CN1219139C - House composed of large building blocks between two in-situ cast reinforced concrete columns - Google Patents

House composed of large building blocks between two in-situ cast reinforced concrete columns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1219139C
CN1219139C CN 03102838 CN03102838A CN1219139C CN 1219139 C CN1219139 C CN 1219139C CN 03102838 CN03102838 CN 03102838 CN 03102838 A CN03102838 A CN 03102838A CN 1219139 C CN1219139 C CN 1219139C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
house
cast
block brick
block
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Active - Reinstated
Application number
CN 03102838
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1429956A (en
Inventor
张好良
张宗楼
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Handan city Congtai District Zong Lou Construction Co. Ltd.
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张好良
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Priority to CN 03102838 priority Critical patent/CN1219139C/en
Publication of CN1429956A publication Critical patent/CN1429956A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1219139C publication Critical patent/CN1219139C/en
Active - Reinstated legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a large horizontal-hole concrete strip-shaped composite reinforcing-bar building-block building comprising large building blocks, cast-in-place reinforced concrete columns, precast ring beams, a roof plate and a concrete cushion layer, wherein the large building blocks are arranged between the two cast-in-place reinforced concrete columns, the precast ring beams are arranged on the upper parts and the lower parts of large building block walls, the roof plate is arranged on the top of the building, and the concrete cushion layer is arranged on the bottom of the building. The present invention is characterized in that one wall of each single room is formed by horizontally stacking 3 to 5 large building blocks, and one wall of each single room only has transverse seams. The present invention has the advantages of simple structure, simple and scientific production method, low cost, favorable combination of the walls and the columns, high stiffness, high intensity and high shock resistance, and the walls are not easy to crack. Mould plates are fixed to the large building blocks by setscrews so as to cast the concrete in the construction, so that the present invention has the advantages of time saving, labor saving and low cost and lays foundation for initiating factory production of buildings.

Description

The compound reinforcing bars building block of large-scale lateral aperture concrete bar shaped house
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of house, the compound reinforcing bars building block of particularly a kind of large-scale lateral aperture concrete bar shaped house.
Two, background technology
The building that generally uses mostly is framework bearing type structure greatly at present, is frame construction and adds the structure that filled wall forms.This house single face body of wall has vertical abutment joint, exists steel using amount big, and complex process, the shortcoming of crack, seepage, non-antidetonation occurs easily at the filled wall instability; " big plate building " forms body of wall with plate of every face wall in addition, and its shortcoming is that the transportation installation is difficult, and the cost of production height should not be popularized in an all-round way, and this is the deficiency in existing house.
Three, summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to invent the compound reinforcing bars building block of a kind of large-scale lateral aperture concrete bar shaped house, this house can not only replace the house of clay brick, and can energy-saving and environmental protection, help the batch production production in house, and convenient transportation, easy for installation, house quality height, good stability, cost is low, in order to overcome the deficiency in existing house.
Purpose of the present invention can reach by following embodiment: the present invention is made of block brick, cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column, prefabricated collar tie beam, roofing slab and concrete cushion, block brick is between two cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete columns, prefabricated collar tie beam is in the upper and lower of block brick body of wall, roofing slab is at the top in house, concrete cushion is in the bottom in house, be characterized in that the body of wall in every separate room is that 3~5 block brick levels stack together, on the body of wall in separate room transverse joint is only arranged, do not have vertical abutment joint.Block brick is a rectangle, it is made of concrete, several lateral apertures, the heat insulating material, the endoporus post plate that give in stress reinforcing bar and the lateral aperture, the endoporus link plate is located at the fragment position that the two ends of lateral aperture fall in slightly, and heat insulating material is put into and exposed the shrinkage pool section after lateral aperture hangs up the endoporus link plate.
The concrete of cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column of the present invention is the concrete wet feed, and after the cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column casting, it is stuck in block brick in the middle of himself by its I-shaped structure.
The production stage of the production method in house of the present invention is: 1) cleaning ground; 2) do concrete cushion, and place the column reinforcing bar; 3) lay mortar, later every layer of seam all laid mortar earlier; 4) hang the block brick of underground first floor; 5) hang the prefabricated collar tie beam in first road; 6) do backfilling of earthwork and go out ground; 7) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column; 8) put first floor block brick on the ground; 9) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column; 10) put second layer block brick; 11) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column; 12) put the 3rd layer of block brick; 13) place the second road collar tie beam; 14) fixed form pouring column; 15) placed layer top board, the levelling of moulding plate seam; 16) two, three layers of house practice repeat above operation; 17) make the insulation isolation layer; 18) make the waterproof deck.
An important feature of production method of the present invention is to place block brick earlier, and swell fixture is set in block brick again, by template wing mounting template, and pouring cast-in-situ concrete column or wet joint.
Advantage of the present invention is: simple in structure, production method is simple, science, and cheap, body of wall is combined with column, and rigidity is big, the intensity height, and anti-seismic performance is strong, and body of wall is difficult for the crack; Adopt the mode of carrying out concrete casting under construction with swell fixture fixed form in the block brick, save time, laborsaving, cost is low, fill up for the batch production production of starting the house and decided the basis.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic plan view
Fig. 2 is the block brick stereogram
Fig. 3 installs for template and column casting schematic diagram
Fig. 4 is the block brick cross-sectional view
Five, the specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1~4, the present invention is made of block brick 1, cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column 2, prefabricated collar tie beam 4, roofing slab 5 and concrete cushion 6, block brick 1 is between two cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete columns 2, prefabricated collar tie beam 4 is in the upper and lower of block brick body of wall, shingle 5 is at the top in house, concrete cushion 6 is characterized in that in the bottom in house the body of wall in every separate room is that 3~5 block brick 1 levels stack together, and only has transverse joint on the body of wall in separate room.Block brick 1 is a rectangle, it is made of concrete, several lateral apertures, the heat insulating material 17, the endoporus post plate 8 that give in stress reinforcing bar 10 and the lateral aperture, endoporus link plate 8 is located at the fragment position that the two ends of lateral aperture fall in slightly, and heat insulating material 17 is put into and exposed shrinkage pool section 9 after lateral aperture hangs up endoporus link plate 8.The concrete of cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column 2 is a concrete wet feed 15, and after cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column 2 casting, it is stuck in block brick in the middle of himself by its I-shaped structure.Can there be building block termination hair side 7 at two ends, block brick 7 left and right sides.
The production stage of production method of the present invention is: 1) cleaning ground; 2) do concrete cushion 6, and place column reinforcing bar 11; 3) lay mortar, later every layer of seam all laid mortar earlier; 4) hang underground first floor block brick 1; 5) hang the prefabricated collar tie beam 4 in first road; 6) do backfilling of earthwork and go out ground; 7) fixed form 12 pouring cast-in-situ concrete columns 2; 8) put the big building block 1 of first floor on the ground; 9) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column 2; 10) put second layer block brick 1; 11) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column 2; 12) put the 3rd layer of block brick 1; 13) place the second road collar tie beam 4; 14) fixed form pouring column 2; 15) place roofing slab 5, the levelling of moulding plate seam; 16) two, three layers of house practice repeat above operation; 17) make the insulation isolation layer; 18) make the waterproof deck.
An important feature of production method of the present invention is to place block brick 1 earlier, and swell fixture 13 is set in block brick 1 again, by template wing 14 mounting template 12, and pouring cast-in-situ concrete column 2 or wet joint.
Do not have window 3 in the house of the present invention, block brick 1 outside can be provided with crushed crude pearlite mortar 16 and interior muscle 18.

Claims (5)

1, the compound reinforcing bars building block of a kind of large-scale lateral aperture concrete bar shaped house, by block brick (1), cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column (2), prefabricated collar tie beam (4), roofing slab (5) and concrete cushion (6) constitute, block brick (1) is between two cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete columns (2), prefabricated collar tie beam (4) is in the upper and lower of block brick body of wall, shingle (5) is at the top in house, concrete cushion (6) is in the bottom in house, it is characterized in that the body of wall in every separate room is that 3~5 block bricks (1) level stacks together, and only has transverse joint on the body of wall in separate room.
2, house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that block brick (1) is rectangle, it is made of concrete, several lateral apertures, the heat insulating material, the endoporus post plate (8) that give in stress reinforcing bar (10) and the lateral aperture, endoporus link plate (8) is located at the fragment position that the two ends of lateral aperture fall in slightly, and heat insulating material is put into and exposed shrinkage pool section (9) after lateral aperture hangs up endoporus link plate (8).
3, house according to claim 1, the concrete that it is characterized in that cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column (2) are concrete wet feed (15), and after cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete column (2) casting, it is stuck in block brick in the middle of himself by its I-shaped structure.
4, according to the production method in the described house of claim 1, it is characterized in that the production stage of its production method is: 1) cleaning ground; 2) do concrete cushion (6), and place the column reinforcing bar; 3) lay mortar, later every layer of seam all laid mortar earlier; 4) hang underground first floor block brick (1); 5) hang the prefabricated collar tie beam in first road (4); 6) do backfilling of earthwork and go out ground; 7) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column (2); 8) put the big building block of first floor (1) on the ground; 9) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column (2); 10) put second layer block brick (1); 11) fixed form pouring cast-in-situ concrete column (2); 12) put the 3rd layer of block brick (1); 13) place the second road collar tie beam; 14) fixed form pouring column; 15) place roofing slab (5), the levelling of moulding plate seam; 16) two, three layers of house practice repeat above operation; 17) make the insulation isolation layer; 18) make the waterproof deck.
5, the production method in house according to claim 4 is characterized in that placing earlier block brick, and swell fixture is set in block brick again, by template wing mounting template, and pouring cast-in-situ concrete column (2) or wet joint.
CN 03102838 2003-01-23 2003-01-23 House composed of large building blocks between two in-situ cast reinforced concrete columns Active - Reinstated CN1219139C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03102838 CN1219139C (en) 2003-01-23 2003-01-23 House composed of large building blocks between two in-situ cast reinforced concrete columns

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 03102838 CN1219139C (en) 2003-01-23 2003-01-23 House composed of large building blocks between two in-situ cast reinforced concrete columns

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1429956A CN1429956A (en) 2003-07-16
CN1219139C true CN1219139C (en) 2005-09-14

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101967851A (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-09 董杨 Board-mixing structure assembly type house and building method thereof
CN102505777B (en) * 2011-10-16 2016-01-06 张宗楼 Heat preservation system for large-scale horizontal hole composite sandwich heat-preservation wallboard
CN105401681B (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-11-24 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of quick-assembling pitched roof and its method of construction based on assembled composite wall structure system

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Owner name: ZHANG ZONGLOU

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: ZHANG HAOLIANG

Effective date: 20110916

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20110916

Address after: 056106 three villages in East Handan County of Hebei Province

Patentee after: Zhang Zonglou

Address before: 056106 three villages in East Handan County of Hebei Province

Patentee before: Zhang Haoliang

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170621

Address after: Congtai District 056004 Hebei city of Handan Province Huang Liang Meng Zhen Dong tri Village East

Patentee after: Handan city Congtai District Zong Lou Construction Co. Ltd.

Address before: 056106 three villages in East Handan County of Hebei Province

Patentee before: Zhang Zonglou

TR01 Transfer of patent right