CN1206419C - Combined rock-embedding pile and its construction method - Google Patents

Combined rock-embedding pile and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1206419C
CN1206419C CN 02121959 CN02121959A CN1206419C CN 1206419 C CN1206419 C CN 1206419C CN 02121959 CN02121959 CN 02121959 CN 02121959 A CN02121959 A CN 02121959A CN 1206419 C CN1206419 C CN 1206419C
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China
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pile
concrete
stake
prefabricated
rock
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CN 02121959
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1386936A (en
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张向东
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立基工程有限公司
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Publication of CN1206419C publication Critical patent/CN1206419C/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a combined rock embedding pile and a construction method thereof, prefabricating reinforced concrete pipes or other piles added with additional reinforced bars are used as bearing carriers in a soil layer, reinforced bars or members added with additional reinforced bars or prefabricated reinforced bar members are arranged in a deeper predrilling rock hole, on-site grouting material is added to form a combined pile, one group of the reinforced bars are penetrated and are grouted in the members to sustain pressure or pull, and the continuity among pile sections is improved; the bonding power of a pile body positioned in the rock hole and the side wall of the rock hole uniformly diffuses the load transferred from upper side to a deep place of a rock layer. As the bearing area of the pile is larger than that of a pure end bearing type pile of the prior art, the combining power of the grouting material and rock is much larger than friction between a pure friction pile of the prior art and soil, and thereby, the bearing capacity of the whole pile is greatly improved. As all members of the whole pile can be in industrial mass production, the present invention has the advantages of design simplification, convenient construction and cost reduction.

Description

A kind of combined rock-embedding pile and job practices thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the stake as the building deep foundation, especially a kind of cohesion that relies on grouting agent and preformed pile, petrosal foramen inwall vertically is diffused into load the compound pile and the job practices thereof of holding the power rock stratum gradually.
Background technology
The preformed pile that adopt the building foundation, one to all being a joint joint prefabricated reinforced concrete stake or shaped steel stake connection one by one at the scene with pile driver, soil compaction is squeezed into projected depth, the dependence pile body is with the frictional force of soil and the bearing capacity of pile bottom force holding layer support the pile crown load on every side, for example U.S. Pat 4,199,277.The shortcoming of doing like this: the one, construction noise is big, vibration is violent, the 2nd, pile body is subjected to heavy damage easily under fierce, the continuous bump of pile hammer or intensity weakens, the 3rd, the ability that penetrates hardpan of soil compaction driven pile, when the part stake on basis has to be seated on the local folder pan soil stone layer, cause unequal settlement of building, inclination easily, the 4th, bearing stratum is dark more, and the pile monkey energy that needs is big more, brings exceptional hardship for the making of piling machinery.
Begin the boring embedding technique for rock used in the recent period, be adopt auger from surface drilling pass soil layer and or macadam, pierce the rock stratum certain depth by designing requirement then, at the bottom of H shaped steel stake patchhole, grouting is watered solid, forms non-soil compaction stake.One of them type of its bearing mechanism and the present invention is similar, promptly by the cohesion between grouting agent and shaped steel stake, the petrosal foramen wall pile load is spread gradually to the bearing stratum depths.Its construction features are that H shaped steel is all adopted in whole stake, and shaped steel is surrounded by grouting agent behind the pile, to lower the shaped steel action of rust.Adopt this kind job practices, can avoid the above-mentioned various drawbacks of squeezing into the formula job practices.But this pure shaped steel socketed pile still has following shortcoming:
1. because the H sectional shape is long-pending little, the relative concrete stake of the bearing capacity of unit area is high, thereby requires the butt weld between the pile cutoff that strict quality requirement need be arranged, and to guarantee the smooth transmission of pile load, therefore significantly promotes the difficulty of construction technology and the frequency of detection.The also corresponding raising of construction cost.
2. as the grouting agent of topping; face loose soil layer and underground water before the sclerosis possibly; there is no in it cage of reinforcement is set, so construction quality is subjected to the influence of interim casing pipe-pulling speed, soil property and Groundwater Flow easily and produces quality problems such as constriction, cavity and silt interlayer.Even lost protective effect by inter-pile soil is fixed when sinking the following power of dragging tearing.
In the design of some compound pile, though also comprise preformed pile and Cast-in-place concrete part, but its bearing mechanism still bored pile with traditional is identical, promptly rely on the part of the stake end and rock exposure level face to take advantage of pressure to transmit load, typical end is taken advantage of stake, just pile body partly changes into prefabricated concrete stake, sees Te Kaiping-127054, is difficult to avoid the influence of sediment to pile quality all the time.Because the intensity of concrete is greater than rock usually, so if will bring into play whole bearing capacities of pile body, just must expand at the end, and it is high to expand the employed machine cost in the end, it is high that operating technology requires, and lock of tool drilling takes place easily, and the actual end size that expands also is difficult to control.Owing to there is not reinforcing bar directly to reach rock face, the location of preformed pile part is also just very difficult.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention be the various shortcoming that will eliminate in the prior art, provide a kind of combined rock-embedding pile and job practices thereof, to realize that cost is low, applied widely, pile strength is high, rigidity is big, the life-span is long, construction pollution is little, the construction period is short and the reliable effect of pile quality.
1. construct and job practices
1.1, in soil layer and rock, hole respectively according to pile body, petrosal foramen diameter, the angle of inclination of designing requirement, design elevation at the bottom of stake, clear hole.
1.2 compound pile is put into boring piecemeal, adopts welding or high adhesion stress material to refute between every section and connects, and sets upright, locatees, clear more in case of necessity hole.
1.3 in the stake pipe, place reinforcing cage to the stake end according to designing requirement, be in the milk by grout pipe with grouting agent then, till the grouting agent end face exceeds design pile crown absolute altitude, can in grouting agent, allocate Admixture in case of necessity, effect such as coagulate, early strong to reach early.
1.4 after treating the grouting agent sclerosis in the stake pipe and reaching certain intensity, cut away pile body unnecessary on the top design elevation and the super grouting agent that waters, form at last in the petrosal foramen is to be the combined rock-embedding pile of joining reinforcing bar in prefabricated concrete pipe (comprising precast prestressed reinforced concrete pipe, down together) stake reaches in shaped steel or reinforcing cage and the soil layer.
2. advantage of the present invention
2.1 utilize the combined rock-embedding pile of the inventive method moulding, its great advantage is that the preformed pile that passes through the prefabricated concrete pile tube (hereinafter to be referred as pile tube) of soil layer or other type, other material can both serve as main load-bearing member in dual-use material ground, plays the part of the role of interim, permanent casing again.Because pile tube is prefabricated units (even being prestressed member), pile body closely knit and install before reached design strength, so the quality problems that above-mentioned prior art produces can never occur, and the grouting agent consumption reduces obviously, interim casing pipe-pulling speed obviously improves.
2.2 embed the pile body of rock part, can be prefabricated concrete-bar component, prefabricated reinforced concrete member, also can be shaped steel or special steel member, and they are except that can satisfying requirement of strength own, also increased as much as possible and grouting agent between cohere area, maximum bearing capacity is provided.Adopt with prefabricated concrete stake between identical method of attachment, simple structure, power transmission is direct, reliable in quality.When they when passing through reinforcing bar in the stake pipe and connect together, can bear powerful pulling force again, become a sturdy anchor pole.
2.3 common rig can make " piling " degree of depth reach 60M or darker rock stratum easily, no longer is subjected to the influence of hard soil layer even stone layer when passing through soil layer.Can make gets the raw materials ready calculates accurately, reduces loss.
2.4 grouting procedure is to carry out in a pipe of almost sealing, petrosal foramen, is subjected to the ectocine chance very little, so grouting agent can be used as the part of pile body, pile strength, rigidity are improved whereby.
3. the type of compound pile
Compound pile of the present invention is pressed the interior pile body structure of petrosal foramen and the difference of material, can be divided into four kinds of different stake types, pile body structure beyond the petrosal foramen mainly is a hollow or solid pile difform by prefabricated concrete pile tube or other, different materials, in it reinforcing cage is set and grouting agent combines:
Type one: the petrosal foramen diameter can be provided with inside and outside multistory reinforced cage with the compound pile on the performance rock face or other whole bearing capacities more than or equal to prefabricated concrete pile tube external diameter in petrosal foramen.Because boring expense costliness, people always want to design maximum bearing capacity in more shallow boring, to save the expense of piling.Outer reinforcing cage is connected with prefabricated concrete pile tube, adopts the welding flange method.
Rely on packing material and bigger reinforcing bar, the reliable bonding between the petrosal foramen surface area and make the brill rock degree of depth relatively shallow.There are favorable economic benefit and quality assurance reduction of erection time significantly more than the stake number or in the large-scale pile foundation engineering of the embedding rock degree of depth with the modulus variation.
Type two: the petrosal foramen diameter only is provided with reinforcing cage, and extends downwardly at the bottom of the hole more than or equal to prefabricated concrete pile tube internal diameter in pile tube, so that adopt small-sized rock borer pore-forming, constructs the simplest.When extraordinary high tensile reinforcement being set in petrosal foramen extending into prefabricated concrete pile tube, can bring into play whole bearing capacities of the compound pile on the rock face equally, it is little relatively dark because of the petrosal foramen diameter that bore the rock degree of depth this moment.
In the control of horizontal force, slenderness ratio or based on the pile foundation engineering (as the basis of retaining wall, harbour bridge and some structure) of small-sized rock borer, this type of type can be brought into play the bigger advantage of rigidity, and favorable economic benefit and quality assurance are arranged.
Type three: the petrosal foramen diameter is more than or equal to prefabricated concrete pile tube external diameter, so that in petrosal foramen, be provided with shaped steel or special steel member and in reinforcing cage, with the compound pile on the performance rock face or other whole bearing capacities, the brill rock degree of depth is greatly relatively shallow because of the petrosal foramen diameter.Being connected the welding of adopting flange or cohering method of Steel section member and prefabricated concrete pile tube or other.
Because shaped steel or special steel member can be made at the scene, cut, weld, no matter in the pile foundation engineering of stake number what or embedding rock change in depth multiterminal favorable economic benefit and quality assurance are arranged all.
Type four: the petrosal foramen diameter is more than or equal to prefabricated concrete pile tube or other external diameter, so that being set, prefabricated reinforced concrete (comprises prestressing force prefabricated reinforced concrete member in petrosal foramen, heavy wall or solid pile down together), reduce the consumption of steel and grouting agent, during, technical maturity perfect when pre-control equipment, can make ridge design at the external surface of this type of prefabricated component, cohere area or mechanical snap power with what increase itself and grouting agent.It is connected with prefabricated tubular pile or other, adopts the welding of flange or coheres method.
Because the prefabricated reinforced concrete member can suitability for industrialized production, reliable in quality, price is relatively cheap, so be used for the large-scale pile foundation engineering that a number is many or the embedding rock degree of depth changes with modulus, there are favorable economic benefit and quality assurance the reduction of erection time significantly.
4. the main construction sequence of compound pile
4.1 location, stake hole, auger is in place;
Hole to the rock surface of institute's calling hierarchy 4.2, angle of inclination dark according to a design stake type, stake footpath, stake, direction are carried out the phase I, and the temporary steel casing is seated rock surface (if using temporary steel casing) reposefully;
4.3 rock-boring and prefabricated concrete pile tube or other installation
4.3.1 if adopt stake type one, three or four of the present invention, the brill rock target drill of then migrating with phase I bore diameter order of magnitude coupling continues the petrosal foramen degree of depth of rock drilling to designing requirement, the clear end.By the design drawing requirement, the prefabricated concrete pile tube or other stake that are connected with precast reinforced cage, steel member or reinforced concrete member the stake end swing in the hole by joint, at the bottom of the hole.
4.3.2 if adopt stake type two of the present invention, then put prefabricated concrete pile tube or other stake earlier to rock face, hold up straight, fixing, select for use the brill rock target drill that mates with prefabricated concrete pile tube or other diameter of bore order of magnitude to continue the petrosal foramen degree of depth of rock drilling then, the clear end to designing requirement.
4.4 press Design Requirement Drawing, the interior reinforcing cage with grout pipe, equipment such as test inductor etc. passed prefabricated concrete pile tube swing at the bottom of the stake.
4.5 at the bottom of stake, begin grouting.The outlet of grout pipe must be lower than grouting end face certain depth.The grouting end face must surpass minimum 300 millimeters of stake top design elevation when grouting finished, and adhered to specification with the grouting quality that guarantees pile crown.
4.6 the extraction of temporary steel casing (if the words that adopt) must carefully avoid injuring native barrier material of stake or the bitumastic paint that the pile body outside may be wrapped up.
4.7 when the grouting agent sclerosis reaches a certain desired strength, cut away and design above prefabricated concrete pile tube of stake top mark height and grouting part wherein, expose the length on stake top according to reinforcing cage in the minimum anchorage length L reservation of design drawing regulation.
5. range of application of the present invention
Except that the preformed pile tube portion advocates that batch production is produced, but but other member not only field fabrication but also batch production production, quality, output all have certain guarantee; All pile body members all are that the common building material that prior art adopted is formed, but through redesign of the present invention, combination, its every mechanical characteristic all is better than and is made up stake type before.All than more convenient, more accurate, the easier satisfied local standard of prior art, a bearing capacity and a cost that size by adjusting the pile body each several part and arrangement of reinforcement just can change easily are to satisfy different designing requirements aspect design, construction and check.So no matter the project scale size, how construction environment changes, as long as the adaptable place of prior art, the present invention nearly all can be used.
Because adopt the prefabricated concrete pile tube of prefabricated concrete pile tube even prestressing force, the stake of the ratio of its price bearing capacity and pure shaped steel type relatively, very big allowance is arranged, all there is qualified manufacturer in many areas, aboundresources, can gather materials on the spot, be fit to national conditions, therefore good economic benefits, quality assurance and development prospect are arranged.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the pile overall picture elevation of stake type one of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing at A place among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 A be among Fig. 1 at pile body I-I to sectional view
Fig. 3 B be among Fig. 1 at pile body II-II to sectional view
Fig. 4 is the pile overall picture elevation of stake type two of the present invention;
Fig. 5 A be among Fig. 4 III-III to sectional view;
Fig. 5 B be among Fig. 4 IV-IV to sectional view
Fig. 6 is the pile overall picture elevation of stake type three of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a B place partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 A be among Fig. 6 VI-VI to sectional view;
Fig. 8 B be among Fig. 6 VII-VII to sectional view;
Fig. 8 C be among Fig. 6 V-V to sectional view;
Fig. 9 is the pile overall picture elevation of stake type four of the present invention;
Figure 10 A is the partial enlarged drawing of a kind of tubulose prefabricated units in C place among Fig. 9;
Figure 10 B is the partial enlarged drawing of a kind of solid prefabricated units in C place among Fig. 9;
Figure 11 A be among Fig. 9 VIII-VIII to sectional view;
Figure 11 B be among Fig. 9 IX-IX to sectional view;
Figure 11 C be among Fig. 9 X-X to sectional view;
Figure 12 is all interior reinforcing cage separation, the fixed component enlarged diagram of the employing of stake type of the present invention
Figure 12 A be among Figure 12 XI-XI to sectional view.
The specific embodiment
Shown that in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 the first embodiment of the present invention is the detailed internal construction of type one.In Fig. 1, pile body is arranged among soil layer 100 and the lithosphere 200, according to the pile body designing requirement, absolute altitude H2, pile crown design elevation H4 and build face ground level H4 at the bottom of relative set rock end face absolute altitude H1, the pile cap, and pile cap 18, bed course 20 and anchorage length L.There is end plate 2 lower end of concrete pipe 1, is reinforcing cage end plate 3 below the end plate 2, connects the many main reinforcements 4 of pile body total length, only is arranged in the many reinforcing bars 5 in the petrosal foramen, and the distribution circle that can see main reinforcement 4 in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 is little than the distribution circle of reinforcing bar 5.Separator 7 plays compartmentation between main reinforcement 4.Petrosal foramen 8 in Fig. 1 greater than the external diameter of concrete pipe 1.The upper end of many reinforcing bars 5 utilizes butt welding or fillet welding D2 to be connected with reinforcing cage end plate 3, is provided with stirrup 6 on many reinforcing bars 5 formed circumference, so end plate 3, reinforcing bar 5 and stirrup 6 formation cage shapes, is referred to as reinforcing cage.
In Figure 12 and Figure 12 A, the present invention is provided with special-purpose separator 7, is used for separating main reinforcement 4 that prior art does not have, that connect the pile body total length, that pile body two is partly organically combined.Separator 7 mainly be by a steel annulus 9 and ring body outer radial the positioning bar 10 done of a plurality of steel columns of burn-oning form.At the main reinforcement shown in Figure 12 is 6, but during actual the use because the concrete bore can be less than with the different of main reinforcement external diameter or more than 6, even adopt multistory reinforced cage.Main reinforcement 4 as shown in figure 12 just in time is embedded between two positioning bars 10, can weld main reinforcement 4 on positioning bar 10 by butt welding or fillet welding D2 in case of necessity.A separator 7 preferably is being set every about two meters on the length direction of pile body.The grout pipe 21 (seeing Figure 10 A) of grouting usefulness is exactly one the tunnel to pass the endoporus of those steel annulus 9 until the petrosal foramen bottom from top to down.
Fig. 3 A and Fig. 3 B are the sectional views that the petrosal foramen 8 among Fig. 2 is gone into two different parts of stake grouting back pile body, please consult overall picture sectional view after the grouting of Fig. 1 simultaneously so that more know the orientation of these two sections.Section II-II takes from rock stratum 200 and looks down, and can see 13 reinforcing bars 5 that 6 main reinforcements 4 that distribution circle is less and distribution circle are bigger and the stirrup 6 of wiretie 5.The effect of stirrup 6 is the same with separator 7, exactly reinforcing bar is remained on certain position, so also be to be provided with one every two meters at the length direction of pile body.Stirrup 6 can be annular stirrup or spirality stirrup.Section I-I takes from soil layer 100 and looks up, so only see main reinforcement 4, separator 7, grouting agent 12 and concrete pipe 1.
Fig. 4 is the second embodiment of the present invention, i.e. the overall picture sectional view of stake after the grouting of type two, except that pile body design with Fig. 1 is consistent, can find out significantly that concrete pipe 1 interior steel bar concrete core all is same diameter from start to finish.In Fig. 4, petrosal foramen 8 diameters are more than or equal to the internal diameter of concrete pipe 1.The lotus position of holding of this type occasion mainly is by the petrosal foramen sidewall rather than by the petrosal foramen bottom.Main reinforcement 4 can adopt the strong reinforcing bar of extra-high-speed in case of necessity.The grout pipe 21 of grouting is also not shown in the drawings.
Fig. 5 A and Fig. 5 B are the profiles of two different parts of pile body among Fig. 4.The main difference of two sections is the grouting agent 12 gluing main reinforcements 4 in lithosphere 200 sections and the inwall of petrosal foramen 8, the grouting agent 12 gluing main reinforcements 4 in the mud layer and the inwall of concrete pipe 1.Therefore, the axial load of pile body upper end mainly is to reach the petrosal foramen inwall again by grouting agent 12 and main reinforcement 4 that concrete pipe 1 and grouting agent 12 and main reinforcement 4 reach in the petrosal foramen.In addition, may use pile body and separate packing material 300.
Fig. 7 is the third embodiment of the present invention, and the sectional view of type three is to have replaced reinforcing bar 5 and the stirrup 6 among Fig. 1 with shaped steel 5 ' with Fig. 2 difference.Because Steel section member can cut at the scene, weld, no matter in the pile foundation engineering of stake number what or embedding rock change in depth multiterminal favorable economic benefit and quality assurance are arranged all, so in the present invention as a preferred embodiment introduction.The attached stiffener 13 in the upper end of shaped steel 5 ' is welded on the end plate 3 to cooperate lower member different section shape smooth transition.
Fig. 8 A, Fig. 8 B and Fig. 8 C are three profiles of pile body different parts among Fig. 6.Please consult close-up view (Fig. 6) after the grouting simultaneously so that more know the orientation of these three sections.Section VI-VI is the section that looks up by stiffener 13, to show the cross section and the welding situation thereof of shaped steel 5 ' and stiffener 13.Also the with dashed lines circle is expressed the internal diameter of concrete pipe 1 and external diameter so that show the external diameter of petrosal foramen 8 greater than concrete pipe 1 once more.Though used i iron for example here, the present invention is not limited to i iron, the shaped steel in any cross section or special steel member can be used.Section VII-VII be below stiffener 13, get and look down, so only see intercepted main reinforcement 4 and shaped steel 5 '.Section V-V intercepts in mud layer and looks up, so just the same with the section I-I among Figure 13 A and Fig. 3 B.
Fig. 9, Figure 10 A and Figure 10 B are fourth embodiment of the invention, the schematic diagram of type four.Because the prefabricated reinforced concrete stake that is placed in the petrosal foramen 8 can be (the seeing Figure 10 A) of tubulose, also can be that solid (seeing Figure 10 B) also can be to go up the down real hybrid-type (see figure 9) of pipe, so can select for use by concrete situation.No matter but which kind of form, for the blanking mouth of pipe that guarantees grouting of the present invention all is lower than this principle of packing material end face from start to finish, so all will embedding in advance petrosal foramen grout pipe 21.In fact method that the grouting mouth (when constructing especially under water) of any embodiment of the present invention all should the upwards pouring from petrosal foramen bottom, promptly so-called " on push away ".Prefabricated reinforced concrete member 11 among Figure 10 A and Figure 10 B is embedded in the petrosal foramen.
Figure 11 is three profiles getting on Fig. 9 is in the milk back pile body close-up view, shows the structure of whole each section of stake respectively.Fig. 9 has clearly illustrated that more the profile of preformed pile in the fourth embodiment of the invention petrosal foramen 8 is the cone (cylinder) of a pointed end, and the downward virtual displacement of pile body passes to petrosal foramen wall all around load.And this cone in the prior art (as, Te Kaiping-127054) is a point upward, and the virtual displacement of pile body can only be born load by the area of stake end below, and the petrosal foramen sidewall is subjected to less than any pressure.This just in time illustrate the present invention and
The principle difference of prior art.
The scarfing cinder of holing in the job practices of the present invention preferably uses sand pump, air to inhale mud or other reliable mode, to guarantee cohering between each part of petrosal foramen and the grouting.
By top detailed introduction, can know that the present invention has practical superiority than prior art, the design bearing capacity of the excellent combined rock-embedding pile of collection of the present invention depends primarily on:
1. prefabricated (prestressing force) concrete pile tube or other theoretical bearing value;
2. insert the intensity of prefabricated (prestressing force) concrete pile tube or reinforcing bar in other and packing material;
3. the bearing capacity of the reinforcing cage/shaped steel in the petrosal foramen;
4. the cohesion of packing material and prefabricated (prestressing force) concrete pile tube or other inwall;
5. the cohesion of packing material and reinforcing cage;
6. the cohesion between packing material and the petrosal foramen inwall;
If 7. tension pile, the bonding strength between the pile cutoff;
8. the slenderness ratio of whole compound pile.
This shows that the present invention considers that the factor of utilizing is more than prior art, this just can make the bearing capacity ratio prior art increase.

Claims (12)

1. combined rock-embedding pile, by prefabricated concrete pile tube in the soil layer or the on-the-spot built-in reinforcing bar of the process of the prefabricated units in prestressing concrete pipe pile and the rock stratum, grouting is formed, it is characterized by, these prefabricated units in prefabricated concrete pile tube of in this soil layer this or prestressing concrete pipe pile and this rock stratum run through this pile tube heart by same group, the concrete-bar component that can bear pulling force and pressure is connected, whole stake in the part of soil layer by this pile tube and inner reinforcing bar thereof, grouting agent combines and transmits jointly the underground water in load and the opposing soil layer, the erosion of gas, whole stake is born load that the combined member of this pile tube transmit by these prefabricated units with the adhesion stress of grouting agent and petrosal foramen sidewall in the part of rock stratum.
2. the compound pile described in claim 1 is characterized in that, this whole stake is formed by these many concrete-bar components grouting that are welded in whole the heart of reinforcing cage and this perforation that is positioned at its center on the reinforcing cage end plate that is connected with the end plate of this pile tube in the part of rock stratum.
3. the compound pile described in claim 1 is characterized in that, this whole stake is in the milk by these many concrete-bar components of the whole stake of this perforations heart in the part of rock stratum and is formed.
4. the compound pile described in claim 1 is characterized in that, this whole stake is in the milk by the combination of these many concrete-bar components that are welded in shaped steel on the shaped steel end plate that is connected with this pile end board or whole heart of this shaped steel and this perforations in the part of rock stratum and is formed.
5. the compound pile described in claim 1 is characterized in that, this whole stake is formed by prefabricated heavy wall or the grouting of solid reinforced concrete member in the part of rock stratum.
6. the compound pile described in claim 1,2,3,4 or 5 is characterized in that, separator location and separation that this concrete-bar component that connects whole stake heart is made up of steel annulus and Duo Gen steel column every certain distance in the longitudinal direction.
7. the compound pile described in claim 1,2,3,4 or 5 is characterized in that, connection between reinforcing bar and the reinforcing bar adopts bolt to connect or with common bridging method or welding.
8. the compound pile described in claim 1,2,3,4 or 5 is characterized by, and the connection between each pile cutoff adopts high cohesion material to cohere method or welding method.
9. compound pile as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described prefabricated units are to be selected from one of them of following set: the combination of reinforcing cage, Steel section member, steel member, prefabricated reinforced concrete member, prestressed reinforced concrete member and reinforcing cage and Steel section member or steel member.
10. the job practices of a combined rock-embedding pile is used to form following four types compound pile:
Type one: be prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile in the soil layer, wherein be provided with one group and run through pile tube heart and the reinforcing bar that links to each other with the petrosal foramen inner member and the grouting agent of cast-in-site, be provided with one deck or inside and outside multistory reinforced cage in the petrosal foramen;
Type two: be prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile in the soil layer, wherein be provided with one group and run through the reinforcing bar of pile tube heart and the grouting agent of cast-in-site, only the reinforcing cage of prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile is extended downwardly in the petrosal foramen;
Type three: be prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile in the soil layer, wherein be provided with one group and run through pile tube heart and the reinforcing bar that links to each other with the petrosal foramen inner member and the grouting agent of cast-in-site, in petrosal foramen, be provided with the combination of shaped steel or steel member or interior reinforcing cage or reinforcing cage and Steel section member or steel member;
Type four: be prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile in the soil layer, wherein be provided with one group and run through pile tube heart and the reinforcing bar that links to each other with the petrosal foramen inner member and the grouting agent of cast-in-site, in petrosal foramen, be provided with prefabricated heavy wall or solid reinforced concrete member;
It is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
The first step is at first holed on the face of land to the rock stratum end face with boring machine;
Second step, according to the stake type require to use instead special rock drill machines along foramen primum in the rock stratum internal drilling, wherein for stake type two, then swing in prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile by joint earlier, then along the stake bore in the rock internal drilling, design elevation at the bottom of the stake hole;
The 3rd step swung in prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile for stake type one, three and four by joint, and stake type one or three pile body hypomeres are reinforcing cage or shaped steel, and stake type four pile body lower ends are the prefabricated reinforced concrete member, and its end plate has connected interior reinforcing cage;
In the 4th step,,, in prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile, put into reinforcing cage and stretch into petrosal foramen according to designing requirement for stake type two;
In the 5th step, in prefabricated concrete pile tube or prestressing concrete pipe pile, petrosal foramen, pour into the grouting agent that configures;
The 6th step, when treating that grouting agent reaches proper strength, cut away a top design elevation above concrete pile tube and grouting agent, interior reinforcing cage stretches out the length on stake top according to designing requirement.
11. the job practices of the combined rock-embedding pile described in claim 10 is characterized in that, this grouting agent is to adopt " on push away " method construction when constructing under water, and promptly the tremie pipe mouth of pipe must be lower than the grouting agent end face that has poured into from start to finish.
12. the job practices of the combined rock-embedding pile described in claim 10 is characterized in that, the mode that the scarfing cinder of this boring adopts sand pump or air to inhale mud.
CN 02121959 2002-05-28 2002-05-28 Combined rock-embedding pile and its construction method CN1206419C (en)

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CN100507160C (en) * 2003-04-30 2009-07-01 立基工程有限公司 Rock engaged combined pile and its construction method
CN100439607C (en) * 2003-08-29 2008-12-03 胡柏英 Expanded pile head and its construction process
CN1896383B (en) * 2005-07-14 2011-12-07 胡柏英 Steel-pipe concrete assembled pile of predrilled hole rock-embedded and its construction
CN102086645B (en) * 2009-12-07 2012-05-23 中交第三航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 Socketed pile and construction method thereof
CN101851916B (en) * 2010-06-01 2013-10-16 上海中技桩业股份有限公司 Concrete precast pile
CN103132546A (en) * 2013-03-14 2013-06-05 张德涛 Precast concrete component butting structure and butting method thereof
CN103924585B (en) * 2014-05-06 2015-12-02 江苏蓝潮海洋风电工程建设有限公司 The construction method of wind-powered electricity generation socketed pile
CN104153387B (en) * 2014-07-17 2016-01-06 河海大学 A kind of steel pipe combination stake reducing wave force and seawater corrosion
CN104196021B (en) * 2014-08-26 2017-01-25 深圳市工勘岩土集团有限公司 Uplift pile structure and construction method thereof
CN106351210B (en) * 2016-10-08 2019-11-29 中石化上海工程有限公司 A kind of mixing prefabricated pile and pile sinking construction method
CN109208628B (en) * 2018-11-05 2020-09-01 中国电建集团山东电力建设第一工程有限公司 Construction method for soft soil cast-in-situ concrete foundation

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