CN1227984C - High Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment and its pelletizing device - Google Patents

High Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment and its pelletizing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1227984C
CN1227984C CNB021381305A CN02138130A CN1227984C CN 1227984 C CN1227984 C CN 1227984C CN B021381305 A CNB021381305 A CN B021381305A CN 02138130 A CN02138130 A CN 02138130A CN 1227984 C CN1227984 C CN 1227984C
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high viscosity
drying
air
viscosity material
powder making
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB021381305A
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CN1475133A (en
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周炳耀
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周炳耀
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Abstract

The present invention relates to high viscosity material drying and powder making equipment with low energy consumption and a granulator which is suitable for high viscosity materials. The high viscosity material drying and powder making equipment comprises a feeding mechanism, a granulator, a pulverizer, a dust removing device, a warm air pipe and an air heater; on the basis, a drying device is arranged between the granulator and the pulverizer; a separation device is arranged between the pulverizer and the dust removing device. The warm air pipe of the high viscosity material drying and powder making equipment provided by the present invention has the main function of conveying the materials, and the materials are mainly dried in the drying device, so the resistance of an air network system is reduced, the granulator ensures that the formed granule materials are small and uniform, the materials dried by the drying device meet the pulverization requirement and are convenient to pulverize by the pulverizer, and a water squeezing device firstly squeezes water of materials with high water content. Because the measures, the high viscosity material drying and powder making equipment provided by the present invention has the advantages of improved efficiency and great reduction of energy consumption.

Description

High Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment, the processing of suitable especially Gluten.
Background technology
The raw material of making Gluten is a gluten, gluten is the material of the high moisture content of a kind of high viscosity, the equipment of making at present Gluten by pay-off, granulation device, warm-air pipe, reducing mechanism, dust arrester, screening mechanism, and air heating apparatus forms, drying is finished in pipeline.The pipeline of the said equipment is long and transfer morely, and the wind network system resistance is bigger, and energy consumption is big.The charging aperture of the granulation device in the above-mentioned Gluten making apparatus is arranged on the vertical side of device, the extrusion cavities of the orifice plate on the charging aperture is a level, because material is full-bodied, so material easily down drops down during by orifice plate, adhesion becomes bulk, so the particle of formation is bigger and inhomogeneous, to large granular materials, be difficult for dry, pulverizing, both strengthened energy consumption, influenced the efficient of equipment again.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to propose the lower high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment of a kind of energy consumption.
High Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment proposed by the invention has feed mechanism, granulation device, reducing mechanism, dust arrester, warm-air pipe, air heating apparatus, on this basis: granulation device is arranged on the vane type granulation device of case top for the wet feed mouth, and the orifice plate of material by the wet feed mouth promptly is positioned at the blade cuts that is provided with between two blades at orifice plate two ends and becomes granule; Between above-mentioned granulation device and reducing mechanism, be provided with drying device, between reducing mechanism and dust arrester, be provided with separator; Be connected by pipeline between the top wet feed mouth of the discharging opening of above-mentioned feed mechanism and granulation device; warm-air pipe one end is connected with air heating apparatus; the other end is connected with drying device; the discharge nozzle of granulation device is connected the warm-air pipe middle part; drying device bottom discharge mouth is connected with the charging aperture of reducing mechanism; the discharging opening of reducing mechanism is connected with the feed pipe of separator, and the meal pipe of separator leads in the siccative mouth of granulator, and the outlet of the fine powder of separator is connected with the import of dust arrester.
The delivery outlet of above-mentioned dust arrester is connected with conveying device, and conveying device has two delivery outlets, and a delivery outlet is the finished product mouth, and another delivery outlet is connected with the siccative mouth of granulation device.
In the connecting pipe between above-mentioned feed mechanism and the granulation device squeezing water is set.Squeezing water is made up of polylith water squeezing orifice plate, and the hole of a plurality of 4~8mm is set on the water squeezing orifice plate, has the gap of 0.2~0.5mm between the water squeezing orifice plate.
Extrusion cavities on the orifice plate on the above-mentioned granulation device wet feed mouth vertically is provided with, and the blade that is arranged on the central shaft that runs through housing is whole by certain orientation arrangement and adjustable angle.Above-mentioned drying device is the cyclone type drying device, air inlet is arranged on cylindrical shell top, and air outlet is arranged on the cylindrical shell bottom, and its cylinder inboard wall is provided with a plurality of ring baffle plates, be provided with the umbrella shape deflection plate in cylindrical shell central authorities, the umbrella shape deflection plate is fixed on the cylindrical shell by connecting rod.
Above-mentioned separator has feed pipe, isocon, delivery outlet, the air port governor motion of separator is made up of the nut that is fixed on the cylindrical shell top, the screw rod that matches with nut and air guide wheel, the air guide wheel is fixed on the screw rod bottom and is nested with movingly on feed pipe, and the gap of air guide wheel and feed pipe is an air door.
Above-mentioned feed mechanism is a screw pump; Above-mentioned reducing mechanism is the blade type reducing mechanism; Above-mentioned dust arrester is pocket type pulsed dust arrester; Above-mentioned conveying device is a helix transporting device.
Technique scheme of the present invention has following advantage compared to existing technology:
Granulation device of the present invention adopts its top feed, and viscous material vertically enters in the granulation device by orifice plate, is promptly become fine particle by blade cuts, because from top to bottom, and mixed with dry powder under the blade high velocity effect again, storeroom is difficult for adhesion; Blade on the central shaft plays stirring, comminuting matter on the one hand when rotating, play the conveying effect on the other hand, makes material enter warm-air pipe with fast speeds by discharging opening.
Warm-air pipe of the present invention mainly plays the convey materials effect, and the drying of material is mainly finished in drying device, can reduce the wind network system resistance like this; Granulation device guarantees that formed granule materials is little and even; The dried material of drying device reaches the requirement of pulverizing, is convenient to reducing mechanism and pulverizes; Squeezing water is for the first water squeezing of high moisture content material, and efficient of the present invention is improved in above-mentioned these measures and energy consumption significantly reduces.
The present invention adopts separator, and separator is equivalent to one with combining of reducing mechanism does not have the sieve crushing system, has reduced and has changed the trouble that screen cloth brings, and has improved the continuous operating time of ordinary production, and operating efficiency is further enhanced.
Compact conformation of the present invention in addition, floor space is little, to the place require lowly, also give simultaneously and use, maintenance, transportation, install and bring convenience, especially adopt rack construction, equipment can be by a whole set of carrying of truck.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is embodiment 1 diagrammatic sketch;
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the diagrammatic sketch of squeezing water;
Fig. 5 is the diagrammatic sketch of granulation device;
Fig. 6 is the B place partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the diagrammatic sketch of drying device;
Fig. 8 is the diagrammatic sketch of separator;
Fig. 9 is the A-A profile of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the diagrammatic sketch of embodiment 2.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Embodiment 1 shown in the accompanying drawing 1 to 10 is a high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment proposed by the invention, Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 is the overall diagram of present embodiment, and present embodiment has screw pump feed mechanism 1, squeezing water 9, vane type granulation device 2, cyclone drying device 3, blade type reducing mechanism 4, separator 5, pocket type pulsed dust arrester 6, helix transporting device 7, warm-air pipe 8, frame 10 and air heating apparatus 11.Air heating apparatus 11 can be combustion gas, fire coal, warm air oil furnace or steam air heater.Be connected by pipeline 12 between the top wet feed mouth 2-1 of the discharging opening of screw pump 1 and granulation device 2; squeezing water 9 is arranged in the pipeline 12; warm-air pipe 8 one ends are connected with air heating apparatus 11; the other end is connected with drying device 3; the discharge nozzle of granulation device 2 is connected warm-air pipe 8 middle parts; be connected by pipeline between the charging aperture of drying device 3 bottom discharge mouths and reducing mechanism 4; the discharging opening of reducing mechanism 4 is connected by the feed pipe of pipeline with separator 5; the meal pipe of separator 5 leads in the siccative mouth of granulator 2; pipeline is connected between the import of the outlet of the fine powder of separator 5 and dust arrester 6; the finished product efferent duct of dust arrester 6 is connected in the import of helix transporting device 7; conveying device 7 has two delivery outlets; one delivery outlet 7-1 is the finished product mouth, and another delivery outlet 7-2 is connected with the siccative mouth at the top of granulation device 2 by pipeline.For preventing the air-flow adverse current, some the specific position in above-mentioned connecting pipe is provided with closes blower fan, and this is a prior art, no longer carefully states.Device can fix on the ground by support.
Screw pump 1, blade type reducing mechanism 4, pocket type pulsed dust arrester 6, helix transporting device 7, air heating apparatus 11 all are prior aries, no longer carefully state.
See Fig. 4, squeezing water 9 is made up of polylith water squeezing orifice plate 9-1, the hole 9-1-1 of a plurality of 4~8mm is set on the water squeezing orifice plate 9-1, has certain clearance between the water squeezing orifice plate 9-1, generally between 0.2~0.5mm, on the coupling bolt of water squeezing orifice plate 9-1, packing ring 9-2 is set, adjust gap length between the water squeezing orifice plate 9-1 by the thickness of adjusting packing ring.
See Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, granulation device 2 is the vane type granulation device, be provided with wet feed mouth 2-1 in its case top, siccative mouth 2-6, the bottom is provided with discharging opening 2-7, the wet feed mouth is provided with orifice plate 2-4, extrusion cavities 2-4-1 on the orifice plate 2-4 vertically is provided with, extrusion cavities 2-4-1 on the orifice plate there is not strict requirement, size, quantity is provided with as required, central shaft 2-2 runs through housing, the bearing fixing at central shaft two ends is on bearing block, central shaft 2-2 is provided with by the blade 2-3 that certain orientation is arranged and adjustable angle is whole, is being provided with blade 2-5 between two blades at orifice plate 2-4 two ends, and belt is connected between central shaft 2-2 and the confession motor of power.Material is cut into granule by orifice plate by blade 2-5, and under blade 2-3 effect, 2-7 falls from discharging opening.
See Fig. 7, drying device 3 is the cyclone type drying device, on the basis of common cyclone type drying device, improved, charging (wind) mouthful 3-4 is arranged on cylindrical shell top, discharging (wind) mouthful 3-5 is arranged on the cylindrical shell bottom, remove and be provided with a plurality of ring baffle plate 3-1 on its cylinder inboard wall, also be provided with umbrella shape deflection plate 3-2 in cylindrical shell central authorities, umbrella shape deflection plate 3-2 is fixed on the cylindrical shell by connecting rod 3-3.Thermal current is carried material secretly and is tangentially entered cylindrical shell, and forms spiral motion, because air-flow and material are in the same way, the setting of umbrella shape deflection plate 3-2 can suitably increase the time of staying of material at cylindrical shell, avoids material to walk short circuit, guarantees dry materials.
See Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, separator 5 has feed pipe 5-1, isocon 5-2, delivery outlet 5-6.Air port governor motion 5-3 in the cylindrical shell is made up of the nut 5-3-1 that is fixed on the cylindrical shell top, the screw rod 5-3-2 that matches with nut 5-3-1 and air guide wheel 5-3-3, air guide wheel 5-3-3 is fixed on screw rod 5-3-2 bottom and is nested with movingly on feed pipe 5-1, and the gap 5-4 of air guide wheel 5-3-3 and feed pipe 5-1 is an air door.The top of nut 5-3-1 is fixed with handwheel 5-5, rotation hand wheel 5-5, nut 5-3-1 rotates, and screw rod 5-3-2 is moved up and down, and drives air guide wheel 5-3-3 and moves, air guide wheel 5-3-3 moves down, air door 5-4 is little, and is big by the wind speed of air door 5-4, and the centrifugal force of generation is big, the particle that weighs some slightly falls under centrifugal action, and the powder particle of sending from delivery outlet 5-6 is thin; Otherwise the powder particle of sending from delivery outlet 5-6 is thick.
Embodiment 2 shown in Figure 10 has frame, frame 10 is cubic frame, on the frame of four directions reinforcement is set as required, above-mentioned dust arrester 6 is fixed on a jiao of frame 10, separator 5 is fixed on another angle of frame 10, drying device 3 is fixed on a jiao of frame 10 in separator 5 the place aheads, granulation device 2 is arranged between drying device 3 and the dust arrester 6 and by support fixedlys connected with frame 10, fixedly connected with frame 10 in the below that reducing mechanism 4 is arranged on separator 5, helix transporting device 7 is arranged between the top of the below of dust arrester 6 and granulation device 2 fixedlys connected with frame 10 by support, screw pump 1 is arranged on the outside of drying device 3 and separator 5, is convenient to feeding.Above-mentioned all devices are identical with embodiment 1.
The present invention is when running well, wet stock enters from the hopper of screw pump 1, send in the granulation device 2 by screw pump 1, with make fine particle after the dry finished product material of helix transporting device 7 mixes, enter by warm-air pipe 8 and to enter drying device 3, entering reducing mechanism 4 after the drying pulverizes, after the pulverizing powder send into separator 5 by air-flow, behind air current classifying, fail to meet the requirements of fine powder and send into granulation device 2 again, meet the requirements of fine powder and enter pocket type pulsed dust arrester 6, powder after being dammed by cloth bag enters helix transporting device 7 and is finished product, part finished product is still entered in the granulation device 2 by helix transporting device, high-viscosity material mixing granulation with screw pump is sent into reenters drying cycles next time, and the tail gas that temperature is lower is discharged by the blower fan on pocket type pulsed dust arrester 6 tops.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment, have feed mechanism (1), granulation device (2), reducing mechanism (4), dust arrester (6), warm-air pipe (8), air heating apparatus (11), it is characterized in that: granulation device (2) is arranged on the vane type granulation device of case top for wet feed mouth (2-1), and the orifice plate of material by wet feed mouth (2-1) promptly is positioned at the blade (2-5) that is provided with between two blades at orifice plate (2-4) two ends and cuts into granule; Between above-mentioned granulation device (2) and reducing mechanism (4), be provided with drying device (3), between reducing mechanism (4) and dust arrester (6), be provided with separator (5); Be connected by pipeline (12) between the top wet feed mouth (2-1) of the discharging opening of above-mentioned feed mechanism (1) and granulation device (2); warm-air pipe (8) one ends are connected with air heating apparatus (11); the other end is connected with drying device (3); the discharge nozzle of granulation device (2) is connected warm-air pipe (8) middle part; drying device (3) bottom discharge mouth is connected with the charging aperture of reducing mechanism (4); the discharging opening of reducing mechanism (4) is connected with the feed pipe of separator (5); the meal pipe of separator (5) leads in the siccative mouth of granulator (2), and the outlet of the fine powder of separator (5) is connected with the import of dust arrester (6).
2, high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the delivery outlet of dust arrester (6) is connected with conveying device (7), conveying device (7) has two delivery outlets, one delivery outlet (7-1) is the finished product mouth, and another delivery outlet (7-2) is connected with the siccative mouth of granulation device (2).
3, high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: in the connecting pipe (12) between feed mechanism (1) and the granulation device (2) squeezing water (9) is set, squeezing water (9) is made up of polylith water squeezing orifice plate (9-1), the hole (9-1-1) of a plurality of 4~8mm is set on the water squeezing orifice plate (9-1), has the gap of 0.2~0.5mm between the water squeezing orifice plate (9-1).
4, according to claim 2 or 3 described high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipments, it is characterized in that: the extrusion cavities (2-4-1) on the orifice plate (2-4) on granulation device (2) the wet feed mouth is vertical to be provided with, and is arranged on blade (2-3) on the central shaft (2-2) that runs through housing and press that certain orientation is arranged and adjustable angle is put in order.
5, according to claim 2 or 3 described high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipments, it is characterized in that: drying device (3) is the cyclone type drying device, air inlet (3-4) is arranged on cylindrical shell top, air outlet (3-5) is arranged on the cylindrical shell bottom, its cylinder inboard wall is provided with a plurality of ring baffle plates (5-1), be provided with umbrella shape deflection plate (5-2) in cylindrical shell central authorities, umbrella shape deflection plate (5-2) is fixed on the cylindrical shell by connecting rod (5-3).
6, according to claim 2 or 3 described high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipments, it is characterized in that: separator (5) has feed pipe (5-1), isocon (5-2), delivery outlet (5-6), the air port governor motion (5-3) of separator (5) is by the nut that is fixed on the cylindrical shell top (5-3-1), screw rod (5-3-2) that matches with nut (5-3-1) and air guide wheel (5-3-3) are formed, air guide wheel (5-3-3) is fixed on screw rod (5-3-2) bottom and is nested with movingly on feed pipe (5-1), and air guide wheel (5-3-3) is an air door with the gap (5-4) of feed pipe (5-1).
7, according to claim 2 or 3 described high Viscosity material drying and powder making equipments, it is characterized in that: feed mechanism (1) is a screw pump; Reducing mechanism (4) is the blade type reducing mechanism; Dust arrester (6) is pocket type pulsed dust arrester; Conveying device (7) is a helix transporting device.
CNB021381305A 2002-08-14 2002-08-14 High Viscosity material drying and powder making equipment and its pelletizing device Expired - Fee Related CN1227984C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN100436993C (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-11-26 开封市四达农产品设备有限公司 Continuous low temperature drying technology and its equipment
CN101900479A (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-12-01 朱曲波 Poultry excrement drying device

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CN103322771A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 马鞍山市益江高温陶瓷制造有限公司 Hot wind ventilating and drying techniques for granulation feed cabin
CN104223338B (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-08-31 沈阳师范大学 A kind of improve the cereal product uniformity and the equipment of dispersibility and for the method producing cereal product
CN105651006B (en) * 2014-11-10 2017-11-17 江苏宇通干燥工程有限公司 Multi-functional, environment-friendly and energy-efficient vacuum belt drier group and its powder drying means
CN105276952A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-01-27 平顶山金晶生物科技有限公司 Drying device for soybean dietary fiber dehydration
CN110319665A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-10-11 南京恒辉粉体技术工程有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency stirring formula waste residue dryer
CN111574098B (en) * 2020-05-27 2022-03-01 山西凯森科技有限公司 Production method of polycarboxylic acid high-performance water reducing agent for concrete pipe pile
CN111928608A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-11-13 安徽华星化工有限公司 Imidacloprid secondary powder integrated drying equipment and implementation method
CN113175786A (en) * 2021-04-15 2021-07-27 湛毅 Efficient production line for drying and sterilizing microbial organic padding

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100436993C (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-11-26 开封市四达农产品设备有限公司 Continuous low temperature drying technology and its equipment
CN101900479A (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-12-01 朱曲波 Poultry excrement drying device
CN101900479B (en) * 2010-07-22 2011-06-29 朱曲波 Poultry excrement drying device

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