The servicing unit of three pin industrial sewing machines
The servicing unit of the relevant a kind of three pin industrial sewing machines of the present invention.
General being seen three pin industrial sewing machines are as shown in Figs. 7-9, needle stand in upper and lower start sewing is installed with three car pins 51 for 5 times to wear thread 511, like this can sewing as shown in figure 10 following knotting and have three road sewings (this sewing type is commonly called as chain stitch) on it; And for making operation reach automation more fast, can below workbench, organize and be provided with down thread cutting device 55 and make three threads 511 can be when sewing finishes do not needed again artificial trimming by automatic tangent, shown in Figure 11 and 12.In addition above needle stand 5, (as shown in Figure 9) 512 groups in the upright hole of group is provided with " Sewing machines collude line apparatus " of inventor in early stage design, (be approved for the Taiwan patent, announce on the patent gazette on September 21st, 85, its notification number is 286691, promptly shown in Figure 13 and 14), colluding line apparatus 54 on described and be the end of a thread 510 that will be cut off by thread cutting device 55 down gives clamping and colludes and pull to collude sheet 541 and reed 542, make when sewing next time, to be beneficial to described residual the end of a thread 510 is given sewing to cover, make that sewing does not have residual the end of a thread fully on the cloth cover of a large amount of processing.
Yet, for adapting to different product or requirement of client, stress, all have down and knot, as shown in figure 15, number in the figure 531 is last netting twine, 541 are following netting twine, then must add shuttle pin 52 on another transmission column of Sewing machines and will organize on the upright hole 512 on collude line apparatus 54 and pulled down and the lead frame 53 (shown in Figure 16 and 17) that changes the outfit, netting twine 531 is guided through the arcuate socket 532 that lead frame 53 passes described lead frame 53, cooperate a left side, pushing away of feeding table apparatus drawn under the moving last shuttle pin 52 of right shuttle reached, when making sewing, can make simultaneously, all have below and knot.
Can make next time that sewing does not have residual the end of a thread though collude line apparatus 54 on described, but still have shortcoming in the use, because of on when colluding the colluding sheet 541 and utilize its reed 542 to clamp cut thread 511 of line apparatus 54, have the L of suitable distance such as Figure 14 from car pin 51, remaining the end of a thread 510 is also in about 543 surplus 4-5 millimetres of bare terminal end; When car pin 51 downwards the puncture clothes do down when knotting, remaining the end of a thread 510 is understood the clamping of very fast disengaging bare terminal end 543 and is dropped naturally, when causing sewing, colluding with device and can't collude with being shaped and causing three to four pins under the workbench, even the above empty needle sewing of four pins.
When on having, knotting the line sewing, for make on the cloth cover simultaneously with on knot, except can cooperating shuttle pin 52 and lead frame 53, can organize in addition in needle stand 5 outsides and be provided with automatic tangent and the end of a thread clamping (shown in Figure 11,16 and 17) that thread cutting device 56 is made netting twine 531, make all cycling start and operation and cut-outs automatically of sewing each time; And be that to be open shape unsettled by the thread 511 that following thread cutting device 55 is cut off, so last knot during the line sewing must with the end of a thread 510 arrangements with hand with suture dial backward with presser feet 57 with 510 pressure holdings of sewing the end of a thread on cloth cover, make when knotting the line sewing, when car pin 51 begins sewing because of pressing down the puncture cloth cover, last netting twine 531 is by the guiding of lead frame 53, go between first car pin 51 (as Figure 14 the shortest the rightest person) and the thread 511, and owing to sewing the end of a thread 510 is lived by presser feet 57 pressure holdings, and go up netting twine 531 the end of a thread is to be clamped by last thread cutting device 56, netting twine 531 is pressed on the cloth cover by thread 511 in the event, again through the guiding start of last shuttle pin 52 and lead frame 53, and the line of can on sewing goes out on the cloth cover, knotting, still but sewing is knotted under going out (chain stitch) (as shown in figure 18) under cloth cover, so for make the action of knotting knot really and finish (if the end of a thread 510 loose can't on the shaping of knotting, because of line has been run away), so the action that suture is pushed presser feet 57 with hand be necessary (otherwise during withdrawal of needle thread 511 just can't with go up netting twine 531 be pressed in to form on the cloth cover knot), but this also causes the waste of a large amount of production times.
In addition, for the cloth that makes each piece sewing promptly begins to have the sewing of knotting at the cloth edge, as shown in figure 19, promptly continuous next cloth continues sewing behind a last cloth sewing, utilize scissors with unsettled knotting up and down in the middle of the artificial pruning again, so still necessary both expensive is artificial, quite inconvenience.
From the above mentioned, prior art has following shortcoming:
1. for adapting to different product or customer requirement, must be according to requiring on the upright hole of group changes the outfit at any time, to collude line apparatus or lead frame, but it is well known, the woman worker who is responsible for actual sewing can not have the favorable mechanical technology, be unable to cope with each the high assembly of so high-speed running and precision and the dismounting or the installation of device, especially the accurate adjustment after installing is afterwards normal running of influence and whether safe obviously, and most ready-made clothes factory rules and regulations mould all belongs to middle-size and small-size, more with the small-sized absolute majority that accounts for, difficult having the ability engaged the mechanical personnel of know-how again, can only earnestly invite the technical staff of manufacturer of supply equipment to go to factory and office's reason at most; But this technical staff can't have high maneuverability as personnel in the factory, here reach the restriction of stroke if having time, thereby cause on-the-spot processing personnel to wait as long for, and supplier technical staff also has in the future and to be difficult for the puzzlement that please get reasonable fund, even be reluctant that the situation of turning out for work produces.
2. when on having, knotting the requirement of line sewing must with the end of a thread arrangement with hand with suture dial backward with presser feet with the pressure holding of sewing the end of a thread on cloth cover, like this, when a large amount of production, can cause temporal waste, and not necessarily pressure holding is reliable sometimes, still can cause and can't knot smoothly; Form the line of knotting if can knot, still can stay not sewing part of blank in selvedge cycling start place, and stay the very long sewing the end of a thread (shown in Fig. 1 8) with the presser feet pressure holding, institute must cause when this was withdrawal of needle.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of servicing unit of three pin industrial sewing machines, it just can thread be pulled out and clamping and tension the end of a thread with being cut off when stopping as sewing by the upper and lower intermediate plate under the arc hook that convexedly stretches in lead frame, and described the end of a thread by chance the car pin and between the netting twine, when treating that the car pin descends the sewing work of carrying out next circulation, described the end of a thread of going up netting twine can be given sewing and is woven into the suture of knotting, all have the suture of knotting up and down to cooperate the sewing that gets final product the suture of knotting under the sewing originally to form simultaneously.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of servicing unit of three pin industrial sewing machines, its lead frame by being mounted on corner bracket and the upper and lower intermediate plate of the arc hook that convexedly stretches in lead frame, make when sewing is worked, can adapt to the different product demand can only have knot (chain stitch) down or with on needn't change when knotting the sewing of line and tear any assembly open, and realize that one is dual-purpose.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a kind of servicing unit of three pin industrial sewing machines, it is to utilize front end not establish the sheet that colludes of reed, pass, the bare terminal end of lower clamping piece protrudes out and retracts cut sewing the end of a thread left, and by last, the bare terminal end clamping of following folder, form the shortest clamping and logical degree and strain and reserve sewing the end of a thread of maximum Yu line, so that the sentence that only colludes line apparatus on carrying out is during line, can the circulation of first recast of cycling start can make under the workbench collude with device pass smoothly brought into by the car pin under the cloth around thread under forming, knot, and can not cause three, the empty needle sewing that four pins are above.
For achieving the above object, the servicing unit of three pin industrial sewing machines of the present invention comprises upper and lower intermediate plate, lead frame, colludes line apparatus, goes up netting twine, car pin, thread and upper and lower thread cutting device; Last thread cutting device is arranged on car pin left side top and is cut off also its end of a thread end of clamping to stop the last netting twine that moment will pass the arc hook of lead frame when sewing work, collude line apparatus and be arranged on car pin right side and will be given to the right-hand member drawing by thread the end of a thread that following thread cutting device cuts off to utilize it to collude sheet, the end of a thread end of last netting twine just can pass between car pin syringe needle and thread the end of a thread time; Be characterized in: be provided with in the arc hook right side of lead frame that a breach wears and convexedly stretch under the described arc hook for the bare terminal end of upper and lower folder and extremely near the car pin, so that the thread of upper and lower start is when down thread cutting device cuts off, its thread the end of a thread is promptly passed upper and lower intermediate plate and is given to the right that drawing bare terminal end place supreme, lower clamping piece gives clamping by the sheet that colludes that colludes line apparatus.
Such scheme of the present invention has the following advantages:
1. the change of spare part that can be minimum reaches the sewing of knitting the upper and lower line of knotting simultaneously, thereby with low cost and effect is remarkable.
2. can make the sewing of knotting of upper and lower faces at once, can not know and cause defective products, thereby guarantee quality requirements because of producing blank sewing that netting twine do not knot.
Each the automatic operation assisting device that assembles in the sewing place all in addition dismounting or group establish and can on same three cars, carry out the sewing work that difference is knotted, need not interim dismounting or accurate the adjustment, quite convenient for middle-size and small-size source mill.
4. when sewing has upper and lower knotting each time, needn't with hand thread be dialled with presser feet more backward sewing the end of a thread is pressed on the cloth charge level, so no matter where the starting point of sewing is positioned at, all thread can be reached the end of a thread of going up netting twine directly is pressed in the cloth, can not stay not sewing part of blank in cloth limit cycling start place, even can open cycling start at the edge of cloth, needn't worry to have the situation that produces the empty needle knotless net (as shown in figure 20) takes place.
5. because long the end of a thread is reserved in the bare terminal end clamping, and suitable tightness is arranged, thus no matter at the upper and lower line sewing of knotting, or under (chain stitch) sewing of knotting, when the downward start of car pin, still can clamp the end of a thread in the early stage, sewing is moved can knot smoothly.
Description of drawings
Be clearer understanding purpose of the present invention, characteristics and advantage, the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.These accompanying drawings are as follows:
Fig. 1 is a three-dimensional combination schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective exploded view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that part of the present invention is amplified schematic perspective view;
Fig. 4 is forward sight of the present invention and operation chart;
Fig. 5 is the operation chart () of overlooking of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the operation chart (two) of overlooking of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the schematic perspective view of prior art;
Fig. 8 is the three-dimensional enlarged diagram of the part of prior art;
Fig. 9 is the part front-view schematic diagram of prior art;
Figure 10 is that the sewing of prior art has the schematic diagram of knotting down;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram that adds shuttle pin, lead frame of prior art;
Figure 12 is that add shuttle pin, the lead frame of prior art reaches the schematic diagram that colludes line apparatus;
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram () that adding of prior art colluded line apparatus;
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram (two) that adding of prior art colluded line apparatus:
Figure 15 is that the sewing formation of prior art has upper and lower schematic diagram of knotting;
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram that adds thread cutting device () of prior art;
Figure 17 is the schematic diagram that adds thread cutting device (two) of prior art;
Figure 18 is the not schematic diagram of sewing of prior art selvedge cycling start;
When being the prior art sewing, need wipe out Figure 19 the schematic diagram of operation;
Figure 20 is that upper and lower knotting finished schematic diagram during sewing.
At first, see also shown in Fig. 1 and 2, characteristics of the present invention are that upper and lower intermediate plate 1,2 passes the breach 36 of lead frame 3 and is inserted in arc hook 37 times and near car pin 51 places, and 1,2 of upper and lower intermediate plates just can wear and protrude out for the sheet 42 that colludes that colludes line apparatus 4; When adopting this device that sewing work is stopped, thread 511 is by colluding after colluding of sheet 42 draw the cut-out of thread cutting device 55 under the cooperation, immediately by the end of a thread of bare terminal end 11, the 21 clamping threads 511 of upper and lower intermediate plate 1,2, last netting twine 531 can be kept supplying thread cutting device 56 and be cut off and the described online the end of a thread of clamping, and the end of a thread of going up netting twine 531 is by chance laterally passed through by arc hook 37 places and places each car pin 51 back and be appropriate tension; And the end of a thread that makes netting twine 531 passes the end of a thread of thread 511 and the tension (as shown in Figure 3) that the corner dimension between car pin 51 syringe needles is fit to have appropriateness.
Like this, when after promoting presser feet 57, inserting cloth, starting Sewing machines makes each car pin 51 down do the operation of sewing simultaneously, because the end of a thread of last netting twine 531 is to pass between the end of a thread and car pin 51 syringe needles of thread 511, so can be pressed in the end of a thread of online the end of a thread 531 on the cloth cover and make it to combine with thread 511 and begin to do on the sewing of line of knotting, and can make the upper and lower suture of knotting simultaneously when reaching sewing.
Please consult shown in Fig. 2 to 4, upper clip 1 is tiltedly gone up bending by bare terminal end 11 and is a curved arc section 12 again, and the top of curved arc section 12 is provided with a through hole 13, and bare terminal end 11 has concane gap 14.
Lower clamping piece 2 more upwards is connected stiff end 23 with elongated hole 22 to a side work with low-angle dip and bending from bare terminal end 21, penetrated by another screw 24 and to screw togather on the screw 251 that is fixed in location grillage 25, described location grillage 25 wears through hole 252 by screw 26 again and sets firmly with the screw 411 of the plate body 41 that colludes line apparatus 4; End place in stiff end 23 extends toward side, and continue to establish one group of formation again and establish end 28 to declivity, establish the upright hole 281 of group on the Yu Zushe end 28, pass the through hole 13 back screw locks of upper clip 1 in the upright hole 281 of group for screw 282, the side edge that forms stiff end 23 the place aheads in lower clamping piece 2 upwards is connected with a bending plate 29 again, has a screw 291 on the described bending plate 29, can screw togather for an adjustment screw 292 and wear, and go out to adjust the degree that upper clip 1 is suppressed in its bottom by the screw-in and the spiral shell of described adjustment screw 292, make curved arc section 12 have suitable clamping elasticity, on other the side side of lower clamping piece 2, a projection 20 is set upwards in addition near front end, correcting when exporting as sewing the end of a thread, protective element, and bare terminal end 21 also has concane gap 27.
It is solid for the elongated hole 341 back spiral shells that screw 32 cooperation plate bodys 33 pass corner bracket 34 that lead frame 3 is provided with screw 31; Utilize screw 35 to pass elongated hole 342 more in addition and to be screwed into screw 412 spiral shells of the plate body 41 that colludes line apparatus 4 solid, described lead frame is for 3 times one to have the lead arc hook 37 of breach 36.
Collude line apparatus 4 and improved for the bulletin structure that No. 286691 the Taiwan patent is disclosed, it colludes sheet 42 and declines the front end reed, (described front end reed is 1311 part for the label in this patent).Like this, colluding sheet 42 can be very successfully protrude out and start enters bare terminal end 11,21 places and gives clamping by bare terminal end 11,21 and drop to avoid described the end of a thread to get loose to collude the suture head 510 of picking up the car back and forth from 11,21 of the bare terminal ends of upper and lower intermediate plate 1,2, and the notch 14,27 by upper and lower intermediate plate 1,2 can concentrate the end of a thread to enter by clamping, drops and produces the situation of clamping failure to reduce outside diffusion.
Specify the process of manipulating of the present invention below: when last netting twine 531 sewings move unstart (as shown in Figure 3), red last netting twine 53 1 is at the front end of the arc hook 37d of lead frame 3, car pin 51 presses down during starting, this moment is because last thread cutting device 56 still clamps netting twine 531, last netting twine 531 runs among the first car pin (the shortest person on the right) and thread 511 of car pin 51, car pin 51 continues to press down, puncture working spare (sewing cloth), under cloth cover by collude with device collude with knot (chain stitch) under being shaped, be compressed on the cloth cover by the thread 511 of the first car pin and will go up netting twine 531; Last netting twine 531 is gone to the rear end of the arc hook 37 of lead frame 3, be pressed on the cloth by car pin 51 and thread 511 by the last netting twine 531 of lead frame 3 supreme thread cutting devices 56 and form roughly " U " shape, though by start to this moment sewing the end of a thread 510 slightly eat line and become shorter, but still by last, lower clamping piece 1,2 bare terminal end 11,21 clamp, and last netting twine 531 is still clamped by last thread cutting device 56, and last netting twine 531 is in arc hook 37 rear ends of lead frame 3, when last shuttle pin 53 ejects last netting twine 531 by the hook part, when car pin 51 elevates, last shuttle pin 53 pushes up minimum, and car pin 51 is when pressing down again, can be pressed in last netting twine 531 on the cloth cover once more, do and knot on forming and bob whereby.
On of the present invention, lower clamping piece 1,2 bare terminal end 11,21 is quite adjacent under arc hook 37 left sides of lead frame 3 near the syringe needle place of car pin 51, sheet 42 protrudes out left and the end of a thread of pulling back thread 511 draws in to the right into bare terminal end 11 when colluding, 21 places give clamping and are the appropriateness tension, its clamping place is the shortest to the distance at pin hole place, and the end of a thread 510 that institute Yu is stayed after clamping place has the 3-5 centimetre approximately, event is the car pin 51 of start down, though the end of a thread 510 is shortened, but still be held end 11,21 clamp, and can utilize the downward angle of the syringe needle of the end of a thread of thread 511 and car pin 51, can make netting twine 531 and thread 511 beginning sewing and braidings immediately and reach and do simultaneously, on following, knot the down woollen yarn knitting sewing of line.
And when last netting twine 531 does not wear, can knot and top three road sewings (chain stitch) of not knotting under the direct sewing.Because the end of a thread 510 of bare terminal end 11,21 clampings has long length in reserve, so the present invention only realize colluding line apparatus collude the function of line the time, can avoid the shortcoming of aforementioned prior art: on collude line apparatus 54 and utilize reed 542 clamping the end of a thread by colluding sheet 541, the end of a thread is from the only surplus 4-5 millimetre of bare terminal end, when the downward start of car pin, break away from clamping soon, knot cycling start at once and form the above empty wagons sewing of three-four cars and cause down.