CN1223721A - Automaied sample processing system - Google Patents

Automaied sample processing system Download PDF

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CN1223721A
CN1223721A CN 97196024 CN97196024A CN1223721A CN 1223721 A CN1223721 A CN 1223721A CN 97196024 CN97196024 CN 97196024 CN 97196024 A CN97196024 A CN 97196024A CN 1223721 A CN1223721 A CN 1223721A
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container
receptacle
system
controller
centrifuge
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CN 97196024
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Chinese (zh)
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彭永
马克·格罗斯
亨德拉·坦尼米哈德加
吕迪格·F·劳斯科尔伯
安德烈亚·G·佩德拉齐尼
圣地亚哥·F·艾伦
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贝克曼考尔特公司
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Publication of CN1223721A publication Critical patent/CN1223721A/en

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Abstract

一种用于分析实验室的系统,能对多个试样容器进行自动处理,包括分类。 An analytical system for the laboratory, can automatically process the plurality of sample containers, it includes a classification. 该系统包括一个中心控制器、一个工作台(100)、一个或多个分析仪(2000)以及一个自动离心机。 The system comprises a central controller, a stage (100), one or more analyzers (2000) and an automatic centrifuge. 工作台(100)具有自动探测器用于探测存在一个放置试样容器(12)的夹持器(14)。 Table (100) having a holder (14) for detecting the presence of a detector is automatically placed in the sample container (12). 工作台(100)有一个条形码读取器,用于读取容器上的条形码。 Table (100) has a bar code reader for reading the bar code on the container. 该系统具有一个输送子系统,优选地,一个工作台自动臂(700)和一个分析仪自动臂(2000)用于输送试样容器(12),移动它们到或离开工作台(100)、分析仪(2000)和离心机(1000)。 The system has a delivery subsystem, preferably, a table automatic arm (700) and an automatic analyzer arm (2000) for conveying the sample container (12), or to move them away from the stage (100), analysis instrument (2000) and centrifuge (1000). 离心机装载着装有试样容器(12)的接受槽(1200)。 Dress centrifuge loaded with a sample container (12) receiving grooves (1200). 工作台(100)可以装有一个平衡系统(800),用于使被用的接受槽(1200)的重量平衡。 Table (100) may be provided with a balance system (800), is used for the receiving groove (1200) in weight balance. 工作台(100)也可以有一个去顶盖装置(900),用于从试样容器上自动去掉顶盖。 Table (100) may also have a cover to means (900) for automatically removing the lid from the sample container.

Description

样品自动处理系统 Automatic sample processing system

背景本发明大体涉及试验室化验自动化的系统,尤其是涉及生物试样的化验。 BACKGROUND The present invention generally relates to automated laboratory assay systems, particularly assay involving biological sample.

过去的70年中,试验室化验已发生变化并得到显著地改善。 Over the past 70 years, laboratory testing has changed and has been significantly improved. 最初,化验或分析是通过人工操作进行的,并且一般要使用大量的血浆、血液或其它生物液体。 Initially, tests or analysis is performed by manual operation, and generally uses a large amount of blood plasma, blood or other biological fluid. 但是,随着机械技术在工业化工厂的发展,类似的技术被引入分析试验室。 However, with the development of mechanical technology in the chemical industry, a similar technology has been introduced Analysis Laboratory. 随着新技术的引入,方法得以改善,因而,由单一仪器得到的结果的质量得以提高并使进行每次化验所需的试样量减少。 With the introduction of new technologies, the method is improved, and thus, quality of the results obtained by a single instrument is improved and for reducing the amount of sample required for each assay.

已经开发出这样的仪器,其通过减少完成各种分析所需的来回时间和试样量来提高化验过程的效率。 Such instruments have been developed to improve the efficiency of their assay process completion time and the amount of sample required for analysis forth by reducing various. 例如,这类仪器可以是California,Fullerton的Beckman仪器公司提供的SynchronTM系列自动分析仪。 For example, these instruments may be California, Fullerton's Beckman Instruments offers SynchronTM series automatic analyzer. 这类仪器能自动分析许多血样和进行多种分析,并提供可靠、准确和快速的试样分析。 Many of these instruments can automatically analyze blood samples and various analysis and provide reliable, accurate and fast sample analysis.

尽管已作出改进,但在分析试验室的操作中还有改进的余地。 Although improvements have been made, but in the operation of the laboratory analysis there is room for improvement. 例如,还需要许多时间用于样品准备。 For example, you also need a lot of time for sample preparation. 样品准备包括用于处理的试样的分类、离心处理和去掉装有试样的容器的盖。 Sample preparation includes for processing a sample classification, and centrifugation to remove the lid of the container with the sample. 离心处理需要将多个试样容器,一般是试管,装入离心机接受槽,使接受槽的重量平衡,以便使离心机平衡,将接受槽装入离心机,然后关上离心机盖,进行离心处理,打开离心机盖,取出接受槽,然后从接受槽中取出试管。 Centrifugation process requires a plurality of sample containers, the tube is generally charged centrifuge receiving groove, the receiving groove so that the balance weight, so that the balance of the centrifuge, the centrifuge receiving vessel was charged, and then centrifuge lid is closed, centrifuged processing centrifuge lid is opened, remove the receiving groove, then the tubes were removed from the receiving vessel. 所有这些操作都是劳动密集型的,增加了实验室分析的成本。 All these operations are labor-intensive, increasing the cost of laboratory analysis. 而且,这些劳动密集型步骤易导致操作员出错。 Moreover, these labor-intensive steps easily lead to operator errors. 另外,人的参予也带来了试样被操作人员污染的危险,以及操作员暴露在危险的生物物质之下。 In addition, people involved also brings the risk of sample contamination of the operator, and the operator is exposed to dangerous biological substances.

已经尝试提供自动化,包括使用传送机系统将试样运送到分析仪,如美国专利No.5,178,834和5,209,903所述。 Attempts have been made to provide automated, including the use of a conveyor system to transport the sample analyzer, as described in U.S. Patent No.5,178,834 and 5,209,903. 使用传送机系统的一个问题是,它们一般是一个总的完整系统的一部分,这个系统包括特定的分析仪和其它处理装置。 One problem is that the use of the conveyor system, they are generally part of a complete system overall, this particular system includes an analyzer and other processing apparatus. 这样,希望换接到一个传送机系统的一个分析实验室需要更换它的全部现有系统,这需要大量的资金投入和对操作员的大量培训费用。 In this way, a hope that a change to the analytical laboratory transport system need to replace its entire existing system, which requires a lot of capital investment and a lot of training costs for operators.

在分析实验室中的另一普遍问题是如何处理“STAT”试样。 Another common problem in the analysis of the lab is how to handle "STAT" sample. 这些是需要立即处理的试样。 These are the samples requiring immediate. 例如,来自急救室的病人的试样常常需要“STAT”分析,以便值班医生能够确定病情的起因。 For example, a sample from the patient to the emergency room often requires "STAT" analysis, in order to be able to determine the cause of the doctor on duty the disease. 当前的分析系统主要依靠操作员介入来中断正常的工作流程以确保STAT试样得到及时的关注。 The current analysis system mainly relies on operator intervention to interrupt the normal workflow to ensure timely attention STAT samples. 但是,在实验室的繁忙期间,这些STAT样品和试样不是总可以得到它们所需的及时处理。 However, during a busy laboratory, these STAT samples and samples can not always required to handle them in a timely manner.

现有技术的实验室离心机一般具有一个高速电机驱动的主轴、若干个放置试管的夹持器、试管支架和/或提供在主轴箱组件的各个成角度间隔开的装料台的小瓶,主轴箱组件位于一个管形腔中并被一个安全环所包围,离心机也有一个安全-紧锁门,用于在主轴运行期间盖住腔。 Laboratory centrifuge prior art generally have a high-speed motor-driven spindle, a plurality of tubes placed in a holder, cuvette holder and / or on a respective headstock assembly angularly spaced apart loading ramp vials spindle tank assembly is located in a tubular cavity in and surrounded by a safety ring, the centrifuge has a security - locked door, for covering the cavity during operation of the spindle. 主轴以一个选定的速度被驱动,该速度能从大约3600RMP直到大约100,000RMP。 Spindle is driven at a selected speed, the speed up to about from about 3600RMP 100,000RMP.

离心处理的自动化带来许多问题。 Automated centrifugation brought many problems. 例如:1. For example: 1. 在某些情况下需要绕过离心处理;2. Bypassing the need for centrifugation in certain cases; 2. 进入离心机的通道被防护盖所阻挡,该防护盖一般在打开和闭合位置之间竖直地变换;3. Into the centrifuge channels are blocked by the protective cover, the protective cover is changed between generally vertically open and closed positions; 3. 在运动过程中,伴随着使盖自动化和防止人员受到伤害的是过高的费用;4. In the course of the campaign, along with the lid automation and prevent personal injury is high cost; 4. 在高速运行开始以前,必须使离心机平衡在大约10克范围内;以及; Before the start speed operation, the centrifuge must be balanced in the range from about 10 grams; and;

5. 5. 由于旋转样品所需的时间,导致许多工艺费用昂贵,尤其是装卸离心机、为旋转操作过程编制程序以及使离心机加速和减速需要较长的周期时,导致费用昂贵。 Because of the time required for rotating the sample, resulting in a lot of costly process, particularly handling centrifuges, the rotational operation of the process of programming the centrifuge and causing acceleration and deceleration require longer periods, leading to expensive.

在现有技术的某些离心机中,一个主轴箱可被转位到若干个静止位置中的一个,以便在主轴箱组件对应的成角度间隔开的接受器装料台装卸离心机。 In certain prior art centrifuge, a spindle head can be indexed to a number of a rest position, to open the centrifuge receptacle detachably loading station spaced angularly corresponding headstock assembly. 但是,由于对于转位和高速运行使用的是不同的电机和控制,这些离心机变得复杂和昂贵;由于转位电机导致的惯量增加,因而降低了高速的性能。 However, due to the high speed operation for indexing and using a different motor and control, which is complicated and expensive centrifuges; increased inertia due to the translocation results in the motor, thereby reducing the high-speed performance.

因此,需要一个能使样品处理和样品准备过程自动化的系统,包括用于分析过程的离心处理,尤其包括用于分析实验室的离心处理。 Therefore, a sample handling and sample preparation make the process automation system, comprising a centrifugal treatment analysis process, including in particular for analytical laboratory centrifuge. 这个系统必须能与现有的装置一起使用,即,现有装置不需要更换,并且该系统能与许多现有的分析装置一起使用。 The system must be able to be used with a conventional apparatus, i.e., without having to change the conventional apparatus, and the system can be used with many conventional analyzing device. 还有,系统的处理能力受到需要离心处理的试样最小程度地影响。 Further, the processing capacity of the system is affected minimally require centrifugation of the sample. 而且,需要该系统能够识别和迅速处理STAT样品,使与生物试样相接触所带来的健康危险最小,以及使试样被操作员的错误所导致的污染的几率最小。 Furthermore, the system needs to be able to identify quickly and STAT sample processing, so that contact with the biological sample brought minimize health risks, and the sample is minimal chance of contamination of operator error caused.

综述本发明提供了一个满足上述需要的系统。 Summary The present invention provides a system to satisfy the aforementioned needs. 本发明的系统以一个组合式工作台为基础,该工作台能自动地准备生物试样用于由许多分析装置进一步处理,而不需要更换现有分析装置。 The system of the present invention in a combination table, based on the table can be automatically preparing a biological sample for further processing by a number of analysis devices, without the need to replace the conventional analyzing device. 该系统能对新进的试样分类并优先处理STAT试样。 The system can classify the sample and New priority STAT samples. 根据需要,新进试样可被自动地离心处理、去顶盖并运送到选定的分析装置。 According to need, New sample can be automatically centrifuged to cover and transported to the analyzer selected. 通过使用一个中心控制器可以自动地控制该系统。 The system may be automatically controlled through the use of a central controller. 该系统提供了有效的、高的处理能力和快速的分析结果,同时降低了操作员错误几率以及减少了操作员暴露在生物物质之下。 The system provides an effective, high processing power and fast results, while reducing the chance of operator error and reduces operator exposed to biological material.

一般地,被自动处理的试样装在多个容器中,例如试管,它可以带有盖。 Generally, the sample is mounted in a plurality of automatic processing of container, such as a test tube, which can with a lid. 每个容器带有容器识别标记,例如,一个条形码。 Each container with container identification tag, e.g., a bar code. 容器位于诸如扇形体和/或支架的一个或多个夹持器中,扇形体和/或支架上有识别标记。 Sectors such container is located and / or one or more of the stent holder, sectors, and / or an identification mark on the bracket.

根据本发明的一个方面,一个处理系统包括:(ⅰ)中心控制器,(ⅱ)一个具有用于分类、准备和运送容器的子系统的工作台,(ⅲ)一个用于离心处理选定的试样的离心处理系统,以及(ⅳ)用于有选择地分析试样的至少一个分析仪。 According to one aspect of the present invention, a processing system comprises: (i) the central controller, (ii) has a classification for, preparing and shipping container subsystem table, (iii) a process for centrifugation selected centrifuging the sample processing system, and (iv) selectively for analyzing at least one sample analyzer. 不仅整个系统被认为是新颖和创新的,而且整个系统的子系统以及系统的具体的机械部件也被认为是新颖和创新的。 Not only the entire system is considered to be new and innovative, and specific mechanical components of the system subsystems and systems are also considered to be new and innovative. 中心控制器可以作为工作台的一部分的中心控制器包括存储器和一个数据输入部件,数据输入部件用于将处理指令输入存储器中以便按照容器识别标记处理每个容器。 The central controller may be used as part of the central controller includes a memory and a table data input means, data input means for processing the input instruction memory for each container in accordance with the labeling processing container identification. 根据中心控制器的指令,对每个容器可以优选地进行如下处理:(a)只进行分类,即,工作台仅用于对容器进行分类以便进一步处理;(b)分类和离心处理;(c)分类、离心处理和去顶盖;(d)分类、离心处理、去顶盖和分析;(e)分类、去顶盖和分析(适于不需要离心处理的样品);和(f)分类和分析(适于不需要离心处理和自动去盖的样品)。 According to an instruction of the central controller, preferably for each container can be handled as follows: (a) only for the classification, i.e., only for the stage classification of the containers for further processing; (b) classification and centrifugation; (c ) classification, to cover and centrifugation; (d) classification, centrifugation, and analysis to the cap; (e) classification, and to analyze the cap (adapted not require centrifugation of the sample); and (f) Category and analyzed (not require centrifugation and adapted to cover the automatic sample).

中心控制器装有一个处理监控器,处理监控器具有一个设定程序的探测输入步骤,用于确定在工作台上的输入位置引入了容器;一个容器选择步骤,被探测的容器在该步骤中被选择进行处理;一个识别步骤,用于根据容器识别标记对每个选定的容器确定处理分项;以及一个处理选择步骤,用于开始确定的处理分项,处理分项是分类、离心处理、去顶盖和分析中的一个或多个。 The controller is equipped with a central processing monitor, the monitor having a processing step of detecting an input of a setting program for determining the position of the introduction of the container in the input work table; a step of selecting a container, the container is detected in this step is selected for processing; an identification step of identifying indicia on the container vessel according to each of the selected sub-item determination process; and a process selection step, the processing for determining the start of the sub-item, sub-classification process, centrifugation , to cover one or more analysis. 工作台工作台装有探测器,用于探测系统中夹持器存在与否。 Table Table equipped with a detector for detecting the presence or absence of the holder system. 探测器具有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号。 Detector means having an output for emitting a presence signal to the holder central controller. 工作台具有一个标记读取器,例如,一个条形码读取器,用于读取容器识别标记。 Table has a tag reader, for example, a barcode reader, for reading the container identifying indicia. 标记读取器装有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器提供容器识别标记。 Indicia reader with an output member, a container for providing identifying indicia to the central controller. 优选地,标记读取器也可有效地用于向中心控制器发出夹持器识别标记信号。 Preferably, the tag reader can be effectively used to issue a signal to the identification tag holder center controller.

工作台也包括一个容器分类子系统,它有一个与中心控制器连通的数据输入部件,用于接受来自中心控制器的指令,以便按照存储在中心控制器存储器中的处理指令对容器分类以用于选择性的处理。 Station also includes a container classification subsystem, which has a data input means in communication with the central controller for receiving instructions from the central controller, according to the processing instructions stored in the memory of the central controller to use the classification of the container selective processing. 容器分类系统也包括若干个分类位置,用于按照它们的处理指令放置容器。 The system also includes a plurality of containers classification Category position for placing the container in accordance with the processing instructions thereof.

一般地,工作台包括多个输入位置,用于由操作员最初放置容器,每个输入位置具有一个探测器。 Generally, an input stage comprising a plurality of position for the container is initially placed by an operator, each input location having a detector. 优选地,至少一个位置被选择用于优先处理的容器,即,STAT试样,因此,当探测器输出部件发出存在一个优先处理容器的信号时,中心信息处理机提供优先处理优先容器的指令。 Preferably, the at least one position selected for priority treatment vessel, i.e., STAT sample, therefore, a priority when the signal detector output member of the container sent exists, the central processor providing instructions priority information a priority vessel.

工作台一般包括一个平台,平台带有诸如标柱的定位装置,用于使夹持器和离心机接受器在预定位置定位。 Table typically includes a platform, the platform having positioning means such as a bollard for a centrifuge receptacle and the clamper is positioned in a predetermined position. 平台可以装有低于表面的探测器,例如,笛簧接点管,用于探测平台上存在一个夹持器。 Below the platform may be provided with the detector surface, e.g., the reed contacts tube, for detecting the presence of a clamp on the internet. 一个工作台自动臂支承在平台上并且一般装有一个标记读取器,读取器可以是一个条形码读取器。 A robotic arm supported on the table and generally provided with a platform tag reader, the reader may be a bar code reader. 平台具有一个分析仪运送位置,用于放置夹持器以便由分析仪进行分析;以及一个分析仪接受位置,用于接受来自分析仪的已分析过的样品。 Having a transport platform analyzer position for placing the holder for analysis by the analyzer; receiving position and an analyzer for receiving the analyzer has analyzed over from samples. 优选地,工作台装有一个防护系统,用于有选择地阻挡操作员接近,例如,操作员干扰系统运行。 Preferably, the table is equipped with a protection system, for selectively blocking near the operator, for example, operator intervention system operation. 防护系统包括一个围起工作台顶部并具有用于使分析仪自动臂通过的开口的隔板、一个用于将接受器运到离心机的扩展部分和一个联锁的入口小门。 Protection system comprising a table top and encloses the analyzer having a robotic arm for the separator through the opening, a receptacle for transport to centrifuge interlocking expanded portion and a door entrance. 入口小门可以是一个框格门,它有一个对中心控制器作出反应的驱动装置和一个用于向中心控制器发出要求进入的信号的操作员输入装置,控制器运行以便合适地制止工作台自动臂的运行并随后启动驱动装置以打开入口小门。 Entrance door may be a door sash, to which there is a drive means and responsive to a central controller for issuing a signal requested by an operator into the input device to the central controller, the controller operates to stop the table suitably automatic operation of the arm driving means and then starts to open the inlet door. 优选地,平台的基座具有若干个按标准尺寸设计的隔板,它们通过一对横梁和自动臂轨道的一个导轨连接。 Preferably, the base platform having a plurality of standard sized separator, which are connected by a pair of beams and a robotic arm guide track. 优选地,导轨提供了一个用于系统的大容量的空气蓄气器。 Preferably, the guide rail provides a large-capacity air reservoir for the air system.

可以使用两种不同类型的夹持器,并且对于不同类型的夹持器可以使用不同类型的定位装置。 Two different types of holders, and may use different types of positioning means for different types of grippers. 例如,对于将要处理的容器可以使用第一夹持器,例如,扇形体,其中,第一夹持器由输送系统运送。 For example, the container can be treated using the first gripper, e.g., segments, wherein the first clamp carried by the delivery system. 可以使用第二夹持器,例如,支架,在使用第二种夹持器时,第二夹持器的容器由输送系统单个地运送以便分类。 A second clamp may be used, e.g., stents, when using the second gripper, the second gripper is transported by the transport containers in a single system for classification. 优选地,第二夹持器的夹持器定位装置比第一夹持器的夹持器定位装置离输送系统更近,以使输送系统的移动量最少。 Preferably, the holder positioning means of the second holder is positioned closer than the gripper means from a first gripper conveyor system, so that a minimum amount of movement of the conveying system.

一般地,平台靠近一个分析仪安置。 In general, a platform near the analyzer placement. 优选地,平台最靠近分析仪的部分是用于放置将运送到分析仪的容器。 Preferably part, the platform is closest to the analyzer for placing the transporting container to the analyzer. 平台可以具有一个输入侧部,用于接受要进一步处理的容器,输入侧部与分析仪的侧部相对,在输入侧部和分析仪侧部之间是一个供工作台自动臂使用的运送通道。 Platform may have an input side for receiving a container to be processed further, the input side portion and the side portion opposite the analyzer, the transport path between the input side and the analyzer side table for a robotic arm is used . 离心处理系统离心处理系统包括一个自动化离心机,它装有多个接受器,也称作接受筐或接受槽,每个接受槽接受多个容器。 Centrifugal processing system comprises an automated processing system centrifugal centrifuges, which is provided with a plurality of receivers, also called receiving housing or receiving grooves, each groove receiving a plurality of receiving containers. 离心机包括一个与主轴耦合的电机,主轴安放着接受槽、一个控制器,并根据需要安放着一个盖和一个盖驱动器。 Centrifuge comprises a motor coupled to the spindle, the spindle, sat receiving groove, a controller, and a cap placed and a lid driver required security. 离心机控制器使主轴组件转位或停住在选定的位置,以便根据来自中心控制器的信号自动地放置和取出接受槽。 Centrifuge controller causes the spindle assembly indexing or stop at selected locations, to automatically receiving groove placement and removal of the signal from the central controller. 盖具有一个关闭位置和一个打开位置,盖驱动器根据来自离心机控制器的指令打开和关闭盖。 A lid having a closed position and an open position, the cover is opened according to an instruction from the drive controller and closing the centrifuge lid.

在装有容器的接受器被放入离心机以前,优选地,它们在一个平衡系统中被平衡。 Before the container is placed in a receptacle fitted with a centrifuge, preferably, they are balanced in a balancing system. 平衡系统可以是工作台的一个部分,其包括一个具有用于接受和放置若干个容器接受器的位置的天平,以及一个天平控制器,天平控制器用于在相关的递增重量随着每次存放位置变化时有选择地在接受器腔中存放容器,以使各对接受器中的重量相等。 Balancing system may be a part of the table, which includes a scale having a plurality of container receiving receptacle and placing positions, and a scale controller, a controller for the balance weight increments associated with each storage position selectively storing the container in a receptacle chamber, so that the weight of each pair are equal when the receiver changes. 平衡控制器可以设计成中心控制器中的一个平衡程序,平衡程序保持着容器位置和相关重量的基本数据,并且指导自动臂存放容器。 The controller may be designed to balance a balanced program of the central controller, to maintain balance of the program data related to container position and basic weight and directs the robotic arm storage container. 优选地,平衡系统也包括一批平衡载荷,即,平衡试管,平衡控制器运行以便有选择地将选定的平衡载荷存放在接受器中,以限定接受器之间的重量差别。 Preferably, the balancing system also comprises a number of load balance, i.e. the balance tube, balancing controller for selectively running the selected load balancing is stored in the receiver to define the difference between the weight of the receptacle. 优选地,平衡载荷被装载以限定各对接受器之间的重量差别不超过10克。 Preferably, the load balancing is loaded to define the difference in weight between each pair of the receptacle is not more than 10 grams.

根据本发明的一个优选的离心机包括一个机体;一个相对于机体支承的主轴箱,用于支承成角度间隔开的若干个流体接受器并使接受器绕着竖直轴旋转;一个与主轴箱耦接的主轴电机;一个与该电机连接的旋转编码器,用于对于主轴的每次旋转产生一个转位信号和若干个位置信号;一个驱动器,用于根据一个外来信号驱动主轴电机;一个由机体支承的罩,用于在转动过程中密封主轴箱装置,罩的一个上部具有一个可打开的进入盖,以便接近流体样品;一个与进入盖耦接的定位装置,以便使进入盖在打开和关闭位置之间水平转换;一个盖位置传感器,用于发出盖的关闭位置的信号;以及一个控制器,用于根据编码器、门位置传感器和外来信号向驱动器和门定位装置发出信号。 According to a preferred embodiment of the invention the centrifuge comprises a body; a relative to the support spindle box body for supporting a plurality of angularly spaced apart from one fluid receptacle and the receptacle about a vertical axis; a headstock coupled to a spindle motor; a motor connected to the rotary encoder for each rotation of the spindle index signal and a plurality of position signals; a driver, in accordance with an external signal for driving the spindle motor; consisting of body cover supported for rotation of the spindle box sealing means, a upper cover having an openable access cover to gain access to the fluid sample; and a cap coupled into the positioning means so that the access cover open and Close transition between the horizontal position; a cover position sensor, a signal emitted lid in the closed position; and a controller for issuing a signal to the positioning means and a gate driver according to an encoder, door position sensor and external signals. 离心机控制器优选地,离心机控制器运行,用于(a)接受并储存一个离心机旋转概况,包括一个转子轴速度和周期;(b)使转子转位,以便使一个选定的样品台前进进入一个存取位置;(c)根据循环概况使转子转动;以及(d)停住转子,使一个预定的样品台位于存取位置。 Controller preferably a centrifuge, the centrifuge controller operation, for (a) receive and store a rotating centrifuge profiles, comprising a rotor shaft speed and period; (b) indexing the rotor, so that a selected sample access position advanced into a table; (c) according to a cyclic rotation of the rotor before; and (d) the rotor stopped, so that the sample stage located in a predetermined access position. 优选地,使转子转位和旋转由同一个主轴电机完成,以避免对主轴箱有害的惯量增加。 Preferably, the indexing of the rotor and rotated by a spindle motor to complete the same, in order to avoid an increase in the inertia of the headstock harmful. 优选地,控制器还运行以实现旋转概况设定的加速度和速度以及一个旋转距离,这个旋转距离包括与旋转速度和周期对应的第一距离,以及与加速到旋转速度和减速到静止对应的第二距离。 Preferably, the controller further operating to achieve the acceleration and speed of the rotation and before setting a rotational distance, the rotational distance comprises a first rotation speed and the distance corresponds to the period, and the acceleration and deceleration to the rotation speed corresponding to the first stationary two distance. 优选地,旋转距离还包括从转位位置到预定的样品台间隔的一个距离,以使从旋转速度到静止平滑地减速,静止时样品台处于存取位置。 Preferably, further comprising a rotational distance away from the index position of the sample stage to a predetermined interval, so smoothly decelerated from the rotational speed to the stationary, at rest position of the sample stage is accessed.

优选地,盖定位装置与盖摩擦地配合,以防止在运动过程中万一与盖不小心的接触而发生伤害。 Preferably, the cover positioning means frictionally fit with the cover, to prevent inadvertent contact cover case and with injury during exercise. 盖定位装置可包括一个与盖偏压地接触的驱动轮,用于在盖移动时限定作用在其上的驱动力。 Positioning means may comprise a cover with a cover drive wheel bias contact for defining the driving force acting on the cover when moving. 去顶盖系统在经离心处理后的容器被分析以前,它们可在一个去顶盖系统中去掉盖,去顶盖系统也可以是包括在工作台内的一部分。 Cap to be analyzed by the system before the container after centrifugation, which can be removed to cover a roof system, to the cap system may also be included in the table portion. 去顶盖系统包括一个用于夹紧地固定住一个容器的接受器;一个相对于接受器可移动地安装并具有用于夹住安装在容器上的一个盖的装置的轭架部件;一个用于在打开和闭合位置之间侧向移动轭架部件的转换装置;以及一个升降机,用于在闭合位置时相对于接受器提升轭架部件从而去掉顶盖。 The system comprises a cap to be fixed for gripping a container receptacle; relative to a receptacle movably mounted yoke member and having means for clamping a cover mounted on the container; with a in between the open and closed positions lateral movement converting means yoke member; and an elevator for a closed position with respect to the receptacle member so that a lifting yoke cover removed.

优选地,去顶盖系统也包括一个收集器,用于接受来自轭架部件的盖;以及一个卸料机,用于将去掉的顶盖从轭架部件转移到收集器。 Preferably, the system also includes a roof to a collector for receiving the cap from the yoke member; and an unloader for removing the cover member is transferred from the yoke to the collector. 用于夹紧盖的装置可以包括轭架的一个向上凸起部分,用于与盖的一个向外延伸凸出表面配合,轭架凸出部分在闭合位置位于盖的下部延伸。 Means for clamping the cover may comprise a convex upward portion of the yoke, and the cover for extending outwardly of a mating convex surface, the yoke projection extends in a lower closed position of the cap. 通过一个相对于接受器固定安装的支柱连同转换装置的设定程序的运行可以执行卸料机的功能,升降机用于使轭架部件定位在打开位置并使去掉的顶盖位于支柱上方对齐,轭架部件下降以使盖与支柱配合,从而从轭架部件上去掉顶盖。 Relative to the column through a receiver fixedly mounted to run along with the setting program conversion apparatus may perform the functions of the unloader lifts for the yoke member is positioned in an open position and remove the cap is located above pillars aligned yoke frame member is lowered to fit the cover and the support, thereby removing the cap from the yoke member. 在另一优选的轭架凸出部分中,轭架部件有一个电驱动的夹紧装置以夹紧盖,并且卸料机可以是一个偏压地支承在轭架上的柱塞,连同转换装置的设定程序运行以使在驱动抓手装置前盖装载在柱塞上,一旦松开夹紧装置可以将盖弹出。 In another preferred convex portions yoke, the yoke member having a gripping means for gripping the lid electrically driven, and a discharge unit can be mounted on the yoke biased plunger, together with conversion means the setting program operable to cause the drive before the cover gripper means mounted on the plunger, the clamping device once the release cover can be ejected.

优选地,去顶盖装置还包括一个引导件,用于引导去掉的盖进入接受器。 Preferably, the apparatus further comprising a cap to the guide member for guiding the cap into the receptacle removed. 而且,去顶盖装置还包括一个盖传感器,用于探测盖进入接受器中并发出信号以证实合适地去顶盖。 Further, to the cover means further comprises a cover sensor for detecting the receptacle into the lid and sends a signal to confirm to the top cover properly.

优选地,接受器可控制地转动以去掉带螺纹的盖。 Preferably, the receptacle can be controllably rotated to remove the cap threaded. 接受器可以包括一个位于一个刚性部件中的可充气的软外壳,软外壳通过一个控制阀流体相通地连接到一个压力源,以便有选择地夹紧容器。 It may comprise a receptacle in a rigid inflatable bladders components, the bladder through a control valve fluidly connected to a pressure source, for selectively clamping the container. 在另一优选的变化中,一个具有一个封闭底端的柔性套筒包围着位于一个刚性部件中的容器的一部分,在刚性部件中的一个夹紧装置穿过套筒有选择地夹紧容器,万一一个容器破裂,套筒可以有利地防止碎片。 In another preferred variation, a closed bottom end having a flexible sleeve surrounds a portion of the container is a rigid member, a rigid clamping means through the sleeve member is selectively gripping the container, Wan eleven rupture the sleeve may advantageously prevent debris.

本发明的系统可以适用于许多试样,并且一般适用于生物试样,例如,人体血样。 The system of the present invention can be applied to a number of samples, and generally applicable to biological sample, e.g., human blood. 但是,它也可适用于非生物试样。 However, it is also applicable to non-biological sample. 分析仪一般地,该系统包括两个分析仪,即,一个单一的工作台离心机可以服务于两个分析仪。 Analyzer Generally, the system includes two analyzers, i.e., a single stage centrifugal analyzers can serve two. 但是,该系统也可使用一个分析仪或多于两个的分析仪。 However, the system also may use one or more than two analyzer analyzer. 一般地,每个分析仪包括一个用于对一个试样有选择地完成至少两种不同的分析的装置,和一个与中心控制器连通的分析仪控制器,因此,中心控制器可以指令分析仪控制器对每个试样进行什么分析。 Generally, each analyzer comprises a means for performing at least one sample of two different analytes are selectively used, and a controller analyzer in communication with the central controller, and therefore, the central controller can command analyzer What analysis controller for each sample. 每个分析仪也包括一个输出系统,用于向中心控制器的存储器提供分析结果。 Each analyzer also includes an output system for providing results to the memory hub controller. 一般地,每个分析仪的输出系统有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器提供分析仪可获得的信息,并且中心控制器具有用于有选择地确定将要分析的每个试样由哪个分析仪进行分析的装置。 Generally, the output of each analyzer system has an output means for providing information to the analyzer available the central controller, and having a central controller for selectively determined for each sample to be analyzed by the analyzer which means for analysis.

一个典型的分析仪具有相对的侧部、一个前部、一个顶部和一个后部,顶部上具有分析装置并且使用者可从前部接近。 A typical analyzer having opposing sides, a front portion, a rear portion and a top, the top of the analytical device and the user may close the front portion. 优选地,工作台接近于分析仪的一个侧部,而对分析仪的前部不会有任何妨碍。 Preferably, the table is close to one side portion of the analyzer, the analyzer of the front portion without any prejudice. 工作台有一个前部、一个后部和相对的侧部,并且优选地,工作台的后部靠近分析仪的侧部。 Table has a front portion, a rear portion and opposite side portions, and preferably the rear portion, adjacent to the lateral portion of the table analyzer. 当使用离心机的时候,优选地它接近于工作台的一个侧部。 When using a centrifuge, preferably it is close to one side portion of the table. 当使用两个分析仪的时候,优选地它们背靠背,工作台的后部接近于每个分析仪的一个侧部。 When using these two analyzers, preferably they rear back to back, close to a side portion of the table each analyzer.

在一个典型的分析仪中,分析仪具有一个基座以及一个位于基座上的支架,支架具有一个顶板。 In a typical analyzer, the analyzer having a base and one in a bracket having a top plate on the base. 优选地,分析仪自动臂位于顶板上,以使它处于静止位置时不会造成妨碍。 Preferably, the automatic analyzer arm is located on the top plate, so that it is not obstructive in the rest position. 沿着顶板可以有一个自动臂通道以及一个用于沿着自动臂通道移动自动臂的驱动装置,自动臂有一个轨道配合部件。 Along the top panel may have a robotic arm and a passageway for passage along the drive means for automatically moving the boom arm, the robotic arm has a track mating member. 一个延伸臂从轨道配合部件沿着与通道延伸相同的方向延伸,并且容器抓手装置与延伸臂连接。 Extension arm member extends along a channel extending in the same direction, the gripping device is connected to the container and extending from the track with the arm. 优选地,延伸臂是足够的长以使在轨道配合部件位于通道的端部时,自动臂不妨碍支架前工作区的机体的上部。 Preferably, the extension arm is long enough to allow an end portion located in the rail member fitted in the channel, the robotic arm does not interfere with the upper portion of the front body work area stent.

优选地,分析仪的自动臂抓手装置适合与容器夹持器配合,以便在分析仪接受位置和分析仪之间提起并运送夹持器。 Automatic gripper arms Preferably, analyzer means adapted to cooperate with the container holder in order to receive and lift positions between the analyzer and the analyzer conveying holder. 夹持器可以是扇形体,在扇形体的向上的壁上具有一对间隔开的抓手装置开口,抓手装置具有相对延伸的钩形末端,以便通过各个抓手装置开口与壁部的一个底表面配合。 The holder may be a segment having a pair of spaced-apart gripper means upwardly opening wall segments of the gripper means has a hook end opposite extending through the respective gripper means to a wall portion of the opening mating the bottom surface. 在另一优选的变化中,夹持器具有一个直立的柄部件,柄部件包括一个弹性部件并具有一个柱形,以便有助于抓手装置相对于夹持器一段竖直位置有效地抓紧夹持器。 In another preferred variation, the holder having an upstanding handle member, the handle member comprises a resilient member and having a cylindrical, in order to facilitate the gripping device with respect to the vertical position of the effective period of the holder grip the clamp holder. 这里所用的“柱形”意味着具有一个由一条直线形成的表面,这条直线与一个参考轴线平行。 As used herein, "cylindrical" means having a surface formed by a straight line, this line is parallel to a reference axis. 输送系统输送系统(ⅰ)将容器输送到离心机接受器、分析仪和去顶盖系统以及从它们那里运走;(ⅱ)将接受器运到平衡系统和离心处理系统以及从它们那里运走;以及(ⅲ)将容器运送到分类系统。 Delivery system of the delivery system (i) transporting the vessel to a centrifuge receptacle, and to cover the analyzer system and transported away from them; (ii) the balance of the system and transported to a receptacle centrifugal processing system, and transported away from them ; and (iii) transporting the container to the classification system. 输送系统有一个与中心控制器连通的控制器,以便中心控制器可以指挥输送系统。 Conveying system has a controller in communication with the central controller so that the controller can command the central conveyor system.

在一个优选系统中,输送系统包括至少两个自动臂。 In a preferred system, the delivery system comprises at least two robotic arm. 每个分析仪具有一个自动臂用于运送容器到和离开分析仪,并且工作台有一个自动臂用于其它运送功能。 Each analyzer has a robotic arm for transporting containers to and from the analyzer, and the bench has a robotic arm used for other transport functions.

优选地,工作台自动臂包括:(ⅰ)一个位于工作台上的纵向轨道,(ⅱ)一个可沿着工作台轨道定位的基架,轨道在接近工作台的相对端部之间延伸并且近似地横向居中,(ⅲ)一个可控制地旋转支承的锥形头,(ⅳ)一个可控制地旋转支承在锥形头的上臂,(ⅴ)一个可控制地旋转支承在上臂的一个端部的下臂,(ⅵ)一个可控制地旋转支承在下臂的一个端部的肘节头,以及(ⅶ)一个可旋转控制地被支承在一个抓手装置轴上的抓手装置头部。 Preferably, the robotized arm comprises a stage: (i) located in a longitudinal track of the table, (ii) a stage may be positioned along the rail base frame extending between the rails near the opposite ends of the table and approximately laterally centered, (iii) a controllably rotatably supported conical head, (iv) a controllably rotatable arm supported on one end portion of the tapered head, (ⅴ) a controllably rotatable supported at the upper arm a lower arm, a first end of the toggle portion (vi) a controllably rotatable support of the lower arm, and (vii) a rotatable control means is supported in a gripper shaft head gripper means. 抓手装置头部具有一对从其上延伸出的抓手装置指,它随着触觉反馈可控制地向着抓手装置轴的相对侧部运动和远离抓手装置轴的相对侧部,以便有选择地抓紧和运送其上的容器和夹持器。 The gripping device has a pair of head grippers extending therefrom apparatus means that the gripper means with the haptic shaft toward the side opposite the side opposite the gripping device away from the axis of motion and feedback may be controlled, so that there selectively gripping and transport container and the holder thereon. 优选地,抓手装置头部包括一个光学头部传感器,用于探测位于接近抓手装置指的物体。 Preferably, the gripping device comprises a head optical sensor head for detecting a finger gripping device located near the object. 头部传感器能包括一个光源部分和一个光接受器部分,并具有接近于抓手装置轴汇聚的各个光源和接受器轴,这些轴优选地相对于抓手装置轴与抓手装置指成近似的正交关系,以便探测在抓手装置指之间有一个容器部分或夹持器端部进入。 The sensor head can include a light source section and a light receptacle section, and each having a light source and a receiver is close to the shaft axis gripper means convergence, preferably the shafts with respect to the gripper means and the gripper means refers to the axis of approximately an orthogonal relationship, so as to detect the gripper means have means between a container portion or end portions into the holder.

优选地,自动臂装有一个标记扫描仪,用于读取容器标记和夹持器标记以便识别。 Preferably, an automatic arm equipped with a tag scanner, for reading the container and the holder tag marker to identify. 标记扫描仪相对于一个扫描轴运行,扫描仪优选地安装到自动臂的上臂上使扫描轴从接近于锥形头的上部向下和向外地取向,以便在抓手装置指在标记附近时读取水平和垂直取向的标记。 Tag scanner scan axis with respect to a run, the scanner is preferably attached to a robotic arm on the arm from the axis of the scanning head near the upper portion tapered downwardly and outwardly oriented so that the gripper means reading means in the vicinity of marker take the horizontal and vertical alignment mark.

优选地,锥形头可绕着面位显示轴移动大于180度的角度,并且基架可移动到接近于工作台的相对端部,以方便运输大体上位于工作台上任何位置的容器和夹持器。 Preferably, the tapered head may be displayed around the face of the bit axis is greater than 180 degrees, the base frame and movable to close opposite ends of the table, in any position of the container to facilitate transportation and substantially at the table clamp holder. 此外,抓手装置头部可优选地与工作台成伸出关系的安置,以便接近一个外部处理台。 In addition, the gripping device head may preferably be arranged with the table to a projecting relationship, in order to access an external processing station.

中心控制器通过夹持器跟踪容器所处的位置是必要的。 The central controller tracks by which the container holder position is necessary. 因此,优选地,标记读取器可以读取夹持器识别标记,读取器输出部件向中心控制器提供夹持器识别标记,以便根据各自的夹持器来跟踪容器。 Thus, preferably, mark reader reads the identification tag holder, an output member to provide the reader holder identifying indicia to the central controller, in order to track the container according to the respective holder.

在本发明的另一方面,一个离心机系统包括若干个接受器;离心机具有主轴组件、使主轴组件转位以自动装卸接受器的离心机控制器;以及电驱动盖;平衡系统;以及用于在平衡系统和离心机之间运送容器和接受器的输送系统。 In another aspect of the present invention, a centrifuge system including a plurality of receptacles; centrifuge having a spindle assembly, the spindle assembly to the autoloader indexable receptacle centrifuge controller; and an electric drive cover; balance system; and with shipping the container to a delivery system and a receiver system and the balance between the centrifuge.

用于离心机接受器的一个优选平衡系统包括上述标记的平衡系统,其中位于接受器中的容器的位置与它们的重量有关,以便对称装载每个接受器。 A preferred system for balancing the centrifuge receptacle comprising the mark of the balance system, wherein the container receptacle in a position related to their weight, so that symmetrical loads each receptacle.

根据本发明的一个优选去顶盖装置包括上述的去顶盖系统,它包括去掉螺纹盖的能力。 According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the cover means comprises a cover to the above-described system, including the ability to remove the screw cap.

装有将要分析的试样的试管具有不同的高度和不同的直径。 The tubes containing the samples to be analyzed have different heights and different diameters. 因此,夹持器和离心机接受器优选地装有弹性指。 Thus, the clamp and the centrifuge receptacle is preferably provided with resilient fingers.

在使用工作台的过程中,工作台有可能与分析仪没有对齐,以至分析仪自动臂不能足够地夹紧装有用于分析的容器的夹持器,和/或不正确地将装有已分析过的试样运送到工作台。 In the process of using the table, the table is not possible to align the analyzer, the analyzer as well as the boom is not sufficiently grip the container with the holder for analysis and / or correctly analyzed with sample had transported to the table. 因此,优选地,工作台上保持着夹持器以便运送到分析仪或由分析仪接受的位置装有一个调节装置,以便独立地使这些位置对齐,而不用移动分析仪或工作台。 Thus, preferably, maintain the table for delivery to the holder received by the analyzer or analyzer equipped with a position adjusting means, so as to independently align these positions, without moving the workbench or the analyzer. 调节装置包括一个可旋转和可平移的平台,在平台上具有至少一个夹持器位置;以及一个夹紧驱动装置,用于有选择地保持平台位于工作台上一个固定的位置。 Adjusting means comprises a platform rotatable and translatable, having at least one position on the gripper platform; and a clamp driving means for selectively holding the platform is in a fixed position on the table. 使用该系统的方法根据本发明的一个方法使用该系统。 The method of using the system in accordance with one method of using the system of the present invention. 在本发明的方法中,用于按照容器识别标记处理每个容器的指令储存在中心控制器的存储器中。 In the method of the present invention, for marking each container processing instructions stored in the memory of the central controller in accordance with the container identification. 探测系统中存在一个夹持器并向中心控制器发出信号。 A holder presence detection system and signals the central controller. 容器识别标记被读取并也向中心控制器发出信号。 Container identification mark is read and also send a signal to the central controller. 容器按照存储器中的指令通过自动臂被运送到若干个分类位置。 Container in accordance with instructions in the memory to be transported to a plurality of positions by Category robotic arm. 选定的试样被分类,并被有选择地离心处理、去顶盖和分析。 The selected sample is classified, and optionally centrifuged to cover and analysis.

为了对选定的试样进行离心处理,装有选定试样的容器按照处理指令被运送到离心机接受器并通过工作台自动臂装入一个选定的接受器。 For the selected sample is centrifuged, with the selected sample container is transported to a centrifuge according to the processing instructions loaded into the receptacle and the receptacle by a selected stage robotic arm. 装有容器的接受器随后被平衡,例如,通过采用具有相等装载位置数的对称装载方式装载成对的接受器,和/或在需要另外重量的接受器中装入“平衡”试管。 A container containing the receptacle is then balanced, for example, by using a symmetrical manner with equal loading of the loading position of loading the number of pairs of the receptacle, and / or require additional weight of the charged acceptor "balance" in the test tube. 被平衡的接受器被装入离心机,容器按照来自中心控制器的指令以一个速度被离心处理一段时间。 Balanced centrifuge receptacle is charged, in accordance with an instruction from the center of the container at a speed controller is centrifuged for some time. 通过停住离心机、将离心机转位到选定的卸料位置,并根据来自中心控制器的信号通过自动臂从离心机中取出接受器,从而为离心机卸载。 Stopped by centrifuge, the centrifuge discharge position to a selected position, and remove the signal from the central controller via the robotic arm from the centrifuge receptacle, so as to unload the centrifuge.

在分析过程中,每个分析仪向中心控制器提供分析仪可获得的信息,并且中心控制器确定将要进行分析的每个试样由哪个分析仪进行分析。 During the analysis, each analyzer analyzer to provide information to the central controller can be obtained, and the central controller determines each sample to be analyzed by the analysis which the analyzer.

因此,在本发明的系统和方法中,用于分析的试样的样品准备是自动进行的。 Thus, the system and method of the present invention, the sample for analysis sample preparation is carried out automatically. 而且,该系统可以与现有装置一起使用,即,现有分析仪通过使它们具有一个自动臂和与一个中心控制器信息连通的改进能够被使用。 Furthermore, the system may be used with the conventional apparatus, i.e., prior the analyzer by a robotic arm thereof and having a central controller and improvement information can be used in communication. 而且,该系统能够识别和快速处理STAT样品。 Further, the system can quickly recognize and process STAT samples. 此外,该系统使手工处理试样最少化。 In addition, the system enables manual handling of the sample is minimized. 这可以减少接触生物样品所引起的健康危害和污染试样的危险。 This can reduce the risk of sample contamination and health hazards contacting the biological sample caused.

附图从下面的描述、权利要求和附图中可以更好地理解本发明的各种特征、方面和优点,其中:图1是根据本发明的一个系统的立体图,包括一个工作台、一个离心机和两个分析仪;图2A-2C是采用图1的系统处理容器的步骤的流程图;图2A用于一个处理监控装置,图2B用于图2A的监控装置的离心处理子系统,图2C用于图2A的监控装置的分析子系统; BRIEF from the following description, claims and drawings may be better understood with the various features of the invention, aspects, and advantages, of which: FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a system according to the present invention, including a table, a centrifugal and two analyzers machine; Figures 2A-2C is a flowchart of the system of Figure 1 using a processing vessel; FIG. 2A for a process monitoring device, FIG. 2B centrifugal processing subsystem for the monitoring device of FIG. 2A, FIG. 2C analysis subsystem for the monitoring device of Figure 2A;

图2D显示了图2A的系统处理控制器如何控制工作台、分析仪和离心机;图3A-3E是工作台、分析仪和离心机的不同布置的平面图;图3F是本发明的工作台和离心机与一个传送机系统一起使用的平面图;图3G是本发明的分析仪与一个传送机系统一起使用的平面图;图4是图1的工作台的平面图;图5与图4类似,是图1的工作台的示意图,显示了用于固定夹持器的定位销的位置和用于探测夹持器的探测器的位置;图6A-6C显示了用在图5的工作台上的定位销的不同形式;图7是图5的工作台的局部剖视图,显示了一个用于探测存在一个夹持器的探测器;图8A是用于本系统的一个扇形体的立体图,并显示了工作台的定位销如何与扇形体连接;图8B和8C是图8A的扇形体的俯视图和仰视图;图8D是显示图8A的扇形体的另一结构的局部立体图;图9A和9B分别是用于本发明的系统的一个 FIG 2A to FIG 2D show how the process controller controls the stage system, and the analyzer centrifuge; FIGS. 3A-3E are plan views of different arrangements of the table, and the analyzer centrifuge; FIG 3F is a table of the present invention and plan view of a centrifuge for use with a conveyor system; FIG. 3G is a plan view of the analyzer used in conjunction with a conveyor system according to the present invention; FIG. 4 is a plan view of the table of FIG. 1; FIG. 5 is similar to FIG. 4, is a view 1 is a schematic table showing the position of the positioning pin for fixing the holder and a detector for detecting holder; FIG. 6A-6C show a positioning pin used in the operation table of FIG. 5 different forms; FIG. 7 is a partial cross-sectional view of the table of FIG. 5, showing a detector for detecting the presence of a holder; FIG. 8A is a perspective view of a segment used in the system and displays the table how a positioning pin connected to the segment; Figures 8B and 8C are a top view and a bottom view of a sector of FIG. 8A; Fig. 8D is a partial perspective view of another configuration of a segment of FIG. 8A displayed; FIGS. 9A and 9B are a a system according to the present invention 架的俯视图和侧视图;图9C和9D是图9A和9B的支架的插入部分的分解图和局部侧剖视图;图10A是一个位于本发明系统的离心机主轴箱托板中的接受槽的俯视图;图10B是图10A中的接受槽的侧视图;图10C是图10A中的接受槽的仰视立体图,显示了离心机托板的另一种结构;图11A-11D显示了对于根据本发明的离心机接受槽的不同装载方式;图12A是图1的工作台的运送位置调节装置的俯视图;图12B是沿着图12A中的线12B-12B截取的调节装置的剖面图;图13A-13D是图1的工作台的自动臂的细节,图13A是一个立体图;图13B是显示自动臂相对于图1的工作台的一个运动范围的平面图;图13C是自动臂的一个抓手装置头部和一个光学头部传感器的局部分解立体图;图13D是与图13C相同的立体图,显示了光学传感器的另一结构;图14A和14B是图1的系统的一个分析仪的主视图和侧视图,图14 A top view and a side view of the holder; FIG. 9C and 9D is an exploded view of an insertion portion of the stent 9B and a partial side sectional view of FIG. 9A; FIG. 10A is a plan view of a positioned according to the present invention, centrifuges headstock pallet receiving groove ; FIG. 10B is a side view of FIG receiving groove 10A; FIG. 10C is a bottom perspective view of the receiving groove in FIGS. 10A, showing another configuration pallet centrifuge; FIGS. 11A-11D shows that for the present invention. different ways centrifuge loaded receiver tank; FIG. 12A is a plan view of the device of FIG. 1 transport position adjustment table; FIG. 12B is a sectional view taken along line 12B of FIG. 12A-12B, taken adjusting device; FIGS. 13A-13D details of the robotic arm is a table of FIG. 1, FIG. 13A is a perspective view; FIG. 13B is a plan view of a robotic arm relative to the range of motion of the table of FIG. 1; FIG. 13C is a gripper head arm means for automatically and a partial exploded perspective view of an optical sensor head; FIG. 13D is a perspective view similar to FIG 13C, the showing another configuration of the optical sensor; FIGS. 14A and 14B are a front view and a side view of the analyzer of the system of Figure 1, 14 B是沿着图14A中的线14B-14B截取的;图15A-15G显示了图14A的分析仪自动臂的一个抓手装置部分的细节,15A和15B是主视图和右侧视图;图15C是与图15B的右侧视图,图中抓手装置部分下降与一个扇形体配合;图15D和15E是沿着图15A的线15D-15D的截面图;图15E显示了与一个扇形体的配合;以及图15G是显示抓手装置部分另一结构的一个立体图;图16A是图1的系统的一个离心机的局部前视立体图;图16B是一个局部细节后视立体图,显示了图16A的离心机装置的一个入口小门的另一结构;图16C是一个细节立体图,显示了图16B的入口小门的一个驱动装置;图16D和16E是图16B的离心机装置的一个图示方框图和一个电路方框图;图16F是图16B的离心机装置的一个电路接口组件的放大电路图;图16G是图16B的离心机装置的一个计算机程序的流程图;图17A和17B分别是图1的系统的平衡子系统 B is taken along the 14B-14B line of FIG. 14A; FIG. 15A-15G show the details of one portion of the gripping device arms automatic analyzer of FIG. 14A, 15A and 15B are a front view and a right side view; FIG. 15C is a right side view of FIG. 15B, FIG gripper means with a portion dropped mating segment; FIGS. 15D and 15E are sectional views along 15D-15D line in FIG. 15A; FIG. 15E shows a segment mating with ; and Figure 15G is a perspective view of another configuration of the gripping device portion of the display; FIG. 16A is a front perspective view partially a centrifuge system of FIG. 1; FIG. 16B is a view after a partial detail perspective view showing a centrifugal FIG. 16A another structure of a machine door entry device; FIG. 16C is a detail perspective view showing an entrance door driving apparatus of FIG. 16B; FIG. 16D and FIG. 16E is a centrifuge device 16B is a block diagram illustrating a and a circuit block diagram; FIG. 16F is an enlarged circuit diagram showing a circuit interface component of the centrifuge apparatus of FIG. 16B; FIG. 16G is a computer program flowchart of the centrifuge apparatus of Figure 16B; 17A and 17B are balanced by the system of FIG. 1 subsystem 一个俯视图和一个侧视图;图18A是图1的系统的去顶盖子系统的立体图;图18B是显示工作台上的图18A的去顶盖子系统的平面图;图18C是显示图18A的去顶盖系统的一部分的另一结构的立体图;图18D和18E是图18C的去顶盖系统部分的侧剖面图和仰视图;图18F是图18A的去顶盖系统部分的另一接受器部分的局部侧视图; A top plan view and a side view; FIG. 18A is a perspective view of the sub-system to the cap of FIG. 1; FIG. 18B is a graph showing a table of FIG. 18A to cover a plan view subsystem; FIG. 18C is a cap. 18A to FIG. a perspective view of another part of the configuration of a system; Fig. 18D and 18E are diagrams to cover a side sectional view of the system of 18C and a bottom portion; Figure 18F is a fragmentary portion of the receptacle to another portion of the roof system of FIG. 18A side view;

图19是图1的系统的一个气动子系统的示意图;图20A和20B是图1的系统的一个工作台平台的分解立体图和侧视图;图21是工作台的一个防护罩的一个门部分的局部截面图;描述系统综述参看图1、2、4、8A、9A和10A,根据本发明的一个系统10包括:一个工作台100、一个离心机装置1000和至少一个分析仪2000,一般是标明为2000A和2000B的两个分析仪,这些作为本系统的主要组成部分。 FIG 19 is a schematic diagram of a pneumatic system subsystem of FIG. 1; FIGS. 20A and 20B in FIG. 1 is a system table and an exploded perspective view of the platform side; FIG. 21 is a gate portion of a shield table a partial sectional view; Summary of the system described with reference to FIG. 1,2,4,8A, 9A and 1OA, a system according to the present invention includes: a stage 100, a centrifuge device 1000 and 2000 the at least one analyzer, generally designated 2000A and 2000B of two analyzers, such as the main components of the system. 由一个操作者在工作台100装上容器12,例如试管102(参看图8)。 By an operator on the table 100 attached to the container 12, for example a test tube 102 (see FIG. 8). 试管102上带有识别标记,即一个条形码104和一个顶盖103。 An identification mark on the tube 102, i.e., a bar code 104 and a cap 103. 容器一般放在一个夹持器14,例如一个扇形体300(图8A)或一个试管支架600(图9A)中。 Containers are typically placed in a holder 14, such as a segment 300 (FIG. 8A) or in a test tube holder 600 (FIG. 9A). 为了进行离心处理,容器12一般被转移到接受器或接受槽1200(图10A)。 For centrifugation, the container 12 is generally transferred to a receptacle or receiving slot 1200 (FIG. 10A).

如图2A所示,系统10的一个处理监控装置200包括一个探测输入步骤202,用于探测在工作台100的输入位置16(图4)的容器12的存在。 A process monitoring device, the system 200 of FIG. 2A 10 comprises an input detecting step 202, for detecting the input position on the table 16 (FIG. 4) of the container 100 in the presence of 12. 在一个容器选择步骤204中,被探测的容器12被选择进行处理。 In step 204 a selected container, the container 12 to be detected is selected for processing. 除了需要优先或“STAT”处理的容器外,处理是以先进先出为基础。 In addition to priority or "STAT" container processing, the processing is based on FIFO basis. 那些容器12由操作者放入工作台100上的一个优先区18内以便优先处理。 Those container 12 by an operator into a priority area 100 on the stage 18 to prioritize.

在选择了用于处理的一个容器12后,在容器识别标记读取步骤206读取容器识别标记,即条形码104,并且在处理选择步骤208基于对容器12的具体处理确定主要处理分项。 After selecting a container 12 for processing, in container identification mark reading step 206 reads the container identification mark, i.e. a bar code 104, and the processing in the selecting step 208 is determined primarily based on the specific processing sub-process container 12. 该容器然后在离心步骤210、去掉顶盖步骤212、分析步骤214和输出分类步骤216的一个或多个中进行处理。 The container is then centrifuged at step 210, the step of removing the cap 212, the processing and analysis step 214 outputs a classification step 216 or more.

对于要经过整个处理过程的试样,容器由离心步骤210送到离心子系统以便在离心机装置1000(图16A-16G)中进行离心处理。 For centrifugation in a centrifuge device 1000 (FIGS. 16A-16G) for the sample to go through the entire process, the container 210 by a centrifugation step to centrifugation subsystem. 被离心处理的容器随后在去掉顶盖步骤212中由一个去掉顶盖子系统900处理(图18A-18B)。 Are then centrifuged to remove the container cap is removed in step 212 by a cap handling subsystem 900 (FIGS. 18A-18B). 接着,去掉顶盖的试样被输送到分析步骤214以便在任何可获得的分析仪上进行分析。 Next, remove the cap of the specimen is conveyed to the analyzing step 214 for analysis on any available analyzers. 大体上,可以进行对生物料样有效的任何类型的分析,包括尿、血液和脑脊髓液的分析。 Generally, the biological material may be equally effective in any type of analysis, including urine, blood, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis of. 而且,本发明的系统10能用于工业分析,因此它不局限于生物物质。 Further, the system 10 of the present invention can be used for industrial analysis, it is not limited to biomass.

在一个或两个分析仪2000上分析之后,容器被送回到工作台100,并随后在输出分类步骤216中取出分类,其中,每个容器12被放入一个特定的夹持器14中。 After 2000 analyzes one or two analyzers, the container is sent back to the stage 100, and then outputs the sort removed classification step 216, wherein each container 12 is placed in a holder 14 in particular. 一些夹持器14用于还要进行进一步分析或处理的容器,其它的夹持器用于已完成处理的容器。 Some also holder 14 for further analysis or processing of the containers, the other gripper has completed processing for containers.

如图2A所示,容器12不必经过全部处理步骤210、2122、214和216。 2A, the container 12 without going through all of the processing steps 216 and 210,2122,214. 例如,工作台100能仅用于取出分类。 For example, the stage 100 can be removed only for classification. 另外,它能用于不需要分离和/或去掉顶盖的容器,监控装置200采用处理选择步骤208的结果以便确定后续的处理步骤。 Further, it can be used without isolation and / or removing the container lid, the monitoring result in step 208 using the process selection means 200 to determine subsequent processing steps. 例如,合适的容器12可直接送去分析并随后取出分类。 For example, a suitable container 12 may be directly sent for analysis and classification subsequently removed.

以下将详细描述的离心机装置1000设计用于将装在接受器或接受槽1200(图10A)中的容器进行离心处理。 The following detailed description of the centrifuge device is designed to 1000 contained in the container receptacle or receiving slot 1200 (FIG. 10A) is centrifuged. 每个接受槽1200装有多个将被离心处理的容器,并且离心机1000用于使多个接受槽进行离心处理,一般是四个。 Each receiving groove 1200 is equipped with a plurality of containers to be centrifuged, and the centrifuge slots 1000 for receiving a plurality of centrifugal treatment, typically four. 离心机的合适运行和避免离心机的损坏是很重要的,装在离心机中的接受槽有大体相同的重量,偏差一般是在大约10克以内。 Suitable centrifuge and avoid damage to the centrifuge run is very important, mounted in a centrifuge receiving groove substantially the same weight, generally within a deviation of about 10 grams.

离心步骤210监控大体上如图2B所示的离心子系统。 2B centrifuge subsystems shown generally in FIG centrifugation step 210 monitoring. 在离心子系统中,接受槽1200装入选定的位置,每个接受槽中的各个容器的位置存储在存储器中。 In the centrifugal subsystem, receiving groove 1200 into the selected positions, each position storing the respective container receiving slot in a memory. 接受槽以预定的顺序装入以便被近似平衡以及被需要离心处理的容器12的具体的补充物合理地许可。 Receiving groove in a predetermined order so as to be charged needs to be approximately balanced and centrifuged container permit reasonably specific supplement 12. 优选地,由一个平衡系统800(图17A,17B)监控装入过程,并且可进一步平衡接受槽1200以符合预定的公差。 Preferably, the balance system 800 a (FIG. 17A, 17B) charged with monitoring the process, and may further balancing groove 1200 to meet a predetermined acceptable tolerance. 被平衡的接受槽随后装入离心机1000、进行离心处理并被取出。 Balanced receiving groove 1000 is then loaded into a centrifuge, centrifuged and taken. 然后,再将单个的容器12从接受槽1200中取出以便进一步的处理。 Then, to remove the individual containers 12 for further processing from the receiving groove 1200.

分析步骤214监控大体上如图2C所示的分析子系统,容器12(一般是试管102)被放入扇形体300,与容器放入其中的特定扇形体对应的数据被存储在一个处理控制器500的存储器中。 Analysis step 214 analyzes the monitoring subsystem substantially as illustrated in FIG 2C, the container 12 (typically the tube 102) is placed into segments 300, into which the container body corresponding to a particular sector is stored in a data processing controller memory 500. 如图1所示,一个装有试管的扇形体300通过工作台100的一个自动臂110放在工作台100的一个运送位置106,每个分析仪都有一个运送位置106。 1, a test tube containing a transport segment 300 on the stage 100 by the position of the stage 106 an automatic arm 110 100, each analyzer 106 has a transport position. 一个分析仪自动臂2002将扇形体从运送位置106捡起并运送到一个分析仪转移位置2004。 An automatic analyzer arm segment 2002 to pick up and transported to a transfer position 2004 analyzer 106 from the transport position. 接着,分析仪2000按照来自处理控制器的处理指令分析试样,并将分析结果存储在处理控制器500的存储器中。 Next, the analyzer 2000 according to an instruction from the processing of the controller processing the analytical sample, and the analysis result stored in the processing of the memory controller 500. 然后,分析仪自动臂2002将装有分析过的试样的扇形体300从分析仪转移位置2004捡起并将它们送到工作台接受位置110。 Then, the arm 2002 automatic analyzer with the segment 300 of the analyzed sample from the analyzer to pick up and transfer them to the position of the table 2004 receiving position 110. 在工作台接受位置110的扇形体300随后由工作台自动臂700捡起以便分类。 In the receiving position the sector table 300 table 110 is then picked up by the robotic arm 700 for classification.

图2D显示了数据和运行指令信息在系统10的不同部分之间的流程图。 2D shows a flowchart of operation command information and data between different parts of the system 10. 该系统包括中心处理控制器500,它一般是一个计算机系统。 The processing system includes a central controller 500, which is typically a computer system. 例如,可以使用的计算机系统是广泛可得的32位个人计算机的工业类似物,该计算机具有在几兆位范围内的读写存储器。 For example, the computer system can be used are widely available 32-bit personal computer industry like, the read-write memory having a computer within a few megabits range. 控制器500装有一个合适的输入装置,例如,一个键盘、触摸屏、卡片读取器或另一计算机,用于将处理指令输入存储器以便根据容器识别标记处理每个容器12。 A controller 500 with suitable input device, e.g., a keyboard, a touch screen, a card reader, or another computer, for processing an input instruction memory for each container 12 in accordance with the labeling process container identification.

处理控制器500利用以工作台状态和样品识别数据形式的反馈提供用于机械控制工作台100的指令。 Process controller 500 and utilized to sample the state table identification data in the form of machine control instructions for providing feedback stage 100. 每个分析仪2000分别装有各自的控制器2008A和2008B以及用于自动臂2002的分开的控制器2010A和2010B。 Each analyzer 2000 are respectively provided with respective controllers 2008A and 2008B, and the controller for the robotic arm to separate and 2010A 2002 2010B. 分析仪控制器2008A和2008B可以是商业上可买到的工业微型计算机或处理控制器500的类似物。 The controller 2008A and 2008B analyzer may be a commercially available industrial process controller or the like, the microcomputer 500. 每个分析仪控制器2008A和2008B有一个输出连接装置,用于向中心控制器500提供来自每个分析仪的关于可利用性的信息,即分析仪是否能进行一个具体的化验以及化验结果。 Each analyzer controllers 2008A and 2008B has an output connected to means for providing information about the availability from each analyzer to the central controller 500, i.e., whether the analysis instrument can perform a particular assay and the test results. 回过来,处理控制器500对每个试样向每个分析仪2000提出化验要求以及通过对应的控制器2008A和2008B的一个输入连接装置提供运行指令。 Referring back to the process controller 500 test requests made to each analyzer 2000 pairs of each sample and providing a corresponding operation instruction through the controller 2008A and 2008B of one input means. 类似地,处理控制器500向每个分析仪自动臂控制器2010A和2010B提供不同的装载和卸载指令。 Similarly, the process controller 500 to each arm automatic analyzer controllers 2010A and 2010B to provide different loading and unloading instruction. 用于分析仪自动臂控制器2010A和2010B的合适装置可以从许多工业机器人供应商获得。 The arm controller for an automatic analyzer 2010A and 2010B suitable means may be obtained from a number of suppliers of industrial robots.

根据每个分析仪输出向中心控制器500提供的分析仪获得的信息,中心控制器选择确定哪个分析仪用于各个试样。 The information is output to each analyzer provided by the central controller 500 by the analyzer, which determines the central controller selects for each sample analyzer. 这可以通过装在控制器存储器中的软件来完成,在存储器中,软件将分析仪可获得的信息与试样所需进行的化验进行对比。 This can be done by software installed in the controller memory, in memory, the software needed for the laboratory analysis instrument information obtained compared with the sample. 分析仪可获得信息包括每个分析仪能进行什么化验以及分析仪的状态信息,例如,是否已经装入了用于特定化验的试剂以及分析仪是否有储备可用。 Analyzer information included in each available analyzer can perform the assay and what state information analyzer, e.g., whether a loaded for a particular assay whether an agent is available and the analyzer has reserves.

处理控制器500也向离心机装置1000提供机械控制指令并从离心机装置接受状态信息。 Process controller 500 also provides control instructions to a mechanical centrifuge device 1000 and receive status information from the centrifuge device.

有选择地,整个系统可与一个主计算机502连接。 Optionally, the entire system may be connected to a host computer 502. 主计算机502可与多个系统连接,每个系统包括一个工作台、一个离心机和一个或多个分析仪。 The host computer 502 may be connected to a plurality of systems, each system comprising a table, a centrifuge and one or more analyzers. 主计算机可用于对每个试样向处理控制器500输入指令,并且化验结果可由中心处理控制器500报告给主计算机502。 The host computer may be used to input instructions to the controller 500 for processing each sample, and test results reported by the central processing controller 500 to the host computer 502.

在系统的组成部分,即输出单元、输出系统单元和输入系统之间的连接装置可以是现有的数据连接件,例如,与电缆、总母线、和诸如IR传输或直接硬导线的数据传输装置相互连接的RS232连接器。 In the composition of the system, i.e. the connection between the output unit, the input system and output system unit may be an existing data connection, e.g., a data transmitting device and a cable, the total bus, such as IR and direct hard-wire transmission or interconnecting RS232 connector. 系统部件布置如图1所示,工作台100包括一个具有一个平台顶面114的平台112。 The system components shown in FIG. 1 arrangement, a table 100 includes a platform having a top surface 114 of the platform 112. 工作台有一个前部或输入部116、一个后部或分析仪部118和两个相对的侧部120。 There is a table 116 or the front portion, a rear portion or the input analyzer 118 and two opposite side portions 120. 前部具有放置夹持器14的放置位置,夹持器14用于存放将要处理的容器12、已经完成了处理的容器和已被部分地处理了的容器。 Having a front portion disposed to place the holder 14, the holder 14 for storage container 12 to be processed, the processing has been completed and the container has been partly processed container. 沿着平台的中部是一个供自动臂700使用的导轨704。 It is a central platform along the guide rail 700 for use by robotic arm 704.

该系统适于与多种结构的夹持器14一起使用。 The system is suitable for use with the holder 14 of various structures. 例如,它能用于如图8A、8B和8C所示的扇形体300,该扇形体可存放少量的试管102。 For example, it can be used FIG. 8A, the segments 300 8B and 8C, which is a small segment of the tube 102 can be stored. 扇形体300尤其适用于需要经过同样处理的容器。 Segment 300 is particularly suitable for the container to go through the same process. 如下详述,自动臂700具有抓手装置726,抓手装置726不仅用于抓起单个的容器12而且还抓起扇形体300,结果,能运输一组容器12以便同时进行各种处理步骤。 As detailed below, robotic arm 700 having a gripper device 726, the gripping device 726 is not only for the individual grabs the container 12 and also grabbed segment 300, a result, a group of containers 12 can be transported to various processing steps simultaneously. 工作台100也能与支架600一起使用,如图9所示,该支架能存放多个容器。 Table 100 can also be used together with the holder 600, shown in FIG. 9, the holder can store a plurality of containers. 一般是试管102的容器12一个接一个地从支架600中取出用于处理。 The container 102 is generally test tube 12 one by one taken out from the holder 600 for processing. 优选地,支架600放得比扇形体300更接近自动臂导轨704,以有助于提高和增大系统的处理能力。 Preferably, the bracket 600 than the discharge segment 300 is closer to the guide rails 704 automatically arms to help improve and increase system capacity. 在工作台100的分析仪部118,有装有容器的扇形体300,用于向分析仪2000输送或接受来自分析仪2000的容器。 In the table 118 of the analyzer portion 100, with fan-shaped container body 300 for delivering or receiving containers from the analyzer 2000 to 2000 analyzer.

如图1所示,工作台自动臂700优选地居中地位于平台112上,以便容易接近平台的前输入部116和分析仪部118。 As illustrated, robotic arm 700 is preferably located centrally table on the platform 112, an input portion so as to easily close to the front portion 116 and analyzer platform 118. 而且,离心机1000优选地安装在工作台100的一个侧部120处,以便操作者能接近平台112的前部或输入部116的全部长度,后部或分析仪部118保留供分析仪2000进入。 Further, centrifuge 1000 is preferably mounted at a side portion of the stage 100 120, so that the operator can close the entire length of the rear portion or the front portion of the analyzer of the platform 112 or the input 116 of the analyzer 118 are reserved for entering 2000 .

在图1的布置中,分析仪2000以使它们的侧部接近、优选地是毗连工作台100的方式安装,并使两个分析仪2000背靠背。 In the arrangement of Figure 1, the analyzer 2000 that their portions close to the side, preferably the stage 100 is mounted adjacent embodiment, the analyzer 2000 and two back to back. 在图1的结构中,工作台100不会妨碍任何一个分析仪的运行,并且任何一个分析仪也不会妨碍工作台的运行。 In the configuration of FIG. 1, the table 100 does not interfere with the operation of any analyzer and any analyzer does not prevent operation table. 此外,位于工作台一个端部的离心机1000也不妨碍分析仪和工作台。 In addition, one end portion located between the table centrifuge analyzer 1000 and the table is not disturbed. 分析仪大体上是相同的,区别在于一个分析仪(2000A)“在右边装备”它的自动臂2002A,以到达工作台100的右边,第二个分析仪2000B“在左边装备”它的自动臂2002B,以到达工作台100的左边。 Analyzers are substantially the same, except that an analyzer (2000A) "on the right equipment" 2002A its robotic arm, the right to reach the stage 100, a second analyzer 2000B "on the left equipment" its robotic arm 2002B, to reach the left side of the table 100.

图3A是图1所示系统的布置的俯视图。 3A is a plan view of the arrangement of the system 1 shown in FIG. 另外可能的布置如图3B-3F所示。 Further possible arrangement as shown in FIG. 3B-3F. 图3B的布置与图3A的布置相同,除了离心机1000放在由工作台100和两个分析仪2000形成的一个U形空间中并紧靠两个分析仪的底部2012的后部2020。 3B, the arrangement of FIG. 3A the same arrangement, in addition to a U-shaped space of the centrifuge 100 and 1000 on the stage of formation of two analyzers 2000 and 2012 against the bottom of the rear portion 2020 of the two analyzers.

在图3C所示的本发明的形式中,布置与图3B所示的布置相同,除了第二分析仪2000B紧靠着工作台100远离第一分析仪的那一端放置。 In the form of the invention shown in FIG. 3C, the arrangement shown in FIG. 3B the same arrangement, and that a first end disposed away from the stage 100 except that the second analyzer 2000B against the analyzer.

在图3D的布置中,两个分析仪2000放置在工作台100的相对侧,从而形成一个“十”字形,右侧分析仪2000A紧靠工作台的后部118,左侧分析仪2000B紧靠工作台100的前部116。 In the arrangement of Figure 3D, the two analyzers 2000 placed on opposite sides of the table 100, thereby forming a "ten", the right side of the analyzer 2000A abuts the rear table 118, abuts against the left side of the analyzer 2000B stage of the front portion 116,100. 离心机1000如图3A的布置一样位于工作台的一个端部。 Centrifuge arrangement 1000 shown in FIG. 3A as located at one end of the table.

图3E的布置类似于图3D的布置,除了两个分析仪2000安放在工作台100的离心机端而不是在工作台的中部。 FIG. 3E 3D arrangement similar arrangement, except that two analyzers 2000 placed in the centrifuge stage 100 rather than an end in the middle of the table. 图3E的布置与图3D的布置相比的优点在于,工作台的输入侧不被任何分析仪所妨碍。 FIG. 3E arrangement disposed advantage over FIG. 3D, the inlet side of the table is not hindered by any analyzer.

从这些不同的布置可以看出,可以安装工作台和离心机1000以使它们不妨碍接近任何一个分析仪。 As can be seen from these different arrangements, and can install the centrifuge stage 1000 so that they do not inhibit access to any analyzer.

本发明的工作台和离心机不局限于如图3A-3E所示的直接连同分析仪一起使用。 Bench centrifuge and the present invention is not limited to direct, together with the analyzer shown in FIG. 3A-3E is used together. 而且,它们能与包括一个传送机126的传送机系统一起使用,如图3F和3E所示。 Moreover, they can be used with the conveyor system comprises a conveyor 126, as shown in FIG. 3E and 3F. 在图3E的形式中,工作台的自动臂700从传送机126上拾起一般位于扇形体中的容器,对容器进行处理,并有选择地对容器进行离心处理。 In the form of FIG. 3E, a robotic arm to pick up from the table 700 onto the conveyor 126 is generally located in a vessel segment, processing the containers, and the containers for selectively centrifugation. 随后,处理过的容器被送回到传送机126。 Subsequently, the treated vessel returned to the conveyor 126.

在图3G的形式中,传送机与分析仪2000配合,分析仪的自动臂2002将容器和/或扇形体拾起并送到传送机126。 In the form of FIG. 3G, the conveyor 2000 with the analyzer, the analyzer automatically arms the container 2002 and / or segment picked up and sent to the conveyor 126. 分析仪图1中所示的分析仪2000是由Califomia Fullerton的Beckman仪器公司提供的Synchron CX分析仪装置,可以将它进行修改或改型以便装有这里所述的自动臂2002。 Synchron CX analyzer analyzer apparatus shown in FIG analyzer 12000 Califomia Fullerton provided by the Beckman Instruments, or it can be modified to be modified with an automatic arm 2002 described herein. 如图14A和14B所示,每个分析仪2000有一个基座2012,基座具有相对的侧部2014、一个前部2016、一个顶部2018和一个后部2020。 14A and FIG, each analyzer 14B 2000 has a base 2012, base portion 2014 with opposing sides, a front portion 2016, a rear portion of a top 2018 and 2020. 顶部2018具有分析仪移动位置2004和在其上的分析装置,使用者可以从前部接近顶部2018。 Analyzer 2018 has a top 2004 and moved position analyzing device thereon, the user may be near the top of the front portion 2018. 支架2022安装在基座2012的顶部2018的后部,支架2022具有一个前工作区2024和一个顶板2026。 2022 bracket 2012 attached to the rear of the top of the base 2018, the stent 2022 having a work area 2024 and a front top plate 2026. 在顶板2026上是一个包括自动臂2002的传递机构,用于将试样从工作台100自动传递到分析仪2000,以及用于将分析后的试样从分析仪2000传递到工作台100。 In the top plate 2026 is a transfer mechanism 2002 comprises a robotic arm for automatically transfer the sample to the analyzer 100 from the table 2000, and the sample for analysis from the analyzer 2000 is transmitted to the table 100. 具有驱动装置2030的一个轨道或导轨2028延伸贯穿顶板2026,用于沿着导轨2028移动自动臂2002。 Driving means having a track 2030 or rails 2028 extend through the top plate 2026, a robotic arm moves along a guide rail 2028 2002. 自动臂2002具有一个导轨啮合部件2032和一个延伸臂2034,延伸臂2034从导轨啮合部件2032沿着轨道2028延伸的相同方向延伸。 A robotic arm 2002 having a rail engaging member extending arms 2032 and 2034, 2032 extending in the same extending arm 2034 extending in a direction along the rail engaging member 2028 from the guide rail. 从延伸臂2034的端部,有一个向前延伸臂2036,在向前延伸臂2036的端部有一个向下悬臂2038。 An arm portion extending from the end of 2034, there is a forwardly extending arms 2036, 2038 has a downwardly cantilevered forwardly extending arms at the end of 2036. 在向前延伸臂的底端是抓手装置2040。 At the bottom of the forwardly extending arm gripper device 2040.

由于有延伸臂2034,抓手装置2040能到达工作台100上的扇形体300。 Since the extending arms 2034, 2040 to reach the gripping device 300 sectors on the table 100. 而且,在“静止”状态,第一分析仪2000A的自动臂2002A不会妨碍基座2012的顶部2018和支架的前工作区,从而不会妨碍处理和操作者接近分析仪。 Further, in the "stationary" state, the first arm 2000A automatic analyzer 2002A does not interfere with the top of the front work area 2018 and a base 2012 of the bracket, so as not to interfere with handling and operator approaches the analyzer.

进一步如图15A-15F所示,每个分析仪自动臂2002的抓手装置2040由一个抓手装置传动装置2041支承,传动装置2041安装在一个托架2042上,托架刚性地固定在自动臂2002的升降部件2043上。 Further shown in FIG. 15A-15F, each gripper arm 2002 automatic analyzer device 2040 of 2041 is supported by a gripper drive means, the drive means 2041 is mounted on a carriage 2042, a bracket rigidly secured to robotic arm 2002 of 2043 on the lifting means. 一个曲柄部件2044可绕着传动装置2041的竖直轴线2045在第一和第二位置之间经过大约180度的角度移动,以便选择相反取向地将扇形体300放置在分析仪转移位置2004和工作台运送位置106上或回收其上的扇形体。 A crank gear member 2044 is rotatable about a vertical axis 2041 2045 through an angle of approximately 180 degrees to move between a first position and a second, opposite orientation so as to select the segment 300 is placed analyzer 2004 and the transfer position at work on a table 106 or recover its transport position on the segment. 一个自动钳2046安装到曲柄部件2044的一个端部末端,用于可移动地支承一对朝向外部的钩形抓手装置部件2048,每个抓手装置部件2048可插入扇形体300的各个顶部壁槽322中,以下将结合图8A-8C对扇形体300进行描述。 An automatic clamp tip 2046 mounted to an end portion of a crank member 2044 for movably supports a pair of gripper means towards the outside of the hook member 2048, each of the gripping device member 2048 may be inserted into the respective top wall segments 300 groove 322, the following in conjunction with FIGS. 8A-8C of fan 300 will be described. 这样插入以后,一旦自动钳2046启动以使抓手装置部件2048分开,抓手装置部件2048的钩形端部末端2049嵌入顶部壁306(在其上形成有槽322)的下侧。 After such insertion, once the clamp is automatically activated to grip the device 2046 member 2048 are separated, the end portion of the hook end of the gripper means 2048 member 2049 into the top wall 306 (with a groove 322 formed thereon) lower side. 而且,每个抓手装置部件2048有一个与其竖直可滑动地配合的提取器部件2050,一个竖直定向的压缩弹簧2052安放在提取器部件的上方,用于在抓手装置部件伸入槽322时在槽322之间偏压地接触顶部壁306。 Further, each of the gripping device has a member 2048 vertically slidably fitted thereto extractor member 2050, a vertically oriented compression spring 2052 placed above the extractor member, means for extending into the groove in the gripper member 322 between the groove 322 contacts the top wall 306 bias. 提取器部件2050的一个目的是确保在扇形体300被放置在一个位置时扇形体保持一个不受干扰的状态,在升降部件2043提升、撤回抓手装置部件2048的过程中,提取器保持扇形体300向下。 Extracting a component object 2050 is to ensure that the segment 300 is placed in a state of holding sectors undisturbed one position, lifting the lift member 2043, member 2048 to withdraw the gripping device in the process of extracting holder segment 300 down. 提取器部件2050的另一个目的是在分析仪抓手装置2040的操作过程中使抓手装置部件2048上的扇形体300稳定。 Another object of the extractor member 2050 is in the sector analyzer grip on the gripping device during operation member 2048 300 2040 manipulation device stability.

一个适于传动装置2041的装置可以是加拿大Tustin的SMC公司供应的型号为NCRB/BW30-180S旋转传动装置。 A means adapted to drive 2041 may be a model SMC Corporation of Tustin, Canada supplied to NCRB / BW30-180S rotary drive means. 一个适于用作自动钳2046的装置可以是纽约Hauppauge的Festo公司供应的HGP-10-A型抓手装置。 A means for automatically clamp 2046 may be suitable for use as HGP-10-A-type gripper means Hauppauge, New York supplied by Festo. 适于用作分析仪导轨2028和驱动装置2030的装置可以是加拿大Torrance的Intelligent Actuator公司供应的带有型号为SA-A竖直移动部件的型号为IS-MX-20-200-400自动定位系统。 2028 analyzer guide means and drive means 2030 may be suitable for use as the Intelligent Actuator Torrance Canadian company supplied with model numbers SA-A vertically movable member for IS-MX-20-200-400 automatic positioning system .

进一步参考图15G,可用于扇形体300'的抓手装置部件2048优选的另一结构包括一个抓手装置部件,标号为2048',用于嵌入弹性快334,以及一个辅助抓手装置部件,标号为2048”,用于夹紧扇形体300'的后壁305。工作台一个优选的工作台100或实验台的布置如图4所示。这种布置尤其适合在工作台100的右侧具有离心机1000,如图1和4所示。在平台112的输入部分116上,具有从左到右标为AO的供扇形体300使用的十五个分类位置128、以及供安放试管的支架使用的对应的十五个分类位置130A-O。供自动臂700使用的导轨沿着平台的中部延伸,从一端延伸到另一端,将平台分成输入部分116和分析仪部分118。支架比扇形体更接近导轨704,因为对于支架自动臂需要更多次的输送,支架上的容器需要一个接一个地装和卸。 With further reference to FIG. 15G, may be used to segment 300 'of the gripping device 2048 is preferably a further structural member comprises a gripper member means, reference numeral 2048', for embedding the elastic fast 334, the gripping device and an auxiliary member, reference numeral a rear wall 305. the preferred table 2048 ", for the clamping segment 300 'is arranged or bench table 100 shown in FIG 4. this arrangement is particularly suitable for the right side of the stage having a centrifuge 100 unit 1000, as shown in FIG. 1 and 4 on the input section 116 of the platform 112, from left to right with the labeled AO segment 300 for use fifteen taxonomic position 128, and placed tube holder for use rail classification corresponding fifteen positions 130A-O. robotic arm 700 for extending the use of the platform along the middle, extending from one end to the other end of the platform into input portion 116 and the analyzer 118. the holder portion is closer than the segment rails 704, since the boom needs to be delivered to the holder more times, the container holder requires a loading and unloading by one.

在扇形体和支架位置的一般分配中,输入位置16包括标为AJ的支架位置128和扇形体位置130,这里放置将要被处理的新容器(包括在位置A供“STAT”试样使用的优先区18);输出位置17包括位置N和O,这里放置已完成处理并等待从工作台100上移走的扇形体和支架;辅助区19包括位置KM,这里放置装有准备进行分析的试样的扇形体和支架,例如,由分析仪中的一个进行第一次分析的试样,或者已由一个分析仪进行了分析并准备在第二个分析仪上进行第二次分析处理的试样。 In general distribution segments and the holder position, the input position 16 comprises a bracket positions are labeled AJ 128 and segment position 130, placing a new vessel to be treated (including priority sample to be used "STAT" at location A for this region 18); N output location comprises a location 17, and O, where processing has been completed and placed waits removed from the table 100 and the bracket segments; auxiliary section 19 includes a position KM, here placed with a sample prepared for analysis the segments and the bracket, for example, by the analyzer in a first analysis of a sample, or an analyzer has been analyzed and prepared for a second analysis processing on the second analyzer sample . 应理解的是:对于输入部分116上的位置的功能的具体划分将根据分析仪的处理速率、可供使用的分析仪数目以及其它因素而改变,在支架位置128和扇形体位置130之间的分配也可以不同。 It should be understood that: the input function on the position of the specific portion 116 is divided according to the processing rate of the analyzer, the number of analyzers are available, and other factors change, a position between the stent segment 128 and the location 130 allocation may be different.

带有条形码识别标记601的支架600用于存放和/或分类试管,并作为从工作台上移走或放置大量试管的一种方法。 With a bar code identification tag holder 600 for storage and / or classification of the tube 601, and as a method of placing or removing the tube from the table of a large amount. 尽管扇形体300具有较小的容积,但它能被自动臂700和2002拾起,不仅用于处理而且可用于对多个试管同时进行分类,从而增加了工作台100的效率。 Although the segment 300 has a smaller volume, but it can be automatically picked up arm 700 and 2002, but only for processing a plurality of test tubes can be used to classify the same time, thereby increasing the efficiency of the stage 100.

图4所示的工作台适合与至少两个分析仪一起使用。 Table shown in FIG. 4 for use with at least two analyzers. 这样,在分析仪部分118的每端的一个“发射台”105具有运送位置106,用于由分析仪自动臂2002拾起扇形体;以及接受位置110,用于从自动臂2002运送装有分析过的样品的扇形体。 Thus, a portion of the analyzer 118 at each end of the "transmitter" 105 106 has a transport position, the automatic analyzer for the pick up arm segment 2002; 110 and a receiving position, for transporting the boom from 2002 equipped analyzed the sample segments. 若干个扇形体位置134环绕在发射台周围,以便供空扇形体使用,或者当输入部分装满时在高峰处理时间放置装有试样的扇形体。 A plurality of segments 134 surround the position of the transmitter, for use by using the empty sectors, partially filled, or when the input is placed at the processing time with the peak sample segments.

在分析仪侧的中部是接受器或接受槽1200、一个天平802以及平衡系统800的一个辅助支架位置804。 In the middle of the side of the analyzer is receiving receptacle or slot 1200, a scale 802 and a secondary balance system 800 of the stent 804 position. 图4显示了在天平802上有四个进行平衡的接受器或接受槽,辅助位置804具有一个供平衡试管806使用的支架,平衡试管用于平衡装有容器的接受器的重量。 Figure 4 shows the four balancing receiving groove or receptacle, auxiliary position for a balance weight 804 has a holder 806 used in test tube, a tube receptacle balance with a balance container 802 on a balance. 辅助支架位置804的右侧是去掉顶盖系统900,紧接着是四个接受器1200,它们或者是在离心处理后被取出试管,或者是装入新的试管以进行离心处理。 The position of the right auxiliary bracket 804 is to remove the cover system 900, followed by four receptacle 1200, are either removed after centrifugation in tubes, or charged to a new tube and centrifuged.

再参看图20A和20B,平台112的一个优选结构包括一个基座20,基座20具有与若干个间隔的隔板24连接的一对平行间隔的横梁部件22,隔板24各自具有支承导轨704的轨道部件26的柱形部分25。 Referring to a further preferred structure of FIG. 20A and 20B, the platform 112 includes a base 20, a base 20 having a pair of parallel cross members connected to the plurality of spaced bulkheads 24 interval 22, the separator 24 each support rail 704 has a cylindrical portion 25 of the rail member 26. 每个隔板24也在横梁部件22上装有一对柱形部件28,平台114的输入部分和分析仪部分116和118被单独地固定在各排柱形部件28的上部。 With a pair of cylindrical member 24 of each spacer 22 are cross member 28, input portion 116 and the analyzer portion 114 and the platform 118 are individually fixed to the upper cylindrical member 28 of each row. 由于具有这种结构,平台112可以作为一个紧凑的包装被方便地存放和运输,该紧凑包装包括横梁部件22、轨道部件26以及输入部分116和分析仪部分118,另一个紧凑包装包括具有柱形部件28固定到其上的隔板24。 With such structure, the platform 112 may be used as a compact package for convenient storage and transport, the compact package includes a beam member 22, the rail member 26 and an input portion 116 and the analyzer portion 118 further comprises a cylindrical compact package member 28 is fixed to the spacer 24 thereon. 共有五个隔板24,在它们之间的空间限定了四个隔间用于以方便的形式安装系统10的动力分配和电气组件。 There are five partition 24, the space between them define four compartments for installation in a convenient form of power distribution system 10 and the electrical component. 在每个端部隔板24的下部装有一对旋转小脚轮130,用于可转动地支承工作台100;以及一个可调节脚组件132向内地与每个端部间隔并安装在每个横梁部件22的下部,用于以方便的形式调节和固定平台112。 Caster provided with a pair of rotation 130 at a lower end portion of each partition plate 24 for rotatably supporting the stage 100; and an adjustable leg assembly 132 mounted on each beam and spaced inwardly from each end member portion a lower portion 22, for adjusting and fixing the platform 112 in a convenient form.

一个通常的工作台长度为约2.83m,整个宽度为约980mm,其中输入部分宽约540mm、轨道宽约145mm以及分析部分宽约440mm。 Typically a table length of about 2.83m, the entire width of about 980mm, wherein the input portion width 540mm, 145mm wide track width and an analysis section 440mm.

还是参考图1,工作台100优选地装有一个保护性的防护系统40,用于阻挡操作者进入平台顶面114上的空间。 Still referring to FIG. 1, the stage 100 is preferably provided with a protective shield system 40 for blocking the operator enters the space on the top surface of the platform 114. 防护系统40有一个框架42,在框架42上装有若干个透明壁板部件44,壁板部件44接近平台顶面114竖直地安装,防护系统40沿着后部118间断开以便清洗各个分析仪自动臂2002A和2002B。 Protection system 40 has a frame 42, with a plurality of transparent panels 42 to the frame member 44, wall member 44 near the top of the platform 114 vertically mounted protection system 40 in order to clean the respective analyzer 118 intermittently along the rear opening automatic arm 2002A and 2002B. 紧邻着离心机装置100的壁板部件,标号为44A,有一个形成在其上的气泡形延伸部分46,以便将到离心机装置1000的一个通道包括在防护系统40内。 Adjacent to the wall member 100 of the centrifuge apparatus, designated 44A, there is formed a bubble formed thereon in the extending portion 46 so as to channel a centrifuge device 1000 included in the protection system 40. 另外,再参考图21,沿着前部116的壁板部件,标号为44B,从框架42的顶部向下延伸仅仅一部分,三个透明门壁板48被支承着以便相对壁板44B的各个部分重叠地竖直移动。 Further, referring to FIG 21, the front portion 116 along the wall member, and reference numeral 44B, extending downwardly from the top portion of the frame 42 only, three transparent door panel 48 is supported so that each portion of the opposing wall 44B overlapping vertical movement. 每个门壁板48通过一个曲柄制动组件54与一个气动传动装置52的一个活塞杆50配合,传动装置52安装在框架42的顶上部。 Each door panel 4854 and a rod 50 with a pneumatic actuator 52, the actuator 52 is mounted on top of the frame portion 42 by a crank brake assembly. 一个螺线管锁闩56与每个门壁板48相结合地安装在平台114内,以便在一个关闭位置同时锁紧门壁板。 A solenoid 48 of the latch 56 in conjunction with each door panel is mounted within the platform 114 to a closed position while locked door panels. 在如图21所示的示例性的结构中,当螺线管锁闩56打开时,螺线管锁闩与形成在活塞杆50下端的间断点或狭槽58配合,锁闩56启动松开杆50。 In the exemplary configuration shown in FIG. 21, when the solenoid 56 to open the latch, the latch solenoid release formed in the discontinuous point or slot 58 with the lower end of the piston rod 50, the latch 56 starts rod 50. 门壁板48通过曲柄制动组件54依靠过量的向内力得到加强,曲柄制动组件在其上具有从动凸块60,从动凸块在壁板48的关闭位置近似地沿着平台顶面114的边缘延伸。 The door panel 48 by a crank brake assembly 54 has been strengthened to rely on excessive force, the brake assembly having a crank driven lug 60 thereon, the driven lug 48 in the closed position of the panel is approximately along the top surface of the platform extending edge 114. 在每个曲柄制动组件54的下面有一个门按钮62,用于向处理控制器500发出门需要打开的信号。 There is a gate button 54 below each crank brake assembly 62, for signaling the need to open the door to the process controller 500. 受合适的互锁和处理悬架所支配,对应的锁闩58被驱动,接着对应的气动传动装置52被启动,于是,门壁板48被提升以便操作者接近工作台100的输入部分116。 Suitable interlocks and by the suspension process dominated, corresponding to the latch 58 is driven, followed by a corresponding pneumatic actuator 52 is actuated, thus, the door panel 48 is lifted so that the operator close to the input portion 116 of the stage 100. 工作台100优选地装有两个备用止动装置64,分别接近输入部分116的每个端部,以供操作者使用。 Stage 100 is preferably provided with two alternate stop means 64, respectively, each end section near the input 116, for the operator to use.

参考图5,对于每个扇形体300提供两个扇形体定位柱或销142。 Referring to Figure 5, two segments for positioning posts or pins 142 of each segment 300. 类似地,提供两个支架定位销146用于固定工作台100上的每个支架600。 Similarly, two positioning pins 146 to brackets 600 on each support table 100 is fixed. 一个平台磁体145与平台顶面114平齐安装并与各对销子142和146保持预定关系,以便吸住如下所述的扇形体300和支架600的各个夹持器磁体330。 A magnet 145 and the platform 114 is flush with the top surface of the platform and mounted to maintain a predetermined relationship with the pair of pins 142 and 146, as described below in order to suck the individual stent segments 300 and 600 of the magnet holder 330. 而且,对于用于离心机的每个接受器或接受槽1200,在工作台100上有两个接受槽定位销144。 Also, for each receptacle for receiving a centrifuge or groove 1200 has two positioning pin receiving grooves 144 on the table 100. 图6A-6C分别显示了一个典型的扇形体销142、支架销146和接受槽销144。 Figures 6A-6C show a typical segment pin 142, pin brackets 146 and pin receiving slots 144. 选择销子的特定形状以便它们能与各自定位的装置相配合。 Selecting a particular shape of the pins can be positioned so that they cooperate with the respective device. 如这些图所示,销子的三种形式不同以防操作者将装置在工作台上错误定位。 As shown in these figures, in three different forms of pin means to prevent the operator incorrect positioning on the table. 还是如图6A-6C所示,平台114上的销子142、144和146位于一个浅凹部156中,以便限制从容器12的任何无意的洒落物。 Is shown in FIG. 6A-6C, the pin 114 on the platform 142, 144 and 146 located in a shallow recess portion 156, so as to limit any accidental spills from the container 12. 在天平802上也有与凹部156对应的凹部。 On the balance part 802 also has recesses 156 corresponding to the recessed portion. 此外,一个圆周槽158形成在平台114的前部116和后部118中并环绕着供夹持器14使用的不同位置,如图6A所示。 Further, a circumferential groove 158 formed in the front portion 116 and rear portion 118 of the platform 114 and surrounded by the holder 14 in different positions for use, shown in Figure 6A.

扇形体销142和扇形体300之间的配合如图8A所示;支架600与支架定位销144之间的配合如图9A和9B所示;离心机接受槽1200与接受槽定位销146之间的关系如图10C所示,它显示了在离心机1000的另一种结构中的销子146。 Fit between the pin 142 and the sector segments 300 shown in Figure 8A; fit between stent 600 and stent positioning pin 144 shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B; receiving groove 1200 between the centrifuge and the positioning pin receiving slot 146 the relationship is shown in FIG. 10C, which shows another structure of the pin 1000 in a centrifuge 146.

工作台装有一个探测系统,用于探测工作台上存在扇形体和支架。 Table with a detection system for detecting the presence of sectors and the support table. 在图7所示的本发明优选形式中,使用了置于稍低于工作台上表面凹处的一个传感器或笛簧接点管150。 In a preferred form of the invention shown in Figure 7, using a bench placed slightly below the surface of the recess or a sensor tube 150 contacts the reed. 每个笛簧接点管150由一个平齐安装的孔塞部件152固定,孔塞部件是可以去除以便维修和/或更换笛簧接点管150。 Each reed contacts tube 150 consists of a flush mounting plug member 152 of the fixing hole, the hole plug member can be removed for repair and / or replacement of the reed contacts tube 150. 优选地,笛簧接点管150的电路带有合适的连接件(未显示)以便有助于更换笛簧接点管150而不需到达平台顶面114的下部。 Preferably, the circuit of the reed contacts tube 150 with a suitable connector (not shown) to facilitate replacement of the reed contacts tube 150 without reaching the lower surface 114 of the top platform. 笛簧接点管150的位置如图5所示。 The position of the reed contacts tube 150 shown in FIG. 5. 可以通过提供带有磁体的扇形体、支架和接受槽来启动笛簧接点管,磁体的强度要足够强以启动笛簧接点管。 By providing segments having a magnet, the holder and the receiving vessel to initiate the reed contacts tube, the strength of the magnet to be strong enough to start the reed contacts tube. 此外,也可使用其它探测系统,包括重量系统,其中探测器通过重量来探测一个扇形体或类似物的存在;或者一个依靠电流的探测系统,其中一个扇形体或支架的存在接通一个电路以便测出电流;或者一个光学中断器,其中该装置断开一个光路径。 In addition, other detection systems may also be used, including the weight of the system, wherein the detector to detect the presence of a fan or the like by the weight; or rely on a current detection system wherein the presence of a stent segment or a circuit for turning on the measured current; or an optical interrupter, wherein the device opens a light path.

如图8A、8B和8C所示的示例性的扇形体包括一个具有一个凸形前壁302、一个凹形后壁304、一个底壁308和侧壁310的基体301。 FIG 8A, 8B and 8C exemplary quadrant shown includes a front wall 302 having a convex shape, a concave rear wall 304, a bottom wall 308 and base 301 side walls 310. 一个顶部315极容易地安装在基体301上并包括一个顶部壁306,顶部壁306从基体的侧壁310的部分向后和向外地延伸。 A top electrode 315 is easily mounted on the base 301 and includes a top wall 306, a top wall 306 extending from a side wall portion of the base 310 rearwardly and outwardly. 侧壁310交错排列以便清洗工作台100的扇形体定位销142,从而形成一个突出部分318,突出部分318上有两个容纳销子142的孔320。 Side walls 310 are staggered in order to clean the table segment 100 positioning pin 142, thereby forming a projecting portion 318, there are two protruding pins 142 of the receiving hole 320 on the portion 318. 沿着前壁302是用于容纳试管102的管形腔314,在如图所示的形式中有七个这种腔。 Along front wall 302 for receiving the tubular chamber 314 of the tube 102, there are seven in this chamber in the form shown in FIG. 它们从顶部壁306延伸并能通过底部壁308排出液体。 They extend from the top wall 306 and bottom wall 308 is discharged through the liquid. 每个腔的前部有一个狭槽316以便条形码读取器读取在试管102前部上的条形码104。 The front portion of each cavity has a slot 316 so that the barcode reader 102 reads the bar code 104 of the front portion of the tube. 在顶部壁306上是两个狭槽322,狭槽322由分析仪自动臂2002(图15A-15F)的抓手装置部件或夹紧装置2048嵌入。 On top of the wall 306 are two slots 322, slots 322 automatic analyzer by the arm 2002 (FIGS. 15A-15F) of the gripping device or clamping member means 2048 is embedded. 狭槽316部分地延伸在基体301中并且部分地在顶部315中。 Slot 316 extends partially in the substrate 301 and partially in the top 315.

从扇形体300的顶部壁306向上延伸的是一个后壁对应体,标为305,从它上面突起一个T形柄324,后壁305和柄324的组合被工作台自动臂700的抓手装置部件726(图13C)所嵌入。 From the top wall 300 of the segment 306 is a rear wall extending upwardly counterparts, labeled 305, projecting from its top a T-shaped grip handle combination means 324, a rear wall 305 and the shank 324 of robotic arm 700 is in table member 726 (FIG. 13C) is fitted.

扇形体300的前壁302上具有可识别的条形码326,以使中心控制器500跟踪扇形体和其中的试管。 Identifiable segment having a barcode 326 on the front wall 302 300, the controller 500 so that the center trace segment and test tubes therein. 基体301也具有一个内部条形码条纹327,在试管狭槽316是空的时候,内部条形码条纹327是可见的,但试管在狭槽中时,内部条形码条纹327被遮住。 Base 301 also has an internal barcode stripes 327, the slot 316 in the tube is empty, an internal barcode stripes 327 are visible, but when the tube slot, the barcode stripes 327 is hidden inside. 这样,一个条形码扫描仪724(图13A)能给中心控制器500发出在每个扇形体中试管的数目和位置的信息。 Thus, a barcode scanner 724 (FIG. 13A) give the central controller 500 and sent the location information on the number of tubes in each of the segment. 一个夹持器磁体330与底壁308平齐地安装以便在移动试管102的过程中使扇形体300稳定并使扇形体保持在工作台100原来的位置上。 A magnet holder 330 and the bottom wall 308 is flush mounted for stabilizing segment 300 and segment 100 is maintained at the original position on the table during the movement of the manipulation tube 102. 夹持器磁体330被定位和定向以便被工作台100的各个平台磁体145所吸引。 The magnet holder 330 is positioned and oriented so as to be each table 145,100 internet magnet attracted. 一个传感器磁体332类似地与底壁308平齐地安装以便启动工作台100的各个笛簧接点管传感器150。 Similarly, a sensor magnet 332 and the bottom wall 308 so as to activate each flush mounted tube sensor reed contacts 150 of the stage 100.

参考图8D,标为300'的扇形体的另一优选结构具有后壁305(和柄324)和一个三角形弹性块334,后壁305从顶部壁306延伸并具有一个向后凸起的凸出部分305',弹性块334接近沿着凸出部分305'的下侧固定在柄324上。 Referring to FIG 8D another preferred construction, labeled 300 'having a rear wall segment 305 (and handle 324) and a triangular elastic block 334, a rear wall 305 extending from the top wall 306 and having a projection projecting rearwardly section 305 ', the resilient piece 334 closest along the projected portion 305' is fixed to the lower side of the handle 324. 与图15E的嵌入结构相比具有增大的竖直(或水平)对齐的配合公差,弹性块334有助于扇形体300被图13G所示结构中的分析仪自动臂2002的抓手装置部件2048'和2048”可靠的嵌入。通过弹性块334与一个抓手装置部件726弹性地适应以及块334与后壁305的组合具有一个非圆形的柱形,弹性块334有助于图13D的结构中的工作台自动臂700的抓手装置部件726更有效地抓取,尽管抓手装置部件的竖直定位有稍微变化,抓手装置部件的嵌入在扇形体300'和抓手装置轴线715之间形成了一个中心竖直对齐的关系。 FIG. 15E embedded structure has increased as compared to a vertical (or horizontal) alignment tolerances, elastomeric block segments 334 contribute to the gripping device 300 is part of the structure of the automatic analyzer shown in Fig. 13G arm 2002 2048 'and 2048 "reliable embedding resilient and adapted to block 726 via the elastic member 334 and a block 334 the gripper means in combination with the rear wall 305 having a non-circular cylindrical, resilient block 334 of FIG. 13D contribute gripper device component structure table 700 of the robotic arm 726 to grab more effective, although the vertical positioning of the gripper device component changes slightly, the gripping device is embedded in a segment member 'and the axis of the gripper device 300,715 a relationship is formed between a center vertically aligned.

由于实验室一般处理不同来源的试样,如不同的医院、试验室和医生诊所,容器或试管102常常具有不同的直径和不同的高度。 Since general laboratory processing of samples from different sources, such as different hospitals, laboratories and doctors' offices, are often container or tube 102 having different diameters and different heights. 为了适应直径的变化,顶部315对于每个试管腔314有四个悬指328,悬指径向向内偏移。 In order to adapt to changes in the diameter of the top 315 there are four suspension means 328, radially inwardly offset relative to the suspending means of each tube cavity 314. 图8D所示扇形体300'可从Beckman Instruments withthe Synchron CX machine获得。 FIG. 8D segment 300 'may be obtained from Beckman Instruments withthe Synchron CX machine.

参考图9A-9D,一个适合用于系统10的试管支架600包括一个框架602,框架602具有加在其上的条形码识别标记601并限定了5×10排竖直腔603。 With reference to FIGS. 9A-9D, a system 10 suitable for use in the test tube holder 600 comprises a frame 602, frame 602 has a bar code applied thereon identifying indicia 601 and 5 × 10 rows define a vertical chamber 603. 框架包括容纳定位销146的孔604并具有夹持器磁体330和传感器磁体332的对应体。 Receiving a frame comprising a dowel holes 604 146 and the corresponding magnet holder having a body 330 and sensor magnet 332. 每个腔603具有带有弹簧指607的插入部606以便在支架中放置不同大小的试管,形成弹簧指以便固定一个弹性O形环部件609,O形环部件609通过弹性指607增大了作为试管102的容器12的摩擦配合。 Each chamber 603 has a spring finger with the insertion portion 607 of the tube 606 to be placed in the support of different sizes, the spring means is formed in order to fix a resilient O-ring member 609, an O-ring means 607 by the elastic member 609 is increased as the tube 102 of the container 12 friction fit. 这样,每个支架600形成一个容纳容器12的夹持器14,腔603一般间隔大约20mm的间距,插入部606作成大小使得直到直径大约为16mm的容器偏置地放在中心,弹性指部件607和O形环609的组合具有足够的弹性以便使直径不大于大约13mm的容器更有效地放在中心。 Thus, each bracket 600 is formed a holder 14 accommodating container 12, a cavity pitch of about 20mm spaced generally 603, such that the size of the insertion portion 606 made up of a container diameter of approximately 16mm at the center of the offset, the resilient finger members 607 and combinations of the O-ring 609 sufficiently resilient so that the container diameter no greater than about 13mm at the center more efficiently.

尽管本发明对用于跟踪本系统的试管和其它部件的条形码和条形码读取器进行了描述,但其它探测系统也可使用。 While the present invention is used for the tracking system and other components of tube barcode and barcode reader has been described, but other detection systems may also be used. 例如,可将磁性油墨标记贴在试管或其它部件上以便通过一个磁性油墨读取器读取。 For example, the magnetic ink mark is attached to the tube or by other means in order to read a magnetic ink reader.

参考图10A、10B和10C,每个接受槽或接受器1200具有与支架600的开口603对应的一系列腔1203,腔1203对称地环绕着一个杆部件1204。 Referring to FIG 10A, 10B and 1OC, each receiving groove or receptacle 1200 has a series of cavities 603 with an opening 600 corresponding to the bracket 1203, cavity 1203 surrounds the symmetrical one rod member 1204. 杆部件1204的上部的截面为方形以便沿着四个独立的直角方向的任一个方向与自动臂700的抓手装置部件726(图13)配合,一对间隔的弹性O形环1206固定在杆部件上以增大与抓手装置部件726的摩擦配合。 Cross section of the upper portion of the lever member 1204 is square to the gripping device according to any member along a direction perpendicular to the direction of four independent robotic arm 700 and 726 (FIG. 13) with a pair of spaced elastic O-ring 1206 fixed to the rod the member and the gripper means to increase the friction member 726 is fit. 如图10A所示,在每个接受器1200中有16个腔1203,每个腔1203由一个插入部606的对应体所限定并具有弹性指部件607的对应体。 As shown in FIG. 10A, 16 in each chamber receptacle 1203 1200, 1203 Each cavity is defined by an insertion portion 606 corresponding to the body and having resilient fingers 607 of a corresponding member. 接受器1200放置在离心机装置1000的各个托板1008中,接受器具有一对形成在其两侧的凹槽1208以便如图10A所示与每个托板1008的各个轴承盖1009对齐。 Each pallet placed in receptacle 1200 1008 1000 centrifuge device, a receptacle having a pair of grooves formed on both sides thereof as shown in FIG 1208 with each pallet for each bearing cap 10A 1009 1008 aligned.

如图10C所示,每个接受器1200形成有一对孔1210以便定位在对应的接受槽定位销144上,以及一个传感器磁体330的对应体以便启动工作台平台114的相关笛簧接点管传感器150(图5)。 10C, each receptacle 1200 is formed with a pair of holes 1210 for positioning in the corresponding receiving groove on the positioning pin 144, and a sensor magnet 330 corresponding to the station platform to initiate the reed contacts associated tube sensor 150 114 (Figure 5). 有选择地进一步参考图10C,一个传感器150的对应体可以位于托板1008中或其下部以便检测在离心机端部1006中的接受器1200的放置状态,和/或定位销144的对应体作为另一种选择安装在托板1008的上部以便通过轴承盖1009使接受槽1200定位。 Further selectively 10C, the counterpart of a sensor 150 may be located in a lower portion of the pallet 1008 or 1200 to detect the placed state of the centrifuge receptacle end portion 1006, and counterpart / or the positioning pin 144 as another option is mounted in the upper support plate 1008 via a bearing 1009 so that the cap receiving groove 1200 is positioned.

当装有试管的接受槽用于离心机时,它们应以对称的方式装入以提供平衡是很重要的。 When provided with grooves for receiving a centrifuge tube, they should be loaded in a symmetrical manner to provide a balanced is very important. 图11A-11D提供了装入离心机的接受器1200的一个俯视图,显示了令人满意的装载方式。 FIGS 11A-11D provides a top loading centrifuge FIG receptacle 1200, shows a satisfactory way of loading. 没填的圆圈代表空的试管腔1203,涂黑的圆圈代表装有试管102的腔。 Motian circles represent empty tube cavity 1203, the black circles represent the test tube with the chamber 102. 装入接受槽以便在离心机的中心点的相对侧提供均匀的重量,同时保持每个接受器相对于各个杆部件1004近似地平衡。 Load receiving groove to provide a uniform weight of the opposite side of the center point of the centrifuge, approximately 1004 while maintaining balance of each rod member relative to the respective receptacle. 对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,其它合适的装载方式是已知的。 Those of ordinary skill in the art, other suitable loading patterns are known.

参考图13A、13B和13C,自动臂700的一个示例性结构包括一个可沿着工作台轨道704定位的基架702。 Referring to FIG 13A, 13B and 13C, an exemplary robotic arm structure 700 includes a track table 704 may be positioned along the base frame 702. 轨道704近似地在工作台100的相对的端部之间延伸并近似地集中在相对的侧部之间的中心,以及具有防护性的摺状罩705。 Track 704 extending approximately between the opposite ends of the stage 100 is concentrated in the center and is approximately between opposite side portions, and a protective cover 705 is pleated. 一个锥形头706可控制地旋转支承在基架702的竖直底座轴707上,一个上部臂708类似地可控制地旋转支承在锥形头706的一个水平凸出轴709上。 A tapered head 706 controllably rotatable shaft mounted on a vertical pedestal 702 of the base 707, an upper control arm 708 may be rotated similarly supported on a horizontal axis of the conical head 706 of the projection 709. 一个下部臂710类似地可控制地旋转支承在上部臂708的弯头轴711上,弯头轴711与凸出轴709平行间隔地位于上部臂708的一个外端部。 Similarly, a lower arm 710 may be controllably rotating shaft 711 supported on the upper arm bends 708, bend axis parallel to the axis projections 711 and 709 located at one end of the outer portion of the upper arm 708 intervals. 类似地,一个肘节头712可控制地旋转支承在下部臂710的一个肘节轴713上,并具有一个可控制地旋转支承在一个抓手装置轴715上的抓手装置头714。 Similarly, a toggle 712 may be controllably rotating head mounted on a toggle axis 713 of lower arm 710, and having a controllably rotating gripper means supported on a first shaft 715 of the gripping device 714. 轴713和715是正交的,肘节轴713与弯头轴711平行间隔地位于下部臂710的一个外端部。 Shafts 713 and 715 are orthogonal, the toggle 713 and the shaft 711 parallel to the bend axis located at one end of the outer portion 710 of the lower arm intervals. 抓手装置头714具有一个抓手装置体716和一对随着触觉反馈可控制地向着或离开抓手装置轴715的相对侧部移动的抓手装置衔铁717。 And a pair of gripper means 716 as the haptic feedback can be controlled away from or towards the opposite side of grip portions 715 of the shaft means moving the head 714 of the gripping device having a gripping device body 717 of the armature. 抓手装置头714也包括一个相对于抓手装置体716固定地支承的光学头部传感器718,头部传感器718包括具有一个光源轴720的一个光源719以及具有一个接受器轴722的光接受器721,轴720和722从与抓手装置体716和抓手装置衔铁717成间隔关系的相对侧部接近于抓手装置轴715汇聚。 The gripping device 714 also includes a first gripper means relative to the optical head 716 is fixedly supported by sensor 718, the sensor head 718 includes a light source 719 having a shaft 720 and a receptacle having an optical axis 722 of the receptacle 721, 720 and 722 close to the shaft from opposite sides of the armature 717 in spaced relation to the gripper means and the gripper means 716 axis gripper means 715 converge. 自动臂700也包括一个自动控制系统(未显示),它具有相对于工作台轨道704操纵抓手装置头714的合适装置以便以本领域的已知方式抓取并运送物体。 Automatic arm 700 also includes an automatic control system (not shown), having a rail 704 relative to the table suitable means actuating the gripper means for gripping the head 714 in a known manner, and the transported object art. 就所描述而言,示例性的自动臂700是一个可从CRS Robotics of Ontario,Canada获得的255型商业化的装置。 700 is available from a CRS Robotics of Ontario, 255 of the type commercially available Canada exemplary apparatus described in terms of robotic arm on.

进一步如图所示,自动臂700装有一个识别标记扫描仪724,有时称作条形码扫描仪724,扫描仪724具有一个扫描轴725并固定地安装在上部臂708上,以便扫描轴725远远地从光源轴720和接受器轴722的交叉点相交于抓手装置轴715。 As further shown, the arm 700 is equipped with an automatic tag identification scanner 724, sometimes referred to as a bar code scanner 724, a scanner 724 having scanning axis 725 and is fixedly attached to the upper arm 708, the shaft 725 so as to scan much from the intersection point light source axis 720 and shaft receptacle 722 intersects the axis gripper means 715. 这样,扫描仪724有利地定位在上部臂708上以使得有效地扫描竖直和水平定向的识别标记。 Thus, the scanner 724 is advantageously positioned on the upper arm 708 so that the effective scanning identification marks of vertical and horizontal orientation. 尤其是,尽管支架600、接受器1200和扇形体300的各种识别标记一般是水平地定向,但容器识别标记104一般是竖直地定向。 In particular, while the bracket 600, and the sector receiver 1200 various identification marks 300 are generally horizontally oriented, but the container identification mark 104 is generally vertically oriented. 此外,抓手装置头714装有一对抓手装置部件726,抓手装置部件726安装在各个抓手装置衔铁上并用于如这里所述那样抓紧容器、接受器和扇形体以便转运它们。 In addition, the gripping device 714 with a pair of head member 726 gripping device, the gripping device mounted on each member 726 of the armature and the gripper means for gripping a container as described herein above, and a receptacle for the transport segments thereof. 而且,头部传感器718连同抓手装置头714的程序化移动可以确定容器12的高度以使它与抓手装置部件726有效配合。 Further, the sensor head 718 in conjunction with programming the mobile device gripper head 714 can determine the height of the container 12 so that it effectively cooperate with the gripper means 726 member.

进一步参考图13B,自动臂700可绕着底座轴707在θ角范围内移动,θ角对称地位于工作台导轨704的相对侧并大于180度,近似为315度。 With further reference to Figure 13B, robotic arm 700 may be moved about the base shaft 707 in the angle range [theta], [theta] angle symmetrically on opposite sides of the table rail 704 and greater than 180 degrees, approximately 315 degrees. 绕着底座轴707的角度取向范围连同可移动到接近工作台100的每个端部的基架有助于将容器12、扇形体300和其它夹持器实际地运送到平台114上的任何一个位置,而且常常不需要沿着轨道704移动基架702。 Any base axis angle 707 about a range of orientations is movable together with the stage close to each end of the base frame portion 100 helps to actually transported onto the stage 114 of the container 12, and the other segments of the holder 300 position, and often it does not need to move the base frame 704 along the rail 702. 另外,抓手装置头714以相对于平台板114伸出的关系有利安装以使它到达离心机装置1000。 Further, the gripping device 714 to the head plate 114 mounting platform advantageously relationship with respect to projecting it reaches the centrifuge device 1000.

进一步参考图13D,抓手装置头714的另一结构具有仅在抓手装置体716的一侧的头部传感器718以及一个取代发光体719并安装在光接受器721附近的激光源719'。 With further reference to FIG. 13D, another structure of the gripping device 714 having a head at only one side of the gripping device body 716 of the sensor head 718 and the light emitter 719 and a substituent on the laser light source is mounted near the photoreceptor 721 719 '. 这样,光源轴线720和接受器轴线722从抓手装置轴线715的同一侧汇聚,但是,激光源719'可以更大地补偿传感器718的效率损失,这种损失是由于轴线720和722与抓手装置轴线715不对称导致的。 Thus, the light source axis 720 and the axis of the receptacle 722 from the same side converge axis gripper means 715, however, the laser light source 719 'may be larger to compensate for the loss of efficiency of the sensor 718, which is due to the loss of 720 and 722 with the axis of the gripper means axis 715 caused by asymmetric. 位置调节器工作台运送位置106和接受位置对应于每个分析仪2000优选地装有一个位置调节装置961,每个调节装置961有助于在工作台100和对应的分析仪2000之间交换夹持器300。 The stage position controller 106 and a transport position corresponding to each receiving position analyzer 2000 preferably provided with a position adjusting means 961, 961 contributes to the adjustment means of each exchange stage between 100 and 2000 corresponding folder analyzer holder 300. 如图12A和12B所示,运送位置调节器961包括一个平台部件962和一个夹板部件964,它们通过若干个螺栓紧固件965可移动地安装在工作台100的平台板112的相对侧,紧固件965和平台部件962的一个凸起部966延伸穿过形成在平台112中的一个间隙开口967。 12A and FIG, 12B 961 transport position regulator 962 comprises a platform member and a clamp member 964, which are mounted on opposite sides of the table plate 100 of the platform 112 by a plurality of bolt fasteners 965 movably tight firmware platform member 965 and a projection 966 extending through 962 formed in the platform 112 is a clearance opening 967. 每个紧固件上装有一个压缩弹簧968以便对平台部件962和夹板部件964加偏压使其进入与平台板112的压紧配合,平台部件962也有一个部分地置入其上凹槽中的O形环以便在夹紧过程中摩擦地紧夹平台。 With a compression spring 968 on each of the fastener so as to enter the platform 964 to bias the platform plate member 962 and the clamp member 112 is force fit, there is a platform member 962 which partially into groove an O-ring to frictionally grip the internet during clamping. 一个气动气缸970装配在夹板部件964和平台部件962的凸起部966之间以便与通过一个压力系统850(图19)选择性地将高压气体施加到气动气缸970的一个气体口971相对应地松开夹紧。 A pneumatic cylinder 970 mounted between the clamp member 964 and the platform member 962 and the projection portion 966 for selectively applying a pressurized gas to a gas port of the pneumatic cylinder corresponding to 971,970 by a pressure system 850 (FIG. 19) Loosen the clamp. 当气动气缸970被驱动时,平台部件962可自由地转动和侧向移动。 When the pneumatic cylinder 970 is driven, the platform member 962 may be freely rotated and moved laterally. 平台部件962有两对安装在其上的定位销142以便使位于其上的扇形体300定位并保持不动,扇形体300可被工作台自动臂700或对应的分析仪自动臂2002所够得着。 Platform member 962 has two pairs of positioning pins mounted thereon so that the fan 142 located on the body 300 is positioned and remain stationary segment table 300 may be automatically or arm 700 corresponding to arm 2002 automatic analyzer enough to give a. 此外,平台部件962具有嵌入其中的传感器150以便探测被定位在相关的销子对142上的对应的扇形体300,每个传感器150一般通过现有技术的磁性笛簧接点管来实现并被装配以便向处理控制器500发送信号。 In addition, the platform member 962 having embedded therein a sensor 150 is positioned so as to detect the associated pin 300 of the segment corresponding to the 142, 150 of each sensor is generally achieved by a magnetic reed contacts prior art tube assembly and so that the controller 500 sends a signal to the processing.

一旦每个传感器2000定位在近似与工作台100对准时,通过首先驱动气动气缸970调节相关的调节装置961以便松开夹紧,然后手动地使平台部件962定位和定向以便使扇形体300对应于分析仪自动臂2002的工作台转移位置与分析仪抓手装置2040对准。 Once each sensor 2000 is positioned approximately aligned with the stage 100, driven by a first pneumatic cylinder 970 associated with the modulation adjusting means 961 to release the clamp, causing the platform then manually positioning and orientation member 962 so as to correspond to the sector 300 table transfer position analyzer gripper arm 2002 analyzer automatically aligning apparatus 2040. 随后,气动气缸970被松开以便在对准位置夹紧平台部件962,从而进行调节。 Then, the pneumatic cylinder 970 is released so that the clamp member 962 in an aligned position internet, thereby performing adjustment. 最后,通过任何合适的装置将平台部件962的定位和定向存储在处理控制器500的存储器中,例如,通过采用工作台自动臂700的光学头部传感器718扫描平台部件962上处于固定位置的扇形体300。 Finally, by any suitable means for positioning and orienting platform member 962 is stored in the memory of the processing controller 500, for example, by using the table 700 robotic arm 718 of the optical sensor head scanning platform member 962 is in a fixed position in the sector 300. 平衡系统如上所述,并参考图4、17A和17B,处理系统10包括一个平衡系统800以便在离心处理之前使接受器或接受槽1200中的容器12平衡,该平衡系统包括天平802和在工作台100的后部118上的辅助支架位置804。 Balancing system as described above, and with reference to FIGS. 4,17A and 17B, processing system 10 includes a balance system 800 so that the receptacle or centrifugation before receiving groove 1200 in the balance container 12, the balance system comprises a balance 802 and a work position of the auxiliary bracket 804 on the rear portion 118 of the table 100. 天平802可以是现有技术中的电子平台天平,在其上加装接受槽定位销144的对应体以使接受器1200定位。 Platform 802 may be an electronic balance balance prior art, in which the installation of the receiving groove corresponding to the positioning pin 144 of the body 1200 so that the receptacle is positioned. 通过工作台自动臂700,接受槽可在天平802、离心机装置1000和后部118上的其它位置之间移动,工作台自动臂也将容器12从在辅助位置804的支架600以及从工作台100上的其它位置转移到天平802上的接受槽1200。 Table 700 by an automatic arm, receiver slot 802 is movable between the balance, other positions on the centrifuge device 1000 and the rear portion 118, the arm will automatically work table 12 from the auxiliary container holder position 804 and 600 from the table other receiving groove 1200 is transferred to the position on the scale 802 100. 平衡系统800也包括一个平衡控制器,用于有选择地将容器存放在接受器的腔中,这时相关的递增重量随着每次存放的位置而变化,从而使各对接受器中的重量均衡。 Balance system 800 also includes a balancing controller, for selectively storing the container in a receptacle in the cavity, then the incremental weight associated with each storage location is changed, so that the weight of each of the receptacle balanced. 平衡控制器可以作为中心处理控制器500中的一个平衡程序808来实现,平衡程序808保存着容器位置和有关重量的一个基本数据810并指令自动臂700,以便根据天平平台802测定的重量将容器12存放在接受器1200中,以任何合适的形式将重量发信号给处理控制器500。 Balancing controller 500 may be a balancing procedure 808 implemented as a central processing controller 808 holds the balance of the program related to container position and weight of a basic data 810 and instructions 700 automatic arm to balance the weight of the platform 802 of the vessel measured 1200 stored in the receptacle 12, in any suitable form to the weight of the signal processing controller 500.

优选地,平衡系统也包括选择性地存放入接受器1200的一批平衡荷载806(可以是装有预定重量的试管102)。 Preferably, the balancing system also comprises a number of selectively deposited into receptacle 1200 load balancing 806 (which may be provided with a predetermined weight of the tube 102). 因此,平衡系统运转以便将平衡荷载806转移到特定的接受器1200中的合适位置以限定在接受器之间的重量偏差。 Thus, the operation of the balance system 806 in order to balance the loads transferred to a suitable location of the particular receptacle 1200 to the receptacle defined between the weight deviation. 优选地,平衡荷载806被逐渐地装载以便限定各对接受器1200的重量偏差不超过10克。 Preferably, the load balance 806 is progressively loaded so as to define the weight of each receptacle 1200 deviation does not exceed 10 grams. 在工作台100上的辅助支架位置804接近天平802以方便平衡荷载806的暂时存储,在位置804的支架600也对将要进一步处理和/或存储的容器12提供另外的暂时存储。 Auxiliary bracket 804 in a position close to the stage 100 to facilitate balanced load balance 802 temporarily stores 806, 804 of the holder 600 position the container will also be further processed and / or stored in the temporary storage provides additional 12.

在平衡程序808中,天平基本数据810最初是随着容器识别标记104的对应体和相关的公共旋转操作过程1002的数据输入一个选择试样步骤812,对应的容器12具有被离心机装置1000同时进行离心处理的合适数量。 In the balancing procedure 808, the balance 810 is initially basic data and associated with a common rotation during operation of the corresponding container identification marks 104 inputted data sample 1002 selected a step 812, corresponding to container 12 having a centrifuge apparatus 1000 simultaneously for an appropriate number of centrifugation. 接着,在称皮重步骤814中,用于保存容器12的接受器1200的合适补充被标出,如果必要,并放置在天平平台802的各个位置上。 Next, in step 814 tared, suitable for holding the receptacle vessel is indicated 12 1200 supplemented, if necessary, and placed at various locations on the scale platform 802. 在将各个物品放置在天平802上之后,在天平802上的总载荷被测出,在各次测定值之间的差别表示每次特定加载的载荷。 After the individual items on the balance 802, the total load measured on a balance 802 that represents a particular load each time a load of the difference between the measured values. 接跟着称皮重步骤814的是一个加载步骤816。 Then follow the tare load step 814 is a step 816. 其中,将要离心处理的容器12按照图11A-11D的合适方式依次放入各个接受器1200,具体按照哪种方式主要取决于将要离心处理的容器12的数目。 Wherein the centrifugation container 12 to be placed in each receptacle 1200 sequentially in accordance with a suitable embodiment of FIGS. 11A-11D, which according to the specific embodiment depends on the number of containers 12 to be processed is centrifuging. 在加载步骤816过程中,平衡程序808继续监控加到天平802上的载荷。 In the loading process of step 816, procedure 808 continues to monitor the balance of the load applied on the balance 802. 这样,平衡程序808运行以监控与每个接受器相关的总重量。 Thus, the balancing procedure 808 to monitor the operation of each receptacle related to the total weight. 在加载步骤816之后,根据需要在校正步骤820中加入平衡荷载806以使各对接受器1200的重量在预定的许可偏差范围内。 After the loading step 816, the load 806 according to need correction step 820 is added to the balance of the respective receptacle weight 1200 within a predetermined deviation range license. 去顶盖系统具体参看图18A-18B,去顶盖系统900包括一个接受装置902,用于夹紧地固定住具有盖103的一个容器或试管102,盖103与试管102摩擦地配合并从试管102顶部的相对侧横向延伸。 Referring specifically to FIGS. 18A-18B roof system, to a cap system 900 includes receiving means 902, 102 for clampingly hold the lid 103 and the tube 102 having a friction fit or a container lid 103 from the tube and the tube transversely extending side 102 opposite the top. 接受装置902相对于以下进一步描述的工作台100的一个去顶盖插入面板903悬挂地安装。 A receiving device 902 with respect to the stage 100 to be described further below the roof panel 903 is inserted into mounting suspension. 本发明的一个重要方面是,去顶盖系统900既可对如下所述的螺纹配合盖也可对这里所述的与容器12只有摩擦配合的盖运行。 An important aspect of the invention is to cover both of the system 900 as described below may also be threaded for mating the cover with the container 12 described herein is only running friction fit lid. 一个具有形成在其中的一个盖槽905的轭架部件904可移动地安装在升降机906上并由其支承,升降机凸出在插入面板903上部。 A yoke member having formed therein at a groove 905 of the cover 904 is movably mounted on and supported by the elevator 906 lifts the upper insertion plate 903 protrudes. 升降机906包括一个驱动装置908和一个与轭架部件刚性连接的升降机柱909,驱动装置908通过一个平移皮带911与一个平移电机910连接以便在打开和关闭位置之间以升降机柱909为中心转动平移轭架部件904。 Elevator means 906 includes a drive 908 and a lift column rigidly connected with the yoke member 909, driving means 908 by a belt 911 connected to a translation motor 910 so as to translate the lift column 909 is rotated translatable between open and closed positions yoke member 904. 升降机906也通过一个升降机皮带913与一个升降机电机912连接以便连着轭架部件904一起升降升降机柱。 An elevator by elevator 906 is also connected to a belt 913 to the elevator motor 912 attached to the yoke member 904 lifts the lifting column together. 轭架部件904具有一个形成在盖槽905中面向上的凸出部分916,用于在盖103安放在试管102上时与盖103的向外延伸凸出表面917的下侧配合,试管102在轭架部件904的闭合位置固定在接受装置902中。 Yoke member 904 has a groove 905 formed in the cover 916 facing the protruding portion for the cover 103 placed on the tube 102 and the cover 103 extends outwardly convex side surface of the lower fitting 917, tube 102 the closed position of the yoke member 904 is fixed in the receiving means 902.

在轭架部件904的闭合位置具有在凸出表面917下部延伸的凸出部分916,升降机906运行以相对接受装置902提升轭架部件904以便去掉盖103。 Having a projecting portion 916 projecting at a lower surface 917 extending in the closed position of the yoke member 904, the elevator 906 operate in opposite receiving means 902 a lifting yoke 904 in order to remove the cap member 103. 对应地,软外壳保持架920可转动地安装到插入面板930上,并通过一个旋转皮带925与一个转动电机924连接以便可控制地以容器12为中心转动软外壳921,从而从盖103上旋出容器12。 Correspondingly, the bladder holder 920 rotatably mounted to the insert panel 930, and through a rotation of the belt 925 with a rotating motor 924 for controllably to the container 12 is rotated bladder 921 as the center, so that the cover 103 spin 12 out of the container. 盖103位于轭架部件904中以防转动,盖103形成了一个在其上具有扩展部分927的非圆形外形,当转矩通过接受装置902作用在容器12上时,盖103的扩展部分927靠在盖槽905的一个部分上。 Cover 103 is located in the yoke member 904 to prevent rotation of the cap 103 is formed having a non-circular outer shape of the extension portion 927 thereon, when the extension portion 927 by receiving 902 a torque acting on the container means 12 when the lid 103 against a portion of the slot cover 905. 气体口922优选地形成以便给软外壳921提供一个旋转连接,口922通过一个保持架管929与三通控制阀928连接以便根据中心控制器500来选择性地压力驱动,从而实现所述的容器12的固定。 Gas port 922 is preferably formed so as to provide a rotary joint 921 to the bladder, a port 922 through the tube 929 and the holder 928 is connected to the three-way control valve 500 is selectively driven according to the pressure center controller to achieve said container fixed 12.

进一步参考图18F,软外壳保持架的另一优选结构,标为夹紧保持架920',包括一个代替软外壳921的弹性套筒921',套筒921'具有三个向外凸出的吊架926,吊架926与保持架920'的各个吊架槽929配合以确保套筒921'随着保持架920'整体转动。 With further reference to FIG. 18F, the bladder holder another preferred construction, the clamp holder 920 labeled ', comprising a spring sleeve 921 instead of a bladder 921', the sleeve 921 'has three outwardly projecting lifting frame 926, the hanger 926 and the holder 920 'of the respective grooves 929 cooperate to ensure that the hanger sleeve 921' with the holder 920 'rotate integrally. 三个竖直定向的夹紧装置913在带有对应的偏心杆914的吊架926之间间隔开,杆914搁靠在一个圆盘板915上。 Three vertically oriented spaced apart clamping means 913 between the eccentric rod with a corresponding hanger 926 914, the lever 914 rests on a disk plate 915. 通过接头922经保持架管929与控制阀928连接的一个气缸918向上驱动圆形板915和杆914。 By fitting a tube holder 922 cylinder 929 and control valve 928 connected to drive 918 and the rod 915 upward circular plate 914. 杆914具有与对应的销子913A配合的一对间隔的偏心槽914A,销子是从夹紧装置913上凸出的,从而根据杆914的向上运动向内驱动夹紧装置913以便沿着试管102压紧套筒921'。 Lever 914 has a pin 913A and corresponding mating pair of eccentric spaced slots 914A, the pin is projecting from the clamping device 913, thereby driving the clamping means inwardly along the tube 913 according to the upward movement of the rod 914 102 clamp sleeve 921 '. 套筒921'的底部是封闭的以便万一其中的试管102破裂时限定破片。 Bottom of the sleeve 921 'is closed so as to define a case wherein fragments tube 102 rupture. 另外,套筒921'具有形成在其中的肋条923用于与试管102接触,包括三个与夹紧装置913对准的全长夹紧肋条923A和三个按比例缩短的夹持器肋条923B。 Further, the sleeve 921 'has ribs 923 formed therein for contacting the tube 102, including full-length 913 aligned with the three clamping device and three ribs 923A proportionally shortened holder rib 923B. 在肋条923之间的空间使得套筒921'具有灵活性以提高夹紧装置913在夹紧试管102时的效率。 In the space between the ribs 923 such that sleeve 921 'in order to improve flexibility in the clamping means 913 of clamping tube 102 efficiency. 正常100mm长的试管102延伸到套筒921'的底部,尽管具有长度为75mm的试管102正常地只有一部分插入套筒921',如图18F中虚线所示,夹持器肋条923B制作成用于固定部分地插入的短试管102,而不会不必要地增加对于全部插入和取出100mm试管102所必须的轴向力。 Normal 100mm long tube 102 extends into the 'bottom of a test tube having a length of 75mm although 102 is normally only a portion inserted into the sleeve 921' of the sleeve 921, as shown in broken line in FIG. 18F, the holder made into a rib 923B fixing part 102 inserted into the short tube, without unnecessarily increasing the insertion and removal of the entire 100mm tube 102 with respect to the axial force necessary.

优选地,去顶盖系统也包括一个收集器930,用于收集来自轭架部件的盖103;以及一个卸料机932,用于将去下的盖103从轭架部件904运送到收集器930。 Preferably, the system also includes a roof to a collector 930 for collecting from the cover 103 of the yoke member; and an unloader 932, the cover 103 for delivery to the lower yoke member 904 to the collector 930 . 卸料机的一个示例性装置包括一个接近收集器930固定地安装到插入面板903上的一个直立的卸料机杆934,它在轭架部件打开位置与盖槽905对齐。 An unloader exemplary apparatus comprises a proximity collector 930 is fixedly mounted to an upright rod 934 on the unloader 903 is inserted into the panel, which open position is aligned with the cover 905 in the yoke member groove. 中心控制器500的去顶盖程序部分运行以移动在其中带有一个去掉的盖103的轭架部件904,直到杆934从轭架部件上移去盖103。 The central controller 500 to cover part of the program run to move therein with a removed cover member 103 of the yoke 904 until the rod 934 is removed from the cover 103 of the yoke member. 优选地,收集器930还包括一个管部件936,用于引导被移去的盖103进入收集器930。 Preferably, the collector 930 further comprises a tube member 936 for guiding the cap 103 is removed into the collector 930.

进一步参考图18C-18E,去顶盖系统的另一优选结构,标为900',包括一个具有底罩939的轭架外壳938作为轭架部件904的一个对应体,以及一个夹紧机构940,它在外壳938中运行以便可靠地夹紧盖103。 With further reference to FIG. 18C-18E, a further preferred structure of the system to the roof, labeled 900 ', includes a bottom cover 939 of the housing 938 of the yoke as a yoke member 904 corresponding to the body, and having a clamping mechanism 940, it runs in the housing 938 so as to reliably grip cover 103. 如图18E所示,夹紧机构940有一对相对的、绕枢轴安装的夹紧装置942,夹紧装置942由具有一个楔形偏心驱动装置946的气动气缸944所驱动,偏心驱动装置946根据作用的气体压力从气缸944延伸。 As shown in FIG. 18E, the clamping mechanism 940 has a pair of opposed, pivotally mounted about a clamping device 942, a wedge clamp 942 having an eccentric driven by a pneumatic cylinder 944 of the apparatus 946 is driven, the eccentric drive means 946 acting gas pressure from the cylinder 944 extends. 每个夹紧装置942在其上形成有若干个凸起943以便在盖103放置在盖槽905中时夹紧盖103的相对侧。 Each clamping means is formed with a plurality of projections 942 to 943 in the cap 103 is placed at the opposite side of the lid 905 in the groove 103 of the cap clamped thereon. 轭架外壳938中形成有一个从气缸944到凸出在罩939下部的一个接头949的一个通道948,以便与一个柔性管950连接,管950在插入面板903下部延伸到一个三通阀952。 There is a connection from the cylinder 944 to a projecting lower portion 939 of the cover 949 in a channel 948 formed in the yoke housing 938, for connection to a flexible tube 950, the tube 950 extends to a three-way valve 952 in the lower portion 903 into the panel. 如上述的阀928一样,通过一个去顶盖管870与气动系统850连接的阀952启动以便根据中心控制器500来驱动气动气缸944以夹紧盖103。 As the valve 928 as described above, to a start valve 952 through the cap 870 and the pneumatic tube system 850 connected to the pneumatic cylinder 944 to drive the cap 103 to clamp the central controller 500. 这样,盖103就不必需要有一个扩展部分927或者具有一个与盖槽905的旋转过盈配合。 Thus, the cap 103 is not necessarily required to have an extension or portion 927 having a groove 905 with the cover rotated interference fit. 此外,在优选的去顶盖系统900'中,盖103不需要具有向外凸出的凸出表面917(图18A)。 Further, in a preferred system to cover '900, the cap 103 need not have outwardly protruding convex surfaces 917 (FIG. 18A).

如图18C和18D所示,去顶盖系统900'包括一个在轭架外壳938上卸料机932的对应体,它以一个柱塞组件954的形式存在。 As shown in FIG. 18C and 18D, to cover the system 900 'includes a yoke housing 938 on the unloader 932 corresponding to the body, it is present in the form of a plunger assembly 954. 柱塞组件954包括一个在喷射器支架956中操作的凸出柱塞955,柱塞955有一个与喷射器支架956滑动配合的向上凸出杆957,一个喷射器弹簧958安装在杆957上以便顶着轭架外壳938向下偏压柱塞955。 The plunger assembly 954 comprises a projection 955 operating the plunger in the injector holder 956, the plunger 955 has a slider 956 and injector support 957 projecting upward with the rod, a spring ejector is mounted on the rod 958 to 957 yoke housing 938 against the plunger 955 biased downward. 通过关闭阀952从夹紧装置942上松开的盖103,通过使柱塞955轴向移动进入与轭架外壳948的配合而被从盖槽905中强制取出。 By closing the valve 952 to release the clamp 942 from the cap 103 by the plunger 955 moves axially into the housing mating with the yoke 948 of the cap from the tank 905 is forcibly removed. 当夹紧机构打开时,应防止盖103粘到夹紧装置942的凸起部分943上,以便将盖可靠地卸入收集器930中。 When the clamping mechanism is opened, the cap 103 should be prevented from sticking to the clamping device 942 of the projection portion 943 so as to securely cover 930 is discharged into the collector.

当盖槽905被转动到盖103上方的一个位置时,控制器500运行程序以驱动升降机906到足够高,以便柱塞955清除盖103,然后降低轭架外壳938,从而在夹紧装置942降低到与盖103对准时压缩喷射器弹簧952,盖103支承着柱塞955。 When the cover opening 905 is rotated to a position above the cover 103, the controller 500 executes the program to drive the elevator 906 to be high enough to remove the cap 103 of the plunger 955, then lower yoke housing 938, the clamping device 942 so as to reduce the cover 103 is aligned with the ejector compression spring 952, the cap 103 supports the plunger 955. 接着,通过开启阀952关闭夹紧机构940,夹紧装置942夹紧盖103,去顶盖系统900'如上述的图18A和18B的去顶盖系统一样连续运行。 Subsequently, by opening the valve 952 closing the clamping mechanism 940, the clamping means 942 clamping a cover 103, to cover the system 900 'as described above in FIG. 18A and 18B to cover the system runs continuously.

还是如图18B所示,管部件936装有一个盖探测器959,用于一旦每有一个进入收集器930的盖103通过就向控制器500发出信号。 As also shown in FIG. 18B, the pipe member 936 is provided with a detector cover 959, once for each of a cap 930 into the collector 103 through 500 will send a signal to the controller. 这样,万一通过去顶盖系统900'处理一个要去盖的容器12未能检测到进入收集器930的盖103的通过,可以进行适当的校正。 Thus, if the cover through the system to 'go to a handle 900 of the container lid 12 fails to detect through the cover 103 into the collector 930, may be appropriately corrected.

如图19所示,工作台100装有一个气动回路或气体压力系统850,该系统具有与一个合适的高压气体源852的一个插塞连接851,气体通过一个输入过滤器853给入到一个近似22升容量的蓄气器854中,装有一个单向输入阀855用于在气体源852关闭时保持压力。 As illustrated, the stage 100 is equipped with a pneumatic circuit or a gas pressure system 850, the system 19 having a suitable high pressure gas source 852 is connected to a plug 851, via a gas input to the filter 853 into an approximate 22 l capacity accumulator 854, the one-way inlet valve 855 with a gas source 852 when closed to maintain the pressure. 一个主螺线管阀858和一个压力传感器859在输入过滤器853和输入阀855之间串联连接,压力传感器859在大约5个大气压时发出气体压力正常存在的信号。 A primary solenoid valve 858 and a pressure sensor 859 connected in series between the input filter 853 and inlet valve 855, the pressure sensor 859 sends a signal normally present in a gas pressure at about 5 atmospheres. 轨道704的导轨26被用作蓄气器854,导轨26有利地提供了大容量并大体上沿着工作台100的全长延伸,从而使相对短的气动连接成为可能。 704 track rail 26 is used as accumulator 854, the guide rail 26 advantageously provides a large capacity and extending substantially along the entire length of the stage 100, so that a relatively short pneumatic connections possible.

一个配气管860与蓄气器854连接以便如这里所述将气体给到工作台100的气动部件。 A distribution pipe 860 and the accumulator 854 is connected to herein as a gas to a pneumatic member 100 to the table. 在从配气管860分出的一个轴承分支861中,一个水份过滤器862、一个具有一个油过滤器864和一个压力显示器865的压力调节器863以及一个压力传感器866串联连接以便将气体给到工作台自动臂700的轨道704的轴承,压力传感器发出大约4.5大气压正常存在的信号。 In one branch of the bearing 861 is separated from the gas pipe 860, a water filter 862, an oil filter 864 having a pressure monitor and a pressure regulator 863 865 and a pressure sensor 866 are connected in series so as to give a gas table 700 robotic arm bearing rail 704, a pressure of about 4.5 atm sensor sends a signal normally present. 一个从配气管860分出的制动器分支867有一个连接在其上的螺线管制动器阀868用于驱动轨道704的一个轨道制动器。 Separated from a distribution pipe branch 867 has a brake 860 attached thereto brake solenoid valve 868 for driving a track rail brake 704. 一个压力调节器的对应体,标为869,从配气管860分出连接在去顶盖分支870中以便将气体给到去顶盖系统900。 Corresponding to a pressure regulator body, labeled 869, connected to the separation of the cap 870 so as to branch into the gas to the system 900 to the cap 860 from the distribution pipe. 一个从配气管860分出、具有另一个调节器872的防护分支871将气体给到三个门阀873,用于控制防护系统40的气动驱动装置52。 Separated from a gas pipe 860, regulator 872 has another protective gas to the branch 871 to the three gate valve 873, the pneumatic system 40 for controlling the drive means 52 protection. 一对安装到轨道704的导轨26上的调节器阀874与蓄气器854气体连通以便有选择地松开运送位置调节器961,阀874通过各个调节器管875与调节器961的对应的气体口971连接。 A pair of mounting rail 704 to the guide rail 26 of the regulator valve 874 and the accumulator 854 for selectively communicating the gas release transport position controller 961, the valve 874 corresponding to each of the gas through the regulator 875 and regulator tube 961 971 port connection. 最后,配气管960的一对侧部装料器分支876具有阀874的对应体,指定为手动驱动阀878,用于将气体给到分析仪2000的气动部件,包括分析仪自动臂2002。 Finally, a pair of side portions distribution pipe loader 960 having a branch 876 corresponding to the valve body 874, designated as manually driven valve 878 for the gas to a pneumatic member 2000 to the analyzer, the analyzer comprising a robotic arm 2002. 离心机装置如上所述,离心机装置1000接受已被装入接受器1200的容器12中的试样,使试样在分析仪2000中进一步处理之前经受一个特定的旋转操作过程1002。 Centrifuge device described above, the centrifuge device 1000 has been loaded into the sample receiving container 12 of the receptacle 1200, the sample subjected to a particular process prior to the rotating operation 1002 analyzer 2000 for further processing. 具体参考图16A,离心机装置1000在一个可旋转驱动的主轴箱1006的各个托板1008上具有若干个装料台1004,用于将一套平衡的接受器1200接受到离心机装置1000的一个旋转腔1010中。 With specific reference to Figure 16A, in the centrifuge device 1000 having a rotatable drive spindle box pallet 10081006 respective plurality of loading stations 1004, for a receptacle to a balanced centrifuge device 1200 receives 1000 1010 spin chamber. 这里所用的“接受器”包括接受槽1200,但它广泛地指用于将液体试样保持在一个离心机中以及在试样运送过程中将试样放入或从离心机中取出的装置。 As used herein, "receptor" comprises a receiving groove 1200, but it is widely used for holding a liquid sample refers to a sample in a centrifuge and placed in the sample during transport or removed from the centrifuge device. 这样,“接受器”能够表示(1)一个单一的试管、小瓶或可直接装入离心机箱部腔的其它容器;或(2)一个支架、扇形体或装有一个或多个容器的全体夹持器,在离心处理过程中容器处于这种夹持器中。 Thus, "acceptor" can represent (1) a single test tubes, vials or other containers can be loaded directly into the centrifugal chamber portion of the chassis; or (2) a holder, with a segment or the whole clip or more containers holders in the centrifuge process vessel in such a holder.

离心机装置1000的一个示例性实施例包括一个具有一个腔开口1014的机壳1012;一个被支承在机壳1012中并处于开口1014以下的主轴部件1016,用于驱动主轴箱1006;以及如图所示通过一对轴承盖1009可绕枢轴转动地安装在主轴箱1006中的托板1008。 An exemplary embodiment of a centrifuge device 1000 includes a housing 1012 having a cavity opening 1014; a is supported in the housing 1012 and an opening 1014 in the spindle member 1016, 1006 for driving the headstock; and FIG. as shown by a pair of bearings 1009 may be about the pallet cover 1008 is pivotally mounted on the headstock 1006. 机壳1012包括一个具有一块基座板1020固定在其上的带轮的基座架1018;若干个机体壁板,包括环绕着基座架1018并从基座板1020向上延伸的各对侧部壁板1022和端部壁板1024;以及一个面板1026,面板1026在机体壁板1024和1022的上端部之间延伸。 1012 includes a housing 1020 having a pulley fixed thereon on a base frame 1018 of the base plate; a plurality of body panels, including a base surrounding each of the pair of side frame portions and extending upwardly from the base plate 1020 1018 wall panels 1022 and 1024 end wall panel; and a panel 1026, a panel 1026 extends between the upper portion of the body wall 1024 and 1022. 一个具有腔开口1014形成在其上的腔挡板1028覆盖了面板1026的一部分,一个观察板1030也覆盖了面板1026的一部分,面板1026具有一个与腔开口1014对应的开口(未显示)以及在观察板1030下部便于维修机壳1012的内部的另一开口(未显示)。 A chamber opening 1014 formed thereon having a cavity 1028 covers a portion of the baffle panel 1026, an observation plate 1030 also covers part of the panel 1026, a panel 1026 having an opening 1014 corresponding to the opening of the cavity (not shown) and the a lower plate 1030 to facilitate observation of the interior of the maintenance housing 1012 further opening (not shown).

根据本发明,离心机装置1000包括一个水平定向的门部件1032,它可在腔挡板1028之下在如图16A实线所示的打开位置和虚线所示的闭合位置之间横向移动。 It comprises a horizontally oriented gate member 1032, which may be laterally movable between open position and a closed position shown in dashed lines in accordance with the present invention, a centrifuge chamber 1000 under the baffle 1028 in solid lines in FIG 16A. 门部件1032的打开位置提供了到达旋转腔1010的通道,闭合位置关闭了这种通道以便在离心机装置1000的运转过程中防止与主轴箱1006和其中的试样意外的接触。 The gate member 1032 provides a passage to the open position of the rotary chamber 1010, a closed position to close this passage so as to prevent accidental contact with the headstock and 1006 in which the sample during operation of the centrifuge device 1000. 门部件1032支承在门架1034中,门架1034在基座板1020之上间隔一定距离的安置在若干个柱部件1036上。 1032 door member 1034 supported on the gantry, the gantry 1034 on the base plate 1020 disposed at a distance from the plurality of column member 1036. 门部件1032由一个如下进一步描述的摩擦配合的门驱动装置1038在打开和闭合位置之间驱动;万一人们不小心穿过到达了腔开口1014,此时门部件移动到闭合位置,通过限制驱动力作用到门部件1032,驱动装置1038可以有利地保护人们免受伤害。 Door drive means frictionally engaged by one gate member 1032 as described further below 1038 driven between open and closed positions; case it does not pass through the cavity opening accidentally reach 1014, when the door member to the closed position, by limiting the drive force to the door member 1032, the drive apparatus 1038 can be advantageously protect people from injury. 还是如图16A所示,离心机装置1000可以包括一个输入键盘1040和一个阴极射线管显示器(CRT display)1042,用于与离心机装置1000的一个操作员进行接口。 As also shown, the centrifuge device 1000 may comprise an input keyboard 1040, and a cathode ray tube display (CRT display) 1042, and a centrifuge device for operator interface 1000. 16A.

进一步参看图16B-16E,离心机装置1000的另一优选结构具有带有门部件和门架的对应体1032'和1034'的一个小的机壳对应体(未显示),因此,穿过腔开口1014到旋转腔1010的通道正常地穿过一个缩小的通道开口1044以便打开和关闭门部件1032'。 With further reference to FIGS. 16B-16E, another preferred construction having a centrifuge apparatus 1000 1032 'and 1034' of the chassis of a small body with a corresponding counterpart door member and the door frame (not shown), thus, through the lumen spin chamber passage opening 1010 through 1014 to a normal narrow passage opening 1044 so as to open and close the door member 1032 '. 如图16B所示,门壁板1032'支承在位于一个上部或外部托架部件1048和一个下部或内部托架部件1050之间的一个可拆卸的门模件1046中,开口1044的垂直对齐的对应体形成在每个托架部件1048和1050中。 16B, the door panel 1032 'mounted in a removable door modules 1046 and 1048 between the inner or lower portion of a bracket member 1050 is located in an upper or outer carrier member, the opening 1044 aligned vertically the corresponding carrier member formed in each of 1048 and 1050. 进入口1044是足够的大以便在装料台1004如下描述的指向一个装载位置时将一个接受器1200穿过它垂直传送进入到与一个装料台1004稳定配合。 Inlet opening 1044 is large enough to a loading position to a receptacle 1200 through the vertical transfer it into a stable complex with the loading ramp the loading ramp 1004 to point 1004 as described below. 更具体的是,门模件1046的托架部件1048和1050固定到各个横柱1052的相对侧,一个手柄1054安装在一个横柱1052上以便从门架1034'中水平地拉回门模件1046,从而使旋转腔1010穿过腔开口1014完全地露出来。 More specifically, the door module carrier member 1046 of 1048 and 1050 secured to opposite sides of the respective lateral column 1052, a handle 1054 is mounted on one side post member 1052 to retract the door from the door frame module 1034 'horizontally 1046, 1010 so that rotation of the chamber through the lumen of the opening 1014 is completely exposed. 应理解的是,可以通过任何合适的方式提供通向门模件1046的通道,例如,去掉相关的端部壁板1024。 It should be understood that the access door can provide access to the module 1046 by any suitable manner, for example, removing the associated end wall panel 1024.

还是如图16B所示,门架1034'包括一个在柱部件1036的上端部之间延伸的支承板1056,以及一对沿着支承板1056的相对侧部刚性固定的侧部导轨1058,用于使门模件1046横向定位。 As also shown, the door frame 1034 'comprises a support plate extending between the upper portion of the column member 1036 of 1056, and a pair of opposing side portions along the support plate 1056 is rigidly secured to side rails 16B 1058, for 1046 of the door module positioned laterally. 如图16C所示,门驱动装置1038包括一个由一个驱动壳体1062可转动地支承的摩擦驱动轮1060和一个与其配合的步进电机1064。 16C, the gate drive apparatus 1038 comprises a rotatably supported driven by a friction drive wheel 1060 of the housing 1062 and mating therewith a stepping motor 1064. 驱动轮1060有一个形成在其上的弹性环部件1066,用于与门部件1032'的一个侧部表面1068偏压地接触,从而在一个打开和关闭位置之间平移门部件1032'。 There is a drive wheel 1060 is formed on the elastic ring member 1066, for 'a side portion of the contact surface of the bias to 1068, thereby opening and closing a sliding door member between positions 1032' and the gate member 1032.

门驱动装置1038的一个重要特征是,驱动轮1060与门部件1032'不是刚性配合,而只是滑动接触以防门部件1032'的移动被中断,例如,在门部件1032'正向闭合位置移动时实验室人员伸入旋转腔1010中。 An important feature is that the gate drive device 1038, the gate member and the drive wheel 1060 1032 'is not rigid fit, but only to prevent the door sliding contact member 1032' movement is interrupted, for example, the door member 1032 'is moved forward closed position laboratory personnel 1010 extends into the rotation chamber. 门部件1032'通过若干个导滚1070可移动地支承在门模件1046中,导滚1070与一对轨道配合,这对轨道为主轨道1072和辅助轨道1073,轨道1072和1073固定到内部托架部件1050上。 Gate member 1032 'by the plurality of guide rollers 1070 may be movably supported in the door module 1046, the guide roller 1070 in conjunction with a pair of rails, which rails main track and the secondary track 1072 1073, 1072 and 1073 fixed to a rail inner Torr 1050 on the frame member.

还是参考图16C,门部件1032'相对于主轨道1072被竖直和水平地支承,竖直定向的导滚1070通过各个螺栓紧固件1070A安装到门部件1032'上,水平定向的导滚1070被支承在各个杆1070B上,它通过对应的定位器板1070C安装到门部件1032'上。 Still referring to FIG. 16C, the gate member 1032 'with respect to the primary rail 1072 is supported vertically and horizontally, vertically oriented guide roller 1070 through the respective bolt fastener 1070A mounted to the door member 1032', the horizontal orientation of guide roller 1070 it is supported on each shaft 1070B, 1070C which is mounted to the door member 1032 'by a corresponding locator plate. 壳体1062通过合适的紧固件1074可调节地安装到门架1034'上,以便在驱动轮1060和侧部表面1068之间提供一个所需的配合角度。 10621074 housing is adjustably mounted by suitable fasteners to the door frame 1034 ', so as to provide a desired fit between the angle of the drive wheel 1060 and a side surface 1068.

还是如图16B和16D所示,一个螺线管操作的门闩1076安装到门架1034'上,用于在闭合位置锁紧门部件1032',门部件1032'有一个形成在其中的开口1078,用于与门闩1076配合。 Is shown in FIG. 16B and 16D, a solenoid operated latch mounted to the door frame 1076 ', and in the closed position for locking the door member 1032' 1034, the gate member 1032 'has an opening formed therein 1078, for mating with the latch 1076. 此外,一个狭槽1079形成在内部托架部件1050和一个横柱1052中,以便在门闩1076从门部件1032'收回时使门模件1046拉回。 Further, a slot 1079 formed in the interior of the carriage and a transverse member 1050 in column 1052, so that the door module when the door member 1032 'is retracted from the latch 10761046 back. 应理解的是,如上所述的门驱动装置1038适合于驱动图16A的门部件1032以及图16B的门部件1032',导滚1070的对应体也适合于图16的门部件1032的支承。 It should be understood that the door operator as described above, the gate member 1032 to 1038 for driving the gate member of FIG. 16A and FIG. 16B 1032 ', the corresponding roller guide member 1070 is also adapted to support the gate member 1032 in FIG. 16.

如图16D所示,离心机装置1000包括一个用于操作主轴装置1016、驱动装置1038和门闩1076的控制电路1080;以及一对相对于门架1034'安装的光学位置传感器,用于发出门部件1032'打开和关闭位置的信号,一个第一传感器1081用于发出关闭位置的信号,一个第二传感器1082'用于发出门部件1032'打开位置的信号。 , The centrifuge device 1000 comprises a means for operating a spindle 1016, drive control circuit 1038 and the latch of FIG. 16D 10801076; and a pair relative to the door frame 1034 'optical position sensor mounted, for emitting a door member 1032 'position of the opening and closing signal, a first sensor 1081 for signaling the closed position, a second sensor 1082' for emitting a door member 1032 'open position signal.

主轴装置1016包括主轴箱1006,以及一个具有一个主轴1085的主轴组件1084,主轴1085用于可转动地支承位于旋转腔1010中的主轴箱1006,主轴组件1084也有一个从基座板1020支承的主轴外壳1086。 The spindle device comprises a spindle box 1016 1006, 1084, and a spindle assembly having a spindle 1085 and spindle 1085 for rotatably supporting the spindle head is located in the rotating chamber 1006 1010, 1084 spindle assembly also has a support shaft 1020 from the base plate housing 1086. 一个主轴电机1088与主轴1085按照现有技术的方式连接,电机1088以任何合适的方式相对于基座板1020被固定地支承。 A spindle 1085 and spindle motor 1088 according to the embodiment of the prior art connector, the motor 1088 1020 is fixedly supported in any suitable manner relative to the base plate.

本发明的一个重要特征是,主轴装置1016能将每个装料台1004转到与进入口1044对齐以便接受或运送接受器1200,在任何一个所需的旋转操纵过程结束时主轴箱1006可在一个预定的标定位置直接和迅速地停住。 An important feature of the present invention is that each of the spindle device capable of charging stations 1016 to 1004 is aligned with the inlet port 1044 so as to receive or transport receptacle 1200, the end of a manipulator at any desired rotational spindle box 1006 may process a predetermined nominal position directly and quickly stopped. 因此,主轴电机1088装有一个位置编码器1090,用于发出主轴箱1006的角度位置信号。 Therefore, the spindle motor 1088 is equipped with a position encoder 1090, a signal for issuing the angular position of the spindle head 1006. 在如图16D和16E所示的控制电路1080的一个示例性的优选结构中,主轴电机1088是一个四极无刷交流伺服电机,这种电机是SGM-00A3型伺服电机,它是由Yaskawa ElectricAmerica,Inc.,of Northbrook,IL提供的。 In an exemplary preferred structure of FIG. 16D and the control circuit 1080 shown in FIG. 16E, the spindle motor 1088 is a four-pole brushless AC servo motor, the motor is a servo motor SGM-00A3, which is Yaskawa ElectricAmerica , Inc., of Northbrook, IL offer. 上述标记的电机包括编码器1090,编码器1090具有一个正交递增计数脉冲输出端1091和一个标准脉冲输出端1092。 The marker motor includes an encoder 1090, 1090 having a quadrature encoder pulse counts output terminal 1091 and a standard pulse output terminal 1092. 还是如图16D所示,控制系统1080包括一个离心机信息处理机1093、一个运动信息处理机1094和一个电机驱动器1095,运动信息处理机1094对编码器1090和来自离心机信息处理机的位置定点信号作出反应,以便将加速控制信号给到电机驱动器1095,从而驱动电机1088从一个标定的初始静止位置到一个拟定的旋转速度,在一个拟定的旋转周期内保持这个速度,然后使电机减速到停止在一个预定的最终静止位置。 As also shown in FIG 16D, a centrifuge control system 1080 includes an information processor 1093, a motion information processor 1094 and a motor driver 1095, the motion information processor 1094 encoder 1090 and a pointing position from an information processor centrifuge signal to respond to the acceleration control signal is supplied to a motor driver 1095, thereby driving the rotation speed of the motor 1088 from a nominal initial rest position to a drawn, to maintain this rate in a rotation period of a prepared, and then the motor decelerates to a standstill in a predetermined final resting position.

用作离心机信息处理器1093的合适装置可以从不同的商业渠道获得,例如,可从Ziatech of San Luis Obispo,CA获得的STD-32486(CPU Board)主机板。 Suitable centrifuge apparatus as the information processor 1093 can be obtained from various commercial sources, for example, of San Luis Obispo, STD-32486 CA obtained (CPU Board) from the motherboard Ziatech. 适合用作运动信息处理机1094的装置可以是从Motion Engineering,Inc.,Of Santa Barbara,CA获得的STD/DSP型运动控制器。 Means suitable for use as the motion information processor 1094 may be STD / DSP motion controller from Motion Engineering, Inc., Of Santa Barbara, CA obtained. 这个装置处理计数输出端1091的正交信号以便在主轴电机1088的每次运转中向一个位置记录器提供8192个脉冲,该装置也有一个装在离心机信息处理机1093中的终点记录器和一个数字-模拟转换器(DAC),数字-模拟转换器产生一个随着位置记录器和终点记录器之间的差别以及包括最大速度和加速度的其它变量而变的模拟输出。 The terminal count output means for processing the quadrature signal 1091 to provide 8192 pulses to a position recorded in each run of the spindle motor 1088, the apparatus also has mounted in a centrifuge in the information processor 1093, and a recording end point digital - analog converter (DAC), digital - analog converter generates an analog output with a difference between the end position of the recording and recorder, and includes a maximum speed and acceleration and other variables change. 应理解的是,上述标记的电机和电机驱动器一般认为不适合于用作主轴电机1088和运动信息处理机1094,因为额定许可负载惯量仅为0.189 oz-in sec2(0.836×10-4),是比本发明的离心机装置1000中实际可行的值低250倍的一个值。 It should be understood that the above-labeled motor and a motor driver is generally considered unsuitable for use as the spindle motor 1088 and the motion information processor 1094, as rated load inertia permit only 0.189 oz-in sec2 (0.836 × 10-4), is than 1000 centrifuge device according to the invention a practical value is 250 times lower value. 根据本发明已经发现的是,上述标记的电机和电机驱动器适用于带有一个连接在运动信息处理机1094和过滤器1095之间的合适的补偿滤波器1096的离心机1000中。 According to the present invention it has been found that the above-labeled motor and a motor driver suitable for centrifuges with a suitable compensation filter connected between the motion information processing unit 1094 and a filter 1095 1096 1000. 基本上是,补偿滤波器1095提供了一个“下凹”的频率特性曲线,下凹处位于大约75HZ的中心。 Basically, the compensation filter 1095 provides a "concave" frequency characteristic curve in the center of the recess of approximately 75HZ.

进一步如图16D所示,控制电路1080也包括一个步进电机驱动器1098,用于根据离心机信息处理机1093来运转门驱动装置1038的步进电机1064。 Further shown in FIG. 16D, the control circuit 1080 also includes a stepper motor driver 1098, a gate drive device 1093 to operate the stepper motor 1038 1064 centrifuge according to information processor. 一个适合用作步进电机驱动器1098的装置是从Intelligent Motion Systems,Inc.of Taftville 。 As a means of stepper motor driver 1098 is adapted from Intelligent Motion Systems, Inc.of Taftville. CT可获得的48312型微步电机。 CT 48312 available micro-step motor. 离心机信息处理机1093也有一个用于与处理控制器400连通的系统接口1099。 Centrifuge information processor 1093 also has a system interface 400 for communicating with a process controller 1099. 应理解的是,在图16A所示的结构中的键盘1040和显示器1042具有与离心机信息处理机1093连接的现有技术接口(未显示),当信息处理机1093与处理控制器400连接时,这些部件是不必要的。 It should be understood that the configuration shown in FIG. 16A keyboard 1040 and a display 1042 having the prior art information processor interface 1093 and a centrifuge (not shown), when the information processor 400 is connected to the process controller 1093 when these components are not necessary. 在控制电路1080的部件之间的实际连接最好如图16E所示,电路1080还包括一个用于装离心机信息处理器1093和运动信息处理器1040的现有的STD-32(cardcage)卡片盒1100;一个带有用于与一个外部电源连接的装置的EMI滤波器1102;一个主电源1104和一个用于步进电机控制器1098的步进电源1106;以及一个输入/输出板(I/Oboard)1110,它提供控制电路1080的部件之间的主要相互连接。 The actual connections between the components of the control circuit 1080 of FIG. 16E Preferably, the circuit 1080 further includes a centrifuge apparatus for an information processor 1093 and the motion information processor conventional STD-32 (cardcage) card 1040 box 1100; EMI filter with a means for connection to an external power source 1102; 1104 a main power supply for the stepper and stepper motor controller 1098 to 1106; and an input / output board (I / Oboard ) 1110, connected to each other between the main control circuit 1080 which provides the member. 回收装置1108吸收减速过程中从主轴电机1088回收的能量,用于通过电机驱动器1095限制不必要的能源损耗。 1108 absorbent recovery from the spindle motor during deceleration energy recovered 1088, for limiting the motor drive by the unnecessary energy consumption 1095. 一个适合用作回收装置1108的装置可以是从Yaskawa Electric获得的JUSP-RG08型回收装置。 A recovery unit 1108 for use as JUSP-RG08 type may be obtained by recovery from Yaskawa Electric. 输入/输出板1110也把补偿滤波器1096和现有技术的缓冲电路包括在其中,缓冲电路用于传感器1081和1082以及螺线管门闩1076,如图16F所示。 Input / output boards 1110 and 1096 is also the compensation filter prior art in which the buffer circuit includes a buffer circuit 1081 and a sensor 1082 and a solenoid latch 1076, as shown in FIG 16F. 更具体的是,补偿滤波器1096包括一个双T滤波器、一个低通运算放大器1114、一个两级低通滤波器1116和一个缓冲放大器1118,这些部件串联在前面描述的运动信息处理机1094的模拟输出端1120与电机驱动器1095的转矩命令输入端1122之间。 More specifically, the compensation filter comprises a double-T filter 1096, a low-pass operational amplifier 1114, a two stage low pass filter 1116 and a buffer amplifier 1118, the motion information of these series components previously described processor 1094 analog output terminal 1120 of the motor 1095 drives torque command input terminal 1122.

图16E图示了离心机信息处理机1093的一个控制程序1130,程序1130具有一个初始步骤,程序和数据信息在这个步骤被输入运动信息处理机1094的存储器中,在信息处理机1093和步进电机驱动器1098之间建立了顺次的连接,错误变量值被储存在信息处理机1093的变量存储器中,并且作用标记被重新设定。 FIG 16E illustrates a control information processor 1093 centrifuge program 1130, program 1130 having an initial step, the program and data is input to the motion information memory 1094 of an information processor in this step, the information processor 1093 and step is established between the motor driver 1098 are sequentially connected, the value of the error variable is stored in a memory variable information processor 1093, and the action flag is reset. 紧跟着初始步骤1031的是一个主循环1132,它具有一个获得命令步骤1133,用于接受来自处理控制器400的命令和数据。 Followed by an initial step 1031 of main loop 1132, which has obtained a command step 1133, for receiving commands and data from the process controller 400. 在程序1130的示例性执行过程中,可执行的命令列在如下的表1中。 In the course of the program of the exemplary implementation 1130, executable commands are listed in Table 1 below.

表1. Table 1. 离心机命令 Centrifuge command

应理解的是,在下面的描述中,控制程序1130的许多细节是在一般的处理控制程序员的技术范围内。 It should be understood that in the following description, numerous details the control program 1130 is within the general technical scope of the process control programmer. 例如,获得命令步骤1133伴随着几个命令可以适当地储存数据,只有在命令被全部接受到后才被执行,在执行费时的命令过程中,控制从命令步骤被传递以便通过控制程序1130进行连续的状态监视。 For example, step 1133 Get command accompanied by several commands may be suitably stored data, only to be received after all in order to be executed, the command execution time-consuming process, the control is transferred from step command control program 1130 for Continuous status monitoring. 紧跟着获得命令步骤1130的是开始执行命令的一个执行命令步骤1134并且设定了合适的标记以及类似物。 Followed by step 1130 Get command is a command to begin a step 1134 and execution command set Suitable labels, and the like. 在一个主轴回复原位步骤1135中执行Home Motor命令,主轴箱1006被驱动到一个回复原位转位位置,装料台1004A在这里与进入口1044对准,这是由编码器1090的标准输出端1092的启动决定的。 In step 1135 a spindle back in situ Home Motor command is executed, the headstock 1006 is driven to a reply situ indexed position, the loading station 1004A where opening 1044 is aligned with the incoming, which is output by the encoder 1090 standard end of 1092 to start the decision. 主轴回复原位步骤1135包括一个前进步骤1136、一个倒转步骤1137和一个偏移步骤1138。 Spindle 1135 comprising a step back in situ proceeds step 1136, a step 1137 and a reverse shift step 1138. 主轴箱在前进步骤1136中以适当的速度前进直到主轴箱通过转位位置,在这个位置标准输出端启动;主轴箱在倒转步骤1137中停住,然后以前进步骤1136的速度很小的一部分(1/25)倒转;主轴箱在偏移步骤138中再次停住,然后通过偏移前进超过转位位置。 Headstock In step 1136 proceeds forward at an appropriate speed until the index position by the headstock, starting at this output terminal position of the standard; reverse headstock stopped in step 1137, then step 1136 proceeds speed small part ( 1/25) inverted; headstock stopped again in the offset step 138, and proceeds through more than offset index position. 转位位置被从装料台1004A倾斜地移动,以便稍微在与装料台1004A对准之前在前进步骤1133中优选地启动标准输出端1092。 Index position is obliquely moved from loading station 1004A, slightly prior to the loading station aligned with the output end 1092 standard 1004A proceeds start step 1133 preferably. 这样,偏移可以是很小以便有利于迅速完成偏移步骤1138。 Thus, a small offset may be offset to facilitate the speedy completion of step 1138.

通过一个转位操作1140执行Index Move命令,其中装料台1004A、1004B、1004C和1004D通过对应的数字1、2、3和4被编址,并且主轴箱根据一个当前的转位位置和编址位置之间的差别前进(代数地),这个差别是在装料台时间0、1、2或-1之间的编码器计数数目。 1140 Index Move command performs an indexing operation, wherein the loading station 1004A, 1004B, 1004C and 1004D by the corresponding number 2, 3 and 4 are addressed and a headstock and the current index position in accordance with addressing the difference between the forward position (algebraically), this difference is the number of encoder counts between the loading ramp time 0, 1 or -1.

在开始运行步骤1142中执行Begin Run命令,其中旋转操作过程1002的数据用来计算一个终点距离作为一个加速距离和一个匀速距离总和,加速距离是加速和减速距离的一个综合。 In step 1142 starts running Begin Run command is executed, wherein during rotating operation data 1002 is used to calculate a distance from the end point as a sum of an acceleration distance and a uniform distance, an acceleration distance is integrated in the acceleration and deceleration distance. 更具体的是,匀速距离Dv是速度V和旋转操作过程1002的时间T的乘积,加速距离是V2/A,其中A是预定的加速度,A、T和V通过对应的上述识别命令被预先确定。 More specifically, uniform distance Dv is the product of the velocity V and the rotation of the operation 1002 of time T, the acceleration distance V2 / A, where A is a predetermined acceleration, A, T and V are determined in advance by the corresponding one of said identification command . 这些距离相加,然后被对应于当前转位位置的一个距离相对于回复原位位置所抵消,这个结果被发送到运动信息处理机1094以便启动主轴电机1088。 These distances are added, and then a distance corresponding to the current index positions relative to the offset position back in situ, the results are sent to the motion information processor 1094 starts the spindle motor 1088 so. 因此,主轴箱1006按照设定的加速度被加速以达到设定的旋转速度,在设定的旋转时间中维持住旋转速度,然后主轴箱1006按照设定的加速度被减速以便停在回复原位位置。 Thus, the headstock is accelerated to 1006 reaches a set rotational speed, the rotational speed of the rotary sustain time is set in accordance with the set acceleration, and then set in accordance with the headstock acceleration 1006 is decelerated to stop at the return position situ .

在门回复原位步骤1144中执行Home Door命令,门回复原位命令1144具有一个检查回复原位步骤1145和一个移动回复原位步骤1146。 In step 1144 the door back in situ Home Door executed command, a command back in situ gate 1144 having a check back in situ steps 1145 and step 1146 a moves back in situ. 如果第一传感器是开启的并显示门是关闭的,步骤1144从检查回复原位步骤退出;否则,进入移动回复原位步骤1146以便启动步进电机驱动器1098,从而以慢的回复原位速度(100steps/sec.)向着关闭位置转动步进电机1064。 If the first sensor is on and the door is closed the display, step 1144 exits from the step back in situ inspection; otherwise, step 1146 to move back in situ starting the stepper motor driver 1098, thereby restoring situ slow speed ( 100steps / sec.) in the closing position of rotation of the stepping motor 1064.

在一个门操作1148中对应于打开和关闭步骤1149和1150执行Open Door和Close Door命令。 In an operation 1148 corresponding to the door opening and closing steps 1149 and 1150, and Close Door Open Door execution command. 在关闭步骤1150中,步进电机1064向着关闭位置以1500steps/sec.被驱动1200steps,接着再以50steps/sec.运动,直到测定到回复原位(关闭)位置。 In the closing step 1150, the stepping motor 1064 toward the closed position to 1500steps / sec. Is driven 1200steps, followed in 50steps / sec. Movement until the measured back in situ (closed) position. 万一门的移动被如上所述的障碍所妨碍,通过驱动轮1060沿着门部件1032'的侧部表面1068如上所述的滑动可以防止离心机装置1000的损坏和/或实验室人员的伤害。 In case the door is moved as described above, barrier hampered by the drive wheel 1060 along the sliding portion 1068 side as described above surface 1032 'of the door member can be prevented damage to damage the centrifuge device 1000 and / or laboratory personnel . 类似地,打开步骤1149相反地驱动步进电机1064,直到第二传感器1082发出门部件1032'的打开位置信号。 Similarly, step 1149 opens the contrary drives the stepping motor 1064 until the sensor 1082 emits a second gate member 1032 'in the open position signal. 系统软件处理监控装置200和包含的图形用户界面(GUI)的一个优选软件运行是以Lab-ViewTM软件开发包为基础,它可以从NationalInstrumentation Corp.of Austin,TX获得。 Software processing system a monitoring device is preferably software running a graphical user interface (GUI) 200 and is contained Lab-ViewTM based software development kit, which can be obtained from NationalInstrumentation Corp.of Austin, TX. 例如,在执行这个程序中,包括工作台100和离心机1000的系统10的图形连同不同的状态指示器和控制器显示出来。 For example, in the implementation of this procedure, the pattern table 100 and a centrifuge system including 10, 1000, along with various status indicators are displayed, and a controller. 图形显示展示了所有夹持器14的位置,并且通过轻点一个特定的夹持器,它的识别标记显示出来并且也可获得容器12的一个图形。 Graphical display shows the position of all the holder 14, and a specific holder by tapping, it displays the identification mark pattern and a container 12 is also available. 相反地,输入它的识别标记也可搜索一个特定的容器12的位置。 Instead, its identification mark input can also search for a specific container 12 in position. 这个程序可以作为Accel Net软件从Beckman Instruments获得。 This program can be used as Accel Net software available from Beckman Instruments.

尽管参照不同的优选形式对本发明进行了详细描述,但也可能是其它形式。 While the invention has been described in detail with reference to various preferred forms, but may also be in other forms. 例如,作为防护系统40的另一形式或是一种补充,工作台100可以装有探测器,用于探测能对操作员造成伤害的工作平台部分存在一个操作员以自动停止运行,就象在工业机械中一般使用的一样。 For example, as another form of the protection system 40 or a complement, the table 100 may be provided with a detector for detecting the presence can cause damage to a part of the operator work platform operator to stop automatically, as in industrial machinery generally used in the same. 它可以是诸如光束和一个光束探测器的装置,通过遮断光束可使工作台停止运转。 It may be a device such as a light beam and detector, it can interrupt the light beam through the stage is stopped. 因此,附后的权利要求的范围不应局限于这里所包括的优选形式的描述。 Thus, of the appended claims should not be limited herein comprise preferred forms described.

Claims (30)

1. 1. 一种用于自动处理装有试样的多个容器的系统,至少一些容器具有一个顶盖,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在一个夹持器中,该系统包括:(a)一个中心控制器,它包括(ⅰ)存储器和(ⅱ)一个数据输入部件,用于输入指令,以便根据容器识别标记来处理每个容器,处理指令存储在存储器中;(b)用于探测该系统中存在一个夹持器的探测器,探测器有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器发出一个夹持器存在的信号;(c)一个识别标记读取器,用于读取容器识别标记,读取器有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器提供容器识别标记;(d)一个容器分类系统,它包括(ⅰ)一个与中心控制器连通的数据输入部件,用于接受来自中心控制器的指令,以便将容器分类,从而按照储存在中心控制器存储器中的指令有选择地处理容器中试样,以及(ⅱ)若干个分类位置 A system for automatically processing a plurality of containers for containing the sample, at least some of the container has a lid, having a container identification indicia on each container, the container is placed in a holder, the system comprising: (a ) a central controller, comprising (i) a memory and (ii) a data input means for inputting instructions to process each container according to the container identification tag, the processing instructions stored in a memory; (b) for detecting there is a holder of the detector system, the detector having an output means for signaling the presence of a central controller to the holder; (c) an identification tag reader for reading the container identifying tag, the reader has an output means for providing identifying indicia to the central controller the container; (d) a container classification system, which includes a data input means (i) a communication with the central controller for receiving from the central controller instructions, in order to classify the container, so that the central controller in accordance with instructions stored in memory are selectively processing a sample vessel, and (ii) a plurality of sorting location 用于按照它们的处理指令存放容器;(e)一个离心处理系统,用于对所选择的试样进行离心处理,离心处理系统包括:(ⅰ)用于接受多个容器的接受器;以及(ⅱ)一个用于对多个接受器同时进行离心处理的离心机,离心机具有一个电机;一个离心机控制器,用于在选定的位置停住离心机,以便根据来自中心控制器的信号从离心机中自动取出接受器;一个具有闭合位置和打开位置的盖;以及一个盖驱动器,用于根据来自中心控制器的指令打开和关闭盖;(f)一个接受器平衡系统,用于使接受器重量平衡以便进行离心处理;(g)一个去顶盖系统,用于有选择地给容器去掉顶盖;(h)至少一个分析仪,用于有选择地分析试样;以及(ⅰ)一个输送系统,用于(ⅰ)将容器输送到离心机接受器、分析仪和去顶盖系统以及将容器从它们那里运走,(ⅱ)将接受器输送到接受器 According to their storage container for processing instructions; (e) a centrifugal processing system for selected samples were centrifuged, the centrifugal processing system comprising: (i) a receptacle for receiving a plurality of containers; and ( ii) a receptacle for a plurality of centrifugation while the centrifuge, the centrifuge having a motor; a centrifuge controller for the centrifuge stopped at selected locations, based on a signal from the central controller to the automatically removed from the centrifuge receptacle; a lid closed position and an open position having; and a lid driver for opening and closing the cover according to an instruction from the central controller; (f) a receptacle balance system, for receptacle weight balance for centrifugation; (G) to a cover system for selectively removing the lid to the container; (H) at least one analyzer for selectively analytical sample; and (i) a delivery system for (i) delivering the container to the centrifuge receptacle, analyzers and systems to cover the container and transported away from them, (ii) transporting the receptacle to receptacle 衡系统和离心处理系统以及将接受器从它们那里运走,以及(ⅲ)将容器输送到分类系统,输送系统具有一个与中心控制器连通的控制器以便中心控制器能够控制输送系统。 Heng and centrifugation system processing system, and the receptacle transported away from them, and (iii) delivering the container to the classification system, the delivery system has a controller in communication with the central controller to the central controller can control the transport system.
2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括一个过程监控器,它具有:(a)一个设定程序的探测输入步骤,用于确定在工作台的输入位置的容器;(b)一个容器选择步骤,被探测的容器在该步骤中被选择用于处理;(c)一个识别步骤,用于根据容器识别标记来确定每个被选择的容器的处理选项;(d)一个处理选择步骤,用于开始已确定的处理选项,所述处理选项是分类、离心处理、去顶盖和分析中的一项或多项。 A container selected in step (b); (a) a program setting input step of detecting, for determining the position of the container in the input table: The system according to claim 1, further comprising a process monitor, having , the detected container is selected for processing in this step; (c) a step of identifying, for determining for each container is a container according to the selected processing option identification mark; (d) selecting a processing step for start processing options have been identified, the treatment options are classified, centrifugation, to one or more of the roof and analysis.
3. 3. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,每个分析仪包括:(a)一个用于对一个试样有选择地进行至少两种不同的分析的装置;(b)一个与中心控制器连通的分析仪控制器,以便中心控制器能够指示分析仪对每个试样进行什么分析;以及(c)一个用于向中心控制器的存储器提供分析结果的输出系统。 The system according to claim 1, wherein each analyzer comprising: (a) a means for at least two different analysis of a specimen is selectively; (b) a central controller and communication analyzer controller, so that the central controller can indicate what analyzer analyzing each sample; and (c) to provide a system for outputting an analysis result to the memory hub controller.
4. 4. 如权利要求1或3所述的系统,包括两个分析仪,其特征在于,每个输出系统具有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器提供分析仪可获得的信息,并且中心控制器具有用于选择性地确定将要进行分析的每个试样由哪个分析仪进行分析的装置。 The system of claim 1 or claim 3, comprising two analyzers, characterized in that each output system having an output means for providing information to the analyzer available the central controller and the central controller has a selectively determine each sample to be analyzed to a device which performs analysis of the analyzer.
5. 5. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,输送系统包括一个用于将容器输送到分析仪和从分析仪运走的第一自动臂以及一个第二自动臂。 The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the transport system comprises a transport container for the automatic analyzer of the first arm and transported away from the analyzer and a second robotic arm.
6. 6. 如权利要求5所述的系统,还包括一个防护系统,用于有选择地阻挡操作员接近工作台,防护系统包括:一个包围工作台上部的隔板,该隔板具有一个供分析仪自动臂通过的开口;一个将接受器送到离心机的扩展部分;一个具有一个驱动装置的入口小门;以及一个向中心控制器发出进入要求信号的操作员输入装置,控制器运行以便合适地制止工作台自动臂的运行并随后按照操作员的输入来启动驱动装置打开入口小门。 The system as claimed in claim 5, further comprising a protection system, for selectively blocking operator access table, protection system comprising: a work table portion surrounding the spacer, the spacer having a robotic arm for analyzer through the opening; an extension to the receptacle centrifuge; an inlet having a door drive device; and a request signal sent to the central controller into the operator input device, the controller operates to stop working properly automatic operating arm according to operator input and then to start the drive means opens the inlet door.
7. 7. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,该系统包括多个用于放置容器的进料位置,每个进料位置有一个探测器,至少一个位置用于优先处理的容器,其中,探测器输出部件向中心信息处理机发出优先处理容器存在的信号,并且中心信息处理机提供指令以便优先处理优先容器。 The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the system comprises a plurality of feed locations for placement of containers, each having a feed position detector, the position of the at least one container for priority processing, wherein sounding We sent to the center member output signal present container handler priority and the central processor providing instructions to the information processing priority priority vessel.
8. 8. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,容器夹持器上具有夹持器识别标记,其中,标记读取器能读取夹持器识别标记,读取器输出部件向中心控制器提供夹持器识别标记,以便根据它们各自的夹持器来跟踪容器。 The system according to claim 1, characterized in that, the holder having identifying indicia on the container holder, wherein the indicia reader capable of reading the identification tag holder, an output member to provide the reader to the central controller holder identification mark, so that the container track according to their respective holders.
9. 9. 一种用于自动处理装有试样的多个容器的系统,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在一个其上具有夹持器识别标记的夹持器中,该系统包括:(a)一个中心控制器,它包括(ⅰ)存储器和(ⅱ)一个数据输入部件,用于输入处理指令,以便根据容器识别标记来处理每个容器,处理指令存储在存储器中;(b)用于探测该系统中存在一个夹持器的探测器,探测器有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器存储器发出一个夹持器存在的信号;(c)一个标记读取器,用于读取容器识别标记和夹持器识别标记,标记读取器有一个输出部件,用于向中心控制器存储器提供容器识别标记和夹持器识别标记;(d)一个容器分类系统,它包括(ⅰ)一个与中心控制器连通的数据输入部件,用于接受来自中心控制器的指令,以便将容器分类,从而按照储存在中心控制器存储器中的指令 A system for automatically processing a plurality of containers for containing a sample, a container identification indicia on each container, the container is placed in the holder having an identification mark in a holder on which the system comprises :( a) a central controller, comprising (i) a memory and (ii) a data input means for inputting processing instructions, each container to be processed in accordance with the container identification tag, the processing instructions stored in a memory; (b) with detecting the presence of a holder in the detector system, the detector having an output means for signaling the presence of a center holder to the controller memory; (c) a tag reader for reading and the holder container identification mark identification marks, indicia reader means having an output for providing a container identification marker identifying mark and the holder to the center of the memory controller; (d) a container classification system, which comprises (i) a data input means in communication with the central controller for receiving instructions from the central controller, in order to classify the container, so that the central controller in accordance with instructions stored in memory 选择地处理容器中试样,以及(ⅱ)若干个分类位置,用于按照它们的处理指令存放容器。 Alternatively the sample processing vessel, and (ii) a plurality of sorting location, according to their storage container for processing instructions.
10. 10. 一种用于自动准备装有试样的多个容器的系统,它包括:(a)一个对所选择的试样进行离心处理的离心处理系统,该离心处理系统包括:(ⅰ)用于接受多个容器的接受器;以及(ⅱ)一个用于对多个接受器同时进行离心处理的离心机,离心机具有一个电机;一个离心机控制器,用于在选定的位置停住离心机,以便根据来自中心控制器的信号从离心机中自动取出接受器;一个具有闭合位置和打开位置的盖;以及一个盖驱动器,用于根据来自中心控制器的指令打开和关闭盖;(b)一个接受器平衡系统,用于使接受器重量平衡以便进行离心处理;以及(c)一个输送系统,用于(ⅰ)将容器输送到离心机接受器和将容器从离心机接受器运走,以及(ⅱ)将接受器输送到接受器平衡系统和离心处理系统以及将接受器从它们那里运走。 System for automatically preparing a plurality of containers with a sample, comprising: (a) one pair of selected samples were centrifuged system of centrifugation, the centrifugal processing system comprising: (i) for receiving a plurality of receptacle vessels; and (ii) a receptacle for a plurality of centrifugation while the centrifuge, the centrifuge having a motor; a centrifuge controller for the centrifuge stopped at selected locations , to automatically remove the receptacle from the centrifuge according to a signal from the central controller; having a closed position and an open position of the cover; and a lid driver for opening and closing the cover according to an instruction from the central controller; (b) a balance system receptacle, the receptacle for weight balance for centrifugation; and (c) a delivery system for (i) delivering the container to a centrifuge receptacle and the container transported away from the centrifuge receptacle, and (ii) the receptacle to the delivery system and the balance receptacle and the receptacle centrifugal processing system taken away from them.
11. 11. 一种用于自动准备装有用于分析的试样的多个容器的工作台,工作台与一个离心机和一个控制器合作运行,离心机能对装有容器的多个接受器进行离心处理,至少一些容器具有一个顶盖,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在夹持器中,工作台包括:(a)一个平台;(b)位于平台上的夹持器定位装置,用于将夹持器定位在预定的位置;(c)位于平台上的接受器定位装置,用于使接受器定位;(d)用于探测平台上的预定位置存在一个夹持器的探测器,探测器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号;(e)一个用于读取容器识别标记的标记读取器,该读取器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器提供容器识别标记;(f)一个位于平台上的接受器平衡系统,用于使供给离心机的装有容器的接受器的重量平衡;(g)一个位于平台上的去顶盖装置,用 A method for automatically preparing a plurality of tables of a sample vessel equipped for analysis, in cooperation with a bench and a centrifuge operation controller, a centrifuge capable of centrifuging a receptacle containing a plurality of containers, at least Some containers having a lid, having a container identification indicia on each container, the container is placed in the holder, the stage comprising: (a) a platform; (b) holder positioning means located on the platform, for the holder is positioned in a predetermined position; (c) a receptacle located on the platform positioning means, for positioning the receptacle; (d) for the presence of a predetermined position of the holder on the detection platform detector probe has an output means for emitting a presence signal to the controller of the holder; (e) a vessel for reading the identification mark indicia reader, the reader having an output member, for the control provides a container identification mark; by weight (f) a receptacle located on the platform balance system, for supplying the centrifuge with the container receptacle balance; (G) to a cap means located on the platform, with 有选择地使离心处理的容器去顶盖;(h)一个位于平台上的运送位置,用于放置装有离心处理过的、去顶盖的容器的夹持器,以便由一个分析仪进行分析;以及一个位于平台上的接受位置,用于接受来自分析仪的已分析的样品;(ⅰ)一个位于平台上的输送系统,用于(ⅰ)将容器输送到离心机接受器、运送与接受位置和去顶盖装置以及将容器从它们那里运走,(ⅱ)将容器进行分类以便处理,以及(ⅲ)将接受器输送到接受器平衡系统和离心机装置以及将接受器从它们那里运走,输送装置具有一个与控制器连通的输入部件以便控制器能够控制输送系统。 Selectively causing the container to cap the centrifuged; (H) in the transport position on a platform, for placing equipped with a centrifugal treated, to cover the container holder, for analysis by an analyzer ; and a receiving position located on the platform, for receiving the samples have been analyzed from the analyzer; (i) a transport system located on the platform, for (i) delivering the container to the centrifuge receptacle, transporting and receiving and means to position the cover and the container transported away from them, (ii) classifying container for processing, and (iii) the delivery receptacle to the receptacle balancing system and the centrifuge device and where they are transported from the receptacle walking, a member delivery device having an input in communication with the controller so that the controller can control the transport system.
12. 12. 一种用于自动准备装有用于分析的试样的多个容器的工作台,工作台与一个离心机和一个控制器合作运行,离心机能对装有容器的多个接受器进行离心处理,至少一些容器具有一个顶盖,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,工作台包括:(a)一个平台;(b)位于平台上的夹持器,用于将容器放置在预定的位置;(c)位于平台上的接受器定位装置,用于使接受器定位;(d)一个用于读取容器识别标记的标记读取器,该读取器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器提供容器识别标记;(e)一个位于平台上的接受器平衡系统,用于使供给离心机的装有容器的接受器的重量平衡;(f)一个位于平台上的去顶盖装置,用于有选择地使离心处理的容器去顶盖;(g)一个位于平台上的分析仪运送位置,用于接受离心处理过的、去顶盖的容器,以便由一个分析仪进行分析;以及一个位于平 Preparing a plurality of tables for automatically analyzing a sample vessel equipped for cooperation with a bench and a centrifuge operation controller, a centrifuge capable of centrifuging a receptacle containing a plurality of containers, at least Some containers having a lid, having a container identification indicia on each container, the table comprising: (a) a platform; (b) the holder is located on the platform, for placing the container in a predetermined position; (c) receptacle located on the platform positioning means, for positioning the receptacle; (d) a container for reading the identification mark indicia reader, the reading means having an output for providing to the controller to identify the container tag; (e) a receptacle balance system is located on the platform, the weight of the receptacle for the supply vessel containing the balance of the centrifuge; (f) a means to cover located on the platform, for selectively centrifugation of the container to the cap; (G) is located in a position on the analyzer transport platform for receiving a centrifugal treated, to cover containers, for analysis by an analyzer; and a level located 上的分析仪接受位置,用于接受来自分析仪的已分析的样品;以及(h)一个位于平台上的输送系统,用于(ⅰ)将容器输送到离心机接受器、分析仪运送与接受位置和去顶盖装置以及将容器从它们那里运走,(ⅱ)将容器进行分类以便处理,以及(ⅲ)将接受器输送到接受器平衡系统和离心机装置以及将接受器从它们那里运走,输送装置具有一个与控制器连通的输入部件以便控制器能够控制输送系统。 The analyzer receiving position for receiving samples have been analyzed from the analyzer; and (h) a transport system located on the platform, for (i) delivering the container to the centrifuge receptacle receiving and conveying analyzer and means to position the cover and the container transported away from them, (ii) classifying container for processing, and (iii) the delivery receptacle to the receptacle balancing system and the centrifuge device and where they are transported from the receptacle walking, a member delivery device having an input in communication with the controller so that the controller can control the transport system.
13. 13. 一种用于自动分类装有用于分析的试样的多个容器的工作台,工作台与一个控制器合作运行,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在夹持器中,工作台包括:(a)一个平台;(b)位于平台上的夹持器定位装置,用于将夹持器定位在预定的位置;(c)用于探测平台上的预定位置存在一个夹持器的探测器,探测器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号;(d)一个用于读取容器识别标记的标记读取器,该读取器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器提供容器识别标记;以及(e)一个位于平台上的输送系统,用于将容器分类,以便根据容器上的标记进行处理,输送装置具有一个与控制器连通的输入部件以便控制器能够控制输送系统。 A service station for automatic classification with a plurality of containers for sample analysis, a table with cooperative operation of the controller, each container having a container identification mark, the container is placed in the holder, the table comprising: (a) a platform; (b) holder positioning means located on the platform for positioning the holder at a predetermined position; (c) a holder for the presence of predetermined positions on the detection platform detector, the detector means having an output for emitting a presence signal to the controller of the holder; (d) a container for reading the identification mark indicia reader, the reader having an output member, the controller for providing the container identification mark; and (e) a transport system located on the platform, the container for the classification, for processing in accordance with indicia on the container, a conveying means having an input means in communication with the controller so as to control capable of controlling the delivery system.
14. 14. 一种用于自动准备装有用于分析的试样的多个容器的工作台,工作台与一个控制器和至少一个分析仪合作运行,容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在夹持器中,工作台包括:(a)一个平台;(b)用于探测平台上的预定位置存在一个夹持器的探测器,探测器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号;(c)一个用于读取容器识别标记的标记读取器,该读取器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器提供容器识别标记;(d)一个位于平台上的分析仪运送位置,用于放置夹持器,以便由一个分析仪进行分析;以及一个位于平台上的分析仪接受位置,用于接受来自分析仪的已分析的样品;以及(e)一个位于平台上的输送系统,用于(ⅰ)将容器输送到分析仪运送和接受位置以及将容器从它们那里运走,以及(ⅱ)将容器进行分类以便处理,输送装置具有一个 Preparing a plurality of tables for automatically analyzing a sample vessel equipped for containers having identifying indicia on the table with a controller and at least one analyzer cooperative operation, the container, the container is placed in the holder , the table comprising: (a) a platform; (b) a holder for the presence of predetermined positions on the detection platform detector, the detector having an output means for issuing the presence of a holder to the controller signal; (c) a container for reading the identification mark indicia reader, the reading means having an output for providing identifying indicia to the controller of the container; (d) a position located on the analyzer transport platform for placement holder for analysis by an analyzer; analyzer and a receiving position located on the platform, for receiving a sample analyzed analyzer from; and (e) a transport system located on platform for (i) delivering the container to the analyzer and conveying the container receiving position and transported away from them, and (ii) classification to processing container, having a conveying device 与控制器连通的输入部件以便控制器能够控制输送系统。 Input means in communication with the controller so that the controller is capable of controlling the transport system.
15. 15. 如权利要求14所述的系统,其特征在于,输送系统包括一个位于一个纵向轨道上的自动臂,并且平台包括一个基座,该基座包括:(a)若干个刚性隔板;(b)与隔板的各个相对侧部连接的一对纵向横梁;以及(c)一个与在横梁之间竖直间隔开的隔板的柱形末端连接的纵向导轨,轨道被支承在导轨上。 The system according to claim 14, wherein the delivery system comprises a robotic arm located on a longitudinal track and a platform comprising a base, the base comprising: (a) a plurality of rigid diaphragm; (b) a pair of longitudinal beams connected to the respective opposite side portions of the partition plate; and a longitudinal rail (c) a cross member connected between the vertically spaced ends of the cylindrical separator, is supported on the track rails.
16. 16. 如权利要求15所述的系统,其特征在于,工作台还包括一个用于输送系统的气动子系统,导轨形成了气动子系统的一个蓄气器。 The system according to claim 15, wherein the table further comprising a subsystem for a pneumatic transport system, a rail is an air reservoir pneumatic subsystem.
17. 17. 一种用于自动准备装有用于分析的试样的多个容器的工作台,工作台与一个离心机和一个控制器合作运行,离心机能对装有容器的多个接受器进行离心处理,至少一些容器具有一个顶盖,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在夹持器中,工作台包括:(a)一个平台;(b)用于探测平台上存在一个夹持器的探测器,探测器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号;(c)一个用于读取容器识别标记的标记读取器,该读取器具有一个输出部件,用于向控制器提供容器识别标记;(d)一个位于平台上的接受器平衡系统,用于使供给离心机的装有容器的接受器的重量平衡;以及(e)一个位于平台上的输送系统,用于(ⅰ)将容器输送到离心机接受器以及将容器从离心机接受器运走,(ⅱ)将容器进行分类以便处理,以及(ⅲ)将接受器输送到接受器平 A method for automatically preparing a plurality of tables of a sample vessel equipped for analysis, in cooperation with a bench and a centrifuge operation controller, a centrifuge capable of centrifuging a receptacle containing a plurality of containers, at least Some containers having a lid, having a container identification indicia on each container, the container is placed in the holder, the stage comprising: (a) a platform; (b) a holder for the presence of the probe on the detection platform , a detector having an output means for emitting a presence signal to the controller of the holder; (c) a container for reading the identification mark indicia reader, the reader having an output member, with identification mark for providing to the controller the container; (d) a receptacle located on the platform balance system, the weight of the receptacle for the supply vessel containing the balance of the centrifuge; and (e) a transport system located on the platform for (i) delivering the container to the centrifuge receptacle and the container transported away from the centrifuge receptacle, (ii) classifying container for processing, and (iii) transporting the receptacle to receptacle flat 系统和离心机装置以及将接受器从它们那里运走,输送装置具有一个与控制器连通的输入部件以便控制器能够控制输送系统。 System and the centrifuge device receptacle and transported away from them, a member delivery device having an input in communication with the controller so that the controller can control the transport system.
18. 18. 一种用于自动分析容器中的试样的系统包括:(a)一个用于准备用于分析的试样的工作台,工作台具有一个前部、一个后部和相对的侧部;(b)一个用于分析由工作台准备的试样的分析仪,分析仪具有相对的侧部、一个前部、一个顶部和一个后部,顶部具有一个分析装置并且可被一个使用者从前部接近;以及(c)一个用于将试样从工作台自动输送到分析仪的输送装置;其特征在于,工作台接近于分析仪的一个侧部,而不会妨碍分析仪的前部。 A system for the automatic analysis system includes a sample container: (a) a table for preparing a sample for analysis, the table having a front portion, a rear portion and an opposite side; (b ) for analyzing a sample prepared by the table analyzer, the analyzer having opposite side portions, a front portion, a rear portion and a top, the top having an analytical device and may be close to the front portion of a user; and (c) a means for automatically transporting sample analyzer from the table to the delivery device; wherein a table close to the side portion of the analyzer without interfering with the front portion of the analyzer.
19. 19. 一种用于自动分析容器中的试样的系统包括:(a)一个用于准备用于分析的试样的工作台,工作台具有一个顶面,顶面具有一个用于放置容器的运送位置,以便分析仪进行分析,以及一个接受位置,用于接受来自分析仪的已分析的样品;(b)一个用于分析由工作台准备的试样的分析仪;以及(c)一个位于分析仪上的自动臂,用于将试样从工作台自动输送到分析仪。 A system for the automatic analysis system includes a sample container: (a) a stage for preparing the sample for analysis, a table having a top surface, having a top surface for placing a transport container in a position to the analyzer for analysis, and a receiving position for receiving samples have been analyzed from the analyzer; (b) an analyzer for analyzing a sample prepared by the table; and (c) an analyzer located automatic arm for automatically transporting the sample from the table to the analyzer.
20. 20. 如权利要求19所述的系统,其特征在于,工作台具有一个调节装置,用于使运送和接受位置与自动臂对齐,而不会移动分析仪或工作台。 The system according to claim 19, characterized in that the table has a regulating means for automatically conveying arm and a receiving position aligned with, the analyzer does not move or table.
21. twenty one. 一种用于自动分析容器中的试样的分析仪包括:(a)一个具有相对侧部、一个前部、一个顶部和一个后部的基座,顶部具有一个分析装置并且可被一个使用者从前部接近;(b)一个位于基座上的支架,支架具有一个前工作区和一个顶板;以及(c)一个用于将试样从工作台自动输送到分析仪的输送装置,输送装置位于顶板上。 Analyzer for automatically analyzing a sample container comprising: (a) a portion having opposing sides, a front portion, a rear portion of a base and a top, the top having an analytical device and a user may be close the front portion; (b) one in a bracket on the base having a front working area and a top plate; and (c) a means for automatically transporting sample analyzer from the table to the delivery device, the delivery device is located on the roof.
22. twenty two. 一个用于从装试样的容器上去掉压入的盖的去顶盖系统,它包括:(a)一个用于夹紧地固定一个容器的接受器;(b)一个相对于接受器可移动地安装的轭架部件,它具有夹住固定在容器上的盖的装置;以及(c)一个用于在打开和关闭位置之间侧向移动轭架部件的转换装置;(d)一个升降机,用于在闭合位置相对于接受器提升轭架部件以去掉顶盖;(e)一个用于接受来自轭架部件的顶盖的收集器;以及(f)一个用于将去掉的顶盖从轭架部件转移到收集器的卸料机。 A cap for removing the cap system to the press-fitting containers from a sample, comprising: (a) a receptacle for holding a clamped vessel; (b) a receptacle is movable relative to yoke member mounted, clamping means having a lid secured on the container; and (c) a switching means for opening and lateral movement of the yoke member between a closed position; an elevator (D), a receptacle in the closed position with respect to the lifting yoke to remove the cover member; (e) for receiving a cap from the collector of the yoke member; and (f) a means for removing the cap from the yoke unloader frame member is transferred to the collector.
23. twenty three. 如权利要求22所述的去顶盖系统,用于与具有一个从相对侧部向外延伸的凸出表面的盖一起使用,其特征在于,夹紧装置包括轭架,该轭架具有一个向上的凸出部分,用于与固定在容器上的一个盖的凸出表面配合,轭架凸出部分在闭合位置位于盖的凸出表面下部延伸。 Cap system of claim 22 to claim a convex surface with a cover having a portion extending outwardly from opposite sides used together, characterized in that the clamping means comprises a yoke, the yoke having an upwardly projections, for fixing on the container with a lid fitting convex surface, a lower yoke projecting portion of the lid in the closed position the convex surface extends.
24. twenty four. 如权利要求22所述的去顶盖系统,还包括一个盖传感器,用于探测去掉的盖进入到收集器中并发出信号。 22 to the roof system as claimed in claim, further comprising a cover sensor for detecting remove the lid and into the collector signals.
25. 25. 如权利要求22所述的去顶盖系统,还包括一个用于转动接受器的驱动装置,以便从容器上去掉带螺纹的盖。 To cover system of claim 22 as claimed in claim, further comprising means for driving the rotation of a cap receptacle, in order to remove the container from the threaded.
26. 26. 如权利要求22、23、24或25所述的去顶盖系统,其特征在于,接受器包括:(a)一个位于一个刚性部件中的柔性套筒,用于包围着容器的底部部分,套筒具有一个封闭的端部;(b)一个在刚性部件和柔性套筒之间延伸的夹紧装置;以及(c)一个驱动装置,用于移动夹紧装置有力地顶住套筒,从而相对于刚性部件夹紧容器。 The system 22, 23 to the roof or claim 25, characterized in that, the receptacle comprising: (a) a rigid member positioned in a flexible sleeve for surrounding the bottom portion of the container, the sleeve a cylinder having a closed end portion; (b) a clamping means extending between the rigid member and the flexible sleeve; and (c) a drive means for moving the clamping means forcefully against the sleeve, so that the relative a rigid clamping member to the container.
27. 27. 一种用于自动处理装有试样的多个容器的方法,至少一些容器具有一个顶盖,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在一个夹持器中,该方法包括步骤:(a)提供一个具有存储器的控制器,以便保存处理指令,从而根据容器识别标记处理每个容器;(b)探测系统中存在一个夹持器并且向控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号;(c)读取容器识别标记并向控制器发出容器识别标记信号;(d)根据与各个容器标记相关的对应处理指令,通过自动臂有选择地将容器运送到若干个分类位置;(e)按照下列步骤离心处理选择的试样:(ⅰ)根据对应的处理指令,通过自动臂将容器有选择地运送和装入多个离心机接受器;(ⅱ)使装入容器的接受器的重量平衡;(ⅲ)通过自动臂将重量平衡的接受器放入一个离心机中;(ⅳ)根据来自控制器的指令对多个接受器同时进行离心处理;( A method for automatically processing a plurality of containers for containing a sample, at least some of the container has a lid, having a container identification indicia on each container, the container is placed in a holder, the method comprising the steps :( a) providing a controller having a memory, in order to save processing instruction, so that each container according to the labeling process container identification; there is a holder (b) detecting the presence of the system and sends a signal to the controller of the holder; ( c) reading the identification tag of the container and issuing a signal controller container identification mark; (d) according to a corresponding processing instructions associated with each container labeled by the robotic arm to transport the container selectively classified into several positions; (e) according to sample centrifugation steps selected: (i) in accordance with the corresponding processing instructions, by the robotized arm and transport container for selectively loading a plurality of centrifuge receptacle; (ii) the receptacle into the container so that the weight balance ; (iii) the balance by weight of the arm automatically into a centrifuge receptacle; (iv) centrifuging a plurality of receptacles simultaneously according to an instruction from the controller; ( )停住离心机、将离心机转位到选定的卸料位置并根据来自控制器的信号通过自动臂从离心机中取出接受器,从而给离心机卸下负载;(f)通过自动臂将离心处理过的容器运送到一个去顶盖装置并去顶盖,从而有选择地将离心处理过的容器去顶盖;以及(g)通过按照来自控制器的指令将选择的容器运送到一个分析仪、用分析仪分析试样并向控制器报告分析结果,从而有选择地分析试样。 ) Stopped the centrifuge, the centrifuge discharge position to the selected bit and removed from the centrifuge receptacle according to a signal from the controller by the automatic arms, thereby to remove the centrifuge load; (f) by an automatic arm centrifuged treated to a container transport apparatus to the roof and to the cover, so as to selectively centrifuged to cover the treated vessel; and (g) transported to a command from the controller through the selected vessel analyzer, a sample for analysis to the controller reports the results of analysis by the analyzer, to selectively sample for analysis.
28. 28. 一种用于自动处理装有试样的多个容器的方法,每个容器上面具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在一个夹持器中,该方法包括步骤:(a)将根据容器识别标记处理每个容器的处理指令存储在一个控制器的存储器中;(b)自动地探测系统中存在一个夹持器并且向控制器发出存在一个夹持器的信号;(c)读取容器识别标记并向控制器发出容器识别标记信号;以及(d)根据处理指令通过一个自动臂有选择地将容器输送到若干个分类位置。 A method for automatically processing a plurality of containers for containing a sample, each container having a top container identification mark, the container is placed in a holder, the method comprising the steps of: (a) container identification mark according to the process each container processing instructions stored in the memory of a controller; (b) the presence of a holder to automatically detect the presence of the system and sends a signal to the controller of the holder; (c) reading the identification tag of the container and issued container identification mark signal to the controller; and (d) selectively to the transport container by means of a plurality of automatic classification position in accordance with the processing instruction arm.
29. 29. 一种用于自动处理装有试样的多个容器的方法,每个容器上具有容器识别标记,容器被放置在一个夹持器中,该方法包括步骤:(a)将根据容器识别标记处理每个容器的处理指令存储在一个控制器的存储器中;(b)读取容器识别标记并向控制器发出容器识别标记信号;以及(c)按照下列步骤离心处理选择的试样:(ⅰ)根据来自控制器的处理指令,通过一个自动臂将容器有选择地运送到多个离心机接受器并装入接受器;(ⅱ)使接受器的重量平衡;(ⅲ)通过自动臂将重量平衡的接受器放入一个离心机中,该离心机带有一个具有一个关闭位置和一个打开位置的盖;(ⅳ)根据来自控制器的指令对多个接受器同时进行离心处理;(ⅴ)停住离心机、打开盖、将离心机转位到选定的卸料位置并根据来自控制器的信号通过自动臂从离心机中取出接受器,从而给离心机卸下负载 A method for automatically processing a plurality of containers for containing a sample, a container identification indicia on each container, the container is placed in a holder, the method comprising the steps of: (a) container identification mark according to the process each container processing instructions stored in the memory of a controller; (b) reading the identification tag of the container and the container identification mark signal emitted controller; and (c) the following steps centrifuged sample selected: (i) the processing instructions from the controller, by a robotized arm for selectively transporting the container to a plurality of receptacle and charged centrifuge receptacle; (ii) the equilibrium weight receptacle; (iii) the balance by weight of an automatic arm receptacle into a centrifuge, the centrifuge having a having a closed position and an open position of the lid; (iv) centrifuging a plurality of receptacles simultaneously according to an instruction from the controller; (ⅴ) stop live centrifuge, opening the lid, the centrifuge discharge position to the selected bit and removed from the centrifuge receptacle according to a signal from the controller by a robotized arm, thereby removing the load on the centrifuge .
30. 30. 如权利要求27或29所述的方法,其特征在于,平衡步骤包括:(a)当每个容器装入接受器时,监控接受器和被装载的特定接受器的总重量;(b)从连续的负载递增和被装载的接受器确定每个接受器的一个负荷;以及(c)调节特定的接受器对的负荷以取得一个预定的平衡度。 The method of claim 27 or claim 29, wherein the balancing step comprising: (a) when the load each container receptacle, the receptacle and to monitor the total weight of the particular receptacle to be loaded; (b) from continuous load increments and determining a loaded receptacle for each loading receptacle; and (c) adjusting the specific load of the receptacle to achieve a predetermined degree of balance.
CN 97196024 1997-07-03 1997-07-03 Automaied sample processing system CN1223721A (en)

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CN1886655B (en) 2003-10-31 2011-11-16 切夫里昂奥罗尼特有限责任公司 High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions
CN1886656B (en) 2003-10-31 2011-11-16 切夫里昂奥罗尼特有限责任公司 High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions
CN101036051B (en) 2004-02-13 2011-12-14 切夫里昂奥罗尼特有限责任公司 High throughput screening methods lubricating oil composition
CN101558311B (en) 2006-12-04 2012-02-08 英派克埃彼有限公司 Container holder having a position sensor
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CN103827655A (en) * 2011-07-22 2014-05-28 罗氏血液诊断股份有限公司 Sample transport systems and methods
CN104101527A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-10-15 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Sample processing method for automatic sample processing system
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CN105388308A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-09 曹汝安 Method for transferring blood sample test tubes
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CN1886655B (en) 2003-10-31 2011-11-16 切夫里昂奥罗尼特有限责任公司 High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions
CN1886656B (en) 2003-10-31 2011-11-16 切夫里昂奥罗尼特有限责任公司 High throughput screening methods for lubricating oil compositions
CN101036051B (en) 2004-02-13 2011-12-14 切夫里昂奥罗尼特有限责任公司 High throughput screening methods lubricating oil composition
CN100425522C (en) 2004-04-26 2008-10-15 株式会社Ids Cover lifting device
CN101131392B (en) 2006-08-22 2012-05-30 株式会社日立高新技术 Specimen treatment system
CN101558311B (en) 2006-12-04 2012-02-08 英派克埃彼有限公司 Container holder having a position sensor
CN101849187A (en) * 2007-11-30 2010-09-29 英派克埃彼有限公司 An automatic apparatus for loading and unloading biological material test tubes in a pneumatic mail system
CN101849187B (en) 2007-11-30 2014-07-16 英派克控股有限公司 An automatic apparatus for loading and unloading biological material test tubes in a pneumatic mail system
CN101852797A (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-10-06 希森美康株式会社 Sample analyzer and sample analyzing method
CN101852797B (en) 2009-03-31 2013-10-09 希森美康株式会社 Sample analyzer and sample analyzing method
CN102422163A (en) * 2009-05-15 2012-04-18 斯特拉特克生物医学股份公司 Method and apparatus for effecting transfer of reaction receptacles in an instrument for multi-step analytical procedures
US9446911B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2016-09-20 Gen-Probe Incorporated Apparatus for transferring reaction receptacles between a plurality of receptacle-receiving structures
CN102422163B (en) 2009-05-15 2014-06-04 简.探针公司 Method and apparatus for effecting transfer of reaction receptacles in an instrument for multi-step analytical procedures
CN103941028A (en) * 2009-05-15 2014-07-23 简.探针公司 Method and apparatus for effecting transfer of reaction receptacles in an instrument for multi-step analytical procedures
CN101995352A (en) * 2009-08-21 2011-03-30 广州阳普医疗科技股份有限公司 Method and equipment for separating serum
CN101995352B (en) 2009-08-21 2014-08-06 广州阳普医疗科技股份有限公司 Method and equipment for separating serum
CN102893161B (en) * 2010-05-14 2015-02-11 株式会社日立高新技术 Automatic analytical system and device management server
CN102893161A (en) * 2010-05-14 2013-01-23 株式会社日立高新技术 Automatic analytical system and device management server
US9435818B2 (en) 2011-07-22 2016-09-06 Roche Diagnostics Hematology, Inc. Sample transport systems and methods
CN103827655A (en) * 2011-07-22 2014-05-28 罗氏血液诊断股份有限公司 Sample transport systems and methods
CN103827655B (en) * 2011-07-22 2018-08-14 罗氏血液诊断股份有限公司 System and method for sample transport
CN104272083A (en) * 2012-02-24 2015-01-07 英士查诺尔有限公司 System, apparatuses and devices for pretreating cells
CN104272083B (en) * 2012-02-24 2018-01-02 英士查诺尔有限公司 A system, apparatus and means of pretreatment of cells
CN103801465B (en) * 2012-11-07 2016-04-20 热电子Led有限公司 Floor module type centrifuge
CN103801465A (en) * 2012-11-07 2014-05-21 热电子Led有限公司 Modular floorstanding centrifuge
CN104101527A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-10-15 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Sample processing method for automatic sample processing system
CN104266885A (en) * 2014-07-25 2015-01-07 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Sample automatic-treatment system
CN105929186B (en) * 2015-02-27 2018-06-08 东芝医疗系统株式会社 Clinical examination apparatus
CN105929186A (en) * 2015-02-27 2016-09-07 东芝医疗系统株式会社 Clinical examination device
CN105388308A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-03-09 曹汝安 Method for transferring blood sample test tubes
CN105865870A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-08-17 曹汝安 Sample preprocessing apparatus
CN105865870B (en) * 2016-04-12 2018-07-10 曹汝安 Sample pretreatment equipment
CN106323712A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-11 广州三瑞医疗器械有限公司 Cell staining slide making machine and staining slide making method

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