CN1207473C - Umbrella-type constracting structure - Google PatentsUmbrella-type constracting structure Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN1207473C CN1207473C CN 02151558 CN02151558A CN1207473C CN 1207473 C CN1207473 C CN 1207473C CN 02151558 CN02151558 CN 02151558 CN 02151558 A CN02151558 A CN 02151558A CN 1207473 C CN1207473 C CN 1207473C
- Prior art keywords
- fulcrum bar
- oblique fulcrum
- Prior art date
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- Expired - Fee Related
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 claims abstract description 30
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 30
- 238000004804 winding Methods 0.000 claims description 11
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 abstract description 20
- 239000004567 concrete Substances 0.000 abstract description 16
- 239000000463 materials Substances 0.000 abstract description 8
- 239000011150 reinforced concrete Substances 0.000 abstract description 7
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 abstract description 5
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 abstract description 4
- 239000010410 layers Substances 0.000 abstract description 2
- 230000002349 favourable Effects 0.000 abstract 1
- 238000000465 moulding Methods 0.000 description 9
- 238000005516 engineering processes Methods 0.000 description 3
- 239000002184 metals Substances 0.000 description 3
- 238000003466 welding Methods 0.000 description 3
- 238000000034 methods Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000002699 waste materials Substances 0.000 description 2
- 235000007926 Craterellus fallax Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 240000007175 Datura inoxia Species 0.000 description 1
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000009435 building construction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000010586 diagrams Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000005755 formation reactions Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000002262 irrigation Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000003973 irrigation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000007787 solids Substances 0.000 description 1
The present invention relates to an umbrella-type construction structure comprising a base, a foundation, and floors supported in a construction main body, wherein the construction main body also comprises a column fixed to the foundation; a cantilever is fixed to the column, diagonal floor rods are uniformly arranged in a radial shape by using the column as the center; the column and the diagonal rods adopt steel tube reinforced concrete structures. Having short force transmission routes, the umbrella-type construction structure saves many main and secondary beams, and saves material consumption; under the same condition, the steel consumption saves about 50% as compared with that of reinforced concrete framework structure; and the concrete consumption saves about 30%. As a technical effect, the umbrella-type column structure creates a new construction method, namely a stereo construction method, and specifically floors are simultaneously constructed or all layers can be simultaneously constructed to form stereo construction and cross operation which is favorable to speeding up construction when the column and the diagonal rods are poured with concrete upwards. The umbrella-type construction structure can obtain a large-column net construction form.
The present invention relates to civil engineering structure, be specifically related to a kind of umbrella building structure, this building structure is applicable to building and structure fields such as the building construction of large span, heavy load, middle-size and small-size bridge engineering, traffic highway engineering.
Reinforced concrete frame structure, masonry structure, slab column system, steel work etc. are adopted in the building structure of house and other building at present.Reinforced concrete frame structure is the building structure of the most generally adopting at present, it builds reinforced concrete upright column on foundation, build a large amount of primary and secondary beams between column, the load of floor plate plate face passes to secondary beam, pass to girder then, reach frame column, pass to the basis by post by girder, the power transmission route is longer, must need a large amount of concrete beam, plate; And under the situation of large span, heavy load, the cross section of its primary and secondary beam also can be quite big, and therefore, its steel and concrete amount are bigger.Masonry structure can only be used for the building of little span, the little standard width of a room in an old-style house.What slab column system (or claiming the arch without beam structure) was identical with building umbrella-shaped structure of the present invention is to need not to build the primary and secondary beam, floor load reaches on the post by column cap (cap), but when its intercolumniation span increases, the geomery of its column cap (cap) certainly will increase thereupon, the column cap concrete amount is increased, waste of material not only, and bring dead load big thus, bring the waste of ground and Base Design thereupon, second the column cap that geomery is bigger brings inconvenience and outward appearance to owe refined to construction, so the post net span of slab column system can not be too big.Rolled steel dosage is bigger in the steel work, and cost is higher, uses also to be restricted.
Summary of the invention
The present invention mainly solves the technical problem of power transmission route in the building structure, and the type of horn of plenty, expansion building structure provides a kind of novel building structure---umbrella building structure simultaneously.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize: umbrella building structure, comprise supported floor plate in ground, basis, the main structure body, main structure body also comprises the column that is fixed on the basis, on column, be fixed with cantilever, be that the center is the floor plate oblique fulcrum bar that radiation is evenly arranged with the column, floor plate is directly delivered to load on the column by oblique fulcrum bar, than the existing building structure, particularly reinforced concrete frame structure has shortened the power transmission route greatly, thereby save a large amount of primary and secondary beams, saved material usage.Compare with slab column system, this umbrella building structure becomes solid column cap with column to be fixed and equally distributed oblique fulcrum bar, oblique fulcrum bar itself is just saved material than the column cap of slab column system, and under the bigger situation of column span, can more easily increase the angle of oblique fulcrum bar and column, to increase the scope of slab strips on columns, reduce the scope of span centre strip relatively, thereby make the thickness of span centre strip less relatively, further save constructional materials, and this umbrella building structure is than the easier construction of slab column system.Handle by existing known technology on the ground of this umbrella-shaped structure, basis.Floor plate is still directly used concrete cast-in-situ moulding or pre-formed by prior art.
Between each oblique fulcrum bar supporting base end portion and column, be provided with two ends respectively with the fixing lacing wire of winding up of oblique fulcrum bar supporting base end portion, column.Each oblique fulcrum bar and the lacing wire of winding up constitute an A-frame, and the lacing wire of winding up increases the support strength of oblique fulcrum bar on the one hand, makes floor plate become polygon support by multi-point support on the other hand, further increases and improved the support effect to each floor panel.
Column, oblique fulcrum bar can form or cast-in-place moulding with the steel concrete system of giving; Also can adopt steel work, as steel pipe; Also can adopt encased structures, promptly at hollow pouring concrete within steel pipe.When column, oblique fulcrum bar are concrete precast element or cast-in-place moulding, between oblique fulcrum bar and column, being connected and fixed between lacing wire and column and oblique fulcrum bar end of winding up, can adopt that the mode of built-in connection realizes mutual being connected and fixed in concrete; When being steel work or encased structures, adopt on column welding fixing.The sectional dimension and the material of column are selected for use according to structural calculation; Along with the variation of post distance, the sectional dimension of oblique fulcrum bar and all change with the design parameterss such as angle of column.But purpose of the present invention only is to provide the main structure body formation and the structure partly of this building umbrella-shaped structure, particularly this building structure.The quantity of oblique fulcrum bar can be selected four, six, eight, ten as required for use.
Column is made assembling,, upwards assembles gradually according to construction speed as an assembly unit with each floor height.When column adopted concrete precast element, the end of each assembly unit was provided with grafting key, the groove of realizing assembling mutually, makes between each column assembly unit and assembles better, connects.Column adopts steel work, encased structures, can directly weld fixing between each assembly unit of column.
The oblique fulcrum bar that the present invention is positioned at the stair opening part on building edge, the floor plate omits according to the floor plate shape, thereby forms the part variation of oblique fulcrum bar structure.
Be cast with or be shaped in advance the dark beam that floor plate is divided into grid on the floor plate, oblique fulcrum bar is supported under the dark beam on the floor plate.Dark beam action is the rigidity that further increases floor plate; Can reduce simultaneously the dark beam of the floor plate thickness of part in addition, thereby reduce the material usage of floor plate.
Umbrella building structure of the present invention has been saved material usage because the power transmission route is short and saved a large amount of primary and secondary beams, and under equal conditions its rolled steel dosage is saved approximately 50% than reinforced concrete frame structure, and concrete amount saves about 30%.As a kind of technique effect, this umbrella pillar construction has been started a kind of new job practices---three-dimensional job practices, promptly upwards building column and oblique fulcrum bar concrete the time, the floor plate of constructing simultaneously, above each layer of also can constructing simultaneously, form three-dimensional construction, cross-operation, help accelerating construction progress.The shared height space of oblique fulcrum bar can be hung various pipelines, just need not fit up and can form graceful moulding.This umbrella building structure can obtain the more form of structure of huge pillar net.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a floor level arrangement schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be the hollow metal column and on the structural representation of braced structures;
Fig. 3 is the partial structurtes enlarged drawing of braced structures;
Fig. 4 is the partial top view of braced structures;
The specific embodiment
With one four floor is example.
Umbrella building structure, comprise supported floor plate 1 in ground, basis, the main structure body, main structure body also comprises the column 2 that is fixed on the basis, and column is inserted within the rim of a cup on basis, on column, be fixed with cantilever, be that the center is the floor plate oblique fulcrum bar 3 that radiation is evenly arranged with the column.Between each oblique fulcrum bar supporting base end portion and column, be provided with two ends respectively with the fixing lacing wire 10 of winding up of oblique fulcrum bar supporting base end portion, column.Column, oblique fulcrum bar adopt encased structures, and the steel pipe of oblique fulcrum bar inserts in the column by the hole of being opened on the column steel pipe and locatees, and fixing with the welding of column steel pipe.During concreting, concrete enters inclined strut steel pipe inner chamber through column steel pipe inner chamber in the column steel pipe.Oblique fulcrum bar quantity is eight.
Be cast with or be shaped in advance the dark beam 4 that floor plate is divided into grid on the floor plate, oblique fulcrum bar is supported under the dark beam of floor plate.
Fixed lateral lacing wire 6 between the end of each oblique fulcrum bar further realizes polygon, multi-point support to floor plate, improves the support effect to floor plate.
Oblique fulcrum bar insert division on the column steel pipe fixing steel plate 7 of putting more energy into, it plays oblique fulcrum bar and inserts positioning action, the local distortion that can prevent steel post simultaneously.
Floor plate absolute altitude place is provided with and connects ring flat-plate 9 on the column, and the lacing wire 10 of winding up can be connected ring flat-plate with this to be fixed, and is fixed with stiffening rib 11 under the connection ring flat-plate, like this, directly fixedly compare with column with the lacing wire of winding up, it is more convenient to be connected and fixed, and has strengthened the shear strength of connection place simultaneously.Wind up the lacing wire two ends respectively with to be connected the welding of ring flat-plate and oblique fulcrum bar end fixing.
The column steel pipe is made assembling, with each floor height as an assembly unit.According to construction speed upwards assembling gradually, metal upright post assembles in fixing or disposable elder generation, fix, with oblique fulcrum bar, the lacing wire etc. of winding up is connected and fixed earlier, between each A-frame, fix special floor plate moulding tool model, fixing floor plate moulding form on tool model, therefore, this umbrella-shaped structure is when floor plate is built moulding, can build the molding construction mode as existing floor plate, be provided with many supports below, form of construction work is simple than prior art, and column all assembles, the floor plate of each floor can be constructed simultaneously, realizes three-dimensional, crossed construction.A kind of specification is made in inclined strut or the inclined strut steel pipe and the lacing wire of winding up etc. in full building, makes overall structure unification, standard.
Present embodiment is an example with four floor rooms.Carry out ground, based process by existing known technology, the column steel pipe is inserted within the rim of a cup on basis, and each assembly unit of column steel pipe is welded to each other.The diameter of present embodiment metal upright post is: 700mm, and the post of column is apart from being: 9m, floor plate thickness are 120mm, dark depth of beam 250mm, the support span of oblique fulcrum bar is 3m, the angle of oblique fulcrum bar and column is 65 degree, oblique fulcrum bar is eight, and the oblique fulcrum bar diameter is 140mm.Floor height is 5.1 meters.
The umbrella column to the column irrigation pipe with poured concrete, makes concrete be full of column steel pipe and inclined strut steel pipe inner chamber, the cast-in-place moulding of floor plate after making up and finishing.
1, a kind of umbrella building structure, comprise supported floor plate (1) in ground, basis, the main structure body, main structure body also comprises the column (2) that is fixed on the basis, on column, be fixed with cantilever, be that the center is the floor plate oblique fulcrum bar (3) that radiation is evenly arranged with the column, it is characterized by: between each oblique fulcrum bar supporting base end portion and column, be provided with two ends respectively with the fixing lacing wire of winding up (10) of oblique fulcrum bar supporting base end portion, column, the dark beam (4) that floor plate is divided into grid is arranged on the floor plate, and oblique fulcrum bar is supported under the dark beam of floor plate.
2, umbrella building structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized by: column, oblique fulcrum bar adopt encased structures.
3, umbrella building structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized by: column is made assembling, with each floor height as an assembly unit.
4, umbrella building structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized by: fixed lateral lacing wire (6) between the end of each oblique fulcrum bar.
5, umbrella building structure as claimed in claim 2 is characterized by: the fixing steel plate (7) of putting more energy into of the oblique fulcrum bar insert division on the column steel pipe.
6, as claim 1,2 or 5 described umbrella building structure, it is characterized by: floor plate absolute altitude place is provided with and connects ring flat-plate (9) on the column, and the lacing wire of winding up (10) can be connected ring flat-plate with this and fix.
7, umbrella building structure as claimed in claim 6 is characterized by: be fixed with stiffening rib (11) under the connection ring flat-plate.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN 02151558 CN1207473C (en)||2002-12-31||2002-12-31||Umbrella-type constracting structure|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN 02151558 CN1207473C (en)||2002-12-31||2002-12-31||Umbrella-type constracting structure|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN1424471A CN1424471A (en)||2003-06-18|
|CN1207473C true CN1207473C (en)||2005-06-22|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN 02151558 Expired - Fee Related CN1207473C (en)||2002-12-31||2002-12-31||Umbrella-type constracting structure|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN1207473C (en)|
Families Citing this family (4)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN101812870B (en) *||2009-12-30||2012-05-23||浙江鸿翔建设集团有限公司||Self-balancing supporting structure of large overhanging type building|
|CN102108735B (en) *||2010-12-31||2012-04-25||重庆大学||Umbrella flexible draw linked building structure|
|CN109488054B (en) *||2018-11-16||2020-09-04||上海宝冶集团南京建筑有限公司||Multilayer stretch-draw membrane building|
|CN110259200B (en) *||2019-07-15||2020-08-07||北京交通大学||Umbrella-shaped pavilion and integrated modular laminated wood building|
- 2002-12-31 CN CN 02151558 patent/CN1207473C/en not_active Expired - Fee Related
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|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20050622
Termination date: 20141231
|EXPY||Termination of patent right or utility model|