CN1214555C - Method for unified managing resource in packet network of PLMN - Google Patents

Method for unified managing resource in packet network of PLMN Download PDF

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CN1214555C
CN1214555C CNB021113521A CN02111352A CN1214555C CN 1214555 C CN1214555 C CN 1214555C CN B021113521 A CNB021113521 A CN B021113521A CN 02111352 A CN02111352 A CN 02111352A CN 1214555 C CN1214555 C CN 1214555C
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packet radio
radio service
general packet
service gateway
gateway support
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CN1452333A (en
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陈诚
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华为技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及到宽带码分复用(WCDMA)/通用分组无线业务(GPRS)移动通信领域,公共陆地移动网(PLMN)分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法。 The present invention relates to a wideband code division multiplex (WCDMA) / General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) mobile communications, (PLMN) packet network in the public land mobile network unified management of resources. 该方法在原有的WCDMA/GPRS系统中增加一个对全网资源统一管理的设备GMC(GGSN Manage Center),并相应增改了系统的激活流程、更新流程和删除流程,实现通用分组无线业务网关支持点(GGSN)接入用户数管理、GGSN带宽管理、接入点名称(APN)管理、IP地址管理、APN计费管理等,有效解决运营商对PLMN资源的管理问题,提供给运营商一种集中高效的运营管理方法,有效提高网络资源利用率,方法简单实用。 This method increases the existing WCDMA / GPRS system, a device GMC whole network resources unified management (GGSN Manage Center), and the appropriate additions and changes to the activation process of the system, updating processes and delete processes to achieve a General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support point (GGSN) access user number management, GGSN bandwidth management, access point name (APN) management, IP address management, APN billing management, effective solution to the problem of PLMN operators to manage the resources available to the operator one kind centralized and efficient operation and management methods, improve network resource utilization, simple and practical method.

Description

公共陆地移动网(PLMN)分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法 (PLMN) public land mobile network packet network in a way unified resource management

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及到宽带码分多址(WCDMA)/通用分组无线业务(GPRS)移动通信领域,尤其是对网络资源进行管理。 The present invention relates to a broadband code division multiple access (WCDMA) mobile field / General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) communication, especially for network resource management.

背景技术 Background technique

在WCDMA/GPRS系统中,移动运营商联合接入点名称(APN)运营者为移动用户提供高速分组传输业务。 In WCDMA / GPRS system, the mobile carriers jointly access point name (APN) operators provide high-speed packet transmission service for mobile users. 分组无线业务网关支持点(GGSN)设备作为PLMN中移动用户接入外部分组数据网APN(包括ISP、Internet、企业用户、PLMN的专用网等)的接入设备,主要包括用户会话管理、用户数据管理、数据转发和计费、接入外部数据网等功能;APN提供外部分组数据的承载功能和接入应用服务器的功能。 Packet radio service gateway support point (GGSN) device as an access device PLMN mobile users access to external packet data network APN (including ISP, Internet, business users, PLMN private network, etc.), including user session management, user data management , forwarding and billing data, external data network access and other functions; functions provided APN external packet data bearer functions and access application server. 它们在网络中位置如图1所示。 Their position in the network shown in Figure 1. 在用户上网时,GGSN负责到APN的AAA服务器对用户鉴权,分配属于APN地址空间的动态IP地址,建立和APN的连接通道,生成用户上下文,成功完成后,用户可以正常的上网;用户上网过程中,GGSN负责用户数据的转发及计费信息的收集;用户下网时,回收用户IP地址,断掉用户链接。 When Internet users, the GGSN is responsible for the dynamic IP address of the AAA server APN user authentication, assign address space belonging to APN, and APN to establish a connection channel, to generate a user context, upon successful completion, the user can normally access; Internet users process, GGSN collect billing information and forwarding user data; when the user network, user IP address recovered, broken user links.

在现在的WCDMA/GPRS网络中,主要有以下问题存在。 In the current WCDMA / GPRS networks, there are the following problems.

1、在一个网络中为方便用户接入,有多个GGSN分布在全网的不同地方,通过这些GGSN都能接入到同一个APN,如果APN很多,这种接入是十分复杂的,目前移动运营商缺少一种对APN进行全网管理的有效方法,如管理通过移动网络可以接入哪些APN、这些APN的属性等信息。 1, in a user-friendly access to the network, there are multiple GGSN in different places of the whole network, through which GGSN can access to a same APN, APN if many, this access is very complex, currently mobile operators lacking an effective method of network management for the full APN, such as APN management which can be accessed via the mobile network, the APN attribute information. 在一个GGSN设备上也可以对接入到这个GGSN的APN进行管理,但这种管理是局部的,不完善的。 It can also manage access to the APN in the GGSN GGSN on a device, but the management is local, imperfect.

2、一个网络通过GGSN提供的接入能力,包括用户数和总的带宽,都是有限的,移动运营商对网络进行有效运营管理的方法是把这些接入能力“批发”给各个APN(主要是ISP)。 Method 2, a network access capabilities provided through the GGSN, including the total number of users and the bandwidth is limited, mobile network operators to effectively manage the operations of these access capability "wholesale" to each of the APN (mainly It is ISP). 类似于固网,移动运营商关注于无线接入,ISP关注于分组接入和提供业务,共同分享利益。 Similar to the fixed-line, mobile operators focus on wireless access, ISP packet access and focus on providing services to share interests. 但目前网络上缺少对所有GGSN的接入用户数和带宽进行管理批发的方法。 But the method of managing the wholesale access for all users and GGSN current lack of bandwidth on the network. 如果让每个APN拥有一个GGSN,也是不经济合理的。 If so that each APN has a GGSN, it is not economically justified.

3、用户通过GGSN接入一个APN时,需要为用户分配动态IP地址,目前的IP地址都是各个GGSN设备分别管理APN的地址空间的一部分,地址利用率较低。 3, when a user access through the GGSN APN, dynamic IP address needs to be assigned to the user, the current IP address of the GGSN device are each respectively a part of address space management of APN, the utilization of lower address. 在APN的地址空间地址紧缺时,全网统一管理IP地址能增加利用率,目前缺少一种能在全网对APN的地址空间进行分配回收管理的方法。 APN address in the address space shortage, the unified management of the entire network can increase the utilization of the IP address, the current lack of a can of APN address space allocation method for the recovery of the whole network management.

4、移动运营商给APN运营者提供无线网络接入功能,移动运营商需要向APN运营者收取一定的费用。 4, mobile operators APN operator to provide wireless network access, mobile operators need to charge a fee to the operator APN. 目前的计费方法是移动运营商和APN运营者分别对用户计费,APN运营者按月付费给运营商,或者由移动运营商对用户统一计费,再按比例分成给APN运营者,这种计费方式是一种粗略的计费,移动运营商缺少对APN精确收费的方法,如根据用户接入APN的实际使用情况向APN收费。 The current charging method for mobile operators to APN and operators are to charge users, APN operators pay a monthly fee to the operator, or by the mobile operators to users unified billing, then divided in proportion to the APN operator, which billing method is a kind of rough billing, mobile operators lack precise method APN charge, such as charged to the APN based on actual usage user access APN.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种在WCDMA/GPRS网络中对资源进行统一管理方法,统一管理的能力包括接入点名称(APN)管理、IP地址管理、通用分组无线业务网关支持点(GGSN)接入用户数和带宽管理、对接入点名称计费等。 Object of the present invention is to provide a unified resource management method in the WCDMA / GPRS network, unified management capability including an access point name (APN) management, IP address management, general packet radio service gateway support point (GGSN) connected the number of users and bandwidth management, billing name of the access point. 具体技术方案如下。 Specific technical solutions are as follows.

(一)系统功能描述:在WCDMA/GPRS系统中增加一个对全网资源统一管理的设备,即通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心(GMC),该设备在网络中位置如图2所示。 (A) System Function Description: adding a device to the network-wide resource managed in the WCDMA / GPRS system, i.e. general packet radio service gateway support point management center (GMC), the apparatus 2 in position in the network shown in FIG.

通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心设备主要完成功能包括:1、用户数管理:对通用分组无线业务网关支持点的最大接入用户数,以及“批发”给各接入点名称的最大接入用户数进行统一管理。 General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support Center device management point to complete the main features include: 1, the number of user management: the maximum number of users to access general packet radio service gateway support node, and a "wholesale" to each access point name of the largest access the number of users for unified management. 当接入接入点名称的用户数超过最大允许数时,拒绝该接入点名称新用户接入。 When the number of users accessing an access point name is longer than the maximum number allowed, denied the user access to the new access point name. 移动运营商按照”批发“用户数方式向接入点名称运营者收费,提高通用分组无线业务网关支持点接入用户数能力的利用率。 Mobile operators charge an access point name of the operator in accordance with the "wholesale" the number of users, improve the utilization capacity of the number of users General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support access point.

2、带宽管理:对通用分组无线业务网关支持点的最大接入带宽,以及“批发”给各接入点名称的最大带宽进行统一管理。 2, bandwidth management: packet radio service gateway support point for the common maximum access bandwidth, and "wholesale" to the maximum bandwidth for each access point name for unified management. 当接入接入点名称的用户使用的总带宽超过最大允许数时,拒绝该接入点名称的新用户接入。 When accessing the access point name of the total bandwidth used by the user exceeds the maximum number allowed, denied access to the new access point user name. 移动运营商按照“批发”的用户数向接入点名称运营者收费,提高通用分组无线业务网关支持点接入带宽能力的利用率。 Mobile operators charge an access point name of the operator in accordance with the "wholesale," the number of users, improve the utilization of general packet radio service gateway support point access bandwidth capabilities.

接入点名称带宽的计算方法:在用户激活上下文和更新上下文时,需要和通用分组无线业务网关支持点协商服务质量,通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心根据用户协商后的服务质量(包括用户使用的带宽)累计,可以得出接入点名称使用的总带宽。 Calculation of bandwidth access point name: the user activates a context update and a context, and need general packet radio service gateway support point negotiate the quality of service, gateway general packet radio service support according to quality of service management center point of the user negotiation (including user bandwidth used) accumulated, the total bandwidth can be derived using access point name. 服务质量的定义参加3GPP协议规定。 3GPP defined quality of service to participate in the agreement.

3、接入点名称管理:对通过移动网络接入的接入点名称进行统一的维护管理和统计。 3, the access point name management: access point name via a cellular network for unified management and maintenance statistics. 接入点名称维护管理包括接入点名称的基本信息管理、接入点名称和通用分组无线业务网关支持点的连接关系管理、提供业务能力管理等,这里和HLR中对接入点名称的管理区别是:HLR主要管理接入点名称的签约信息;接入点名称统计包括接入点名称的业务量统计、个人用户的业务量统计等;结合用户数“批发”和带宽“批发”功能,为运营商提供一种方法实现灵活的运营管理策略。 Access Point Name maintenance management including basic information management access point name, access point name and general packet radio service gateway support point connection relationship management, the ability to provide business management, here and in the management of the HLR access point name the difference is: HLR subscription information management major access point name; access point name statistics include traffic statistics access point name, personal user traffic statistics; combined with the number of users "wholesale" and bandwidth "wholesale" feature, provides a way to achieve flexible operation and management strategies for operators.

4、IP地址管理:对接入点名称的IP地址空间进行统一管理,在激活时为用户分配IP地址,去活时回收IP地址,提高IP地址利用率。 4, IP address management: The IP address of the access point name space for unified management, assign IP addresses to users when activated, deactivated when the IP address of the recovery and improve the utilization of the IP address.

5、对接入点名称计费:对用户使用外部分组数据网资源的情况进行统计和记录,包括用户接入接入点名称的历史记录,用户接入接入点名称的流量、时间段统计,及记录其它能用于对接入点名称计费的信息。 5, the access point name billing: for the user to use an external packet data network resources, statistics and records, including users accessing the access point name history, user access traffic access point name, time statistics , and it can be used to record other information on the access point name charging. 这些信息用于对接入点名称运营者收费的依据。 This information is used based on the access point name operator charges.

6、通用分组无线业务网关支持点设备的使用情况和状态监控功能;7、还可以包含门户(Portal)服务器功能、推送(PUSH)业务域名服务器功能、认证授权计费服务器功能等。 6, using the general packet radio service gateway support and status monitoring point device; 7, may further comprise a portal (Portal) server function, a push (the PUSH) service domain name server function, an authentication authorization accounting server functions.

(二)流程说明:完成以上描述的功能对系统原有的激活、更新、去活流程有一定影响,需要改变流程以支持新的功能,新的流程如下(没有涉及的流程默认不变):1、如图3所示,激活流程说明如下:(1)用户激活上下文,通用分组无线业务网关支持点请求认证授权计费服务器对用户进行鉴权;(2)鉴权通过后,通用分组无线业务网关支持点向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心发送资源请求消息,消息内容至少包括:用户标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址主叫号码(MSISDN或IMSI)被叫号码(接入点名称)用户请求服务质量是否分配动态地址(3)通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心处理请求消息的功能包括:a、统计接入接入点名称的用户数,并检测是否超过“批发”的用户数,超过则拒绝接入此接入点名称的用户激活;b、 (B) Process Description: completion of the above described features of the original activation system, updating, deactivation process has a certain influence, the process needs to be changed to support new features, the new process is as follows (the default process does not involve the same): 1, as shown in Fig 3 the activation process described as follows: (1) the user activates context, general packet radio service gateway support point requests AAA server to authenticate the user; (2) the authentication is passed, a general packet radio service gateway support node to a gateway general packet radio service support point management center sends a resource request message, the message content comprising at least: a user identifier general packet radio service gateway support node identification General packet radio service gateway support point address calling number (MSISDN or IMSI) called number (access point name) quality of service requested by the user if the dynamic address assignment (3) general packet radio service gateway support processing request message management center point features include: a, statistical number of users accessing an access point name, and detection exceeds "wholesale" number of users, denying access to users over the access point name of this activation; B, 对用户请求服务质量协商,根据协商后服务质量,统计接入接入点名称的带宽,并检测是否超过“批发”的带宽,如果超过则拒绝用户接入此接入点名称;c、给用户分配IP地址;d、对用户使用接入点名称的信息进行记录,以便对接入点名称运营商收费;e、根据接入点名称基本信息,返回用户访问此接入点名称的方式和权限。 Consultation on quality of service requested by the user, according to the consultation service quality, access statistics access point name bandwidth, and detects whether more than "wholesale" bandwidth, if more than user is denied access to this access point name; c, to the user assign an IP address; D, using the access point name to the user information is recorded, the name of the operator in order to charge for the access point; E mode, in accordance with the basic information of the access point name, returns the user to access this access point name and permissions .

(4)如果用户接入的接入点名称不能满足要求,即不能满足接入接入点名称的用户数未达到最大允许数、且接入接入点名称的带宽也未超过最大允许数的要求,接入点名称则通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心返回给通用分组无线业务网关支持点失败消息,失败消息内容至少包括:用户标识失败原因(5)否则,返回成功消息,消息内容至少包括:用户协商后的服务质量动态IP地址是否二次计费及计费方式与用户相关的接入点名称信息或者权限(6)通用分组无线业务网关支持点收到失败应答消息后,返回用户激活失败;否则通知认证授权计费服务器开始计费,再返回成功应答给用户。 (4) If the user accesses the access point name can not meet the requirements, i.e., can not satisfy the number of users accessing an access point name has not reached the maximum number allowed, and the access bandwidth of the access point name has not exceeded the maximum allowed number of requirements, the access point name is General packet radio service gateway support management Center point returned to the general packet radio service gateway support point failure message, a failure message includes at least: a user identifier reasons for failure (5) otherwise, it returns a success message, the message content of at least include: quality of service dynamic IP address of the user consultation whether the secondary access point name and billing information, or authority (6) accounting methods related to the user's general packet radio service gateway support point of failure to receive a response message, the user is returned activation failed; otherwise inform AAA server to start charging, and then returns a success response to the user. 激活完成。 Activation is completed.

2、如图4所示,更新流程说明如下:(1)通用分组无线业务网关支持点接收到上下文更新请求,把与计费相关的信息上报给认证授权计费服务器;(2)如果用户请求服务质量更新,需要通知通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心检查接入点名称是否满足更新请求,即接入接入点名称的用户数是否未达到最大允许数、且接入接入点名称的带宽是否也未超过最大允许数;服务质量通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心接入点名称如果通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心正在对用户进行二次计费,需要把计费相关的信息上报给通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心,更新时通用分组无线业务网关支持点发给通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心的消息内容至少包括:用户标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址主叫号码(MSISDN 2, as shown in FIG 4 the update process described below: (1) general packet radio service gateway support node receives a context update request to report the charging information related to the AAA server; (2) if the user requests quality of service updates, need to inform the general packet radio service gateway support point management center to check the access point name meets the update request, ie, whether the number of users accessing the access point name does not reach the maximum number allowed, and accessing the access point name bandwidth is the maximum allowable number has not exceeded; quality service general packet radio service gateway support center point management access point name if General packet radio service gateway support Center is on the point of administration for secondary billing, billing information related to the need to reported to the general packet radio service gateway support point management center, general packet radio service gateway support point when updating content of the message sent to general packet radio service gateway support point management center includes at least: a user identifier general packet radio service gateway support node identification General packet wireless services gateway supports caller ID point address (MSISDN IMSI)被叫号码(接入点名称)用户请求服务质量(3)若接入点名称满足要求,通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心给通用分组无线业务网关支持点返回成功应答,消息内容至少包括:用户标识协商后的服务质量(4)否则,返回失败应答给通用分组无线业务网关支持点,消息内容至少包括:用户标识失败原因3、如图5所示,删除流程说明如下:(1)上下文删除时,通用分组无线业务网关支持点上报给通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心,上报消息内容至少包括:用户标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址主叫号码(MSISDN或IMSI)被叫号码(接入点名称)用户使用的服务质量用户使用的IP地址(2)通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心释放用户的IP地址;重新统计接入点名称的用户数和使用的带宽;统计记录用户接入接入点名称的情 IMSI) of the called number (access point name) quality of service requested by the user (3) If the access point name to meet the requirements, general packet radio service gateway support point management center to general packet radio service gateway support point returns a success response message content at least comprising: quality of service negotiation after user identification (4) otherwise, returns failure response to the general packet radio service gateway support point, the message content comprising at least: a user identification failure cause 3, 5, to delete process as follows: (1 ) deleting the context, general packet radio service gateway support point reported to the general packet radio service gateway support point management center, the report message includes at least: a user identifier general packet radio service gateway support node identification General packet radio service gateway support point address calling IP address number (MSISDN or IMSI) of the called number (access point name) user quality of service used by the user to use (2) General packet radio service gateway support point management Center release the IP address of the user; recount access point name the number of users and the bandwidth used; case statistical records the name of the user accessing the access point ,作为对接入点名称运营者收费的依据;返回应答给通用分组无线业务网关支持点,消息内容至少包括: As the basis for an access point name operator charges; returns the response to general packet radio service gateway support point, the message includes at least:

用户标识是否正常删除(三)通用分组无线业务网关支持点和通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心设备间通讯:1、通讯可靠性和安全性:在通用分组无线业务网关支持点和通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心之间通讯,可采用超时重发机制确保可靠性;可以使用加密或者隧道技术保证信息的安全性;2、设备间维护消息:通用分组无线业务网关支持点正常运营期间定期向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心发送握手消息,消息内容包括:通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址通用分组无线业务网关支持点在启动后,向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心发送开始正常运营消息,消息内容包括:通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址通用分组无线业务网关支持点在重启前,向通用分组无 Whether the user ID to delete normal (iii) general packet radio service gateway support point communication between devices and the General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support Center Point Management: 1, communications reliability and security: packet radio service gateway support node and General Packet Radio in common communication between business gateway support point management center, the timeout retransmission mechanism can be used to ensure reliability; you can use encryption or tunneling technology to ensure the security of information; 2, equipment maintenance message: regularly during the general packet radio service gateway support point normal operations packet radio service gateway support point management center to the common sending handshake messages, message content including: General packet radio service gateway support point identifier general packet radio service gateway support point address general packet radio service gateway support point after the start, packet radio service to universal gateway supports the point of beginning normal operations management center sends the message, the message content including: General packet radio service gateway support point identifier general packet radio service gateway support point address general packet radio service gateway support point before the restart, the general packet radio 线业务网关支持点管理中心上报此异常事件,消息内容包括:通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址本发明方法的效果是:能有效解决运营商对PLMN资源的管理问题,提供给运营商一种集中高效的运营管理方法,有效提高网络资源利用率,方法简单实用。 Line service gateway support point management center reported this unusual events, message content including: General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support Point Identifier general effect packet radio service gateway support point address methods of the present invention is: can effectively solve the operator to manage the problem of PLMN resources , the service provider to operate a centralized and efficient management methods, improve network resource utilization, simple and practical method.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1原有技术实现网络资源管理。 Figure 1 original technology for network resource management.

图2本发明实现网络资源统一管理。 Figure 2 of the present invention to realize the unified management of network resources.

图3本发明的激活流程。 FIG activation Scheme 3 of the present invention.

图4本发明的更新流程。 FIG Update Scheme 4 of the present invention.

图5本发明的删除流程。 FIG Remove Scheme 5 of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

在WCDMA/GPRS系统中增加一个对全网资源统一管理的设备GMC,即GGSN ManageCenter,该设备在网络中的核心网上,连接各个GGSN。 Increase in WCDMA / GPRS system equipment GMC one pair of network-wide unified management of resources, namely GGSN ManageCenter, the device in the network core networks, connecting the various GGSN. 同时系统原有的激活、更新、删除流程均不能满足要求,因此配合GMC,也对系统流程进行了增改。 At the same time the original activation system, update, delete process can not meet the requirements, so with GMC, the system also processes the additions and changes.

当用户提出上网请求时,GGSN接收到激活上下文请求消息,向AAA服务器请求对用户进行鉴权。 When a user requests access made, the GGSN context activation request message is received, to request the AAA server to authenticate the user. 鉴权通过后,GGSN向GMC发送资源请求消息,如用户标识、GGSN标识、GGSN地址、主叫号码、用户请求QOS和是否分配动态地址。 After the authentication is passed, the GGSN transmits a resource request message to the GMC, such as user IDs, identifying the GGSN, the GGSN address, the calling number, if the user requests and assigning dynamic addresses QOS. 此时,GMC对请求信息进行判断,即是否让用户接入。 In this case, GMC information request determination of whether to make the user access. 比如,GMC对于接入APN的用户数进行统计,并检测是否超过“批发”的用户数。 For example, GMC statistics for the number of users access the APN, and detects the number of users exceeds the "wholesale" in. 当接入APN的用户数超过最大允许数时,则拒绝该APN新用户接入,这样移动运营商按照“批发”用户数方式向APN运营者收费,提高GGSN接入用户数能力的利用率。 When the number of users access APN exceeds the maximum number allowed, then it rejects the new APN user access, so that mobile operators charge APN operator in accordance with the "wholesale" the number of users, improve the utilization of the number of users the ability to access GGSN. 又比如,GMC对于用户请求QOS协商,根据协商后QOS,统计接入APN的带宽,并检测是否超过“批发”的带宽。 As another example, GMC requests for user QOS negotiation, according to the QOS negotiation, statistics APN access bandwidth, and detects whether more than "wholesale" bandwidth. 当接入APN的用户使用的总带宽超过最大允许数时,拒绝该APN的新用户接入,这样移动运营商按照“批发”的用户数向APN运营者收费,提高GGSN接入带宽能力的利用率。 When the access APN total bandwidth used by the user exceeds the maximum number allowed, denied access to new users to the APN, so that mobile operators charged in accordance with APN operator "wholesale" number of users, the ability to increase the utilization of access bandwidth GGSN rate.

如果用户接入的APN满足要求,即接入APN的用户数未达到最大允许数,接入APN的带宽也未超过最大允许数,则GMC将给用户分配IP地址,对用户使用APN的信息进行记录,作为对APN计费的依据,并根据APN基本信息,返回用户访问此APN的方式和权限,如计费方式、用户能使用的业务。 If the user's access to meet the requirements APN, i.e. APN access users has not reached the maximum number allowed, the access bandwidth APN nor exceed the maximum number allowed, then the GMC user will assign an IP address, using the user information of the APN record, as the basis for billing APN, APN and based on the basic information, and return to the way users access to this APN, such as billing, users can use the business. GMC返回给GGSN成功消息,消息内容包括用户协商后的QOS、动态IP地址、是否二次计费及计费方式和与用户相关的APN信息或者权限,此时用户处于激活状态。 GMC returned to the GGSN success message, the message including the user QOS negotiation, dynamic IP address, whether secondary billing and billing and APN information or privileges associated with the user, then the user is active. 此时,GMC开始对APN计费,包括用户接入APN的流量、时间段统计,并监控GGSN设备的使用情况和状态。 In this case, GMC starts charging APN, user access traffic includes the APN, the time period statistics, and to monitor usage and GGSN equipment status.

当用户QOS更新,GGSN发给GMC的消息内容包括用户标识、GGSN标识、GGSN地址、主叫号码、被叫号码以及用户请求QOS,此时需要通知GMC检查APN是否能满足更新要求,即接入APN的用户数是否达到最大允许数以及接入APN的带宽是否超过最大允许数。 When the user QOS update message sent to GGSN GMC content includes a user identifier, identifier GGSN, GGSN address, calling number, called number and the QOS requested by the user, needs to be notified at this time to check whether the APN GMC updated to meet the requirements, i.e., the access APN is the number of users reaches the maximum allowable number and if the APN access bandwidth exceeds the maximum number allowed. 如果接入APN的用户数未达到最大允许数,接入APN的带宽也没有超过最大允许数,则GMC给GGSN返回成功应答,如用户标识和协商后的QOS信息,用户更新成功;否则,GMC给GGSN返回失败应答,如用户标识和失败原因信息,用户更新失败。 If the number of users access APN has not reached the maximum allowable number, APN access bandwidth does not exceed the maximum allowable number, the GMC to the GGSN returns a successful response, such as the user identification and negotiation QOS information, users update was successful; otherwise, GMC GGSN fails to return a response, such as user IDs and failure cause information, the user update failed.

当用户下网时,GGSN上报给GMC诸如用户标识、GGSN标识、GGSN地址、主叫号码、被叫号码、用户使用的QOS以及用户使用的IP地址消息,此时GMC释放用户的IP地址,提高了IP地址的利用率,并重新统计APN的用户数和使用的带宽,统计记录用户接入APN的情况,作为对APN运营者收费的依据,返回应答给GGSN,包括用户标识和是否正常删除的信息。 When the network user, such as the GGSN reports the user ID to the GMC, identifying the GGSN, the GGSN address, calling number, called number, the QOS user message and the IP address used by the user, then release the user's IP address GMC improve the utilization of the IP address, APN and recount the number of users and bandwidth usage, and user access to statistical records of the case of APN, APN operators as the basis for charges, returns a response to the GGSN, including user identity and whether normal deletion information.

Claims (8)

1.公共陆地移动网(PLMN)分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,该分组网中带有通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心(GMC),其特征在于,具体步骤如下:a)激活a-1)用户激活上下文,通用分组无线业务网关支持点请求认证授权计费(AAA)服务器对用户进行鉴权;a-2)鉴权通过后,通用分组无线业务网关支持点向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心发送资源请求消息,消息内容至少包括:用户标识、通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识、通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址、主叫号码(MSISDN或IMSI)、接入点名称、用户请求服务质量、是否分配动态地址;a-3)通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心处理请求消息;a-4)如果用户接入的接入点名称不能满足要求,即不能满足接入接入点名称的用户数未达到最大允许数、且接入接入点名称的带宽也未超过最大允许数的要求, 1. A method of public land mobile network (PLMN) unified management of the packet network resources, the packet network with a General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support Point Manager (GMC), characterized in that, the following steps: a) activation a-1) activation of the user context, general packet radio service gateway support point requests authentication authorization accounting (AAA) server for authenticating a user; a-2) after the authentication is passed, general packet radio service gateway support node to a General packet radio service gateway support point management center sends a resource request message, the message content comprising at least: a user identifier, general packet radio service gateway support node identification, general packet radio service gateway support point address, calling number (MSISDN or the IMSI), access point name , the quality of service requested by the user, whether to allocate a dynamic address; a-3) general packet radio service gateway support center point management processing request message; a-4) if the user accesses the access point name can not meet the requirements, i.e., can not meet the access the number of user access point name is not allowed to reach the maximum number, the access point name and the access bandwidth does not exceed the maximum number of allowed claims, 通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心返回给通用分组无线业务网关支持点失败消息,失败消息内容至少包括用户标识和失败原因,通用分组无线业务网关支持点收到失败应答消息后,返回用户激活失败;a-5)否则,返回成功消息,消息内容至少包括:用户协商后的服务质量、动态IP地址、是否二次计费及计费方式、与用户相关的接入点名称信息或者权限,通用分组无线业务网关支持点收到成功消息后,通知认证授权计费(AAA)服务器开始计费,再返回成功应答给用户,激活完成;a-6)结束;b)更新b-1)通用分组无线业务网关支持点接收到上下文更新请求,把与计费相关的信息上报给认证授权计费(AAA)服务器;b-2)如果用户请求服务质量更新,需要通知通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心检查接入点名称是否满足更新请求,即接入接入点名称的用户数是 After the general packet radio service gateway support point management center to return to the general packet radio service gateway support point failure message, a failure message includes at least a user ID and cause of the failure, general packet radio service gateway support point of failure to receive a response message returned to the user activation fails ; a-5) otherwise, it returns a success message, the message content includes at least: the quality of service user consultation, dynamic IP address, whether secondary billing and billing, information or access point name associated with the user's permission, GM after packet radio service gateway support points receive a success message, notifies the authentication authorization accounting (AAA) server to start accounting, and then returns a success response to the user, activation is complete; a-6) ends; b) update b-1) a general packet radio service gateway support node receives a context update request to report the charging information related to the authentication authorization accounting (AAA) server; b-2) If the user requests to update the quality of service, needs to notify the general packet radio service gateway support point management access point name check center satisfies the update request, i.e. the number of users accessing an access point name is 未达到最大允许数、且接入接入点名称的带宽是否也未超过最大允许数;如果通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心正在对用户进行二次计费,需要把计费相关的信息上报给通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心,更新时通用分组无线业务网关支持点发给通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心的消息内容至少包括:用户标识、通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址、主叫号码、接入点名称、用户请求服务质量;b-3)若接入点名称满足要求,通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心给通用分组无线业务网关支持点返回成功应答,消息内容至少包括用户标识和协商后的服务质量;b-4)否则,返回失败应答给通用分组无线业务网关支持点,消息内容至少包括用户标识和失败原因;b-5)结束;c)删除c-1)上下文删除时,通用分组无线业务网关支持点上报给通用分组无线 It does not reach the maximum allowed, and whether access bandwidth access point name also did not exceed the maximum allowable number; if the General Packet Radio Service Gateway Support Center is on the point of administration for secondary billing, charging related information required to be reported to general packet radio service gateway support point management center, general packet radio service gateway support updating the content of the message sent to the point general packet radio service gateway support point management center includes at least: a user ID, general packet radio service gateway support point address, main calling number, the name of the access point, quality of service requested by the user; b-3) If the access point name to meet the requirements, general packet radio service gateway support point management center to general packet radio service gateway support point returns a success response message including at least user identification and quality of service negotiated; b-4) otherwise, it returns a failure response to the general packet radio service gateway support point, the message content including at least user identification and cause of failure; b-5) end; c) delete c-1) delete the context, general packet radio service gateway support point reported to the General packet radio 业务网关支持点管理中心,上报消息内容至少包括用户标识、通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识、通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址、主叫号码、接入点名称、用户使用的服务质量、用户使用的IP地址;c-2)通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心释放用户的IP地址;重新统计接入点名称的用户数和使用的带宽,统计纪录用户数接入接入点名称的情况,作为对接入点名称运营者收费的依据,返回应答给通用分组无线业务网关支持点,消息内容至少包括用户标识和是否正常删除;c-3)结束。 Service gateway support point management center, the report message includes at least a user identification, general packet radio service gateway support node identification, general packet radio service gateway support point address, the calling number, the name of the access point, quality of service used by the user, the user IP address; c-2) General packet radio service gateway support point management Center release the IP address of the user; recount access point name of the number of users and bandwidth usage statistics record the number of users access the access point name of the case, as a basis for the access point name operator charges, returns the response to general packet radio service gateway support point, the message content including at least a user ID and delete is normal; c-3) end.
2.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心,位于系统的核心网上,连接各个通用分组无线业务网关支持点。 2. A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that said general packet radio service gateway support point management center, in the system's core network, connected to each of the General Packet Radio Service gateway support point.
3.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心处理请求消息包括如下步骤:1)统计接入接入点名称的用户数,并检测是否超过“批发”的用户数,超过则拒绝接入此接入点名称的用户激活;2)对用户请求服务质量协商,根据协商后服务质量,统计接入接入点名称的带宽,并检测是否超过“批发”的带宽,如果超过则拒绝用户接入此接入点名称;3)给用户分配IP地址;4)对用户使用接入点名称的信息进行记录,以便对接入点名称收费;5)根据接入点名称基本信息,返回用户访问此接入点名称的方式和权限;6)结束。 A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that said general packet radio service gateway support center point management processing request message comprises the following steps: 1) then the access statistics the number of users point name, and detects whether more than "wholesale," the number of users, more than the user is denied access to the access point name of this activation; 2) the quality of service requested by the user shall, upon the quality of the consultation service, access statistics the bandwidth of the access point name, and detects whether or exceeds "wholesale" bandwidth exceeds the user is denied access if this access point name; 3) the IP address assigned to the user; 4) information using access point name of the user recording, in order to charge for access point name; 5) in accordance with the basic information of the access point name, and returns the user access permissions to this embodiment an access point name; 6) ends.
4.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心和通用分组无线业务网关支持点之间通讯,采用超时重发机制以及加密或者隧道技术。 A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that, in said general packet radio service gateway support communication between the management center point and general packet radio service gateway support point, using timeout mechanism and encryption or tunneling technology retransmission.
5.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心包含有门户(Portal)服务器,推送(PUSH)业务域名服务器以及认证授权计费(AAA)服务器。 A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that said general packet radio service gateway support point management center comprises a portal (Portal) server, a push (the PUSH) Business domain Name server authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) server.
6.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点在正常运营期间向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心发送握手消息,消息内容包括通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识和通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址。 A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that said general packet radio service gateway support node to a gateway general packet radio service support point management center sends during normal operation handshake messages, message content including general packet radio service gateway support node identification and general packet radio service gateway support point address.
7.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点在启动后,向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心发送开始正常运营消息,消息内容包括通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识和通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址。 A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that, after the general packet radio service gateway support starting point, the general packet radio service gateway support point management center sends begin normal operation message, which includes the general packet radio service gateway support node identification and general packet radio service gateway support point address.
8.如权利要求1所述的PLMN分组网中统一管理资源的一种方法,其进一步特征在于,所述通用分组无线业务网关支持点在重启前,向通用分组无线业务网关支持点管理中心上报此异常事件,消息内容包括通用分组无线业务网关支持点标识和通用分组无线业务网关支持点地址。 A method as claimed in claim resources of said packet network PLMN unified management 1, further characterized in that said general packet radio service gateway support point before restarting, the general packet radio service gateway support center point management report this abnormal events, message content including general packet radio service gateway support node identification and general packet radio service gateway support point address.
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