apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein: said transfer plate disposed on the transfer / impression cylinder is coated on a metal sheet or an adhesive having a transfer printing and embossing performance adaptation s material.
18.根据权利要求17所述的凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述转印版上设置的柔性材料可以是尼龙、PVC、橡胶或塑料。 18. The intaglio printing apparatus according to claim 17, wherein: said flexible material is provided on the transfer plate can be nylon, PVC, rubber or plastic.
19.根据权利要求17所述凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述金属薄板为0.30mm-0.50mm的金属薄板。 19. The intaglio printing apparatus of claim 17, wherein: said metal sheet is a metal sheet is 0.30mm-0.50mm.
20.根据权利要求17或18所述凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述柔性材料的涂层厚度为0.30mm-0.50mm。 Claim 20. The gravure printing device 17 or 18, characterized in that: the coating thickness of the flexible material is 0.30mm-0.50mm.
21.根据权利要求17或18所述凹版印刷设备,其特征在于:所述转印版的硬度为邵氏80-98度。 Claim 21. The gravure printing device 17 or 18, characterized in that: said transfer plate to 80-98 ° Shore.
22.一种用于制造如权利要求1所述的凹版印刷品的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:该方法包括(a)将承印物间隔地输入;(b)经装设有印版数量之比为偶奇比的印版滚筒及转印/压印滚筒滚动压印;(c)输出一次完成双面印制的成品。 The ratio of the number plate was mounted with (B); the method comprising (a) a substrate input intervals: 22. A method of manufacturing a gravure printing method according to claim 1 intaglio printing product, characterized by means for scroll embossing plate cylinder and the transfer ratio of the even and odd / impression cylinder; (c) a complete double-sided printed output finished.
23.根据权利要求22所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:在所述印版滚筒上设置偶数块凹印版,转印/压印滚筒上设置奇数块印版。 23. A gravure printing process according to claim 22, further comprising: setting an odd number of printing plates on the gravure plate even block the transfer / on the impression cylinder plate cylinder.
24.根据权利要求22或23所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:在所述印版滚筒上间隔设置具有承印物的正、背两面数量相等、图案相同或不同的凹印版。 22 or 24. A gravure printing process according to claim 23, wherein: n spaced back an equal number of sides, the same or different gravure pattern having a printing material on said plate cylinder.
25.根据权利要求22所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的传动比等于转印/压印滚筒上设置的印版块数与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版块数之比。 25. The gravure printing method according to claim 22, wherein: the number of the printed area of ​​the plate cylinder gear with the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder is equal to the ratio of the transfer / impression cylinder disposed set ratio of the number of gravure section.
26.根据权利要求22所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:该方法进一步还包括一具有集色滚筒、色模滚筒及靠版传墨辊的供墨系统。 26. A gravure printing process according to claim 22, wherein: the method further comprises a cylinder having a set of colors, and color mode by the ink supply system cylinder version of the transfer roller.
27.根据权利要求26所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:在所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒上分别装设偶数块集色胶皮和色模版,并以两路靠版传墨辊给色模滚筒供油墨。 27. The gravure printing method according to claim 26, wherein: the set of color drum, a color block set are mounted rubber and the even color of color stencil drum mold, and two to the transfer roller to a forme color ink supply roller die.
28.根据权利要求26所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比等于其上所设置的版数比,其传动比与其直径比成反比。 28. A gravure printing process according to claim 26, wherein: said set of color drum, the drum diameter of the drum mold and the plate color ratio equal to the number provided on the plate than its transmission ratio to the ratio of its diameter inversely proportional.
29.一种用于制造如权利要求1所述的凹版印刷品的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:该方法包括以下步骤:a、在可设置偶数块凹印版的印版滚筒上间隔设置承印物的正、背两面图案的第一凹印版和第二凹印版,在与之相滚动压合的转印/压印滚筒上装设奇数块转印版;b、由供墨系统给印版滚筒供墨;c、印版滚筒受墨后,在转动中由一擦版装置擦版后进入压印区;d、隔张进纸机构间隔地将承印物向转印/压印滚筒输入。 29. A method for producing a gravure printing method as an intaglio printing product according to claim, characterized in that: the method comprising the steps of: a, spacer disposed on the substrate can be provided even block the gravure plate cylinder positive and back surfaces of the first pattern and the second gravure gravure, transfer plate mounted on the odd-numbered block therewith a transfer nip rolling / impression cylinder; B, the ink supply system to the plate an ink supply roller; C rear, the plate cylinder by ink, by rotating the latter wiping wiping apparatus enters the nip; D, separator sheet feed means at intervals the input to the transfer drum substrate / platen.
30.根据权利要求29所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述步骤a,其印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的传动比等于转印/压印滚筒上设置的印版块数与印版滚筒上设置的凹印版块数之比。 30. A gravure printing process according to claim 29, wherein: said steps a, which drive the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder is equal to the ratio of the transfer / print section of the impression cylinder is provided with a number of ratio of the number set on the plate cylinder gravure section.
31.根据权利要求29所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:当压印区无承印物时,所述印版滚筒上设置的第一凹印版和第二凹印版在滚筒转动过程中可分别与转印/压印滚筒上的各转印版依次对应重合。 31. The gravure printing method according to claim 29, wherein: the nip when no substrate provided on the plate cylinder first gravure plate cylinder and the second gravure plate during rotation of the respectively with the transfer plate transfer on / turn corresponds to the impression cylinder overlap.
32.根据权利要求29所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:当压印区有承印物通过时,印版滚筒和转印/压印滚筒在滚动中将正、背两面的图案一次印制于承印物的正、背两面,使承印物一次完成两面的凹印印刷。 32. The gravure printing method according to claim 29, wherein: when the substrate nip there through, and the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder n, back surfaces of a printed pattern in the rolling substrate in the positive and back surfaces, a complete gravure printing material printed on both sides.
33.根据权利要求29所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述步骤a的印版滚筒上可设置二块凹印版,其分别为具有承印物的正、背两面图案的第一凹印版和第二凹印版,在与之相滚动压合的转印/压印滚筒上装设三块转印版;所述在印版滚筒上设置的其中之一凹印版能够分别与转印/压印滚筒上三个印版在压印区依次对应重合。 33. The gravure printing method according to claim 29, wherein: said setting step two a gravure plate cylinder, respectively, which have positive substrate, the back surfaces of the first pattern of recesses and a second gravure printing, transfer plate mounted on three rolling nip therewith a transfer / impression cylinder; disposed on said plate cylinder, respectively, wherein one of the gravure plate can be transfected three printing plates on the plate / platen roller turn corresponds to coincide nip.
34.根据权利要求33所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的直径比等于印版块数之比,即为2∶3。 34. A gravure printing process according to claim 33, wherein: the diameter of the plate cylinder and the transfer / impression cylinder is equal to the ratio of the number of printed area ratio, namely 2:3.
35.根据权利要求33所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述印版滚筒与转印/压印滚筒的线速度相等。 35. The gravure printing method according to claim 33, wherein: the linear velocity equal to the transfer plate cylinder / impression cylinder.
36.根据权利要求33所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述转印/压印滚筒上设置的印版之一对应印版滚筒上设置的其中之一凹印版的区域无承印物、并与印版滚筒接触时,印版滚筒上的该凹印版将其已着墨并经过擦版的图案转印到转印/压印滚筒的转印版上,使其具备转印功能,当承印物随转印/压印滚筒进入压印区时,在印版滚筒将其上设置的另一凹印版的图案转印到承印物的一面同时,转印/压印滚筒的转印版将其上的图案转印到承印物的另一面,完成承印物的两面同时印刷。 36. The gravure printing method according to claim 33, wherein: said one plate provided on the transfer roller / nip where the corresponding region of one of the gravure plate cylinder provided on the substrate without and when in contact with the plate cylinder, on the gravure plate cylinder which is inked after wiping plate and the pattern is transferred onto a transfer plate onto / impression cylinder, it has a transfer function, when the substrate with the transfer / into the nip of the impression cylinder, the plate cylinder in the other gravure pattern disposed thereon is transferred to the substrate side at the same time, the transfer / transfer impression cylinder Edition pattern thereon is transferred to the other surface of the substrate, the substrate completed printing on both sides simultaneously.
37.根据权利要求29所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:步骤b所述的供墨系统包括集色滚筒、色模滚筒及靠版传墨辊,其中所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒上分别装设偶数块集色胶皮和色模版,并以两路靠版传墨辊给色模滚筒供油墨。 37. A gravure printing process according to claim 29, wherein: said ink supply system comprises a set of step b color drum, a color drum mold and the transfer roller against the plate, wherein the set of color drum, a color drum mold They are mounted on the even-numbered block set colors and the color templates rubber, and is two to the transfer roller against the plate cylinder for the ink color molding.
38.根据权利要求37所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述集色滚筒、色模滚筒与印版滚筒的直径比等于其上所设置的版数比,且其转动线速度相等。 38. A gravure printing process according to claim 37, wherein: said set of color drum, the drum diameter of the drum mold and the plate color ratio equal to the number plate provided thereon than and equal to the rotation speed of the line.
39.根据权利要求37所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:在印刷过程中,所述设置有偶数块供墨胶皮的集色滚筒、设置有偶数块色模版的色模滚筒将传出的油墨一一对应地传递给印版上设置的偶数块凹印版。 39. A gravure printing process according to claim 37, wherein: in the printing process, the even block is provided with a set of color ink supply roller rubber is provided with an even color block color stencil die roller to outgoing one correspondence to the ink transporting even block disposed on the gravure printing plate.
40.根据权利要求37所述的凹版印刷方法,其特征在于:所述两路供给色模滚筒油墨的靠版传墨辊,利用一凸轮控制机构控制其与色模滚筒的离、合两种状态,实现对印版滚筒上的第一、第二凹印版分别对应供墨。 40. A gravure printing process according to claim 37, wherein: said two-color molding feed roller against the ink transfer roller version, using a cam control mechanism which controls the color mode from the drum, two kinds of bonding state, to achieve the first, second gravure plate cylinder on the corresponding ink supply.
CN 02123770 2002-06-24 2002-06-24 Intaglio printing equipment, method and printed products thereof CN1236931C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02123770 CN1236931C (en) 2002-06-24 2002-06-24 Intaglio printing equipment, method and printed products thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02123770 CN1236931C (en) 2002-06-24 2002-06-24 Intaglio printing equipment, method and printed products thereof
PCT/CN2002/000762 WO2004000556A1 (en) 2002-06-24 2002-10-29 Intaglio printing device, the printing products made by this device and the process for producing the products
CH15052004A CH695446A5 (en) 2002-06-24 2002-10-29 Deep printed product and device and method for its manufacture.
JP2004514513A JP4188317B2 (en) 2002-06-24 2002-10-29 Intaglio printing apparatus, method and printed matter thereof
DE10297528T DE10297528B4 (en) 2002-06-24 2002-10-29 Apparatus and method for producing a gravure product
AU2002368050A AU2002368050A1 (en) 2002-06-24 2002-10-29 Intaglio printing device, the printing products made by this device and the process for producing the products

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1465482A CN1465482A (en) 2004-01-07
CN1236931C true CN1236931C (en) 2006-01-18

Family

ID=29743674

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 02123770 CN1236931C (en) 2002-06-24 2002-06-24 Intaglio printing equipment, method and printed products thereof

Country Status (6)

Country Link
JP (1) JP4188317B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1236931C (en)
AU (1) AU2002368050A1 (en)
CH (1) CH695446A5 (en)
DE (1) DE10297528B4 (en)
WO (1) WO2004000556A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1602482A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2005-12-07 Kba-Giori S.A. Intaglio printing machine with antishock cylinder arrangement
CA2523648C (en) 2004-10-20 2014-05-13 Jds Uniphase Corporation Alignment of paste-like ink having magnetic particles therein, and the printing of optical effects
GB2512769B (en) * 2011-12-23 2018-08-01 Security Printing Inst Of Peoples Bank Of China Method and apparatus for ink transfer and supply and printing equipment having the apparatus
CN102689536B (en) * 2012-05-30 2014-06-11 成都印钞有限公司 Watermarking and printing nested manufacturing technology and production device thereof
CN103182874B (en) * 2013-04-03 2015-05-13 中国印钞造币总公司 Printing technology for generating color change by performing single gravure air compression on double surfaces
CN103552363B (en) * 2013-10-30 2015-11-18 成都印钞有限公司 A single-sided dual terminal and a printing method of offset printing
CN105269927B (en) * 2014-07-24 2018-07-20 樊官保 Heliogravure wiring printing machine and printing process
CN105069900B (en) * 2015-08-14 2018-02-09 深圳怡化电脑股份有限公司 A kind of method and device for handling bank note information
CN105216473B (en) * 2015-08-28 2018-10-26 南京造币有限公司 It is a kind of to be used for printing plate and preparation method thereof of the gravure to print technique
CN106183364A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 中山松德印刷机械有限公司 A kind of satellite-type flexographic presses
CN106427257A (en) * 2016-09-18 2017-02-22 常州佳饰家装饰新材料有限公司 Double-side printing method for stereoscopic Bristol paper
CN108909228A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-11-30 南京造币有限公司 A kind of combination anti-fake printed matter and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3468195D1 (en) * 1983-07-26 1988-02-04 De La Rue Giori Sa Combined rotary sheet printing press
JPS6127257A (en) * 1984-07-19 1986-02-06 Komori Printing Mach Co Ltd Dry offset intaglio printing machine
DE58906398D1 (en) * 1988-05-18 1994-01-27 De La Rue Giori Sa Multi-color rotary printing machine for simultaneous recto and verso printing.
CH675985A5 (en) * 1988-07-13 1990-11-30 De La Rue Giori Sa
AT105774T (en) * 1989-06-29 1994-06-15 De La Rue Giori Sa Gravure printing press for printing of securities.

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE10297528T5 (en) 2005-04-07
JP2005519796A (en) 2005-07-07
AU2002368050A1 (en) 2004-01-06
CH695446A5 (en) 2006-05-31
DE10297528B4 (en) 2009-01-02
CN1465482A (en) 2004-01-07
WO2004000556A1 (en) 2003-12-31
JP4188317B2 (en) 2008-11-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP2919025B2 (en) Complex type web-fed rotary printing press
CN1077039C (en) Sheet-fed offset rotary press
US8201605B2 (en) Printing machine comprising an embossing device
CN1096356C (en) Intalgio printing press
CN1080643C (en) Multi-color printing press and its operation method
US4967660A (en) Sheet-fed rotary printing press for both obverse and reverse side printing
KR101127020B1 (en) Method and device for combined printing
JPH08295004A (en) Printing press with a number of printing units
CA1222161A (en) Combined rotary printing machine
CN101287604B (en) Printing machine with modular additional printing group
US4633777A (en) Multicolor rotary printing machine
WO1992017338A1 (en) Film printing process and film transfer machine
US4509424A (en) Convertible, multicolor, rotary printing press
US2270273A (en) Convertible printing press
EP1940624B1 (en) Method and printing machine for the production of packaging and promotional materials
CN101400520A (en) Inspection system for a sheet-fed recto-verso printing press
KR100554301B1 (en) A web-fed or sheet-fed printing machine for security papers
EP1842665A1 (en) Process for producing security papers, intaglio printing press for implementing said process, and security paper produced according to said process
US4441423A (en) Collect-printing unit for security printing for use in a rotary printing press
DE102006021069A1 (en) Sheet-fed printing press, has varnishing unit coating ultraviolet-setting-type varnish on printed sheet, and rollers positioned at break state in relation to pressure cylinder for pressing hologram surface on sheet surface
JPH0272952A (en) Combined sheet-feed rotary printing machine for security
AU606518B2 (en) Web-fed printing machine for recto-verso printing especially of banknotes
US5009156A (en) Multi-color rotary printing machine for simultaneous recto-verso printing
US20030010233A1 (en) Intaglio printer
US5036763A (en) Convertible multi-color printing machine for the rectoverso printing of especially bank notes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C06 Publication
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C14 Granted