CN1236716C - Electric bed equipment - Google Patents

Electric bed equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1236716C
CN1236716C CN 02141198 CN02141198A CN1236716C CN 1236716 C CN1236716 C CN 1236716C CN 02141198 CN02141198 CN 02141198 CN 02141198 A CN02141198 A CN 02141198A CN 1236716 C CN1236716 C CN 1236716C
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bed
crank
screw
lifting
left
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CN 02141198
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1466925A (en
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王义龙
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王义龙
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种电动床装置及其动、静态床组运转的控制方法,该电动床装置包括由一可调整靠背、抬脚的床面板,结合床面板的床面骨架,顶起床面骨架使能调节多种床位的升降装置,支撑升降装置的床底骨架及控制床体动、静态运转的控制器所组成;经简单操作运用,若以手动操作可无段调整多种静态床位,自动操作则可变换既已设定的多种静态床位,或多种动态床位运转,达到通过用地心引力能促进人体血液循环,提供肺疾患者倒躺排除积痰及头下脚上的脑部供氧、保健等功能。 The present invention relates to an electric apparatus and a moving bed, a static bed method of controlling operation of the group, the electric bed means comprises an adjustable backrest, the panel heels bed, bed skeleton binding the bed panel, a top surface of the skeleton makes up the lifting device can be adjusted more beds, bed lifting device supporting skeleton and a dynamic control of the bed, the static operation of the controller of the composition; use with simple operation, if the manual operation can be more static beds stepless adjustment, automatic operation Now that you can transform a static set of multiple beds or more beds dynamic operation, achieved by using the force of gravity can promote blood circulation, provide disease patients lying down exclude brain oxygen accumulation of phlegm and upside down, health care and other functions.

Description

电动床装置 Electric bed

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种电动床装置,该电动床装置可使用于一般家庭、旅馆、休闲中心、医护等场所,其应用领域包括家具、医疗器材等行业。 The present invention relates to an electric bed, electric bed that can be used for general family, hotels, leisure centers, health care and other places, its application areas include furniture, medical equipment and other industries.

背景技术 Background technique

传统的电动床多为:1、床面背部、脚部可向上调节仰角的一般休闲床,例如台湾已核准公告的公告编号第370869号(申请号第87218307号)“电动床的改良结构”实用新型专利申请。 Mostly conventional electric bed: 1, the back bed, the foot may be adjusted upwardly general elevation leisure beds, such as Taiwan approved Announcement No. No. 370 869 (Application No. 87218307) announcement "improved structure of the electric bed" practical new patent applications.

2、具有可调节靠背、抬脚、高低、倾斜的一般病床,例如台湾已核准公告的公告编号第325689号(申请案号第86200788号)“自动病床”实用新型专利申请。 2, having an adjustable backrest, heels, high and low, generally inclined bed, such as Taiwan approved ads bulletin No. No. 325 689 (Application No. No. 86200788) "Automatic beds" utility model patent application.

3、具有可调节大小倾斜角度的专业用医疗、复健床,例如台湾已核准公告的公告第268281号(申请号第82210483号“复健床结构”实用新型专利申请。 3, with an adjustable size of the inclination angle by a medical professional, bed rehabilitation, such as Taiwan approved notice Publication No. 268,281 (Application No. 82210483, "rehabilitation bed configuration" utility model patent application.

4、本发明人的台湾已核准公告的第372863号(申请号第87114125号“多功能床组运转控制方法及其装置”发明专利申请(中国发明专利申请号第01131350.1号“电动床及其运转控制方法)”。 4, the present invention Taiwan has approved the bulletin No. 372,863 (Application No. 87,114,125 "multifunctional bed group operation control method and device" patent for invention (Chinese invention patent Application No. 01131350.1 "electric bed and its operation Control Method)".

现有的休闲床、病床无法提供较大仰角的倾斜床位,也无动态换位的功用。 Existing lounge beds, beds can not provide a greater tilt angle of elevation of the bed, and no dynamic function of transposition. 专业用医疗、复健床及本发明人发明的多功能床组(即台湾公告编号第372863号专利申请),因其构造复杂、价格昂贵实在是不易普及的产品。 Medical professional use, multi-functional bed group (ie, Taiwan Announcement Number Patent Application No. 372,863) rehabilitation beds and the inventors of the invention, its structure is complicated, expensive and it is not easy to popularize the products.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是:针对现有的多功能床组为普及需求而进行改进创新,提供一种电动床装置和一种能使电动床具有多种动、静态床位变换的运转控制方法,以使电动床装置构造简单,造价便宜,除了具有调整靠背、抬脚的一般功能外,尚能提供较大倾斜仰角及连续自动变换倾斜、高低床位,而达到通过用地心引力能促进人体血液循环,帮助肺疾患者倒躺拍胸咳痰及作头下脚上脑部供氧、保健等功能。 Object of the present invention are: to universal needs improvement and innovation for the existing group multifunctional bed, there is provided an electric device and a bed having a plurality of movable electric bed enables operation control method of converting a static bed, such that electric bed apparatus is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, in addition to an adjustment of the backrest, the general function of the heels, but still capable of providing a larger elevation angle inclined obliquely and continuously automatically transform, bed height, achieved by using gravity can promote blood circulation, helping lung disease patients lying down and make upside down Paixiong sputum brain oxygen, health care and other functions.

为达到上述的目的,本发明提出了一种电动床装置,主要包括:一可调整靠背、抬脚的床面板,结合床面板的床面骨架,顶起床面骨架使能调节多种床位的前、后侧升降装置,支撑床体重量的一床底骨架及控制床体运转的一微电脑控制器。 To achieve the above object, the present invention proposes an electric bed apparatus, including: an adjustable backrest, the panel heels bed, the bed panel bed bound skeleton, the skeleton of the front surface of the top get more adjustable bed , the rear lifting device supporting the weight of the bed and a bed skeleton control operation of the bed a microcomputer controller. 其中,每个所述前、后侧升降装置分别设有左、右两个曲柄组,每一曲柄组分别有上、下两支曲柄,同组上、下曲柄的中端分别以回转接头联结。 Wherein each of said front, rear lifting means are respectively provided with left and right two crank set, each crank set, respectively, the upper and lower two cranks, the same group, the lower end of the crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint . 前侧升降装置中的两支上曲柄的上端分别以回转接头联结于床面骨架前侧的左、右处,两支下曲柄的下端也分别以回转接头联结于床底骨架前侧的左、右处;后侧升降装置中的两支上曲柄的上端分别以回转接头联结于床面骨架后侧的左、右处,两支下曲柄的下端也分别以回转接头联结于床底骨架后侧的左、右处。 On the front side of the upper end of the lifting means two crank swivel joint respectively coupled to the front side of the skeleton of the bed left and right at the lower end of the crank case two swivel joints respectively coupled to the left front side of the bed frame, at the right; upper end on the rear side of the lifting device respectively two crank swivel joint coupled to a rear surface of the skeleton of the bed left and right at the lower end of the two crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint in the rear bed backbone left and right place. 前侧上曲柄横接轴横接前侧的左、右上曲柄,前侧下曲柄横接轴横接前侧的左、右下曲柄;后侧上曲柄横接轴横接后侧的左、右上曲柄,后侧下曲柄横接轴横接后侧的左、右下曲柄。 On the front side of the crank shaft front lateral cross-connected with left side, upper right crank, the crank front lower horizontal spindles contact the front lateral side of the left and right lower crank; crank coupling shaft transverse cross-connected on the rear side of the left rear side, the upper right crank, crank rear lower horizontal cross-coupling shaft connected to the rear left and right lower crank. 同一侧的上、下曲柄横接轴间联结有一螺杆升降机,其推拉该侧的两支曲柄横接轴,以撑开或闭合该侧的上、下曲柄,进而带动床面骨架在该侧上下移位。 On the same side of the cross-crank coupled with a screw connection between the elevator shaft, which push the two sides of the cross-crank spindles, distraction or close to the upper side of the crank case, thereby bringing down the bed side of the skeleton shift.

在上述电动床装置中,优选地,升降装置的螺杆升降机是横向螺杆升降机,其中,四支可变菱形连杆一端联结同一侧的上、下曲柄横接轴,另一端联结横向升降螺套,借联结于悬吊底板的横向升降马达驱动横向升降变速器转动嵌入悬吊底板两端横向升降轴承且左、右相反螺牙的横向升降螺杆,迫使套入横向升降螺杆两边的横向升降螺套相对移位,以改变菱形连杆角度进而推拉所述侧的曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合该侧的上、下曲柄。 In the electric bed apparatus, preferably, the lifting device is a screw lift transverse screw lift, in which four variable rhombic link coupled to one end on the same side of the horizontal coupling shaft crank, the other end of the coupling nut lateral movements, by elevating motor coupled to the transverse drive and suspension of the transmission plate rotatably fitted lateral lifting lateral ends hanging down bearing plate and the left and right opposite lateral lifting screw thread, forcing the lifting screws set into the lateral sides of the collar relative lateral shift of the lift bits, and further to change the angle of the link diamond sliding lateral side of the crank shaft connected to the expansion or closing of the upper side of the crank.

此外,在上述电动床装置中,优选地,升降装置的螺杆升降机是直向螺杆升降机,其设有分别联结在同一侧上、下曲柄横接轴上的升降螺杆和升降螺套,借助直向升降马达驱动直向升降变速器转动直向升降螺套,迫使直向升降螺套内的直向升降螺杆上下移位,进而推拉该侧的上、下曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄。 Further, in the electric bed apparatus, preferably, the lifting device is a screw lift straight screw elevator, which is provided on the same side are coupled, the crank shaft connected to horizontal lift lifting screw and nut, by means of vertical elevating motor driving straight vertical lifting movements of the transmission nut is rotated, forcing the straight vertical elevating screw lifting screw jacket displaced up and down, sliding on the further side of the cross-crank crank spindles distraction or closed.

此外,在上述电动床装置中,优选地,电动床装置还包括可使床体前后摇摆的回转装置,在所述回转装置中,回转马达转动偏心轮往复推拉回转曲轴,迫使底部曲柄横接轴于下曲柄的前后活动范围内来回推拉,进而带动床体来回平移、前后摇摆。 Further, in the electric bed apparatus, preferably, the electric apparatus further comprises a bed can swing back and forth bed rocking means in the swing device, the swing motor rotates the cam reciprocally sliding crankshaft rotation, forcing the bottom portion of the crank shaft connected to a cross back and forth within the scope of the activities before and after the sliding crank, thereby bringing the body back and forth translation of the bed, back and forth.

为达到前述目的,本发明还提出了一种电动床装置,主要包括:一可调整靠背、抬脚的床面板,结合床面板的床面骨架,顶起一端床面骨架使能调节多种倾斜床位的一升降装置,支撑床体重量的一床底骨架及一控制器。 To achieve the foregoing object, the present invention further provides an electric bed apparatus, including: an adjustable backrest, the panel heels beds, bed skeleton binding the bed panel, a top surface of the bobbin from one end of the bed can be adjusted so that more inclined a bed lifting device supporting the weight of a bed and a bed skeletal controller. 其中,床面骨架的前端可固定式回转,后端的床面骨架与床底骨架中间联结所述升降装置,该升降装置设有左、右两曲柄组,每一曲柄组分别有上、下两支曲柄,同组上、下曲柄的中端分别以回转接头联结,两支上曲柄的上端分别以回转接头联结于床面骨架的左、右处,两支下曲柄的下端也分别以回转接头联结于床底骨架的左、右处,并以上曲柄横接轴横接左、右的上曲柄,下曲柄横接轴横接左、右的下曲柄,借联结于曲柄横接轴间的螺杆升降机,推拉曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄,进而带动床面骨架后端倾斜移位。 Wherein the distal end may be fixed bed type rotary skeleton, the rear end of the intermediate bed with a bed of skeleton backbone coupling the lifting means, the lifting device is provided with left and right crank set, each crank set, respectively upper and lower crank support, the same group, the lower end of the crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint, the upper end of the two crank are coupled to the swivel joint to the left of the bed skeleton, and right at the lower end of the crank respectively to two swivel joint coupled to bed skeleton left, and right of center, and the above cross-coupling shaft crank with left lateral, the right crank, the crank horizontal cross-coupling shaft with left, right under the crank, the crank coupled by a cross-connection between the screw shaft lift, lateral push-pull crank crank spindles distraction or closed, thereby bringing the rear end of the bed tilting displacement skeleton.

在上述电动床装置中,优选地,升降装置的螺杆升降机是横向螺杆升降机,其中,四支可变菱形连杆一端联结上、下曲柄横接轴,另一端联结横向升降螺套,借联结于悬吊底板的横向升降马达驱动横向升降变速器转动嵌入悬吊底板两端横向升降轴承且左、右相反螺牙的横向升降螺杆,迫使套入横向升降螺杆两边的横向升降螺套相对移位,以改变菱形连杆角度进而推拉曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄。 In the electric bed apparatus, preferably, the lifting device is a screw lift transverse screw lifts, wherein the four variable rhombic link coupled at one end, the crank horizontal spindles, the other end of the coupling nut lateral movements, by the coupling to lateral suspension plate elevating motor driving rotation of the transmission fitted lateral elevation lateral ends hanging down bearing plate and the left and right opposite lateral lifting screw thread, the screw forces the sleeve into the lateral sides of the elevation nut lateral elevation displaced relative to Further sliding link angle change rhombic cross-crank crank spindles distraction or closed.

此外,在上述电动床装置中,优选地,升降装置的螺杆升降机是直向螺杆升降机,其设有分别联结在上、下曲柄横接轴上的升降螺杆和升降螺套,借助直向升降马达驱动直向升降变速器转动直向升降螺套,迫使直向升降螺套内的直向升降螺杆上下移位,进而推拉上、下曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄。 Further, in the electric bed apparatus, preferably, the lifting device is a screw lift straight screw lifts, which are coupled with the upper and lower toggle lifting screw and the cross shaft pick lifting nut, by means of vertical elevating motor driving straight vertical lifting movements of the transmission nut is rotated, forcing the straight vertical elevating screw lifting screw jacket displaced up and down, the sliding Further, the cross-crank crank spindles distraction or closed.

本发明的作用实际上是借控制器操作升降装置及仰起机构,可达到下述作用中的一项或多项:1、手动操作仰起机构,使背部床面板与腿部床面板放平,可作为一般平床用途。 Effect by the present invention is actually looked up and the controller operates the lift mechanism means, the following effects can be achieved in one or more of: a manually operated mechanism looked up, so that the back panel and the leg portion bed flat bed panel It can be used as a general purpose flat bed.

2、手动操作仰起机构,使前、后床面板调节不同仰角,以作为靠背、抬脚等舒适体位的功能。 2, the manual operation mechanism looked up, so that the front, rear bed panel adjusting different elevations, as the backrest, and the like heels of comfortable position function.

3、手动操作升降装置,可无段调整较大范围的高低、倾斜床位。 3, the manual operation of the lifting device, stepless adjustment of the level of a wide range of tilt bed.

4、自动操作升降装置,可变换既已设定的多种静态床位,或多种动态床位运转,供使用者多重选择。 4, the automatic operation of the lifting device, can transform a variety of beds for a preset static, dynamic or more beds operated, multiple choice for the user.

5、手动操作升降装置,可调节仰角较大的倾斜床位,搭配防止身体下滑装置,供每日需排除积痰的肺疾患者,作倒躺拍胸咳痰的姿势使用。 5, manual operation of the lifting device, may be larger elevation angle inclined bed, with means to prevent the decline in the body, the daily need for negative disease patients sputum volume, sputum for the inverted posture lying Paixiong use.

6、手动操作升降装置,可调节仰角较大的倾斜床位,供倒躺使用者,一种头下脚上的脑部供氧及舒缓静脉曲张、痔疮、内脏下垂、脊椎压迫等与重力有关的症状。 6, manual operation of the lifting device, may be larger elevation angle inclined bed, for a user lying down, one kind of brain oxygen upside down and relieve varicose veins, hemorrhoids, visceral ptosis, vertebral compression and other symptoms related to gravity .

7、当设好运转时间并以自动模式运转,重复不断的交叉变换倾斜床位,而达到用地心引力促使人体头、脚轮替上、下摆位以促进血液流动、预防中风。 7, when the set time and a good operation in automatic mode operation is repeated constantly inclined cross conversion bed, gravity causes the body to achieve a head, for casters, the hem position to promote blood flow, prevention of stroke.

8、当床体以动态床位自动控制模式连续运转时,有类似摇床效果,可帮助睡眠者容易入睡。 8, when the bed to bed dynamic automatic control mode continuous operation, similar to shaker effect, can help the sleeper fall asleep easily.

9、当床体以随机床位自动控制模式连续运转时,使用者将因不可预期的变换心理,以达转移注意力而暂时忘却烦恼。 9, when the bed to bed random automatic control mode continuous operation, the user will not be expected due to the psychological transformation, to achieve divert attention temporarily forget the troubles.

10、当床体处于中床位、升降装置停止转动的连锁条件下,可起动曲轴回转装置,以带动床体在平床位的活动范围内来回平移、前后摇摆。 10, when the chain is in the condition of the bed in the bed, the lifting device is stopped, the rotary crank means may be started to drive back and forth translation of the bed in the range of activities of the flat bed, back and forth.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1:为本发明双边倾斜床组的床体立体分解示意图。 Figure 1: an exploded schematic perspective bilateral bed tilt table group present invention.

图2:为本发明双边倾斜床组的侧视及正视示意图。 Figure 2: a side view of the bilateral tilt table group and a front view of the present disclosure.

图3:为本发明单边倾斜床组的床体立体分解示意图。 Figure 3: an exploded schematic perspective unilateral inclination bed Bed group present invention.

图4:为本发明单边倾斜床组的侧视及正视示意图。 Figure 4: Unilateral inclined side elevational schematic view of the bed and the group of the present invention.

图5:为本发明床组的仰起机构及升降装置示意图。 Figure 5: a schematic view of the lifting mechanism and the upturned bed apparatus of the present invention group.

图6:为本发明床组的床位变换及控制机构示意图。 Figure 6: Transformation of beds and bed control means sets a schematic diagram of the invention.

图7:为本发明床组的曲轴回转装置及床位摇摆示意图。 Figure 7: a schematic view of rotation of the crankshaft swing bed and the bed apparatus of the present invention group.

附图标号说明(1)…………………床体 (3)………………床面结构(5)……………底架结构 (7)……………背部床面板 DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS (1) ..................... bed body (3) .................. bed structure (5) ............... undercarriage structure (7) ............... bed back panel

(9)…………臀部床面板 (11)…………腿部床面板(13)………脚部床面板 (15)……………仰起机构(17)…………床面骨架 (19)……………床头护板(21)…………床尾护板 (23)……………床底骨架(25)…………升降装置 (27)…………………曲柄(29)…………回转接头 (31)……………限控开关(33)………曲柄横接轴 (37)………微电脑控制器(41)…固定式回转接头 (43)………………前脚架(45)……………后脚架 (47)……………仰起马达(49)………仰起变速器 (51)…………仰起螺套轴(53)……仰起移位螺杆 (55)……………仰起连杆(57)………仰起横接轴 (59)………………仰起臂(75)……………低床位 (77)…………高仰角床位(79)……………高床位 (81)………弹簧定位卡梢(101)…直向螺杆升降机 (103)……横向螺杆升降机(105)…………菱形连杆 (107)………横向 (9) ............ bed hip panel (11) ............ bed leg panel (13) ......... bed leg panel (15) ............... looked up mechanism (17) ............ bed surface of the bobbin (19) ............... guard bed (21) end of the bed ............ shield (23) ............... bed bobbin (25) ............ lifting device (27) ......... ............ crank (29) ............ swivel joint (31) ............... limit control switch (33) ......... lateral crank spindles (37) ......... microcomputer controller (41) ... stationary swivel joint (43) .................. front leg (45) ............... rear leg (47) ............... looked motor (49) ......... looked up transmission (51) ............ looked shaft nut (53) screw ...... looked shift (55) ............... looked rod (57) ......... upturned lateral spindles (59) looked up arm .................. (75) ............... lower bed (77) ............ high elevation angle of beds (79) ............... high bed (81) ......... card tip spring retainer (101) ... vertical screw lift (103 ) ...... transverse screw lift (105) ............ diamond link (107) laterally ......... 降螺杆(109)…………悬吊底板 (111)………横向升降马达(113)…横向升降变速器 (115)………横向升降轴承(117)……横向升降螺套 (121)………直向升降马达(123)…直向升降变速器 (125)………直向升降螺套(127)……直向升降螺杆 (129)……底部曲柄横接轴(131)…………回转装置 (133)……………回转马达(135)……………偏心轮 (137)……………回转曲轴具体实施方式为使能更进一步了解本发明的结构组成及其动作原理,现举本发明较具体的实施例,并配合附图进行说明。 Drop screw (109) ............ suspension plate (111) transverse ......... elevating motor (113) ... lateral lifting transmission (115) ......... lateral lift bearing (117) ...... lateral lifting nut (121) ... ...... vertical elevating motor (123) ... straight down transmission (125) ......... vertical lifting nut (127) ...... vertical lifting screw (129) at the bottom of the crank ...... transverse spindles (131) ......... ... swing device (133) ............... swing motor (135) ............... eccentric (137) ............... revolution of the crankshaft DETAILED DESCRIPTION in order to further understand the structure and operation of the present invention is composed of principle, the present invention is now give a more specific embodiment, and with the accompanying drawings.

考虑制造成本及售价因素,本发明床组有下述的双边倾斜及单边倾斜两种方式供消费者选用:如图1,图2所示:双边倾斜的床体1包括床面结构3与底架结构5两部份,其床面结构3共分为四段:活动式背部长面板7,固定式臀部床面板9活动式腿部床面板11,活动式脚部床面板13,各床面板与床两骨架17联结组合,应用臀部床面板9下方传统式的仰起机构15可使背部床面板7上下调节仰角,连在一起的腿部床面板11与脚部床面板13中间拱起或放平,并于床面结构3的前、后方各设有床头护板19及床尾护板21;而结合床面板的床面骨架17及其底下的床底骨架23之间,于前、后段各联结一升降装置25,所述两个升降装置25共设有前、后、左、右四个曲柄组,每一曲柄组分别有上、下两支曲柄27,其中的上、下曲柄27一端各以回转接头29交接联结,另一端也各以回转接头29联结 Factors to consider price and manufacturing cost, the present invention has a bed set unilateral and bilateral inclined obliquely following two ways for consumers to choose from: 1, Figure 2: Bilateral inclined bed structure 1 comprises a bed 3 two parts to the chassis structure 5, which structure of bed 3 is divided into four sections: a movable back panel minister 7, fixed bed hip panel 9. the movable panel bed leg portion 11, the movable panel 13 foot beds, each bed panel 17 coupled with a combination of both skeletons bed, bed application hip panel 9 downward traditional mechanism 15 is lifted up back bed panel 7 can adjust the vertical elevation, the legs of the bed together with the panel 13 intermediate the foot arch 11 bed panel since or flat, and the front face of the bed structure 3, each of the rear fender 19 is provided with headboard and bed end shield 21; and 17 and between the bottom surface of the bed panel bed bed bound backbone skeleton 23, in before and after each segment coupling a lifting device 25, the two front lifting means 25 has a total of, rear, left, and right crank set, each of the upper crank set, respectively, at two crank 27, on which the , at each end of the crank 27 to the transfer coupling 29, the other end of the swivel joint to the swivel joint 29 is also coupled to each 于床面及床底骨架17、23的相对处,并有上、下两曲柄横接轴33连接左右曲柄27,借联结于曲柄横接轴33间的直向或横向螺杆升降机101、103推拉曲柄横接轴33撑开或闭合曲柄27进而带动床面骨架17上下移位,因两螺杆升降机101、103可借微电脑控制器37同步或个别调控,故可依使用者需求手动调控床面的高低、倾斜或自动操作行使动、静态床位变换运转,该床面骨架17及床底骨架23间与各曲柄27的接头适当位置处也设置数组弹簧定位卡梢81,以限制床体移位时超出既定的活动范围并作为曲柄27开闭时的缓冲调节。 In the bed and the bed opposite the skeleton 17, 23, and has upper and lower crank shaft 33 connected to cross-connect left and right crank 27, connected by cross-linking the crank axle portrait or landscape screw 33 lifts the sliding 101,103 33 cross-crank spindles distraction or closed crank 27 so as to drive the bed 17 down the backbone displaced by two screws 101, 103 may lift individually controlled by the microcomputer controller 37 or the synchronization, so the user needs to follow the manual regulation of the bed height, tilt or move the exercise automatic operation, the operation of converting the static bed, the bed 17 and the bobbin 23 and the bobbin bed at a joint position of the crank 27 is also provided in each array card tip spring retainer 81 to limit the displacement of the bed when activity beyond the predetermined range as a buffer and adjusting the crank 27 when opening and closing.

如图3,图4所示:单边倾斜的床体1其床面骨架17前段有固定式回转接头41联结座落于底架结构5前脚架43的上端,后段的床面骨架17与床底骨架23中间则联结一组升降装置25,该升降装置25包括左、右两个曲柄组,每一曲柄组分别有上、下两支曲柄27,其中上、下曲柄27中端各以回转接头29交接联结,另一端也各以回转接头29联结于床面及床底骨架17、23后段的相对处,并有上、下两曲柄横接轴33连接左、右曲柄27,借联结于曲柄横接轴33间的直向或横向螺杆升降机101、103推拉曲柄横接轴33以撑开或闭合曲柄27进而带动床面骨架17后段离开后脚架45而倾斜移位,因螺杆升降机101、103可借微电脑控制器37调控,故可依使用者需求手动调控床面的较大倾斜角度或自动操作行使动态运转。 3 and FIG. 4: 1 which is inclined bed skeleton unilateral anterior portion of the bed 17 fixed swivel joint 41 is located in an upper end coupled to the chassis 43 of the front leg structure 5, the bed 17 and the rear section backbone 23 is a skeleton intermediate bed a set of links 25 lifting device, the lifting device 25 includes left and right crank set, respectively, on each crank group, the two cranks 27, wherein the upper end of the crank case 27 to each transfer of the swivel joint coupling 29, the other end of the swivel joint 29 is also coupled to respective opposite the bed in the bed and the rear section 17, 23 of the skeleton, and has upper and lower crank shaft 33 connected to cross-connect the left and right crank 27, by cross-coupled to the crank spindles portrait or landscape screw 33 lifts 101 and 103 push the crank shaft 33 connected to cross-stretched or closed crank 27 so as to drive the bed section after leaving the skeleton 17 after tilting displacement stand 45, because the screw lifts 101, 103 may be regulated by the microcomputer controller 37, so the user needs to follow a large inclination angle manually or automatically regulated bed operation exercise dynamic operation.

如图5A所示:臀部床面板9下方的仰起机构15是仰起马达47驱动仰起变速器49转动前方的仰起螺套轴51迫使螺套内的移位仰起螺杆53推拉仰起连杆55牵动仰起横接轴57进而带动仰起臂59以调节背部床面板7、腿部床面板11及脚部床面板13的仰角。 As shown in FIG 5A: looked mechanism bed below the hips panel 915 is lifted up motor 47 drives the transmission 49 is rotated looked looked nut screwed shaft 51 forces the front shift sleeve 53 sliding looked even looked screw a cross-bar 55 affects looked coupling shaft 57 so as to drive the arm 59 to adjust the back looked bed plate 7, the elevation bed leg portion 11 and foot panel 13 of panel bed.

如图5B所示:借四支可变菱形连杆105一端联接于上、下曲柄横接轴33,另一端联接于横向升降螺套117的横向螺杆升降机103,联结于悬吊底板109的横向升降马达111驱动横向升降变速器113转动嵌入悬吊底板109两端横向升降轴承115且左、右相反螺牙的横向升降螺杆107,迫使套入横向升降螺杆107两边的横向升降螺套117相对移位,强制改变菱形连杆105角度进而推拉曲柄横接轴33以调节曲柄27的张开度。 FIG. 5B: diamond by four variable link 105 is coupled at one end to the upper and lower crank shaft 33 connected to a cross, and the other end coupled to the transverse lateral elevation nut 117 screw elevator 103 coupled to the bottom plate 109 of the lateral suspension elevating motor 111 drives the transmission 113 rotates the lifting lateral 109 lateral bottom ends hanging down bearing insert 115 and the left and right opposite lateral lifting screw thread 107, forcing the sleeve 107 into the lateral sides of elevation lateral lifting screw nut 117 relative displacement , forced to change the angle of the diamond and thus push rod 105 connected to the crank shaft 33 to adjust the lateral opening of the crank 27.

如图5C所示:联结于曲柄横接轴33的直向螺杆升降机101也可借直向升降马达121驱动直向升降变速器123转动直向升降螺套125,迫使直向升降螺套125内的直向升降螺杆127上下移位,进而推拉曲柄横接轴33以调节曲柄27的开度。 FIG. 5C: a cross-coupled to the crank shaft connected to the vertical screw 33 lifts 101 may also enable vertical elevating motor 121 drives the transmission 123 rotates the lifting straight vertical lifting nut 125, forcing the collar within the vertical lift 125 shift up and down vertical lifting screw 127, and further sliding of the crank shaft 33 connected to cross the opening degree of the crank 27.

如图6A、6B所示(以双边倾斜方式为例):实线为低床位75位置,虚线分别为高仰角及高床位77`79位置;应用升降装置25移位行程间的高、中、低限控开关31感应所取得的位置参数,经编排组合、转化为控制程序,输入微电脑控制器的记忆体,依照使用者下达指令透过徽电脑控制器的比较、演算、定时、随机、顺序等运作以操纵马达驱动器执行下述多种不同静、动态床位控制模式:1、手动控制:使用手控器,分别操作床组前、后升降装置25,在上、下限制开关31的位移行程中,对好行进方向,压下按键则走,放开即停,碰到限制开关31的上下极限点只能往回走,则使用者可调控随意需求的静态床位。 As shown in FIG 6A, 6B as shown in (Example bilaterally inclined manner): a solid line is a low bed 75 positions, respectively a dotted line and high bed 77`79 high elevation angle positions; Application of high-lift device 25 between a stroke shift, in lower limit position parameter control switch 31 senses the acquired layout by combination, into a control program, the memory of the microcomputer controller input, in accordance with instructions issued by the user via the computer controller Comparative logo, calculus, timing random sequence other steering motor drive operates to perform the following plurality of different static and dynamic control mode of beds: 1, manual control: using a hand controller, each set of front bed operation, the lifting device 25, the upper and lower limits displacement stroke of the switch 31 in the direction of travel for good, then pressed the button to go, let go of the stop, hit limit down limit switch 31 can only point to go back, the user adjustable beds static random demand.

2、静态床位自动控制:(1)床位选择:假设床组前(床头)升降装置25移位行程间的高、中、低限制开关代号为A、B、C,床组后(床尾)升降装置25移位行程间的高、中、低限制开关代号为D、E、F,则至少有A+D(床头固定高位:床尾固定高位)、A+E、A+F、B+D(床头固定中位:床尾固定高位)、B+E(床头固定中位:床尾固定中位)、B+F、C+D、C+E、C+F、D+B(床尾固定高位:床头固定中位)、D+C、E+A、E+C、F+A(床尾固定低位:床头固定高位)、F+B等15种静态床位模式以供选择。 2, the automatic control of static beds: (1) Select the bed: the bed before assuming group (bed) 25 of the lifting device between the displacement travel high, medium and low limit switches for the code A, the B, C, bed group (bed end) a high lift device 25 between a stroke shift, the low limit switch, code-named D, E, F, then at least a + D (fixed bed high: high fixed end of the bed), a + E, a + F, B + D (median fixed bed: the fixed end of the bed high), B + E (median fixed bed: the fixed end of the bed median), B + F, C + D, C + E, C + F, D + B (afterbody fixed high: fixed bed median), D + C, E + A, E + C, F + A (fixed low end of the bed: a fixed bed high), F + B 15 kinds of modes to choose a static bed.

(2)控制方式:若上述15种静态床位编号为01~15,依床位对照表选择静态床位编号,压下手控器数字按键,控制器将先决定上述的需求指令再决定马达行进方向,例如A(高床头需求指令)一B(动作前床头停留于中间位置),则床组前(床头)升降装置25的马达行进方向为正转向上走,C(低床头需求指令)一B(动作前床头停留于中间位置),则马达行进方向为逆转向下走,AA马达为停留在原位,马达行进方向为正转的组合有AB、AC、BC、DE、DF、EF,马达行进方向为逆转的组合有CA、CB、BA、FD、FE、ED,马达停留在原位则有AA、BB、CC、DD、EE、FF等。 (2) Control mode: If the above 15 static beds numbered 01 to 15, selected according to number of beds static bed table, hand controller keypad is depressed, the controller determines the first command needs to decide the direction of travel of the motor, e.g. a (high bed request command) a B (before the operation stay in bed intermediate position), the traveling direction of the motor (bed) 25 of the lifting device before the bed is set down on positive steering, C (low bed request command) a B (before the operation stay in bed intermediate position), the traveling direction of the motor is reversed to go down, AA stay in place for the motor, the motor is a combination of forward traveling direction are AB, AC, BC, DE, DF, EF the motor direction of travel is reversed there is a combination of CA, CB, BA, FD, FE, ED, motor stays in place, there are AA, BB, CC, DD, EE, FF and so on.

3、动态床位自动控制:(1)床位选择:依照上述前、后升降装置25移位行程间的高、中、低限制开关代号为A、B、C及D、E、F,则共至少A+DUE(床头固定高位:床尾高、中位置来回移动)、A+DUF(床头固定高位:床尾高、低位置来回移动)、A+EUF、B+DUE、B+EUF、B+DUF、C+DUE、C+DUF、C+EUF、D+AUB、D+AUCD+BUC、E+AAUB、E+AUC、E+BUC、F+AUB、F+BUC、F+AUC、A+FUC+D(床头、床尾交叉升高、降低)、A+DUC+F(床头、床尾平行升高、降低)、B+EUC+F、A+DUB+E(床头、床尾平行升高、降低)等22种动态床位模式以供选择。 3, automatic control of the dynamic bed: (1) selection of beds: in accordance with said front and rear lifting device 25 stroke displacement between high, medium and low limit switch, code-named A, B, C and D, E, F, the total of at least A + DUE (fixed bed high: the high end of the bed, the position moves back and forth), A + DUF (fixed bed high: the high end of the bed, the lower position moves back and forth), A + EUF, B + DUE, B + EUF, B + DUF, C + DUE, C + DUF, C + EUF, D + AUB, D + AUCD + BUC, E + AAUB, E + AUC, E + BUC, F + AUB, F + BUC, F + AUC, A + FUC + D (bed, bed end cross raised, lowered), A + DUC + F (bed, bed end parallel raised, lowered), B + EUC + F, A + DUB + E (bed afterbody parallel liters high, reducing) bed and other 22 kinds of dynamic modes for selection.

(2)控制方式:若上述22种动态床位编号为16~37,依床位对照表选择动态床位编号,压下手控器数字按键,控制器将在该需求的模式指令下,持续规律性的往复运转,直到总定时解除,回归平床位置(床头、床尾均置于C+F低床位)为止。 (2) Control mode: If the above 22 kinds of moving beds numbered 16 to 37, selecting the dynamic bed by bed ID table, hand controller keypad is depressed, the controller will command the demand mode, continuous reciprocating regularity operation, the timing until the total is released, return to a flat bed position (bed, bed end are placed in a low bed C + F) so far.

4、随机床位自动控制:以上述升降装置25移位行程间的高、中、低限控开关31感应所取得的位置参数,再搭配马达转速参数(例如快、中、慢速)及马达正反转换向暂停时间(例如5秒、10秒、15秒)参数,输入微电脑组合处理,而延伸扩充更多不同的变化模式,则使用者可按下手控器的随机按键,以随机方式行使非规律性的各种不同动、静床位跳接运转,直到总定时解除,回归平床位置,而达到使用者因预期变换心理,转移其注意力使暂时忘却烦恼。 4, random automatic control of beds: high at position parameter between the displacement travel of the elevation device 25, the low limit control switch 31 senses the acquired parameters and then with the rotation speed of the motor (e.g. fast, medium, slow) and the motor n inverse conversion parameters input to the microcomputer combination process pause time (e.g. 5 seconds, 10 seconds, 15 seconds), and extension extends more different change patterns, the user can start random key controller to exercise a non-random manner regularity of various dynamic and static bed jumper operate until the total lifting of the timing, regression flat bed position, to reach users in anticipation of psychological transformation, shift their attention temporarily forget the troubles.

5、平床摇摆自动控制:(如图7所示)于床面及床底骨架17、23与各曲柄27接头的适当位置处设置有弹簧定位卡梢81,以作为曲柄27移位时的缓冲调节并限定其活动范围,另床体一端的底部曲柄横接轴129中端亦连接一曲轴回转装置131,是回转马达133转动偏心轮135推拉回转曲轴137迫使底部曲柄横接轴129在下曲柄27活动间隙内往复推拉,进而带动床体1来回平移、前后摇摆。 5, automatically controlled flat bed swing :( 7) is provided with a spring tip 81 is positioned at the card at an appropriate position of the bed and the bed surface 17, 23 with the crank 27 skeletal joints, as a buffer when the shift crank 27 adjusting and limit its range of motion, the bottom of the crank another bed end cross connection shaft end 129 is also connected to a crankshaft rotation device 131, is a rotary motor 133 rotates the cam 135 sliding revolution of the crankshaft 137 forces the bottom of the crank a cross coupling shaft 129 lower crank 27 activities reciprocally sliding within the gap, so as to drive the bed body 1 back and forth translation, back and forth.

由以上所述,本发明的结构新颖而实用,除具有调整靠背、抬脚的一般功能外,尚能提供较大仰角的倾斜、高低床位及连续自动变换多种床位,实用功能明显超越传统式及已核准的前申请结构而具有进步性,又因为结构简单造价低而具经济效益。 From the above, the structure of the present invention is new and useful, in addition to an adjustment of the backrest, the general functions of the heels, and can still provide a relatively high angles of inclination, height and bed continuous automatic transform a variety of beds, utility function significantly beyond the traditional formula before applying the structure and has already approved progressive, but also because of the low cost and simple structure with economic benefits.

以上所述,仅为本发明的部分实施例,当然不能以此限定本发明的实际实施范围,凡依以上说明书所记载的结构特征及功能上所作的各种变换或修改,均应涵盖在本发明的专利权范围。 The above embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not intended scope of the invention defined in the practical embodiment, various changes or modifications can be made depending on the structure and function described in the foregoing description shall be encompassed in the present the patentable scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1.一种电动床装置,主要包括:一可调整靠背、抬脚的床面板,结合床面板的床面骨架,顶起床面骨架使能调节多种床位的前、后侧升降装置,支撑床体重量的一床底骨架及控制床体运转的一微电脑控制器;其中,每个所述前、后侧升降装置分别设有左、右两个曲柄组,每一曲柄组分别有上、下两支曲柄,同组上、下曲柄的中端分别以回转接头联结;前侧升降装置中的两支上曲柄的上端分别以回转接头联结于床面骨架前侧的左、右处,两支下曲柄的下端也分别以回转接头联结于床底骨架前侧的左、右处;后侧升降装置中的两支上曲柄的上端分别以回转接头联结于床面骨架后侧的左、右处,两支下曲柄的下端也分别以回转接头联结于床底骨架后侧的左、右处;前侧上曲柄横接轴横接前侧的左、右上曲柄,前侧下曲柄横接轴横接前侧的左、右下曲柄; An electric bed apparatus, including: an adjustable backrest, the panel heels bed, the bed panel bed bound skeleton, the skeleton of the front surface of the top up to regulate a variety of beds, the rear lifting device, the support bed the weight of a bed and a microcomputer controller controls backbone bed operation; wherein each of said front, rear lifting means are respectively provided with left and right two crank set, each crank set, respectively upper and lower two cranks, on the same group, the lower end of the crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint; the front side upper end of the lifting device respectively two crank swivel joint coupled to the front side of the skeleton of the bed left and right at the two the lower end of the crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint to the front side of the skeleton of the bed left and right place; the upper end on the rear side of the lifting device respectively two crank swivel joint coupled to the rear bed skeleton left, and right of center , the lower end of the two crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint on the left rear side of the skeleton of the bed, at the right; crank on the front side of the left front transverse horizontal spindles contact side, the upper right crank, the crank case side of the front transverse horizontal axle connected then the left front side, the lower right crank; 侧上曲柄横接轴横接后侧的左、右上曲柄,后侧下曲柄横接轴横接后侧的左、右下曲柄;同一侧的上、下曲柄横接轴间联结有一螺杆升降机,其推拉该侧的两支曲柄横接轴,以撑开或闭合该侧的上、下曲柄,进而带动床面骨架在该侧上下移位。 Upper crank horizontal cross-coupling shaft connected to the rear left side, upper right crank, the crank horizontal spindles horizontal with left, right lower rear side of the rear crank; on the same side of the cross-crank coupled with a screw connection between the elevator shaft, which push the side two lateral crank spindles, distraction or close to the upper side of the crank case, thereby bringing the bed side vertically displaced skeleton.
2.如权利要求1所述的电动床装置,其特征在于:升降装置的螺杆升降机是横向螺杆升降机,其中,四支可变菱形连杆一端联结同一侧的上、下曲柄横接轴,另一端联结横向升降螺套,借联结于悬吊底板的横向升降马达驱动横向升降变速器转动嵌入悬吊底板两端横向升降轴承且左、右相反螺牙的横向升降螺杆,迫使套入横向升降螺杆两边的横向升降螺套相对移位,以改变菱形连杆角度进而推拉所述侧的曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合该侧的上、下曲柄。 The electric bed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a screw elevator lifting device lifts the transverse screw, wherein four variable rhombic link coupled to one end on the same side of the horizontal joint shaft crank, the other One end of the coupling nut transverse movements, by the coupling to a suspension plate elevating motor driving a transverse lateral ends hanging down transmission plate rotatably fitted lateral elevation and bearing right and left opposite lateral lifting screw thread, on both sides of the lifting force set into the lateral screw lateral relative displacement of the lifting nut, and thus to change the angle of the diamond push rod side of the crank shaft distraction or closed cross-connected on the side of the crank.
3.如权利要求1所述的电动床装置,其特征在于:升降装置的螺杆升降机是直向螺杆升降机,其设有分别联结在同一侧上、下曲柄横接轴上的升降螺杆和升降螺套,借助直向升降马达驱动直向升降变速器转动直向升降螺套,迫使直向升降螺套内的直向升降螺杆上下移位,进而推拉该侧的上、下曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄。 The electric bed apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a screw elevator lifting device is a screw vertical elevator, which is provided on the same side are coupled, the crank shaft connected to horizontal lift lifting screw and screw sets, by means of vertical elevating motor driving straight vertical lifting movements of the transmission nut is rotated, forcing the straight vertical elevating screw lifting screw jacket displaced up and down, sliding on the side of the turn, the crank shaft connected to the expansion or cross- closing crank.
4.如权利要求1至3中任一所述的电动床装置,其特征在于:电动床装置还包括可使床体前后摇摆的回转装置,在所述回转装置中,回转马达转动偏心轮往复推拉回转曲轴,迫使底部曲柄横接轴于下曲柄的前后活动范围内来回推拉,进而带动床体来回平移、前后摇摆。 The electric bed apparatus 1-3 according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that: the apparatus further comprises electric bed can swing back and forth bed rocking means in the swing device, the swing motor rotates the cam reciprocally sliding the crankshaft rotation, forcing the bottom of the cross-crank spindles sliding back and forth within the scope of activities before and after the crank, thereby bringing the body back and forth translation of the bed, back and forth.
5.一种电动床装置,主要包括:一可调整靠背、抬脚的床面板,结合床面板的床面骨架,顶起一端床面骨架使能调节多种倾斜床位的一升降装置,支撑床体重量的一床底骨架及一控制器;其中,床面骨架的前端可固定式回转,后端的床面骨架与床底骨架中间联结所述升降装置,该升降装置设有左、右两曲柄组,每一曲柄组分别有上、下两支曲柄,同组上、下曲柄的中端分别以回转接头联结,两支上曲柄的上端分别以回转接头联结于床面骨架的左、右处,两支下曲柄的下端也分别以回转接头联结于床底骨架的左、右处,并以上曲柄横接轴横接左、右的上曲柄,下曲柄横接轴横接左、右的下曲柄,借联结于曲柄横接轴间的螺杆升降机,推拉曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄,进而带动床面骨架后端倾斜移位。 An electric bed apparatus, including: an adjustable backrest, heels bed panel, the panel in conjunction with the bed surface of the bed frame, the bed from the top end of bobbin lifting device can be adjusted so that a plurality of the inclined bed, the support bed the weight of a skeleton of the bed and a controller; wherein the distal end may be fixed bed type rotary skeleton, the rear end of the intermediate bed with a bed of skeleton backbone coupling the lifting means, the lifting device is provided with left and right crank groups, each group respectively on the crank, the two cranks, the same group, the lower end of the crank respectively coupled to the swivel joint, the upper end of the two crank are coupled to the swivel joint to the left of the bed skeleton, at the right , the lower end of the two crank swivel joint coupled respectively to the left backbone bed, at the right, and above the crank shaft transverse cross-connected with left, right crank, the crank horizontal cross-coupling shaft with left and right lower crank, connected by cross-coupled to the crank shaft of the screw between the elevator, the cross-sliding crank crank spindles distraction or closed, thereby bringing the rear end of the bed tilting displacement skeleton.
6.如权利要求5所述的电动床装置,其特征在于:升降装置的螺杆升降机是横向螺杆升降机,其中,四支可变菱形连杆一端联结上、下曲柄横接轴,另一端联结横向升降螺套,借联结于悬吊底板的横向升降马达驱动横向升降变速器转动嵌入悬吊底板两端横向升降轴承且左、右相反螺牙的横向升降螺杆,迫使套入横向升降螺杆两边的横向升降螺套相对移位,以改变菱形连杆角度进而推拉曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄。 The electric bed according to claim 5, wherein: the screw elevator lifting device lifts the transverse screw, wherein the four variable rhombic link coupled to one end of the lower horizontal joint shaft crank, the other end of the lateral links lifting nut, coupled to a suspension plate by lateral lifting hoist motor drive transmission lateral ends rotatably fitted lateral lifting hanger bearing plate and the left and right opposite lateral lifting screw thread, the screw forces the sleeve into the lateral sides of elevation lateral movements relative displacement of the collar, and thus to vary the angle of the push-pull rod rhombic cross-crank crank spindles distraction or closed.
7.如权利要求5所述的电动床装置,其特征在于:升降装置的螺杆升降机是直向螺杆升降机,其设有分别联结在上、下曲柄横接轴上的升降螺杆和升降螺套,借助直向升降马达驱动直向升降变速器转动直向升降螺套,迫使直向升降螺套内的直向升降螺杆上下移位,进而推拉上、下曲柄横接轴撑开或闭合曲柄。 The electric bed according to claim 5, wherein: the screw elevator lifting device lifts the screw is straight, which are coupled with the upper and lower toggle lifting screw and the cross shaft pick lifting nut, by means of vertical elevating motor driving straight vertical lifting movements of the transmission nut is rotated, forcing the straight vertical elevating screw lifting screw jacket displaced up and down, the sliding Further, the cross-crank crank spindles distraction or closed.
CN 02141198 2002-07-09 2002-07-09 Electric bed equipment CN1236716C (en)

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US7321811B1 (en) 2006-09-14 2008-01-22 Rawls-Meehan Martin B Methods and systems of adjustable bed position control
US10064784B2 (en) 2006-09-14 2018-09-04 Martin B. Rawls-Meehan System and method of an adjustable bed with a vibration motor
US8926535B2 (en) 2006-09-14 2015-01-06 Martin B. Rawls-Meehan Adjustable bed position control
US20120138067A1 (en) 2007-09-14 2012-06-07 Rawls-Meehan Martin B System and method for mitigating snoring in an adjustable bed
CN101427965B (en) 2007-11-06 2012-08-29 上海电机学院 Multifunctional electric nursing bed
WO2011088169A1 (en) * 2010-01-13 2011-07-21 Ferno-Washington, Inc. Powered roll-in cots
US8621686B2 (en) * 2010-07-09 2014-01-07 Invacare Corporation Power and control system for bed
CN102599756B (en) * 2012-03-20 2014-04-16 太仓世源金属制品有限公司 Electric lifting bed
CN105278442B (en) * 2015-10-14 2018-05-01 江苏金石装饰工程有限公司 Wake-up device and an intelligent automatic control system and automatic control methods
CN105380450A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-09 黎明 Adjustable bed frame

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