CN1208021C - Slideway mounting structure - Google Patents

Slideway mounting structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1208021C
CN1208021C CNB2003101044494A CN200310104449A CN1208021C CN 1208021 C CN1208021 C CN 1208021C CN B2003101044494 A CNB2003101044494 A CN B2003101044494A CN 200310104449 A CN200310104449 A CN 200310104449A CN 1208021 C CN1208021 C CN 1208021C
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
movable
box
shaped body
portion
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CNB2003101044494A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1498585A (en
Inventor
榎本和久
榛地义和
中野博之
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松下电器产业株式会社
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Publication of CN1498585A publication Critical patent/CN1498585A/en
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Publication of CN1208021C publication Critical patent/CN1208021C/en

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Abstract

本发明提供了一种使滑轨的安装作业变得容易且能够稳定地支承住所加的负重的滑轨安装结构。 The present invention provides a slide mounting operation is easy, and the load of the support plus the residence rail mounting structure stably. 在本发明中,在滑动方向上突出地设置在清洗槽(32)两个侧面上的支承部分(45)以确定的位置载置在滑动自如地嵌插入固定导轨(41)中的可动导轨(42)上。 In the present invention, the position of the mounting projection is provided in the cleaning tank (32) the support portion (45) on the two sides to determine the movable rail is slidably fitted and inserted into the fixed rail (41) in the sliding direction (42). 由于在清洗槽(32)的负重作用下支承部分(45)稳定地搭载在可动导轨(42)的整个表面上,从而可以通过最小限度的螺丝紧固将清洗槽(32)固定在可动导轨(42)上。 Since the action of the cleaning tank load (32) support portion (45) is stably mounted on the entire surface of the movable rail (42), thereby the cleaning tank (32) by a fastening screw fixed to the movable minimum rail (42).

Description

滑轨安装结构 Rail mounting structure

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种滑轨安装结构,这种滑轨安装结构用于构成使可动箱状体发生滑动从而可以自如地从静止箱状体拉出/推入的机构,适用于将清洗槽以可以自如地拉出/推入的方式收容在清洗机主机体内的滑动-打开型餐具清洗机那样的设备中。 The present invention relates to a mounting structure rail, which rail mounting structure constituting the movable box-shaped body from sliding can be freely pulled out / pushed into the mechanism from a stationary box-shaped body, the cleaning groove is adapted to can be freely pulled out / pushed into the slide is accommodated in the main body of the washing machine - of the open type such as a dishwasher device.

背景技术 Background technique

众所周知,从机体中将上方设有开口的箱状体拉出使该箱状体的开口部分开放的滑动-打开形式在家具及家电产品等已经被广泛采用。 Is well known, the slide opening portion open box-shaped body is pulled out of the opening so that the box-shaped body is provided in the body from above - has been widely adopted in the form of opening in the furniture and household appliances. 作为用于使这样的箱状体从机体中拉出/推入的滑动装置,经常使用的是滑轨。 As for such a box-shaped body means slidably pulled / pushed from the body, it is often used rails. 例如,在收容有各种餐具并将其进行清洗的清洗槽可在前后方向上从清洗机主机体拉出/推入的滑动-打开型餐具清洗机中,通过在清洗机主机体安装上构成滑轨的固定导轨,将隔着滚珠轴承等转动体嵌插入该固定导轨中的可动导轨安装在清洗槽上,就可以将清洗槽从清洗机主机体自由地拉出/推入。 For example, in accommodating a variety of cleaning dishes and subjected to the cleaning tank can be pulled slidably / pushed from the washing machine main body in the longitudinal direction - of the open type dishwashers, washing machines by forming on the main body is mounted rails fixed rail, the rotary body fitted via a ball bearing inserted into the fixed rail a movable rail mounted on the cleaning bath, the cleaning bath can be freely pulled out / pushed into the main body of the washing machine. 图11中示出了现有的使用滑轨使清洗槽可在前后方向上从清洗机主机体拉出/推入的滑动-打开型餐具清洗机。 FIG 11 shows a conventional use of the cleaning tank rail can be pulled / pushed to slide from the washing machine main body in the longitudinal direction - opening type dishwasher.

图11中的餐具清洗机具有上方设有开口部分的清洗槽14可在前后方向上从清洗机主机体15的前部开口拉出/推入的结构。 FIG dishwasher 11 is provided above the cleaning tank having an opening portion 14 can be pulled out of the front portion 15 of the opening / push structure in the longitudinal direction from the washing machine main body. 清洗槽14从清洗机主机体15的拉出/推入使用如图12所示的在第1滑轨16上隔着滚珠轴承等转动体安装上第2滑轨17这一对滑轨来进行。 Cleaning bath 14 is pulled out from the main body 15 of the washer / push used in FIG. 1 via a slide rail 16 on the first ball bearing 12 and the like shown in the first rotating body 2 mounted on the rail 17 to rail . 第1滑轨16由螺丝16a以螺丝紧固的方式固定在清洗机主机体15的两个内侧面上,第2滑轨17由螺丝17a以螺丝紧固的方式固定在清洗槽14的两个外侧面上,这样,从清洗机主机体15中拉出清洗槽14或将其推入时,固定在清洗槽14上的第2滑轨17在第1滑轨16内移动,由于两个导轨之间设有转动体,因此清洗槽14能够很顺畅地从清洗机主机体15拉出/推入(具体可参照本发明的对比文献:日本专利公报第3129318号公报第3~4页及图1)。 The first slide rail 16 by a screw fastening manner to two screws 16a fixed to the inner surface of the main body 15 of the washing machine, the second rail 17 by a screw 17a fastening screw is fixed in two grooves 14 of the cleaning the outer surface, so that the cleaning tank 15 is pulled out from the washing machine main body 14 or be pushed, fixed to the second cleaning tank 14 on the slide 17 moves in the first slide rail 16, since the two rails is provided between the rotating body, so the cleaning tank 14 can be very smoothly from the washing machine main body 15 is pulled out / pushed in (may specifically refer to the invention Comparative Document: Japanese Patent Publication No. 3129318 Patent Publication 3 to 4 and FIG. 1).

但是,上述现有技术中的滑轨的安装结构中,清洗槽14加在滑轨上的负重在将清洗槽14固定在第2滑轨17的螺丝17a以及在将第1滑轨16固定在清洗机主机体15上的螺16a上施加上了剪切方向的力。 However, the rail mounting structure in the above-described prior art, the cleaning groove 14 of the load applied to the rail when the screw 14 is fixed to the washing tank 17a of the second rails 17 and 16 in the first rail is fixed 16a is applied to the screw 15 in the direction of shear force on the main body of the washing machine. 由于不但是清洗槽14本身的自重,而且还要加上所收容的各种餐具的重量以及清洗水的重量,滑轨承受的负重很大,加在螺丝16a、17a上的剪切方向的力也变得很大。 Since not only the cleaning groove 14 of the own weight, but the weight of the housing plus a variety of dishes and the weight of the washing water, the rails bear large load, applied to the screws 16a, 17a on the shear direction force is It becomes very large. 为了确保能承受住这样的力量的强度,需要增加螺丝紧固位置的数量,增大螺丝的尺寸。 In order to ensure the strength to withstand such forces, it is necessary to increase the number of screw fastening locations, increasing the size of the screw. 这样一来,安装滑轨的作业工序就将增加,安装强度的下降也是不可否认的问题。 As a result, the operation process will increase installation rails, installation decrease in strength is undeniable.

另外,由于是通过螺丝固定来安装滑轨,为了对准螺丝紧固位置和确保进行螺丝紧固的空间,还需要不断地进行使第2滑轨17移动的操作,存在操作效率低下的问题。 Further, since the rail is fixed to the mounting screws, the fastening screws for aligning and securing the position of the screw fastening space, but also need to be constantly 17 moves the second slide operation, the presence of low operating efficiency.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明就是为了解决现有技术中的上述问题而完成的,其目的在于提供一种能够提高滑轨安装的作业效率、同时通过螺丝在支承加在滑轨上的负重的滑轨安装结构。 The present invention is made to solve the above problems of the prior art and has as its object to provide a rail mounting work efficiency can be improved, while the rail by a screw load applied to the mounting structure on the support rail.

为了实现上述目的,在本发明中,通过在前部设有开口的截面为长方形的静止箱状体的两个内侧面上分别安装上固定导轨,将可动箱状体的两个外侧面分别安装在以滑动自如的方式分别设在两个固定导轨上的两个可动导轨上,使可动箱状体可以从静止箱状体的前部开口拉出/推入,其特征在于:所述可动导轨和所述固定导轨之间设置成夹着转动体嵌插进所述可动导轨和所述固定导轨中的中间导轨,所述可动导轨上表面前端设有用于确定所述可动箱状体的安装位置的开口部、和用于安装到可动箱状体上的螺丝孔;所述可动箱状体的两个外侧面上设有处于导轨方向上的支承部分,所述支承部分上设有与所述开口部分相对应的突起部分、和与所述螺丝孔相对应的固定孔,所述支承部分搭载在安装在所述静止箱状体上的滑轨中的可动导轨上,使所述突起部分 To achieve the above object, the present invention is provided by the front section of the opening portion of the inner surfaces of two rectangular stationary box-shaped body are mounted on a fixed track, the two outer side surface of the movable box-shaped body, respectively, mounted on two slidably manner are provided on two rails fixed to the movable rail, the movable box-shaped body can be pulled out of the opening / pushed from the front portion of a stationary box-shaped body, wherein: the disposed between said movable rail and said stationary rail member fitted rotatably inserted so as to sandwich said movable intermediate rail and the fixed guide rails, on the front end surface of the movable rail may be provided for determining the an opening portion of the mounting position of the movable box-shaped body, and screw holes for mounting to the movable box-shaped body; support portion on the movable guide rails provided with two outer surfaces of the box-shaped body is, the said support portion is provided on a portion corresponding to the protruding portion of the opening, and the fixing hole and the screw hole corresponding to the support portion may be mounted on the stationary rail mounted in the box-shaped body a movable rail, said projecting portion 嵌入所述开口部分中实现定位,再通过从所述固定孔向螺丝孔中拧入螺丝,使可动箱状体安装到可动导轨上。 Embedded in the opening portion is positioned to achieve, and then by screwing the screw into the screw hole in the fixing hole, the movable box-shaped body mounted on the moving rail.

采用上述滑轨安装结构的话,由于可动箱状体可以通过突出地设置在其两个外侧面上的支承部分载置在安装在静止箱状体的两个内侧面上的滑轨中的可动导轨上,因此,可动箱状体通过设置在两个外侧面上的支承部分搭载在可动导轨上可以依靠可动箱状体自身的重量使负重分散在可动导轨的整个表面上,达到稳定的状态。 With the above structure of the mounting rail if the movable box-shaped body can be disposed in projecting support portion is placed in its two outer surfaces of the inner surface of the rail may be mounted on a stationary box-shaped body in two the movable rail, and therefore, the movable box-shaped body supporting portion provided in the outer surface of two mounted on the movable rail may rely on the movable box-shaped body itself so that the weight of the movable load dispersed over the entire surface of the guide rail, reach a stable state. 这样,可动箱状体和可动导轨之间的固定可以使用维持载置状态所需的最低限度的螺丝紧固来进行,可动箱状体安装到滑轨上的操作将变得很容易。 Thus, the movable minimum fastening screws between the box-shaped body and the movable rail may be used to maintain a fixed mounting to a desired state, the movable box-shaped body is mounted to slide on the operation becomes very easy .

另外,在上述构成中,通过在可动导轨上设置将可动箱状体的后方固定住的止动片,在支承部分的后端一侧设置嵌插入所述止动片中的突出部分,可以防止当可动箱状体被从静止箱状体中拉出、负重加到前方一侧时可动箱状体的后部出现翘起的现象。 In the above configuration, by providing the movable rail stopper movable rear piece of the fixed box-shaped body is provided fitted into said sheet stopping projecting portion at the rear end side of the support portion, can be prevented when the movable box-shaped body is pulled out from the stationary box-shaped body, the load applied to the front side of the rear portion of the movable box-shaped body tilt phenomenon occurs.

上述的滑轨安装结构非常适合于使用在设置成可动箱状体的清洗槽以通过滑轨可以拉出/推入的方式收容在设置成静止箱状体的清洗机主机体内的餐具清洗机中。 Rail mounting structure described above is very suitable for use in the provided box-shaped body is movable through the cleaning tank rail can be pulled out / pushed accommodated in the cutlery arranged stationary box-shaped body of the washing machine main body of the washing machine in.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的实施例中所述的餐具清洗机清洗槽处于拉出状态时的侧视图。 FIG 1 described in the embodiment of the present invention is in the dishwasher washing tub side view of the pulled-out state.

图2为表示清洗槽内槽的内部结构的斜视图。 2 is a perspective view showing the internal structure of the tank cleaning tank.

图3为表示设置在清洗槽后面的构成部件的后视图。 FIG 3 is disposed behind a rear view of the cleaning member constituting the groove.

图4为表示滑轨结构的斜视图。 FIG 4 is a perspective view of the slide rail structure.

图5为上述滑轨的截面图。 5 is a cross-sectional view of the slide rail.

图6为滑轨相对于清洗机主机体的安装结构的侧视图。 FIG 6 is a side view of the slide with respect to the mounting structure of the washing machine main body.

图7为表示滑轨的安装结构的放大截面图。 FIG 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the mounting structure of the slide rail.

图8为滑轨安装结构的截面图。 FIG 8 is a sectional view of the slide rail mounting structure.

图9为滑轨安装结构的侧视图。 9 is a side view of the mounting structure of the slide rail.

图10为说明滑轨的滑动操作的侧视图。 Figure 10 is a side view of the slide rail operation.

图11为表示现有的餐具清洗机构成情况的侧视图。 FIG 11 is a side view of a conventional tableware washing means into the situation.

图12为表示上述结构中的滑轨安装结构的截面图。 12 is a sectional view showing the mounting structure of the slide rail structure.

在上面的附图中,参考数字31为清洗机主机体(静止箱状体);32清洗槽(可动箱状体);33为滑轨;41为固定导轨;42为可动导轨;43为中间导轨;45为支撑部分;47为滚珠轴承(转动体);52为嵌合突起(突出部分);53为切割翻起部分(止动片);54为突起部;55为开孔部分;91为螺丝孔。 In the above drawings, reference numeral 31 is a cleaner main body (stationary box-shaped body); cleaning bath 32 (the movable box-shaped body); slide rail 33; 41 is the fixed rail; the movable rail 42; 43 an intermediate guide rail; is a support portion 45; 47 is a ball bearing (rolling member); 52 is a fitting projection (projecting portion); 53 a cutting turnup portion (stopper plate); a protrusion portion 54; 55 is the opening portion ; 91 for the screw holes.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

为了使本发明更容易理解,下面参照后面的附图来说明本发明的实施例。 In order to make the invention more readily understood, the following reference to the following drawings illustrate embodiments of the present invention. 需要指出的是,以下示出的实施例只是将本发明加以具体化的一个例子,本发明的技术范围并不受其限定。 It should be noted that the following embodiments are merely shown to be a specific example of the present invention, the technical scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.

本实施例示出了将滑轨安装结构使用到滑动-打开型餐具清洗机中的例子。 This embodiment illustrates the use of the rail structure is mounted to slide - Examples of the dishwasher open type. 采用了滑轨安装结构的餐具清洗机如图1中所示,上方设有开口的清洗槽(可动式箱状体)32被收容在前部设有开口的清洗机主机体(固定式箱状体)31内,清洗槽32通过滑轨33可以在前后方向上移动,可以从清洗机主机体31的前部开口拉出到图中所示的拉出终点位置。 Using the rail mounting structure of the dishwasher shown in Figure 1, an opening is provided above the washing tank (the movable box-shaped body) 32 is provided with an opening receiving the front portion of the cleaner main body (fixed case the shaped body) 31, the cleaning tank 32 can be moved in the front-rear direction by the slide rails 33, the body can be pulled out of the front opening 31 shown in FIG drawn into the end position from the washing machine host. 虽然这样的餐具清洗机内置在图中所示的厨柜40内是基本的设置形式,但是将清洗机主机体1固定在设置场所的基台上再使用的话也是可以的。 Although such a machine built dishwasher cabinet shown in FIG. 40 is in the form of basic settings, but the washing machine main body 1 is then fixed in place on a base provided is also possible re-use.

清洗槽32通过在由树脂成形法形成的水槽79上装上机门面板80而构成,机门面板80装在水槽79的前表面上。 The washing tank 3280 is constituted by a resin molding formed by a water tank 79 installed on the door panel, the door panel 80 mounted on the front surface 79 of the water tank. 在水槽79内部形成的内槽34如图2中所示被设有带有越向上开口面积越增大的锥角,其底部一侧设有清洗喷嘴35、加热器75、残渣滤网76等,其上方以装拆自如的方式设有供餐具装入的餐具筐36。 Groove 79 formed in the interior of the water tank 34 is shown in Figure 2 is provided with upwardly opening area increases as the cone angle with which the bottom side is provided with a washing nozzle 35, heater 75, filter 76 and other residues , over which is provided in a manner detachably mounted crockery basket for cutlery 36. 另外,如图3中所示的那样,清洗槽32的后面设有兼用作用于使所述清洗喷嘴35喷射出清洗水的清洗泵和排水泵的电动泵37、以及对内槽34进行注水/排水的构成部件。 Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the cleaning tank 32 is provided behind the double as the cleaning nozzle 35 to cause the washing water sprayed wash pump and drain pump of an electric pump 37, and the inner groove 34 water / components drainage. 另外,与内槽34内相通的进水软管38及排水软管39被固定在在清洗机主机体31可以转动的软管夹具46中,在清洗槽32前后移动时,软管夹具46也跟随着发生转动,可以使进水软管38以及排水软管39与移动中的清洗槽32之间的连接状态保持稳定。 Further, in communication with the inner groove 34 inlet hose 38 and drain hose 39 is fixed to the washing machine main body 31 can rotate the hose clamp 46, moves back and forth when cleaning tank 32, the hose clamp 46 also follow the rotation occurs, and can make the water inlet hose 38 and drain hose 39 to maintain a stable connection state between the cleaning bath 32 moves.

另外,如图4、图5中所示,所述滑轨33为三段式结构,在固定在清洗机主机体31的两侧的内侧面上的固定导轨41和固定在清洗槽32的两侧的外侧面上的可动导轨42之间设置成夹着滚珠轴承47(转动体)嵌插进这两个导轨中的中间导轨43。 Further, in FIG. 4, shown in Figure 5, the slide 33 is a three-stage structure, two guide rails fixed on both sides of the inner surface of the washer fixed to the main body 31 of the cleaning tank 41 and fixed 32 the outer surface of the movable rail side ball bearing 47 disposed therebetween (rotary body) inserted into the intermediate insert 42 between the two guide rails 43. 固定导轨41中设有从隔着滚珠轴承47支撑住中间导轨43的转动体收容槽的侧面延伸出来的水平面44a和从水平面44a朝垂直方向弯曲成直角的垂直面44b,构成截面为L字状的安装部分44。 Fixed rail 41 is provided via a ball bearing 47 supported from the horizontal sides of the rail to hold the middle rolling member receiving groove 43 extending from the horizontal plane 44a and 44a bent in the vertical direction at right angles to the vertical surface 44b, constituting the L-shaped cross section mounting portion 44. 这样的滑轨33安装在清洗机主机体31的两侧的内侧面上,如图6、图7中所示。 Such a rail 33 mounted on the inner surface of both sides of the cleaner main body 31, FIG. 6, 7 shown in FIG.

如图6中所示,清洗机主机体31由金属板材制成前表面开口的箱形形状,所述安装部分44固定到其两个内侧面上。 31 a box shape made of sheet metal open in the front surface, the washing machine main body 6, the mounting portion 44 is secured to both of its inner surface. 清洗机主机体31的两个内侧面上还设有用于临时固定滑轨33的支承部分48和夹持部分49。 Two washing machine main body 31 is further provided with the inner side of the support portion 48 and the fixed rail 33 for temporarily holding portion 49. 如图7中所示,所述支承部分48以及夹持部分49加工成从清洗机主机体31的壁面向外凸出,并设有与所述安装部44的垂直方向的高度尺寸相对应的间隔,将安装部分44的垂直面44b的上端象图中所示的那样插入夹持部分49中,将水平面44a推入支承部分48中时,滑轨33即成为临时固定在清洗机主机体31的侧面上的状态。 As shown in FIG. 7, the support portion 48 and the clamping portion 49 is processed into the host body from projecting outward wall surface of the washing machine 31 and provided to the height of the vertical portion 44 of the corresponding mounting intervals as the mounting portion is inserted into holder 49 as shown in FIG vertical upper end 44b of the portion 44, the horizontal portion 44a is pushed into the support 48 when the slide rail 33 becomes temporarily fixed to the washing machine main body 31 state on the side. 此时,由于垂直面44b的上端被夹持部分49所夹住,滑轨33在其重量的作用下将垂直面44b的下端压向清洗机主机体31的壁面上,能够保持安装部44搭载在支承部分48的临时固定状态稳定。 At this time, since the upper end of the vertical portion 44b of the clamp 49 is sandwiched between the slide rail 33 under the action of the weight of the lower end 44b is pressed against the vertical wall surface of the washing machine main body 31, mounting portion 44 is mounted can be maintained in the support portion 48 of the temporarily fixed state stability.

从这样的临时固定状态也可以看出,由于加在滑轨33上的负重即清洗槽32的重量由支承部分48加以支承,并通过将安装部44压向壁面的方式而进行支撑,故将临时固定的滑轨33通过螺丝固定到清洗机主机体31上的主要目的是为了保持滑轨33的临时固定位置。 This can be seen from the temporarily fixed state, since the applied load on the rail 33, i.e., the weight of the cleaning tank 32 to be supported by the support portion 48 and mounting portion 44 is pressed by the supporting wall surface manner, it will be temporary fixing rail 33 is fixed by a screw to the main purpose of the washing machine main body 31 is temporarily fixed position in order to maintain the rail 33. 因此,螺丝固定位置的数量少一些也没有关系,只需从设在清洗机主机体31的壁面上的2处固定孔77向与之对应地设在安装部44上的2处螺丝孔50中拧入螺丝51就可以。 Thus, the number of screw positions less does not matter, only from the second fixing hole provided in the wall surface of the main body 31 of the washer 77 to be provided in the corresponding screw holes 44 of the mounting portion 2 on 50 the screw 51 can be screwed.

另一方面,在将要安装可动导轨42的清洗槽32中的水槽79上,如图7、图8所示,其两侧的外表面上设有向外突出的、用于固定可动导轨42的支撑部分45。 On the other hand, in the sink 32, 79 to be mounted to the movable rail cleaning bath 42, as shown in FIG 7, FIG. 8, is provided with outwardly projecting, for fixing the movable rail on both sides of its outer surface 42, the support portion 45. 将支撑部分45搁置在固定在清洗机主机体31上的滑轨33中的可动导轨42上,再将清洗槽32在可动导轨42上一边向里滑动着一边推入时,如图9中所示,从支撑部分45的后面向后方突出的嵌合突起52将插入位于可动导轨42后部的、(将可动导轨的一部分)切割后再使其翻起而形成的L字形切割翻起部分53,而位于支撑部分45的前方一侧、向下方突出的突起部54的尖端则嵌入设在可动导轨42上的开孔部分55中,这样,滑轨33和清洗槽32之间的位置关系将被固定下来。 The support portion 45 rests on the washer 9 is fixed to the main body 33 on the slide 31 in the movable rail 42, and then the cleaning bath 32 while the movable rail 42 to slide in the pushed aside as As shown, the rear support portion 45 is formed facing rearward projection fitting projection 52 is inserted into the movable rail 42 is located in the rear portion of (a portion of the movable rail) and then cutting it turned up L-shaped cut turnup portion 53, while a front side of the supporting portion 45, the tip portion projecting downward projection 54 is fitted is provided in the movable rail 42 on the hole portion 55 so that slide 33 and the cleaning bath 32 positional relationship between the fixed will be. 清洗槽32与其两侧的滑轨33的位置确定后,将成为稳定的搭置状态。 After the position of the cleaning tank 32 on both sides of the rail 33 and its determination will take a stable state. 为了保持这样的状态,从在设在支撑部分45的前方侧的固定孔67向设在可动导轨42上的螺丝孔91中拧入螺丝92,这样,清洗槽32和可动导轨42之间就可以彻底固定好。 In order to maintain such a state, the fixing hole provided in the front side of the supporting portion 45 of the screw holes 67 provided to the movable rail 91 is screwed into the screw 42 is 92, so that the cleaning tank 32 and the movable guide 42 It can be completely fixed.

如上所述,由于清洗槽32通过设置在其两个外侧面上的支承部分45搭载在可动导轨42,且能够在可动导轨42的整个表面上施加上均衡的负重,并通过支承部分45以抱入方式固定住可动导轨42,因此,只需搭载在可动导轨42上就能够达到稳定的状态。 As described above, since the cleaning tank 32 provided in its outer surface two supporting portion 45 is mounted on the balanced load is applied on the entire surface of the movable rail 42 and movable rail 42 can be, and through the support portion 45 in a fixed manner into the hold of the movable rail 42, therefore, simply mounted on the movable rail 42 can reach a stable state. 另外,通过将突起部54嵌入开口部55内就能简单地确定清洗槽32在可动导轨42上的载置位置,只需在其附近的1处用螺丝固定住就能够完成清洗槽32在可动导轨42上的固定。 Further, by the protrusion 54 fitted into the opening portion 55 can be easily determined in the cleaning bath 32 to the movable rail 42 is placed on the position, at only 1 can be secured with screws to complete the vicinity thereof in the cleaning tank 32 42 fixed on the movable rail. 另外,由于设有支承部分45的后端的嵌合突起52会嵌(插)入设在可动导轨42上的切割翻起部分53中,因此在清洗槽32被从清洗机主机体31拉出的状态上施加上对下方按压的加压时,能够防止清洗槽32的后方成为从可动导轨42上翘起的状态。 Further, since the rear end of the bearing fitting portion 45 of the projection 52 will be fitted (inserted) into the guide rail is provided on the movable cutter 42 of the turnup portion 53, and therefore the cleaning tank 32 is pulled out from the cleaning machine 31 the host when pressed downward pressure exerted on the state of the cleaning tank 32 can be prevented from rearward becomes lifted from the movable rail 42 on state.

如上所述,滑轨33为三段式结构,从清洗机主机体31拉出清洗槽32时,清洗槽32固定在其上的可动导轨42在中间导轨43上滑动,中间导轨43比可动导轨42的移动缓慢地在固定导轨41上移动。 As described above, for the three-stage slide structure 33, 31 is pulled out when the cleaning tank 32, the cleaning tank 32 is fixed to the movable rail on which the middle rail 42 slides in the washing machine from the host computer 43, the intermediate rail 43 to be movement movable rail 42 is moved slowly in the fixed rail 41. 图10示出了随着清洗槽32从清洗机主机体31拉出时的可动导轨42及中间导轨43的移动状态,其中图10(a)为清洗槽32处于清洗机主机体31中的状态,图10(b)为清洗槽32被拉出到终点位置(即全部拉出)的状态。 Figure 10 shows the movement state of the cleaning tank 32 with the guide rail when the movable member 31 is pulled out from the washing machine host 42 and the intermediate rail 43, in which FIG. 10 (a) is a cleaning tank 32 in washing machine main body 31 state, FIG. 10 (b) is a cleaning tank 32 is drawn out to the end position (i.e., all the way out) state. 从图10(a)中所示的状态开始拉出清洗槽32时,清洗槽32固定在其上的可动导轨42如虚线所示的那样开始在中间导轨43上移动。 When from the state shown in FIG. 10 (a) in the beginning of the cleaning tank 32 is pulled out, the cleaning tank 32 is fixed on the movable rail 42 as the beginning of the middle rail 43 shown by broken lines moves. 由于可动导轨42和中间导轨43之间设置了用于使多个滚珠轴承47以规定的间隔夹在可动导轨42和中间导轨43之间的保持器90,随着可动导轨42的移动,中间导轨43在可动导轨42移动到规定位置时追随它的运动也开始在固定导轨41上移动。 Since the movable rail 42 and intermediate rail is provided for a plurality of ball bearings 47 spaced a predetermined interposed between the movable rail 42 and middle rail 43 of the holder 90 between 43, 42 with the movement of the movable rail , the movable middle rail in the guide rail 43 to follow its movement to a predetermined position when the movement 42 also starts to move on the fixed guide 41. 中间导轨43和固定导轨41之间也象中间导轨43与可动导轨42之间那样设有将多个滚珠轴承47保持在规定间隔上的保持器90,故当清洗槽32被拉出到图11(b)中所示的终点位置时,中间导轨43有与所述保持器90的长度相当的约1/2长度呈嵌插入到固定导轨41中的状态,另有约1/2的长度移动到从固定导轨41伸出的状态。 Middle rail 43 and fixed rail 41 as the middle rail 43 is also provided as a plurality of ball bearings 47 held in a predetermined spacing between the holder 90 and the movable rail 42, so when the cleaning tank 32 is pulled out to FIGS. when 11 (b) the end position illustrated, the intermediate rail 43 with the holding of the length 90 corresponding to about 1/2 the length of the insert was inserted into the fixing state of the guide rail 41, and another length of about 1/2 moved to the stationary rail 41 extending from. 另外,可动导轨42约有1/2长度嵌插入中间导轨43中,另有约1/2长度移动到从中间导轨43突出的状态。 Further, the movable rail 42 is about 1/2 of the length of the insert 43 is inserted into the middle rail, and another about 1/2 the length 43 is moved to protrude from the intermediate guide rail. 这样,清洗槽32从清洗机主机体31的拉出量就可以加大。 Thus, to increase the cleaning tank 32 can be drawn out from the amount of the main body 31 of the washing machine.

另外,在上述的那种三段式结构的滑轨33中,即使在可动导轨42从固定导轨41拉出很多的状态下,这两个导轨之间也有中间导轨43存在。 Further, the slide rail 33 in the above-described three-stage structure that, even when the movable rail 42 is pulled out from the fixed guide 41 under a lot of state, the intermediate rail 43 is present between the two rails. 因此,在被拉出的可动导轨42上即使加上清洗槽32的负重,清洗槽32的机门面板80一侧的下沉程度将会减少,清洗槽32进行被顺畅地被拉出/推入。 Thus, in the pulled-out movable rail 42 even with the load of the cleaning tank 32, the degree of subsidence door panel 80 side of the cleaning tank 32 will be reduced, the cleaning tank 32 is smoothly be pulled / Push.

如图1所示,清洗槽32通过上述滑轨33的结构以及其安装结构从清洗机主机体31的拉出量被设定为能够拉出到其内槽34的后上部(A)比柜台顶板61的前端靠前方一侧。 As shown, the cleaning tank 32 is set to be drawn out from the amount of washing machine main body 31 by the configuration of the slide rail 33 and its mounting structure 1 can be pulled out to the rear of the upper portion (A) than the inner groove 34 counter the front end of the top plate 61 on the front side. 在滑动-打开型餐具清洗机中,通过将清洗槽32拉出到内槽34的上方完全开放,从内槽34取出/装入餐具及进行清洗后的残渣处理操作时就变得非常容易,能够得到很好的效果。 In the sliding - opening type dishwasher machine, drawn by the washing tank 32 above the groove 34 is completely open, when taken far easier / cutlery loading and processing operations carried out after washing the residue from the groove 34, You can get very good results.

虽然上面的详细说明中示出了将滑轨安装结构使用在滑动-打开型餐具清洗机中的实施例,但是,使用在家具的抽屉、电冰箱的拉出式冷冻室等设有滑轨的构造中同样也是可以的。 While the detailed description above illustrates the mounting structure in a sliding rail - of the open type dishwashers embodiment, however, used in furniture drawers, pull-out refrigerator freezing chamber is provided with rails etc. construction is also possible.

综上所述,采用本发明的话,由于可动箱状体可以通过突出地设置在两个外侧面上的支承部分确定在安装在静止箱状体的两个内侧面上的滑轨中的可动导轨上的位置,在可动箱状体通过设置在两个外侧面上的支承部分搭载在可动导轨上时,可动箱状体本身的重量会分散在可动导轨的整个表面上,达到稳定状态。 As described above, according to the present invention, then, the movable box-shaped body can be determined by setting the protruding portions of the two outer surfaces of the support may be mounted on the rail on the inside of the stationary box-shaped body in two position on the movable guide, in the movable box-shaped body by two support portions disposed at the outer side of the movable rail is mounted in the movable box-shaped body by its own weight will be distributed over the entire surface of the movable guide rail, steady state is reached. 因此,可动箱状体和可动导轨之间的固定可以通过维持载置状态所需的最低限度的螺丝紧固来进行,可动箱状体安装到滑轨上时的操作将变得很容易。 Thus, the movable minimum fastening screws may be required by the maintenance of the mounting state between the box-shaped body and the movable rail to the movable box-shaped body is mounted to slide on the operation will become easily.

Claims (3)

1.一种滑轨安装结构,其中,通过在前部设有开口的截面为长方形的静止箱状体的两个内侧面上分别安装上固定导轨,将可动箱状体的两个外侧面分别安装在以滑动自如的方式分别设在两个固定导轨上的两个可动导轨上,使可动箱状体可以从静止箱状体的前部开口拉出/推入,其特征在于:所述可动导轨和所述固定导轨之间设置成夹着转动体嵌插进所述可动导轨和所述固定导轨中的中间导轨,所述可动导轨上表面前端设有用于确定所述可动箱状体的安装位置的开口部分、和用于安装到可动箱状体上的螺丝孔,所述可动箱状体的两个外侧面上设有处于导轨方向上的支承部分,所述支承部分上设有与所述开口部分相对应的突起部分、和与所述螺丝孔相对应的固定孔,所述支承部分搭载在安装在所述静止箱状体上的滑轨中的可动导轨上,使所述突起部分嵌 A rail mounting structure in which, through the front section of the opening is provided with two inner surfaces of the stationary rectangular box-shaped body are mounted on a fixed track, the two outer side surface of the movable box-shaped body are mounted on two slidably manner are provided on two rails fixed to the movable rail, the movable box-shaped body can be pulled out of the opening / pushed from the front portion of a stationary box-shaped body, wherein: disposed between said movable rail and said stationary rail member fitted rotatably inserted so as to sandwich said movable intermediate rail and said fixed guide rail, said front end surface of the movable rail is provided for determining the the opening portion of the movable mounting position of the box-shaped body, and screw holes for mounting to the movable box-shaped body, the movable support portion is provided on the outer surface of the two guide rails of the box-shaped body, the support portion and the upper portion is provided with a protrusion portion corresponding to the opening, and the fixing hole and the screw hole corresponding to the support portion mounted on said stationary rail mounted in the box-shaped body on the movable rail, said insert protruding portion 所述开口部中实现定位,通过从所述固定孔向螺丝孔中拧入螺丝,使可动箱状体安装到可动导轨上。 The opening portion is positioned to achieve, by screwing the screw into the screw hole in the fixing hole, the movable box-shaped body mounted on the moving rail.
2.如权利要求1中所述的滑轨安装结构,其特征在于:可动导轨上设有固定住支承部分后部的止动片,支承部分的后端一侧设有嵌插入所述止动片中的突出部分。 2. The slide rail mounting structure according to claim 1, wherein: the movable piece is provided with a rear stopper support portion fixed to the upper rail, the rear end side of the support portion is inserted into the insert is provided with stopper projecting portion of the movable sheet.
3.如权利要求1或2中所述的滑轨安装结构,其特征在于:所述滑轨安装结构被应用于设置成可动箱状体的清洗槽以能够通过滑轨拉出/推入的方式收容在设置成静止箱状体的清洗机主机体中的餐具清洗机中。 3. The slide rail mounting structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein: said rail mounting structure is applied to the cleaning tank arranged to be movable in a box-shaped body can be pulled / pushed by sled is accommodated in the cleaner main body is arranged a stationary box-shaped body in the dishwasher.
CNB2003101044494A 2002-11-05 2003-10-29 Slideway mounting structure CN1208021C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002320951A JP3740115B2 (en) 2002-11-05 2002-11-05 Dishwasher slide rail mounting structure

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CN1208021C true CN1208021C (en) 2005-06-29

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CNU2003201039769U CN2691479Y (en) 2002-11-05 2003-10-30 Sliding rail mounting structure

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Families Citing this family (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006177656A (en) * 2004-11-26 2006-07-06 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Refrigerator
DE102006057582C5 (en) * 2005-12-07 2018-10-31 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator rail assembly and refrigerator storage container drawer / drawer device with same
JP4567625B2 (en) * 2006-03-28 2010-10-20 三菱電機ホーム機器株式会社 Dishwasher and sink incorporating this
JP2007303781A (en) * 2006-05-15 2007-11-22 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Rail member and refrigerator
JP5957169B2 (en) * 2010-01-28 2016-07-27 株式会社東芝 refrigerator
CN101984313B (en) * 2010-10-29 2012-05-09 无锡市超群自动化设备有限公司 Refrigerator track mechanism
CN102512131A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-06-27 无锡市超群自动化设备有限公司 Two-way sliding rail mounting base for household appliance
JP5991903B2 (en) * 2012-11-21 2016-09-14 三菱電機株式会社 refrigerator
DE102013222576A1 (en) 2013-11-06 2015-05-07 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Household appliance
CN107427124B (en) * 2015-04-13 2020-01-14 西格斯株式会社 Sliding assembly for drawer

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JP3740115B2 (en) 2006-02-01
JP2004154224A (en) 2004-06-03
CN1498585A (en) 2004-05-26

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