CN1233597C - Rareearth humic acid complete compound fertilizer, its preparation method and use - Google Patents

Rareearth humic acid complete compound fertilizer, its preparation method and use Download PDF

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CN1233597C
CN1233597C CN 03150130 CN03150130A CN1233597C CN 1233597 C CN1233597 C CN 1233597C CN 03150130 CN03150130 CN 03150130 CN 03150130 A CN03150130 A CN 03150130A CN 1233597 C CN1233597 C CN 1233597C
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rare earth
fertilizer
humic acids
sulfate
acids composition
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CN1483710A (en
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曹玉珩
骆红岩
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曹玉珩
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a full-valence compound fertilizer of rare earth humic acid, a making method and an application thereof. The full-valence compound fertilizer of rare earth humic acid comprises rare earth, urea, diammonium phosphate and/or monoammonium phosphate, potassium nitrate and/or potassium chloride and/or Potassium sulfate, silicon dioxide, calcium dioxide, magnesium oxide, zinc sulphate, manganese sulfate, ferrous sulphate, copper sulfate, borax, molybdate ammonium and humic acid. Nitrogen fertilizers, phosphate fertilizers and potassium fertilizers are mixed and sprayed with 1 to 5 portions of water to make into pulp added to the rare earth and surplus materials, and thus, the full-valence compound fertilizer of rare earth humic acid is obtained by the steps: uniform stirring, granulation and drying. The present invention also provides the application of the compound fertilizer on the aspect of plant cultivation. The present invention has the advantage that the current chemical fertilizer can not supply nutrient elements for plants.

Description

A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer, its preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plant with fertile, particularly a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer, its preparation method and application.
Background technology
Viral diseases of plants is the key subjects that the world today is solving always; annual China causes damage huge because of the agricultural disease virus disease; as soybean; crop such as peanut and vegetables virus; the underproduction amplitude that disease causes is at 20-60%; in recent years; because a large amount of fertilizer and pesticides that use of agricultural; influence destroys the eubiosis; the pollution that causes to environment grows with each passing day to the harm of human health; particularly the utilization rate of active components of chemical fertilizer only reaches 20-30%, also causes the waste of the wealth of society and physical resources, therefore; agricultural demand can be protected environment in a large number; improve output, can improve the agricultural byproducts quality again, and reduce the nuisanceless fertilizer of agriculture production cost.
Fertilizer plays crucial effect for the growth of various farm crop, fruit tree, vegetables, flowers etc., and chemical fertilizer has obtained general application on agricultural.Existing chemical fertilizer is generally nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and composite fertilizer, as urea, Secondary ammonium phosphate, Repone K etc.Yet these chemical fertilizer cause plant to be easy to generate various diseases because the limitation of its component can not provide comprehensive nutritive element to plant, and poor growth, yield poorly.For alimentary crop, the fertilizer of using lacks many nutritive elements, particularly various trace elements, lack such element after such plant growth, people eat such crop or its fruit, can not replenish the nutritive element of needed by human body, thereby cause people's shortage of element that absorbs nourishment, and then may suffer from various nutritive deficiency diseases.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of plant with fertile, a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer, its preparation method and application are provided especially, overcome the shortcoming that present chemical fertilizer can not offer the comprehensive nutritive element of plant.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer comprises following component: rare earth, nitrogenous fertilizer such as urea, diammonium phosphate and/or monoammonium phosphate, potash fertilizer such as saltpetre and/or Repone K and/or vitriolate of tartar, silicon-dioxide, a calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, zinc sulfate, manganous sulfate, ferrous sulfate, copper sulfate, borax, ammonium molybdate, humic acids; Use vitriolate of tartar to replace Repone K for fear-chlorion crop;
The implication of described rare earth is: a class rare metal; comprise that lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, hard iron, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, yttrium, 17 kinds of elements of scandium form one group; this dvielement chemical property is similar; often mixed in together at occurring in nature; be also referred to as rare earth metal; the soil that contains above-mentioned rare earth metal is rare earth, and this rare earth can be buied from market.
Described humic acids is a natural biological, and especially the extracting substance of the plant of plant, microbial process and soil mixture thereof comprises multiple complicated ingredient, and described humic acids can be buied from market.
When described vitriolate of tartar uses for fear-chlorion crop, can replace Repone K;
Described composite fertilizer comprises following parts by weight of component: rare earth 1.5-7, nitrogenous fertilizer such as urea 17-60, phosphate fertilizer such as diammonium phosphate 12-30 and/or monoammonium phosphate 12-30, saltpetre 11-45 and/or Repone K 11-45 and/or vitriolate of tartar 11-45, silicon-dioxide 2-10, one calcium oxide 2-10, magnesium oxide 1-10, zinc sulfate 0.5-6, manganous sulfate 0.5-7, ferrous sulfate 0.5-7, copper sulfate 0.5-7, borax 0.5-7, ammonium molybdate 0.5-7, humic acids 1-15;
The preferred following parts by weight of component of described composite fertilizer: rare earth 1.5-5, urea 20-42, diammonium phosphate 12-18 and/or monoammonium phosphate 12-18, saltpetre 15-30 and/or Repone K 15-30 and/or vitriolate of tartar 15-30, silicon-dioxide 2-4, a calcium oxide 2-4, magnesium oxide 1-4, zinc sulfate 1-3, manganous sulfate 1-3, ferrous sulfate 1-3, copper sulfate 1-3, borax 1-3, ammonium molybdate 1-3, humic acids 1-15;
Especially be following parts by weight of component: rare earth 3, urea 30, diammonium phosphate 15 and/or monoammonium phosphate 15, saltpetre 20 and/or Repone K 20 and/or vitriolate of tartar 20, silicon-dioxide 3, one calcium oxide 3, magnesium oxide 3, zinc sulfate 2, manganous sulfate 2, ferrous sulfate 2, copper sulfate 2, borax 2, ammonium molybdate 2, humic acids 8.
The preparation method of a kind of rare earth humic acids of the present invention composition fertilizer may further comprise the steps:
Nitrogenous fertilizer such as urea, phosphate fertilizer such as diammonium phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, potash fertilizer such as saltpetre, Repone K, vitriolate of tartar are mixed; Mixture water spray 1-5 part is made slurry; Add rare earth and clout, stir, granulate, finished product is made in oven dry.
Described granulation oven dry is the oven dry of granulating under the 50-80 ℃ of temperature in dryer.
The 10-400 order that sieves after the described oven dry especially is the 100-200 order.
The present invention also provides the application of a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer aspect plant growing, and described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is above-mentioned composite fertilizer.
The present invention also provides the application of a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer aspect arviculture, and described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is above-mentioned composite fertilizer.
The present invention also provides the application of a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer aspect horticultural gardening, and described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is above-mentioned composite fertilizer.
Rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer of the present invention has following effect and advantage:
1, composite fertilizer of the present invention acts on the mechanism of plant and is: promote the synthetic of inside plants biological enzyme, strengthen the activity and the cell permeability of enzyme, the bioelement that makes up cell is provided; Thereby improve soil quality, finally make soil form benign cycle; Thereby improve plant disease-resistant insect pest, resistant to lodging, and quicken taking root, bloom and the result of plant, improve crop yield, improve crop quality, reach ripen in advance, reduce and drop into, increase the effect of income.
Experimental results show that: be grown in the Sunflower Receptacle in the rare earth nutritive medium of 15-20PPm, chlorophyll content improves 40.5%, and photosynthetic rate improves 28.2%, and the dry-matter of root, stem, leaf increases weight 39.7%, 44.5% and 48.5% respectively.After fruit tree sprays rare earth liquid, make the fruit color of homemade apple shift to an earlier date 10-15 days, pericarp is beautiful in colour, and the content of cyanin increases 2-3 doubly in the fruit, and rare earth can improve the content of total saponins in the genseng; Can make amino acid and catechin content increase in the tealeaves, caffeine content descends, and improves tea leaf quality; And can make roots of plants cytoplasmic membrane atpase activity improve 30-178%.
2, composite fertilizer of the present invention is a kind of all-round wide spectrum fertilizer, is according to the physiological requirements ratio synthetic of plants such as farm crop, vegetables, fruit tree, flowers, gardens to required nutrient, can be widely used in plants such as each planting fruit-trees, farm crop, vegetables, flowers.Because it contains various nutrient elements such as the required nitrogen of plant-growth, phosphorus, potassium, silicon, calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, iron, copper, boron, molybdenum, rare earth metal, use this fertile plant can obtain comprehensive nutrition, can be rapidly, grow vigorously, very strong resistance against diseases is arranged, output height, quality are good.
3, advantageously, use fruit, grain, dish class of fertiliser production of the present invention etc., because nutrient is complete, human body is by often edible above-mentioned food, the multiple element of absorption and accumulation in the body, thereby can prevent and remove the various illnesss that cause because of nutrient deficiency, improve the health level of human body.
4, composite fertilizer of the present invention can replace other chemical fertilizer, base fertilizer, does not need other fertilizer to topdress, if the better effects if that cooperates farm manure to use.
5, nitrogenous, the phosphorus of composite fertilizer of the present invention institute, potassium and various micro-total content are more than 80%, be at present both at home and abroad the import chemical fertilizer can not than, the present invention's test shows that composite fertilizer is applied to crops such as paddy rice, corn, cucumber, rape, soybean, peanut, fruit tree, cotton and all obtains stable effect of increasing production.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer comprises following component (kilogram): rare earth 3, urea 30, diammonium phosphate 15, monoammonium phosphate 15, saltpetre 20, Repone K 20, vitriolate of tartar 20, silicon-dioxide 3, a calcium oxide 3, magnesium oxide 3, zinc sulfate 2, manganous sulfate 2, ferrous sulfate 2, copper sulfate 2, borax 2, ammonium molybdate 2, humic acids 8.
The preparation method may further comprise the steps: nitrogenous fertilizer urea, phosphate fertilizer diammonium phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, potash fertilizer saltpetre, Repone K, vitriolate of tartar are mixed; The mixture water spray is made slurry for 2 kilograms; Add rare earth and clout, stir, granulate in the granulation dryer, 80 ℃ of oven dry, 200 orders that sieve are made the powdery finished product.
Described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is used for the effect after south regeneration paddy rice rice seedling is used: 35 kilograms of every mu of sealing fertilizers, the average every mu of volume increase 44.8% of the paddy rice of this fertilising, the highest every mu of volume increase 45.7%; The paddy rice seedling is neat, strong, and rice blast is had obvious preventive and therapeutic effect, all paddy rice stalk maturation all alive; And rice quality is good, and rice milling yield on average improves 10% than the paddy rice of not applying fertilizer, and high white rice yield reaches 87%; Fertilising soil need not be cultivated again, and province plants, the saving of labor, has improved economic benefit.
Embodiment 2
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer comprises following component (kilogram): rare earth 7, urea 60, diammonium phosphate 30, saltpetre 45, silica 10, a calcium oxide 10, magnesium oxide 10, zinc sulfate 6, manganous sulfate 7, ferrous sulfate 7, copper sulfate 7, borax 7, ammonium molybdate 7, humic acids 15.
The preparation method is with embodiment 1, and difference is that the described slurry of making is that water spray is made slurry for 5 kilograms; Described granulation oven dry is 50 ℃ of oven dry, and 20 orders that sieve are made finished granule.
The effect that described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is used for maize seedling after using: corn can prevent lacking seedling stage nutritive element disease, disease-resistanting leaf spot, resistant to lodging than the average every mu of volume increase 40% of the corn that do not apply fertilizer, and pollination is good does not have blind.
Embodiment 3
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer comprises following component (kilogram): rare earth 1.5, urea 17, diammonium phosphate 12, monoammonium phosphate 12, saltpetre 11, silicon-dioxide 2, a calcium oxide 2, magnesium oxide 1, zinc sulfate 0.5, manganous sulfate 0.5, ferrous sulfate 0.5, copper sulfate 0.5, borax 0.5, ammonium molybdate 0.5, humic acids 1.
The preparation method is with embodiment 1, and difference is that the described slurry of making is that water spray is made slurry for 1 kilogram; Described granulation oven dry is 60 ℃ of oven dry, and 400 orders that sieve are made the powdery finished product.
The effect that described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is used for cucumber seedling after using: compare than the cucumber of not applying fertilizer, average every mu of volume increase 50%, high yield can reach 1 times, can prevent and treat oidium, gray mold; Sugar-preserved gourd is well-balanced, does not have deformity, features good taste.
Embodiment 4
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer comprises following component (kilogram): rare earth 5, urea 42, diammonium phosphate 18, saltpetre 30, vitriolate of tartar 30, silicon-dioxide 4, a calcium oxide 4, magnesium oxide 4, zinc sulfate 3, manganous sulfate 3, ferrous sulfate 3, copper sulfate 3, borax 3, ammonium molybdate 3, humic acids 15.
The preparation method is with embodiment 1, and difference is that described granulation oven dry is 55 ℃ of oven dry, and 10 orders that sieve are made the particulate state finished product.
The effect that described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is used for Brassica campestris L seedling after using: than the average every mu of volume increase 80.1% of the leaf vegetables of the rape that do not apply fertilizer, high yield reaches 1.5 times, and blade is glossy, elasticity, and the hard sense of cauline leaf is outstanding, and resistance against diseases is strong, anti-storage, anti-transportation.
Embodiment 5
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer comprises following component (kilogram): rare earth 1.5, urea 20, diammonium phosphate 12, saltpetre 15, silicon-dioxide 2, a calcium oxide 2, magnesium oxide 1, zinc sulfate 1, manganous sulfate 1, ferrous sulfate 1, copper sulfate 1, borax 1, ammonium molybdate 1, humic acids 1.
The preparation method makes the powdery finished product with embodiment 1.
Described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is used for the effect after big bean seedlings are used: than the average every mu of volume increase 35.1% of the soybean of not applying fertilizer, and well developed root system, fibrous root system increases, and main root is long, and the root nodule bacterium piece is big, and nitrogen fixing capacity is strong.
Embodiment 6
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer of embodiment 1 is applied to the effect behind the peanut seedling: than the average every mu of volume increase 25% of the composite fertilizer's peanut that do not apply fertilizer, and energy disease-resistanting leaf spot, defoliation, little angle disease, the angle type is well-balanced, quality better, commodity export rate height.
Embodiment 7
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer of embodiment 4 is applied to the effect behind the cotton seedling: than not all every mu of volume increase 26.7% of sealing fertilizer cotton life, and the anti-damping-off of energy, blight, the shedding of cotton bolls, mashed peach disease, the output height, fibrous quality is good.
Embodiment 8
A kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer of embodiment 1 is applied to the effect behind the foliage plants aloe: ratio is glossy, the elasticity of sealing fertilizer aloe leaf not, and the blade face is big, bud ratio height, anti-storage.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer is made up of the component of following weight part: rare earth 1.5-7, urea 17-60, diammonium phosphate 12-30 and/or monoammonium phosphate 12-30, saltpetre 11-45 and/or Repone K 11-45 and/or vitriolate of tartar 11-45, silicon-dioxide 2-10, one calcium oxide 2-10, magnesium oxide 1-10, zinc sulfate 0.5-6, manganous sulfate 0.5-7, ferrous sulfate 0.5-7, copper sulfate 0.5-7, borax 0.5-7, ammonium molybdate 0.5-7, humic acids 1-15.
2, rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer according to claim 1 is made up of the component of following weight part: rare earth 1.5-5, urea 20-42, diammonium phosphate 12-18 and/or monoammonium phosphate 12-18, saltpetre 15-30 and/or Repone K 15-30 and/or vitriolate of tartar 15-30, silicon-dioxide 2-4, one calcium oxide 2-4, magnesium oxide 1-4, zinc sulfate 1-3, manganous sulfate 1-3, ferrous sulfate 1-3, copper sulfate 1-3, borax 1-3, ammonium molybdate 1-3, humic acids 1-15.
3, rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer according to claim 1 is made up of the component of following weight part: rare earth 3, urea 30, diammonium phosphate 15 and/or monoammonium phosphate 15, saltpetre 20 and/or Repone K 20 and/or vitriolate of tartar 20, silicon-dioxide 3, one calcium oxide 3, magnesium oxide 3, zinc sulfate 2, manganous sulfate 2, ferrous sulfate 2, copper sulfate 2, borax 2, ammonium molybdate 2, humic acids 8.
4, a kind of method for preparing each rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer of claim 1-3 may further comprise the steps:
Urea, diammonium phosphate, monoammonium phosphate, saltpetre, Repone K, vitriolate of tartar are mixed; Mixture water spray 1-5 part is made slurry; Add rare earth and clout, stir, granulate, finished product is made in oven dry.
5, the preparation method of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer according to claim 4, described granulation drying condition is a 50-80 ℃ of temperature condition.
6, the preparation method of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer according to claim 4, the 10-400 order sieves after the described oven dry.
7, the application of a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer aspect plant growing, described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer are each described composite fertilizer of claim 1-3.
8, the application of a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer aspect arviculture, described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer are each described composite fertilizer of claim 1-3.
9, the application of a kind of rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer aspect horticultural gardening, described rare earth humic acids composition fertilizer are each described composite fertilizer of claim 1-3.
CN 03150130 2003-07-18 2003-07-18 Rareearth humic acid complete compound fertilizer, its preparation method and use Expired - Fee Related CN1233597C (en)

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WO2009078691A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2009-06-25 Mezclas Y Fertilizantes, S.A. De C.V. Liquid fertiliser composition
CN101234921B (en) * 2008-02-22 2010-06-09 吴勇 Sulfur iron base microelement organic multi-component composite fertilizer
CN101550033B (en) * 2009-05-06 2011-08-31 石文杰 Multi-function multi-element liquid concentrated fertilizer
CN101921144B (en) * 2010-08-06 2013-01-30 广东省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Nutrient regulation and control agent for reducing lead and cadmium content of leaf vegetables and using method thereof
CN102515940B (en) * 2011-11-28 2014-04-02 史丹利化肥股份有限公司 Multi-element biologic humic acid fertilizer special for potatoes and preparation method thereof
CN102807411A (en) * 2012-09-06 2012-12-05 云南云澳达坚果开发有限公司 Flower-promoting fruit-retention composite fertilizer for Australian nut adult trees
CN103964930A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-06 钟大德 Multi-element organic mixed granular fertilizer and producing method thereof
CN103265359A (en) * 2013-05-02 2013-08-28 高发信 Special fertilizer for tobacco and production method thereof
CN105418300A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-03-23 史丹利化肥股份有限公司 Special efficient tea garden fertilizer rich in biochar and production method thereof
CN107298632A (en) * 2017-08-08 2017-10-27 河南五吉元肥业有限公司 A kind of humic acid composite material and preparation method thereof

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